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Full text of "An Anglo-Chinese vocabulary of the Ningpo dialect"

i 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2007 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/anglochinesevocaOOmorruoft 



AN / 

ANGLO-CHINESE 

VOCABULAEY 



NINGPO DIALECT. 



BY 



REV. ^W. T. MOKI^ISOlSr. 

Formerly JVLissionary in Ningpo, 



REVISED AND ENLARGED. 



i 



shanghai: 
18 7 6. 



^ ^ ^ .^ ^ 







^TcT) 



l^ 




m 

I. 



a. 



P E E F A C E 



Many have expressed surprise on their first arrival at Ning- 
po, that no Dictionary, or suitable text-book of any kind, has 
ever been prepared, to facilitate the acquisition of the local dia- 
lect ; and those who have wished to learn it, have been compel- 
led to begin de novo, to accumulate, by a toilsome process, a 
vocabulary, or transcribe one already partially prepared. The 
present work is an attempt to supply this felt want. The 
author began immediately on his arrival, nearly sixteen years ago, 
the collection of a vocabulary for personal use. This in process 
of time grew to a considerable size, and the idea was suggested of 
putting it into a more permanent and accessible form. The 
suggestion was taken up, and has resulted in the present work. 

During the earlier period of preparation, Lobschied's and 
Medhurst's Dictionaries, and Williams' and Edkins* Vocabu- 
laries were freely consulted. Every word however has been 
subsequently examined and re-examined Tvdth the help of five 
different Chinese teachers, and no pains have been spared to 
secure accuracy as far as possible. 

Just before his death, the Rev. Dr. Knowlton reviewed the 
entire manuscript, and added many Chinese words and phrases. 

The original plan was to give the equivalents of the English 
words in the Romanized System, and also in the Chinese char- 
acter, adhering as closely as possible to the sound of the colloquial. 
In carrying out this plan great difficulties were encountered. 

It was found that if characters were used to represent the 



IV PREFACE. 

precise sound of the colloquial word or phrase, the meaning 
would often be sacrificed : if, on the other hand, such characters 
were chosen as would fairly express the meaning, the sound 
must often be disregarded. Again, no two teachers could be found, 
who would agree,- as to the character which should be used to re- 
present certain sounds ; for example, in the word ^'na-hicun'* 
which means infant, one teacher would write the hwun 1^ to like, 
another would write hivun ^ to suck, another, hico ^ a flower ; 
and, as many such doubtful cases occur in the dialect, ambiguity 
and confusion would be the result, were this plan adhered to. 
The third and greatest difficulty lay in the fact, that there are 
no characters to represent a large number of colloquial sounds, 
as will be seen by the Syllabary following the preface. 

No doubt one thoroughly acquainted with the dialect, and 
with the veng-li, could say absolutely that certain words must be 
expressed by certain characters. This field, interesting as it is, has 
as yet been quite unexplored in Ningpo, all our books excepting 
the Church Prayer-book having been written in the Romanized 
System. It would therefore be presumption on the part of the 
author, to lay down a system for writing the colloquial in the 
character; and this work, with the kindred one of "tracing out 
the laws of gradual corruption,*' is left for those whose attain- 
ments better fit them for the task. 

The method of giving the sense in the character, and sacrific- 
ing the sound wh^re it could not be avoided, has been finally a- 
dopted as affording the most satisfactory solution of the many 
<iifficulties, at least so far as the present purpose is concerned. 
In cases, therefore, where there is no acknowledged character 
corresponding to the colloquial word, borrowed characters, i. e. 
those having the same sound but not the same meaning, are 
avoided, and current veng-li is given instead. (Borrowed ones 
may have slipped in, but not intentionally.) The example given 
above will illustrate this point: the characters, J® Dt» jffl l^» or 



PREFACE. % 

j^ ^, borrowed to represent the word na-htcun, infant, mean 
respectively liking or sucking milk, and milk-floicer, and not 
infant ; they are therefore discarded, and the veng-li characters 
H ^ (ing-ce) which mean infant are used. It is hoped that this 
plan of writing the characters will make the hook more generally 
useful than it otherwise would have been, and that it may also 
prove a help to Chinese students wishing to learn English. 

In a few cases where no veng-li equivalents could be found, 
Mandarin expressions are used. 

Sometimes the colloquial phrase expresses a peculiar, and 
purely local shade of meaning ; in such cases the approximate 
meaning has been given as nearly as possible in the veng-li, or 
the characters have been omitted. 

Instances will no doubt occur, where characters will suggest 
themselves to the student, which, at first sight, seem to be more 
appropriate than those used. These however may be just 
the instances in which the characters have been changed over 
and over again, and those finally adopted have been the result 
of repeated examinations. A very simple example is the word 
siao-nying, meaning child in the colloquial. It would seem 
self-evident that )J* A would be the appropriate characters, 
but in the veng-li these signify a bad or mean man : the char- 
acters >]> ^ (siao-ce) are therefore substituted. 

As a Ningpo teacher might not always know whether certain 
expressions would be current elsewhere, an experienced Shang- 
hai teacher was employed, who read over the work, and in the 
presence of, and with the approval of the Ningpo teacher, altered 
such words and sentences as were unintelligible to him. 

The late revisions have produced more changes than were 
anticipated when the system of attaching small circles to the 
characters was first adopted, and they might perhaps as well 
have been omitted ; but they are allowed to remain, as they may 
aid the memory in retaining characters. 



VI PREFACE. 

Tone marks have been omitted, not because tones are deemed 
unimportant, for they certainly should be observed, especially in 
some cases, as in distinguishing between shit JifC water and shu ^ 
book, between 7;m^ tJC ice, and^jm^ ^ cake, &c., &c. ; but there 
seemed to be so much uncertainty about the tones of many 
words, that it was deemed safer to leave the student to learn 
them from the teacher, rather than from marks. The marks 
on the accented syllables will aid the learner in pronouncing 
correctly. Although great pains have been taken to have the 
accents correctly marked, yet errors will doubtless be found, 
and difference of opinion will exist as to their proper location 
in many words. 

Teachers differ so greatly, in accent, in their modes of defining, 
and in their pronunciation, both of the colloquial, and of the char- 
acter, that there is room for endless criticism, and, moreover, it is 
not to be expected that the first book of its kind can at all ap- 
proach perfection. A perfect vocabulary could only result 
from the combined wisdom and experience of many. If however 
this little work shall aid any one in acquiring a knowledge of 
this widely spoken dialect, or if it should incite some one of 
greater attainments and experience, to make a perfect Mngpo 
vocabulary, the labor it has cost will not have been in vain. 

We here thank heartily those who have encouraged or aided 
us in any way, and especially the Rev. J. A. Leyenberger, who 
has assisted in various ways, and who kindly furnishes the Syl- 
labary, which follows the preface, and also a list of Geographi- 
cal names, which will be found at the end of the volume. 



LIST OF SYLLABLES 

IN THE 

NINGPO DIALECT 



From tlie following list it will be seen tliat a large 
number of the sounds have no charactei: to represent 
them. From this arises the difficulty of using the 
Chinese character in the preparation of books in the 
local dialect, and the consequent necessity of employ- 
ing some other method. The Roman system is now 
largely used for this purpose, and thousands of books 
have been printed in this character, and are in daily 
use by the people. 

Those syllables which cannot properly be repre- 
sented by Chinese characters, may be subdivided into 
two classes : — • 

I. Those which have absolutely no character in the 
language to express them, as dza^fcB, gosn, ve. 

IL Those syllables, which may be represented by a 
character, but their pronunciation has become corrupted, 
as hao for kyiao, hen for hyirif ween for ngwcen. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



1 


A 




34 


Bun 


m 


67 


Ding 


& 


2 


'A 




35 


Cih 


m 


68 


Do 


m 


3 


Ah 


n 


36 


C'ih 


ffi 


69 


Doh 


m 


4 


'Ah 




37 


Cing 


s 


70 


Dong 


m 


6 


Ang 




38 


C^ing 


m 


71 


Do 




6 


'Ang 




39 


Coh 


n 


72 


Doh 


m 


7 


Ao 


» 


40 


C^oh 


m 


73 


Dong 


^ 


8 


^Ao 


n 


41 


Cong 


+ 


74 


Don 


m 


9 


M 


a 


42 


C^ong 


f* 


75 


Du 


m 


10 


^M 


m 


43 


C6 




76 


Djih 


m 


11 


Mu 


Pf 


44 


C'd 


it 


77 


Djing 




12 


<JEn 




45 


Cong 


m 


78 


Djoh 


m 


13 


Ba 




46 


C^ong 


w 


79 


Djong 


fi 


14 


BSB 


m 


47 


Cii 


i 


80 


Djo 


m 


15 


Been 


m 


48 


C'ii 


m 


81 


Djong 


It 


16 


Bah 


& 


49 


Ciin 


» 


82 


Djii 


ffi 


17 


Bang 




50 


C^iin 


^ 


83 


Djiin 


« 


18 


Bao 


«a 


51 


Da 


A 


84 


Dz 


m 


19 


Be 


m 


52 


Dae 


« 


85 


Dza 




20 


Beh 


m 


53 


Dsen 


fa 


86 


Dzae 


a 


21 


Beng 


s 


54 


Dah 


m 


87 


Dzsen 


e 


22 


Beo 


a 


55 


Dang 


s 


88 


Dzah 


^ 


23 


Bi 


& 


56 


Dao 


m 


89 


Dzang 




24 


Biao 


u 


57 


De 


m 


90 


Dzao 


w 


25 


Bih 


m 


58 


Deh 


s# 


91 


Dzeh 


m 


26 


Bin 


^ 


59 


Den 


m 


92 


Dzeng 


^ 


27 


Bing 


^ 


60 


Deng 


m 


93 


Dzeo 


m 


28 


Bo 


m 


61 


Deo 


m 


94 


Dzi 


m 


29 


Boh 


m 


62 


Di 


m 


95 


Dzia 




30 


Bong 


m 


63 


Diah 


s 


96 


Dziah 


m 


31 


B6 


n 


64 


Diao 


1^ 


97 


Dziang g 


32 


Bong 


^ 


65 


Dih 


m 


98 


Dziao 


m 


33 


Bu 


m 


66 


Din 


ffl 


99 


Dzih 


m 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES, 



IX 



100 Dzin 35 

101 Dzing M 

102 Dziu M 

103 Dzoh ^ 

104 Dzong ^ 

105 Dzo . ^ 

106 Dzong m 

107 Dzu U 

108 E 

109 ^E 

110 Eh ^ 

111 <Eh ^ 

112 En 

113 ^En 

114 Eng 

115 ^Eng 

116 Eo 

117 ^Eo 

118 Fah 

119 Fee 

120 Fa)n 

121 Feh 

122 Feng 

123 Feo 

124 Fi 

125 Foil 

126 Fong 

127 Fong 

128 Fu 

129 Ga 

130 Ga3 

131 Gain 

132 Gah 

133 Gang 

134 Gao 

135 GeK 



>1 
II 

Pi 

m 

Is 



m 



136 Gen 

137 Geng 

138 Geo 

139 Go 

140 GoDg ^fc 

141 Go 

142 Goh 

143 Gong 

144 Gwa 

145 Gwaen 

146 Gwali 

. 147 Gwang 

148 Gwe ^ 

149 Q^ve^h 

150 Gweng 

151 GAvong Jj 

152 Gwu 

153 Gjd it 

154 Gyia 

155 Gyiaen 

156 Gyiah gf 

157 Gyiang 5Ji 

158 Gyiao |g 

159 Gyih \^ 

160 Gyin ^ 

161 Gying j£ 

162 Gyiu ^ 

163 Gyu -1. 

164 Gyiiih i 

165 Gyiiing ^ 

166 Gyun i^ 

167 Gyiioli ^ 

168 Gyiiong g§ 

169 Ha 

170 Ha) Jg 

171 Ha)n W. 



172 Hah IB 

173 Hang 

174 Hao if 

175 He 

176 Heh H 

177 Hen ^* 

178 Heng Jg 

179 Heo ^ 

180 Ho >;t 

181 Hoh 

182 Hong »)^ 

183 Ho 

184 Hoh H 

185 Hwa 

186 Hween jf 

187 Hwah Iff 

188 Hwang 

189 Hwe ^ 

190 Hweh igr 

191 Hweng ^ 

192 Hwo ^ 

193 Hwong -J£ 

194 Hwu PJ 

195 Hwun gji; 

196 Hp ^ 

197 H}da3 K 

198 H>iah H 

199 Hyiang § 

200 Hyiao ^ 

201 Hyih ^ 

202 Hyin |^ 

203 Hying ^ 

204 Hyiu ^ 

205 Hyii f^: 

206 Hyiiih ^ 

207 Hyuing^ 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



208 Hyiin pf 

209 Hyiioli § 

210 Hyiiongjl 

211 Hyiio fi 

212 I ^ 

213 la 

214 L^ 

215 lah 

216 Jang 

217 lao 

218 IK 

219 In 

220 Ing 

221 lu 

222 Ja) 

223 Jih 

224 Jing 

225 Joli 

226 Jo 

227 Jong 

228 Jii 

229 Jiin 

230 Ka 

231 K'a 

232 Kah 

233 K^ah 

234 Kang 

235 K^ang 

236 Kao 

237 K^ao 

238 Kee 

239 K^£B 

240 Kajn 

241 K^^n 

242 Ke 

243 Kch 






m 
m 

A 

m 



m 






m 
m 
m 



244 K^eli 

245 Ken 

246 K^en 

247 Keng 

248 K^eng 

249 Keo 

250 K^eo 

251 Kg 

252 K^o 

253 Koh 

254 K'oh 






p 



255 Kong ^ 

256 KWg JL 

257 K6 

258 K^o 

259 Koh # 

260 K^oh ^ 

261 Kong In 

262 K'ong j§ 

263 Kun 

264 K^un 

265 Kwa 

266 KSva 

267 Kwa3 

268 Kw^ce 

269 Kwali jg 

270 Kwang 

271 Kw^ang 

272 Kw^en ^ 

273 Kw'a^n 

274 Kwe J; 

275 KVe jg 

276 Kweh % 

277 Kw^eh fH 

278 Kweng ^ 

279 KAv'eng iljl 






280 Kw6 ^ 

281 K^v^o If 

282 Kwong ^ 

283 Kw^ong BJ 

284 Kwu '& 

285 Kav^u ^ 

286 Kwn ^ 

287 KAv^un % 

288 Kyi ^ 

289 Ky'i U 

290 Kyiah ^ 

291 Ky^iah ijj 

292 Kyiang ^ 

293 Ky'iang ^$ 

294 Kyiao ^ 

295 Ky^iao 3:5 

296 Kyiae ^ 

297 KyUae 

298 Kyih 

299 Ky% 

300 Kyin 

301 Ky'in ^ 

302 Kying jg 

303 Ky^ing g 

304 Kyiu tk 
305 






306 Kyii 

307 



Ky'iu flj 

Ky^ii 5fe 

308 Kyuili ?fe 

309 Ky'uih ^ 

310 Kyuing j^ 

311 Ky lining g 

312 Kyiin Jg 

313 KyHin ^ 

314 Kyiioli -^ 

315 Ky'uoli ti 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



XI 



316 KyiiongM 


352 


Lo 




388 


Mill 


m 


317 KyUioiig^ 


353 


Loll 


m 


389 


Min 


m 


318 Kyuo 


« 


354 


Loll 




390 


Ming 


m 


319 Kyuoli 


^ 


355 


Long 


m 


391 


Miu 


m 


320 Ky^iiol 


iffi 


356 


Lo 




392 


Mo 


^ 


321 Kyiioii 


?lf 


357 


L6 




393 


Mo 




322 La 




358 


Lok 


m 


394 


Moh 


* 


323 La 




359 


Long 


m 


395 


Moll 




324 Lah 


il 


360 


Long 




396 


Mong 


m 


325 Lah 




361 


Lon 


SI 


397 


Mo 


n 


326 Lang 




362 


Lu 


m 


398 


Mo 


*"v 


327 Lang 




363 


Lu 




399 


Mong 


ft 


328 Lao 


m 


364 


M 




400 


Mun 


1 !-• 

m 


329 Lao 




365 


M 




401 


Ka 




330 L^ 


^ 


366 


Ma 




402 


Na 




331 Lsen 




367 


Ma 




403 


Nse 


Ih 


332 Le 


ff 


368 


Ma3 


m 


404 


N£e 


333 Le 




369 


M£e 




405 


Nsen 


H 


334 Leh 


m 


370 


Mah 


m 


406 


Nah 




335 Len 




371 


Mah 




407 


N"ao 


Bi 


336 Leng 


m 


372 


Mang 




408 


No 


»jpi 


337 Leo 


m 


373 


Mang 




409 


Neh 


Ih 


338 Leo 




374 


Mao 


€ 


410 


Neh 




339 Li 


M 


375 


Mao 




411 


Ken 


15 


340 Li 




376 


Msen 


m 


412 


Nen 


^j 


341 Liah 


§ 


377 


Maen 




413 


Keng 


m, 


342 Liang 


% 


378 


Me 


M 


414 


Neng 




343 Liao 


T 


379 


Me 




415 


Neo 


li 


344 Lib 


1J 


380 


Meh 


U 


416 


Ng 


'irtr 


345 Lih 




381 


Men 




417 


Nga 




346 Lin 


m 


382 


Meng 


P5 


418 


Nga 




347 Ling 


n 


383 


Meng 




419 


Ngae 


s 


348 Ling 




384 


Meo 


m 


420 


Nga^n 


Wt 


349 Liu 


m 


385 


Mi 


* 


421 


Ngah 


w 


350 Liu 




386 


Mi 




422 


Ngah 




351 Lo 


m 


387 


Miao 


m 


423 


Ngang 





Xll 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



424 Ngao fC 

425 Ngao 

426 Ngeli 

427 Ngen # 

428 Ngeng i^ 

429 Ngeo i^i 

430 Ngo Ji 

431 Ng6 ^ 

432 Ngo 

433 Ngoh -^ 

434 Ngoli 

435 Ngong ^ 

436 Ngwsen ,g, 

437 Ngwe ^ 

438 Ngweli Jl 

439 Ngwu ^ 

440 Ngwun gC 

441 M 

442 No li 

443 Noh 

444 Nong Jft 

445 Nong 

446 No #: 

447 Nong B 

448 Non ^ 

449 Nu jfSi 

450 Nyi a 

451 Nyiali ^ 

452 Nyiang f|] 

453 Nyiaen ;§: 

454 Nyisen 

455 Nyiao ^ 

456 Nyiao 

457 Nyih ^ 

458 Nyin r^ 

459 Nying J^ 



460 Nyiu 


m 


496 Peng 


* 


461 Nyiu 




497 F'eng 


^. 


462 Nyii 


m 


498 Peo 


« 


463 Nyiiing 




499 P'eo 


^J 


464 Nylin 


% 


500 Pi 


M: 


465 Nyiioli 


rE 


501 P'i 


i: 


466 Nyuong 


^m 


502 Piao 


* 


467 Nyuong | 


503 P'iao 


% 


468 


'S. 


504 Pih 


'i5 


469 ^0 


% 


505 P'ih 


EE 


470 Oil 


M 


506 Pin 


a 


471 Ong 


m 


507 P'in 


« 


472 ^Ong 


» 


508 Ping 


7jC 


473 6 




509 P'ing 


p"b 


474 ^6 




510 Po 


'■& 


475 Oh 


B 


511 P'o 


tt 


476 'Oh 


^ 


512 Poh 


4E: 


477 Ong 


=& 


513 P'oh 


« 


478 'Ong 


ft 


614 Pong 




479 Pa 




515 P'ong 


m 


480 Fa 




516 P6 


*G 


481 Pee 


m 


517 P'6 


w 


482 P^£e 


« 


618 P6ng 


% 


483 Pa3n 


JJE 


519 P'6ng 




, 484 Fffin 


» 


520 Pu 


m 


485 Pall 


B 


521 P'u 


%% 


486 P'ali 


tfl 


522 Pun 


^ 


487 Pang 




523 P'un 


n 


488 P^ang 




524 R 


s 


489 Pao 


« 


525 S 


ra 


490 P%o 


ii 


526 Sa 




491 Pe 


^ 


527 See 


&i> 


492 P^e 


• IE 


628 SiBn 


m 


493 Peh 


T> 


529 Sah 


s 


494 Fell 


'& 


530 Sang 




495 Pen 




531 Sao 


ji 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



XI U 



532 Se g| 

533 Set g, 

534 Sen 

535 Seng ^ 

536 Seo |g 

537 Sha3 g 

538 Shih ^ 

539 Shing ^ 

540 Shoh U 

541 Shong 

542 Slion 3i 

543 Sho ^ 

544 Shong ^ 



545 Shu 

546 Shiin 

547 Si 

548 Sia 

549 Si^ 

550 Siah 

551 Siang 

552 Siao 

553 Sih 

554 Sin 
bb^ Sing 

556 Siu 

557 So 

558 Soh 

559 Song 

560 So 

561 Soh 

562 Song 

563 Son 

564 Su 

565 Ta 

566 T^a 
6Q7 T® 



w 
m 

I* 



568 T^£e 

569 Ta;n 

570 T^ain 

571 Tah 

572 T'ah 

573 Tang 

574 T^ang 

575 Tao 

576 T%o 

577 Te 

578 T^e 

579 Teh 

580 T^eh 

581 Ten 

582 T'en 

583 Teng 

584 T^eng 

585 Teo 
6^^ T^eo 

587 Ti 

588 T'i 

589 Tia 

590 Tiah 

591 T^ah 

592 Tiao 

593 T%o 

594 Tih 

595 T^ih 

596 Tin 

597 T^in 

598 Ting 

599 T^ing 

600 Tin 

601 To 

602 T^o 

603 Toh 



m 
m 

is 

7] 

ft 






fa 






T 



5 



^ 



604 T'oh 

605 Tong 

606 T'ong 

607 Toh 

608 T^oh 

609 Tong 

610 T^ong 

611 To 

612 T'o 

613 Ton 

614 T^on 

615 Ts 

616 T^s 

617 Tsa 

618 Ts^a 

619 Ts« 

620 Tb«a3 

621 Tsa^n 

622 Ts^een 

623 Tsah 

624 Ts^ah 

625 Tsang 

626 Ts^ang 

627 Tsao 

628 Ts^ao 

629 Tse 

630 Tb^e 

631 Tseh 

632 Ts'ch 

633 Tsen 

634 Tseng 

635 Ts^eng 

636 Tseo 

637 Ts^eo 

638 Tsi 

639 Ts^i 












* 



■* 

* 



XIV 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



640 Tsia 

641 Ts'ia 

642 Tsiae ^ 

643 Ts^iai JL 

644 Tsiah ft: 

645 Ts^ali U 

646 Tsiang 'M 

647 Ts'iang J| 

648 Tsiao BB 

649 Ts^iao ig 

650 Tsili m 



651 Tfe^ili 

652 Tsin 

653 Ts^in 

654 Tsing 

655 Ts^ing 

656 Tsiu 

657 Ts^iu 

658 Tso 

659 Ts^o 

660 Tsoh 

661 Ts'oli 

662 Tsong 

663 Ts^ong 
664.^ Tso 

665 Ts'6 

666 Tsoh 

667 Ts«6h 



M 



m 



m 
m 
w 
sr 



Tsong ^ 



669 Ts^ong 

670 Tson 

671 Ts'on 

672 Tsu 

673 Ts'u 

674 Tu 

675 T^u 



IS 

m 



676 U 

677 tr 

678 tjili 

679 tling 

680 Un 

681 Un 

682 U6 

683 tJoli 

684 Uong 

685 Yali 

686 Y^n 

687 Ye 

688 Yeh 

689 Yeng 

690 Yeo 

691 Yi 

692 Yoh 

693 Yong 

694 Yong 

695 Yu 

696 Wa 

697 Wa 

698 Waj 

699 Wee 

700 Wsen 

701 Waen 

702 Wall 

703 Wah 

704 Wang 

705 Wang 

706 We 

707 We 

708 Well 

709 Weh 

710 Weng 

711 Weng 



m 

tm 
m. 



ft 

J? 
il 
{ft 



7^ 

ft 



n 

?3 



712 W^o fg 

713 W6 M 

714 Wong -3£ 

715 Wong JJ 

716 Wu i^ 

717 Wun ^ 

718 Yi ^ 

719 Yia 

720 Yia) 4 

721 Yiah ^ 

722 Yiang ^ 

723 Yiao ^ 

724 Yih ^ 

725 Yin ja 

726 Ying 51 

727 Yiu W 

728 Yii M 

729 Yiiih ^ 

730 Yiiing ^ 

731 Yiin Jt 

732 Yiio y 

733 Yiioli ^ 

734 Yuoh ^ 

735 Yiiong ^ 

736 Z ;g 

737 Za 

738 Zee 

739 Zsen 

740 Zah 

741 Zang 

742 Zao 

743 Ze m 

744 Zeh 

745 Zen M 

746 Zeng 

747 Zeo 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF SYLLABLES. 



XV 



748 


Zi 


j^ 


753 


Zih 


S 


758 


Zong 


749 


Zia 




754 


Zin 


Pk 


759 


Z6 


750 


Ziah 


1 


755 


Zing 


^ 


760 


Z6h 


751 


Ziang 


m 


756 


Ziu 


S 


761 


Zong 


752 


Ziao 


^K 


757 


Zo 




762 


Zu 



A comparison of tlie syllables in tlie Ningpo Dialect 
with those of other dialects North and South shows that 
there is considerable variation in the number. This will 
be seen from the following table. 



Dialects. 
Canton 


Initials. 

23 

15 
15 
30 
33 
25 


Finals. 

53 

50 
33 
44 
44 
43 


Whole No. 
OF syllables 

707 


SWATOW 


674 


AmoY OR ClIANGCHOW 

Fuciiow 


846 

928 


NiNGPO 


762 


Shanghai 


660 


Peking 


420 



This variation is perhaps partly due to the different 
methods adopted by foreigners for distinguishing the 
sounds, and partly perhaps to the fact that two characters 
which have the same sound in one dialect often have 
different sounds in another. The great discrepancy be- 
tween the number of sounds in the Court dialect and 
those of the more Southern Provinces is somewhat 
remarkable. But this difference is explained by the fact 
that in the former the jih sing is suppressed, while it is 
of very frequent occurrence in the latter. 



EXPLANATIONS. 



1. In many cases, an equivalent for the leading word is found imme- 
diately after it in Italics; this is not a definition of the English word, but 
the translation of the Chinese word or phrase following it. 

2. The system for spelling the Ningpo sounds, is that used by common 
consent for printing all the books in the Ningpo dialect, by whatever 
mission published. 

3. Any foreigner who learns the colloquial, should get the sounds from 
a native who is acquainted with the Romanized system, as quite new 
sounds are given to many letters, thus — cing is proriounced ching ; i, 
has the sound of the English e, e of a, &c., &c. 

4. The classifiers are placed in brackets after nouns. 

5. The syllable ve7ig!, after a word, is a contraction oiveng-li [wen-li], 
showing, either that there was no colloquial equivalent, or that while such 
a sentence might be understood among literary men, it would not be 
understood by ordinary people. 

6 . The small circle after a character denotes that the sounds of the 
colloquial, and the character differ ; it may be by corruption, or because 
there being no character for the spoken word, another supposed to have 
the same meaning Is substituted. 

7. There are some sounds, in pronouncing which, teachers differ greatly 
as in saying tsih or shih, soh or shoh, siang or hyiang, cong or tsong^ 
djong or ckung, keh or kah, Jieh or hah^ ifec, &c. These difierences are 
often marked in brackets. 

8. As the distinction between the sounds oh and oh Is thought by 
many to be unimportant, it has been omitted in this work. 



A VOCABULAEY 



NINGPO DIALECT 



A, usually unexpressed ; expressed 
by a numeral followed by its clas- 
sifier, thus, a man, ih-go nying' 
^ ii° A"; —pen, ih-ts pih' 

— ;^ 1^ ; — hook, ib-peng shli' 

— ;^ ^. For classifiers see 
The Nyiugpo Primer ^ ^ j:° 

Abacus, soi/-bun ^ ^ (ih-min); 
do you understand the — ? ng 
son'-bun hyiao'-teh feh f;);'* ^ 

Abandon, to ky^i'-diao ^ T"; 
tiu-diao5^°,or 57-°; djih'- 

diao|gT;gvvaen'-diaojr*° 
Abandoned, infant — by its moth- 
er, na-bwun' be ah-nyiang' tiu'- 
diao-de^ WW^m^^ 
■S° T°5 ^^' off entirely (as the 
use of strong drinks, &c.), iiong'- 
yun ka'-de jj^ jg ^'^ T"; 
momllij—, vu-s6'-peh-ts ^ ^ 

Abase, io bring low, ti-loh'-ky^i' 



iS^i^j to degrade, kong'-loh 
B^°'^; — fc, kdng'gyilob' 

Abashed, to be — , dzaen-gwe'-vu- 

peb-la' .ji g{ i; M'' 
Abate, <o ksen'-lob Jgc"^ ; ksen- 
ky 'ing' Jl^**^ ; — the price, kaen'- 

the ligor of punishment, ying- 
vah' ksen-ky'ing' JpJ |g i@c° g 
Abated, i/^e iraVic? has — (some- 
what), fong iu'-tin ^ >]>° 15 ; 
ditto (entirely), fong sih'-de Jg 

Abbess, Buddhist I6ng'- ko-s-t^a 
^ ^°6iB ifc"' Ionian Catholic 
— , nyu-siu-dao-tsiang' ^ ^ 

Abbot, Buddhist fong-dziang' jjp 
^; Roman Catholic — , slu-dao'- 
yun-tsiang'^ Jt ^ g 

Abbkeviate, io — strokes in writ- 
ing, siao' sia pih' wah i]> ^°|g 



ABD 



4 



^; liao-gying' sia gf JJ i)'; 
pV-li sia' gt fg S°; t^^o-loen' 

Abdicate, <o — tJie throne, (and 
hence office), t'e we' ^ -^l ; — 
m /awr of another, nyiang we' 

Abdomen, du'-bi ^ jf£ 

Abduct, io— (by deception), kwse'- 
tje |g ^ ; — % ./^''^^' ^g^"S- 
pili'-leh-ky4rCS#°*°^_ 

Abed, Ise min-zong' li:3b°^^°S 

Abet, to aid, p6ng-dzu ^ JJ| ; — 
in cnmej dzu-dziu'-we-nyiah' gf| 
J^i>^ Jj (veng) ; ^o 29w« owe up 
to, i&^on'-iehi'g^^] ditto (some- 
thing bad), t^iao-so' f^ ^ 

Abettor, cu-so ^ ^ 

Abhor, ^o u'-sn ^|g ; c^/sZzVce ea;- 
cesdvely, k^eh'-ts^eng ; in-tseng' 



Abide, <o dju{j^;deng'|f^; kyiu'- 
deng X fig 

Ability, dzse-neng' ;J' fg ; du'- 
dziett :t; dzse-dzing' :^ '[f ; 
peng'-z ;$; -^ ; viZ-nyih-ts |^ 
^° -f ; perfect in mental and 
moral character, dzse-djiin' teh' 
te :t ^ fi ^ 5 0^^'^ according 
to your — , ze lih-liang' dzu-c'ih' 

ll:fjl:S!Jffl;-tsiaong'.go 
lih-liang' do-c^iii' ^^ fijr.'l^":/; 

l:^^ ffi5 zekofonghyin',!^ 
Abject, 7nean or j^oor, bing-dzin' 



ABO 

■ggg . — in condition (as slaves, 
&c.), pe-dzii/ ^ HI 
Abjure, to vali-tsiu' ky V-djih |g 

Able, neng-keo' fg fg ; we ^ ; 
Aas strength equal to, lih tsoli' ;fj 
Jg, ; 2s /ie? — to do it ? gyi neng- 
keo' tso' feb ^ fg f$ fS S-"? 
he is — , gyi we tso' ^ # f^ 5 
Ae zs ?2oj5 — to do it, vu lib' neng 
we' 4S :/j tb ^ 5 lil^' so peh 

yiu dzse-dzing-go nying ^ :j^ 

Aboard, lob-jiin'-de -^ ^ T 5 
zong-jun'-de Jl ^ 7°5 ke-iun'- 

Abode, djU-kyu >(J g ; dju-ob' 

{i M 5 ^^^^^'^ '^'^ ?'^"' — ' ^^^' 
kyu'ah-li'{i@1pl°8"? ^^'^^^^'«»'* 
yoiir honorable — ? fu'-zong ab- 

Abolish, ^o fi Jg ; fi'-diaojgT 5 
— /aii', fi'-diao lib-fab' ^ T° 

» ^* . m 

Abominable, k^o-^eng pI TH ; 

k^o-u'-ts-gyib' pj ^ ;t ^ 
Abominate, ?o ^eng -f^; Un-^eng' 
?gm;'eng-gyib't^gi 



Aborigines, tV-jing j^A^ — 

(/ the middle and South of China, 
miao-ts "gj ^ 
Abortion, siao'-ts'sen )]>;^ ; clo- 
t'^'K 8§; do sing' lJg°;^o 
cause — , tang t'ee' Jj 8^ 



ABO 



ABU 



Abounds m, ting to' Jf{ ^ ; fi- 



vaei/-tsto'^^/L^§; 



ererji 



Abruptly, deh-jiin' §g ^ 

Abscess, doh-dzing-kwun' 



loh'Si-e, c^u'-c^ii tu via' j^ /^ | 

^; tmiu' di tu z' J^ J|ji ^-|5 ^5 ABSCOND, to dao-tseo'jg^jtseo'- 



Me Eusteni part — in coal, Tong' 
pin me-t^seu' ting to' ^ j:^ ^ 

About, da-ial/ ;^ $§ ; ia]/-l£e 
$4 ^ ; raao ^ ; iiiao-kwu' ^ 
-(^ ; — thirtij It,* da-iali'saen'-jih 

jih' ; nearlif, ts'o'-feh-to' ^ ^, 
^ ; ro?/«J — , s'-tsiu-we' |jg j5) 
g ; s'-deh-lor/-ky'iin Efl ^^ 
a If; don-ky^Un' Bl If 

* A li is about one tliird of nn 
Englislj niilc. 

Above, zOng J^ ; zong-deo' J;; 
0^ ; tc'-zong ^ _t ; — the house, 
hcol/te'.zong;jJ''MgJ:; 
ovei- and — , ling-nga' -g ^f***; 
yii-wai' f^^^^[» ; — "me in rank 
(one grade), p'iiig -kyih pi ngo' 

kao'ih-teng,S.i|S;tKj^-'# 
Abiieast, bing'-ba ^ Jjf •* 

Abridge, ^o tsah'-ton ^(| ^; 
kaen'-liah ^° I55 

Abroad, htyond customs' harriers, 
kwaeu nga' gg ^|>°; %o?^(^ ^//e 
frontier, kW nga P^|>^j spreatf 
— , ^ang-k'se' fir° g|) ; yiang- 
k^^'ftgfl; po'-yiai.g'-k^ie Jf 
J& 1^3 ; ^'^"^^s from — , dzong 
nga-deo' Ise |j§ ^|, *» g| ^ ; ^owe 
— , c'ih yun'-ineng' ky4'-de ^ 



Absent, feh l:e'-tong, ij^ ^ffi^jft"; 

ffi'-nehlceUongT>";ii°a°a' 
Absent-minded, forgetting what 

one is doing, vong'-gyi-so -yi }§, 

^f)i&.\ sing'-feh-dzce-yin' ^fj 

^ °iS R (^^s^<^^ i'^ reproach). 

Absolute power, gyUn-shu liao- 
feh-tel/dojf |j"g°;/^° 

Absolve, to so |j^°; min ^; sO'- 
min |i° f^J ; ~ fom mi, so ze' 

Absorb, to seng'- tsing f^,** jj ; 
lieng'-tsing. 

Abstain, ?o —for a time, gyi a^ ; 
— entirely, ka J^°; —from food, 
gyi Z'li' ig> :& ; — volmitaiibj, zi 
nyui/ ka @ °^J| J^^°; zi kying' zi 
&° S^ &° ; —from ivine, ka 
tsin' ^° }^ ; — from opium, ka 

Abstemious w food, and drink, 

ing'-zih yiu-tsih' ffc :fe W 15 

Abstract, tsali'-Iao J|^ (ih-go) 

Abstruse, sing-ao' go ^ 

Absurd, beyond reason, U-li'-feh- 

^ch' -^^ilfe^; dzing-li'-ts nga' 

•If m Z ■A"'', - ^"^Z^-, lien-wo' 

Abundant, to'-leh-kying'^;}^** 
^ ; more than is needed, yiii yli' 
^i®i\P^^^^t^ful, fu'-tsoh g J£; 



ABU 



ACC 



— (as trees, or fruit), meo-zing' 
3? ^ ; — crop.?, or — year, ny in'- 
kohfong-teng'^i^lg;da- 

joh'znyin "JkMM^ > — ^^^P^^ 
wu'kohfongteng'S^S^ 
Abuse, to treat badly, long-song'; 
to injure, ^se ^ ; to revile, mo^^ ; 
zoh-mo' MM ; to — hj diminish- 
ing one's due, k^eh'-da3 ^|| ^ ; 

— by soiling (as a book, or one's 
character), tsao-t^il/ gf ^^ ; — 
the weak, ky^i-vu' gfc || 

Abused, icho — this booh ? keh' 
peJig sliu be jii' tsao-t'ah'-diao- 

Abyss, m.f/-k^ang l^'Jfg JjJ; ; m- 
ti'-sing-den ^°/gg« f^ -, fathom- 
less — , va^n-dziang'-sing-den J| 

* §? '}f 

Academy, shu-kwim' gff ; sbii- 

Accelerate, to press forward, 
ts^e fg ; — 2'^^turition, ts'e-sang' 
fg>^°; to increase speed gradual- 
ly, Jzin'-dzin kwV-ky^i-]« \^ 
if 'K' SC ^ ; bn-bii kying'. 
W-Vx, ^ ^-Mfii ^5 ih. 
bi/ kwV ih-bu ^ ^ 't^° >_ 
^ ; ih-bi/ kying' ib-bii ^ ^ 

Accede, ^o tab-ing' ^ ]f ; ing- 

.i!"g'iiES;ytiing :ftrifi^;* 

J/tZ wo< — , feh tab'-ing ^g >g 

ii;fehyUing^ ;^ 

_ * Tliese cliaracters usually denote 
siinplv a reply, but here they denote 
aji alllniiative reply. 



Acceded, (he) — to luhat Iicanted, 
ngo so iao'-go tab'-ing-de ^ f^ 

Accent, sing-ing' djong g-^ 2; 
Accent, to sing-ing' bin ky%g' 

djong' M'^mmn 

Accept, to zin ^ ; sin 1[^ ; Ung'- 
ziii ^|[ §; p'ay you — , ts^"ng 
ng teng ngo siu'-siu |f fj;° Ml** 
fS i[Jt Ij^; /, having accepted, 
cannot forget your Jdndness, ngo 
ziu-ts' ko-sing'-feh-ky^i' JJ ^ 
T°>© >6 ^ ° -^ °; — your kind 
invitation, mong ng' zing'-dzing 
ngo Ic-e bng'-ziii ^ {ff,' jf 3g 

^ m S 

Acceptable, Mi-i'-go ^^;^'',- 

^eb-sib'-go ^^^^ 
Accession to the throne, tens- 

we' ^ jiiL ; ■— ^0 ofice, jib tsih' 

Accident, to meet with an — (in- 
jury), p^ong-djoh ^sq' ^'^ ^^ 
m; nyuWJg^;; .7.7/0, (ill 
luck), p^ong-djob bwe-kyM j^" 

Accidentally, "geo'-jun|}^^; 
neo'-tsV^o j]^n# 

Accommodate, ^o — one's self 
to, jing'-dzong J||| ^ ; f?j7/o (to 
circumstances), k'en'-ky^i sang'- 

^^i"s ^' m^ m' rr° 

Accommodating, (of a person), 
yun-tV)ng' ^ J§ ; 'o-t'ong' ft 
3,^; — in lending, &c., k^eng 
t^ong-yuong -^ %^ 






acx:j 



ACH 



Accompany, <.) dong-de'ky'i |pj 

ih-doiig' kfl' ~ [g ^'^j (16-k6' 
ky^i :^° ^'' ^°i W-leh kyU' 
"i^ T" ■i:" i -^ on the ivaj/ (or 
escort), W.IehkyV|©7<'i-°; 
8ongMeb ky'i g| J**^" 

Accomplices, dong-tOng' [^ ^ ; 
tso'-tongft^ 

Accomplish, ^ complete, tso'- 
<^zi"g flf ^ ; dzIr.g-kong';5JJ ift: 
wun-kong' ^ ^ ; ^o — y^o^//.//?^, 
sang dcng-daei/. 

According to, tsiao Jig; dziu J^ ; 
agreeahhj, kyii ^1 : i f^ ; V^o f| ; 
jii ]((n ; 'eh /g* ; _ nuj idea, (siao 
Iig6'i^sil3-35;f;,g;_/, ,,,^ 
.?em/</, tsiao iigo k'eu'-lic flS JJ^ 

Account, tsiang ijig ; to give in 
one's — 0/ money entrusted, pao'- 
siao-diao f jl Ifl y °; cZiV^o, fake- 
I'h liyti-pao' ^ $^; to r^c/Lm 
vp an — , son-tsiang' ^ if^ ; 
<^(7/^c7//^ to —for, njcn ka -sliih 
Si trf^ ; ^0 ^"'^'- o« — , zong 
ttiiaiig' J^ ipj; ; ?o draw tip an 
— , k'ie tsiang' gf]|f|°; to 6e^//c 
r/u — , ka tsianrr' g|° |J . f„ 
tKlang/ f^ |g ; o/i — o/, we g°; 
'"^'-1*' H Uo ; o«7io— , ton'-feh- 
1^^) if J[} TTf ; ts^ih'.feh-kV 10 

Account-book, tsiang'-bu ifg^J 

Accountable, you are—, Lyiang 

»'s'zveng'|^f;);°e.pg.I,yj^^,^, 



ng'dziah-lob'l^fr^.^;/ 

am not — , feli'z ngo'-go kwaiii- 

Accountant, tsiang'- vOng if^ 
^ ; kwnn-tsiang' cii-kwu ^ ij)^- 

Accumulate, to tsih'-ju ^|g ; 

tslU'-hyiioh^^; tsili'-loh^.^ 

Accurate, idthout faults, 'ao-vu' 
tsV-c'u ^. lES |g ^ ; bing'-vii 
tsV-ts^oh lil: JS Igfl; feh- 
ts'o' ^j^, |{|; wmwfe, ts'-siff J^ 

Accusation, (\Yritten), z6ng-ts' 

^ ^ (ih-tsiang) ; to hring in an 
— (on bolh sides), dzing-zong' 

Accuse, to — before an officer^ 
kao'- zong' ^ i|^ ; _ falsely, 
hwong'-kao '3J| >y^ ; he accuses me 
of stealing, gyi iin ngo t^eo^-go 

Accuser, nyuu-kao' ^ -^ ; the 
person accused, bc-kao' ^ ^ ; 
your — , kao' ng-go cii'-kwii -^ 

Accustomed, to become — , long- 

kwjcn' If 'f^J**; tso'-kw;cii f^ 
tr;tHo'jin;,ioh'fi^|lEl;- 
to rZo, kwaen'-tso-go -fg" ^^ ^°; 
m?i'i become — to hearing (it), 
t^ng'-feli-kwicn' 1% iJU If " 

Ache, tV)ng j^; /«?«f^ — , deo- 
t^)"g' yfl -IS ; tooth — , ngo-ts' 
t^)ng'3'"®':JS 

Achieve, to dzing-kong' ^ ;^ ; 
ivith fixed aim, (lie) uill — Ms 



ACK 



8 



ADA 



object^ yiii' ts kying'-dzing ^ J^ 
^ jR'i — renown, kong-ming' 

dzing-dzii/ :gi ^ jjiM 
Acknowledge, to own, jingj^,; 
to confess, tsiao-jing' ^Q |)^ ; — 
iei'w^ in the wrong, jing ts^o' f^ 
0g ; unwilling to — , feh k'eng' 
jing' ^ -g- fg ; unwilling to — 
a (fei^, la tsa' gS" j^" 
ACOEN, zlang'-ts ■^ -J- (ili-ko) 

Acquaintance, siang-joh'-go;fg 
ft Y', joh-nying' fj A'; 
nying-teh'-go nying' %°% ^*' 
A° ; »<^?'6 — , p^iao'-miao beng- 

yi"' fl 11^ Ji ^ 

Acquainted znV/i, joh-sih' fjfg ; 

he is well — with the business, 
kel/-go z-nyih' gyi ting' joli-sili' 

wy^m^m Hi; 

— with him many years, teng gyi' 
to nyin' siang-yii |(1° ^ ^^ 

Acquiesce, ^ ifSp'»ff-y"i"g'M 

^ ; / certainlij — in your de- 
cision, ng' ding-kwe', ngo vu 
yiu'fch i' ir^Mn».^ 

Acquire, to tsang J^° ; tsang'- 
tsing jr 5i;<^'^^'«'^l;<Uun; 

— money, tsang' dong-din' }^° 
^M°i — possessions, tsang' ko- 
kyi' }f " ^° ft ; - ^^nowledge, 
ko cii'-sih ^0° ^p 11 

Acquit, to — him, ding' gyi, ffi 
^«' 5^ S ^HE" m ; Bhu' gyi, fi 

2c' ?JJ :Jt Jii^" |g 



Acre, (Chinese), meo ffi ; m ; 
aw — of (fiekl) laml, ih meo' din 

-mm 

Across, wang :^°; lying — the 
road, wang' la tong W'W:'^±'' 

Act, to tso ^ ; tsob f^ ; — a 
play, tso byi'-veng (JJ JJ 5; ; 
^0 — well, tso nying' bao'^ 71° 
^ ; — benevolently, we jiin' jg 
# ; ^ang juii Jy ^ 

Actions, ^ang-we' ^'^ ^ ; tsob'- 
^'6 f^ @; s0-tsoh'-s6-we' ^ 
f^ ^@;^«^- ^a^ang-ts' 
^"■fr" jh ; '^'''^^^ ^'^ ^ ^oot? action, 
keb' z ill-go hao' ^ang-we'Jg";^ 

AcTlYE, fond of action, bao' dong'* 
go ij" fj >h^ ; — rtnc? intcl. 
ligent, web-pV^b' }g '/^ ; ling- 
dong' @ JJj ; quick (in work), 
kyib'-tsao ^ J^ ; siro?i^ fmc? — , 
m6-lib'. 

Actor, stage byi'-ts JJ -^ ; p?en- 
ts IS -5^ 

Actress, nyii'-poen-ts "fc ^M ~P 

Actual, ti-v.e, jib- we' ^ ;g ; 
proved by — experiment, vien'- 
cing liao |g ip f 

Actually, really, jib-dz?e' ^>f£; 

ji^-yi' M ffs ; --y'^'^ii'-jiii ii W 

Acute, sharp, tsin ^I ; — discern- 
ment, (by figure), ngjen'-lib tsin' 
0^° ^ yi ; — pain like a Jaiife 
cutting, t^ong' ziang tao' c^ob ka 

Adage, dzoh-w6' f^ fj ; a}icie?it 



I 



ADA I 

— , k\vu'-w6 -^ U ; lao'-w6-deo 

^- m m (ii'-kj«) 

Adapt, to — one's self to time or 
place, tso' tao ali-li', z ah-li' -^ 

pe' ih-yj Jlfc-llta -«#; 

c«« — himself to circumstances, 
neiig ky^uil/ neng sing ]|g ^ 

Adapted ?o wse, Laf/-yuong'-go- 
de JJ ffl ^°; — ^0 ^'5 use, 'eh- 
gyi'-go yuong' 'g^ jt ^*' ^ 

Add, to kd Ju" ; t^in ^ ; tseiig 
it; ts'eo^; ko-ts'eo ^"^g ; 
tMn-ts'eo' •^^; tseiig-ts'eo'if 
^ ; — coal, ko me-t^£eii^ ts^eo' 

Addition (in Aritliraelic), ko- 

Additional, nga^rf*"; Img-nga' 
jg ^h°; — expense, nga' fi ^[»° 
^ ; nothing — , bih' va nga ko' 
m%.^VM°'',-pl^cisure{^B 
a new son), t'in hyi' ^ ^ 

Address, / wish to — you, ngo 
iao teng ng kong' |g g H'fif^^ 
|g°; /toiy s/it/// / — him ? ts^ing- 
hwu'gyiju ^ Pf if f[|°?_ 
a numler of people, te cong'- 
nying kdng' ih-fsen fif ^ 7;° 

Address, he made a good — , gyi 
fah'-hwe-leh hao' Jt |f ^ ^^%° 
ftf ; verjj good — , do fah'-hwe 
::^°?f JS ; — («f a letter, place 
only), di-ming J-| ^ ; di-kyiah'- 



ADM 

ing ; superscription (on a letter), 
biiig'-min ff '^ 
Adept, joh-siu' ^ ^ ; — (i'» 
that branch), ting' ciin-meng' J^ 

Adequate, enovgh, keo §l^ ; tsoh. 
J£ ; ^s — , keo-de ^% y°; (fo 
?/0M /c£'Z — (to it) 'I ng 'oiig'-leli- 

.iju'feii irmwM'^i'^ 

ng hao p^e-fu fell f;^;" Jj g[i 

fill s°? 

Adhere, to nyin-W|^°;^; crm'^ 
?7^a/i;<? it — , nyiu'-feh-lao ^^ ^[> 
^ ; ?6'27^ — , we kao-nyin'-go'^ 
P°ffi i^°; — O^s iron to a 
magnet), hyib'-lao |^| ^^ 

Adjacent, slang-gying' ^ jj ; 
— countiies, siang-gying'-go koh' 

Adjoining, ling ^ ; — countrij, 
ling koh' If 1^ ,* — room, kah'- 
pih ih-kaen vong' WM.— Wm 

Adjudicate, to try, sing ^ ; /o 
j\ulge, sing'-p^m g ^'i] ; p^n/- 
ton f I] Ifi 

Adjust, to tsing'-teng ^ jg ; 
tsiiig'-li ^ j|[l ; — these stones, 
keh'-sing zah-deo' iao tsing'-teng 

hao jt" ®° 75° m s- m m 

JJ; — matters, tsing-li' z-ken'|^ 
M V # 5 — («r P"t things in 
order), tsing'-zi ^ ^°; — ^/^e 
/ian-, li deo-fah' JJ gg ^ 
Administer, to bgen gif; b<W-li 
SI S J — #*"'^> baen'-li z-ken' 



ADM 



10 



ADU 



jSf H^ff 5 '^ — ''^^dicine to a 
person, do yiab' peli nying ky'Uol/ 

fairs, baen' kong-z' K| ^ ^ 

Admiral, se'-s-dUtob 7|C0i?ti# 

Admirable, gyib-me' ;g ^; 

gyib.bao';g^;gyih-miao' ;g|!; 

Admire, to ky^i'-mojl^g; cong- 

?e' ^5 ^ ; (as rare tbings), byi- 

ben' :?§r ^ ; — and long for 

(or wisb to be like), kyU'-nyiang 

dfe flflp 5 — ^'i^ (/(26^«re, nyiang'- 

vong ^ ^ 

Admired, / /iaye long — his great 

reputation, ngo byiang'-lce mo' 

gyi'-go da miiig' '?!5 |r] ^ ^ 

Admit Am, peb' gyi tseo'-tsing-lae 

tsing'-la. m ^m'^ 
AdM0NISII,^0 — (not to do), ky^iin'- 
kyiaj|Sg¥;ky%/-sib|Up; 
— (to do) ky^iin'-min ]l§ ^ 
Adopt, to — (as an outsider), ling 
?I; ming-ling' !^ 1^ ; — a 
imle relative, (of tbe same family 
name), lib-kyi' ^^ || ; dzing- 
kyi' ^ Si ; ko-kyi' %^ ; Ji«o 
from love, le'-kyi ^ |]| ; — 
the nearest nephew, ing-kyi' J?!t|g 
Adopted child, ling -ts gf ^ ; 
(of tbe same family name), kyi'- 
ts i^ ^ ; —brother, (of differ- 
ent family name), nyi hyiiong- 
^i' Sl°51 |g; l^-yi'-pa byuong- 



Adore, to kying'- kying - djong- 

<ijo"g pa' fi m -M m ir° 

Adorn, to — (as tbe person), ts6ng- 

P^»' ^ tJ" ; tsab'-kwab ^ |5|J ; 

— (as bouses), tsong-sib' ^fj^ ; 

(as tbings), tsong-wong' ^ J^ 

These four expressions may be used inter- 
chtingeably, bat according to good usage 
it is better to distiiiguisli them. 

Adrift, t^eng'-lse-t'eng'-kyH' ^ 
^ * *^ t^eng^k'^-de ^ 

mT 

Adroitness with the hand, siu'- 
fabp'ib'-t^eb^fiJg^^^'jsiu'- 
fali c^h-gyi^ ^ fi IIJ .^ 

Adulation, vong'-dzing ^ ^ , 
ts^n-vong' |g ^ ; sbii'-kwu -[tf; 
tKjtsW-c^u^g 

Adult, arrived at — age, zong- 
t'^"g ± T; dzing-ting^ J5J( J ; 
tslang'- dzing g jjj^ ; dzing- 
nying'-tslang'-da JSS A' ;g iC 

Adult, do-nying' ;;^° A°j *^c/i(^oZ 
/or ad^^</<5 (of eltber sex), do sbii- 
voiig' :/c' # MJ — school for 
mal:s, kying-kvvun' sbu-vong' g 

Adulterate, io ts^^en-V f§>^ ; 
ts'a^n-tsing' J^ ^ ; ts'ien-long' 
Jl Jll; — with water, ts^aen-t^ong' 
'o-sbu'goJi'^%:;JC°>h° 

Adulterer, kcen-fa'^°^; yia'- 
lao-kong |^° ^ 2- 

Adulteress, kaen-vu' ^^ ijf 

Adultery, kaen-ying' ^*' fg ; 
a case of — , ksen-en' ^° ^ ; 



ADV 



11 



ADV 



to commit — , vsen ksen-ying' Jfi 

Advance, to zong-zin' J^ 'fj''; 
price will — , ko'-diri iao kyii'- 

ko'-din iao tsiang'-z6ng-de jg** 
m'^^m^i T', io improve, 
tsing'-ih jg g ; hao'-ky^i-lae jf 
& ^1 — i^tt^es (before the 
time), yii-ts' sing-kong' ^ j^ 
5^X ; tssen kong-din' MX^^'i 
in — of me, pi ngo' zong-zin' Jfc 

Advanced in years, yii/-sing 
nyin-kyi' de ^ g° :$ & 7° 

Advantage, profit, bin-i' ^ 
'l^"; lenefit, ih'-c^u g ^ ; hao- 
c^ii' ^ ;® ; to take of -^ him, 
tsin gyi'-go zSng-fong' fjjf ^ 
^° J2 JU, ; take — of another, 
tsin nying-ko' min-ts' \^ A°^° 

Adventurous, /onc^ of going in- 
to danger, hvvnn-hyi' tseo hyin' 

1" ft S * ^ SI 

Adversary, dziu-dili' ||| |J^; 

iin-ko' % ^° ; te'-deo ^ K 
Adverse, feh-jing' ^ Jl^ ; feb- 

jing'-kying ^ JgJi ; feb-jing'- 

jing'feh-te' Q« ^ ^ ^ ; _ 
tn'nc?, tong-deo' fong ^ |@ JK, ; 
(against tbe wind), teo' fong |^ 
JH ; tao' fong -^ jg ; — current, 
teo'-sbu ij ilC 
Adversity, (as sickness, fires, 



persecution), tsse-nsen' /fJH; — 
(in business, &c.), z-yiiing' feh- 
bao' B#5Sf,«F; tao-yiiing' 
^ jS;^*^— » loh-boh'-de -^ 

JS T°> *^ ^^^^ ^ — ^^'-'^ *^ 

GocT, yiu tsse'-nsen z-'eo k'ao'- 
djohJing-ming'^iflllJIfl 

mm mm 

Advertise, to kao'-bab -g^ ^"j 

— in a paper, zong-pao' J;^ ^ ; 
teng-pao' ^^', do you — yam- 
goods ? ng'-go ho' yiu zong-pao'- 
leb ma fj^^ >h° K # ± fg 

Advertisement, kao'-bab J^ 
^^ (ib-tsiang) ; — of goods, 4-c., 
tsiao-ts' JS ^ ; to put up an. 

— {i.e. paste up), t^iab' tsiao-ts' 

Advice, ky«un'-hw6 ^ {!^ ; tmm't 
listen to — , feh k'eng t4ng ky^un 
^•tE'lS; fehziukyW-hwo 
^ S Ift fli ; ^^^ ffive you a 
piece of — , ngd ky*un'-bw6 ng 

ih-W mWlit?F.°~^; 

I will take your — , ngd t'ing^ 
ng-gokyWfJ^f4;«>iv°|g,. 
ling'-kyiao, ling'-kyiao ff gj; 

mm 

Advise, to ts'-kyiao Jg ^ (not 
proper in the first person); — 
(or tell) a person, kao'-hyiang- 
nying-dao |Ji:° |^ A*' Jt ; I 
beg you to — ?ne, ngo taking' ng 
ts'-kyiao ngo ^ |* fj;^ }§. Jg^ 
^ J / — you not to go, ngd eo 



ADV 



12 



AFR 



ngvong'ky'i' fg 11^-^^ T>° 

Adviser (to one ignorant), ho- 

Advocate, mediator^ cong-pao'tj^ 

^ ; attorney, dzong-s' g^ gj^ 
Afar, yUn'-yUn Jg jg ; yiao-yUn' 

IS 
Affable, ky^in-V ^ft; VkyV 

Affair, z ^; z-ken' :^ ]^; z- 
tn'^f|;(ih.gym,ih.ky^i, ih- 
tsong, ih-ton) ; important — , 
iao'-z ^ ^ ; da-z' ^ ^ ; ^/^ai's 
my — (in anger), daen'-ming ngo 

Affect, to influence, ken'-dong 
^|iJ;kyih'-aorg||t85;- 
to he a scholar, ko'-s-veng '(§°^ 
^ ; — to he ivise, hut thus he- 
tray folly f long-ky'iao'-fsen-cih' 

Affection for equals, or infer- 
iors, se'-sih ^ '|g ; — for su- 
periors, je'-kying ^ ^ ; having 
great — , (or afiectionate), se'- 
singdjong' ^ )& fi; ts%g- 
gy^ng is 5£ ; w-am — , ae'-sing 
^>y»^' ^£>li''; //mZ — , hyiao' 
sing ^ /& 

Affinity, natural t^in sing'siang- 

lin' JC tt # Sft 

Affix <o a word, dang-kyiali'-go 

wigsen^gm-r^i^^Br 
Afflict, <o nsen |f ; naen-nsen; 
mo-nsen' H j^ ; //mycn a^'cis, 



t^in kong tsc-e' 5c If ° i^< ? ^^i" 
kong'-lob kw^u'-n^en J^ |^° -^ 

Afflicted, to he — , ziu nsen'^ 
m ; tsao'-djoh ts^-nsen' Jf ^* 
Sk^'i 9'''^(ii^y — 5 kwV-sali-de 
"B 3^ T°5 kw'ii ky^uoh'-feh- 
W-de g p£^ f, i§ 7° 

Affliction, wsen'-nren ,g, |g; 
kw'u'- nsen ^ |||; tsre-nsen' 

Afford, can you — to huy it ? ng 
yiu ]ili-]iang' bao ma' feb fj;" 

— t7, ngo bao' ma 5g ^ ^"j 
ngo dong-din' yiu' ^15^1°^; 
cant — to huy, ma'-feh-ky^i' ^° 

caw'^ — ( SQcb expense), lib- 
bang' t6ng.feb-dju' :^ M ^ * 
{i;ky'uob'.feh.lob'p^°^.^ 
Affront, to teb'-ze;}^ W'->^^ — 
a person (by speaking of what ho 
is jealous of), vsen-nying-ko'-go 

tentioTudly, ngwu-vsen' |^ ^Q 
Affronted, kwa'-iib-de g° 

647° 

Afloat o« ^//e sea, Ise bse'-li p^iao- 

dong';£^JgaM»;>«^%» 

vu'-tib }^° 6^ 
Afoot, come bu-*ang' lae ^ fj** 

^;tseoMehlie ±%°^ 
Afraid, p^6'-go fg '^°; lae-tih 

vong p^o' ;i^° ^° tfi ; feb-dz«- 



r 



AFT 13 

wii 5|/° '^° Ifi"; nothing to be — 
q/;ts'.w6lao'-hwu J^ff^J^ 
lit., only a pictured tiger. 
After, *eo ^ ; Wdeo ^ |g ; 
^eo-lce^^;yi^eoBl^;- 
offes, ^eo'-sliu' ^ -fit ; — (you) 
Jiave fmis/ied (you) cayi go, wun- 

kong-ts,haoky^i'^XT^" 
•^°; after this (or that), dzorig- 

ts^-ts-W :gg Jjfc i: ^; — ^/izs 
time, dzong-kying'-yi-'eo' ^ ^ 
Kl^ J ky^i-ko ; — a month, ih- 
yiiih'-ts' 'eo' — '^ ;JS ^ j c^^^e 
— (me), (i. e. subsequently), 25e- 
'eo' Ice |§| ^ ^ ; _ «Z/, kyiu- 
kying ^ ;§;; kyiu'-kyiu -kwe- 

After-birth, pao J^ ; pao - i' 

Afternoon, *6'-pun-nyili "^^ °ip 
H°;tsiu'-ko-Wf ii^jwu'- 
^eo ^ ^ ; «6'-wu f ° ^ 

Again, ts9e4|;yi3t°;djongg; 
t?o (it) — , tsse' tso H 1^ ; sai/ 
(it) — , tsse' wo ;g U ; oyer awe? 
otjer — , tsc-e^ssen-tsse-s' !pf H H 
Pg ; ih'-r-tsse', tsae-r-sasn' >- "jig 

HSMH 

Against me, teng ngo' tsoh-te'||° 
^ f^ SJ ; ^^«^i% or resting — , 

g*a^;g^'-djoliS^^'>;kW. 

^^j^'^ M M°i ^(^^ning — the wall, 
gje'-leh ziang' gj ]g^° ;@ ; J/«o, 
(as a picture), ziang-H hyih-tih ; 
toiich or striJce —, bang J^° ; 
bang-djoh Jf ° ^°; JmA or i^b 



AGG 

-,ts'aU^,;t8W.djoh^^«; 
^/ie varnish is tender, (i. e. fresh) 
must not rub — (it), ts'ih neng- 
neng'-tih feh kV) tsW-djoh ^ 

sow, feh-^eh' u-li' ^ ^ fj; ^ ; 
u-li'feh-vu' r^K S ^ ^ ; ~ 
tlie wind, tec' fong ^j* ^ 

Agar- AGAR, h?e'-ts^se ^^; zih- 
hw6'-ts^ao' :S ^^ 

Age, nyin-kyi'^r^ $^ ; tvhat is 
your — ? (ordinary address), to- 
siao' nyin-kyi' ^ >i? ^ $£ ? 
(more respectful), kwe'-kang ^ 
jg"? tseng-kang' ^^^j^"'- "g to- 
siao' kwe'-kang f;);"^ >J?S:^°^? 
respectfully ask your lofty — f 



tsMng' meng kao ziu 



' %% 



n 



^ ^ ? ivhat is his — (of a 
child)"? kyishu'^^^^? 
Age, shii -jg ; an — (generation), 
shii'-d?e -[[t f-^ ; through endless 
ages, tao sbli'-shii-dae'-dae ^ij j^ 

it « ffi 

Aged, lao ^ ; nyin-lao'- de ^ 
^^°;o,n — person, nyin-Iao'- 
go ^ ^ ^^; lao'-nyin nying 
^ ^ A°; lao'-dzing nying ^ 

Agent, kying-siu' jg ^ ; tong- 

siu' # $ ; kwun-tsiang'^ jg; 

io oci as an — in selling another's 

goods, kyi'-ma ^ "J" 
Aggrandizement, country's — , 

koh'-kdhying-w6ng'a^Jgg£; 



AGG 



14 



AGU 



only cares for self — , tsih' iao 

Aggravate, to kddjong' j^^J 
long-leli yiiili-fal/ djong' ^||i° 
M Mfi j to provoke anger, pih'- 
leh sang ky^il jg g' ^° ^ 

Aggregate, the sum total, tsong'- 

sii Uti: ; ^^"^^ ^ ; t^ong'-gong 
j^ ^;go'ig-^0'i' ^ ft 
Aggressor, sin dong'-siu-go 3'fc 
g| :^ -^"j sin ^o'-siu-lae tang'- 

Aghast, hab'-sah Ig ^ ; s^wp^> 
ed with fear, hah'-ng:je-de pj|f ^ 
T°; hah'-su-de ©^7°; l^^h'- 
hweng-de Ig 'fg T° 

Agitate, to dong JJj ; tang'-dong 
ff»;cW-donggSJJ;yiao- 
dong' ^ JJ ; — the water, kao'- 
dong Shu' 3|« f, j}:'' 

Agitated hj fear, ^c, sing' llng- 

ling'-dong ,5 ]% ^fj^.—by 
wind, be forig' yiao-dong' ^ J^ 

Ji Si 

Ago, how long — ? kyi nyin' zin 
S ^ U' ^ ^w;.«/^ years — , 
nyiaen nyin' zin -|]* ^ "gj"; not 
long - , fcb kyiu' ^f, ;5^ ; feb 
y^"^' ^B jS ; ^(>^9 — , nyin-dcV 
yun' i^ ft it ; dziang-kyiu'-de 

BAT 

Agree, to — ti;e/^ togethci\ ^eh- 
deo' ^ BI; te ^j vu ^', 
8iang-nyi' ft «g ; «eh-nyi' ^ 
S; teo-deo' ^ 5f ; do-ko' 



siang-te' :^° g^° ft ^ ; deo- 
^y*' S '^ (used of persons 
only) ; to correspond, te'-kying 
^jff ; m/i'j; — , pMng'-feh-long' 
JS^ffl; 'eh-feb-long' ^ 
^ }M '■> ^^'^ ^^^ reckonings — , 
liang'-p'in tsiang, te'-go fg g 
U 1^ >l^°; — together to buy, 
iah'-ding iao ma' $§ ^ g ^°; 

— ?^^on a day, iah'-ding nyih-ts' 
^ S B** •? 5 ^"'^ ;?ar^ies — ," 
liang' siang dzing-nyiin' ^ ft 

Agreeable to, 'eb-nyi' ^ g ; 
^eh-sih'^ ^ ; Jezw^ m i/^e sun is 

— , sa' Ise nyih-deo-li *eh-nyi'- 

— lierson, nying ^o-ky^i'-go \° 

Agreement, iah ^ (ih-go); 
written — (in trade), nyi-tsen' 

WiW- 5 J'yi-i^yu' ^ M 5 ^^ '^^^ 

aw — , iab'-bao -fj Jj ; iah'-jih 
$5 ^ ; w6-bao' fj j(J ; to make 
a written — , lib iah' ^ $§ j ^^* 

Agriculture, nong z' jg "^ 
(veng); cong-din' z-ken' @ Q 

Aground, to rww — , koh ^ ; 
koh-ts'in' ^ ^ ; c?/«o, ore sand, 
ts'in s6' :^3?; c//^to, ow^^ mud, 
ts<In du' ^ ^ 

Ague, fever and — , nyiah-dzih' 



AIIE 



15 



ALl 



fah-*en-nyih' ^ ^^i tertian 
nyih-liang'-deo-paen' 0° PB 

mm 

Ahead, lae zin-deo' ^gE" •JJ" Ijg; 
— of me, pi iigo' z6ng-zia' Jfc 

Aid, to pong-dzii' ^ ^ ; vu'-dzu 
^gr; siang-p6ng' ft ^; pong- 
ts'eng' ^ ^ ; — «^ii«/i strength 
{i. e. in labor), dzu lib' ^ -fj ; 
pong lib' ^ ];(^ ; — m«7A vwney, 
dzu dzse' gJl Bt 5 — ^^*^ govern- 
meM idth vwney, dzu byiang' J|[| 
1^ ; c?irto, ivith militia, dza iiong' 

Aim, take good — , k^d-ding' cing'- 
deo tang' ^" ^ $ FI #7 5 
miao-deo' k^o-leb cing' |g |g 
11°©''^;- %A (inlife)^ 
ts'-byiang iao lib'-leb kao' jg 

excel, gyi'-go ts'-byiang du- 
zong'-tsing »^i^\*[^ @ 

Air, kyM ^; w;mcf, fong J^ ; 
Me — we breathe, yiang-ky'i' [^ 
^ ; seng-ky^i' ^ ^ ; in the — , 
k^ong' li g g; pun'-k'ong 

coiig ^ 5 4* 5 ^^^^ fly ^'^ ^^« 

— , tiao' yua-k^ong'-li fi' ^l^° 

Air, to t^eo-t^eo ky^' jf if ^ ; 
t^ong-t^ong fong' Ji 5| M ; - 
Me room, vong'-ts peb gyi t^eo- 
t^eo ky'i' M •? ft" K ii ii 



^ ; — clothes in the sim, i-zSng' 
s^t'-sagyi^^^l^^l^^c^tVto 
m Me s/zocfe, i-z6ng' long-long' 

gyi ^ ^ HI BS ; — or cooz tv, 

liang' ib-liang' <g — ^ 
Air-pump, byib-ky^'-cMb-go ko- 

sang' ^ il ffl ^Mr ^'^ 

Airs, io ^w^ ow — , ts6ng-mo' tsob- 

Alacrity, to do with — , kao- 
bying' tso Jg^gJ ; dzing-nyun' 

tso t ^ JS 
Alarm, in a state of — , bab'-sab- 

^^ 18° §S T°> ^"^^ ^^^^ — ^"'*» 
m-nao' peb gyi zia-kying' ^° 
W°#°«°SI|i"»-n<«>'peh 
gyi ky'ih-hoh' t,°Rr°»°S'' 

Alarmed, ky ^lb-bob '-de P^'lg** 
"j***; /?e seemed greatly — , gyi 
yiu kying-bwong' siang'-mao ^ 

Alarming intelligence, kying- 
w6ng'-go sing'-sib ^'11^°^ 
S ; byuong-veng' \^ ^ 

Alas 1 <« ^° ! V-yia \^ ij|5" I 

Albumen in an egg, d£en-bah'^ 
|^°; — in hens' eggs, kyi-ts' 
ts^ing' il «? W 

Alcohol, C/aViese siao-tsiu'j^jg; 
pure ditto, tsing-tib'-siao ^ 

iiii 

Alike, ih-yiang' — i^ ; ih-sib' 
— ^ ; ib-seb' ib-yiang' ^- -g, 
«;^;t'ib'-seb.vu.i^Rj5^JS 



ALI 



16 



ALL 



311 ; — in most things, da (long' 
siao' yi ;^ If >]. ^ 
Alive, weh'-go}g>|^°; — or dead? 

is he still — ? gyi wa dzse shii' 
^^^S S''«°1ftS*'?wal^- 
tong feh 55°;^ ^^ ? ^e is si^V^ 
— , wa dzae' J|° ;g^ 
All, long'-tsong }i ^g ; tu ^ ; 
ih'-gong — ^;ih-k8e' — §£; 
ih'-t^ong — gj; t^ong^gong 
^ ifc; tu-kyi' SP ft; — men 
(or eveiybody), cong'-nying ^ 
7^"; ?a^e owi — ?//e things, tong- 
si' long'-tsong do-c'ih' ^ "gf 
f a H t*b ffl ; tong-si' ih'-kae 

Allay, <o untie, ka ^"j* — pam, 
ka t^ong' ^"^i ^0 cAec^, ts 
±'y — thirst, tsk^eh' Jh J§; — 
an^cr, sih ky^i' ,f, g; 

Allege, ^o w6-leh kyib'-jih f^ 

^'^ 5i R J ^^ — ^'^ "^ ea;cz^se, 
ziae'-k^eo wo ^ Q ^ ; tsia' tso 
yin-nyu'ff ''j^ g S5 5 — «/«^5e 
?-mso7i, t^oh kwu' Jg ]g^ 

Allegory, nyu'-i ^ ;g; do-don'- 
go pi'-fdng ;;^° 1^ >h^ Jt :^ 

Alleviate, «o — /i/s burden, 
ky^ing' gyi-go taen'-deo ff ^° 
i^°^?I ; «o — ;9am, t^ong' ka- 
k^-ho'PJi'^fSif^ ^^ ^'^. pain will 
be alleviated, t^ong' we siao-tin' 
^t^MlS; t'ong' we ky^uih'- 
tin ^ 11^ 14 



Alley, aw — , ib-rda-long' — 

Alliance, to form a family — , 
ding-ts^ng' ^ ^ ; ^o fonn an 
— between countries, lih-ming- 

iab' it mm 

Allot, to — to each las share, 
tsiao'-kwu kyiiing-feng' Jg JJ 
i^^i — equally, bing-feng' ZJi 
^ ; kyuing-feng' j^ ^ 

Allow, to cing f^; byU ff ; ing- 
jing' ^ 1)^. ; 7 cfo not — hiin 
to go, ngo feb cing' gyi ky4' ^ 
*fiS*°;febbyu'gyikyV 

^ fli S -i** 5 — ^^^m ^^ ^^f 
cing' gyi tso ^H ^ ^ 

Allowable, proper, tsob'-bying 
i^ m ; k^o'-yi -^ &,',not--, 
feh byu'.go 56° 1^ -t" 

Alloy, to ts%n-k6' JHg°5 ts'sen- 

Allude, ^o — to, di-gyib' J| 
^ ; di-kyH' ^^\to whom do 
you — ? ng' so di-gyib'-go z ju' 

Alluke, to yiu i^; ying'-yiu 5| 
g| ; bong'-yiu PJt ^ ; — /-i^'^ 
to gamble, yiu gyi tu' ^ ^ !S* 

Allurement, bait, iiyii-deo'U*' 
5^ ; ditto (for birds), me-deo' 
4K BH 5 these are both used 
figuratively, in speaking of per- 
sons ; thus, by what — was (be) 
caught ? be sob-go nyii-deo' zong 
keo-go ^ :g° Jg^ f J° m ± 
^ >i^° ; be soh'-go me-deo' 



ALL 



17 



ALT 



i^\ng.]oncr',gomwm''Em 






Allusion, to make an unpleasant 
~ , kong ing-wo' Bg" 1^ IS ; 
k^ao-toh' f% g° ; toh lang-clju' 

Ally, te'-siu ^^ ; lin-siu' ^^ 
(ih-go) 

Almanac, lib-jih' ^* H ; t -ong- 
sliii' si ^ ; wong-lib' g. ^ ; 
FoJi-kien — , KyinMili ^ ^• 
(ih-peng) 

Almighty, vu-so'-peh-neng'^^ 
^ fg ; djun-neng'>^fg ; yiaiig- 
yiang'neng-keo'fi^^fglS 

Almond, 'ang'-nying ^"t"; ^*^- 
<^ — , kw*u' ^ang-nying ^ ^'^ 
t:° (ih-lih) 

Almost, ts^o'- feli-to' ^ ^ ^ ; 
shii'-kyi-wu |^ ^ ^ ; kyi-kyi'- 
wu H g| ^ ; ts^6-feh-l«'-ky^i 
^ A 35*°; ts^o-fong'-feh-to 
^ {5 ^ ? ; siang-ky^u-peh 

Alms, <o ^tye — , pu'-s dong-din' 

io give — to people, tsiu-tsi' 

nymg.k6'g^|§A°^' 
Alms-giver, s'-cU jffi i; a ^mf< 

-,dos'-cu;^''JEi 
Aloes, In- we' ^ ^ 
Aloft, l3ez6ng-deo'/2°J;^ gg; on 

</ie mast, Ise we-ken' teng :ji°Jt^° 

mr 

Alone, doh-zi' ^ g °; dob-il/ ^ 
— ; /ie M there — , gyi doh-zi' 



person — in the ivorld, kwu-sing'- 
"yi"g5lJ^#A°; tcen-sing'-nyiDg 

Along ti;i//i, ih-dong'— |^; dong- 
de' [q|P|^; cojne — ivith me, teng 
ngo' ih-dong' ky -i J^°^ — [pj 
i°;tengng6'ju-de'ky^i]^''J8 

mm*'' 

Aloud, kao-sing' ^g ; hyiang'- 
liang ^ ^ ; «^ ordinary tones, 
ze-k'eo' |g P ; ^o r(^rt(Z or study 
— , doh II; ze-k^eo' doh |^ P 
^ ; to cry —, k^ob gg ; t^?«o, (as 
an infant) kyiao tUj- 

Alpaca, yu'-s6 ^ g; ; ^(/wre^? 
-,hw6yu'-s6:fg^^/l; 

Alphabet, letters of the — , z- 
meo' ^ -g: 

Already, yi'-kying g, g 

Also, yi X°; yia ^fc**; wa-yii/ 
jS' W J ^^'^''^ *^ — another teach- 
er, yi yiii' ib-we sin-sang' ^° 
^ -^^^""'^ wa.yiu' ih. 
we jg" ^ — -^ ; i/04i ca/i co??itf 
— , ng yia' bao ]s& {ff,° 4^° 

Altar, tsi'-daen ^ @ 

Alter, <o kae g^ ; kse'-ko gjj; jg ; 
kse'- wun ^ Jg ; keng-kjfi' J£ 
^ ; kie^-pin gj: ^ ; should — 
one character, ih'-go z' iao kse' 
— ^Jv** ^ g at ; -. this gar. 
ment, hy TnaJdng smaller, keb 
gyin i-zdng' iao kge'-siao' Jg^'pf 



ALT 



18 



^ S"* S ®: >I> ; ^^'^^^ "" ' 

W-feh-l* Sc * ?1^ „ 

Altercate, to tsang-zao'ft ^ 

Alternate, <o - ^dth another^ 

inperfonning, lingMeli tso' ^*| 

T° ft 5 diao-loe'-wun-kyH tso' 

k/i tso' S"^® * m5 

diao-lse'-diao-kyH tso' 1^ ^ li 

Alternate, on — oays, Kan 
nyihPSH^ksen'nyibpBf 0" 

Alternate, <o act as an — , tso 
dffi-siu' fK fe ?• 

Alternative, to choose one of 
two aliematives (i e. difficulties), 
liang'-ngen-ts congkjen ih'-yiang 

&tang'-son^°fra^5mfali. 
ts ^° ^ ^ J vu lu' k^o tseo' 

ft piiS 

Although, se-tsii/ g| ip ; se- 

jW SI ^ 

Altogether, ih'-kse — ^ ; in- 
zi' ^ ^'; ib-tsong' — 3®; V- 
3to^''^5Jilj-feng'+^;- 
5aff, ih'-kse W — iES°5-; 
wrong, ^o'-jUn feh-te' ^''^ /P 
1^; — unabk, vseu'-vsen peh- 
neng' "^ ^ /fi t& 

Alum, ming-vsen' BIJ ^ ; bab- 

Always, z-dj6ng' fl| 'g; peb'- 
cljong 7f> '^ ; djong-djong' '^ 
^; me'-djong ^ ^ ; dziang- 



AMB 

t^ong'g5i; cob'-kwun ; — been 
60, lao'.laoz-kal0l''|Pl''iD'llt°5 
lao' kwe-kyU ^ ^ ^g 
Am is often understood ; I— going, 
(in parting), ngo kyV-de f^^" 
•J*; / — here, ngo' Ise-tong' 
^Cft°5 l^-tong'^^jft"; 
/ _- imting, ngo' Ise-tib sia' ^ 

Amalgum, to apply a pewter — , 

dong' sib ^^ ; zSng' sib J:^ 

Amanuensis, dse-sia'-go-nying fg 



^' 



dse-sbu' f^ ^; cop^/^s<, ts'ao- 

8ia'.go-nying g? S*" ^'^ A** ^ 
Amass, to te-tsib' if ^; te-tsib'- 

ju-ssea' mMin\ll 
Amazed, hyi-gyi'-sab-de ^ ^ 

fk 1°; afraid, kying-byioe'-de 

mmT 

Amazing, womkrfvl, byi-gyi' H 
^; gyi-tsse'^^; c^b-gyi' 

Ambassador, ky'ing-ts*a ^^ 
Amber, bwu'-p^ab J^ Jfi ; /afoe 

— , mib-lab'-p^ab g' 41 Jfl ; 

— Jeacfs, bwu'-p^ab cii -^ JQ 1$ 
Ambiguous, web-dong' fg g) ; 

obscare, en'-dong-dong BrPJIrI 5 

— words, web-dong'-go sbib-w6' 

double meaning, song-kwsen' sbib- 

w6' ^ BS E IS 

Ambitious, to be — of fame, du 



AME 



19 



ANA 



13 ?!l 5 — of false faiMy du hyii 

Amen, Uo -meng 55 S ^^^^ ^"' 
glisb word transferred) ; so be 
it, dzing-sing'-so-nyiin' ^ )^ 

mm 

Amend, to reform^ kse-oh'-dzong- 
jiin' K: ^ ^ # ; kje'-ko-tso 

nying' 6fc i§ ffi A*" 

Amethyst, Ifen-pao'-zab^^^" 
Amiable, sing'-dzing Vnyiiu' 'fj 

If fniS 

Amicable, 'o-moh' ^ |ij; siang- 

Amid, cong-nyiang' i:fi ^° 
Amiss, ts^o |§ ; dzsen U; jfo s^eak 

~, kong'ts'o Bi°fg; kong' 

dz^n 11^ ^^ 
Ammunition, ho'-yiah-daen-ts' >/^ 

Amnesty, eng-sC ,f, |§:°; eng- 
tsiao' ,g fg ; — from the em- 
peror, wong-eng- da-scY ^ g. 

Among tJmn, dza3-ne' ;2 p^ ; 
dzae-gyi-cong' ;^ ^ ^i ; dzje- 
dziang' ;g j^ ; /^^ a/,o was — 
them, gyi yia' dzaa-ne' Jt ^^ 
^ ^ ; ne is also pronounced 
nen. 

Amount, ih-gong'^ dfc ; t^ong'- 
go"g^*;tsong'-gong||dfc,. 
gong'-kyi dh If ; tsong'-kyih ^ 
}§ ; tsong'-su ^, |^j|; ; wJiat is 
the — ? ih-gong' to-siao' — dt 



A'M.'PJjTS.,ahundant, ts^iah'-ts^iah yiu'- 

Amputate, to tsaen-don; kah'- 
don §i] Pf ; to saw off, ka'-loh 

Amulet, bih-zia'-go vu' )gf 5f|$° 
Y ^ ; wu-sing' vn ^ ^ jfj: ; 
a silver lock 7mng about the neck of 
delicate children to prevent death, 
^OQg'-so J^ |g. See Charm. 

Amuse, to — ones self, hyi^hyi jj 
^ ; ditto (by walking about, &c.), 
bah-siang' |^ ^'^ditto (by drink- 
ing, &c.), tsoh-tsoli-lol/ f^ f^ 
^; — him (^. e. a cbild, prima- 
rily by deceiving), bong-bong' 
gyi Wt Pit Jt ; to divert one^s 
mind, seen sing' ^ ^jj 

Amused, pleased, k^ae-sing^tib-de 

m <& fir T° 

Analysis, c/iemical bwo'-yiiob >f{^ 

m 

Analyze, to feng-ts'ing' ^ J^ ; 

— « swiyeci, p^o' di ^ g ; — 
chemically, feng-k^ai' peng'-tsih 
^ ga :$; K ; — (as an essay), 
me mob' feng-ts^ing' ^ g ^ 
JU J _ logically, kyiu' gyi peng'- 

Anarchy, liao-Ion' z-t^i' |^ g(, 
^ fl ; ^ ^^'w^^ 0/ — , Ion' feng'- 
feng z-sbu' IL # i© ^ It 

Anatomy, sdence of the human 
body, djun-t'i'-sing-leng' ^ ^ 
^ 1^ ; bones, joints arid internal 



ANC 



20 



ANK 



organs, kweh'-tsih-dzong-fa' >^ 

mmm 

Ancestors, tsu'-tsong jjg ^ ; 
tsu'-sin gg, % ; Lsu'-zong jg J: 

Anchor, mao |g (ih-meng) ; to 
cast — , p^ao mao'UJ"^ ; to drag 
— , yiu mao' J^°^ ; to iveigh 
— , ky'i mao' jg |g 

Anchorage, p^ao mao'- go-di'- 
fongjaiS>h'^jfi:JJ 

Ancient, kwu •^; — times, kwu- 
z-tsili' "i&fllf IjJ; men of^ times, 
kwu-z-tsin' nying' "gf B| |B° 
A"; t6ng-ts^u'-ts nying ^ |;j 

And, teng ]g°; lin ^ ; ?/ow — 
/, ng' teng ngo' ^'^ J^° ^ 

Anecdote, kwu'-z ^g;:^; tin ^; 
/e// rtw — , kdng ih'-go kwu'-z 

ing — , kong ih'- go siao'- wo 

Angel, t'in-s' ^ |g ; jing-s' %^ 
1^ 5 t'in-jing' 5f jpip 

Anger, 6'-w6ng ; 6ng ; ky^i ^ ; 
"u ^ ; ^0 ea-c/^e — , kyih nu 
iH iS ; excite Mm, to — , long 
gyi6'.w6ng^Sf|«3fot°;kyih 
gyi nu' iU ^ ]g ; appease — , 
sib nu',f,^ ; ditto hj confessing, 
making a feast, cj-c, siao-siao 
ky'i' fg j^^ ; wwr^w^ one's — 
(i. e. belly-full of — ), ih-du'-ts- 
kyU — JJt ;2l ^ ; ^y^s standing 
out ivith — , nii'-ngajii'-deb-tsin' 



Angle, an ih-k<;li' — ^ °; acute 

— , tsin koh' i^J ^ °; obtuse — , 
dzia koli'p*';^ °; right — , dzili 
koh' H ;^° 

Angry, dug'- de ; fah-ong'- de ; 
vaen-6ng'-de ; fah-nao'-de ^ »f^ 
*J*°; o'-wong-de ; sang-ky^'-de 
^^ ^ T°; fah-nu'-de ^ ^x 
7°; dong-rm'-de JJ Tgy «; 1^- 
tih sang-kyVlE'';£°^''^; 
2;<?n/ — , long-do' fah-ong'; kyV- 
sah ^ f^ ; ^0 grow suddenly — 
and rude, fgen'-loh min-k^)ng' 
il° M ?L 5 ziang tsV-nying- 

Hn'-kaft^^A'-l^lt;-"^^ 
cross, fong-tiao'-de JH[ ^ Tfj 
Ire-tih s-sing' iE° ffi°i|g tt 
Animal, cong-sang'^g"^"; quad- 
rupeds, tseo'-siii ^ ^ ; (horse, 
cow, ass) sang-kWI^^^P; wild 

— , yia'-siuff^gS 5-/006?, 
hweng 'o'-vsen^f *'^; hweng- 

ky^uoh hweng' pg"^; commence 
eating — food after abstaining, 
k^^ hweng' gg 3^ 
Animate, to — him, long' gyi 
weh.kyV.la3 ^ K fg ffi ^ ; 
s'-teh gyi sing nyih' il © 3t 

Anise, star we-hyiang''g§ ; pah 

koh' A W 

Ankle, kyiah'-tsang gj Jf°; 
kyiah'-bu-lu-den' )» ff 1 fl"; 

— joint, kyiah'-gao Jjjl f^" 



ANN 21 

Annals, kol/-sg^; hlstoncal 
compilations, kong-kseu' ^ ^"*; 
~ of the dyimttes, lih-dae s'-kyi 

Mfe^ IB 

Annex, to djoh-zong |gj^; pu'. 

djoh-tseng' |f ^ 
Annihilate, to miIi-vvnn'J|J^; 

mill ken-zing' ^ |t Jf 5 «ao- 

mih'-wun fg- Jf ^ 
Announce, to pao ^^ ; cii-we' 

in #" ; — it, pao' ih-sing f^ — 

S ; ^0 m/bn?i, t^ong-cu' jj ^ ; 

t^ong-pao' 51 1^ 
Annoy, to v£en-nao' >g .[f ; tsi- 

tseo'Df-pj^jIo'-soRg^ 
Annoyed, feh nae'-v«n ^ggg; 
vaen-nao'-go g f g ^°; e.^.ce5. 
sively — , vsen-nao'-sab-de'iJl '['§ 

Annually, nyin-nyir/ ^ ^ ; 

me'-nyin § r^ ; djoh-nyin' ^ 

^; lih-nyin'^ i^ 
Annul, to fi ^ ; fi'.diao jg J^ 
Anoint, to fu-yii/fj:j|^; djd-yiu' 

^Jgf; fi-dz6ng'|^^ 
Anomalous, gyi-c'lL'-kwu-kwa 

Anonymous, feh-c^ih'- ming-go 

^ iii 2 ^°; — defamatory 

placard, m-deo'- p6ng ^«* |g 

^; vu-ming'-kyih'-t^ah M ;« 

far 

Another, bib'-go gij >jv^ n^g. 
nga' ib-go ^ ^° ~ ^o. _ 



ANT 



wwzn, bib' nying g|JA°; /^az;*? — , 
wa-yiu' ib'.gog«;f^' _ >j.«>. 
ling-yiu' ib.go^^^yjv*'. com« 
again — day, k»' nyih tSc-e' I^e 
K H ° 5 ^ ; ^oi;e o?ie —, pe'- 
ts^ siangV Si J4 ft ^ ; dd- 
k6'siang.j«';^^^'';fa^ 
Answer, to ing ^; ingUab Jf 
^,- tah'-ing'>^^ ; _ Cmore at 
lengtb), we-tab'ini ^ ; tab, also 
pron. teb ; — lack (as wben re- 
proved), iiig-cu' ]g fg ; will it 
— or w^? bao'-s-teb feb ^ -(g 
@ §*•? ^^7/^V — (your) idea 
or pwpose ? ^eh-i' feb .g* ;'g ^^ 
Answer, ^m^s^/ow and—, ib-meng' 
ib-tab' — pj5°_ >g . verbal — , 
we-ing' (uj --f ; ivritfen — , we- 
eing' IhI ff 
Ant, wun-hwun' ^*'^°(ih-go) 
Antagonist, te'- dib ff gj- ; .«. 

m a gmm, dib-siu' ^ ^ 
Antenna of insects, djong-sii' 

Anticipate pleasure,siaxig bying' 
jg B^ ^^ ; ^0^ QJ5 / anticipated, 
peb c^b' iigo so h'ao'.go /f, ^ 
^^Jin^''\didnot — ,\\ao- 
^^^^-^^'m%m'^- difficulty, 
yii-sii/ liao' yiu naen-c^u' fj| J^ 
^ W H ;^ ; yoM — wy vnshes, 
iig sin' teb'-djob ngo' sing-i' -j5J^° 

idshes, ts^je-djob'gyi sing-siang' 
inWWih^. ', — and hcu^dlij 



ANT 



ahk to wait, tsong-leh mi'-dao 
teng'. 
Antidote, (medicine), ka-doV-go 

yiah )g°#^°^;— >-«^^ 

poisms, ka^pah'-doh ^** "g" # 

Antipathy, to Iiave an — to, gyi 

Q ; / have a great — to spiders, 

kyih-cu' ting vsen ngo' gyi' go 

Antiquary, one versed in anti- 
quities, poh-kwu'-go cu -kwu -ff 

■A" ^° A*; <"^^ /^^^^ ^/ «'^%"^'- 

ties, ?e kwu tong'-gonying ^"^ 

Antiques, kwu'-ky'i -jtf §g ; kwu - 
tong-w8en'-ky4' -^ MW ^'^ 

kwii'-ho ^ :K 

Antiquity, times of — , zong- 

— , t'a'kwu ^° -jjf 
Antithesis, te'-kyu f J 'S] 
Anvil, t^h-tsing-den' ^fg'BI"; 

tnii'-teng'-deog^^FS 
Anxious, <o Je — , tsen-sing-z' ^ 
,5:^; iu-U' g J:; fong'-sing- 
feh-loh' iJc >& ^ -^; kwo'- 
iiyiaen ^ ;§ ; kyi'-kwo fg, H ; 
/ am — about Mm, ugo dae gyi 
in-li' ^i-^:^^ S,; don't be 
too — , pell pih ko' ^i /{\ tj^ l^ 
^ ; tired of waiting, sing'-tsiao 

Any, hwe you — ? ng yiu' fell 



22 APO 

yiu soh'-go nying Ise-ko' ^ ^* 

Anything, sol/-go or soli'-si g" 
g" ; cZo you want — ? ng iao 
soh'-si f;);" S S S ^ (belter 
to say to a stranger), soli' -go z- 
ken, orsolVkeri:g°g|':$:|f? 
^o-ken' jpf ${i ? 1 do not ivant 
— , ngo fell iao' soli'-si ^ ^ 

Apart, zi kwun' zi § ° ^ § ° » 
kol/ zi feng-kV § g°3^|i; 
li-k'seMiao gJig T ; ^^'^ — ' 
zikwim'zizo' @°1^ g°:$|^'; 
;?/ace (them) a little — , fong'- 
lehkV-tin )S^° i3il5; ^« 
pidl — , te'-k'* gj gg ; rZ/tto 
m;27/< the fingers, p^ih'-k^je ^ §3 

Apathetic, moli /fc; moh-hying- 
hying^ 

Ape, See Monkey. 

Apex, ting-den J| Bl°; nao'-tsia 

Apiece, how many ca^h — ? kyi'- 
go dong-din ili'-go f^ f@'' 11^ 
^^°— ^jv^'? ^/^,'ee ca^A — , sseu'- 
go dong-diu ili'-go ^ ^^ ^ 
^* —. >^* ; (/ive them a dollar 
— , me' nying cob gyi ih-kw^e' 

fsen-ping'^A\^°»''-^ 
^ ff ; kyin' nying peli gyi ih- 
kwVf^n-ping' a A°^°^" 

Apologize, to be feb-z'|g^;g ; 
beli'RS||;shuze'|riP;sbu 
ib-go ze' %%" -'^"m 



I 



APO 



23 



APP 



ArOLOGY, ^0 make an — , be il/-go 
fch-z IS -^"■'^^'^he ib- 

Apostasy, be-kyiao' ^° ^ 
Apostate, be-kyiao'-go nying ^° 

Apostle, s'-clu ^ ;gg 
Apothecary, yiab-tin'-kwun |^ 
IS W^ kWi'-il^-tin'-go g3 ^ 

Apparatus, ky'i'-gyii^^; i>hi- 
losophical — , keh-veh'-go ky^i'- 

Apparent, byin'-jUn^^;; hyii/- 

r-yi-kviu' M M |?j £ ; hyin'- 
Apparently e^ so, siang-mao z'- 

r6a%, z-z'-r-fi' f^ ^g M ^^ 
Apparition, to see a ghost, kyin 
kyii' £ ^°; o/i?/ strange sight ^ 
gyi-ying'-kwae'-ziang -^ 5^ g 
}DJ°; iao-kwa' ^ g°; tslng- 
kwa' ^ ^"^ 
Appeal to a &iipeviui\ ^6ng-z6ng' 
S"' S -t W^>\ — to any one to 
remove an accusation, gyiu sing 
sliil/ ^ ff^ 3; gyiu sing ui/ 

Appear, to ie manifest, yin-c^iL'- 

1^ Si ffi * ; byiii'-yiu ^jg ; 

verij like a man, tsing'-ziang ih- 
go nying' ]£ ^ _ >jv° ;;o. 

this appears larger , p^e-mo' ziang 

kehih'.godo'M^1i^°- 



WC -)<!"'■> — {^^ ^ tlt'ity), hyiii- 

Appearance, siang'-mao ^ ^ ; 
pVmo' M IS; kwong-kying' 
^ ^ ; tt/Yrtrs a s'u.'-picious — , 
ying-tsib' k^o nyi' 5g Jjj; pX ^ ; 
miserably pioor — (used of per- 
sons), pe-pe' go siang^-Tnao §^^ 

appears to be), dzing-ying' '[^ 
J^^^ fearful— , ying-sbu' ^ fb 

Appease, to — anger ^ sib nn' ,§, 
"^ ; ^f'//to ft^ owning one's fault, 
4-c., siao ky^' j^ ^ 

Append, to attach (as by a string), 
kyih j^§ ; kyib'-zong i^"^ Jl ; — 
at the end, dzob |^ ; dzob-zong' 
Ifi-ll 5 ^^ add to, pu-ts^eo' U jg 

Appendix (to a book), pu-yi' |§ 
jg ; dzob-tsaj'-go sbib-wo' |g ^ 
'1^°^ SS ; — ^^ « w;?i7{7i^, tsaj'- 

P'i W it 

Appertain, to — to, job-u Jg-^ ; 
dzai'-U ;g^ ^ 

Appetite, (good or bad) we-k'eo' 
^ P ; — (great or small) zlb- 
liang' ;^ ^ ; good — , k^£e-we' 
gg i ; «o — , we-k^eo' fell k^se' 

i P *i ga 
x\pplaud, to — with a cheer, beb- 

ts'se'pg^; to praise, ts^ing-tsaii/ 

^ pf ; peo-tsiang' T^, H^ 

Apple, a large—, bing-ko'^:^; 

small yellow — tcith red tinge, 

bwo-^ong' :j!g jfj]. Tbere is no 

generic term for apples. 



APP 



24 



APP 



AprLlCABLE, ^eb-djoh' -g*^"; 
siang-vu' ^^; — to everybody, 
koh-nying siang-vu';^ A °ffi^ '-> 
Qiot — [0 him, ii gyi' feh vu' J^ 
S*?3^;<^enggyi'fehWS|° 

Application, export cMh' k'eo 
pao'-tsen [ij P f ^ || ; impo7^t 

— , tsing' k^eo pao'-tsen jg P 

Apply, to have recourse to, deo^; 

— to the customs, pao kwaen' ^^ 
II ; — to the local constable, deo 
di-pao' kyV g: Mf**"5- 
to the clercjyman, deo-tao kyiao - 
s di'-f6ng }S glj ® gig M 1l 5 

— </je mind, cun-r'-cu'-ts ^IfO 

15:° ± ; ciin-sing' 4 >i;;> 

Appoint, to ming '^ ; to settle 
upon, ding ^g ; who teas appoint- 
ed to go? ming jU' ky^i ^ lt° 

^°?dingju'ky'iSir±'"? 

— (to each his duties), feng-p*a' 
Q' M°5 — « ^«iV, cling ib-go 

uyih-ts' s^-i^'B"-?; ^^'"^ 

(in tlie future), ding ih-go gyi' 

Appointed, time not yet — , vi'- 

ding gyi' ^ S S9 5 ^^'^ ^""^ 

— to go? ming jii' ky'i ^ |B° 
^°1 I was — to come, ngo z 
vong-raing'-r-lie'-go $$ ^ $#- 

kwun'-go ming ^ 'g' ^° -^ ; 



vong-hyin -g{) ^ 

///€ emperor, vong-ts'-goj 



r-' 



i»j 



tr 



Appointment, ming ^ -, who 
receives that — ? jii' ziu keh-go 
ming'niil°§^>°^^^? 
a good—, hao' tsVs' -jlj ^'''d^ 

Apposite, 'eh-shing'- go ^ ^ 

^"; siang-^eh'.go 40 ^ i^° 
Appreciate, to k'en -tao J ^ij ; 
k'en'-tao-ko ij JlJ ^°; c?o not 
— (it), k^en'-feh-tao-ko ^' ^ 
JlJ ^°; — A^*^^' k^en'-t^ong- 

tw J5i5i;tsW4ikW}i 

Apprehend, to seize, k^6 ^° ; 
gying }g ; to understand, ming- 
bah'BJ S^jbyiao'-teh^^; 
tong 'ff 

Apprentice, du-di' ^ |g (ib- 
go) ; to be an — , deo s-vu' ^ 

du-di' k/i#°Slffi^*°; 
pcb gyi ^ob du-di'. 
Approach, to gyiog'-long j£}f| ; 
— (as a person), tseo'-long-lse 
^ii^; gying-sing' j£ ^ ', 
he fears to — , gyi p'6' gying'- 

long ^ tS 5£ ti; ^^^ ^"'^'^ ap- 
proaches, z-^eo' gying'4ong lae- 

Approbation, cong'-i tj^ ;;g; jii 
i' ifl # ; ^'«s wi?/ — , ju ng6'-go 
i' ^n f4-1"°,«;^«bng6'sing- 

i' -^ ?^ >& :S 

Appropriate, to — to o/ie's self, 
and deny it, la-meb' gj" j^ ; 
ky^uoh'-meb ng" 5g 



APR 



25 



ARO 



I 



Apricot, ^ang'-ts ^^ ^ (ih-go) 

ArRON, (Chinese) num's — , yii-pii' 
g°;0 ; ditto (like a skirt), yu- 
gyiiing' H°IS ; tsob'-gyuing f^ 
Ig" ; (Chinese) woman'' s large — , 
yu-sing-pu'-lacn' 8°^ ;$ fi 

Apt to learn\ ih-kao' ziu we' — 
fC° Si** # ; — ^0 9^^ ^^ngry, 
yuong-yi'sang-kyn' ^|Pj^°^ 

Aqueduct, tsih'-shu-kwuu ^ 

Arbitrary, z-yi'-we-z' g £J[ 

Arbor, liang-bang' J^ J;|fjj^; ^r«pe 
— , ts'-bu-dao bang' ^^W 

Arbutus, tree-strawleny^ yiang- 

me' li |g 
Arch, gwaen-dong' 5^° jls] 
Arched window^ gwien - dong' 

ts'oi'S W }|a| IS ; — ^"'^^^^ 
gvv:en-dong' gyiao ^° }ls| |f 
Archer, kong-tsin'-siu ^ -gj ^ 
Archery, kong-tsin'-gyi-nyi' ^ 

Architect, head mechanic, ziang- 
deo' E^gl; tsoh'-deo f^ gg 
The Chinese here have no arch- 
itect proper. 

Archives, the place for the — , 
koh'-s-kwun g ^ fg ; tJte re- 
cords as just wntten, jili-loh' ^ 
J^ ; ditto when revised, kong- 
ksGii'-li tsre-loh'-go. 

Ardent, nyih-sing' f|fe° ^5 



Arduous, sing-k'wu' ^ -^\ lao- 
loh' ^ a ; dziah-lih' ^ ;f; 

Are isgenerally unexpressed ; where 
— youl ng' Ipe ah-li' fj;° ;jj° 
fiij °^*' "? ire — here, ah-lah Ice- 
tong''Jg^^**^/]I[:°;-^//^re 
a/17/? yiii' m-teh ^^ j^° ;g'° ? 

Area, di-dziang' j.-^ j:g ; what is 
the — of China f Cong-koh' di- 
dziang' yiii dza do' pfi ^ i^'jj" 

Argue, to dispute, bin'-leng D|p^ ; 

to reason, nyi-leng' |g |^ 
Arid, dry, ken-sao' %%i^ ; parched 

with the sun, sa'-sao-delIg^'Jg^"f 
Arise, to bo-ky^i' {J^ & ; ky^i'- 

Ic^ iE ^ 
Aristocracy, hylang-sing'^ppiiji ; 

sing-kying' |l|l f^ 
Arithmetic, sou'-yiioh ^ ^ ; 

/-w/es 0/ — , son'-fah ^ ^ 
Arm, siu'-kvvang ^° JJ" (ih-tsah) 
Armlet, glass liao siu'-gyiioh '|i|. 

Arm-pit, kah'-ts-'o Jg" 7° 
Armor, kw'e-kah' ^ ^° 
Armory, kyiiing-gyuoh' [g ^ 

(ih-zo) 
Arms, (clubs and spears, bnt not 

cannon), ky^i'-yiae gg ;^° 
Army, soldiers, ping-mo' ^ ,1^ ; 

to raise an — , ky^i-ping' j|E;^; 

fah-ping' ^ ^ 
Aromatic taste, lah-ho-ho' mi'- 

dao |i|C m PPI *° M 

Around, tsiu-we' j^ g ; dou 



ARO 



26 



ART 



ky^iin' mg; walk once — , tsiu- 
we' tseo ih'-cun j^ H ^ — f| ; 
all — , s'-(l6n-lon'-ky^iin (or s' 

deh, (fee.), m MB: il ; ^'^^^^ — ' 

d on-ky'un' Iseo-ten'-ciin g [g[ 

Arouse, to aivaken, long su'-sing 
If.j^^jeodiao'-kao'll^''^''; 

— hy reminding of duty, di-sing' 

Arraign, to — a person, ta nying' 

laesing'.meng^°A°^SFpf5 
di nying lae g A° ^ 
Arrange, to tsing ^ ; pa jH"; 

tsiiig'-teng ^ lU; ^0 —proper- 
<y,pa'ton.tsing'f^°^JE;_ 
»n succession, tsiao ts'^'-ju tsing'- 
tsing hao fia pJc ;^ ^ ^ ijp ; 

— regularly, tsing taen'-zi ^ 
^''; — tastefidly (as lionsehokl 
articles), pa'-leh teb-fal/ f^°;j|:° 

^ fi; — (things that have 
been displaced), siu-jih'-ko* J[^ 
J'& S j — f#«'?'s, z-ken' en-ba' 

una^/, pa dzing-shu }^" |)4T ^ 

* Tills iilso means to gather up and 
take away, as dishes after eaiiug. 

Arrest, to seize, k'6 ^*'; k*6'- 
<^Joh f:° ^° ; io .^j,, ts'-dju 
Jh {i ; ^^ ^^^^'y « icarrant for 
— , ying ba' k^o nying' ff )}^° 

Arrive, to tao fij;; n-hen didymi 

— f ng' kyi'-z tao'-go i^.°^J\^ 



Arrogant, ngsen'-ka-do' 0g''|^*' 
;/^''; zi-tseng'-zi-do' @°d|t f^" 
;;^°; k^en'-nying'.feh.ky</ ^ 

Arrow, tsin ^ (ih-ts) 
Arrow-root, native ngeo'-feng 

ARSENAL/o?'s/o7'«^e,kyuIng-kong'- 
tsong'-gyuoh l^! X jffi ^ ; — 
/or manufacture, cu'-dzao-gyiioh' 

Arsenic, pM-s6ng' {)t SS 5 sing'- 
zah ff ;5*' 

Art, ^/^e fah'-ts fj ^ ; fong-fah^ 
^ ?i > ^^'^ — *?/ hread-maldng, 
tso inun-deo' go fah'-ts ^ isM 

Arts, gyi-nyi' ^^ ^ ; sin'-nyi 
•^ ^ ; ^l^^ six Chinese — , loh 
^y^' /\ ^; viz., etiquette, \i jjjg . 
music, yiioh ^] archery, zia9 ^J; 
trades, nyii ;gj] ; literature, shii 
^ ; vmthematics, su ^ ; iAe 
hundred — , pah'-kong-gyi-nyi' 

■s°isss 

Arteries, hyiiih'-mah-kwun jjJL 
^ ^ ; — cfwt? wm5, hyiiih'- 
kwun j5l ^ ; we hyuih'-kwun 

Artful, diao-bi' ; kaen-tso' j^° 
f^ ; kvve'-kyi to'- ton || ff 

Article, a clause, or rwZe, ih-diao' 
— jl^; ih-kw'un — ^; ih-'6ng' 
— ]^ ; 6571 — (of goods) ili- 
gyin' — # ; ih-yiang' ^ ;f^ ; 



ART 



27 



ASH 



the articles a or an are express- 
ed by classifiers, thus, a teacher, 
ih-we' sin -sang' — fjL ^ ^/; 
an oa;, ih-deo' yiiong-ngeo' ^- 

Articulation, distinct kW-ts' 
ts^ing-t^ong n ® M 51 

Artifice, trick, ts6'-kyi |^ ff 

Artificial, made hy man, nying 
tso'.cMh-]a3.go A7fit ffl ^ -1-° 

Artillery, cannon, do-p^ao' ^s;^ 
^^ ; — men, p^ao'-siii ^ ^ 

Artisan, s-vu' -^ J^ • s-vu' ziang- 

Artist, one u-ho paints pictures, 
Uen-tsHng' sin'-sang j^^^^ 

Artless, ve'-ts6ng.k6'-go ^f'/'g'° 
^ jg^ ^j^"; i/-we, tslng-dzing'. 
jib-i' ft If If ;f; 

As, for example, like, or «s if, hao'- 
ziang JJ ff^ ; tsing^ziang ]£ 
f^ ; — you saij, tsiao ng' so wo' 
ffi f*' .^ SS ; — you please, ze 
ng' 1^ !;};=; ze ng' bin' |g f;);° 
fig ; ze-bin' i.g g| f^ (4;°; _ 
?;iwc/i as you pleaM, ze ng' to- 

siao' g| f;);°$ '> ; — ^ «'«^/'«f^ 

rt/o?/^, ngo tseo'-ko z-*eo' ^ ;^ 

ng' ka kwun bao' ff fj;'* jg^ 
|^° ij ; do Just - I tdl you, 
ngo' wo dza tso', ng dza tso' ^ 

wo, ih'-z-ih', wo, nyi'-z-nyi' ^ 

"^& ^ :§: ^ fS" ^°7l; ^°; — 
before, dzing-gyiii' f^J ^ ; i- 



gyi"' tfe S ; cli^ing-voh' fjj fg ; 

— usual, tsiao' djong ijB '^ ; 
tsiao ^6ng'-z 110 fj^ fl| ; tsiao 
'aen-tsao'-ts ; a hall — large — 
an egg, ziang kyi-dren', ka kwun 
doih-don'iill^-^^;^^ 

Asaf(etida, a'- we ppj*' §^ 

Ascend, to sing-zOng' J[^ ; — 
Jy ivaVdng, tseo'-zong ^ J^ 

Ascertain, to — hy inquiry, meng 
dziab'.jih p,^'' ^ ^ ; tang'. 
tMng ming-bah' ^7 || B^ ^°j 
io ^woMJ certainly, hyiao'- teh 
dziab'.jih ^ |g * ^ 

Ascribe, ?o kwe-u' |f ^ ; kwe- 
peh' If |a.°; — ^/or?/ to God, 
kwe yiiong-wo' ii Jing-ming' |f 

another, kwe kong' ii nying' |f 
^ :^ A°) — hkime to him, kwe 
ze u gyi' If P -f: Ji 
Ashamed, w6ng-k^ong^ 'j^ Jg. ; 
dzaen-gwe' "^ 'tf| ; .'%/^^A/ — , 
feh.hao'-i'-s % U M &'^ 
naen we'-dzing |g ;^* j* ; wong- 
gwe''Il'ta;bao'-kyh-n^§f:; 
•^eh'- la-siang ; -^eh'. la-tsi-tsi ; 
are you not — ? ng yiu feb-hao- 
i'-s ma fr ;fj t, if « ,S 
^°? ?/ow ow^//^ <o Je — of it, 
keb' z ng' kae wong-k'ong'-go JJ" 

:g fi)-<° m 'IS s >^°; (I) <"» 

— io see ?/oif, kyin ng-go min' 
• feb Ice' £ fri"°® * 2K ; te 

ngfebdju'S}fr^f,fi;^o/ee^ 



ASH 



28 



ASS 



— , kyiioh'-teh clzsen-gwe'-siaiig 
Kli'IilS *3; V'o' vvong- 
k^ong' f Q 11 g. ; — of his ap- 
jyearance (a scholar), ^eii-sor/- 
8lang ^ jS^ 43 

Ashes, hwe ^ ; coal — , me-t^asi/ 
li^ve ^$ j^ Jc; M'oocZ — , za 
hwe' ^' Jc 

Ashore, lae-ngen-z6r,g';jj''#_t,- 
zong-iigen'-de J^ J^ '^ 

Ask, ifo meng Pp^°; — and see, 
meng-meng'-k^en pjj" Pp^"^; — in- 
directly, t^en'-meng-kyi'-k'eii' g^ 
^°^ ; — rt question, meng ih'- 
sing po^ °— ^ ; — a favor, k^eng' 
ih-go dzing' ^^ — ^'''[f ; t<ao' 
ih-go kwong' P^J — i^° ^ ; — /or 
a cm;? of water, tW ih-pe' shii' 
%i — "kK^iiC'i — about, bnn-meng' 
^ Pp^**; — your jpar don, ts^ing 
rig' nyiin-Iiang' ngo |f %^ ^^ 
U ^ ; ^0 mm7e, ts'itig |f ; — 
of whom f hyiang^ ju meng [pjj' 
tt° Pp5° "? — of me, dziao ngo' 
lu^ng [Pj^^i Pp1°,- —a girl in 
vuiniage (in behalf of one's son 
or one's ward), gyiu ts^hig' ^^ 

Askew, dzin. 

Aslant, ts% or zia J^" 

Asleep, kw'eng'-joh-tih \^° |^° 
64 5 /^^'^ — » kyiah m6-tseh'- 

AsiARAGUS, long-shii'-ts'jB II 
S°^ (Mandarin) ; in Ningpo 
it is called foreign bamboo, nga- 
kok' shing ^y^^ 



Aspect, siang'-mao ^^ 1^; ying- 

yuong' ^ g 
Asperity ofmanmr, oli'-cu-figsen- 

kV^o'-ky 'i zah-ngang' [H ^ 5" 
f^°;p^eng-deo'p^5I 
Aspire, to siang' kao-z6ng'-ky^i 

w;27/i, kao-p'jien'-feh-loe ^ ^ |^ 
^ (polite). 
Ass, an ih-pMh li'-ts'— E Ift -^ 
Assail, to — (in words), to'-mo 
^° ,11 ; — Confucianism, to'- 
mo ju-kyiao' |g° ,^ jf 15;; to 
stiike, dong'-siu tang' gj ."^ JJ 
Assassin, ts''-k^ah $i] ^ 
Assassinate, to 'ang-ts^ f-T^^i] ; 
en'-di sah nying Pf Jfi i^ A° 
Assault, to make the first — , 
sin long' ^ ^ ; sin dong' sin 

Assemble, to jii'-long |g Jf| ; 
Jii'-jiliilS; we-long' -f Jf 

Assent, to ing-yuing' Jg ;/q ; 
tseng j^ ; / — to your proportion, 
ngo' tseng ng'-go ming' fg jg 
ft^ ^° ^ ; tseng ming' jg ^ 

Assert, to ih-k^eo ngao'-ding — 
n ie° S ; gyin-kW kyih'.jih 

^ P 5i K 5 "~ ^^'^^^ ^^'^ ^^^/ 
IS ni the flight, tsang zi' yiu' li 

# &°W S ;- (one's) ny^fo, 

tsang yiu' veng ^°^ ^ 

Assess, to fix customs' tax, ding se' 

& ^) estimate ditto, kwii se' 



ASS 



20 



AST 



Asseverate, to tatifij with an 
oath, vah-tsin', tso bing-kyii' f3 

Assiduity, icith gying-lili'U^f/; 
to luorh li-ith — , cun-koiig'-gyi- 

Assign, to — duties, or emploj/menis, 
feng-pV ^ong-long' ^ Jg° ^f 

i?;p^asang-weli'ii°^t''fg; 
— a dcifj, ^sen'-ding nyili-ts' p_^* 

Assimilate, to cause them to re- 
temhle, s'-teh gyl-siang-ziaiig' fj 



?/i^ ^/ooc^, forsake the evil, ts^ing' 
kyuing-ls', ylia siao'-uying ^ 

:& T- it >J> A" 

AssOCIATION/or relief of widows, 
kwu-song' we' MMi^ '•> ~~ f^^ 
giving coffins and medicine, so- 
z;e', s.yiah'.gowe'^^#°« 
>j^°'g'; — for giving food, cing'- 
tsi we' Ijg- ^ f- 

Assort, to yiang-tang^yiangfeng' 
l<Wfi|f ^03; ib-le'ih-le' 



t§ -^ 'fa fS ; •li'Posi'ions yriitl- ' AssUAGE, to ka ^° ; — 



14 t ?« ^ 

Assist, to pong-dzu' ^gj; pong. 

siang-pong' ^9 ^ ; — "* manag- 
ing affairs, pong-baBii' ^ §1 . 
— Aer to he)' cludr, tong' gyi 
zong gyiao' Jf ^ ± ti 



ka ill' ff°^ ; ka meng' jjf fig 
— ixiw, ka t^ong' ff° ^^ 
Assume tlie liberty of doing, jiin'- 
ciin U^ ; to — another s power, 
ox place, dte-cong' gyiin-ping' f^ 
^ #i fi5 ; die-we'-jing-z' fg 

;i A :$: ; doe-we-liao-li' fe ® 

^ij-^ (^ong is also pron. tsong). 



him into the boat, vu gyi' zong ASSURANCE, excess of boldness, 



jttn' ft a ± fS 

Assistant, pdng-kW-go ^R 

Associate, dong-de' |^ P|^;de- 
1^0' IflFI;/'^"^^^'^, beng-yiu' ||] 
;g ; — 2/i business, dong-z' [p)^ ; 
— in school, dong ts^ong' |p| ^, 

Associate, to dong-bur/ |^ f^ ; 
• — iVi business, gao-siii' ^° ^ ; 
— - (as friends), kyih'-kyiao ^ 
^ ; ts^eo-de' ^ p|^ ; /tt'as asso- 
cicUed with him three years, ngo' 
teiig gyi dong- bun' saen nyir/ ^ 



W 6-liu J[J Y°lt; tJB'o-lin' 

Assure, to — confidently, kyih- 
kyih'-jib-jil/ wo' ji Si K 5t 
f§;8ah'.jibw6'i^^|l^ 

Assuredly, pih'-ding tj^ ;g ; 
pih'.jun >iJ ^ 

Asthma, hao-bing' ^° ^t^ 

Astonish, to kying-byine' ^"^ ; 
astonished to see (it), ih k'en'- 
kyin ziu byi-gyi'-sab-de — ^ 

a «s # ^ ^4 T° 



AST 



30 



ATT 



Astonishing progress (in study), 
ka kw'a'-leh zong tao hyi-gyi'-go 

Astray, gme tseo' ts^o^fg; mi- 
lu'-de jg ^§ T°; tseo ts^o' lu-de 

Astride, gyi-mo'-zo ^ ^ ^°', 
ought not to sit — the chair, ii-ts 
feb kV gyi-mo'-zo ||° ^ % 

^r >S .^ ^ 

Astringent medicine, sin-lin'-go 
yial/ ]& g: ^° ^ ; ts-dza' 

Astrologer, ba pab'-z cU'-kwu 
WA ^ i^° A"; k'en ng'-sing 
siu'-saiig ^ 5.°g^ ^ ^^ soii'- 
ming sin'-sang ^ ^ :5fe ^'' 

Astronomer, i^;n-veng'-z ^ "Jl 

-J^ ; impenal — , ky^ing-t^iu'- 

Astronomy, t^n-veng' ^fj 'X 
Asunder, don'-k^ae-de ^p)T°; 

broken — (or in two), te' ao- 

don-de f j- ft If 7° 
Asylum, foundling yUob - ing'- 



donj 






(really for beggars), kwu-lao'- 

yii" i: ^- 1% 

At, Ise or dz.-e ;^°; — ho7Jie, lae 
oli'-li ;jj° ^° ^ ; — this place, 
IjJB-tong' -1$° jlt°; — ^/««< f)^ce, 
Ise-kaei/ ;jj'' jg^°; — Pel%, 

dzaePol/-kying;j$4t M; ~ 
Jird, ky'i-tsSi' j|E flj; arrived 
— the same time, tsieii'-zi tseo'- 
tao — ^° ;^ JlJ ; bing'-zi tao' 



'^ ^° ^\\ ; — ^/«5 (or that) 
time, keli'-go z-'eo' (or lae keli'- 

go Z.W) a° m'mi^^ 

Atheist, feh siang'-sing yin Jing- 
ming'-go nying ff, jfe ff # %^ 

^J ^° A"; ^^^^ — "^'^^^'^' ('^^1/ ^0 

hear the thunder, " feb sing' Jing- 
miiig', daeii t^ing' le sing'" 5f;f^ 

Atlas, di-du'-sbu ;ti!i H ^ 

(ib-ts^ub) 
Atmosphere, t^in-kyV Jc ^; 

tln-kong'-ts-kyU' 5; ig j^ ^ 
Atoms, ?o (/{r/c^e z/z/o — , feng' tao 

dzlh-si'-si ^ fij g^ IH $0 
Atone, to — for sin, job ze' M 

fP ; c^u'-job z/ 1^ HI IP 
Atrocious, crti.[d, byUong-ob' {[^ 

^ ; — ci^ime, ze do oh'-gyili ^ 

Attach, to liu jg ; lin-long' jj 
ith sang-long'>^°Ji; to ap^ 
pend, kyih ^ 

Attached (as a friend, &c.), 
liR-long'-liao jg fi T°; kao- 
nyin'-go |jf °fi^ >j^°; ts^ib-t^i.-ili- 
go -fcjiniri""; t^iab'-sing-go Ijfi" 

Attack, to kong-tang' $$^ Jj ; 
tang ^J ; jJo make the first — 
(by striking), sin dong'-siu tang' 

^ 1 * ff 

Attain, to — one's object, jii nyiin' 
teb'-djoh ia M @" m^''> t«'ing' 
sing jii i' f| ;ii« ^D if: 5 — « 
good position (in any tljing), tao- 



ATT 



31 



AUT 



leii hao'-go di-bii' Jl] @°ir ^' 
j^ fj; ; — t/ic (Chinese) decree 

o/A.ji, jih ^.ii' A^°;<«'"g 
biii'-dzaj jtl H ;f ; — t^^<^ 

(Cliiuesc) ilegree of A. JA., cong 
kyii' nying- FJ''^ A"; tcng pong' 
^ fj ; tlie lust is used for any 
liigb literary rank after cong kyii. 
Attempt, to try, s'-s-k^en gj gf 
^ ; ?««/'^ a trial or — , s-ih'-s 

^_|^;tS0'.tS0-kW.f^f^^' 

Attend, to heed, yiiong-sing J^ 
/(J«; liii-sing' ^ ,iJ; tong-sing' 
^ <ij" 5 — ' ^^ ^'*^''*' (^//^'<'.', kwu'- 
fljoh peng'-vcng MW'^^^'^ 
siu-veng ^ Jj^ ; tso-veng-iie'- 
ts-z fS ^ ft ;i :iJJ ; en-veng'- 
siu-kyi' ^^£gi a^; — ^Ae 
«c/;, vol)'-z bing-nying' j)g Ip 
^I^' A*' ; tong-clzih' bing-nying' 
^ fit j!iM A°; — « funeral, 
song-song' ky'i -JIH i ° ; — 
another s call, t^ing s'-hwun |"^, 

Attention, to pay — to u-hat is 
said, liu-sing t'ing' ^^ >J^> g| ; 
yuong-sing' ^ ^fj ; ^o />f<7/ no 
— to the 2)67 'son addressing (i. e- 
turn the nose to tbe wall), bil/ 
ts'ong' dziao ziang'. 

Attentive, we yliong-sing'-g' f^ 
i^; k'aug liu-sing' "f ^7 ,jj ; 
— (to business), po-dziang' g^ ^"^ 

Attract, to hyih'-ying |i|| 51 

Attraction, hyih'-lih |i^| ;/j ; 
byih'-gying |I|| gj 



I Attractive, yiu by»li'-gy«ng ^f 
I Pllgij . strongb/ — , do yin byili'- 

I f;yi"^'ic°Wi'irS!i'; i>yiii'-gying 

dza bao' If|| gj .^° iy^ (nsed 

; of persons only in a bad sense). 

Auction, to sell goods hj — , ma 

kyiao'-bo M° P^- K 
Audience, large ju t^ing'-go 

nying to' ^i|:gi-^A°i; 

Aunt, jxitemal kwu-mo' ^ ■^°] 
maternal — , yi-mo' ^^ -pj:° 

Auspicious, kyib'-li ^ TpiJ ; — 

day, nyih-ts' kyib'-li " JJl -g 

^Ij ; — omen, kyib' zlao "g ^^ 

Austere, s^^wj;, nyin-lab' ^ JJ 

Authentic, kW-leb-jib-go ^ 

W 9 ^' 

Author of a Look, cu sbu', lib 



sbib' 



go nying ^^^ :Sl 



^N* 



A » — of a false rejiort, ky^i 
yiao-yin'cu-kwu i^^u^' A° 

Authority, gyUn-ping' || i^ ; 
unjust use of — , gyiin-sbu' i^ 
^ ; to Mve official — fur doing, 
kwun cing'li ^ang' 'g?§gfT''; 
to use — , or threats in oppressing 
anothei', yi sbii', ky'i nying' ^ 
# 11: A' ; tang-po'-shii, long 
nying-kofl* J,#|¥ A°^° 

Authorize, to ining ^ ; — of- 
JiciaUij, -^e ^ ; kao-die' gyiin- 

Authorized by a vmgi titrate ^ 
vong byin' ^e' go l^!S^^°J 
/<as a ctrtijicate, yiu tsib'-tsiao 



AUT 



32 



AWK 



Autumn, Ts*iu-t'ii/ ^ 55 
Auxiliary, pong-dzu'-go ^ gjf; 
/jv". _ troops, kyiii'-ping ^ ^ 
AvaiT/, ^0 ts'iiig ^ ; — owe's Sf//' 
of the convenience, ts^ing bin' ^ 
^ ; — m7/5e// of your going, to 
send a letter, ts'ing ng'-go bit/, ta 
ih-f«n(rsingM</i'^ {;);''>!-" M 

o/«/t opportuniii/f ts^ng kyi-we' 
^ ^ #; — ^/ ^^'^'« opporfuniii/, 
ts^ng'-te^ kyi-we' ^ jft ff # 

Avaricious, t^en-dzae'-go ;^ |jj- 
^° : extremely — , iao dii/, feh 
iao ming' ^ W ^i ^ ^ 

Avenge, to pao-dziu' ^^ ^ ; — 
a brother s injury, pao hyiiong- 



(li'.go dziii' ^^51M^ 
sii.g-un' ft^ ^ 
Avenue, do-lu' J^° 5§ ; kwim- 

doilg'-do-lu' ^ ijl ;^° 5;^ ; 

— M»27//m «w indosure, iiong'-dao 

Sit 

AVEKAOE, t'ong-ts'o' 55 Jl ; — 
price, t'oTig-ts'o' 'oiig'-dzing jj 

it IT'S 

Aversion, //«rg (m — to, in jp ; 
tseng 'If ;u Bg'; iu'-tseng j|J 
fg" ; / have an — to him (on 
seeing), ngo ili-kyin' ziii tseng' 

gyi -a - a «(;'' ft « 

Avoid, to bi •§ ; bi-ko' jg j§ ; 
^danger, bi liyin' J|| |^ ; ^0 
hide from, to'-bi |J jJI ; — one's 
creditors, to'-bi tsa'-cu J^ j^ 



Await, to teng'-*eo ^ 'gl ; teng'- 
da3 ^ f# ; — iJ^ai day, teng'- 
dae keh'-go nyih-ts' ^ f# ig'' 

' Awake, to su-sing' ^\^ ^ ; diao- 
j kao' Wi ffi^; sing S 
I Awakened by great noise, do 
i sing'-byiang kying sii'- sing-go 

Award, to ding g; ton @f ; p^in 
fl); ding-ding'-k^en £ ^ ^ 

Awarding /wsi rewards or pun- 
ishments, yiu-song' yiu-vah'-go^ 

Aware, fo ^tioi^;, teb'-cii ^ ^ ; 
byiao'-teb RJ* ^^ ; I if^<^f^ not — 
(of it) beforehand, ngo yii'-sin 
feb teb'-cu fg Jl ^ f, ^ ^n 

Away, ?ym^ — yesterday, z6-nyib' 

— , do-ko' j'b jS ; ^^ ^/^rozy — , 
k^ang'-diao }i°T^ t'u-diao' ^ 

i%r5T;6-diaog'T^ 
(/f^/o (as liquids), tao'-diao ^ 
7°; r;o-, tseo'-k^^ ^ g^ ; 
tseo'-ko ^ ig 
Awe, /tY^ec^ it-zVi — , kving' we' 

Awful, k^o W-go p]*^ i^° 
Awkward, ao'-siu-ao'-kyiab ; 
ngang-ky'iang'-dao-bih \^ ^° 

ngang-siu'-ngang-kyiab' Jg ^ 



AWL 



33 



BAG 



Awl. tson-ts/)rcun'-ts^^(ib-me) 
Awning, to put up an — , ts'ang 
tsiang'-bong J^"!^,!^; ditto over 
a court, (for some special occa- 
sion), miin-t^in-tsiang' IpS 5? ft 
Awry, hwa |g ; dzin ^^-j."; all — , 
hwa-cu'-p'ib'-kyiah ^ P^ jj$ JiJ 
Ax, Axe, fu'-deo ^ ig (ili-p6) 
Axiom, z-jUn'-ts-Ii' g g? j^ 31 
Axle, leng-gyUoh' ^ ||| ; leng. 

bun'-sing-ts' ^ ^ >5 -p 
Azure, tUn-laen'-seh 3^ ^ g, 

Babble, senseless talk, lon-shili'- 
diao-bin' It m ^°if ; wu-yin'- 
lon-dao^ i5i 5 E m 

Baboon, keo-deo-weh-seng'J^^g 

Baby, na-hwur/ ||° ^° (ib-go) 
Babyish, na-bwun i'-tsi-ka f^" 

r ^^ at" ^^ 

Bachelor, k\v^6ng'-fa Eg ^ 
not common, but used in tbe Four 
Books; vcrfj young — , siao'- 
kwun-nying >J> 1p A°; kwong- 
kweng' 5J^^^ (atermofreproacb 
implying a bad cliaracter.) 

Back, the pe'-tsih ^ ^ ; ^o can^u 
on the — 5 pe ^ ; behind one's 

Back, coim ciin-Ise' H ^ ; kyii'- 
^se If ° ^ ; 2fa/^ — , tao'- tseo- 
cun-W ^J ^ H ^; tvhen 
will (be) come — f kyi'-z kyii- 



Back-bite, ^o — « person, pe'- 
<eo k6ng nying' ^ ^^W A** 
Back-bone, tsib'-kweb ^ »g- 
Back-court, VH)-ming-dong'; W 

kyi«-t'in' ^ 5;° ^' 
Back-door, ^eo'-meng ^ p^ 
Back-stitch, ^o keo ^ 
Backward, to 7ra//; — , tao'- 
t^eng'-bntseo'#j5g°^5|;to 
fall — , nyiang' t^in tib'-tao |)f|J 
5'C Wi ffii) ^^^^''^j (as in studies), 
tV-lob jg .^; loalk — and 
forward, tseo'-lte, tseo'-ky'i ^ 

Backward, averse to -undertake, 
p^o' zong-siu' tS -t ? J ^"^^ 
in developing icisdom (as a cbild), 
ts^ong-ming' k*ae-leh dzi' ^] B^ 
P]^°ii;.M/,dzi-deng'ig|(|i 

Bacon, scdtedpork, ^sen cii'-nyiiob 
iS''^^' 1^''; ^^^^^<^ smoked, in'-cii- 
nyUob' 1^ Ig J^' 

Bad, wa g.°; feh-bao' f, Jj ; 
tie ^ ; thoroughly — dispobition, 

'6MiupV-ts7°itE^-?; ^6'- 
tsoh pV-tsf °f^ )]$ •?; ~ 
n^ime, -^a ming'-sing ^''^ ^ ; 
wr?/ — 7ia?«e, ts^iu' ming'-siiig 

Badge, ^ao ^ ; kyi'-^ao i[i g| ; 

didinguishing — , pin-^io' |§5£ 
Baffled, tang'-sou feb-t^ong Jj 

SS^ '# 51; tang'-son-feb-c^ib' 

Bag, dee g ; /mf/icr — , bi-dje'^ 
S (ih-tsah) 



BAG 



34 



BAN 



Baggage, 'ang-li' f^"^; (a load, 
ih-tJ3en; half a load, ih-dco.) 

Bail, to gire wittcn secnritij for, 
87 u pao'-zOng ^ fg J/J 

Bait, tiao'-ngnyii' f^ g/ fj" 

Bake, to i/ang '^°\ — in hot a^hes, 
or coals, \^e 'Jtjl 

Baker, bread-maker, mun-deo' s- 

Balance, t'in-bing'^fJZp; kwV- 
bing ^ Zp ; dzao-Ling' "^ Zp 
&c., (ili-ko) ; the se\eral kinds 
have different names according 
to the number of ounces to the lb. 

Balance, to — exactlij, ih'-z-bing 
dsen' — ^ Zpia°; ih-weh-liang - 
bing —-^M ^'-, to — ac- 
counts, kyih tsiang' J§ |[ig 

Bald-headed, kwdng deo';5J^|i3; 
laid on the croum, t^di ting' 

Bale, a ih-pao' — 'Q ; a — of 
cotton, ih-pao min-liw6' — .Q |g 
:3f ; to do vp a — , tang kw'eng' 

Ball, gyiu g ; ro//« — , le gyiu' 

Ballad, ky^Uoh'-ts ^ ^; siao'- 

liy^uoh >],^ ; siao'-diao >j, fjg 

(ih-tsah) 
Ballast, ^o talce in — , tang ts'ao'; 

stone —, ts^ao'-zaii Jl°:lS-°5°; 

for — , ah-ts'ong' yuong g° 

mm 

Balloon, kyU'-gyiu ^ ^ 
Balustrade, la2n-ken';|^;|f ;— 



/o/* s^rti'rs, vu-siu' ^ ^ ; o«e or 
more horizontal bars, lu-t^se'-tong 

Bamboo, coli \^ ; (ih-keng, ib- 
kwang, ih-ts ; unth a root, ih-cii) ; 
^ grove, cob' ling ft ^ j —for 
eating, shing ^ ; — canes, cob' 
ken f'j* ^ ; to whip with a — , 
tangpren'-ts ^J^g-f ; the sacred 
— , t'in cob' 3/5 f j- 

Banana, ts^ng-kyiao' ^ ^ ; 
byiang-kyiao' @ ^ 

Band, a tape or s^n)), ib-keng ta' 
— * ;j^ ^"j — ^/ drawers, or 
s/aV/", iao ^ ; a — of men, ih- 
denying' >- ff A"; « — ^/ 
soldiers, ib-ts' pii)g-m6' — • |^ 
:l^»^5 ^ — ^f musicians, ib-paei/ 
c^U-^ong' -- Jjf ° pjj'' ^° 

Bandage, ^o dzin ^ ; — ^/j^ feet, 
dzin kyial/ |i J^; ko kyiab' 

mm 

Bandages, foot kyiab'- so ^° 

m°^ ^ "sed by Chinese females. 
Banditti, dzab-fiJ^H; gyiang- 

^^o Jg ^ ; /om^— , t^i'-fi J^ 

g| (ih-tong, ib-pa3n) 
Bang, to — with a i^tick, (j'c, 

k^ao |§ ; — against, bang-djob' 

mm" 

BANGlNG'?io/st?, bang-bang'-byiang 
P|° Pf " # ; dang-dang'-hyiang 

Banish, ^o (1,000 to 2000 U) 
veng-liu' P^ '^ ; — (a few hun- 
dred U), veng-du' Pp^^ ; — (be- 



BAN 



35 



BAR 



yontl the frontier for life, or for 
posterity), ts^ong-kyuiut^' ^g '^ 

Bank of earth, na-nyi doiig' ^ 
jjg ; — 0/ stone, kao-k'eii' j^ 
ifP/; mound; kao-(e' ]§} iff: ; river 
— , kOng-iigen' -J^" ^; kong- 
dong' ^° ^ ; — y^.'?" money, 
nying-^io' ^ ^^ ; _ Z<///, nying- 
p'ino' 1^ ^ 

Banquet, tsin'-zih }@ J^^x tsiu- 
yiu }g 1^ ; do-tsiu' ; to go to a 
— , fu zili' j^]f^', io partLihe of 
a — , zo zili' ^° J^ ; to pepcire 
a — , sliih zih' U° ]f^ ; b?en 
do-tsii/. 

Banter, to byi'-liyiali ;|j^ |g ; lie 
banters me, gyi' teiig ngO hyi'- 
hyiah it Jft° '3S a It 

Baptism (by sprinkling), si'-li j5^ 
^® ; — (by immersion), tsing'- 
li ^ %% ; to receive — , ling 
si'-li PI Stiiii; zili IsingMi^ 

Baptize, to —, ^ang si'-li fj°g^ 
jji|;'angtsing'-lifj"g|| 

Bar, cross waiig-tong'^'^jf- ; ditto 
for a door, meng-sliuii' f^ ^^ ; 
secret — , kyii-slmn'; en-shiin' 
nt P5 ; vprif/ht — , dzih-tong' 
l2 i'^ ; ^i'^/o /(>r door, teng- 
jsliun ig ^ ; sand—, sd-t^aen' 

a?* 

Bar the door, sbiin raeng' p^ f^ ; 
s/mi </w Joor and — it, kwien 
meng', lob sbuii' M f^ ^ ?^ 



Barb, hook ivith a — , tao'-tsab- 
keo' ^J J^ f^ ; hirhcd sirar, 
keo-lin'4s'iang ^] ^ ^ 

Barbarian, nuT.n-nying' ^^ A°; 
yia'-nying H^" A**? outnda — , 
fajn-nying' ^ A°; yi-i'yi^'ff ^ 
7V°; /m/itf/// — , j<)li-f^i/SS#: 
siran(/e, and lience unfriend/.// 

— , sang.ftei/ ^^ # 
Barbarous, ow/, yi-liyiiong'- 

vJBn-ob'f^^5SifrB 
Barber ^yAo shaves hsads, t^i-dto'- 

s-vu' ^ S a ^ 
Bare, c^ib \j\ ; kwong ^g ; — 

arms, siu'-kwang c^ib'-Hao. 
Bare-faced, shameless, tre-lin'|[jc 

Ht; W min-bi' J^ M & 
Bare-footed, cMb-kyiab' {i{ J||j 
Bare-headed, c'ib-deo' {Ij HU 
Barely, tsib n^; tcxn-tsib' |^ c^; 

— enough to use, tsib' keo yiiong' 

Bargain, to argue the price, leng'- 
bangk6'-din|i;^4fg°it^;kong^ 
'ong-dzing' Bl" J^ 'It 

Bargain, to ag7-ee upon a — 
(after arguing), kong'-k^ie ^"^ 

§3 5 V^^^J'^^ '^'P « ^^'^f^ — 5 ts'eb'- 
Ife-go ky'iao'-cong ^ ^ -^-*' 
3:5 '?ff ; hoped to gain, hut lost by 
the — , iao' bin-i, sbii bin-i' ^ 

Bark of a tree, ju bi' j^ ^ 
Barks, «//e dog — , keo kyiao' 
Jo| lUj. 



BAR 



36 



BAT 



Barley, mi'-jiiig:?jt t; — (as 

a medicine), i-yi'-jing fg; '^ iz 

Barometer, fong-yii'-piao JK, 

Barrackh, ying-vong' § ^ 
Barrel, (long fj^ ^ flour — , min- 
feng-doi.g' ii5 S' tS ; -{i.e. 
a clrani-shai)ed tub), liwo-kwu- 
dong' ^* ^ -f ^ ; four barreled 
revolver, s'-meng-deo siu'-ts^iang 

PI 51 ^ it 

Barren land, pel/ mao-ts di' ^ 
^ ^ Jfi > — M'om!>, zali t'se' 

Barricade, dza-sal/ ^ flU; — 
0/ earth, nyi-dzing' -^ jg ; — 
0/ 6to^^es, sah'-lab |[jj llf 

Barricade, io ooh dza-sah' ^ 

H li ; coll nyi-tlzing' gt ^ 

jTjjS (coh or tsoh) 
Barrier, customs' kwajn-k^eo' || 

P;kV-tssali'-lah-{r^|I}l]ff 
Barter, ^0 Lo'.diao-lio';^/^];^; 

yi-bo'.yih ho' jy Jt ^ K; 
• kao-yib'g°^ 
Base, of low birth, pe-zin'j^Jg"; 

'O'-Zin f" {[§="; — 7/iorrt//y, «6'- 

liuT'it; '6'.tsob7°f^ 
Base, bottom, or ^/fmc?, zo-ts' ^° 

^ ; bun-ts' ^ ^ 
Bashful, p'6-sii/ ^ ^; p'6- 

wOi.g-k^oiig' fg *Jg ^. 
Basin, beng ^ ; tsong fg ; bun 

^ ; ?y«67i — . (face), rain-beiig' 

^ ; min-dong' ^ ||]j ; i/Y«c? 



— , niun-deo' bun H £g ^ 
(ib-tsab) 

Basket (witb a baudle), b-en "^ ; 
clothes — , lo ^ ; y>-wii5 — , bii 
U; charcoal — , leo ^ ; — /w 
washing lice, dao-lo' f^ U ; 
sao-kyi' ^ 3^ ; pj'omsion — , 
bo'-zib-ben' ^ ^ g ; ?t-or7j 
-,tsia-k'ong-ben'il°ft°g 
(ib-tsab) 

Bastard, yia'-cong 5*°ffl 5 ^^^i" 
cong' ^l** @ ; (foreign and 
Cbinese), c^iin-cong' |^ ^ 

Baste, to ting |7 ; >•.«<! -— (it), 

sinting'-ib-ting'HIX^IX; 

— coarsel//, dziang-tsing' ting 

# f+ ,IJ 

Bat, pin-fob' $§ l/jj ; Z'a/l's (7w,?/^, 

yia-ming'-s6 ^^ 0^ gj; (Med.) 

Bath, to take a — , gyiang ih-go 

nyiiob'a°~f@°fr 
Bathe, to gyiang nyUob' gfc'fg:° 

B A THl NCJ-T UB, gyiang' - ny Uob - 

Batter, /o kV-b'-bang |if ft ; 

— and spoil, k'eb'-bang-diao '^^ 

Battered by the iveather, {i. e. 
rain and sun), yii tang', nyib 

Battery for mounted cannon, 

p^ao'-dce i3e ^ 
Battle, <o fght a — , tang ib' 

dzing ^7 — {)j|i ; field of—, 

Isin'-dziang ^ j^ 



BAT 



37 



BEA 



Battle-axe, yulh-fu |g ^ 
Battlement, emlnmure, p^ao'- 

meng ^ f^ 
Bawl, ^o ying-ky^i'-ka-kyiao'|l£° 

Bay, hre-Wien f^ j^ (ih go) ; — 

horse, ts^ih' mo :^ ,1^ 
Bayonet, heo rai-p6' ^ j^° £ 
Be, to — at home, las ob'-li /^° 
^°^ ; ^<?^ it — there, peli gyi 
Ice-kc-en' f|^ it ;a° ^Jc"; - (in 
tlie imperative), iao g ; yiiong 
^ ; — careful, iao kwu'-djoh 
S IS ^^ ; yiiong kwu'-cljoh 

/n /Ift ^ 
Beach, sea hse pin-yii/ J^ ^ JQ' 

Beacon in the sea, lice'-li-go piao- 
deo' Jg g^ >i-° jg B3 ; %/^^ 
/ozyer, liang-t'ab' ^ j:^ ; momid 
from which smoke lises to warn 
of danger, in-teng' jQ |Jf 

Beads, officers dziao-cU' ||] S/l^ ; 
BvMhist rosarij, sh'-cu ^ 3^ J 
aronuitic — , hyiang-cu' § ^ ; 
comi7i07i — , siao-liao-cU' j^ "^^ 
^ (i. e. burned material) ; iig6'- 
cii %° H,- « ^'^n'"^ o/~ , ib- 
c'uii cu' — $ II 

Beak, inrrs tiao cii-g}'iii' ^° 

Beam, an iinpojiant — , ^iiig-diao' 
|j^°^^ » ^^'^ central — in the roof, 
tong'-b'ang ;^ ^ ; — under the 
floor, kob'-sab [g] H 

Bean, deo j£ (ib-bb) ; the fidl 



numher of leans in es jxhI, Ui- 

kyib' - ^ 
Bean-curd, deo-vu'g j|f; tsiang'- 

<leo-vii' # S E 
Bean-pod, deo - kyib'- k'ob' ^ 



a- 



Bear, ^o — (Wi t/ie shoulders, pe 
=^ ; to sustain, tong ^ ; tren- 
^'O'lg' H ^ ; dzing-tOiig' ^ 
^ ; Cfm — (it), tong-Ieb'-djii' 

t©°fi; J^'-^o' d^/mg-tong' ir^ 

^ ^ ; ky'iiob'-leb-lob pg" ^-g."* 

^; ^6ng.leb'-dju'^^f^.Mi; 
ca?i'i — it, tong'-feb-djii' ^ ^ 
{i;ky^uob'-feb-lobp£f, -^ ; 
77/ — i/ic blame, tsab'-vab iigo', 

dzing.t(kig' #13^*^; 

—fruit, kyib k(/-tst^ ^ ^ ; 
sang ko'-ts 5£' 51 •? ; kyJli 
ko' 3^-§ ;^ ; tbe last is also used 
in speaking of persons, lb us, 
nying kyib'-ko'-de A° Mi ^ 
"J*", means tbat tbe man bas 
come to bis end : if be bas 
friends and money, he Ao,? conie 
to a good end, bao'-kyib-ko' ^ 

im-kyib'-ko Jj^J^J;^ ; — a c/<?7of, 
sang na-bwun' ^° 15°^"; — 
i/je Zos5, be-din' ken-z' RSfl*|^ 
^f ; — irt wiz?w?, liii dzse sing'-li 

'©'ffi *&S 5 — ^'^ ^"^'^ ^^^^''^ ('*s 
something at a distance), kyi'- 
kwo 1^ ^ ; ow^i^ ^0 — patiently^ 



ing-kae' jing'-nae 



s. 



B 



BEA 



38 



BED 



ing-kaj' V^n-jing' ^U |^ -g" g,; 
Crt/z'i — jmiientltj, jirig'-ntB-feb- 

|p^ ilfc f i 5 — ^^^^'^ (^^ ^^ indul- 
gent to), kw^m yuong % g ; 
0M<7/^^ ??o^ to — with, yiiong'-feh- 

teb'-go g f, ^-i-"; — «^^'^"^^^S 

tso te'-tsing ff^ f j- HE 
Beard, ngo-su g^° ^"^ 
Bearer, htmlen kyiah'-pren JiH 
JjE;kyiah'-fu Ua^; t'iao-fu' 
#K ^ ; kyiah'-ticn ]^ || ; scf^^ni 
— , gyiao-fii' ijf :^; — «/ « 
Ze«er, song-sing'-go "Jg ^ ^'^ ; 
ta-smg'.go ^f ft ^« 
Beast, cong-sang g ^°; inVfZ 

— , yia'-siii |f>° fj ; — (a term 
of reproach), ky^uoh'-sang. 

Beastly conduct, cong-sang' ^ang- 
^^•e '& ^° ^T° ^ ; gying-siu' 
^ang-wo' ^ f c fr" ® 

Beat, ^o tang Jj; k^lO ^°; djU ; 

— ricr, tang dao' Jj |g; gwaen 
dao' jg |g ; — (ns the pulse), 
l^Iao g^ ; — a drum, k'ao kwu' 
il^° !^! j — cort<?/z, (hien niin- 
hwo' 5f |g :j?{:. _ cZo^/,es (In 
washing), djii i-zoi.g' Jg°^ g|. 

— '^"^ ^*«^-, dju pe' ^" ^ ; — 
r?o/f?i t/ia ■price, tang'-loh ko-din 
«(I°IJ°i~^"''^, .'dipcW 
^tl** S » — ^'^'^ breast (meaning, 

I'll bo res[ionsible), tab hviiong' 

w° m 

Beautiful, bao'-k^en Jj^j _ 



{lit., pleasing), teh-nylng'-sib |§*' 
K°'^'i zi-tsing'; very -^ , me'- 
mao|||^; piao-cu' ^ g^ 

Beautify, to ts6ng-sib' ^ fi^ ; 
tsab'-kwab ^ jfl] ; tsong-preii' 
» t^ ; tang.pien' ^J g. (tho 
latter used of the person only.) 

BEAVER-SKlN,(or otter-skin), t^ab' 

Becalmed, no ivind, fong-ky^i', 

tu m'-neh M ^ ^5 S^ W^ 
sMj) is — , fong m'-neb, jiin 
dong'-feb-dong' Ji. R'' W° Hg 

Because, ing-we' Q H ; we- 

lebgT°;we'-tib-z:g64:S 
Become, ^o tso gj ; dzlng j^ ; 
pin ^. ; fab |^ ; <o — a king, tso 
\v6ng-ti' f^ fl ^ ; — « good 
man, dzing ib-go bao' nying' ^ 
— ^^ 5j A**; caterpillar he- 
comes a lutterjlij, djoiig' pin'-bwO 

rich, fab' dzfc ^^ pj- ; — «?i^?;?/, 
fab 6:ig' ; lohat ivill — (of it) 
in the end ? dza kyib'-gyuob 
^B^SW}'- ^^^-'^ kyih'-sabVf." 

Becoming to him, (garments), 'eh 
gyi'-go sing-dzre' -^ jt i^' # 
j^ ; that dress is — to rjcu, kel/ 
gyiii i-z6iig, teng ng' siang-nyi' 

Bed, or Bedstead, min-zong ^ 
]^° (ib-tsiaiig) ; want to go to 



BED 



39 



BEG 



— , iao min-zong'-li kv^i-de ^ 

Bed-bug, ts^u'-djong ^°|i 
Bed-curtains, tsiang -ts i^ ^ 
Bedding, p^u-W f||j 'M 
Bed-fellow, p^ing-zong'-go J^ 
J^° ^° ; dong zong'-go nying 
m «°^° A°; p^ing-p^i'-ga 

m m '^'^ 

Bed-room, mi/ ngo'-go vong Jj^ 
■^^M' sleeping-room, ngo-vong' 
gUM; kw^eng'-vong ^'' ;g, 
rarely used. 

Bed-time, kw^eng'-go z-W {^° 
-1^" Il# ^ ; en-cu' z-^eo ^ g; 

Bee, fong-ts' ^ -^ ; /<owej/ — , 
mih-fong' ^ ^ (ili-go) 

Bee-hive, (tub -shaped), fong- 
dong ^ j^^ (ib-tsab) 

Beef, ngeo-nyijob' ^°|j^°; a roast 
of — , lu-s, tbe English word. 

Beef-steak, (beef to be fried), 
t^ab'-go ngeo-nyiiob' g ^j^"^" 
I^°; the best is from the parts 
called, pab'-z-kweh y\ *^ »^, 
6-bang-k\veh yiii',(low), and saeii- 
koh-long' -EW U 

Beer, litter wine, kw^i'-tsiii ^ 
}@ ; bi'-tsiu, tbe English word 
combined. 

Bees-wax, mib-lah' ^ ^ ; yd- 
low — , wong-lah' ^ || 

Beet, ^ong-tsW-deo jfi % || 

Befall, ^0 ling-djoh' g/ ^' 

Befitting, V^h-nyi' ^g; nyi % 



Before, some time — , zin-deo' 
W 51 5 dzong-zin' ^ -gj*; in 
front, Ise zin-deo' Jj^t" nj" BH ; 
be min-zin' jjj" "[Oj tjt°5 — ^^^'^ 
flood, 'ong-sbu' yi-ziu' ^ ^fC' 
^ *JJ°; — «;iJ behind, zin ^eo' 
"U" ^ ; — /Ae door, Ijje meng 

sin'-jU rgO' be'-go 5fe ^ ^ 
4^°; as — , dzing-gyin' (JJ H ; 
i-gyiii' ® ff ; tsiao-gyiu' ^3 
^ ; — erne's eyes, Iva ngsen min- 

* Tliis expression implies ulso time 
iiear,whetliej- just past, or just coming, 
and also a veiy short distance ; tlius : 
— if a person died n/ew days since, 

ngaen'-inin-zin sj'-go Qfi® 'K^fE^'l^" 

Beforehand, yii'-sin fj ;$fe; 
tsao'-tsao ^ ^; tsao'-sin ^^ ; 
to prepare — , yii'-sin be-biei/ 

i^^o ji % fi m M 

Befriend, to tsiao'-ing Ij0|g 
Beg, to t'ao fif ; — /(?/•, gyiu- 
ky'ib ^ ^ ; ^o entreat, gyiu- 
k'eng^ ?K ,^; — food {i.e. rice), 
t^ao vse;/ '=J |g; iao vfGn' ^ 
|g ; (Zi^o (politely) tsia liang' fg° 
1/4 ; — mere//, or y^iw (for an- 
other on tbe ground of greater 
respectability), t^aodzing' \ljj '[^ ; 
ma min-k^ong' ^"^^FL i — .V^^' 
to excuse me, gyiu ng nyiin-liang'- 

^so ^ f/r>'* ig m S ; - 2/^^«' 

pardon, teh' ze :}^ fp. (//«., I have 
sinned against you) ; — (as a 
Buddhist priest (or nun) for the 



BEG 



40 



BEL 



monastery), hwo-yiin' ^ j^ ; 
ts'ao hwo' ^p {|^ 
Beggar, t'ao-vjen'-go fif |g y^°; 
ky^ib'-kje g ^; profemonal 
male — , kao'-hwo-ts ll^-^^ffcT* ; 
looks like a — , t^ao'-vain-siang 

Begin, to k^a}-siu' f^ ^ ; ts^i- 
kV-siu |/J ^f) ^ ; ky^r-sui ^ 
•^ ; dong-siu' fj :^ ; tso-ky^i- 
deo' fl j|E HI ; ts^i-kyM'- cleo 
^/JiEBM; k^-e-ko'; k^se-dae'; kV 
deo-meng' |3 B3 5 beginning to 
karn, \)h ky^i-deo' ^° ^ If ; 
ditto hooks, zong-^oli' J^ !^°; — 
a journey, dong-siiig' JJ jj* ; 
ditto hij boat, k^aj-jiin' ^3 JlSl — 
a long journey, ky'i-dzing' ^ 
5g ; — a large work (as build- 
ing a house), dong-kong' JfjX 5 
bying-kong' ® X 

Beginner, one inexperienced, nga- 
'6ng' ^|> ^^ ; raw hand, sang-siu' 
^"^ ; one doing a thing for the 
Jirst time, bao-z' tso'- go ^ J]^ 

Beginning, ky^i-de6'j|EBI; b'^''" 
ts'u j|E f;/ ; bao-z' ^I|| ; m ^/^e 
— , toh'-fah-ts-deo ^ ^ ; ditto 
of t/ie world, k^ae-bih'-go z-'eo 

Begone 1 ky^i 5^°! tseo'-k^te ^ 

^gitseo'-ko^^l 
Begrudge him the possession of 

pd-feh-neng'-keo gyi fi'-teh g^ | 



feh-s6'-teh, dzii-c'ih' f, ^'@ 

fflltfJ 

Behalf, on account of, we'-Ieh 

:^ ~r° ' -^ s;>fa/; in — of iwj 
younger brother, ngo we'-leh ah- 

dikong'-go^STPilMr 
>i^°;/or Ami, d«gyi'fiiJt;t^i' 

Behaves well, sih'-sih-ka-go. 

Behavior, ^ang-we'fj^jg^ ; 'ang- 
i'-dong-zing' fx^'^Uf? ; ^ang- 
ts'-kyu'-dong f/°Jtft«|; 
childish — , siao'-nying i'-tsi >J^ 

Behead, to sah-deo'^^M ; tsaen- 
deo' ff BI ; c^Q kyuih' J^ Jfe ; 
— him, sah-gyi-deo' ^ ^ BK 

Behind, W-pe ^ ^ ; — itz'/i^ 
ko-z'-de j^ l\^ ~!p°; — ^/^e iwi(?s, 

be-z'-de f^^"i|f "T"? — '^'^'^'^ ^"^^j 
pe'-'eo =}^ ^ 
Behind-hand iwU ojie's loork, 
saiig-weh' deh-loh'-de ^7g4° 
S T°j sang-weli te'-ky^i-lae-de 

weh' tiu-ky'i'-tong-de ^°fg 5 

Behold I ts^ia^k^en J|,°^ ! n6 I 
Belch, to — (from the stomach), 
tang-eh' f7 !M ; — (^^ ^ vol- 
cano), p'eng fg 
Belfry, cong-leo' g ;j^ (ih-zo) 
Believe, ?o siang-sing'/fSff ; — 
entirely^ toh'-jih siang-sing' % 



BEL 



41 



BEK 



S tt fw ' an exclamation, as 
much as to say d&iiH believe it, 
^;e I^°! yi pg ! expressing botli 
disbelief and surprise, yiu-ka'- 
t^in-w6'. 
Believer, siang-sing'-go cU'-kwu 

ft ft -t^A" 

Bell, Iw^ge cong |g (ili-ko); small 

— , ling 1^ (ih-go) 
Bell-clapper, cong-zih'' fj § 

(ih-go) 
Bellows, ky'in-fong'-go tong-si' 

fong-siang' J^ ^ (ih-bu) ; to 
blow the — , ky^iu fong-siang' 

Belly, du'-bi ^ ^fe ; — ache, du'- 

bi t'ong' ^&m 
Belongs, joh-u ^ fj^ ; dzae-ii' 

as 

Beloved, ts^hig-se'-go f|[^^°; 
dzih-dln'-go -JH J|^* ^° (prima- 
rily worth money). 

Below, 'o-deo'^'l^; ti-^6';[g-p° 

Belt, tu ;Jf *•; — for the u-aist, 
iao-ta'jg^'(ih-keng) 

Bemoan, to ta'-k'ob-ta-kyiao'^' 
§^ ?^°W* ; se-dziang' kw'u'-nao 
k'oh^lj§-^^ag5^ 

Bench, tcng ^ ; pjen'-teng ;jj^ 
^; W_,H'-feeng^^(ih- 
keng, ih-kwang) 

Bend, fo ao'-cun ff ||; ao'- 
^sen J^ ^ ; — (as a bow), 
pjen-k^-e' jg 13 ; — forward, eo'- 

tao m"" 



Beneath, ti-^6' J[& T*? — ^^'^ 

^rtifc, coh'-teng ti-'o'^^jfgf" 

Benediction, coh-foh'-go «hih- 

Benefactor, eng-nying' ,^. A** 
Beneficial, yiu ih'-c'ii ^ g 

Benefit, ih'- c^ii ^ j® ; hao- 
c'ii' if j^ ; /««'"0''j eng-vve' ,f, 
B V^o — , vu ib' ^ g ; no^ 
ow^j/ no — but on the contrary, 
injury, fi-d?en' vu ih', fsen'-ciiii 

Benevolent, hao'-we-juiZ-z ^^ 
@ ^ ^ ; — heart, jing-3e'-go 
sing t ^ ^° >& 

Bent, ^len'-go ^ ^°; — ami 

crooked, ^?en- ky^iiuh'-go ^|t 

Benumbed, moh'-de/fcT"; Aa«c/5 
— , siu moh'-de ^ tJ; ~~f° 

Bequeath, to yi-loh' jg-^; gao- 
loU'; — property, yi'-loh ts'aaa- 

Berate, to joh or zoh Jg ; zoh- 
mo' J^ ^F^ ; ^0 — people, joh- 
nying'-mo'-tao ^ AM #J 

Bereaved of one's husband, vi- 
vong^-jing ^ C A ; ming-ffi- 

nel/-de^Jg''W''T; - «/ 
one's tvife, don-yin' i^^; shih- 
ngeo' ^ jg ; — of a son, s6ng- 
ting' H ~r ; — 0/ « Jro/Aer, 
siu'-tsoh s6ng-diao'-d3 ^ ^\% 



BES 



'12 



BET 



Beseech, to gyiu-k'eng' ^ % ; 
gvin m ; — earnestly, ts^h'-sing 
gyin' -fcj )& ^; kw^i'-kw^a 
gyiii' ^ ^ 

Beside, «i the side of, loe bong- 
Pin'tt** 31 »; tseh'-piu fj 
jg; — (himself) with anger, 
ky'i' hweng-(le ^ '|§ T" 

Besidef, ling-nga' ^g ^I>°; djii- 
ts^'-ts-riga' ^, ]lt Ji ^°; "i^'-^- 
orer, ping^-ts'ia ^-f _g[ 

Besiege, ^o we-kw'eng g g ; 
don-doi/ we-djii' H H B ffi 

Besmear, ?o lon-du' §[^; lon- 
dzo' ILJ^ ; isao jf ; — ^/^e wall 
loith mud, ziang'-li, lon-du' na- 

»yi' ;® a i, ^ Ji' Ji 

Besme ARED,/ace — with molasses, 
dong-lu' du-leli mun' min-k^ong 

the hands, tsao'-leh man' siu f^" 

Bespeak, io ding-liao'^g jj; wo- 
hao' ^- ij ; tW-hao f^- Jj"; 
/s if//e chair bespoken 1 gyiao-ts 
tW-haoma:^^ |J Jj Jg-^ 
Best, ^Ae ting'-hao ]|[ ^J. ; gyib- 
tao' ^ if ; tlng'-zong-teiig' J|[ 
J: ^ ; kyu-tse' g ^ ; tse'- 
hao ^ if ; </«e very — , tsaj'-m- 
tsae-bao' || ^It" ig jj ; like this 
the lest, tse' bwun-hyi keb'-go j^ 

Bestir ones self, zi kyib'' zi g 



Bestow, ^o s'-peb |g^ ; song-s 
ky'i % % m S 

Bet, to tu-toiig-dao' Hf ^ JE 
Betel-nut, ping-long i^ ^% 
Betray treacherously, ma'- long 
"g°:^ ; — one's mctsterfoi' honor, 
nia-cii' gyiu yiiong' ^° -^ ^ 
^ ; — (as a secret), c'ib k^eo' 
ifj p; lufong' MW^ Judas 
letraijed {i.e. sold) Jesii-^, Yin-da' 
ma-Yioe-su'-diao ^ :k. M° ^^ 

MT 

Betroth, «o — (a dangbter), byu- 
c^ib' l^lil ; be'-peb, or byu-peb 
f^ J^**; — (a son), ding-ts^ing' 

Betrothal i^f^i^er^, sbu-ts' jji| ^ 
to exchange ditto, ^6-ding' f" 
^ ; ko-sbu' ^°&''y ^ang-pHng' 

fT°W;'o.pWT°« 

Better, a little bao-tin' Jf SJ ; 
ciin-cii'-tin jfl" U IS ; '^'^^ — ' 
keng'-ko bao^ H /jp^'^f ; yuib- 
fab' bao J| || JJ ; veng-nga'- 
bao ^ 5?h° ^J ; kab'-nga bao 

^ ^V* ii ; — ^^'^"' ^^^^'^ ^'^^' 

pi 



^" 



ju' keb'-go if iD m -1 
keh'-gobaoJ:b'Jl'''1"°i(f;k^>'- 

jukeb'.gojgia5i''i"°;-^^'«^^ 

/ sliovld go, feb ju ngo' ky^i' 
hao' %iw^i°-ii;tficquick.^ 
er, the — , yiiib kw^a' yiiib bao' 
M'K'MiJj-^^'^'tao'-feb- 

ju si', bao' gij f, ia ^' if ; 



BET 



43 



BIL 



ting — , ]jB-tih hao'-ky^i-lse ]£* 

Better, to make — , tso ciin-cu'- 
tin fj J®" g: liS ; long hao-tii/ 

mum 

Between, sit — ?/s, zo' Ise ah'- 
lah cong-nyiang' ^«;a° -Jg''^ 
tf» ^°; a go — (in marriage), 
me-nying' J^ A**? '■^^^^o (in busi- 
ness), cong-nying' rJ^A** 

Bewail, to 'ao-li'-da-k^oU' gj| p|^° 

Beware, he on Tjour guard, Long- 
be' j*5 fH ; ^e careful, tong-sing' 
"^ i(j> ; ^'^^'P away from, yiin'-bi 

as 

Bewilder, to mi gg ; mi-djii' jjg 

ft 

Bewildered, liweng-mi'-de 'fg 

sir 

Bewitch, i?o yiiong zia-fah' yiu- 

'oi.' m w m m m 

Bewitched, ziu mi'-iih-de ^ 

Beyond, yi-nga' jy ^y-, ts-nga' 
^^\*°', — i^ie Liidge, gyiao keh' 
'^g^n'^f a5'>^5-(over)iAe 
n'fcr, te' kong ^f ^° ; ow if//ai 
itcfe, keb -pun-pin Jfj^"* ip ^; 
— my calculations, c4b ngo i'- 
siang ts-nga' ^^M M ^ 
$[%°; to live — oii^s means, vong'- 
yuong dong-din' ^ ^ M R° 

Bias, to cut — , ts^ia' zae §•[" g^°; 
^ cut satin on the — , zia'-diao 



Biassed, predjudiced, sang--^ang- 

sing'-de j^° |g» ,iJ T° 
Bib, «?2 infant's — , *6-b6-teo' "l^* 

ky'uoh-vsen-pe-tten' [Ig° gg ^ 
|g ; va3n-ta3n' ^ ^ ; zih-ta3n' 

Bible, Sing'-shu ^ § ; Sing'- 

kyi»g S IE 
Bicker, to k^eo'-kyUob p % ; 

siang-tsang' ;fg ^° 
Bickering, 6wf/c.?s to-k^eo'-to-zih' 

Bid /«■>« ^0, w6-hyiang'-gyi-dao', 

/z?*m cw7Z€ m, eo gyi tsing' lie Pi|-** 
S ?§ 3K 5 -" ^^^^^''^ bih'-ih-bil/ 

»J - 8'J 

Bier, kwun-zie'ko'-ts|g;^''^''^ 
Big, do ;/^;°; to gi-oiv — , do-lvy^i'- 
Ise ;/;;''& >JS ; to talk — (boast), 
kong do-wo gf" ^° ^ 
Bigoted, tslh'-ihfeh t^ong ^-^ 
% 5i; tsib'-ib-feh-sing' ft — 
f* ft; tsih'-mi-peh-ngwi.'^ ^ 

Bile, kw^u'-tsen ^ Jg 

Bilge-water, jUn-ing'. 

Bill /or silver, nying p^iao' ^^ ; 

— /or cash, dzin-p^iao' ^ ^ ; 

— of sale, fab'-p'iao If '^ ; 
^0 ??ia/te 0M< 05 — , k^se fab'-p'iao 
g3M ^;— of lading, ^^o'. 
bo-taen $^ H H 

'Bill of a bird, tiao cu-gyin' ^** 



BIL 



44 



BLA 



Billet, note, bin-z' j|| ^ ; z- 

den' ^ ^: 
Billion, jib vsen'-vsen -f- ^ ^ 
Billow, do I6ng';^° jg (ih) 
Bin, lice mi' gyu tI^ ^''; coal —, 

me-t^sei/ gyu ^^ ^ fg" 
Bind, ^o pong j|j|; kw^eng |g; 

kw^eng'-pong |||^; dzin ^ ; — 

i/ia^ 7iian, keh-go iiying kvv^eng'- 

ponggyia:°i^°AMffl»S; 

— the feet, dzin kyiah' ^ U; 

— i/^e ^eaJ, pao deo'-ggg ; — ^Ae 
c<?^«, pin-yin', kweng ih'-da ^ 
ffl 15— file J — ^''o^s, ting shu' 
$f^ ; hound Jiiinly, bo-djiiUiao 
$®°fiT> ^^ — ^^ <^^ apprentice, 
zong kwaen-shu'J^ || ^ 

Binding of a hook, shii-min' g: 
"^ ; — ?s 5ac? and must be re- 
newed, shii-min' ^a', iao wun'- 

Biography, ^ang-jih' fj" $|5 
(ih-peng) 

Bird, a ih-tsah tiao' — ^ J^° 

Bird-cage, tiao-long' ^l^° || (ih- 
tsah) 

BiRD's-NEST, k^og; edible—, 
^"'■0 ^ g (ih-go) 

Bird-lime, nyin-tiao'-go kao' |,5 

Birth, the time of — , sang-c^ih- 

— to a son, sang ih-go ng-ts' 

zin-tV fl|» )3§; „/%;, _., 
kwo'-ts ^ ^ 



Birth-day, sang-nyih' ^° g' 

Birth-place, nyiin-zih' ]^ || ; 
keng-sang'-t'u-yiang' ;(^ ^^ -{• 
^;c%'-sing.ts.di'ffi^ii]fe 

Biscuit, siao'-ping >]> gf; siao' 
mun-deo' >J^ |g J^ 

Bishop, kyin-toh' g ^ 

Bit, a little —, ih-tin' — SjJ ; ih- 
nggen' ; a piece, ih-kw'e' — Jg 

Bitch, keo-nyiang' -g:** J^** 

Bite, to ngao^°; take a — , ngao 
ih-k^eo' |g°~- p ; ditto (as an 
animal), dzsen ih-k^eo' ; pepper 
hites the mouth, wu-tslao' lab cii''- 

po S3 m II m PE 

Bits of a Iridle, mo'-ziah'-ts J^ 
P§ "f ; — of hroken crockery, 
im mi-fa' |t°M° 

Bitter, kw'u =g ; veinj — , zah 
kvvV jrffi 

Bitumen, lih-ts'ing' g ^ 

Black, heh M, u ,^ both used of 
paint, hair, ifec; ts^g ^, yiin- 
seh' iTf;" -g, both used of cloth, 
garments, thread, and silk ; — 
cotton cloth, ts'ing pa' ^ ^; — 
and hlue (as a braise), ii-ts'ing'^^ 
% ; — imn, heh' nying H A°; 
— eyes, ngaen'-cu u' Jg" =^ ^^ 

Blacking, f^/^oe shih-'a'-go-me' 

m m'^'^m-.'^ove^, shih- 

ho'-la-me'||]iltJSi;K 
Blacken, to longheh'ffM; tsao 
heh' 5f M ; — {i. e. polish) the 
store, ho'-la ts'ah' gyi yiu kwong' 

i«: Jt » -K W * 5 - »««'« 



BLA 



45 



BLE 



character, ao-tsao' sliii p'eh' g 

"ying' -& Jfil IK A** 
Blacksmith, t^ih'-s-vu ^ ^ 

iJ ; t'ib'-ziang ^ g*- 
Bladder, wa7i'5 bong-kwong', or 

bong-liwong JJ§ J)E; %'s— , 

cushuVao^t^^ar 
Blade, a — of grass, ib-keng ts'ao 

^- ;K ^) ^^^*/^ — > tao-sing' 
7J ^ (rare); ecf^e of— , tao- 
k^eo' JJ P ; shoulder — , vren- 
ts'iao' kweh ^ ^ *5* 
Blamable, kse tsab'-vab |g ^ 

is — , kwe-gyiu' u gyi' |f ^ 

Blame, to s-we'; tsah ^ ; tsab'- 
be ^ ^ ; tsab'-vab ^ f? ; — 
mentally, kwa "g**; — ww;■?^i^Z^, 
tsW-kwa ^ >g°; cari — me, 
kwe gyiu' u ngo' BS # "^ f8 ; 
weec? not —me, mob kwa' ngo ^ 
"S" ^ 5 — another, when guiltij 
one's self, t^e-t^oh' |g J£ 

Blameless, vu k^o tsah'-go fe 
pT # ^°j vu-tsab'-e^u ^ ^ 

tirelij — , <ao vu' tsV-c^ 



Blaspheme, to sib'-dob g ^ 
Blast, « ib-dzing fong — f^ Jg 
Blaze, bo'-yin >;t i^ j yin-deo' 

Blaze, ?o — up, bo'-yin ts^ong- 

kob'^^u djun-yiang'§ ^ IS^ ft 
Bleach, ^o p^iao'-bab g ^° 
Bleating, yiang^-kyiao m m : 

Bleed, to c^ib-byUib' ffl JJi ; to 
-— a jyerson, teng nyiug' fdng 

byuib' ^^A'Mlki-bg 

lancing quicklij, t'iao byuib' c^ih 
fulfil ffi 
Bled ^o death, byiiib' liu-sab'-de 

Ifil S ^^ T° 

Blemish, pasu-po' «^ ^ ; p^n- 

: — (in tbe 11 esb, or in 



tin' 






Bland, -^eng-^o' f^s fu ; no-jUn' 

fro S 
Blank, k^ong ^; bab ^°,. — 
, ^00^, k^ong bii'-ts g ^ -^ 
Blanket, nyiiong-bi' ^ g^°j 
nyuong.t^W 14^ g (ib-diao) 



one's cbaracter), yiio-tin'jg ^ j 
/(«^/^, mao-bing' ^ ^ 
Blend, to mix, ^o-long' fn J*| ; 
'o-tsea'-long fU^r Ji;cW. 
Jo"g $fi; — thoroughly, c'un'- 
leb diao-yuing' $ ^«'|tj >tj. ^^ 
uniU, siang-lin' jfg ^ ; p'ing. 

M I Bless, to cob-fob' DJjg ;— God, 
cob'-zia Jing-iuing' fj ||}« jpi|| 
59 ; — (as priests do), ts^^n'- 
nyi^n jf ,-§: 

Blessedness, happiness, fob'-kvH 
Si ^ ; fob'-veng |g ^ 

Blessing, to ash a — upon, cob'- 
tKen lU tg 



BLI 



4t5 



BLO 



Blight from wet, Isen ^ 
Blighted ^?Tes?,ksen nyin-dzing' 
W ^ J&''> nyin-dzing -^a' ^ 
^ g" ; — hopes, siiig-liwe'-i'- 
la3n ,5 ^ M m 
Blind, hab-ngjei/ pggg"; — p^r- 
j^'OTi, hab'-ts J^ -^ ; song-ngsen 
mob-pib' ^ 01:" g M; kwii'- 
rnob ^ Q ; — in one eye, dob- 
iiga3ii' ^ 0^**; blinded and de- 
ceived, ziu mong pi'-de ^ ^ 

Blind, io man P^ ; ming-muii'- 
en'-p^in 0^ Q^ Pg || ; mun-saen'- 

^^'-s B^ H i^° ; hli7ided hy 
love, be sc'-sing ts6-pi'-de ^ ^ 

Blinds, window k^aen'-meng |g° 

,^'; Venetian — , faen-ts'ong' 
iJ S ; pab'-yih-ts^ong' ^ % 
,^ ; haniboo — , cob lii/-ts jj* 
J^. -^ ; Ut down ditto, lin'-ts ^o'- 

Blindfold, io pao ngseiZ-tsing 

Blind-man's-buff, moh-en'-ts 

Blink, ^o in?^/;, ngsen'-tsing sab'- 

«ah 05 0g 0S m 

Blinking eyes {i.e. balf sbut), to- 
sab-ngoen' ^ 0g 0^°,- ziang bo- 
c^d-ngaen' ka ff^ ^Fi^B^ 05'''1^° 

Blister, p^ao gg ; to raise a — , 
ky'i p'ao' JU J^ ; — ;7/as/er, 
ky«i pW kao-yiab' jfEjj^^^ 



Blithe, p'ao'-c'ing ; kw^a'- web 

Bloat, to fab-byii' ^ J^ ; fab- 
cong' If J5i 

Block ofivood, ib-kwV mob-deo' 
^ ^ ^ M'y chopping -— , 
tsing-deo' ;j:g |^ ; hatter's — , 
mao-kw V I^g^; — for priniing, 
ing'-paju p[] ^ ; chikVs blocks 
siao-j Li-den' >J, j^ gg° 

Blockade, to — a liver, fong 
kong' ^} il ; — « por^, fong 
b£e'-k'eo §J f^ P 

Blockhead, ngse-mob'-deo ^ 
;fC 31 ; ngae-nying' ^ JC 

Blood, Lyiiih jj^ ; to shed — , liu 
byuib' -^c jJl 

Blood-relation, ts^lng-kweb'- 

ty^ili ^ # Jfil 

Blood -shot eyes, ngsen'-tsing 

'ons'Sriilffe 

Blood-thirsty, sab'-sing djong' 

^ tt a 

Blood-vessels, byiiib'-kwun jji 



^; 



— a/itZ tendons, mab-lob' 

Blossom, b\v6 1^ (ib-to) 
Blossom, to k'ae-hw6' g|] :fg 
Blot, .<;;w?, tsib'-le ^j|; ^ ; /«/i;- 

.7)0^, mob-tsib' g jjij; (ili-go) 
Blot, /o tang mob-tsib' ^jgil'; 

— ow/, du-diao' ^ "1*° 
Blotch, *ong-paen' ^ 3i[ ; cii- 

so'-pa^n ^ Ij; J^ (ib-tin) 
Blotter (for daily accounts), 



BLO 



47 



BOA 



lin-slm' bu f^ yjc" fg ; paper —, 
seiig-mob'-go ts' f.jj g -^^ ^^ 
Blow, to give a — , tang ih' kyi 
^J — f ^ ; (jive thirty blows 
(with a bamboo), tang sa2n'-jih 

pren' ^J H + K 5 « — ^^^^ 
the fist, ib-gyun' — ^ 
Blow, to c^u P^°; — «^//e trumpet, 
c^ii ^ao-dong' Pji^° §1 fg ; j!/,e 
lOTwcT Woi^s on me, fong c^ii'-djob 

wo6-e, hying bih-deo' J^ ^° J| ; 

— <mt the candle, c^ii' lah-coh' u 

kyV-lihc^u'^^:^5^^- 
cfoifTw, c^u-tao' 5^' -gi) ; —awa?/, 
c'u-k/i' Pft°^°; — w^? z^iVA 
gunpowder, yiiong ho'-yiah hong- 
diao'^>;i>^^;go 
Bludgeon, do-deo'-kweng ^^° 

Blue, lajn ^ ; %/if — , yuih- 

^^^' >^ &°? ^^'^'3/ (■^(^''^^^ — 5 sing- 
J^'^' ^ ^; ts^ng-W {^^ ^; 

ib'-p^ng-LW — p^ ^; P?m. 
«a?i — , yiang-ts^ing' -J^ ^ ; 

— vitnol, taen'-vaen |H g 
Bluff language (or manner), psen'- 

psen-go kW-kyn Rgcl^' P* 
Blunder, to ts^o'- shih |g** ^ ; 

long-tsV ^ ^ 
Blundering, ts'o'-shih to |g° 

Blunt (as an edge), deng fj; 

— m manner, dzih-sing' ||[ ^fj ; 



— in manner, or language, sing- 
k^eo'-kw^i >iJ ii[° p '^°; m-jy 

— language, toh'-fong-deo shih- 

Blurred (as print), mo-wu'-de 
l-I Wi T°; — ^as writing), mob. 
tsih'kVkVfilf^Jf^gg;- 
eyes, ngren'-tsing hw6'-de QJJ' pj| 

Blush, to ^ong-ky V-Iae -gn j|^ ^ ; 

— easily (thin skin), min-bi boh' 

Bluster, to talk noisily, ha3-we'- 

gyi-dsen' ^ ^^ ^ |jj| 
Boar, p^oh-cu'; wild hog, yia-cii' 

Board, a ih-kw'e poen' — ^ K i 

chess — , gyi-bun' fit ^ 
Boards, the six — , loh bu' ^^ % 
viz : — 

Board of Civil Office, li-bu'g % 
„ of Revenue, wa'-bu ^ ^ 
„ of Rites, U-bi/ II ^J 
„ oy TFar, ping-bii' ^ -g^^ 
„ of Punishments, ying-bii' 

m % 

„ of Works, kong-bu'X pB 
Board, to kyi^-deng ^ J^ ; io 
take one^s m^als, kyi'-vaen ^^ |g; 
kyi-zih' ^ ;^ j — money, vsen- 
din' IS f^« 
Boast, ?o p^u-tsiang'|j|56; tsUng- 
^'eng'ffl fg; ts^ing-hyuing' ^ 
HJj ; /o ?«rtfe aw empty — , c^o- 
dien^ ^ P ; p^i-kying'; kw^o- 
kW||P;k6ngdo.w6'iri;' 



BOA 



48 



BON 



|S;k6nglavW-woBrfllS 
130ASTING, always — ofmie'sgood 

deeds, kw[ei/-iao-z6ng cii' 'f( ^ 

W Wi^'i zoiig'-cii-zong-teb'. 
Boat, jiin^; i^ing j|| ; ssen- 

paei/ i^^ %x (ih-tsah) ; passenger 

— , ^ong-jun' ^ jjg ; fcn-y — , 
du-jun' i^ j^; foot-paddle — , 
kyiah-^o-jun' 1% X\\ M 

Boat-load, a ib-zse' — g° 
Boatman, Jimd lao-da' ^ ^ ; 

assistant — , jun'-li-ho'- kyi ^ 

Body, kyi'-sing ; sing-tM' ^ -^ ; 
the ikIioU — , weng'-sing j^ ^ ; 
^e.ikyi'-sing>g°^°^° 

Bodily, kyi'-sing-go Jfr^fl^i; 

-— ewer^zes, tsing-jing' jf| jpf 
Body-guard, 0/ Me emperor, z- 
we' (^. ^ ; _ of officials, ming- 

Bog, wu-nyi'-di Jf 'i^ Jl ; l»n- 

Boil, ts^ong ^ (ih-go); _ cawsecZ 
Ay ^'f«^, nyih-cib' ft" g J nyib- 
cib-len' mC IP a' 

Boil, to ts ^°; zah }:f ; kweng 
ig ; — so?«e water, sbii teng'- 
tengkwerig'i4i:"J:|iJ;|i^; -_ 
the milk, na kweng-kweng' gyi 
m'^WWm-y-^^gar, tsin 
^^^"g',1$ H ; — <^e c^^ soft, kyi- 
dsen' iao ts'-leb d6ng--^6ng'-go 

— <c?iJ(?r, ts nen' ^ J^" 



Boiler, Chinese ^ob ^J (ih-k^eo); 
^{n _, mo'-k^eo-t^ib ko' ,E| P 

Boiling ivatcr, kweng' sbii fg 
7K°; k^ae sbu' g3 ;f:°; - hot 

(i. e. bubbling), dab-dab' kweng 

Boisterous, bae-we'-gyi-dan' ^ 

Bold, not afraid, tien'-ts do' Jg 
"? ^'1 presumptuous, taeu'-ts do 

yia'-ky'i' m^ ■k'wn.; 

not hashful, feh-p'6'-w6ng-k^ong' 
* ts 11 5S ; ^eo-min'-bi JfJ 
W i^ J — ^^^ 1^'oman, p'eb'-vu 

mm 

Boldly, fong'- tajn ^ |f ; to 
speak — , k^sen-ksen'-r-dseii' (jj 

BoiuT of a door, meng-sbiin' f^ P3 
Bolt the door, sbiin meng' p^ f^ 
Bond for Jumse, or Twowijy lent, 

pib'- kyii ^ ^ ; customs' — , 

pao'- taen {J^ |^ ; rfeec?, veng- 

ky^i' 3J; ^ 
Bonds, m — , or hound in chains, 

be lin-diao' so'-djii-liao ^ |^ 

Bone, kweb'-deo *§► 5g (ih-keng) 
Bonnet, a hat, ib-ting mao-ts' 
"^ IH 'Pi ■? 5 man's — for pro- 
tection from wind, fong-teo' J^ 
^ • old woman's ditto, yti-deo'- 
mao g*' II Ig 
Bonze, ^o-zong' ^ ^ 



BOO 



49 



BOT 



Book, sliU ^ (ib-peng, ih-bu, 

ib-ts^ib); religous — ^ kyi"g $M 

BoOK-BlNDEll,ting-sbu'-go-nying 

Book-case, sbU-dju' § j^ ; an 

open — , sbU-ko' ^ ^° 
Book-keeper, kwun'-tslang sin'- 

«>"g t *S 5fe 4° 

BoOK-SELLEIi, sbii-k^ah' ^' § ; 

sbu-f6ng'-tin'-k wim'^^jj i** A° 

BoOK-STORE, sbu-fong'-tm ^ 

Boor, countryman, byiang -^6'- 

«yi"g «P T^ A** 

Boorish, ts^i-miei/ |g. ^ 

Boots, byU |f ; /am — , yu'- 
hyu' ^If ; ting-byU' |X f f 
(a pair, ih song) 

Booty, stolen tsoDg ^; zeb-tsong' 

^M5 2eb.t'eo-bo'M''f^ M; 
«?-m.s taken in war, deb-Jse'-go 



kyV-yiae 



m -t" 



^ 



plunder, ]o'-lije-go tong-si 

Borax, bang-s6' Jj|5";g;; yuib-zab' 

Border, viargin, piii-yin' ^ j^Q^ ; 
Loundanj, kao-ka' ^° 5^° ; — 
(of a field), ts'-ka Jt J^^ - 
(of a country), we-ka'-go di- 

fong'^^-^°;tifc*;-^/ 
a garvient, i-zdng' ken-dei/ ^ 

Bore, ^o tson, or cun |g ; — a 
/io/c, tson ngaeu'-ts JU ^° -f 



Born, t^;/i(?n tm^ ^/ze hahy — ? na- 
bwiin' kyi'-z sang-go WWI^ 

Born again, to le dao'-sing tsje 
saiig^-c^-lai 51 £. :B ^ lii'' 

^ ; /mve the old for the neio, 
ky'i-gyiu' wnn-sing' ^ ^ J^ 
St ; begin again to live, ibMi-tso- 
iiying' ; dzo:ig-sin'-tso-nying' J| 

anc? change hones, ziang t^eb'- 
bi-wun-kweb'- ka f^ J5^ i£ f^ 

Borrow, to tsia f^" ; borrowed 
money, tsia'-kw^m fg°^ ; tsia'- 

•"ngfrw 

Bosom, gwa "[g®; hyiiong-kwim'- 
<3eo J5§ Ut" M J P''^ "* ^^'^ — » 
k'6ngl8egwa'-ligl;g°'|g^g 

Botany, ^//e sc/e^ice o/" — , b\v6- 
moh'-gyiiong-li-go ^ob-veng' ;j|g 

7(;or/j OM — , Gyiiing-fong'-pu ^ 

Botch - work, sang - web' Hao- 
ts^ao' >^° fg a^ 3| ; sang, 
web' liao-piao' ^° fg \^ ^ ; 
sang-web' ts^l-ts^l()' ^ fg ffl 
Ijl ; feb ziang' sang-web' %^ 

Both, liang-go in' H5 >^° ^ ; 
VHang'-go; bang-^o' fg f ° ; 
liang-dzao' ^ jg ; pe'-ts^ {j^ 
jj(j ; — are good, liang- k^o ^ 
"nj" ; ^7/67/ are — there, liang- 
go tu' Ice'-kajii H9 ^° ^ :2» 



BOT 



50 



BOW 



^^ ; mx you — wcll^ ng-Lah ^o- 
liang-go til hao' via fll][^°^° pB 

Bother, to ts^to pj^ ; lo'- so P^° 
^ ; do not — me, m-nao ts'ao 

^^'i^' w pr° li ^ 

Bottle, glass po-li' bing' ^ ^ 

lie po-li' bing'-li jSj§ ^" |g ^ 

ma 
Bottom, ti J[g 

Bottomless, m-ti'-goM°]jg>i^'' 

Bough, d-ts' ;fg° ;g^ (ib kwang, 

ib-p'ing, ib-tiao) 
Bound, limit, \W-cu |5g° -pj ; 

without — , EQ-^aen'-lianjj-ffo 4i° 

Bound, tied, bo-djii'-liao |fjj:° -[^ 
7 ; kw'eng'-dju-liao |a f^ J 

Bound, to set limits, lib 'aen' ^ 
P^*"; — (as a state), koiig siang- 

Bound, to — upward, t^iao'-ky^i- 
lie l%j^-^', tsa3u'-ky4-lai Jf 
^ ^ ; ^0 — ^ac/i', p-ong'-ciin- 
Ise }f ' fl ^ ; tao^p'oiig-cun' 

Boundary, feng-ka'-go di'-fong 

kao-ka' ^° ^° ; landmark, tb'- 

Boundless, ffi-^jei/-cU Jlft° pjj° 
■$!l > — ocea?i, b;B' m-piu' m- 



— love, ac'-sib m-gyiiong^-dzlng- 

Bountiful, /rec in c/iving,^ c^iW- 
sill do' [U ^ ;/^;° ; — (as God, 
or as tbe omperor), k\v6iig'-s-eng- 

^^■e' M fm B M ; —M'f^ tsiii'- 
zib fong-fii' Ji ;;g 1 M*" 

Bounty, W-s jj Sg ; — (of a 
superior), s6ng'-s ^ P.§ ; im- 
peiial — , woiig-eiig' ^ ,^,° 

Bow, ^0 wzo/te a — (witb bands to- 
getber), tsob-ib' f^ Jg ; a low — 
(in the same way), tang-kong'^"]* 
^ ; — (bending one knee), tang 
ts^in-ts' J7 Jf •? ; tang siao'- 
gyu ^7° i\y ]^° ; -. and touch 
head, k'eb-deo' 1^^ ^^ ; ditto and 
icorship, k^eb'-deo li'-pa ^^ BK 

Bow, kong ^ (ib tsiang); to shoot 
with a — , zib ^J; to shoot a bird 
ivith a — , zib' ih-tsab tiao' Jj^ 

""* ^ iW 

Bowels, du'-dziang Jit ^- ; dii'- 
Bow-knot, bu-kwu'-kyib $|** ff^ 

^ ; web kyil/ Jg ^ ; ^/e a — , M 
tang bu-kwu'-kyib fl* f f J|^ ^ ' 

Bowl, un y^ (ib t8ah)',Ji7)ffer — , 
gyiang'-siu-nn gt° ^ ft 

Bowl-mender, ting-un'-go §f 

Bow-man, kong-tsin'-siu ^^^ 
Bow-string, kong-yin' ^ ^ 
Bow-window, pun'-yiiib-ts^Ong' 

^>g Hi 



BOX 



51 



BliA 



Box, siang-ts' ^ J- (ih-tsah) ; 
small— ', ^eh-ts' 'f^ ^ (ib-go) 

Box, to — withthe fiats, tang gyiiu- 
deo' fl* ^ M 5 — '^'^ ^«''' ^*'^"g 
r'-kwoug fl* 5 3^5 5 — ^^"^ ^^'^^^^ 
tang po-coiig' fj* G ^ ; — ^^^'^ 
wo2^^/j, tang teo-cu' Jj^ [!^ ; to 
inclose in a box, tsong Le siang- 

ts' li g il" •© :? a 

Box-wood ^'ec, wong-nyiang' jii' 

Boy, "^aen^"; u-^a^n'; nen-^seu' 
^ ^°; siao..^sen' ij> ^°; - 
(from ten to sixteen), dong-ts' 
^ -5^ ; a waiting — is called, 
ah-siao' pSj ij* ; « — (serving in 
a school), Bhii-dong' ^ jg 

Brace (as in houses), ts^ang-djii' 
J^ ti ? — (^^ ^'^ furniture), 
ts^ang-tong' }^ ;ft' ; — resting 
on the ground, tsiu'-dju Ip ^ 

Brace, to — lij adding a piece, s' 
ih-go t^-ah'-boh fj ^ ^Jv" |h,° 
|ft°; tMah' ih-kvv^e ||fi° - ^ 

Bracelet, siu'-gyuoh ^ |g 
(one, ih-tsah ; a pair, ih-te, ih- 
song ; a set, ih-fu) 

Bracket for supporting a shelf, 
ts^ang ^ (ih-go) 

Brackets, to inclose in — , keo- 
tsing' ^ 5| 

Brackish water, 'senshii' ^"i^ 

Brag, ?o ts^ing-neng' ^ f g ; 
empty boast, kw*6-k^eo' fj^ p. 
See Boast. 

Braid, silk s-bin'. ^ |^ ; dotted 



— , cU-zing' ^ $11''; gold — , 
kying-bin' ^ ^ i to make — , 
tang bin' Jj ^ 
Braid, to tang-bin' Jj j§ ; gao- 
ling' iS." }i ; — ^'''^ ^'«»''» ^^"g 

bin'-ts JT H iP ; — baslceis, 
tang lien' ^jg ; gao Ijen' |J«g 

Brain, nao'-si gg f|| 

Bran, zy/^m^ fn-bi' |^ ;^ ; niah- 
bi' ^ }^',rice — , si'-k^ong $0 
fi; — fio-nr, t^ong' feng |§" 
IJ. See Unbolted. 

Branch (/a tree, 6-ts' g'' ;g^ 
(ih-kwang, ih-p^ang) ; -— of a 
nver, oi family, ts-p^a' ;$ Jg" 

Branch, jfo feng ts-pV ^[Jig* 

Brand, ho'-za-deo >;t^°BH C^^" 
kwang) 

Brand, to — (as criminals), ts^-/ 
f||^;ts^ih-z'fj°f^;— ,^^V/.a 
/«o< iron, tang ho'-ing ^ >lt pfj ; 
tang ho'-lao-ing' ^J iX'W^\i', 
—-(a priest, or devotee), fu kyiie' 
a ^ ? ^^ '"^ce/ye 6Mc/i a — , ziu 
kyiaj', or ziu ka' § ^ 

Brandish, to yUih-la)' yUih-ky^i' 

Brandy, nga'-koh siao-tsiu' ^^ 
B gl JS; beh-Uen'-di, (tho 
English word.) 

Brasier, dong-s'-vu ^ 3 i? ; 
dong-ziang' ^ [g"; traveling — , 
siao'-lu-s-vu' >J^ jg "3 Sr 

Brass, dong |3 

Bravado, yiao-vu' yiang-^e'-go 



BRA 



52 



BEE 



^**; c^6-daen'-go sbih-wo ^° 
K' ^^ Wt W- See Boast. 
Brave, iiong'-ken ^ ^ ; having! 
great courage^ yiu taen'-liang ^ 
Ig;g; yiuken-taen'^lf Jli; 
a — person, ih-diao bao'-hen — « 

WMm 

Brawl, to tsW-naop^g^; tsang^ 

zao'ft°pf° 
Brawny, tsah'-ngang g] Jg 
Braying, <Ae — of an ass, li-ts' 

kyiao' H ■? PJj. 
Brazen, dong'-tso-go ^ ^ ^"; 

— faced (thick), 'eo'-6-lin-go 

Brazier, a pan for coals with per- 
forated cove7\ ho'-ts^ong ^ j^ 
See Brasier. 

BREACHr io make a — in a luall, 
ts^ah ziang-dong' ^j§m j come 
in through the — , ziang-dong'- 
li tson-tsing'-l« ^MMMM 
^ ; t/wre is a — of friendship 
letween us, ngo teng gyi' djili- 

moralitij, song fong-hwo' -^ ^ 
ffc 5 — of promise, sbib-sing' ^ 
i|:;sbih-iab'^$§; — o/mar- 
riage contixict, t^e-bweng' Jgjg ; 
ditto on the woman s part, la- 

Bread, mun-deo' M Bl 5 " ^^'^^ 
of — , ib-p^ii/ mun-deo' -— J^^ 

«i m 

Breadth, kw'eh ^ ; wTiat is the 

— of tluxt .« keh' yiu to'-siao 



cloth (a little wider tlian com- 
mon), fob'-meng kwW ijjg f^ 
^ ; « — o/ cloth, ib-foh pu' — 
Ipg /^ ; Zt'ss fir /jc/zj-'s — , {lit. an 
eye-brow bair), ts'6 ib mi-raao' 
^ — ^ ° ^ ; a hand — , siu'- 
kwong ka kw'eb' ^ ^° — ° 

wm 

Break, to — in small pieces (as 
cups, tiles, &c.), k^ao-wu' ^ 
Jg"; — in pieces, k*ao-se' '^ 
^;-aiWf,p^ab^k^a3^°g3; 
— (as a stick or pencil), don 
^ ; ao'-doii }j^ ^ ; — htj strike 
tng, tang'-se ^J ^ ; ditto (as a 
stick), tang'-don ^J Iff 5 — ^1/ 
a blow, k^ao-song' f^° f^ ; — 
one's word, sbib-sing' ^ ^ ; 

song-iab' ^ $5 5 — ^^"^' ^'^ 
k^eng' cong-din' gg ^ ^ 

Breakfast, t^in nyiang'-vicn ^ 
'^'^jtsao'-v^ii^iH 

Breast, byUong-kwun'-deo J^" 
'|g°; the hreai>U, na |[^°; woman's 
— , iia-l)u Jg" g" (one, ib-tsab) 

Breast-bone, byiiong - dong'- 
kweb SI US # 

Bre AST-FL ate, wii- sing'- kying 

IS it ii 

Breath, kyU ^;k'eo'-ky*i p ^; 

offensive — , kW-kyU ts'iu' 

P M, ^°' *^"'*'^ ^^'^^' ^"^'^ — > 

ib' kyU fell cUu' fif ^ f, It ; 
i/<cre {s not a — of air, ib tin' 



BRE 



53 



BRI 



fong tu M'-neh ^ ^^ ^ ^^ 
^-;^o.a—, ihbwu' -. P^; 
out of — , ky^i'-kying ^ ^; 
j^nifor — , t^eo ky'i' gf" ^ ; 
— has stopped, ky^i don'-do ^ 

irT* 

Breathe, ^ hwu-liyil/ Pf \^ ; 
liwun'-tsing hvvim-cHli' I^jH 1^ 
jij ; to — upon ones hands, ky'i' 

so warm can't — , ka nyih', 
ky'i' t'eo'-feh-cun' Jl^ WM 

Bred, ivell kao'-byiiiiig-hao' ^° 
||||^; understands politeness (said 
of a chQd), sili li'-sing 1^3^ '[J; 
ill — , fell sill li'-sing ^ f^ ^ 
»g; ffi kao'-byuing-go ^° |J;° 

Breeches, kw^i |f (ib-diao) 
Breed, ifo — children, sang ng'- 
bii nor/ ^^ Si' Pi H ; ^0 — 
caZ//f, yiang ngec/ ^ ^°; to — 
lice, sang seb' ^°;^ 
Breeze, gentle ^o fong' fy JK, ; 
<A57'C ts a little — , vi-vi' yiu tin 
fong'^aWgJM; steady, 
favorable — , ib-dzib' jing-foug' 

Brethren, byiiong-di'jrt^; di'- 

hyuong ^ % 
Brevity, with — and clearness, 

kyin'-r-ming' fj[ ^ 0J 
Brew, to — wine, tso tsiu' j^ jg 

zao tsiu' ^°'J@; nyiang tsiu' ^ 

is (veng); hewing mischief, lae- 



tibbying^de'lE^ffi-'aiiiBT' 
Bribe, hwe'-lu ^ ^\ to talce a 

— ,ziu bvve' ^ gf 
Brick, cUn-deo' ijg FI (ib-kw^e); 

Jr/c/c5 aw€? <e7e5, ngo'-yiao-bo ^° 

Brick-kiln, yiao g ; siao yiao' 

;i ffi (ih-go) 
Brick-layer, mason, nyi-sbii'-s- 

Bridal-dress, kong-ts6iig' g 
U; — (for tbe second day), 
bw6-ao' 1f^ U; head-dress and 
robe, vong-kwun', yiin-ling' ^ 
S U ?I» ^^"^^^ <^"?/^^ ko'-tsong 

Bride, sing-lae'-sing-vu' ff ^ JJ 
Si ; sing-nyiang'-ts ff Jg •? » 
sing-kwu'-nyiang SfiJJg. Tbe 
latter is used by tbe song'-nyiang- 
ts. See Brides-maid. 

Bride-chamber, dong-vong' }^ 

m 

Bridegroom, sing-long' ^ ^ ; 
siao'-kwun-nying )J> 'g^ J^** 

Brides-maid. Tbe Cbinese bave 
none, but instead, have attendants 
called, ze-ko'-a-m |^ j^' f^' 
J^°, and song'-nyiang-ts Jg Jg 

Bridge, gyiao |§ ; river ~ , 
kong-gyiao f£° |§ (ib-keng, ib- 
diao); floating — , veo-gyiao' \^ 
S 5 — ^f ^^^ "^^^' bib-deo liang^ 

Bridle, if/ie reins, mo' kyiang-zing 
H IM W ; ^^^ ^*^'«^ ^^a'', mo'- 



BRI 



54 



BRI 



long-deo ,1^ ff H^ ; the hits, mo' 
ziali-ts' ,§ P§ -5^ 5 m6'-k*eo-t^ih 

.tS Oil 

Bridle, to t^ao long-deo' ^ || 
53 ; saddled and bridled, mo' 
pV-hao-de .9 K it? T° 

Brief, kyin'-kyin-kyih-kyih' ^ 
f! ^ M 5 ling'-kying; kyin'- 

Brier, thorn bush, ts^'-jii ^° ^] 

Brigade of troops, ih-de'ping-mo' 

— 1^ :^ >l|; i^-ts' ping-mo' 

— 3C :^ >^ _ 

Bright, kwong-liang' 3g r^ ; 
ming-liaiig' 0^ ^ ; polish it — , 
ts^ah' gy i 1 i ang' ^ ^ ^ ; dazzling 

— , shih'-kwah iiang' g5fe°^ ; 

— weather, l^ir/ ts^iiig-kwong'- 
kyiao-kyih' ^^y^^^^^. 
vsen'-li-vu-yiilng' ^^^ M g 

Brighten, to rub bright, mo 
kwong' ^ ^ ; ts^ab' kwong j^ 
3^ ; to illumine, tsiao'-djoh J3 
^"5 ing'-djoh R^ ^°; - o/i'^ 
intelligence, ts^ong-ming' k^ae- 
c^ih'-te ftl 0J g,^ ffi ^ ; the 
gbj brightens, t^in long'-kyU-lse- 

<^e 5? IJ S ^ T°; - t/i^, (as 

an idol, when bis eyes are un- 
covered, or humorously, when a 
dirty face is washed;, k^ae kwong' 

Brilliant (as coloring), kwong- 
^'^' 3E?:^; — (as light), kwong- 
yiao' 56 ^ 



Brim, k^eo P; pin ^; cup's — , 
pe-ts' k^eo $^ ■? P ; jars — , 
kong pin' ^ ^ 

Brimful, mi-mun' 2]i"' Jg ; ^eo- 

Brimstone, lia-w6ng ;g| J^ 

Brine, *aen-lu' ^° Jg ; lu'-djU; 
yin-lu' ^ }g 

Bring, ?a do'-lse ^° ^ ; ta -Ise 
^°^ ; tbe latter has the idea of 
bringing, at the same time with 
something else, thus, — the eggs 
and aho the sugar, kyi-dsen' do- 
Ire', dong' hao ta'-lse fH g ^° 
3^ S ^ ^''^ ; — ^^^ck (some- 
thing borrowed), ta-Iae waen' ^** 
^ J5 ; — trouble on onis self, 
zic^u gyi'o g^i^ S 11; 7X 
zing'gyikwV g'^^g-g 

Bring forth a child, sang na- 
hwmi'^^||°^°;-/mt7, kyih 
ko'-ts ^^^ ; sang ko'-ts ^° 

Bring — (it) up, do-z6ng'-lse ^^ 
JLy^ 5 — '^'P ^ child, yiang siao' 
nying do' ^>J>^*'_:^°; ditto, to ' 
have every thing it likes, yiang' 
kyiao ^ g 

Brink, pin-yin' ^ jQ. ; ts'ing'-pin 
^ ^ > i^*^ ^^ '''^^ — J ts^ing'- 
pin-dziah-ngen' ^ ^ ^ ^ 5 
— o/a n'yer, kong pin-yin' ^ 

Briny, ««n-go ||° >^° 
Brisk, kyih'-tsao g]^ ; — i^cr, 



BRI 



55 



BRU 



I 



tsiu c'oTig'-leh kyih' Jg ^ijt ^^ 

^ ; c'ong is also pron. Ls^ong. 

Bristles, pig's — , cU-tsong' 

mm 

Brittle, isV-ts^e ; ts^e Jj| 
Broad, kw^eh |g ;k\v6ng'-kw'eli 
M. ^ 5 ''*^^^*^ ^'^ broader, tso gyi 

kw'eh'-tin m^mm 

Broad-cloth, do-nyi' •^° ^g ; 
Jine — , siao'-nyi >]> gg ; to'-lo- 

"yi' l^ 'S Be 

Brocade silk, hvv6-clzii/:|j!f;H; — 
satin, mo-peng'-dou ^^ ;$^ IS 

Brogue, t*u'-ing •{• § ; cannot 
apeak thne words without Ms 
— , ssen kyii' feh U peng'-ky'iang 

H ^ * @S * lj§ 

Broil, to tsih ^ ; hong ^ii ; koli 
^ ; cut (it) m peces aiid — (it), 
ts'ih'-leh p'in tang' p'in, tsih'- 

ih-tsih' iBm°K=fl->r ^ 

Broker, ma-si u' ^^ ^ ; money 
— , t^£en-sin'-sang ^" Jf" »|f ° 

Broker' s-SHOP, (exchange),clzin- 

Bronze, o/i? kwu'-dong-^gj ; — 

color, kwu'- dong seh "^ ||pj g, 

Brood of chickens, ih-kVsiaokyi' 

- K >J. il 

Brood, to — on eggs, bu daen' ^^ 
^ ; u dien' ; brooding over (as 
sorrow), ts^ih-sing'-de -§5 >5T° 

Brook, ky'i-k^ang' -^ |j£* (ih- 
diao, ih-da) 



Broom, sao'-tsin j§^ ; s'niall — , 

or brush, shih'-tsiu JJlJ^ (ih-p6) 
Broth, t^ong*^; mutton — , yicing- 

nyUoht^ong' #1^°-^ 
Brothel, c^ong-ko'jig^''; meng- 

kWp^;E^dong-ming'^2; 

— hjat (at Hangchow), kong- 

ssen-jiiu' 'flC^jlj j^ ; c'ong is also 

pron. ts'ong. 
Brother, elder ah - ko' fpj ^ ; 

ah - kda' ; younger — , ah-di' 

Brother-in-law, elder sister's 
husband, isi'-fu ^ ^ ; ^jounger 
sister s hmband, me-fu' j^ ^ 

Brotherly, jti-hyiiong'-zi ah-di' 

ip £ g * 

Brothers, hyUong-di' ^ 31 
Brow, nao'-k^oh J^g ^ ; tha sides 
of the — , ngah-koh' f^ "^"^ 
to knit the brows, zeo mi-deo'-^^" 

Brow-beat, to ^e'-pih j^ jjg 
Browse, to k^engju'-6-ts' g^ ;^ 

Brown color, tsong-seh' jjj^ g, ; 
reddish — , 'ong-tsong' ^ j^^ ; 
the color of wet — sugar, ts'- 
dong seh ^ fg fe; fry it — 
(yellow), t*ah gyi wong' J;@ ^ 
^; /ry it very — , t^ah gyi ts'- 
dongsehM^fgllfi. 

Bruise, song-'eng' fg ^ ; — 
(where the blood is collected), 
ii'-hyuih ^ jj[ j black and blue 



BRU 



50 



BUL 



— , u-ts^ing' .ft ff ; — («" fr^^it, 
or the mark of a — on flesh), 
song-lJo' fg ^ 
Bruise, to song fg ; seng % ; 
long song-seng' ^ fg fl ; ^o — 
by falling, tih'-song l%\%'t^ 
hij somethmg falling upon, al/- 

s6ng K" fi 5 — ^IJ •^^'■'^^'""^ 
ogaind, bang-song' J^° fg ; — 
by shutting between, gah-soiig'^° 
jg . — h^ beating, tang' -song 

or song-se' ^ ^ 
Brush, shili'-tsiu ^J ^ (ih-p6) 
Brush, to sbih gl] ; ^o — teeth, 

8hih ngo-ts ^I] ^" ® 
Brutally, <o «rra^ a person — , 

oh'-slng-oh'-fi dse nying' ^ >fj 

B m f# A° 

Bubbles, p'ao \^', froth, beh }f 

Bubble, to — up, kyM beh' j|E;!^ 
Buck, yUong-loh' ^ ^ 
Bucket, sbu-dong pj^;' ti (i^- 
tsah ; a pair, ih-ta3n) 

Buckwheat, gyiao-mal/^^; 

(a grain, ih-lih) 
Bud, leaf ngo ^° ; ngo-deu' ^"^ 

BF ;>"'«'• — , nyii ^'; hwo. 

Bud, <o — , ts'iii ngo' ig ^°; pao 
ng6' :§: ^-^ ; fah ngo' ^ ^^ 

Budget, a bag of something, ih- 
dae veh-gyin' — ^ ft # ; « 
^w«(//e »i a cloth, pao-Yoh' Q f fj 



Buddha, veb f^ 

Buddhism, veh-kyiao' ^j ^ ; 

sih'-kyiao p U 
Buddhist, veh-kyiao' -li-go nying' 

filfcffii"" A^veh-meng- 

di'-ts f* H m ^ 
Buddhist-priest, ^o-z6ng'fn 1§; 

I, an humble — , s6-mi' ^ Jfg 
Buff co/or, daen' wong f^ j|; 
Buffalo, shu -ngeo 7^°"^° C'^" 

deo) 
Bug, djong ^ ; Jet? — , tsUu'- 

cl>ng^°^(ih-go) 
Bugbear, kwa'-ky^i tong'-si g* 

Bugle, nga'-kob 'ao-teo' ^l^" 

Build, to kyM ^ ; zao 5^°; tang 
^T' — '^ house, ky^i ib-tsing 
ob' jg — 5i S^ — « ^^«^ 
zao ib tsah-juu' 5a° -- ^ ilB> 
— a wall, tang ib-dao ziang' :fj 

Builder, kyV-zao-go s-vu' jg 5^" 

Building, ob g; oh'-yU g ^ 
Bulb, deo BM ; o?«'<?'i — , ts^ong- 
deo' M M 5 ^^'"^ ~~ ' "y^-"^'' 
deo^5S°FI 

The Chinese do not distinguish bulb- 
ous roots. 

BuLGlNG,po^?'wt?%, deh-c^ib'-liao 

CiffiT 

Bulky, do-gyh/-deo J^° # 5g 
Bull, yuong ngeo' i|°^ (ib-deo) 



BUL 



57 



BUR 



Bullet, kaden k^sen-daen' ^^ ^ 
Bullion, veng-nying' IJ ^ 
Bullock, siao' yUong-ngeo' >J»^(| 

^^ (ih-(leo) 
Bully, to blusla^ or swagger^ hah'- 

sjen-wo'-shu \^ y^ f J -j^ 
Bulrush, lu-ken' '^ ^ ; lamp, 
wick — , teiig ts^io' )g :§ ; 7mt' 
ting — , zih-isW '^ ^ 
BuLWARKS,c% ivalls, dzing-ziang 
JjJ :^; car^/i«?i rampart, nyi- 
^ziiig' iS S ; ^^'« s«'^^^^^ of a 
ship, ^en-doDg'^ Jg ; ken'-dong 
S5 $£ ; « /(yi^tijication, p^1o''-d^B 

Bump, bang-song ff °fg (ih-t^ah) 
Bump, to k'eh'-bang jg^f °; k^eh'- 

Bunch, a handful, ih-pd — j£ ; 
a — of grass, ih-p6 ts^ao -— Jg 
;^; a — offloivers, ih-iiyiali liwo' 
^ il 7-2 ; « — of grapes, ili- 
gyiu' ts'-bii-dao --g ^ 13 H; 
rt — of keys, ib-c'iiii yiah-z' — 

^ im .1 

Bundle, « — , ib pao' — ^^ 

Bungle, to c'u-b(/; tso' feb lob'- 
f^2*'l> fi f/'^ lt;tso' febliu'- 
l^y'i" f^ * Ji° ^°; tso' feb 
ding'-tong Wi^^iS 

Buoy, mao-ing |g [}^ ; vu-dong' 
??° m (ih-go) 

Buoyant, /ort^my, kying-veo' |f 
?■? ; *«/qy«n^ .^jjzVifo, t^in-siiig ^o- 
1«^' ^ K ft ^ 



Burden, taen'-ts ^ -^^ ; taji/- 
deo ^ B^ ; heavy — , djong' 
ta3n ^ 1^ ; a — for one nuin to 
carry idth a bamboo, ib-ticu' *— 
|)^; a — for two men to carry 
between them, ib koug' — • ^ ; 
a — carried on the back, ib-kyiii' 

Burdensome, noen tong' ^ ^ 
Bureau, a chest of drawers, ih- 

tsiaiig gyu-cob' — 5g ti"^ 
Burglar who breaks into houses, 

ts'ab ziang-dong' go zeb' JJJ ;^ 

Burial matters, en-ts6ng' z-l'i' ^ 
^ :(!f|; — place, eu-ts6ng'-go 



di-fong' ^ 



>N' 



*; 



ground, veng-di' j:^ ^-jj ; puhlic 
ditto, nyi-cong -di ^' :g ;J^ ; 
iiyi-sjei/ ^' llj 
Burn, bo t^6ng'-song >^ vf fg 
Burn, to siao j^ ; me jt^ ; dziab 
.]^; tin 15; — /^a/j^r (for tbe 
dead), siao ts' j^ -^ 5 — mock- 
money, siaosib'-bobj^^l"^ ; — 
down (as a lioiise), me-diao'; 
dziab-diao' ^ i^°; — incense, 
tin byiang' MjJ § ; si.ao byiang' 
jl^ ^ J </rt's o// will not — , 
keh'-go yiii, tin'-feb-dziab'-go 



T^l 



° i^° m m % 



m° yiv« 



— a corpse, bo'-tsong >^ ^ ; 

— </ie ^/^/i off a ship's bottom, 
dcen jiin f,^ jjg • /(^ce bwns like 

fire, min-k'ong iiyib', ziang lio' 



BUR 



58 



BUT 



Burned to death, dziab-sali'-de 

Burning, smell of somethng — , 
i...l.o'-ky^i ffl >;iC * 5 — ^^^^ 
(as with fever), bo'-nyib >l<i|°; 
fab-siao' f^ ^ 

Burnish, to mo-kwong' ]g 3^ 

Burrow, di-dong' \^ Ho) 

Burrow, to kong di-dong' J7°ljl 
}l5| ; raJ&ite — , t^u' we kong di- 
dong' % t *T" Jiii tl^^ 

Burst, to — (with a noise), pao'- 
k^ffi 'ji-^ ; t^ (^^^''^^^ ^P^^' hwaW- 
k^ffilS^; thecan?ion—, do- 
p^ao tso -k^£e-de ;/c° lil ^ ^ 
7"; p'ao ts6'-de §3^ ^ T^J — 
oi«^ laughing, fab-siao' |f j|| 
Bury, ^0 en-ts6ng' ^ ■# 
Bush, siao'-jU >] , ^ (ib-cU) 
Bushel, sjbh teo' 3 ^ 5 ^^^^^ 

teo equal 30 quarts. 
Bushy tail, mi'-p6 bong-song' y^*" 

"yuong'a^^'jr-ii 
Business, z-ken' ^ ^ ; z-t'i'^ 

■p ; Tf^a^ is .?/o«i/' honorable — ? 
ng yin' sob-go kwe'-z i{y^°^^° 
J^°'M^ ? ditto occupation ? ng 
soh'-go kwe-^dng' go iff," ®' 
® ft S >j^° ■? <o ??ww(i owe's 
own — , en-veng'-siu-kyi' ^ ^ 
<]p g^°; w;A«« — is it of yours f 
ng kwiin' gyi tso sob' jfy^° ^ 
S M tS"^*"^ one's appropriate 
— , ne-^6ng' ^ J-j ; it is not 



your — , feb' z ng' veng-ne'-ts-z' 

constantly of his own — ~, saen 
kyii' feb li peng ky^iang' H ^ 

^ Hi :$; U^ ; — ^'^^^'^^ ^'"^'^ 

tsing'-vu z-^eo' gf ]£ f^ Hi ^ 
Bustle, nao-nyib' [g^fe''; — «"tZ 

noise, nao-nyib' -bang-sang. 
Bustling, nyib-nao' i[t° PU ; — 

hospitality, dse nying-k'ab' nyih- 

zab' f# § A° m' £^° 

Busy, employed, yiu z-ken' ^^ 
l^j — a/irZ hurried, mong-raong - 
lob-lob' tC'lt?^?^' harvesting 
is a — t'tnK^ keb dao' inoug' z- 

^^o f i| fg tt B# «l 

But, dffin'-z {M. ^ ; only, taen-tsib' 
gp^ ; tsib'-z ^^ ; if-'e it-ere a^^ 
there — you, djii-liao ng' ab'-lab 

tuW-k^n^TMr?^°^^ 

leb ng' If %° f*°; ziab feb'-z 

Butcher, du-fu' J^ ^ ; — of 
hogs, sab-cii-du' |^ It M ; ^^e 
seller of meat, tsing-deo'-s-vu ;|;^ 
BH rI ^'1^^ '^^^ '^ butcher's 
shop, k^iB du-wu' g3 J9 ^ 

Butcher, to sab ^; —people, 
sab'-lob pab'-sing ^ i? "g ^4 

Butler, one tt'^o ^00/ts a/i(cr i/«"/«^s 



generally, kwun-z'-go § ^i^"; 
tob-djii' # ^ 
Butt, to gyuib |^ ; tiao ; ts^ob ; 
— end of a stick, bong'-go do 



BUT 



59 



CAG 



cW ;:^*' Sf i0 (deo or den ) 

Butter, na-yiu'^f ^'ffft ; beb-t^ih', 
transferred from the English. 

Butterfly, wn-diah' JJg ^ (ih- 
tsah) 

Buttocks, p-i'-kwu ^ JJJ 

Button, nyiu'-ts U ^ (ih-Iih) ; 
cap — , ting'-ts JJ( ^ ; connnon 
cap — , mao tih'-ts Ipl j^*" -J 

Button, ^o nyiu'-long JJ Jf| ; — 
tV, nyiii-ih'-nyin fJI — U j k'eo'- 

ih-k^eo' in — in 

Button-hole, nyiu'-p^ren JJ ^ 

Buy, ^0 ma'-tsing ^"jg ; ma ^"j 

ma-la}' ^^ ^^ ; ^o — ««c? se//, 

ma' -ma ^^ "^^ '^ fo — 7nce, dib 

^^' W. /^i — ?fm(7, tang tsiu' 

Wm-.-od, i-ao yiV H°faT ' 
~ c^//^, ts'6 pu' ^° ;ijj 

Buyer, ma'-cU g° ;^ 

Buzzing, z-z'-liyiang ; ^mg-'ong'- 
l^yjang gfc gt § ; M« — 0/ 
mosquitoes, meng-rljong' liyiang' 
4i'll#;^lii-cla'-hyiang. 

]Jy </i«^ 7or<r/, dzoug keb'-da lu 

be gyi ^-e' ||JSc It ^ ; c/wc — , 
gy"^«? J£ ; — ^<> ?«c«;i.?, bing'- 
fi ^ 1^ ; — «^^ means, ts'in- 
Vc-eu' ^ ^ ; — icktt means ? 
yiiong soh'-go fong-fab' ^ :g° 

ir:*f*?-^%,nyib-ii' B« 

Jdmself (there), dob-zi' lai'-ksen 
Hco'-ts^cofpj°;g;ngco'.jUnfpj^ 



^ ; sell — tJi£ pound, leng kying' 
nia ft ^ g** ; to say — heart, 
be ^^ ; co;/«{3 072e — one, ib'-go 

ib'.gO IJC' ^ yjvo _ ^o 7^ . 

— a7id — , ko'-leb ih-z6iig' ^ 
']'°— ,lg,°; — and — will come, 
deng' ib-z6ng' ziu lae'; to pass — , 
tseo'-ko ^ j^ 
By-path, tseh'-hi ^ij 5;^ 

By-STANDER, b6ng-nying'^A°; 
disgraceful for hjstanders (i. e. 
others) to see, bong-kwun'-peb- 

c 

Cabal, kyib-l6ng' ^ ^ ; kc^n 
tong' ^° M 

Cabbage, (native) yellow wOng- 
yia'-ts^ce ^ ^° HI ; Shantung 
—, Saen-tong' ts^-e ^%% 

Cabin in a vessel, jiin'-b-go k^ib'- 
ts^ong^^^i^^^^^', straw 
hut, tsW-oh^^; tsW-ts'iang 
^ )g ; ts'ao'-sO ^ Jg 

Cabinet minister, ts?e'-siang ^ 
^g" ; siang'-koh ^ g ; address- 
ed as kob'-Lao f^ ^ and da 
yiioh-z :J^^ ± 

Cable, ts^ib ^° HI"; bamboo — ^ 
mib-ts%' ;gf}°ifjl''; 2?«/"i husk 
-,tsongtsW^;^:^^a'' 

Cackle, to to-ts' ; hens — after 
laying eggs, kyi-nyiang' pao ts' 

Cage, long f| ; bird — , tiao- 
1«"S' ,1" 11 ; - /(»' criminal,, 



CAJ 



60 



CAL 



moh-long' TfC f| (ih-tsah) 
Cajole,^o yi vong'-dzingyi hong'- 

Cake, kao ||& ; flat — , ping ^ 
(ih-go) ; — shop^ dzo-zil/ tin ^ 
:t;S; kao-ping'tinfiffjg; 
sponge — , daen-kao' ^ ||& 

Calamity, 'o'-se |g ^ ; tsse-nsen' 
i^< Hi j — changed to Messing, 
cun-'o' we-foh' $| |g ^ fg 

Calcine, io ton-hwe' jtfi Jc 5 — 
gi/psurn, ton zah-kao' jl|{ ^° ^ 

Calculate, to son^; soa-tsiang 
^ Ip^ ; ?/o«i — correcthj, ng son 
feh ts'o' fr » * ^; - 
destirneSj son ming' ^ ^ 

Caldron, do ^oh' :f^° H 

Calendar (printed sheet), lih-jih' 
t'-en® H ||;tsin-li'-t3en|||fj||g5 
li'-pa-taen H ^° ^ (ih-tsiang) 

Calf, siao'-ngeo >J> '^° ; veri/ 
young — , siao-ang' ij^" (ih- 
deo) ; — of the leg, kyiah- 
nyiang-dii' 

Calibee, size of the lore, p^ao'- 
meng ts^ah'-ts'eng ^ P^ J^^tJ* ; 
weight of the hall, da3n'-ts to'- 
siao djoug 5f •? ^ ^ fi 

Calico, white bah-yiang-pu' |^ 
W ^ 5 printed — , hwo-yiang'- 

P» T^ W ^ 

Calk, to seh leo-dong' || J§ jjej; 

— a boat, dzangjiiii'. 

Call, to eo; hwun Ig; kyiao IU|.*'; 

— loudlij, hyiang'-hyiaiig eo i^ 
^P^°) — ^0 miml, ta'eng'-ky^i-lie 



'H* S * ; siang'-ky'i-lffi jg JE 
^ ; cannot — to mind, ts^eng'- 
feh-c'ih' '['tJ- ^^ {ij ; % wJi^d name 
are you called ? ng' kyiao-leh 

soh>ming'-zf^.|l^:S'ig°« 
i^ ? ng eo soh-go niing'-z t ^o 
ca// out, eo-tren'-ky^i \^° JE ; 
hyiang-tseiZ-ky^i ^^ ^ ; — the 
cat, msen hwun'-leh-he |g** Pf 
^° ^ ; — on /«m topiwj, ts'ing 
gyi' tso tao'-kao |f ^ fJJ H 
"^ ; — upon (visit), mong-mong' 

WW 

Calligraphy, Imo-pili'-fali j^ 

mm 

Calling, occupation, z-nyih' ^ 
H ; ^6ng-nyih' ^ || ; ^ong- 
^ong'^T li"; (polite), kwe'-^ong 
;^ J^ ; ^rarfe, siu'-nyi ^ g 

Callow 5e>J, c^ih-k^o'-go tiao' {fj 

^ ^^ ^^° ; as yet no feathers, 
wa ffi'-neh c'ih mao' jf^'f^" ;^" 

Calm weather, dziiig kwong' kyiao 
kyili' HtTi^flJcfl;— tvindand 
wave, bing fong' zing long' Zp 
RW'{%i — *'"^^^' sing' ts^ing- 
z'^"S' >ii«iW?^ ; s"'g en-tsen' /jj 

Calm, io — the mind, en sing' ^ 
*& 5 — '''^^ a;t^er, ah gyi-go ho 

Calmly, en-taen' ^ i{{^ ; en-en'- i 

zing-zing' ^^mW 
Calumniate, to p6ng'-hwe |f 

@ ; tsing dz3en-yin' J| |t g 



CAL 



61 



CAN 



Calumny, dz^en-yln' |^ -^ 
Calve, to sang siao-ang' ^"^J" 
Cambric, zong yiang'-s6 J2 W 
ip : %^i^ ^itie — , kying-ljen' 

Camel, loh-do' .IS 1*5 (ib-tsah) 
Camellia, dzo-hwo' '^ :fg 
Camlet, yii'-don 3^|g; hmlation 

— , yu'-dziu 33 -^ 
Camomile, c??7ecf — flowers, ken- 

kyuil/ bwo ^[J' ^J -J^ 
Camp, ying-za' .g ||'' 
Camphor, ts6ng-nao' |$ Jg ; ping 

pMn' gic )^ ; — ^re€, ts6ng-ju 

nm 

Camp-chair, mo'-U HU"; mo'- 
tsah-u ^ ^ IJ"; /ert^^er hoU 
tomed (native) — , bi-mo'-u jj 

^ W (il^-Po) 
Can, oil yin-kwiin' Jj|f jjf (ib-go) 

Can, neng-keo' fg ^ ; we f- ; 

— (implying permission, or fit- 
ness) bao'-s-teb jfj '^'^^ ; k^o'- 
s-teh' pj-^^; kV-yi -pj 
JH; — K feb'-teb-feb ^ ;^ 
^;--f?o(it),tso'.leb-]jej^||^ 
^ ; — nol do (it), tso'-feb-l^e 

Canal, ^o Jpf ; «o-k6ng' J^ ^ 
6>»ja/^ — ^ siao ^o' >J^ j^f ; siao' 
Vkong' ij, Jg- ^^ ; J,.a«Ci^ __ 
(soon terminating), zao Jf ; ^/ze 
(?7rm^ — , Yuing ^o' jg fqf ; 
kong ^° a liver, and kong ^ 
a ccwia/, differ in tone, tbe form- 



er being bing-sing, tbe latter 
zong-sing. Tides rise in tbe form- 
er, not in tbe latter. 
Canary-bird, z-zing'-tiao fl$ 

Cancel, to Mot out, dn-diao' ^ 
j^°',to cross out (as figures), djU- 
<iiao' Hi''; keo-siao' ^ If 

Candid, dzib-song' Ig |f| 

Candidate (for tbe lowest liter- 
ary rank), dong-sang' ^ ^°; 
veng-dong' ^ :tt 5 — ^<^ ^^ 
c/^05m, ^eo-sbun' -jg j§ ; — /or 
o/^c6, ^eo-pu' ^ ^ also used 
in ordinary matters. 

Candied /;wz75, dong-ko' H ||; 
hojieyed fmits, mib-tsin' ^' g ; 

— or honeyed jujuhes, (often 
called dates), mib-tsao' ^ ^ ; 

— oranges, kyuib'-ping \^ ff 
Candle, lab-col/ || jg (ih-ts) ; 

/o?'ez>M — , yiang-coh' 'j^ j^ ; 
imiriage — , bwo-cob' :j5g j^ ; 
blow out the — , lab-cob' c^ii u' 

Candlestick, cob'-ds6 jg ^ ; 

lab-coh-daj' ti JS J° (ib-teab) 

Candor, with dzing'-jib-vu-ky'i- 

Candy, dong H; some of tbe best 
Ningpo candies are, cowhide — , 
ngeo-bi^dong -^^ i£ H ; llcick 
seed slices, bab-kyiao-ts'ib'|| j^ 
•|Q ; lotus-thread — , ngeo'-s- 
<3W«ISiMP'c<J-. ton/- 



CAN 



62 



ml-dong' JJ Tit 11 ; 7'e«^^«'< — ' 

hwo-seng dong' :jg ^ || &«. 

Cane, ^-attan, bah-deng' |^ |i ; — 

seated chair, deng-mii/ ii'-ts J^ 

Cane, bong J|^ ; kwa'-dziang |g 
tJ ; se'-dziang |^" ^J (i^-keng) 

Cangue, do-ko' ^c°ttf (ib-niin); 
/o tyea?" //ie — , pe do-ko' =^ 

Canister, <ea dzo-yili'-kwun ^ 



Cannib ALjky^iiob nying -go nying 

Cannon, do-pW;^°i3{(ib-meng) 
Cannon-ball, do - dsen'-ts ;/^° 

Cannonade, <o yiiong p'ao' tang 

Cannot, feb neng'-keo ^ ft 
f5;s'.feb-teb^^^f;ve,or 
feb we f/ -t'; — .'7^, kyH'-feb- 

feb-teb ^'^ ^, ;}^.; — o« aw?/ 
account, vgen-feb-k^o' ^ i)ft Pj" ; 
ts^ib'.feb-k^o' -gj ^f, pj" ; toi/-wn- 

feb-kV fir 5^ ^& TT ; - /^«''< 

with (or regret to part witb), 
feb-so'-teb ^f, f^° ^.; — spare, 
slao'-leb-teb' >> ^, ©; liyil»'- 
feb-lse' ^ f, 2f; ; — ^•^«^'''* (^0' 
liao'-feb-djob' m~^W'^ - 
iee (it), k^en'-feb-kyiiV J 5& 
^ ; — bdiet-e (it), siang-siiig'- 
feh-lje' 4t3 fg f, 3$ ; — find 
<it), zing'-feh-djob' ^° iJli ^^ 



CAF 

Canon, c/^wrcA 7-?/Ze, kyiao' kwe 

MM 

Canonize, to declare a deceased 
person to he a saint, si-ts tsUng- 
gyi' z sing'-nying 5E° -^ fi? S 

Tli. 3& ^^ 

Canopy (carried before an officer), 
wong-lo'-sten ^ |i ^ ; — P''^' 
sented for merit, va3ii-ining'-s3en 

Cantankerous, ka^n-ka %^ jiii, 
CantharideS, psen-mao' J^ g° 
Canto, « divi&ion, ib-p^in' s — 
^ If ; a ioo/L- ib-peng s' '-^ Tp: 
|# ; ih-kyun b' ^ ^ It 
Canvass, to examine, dzo-ts^ab 
^ ^; kW-kyiu ^ %\ — 
(for votes, pupils &c.), kyin ^^ ; 
kyiu-long' ^if if ; sail-cloth, 
fong'-bong pn M :il ^ 5 ^^"P"' 



Cap, siao'-mao >]> tg ; bin-mao' 
fg ifi ; s'"«^^ ^'*"^^" — » uu'-mao 
JR°JS°*I ; si-kw6-bi' w ilS^ & 
(ib-ting) ; to put on thi — , ta' 
mao-ts' ^°l|l| •?; take of the 
— , tsob' mao-ts' ^^ ijll ^ 

Capable of doiiig, bao'-tso Jf 
fj5J ; ky^UobMeb-lob-go pg** ^f" 

Capability, vu-nyib'-ts j^ g"; 

neng-ken'tg||i ; mental — , dzse- 

neng' :^ fg 
Capacious, kw^m-do' ^ ^^ ; 
I kw'im-ts^ab' ;g ^. 



GAP 



63 



CAR 



Capacity, jnentcd ts-tsih' ^fg ; 

(Izic ;^ ; he has a — for some- 
thing greats {i.e. the main beam), 
gyi z tong'-liang-ts dfie' ^ ^ 

^'^;S: :t; ^"'»^^<^^— , mah- 

siii'-ts dzc-e |J|i ^^ i: ^ 
Cape (of laud), we'-koh g ^°; 
ba/-koli ?-$;^°; — (worn by an 
officer), p^i-kyin' J^ ^ ; lachfs 

— ,yunpV-i El M^ 
Caper, ^o t'iaoU^iaojfj^fj^; t'iao- 

t^iao, peng'.peng jg^ ij^ ^ ^ 
Capital, chief, ting' do ]|[ ^J^"; 

— crime, si'ze 5E°|p; — sc/^e-me, 
miao kyi' Jj? ff 

Capital (of a country), kying- 

flzing' M M ; kying-tvi' M f|5 
(ih-zo) ; stock in trade, peng'-din 
^ l^^**; to lose — , zih peng' 

Capitulate, to deo-'6ng'f$ f|: 

Capon, suZ-kyi g| |jt (ih-tsah) 

Capricious, 'oh-z'-V)b-pm' ^^ 

^ ^- ; venj — , kwn-kwa'-deo 

CAPSTAN/oror/i anchor, ts'^6 raao'- 

go bin/ # fiS 1-° M ; - (o" 

land), ts'6-dong' ^ ^ 
Captain, chief, cU ^ ; — of a 

hoat, jun'-cu JlJ;^ ; mililary — , 

yiu-kyih' jg^ ; — <>/« hwulred 

men, pah'-tsong "g |g 
Captious, wang p4-bing, ju' p^i- 

z tsW.nao^^:i:|igH 



Captivated, /«w — If/ it, ng6' 
be gyi' ts*ih-sing'-de fg gj :H: 

Captive, lo-ky'i'-go nying' Jg 
i° ^' A"; — soldier, gying'- 
ky^i-goping j^t5!.<>y|v«^ 



Captive, ^o take 



lo'-kv' 



•^ °: f??Vif(? (as a soldier), gying- 

leh.k/iJ^@°i-° 
Capture, to k^O'-djoh g"^"; 

co-djoh' ig" %-'' 
Carcass, p^oh'-s ff*^ ; — of a 

man, s-siu' ^ "g* ; si'-s ^°^; 
— of a horse, si-ni6' 5E° Mj > — 
o/a co?f7, tao'-ngeo ^"-^ 
Card, tMah'-ts Ipfi ■^; — (simply 
containing one's name), p^in-ts 
j^ -^ ; — of invitation, ts'ing'- 
t^iah |§ ifj ; visiting — , pa'- 
t^iab ^° iffi ; — 0/ tlianlcs, zia'- 
t'iftb ^{"ifiS ; send a — , do ili- 
go i^iab'-ts ky^i' ^° — ^° iffi 

Card-case, pa'-tMah-^eV #°i]ifi 

^°; card-bag (Cbinese), p'in'- 
ts-d^ >^ ^ S 
Cardamom-seeds, deo-kW ^ 
f^ ; bah-k^eo' |^ ^ ; so-jing' 

Cards, ts-wu-brei/ |g |Jg )[§°; to 

;?%— , c^d-bceu' Wf^° 
Care, anxiePj, lao-sing'^)jJ; iu- 

H'S>«;s.ii's,a: 

Care, to— for, kwu'-djob ^^°; 
tsiao'-kwu 58 || ; kVni'-kwii ^ 
|g ; ?a/je — , siao'-sing >Jx i(f ; 



CAR 



r,4 



CAR 



tso-gyi' -g' ;5°; tong-sing' g- ' Carp, ?o — «/, hali' raao-Un 



Careful, kying'-jing-go |f '[l 
>i^°; siao'-singgo )]^ ;|j» ^"-^ — 

(about little things), ts'-si f-f 
J.0 ; ^0 Z»e — of (as things), 
yuong ts'-tsih ^-° >J.° ;ij.°; se'- 
sih"^ It 
Careless, hweh'-liah ;g, IpJ ; feh 
siao'-sing ^j) >]> )fj ; feh kwu'- 



Carpenter, moh-s-vu' /f: ^ |^^ ; 

mob-ziang'-s-vn :^ |£° 3 |f 

(ih-go) 
Carpet, mao-t'jen' ^ ^ ; tsin- 

t^^en' % m ; t'aen'-ts ^ ■? 
Carriage, ts^6-ts' |p^ ; mo'-tso- 

ts' ,1^ Ji-f ; four-wheeled — , s'- 

leng-tsVjpg |||ii.(ili-zo, ih-dzing) 



(Ijoh ^jj £rj ^° ; — (in omit- 1 Carrier, hurden t*iao-fu' ^^ ^ ; 



ting), sliih-kyin'-tiii ^ ^fg Ifi ; 

<o treat precious iumgs in a — way^ 

bao'- din - t^in-veh' %'^^'%% 

Cargo, jUn'-li-go ho'-veh j^ g 

discharge — , ky^i ho' jg ^ ; 
zong ho' J: K " 
Caricature, <o draw a — ridi- 
culing a person, sia ih-go du' 
tsao-siao nying' i^" — ^° ^ 

Pi -^ A'' 

Carmine, /07-«>i yiang-^ong' J^ 
jfl ; — (for the face, (fee.) in-tsi' 

saur 

Carnage, sah'-loh ^ gg ; pro- 
miscuous — , liin-sah' ^ ^ 

Carnal, joh-U nyUoh-sing'J^ ^ 
I^° jI' ; depraved, zia JjS**; — 
desi7rs, nyiioh-sing' s-yiioh' |^° 

Carnelian, mo'-nao -H ^ 
Carouse, ?o nao-tsiu' ^ ife** 

Carp, « fish, ji'-ng g ;g^° (ih. 
kwang) 



kyiah'-paen JJ} !&: 

sing'-psen ff Jff ; tseo-sing'-go 

^ ft ^' 

Carrion, tsMu'-nyUoh ^° f^°; 

laen-nyuoh' t| l^° 
Carrot, 'ong lo-boh' ^X IS S 
Carry, to — on the head, deo-li 
^i"g' ^M W; — ow i//e shoulders 
or Jftc/c-, pe '^*'; — hy a pole, 
(one man) t^iao ^ ; — (by two 
men), da3 }J ; kong Jt ; — ^-^ 
a hamJle or cArtm, (as a basket, 
teapot, cfec), ky^ih ^ ; — r/i ^/te 
ha7id, do ^"j — «i^Y<j/, do'-leh- 
ty'i' ^' @° *°; - a cMJ, 
siao-nying' bao-leh tseo'-tseo >J% 

to be carried, lin-siu'-sang j^^ 
B^ ° ; — m <Ae bosom, gvva'- li 

t8^6'.leh-ky^i'g°^frii'*±''; 
— a Utter, ta sing' ij^-" -g ; — 
fm umbrella, ta ssen' 'flr^i^ ; do 
8£e!i' ^** ^ ; — aw o/je;? ditto, 
tie ssen' ^ ^ ; — on the arm 
(as a dress), siu-li gvvaen' ^J 



CAR 



G5 



CAT 



Jg ; — on the arm (by a Landle), 
siu-li t^ao' :^ ^ ^ ; — undei' 
the arm, leli-ts' '6 gyili ^tp" -f 
T 'fSf 5 — <"* ^^*^ "^'^^ (^ strir.gs 
of cash), gyiao Jf 
Cart, liang'-leng-ts^O' M I& iS 

(ill dzing, ih-zo) 
Cartilage, tsV-ksveh g£ % 
Cartridge, pV-hao-liao bo'-yiah- 

Carve, to — (ornamentally), tiao- 
kVb'H^lJ; tiao-bw6'ii:fg; 
— meat, ts^ib nyuob' "BJ l^° 

Carver (in wood), tiao-bwo'-s-vu 

Carving knife, ts^ib-nyiiob'- go 

tao' fj |^° ^« Jf 
Case, t^ao ^ ; p«7/o?y — , tslng'- 

deo-t'ao' ;^ ^1 ^ ; ^eli ^ ; 

^«7rt^c/^ — , piao'-'eb ^[S" ; ^rt?'<:? 

-, pa'-L'iali-W #lilfil:°; 

k^ob-ts' ^ ^ ; spectacle — , 

iigcien'-kying k^ob'-ts 0^*^ 7^ 

^ ; da3 g ; fan — , sin'-ts-doe 

Case at law, en'-gyin ^ -fj: ; a'r- 
aimstances of a — , dzing-tsib'j^* 
fj ; dzing-yiu '|f |ij ; f?///?c'«/< 
ditto, ky'uob'-tsib lji\ Jjf ; .s/a^e 
of affairs, kwong-kying' -% ;§; 

Cash, a — , ib-go dong-din' — 

. i^'lB ^"]a8trinuof-~,\h- 
c^ui/ dong-din' — $ ^g !§' 

Cask, dong Ijfj ; a icine — , ili- 
tsab tsiu'-dong -— ^ fg tffi 



Casket for head, and other orna- 
ments, deo-min-siniig' ^i}i° ^ 
Cast, to (as metals), cii fg 
Cast, to throw down, gw?en-diao' 
}M*°;-^oun^,cIo-tVg5^; 
— the sJdn (as a snake), t'eng 

^^'"li' E° ^ 5 — off ('IS a bad 
son), p'i'-t^a^n-diaoD:£''P^7°;— 
«way, t^ih'-c'ib g!j {jj ; tiii-diao' 
^ -^ ° ; — f/ir;?f?i j'n ?n/«i?, iii- 
uob' g §^: 
Castanets, (bones), tsW-i;;eii 

Caster, ts^ib'-sing-ko'^t g ^° 
Castor-oil, pi-m6'-yin J^- Jg fflf 
Casually, neo'-ts^eo jj§° ^ ; 

ngeo'-jun %° ^ 
Casualty, wang-V/ fg")|S ; fi- 

Ice'-ts ^0 fil ^ Ji )ii| ; t^in-li 

tibUob-ke'-goV^r^°^°)]g 
Castrate, to mO ; — a?i animal, 

kyib |§ ; in m 
Cat, mren fl^Cib-tsab) ; let the — 

out of the ba(/,iih\\i-\\6 kOng'-leb 

c'iU-kyiah'-clegi;,i5-jg°{rili 

MIT 
Catalogue of hoolcj, sbu-mob' 

:g: g ; — of names, niing-uiob' 
>g g . — of (/code, bo'- teen 

Km 

Cataract, bob-pu' J^;^^ ; u-aier- 
fall, kwo'-lob-sbii ; — in the eye, 
zong-tsong' J: jg 

Catarrh, injluenza, song-fongf^ 
JK, ; chronic — , nao'-liu J^ jj^'' 



CAT 



GG 



CED 



Catch, to k^6 ^°; — a thief, 
k^o' zek ^"'M'; — /^^^^' J^'o "g' 

Jli'ffl';-(^s water), zing ^°; 

— (as something thrown), tsih 
J^ ; — cold, song fong' fg JE ; 

— a disease, teh bing' ^ ^ ; 
fZi^^o bi/ infection, bing yin-lce' ^j§ 

Catechism, veng-teh' fp^ ^ (ih- 

peng) 
Caterpillar, Jiarr?/ mao-djong' 

^ ^ ; — found on ve<jeLables, 

ts^iB' cljorg % ^ 
Cathedral, cii'-kyiao-dOng'^ 

®J ^ 5 bishop's — , kyin-toh'- 

Catholic, koug-gong'-go ^ ^ 



-1^° 



Iio7nan Catholic, T^in- 



cii'-kyiao-nying ^ i |^ A" 

Cattle, a herd of — , ih-dziao 
iigeo' — ^ ''•^°; beasts of burden, 
sang-k^eo' ^^° p 

Catty, a ih-kying' — Jf ; sell bj/ 
the — , leng kying' ma |&/f S° 

Caught, k'O'-djoh-de ^"^^''T^; 
tsih-djoh-de J^ ^'' 7° ; _ /u 
the ivron(j, and have noildny to 
saij, loh-gal/-de ; — in the rain, 
nyu-djoh yii' de JS ^^ W T° 

Cause, yUn-kwu' JJ^ -^ ; ing- 
deo' H Bfl ; keng-yiu' :^ jil ; 
yun-yiu' 11^ lij ; dzing-yiu' >[f 
rfj ; dzing-tsih' '[f IJJ ; so-yi- 
J^n' ^ W ?^ ; beginning, kfi- 
ing' ^H ; ^^'/'"^ ''^' ^-^'(^ — of it f 
sob-go yuu-kwu S° ^' i^ SC '^ 



dzas6.yi-jun';g°#7i£il^^ 
without — ', vii-yiin-vu-kwii' ^ 
j^ Jf^ ^ ; ^0 ^am a — (before 
a magistrate), ying kwiin'-s ^ 

IT ^ 

Cause m^ sorrow, lin-le' ngo iu- 
meng'5l 1 ?g S Pc^ ; ta'-li 
ngo iu-meng' ^^^/^ 'g Pd ; 
s' teh ngo iu-meng' 'glifg^'g 
pi^ ; — one to feel uncoin for talk, 
cii'-s-teh nying' feh en'-toen ^ 

Cauterize with hot iron, t^ong 
1^ ; — ivith burning herbs, &c., 
kyiu ^- 

Caution, ^o ?/.5c — , tso-gyi' ^° 

^[ji° ; — kst he forget, di-sing' 
% g ; exhort, ky^un % 
Cautious, kwu-zin' kwu-'co' |H 
iw° IB ^ ; circwmiKct, ts'-si 

Cavalry, mo-ping ,^ J£ 
Cave, dong })gj ; sren-dong' []j 
})^ ; sjEn-ngaen'-dong jlj ^ }|5j 
Cavil, ^o p^i-poh' ^[;|j^;p^i-siah' 

Cavity, k^ong JL ; dong -Jlsj ; 
ky'iao .^; the seven cavitics,(eAiTH, 
nose, mouth, eyes), ts^ih' ky^iao 

Cease, i!o hyih ^ ; ts Jt ; deng 
f^^; - frm, hyih'-loh ^^ -^ 

Ceaseless, feh-hyih' ^ ^ ; feh- 
ts' 3Bjfc; feh-deng' f, ^° ; 
ih-z6ng' I'eh teh k^ong' — J^° 



CED 



07 



CER 



I 



Cedar, pah'-ju fg j^ 
Ceiling of hoards, t'in-hw6'-psen 
5C?E=ffi;ting'-kah-pa3n]gi5ifg; 

— of Mh and plast&, nyi-t^in'- 
mun ^ ^ Jl ; nyi ting^-kal/- 

p^Q i/e H RS K ; ^^««^ « —' 

iao mun'-ih-mun ^ i^ -^ i% 
Celebrate, to — o^ie's lirthdmj, 
tso sang' ^ ^°; what are you 
celebrating ? rig yiii soli' -go liyi'- 
ky%g z-ken' iff.'' # :^° Jg^ 

Celebrated, veng-ming'-go ^ 
^ Y ; c'ih.ming'.go [fi « 
/^""'^-^ physician, mirig i' ^ -g; 

— scAotor, raing ju' ^ H ; — 
s//o/), yiii miiig-sing'-go tin' ^ 

Cell in a p-ison, nying-vong' A° 
g ; — /or literary candidates, 

Cellar, di-ing'-ts ^^ ^ ■? ; di- 

Cement, lime, zali-hwe' 5° ^ ; 
^Zm^, kao ^° ; varnish ami flour 

— , sang td'ib' min-feng' ^°^ 

mm 

Cemetery, veng-t^sen' Jg j^ 
Censer, byiang-lu' § jjg; siaw^- 
ing — , di-lu' |g jg ; tiao'-la 

Censor, nyu-s' ;j^^ 
Censorious, kwaen'-we p^i-bing' 

•t* ^ i: ^ 

Censurable, kte tsah'-be ^ ^ 
ffi ; yiu tsV-c^u ;f g,t ^ 



Censure, ^2 received a great deal 
of — , gyi' ziu nying-ko' byii'- 
totsab'-be:H:S A'^°tS.5 

mm 

Census, a-wu'-ls^ah ff f^" j]} ; 
to take tlte — , zao a-wu'-ts^uh 
^^flS^AJj-toW.., iiying- 
ting'.ts^ah A° T « 

Center, or Centre, the cong- 
nyiang' pjt -^^ ; tong-cong' g' 
fJj ; — of a circle, yiin-ky^ui/ 
coDg-sing' H ig i=f» it 

Centipede, meng-kong' 1^° JJ* 
(ih-kwang) ; — bite, meng-kong' 
ngao"S"fe°ig;mengkong' 

ting' JF ^° PT 
Central forces, cong-nyiang'-ga 

road, cong hi' 4» ^g- 
Centuple, ko ib-paL' be ijn^ — 

Centurion, pab'-tsong "B^ ° |§ 
Century, ib-pab' nyin — "g" °^ 
Ceremonious, to-li'-go ^ ^ 

•^° • do not he so — , feb pih' 

kyu li' ^, iJJ ^ jg 
Ceremony, li ^ ; U'-mao |f |^; 

li'-tsih ^ 15 
Certain, ib-ding — ^; ding-jib' 

^ ^ ; a — person, mo' nying 

^ A°5 « — ^11^ nio' nyib ]^ H " 
Certainly, pili'-ding^^; pib'- 

kying ^ S ; ton'-jun g ^ ; 

kyiiib'-ding \^ ^ ; jib-dzse' ^ 

;[J ; — not, ib-ding^ peb-yib' — 

s ^ ^ 



CER 



68 



CHA 



CEnTlFlCA.TE,reco?nmendation,tsm' 
sl^ii M S ; tsiao'-we JB 'g' ; 
proof, bing-kyu' Jg J| ; — 
for nwney, bing-taen' Jg |^ ; cm- 
tovis^ general — , tsong'-tsea ^ 

Certify, to lib bing-kyii' ^ 

Cessation ofioork, deng kong' 

Chafe, to mh, soh'-sob J^ J^ ^ 
no'-no ^P ^ ; i^<> ^^^ off the s/dn, 
bi' ts^ah'-t^ah Jfe ^ E; bi' 
ts^ab'-sOng ife ^ fS 

Chafed m ?«mc?, sing'-li ts'iao'- 
soh-sob'-go-de Pfi° ,5° ^a° $1]^ 

Chaff (of rice), k^ong 3^ ; loiig'- 
k'ong' ^ 1^ ; pounded — , si'- 
k'ong Jg m ; the inner hull of 
wheat, fii-bi' |^]j^ ; mah-bi'^^ 

Chaffer, to leng-liang' ko'-din 

m M m." m" 

Chafing-dish (containing coals 
for keeping tea warm), non-lii 
•g jg ; — (for vegetables) non'- 
ko ^ §|§ ; steam heater for food ^ 
t'ong bo'-ts ^ ^ -f j non'-un 

Chagrin, to feel — , ao'-nao '|^»['g 
Chain, lin-diao' §|f^ (ib-fu) 
Chair, ii-ts U" -J* (ib-po) ; arm 

— , U'-ts yiu k'ao'-siu-go i^° 
•¥ WH ^^''', folding^, 
tsib'.diab-u' Jf ^ ||°; ca?«;) 

— , mo'-tseb-ii' ^l^f L|^°) sedan 

— , gyiao-ts' g -J (ih-ting) ; 



?i7^ the — , gyiao4s' sing-ky^'- 
^^Ml-fc'^ ^',setit{i\iQ 
cbair) down level, fong gyi bing' 

Chair-bearer, gyiao-fu' |g ;^ 
(ib-raing) ; gyiao-psen^ j^ $fjE ; 
gyiao-nying' || A° 

Chalk, bab-t'u' j^*" i 

Challenge, to t'ao tsin' f J p| ; 
io reycci a — , miu'-tsin ^ ^ 

Chamber, led ngo-v6ng' g|^ ^ ; 
voiig-kren ^ P^°; kw^eng-kaen' 
^*' ^^ ; « /«try5 — , ne-v6ng' 
ft ;g; #cer's — , zong-vong' _t 
g;_^;o^, sbu-bing' ^ jfj; 
yia-wu' :^° g ; bin-wu-g ^ ; 
wooden ditto, yia-dong' :^° f^ 

Chamber-maid, a-m'ppj^^f; ab- 
sao' |5pJ jji^ ; female slave, 6-deo' 

TBI 

Chamois, ling-yiang |^ ^ 
Chamomile. See Camomile. 
Champ, to chew, ziah pg 
Chance, hj vn-i'-cong ^ ^ 4* J 
neo'-ts^eo -K"^; ib'-feb-lie'-kwu 

^ f» ^ IH ; "^^ ^y— » "geo'- 

jun p^ong'-djob-de ig' ^ jl' 

^° "T"? "'<^''^^ ^''''^ ^''^^'^ — J ^^^'^ 

bin-i' f,Jf^ fg°; tsin siang-ing'; 
s<?2^e thejlvst — , tsin zong-fong' 
te± E ; tsin min-ts f ,5 H ^ 
Chancellor, literary W-da3 ^*' 
^ ; — (of tbe Imperial Acad- 
emy), da tsong'-dzas :)^^^\ 
(styled) tsong-s' ^ g^ 



CHA 



09 



CHA 



Chandler, tallow lali-coh'-s-vu 

Chancje, to keng-ka/ JT Q^ ; pin 
^ ; pin'-wim' ^ ;{||'; pin'-yih 
^ ^ ; — ybr the ivai'se, piu'- 
(liao ^ ^° ; — coZor, pin sel/ 
^ Cl > pin'-wnn ngsen-seh' ^. 
}§' 15° fi 5 — "^ appearance^ pin 
yiang'^ |f^ ; — disposition, sing'- 
(Izing ker.g-piii' jij '|t E ffl 5 
sing'-dzing pin'-hwo >[ij '[^^ff;^ > 

— one's dressj \\\m i-z6ng' |^ ^ 
§1 ; — o/^m, cun-piu' || ^ ; 

— a dollar, de f'a3n-ping' ^j^ ^ 
^ ; — o^e's mind, sing cUn-diao' 
^tUf^ 5 fo exchange, wiin ^ ; 
diao 'l^ ; diao-wun' |^f^ ; cannot 
be changed (altered), keng-kie'- 
feh-ljE 3g e^ ^ ^ ; kie'-ko-feh- 
lae g^i^^^^; changed in heart, 
or 7/«/j(Z' (generally for tbe worse), 

^ sing' weh'-de ^jj fg y° ; sing' 
Aveli-dong'-de ^^Jg gj"]"'; sing 
pin'-de )Jji g "ip° 

Changeable, hyih'-hyih yiu kyi- 



Pin' I|^°J|#°W 



fsen'-foh- 



vu-djong S S J^ ^ (^li^^S "r 

dzong); — (as weather, or clouds), 

ts^in-pin'-vDen'-h\v6 ^ ^ ^ fl^ 

Changer, money dzin-tin'- kwiin 

Channel, sLu'-hi ^J^'' jj§ ; shu'- 
dao jjc* JE ; ^0 dig a — , k^ie 

•'«i.-"'' g3 ipJ 5t 

Chant, to — religioas looks, (as 
Budclliists do), nyioen kying' ^ 



«ne:' W. W ^ 



1^ ; dzong kying |g |5? ; — and 

icorship, pa ts^ajn' ^° '[j|' 
Chaotic, weng'-deng ^ \% 
Chap, to — (as the hands), c^ing- 

^^'^^' m^ ; kVe-kyUing' 
Chapel, li-pa-do 

(ih-go) 
Chapter, a ih-tsong' ^^ ; ih- 

Char, /o ton ^^ ; siao j^ ; this 
wood is chirred, keh'-go za ton' 
tso t^-cn'-de Jl'' >iv° ^° J;g^ (|J 

Character, letter, z ^; z-ngren' 
J^ fl^° (ih-go); understands char- 
acters, sih'-teh z' 13 ^ »^ ; a 
^jemn's — , p^ing'.^ing' j" ;jf ; 
nying.p^ing' A^'n'p 5 p'ing'-kah 
Pa #f ; ming-tsih' :g ; Aw 

— »5 ivorthless, gyi-go p^ir)g'- 
^angfehkyM'.djong^>i-«prj;ff 

3F/ ^ S i ^^^'^ <'^^<^'^ — > shih 
ming-tsih' ^ 2 IS 
Charcoal, t^xn /^ ; .90/i; wood 

— , fii-t^cen' 1^ ^ ; hard wood 
-, bah-t^a3n ^"^ ^ 

Charge, expense, fi'-yiiong ^ 
^ ; / m;/// bear the — , keh z 
ngo dzing-dzih'-go ^" ^ ^ 

^ ill ^°; ^'^ :7«^'^ ^'^ »'^ '''i/ — > 
gyi kao-die' peh ngo' ;^°^°fe 
J^° f!^ ; a — to be borne, pe'- 
tih go tseh'-zing ^ g^ -i^** ^ 
ft ; t^iao-tih-go tien'-deo ^g^" 



i-' 



mm 



CHA 



70 



CHA 



Charge, to command^ feng-fu' \^ 
p(| ; — 7-c2)eatedli/, ting-coh' {Ij 
5^ ; io entinist, t^oh % ; kao- 
die' ^° fij 4'C. ; <o />w.i m — of 
another (as papers of office &c.), 
kao-bim' ^'^ |^ ; — o« account, 
z6iig tsiang' Jl Ip^ ; — /«?/« w'i'^^'' 
a fault, wo ze' kwe'-ii gyi' JJ fp 
If -^ ^; — falsely, un--^6ng' 
%\-£', un-k/uih' ^ JS; 'en 
hyuih' p'erig nying' -g" jjl Pg 
7V°; — the fault io me, kvve 
gyiu u ngo If § -^ f[^ ; — 
M/Vf/s a /aw/^ ( in one's bear- 
ing, but not to bis face), k'ao- 
tob'; — apnce, t'ao ko'-din ^j 
M' 11°; ^^ attack, ts^ong-fong' 

mm 

CHArvlTABLE, yiu jing-se'-siug ^ 
fc ^ )& ; y»^^ dz-pe'-sing ^ 
i!i ffi >& ; yiu ts'eb-ing'-ts-sing 
^'H'J1^>6;^'^'-^- kwong' 
tso bao'-z ^HfSiM^ 

Charitably, deal — ivith Mm, 
dse gyi kw'an-sbu' f # ^ f ?^, 

Charity, jing-se' t: ^ ; ^o r/u-e 
— , tsiu-tsi' nying-ko Jlji^ ^ A° 
g?"; ^ang bao'-z fT°iX-^; pu'-s 
nying-ko' fffi ]K A° ^^ 

Charm, (paper with cbaracters), 
vu ^ (ih-dao); — foj- the body, 
wu-sing'-vu ^ ^ ^ ; — (for 
tl'e wrist), dao-web' ijvj^ ;fg°; — 
(for tlie neck of cbildren), 'ong'- 
so ^i g^ ; — (for tbe bed), 
ts'6ng-bu-^en' M ft ^ ^ong- 



din'.pao'-kyin ^ ^ ^ jgj ; 

— (over tbe door), pao'-en-ts 
is "5 liS ; — (i" tbe ancestral 
ball), cing'-dzeb-vu it ^ ^ ; 

— (for protecting bouse furni- 
ture and utensils, pasted on at 
tbe New Year), ts'ing-long'-ts ^ 

mm 

Charm, to — aimy lad influences, 
bib zia' $^ JP°; ■ — aicny disease 
(by incantation), c'ib'-kying'djii- 

bii'g' [li U fii 'M ; ^^^^« (by 

incantation, and written cbarac- 
ters), yiiong vu-tsiu'djU bing'^ 
^f 5E. fn 'M ; ^^ capticate, mi- 
vveng j)^ ^ 

Charmed (as by a spell), jib-mi- 
weng'-dzing-de K'&.'^W T" 

Charming person, gyib-me'-go 
nying S H ^° A°; — ■>ni(dc, _ 
byib weng-ling go yuob' jg''^ f 

Chart, 7«a/'me dziu-bae'-du ^ j!g 

@ (ib-tsiang) 
Charter, to — a vessel, tsu jiiu' 

Chase, the tang-liab' ^J Jg 
Chase, fo tse-ken' jg || ; ken'- 

z6ng-ky^iJ|J:i<^ 
Chasm, di' lib-kV-go di'-fOng JJ 

m B3 4^' iife :i? (ii»-tia) 

Chaste, ts^ng-kyib' }f ^; 
tsing-kyib' ^ gg, said of women; 
tsing-tsib' ^ 0, used wben a 
single or widowed woman re- 
mains chaste. 



CHA 



71 



CHE 



Chastisk, to punish, tsali'-vah^ 
H ; tang Jj ; -— severely, cljong' 
tsah'-vah fi ^ 13 ; ying-vah' 
M 13 is used for legal punish- 
ment but not often in school, or 
in the family. 

Chastity (of men), siu-nyi' i^ 
j||°; — (of maidens), siu-tsing'T^p 
^ ; — (of women), siu-tsil/^fjj 

Chat, to dien'-dain =^ fjj^ ; jii-jii' 
S( $(; k6ng.kong' W W'^ 
idle talk, -ajn wo' (^^° fj" ; siao' 
wo ^ f J 

Chattlp:s, ko-s'-jih-veh' ^"fZ 
ff ^ ; kS-yuong'-jih-veh' ^'^ 

flSft ii 

Chatter, ^o ts^ih'-ts'ih -ts^oh- 
ts^oh kong' |8;^|S°Pf ° ^^E|=; 
kong ill' wo =1" pjt fjS^ ; ^t^e^/i 
— , ngo -ts' siang.tang' :§p° -g 

Cheap, zin f(^°; bin-i' || g**; 
(cliea|)€r than it onglit to be), 



p^in 



ky^iao 315 ; ky^ng-ky'iao' |^ :Pj 
(the proper price) sinng-ing' 



PJt 13 ' *^"'* — ''^'*' cannot 
— God, nying' k*o ky^i', Jing, 

feh-kVky^i A''prffi:i**pr 

flj|[; <o — hij a.^ Icing nwre than one 
jKii/s (in buying for another), loli 
dong-din' -^ ^ ^*'; evert/ trade 
has its cheating, pali' ^ong pah' bi 
"H^Jt "5°^ J '^ ^^^ something 
on fahe pretences, kwa'-p^in ^° 
I|g ; to get money ditto, p'in dong- 
din' |g ^ ^°; he can't — me, 
gyi' kwa ngo', kwa'-feh-ky^i' j^ 

Check, o?-(f^?' Jvr money, nying- 

p'iao' |g ^ 
Check, io s<c>p, or hinder, ton'-d jU 

^j^i S ft ; — % comparing, 
te'-ko §J i^ ; — disease, dju 
bhig' 1^ ^f^ J — diarrhoea, is 

Checked, (iiW^se is — , bing ts^6'- 



loh.la3'-de^'if'^T'*;l>i"g- 
shU'ky^ng-kV-de^'^ If^pJ 

ft Jg ; feh-kyu' % ^°', canyon Cheek, cu'-bu ^ U" (ili-min) ; 
sell cheaper'? i\^ ko'-din bao well- I the right — , jing-pin' cU'-bu ^ 
dong'-tin fch i^.^ fjo ^^ if }g ^ U^ $1° 

Cheek-bones, gyiin-kweh' Jg 
^ ; /«'^A — , gyiiii'-kweh kao' 

Cheer, entcrtainmmt, tsiu'-zih }g 
;3f ; — him lip, kw'un gyi'-go 

go sing' §g ^ ^° ,(3 ; to en- 



Cheapen, to ksen ko (gj' ^* 
Cheat, one ivho gets by pretence, 
kwa'-ts i^°f; one who pretends 
to be ivhat lie is not, pien ko'- 

Cheat, to ky^i fljc ; p^inig ; hong 



courage, miu'-li ^ 



-hu 



CHK 



72 



CHI 



striking hands and feet^ siu vu 
tsoh-dao-go ts^iiig-tsaei/ :^^J£ 

m i^° m m 

Chkerful, ken-sing'- go ^ ^jj 
■^'; always — , djong-djong' 
hyi'-siao-yin-k^ie' 

ISB3 



^«^ 



If ^^ ^; the, bread, hyiiong- 
kwun'-deo 5i^ ^° gg 
Chestnut, lib-ts' ^ J- (Hi-go); 
— tree, lih-ts' ju Jg ^ ;t^ 
(ih-cU) 
Chew, to ziah pg 
1 Chicken, kyi Jf ; siao-kyi' >], 
Cheerfully, c/(i ken-sing'dzing- ' ^ (ih-tsah) 

nyuntso' "It^fjjf ^^fjfj^ ; dzing- i Chicken-POX, shu^deo y}C & 
nyun' do-c^ili' '[f |!|^''[U ; ^^Vc Chide, to tsah ^ ; tsah'-be ^ 
— , byi' dzii ."g U ; loh dzu'§| gj | f|jj ; — m a severe tone, heng Ii[^° 
CHEERLESS,^m c^u-liylang ^**S i ^^lEF, ^/^e first, di-ih-go || — 
Jpj; narrow and — place, di-loiig' ' -^j^"; the head, deo 5^; deo-nao' 
^ih-'ali-tsali-tsab feh song'-kw^a ; EM BS 5 ^ — importance, deo 
^t li $^ ^ ^6 B^ 't^° I iao-kying' ^ >-^|? ; _ o/ «m 

Cheesp:, ngeo-na' ping iji" JJ' I «m^, nyiin-sse' ^ ||(j ; tsiang- 



Chemise, t'i-ll sasn' ^^ Jjg ;{j^ 

(ib-gyin) 
Cherish, hold as dear, ziangpao'- 

l)e ka tOng-sing' f^ g ^ ^^° 



kyuing' deo-mob' jjf ^g j/f Q 

Chiefly, di-ib' ^ — ; more than 

half, ib-do-pim' — ;/,; ip ; ^ 

indebted to ijou, di-ib' to-dzing' 

resentment, iin-^eng ! CHILBLAIN, toug^-tsob ^^ (ib- 
sing'-b dzeiig'-tib f^g't^ ;JJ ^J j go) ; ?o //are cZr/M/m^, sang tong'- 
;ff 64 ; «>^'-ky^i ieb sreu' g§ ^ ! tsob ^° )M M 
^ ^ ; un'-ky'i k^co-H «cn'-tib Child, siao-nying' >]. ^°; a^i 
St ^ P H ^ 64 ^''i/""A na-bwiu/ ||° ^*'; tvith 

Cherry, ang-dao' \%° j^^l ; ang- — , yiu sing-yUing' ^ ^ ^ ; 
cli' fl°|^ (ib-go) ; — color, nvi'- i to bear children, sang na-bwim ' 

^>..gsebI:'ogI:fi * I i£°si°d^° 

Chess, ziang'-gyi ^^jfi; — Z-ortrr/, | Child-BED, in zoug Z(/-dong J^ 
gyi-bun' fit g ; — ?«e«, gyi- ! :^° tl ; lii'g-beng fg ^ 
ts' fit -f ; — pawns, ping-tseb' Childhood, siao-L^e'-z-W >J> ^i 



^ 1^', to pday — , tsiab gyi' 



Bl -j^ ; iii'-nyin ij] ^ ; siao- 
nybi-z-tsi' >> ^ fl# 15"* 



Chest, siaug-ts' ^ ^ (ib-tsab); j Childless, m'-teb ng-no' \^° 
— of tea, ib-siang dzo-yib' — i W° 5E° A°j m'-teb sang-lob' 



I I 



CHI 



73 



CHO 



Children, ng-no' JJ** ;^°; ng- 
ts noil'; little bot/s, siao-\l$'aeii' 

ClllTJ., in a — , ^en seo-seo |g 

J$ it 
Chilly, langUs^ing-ts'ing ^^ ^- 

}h5 ^'^y — ' 'en-gying'-gying 
^ jpg I^ . — j-j-ojii j-^^j,^ ]^ab- 

leh kyiah' sin ping-lang' I|J ^|:'' 

fiP ^ >x ;^^ 

Chimney, in-ts^ong' JS ® (ili- 
dao); /«?/?;; — , teng-ts?en in-dong' 
tS ^ flg ia° Qh.kmm) 

Chin, ^o'-bo f PE° 

China, Cong-kob' 4* S 5 ^^- 
ts^ing'-kob ;^ J^ H j Cong-w6' 
r^ ^ ; — proper, Jib-pab' sang 

China-aster, kyiiib'-bwo ij ° :j!g 

China-ware, dz-ky^i' $|;§§;./me 
-,si'dz-ky^i'if:a|;j^^ 

Chinese, na^/i*^ of China, Cong- 
kob nying' tf* S A° ; Hen'- 
"ying {^ A°; — kingucige, Cong- 
koh' wo' pfj ^U ; — character, 
Hen' z }|| ^ 

Chink, bwab'-lib-vong ftf ^ |f 
(ib-da); yery «?««// — , bwab'-u; 
— of dollars, yiang-dzin' sing- 
byiang' |f. 'B.MM 

Chips, mob-fi' /f; ^° 

Chip, to — tyooc/, siab jii fij i^ 

Chirp, fo — (as a sparrow), kyiao 
lUj- ; jwisy chirping (as of mag- 
pies), ts^^o Ij} 



Chisel, zob g (ih-kwnnj 
Chit-chat, 'a^n-wO' fJJ]° JJ ; 

k'ong'-deo-wo bg 5|i fi5^ 
QllOlC-E,, selected, kten'-sbiin-go }^° 
® ^* ; t'iao'-sbun-go ^^ ^ 
'^°; — goods, zong-teng'-go bo'- 

z6ng4eng'-g() beng-yiu' J^ ^ 

•1^'>9J3 S; ^^'«^-^ 7/0-, vii 

so' k^n'-dzeb ^ ^Jr ti° » 

Choir of singers, ih-p,Tn we ts^orig'- 

go cu-kwii -- ^jE 'fi'Pg^°A** 

Choke, ^0 — idth something in the 

throat, gang wu-long' f|J° |Ig|* 

Pi J — '0 death, gang'-sab |^° 

r!^ ? ^0 — ^0 death with the hand, 

k'ab'-sab Jf S^ 

Cholera, vomiting and purging, 

bob'-iciu' t^l-sia n fL ni igf ; 

spasms in the limbs, kyiab-kving'- 
ti«o Itil ffi ffi 
Choleric temperament, sing'-kab 
tsW »($ ;f^ gk"; sing'-dzing 
bao-tsW>tt 'If ^E'jsing'- 
ts kyib' '[^ ^ g; ; temppninvnt 
like thunder, sing-ts ziang le ka- 

go tt ^ in° m 

Choose, io t^iao ^^ ; k.Tn }^° ; 
sbun ^ ; k?en'-sbun i^° jg ; 
kreiZ-dzeb J^**^ ; whichevei- you 

- , ze ng' L'cn II fnr 
Chop, to \f\\\ §| ; ^o — ivood, 

p^ib z.i' ^- ^^ ; — meat fine, 
nyiiob ts^en-se' I^" •£0° ^; « 
7rtar^-, z-\io' !jl ^ ; mutton — , 
yiang ba'-kweb ^ %"* % 



CHO 



74 



ClPt 



Chopping - board, tsing - pa3n' 

mm 

Chopping-knife, boh-tao' g° 

JJ (ih-po) 
Chop-sticks, kw^sen (j^° (a pair 

ih-s6ng) 
Chord of a vmsical instnnnenf, 

yin-sii/ $i H (Ih-keng) 
Chorister, cJmr-Uader, llng-dco' 

ts^dng'-go UM^^" 
Chowder, ng-kang' '^^ ^° 
Christ, Kyi-toh' ^ g 
Christian, siang-sing Yise-su'-go 

nying mm mm^'' K^'^ 

disciple of JesuSy Yise-su' meng- 
clu'JIUacP?;^; Kyi-toh'-du 

Christianity, Yire-sn' kyiao Jg 

Chronicles, s'-kyi ^ fg; kong- 
kaeii' M &"', — (in the Bible), 
Lih-c1^.t8' liah Mifj^.^ 

Chronology, pin-nyin'-kyi'-loh 

Chrysalis, kyin ^ ; — ^/a silk- 

iconn, zen-kyiu' ^ ^ 
Church, hodyofchmtians, kyiao'- 

^'^ S #; koi)g-we' 2" #; 
kyiao'-meng |J; f ^ ; place of 
ivors/np, li-pa-dong' jffl ^° ^ ; 
— iimnher, kyiao'-yiu gj; ^; 
dzae-kyiao'-go >(J g( >jv« 
Churlish, rude, ts'u-Iu' ^£ ^ ; 

niggardly, pi'-si |R ^ ; pi'-seb 



m 



Cicatrice, Cicatrix, p6 ^ ; 

— of a wou7id, s6ng-p6' fg ^ 

Cider, t)ing-ko'-tsin ^ 3g }g 

Cinders, siao-dzlng'-go me' j^ 

M i^^iffi 5 F*^^^ out the — , siao- 

dziiig'-go me', ksen'-c^ih j^ ^\\ 

^° mm' IS 

Cinnabar, cu-s6' ;g;^j; 
Cinnamon, nyUoh-kwe' ^"/g; 

kwe'-bi g jg ; the best — , zoiig- 
y\ao'ksxe±^$^',—ire€, kwe'- 

Cipher, to son ^ ; the word ling 
^, a fragment, is used to de- 
note parts of tens, parts of hun- 
dreds, &c.; thus 108 is read, ih- 
pah ling pah — "g" ^ A 5 
1050 is read, ih ts^in ling ng-jih 

Circle, yUn.ky^un'[jJg|(ih-go); 
draw a — , wo ih-go ky^un' ^ 
^- '1^*'H ; center of a — , yiin- 
ky'iin'-go cong-sing' J[ g -i^" 

+ it 

Circling, don-ky ^Ui/ yU-tjen'-cUn 

HliSl°ll 

Circular, ofldal tsiao'-we^^-^; 
business — , cii-tsen' ^|^ ; send 
rouiul a — , feng cii-tsen' ^^Il|^ 

Circulate, to — (as air &c.) 
yuing-dong' ?S "jJ ; — (as a 
person), tseo'-dong ;^ gjj ; ^^ng- 
dong f7*'JJ ; — (as the bloodj, 
ciin'-dong HJJ ; — (as a report), 
yiang-k'«' M g3 



cm 



76 



CLA 



I 



Circumcision, tsiu-keb'-li jg 
Circumference, tsin-we' j^g; 

tcJiat is the — of the earth ? di- 
oryiu tsin-we' yiu to-siao' li \^ 

Circumjacent, tsiu'- we-siang- 

gyi"g' ® a * 5£ 

Circumlocution, ^?en - -v^ren'- 
ky'uoh-ky'iioh-go kong' ^ ||f 

ift Si ^° W 

Circumscribed hy difficult dr- 
cumstcmces, be kyiiig'- hwong 

dzin-dju'-iiao mw^mi±y-, 

the space is — , dsen-dziang' be 
di-gyiioh' ^seu'-sab-liao j^i^^ 

Circumspect, ts'-si fp J0 ; siao'- 
sing-go >J> i^ ^" 

Circumstances, kwong-kying' 
3Ef:; dzing-ying'lf 55; kyirig'- 
hwong f^ ^^'JufJgingfrom — 
(as of a country), k^en'-k^en 
ying-shu' M MJ^%'-) <(ccom- 
modate one's self to — , ze-kyi' 
rng'-ymj^^jm^^'^toactac- 
cording to — , tso z-ken', k^en'- 
kyn saijg'-dzing iJ :(: ^^j|E 
^°jf :kyin.kyr.r-ying'£|^ 
M fr 5 yieldijig to — I let ijou. go, 
ngo dzong-gyiii/, peli ng ky^i' 
^'i&mWi^^'''. in reduced 
— , gyiiong'-def^ f^ 

Circumvent, to — plans, p^o fah' 

mm 



5j5; — f7-oni a hook, shii'-liying'- 

!«> « S 51 35 
Citizen, dzing-li'-nyingl^JA' 
Citron, large (citrus medica), 

hyiang-Iou' § iHl"; Buddha's 

hand, veh-siu' -j^, ^ 
City, dzing-t^ or zing-ts' J^ -^ ; 

(ih-zo) ; — wall, dzing-ziang^ J^ 

;tf ; — moat, dzing-dzi' ^^ ^ 
I Civil, i?oZe7c, yiu ]i' ^jg; yiuli'- 
I mao ;j|f |g |g,'; yiu li'-tsih ;^ 

fl^ IB j — "'*^ military, veng 

vu' 35: IS 

Civility, li )g ; li'-mao jg |^; 
li^tsih Jil ® 

Claim, / — yonr promiscy ng so 
ing-hyii, ngo iao-de if^° ^ || 
tf, ?S ^ T°; — one's money, 
t^xo dong-dii/ kyii-lse tiMM"" 

l§°^ 5 ^'^^^'^ ^^ '''!^'^'^ ^^ — ) yiu. 

meng-veng' bao t^ao' ^ ^^ ^ 

if It 

Claimant, tW-cti f J ^ 
Clam, yiin-keh' JJ ^ (ib-go) 
Clamber, io b6-z6ng'{?2,_t;-^eb'- 
zong ^ J;^ ; hyib'-zong ; — up 
(a rope or pole), jing-zong'-kyH 

Clamor, to nao ^ ; ts^ao'- nao 

Clamorous, nao-nyib'-go ^|^* 
-^°; nao-iiao'-nyib-nyib-go tsW 

Clan, dzob ^; dzob-veng'j^ -^ 
(ib, and ib-go) ; lelonging to the 
— , dzob cong' ^^ } all of a 



(3hk 



76 



CLE 



family, zi-ko-uymg @°^''A*'; 
of the saim — , dong-dzolZ-go 
l^t ^ii^"? dong-sing' go |^ 
^/W" ; of the same family naim 
hut of a diffei-ent — , dong sing' 
fehwedzoh' Ii| M 7°^° 
Clandestine, s-^6' ^ZT° 5 kyu- 
tao-ih-kob; t^eo-bnn' fi^Ri°j^"'" 

Clandestinely, ing'-dz6ng |^, 

Clank (of a chain), long-long'- 
byiang ig ijl ^ 

Clap, to kwah Jg ; — on the face, 
kwah' ih-kvv6ng f S — ^°; — 
the table, ^-0.(88 if angry), kwal/- 
coh taDg-teng' \^ McH % 

Clap of thunder, p^ih'-le JJ ^° 
(ill-go) 

Clarify, to di-ts^ing tS Vh i ^~ 
it by settling, ting' gyi-ts'ing ^^° 



Classify, to feng le' ^|g; fer.g 

^ao-su' ^^ fjg ^ 
Claw, tsao ;|^ ; kyiabUsao l^J^ 
Clay, na-nyi' Jfjg ; potters — , 

w6ng na-nyi' ^^ JJJ 
Clean, ken-zing' |g J|:^; kyih'- 

— as snowy kyirg'-ken-sbib-zing 

m tt m w 

Clean, to long ken' -zing '^° |£ 
^°; — by iL-ashing, gyiang' ken- 
zing W l£ W'-> — ^*i' (^s ^ 

place, &c.), tsiu-tsob'. 
Clear, ming ViJ\\very — (as water, 
glas?, &c.), kwang'-tsMngf)^}^^ 
pib'-po'-s-ts'ing' ^ Jffi a ?ft ; 

— (as ideas), ling'-ts^ing ^ }|} ; 

— weather, t4n zing' ^ Bj" ; 

— profit, zing dong'-din ||^** 
^^ ; — /?wrt i/a??ze, ^a(»'-va yiio- 
ti'i' S^^^^iS ' P^^V-s ts'ing' 



Sift 5 — ^^ skimmng, keb' ken- ; Ql^AR, the weather will — , t^in 

zing' f^ |£ if!''; — hy straining, 

li' ken-zing' }f ^^ jf' 
Clash, io k^eb'-k^eb-bang-bang' 

?£ ia}t°}i°5 —inopinim, 

i'-s ts'o-p^ing' ^ g ^ }^ ; i'-s 

gah4ang'. 
Clasp, n. k^eo fp; tali'-k^eo jf fp 
Class, s&>% le ^ (ib) ;« — <>/ 

pupils, ib-paen' ^ob-sang'-ts — 

gEi$'a°-T;— (in society), 

teng ^ ; kyib ^ 
Classics, Chinese kying-sbU' g 

^5 s'-shliDg'-kyiag © §£°g 



we kW 5; # B3 ; — t/i? (by ex- 
planation), kong ming-bab'gg*' 
011 &"; — '^^ *^"y» "yiang lu' 
18^ 1^ ; ditto by callincj (before 
an officer), heh dao' pg Jg; — 
Oiie's self, feng ka' ^ g?' 

CLEARLY,ming-t6ng'-t6ng ^"Bfli 
ts^ing-t^ong }f 51 ; t'eo' ming- 
bab'.go 5S BjJ i^''^^^ 

Clearness of vision, ngoen' - 
kwong tsin' 11^° ^ ^ ; iigsen'. 
ho tsin' 9fi° >;< ^ ; ngaeu'-tsing 
hang' 0ji° HI .^ 



CLE 



77 



dW 



Cleave, <o p^^jp^h'-k^ie^^ 
Cleaver for ivood, za-tao' ^^ 

JJ ; ken-Uo' %' J] (ih-p6) 
Cleft, vong-dcao' ^ j^ ; cmck, 

hweh'-lih-vong f| ^ fl ; hvveh'- 

Clemency, ?o /rca^ ?wV/i — , 
kwUm-sbu' die f; f^. f$; 
kw^in-clje' |^ f^ ; treat a person 
ivith — , <iae nyiug kvvVm' ^ 

Clepsydra, dong-wu-tih'-leo ^ 

Clergyman, kyiao'-s ^ gjp 

(il)-we) 
Clerk, writer, dse-shu f'(]^; dse- 

pib' fij ^ ; — (in a store), ho'" 

ky^ ^ ft J — ('"^ ^ ya-men) 

sliu-b:er/ g f/f 

Clever, llng-ky^iao' g 3:5 5 ^"""g- 

li'f&#J;liwa3nir 
Cleverly done (as work), si'- 

ky^iao J0 3:5 

Cliff, zah-pil/ ;5* ^ ; ts%o'- 
pih ij'^' ^ 

Climate, sbu -t^u i^° j^ ; fong- 
ky'i' JH ^; »^^ ^^^6 —good or 
had? sbu -t'u bao' ^a :;j^ J^ jf 
^"f unfavorable — , sbu'-t^ufeb 
vob' -Ak; ± * M ; fong-kyU' 
feb-te' M « * I J 

Climb, to bo g£; byib ; ^eh ^ . 
— a^rw, byib ju' ig° j^ ; J 
iAe it'a//, bo ziang' E ;® ; — a 
hdl, ^eb saei/ ^ lij; — a rope, 
jing zing' ^ H 



Clinch, ^o holdfast, nyi*h Jao' 
it? ^5 — « '^f" A ting-cii' cUn- 

niiit ter), k^ao4Lng'«ctia-kyiab' |^ 

Cling, io byib'-lao j^ S^ ; k-lao' 

febfong' fr^* n-f-^io 

his mother J byib-kying ab-nyiangf 

Clip o^a /?<^/e (witb scizzors),iBin'- 
tin-diao ]g f J ^ "; zse-tin'-diao 

Clippings of cloth, se-pu-den' ijgjf 
^ 51*; pu-tsin'-se ;»5 ^ :j2^ 

Clock, z-raing'-cong g tg Qj 
(ili-ko) ; what 0* clock is it 1 kyi 
tin'-cotig ^ Sjlf ^1 one o^clock, 
lb tiri'-cong *- SJ ^ 

Clock and watch nuiker, cong- 
piuo^s-vu it ^ fj ijr 

Clod, a ib-kw'e iia-nyi' — ^ Jjg 
Clog, <o cAo^e up, seb'-sab ^ S^ ; 

seb'-dju ^ 4 
Clogged, s/^oes — ivith mud, ^a, 

na-iiyi' doiig-mun'-de S^jll^lg 

Clogs, raob-gyib' Tfc ^ ; jU-^a' 

ffl W\ byiang-^V ^ ^« (a 

pair, ib-s6ng) 
Cloister, Buddhist z ^ ; en ^. 

Taotsi — , kwun ^ ; nunnery, 

nyi-kwu' en ^ ^ ^ 
Close of life, lao'-masn z-^ep ^ 

?i # 'H ; song yii v?en'-kying 

# lif S£ ill; (v««g); «"»««< 



CLO 



78 



CLO 



of life, nyih-deo' loli-saen' z-'eo 

Close the door, kwsen meng' || 
P5 ; — all the doors ajid ivindoivs, 
kwaen-meng'-dong-wu || f^ |^ 
^ ; — the eijes, ngsen'-tsing pi'- 
long0F0Sfflti;^''«^'O^'l^en 
sleepy), ngaen'-tsing mi-long^ 0^° 

it S^Ji ; — ^^'^ '>^''>u^^ cii' -po 
pi'4ongIf5PEgg}i;-ater, 
fong sing hao ^ fg jj ; _ « 
iooit, shii' sin-long' ^ J[^ j:|| : 

— in (as with brick), diab-sah' 
^ g^; ts-saV; seh-sah' g 
1^ ; miin-sah' Jg §^ ; — (as a 
wound), sang-long ^° Jf ; — 
(as a boil), siii-k^eo' J[^ p 

Close (in texture), si'-kyib J.0g^^ ; 
kyih'.jih $ J ^ ; niggardly, pi'- 
seh IIS ^ ; kyq'-liang siao' ^ 
;5)J>; liangtseh';J^;lir/-kyin 
jE ^5 gyih-li'-li ; — weather, 
tMn-ky^i seh'-raeng ^jj ^ ^ 
El ; — J^, siang-gying' ^ J£ ; 

— to, t^ah^gying flfi° JJ 
Closet, djii ^ ; — m #/^e wall, 

pih'-djU H gj (ih-k^eo); small 

— (in a corner, under stairs, 
&c.), beh-keh-long' ^| g| ft ; 
secret — , kab-ziang' "^ ^ ; 
water — , siao'-bin v6ng-ts' >J> 
® M -? ; mao-k'ang' ^ fjj;° 

Clot, to nying-long' ^ J| 
Cloth, pu ^ (used alone, only 
for cotton cloth); good native 
cotton — , du'-pu i^ ^ ; linen 



— , mo-pu' Jg 7^ ; kel/-pu -^ 
^ ; cob'- pu ^^ /(^ ; nankeen, 
ts'-hw6-pu' j^ ^ ^ ; Ueached 
foreign — , bab-yiang'-pu |^ 

twilled cotton — , zia-veng' pu 
m'&^ ; oiled -, fm-pa' '^ 
/(\i', broad — , nyi 56; woolen — 
(flannel, &c.), nyiiong-pu' |^ /(\i 

Clothes, i-zong' ^ ^° ; i-voh' 

Clothes, he — 7ne, gyi peh ngo' 
c^un-tsial/ # J|&° fg ^ l^^• 
ngo i-zong' z gyi' kwun'-go ^ 
S ^°^ it 1= -1"°; ng6 c^un- 
djoh' gyi-go ^ ^ ^^^ ^° 

Cloud, yiiing ^ ; yet/ — , ^ong 
i^go ft ffi°; — ^f «^"«^ bwe, 

bang-baiig'-yiang J^ |[|"J^ f" 
Cloudless, va3n-li'-vu-yuiiig' Jg 

Cloudy weather, zong-yiiiiig t^in' 

a t^in It i|° 5C 
Cloves, ting-byiang' 'y § 
Clown (in a play), siao-hwo-lin' 

>]^?glt ; i^) ''^^^^^^^ byiang-^6'- Tj 

nying^l5T°A* I 

Clownish, like a clown, ziang ' 

siao-hwo-lin' ka <^ >J> :j!g Jg ; 

coarse, ts'u-lu' ^^ ^ ; ts*u-ts^ao' 

fflft 

Cloyed, <o 5e ky'Uoh'-bi-de pg° 
^^ 7°; ky^uoh'-in'-de pg° || 
7°; ky^ob'-leb in'4sao-tsaop^° 



CLU 



79 



COB 



Club, kweng'-ts ^^ ^ (ib-keng) 
Club togeAhei' and hire a boat, tah 

eating, pMng ho'-zih Jg >^ g ; 
— together to live, p^ing-deng' 
is ]S 5 ■" i^9^^h(^'^ ^0 but/, p'ing 
ma' m M° 
Clue, deo-jii' 5^ ff ; cant find 
the — (to the idea), moh-feh- 
djob'deo.ju'^^^*'lilt; 
io trace out a — , jing deng' ^° 
|g ; Imve the — , yiu tsong-tsiiig' 

W ffi SE ; ^'^ — '^ '^'^ '^»'^.^' 
zeh' m-ing' ffi-tsong'-de ^° |^° 

Clumsy, don'-ky*iao-go ;:p° 7^" 

Cluster, ih-gyiu — ^ ; ih-p^ang'. 
Clutch, to q}6 Ig" 
Coagulate, to nying-long J^ 

}i;kyihqong3^±fi;tongJJ 
Coal, me-t'sen' >^ ^ (a piece, 

ib-kw^e) 
Coalesce, to ^eh-long' ^ ||| ; 

mil not — , ^eh-feh-long' ^ 

Coal-mine, me-t^aen' yUib j^ ^ 

*^ ; me saen' j^ jlj 
Coal-scuttle, me-t'aen' dong >^ 

Coarse, ts^u |g[ 

Coast, bse'-pin ^ jg ; a« along 

the—, yinbae^ih-tae' •jig.J^— ^ 
Coast, to sail along the — , yin- 

bae'-pin b' }& }§ ^ ^ 



Coat, long — to be ivorn with a 
girdle, bao-ts' ^ -J; zong-mim', 
(a country term) ; long — , kab'- 
ao l^l^ U ; do-saen' ;/\;** ^^ ; short 
Jacket, m6'-kw6 ,1^ |jf ; foreign 
overcoat, do-i' ^ ^ 

Coat (of paint or wbite-wasb), ib- 
du' — ^ ; one — , taen-du' g 
^ ; ^it'O coats of varnish, song- 

du ts^i m'^mm-.j^rst-', 

deo-ib' du 53 — ^ 
Coax, to nyun' cu -du Dc fij jS > 

yuoiig nyiinM^ong ffi |^ X 
Cob, C07-W lob-kob sing' |^ ^ )jj 
Cobweb, bong-dzing' f^ ^ ; 

spidei's — , kyib'-cU' mong' J§ 

^ IPJ^ kyil/-cu' lon-mong' t§ 

Cochineal, ngo-laen'-mi P^TIHtR 
Cock, yiiong-kyi' ^ ||; kong- 

kyi' ^ il (ib-tbab) 
Cockscomb, kyi-kwun' ^ ^ ; 

— (a flower), kyi-kwun'-bwo' 

COOK-CROWIMG, kyi-di'-go z-'eo' 

Cockle, ben-ts' ^ ^ 
Cockroach, ts^6ng-16ng' Jig Jj^ 

(ill-go) 
Cocoa-nut, gyia-biao' Jg U 

(ib-go) 
Cocoon, kyin K ; — o/ silk- 

woi-ms, zen-kyii/ ^ ^ 
Code o/ /ai^?s, lib-li' f^ ^J 
Co-equal, bing-teng'qS^ ; bing'- 

kyin a^Hidong-pe' |§| g 



COE 



80 



COL 



Coerce, to al/-cu JE°fij; iah-cu' 

Co-eternal, iiong-yiin dong- 

<iz3e' 7J< it IpI i£ 

Coffee, ko-fi ^°gp, transferred 
from the English. 

Coffee-pot, ko-fi wu ^°I9P ^ 

Coffer, nying - siang' |^ ^ ; 
yiang-siang' 'j^f: ^ ; —for cash, 
dziii-gyu' i^ tg° 

Coffin, kwun-z«' |g ^^"j kwun- 
moh' if^ TJ; (ih-k^eo) ; — con- 
tcdnivg the corpse, (i.e. the spirit 
coffin) ling-gyiu' ^j^^; to place 
in the — , jih-liii' X ^ ; jih- 
moh' A 7|c ; loll liJi' -^ S ; ^0 
see the body placed in the — , 
song-Iin' g ^ 

COFFIN-MAKER, kwuii - zae'-s-vu' 

Cog of a wheel, leng-bun-t's' ^ 

« Sf (ib-go) 
Cogent, yiu gying-dao'^^^jf ; 

— arguments, so kong' dzing-li'- 

go m w If s Y 

Co-heir, ^oic dongziu ts'ien-uyih 

Cohere, to kao-nyii/ p° f j^ j 

nyin-long' jfi J| 
Coil, a — of iron wire, ih-bun t^ih- 

ih-don zing' — m 18° 
Coin, cash, dong-din |3 §1°; 
do/^i^, yiaog-dzin' '§& i^° 



Coin, #o — cash, cii dong-din' ^ 

Coir, tsong-li' ,f^ ;jf 
Colander, tiii sieve, mo'-k^eo-t^h' 

Cold, lang 7^°j % — , ping- 
lang' 7X ^'8*"; ^^ ^'■^"' — » lang'- 
ky^i-l9e ^/^^ U^'.to catch — , 
song fong' fj JK, ; y^?v/ — (as 
food, or a person), ping-kweh'-s- 
lang' tJC # Pg ^^°; seng'-kweh- 
deo l\^%l% ; to feel— , kyuoh'- 
teh lang' %^^7^°', teh'-cu lang' 

Coldly, lang'-daen 7jt° \k '■> ^1^"" 
^oh' fjj^ ^ ; /«e treated me — , 
gyi dae ngo lang'-dten ^ ^^ 

Colic, s6-ky'i' ^' ^ ; severe — , 
kao'-dziang-s6 fj^" ,|j§ 

Collapse, m — , t^eh-nyiin'-de 
^ :S; T"; ^<^ — (as a vessel), 
ih'-long [U] fll ; to s//nye/, pih'- 

long Bi }i 
Collar, ling g| (ih-keng) 
Collate, io compare aitically, 

ts^ccn-kW ^ ^ 
Collect, to — (as persons), jii'- 
long IK fi ; jii' -jib-long ^ ^ 
Ji; siu'-jih-long Jfe i& ii; 
tsing'-long-lae ^ fl ^ ; ^ — 
from various places, seo-lo' ^j||4 
— (as money), teo ^ ; — volun- 
tary small contributions, teo veng- 
ts' ^ ^ -5" j — large contribu- 
tions, siu kyiin-^ong' JtiiS .R > 



COL 



81 



COM 



— revenue, siu-se' i^^ ^ ; 'o 
maJce up a sum of monci/, kyiiu- 

long' dong-di./ '^ ill m m' 

Collector o/' kind taxes, siu-zin- 
liang'-nyingJltf^jfl/Odu- 

— of custcnis, siu-se*^ go-iiying 

College, shU-ytia' ^ ^ (ili-go) 
Collier, gyiiih-me-t^it^n'-go-nying 

go-nying g3 ^ ^ ^' A° ; 
charcoal maker, siao-t'ren'-nying 

Collide, to te'-deo-p'ong'; do-ko 
bang' -^sC^^iii cl6-k6 dzong 

CoLLOCATlON(ofwords),lin-p^ing- 

Collude, to do - k6' tang'- son 
bong'.p^in;^«^°fl*^|Ijfc,?^ 

COLOXEL, ts^-en-tsiang'^^JIf ; fu'- 
tsiang gij JIf 

Colonize, to form a new settle- 
ment, sing hying' ih-go mo'-deo 

Color, ngaen-sel/ |g'*'6 ; neutral 
— , ts-in' seh ^ g^ ; bright — , 
ts'e' sell ^ g^ ; to lose — , ehih 
seh' ^ fe ; <a change — , pin 
sell' ^ g. ; faded — , ngren-seh 
tV-cliao.de^^fe5g Jgy^; 
€f the same — , ping sell' ^-f g, ; 
of nearly the same — , (when 
tbey ought to be alike or quite 
different), deh seh' fg g, 



Color, to nyin sell' p^° tE ; '^ — 

7'ed, nyin V)ng' Ife" J^ 
Column, dju -ts ;f^ :f (ih-keng) ; 

— of characters, ih-da z' — J[|5 
^; ih-'Ong' z - J^ ^ ; - 

ofsmot;, ih-kwii in' — ' JJx! 'iS 

large ditto, ih-bong in' — j^^iig 
Comb, coarse s Ijjg**; ^ne — , bi- 

kyi' 1^^ (ib-kwun); honey — , 

fong-k^o ^ ^° 
Comb, to — the hair, s' deo-fah'|j£° 

S3 S j — "'^^ (-trrange ditto^ s' 

deo' ^j^- m 

Combat, to siang-tang ^9 tT > 

— (as an army), tang-tsiang' 
i7 ft"*' — (^ people among 
themselves ), tang-nying-dzing' 

Combine, to ^eh-long' -^ Jf| ; coin- 
lined strength, dong-sing' yiah- 

lib' I^ >iJ& U 
Come, ^o lae ^ ; coming, lae'-de ^ 

*j*°; Jias — , Ise-ko'-de ^ -g 

"j***; m7?«5 yesterday, z6-nyili'-ts 

1^27/ — immediately, iigo ziu lae' 
?? St^ ^ ; — ^ack the same 
day, tong'-nyih ciiiZ-we ^ 
1^ (n| ; tuAe/i c/ic? ?/0M — (up) ? 

iigkyi'-zz6ng.lae'frMB#± 
^ "? — down (as Christ), kdng'- 

loh |^° -^ ; — ajoa?-?, t^ah'-k^ae 

JK° ^ ' — '^ ^^^ "'^ ^^* ^*' 
kyih-ko'Jl^^fi^J^^; coming 

ev^Ti^if, tsiang-lse'-go z-ken' ;jf 3jv 



COM 



COM 



Comet, sao'-tsiii-sing' JS" ^ ^ ; 

we' -sing ^ ^ (ih-lih) 
Comfort, to ky^uu'-ka gj fH"; 

ka-meng'g|'Pt1; saen-sing ^^JJ; 

eTi--^e' -^ ^ ; ^'^ comforted me, 

Dgo ky'ii-leh gyi ky'iin'-ka ^ 

-r7°4tiftr 

Comfortable, shihM jj ^ 5 
ziu'-yiiong ^ ^ ; song'-kw^a 
^ ft" 5 hao'-ko ; this chair is 
veiij — (to sit in), zo'-lse kel/ 
p6 u'-ts ting ziu'-yiiong ^° j^** 

circumstances, ^eng-pao' JJJ ||[ 
Comfortably dressed, c^Un'-leli 

pao'.non^^^g;^ 
Comfortless, ^lo-vu'c^u'-hyiang 

Comical, hao fah-siao'Jf ff ^; 
ying nying' siao ^\ A"^ 

Command, feng-fu' pg. pf^f; an 
officer'' s — , ling /^ ; *ao-ling' 
^^\ to issue a — , c^ih 'ao- 

l"^g' ffi ^ ^ 
Command, to feng-fu \^ pf . 

Commander, m?7?7a?7/ — of a prov- 
ince, di-toh' Jl 5^; naval — , 
se'-s di-toh' 7jC W ^ tt 

Commandment, kylae |jg ; </ie 
<m commandments, jih-diao kyiai' 

Commemorate, to kyi'-nyirenf^ 

Commence, to z6ng siu' J: ^ ; 
— for the first time, k^ae-siu' g^ 
^f See Bkgin. 



Commend to your care, t^oh ng 
kwun If jf^° f^ ; — him, ngao' 
gyi hao' ^° ^ ^ 5 ^"^ recom- 
mend, kyii'-tsin ^)j^\to praise, 
tsMng-tssen' ^^ ^ ; pao'-kyii 

Commendation, ts'Ing-tsaen' ^ 
f^' I am not worthy of that — , 
keh'-go ts^ing-tsnen' ngo tong'- 
feh-kyn' r^°i?Ma^ 

Comment, to k6ng-ka' l^** ^'; 

cu'-ka gf ff" 
Commentary, cii'-ka |f ^"-jfine 

print — , si'-cu J0 U (ih-peng) 
Commentator, cU cU-ka go nying 

Commerce, kao-yih'g°^; ma'- 
ma g° X°; t^ong-song' Jf |5^ 

Commiserate, ?o k'o'-Iin ■p]*>^ ; 
re-lin' ^ *» 

Commissary, yiiing-liang'-kwun 
J® ffl § (generally the officer 
who has the care of the rice 
tribute). 

COMMISSON, officer's bu'-tsiao -gjj 
JB ; — for a ."pedal service, ^e'- 
ba g)}?°; a factor s percentage, 
yuong-din' ffi 1^'' 

Commission, <o ^e ^; — him to f 
iimnage, ^e gyi ba3n' ^ ^ ^ 

COMMISSONER, ^e'-yUn ^ ^ ; 
— 0/ customs, se'-vu-s j^ ^ 
-gl ; salt — , yin-yuing'-s || 



COM 



83 



COM 



Commit, to t*ob |£ ; t%)li'-fu |£ 
j^ ; kao-die' 5°fg ; ^o — to an 
infenor, fu'-t^oh -^ |£ ; / — 
f/«s c/«7c? <o T/owr care, keh-go 
siao-nying' ngo t'ob ng kwu'- 



Common-place, feh c'ib'-seh ^ 
{ij e.;febliyi'-gyi*#^ 

Commotion, nao-nyih' ^ -^^''; 
dtsturlance, ts'ao'-nao %fp ^ ; 
26'% ?5 thU — ? dza-we' ka nao- 



^'5 — «^'^' '''^^ ze' ^B # ; ,, _ ^ cu'-s-teh nao-nao' nyili 

Commmune, to dsen-sing' ^^fj ; 
fi'.fii-ts deen' MMl^ M I ^^ ;^«^- 
tale of the Lord's Svpper, ky'iioh 
sing'-vaen-ts^cen pg*' ^ Jg g 

Communicate, ^e comimmicated 
it to me, z gyi' w6-hyiang'-ng6- 
dao-go^^^^°|^?5 5i^°; 
— nei(;s, pao sing'-sih f^ f^ ^g, ; 
t^ong-fong'-pao-sing' JJ J^ gf^ 
ff ; t^ong-cu' sing'-sih Jf^nff 
M^ (generally something secret, 
or improper) ; — disease, bing- 
yin-ko' ^ Jg ig 

Communication, lae-Ise'-ky^i-kyU 

.^Ong'-L->e.peb-djib'fi^;f;jg,. 
verbal — , k*eo'-sing P fg (ib- 
go) ; iviitten — , shii-tsah' g^ 
;);[, (ih-fong) ; official — , veng- 
shii' ^ ^ ; — from a foreign 
I)ower, cj-c, tsiao'-vve I[B •§• (ih- 
koh) 
Communion, the Lord's Svpper, 
siiig'-vgen-ts^aen ^ g^ g ; Cu' 
vsen-ts^aen J BJ S » — ^/ 
saints, sing'-du siang-l^ong' ^ 



^as committed sin, zo-ze'-liao ^° 
IP "J* ; — io pi-ison, lob lao- 
ka^n' ^^S'; sill k.W «5p 
S° or iUc g^ 

Committee, W-bajn g |ji|l ; 
deb-p'a' cu-kwii ^ JR'' >h° A° 

Commodious, convenient, yiang- 
yiang' bin-tong' M^^^M''> 
large, kw^un-ts'iab' ^ jf^ 

Common, ordiriary, bing-dzong' 2p 

^ ; bing-su' Z|i ^ ; — (every 

day) Vrse, bing-jil/ yiiong' ^ 

^; dzoh-nyib yuong' jg 

U "^ ffl ; — c^o^/i^s, bin-i' ^ 
^ ; bin-vob' g jjg ; — sa^fw^, 
dzob'-wo' ^ g§ ; «oo — , t^eb 
dzob' 'S." W i^\ — P^ople^ 
bing-deo' pab'-sing ^ BH "@ JjJ j 
in — use, t'ong-yiiong'-go ^^J^ 
'^° ; — custom, dzong-kwe' '^ 
^ ; dzob-r/ fg ^J ; ^^^7 to be 
bought (or obtained), yiiong-yi' 



ky^iob Jg p£°; ^0 / 
pMng dcng' i§ ;£° 
Commonly w, da-kae' 


^~ lib ma 
/ye in — , 


^''jlt"; bing-dzong^ 


z-ka 21i^ 



COM 



84 



COM 



Commute, to — a greater jnmish- 
ment for a less, ko ze'-ming JJH^ 
fp^ ; — a less punishment for a 
greater, k?en ying-vah' S°?lil 13 

Compact, closely united, kyili'-jih 
5i H 5 — ^^^ t-^^ tiody), kyih'- 
kweng; — (as clotli), kyih'-tsoh 
Ji J£, 5 — (as a bouse), kyiiig'- 
ts^eo ^ -^ 

Compact, a contract ivldch is torn 
in two, and given to each parti/, 
^eb-dong ^ (f| 

Companion, de-bo' |5^ p ; ts^eo- 
^^' ^ W > dong-de' cli-kwu [^ 
1^ i-^A"; tso-de'-go nying j^ 
^^ 4^° A ° 5 *<^^^^ compKmions, 
scen-beng' s-yii/ H >SJ ;S 

Company o/\^oWiVre?, ib-de ping' 

— Pl^ in ; corporation, kong-s' 
& p] 5 /<5"^^<>/ — 1 bwnn-byi' 
iiying.k\ab' f^ g ^"A^'^fond 
of idle — , liwun-byi' sxMi-beng'- 
s-yia' # :g H JJJ S 

Comparable, kV-pi pj* j:(^ 

Compare, ^o pi J;^ ; pi'-kyiao Jt 
g; pi'-pi-kW ^fc j:tt;- 
(as writings or numbers), te'-te- 
k^en' if if S ; te'-ko ^f jg 

Compared, cwmo^ /^e — , pi.feb- 
^'^^-so it % ^i ^^ 

Comparison, pi'-yu Jt Ifj ; pi'- 

f«ng it :** ; pi'-ju it ^n ; ^o 

draw a — , yuong pi'-fong pi- 

ii^'-pi ffl it * it - it ; ^>o 

— , ing'-tsong pi'-ieb-lac jg g^! 



it^ ^; ffi-kao' bao pi' }J'' 

W°iTib 

Compass, ^o environ, we-tajtZ-cUn 
@ fl*° It ; — M.'t''/« or ahout, 
yii-ciin' gj* IJ; nyiao-tain'-cUu 

Compass, the Mariner's ts'-nen- 
ts'"g Ja ^ tpj liyiang'-bun [^ 
^ ; — used (by sorcerers) t/i 
selecting sjwts of ground, keb'- 
byiang-bm/ ^ fy ^ 

Compassion, a3-lin'-sing ^ jg 
>jji ; /ee/ — , kyiioli'-teb yiu re- 
lin'-singJK'#;t^g>^,E:>;^o 
ea-ai<? o?ie's — , ken'-dong nying- 
go dzV-sing ]^ fj A° ^° 






£' 



Compel,^ pib'-lebjjg ^; ky^iang'- 
^'^ 5S° M 5 "gang-iao' ^Jg ^ ; 
ngang-k^o' f^ ^° 

Compelled, to he ngang-ts'-ts. 

Compendium, ts^eb'-iao ^ ^ ; 

tsab'-iao jg ^ (ib-pcng) ; — o/" 
historg, kong-kien' ts'eli'-iao ^° 

Compensate, to pao'-tab :|rj >g ; 
Ave- NY ail/ [dJ 5g ; to make a return 
for some favor, pao-teb' ^^ (g ; 
piZ-pao |§ ^^ ; this compensates 
for my loss (in money), keb' bao 
ti'-dzong ng<y-go su' -f ° jj J£ 

fit fc ^°ic; - >• yow'- 

trouhk, dzin-pao' ng-go lao-kw^u' 

Compensation, / expected no — , 
ig yiu wc-waeu' 



I 



ngo feb Biang'-voii£r 



COM 



85 



COM 



fS ^6 » g? W 51 ; '^'««^' 

i/io7iei/, zi;i-(liri' ^°§^°] reward 
money, song'-diii '^ -^"j « slight 
extra — {i.e. tea money or wine 
money), dzo'-din :ig ^° ; tsiu'- 
din is ^^ ,• Juivc given Mm a — 
for his trouble, dziu'-gyi-lao'-ko- 

'^le B° 91 3t ^ 

CoMTETK, to bill ^''; bib-gyiao'; 
tsang zong'-loh ^°±^^ ; —for 
honor and wealth, Iseng-ming'- 
deb-li' ^ 2 f^ fij ; tsang 
ming-sing' ^° ^ M'^ — »'* 
trade, bib sang-i' ^ 4° ^; 
able to — ivith, k^o'-yi te'-dih 

Competent, Jtaving ahilitij, yiu 
dzai-^oh' ^ :f- 4i°; yiu du'- 
t^zje ^ J^:^\ — to do {3, 
certain thing), ii6-siu'-go ^ ^ 
'^'^*' ; — /or, k^o'-yi ta^n-tong' 
pT iU ti ig* » ^eb-yUong'-go 

Competitor, ts^iang ing-yliong'- 
A 



gonyingf^°5^^^< 



— of others behind their haclcy pe' 
V'o kong ko'-ton ^ ^ B$° iS 
^ ; /o yi/w? faidt with, mao-iiu' 
ji»gg;s-^ve^ 

Complement,/"/^ ngab'-ts tsob'- 
de g| •? J£ Y"; ngab'-ls mun'- 
^^e^^iiT"; sa'-mohzi'- 

sii' leb tsoh' 4!c ^, J£ 

Complete, not wanting, djun-bo' 
^ fi ; jili-tljun' -p ^ ; jib- 
tsob' +JSi > finished, wnn-djun' 
%^ ;dzing-dziu j^jgt ; dzing- 
^^oi\^ JSS ^ j — happinesSy djUii 
fob' ^ la 

Complete, to tso'-dzmg ^ ^; 
tso' wun-djun' \^ ^ ^ 5 ^^^ — 
arrangements, bffiu'-leb t^o'-tong 

Completely, jib-feng' -f- ^ ; 
djiin-djiin' "Y^ ^'t — consumed 
hj fire, bo' dziab-kw6ng'-de i)^ 
m^T'.— chilled, weng'-sing 
til lang'-de ?^ # « ^^^ T** 

Complex, se'-vten ^ ^^ 



Compile, /o we'-jib-bng^^JI; Complexion, min-seli' IS g, ; 
Compiler, we'-jib-go nying' ^ I ky^'-seb ^ ^ 

^° Compliant, yiin-web' J[fg ; zc- 



m.Y 



Complacent, satisfied, teb'-i- 

yiang'-yiang^5^;^|g 
Complain oftroulk, sn kw^u' =|f, 

^ ; su t%)ng'-kw^i ^ -^ -;§ ; 

~ of gneo'unces, su iin' =^, ^; 

— of one's difficulties, kong zi'- 
• gon^enW^rH^i^^il^t; 



^oen' tao-^ain' g| ^** flfl^ ff ' 
Complicated, involved, lin-Hn'- 
ky^in-ky'ui ig jg ^ $ ; — 
««(f intiicate, tsi-li'-tseo-leo' pg** 
H PJ3' nt ; — affair, dzin- 
ziao'-go z-t^i' m^^'"^^ 
Compliment, p^aise^ ts^ing-ts» n 



€0M 



SC) 



CON 



Dying-ko' vong'-dzing fif A°^° 
^3C' ^^^ ^^^'^^^ ^* teiig'-bim-li ; 
emptij — , veo-veiig' shili-w6' J^ 
35c ^ 15 ; k'eb'- t^io sluh-vvo' 

'Compliments, present my — to 
him, dae ngo' ts^ng-ts^ing gyi en 

ffj 3S It li? S S 

Comply, ^0 i ^\ I will — with 

(your wishes), ngo^ we i' ng ^ 
# ^ f4*>°; tseng-kyiao' =f ^ 
Compose, to cu ^ ; cii' -tsoh ^ 
f^ ; — a hook, cii shii' ^ § j 

— mid collect, cu-jili' ^ J^jt ; — 
an essay, tso veng-tsong' ^ 3^ 
^ ; — r^rse, tso s' \^ If 

Composed (in mind), sing-ding' 
*5 j£; ding- ding -sing-«ing'; 
sing t^il/-ding ^jj f|[5° ^; sing' 
feh-dong' ^[J. ^fe gj) ; perfectly 

— , sing-selZ-feli-dong' ^ g, 

Composed of two or three things^ 
liang'-sa3n-yiang' keh'-long tso- 

of more than one article, feh ts' 
ih-yiang' tso'-c^ih-go ^ jfc "-* 

Composition, essay, veng-tsong' 



sy^" 



COMPOUND,kah'-dzeh-go^' 
COMPRADORE, kong'-bah-bo ^ 
^(•g, transferred from the Eng- 
lish } otie who buys piwidom /cr, 



ma'-bcen ^ '^j^ ; one who buys 
(/oods, ma' -ho sin-sang ^^ ^ 

CoMPiiEHEND,to ming-bab'0^^; 

tong ff ; hyiao'-teh ^^ 
Comprehensive, yiu hyii'- to 

pao-kweh'-tih #1^ ^Q Jgg^ 
Compress, to ah g**; — on both 

sides, keh kyih'-jih 7^° {jj ^ 
Compromise, to tsiah'- wu - gyi 

coiig' S $ ^ tfi ; liang'-tsia 

]^ ff|°', liang'-pin tseo-tsen'-long 

Compulsion, ^^ min'-kyMang ^ 

Compute, <o son ^ ; p^a J!g° ; 
p^i'-p'a-k^en' gg" JJg'' J^ 

Comrade, de-ho' pj^ j^ ; dong- 
de'-nyi ng [^ pj^ 7^°; comrades 
(in amusement), ssen-beng'-s-yiu' 

Concave, t'en-tsing' liao-go [UJ" 

Conceal, /o k^ong gj ; — rmc? 
deceive, mun g^ ; — ,/'rom an- 
other, mun-saen'-en-s' p^ ^ J^" 
^ ; I cant from — yoa, mun- 
ng'-feh-teh-shih' jl^ f;);° % @ 
UJ; ; — one's name, nyih-ming' 
nyih-sing' g ^ g Jl 

Concede, to grant, cing ^|| ; to 
yield, nyiang Ig** 

Conceit, a foolish — , ts^eng'- 
kongveo-i^peh.jih'>5%g''J? 
W /P M; ts^eng'-deo h jU'-go 



CON 



87 



CON 



^/BM & -t"; ts'engf-kong, 
neiig-sbili' i)eh-ncng-yiiig' ^jj»° 

Conceited, zi sou' dzai'-^ong g ** 
^ fi ft ; — (i'l talking), iao 
ts'ing-neiig g. ^ fg 

Conceivable, ts*eng'-leh-tao'-go 

Conceive, to — (in the womb) 
ziu-yuing' ^^ ; zlu-t'ae'^JJ^ ; 

— an idea, ky'i-i' ^ ^ ; ky^i- 
kyin' j|E ^ ; — a purpose^ fah 

Concentrate, to kwe-cong' |f 
^ ; — i/ie wimc?, ih-siiig c'ong' 
ih-yUoh' ^ J|. ^ ^ g; ; sing 
kwe-long' ,(3 If }f 

Conception, ^cfm, i'-s ^',g *, i'- 

Concern, siang-ken' ;f|^; tchat 

— is it of mine ? teng ngo sol/- 
go siang-ken' 1^" ^ ig^ Jg" 
;ft ^ ? u ngo' «o-ken' ^ ^ 
jnl =p'^ yu ngo Vdzil/ II 5g 

Concern, to Idong to, joh'-u ^^ 
"f ; u-1^; yu ||;kwjen || ; 
it does not — me, yii ngo'vu dzih' 
H 3S ^ f$ ; feh kwrcn'-djoh 
ngo'z.kenf,||^«^^|^; 
li cZocs — ?/ze, yii ngo' yiii kao- 
kwaea'm$^gg°||; " »g^ 
yiu' kwien-yi' ^fj^rpf^^; 
(fo 7io^ — yourself, bao-vong' fi- 



Concerned /or, dziab-kyib' ^ 

S ; tcXM-iu' ii .g 
Concert, »'« p'e' bao-liao-go g[» 

jj T -l^"; siang-pV-go ^0 
Concert, to do-ko' tang'-son ;/y;'' 

Conciliate, ?o — (by kindness), 
teng gyi' ^o-hao' |1| 3t f U iT' > 
to render friendly, s'-teh gyi ^o- 
mob' j^ ;tt fu 1 

Conciliating, act in a — manner 
and he ivill be conciliated, yiiong 
nyiin'-kong pa'-pu, peb gyi pa'- 

Concise, kyin'-kyib ^ gg ; ton^- 

ling'-kying ^^ ; — in speaking 

tsin'-sao. 
Conch, ngo-lo' ^°i% 
Conclude, to wnn ^ ; Hao "f ; 

wun-kyib' %^ ; — the business, 
wun z' ^ :^ ; liao z' ^ ^ 
Conclusion, kyib'-sab $± ^^; 

— o/* « discourse, kyib kyii' j^§ 
-^ ; kvvten-meng' sbib-wo'gg f^ 



Conclusive, tvords an 



shib- 



w6' kong'-leb lob-sbing' ^ f^ 

wwMm 

Concord, in «o-mob' ^ gf ; kong'- 
leh-lae ^^ ^5'*'^ ? — ^^ sounds, 
sing - ing' tsoen'- zi ^ § ^** 
^°; dong-sing' siang-ing' [^^ 

49 B 



CON 



88 



CON 



Concourse, « crowd of people, 
ih-cl(i'-(lxiao nying -^ '^^^ % 
J^; a great maw/, vn-ts^in'-da- 
v;en'.go ^ 1^ :/c H ^° 

Concubine, ab-yi' ^ ^ *, slao 
lao-nyiiing' )]. ^ ^°; styled, 
p'in-voiig' {g ;g;tseli'-sliih tjj 
^ ; jii'-fu-nyiiig ^j] -^ A°i "" | 
jja/cZ^iy the month, pao lao'-nyuing 

Concupiscence, yiiol-sing' ^ 
>6 ; s-yiioli'-sing ^l '^ ;ij. 

Concur, /— with him, nao teiig 
gyi(long4'$^m°3t''l^#^ 
iigo teng' gyi tso' i-s, fj ^°-Jt° 
IW1°# g ; ngo yia' ka i'-s ^ 



Concussion, serere tsing - tslng- 
dong li-'se' ig f J m * 

Condemn, io ding ze' ^ p ; — 
/<m <o (im^7<, ding' gyi si'-ze ^ 
^ ^° P ; — <//e hoat as lad, 
ding keli' tsali juu ^a' ^g Jl°ft 

Condense, to long kyih'-jih ^ 
li W ' — ^V/ J^ressure, ah kyib'- 
jih JEIJ; K ; -- ki pressure of 
the hand, ky^ing kyih'-jib 
$i K ' — ^!f pressure of the 
feet, dab kyil/-jib ^§ {^ g 
Condescend, «o kyiiong'-ling p^ 
f^ ; kong'-loh di-we' |$°-^ 1 
<j^ ; -_ ^0 Z/M// of, s'-kwii IglH ; 
^o-kwii y M\ — fo ^^^^P '" 
trouble, kwOng'-kwu ^C IS 



Condign, kse ziu' ^ ^ 
Condiments, liao-li'^^Jil-]^; pong- 
deo' ^ BM 5 ^^"^''^ '•^^ " condiment, 
liao-tsiu' Jl^il- JB 
Condition (wbetber as officer, 
teacber, or trades-man, &c.), di- 
we' -ftfi; — (arrived at), di-bi/ 
I j;j|:^ ; — (wbetber sick or poor, 
I ricb or well, &c.), kying'-di j^ 
j Ji ; kying'-hwong if -Jl 
1 Condition, Iinake one — , ngo' 
lib ib-go ^«n' fa jt — ^^ 
Pl^'' ; must not violate {i. e. step 
over) i/ie — , feb-k^o' ko' ^Tu'f, 

Condole, /o — with, dO-ko t^aen'- 

sib :j^^ %: % k> 

Conduct, tsob'-we f^ % ; 'ang- 



i'-dong-zing^''iiiSll?;lvyii 

ts^ing-dong' f^ibfr"®'"^- 

tsob'-soW fjf f'^i^Jf ©j'^-^^g- 

we' fr° ® 5 ^'^''^ ^"^^ -" ' '^'' 
tsob ^ang-we' J° i^ ^" ^'^ 

^6'-liu^ang-we'T°*8KfT\^ 
Conduct, to ying'-dao 5| ^ ; 

ta'-ling ^°M ; bng 51 
Conductor, ying'-dao cu-kwu 

Cone, yUn ti' tsin dco^]^*^M 
Confectionery, sugared things 

(as fruits), mib-tsin' ^^- See 

Candy. 
Confederate, adj. c^iin^'eb-liao 

^ ^° T 5 t'ong-dong'-liao 5§ 



CON 



89 



CON 



Con FEU, to — (ofiice), fong ^; 

— (rjivors), s ^g ; song % 
Confer, to consult, siang-liang''^ 

jj ; siang-song' ^B iS 
Conference, to hold a — , ih- 

fien we-nyi' ^ ^ ^ ^-^ to 

meet for — , jli'-we siang-iiyi' 

IK ^ 4a ^ 

Confess, to jing gg ; tsiao-jing' 
tS Wt ' — sometJiing urong, jing 
tsV 12 ^g ; nying sbu' gg'' j|| 
Confidant, n. sing-foh' jjji Jg 
Confide, to instruct, t^oh-sing' Jg 
fg ; can — in Jam, gyi t^oh'- 
Hing-lel.-ko' S J£ ^ ©° i§ ; 
gyi k'ao'-leh-dju'.go ;E J^g ^° 
^^ -^°; <o believe, siang-siug' 

Confident, certain, yiu'-.su 7^ 
ft ; vii "yi' ^ @ ; ^^i/ — , zi 

siang'-sliig zi' g°tof|- a" 
Confidently, jili-z'-jib-loh' @ 



43. 



»t^ 



Confidential, liao'-t'ob-siang- 

«'"S U ffi 40 fi" ; t'oh'-sing. 

leh-koJEff ;[4-^; 5ecr.^,kyi. 

n,ih' ti {g 
Confine, /o m//vt7, iab'-soli JJ ; Confucius, K'ong'-fu-tsJL^ .J 



man's), tso-sang'-m z-W fj^ ^° 
'PJ:'^ 11$ '1^ > ^^*^^0j (ly^'ii'Cil, ling- 
ts'ien' g- H 
Confirm, to — as true, ding-ji!/ 
i£ M; — kl pt'oof, yinf^'-tsing 
51 SE) ^^ edablisli, kyin-kwi/ 

MS 

Confirmation, </<e rite of — , 

kyin-sing'-li g fg* jjH 
Confiscate, to ts^)ng kong' Jg 

Conflagration, bo'-tsong do'- 
ka..kying' ^XmXWM.'^ 
lio'-ts;c iX, ik 

Conflict, to gyib-gab' ^^^ §;*» 
dzih-kab'-deo ; tojight, kao-tsiu' 
S ^ 5 tang-tsiang' ^J fj^" 

Conform to //^e imttem, isiao 
yiang' tso {13 ff §^ ; o%, i^ 
dzong' ^ ^ 

Confounded, confused, wu-ll'- 
wu-^u' g° ^ I/jD ^ ', perplexed 
mong'- tong 'j^ 'j'^ (iiiong or 
raong) 

Confront, to — xcith criticising 
tong-raiu' pob' g "g HJ ; — 
ivith t/ireats, tong-uiin' beug'-bo. 



SC; tsu'-dju la {± ; — //// a 
(/uard, kwun'-ab ^. Jl}l° 
Confined, ctos^, meng-ky'i' ^^ 
^ ; — or narrow quarters, bnn- 
djun'-feb ciin'-go di-fOng' ^ ^ 



Confuse, to Ion fL ; weng'-lou 

Confused, wu-li'-wu-du' g:" ^ 
|aM;m-deo^m.ju'*g°FI^° 
jf^ ; — in mind, sing Ion' i(^ 



Confinement, time of — {ssq. g(^; — or in, confusion, o-kob- 



CON 



90 



CON 



lori'-kying ; very — , loii-ts'ih- 

pah-tsao' gl ^ A II 
Confute, to pol/-tao gj <jlj 
Confuted, utterly — , ])oh'-Ieli 

k^DB-kW feh 103' gi ^5° 03 p 

^fc^**; ^i ky^uih' dz gyiioiig' ^ 

^Um (veng.) 
Congee, cob or (soh 5|5; hyi-vaei/ 

^ is > — 5o//cJ very smooth 

and nice, tsoh' ts-leh dziu-lin' 5||} 

Congenial, yiu yiin-veng'^'f^ 
^ ; sing- i' siang-dorig' ^^ ^; 

Congestion o/^/^5 A^ar^, hyuih' 
jii'-long lae singMi jJlIK }i ffi° 



>i:>i 



0-^0- g^; 



Congratulate, to ^ 

(I) — you, dao iig'-go Lyi' jg 
fi;° >h° ^ ; kong-hyi' kong- 
l»yi' S § ^' ^ ; ^0 ng'-go byi' 

CoNGREGATlON.ju'-long-go nying' 

Congress of the U. S., Da-me' 
nyi-tsing'-we :)^t%^'^^ 

Conjecture, to surmue, ts^as-doh' 
Jra IS°; — ^'■^^'^''^ (guess), ts^ae- 

Conjointly, dong-poug [^ -^ ; 

do-ko' X "m: 

Conjugal love, fu-ts^i' dzing- 
veng'^ ^ If ^; -cf^^^/6.^ 
fu-tsn' meng-veng ^ ^ ^**^ 

Conjurer, pin liyi'-fah-go nying 
Si S ?i i^" A°; ouQ who con- 



j'ures hy spirits, yiiong vu-jili' go 

nying i]g m m ^"^ A^ 

Connect, ^0 Hn-long' jg J|| ; lin- 
p^ing' 5g i^ 

Connected, lin-longMiao ^ J|| 
f ; siang-linUiao ^ jj "f; — 
(as ideas), kwun'-c'un^^; can 
or oii^ht to be — , siang-lin'^Jg 

Connection, one's own family — 

of the same name, kO-kyiiii' ^° 
^ J — haviiig a different family 
name, ts^ing-kyiin' ^ ^ 
Connive, intentionally fail to see 
ng9en'-k^ae-tig?ei/-pi 0^° g^ HS° 
P9 ; tsong'-leh M-neh k^en'-kyin 

Conquer, 2:0 tang'-ying ^J^; 

teh-sing' ^. H ; — ^^(/; k^eh 

l^yi' ;£ £. (veng.) 
Conquered, tang'-ba-de ^J 5j[° 

T°; sbu-de' ^ 7^ 
Conqueror, teb-sing' cu -kwu ^ 

Conquest, obtained by — , itm^Ji- 
yi„gteb.lre'.gofl-^^#a<i-° 

Consanguineous, tib'-ts'lng-go 
Wi ii i^°' ts^ing-kvveh'-byuib 

ii *^ j6l 

Conscience liang-sing' ^ >[J ; 
t'in-liang' ^ ]g ; tUn-li'-liang- 
sing 3^31K^& 5 7/-fi-ts sing ^ 
^^ ^ ii^'i — s?nitten, kw^e sing'- 
z i§ >& ^ ; — ^<^^ darkened, 
liang-sing' peb-me' '^i\j7p\l^ 

Conscientious, yiu' liang-sing' 



CON 



01 



CON 



go W K >5 ^°5 — ^*'* ^^"<^"^^ 

tsiao liang-sing' Iso' nying flS 

K .5 1 A" 

Conscientiously, ^eh-djoh t^n- 

li' 'fi^ ^° ?C 2fi M<>^i or dzoh). 

Conscious of jxiiii, kyiioh'-teh 
t^ong'-go ^^'M^°: P^lties 
clear (as a sick person), seh'-deo 
ts'ingj ts^irig-t'ong 'Jf 51 

Consecrate, to tseng-k}-4':lg:j2; 

— (as first fruits ifec. to the Em- 
peror), tsing-kong' UK; the rite 
of coiisecrating ditto, to parents, 
zong-sing^-go li' -g" f^ >j^° jg 

Consecrated (as food), zing'-go 

Consecutive, lin-ky^in'-go 5£ 

$ 'T***> ^^"^^ <^^ ''^** — ^'^^^j lin- 
ky%M^jilinyih'S^+0'>; 
three — years, deh-lir/sjen nyin' 

Consent, to ing-yuing' ]^ ^ ; 

ing-jing' li Eg 
Consequences, kwsen-yi' gg-fS^; 
kyiao-kwaer/ ^ ^ ; Ja^? — , 
k>v;en-iigae' || ^f ; z/ y/ow do not 
lelieve, ivhat loill he the — ? no- 
feh siang'-sing, yiu soli'- go 
kw.Tn-yi' f;);" ^ ;fa f^ # :g' 

Consequential, teng-p^ing'-go 

siang'-mao ^ g^ y^"" ||> |^ 
Consider, to tsing-tsiah'|g g( ; 

— carefully, ts-si tsing-tsiah' -jj 
>^ffiffi ; take time to — , msen- 
m»n' teiiig-tsiah' ^ 1g ^ gj 



Considerable, feh-ky^uih' ^ 

^ ; feh-siao' 3fi ^ 5 to ^ 
Considerate, t^i'-t^iali-go ||i!i5 

-^°; yiu ts^eb-ing'-ts sing' ^^ 

fi] 1 ;& >& 

Consign to his hamh, t^)i/lre gyi'- 
gosiu-Ii'fg;jJ\^i-V^||; 

— for sale, t^oh'-ma' J£ g ' 
Consist in, dzoe-u;jJ-^; (Chinese 

say) Life consists in wealth, "Dzce, 
yu muig' siang'-Iin" gf H ^ 

Consistency, no feh-dzing t^i'- 

t^ong t, ^ if )f^ 
Consistently, «;o ««?; — , yin- 

yiug' siang-vu' "g^ ;ff ;fQ ^ 
Consolation, en-W ^ gj 
Console, io en-W^gJ; kw'mi- 

Conspicuous, t^iao'-c'ih-liao ^ 
ffiT5tW-c'ih-liaoi§|±}T; 
t^iao'-yiang-go ^ iff 't**'; yun- 
ling'-ling pa'-c^ih-h-aop g°J^ [ij 

Conspiracy, kaen-tong' ^° ^ ; 

Zo /om a — , kyih tong' ^% 
Conspire, to c'Un'-dong ^ [^| ; 

t^ong-dong'-tsoh-bi' jif^f^gg ; 

— and swear iogetha^ not to give 
up, ky^iioh hyiang-hwe' tsiu {J^** 

Constable, di-pao' Jfe^; polite- 
ly called, t'a'-se -j^C W, 

Constant, steadfast, sing^i:yin' 
*& M 5 always the same, nyih- 



CON 



92 



CON 



Constantly, always, z-djong J|$ 
^; djong-djong' ^g" ^ ; — so, 
djong-djong' jii-ts' % % iXi it 
(djong or dzong.) 

Constellations, tJie twentij eight 

— , r-jih-pah siu r: + A ?I 

C0NSTERNATl0N,mkyi]ig-hw6ng'- 
Constipation, do-ka' feh t'ong' 
Constitute, to fonn, hying JR ; 

to estaUish, lib jgr ; sbih'-lih ^° 
JS ; — ^y cippointment, fong Jjr 
Constitution, ti'-ts]g^;peng' 
ti-ts ;2ls; ig ■? ; nyun-ky'i' jg 
^ ; s^y-on^ — , ti-ls tsah'-cu jg 

Constrain, to impel, ts^e-pih' fg 
ig ; — (him) <o stay, gyiang' 
liii 5S ^ ; "gang Hu' g|° §f 

Constrained ^o 5%, feh'-teh-feh 
deng' ^ m * fl^ m a - 
(contracted) /JosiVww, gy uoh-ts^oh' 

Construct, to ky^i j|B ; zaojg'. 

tang ^J ; tsoh ^ ; _ « house, 
zao oh' ^° M; k/ioh' Jfi 
M ; — « hridge, zao gyiao' 
JS°«;tsohgyiao'^;^;~. 
a loat, tang jun' jg" j^ ; — 
a wall, tang ziang' ; tsoh ziang' 

Construe, to explain, ka'-shih|^° 
^ ; to translate, fsen-yih' ^ |f 

Consul, Hng'-z-kwun g| ^ 1; ; 
BHtish —, Da-Ing' hng'-z-kwun 



:^^ M :^i^ 'gr ; nc6 - , fu'- 

ling-z glj 51 ^ 

Consulate, ling'-z fn M ^ Ji^ 

Consult, to siang-liang' ^°^ ; 

siang-song' ^9 "j^ ; song-uyi' "^ 

1^ ; — carefully, tsing-tsiah' 

mm 

Consume hyjire, me-diao' jg i^"; 
siao-diao' JH :^* ; — entirely, 

extravagance, hw6'-fi-diao ^ ^ 
*J*° ; — Jy decomposition, hwo'- 
diao -ft ;^' (also used for the 
former). 

Consummate, to dzing^ ; dzing- 
fljiin' J^ ^ ; dzing-dziu' ^ J^ 

Consumption, (disease), ziah- 
l^ing II j@ ; lao-ky^ih'-bing 

Consumptive, ylu ziah-bing'-go 
ti'.tsW-tih;t||^^°ig J^ 

Contact, to come in — mth bang- 

<^Joh'}r^^;ts'ah'-djohJS^^ 

Contagious, iao-yin'-go^,^^" 

Contain, to tsl gj ; tsong |^ ; — 

(as a boat), tsss ^; /iow ?;22^cA 

Oi7 ivill it — ? yia to-siao yiii' hao 

Contaminate, to ta'-diao ^'' 

^°; ta'-loh ^° ^ 
Contemn, ?o k'en-ky^ing' ^ ^S ; 

— /^^^« as luorthless, k'en gyi z 

tsw-deo^s^irir 

Contemplate, to ngwu »|g. ; si- 
si'-go ts^eng' J| 



>N° 



Kf* 



Contemplation, ( Buddhist ) 



CON 



93 



CON 



ngwn-jiiu' f^f g1 ; (Taoist) — , 
ngwn-dao' 'g- jg 

Contemporary, dong z-W [^ 
fl$ ^ ; tso z-^eo'. 

Contempt, / treat him with — , 
ngo' k^en gyi ky^ing' ^g ^^ Jt 
g; ngo k^en-gyi-feh-kyn' Jg 
k 3* ?6 Se ; ngo k^ei/.feli- 
zong-ng^ei/ |g g ^J J: 0^°; 
ngo ky'ing-maen' gyi fj ^ ^g 
^ ; //e is treated ivith — , gyi 
peh nying-ko' k^en-ky'iiigMiao 

S ^ A" ^^ 1 a T 

Contemptible, feh - jih'-nying- 

"g«^'i' ^5 A A' OF; ky^ing 

12; — conduct, ky^iiig-zin' 'ang- 

^v■o|SJrff°;i 

Contend, to — (in words), siang- 

tsang'^fgf^"; — (in figbt), slang- 
taiig' ;f0 J7 
Contented, cU-tsoh' J-p J^ ; 
tsoh'-sing J£ ^5; zi-cu-veng- 



Ji'-^ng g°^n5^ 



m 



Contentious, hwun-liyi' tsang- 
bing ts i:^ ^|i 

1 Contents (of a book), mob-lob 

Contest, to tsang ^"; to emu- 
late, pi'-sai It 51^- 

Context, z6iig-^6-vcng'_tf °;^ 

Contiguous, t'iab'-gying f|,5J£; 
vu-gyii.g' ffi ^ 

Continent, ?/. da-tslu' ^ Jflj 
«<(;*. we tsib-yiiob' # gj -glj 



Continually, z-dj6ng' I|| ^ ; 

djong-djong *^ -^ Oljong or 

dzong) ; dziang-t^ong'. 
Continue, to feb-hyih' ^ % ; 

feb-don' ^ ^ ; — here, dziiig- 

gyiii' L^'-tib \n m «**jt° 

Continuous, lin-bn' Jgjg ; tsih'- 
lin g 5g; ib'-lin — Jg ; a 
month's — rain, yii liii-lin' loh 

ih-ko'-yuihMi£5i-S-fE!^ 

Contort, to — (as moutb, or 
limbs), ky'in-long'^Jf ; ky^In- 
cun' ^ H 

Contraband (/oods, kying' bo 
^ K ; — Zr«#c, va3n kying'- 
go saiig-i' ^a ^ >iv'' ^° ^- 

Contract, nyi-uW |g ^ ; iaU 
$4 J — y^'^' "'^''^'-'j dzing-laen'-p^iao 
^MW:i — >'' marriage, sbu- 
ts' t: T- 

Contract, to shorten, sob ||g ; 
sill IJS; ; sobMong ^g }f ; ib'- 
tsab ; — the brows, tseo'-mi-deo' 
M y'i ''m ; -— « ^'«^«^5 jib-kwjen 
^ 'IM ' — " ^^"^^^ of drinking Oi' 
smo/dnr/, ky^iiob' nyin p^° ^H® 

Contracted m?'w?, ky'i'-liang 
^ab-tsab' M^'AW m-, <^"'- 
liang siao' jiH^ tU i — place, 
di-fong' gyUob-ts^ob' i^ij\^\S: 

Contradict, to ing-cU' ^^-gf"; 
— one's self, zin-yii/ feb-te 'eo' 

J^y« 1jJ**"b ^feS}® ?5 ; — ones 
own testimony, fen-kong' ^ gt 

Contradictory, tco'-deo - feb- 



€0N 



U 



CON 



shing'-feh-long'-go ^ # % ji 
•^°; ts^o-gen'; feb-to'; feb-vii' Jjj 
J^:'; feh-'eh'-deo i^ ^ BM 

Contrary ideas, i'-s siang-fW 
M i© # R ; — «''^ dispositio7i, 
ao'-ky^iang }^ JS ; ao'-diao- 

' Fl^l^yi'^g fa 13 ^ 1!°; kwai'- 
P^ili ^ Iff 5 — ttv'ntZ', teo' fong 

Contrast in qucdity, bao' ^a 
ts^o-yun 5J JJ° M iH ; — 
ZH sze^, do siao' ts'o-yiiii' ^^ 
>J^ ^ Ss 5 — ^'^ heigJit, dziaiig 
a' da ieb siaiig'-doiig g M°::lc 
56 ;fa [^ ; UigUtwtd hy — , 
pi'-ib-pi keng'-ko hao'-de ^ — ' 

Jt M /ja°i? T"; ^^-^''^^ Ay — , 

ib-[)i'-kyiii keng'-ko feh-z'-de — 

^fc W IE *P° f, fi T° 

Con t K i B u T i: , to l:y U a Jg ; ky ii ti- 
dzu' J^ gjj ; — /or idolatnj, teo 
veng-ts' ^2 ^ -T ; ^t/^ ^0 — , 
byi' dzu ^ ^)l ; lob dzu' ^1 gd 

Contributions, kyiin-^ong' J| 
:g ; kyiin-kvv^in' % gf 

Contrite heart, sing song' ;jj 
fS ; t^ong'-bwe-ts sing' '^ 'Jg 

Contrivance, ingenious ky^iao'- 
miao tong'-si -p^ Jj; jg "g 

Contrive, to sbib'-siang-c'ib-lae 
~^"M ^ a$;taiig'-mo.c^ib-Ue' 
tT ® til ^ ; — « sc/ie?7?c (for 
injuring &c), sbib kyi-meo' §2° 



Control, to kwun'-sob ^ }{i; — 
ones self, zi iab'-sob zi § °$5^ 
g °; w.«c/er Zf/s — , lae gyi siu'-'O 

CONTROVERSY,yW?o/ — , bwim- 

byi' bii/-Ieng I^^^Wi 
Contumacious, ngwu-uyih' ^^^ 

5^ ; — (son), ngwu-nyib'-peb- 
byiao' >f:^ Si;?; #; — son 

and brother, peb-byiao'-peb-di ^ 

Contumely, job or zob Jg; tsao- 
t-^nb' l^l^ ; to hear — , ziu-z;)b' 
^ Jg ; io irmi ^t7^/^ — , ying- 

zob' m m 

Contusion, song fg ; severe — 
(by beating), tang'-song li-V 

Convalescent, lae-tib bao'-ky'i- 

CoNVENE,^o ju ^; ju'-b.ng ^ Jll 

Convenience, suit your — , ze- 

ng'-bin' J§| f^/ ^ ; ze-bin' ng 

IKI^fr; dzong-ng'-bin' f^ 

Convenient, bin ^ ; bin-tong' 
M '^ J n-hile — (do somelbing 
else), jing-bin' JljJ ^ ; jing-siii' 
JijJJ :^ ; — (?. e. witbont going 
out of tbo way), jing-da' jQ Q^ 

Cosy E'ST, Buddhist en^; dong 
^;z ^;yun gg; Taoist — , 
kwiin j|i^^ ; li07)ian Catholic — , 
siu'-diio-yun' j^ JE ^ 

Conversant m;j7//, job-sib' ^ 



CON 



95 



COO 



IS; pe^'fictlij — , joh-t^oo'-liao 

Converse, to dteu'-dsen fj|^ f^ ; 
Ju-JLi' $1 il ; — of what is in 
t/ie /leart, da3n-sing' |j| i\j 

Conversion, the time of — , W- 

Convert, we-sing'-liao-go nying' 

Convert, to change, kre g^ ; wnn 
^; pin'-yili H ^ J ^o — « 
wirt/i, cih'-cun nying-go ling- 

wun uying'-go ky^i'-tsili ^ f|l 

Convex, deh-c'ih' liao-go ^^ ^j 

7 4-° 

Convey thitlier (as letters, presents 
&c.), kyiM^^^;taMte^'' 
1^ ;- there, kyi'-ky'i^^"', 
ta'-kyU ^* i°; — (as goods), 
yuing-I;e' jg ^ ; yuing-kyV jg 
^ ° ; — there (as people), pch 
gyi ts^ing'-leh-ky^i J^" ji ^ 

Convict, n. vaen'-nying ^{i Z^** 
Convicted o/ sin, kyiioh'-teh zV- 

g»»<=' ft m ©"^"P;- 

rfc^/)/^, c^oli'-sing nseii-ko' f^" >^> 

Hii 

Convince, ^« k^^e-dao'^^^ k^je- 

^'""g' ^ 51; — ^"*'« <?/' ««*«» pell 
gyi zi kyui)h'-teh yiu ze' -(1^° ^ 

tsing'-ming gyi-go tbV |l?fl-1£ 



Convinced b// argummt, bin'- 
leng voh'-de ^ t^ M. T'. ^ 
am — , ngo' voh-cu -de ^ Jjg 



Convoke, ts^ing ju'-lon 






^ 



Ji; eo-Ioil,^'' PJJ." }§ ; eo-zi' |1J|.° 

Convoy, to wu-song' ^ -Jg 
Convulsed imth laughter, siao- 
leb weng'-sing dong'-feh-gyi ^ 

Convulsions, kying-fong'-Ling 

m M ^1 

C0NVULSlVELY,cr7/z/<^weh-dj6ng'- 
welain'kWfg©Jg^|5^ 

Cook, long-vgen'-go ^ |S ^^ ; 
dju-deo' U 01; dju-kong' j|{ 
X > — ''* « ya-mun, djii-ts' ]^ 
■J ; /^m?— , da-s'-vu -X^M> 
under — , *6'-tsao f ** ^ 

Cook, to long vrei/ |f gg; /o iozV, 
ts ^°; — (t. e. boil) ?wZ/, ts job' 
n^'^^'.iohalce, p^ang;f;; ^o 
steam, ben j^ ; io fry (as meat), 
t^ab J;^ ; — (as dougbnuts), zah 
J;^"; to simmer, teng );^ ; to roast 
(as coffee or cbestnuts), ts^ao ^j; ; 
to broil, tsib ^ ; kob ^^ 

Cool, lang-hig ^''^; ing-liang 
^ ^S ' -" "■"^'^''' iiig'-liang-go 
sbii' BiM^°7\C, — ^'^'cathe7', 
t'in' iiig'-liang ^ |^ <§[ ; — 
(breezy), fong-liang J^ ;^^; seek 
a — place, zing fong-liang' ^ 



coo 



9G 



COK 



jt /-ft""; Id it — , peb gyi lang' 
^'^ it ;^^ lang-lang' gyi ^^^ 
^° Jt ; lang kajn'; ?ff«7 ^zV/ it 
cooh, teiig gyi lang' -de ^ ^ 

Coolly, ^o treat a pei-son — , lang - 

ckTnuying-ko'^^^fr A°^' 

CooLY, or Coolie, siao'-kong jj^ 

X ; c^ih-ts^i'-go nying yj Jfj, 

'i^*'A°5 — f^^' i>'urdens, kyiali- 

Coop, chicken kyi-long '^f II ; 

— (for day use, with no bot- 
tom), kyi-tsao' ^^ ^ ; ^o 5//i<< 
?'« u — , kwsen'-tsing long'-li ,|^ 

CooPEiiATE, ^0 kel/- tso ^° f^ ; 

p'ing-tso' i§ if^ 
COPARTNEll, p^ing Lo'-kyi J^ 

Copious, to ^ ; byu'-to ff g ; 

— ram, dzing-deo' yii [itjl^liM ? 
do yU' ;;^'*' If 

Copper, ts'-dtmg ^ |^ ; ^nig- 
<^'>ng' ^iC Up) ('I «^'t'et, ib-p'iii 5 
a bar, ih-diao) 
Copperas, lob-vaja' |^ g 
Copper-smith, bmzier, dong-s'- 

V" m n m 



Copy, den 



ts^io ]p ; 



ncathj, deng-t.^ing' )]f }g 

Copying-press, ing'-sbu-kO pp 

Co UAL, sjcn-wu' JIfJ jjg 
Cord, zing i^""-^ sob ^ ; strong 
• — , kyib'-jib-go or tsab'-cii-go 



zing in°^'ir; iomaU 

-,taugzmg'flrir 
Cordial (to guests), nyib-zal/; 

u-ann-hearted, nyib-sing' ^ t^ 
Cord-maker, zing-sob'-s-vu' U° 

Core, sing >[J 

'Cork, seb'-deo ^ gi O^^-S^) 

Cork, to — a bottle, seb bing- 

Cork-screw, k'a3 seb'-deo jlin- 

t«'§aJSra:fe^;c:u./.ts|i^ 

Corn, //w^w?* lob-kob' |^ ^ ; 
pao'-r-mi ffc M ^1^ 5 — meal, 
(Indian meal), lob-kob' feng |^ 

I Corn (on tbe foot), kyi-ngier/ ^ 
I 05°; kyiab'-tsi Hi]j|°; to % om^ 
I a - , t^ib kyi-ngc^n glj fl gg^ 
i Cornelian, mo'-nao ^g {§ 
I Corner, kob j^ "; kob-lob-den' 
I j^° '^ 51°; i^/rn a — , cun- 
j wa3n' f(^ ; fo/i''/_y — (or place), 
I ^sen' kob ^11° 
Corporeal, uyiiob-sing'- go j^** 

Corps, a — ofsokliei^s, ib-de ping' 

— B^ 5 il^-ts Ping^ — i :S- 
Corpse, s-siu' ^"g*; p^ob'-s ffi 

^ ; s-yi'*-' ^ '^'' (term of re- 

proacb). 
Corpulent, vi-p*6ng' iJEJf ; — 

from dicsccise, fab byii' ^^ J^ ; 

fab cong' || Jf 
Correct, not wrong, feb-ts'o' ^ 



COB 



97 



COU 



|jj°; feh-dzc-cn' f, |^ ; perfectln 
-, W-feli-tsV^-^flfph- 
upright, tsing'-dzih J£ ||[ ; ton- 
f«"g' JS :^ 5 P'-^i>e?', kwe-kyU' 

Correct, <o — (mistakes), koe'- 
hao ^ i(f ; kffi-tsing' ^]£',to 
repi^ove, tsali'-vah ^ |^] 

Correspond, to — (by letters), 
yiii shii-slng' ]?e--^6ng' ^ ^ fg 

Corresponds, te'-go fj >|^°; 
siang-te'-go ify ^ ^°; siang'- 
^eh'-go ^ ^'^°; — i'l i52ce, m- 
do'-siao |g* ;^'' >]^ 

Corroborate, to s'-teli hao k^ao- 

3^' ffi @ i? » « 

Corrode, Zo siu'-wun|§ ^; me- 

Corrupt, to wse-diao' i^'fjto 
— customs (and hence morals), 
wae-d iao' fong-d j oh' ^ "f ° M ^g 

Corrupt, lecojiu — in morals, jih- 
'o'^7°; rotten, lien-wu' {g gf ; 
stinking, ts^iu ^° 

Corruptible, iao wre-diao'-go 

Cosmetics, sin ytiong-mao'-go 
tong'-si ft g la -t" m W 

Cost, price, kd'-din fg°^^°; ko'- 
sjen ; — of living (is) /ligli, kyiao'- 
yuong do' ii ffi :^° 

Costive, do-ka' sao'-kyih ^-"Jb^" 



Costly, ko'-din kyu' ^"M"-^" 
GOSTVME, fashiomtble z-sih'-go i- 

Chinese — , Cong'-koh tang'- 

psen 4* a *T & 
Cot, ??»/ humble — , so-V -^"f"; 

so'-pin -^^ J^ ; — ier?, doh-ze' 

min-zong' ® ^ Iffi j^ 
Cottage, A?ii, s6Jfj°; straio — , 

ts'ao'-oh "^ ^ ; mao-ts^io'-oh 
^ m M (ili-tsing) 

Cotton, min-hwo ||^ :fg; — 
cloth, pu -^ ; ^ooc^ native ditto, 
dii'-pii i° "^ ; — thread, min- 
s6' Ij^-f^; ^0 heat — (light), tang 
min-hwo' J7 1^ ^ 

Cotton-gin, kao- hw6-ts^6' ^^ 

Couch, c'ing-lcng' § ^ ; t'ali- 

Cough, has a — , yiu ts'iang'-bing. 
Cough, to ts^iang ; k^i'-seo (1^° 

i^ ; seo P|^ 
Could, neng-keo' fg ^ ; k^o'-yi 

pj" ^ ; — not Hop, feh neng'- 

keots'*8g|JJh5 byili'-feh- 

li« fC fj ^ 
Council, to hold a — , kong-nyi' 

^m ; to convene a — , ju kong- 

nyi' m. iv m 

Council-chamber, kong-sO' ^ 

Counsel, <o lih cu -i j]C 3£ ^ ; 
c% cu'-i ffi i S ; ky'iin fj ; 
— together, do-ko' siang-liang-' 



cou 



98 



COU 



oicn — , gyi -go cU'-i feh k^eng 
peh nying-ko hyiao'-teh-go ii 

^°±M t/ -t «° A° ^° 

Counselor, lib cuM-go nying ji; 
± S i"° A"; #c^''^ - ma- 

yi^i'^';£; styled, s-yia' 6]^^" 

Count, to su ^ ; — a^cT see, su'- 

su-k^en J5: Ji J ; C5^ee?«, son ^ ; 

— MO disgrace, but honor, yi- 
joh', we-yiiong ^ .5 ^ H 

(veiig) 
Countenance, min-yiiong' HJ 
gt; yuong-mao' gS |^; min- 

k^ong' "^ JL i ^^^^^'^^'^ ^^ <^m' <?/ 

— , k^en'-leh ngo wong-k^ong'- 
siang 1 ^^ ^ 11 S 4ff ; ^0 
heep one's — , tsong lao'-ky^i 

ffi ^ ^ ; «"*'^ ^'^^ ^"^^ — 5 
lao-ky'i tsong'-feb-L-e' ^ ^|S 

Counter, agaimt, ficn'-hyiang J^ 

1^ ; tsoh-teo' f^ ^ 
Counter in a shop, gyii-deo' |g° 

BK (ih-k'eo) 
Counteract, to make good, liwo- 

liao' ^ jt^' j to make evil, pin- 

^a' .^ ^°; hwo'-diao ^ ij° 
Counterfeit, to k6'-maofg°g; 

ngwe-zao' f^ jg" 
Counterfeit <:toZ/a/-, k6' fen- 

P5''g' fS° # ff ; k6' yiang-dzin 

Countermand, to — an order, 
, diao cu'-i H ^ S J to -^ an 



official order, wiiu ^10-ling' }^ 

Counterpane, ^/^m cover to be 
added, l'iii-kaj-l)i' fij^ H ||1^° 

Countless, su'-feli-pin .|5:j}[jM5 
vu-su'.go U -^ Y 

Country, koli g ; a tract of — , 
di-fong' j^ -ffi (rural) — , 
hyiaiig-^o %^ ^'^ ; foreign — , 
iiga-koh' ^l>°g ; your honorable 
— ,kwe-koh' ft @ 

Countryman, hyiang-^G'-nying 

»PTA' 

County, a ib-fu' — }^ 

Couple, to kwe-long' ib-te' %% 
Ji — ii ; i^o join, liii-long' ^ 
Ji;to?«ato/«, pV-]ong|iiJi 

Couple, a ib-te' — f J ; « F«V 
ib-song' — ^ ; « niarned — , 
liang'-fii-ts4' E3 :^ S 

Courage, toeu'-Uang Jig; ^ong- 
ken ^ gC ; t^^n'-ts Jf ■? ; ken- 
t«3i/ Jf Jl ; ^?*ert^ — , tsen'-liang 
do' SI I: JC, t£en'-ts-p'eb' Jf 

-Tit 

Courageous, ylu' isen-liang >f| 

ma 

Course, road, lu 5§ ; (sbip's) — , 
byiang'-dao |^ '^ (ib-da) ; — 
hitherto (of action), seng-bing'^ 
2p; «Ac short—, liao-gying' bi Jf 

J£U^; "'^'"^ ^"^ ^^'« ^(^^^ — ^0 ^^^^^^ * 
^ib-b' ib da bi bao' jpT^j^"— tj^ 
^ JJ ? o/"— 77 rs 50, z-jiin' z-ka' 

ib-go fong-fab' m - ^":& ?± 



cou 



99 



CRA 



J 



Courses, (catamenia),yuih-kjing' 

Court (of a Chinese house), ming- 
dong' ^ ^ ; mall ditto, t'in- 
tsing' 5J ^ ; jo/<:<6'e iw/iere th£ 
Emperor receives his — , kying- 
lon'-din ^^^', to goto — , 
zong-dziao' J^ ^ 

Court officers^ da-dzing' ^ g ; 
— dress, dziao-i' ^ ^ 

Court, to — favor, t'ao-hao' f^ 
^; to flatter, vong'-dzing^^; 
shii'-kwii "^ ]Sfc ; — some one's 
daughter hy a middle-man, teng 
HngVtsome'||''.^^f^°j(| 

Courteous, yiu li'-hi ^ "^^'i 
kyWo'^ft 

Courtesy, li ft; li'-ky^iiia°; 

he was invited hy — (or out of 
respect), we-leh tseng-kying' gyi 
ts^ing' gyi Ise-go ^ T'*^ ^ 

^ IS 3t ^ ^°; ^^'^<^^^ ^'"^ w;*^^ 

— , long-djong gyi |^ S S 
Courtier, bun-ko'-go^H"^"; 

z-dzing'f^ g 

CousiN,?na^e— , by father's brother, 
dong-hyiiong'-di ^jj^, sows 
q/" father's and mother s sisters, 
and mother's brother's sons, piao'- 
hyuong-di ^5J |g ; /ewiafe — , 
dong-lsi'-me ^^^j^', piao'-tsi- 

«ie * M ^ 

Covenant, iah ^ ; to make a —, 
lih iah' ± ^^ ; ding iah'^ ^ 

Cover, kas ^ (ih-go); take off the 
--,kje'hyiao-ko'|||§J§; — 



(as for books, umbrellas, &c.), 
t^ao ^ ; — for letters, sing'- 
fong^^jsing'-k^ohfi^. 

Cover, to kae ^ ; to screen (as 
from wind, tfec), tso 3lE°; tso-kte' 
m'm.\ ts6.in'ii°^;-(as 
with a basket), tsao ^ 

Coverlet, kse-min'-go bi ^ "g 
^'^ ^°; wadded — , min-bi' 

Covertly, mih-mih'-go ^ ^-^^ 
Covet, to t^en J ; sang t^en- 

Covetous, yiu t^en-sing'^g^jj 

Cow, ngeo ^*'; ^^e/Zoii; — , wong- 

ngeo' ^ -^°; water huffalo, 

shii'-ngeo jjc" ^° (ih-deo) 

Cow him, long'-Ieh gy i' dong'-dsen- 

feh.W^^^°^iJ5f ^^ 

Cow-BEZOAR, ngeo-wong' ^°^ 

Cow-dung, ngeo-feng' ^°^; 

ngeoV^^M'' 
Cow-SHED, ngeo-gyin' ^^ || 
Coward, £6 taen'-kyU-go nying' 
i^'']i^-1^°A'';^tW-liang- 
go nying ^° Jl ;! ^"^ K 
Coxcomb, se p'iao-yih'-go nying 
^m.^'\'''K\ dissolute--, 
hw6-hw6'' kong-ts ^ ^ S"? » 
— (a flower), kyi-kwun'-hwo ^ 

Coy, iu'-siu 1^^; p^o iu'-siu fg 

Cozy room, (i. e. a room for quiet 
ei 1 joyment),en-loh'-kong ^ ^ ^ 
Crab, ha^' 



CKA 



100 



ORE 



Crab- APPLE, hse'-dong-ko ^ 

mm 

Crack, hwah jg; hwali'-u |g 

^^hwahMih-vong'if^^; 

a seam (as between boards), vong 

^(ih-da) 
Crack, to hwah |g ; k^ae hwah'- 

lih ^ Igi ^',—from heat, pao'- 

hwah Ji IS 
Cracked, k'se hwah' de ^ SS 

-jp- . _« apart, hwah'-k^-e de |g 

Crackers, j^r5 p^ao'-dziang ^ 

{^ ; pah'-ts-p'ao "^ ^ M 
Cradle, basket ylao-lseu' ^ ;^ 
Crafty, ksen-tiao'^":^; diao-bi'. 
Cram, to seh'-pao g ^ ; seh'- 

Cramp of muscles, kyiDg' geo-long' 

Cranium, kw^i-hV-deo ffi fl^gl 

Crape, wu-tseo' {^ |-§; ^/«'/i — 
(or gauze), so -IJ; 

Crash (as of wall falling), tao'- 
t'ahsmg-hyiang'fl|J^^#; 
— (as of dishes falling), tao'-ra3n 
sing-hyiang' f i| il ^ # 

Cravat, ling'-ta g| -^^ (ih-diao, 
ih-keng) 

Crave, to beseech, gyiu-k^eng' ^ 
^ ; to desire, siang ^,; •—food 
^c. (as one destitute), fah-zao' 
:g||°;zao.kynM.a|r je 

Craving (at a particular time, as 
for opium), nyin-deo' J^** ^^ 

Crawl, to bo jfg 



Crazy, tln'-de ^ "y* ; veng-tin' 
3t ffl T — per50?i, tin-ts' ^ 
^ ; tin-nying' jM A" ; Mc^^i/ 
— , fah-gwong' H j£ ; vu'-tin 

Sffl 

Creak, ing'-ang p J > ^^'^ doors 
— , raeng' ing'-ang Ise-tih hyiang' 
P^ P 5 # ; — (as a boat-scull), 
u'-cih-ga'; — (as a chair), kyi'-ka ; 
— (as a wheel), ka-ka-hyiang'. 

Cream, na'-yiu ^° Jjfj ; na'-bi 

Crease, uih'-u f^ p()°; tsih'-u Jf 
PP"; /o/t? it in the old — , tsiao 
lao' u tsib ^^ ^ pp= jf ; tsiao' 
nyun u' tsih' J0 ]g fD''jf ; 
wiinlde, tseo'-u |jj^ Pl)" 

Crease, must not — (it), m-nao' 

Create, to zao jg" ; zao'-cMh-l?e 

^°|iI^;zao'.hw6Jt°>ft 
Creation, the time of — , k^se- 

BS 'M) ^'^^ things created, t^in- 
di'-vsen'-veh 5^ M H ^ 
Creator, tlw zao'-hw6 Cu'-tscc 
5^° ^ ^ ^ ; zao vsen-veh'- 

goCu'-tsae^=^/^>h°±¥ 

Creatures, seng-ling ^ ^ ; 

yiu hyuih'-ky^i-go tong-si' Ji°W 

jJl ^ ^'' 

Credence, ^o ^jye — , siang-sing' 
;Jg^ ; caiiH give — , siang-sing'- 
feh-lce ft ft |& 3$ 

Credentials, tsih'-tsiao ^ 35 5 
blug-kyu' ?i JJ 



CRE 



101 



CRO 



Credible, z'-joh k'o-sing'f|J Jg 

prfs 

Credit, his — is good, gyi-go ba- 
ts' hao' ^^°fi^°^ ij ; to Ms 
— (praise), hao iigao gyi'; hovglit 
on -^ , so-lae'-go ^ ^ >}^° 

Creditable performance^ ming 
kong ^X> iao ngao-ngao' gyi. 

Creditor, tW-cU f J ^ ; tsa'- 

car± 

Credulous, ky'ing-y^ siang-sing' 
fil^ft^ ; ih-t'ing' ziu siang- 
sing « ^ J^° ;fg ^ 

Creed, apostles s-clu' sing'-kying 

u m is m 

Creek, siao-ts'o-kong' >]^ ^ f^ ; 

siao-kong' >J, ^ (ih-da) 
Creep, to bo JE. 
Crest of acock, kwun'-deo ^BH 
Crew, saj'Zors, sLU'-siu 'i^° ^ 
Crevice, vong ^ ; hwah'-vong 

^ ^ (il^-cla) 
Cricket, ting-s-ts' i^' Jf ; yiu- 

tih-ling' Jj{f 6^ ^ (ih-tsah) 
Crime, djong'-ze gp ; to commit 

a — , Veen djong' ze ^^ g p 
Criminal, vjen'-nying ^U A"; 

In the 4th month, persons called vmi- 
nyiny walk in idolatrous processions, 
dressed in red. These persons had 
vowed when sick, that if restored, they 
would he publicly regarded as aiminals^ 
or vcBn-nyiiKj, as they supposed the sick- 
ness was a punishment for some crime. 

Crimson, ts'-^ong ^ ^^ 
Cringe, to pe-kong-ky^Uili'-tsih 

^SSSSi — (asabeggar), 

Ii-di'-«6-pe'. 



Cripple, vren dzaen'-dzib'-liao-go 
nymg' 3li ^ ^ ^° A' See 
Lame. 

Crisis, k\v;en gg ; kwaen-deo' |g 
g^; — is past, kwoen' ko'-de gg 

Crisp (as cakes), su gj 5 — (as 

pears), song-ts'e' f| Jfg 
Criterion, cing'-tseh ilp gij 
Critic, p^i-bing'-go cii' -kwn g[;fp 
-^^ A°5 zing leo-dong'-go nying' 

Croak, fiVffs keb'-p6 we kyiao' 

*& IB # B* 

Croaking, always (said of a per- 
son), zeo-shii-bu-kwu'ka^°^° 
Us!' W M'i ''^'"g l^y^^o zing\ 
yiikyiao'yu0|']Uf[iriPq*M 

Crockery, porcelain, dz-ky'i' j^^ 
5g; eartJ}£n-iuare, ngo'-bo ^"^ 

Crocodile, ngob-ng' g ;S ° 

Crooked, -^aen ^ ; having many 
turns, ^sen-ky'Uob' go ^ ^ 
/^°; — and twisted, -^aen-nyiao' 

mm' 

Crop (of a fowl), teng Jg ; an 
abundant — , nyin-dzing' da-job' 
^ }&:kMy ^P^^9 —^ad, c^ing'- 
bwo ^a' g ^ g'';i?oor — {i.e. 
80 parts out of 100), pab'-tsih 
nyin-se' A Sf ^ ^ 5 ^^«^^ — » 
ksen nyin-dzing' ^U** :^ j^ 
Crop, to bite of, ngao'-ky'i ^°^' 
Cross, jib-z'-k6 -f- »^ ^**; fffec? 
on tJw — , si' Ise jib-z'-ko zong' 



CRG 



102 



ORU 



Cross, adj. kwu'-kwa-deo -^ "g 
51; kwa-tiao'-deo 'M.^M'-, 
feh-'o'-ky^i % fn ^; tiao-dju- 

kwu'-seh W°&.MM ; ^^ /'"^ ^"^ 

a — Zoo7(;, ften cu'-lin Jg |S Jt 
Cross, <o ko j^ ; tseo'-ko ^ i§ ; 
— iJi^ ferry, ko du' ^ ^ ; — 
the feet (or legs), gao kyiah'^° 
^ ; to lay across, wang fong' 

ao'-kyHang gyi ^ pf J^ ?S S 
Cross-bar, wang-shUn' f^° f^ 

(ih-keng) 
Cross-beam, wang-t6ng'^° ;|f' 

(ih-keng) 
Cross-examine, io fsen'-foh bun- 

ineng'K g M Ppf ; tao^meng 

jing-meiig' ^ \^1M, F^TJ b^^" 

kyih' |g f § 
Cross-eyed, zia^bah-ngren J}^*' 

Crouch, <o gwu §j|'; — in hiding, 

gwu-lehiu'|r©°ffl 
Croup, W-fong^ JU, 
Crow, lao'-6' ^f|° (ih-tsali) 
Crow, to — (as a cock), di Pfg ; 

to — over, ts'ing-iiong' ||! ^ ; 

you need not — , ng hao-vong ying 

uong'.shu.tsfr^°ffl^lT# 
Crow-bar, gyiao-kweng' ijj f_^ 

(ih-keng) 

Crowd, a ih-dziao'nying^-^''A° 

Crowd, «o iiong'-tsi J^^; a-tsi' 

^*' ^ » — ^o^e^^er /(»• a iacf 

purpose, ju'-jih-nying'-cong ^ 



Crowded, a-llh'-bah-lang'; cZose^// 
— , a-kyin'-ts'ah'-pe ^° ;j ^, 
=g^;a-tsi'-feh-kV^°^^^T 

Crown, bing-t^in'-kwunZp^^; 
— (worn by a bride, or the wife 
of a kyii-nying (fee), vong-kwun' 
IR ^ ; — ^f ^he head, deo-ti'- 
si"g HI W )& 

Crucifix, jih-z'-k6 + *fi ?|^ ; 
(Shanghai) kwu-ziang ^ f^ ; 
w;e«r a — , ta' jih-z'-ko ^"^ -f- 

Crucify, <o ting Ise jih-z'-k6 zong 

Crude, sang ^°; feh-joh'^ ^; 
— itfeas, i'-s feh dziu'-lin ^ ^ 

Cruel, k^eh ^|] ; k^eh'-doh g|]^; 
very — , koh-ken'^^^g ; savage, 
hy iiong-oh' 32i ^ 5 — disposition, 
sing-s' k'eh' ,5 ,gt ^j) ; — <>?>- 
pression, bao-nyiah' ^ jj 

Cruise, <o — on the rivers, jing- 
k^ng'j^f;^ ; — on the ocean, jing- 
yiang'sSJ^ 

Crullers, fsen-kyih' |0 jg^j 
to Joi7 — , zah fien-kyih' f,^ 

Km 

Crumbs, se ^; — of bread, mun- 

deo' se |g J^ ^ ; <o ^7-op — , 

long-zih' Jg ^ 
Crumble, long-se'^^; t^^iVZ — , 

iao se' ^ ^ ; — in the hand, 

nyiah-se' |g ^ 
Crumple, to don-long' g| JH ; 

lon-dbn' II m 



CRU 



103 



CUN 



Crush, to — (as something soft), 
ali'-pib 11"^ ; — (as something 
hard), ali'-se ^°^ ; ah'-wu g° 
^^°;—to death, ah'.-sah g^'IJ ; 
to subdue, ah'-voh ^° ^g 

Crust of bread, miin-deo'-bi' |g 

Crutch, 16ng-t^6ng' |iip;|t° (ih- 
go) ; to me crutcJm, s long-t^ong' 

Cry, to — (as a baby), kyiao |^ ; 

— and kiinent, k^oh 5^ ; di-di' 

k^oh-k^oh' pspS5^9I ; ''^«^// ^^ 

— (sour nose), son-bib' |^ ^°; 
to — out suddenly si' ih-sing ; — 
out loudly, wae-wse'-hyiang g" 

Crystal, shu'-tsing or se'-tsing 

Cub of a bear, siao-yuong' >J^ J| 

(ih-tsah) 
Cube, loh-min'-ciin-fong' 7^ "jg 

ft* 
CUBEBS, dzing-gyia' Jf JJ 

Cubit, (Chinese, from elbow to 
knuckles), ih-tsiu' — f^ 

Cucumber, w6ng-kwo ^- j[£ (ih- 
keng) 

Cud, chew the — , cun ziao'f| |I^;'' 

Cudgel, kweng'-ts tM-f > '^ ^^(^^ 
with a —, tang kweng'-ts Jj 
^^■f ; — fc^ heating clothes, lin- 
dj^' # «l° (ih-go) 

Cue, bin'-ts ^ ■? ; fah bin' -^ 
if (ih-kwang) 

Cuff, give him a — , kwaV gyi 



ih-kwong' fg" it — 5E ; sin' 
gyi ih-kvyong' Jf ^ — 36 

Cuff, to kwah j^*; — ^//e cheek, 
kwah po-cong' Jg" Q ^ 

Cuff, »:iii-tW :fjjg ; hoof shaped 

— attached to the sleeve, mo'- 
di-ziu' i^ PJ ^ ; a 67<?^w ivith 

— turned back, fjen-ziu' ^ ^ ; 
tsao'-ziu ^ ^ 

Culinary utensils, long-va3n' ko- 

Cull, to pick, tsah |g ; tsah'-c'ih- 
Ise' J® ffi ^ ; ^0 choose, kaen j^' 

Cullender. See Colander. 

Culpable, k^o-kwa' p]" 'g'* 

Culprit, yiu-ko'-vsen-cii'-kwu ^ 
M ^E ^^ A°; criminal, vsen'- 
nying ^E A" 

Cultivate, to plough land, kang 
din' ^^ ; i^o so?/?, cong din' 
^ 03; — i^e ^c/<fs, cong'-din' 
da^di' @a ^''^; kang-cong'- 
din-di' ff°® fflffi; — A^^^rs, 
tsa3-cong hvvo ^ ^ ^* ; — 
vijtue, siu teh' -jg jj^ ; cultivated 
land, joh di' ^ J|^ 

Cumbered ?n7/^ heavy things, be 
djong' so le' i^ S ^ 1 

Cumbrous, t^o le'-go ^ ^ ^i^**; 

— to a person, le nying' go ^ 

Cunning, knowing/, kwjB'-ky^iao 
^ 315 ; deceitful, diao-bi'; kaen- 
tso' {f" f^; very — , ksen-tiao' 
ff^',slippe7'y, weh-t^eng'-web- 
kweng' f£ ^ ig ^ 



CUP 



104 



OUR 



Cup, pe-ts'"<^ -^ ; large — , cong 
^; tea—, dz6-pe':^;^,(ili-tsah) 

Cupboard for dishes, un'-tsan- 
djii' ft ^ ^ ; — for provisions, 
ka-dju':^°j^ (ih-kV-o) 

Cupidity, t'en-dn'-sing^^,5 ; 
great — , t^en-du'-sing djong'g 

CuRABLP], hao-i' Jf ^; i'-leh-W 

Curb for a horse, mo'-lah-k^eo'Jg 

Curb, to restrain, iali'-sob ^ ^ ; 
to subdue, ab'-cU B° -^ij; — the 
passions, k^eb'-dju s-yiioh' ^ j^ 

urn 

Curd, milk nying-long'-liao-go na' 

^iiT'tli°;^°«^-,deo. 

^»' 3. JM 

Curdle, to nying-long' ^ J| 

Cure, to i^-, i-hao' ^ Jj ; — 
tfu^msc, i bing' g ^ ; __ wzeai 
^^.'^^/^ salt, yia iiyiiob' ^ J^" 

Curiosity, has great — , iao leo- 
ieo'.^eb-'J^eb' ^ ^ @ i£ Jg ; 
desire to find out imitters, tang'- 
t^ing siao-sib'fl*||J^'J,; desire 
to see, iao k'eii'-k^eii-siaiig'g J 
^ ; curiosities, bwo-seb' tong'-si 
?ti fe JKW I antique ditto, kwi/- 
toiigwien'-ky^i-^-||5c''5g 

Curious, bwun-hyi' tang'-t^ing 
®C5 ffli; hwun-byi'tW 
k^en' ft § if 5 ; «r//^^% cori- 
structed, byi-gyi' kwu'-kwa fgr 



Curl, to kyun'-long ff |§| ; to 

— the liair, kyiin fab' ^ ^ 
Curly hair, s-ts' fab' |P$ -J' §1 
Currency, money in circulation, 
t'ong-yiiong'-go nying-dzii/ jj 
fl3-1^°iS ^ ; t^ong-^ang' dong- 

dm'afT°l@^r 
Current ^^n'ce, da-k?e' ko'-din;/!; 

yuong'jj^; — expenses, kyiiig- 

yuong'llJi^ ; dao-yiao'; — 7-aie, 

«6ng-dzing' f^ '|f 
Current, ^Ae — is strong, sbu -go 

L^-long'gym'7j<°>h°^ffi|i 
Curry-powder, kyiang-wong'- 

fengilKt 
Curry-comb, m6'-bao ,5 ^1] 

(ib-p6) 
Curse, <o tsiu'-mo % ^ ; tsiu'- 

cu 5E. PI 

Cursorily, liao-piao'I|5p ^ ; da- 

liab' ^^ ; veo-miii' J^ Ig 
Curtail, #o siu-bo' I|4 $g°; siu- 
sob'-long IK fg i^i ; — ea;/)ewses, 
fi'-yliong slu-sob'-tiii ^ ^ l|t 
^ Ifi ; fi'-yuoiig gyin'-sang ^ 
ffl ^ 4^°; — («i^e's) /iTe, ziu- 
sbU' kien-to./ # a° t^" ® J 
kaen ziu' J^° :^ 
Curtain ybr a bed, tsiang'-ts |g 
•^ ; — for a door, meng-lin' P^ 
U ; window — , ts^ong-lin' ^ 
j^ ; bamboo — , lin-ts' JH ^ 
Curve, io ^cen ^ ; curving in 
and out, ^sen-nyiao' % i^° ,* 



cus 



105 



CUT 



curving, like the moon or a low, 

yuih-kong' sbih ^ g ^' 
Cushion, din-ts' |^ -^ ; 7>m — > 

tsing-ts^'ili' ff Jli (ih-go) 
Custody, to take into — , k^6'-djoh 

^^ M° i ^^ ^^ ^^ — ) kvvun'-ah 

Custom, tisage, kwe-kyu ^ ^g ; 

— of a country, fong-djoh' JU, 
fS* ; — ^/ « phce, hyiang-fong' 
or hyiang-fong %^ ^ ; t^u-fong 
i JU, ; it is the — , lao'-Iao z- 
ka':g.°^'^p°jJt»;,7eW«.-, 
gyi kwaeiZ-djoiig z-ka' M \'^ 
^ iD° jft°; ^"'^ ^'"« your — , 
»6'-kwugyi7°|^^ 

Custom-house, se'-kw^en ^ H ; 
^0 s/t> the — , I'eo-ko kw^r/ 

Customary, tslao lao'-li jg ^ 
fill 5 — presents, tsiao djong'- 
kwe, song-Ii' J0 -^^gH. 

— 2ra//t, tsiao' djong' tseo-tseo' 

flS 1^ ^ ^ 

Customers, our alZ-lah cu'-kwu 

k^^" ^ ± IS 
Customs, Commissioner of—, 8e'- 

cong' se'-vu-s ^ Si # 3 5 

avoid paying ditto, t^eo se' f^ ^ 
Custom-station, kyUn-gyUoh' 

lNH;kVts-|rT' 
Cut, «. (witb a kuife), tao-song' 



yi f^ (ih-da) ; — in hoolcs, wo- 
du' ^ la (ih-go) 
Cut, to — with a knife, kah Ji] ; 
tsaen j||f ; — a gash, kab'-k'ai 
Wll B3 5 — asunder, kah'-don 
f ll ^ ; ts<'en'-d6n ff if > — 
grain, kah dao' fi] |g ; — or 
carve meat, ts^ih nyiioh' "IQ ^''; 

— in slices, ts'ih-i/in' -Qj )=J= ; — 
a slice of Iread, ts'ih' ih-p^in' 

mun-deo' -KJ — Jr il M 5 — 
WiV/i a sdzzors, tsin ^ ; — the 
hair, tsin deo-fah' || Fg S 5 — 
or /nw cfiY^o, taen deo-fah' ; to — 
out garments, zse i-z6ng' ^° 3^ 
^"; — or ^n'?72 ojf, a little, zae-tin'- 
diao ^° MS -i" 5 — " pattern, 
zae yiang-ts' g^";^ ^ ; <o — o/ 
i/^e head, tsccn deo' l||f BM 5 — 
down a tree, tsoh ju' g|j ^ ; — 
0^ branches, tssen'-diao o-ts' ^ 

pig, (fee), ih-tao ih'-tao, ton-tgen'- 

k^^-If-77ir^1;ton'. 

leh tao-tang'-tao ^ ^° 71 iT 
J] i — off an arm, siu'-kwang 
ts^en-loh' $ #M||f ^ ; - 
one's own throat, zi-veng' g"^!]; 

— another's throat, kah wu-long' 

f !l ^" Pi ; — « <^^/^^"' "'^ ^y^' 
la it ; - ^^^^^' ^^ vo-y^' ^^ 

gg 3^ ; ^0 engrvae, tiao-k^eL' 
SS ^!| 5 — *t'«<7«5, kaeu kong-dii/ 
WX^''l-fnendsMp,d^ih 



kyiao' 



Si 



0^* communica- 



tion, don'-djih lae-'^ong^ 



CUT 



lOG 



DAM 



^;^ ; — off relationship between 
parent and child, don-dzing' djih- 

yi' K If iffi ^°; — ^'^''^^^ ^y ^* 

shorter way, liao-gying' la tseo 
WAl^it'. — i^^^h c'ih ngo- 

ts' ^ ^''M ; — 0^ ^^'^^ ^ ^^^^^ 

(with a stick), k'ao' ih-kyi f§ 
— m ; — or give a blow (with 
a sword), tsaen' ih-kyia |lf — 
^ j . — or give a blow (with a 
whip), tang-ih'-pin ^7 "^ fH 
Cutaneous, Ise bi-fu' H -j^E" i£ 
|g J ; — diseases, bi-fu'-go 

OuTCH, r'-dz6 g, ^ 
Cutlass, a curved knife worn at 

the side, iao-tao' J|^ "J] 
Cutler, tang-tao'-s-vu' ^J J] 

mm 

Cutlery, fong-kw^a'-go kO-sang' 

Cutlet, a cut of meat, ih-p^in 

nyuoh' - fr I^' 
Cutting-board for meat, tsing- 

pceu' j[^ j^ ; cuUing-block, tsing- 

deo' \% m 
Cuttle-fish, moh-ng' g '^J ; 

u-zeh' ,^ SPJJ°; c^neff — , ming- 

^^ S it (ii^-go) ; — ^O'^^j "- 

zeh'-kweh ^|| §|f >|» 
Cycle, (sixty years), kyiah'-ts ^ 

•J; hw6-kyiah'-ts ^ ^ ^; 

2/ear5 o/a — , nyin-kang' ^ ^° 
CYCLOrEDiA, poh-veh'-go-shu'-fg 



Cylinder, dziang-yun-t4' ^ |J[ 
ffl;ng6-dong'-shibS°ff5^^ 

Cymbals, dz6-beh' or ts'd-beh' ; 
large — , do beh' •^° ^^', smaller 
— , t«^ih'-ts )]>" ^°; veivj small 
— , gen-ts^oii'. 

Dab, to throw dirt upon, na-nyi' 
kwang'-djoh^ft^^" 

Dabble in water, hug shu^yj^" 

Dagger, tsUao^ jJilJTJ ; two edged 
— , song-min' kyiu i| ^ ;§§ 
(ih-po) 

Daguerreotype, islao'- siang 

Daily, nyih-nyih' ^^ " ; me- 
nyili'^H^J^Job-Dyib'^a^; 

nyih-dzoh' °3^ ; — food, uyih- 
nyih'-go ky^iioh'-zih ° °'^'* 

Dainty as to food, ky^iioh'-zih 
k^ao'-kyiiip£=:ft^''^;ky^aoh'. 
zih kjen-ka' P^" ;g ]g° Jg;"; a 
— , ts^ing-c^ii'-go tong'-si }||ijlt 

Dally, to (the sexes), nen-nyii' 
o-kyiu'-tah-pe'^ A ft° M 

J) AM for wafer, ky^i p^*; — ?CT«/i 

mad slide for boats, p6 { J', in Jg 

Dam, to — up water, kwcen-djii' 

sbii m ft 7^ 
Damage, pay the — , long-diao'- 

de be-WcW -^mT BS Ji 
Damage, <o — by bruimg (as 



DAM 



107 



DAR 



frnit), ts^ah'-song ^f^ ; to spoil, 
i'-(liao ; long-dia(/ ff i^"; wae- 
diao' ig 7° 
Damaged, toim oi Broken^ yiupV- 
dzaen-go ^ ^ i^ ^''; spotted 
(by water, (fee), yiu tsili'-tsob-go 
Wit ?/^^°; goods — hy water, 
shii'-tsih ho' 7j\C° f[- ;g 
Damask, don-pi/ ^ ^ 
Damn, condemti Km to eternal pun- 
ishment, ding' pell gyl ziu iiono-'- 
kw^i ying-vah' £ j^ iH:"^ 7^< 

Damned, to he — , vab-loh' di- 
nyiiob' ^ f|: l^ JU ; uong' zo 
di-nyUob' 7J< ^^ J^ IJJ 

Damned, ^/^e ziu Uong'-kw^i-go 

Damp, dziao-sih' j|g ^; yiu sib'- 
Ky'i^- ^ ^; z'^^ — , sib'- 
ky'i djong' g| 5^ g ; io become 
— - , wjBn dziao' jf J||j ; cun 
dziao' H ^^ ; fien-dziao' % j|g 

Dampen /i, long gyi' nyiiintr- 
tsiu'-go. 

I Damsel, do-kwu'-nyiang ;/^;"'^ 
' *6; kwe'-nyuH;^ 

Dance, to t^ao-vu' g^ ^ 

Dandle, to — an the knee, kyiah' 
teo-teo' jgi|^|3|. ; ~ in the hand, 
siu song-song' ^ ^- ^ 

Dandruff, kw^u^k'ob-iu' ^" 

Dandy, p^iao-yib' nying || jg 
A°; «» ojicers son highhj dres&ed 



but not of good character, bwo- 
bw6'-kong'-ts ^ 7^* S" tP 
Danger, ngwe-byin' ^ |^; ^0 
^e< i«/o — , tsao'-djoh ngwe-byiu' 

byin' li-byiang' ;^ It/ffi |fi] 5 
r^^6'/i ^7iio — in spite of remon- 
strance cf-c, web'-Ieb feb-nie'-vsen 

Dangerous, hyin'-byin |^ |^ ; 
ngvve'-go ^ '^°; byin'-boh |^ 
H; byin'-dao-dao ^ jfl jJJI,; 
yiu-V ^ ^; — to life, sing'- 
ming kao-kwaen' »^ ^ ^** || ; 

— to sit there, keb'-deo zo, yiu 

fong-ho'5r)°^°^°wm>;<; 

keb'-deo zo, yiu ken-yi' SK^'j^" 

Dangle, to dang g; dang-dajig'- 

c^"°g g g 1!) 
Dappled, paen-pob'-go ^ HJ ^° 
Dare, ^0 ken ig( ; — 7iot do, feb 

kentso'f, g(fii 
Daring, mao do'-tcen-go J J^° 
mao do'-taen 

Dark, en Pf ; beb'- en M Pg ; 
en '-lib-bob-long' ; en'-c^ih-c^il/ 
Pt HfBi"; en'-dong-dong Pg 
fit Hi ; "^'«''^y — 5 t^in'kw^a en'- 
de ^K°ngT°;mv/— , raob- 
ts^eb'-di.en'g f^^i^Pg; afraid 
o/Mg--,p<den'-gotaPgi^°; 

— co/or, sing sell' ^ ^ ; — 
^/m^, sing laen' gg ^ 

Darken, ?o — slightUj, tsO-ing' 



J|^ '^''; — person, 
go nying ^ ;^*'ffi 



DAB 



108 



DAY 



■^° [^ J — completely, ts6-en' 

Darling, dearly loved, ting' dzih- 

non-iior/ (used for both sexes). 
Darn, to kang ^''; — in ball- 



stitch, cH 



to mend hy imita- 



ting the texture of the stuff, tsih' 
P^^ ^ ffl 5 ~ stockings, kang 

mah' w a (p" ^^^' ffl a 

■which is often used, is incorrect, 
as it means to mend with a 
patch) ; — sligMly, kang' Hang 

. tsing' ^-' 1 ff- 

Dart canned in the sleeve, ziu- 
tsin' % ^ 

Dart, to forth, zah-c^ih'-lae. 

Dash, to — against, tb^ong-dzong 
m S; dzong-djoh' ® ^°; 
leaves — up, long p'eh-z6ng-lse' 
® f?l ± ^ ; — ^oivn, ts^ong. 
loh' fij ^; f/iV^o, J^ hnoclcing 
against, dz6ng-tao' ^ jjl) 

Date, fo'w/e, z-^eo' J|^ -glj »^?/?a^ 
wiow^^? kyi yuih'-li f^ ^ ^ ? 
soh'-go yiiih-veng' ^° )J^° J^ 
J^% at what date? t. e. m ivhat 
dijna^tyl Ise soh'-go dziao-dae' ^° 
S°®"|^ fii ? 3/««'' of the reign, 
nyin-^ao' ^ ^ ; ^mr o/* Me 
cycle, nyin-kang' ^ ^ 

Tlie date of the year is reckoned by 
dynasties, reigns, and cycles. The 
cycle is only used for present time. 

Date, jujube, tsao'-ls ^ ^ ; 

honeyed and dried — , mib-lsao' 



^ ^ ; ^^«<^^^ — » heh-tsao' M 
^ ; red^, ^ong-tsao' f^X S 
Daub, to lon-du' ^ ^ ; lon-dz6' 

Daughter, non ^* ; how many 
daughters Ivave you ? ng' yiu kyi'- 
we ling-ffi' iff,'' W M ^i ^ 
^ ? kyi- we' ts^in-kying' ^ -jiJj 
■^ ^ '? / ^aye </«'€e daughters, 
ngo yiu sa3n'-go siao-nyvi' ^ 

Daughter-in-law, sing-vu ji^" 
j^ ; oldest son's ivife, do sing'- 
^^^' ^c" ^11'° iit 5 second son's 
wife (when there are more), nyi- 
vong' sing-vu' 1^° M ill° if » 
(if there are only two sons), the 
second — , siao' sing-vu' >J»jjj|°j|J 

Daunted, nothing ^ao-vu' gyii- 

d'^n' « « IS fi? 

Dauntless, tajn-da'-ju-t'in' Jjf 

Dawn, u-long'-song z-^eo' j^ 0g° 
Sillll ; tW-kw'a-liang' ^ 
^°^ ; t'in'-hah-c^ong'-ky'i ^ 
6 Ht°jK ; tong-fong'-diao-bah' 

Day, « ih-nyih' — H°> " ^"/^ 
?^;o?7i;, ih-kong' — X » " ^^"^^'^ 
tw/^es, ih-kong' kong-din' ^-^ JQ 
X ^^''; </*«?>•«« — of the month, 
ts^i-ih' ^ — ; \st and 15th — 
of the month, soh' vong ^ ^ ; 
i67/a^ — o/* the month is this? 
kying'-tsiao z ts'u-kyi' -^ ^ ^ 
fjfj II ? kyih-mih' z ts^u-kyi'-i^' 



DAY 



109 



DEA 



-f- iL"; yiiili-pui/ ^ ^ ; every 

— , me'-nyih ^^ H '; nyili-nyih' 

H ° H°; — <^^ nighty nyih yia' 

° 7:^" > "^^ — > tsing nyih' 

;g° 0°; dziangnyih' :g B°; 

/ia//' a — , pur/ nyih ij^ Q "; 

everij other — , kaen' nyih f^° 

**; lucky — , hao' nyih-ts Jj 

B ° -P j unlucky — , nyih-ts' 

i^a' ** -jp ^° ; the same — , 

long' nyih ^ ° ; — hefore 

yesterdaij, zin nyih' '^° 0°; — 

a//!6?" tomorrow, ^eonyih'^ 0°; 

wJiatever — you please, ze ng' 

'ah.li ih nyih' |g fij^lR^S - 

0''; how many days? kyi nyih' 

^ " ? to-siao' nyih'-ts ^ ij^ 

°^! ten days, jih nyih'-f- " 

Day-book, liu-shii'-bu gg 7j\c° Jf 

Day-break, t^in liang' z-'eo' ^ 
^Stfil > nyib-deo' fong-kwong' 
^-W 0°0liJi:7Efl#f| 

Day-light, nyih-deo'-kw6ng' ** 
BI tE ; nyih-kwong' ° ^ ; 
t^a'-yiang-kwong' ^° f^ 3g 

Day-TIME, in the — , nyih-li' " 
% ; nyih-cong-deo' ° pfi H^ . 
ts^ng-t^in'-bah-nyih ^^g 0° 

Dazzling light, kwong'ziang tsing 
c^oh' ka % ^n $Y fk ; kwong' 
li-'se' 5t ^'J ^ 5 ^'^.y ^y^^ "'"^ 
dazzled, or overpowei^ed by the 
light, ngo ngnen'-kwong teo'-feh- 

ciK?$Br3i^^il6ft;dih. 

feh-ko' ifc ^ S 



Dead, si'-de %° 7"; ko'-de i§ 
7°; v6ng-ko'-de C i© T° 5 
ia-neh'-de ^" /g*" T° ; ^^y'ii'' 
shu-de ^ "IS 7° ; >5^ — , kyU 
doi/-de ^ ^f 7°; _ jfr^g, ju o'- 
<^effiSrT^J"kwV-dei^ 
tt 7"; ju si'-de ^ ^°7°; 
— Joc?y, s-siii' ^ -g" ; p^oli'-s 
fh^ ; si'-s ^°^ ; — co«y, tao' 
ngeo fll ^°; — ^^s//, veng-ng' 
jJt ,^,° ; — (as a backslider in 
religion), dao'-sing si'-Iiao ^ij^ 
5E° "T** > ^^^ ;?/ace of the — , 
ing-s'|ta;ing-k«n'|tF^'' 

Deadly, iao sah-nying'-go ^ ^ 
A° '^° j — poison, iao yiah- 
sah'-go M ^ ^ ^^ 

Deadness, ziang si'-liao ka'-go 
1^ 3^° T '1^"; coldness, lang' 

Deaf, long-bang' ^10; ngU6 
long' %°^% ; *or/i — , sang- 
dzing' long -bang' 4° JsK ^ 
10 5 — ^^^^^ dumb per^son, 6 -ts 

Deafen, j/om — me with your 
noise, ngo ng'-tS be ng ts^ao'- 

long-de gs 5° ^ M ir m 

Deafness, affected — , or — in 
one ear, tsia'-mi-long' fg^pf^^ ; 
pretended — , tsong ko' ng-to 

Deal, a great — , hyu -to J^ ^ ; 
/ cause you a — of trouhkj tao 



DEA 



110 



DEB 



iao ng' ziii byu'-to lao-luh' ^ \ kying-go Jg S Si ^° 5 ditto 
^' ft^^'JS W^ ^ ^iK ; *^ ^'^^'' i ("f ''»" «'a"''^l «^ inferior), ting je'- 



i-^'ij, 



Deal Oi<< to them, f'eng-feng' peli 

gyi-Iah' ^^m' p' W, 

— ho7iestl/j, koiig-dao' dse nyiiig' 
^ JE f# A"; — impartialbj, 
m p^in'-sing else nying ^ f| >JJ 

^* ^° . ., 

Dealer in cotton, tso mhi-liwo' 

sang-rgoMfg|^^°S^° 

Dear, co.s%, kyu ;g;°; ko-diii 

kyii' :g'';^";~cAi7J, dzih-din'- 
go siao-i lying' ^ 
^''; sing-deo' nyiioh if^^BM 
weh-pao' Jg ^ 

In writinjj letters the address "Dear 
friend " is unknown ; Mr. ' Ong Siao' 
Hyiatig writing to Mr. Wong, in lieu of 
■"Dear Mr. Wong " writes, "Wong 
Sin'-Sangs.zih'"'5E^^fe^ 
or "vengkyi'" 3C/L' fiud signs him- 
self ' Ong Siao'-Hyiang z ; to an offi- 
cial's name he adds, "djE-'o'"^ r 1 

nnd signs "0. S. H. teng'-siu," iS^ 
g i. e. bow low ; to a friend's name 
he adds "koh'-t6"' ^ P 5 a pnpil 
signs by adding "yiu-di"' ^ ^ 
(masc.) or "nyu-di"' :fe ^ (fern.), 
to his or her name ; if writing to an 
equal or inferior add, "JQ-miii"' jflW 
uj? "jii-ngwu"' ^fl B§ ; a gentleman 
writing to a lady addresses her as * ' s- 
mecy" gi|5# " ortsing-ts^' fj?^ ; 
a youth to father's, mother's or tencher's 
name addisy '< taeng-zin'" ^ '^ 

^Dearly loved^ ts^ing-ae'-go ^ ^ 
'J'^j ditix) (of a superior), ting ae'- 



sib-go II ^ It i-° 
Dearly houyht, ma' kyu-de ^° 
^"f""] ma' ky^uob-kwV'^de 

Dearth, siti-kab' feb-z6ng ^ fi] 
%JL\ .'/'''^"^ — 5 ts'-lib vu-siu'-^^ 
li* ^!I^ ^4 ; « y^«^ ^/ — J bwong- 
iiyiu' ^ :fp ; a /ymr q/* scarcitij 
(of vegetables or fruit), siao' nyin 

Death, si ^°; — of the emperor, 
ko {Xing' j^°^^ ; the day of one's 

— .si'gyi ^"t|; the time of 
— , ky'u-sbu' z-^eo' ^ ig; fl$ 
fl ; ling-cong' z-'eo' ^^^ =f^ ||| 
-H; ling-si' z-'eoffr^°||^f|; 
natural — , jiii/ cong ^ ^^ ; 
bing kvvu' ^ iS ; — ^i/ violence, 
o^' si ^, ^E% vvang si' tg ^•j 
7«oid? o/c^ irere you at your mother s 

— ? ng' to-siao nyin-kyl' song 

meo'.goft;°^^>r^$aa» 
y^" ? ^/i(3 ime of your father's 

— , song vii' z-^eo' H :JC fl# fl 
Deathless, ve' si-go ^° -^^ 

Death-like, ziang si'-yiang ka 
li ^' — il; i<> P^'i on a — 
■appearance, tsong si'-yiang ^ 

Death- w^ARRANT, sab nying'-go 
tsiao'-sbu IS A° ^' IS # 

Debar, to shut out, kwien-c^il/ %% 
|f{ ; not to allow, feb cing' ^ f|| 



DEB 



111 



DEC 



Debased, to he jili-'6' ^f"; J^^^ 

Debate to bin'-leng %^ l^ 
Debauchee, tsiu-seh'-ts-du' }g 

Debilitated in hodj/, sing-tV 
boh-ziah'-de ^ ti SI II T ; 
l^ng'-z ^a'-de :/$, ^ ^/ T 

Debility, m-lll/ At" -j;] ; t'eh- 

Debt, tsa {^°; <o om;^ a — , ky^in 
tsa' ^ ^"; ^0 il»e m — , pe tsa' 
"m ^5 tsa'-veo ig^°^ ; vi wun' 
^ ^ ; heavily in — , kw'e- 
k^ong' ®^; to pay off ^{hv 
borrowing), din kw^e'-k'ong ^ 

®^ 

Debtor, ky^in'-cii ^ ^ 
Decalogue, jih - diao kyiae' -f- 

mm 

Decamp, to move a camp, pun- 
ying-dza' Ji ^ H ; bah-ying' 

Kg 
Decapitate, /o sah-deo' ^ 0^ ; 

tsaen-deo' ^ B^ 
Decay, ^ sie-ba' ^ gjf°; ^o ro<, 

Isen-vvu' ^ jg°; decayed tree, ju 

laen'-de ^ JH y ; cfecr/^rerf leaves, 

l«n-yih' JH ^ 
Deceitful, kren-tso'-go Jf** f^ 

-i^** ; tmly, kwe'-kyi lo-to:/ gg 

ft 5^ 

Deceive, to p'in H ; hong pit ; 
ky<i j^ ; hong'-p'in PitlH ; ky'"^-- 

p^"^'»:i1;kwaVi«itS°iS; 

to — by concealing, mun-p^in' H^ 



'IS; cannot — him, p^ii/-gyi-feli- 

te' H « * 215 

Decency, becoming behavior^ lin'- 
c'ii ^ Ifit ; no — , lin'-c^ii &- 
"eh'-de||I[lt{g°;g°7°;/^ 
has no sense of — , gyi lin'-c^ii tu 

Decide, to diiig-kwe';^^ ; dii)g- 

/«a?-c? <o — , kyuih-ton'-feh-lob }|t 

ITi f . ^ 

Decision, / leave it to your — , 
iao ng' ding-kwe' ^ {^^'^ ^ ; 
peh ng' tso cu' \% %' f^° ^ ; 
firm — , cii'-i k^o-ding-de ^ 
#S'ST°; (^Versonof—, 
kyiiih'-lib-go nying ^ ^ >j^' 
^° ; o/' 710 — , M-no'-neb'-go 

Deck o/a sAt/?, ts^dng ^ ; ts^ng- 
min' H % 

Deck, to adorn, tsong-sih' ^ |j^ ; 
tsong-psen' ^ ^^' ; tsah'-kwah 
^ ^l] ; — (iis a bad woman), 
to'-pien ^ t^ 

Declaim, ?o »•«?«<, kao-daen' kw^eh- 
leng' ]g fil m ^ 

Declare, to kao'-su ^ Up ; w6 
U ; top'oclaim, djun-yiang' ^ 
M ; — /o eveiij one, vong nyiiig' 
kao'-su JUA^'-^O^ ; ^^ *— ^'«''» 
tang tsin'-sliii ^J ^ ^ 

Decline, to refuse, dz §^ ; t'e- 
tlz' ffi 1^ ; foil a ; we-foh' HJ 
^ ; — <o see visitors, dz k^ab' 
g^ ^ ; — a/i invitation, fob' 



DEO 



112 



DEE 



ts^ingSlf;clzts^ing' ^||; 

— and return, pih'-w«n ^ 5^ ; 
ditto icith thinks, dz-zia' ^ |^°; 
to go doivn, hyiang- '6' |^J "p°; 
</(e j9n'ce //as declined, ko-din 

dzing t^eng-de fir'* t^T? 
^/i6 6WW {s declining, nyih-deo' 

tang-tsW H^BItTir; - 

^f«>\9, nyin'-kyi lao'-maen-de ^ 

Decorate, to tsong-sih' g fi& 5 

— (as living things), tsong-paen' 

Decorum, li'-cU || $lj ; to observe 

— . sin li'-cu *3= jjil fij ; to 
violate the rules of — , be li' ^ 
11 See Decency. 

Decoy, to entice, ying'-yiii 5| jf ; 

— to a trap, p^in' gyuoh ||° ^ 
Decoy Z-iVcf, me-deo' Jj^ ^S (ib- 

tsab) 
Decrease, to ky^uih'-long-ky'i' 
fUii^°; t^n'-Iob-ky'i w 
^ "i ° ; — j'^i 5/^e, siao'-loiig- 

Decree, emperor'' $ is'-i ^ ;^; 
z6ng-yu' J: |f ; tsiao'-sbU |g 
#•; officials—, ^ao-bng' ^ >^ 

Decree, Jfo c'ib-ling' {i{ /^ ; c'ih 
^ao-bng |ii SS -^ ; — (as the 
emperor), ts'-i psen^lob-lse g* 

*£ ffi '^ ^ > ^'^y^'^ or appoint, 
sbib'-lib |g^ :^ 
Decrepit, forgetful and making 
mistalce!', luo'-mab-long'-cong ^ 



3iS°ilSl '1 ^^^^5 weak, and useless, 
hio'-ziah vii-yuong ^ ^% 
|g;ob'.tsoh|l||^ 

Decry, to cry down as icort/dessj 
wo' &.yuong'-go f J U^^y^"-, 
to cenmire and cut down, p^i-siah' 
St tJ 5 — « pe^v^on, kong nying 
^a' W K W 

Dedicate, to — (as a cbild), by in 
II; voug'-byin ^^;- to 
God's service, vong'-z Jiiig-ming' 
yuong-go ^ ^V %^ 0|j ^ >i^°; 
tseng-ky^i' peb Jiiig-miiig' :i^ 

Deduce, to infer, ying' gyi kvve- 

nyun' 51 S IS iS ? ^^yii^'-kyiu- 
kwe-nyun';f[,^|f ]g; tVleng' 
Jji I& ; t'e-taei/.k^a3 kong'gjj' 

Deduct, <o dju f^ ; djii-W ^ 
'^ 5 k'eo'-dju Jn l^> 

Deed, an action, ih-ton' 'ang-we' — 
SfT°^^;il»-ts6ng'z.tV~;f§ 
^ ^ ; ^^^^ (?e€<:?6% gyi so tso'-go 

of merit, bao'-z Jj^ hao' z-ken' 
JJ :^ ^ ; «;ri7%, ky^ |g ; 
ky^'-kyii ^ ^ ; — >• ^mrf, 
di-ky'i' ;J^ ^ ; —/or a /loi/se, 
oh'-ky^ g ^ (ih tsiang) 

Deem, to ts^eng-ts^eng' \-^ ^ ; yi- 
we'i^®;dao-z'5l 0; 

Deep, sing gg ; — tt^i/, tsing sing' 
# ^ ; — co/o;-, sing-seb' g» g, 

Deepen, to — (as a hole), k^je-leh 



BEE 



113 



DEF 



sing'-tinBg^''g»|4;-cr>/or 
(by dyeing), nyin sing'-tin ^^ 

m m 

Deer, loh^; — sinews, \oh--ky\ug' 
J^ 55 ; deer's hor7is, loh' koli 

Deface, to tsao-t'ah' nga-min'Jf 

m ^' n 

Defalcation, See Embezzle. 

Defame, to pong'-We ^ !^; 
hwe^p6ng ^ g| 

Defaulter, o;ie at-Ao /m7s to ap- 
peal' m cowr^, feh-tao-en'cii'-kwu 
^ ill ^ -I^^A^; one ivho fails 
to account for money, pao-siao'- 
feh-c'ih'-gocu'-kwu f;^ fl ^ {ij 

Defeat, to conquer^ ymg^ ; taug'- 

gyi so meo-we'-go I^ S ^ BE 

Defeated, ba'-defl^*']'*',- — (in 
fight), tang'-ba-de fl* ic" T°,- 
tang'-ba-tsiang'-de ^J ^^ -j^; 
T"; tang'-shu-de Jj 1 T 

Defect, fault, mao-bing' ^ ^ ; 
deformitij, dzsen-dzili' ^ ^ ; 
to have ditto, vsen dzren-dzih ^[J 
S 3^ ' f^l^'^^^^sh or scar, poeii- 
po ^ ^ ; — "i weaving cot- 
ton, tMao'-so ^ Ij; ; ditto in silk, 
t'iao'-s#^j^;pV-dz^ni^|£; 
'/na/?^ defects, tsih'-ky^uili-pah'- 

ky^uih Jb ^ A ^ 
Defective, dzren - ky ^iiil/- peh- 



Defend, to protect, pao'-wu {^ 
1^ ; to prepare fw resistance, 
bong-tu' pj; jt^ ; to he on guard, 
kying'-siii U nf ; to vindicate, 
feng-p^eo' ^ §lj 
Defendant, (Law) be'-kaog^-^ 
Defer, to nga ^' ; ah g"; — till 
to-morrow, nga' tao ming-tsiao' 

nyih-ts'aa"'^;k^gyi'K:J|3 

Defer, to t'e-peh' Jf ||°; tV^- 

nyi'-^ng J§ U°; — to ?/o«r o/?m- 

ion, tV-peh ng' ding-kwe' J-g 

Deferential, kyii-soh' ^ ^ ; 
kyu'-kyu-jun }^ JSj ,^ 

Deficiency m numbers, ky^iiih'- 
sii J^^ ^ ; there is a — , yiii 
ky'uih'-tili # ^ 6^ ; w^^^'^ up 
the — , ky^iiih-sii iao pu'-tsoh 

Deficient, ky'in ^j ts'6^; 
ky^iiih ^ ; not enovgh, fell keo' 

% IS 

Defile in the hills, ssen-vong' jj] 

m (ih-da) 
Defile, to long'-leli lah-L^ah' .^ 

ffil^i ; l^^'-g-^'^^ lah-lihMali- 

lehnyi-sing'-peh-la'^. ^°^ 
M ^ IK ; long-leh ao-lih'.peh- 

tsao'^^^JiMli^Wffl 
Define, to — limits, ding ^aen'- 

cii !£ RS° $ij > ^^ esrpMn, ka'- 
sbih ff° Ut 



DEF 



114 



DEL 



Definite wm-ds, sliih-wo' llng- 
ts'ing'^ 15 g {f ; words not 
mfficietUhj — , shih-wo' ky'in 
feng.ts4ng'ai55^:^'/g;sbih- 
w6'feb.loh'-dzihgl:fSf,^lt; 
shih-w6' yiu zong'-loh |^ f J ^ 

Definition, ka'-shih ^° ^ 
Deformed, dzjen-dzih' ^ ^ ; 
to become — , vsen dzsen-dzih'^Q 

Defraud, to — of, ky^Uoh'-meh 
P£°^;ziah-meh'pfg[;t^eng. 
ky'Uoh' :§ p^^ 

Defray, to c^ili{lj ; tMng ]^. ; — 
^/^e expense, cMb fi'-yiiong {ij ^ |3 

Defy, to provoke war, kyib'-dong 
nyirig tang-tsiang' g^ fj A^fl* 
-j^**; to challenge, t'ao-tsin' 1"^ ^ 

Degenerate, to ^a-lob'-ky^i ^ 
-^*%-s^-ba'.Iob.kyVg^° 
•S±^tViW-]oh-kyV^|K 
^ ^ %• tao'-tsiang-i-sob' f J [5| 

Degrade, to ky'ib'-lob ^ -^ . 
kong'-lob p|° '^^ ; — toa lower 
office, kab-tsib' ii^ ^ ; kong- 
kyib' |^° 15 ; <o to/'^ «M;«y the 
button, tsab ting'-ta Jj| J| ^° 

Degree, ^?-a^e, teng'-kyib ^ |J^ ; 
<//e highest literary — , di-ili' kab 
^ — ^° 5 called, zong-nyiiu' 
jyj ^'^the \st — (i. c. lowest), 
siu'-dzae H ;J' ; <o oJtom </^e — 
of siu-dzce, jib ^)b'y^ ^° ; tsing 
W J|i^^Me2«t/ — , kyu'- 



nying $ A" ; ^'^'^ ^''^^ — » tsing'- 
2 ?8 i 5 ^"'^ ^^ ^ literary — ? 
gyi' yiu sing-kying' feh ^ ^* 
# 1^ -g^" ? ?r//a« — ? sob'.go 
sing-kying' ."g" |^° if.ltl %^ ? /.ej 
/ir;^^ ^/^e — of siu-dz(c, gyi z dznp- 
dziang M -^ /^ ]f.j to obtain 
the higher degrees, cong ^ 
Degree, (Geom.), one — , ib-du' 

Degrees, by dziu'-dzin ||)f i^ ; 
mren-majn' *f^ i]^ 

Deify, to — (wben done by tbe em- 
peror), fong bii-sab' Jf ^ ^ ; 
ts^ib'-fong ^ JJ ; — him, tseng 
gyi' we bu-sab' d^. ^ ^ ^ B 

Deification (wben done by the 
emperor), fong bn-sah'-go ng?en- 

a higher grade, tse-fong' ^ ^ ; 
k6-fong' jj^° ^ 
Dejected in appearance, \^e-t'al/- 

^'a^i MWiW^ y — ^'^ '^""^' sing- 
hwe'-lM^n Z^ MMm 

Delay, to tsen-kob' ftt ffl 5 '^ ^^''^* 
for — , iab J.^ ; ditto in paying 
debt, iab-tsa' $5 {g° 

Delegate, dse-li'-go nying f^;^ 
^* A"; ^0 send as a — , -^e g 

Delegate, to — avthority, kao'- 
c'ih gyun-ping g' ffi ^ffi M 5 
fo receive delegated authority, da) 
tsong' gyun-ping' f? ^ ft ffi 

Deliberate, ^o tsing-tsiab' g^ 
S^ ; fyi ti ; kong-nyi' a- fi ; 

siang-iiyi' ^ ^ 



DEI, 



115 



DEM 



Deliberative Jo<fy, we'-nyi -g* 

Delicate, fine, si Jjfl ; — (as 
workmanship), si'-ky'iao JU Jlj ; 
tendei; neng j^; — and pretttj 
(as a child), neng-fe'-ae jj|J ^ 
|g ; — food, ts^ing-c^u ky^uoh'- 

Delicious, song'-k^eo ^ p 
Delight, to — /nm, peh gyi kao- 

hying' f^°ft^M 
Delighted, kao-hying' ]g ^ ; 
perfectly — , kvv V-weh'-sah-de 
^" fg .?^ T°; bwun-t^n'-hyi- 

di' m 55 » m 

Delin EATE, to — by desmption^ 
kong'-tin ying-tsih'at^SJ^ 
IfeJ; ; kong'-tin ing'-tsong =| |J 
J^ ^ (tsong or cong) 

Delirious, nyih-hweng'-de ^° 
# T^'. — talk, nyih-wo' fE^'^ 

Deliver, to save, kyiu ^; — 
out of trouble, kyiu'-kw^u kyiu- 
°*n' M'BmM'^- iri his 
extremity, kyiu' gyi kyih' ^ ^ 
g; ; to 5^</ree, sih'-fong p ^jj ; 

— (as a letter), kao-dae'-c'ih ^° 
fS {il 5 — ^^ ^""*j kao-die' peh 
gyi "^ci^W^ 5 — «^ «^'« door, 
song'-zong meng g J^ f^ ; have 
you delivered the ims&age ? keh' 
ky^i z-t'i ng yiu w6-ko' ma J|;° 

— % a midwife, siu-sang' ij^ 
^"j tsih-sang' ^ 1^ 



Delude, Vo cheat, ky^i-p^in'^!|| ; 
tah shih'-gyiao J|^ @ ^^ ; — 
by false proynise.^, ko'-gyiao, bah- 

you — me ? ng dza'-vve peh ngo' 
pe moh-sac/ f;); ."g" jg^ f$° ^ 

Deluded, ifo ^e — , pe moh-sao' 
S^;fcm5Pel>6'^^|E 

Delusion, moh-sao';f: f|; Mo?-- 
m^ wwtf^^r a — , pe moh-sao' de 

fc^ * m T^ 

Deluge, ^ong-shu' gfc 7jic°; z/^e -^ 

^Ong-shu.faea-tsianggt7j\:''fg^ 

Demand, in great — , '6ng-ts^iao^ 

Demand, to t^ao fif ; iao ^ ; he 
demands too miuch, gyi t^ao t'eh' 
to ^ W ±' ^ ; ~ forcibly, 
ngang-iao' g| ^ j — pertim- 
dously, ts^n-gyiu', vaen-gyiu' -^ 

Demanded, grant a little, viom 
will be — , teh'-ba tsing'-bii ^ 

Demolish, to ts^1h'-h\ve j|^ g^- 
Demon, oh'-kyu ^ ^° (ih-go) 
Demoniac, one possessed by a 
demon, jih-mo'-go nying \ ^ 

Demonstrate to you, peh ng 
kWjlh'#°fr»5(;-s<.;, 
h ^^^P^ gyiii'-tang-gyin k^ao-jih' 
ft f4 ^ S > — (^s a calcula- 
tion), pih'-tang-pih k^ao-jih' |g 



DEM 



116 



DEP 



DEMtJKE, pgen'-psen go ^ |K ^t*** 
— countena7ice, lao'-lin ^ J^ 

Den of thieves, zeh k'o' ^ ^ ; 
tigers — , lao'-hwu k^o' ^ J^ 
^ ; hwu-yUih J^^ j lao'-hwu 
dong' ^ Jt m 

Denote, to yia i'-s #SiS> ^^^ 
c/iaracter ho, denotes riches, ho' z 
yiu dzse-veh'-go ka'-sbih ^ ?^ 

dicale, ts'-tin j^g* JiJ 
Denounce, to stigmuize, pU-siah 
^ gj] . — one really had, c^ih 

gyi'^o tsw' tB » >r° s»; ^ 

Dense /o//r/^5, jii'-yih mih-kying' 
ffi«S'M5Jii-yili'mih-mih'. 
zeng-zeng'^JI^^l"!''; 
— crowd, nying' mib-kying' A" 
® ^ ; nying' a-tsi'-feh-k'se A** 

wm^m^ -f'9. vu-iu 

nytiong' S!^^ '.-^ population, 
nying-in' vten-to' A° 'i@ M ^ 
Dent, a ih-go den' — y^" }g 
Dent, to c*oh-den' |§ f^ ; c^oh- 

dong' n m 

Deny, to — the truth of, wo feb-z'- 
^^U%^W^^\io refuse to 
grant, feb-cing % 7^ ; feb-ing'- 
hyii ^ ^ f^ ; to disown, feb- 
tsiao'-jing ^ JQ |g ; feb-jing', 
or feh-iiying ^fg ; to •— owe's- 
stlf, ky^i'-diao zi'-go s-sing^ ^ 

Depart, to li-kW S| g3 ; bih. 

k'ae j^^ ; — on a jouiTiey, cMh- 



meng'-ky^ ffi P^ i" ; —Mm 

Z//e, kyUi-sbu' i f: 

Department, j^/^6;re of duties, 
peng'-veng ;?p; ^ ; en-veng'-siu- 
kyi' ^ i9^ ^ a ; — 0/ « i?^e- 
fect, fu /jl 

Depend, to — on, k'ao-djoh ^ 
^°; i-k'ao ^ ^; — o« o/ie's 
parents, k'ao'-djub do-nying'-go 

^ ; what has heto-^ upon ? gyi' 
yiu sob'-si bao k^ao' ^ ^ ^° 
JK° iff ^ ^ "^ relatives to — 
wpow, lob-ts^ing' vu'-k'ao ^ |^ 
^H ) ci person, ^c, wj9ow 2i;Z!om 
to — , k^ao-ssen ^ }}\ ; ^Ae maw 
ca?i be depended upon, nying 
k^ao-leb-djU'.go A** mn 
^^° '^*' ; he cannot he depended 
upon, k'ao gyi'-feb-jih ^ ^ 

Dependence, without vu-i'-vu- 
l^'aolK^ 44^; —(but not 
firm), gse-deo' gj |g 

Depict, to — hj drawing, sia' ib- 
go du' ^ — ^° ® ; — ^^ 
language, kong' ying-kying' ||° 

Deplorable, zing-we'-kV-sibg 

Deplore, to pe-t^an' ^ l§| 
Depopulated, nying' siu'-jib- 

Deportment, kyii-ts'-'ang-dong' 
^ ± fT° lil 5 'ang-i'-dong-zing 



DEI* 



lit 



DER 



Depose, to — a kinq, fi'- diao 
w6ng-ti' ^ T S ^ ; — /rm 
qffke, kah tsih' :^ )|| 

Deposit, to lay down, fong'-lob "^ 
^ ; — ynonei/ in the bank, nying- 
ts' dzeng lae dzin-tin'li ^ ^ 

^'ffi*'H*/S35 ^^'^ money depos- 
ited, dzeng-^ong' jj^ J^; dzeng- 
kw'un' flE ^ 
Depot, building for public use, 
gyiioh J^ ; — for ai-ms, kyiiing- 
ky'i'-gyuoh '^ ^ "^'^ open 
place for storage., ts^iang |^ ; — 
for coal, me-t^-en' ts^iang jgj ^ 
% ; freigJit — , ko'-dong-^ong' 

Depbave, lo pii/-diao -^ ^''; 
wse-diao',^ 'J*'*; — the mind, 
W2e nying sing-jih' ;® A^& % 

Depraved, tlmougUij ^o -tsoh pV 

Tf^»;^o.iiupV7°sM 

Depreciate, to — others, kong 
bih' nying feh-tao'-ko ^"glj A** 
^ JlJ^"; — ones own merits or 
abilities (often used in a false 
sense), ky^in-hyii'^ ^ ; do not 
— yourself, hao-vong' ky^in-hyii' 

tP /Q w^ m. 

Depredate, to phinder, ts^iang'- 

deb Jlig ; ts^iang'-kyih J| ilj 

Depress, to lowfrby pressyre^ ah'- 

Depressed m sjnrits, £ sing'- 
siang M° t^ ^^ ; ^e-^e'-ze-ze' 



Deprive, to take away, do'-leh- 

dehMeh-ky^i$@''^°;_o/ 
Z/zorf, over t^/wc/i we have smne 
control, siu'-leh-ky^i' ^%'*^''\ 
— of privilege, ih-ts6ng me'-z 

siu.tsing'^;ftl|:j:j(5r Jl; 

God has deprived me of my son, 
Jing-ming' po ngo ng-ts' siu- 

Depth, sing gjg; what is the — 
of this well f keh' k^eo tsing' to- 
siao sing' il P ^ ^ ^> §5 ? 

Depute, to -^e ^ 

Deputy, i^e'-yiin ^ ^ (ih-we) 

Derange, to pnt out of order, 
kaoMon J|° ^ 

Deranged, msa?*^, fah-tin'^^; 
fah-gw6ng ^Jf; fab-c^u'|f^ 

Deride, to s6ng-ky*iioh' ^ ^ ; 
tsao-siao' P|5 ^ ; kdng daea'-wo 

Derivation, peng' ti-ts :^ ^ 
•J ; i/iat is of foreign — , keh 
peng' ti-ts, z nga-koh'lse-go Jg** 

Derived, whence is it — f keh'- 
go ky^i-ts'u' dzong <o'-r lae' ^* 

4^45 tj |j§ jpj M 35 ^ a ^^ci8 

— from China, peng'-lae z Cong- 

koh' c'ib'.go ;$; 35 ^ + @ 

Derogatory to ow^'s rank or 
character, tVh-p^ing'Jj^^; shih'- 
kw^an ^ ^ 



DES 



118 



DES 



Descend, to loh'-ky^i f ° i°; 
loh'-laj-f °^ jkong'-loh l^^'T"; 

— a hill, tseo'-loh saen' -^"f ° ll] ; 

— froni heaven, ^o'-kong' '^° 
^''; Jesus descended from heaven, 
Yi£e-su' ^o-kong'-de M Mf^ 
|^° "J""; — (as an estate), yi- 

Descendant, ^eo'-clai ^fij; ts'- 

seng ^ J^ 
Descent, loh'-kyM ^ -i"; ^Ae 

— was dangerous, keh-go loh'- 
ky'i ngwe-hyin'-go jg" ^° ^ 

koiig-ts' kong-seng' ^J-^^. ; 
direct—, tib'-p'a ^j§ J|ft° 
Describe, to ying-yuong'J^ ^; 
— a balloon for me, ky^i'-gyiii 
yiang-sbih', liao ying-yiiong' peh 

ngs t%g' u m # 5^ if ?^ 

^M^^^^ca'mot — it, wo' 
feh siang-ziang-go f g ^ ft 



fir 



Desert, sandj/ so-di' iQ? j;^ ; — 
placCf peb'-mao-ts-di' ^ ^ ^ 
ji^ ; wilderness, kw'oiig-ijE E|^ 
^ (ib-t^ab) 

Desert, what is deserved, ing-kae' 

ziu B ^ S 
Desert, to ky^i'-diao ^ f' 
Deserter //ww «/;e «n?i^, dao- 

jun'-li dao-z6ng'-go ^ ^ 5^ 

Deserve, ^ ing-tong^ ziu |jg g" 
^;U'sdt6ug-jui/-go^if^ 



^ '^°; ^c deserves the reivard, 
keb'-go song'-pao, gyi' ing-toiig' 

ziu5i''nfRS.!StS 

Design, to tang -tsiang f^^ ; i'- 
s i'lo # SI ® ; ^^^ designs to 
build a house, gyi tang'- tsiang 
kyn ib-tsing ob' ^ fl* 3? jg 

-mm 

Design, i'-s ^ g, ; dzeng-sing' 

-^ >lj» 5 ''^^1/ — ^^ ^ 9^^'^ ^^ to a 
friend, ngo i-'s, song-peh beng- 

yi"' S # ,g ig W m S 

I Designedly, yin'-i ^^;; kwu'-i 

tk M 5 d«l^-i' # S ; deh-we' 

'#^ 
Desirable, v^?;^ meo-ts'-peb-teb' 

iJ< i ^ ^ (primarily too good 

to be obtained). 
Desire, to sing'-siang)jj»^;iao'- 

siang ^ ^, (more intense tban 

tbe former) ; — earnestly, byiiib'- 

sing siang' ^ ^jj pg 
Desire, sing-siang' ^^ /g ; sing- 

uyiin' ;^ ^ ; //is desires are too 



great, gyi -go sing-siang mang'^ 
/fac/ ^/za< — , kyiu yiu-ts' sing' 

^ w jjfc .& 

Desist, /o s/o/?, byih ^ ; — //wa, 
byib-siu' ^ ^ ; fong-siu' "JJ ^^ 

Desk, writing-case, s'-pao-'eb' 
W :^ 5 writing-table, s'-pao-col/ 

Desolate, ts^i-liang' '|^}5 ; vu- 
liao' vii-liao' 5lff.fpMfll; ziang- 
kwu-tiao'.ka ft % m^'^^V 



DES 



119 



DET 



Desolate, to long'-lehling'-ling'- 

loh-ioh' mw^^Mm 

Despair, vu-k'o-v6ng' Jit pj g ; 
in utter — , djih' vu-k*o-v6ng' 

Desperado, vong-ming'-ts-du' 

la' ^ ^^ ; local — , dziu-di'- 

oh'-kvveng -$1 l^ ^ ^g 
Desperate, /^^-^m; — , ngo ob'- 

c%-de|S^ffiJ^ 
Desperation, drivm to — , pih'- 

leh z6ng-t^in'-vu-Iu', jih-di'-vn- 

\^ %f^', «« — , deo-tseo ]fi- 
^^ S ^ i5° S^ 
Despicable, feh-jih'-ngaen dfe \ 



["; — employment, pe-ziii 



long 



^0112- 



rtT'i?; tW-v^n 



'oi.g-toiig' g-j 



Jl 



/iU9 



Despise, /o ky»ing-msen' |^ 'g ; 
k^en-ky'ing' ^ |^ ; ts^iao-feh- 
ky^i' ^ ^ iffi; «y<^'2/ <^'*^ despises 
him, ko'-ko nying' kW-gyi- 
ky'ing' fflfi A°l S*l 

Despondent, sing hwe' i'-hen^jj 
J< ]^» 'IM » ^i^^^^-e iveaker than 
before, ts'-Lyiang ziab'-de ^ |^ 
II T°; sing-i'daen'-de ,j^, ^ 

Despotic, bao-nyiab'-go ^ ^ 
jiower, gyiiii-sbii'byuong' 



^^;- 



«»5a 

Dessert, tiiZ-sing or tia'-sing |J 
£>, properly a ligbt relisb taken 
to sustain, but not to satisfy. 



Destined by the will of Heaven to 
become great, t^in-i' s-jiiii' bying- 

by fate to decay, ming-kae'-jU-ts^ 

Destiny, end, kyib'-gyUob i^^; 
fate, ining-yuing'^5||; yuing- 
dao'JiJt 

Destitute of friends, kyii-mob'- 
vu-ts^ing' :P @ JS la ; &-beng- 
yi"' fe^JiJS; — q/" clothing 
and food, vu-i, vu-zib' ^ ^ 

Destroy, to siao-bwo'-diao f^f^ 
^"^ siao-bwe'-diao ^ g| ^j 

— utterly, tsao-t^ab' ken-zing' J§ 
Si |£ ^ ; — (l^y fire or otber- 
wise), bwe' ken-zing' ^ $£ y# ; 

— by tearing down, ts^ab'-bvve 
ilS S5 5 — ^^s living creatures), 
mib-diao' 2|g ig" ; — /(/<?, sab 
seng', ^je ming' ^ ^ || ft- 

Detach, to separate, feng-kV ^ 
g^ ; to disunite, ts^ab'-k^ae Jg 
gg, ts^ib'-b.b JS ^ ; to - a 
/!»Of(y 0/ soldiei^Sy feng-fab' ib-ts 
ping' ^ H — ;^ ^ ; feng- 
p«a ib-de ping' ^ tg"— ^ ^ 

Detain, to liu -g ; liu-dju -g 
^ ; liu-lob' -g ^ ; —forcibly, 
ngang-liu' ^J^" -g ; tV ra2/i5 «m? 
Heaven detains t/ie giiest, " yii' 
lob, T^n' liu k^ab' " M ^ ^ 

Detect, to k^en'-c^ib jm ; k^en'- 
p'o ^ i^ ; — c7'?o?'s, k*en'-c*ih 



BET 



120 



DEV 



ts V-c*u S ffi Ig' ;g ; the ilmf 
was detected, zeh' p'o-en'-de f^" 

Deter, to tsu^tdng P£ ^ ; lasn- 
tsu' }U PI ; tsu'-dju a ft ; — 
one from doing, tsii'-iong nying 

fehtso' wt K%m 

Determination, cu -i ^ ^ ; 
he has — , gyi yii/ cu'-i ^ ;§" 
i#; gyicii'-i kyUih'-ion ^ 

± ;i * W'^ p^ - ' lao 

cil'-i ^i^ ; cii'-i k^o'-dlng-de 

Determine, to ding-kwe'^^; 
ding cu'-i '^i.M i kyuib'-ding 

Determined, to he — , k^o'-dlng 
cu'-i #^^i ^; —to do, 
cong-dziiig' nyiah-ding'-de ;^@ 

Detest, to ^eng "Ift; k'o-u' pj"^ ; 
7 — Jam, ngo un'-wu gyi' de 

38 ^ * ^' 7° 

Detestable, perfectly k'o.u'48- 
gyili'pj ^iS; ^eng-gyih'-de 

Dethrone, to — a Ung, ts^in 
wong-vve ^ ^ ffi J deh wong* | 

we' fg ^ -a 

Detract, to — from a man* s good 
character, hwe riying'-ts jUn' ^ 
K° ii % See Depueciate. 

Detriment, ^ae ^ ; tio — , ffi- 
kao'soh-go Vj^'^^lg^Jg' 



Devastation hy soldiers, ping- 
hwdng ^ ;^ ; — Jy c?roM(/^/, 
*en'-hw6ng J§L ^ ; — hij water, 
BbU'-Lw6iig ;fJC^ ^ 

Develop, ^o k Vk^ai' g3 §3 5 — 

one^s intellect, nyiug'-go ts^ong* 
ming' kVc^ib'-lae A°i^''SBBJ 
Mffl* ; ts^oiig-ming' k^on-kV 
^ M ?L* ^ (sometimes used 
of grown people in ridicule) ; — 
ideas, i'-s t^aen-tan'-k^ae ^ Jg 

Deviate, w tseo'-ts^d -^ ^; 

ts'o'-k'jB X gg 

Deviation, a slight — atjirst,inay 
amoynt at last, to a thousand li, 
" tseo'-ts'o *ao-li, t^e'-paen ts^in- 

Device, simple fong-fah' -ff jj . 

ingenious — , kyi-kwah' Ij^ }g ; 

a-afty—, kyi-meo' ^ % ; kyi'- 

kao tf g{' 
Devil, m/ spird, kyii jj^"; mo- 

kyu'ia"; ol-'-kyU s ft"; 

i^e — , Mo-kwe' J| ^ ; possessed 
with a — , jih-mo'-go^ J| ^"j 
wnc/er a deviCs influence, ziu kyii- 
mi' S ^^ 2^ > ^^^ siro^e^^ ^3/ 
« — (and therefore bad), kyii' 

lo-deo'-de a^'iiBlTj^yii' 
kwab'-dc ^° fg° T*" ; the last 
two used in reviling. 
Devious, crooked, -^aen-ky^iioh'- 

Devise, to tang'-mo Jj^ ; — a 
way, tan^-son ih-go fdng-fah' 



DKV 



121 



DIS 



fall' it*' j^ fi ; 8bib fah' |X« 
fi ; — « scheme, shih kyi' U" 
If; reoc?^ in devising, jwn' tV)ng 

Devolve, totmnsfer, sia' peh ^U° 
Jp|° J 7/11/ dutiea — upon him, iigo 
meng-veng' sia peh gyi' iso' JJ 

responsibility on some one else, sia 
kyi»-ts' ^jj ^' -J" ; Mts devolves 
on me, keh' kwe ngo' tso' JJ |5 

Devote, to tseng-ky'i' dSJg; li"- 
ky^i ^&;—to God, tseng- 
ky^i' peh Jhig-ming' df j|g H" 
jji^ W 5 — s^ ^om;-5 a f/a^ io 
study, ih-nyih' li-hyiaiig' loh tin'- 
cong koug-fu' tseng-ky'i' doh 

Devour, to swallow without chew- 
ing, t*ei)g ky^uoh ^ pg°; ^ «a< 
rapidly, ziah-loh' soiZ-tsiaiig' p^ 

^ 3f ifl ; — « ^^'o^^, 'o peng 

t^eng-lob'-kyn^:$:^.^i° 

Devout, gyin^ing' ^ i(^ 

Dew, lu-sbu' ^ 7):"; drops of— , 

tin' tang tin lu-shu' |j |J || 

Dextrous, siu weh-p^eh' :^ Jgf^ 

Diabolical carts, iao-fah' J^j^; 

i^eoZ sHll in ditto, iao-jih' li-^a' 

Diagram, du'-go da-liab' g ^ 
:fc ^p ; du'-go da-taih'-mob B 



tang' ih-go du' iS-^'^-'U 
Dial, mn jih-kwe' Q § ; — ^^/ate 

o/" a clock, cong min-ts |J "B -f 

(cong or tsong) 
Dialect, /oc«i t'u'-wo ^ JJ ; 

hyiang-d»n' ^ fj|J ; ?/«« Ningpo 

— , Nying-po' wo' |g: jg IS 
Diameter, cong-siu' 4» i^ 
Diamond, kying-kong'-cUn^giJ 

^ (ciin or tson) (ih-lih) 
Diaphragm, keh- luoh gg Jg 

(veng.) 
Diarrhea, dza-bing' }^°.;fS ; du- 

foh sia' JIfc K iB; (Chronic — -, 
lao' dza-bing' ^ }g° ^ 
Diary, jib-kyi'-lob EJ IB H 
Dice, seh'4s g, ^ ; deo-ts' -g^ 
■J ; /o Mrou; — , dzih seb'-ts 
gi fe •? ; — ^a?, seb'-ts *eh' 

Dictate, <o k'eo-djUn P ^ ; ^o 
tynZe ow dictated, i k^eo' dae sbii' 
tfe P ft; ^ ; w^''^'^^ as fast as 
dictated, kong' dza kw^a, sia' dza 

k«'a W %° W %° ^° W 

Dictionary, alphabetical z-meo 
di-kong ^ ^%m\ z-nyu' 
we-ka' ^ |g ^ 8$*; — arranged 
according to the radicals, z-tiu' 
* ; z-we' ^ ^ 

Die, ^0 8i 5E; ky^U-sbu' -^ -Jg;;. 
ling-corig' g^g $^; do-kao'kvv^eng'- 
joh;^<'S°^fj (coarse);- 
yo?m^, iao ziu' ^ g ; ton' ming 
M^'y"^ a miom/ tfca^^, jua' 



DIE 



122 



DIL 



cong ^ 15 (cong or tsong) ; 
— from disease, bing kwu' ^ 
"^'j — an unnatural dtath^ wang 

starvation, ngo-sali' ^ ^; — 
satisjied, ngseu'-tsing pi-Ieh-ky'i 
aBiS&m°±' (/tV. with eyes 
shut.) 
Diet, to eat sjumngh/, ky'uoh' leh 
si' P£° W S9 5 tsih ing'-zih 15 
^ ;^ ; siao shii' ky^iioh' tm >|? 
g^pg^SJ: «o «ro/c? a certom kmd 
of food, gy'i zih' ,f, ^; gyi cu' 
i& IS ; io ^^'^'6 ^ « vegetable — 
(as the Buddhists do), ky^iioh 

t8^*'Pfe''^;kyUohsu'pg°-^ 

DiFFEK, to yiu ferig-pih' -^ ^ 
3!t5 — ffreathj, do' yiu feng-pih' 
:fc° W & ^ll ; <^'Jers mwc/i, ts'6 
hyu'-to ^ If ^ ; long-d(/ koh'- 
yiang |?:;^*'#|i; da' feh 
siang'-dong ^ ::{^°^ |g ; kao- 
ti' peh-ih' jg ^:]; ^; (it) difers 
very little, ts^o yiu'-*aen ^ ^ 
|5g'; ts»6' feh to' H^gjshu'- 
vikoh'.yiangg^jfc^^^ 

Difference, feng-pih' ^ gii ; 
what is the — f yiu soh'-go feng- 

piii'Wa°Ji°^M^yi"soh'- 

gokoh'-yiangWS^Ji''a^fi? 
wJvat is the — in length ? dziaug 
ton' ts^o' to-sia()'gjg^5 ip ? 
Different, koh'-yiang ^ ^ ; 
feh zih-yiang' f, ^ ^ # ; 
the two are — , liang' k^ae-dae' 
ffi ^ $ J — ^^f^^s, koh'-seh 



koh-^ao' § fe § #; entir,l/ 

— , V-jun koh-yiang' ft ^ § 
tH ; — /^^"* ^^^ ''^^^ dzah-ngah' 

Difficult, naen H ; keh'-tah ^^^ 
:g'; feh yuong'-yi ^ ^ ^ ; 
very — , vaen naeu' ^ m 

Difficulties, nsen ^ ; nsen-c'ii' 

Diffident, yiu hyii-hyih'- bing 
W J!ti4°^^wefah-neng'-go 

t If « i-° 
Diffuse, to spread abroad, yiang- 

Diffuse in style, vsen ^ ; vaen- 
zeh' ^ ^" ; veo-veng' to' }$ 

Dig, Zo gyiiih |g ; dao Jg 
Digest, to — food, zih' siao-hw6' 

Digestion, Jac? bi-we' ^a' ^ 

Dignified, yiu ^e-nyi' go ^i^ 

Dignity, ^e-nyi' J^ ^ ; ^ea« 

— , -^e-nyi' djong' J^ ® fi ; 
assumed — , kw'un'-sliih do' ^ 

Digress, ^o — in speaking, ling- 
nga' di-ky'i ih-yiang' z-t^i' ^ 

9h° ii ® - « ■* ti 

Digression, i-nga'-ts z ^ ^t^** 

Dike, a bank to prevent inundation, 

dong ^ 
Dilapidated, fong-tao'-ba4oh' 



DIL 



123 



DIR 



g« 



v^" 



p ; tong-t^jeii 



Bi-tao^go ;^ ijj W ftl i"** 
Dilate, to — (as the eye), fdng'- 

Dilatory, nga-nga' tsU-tsM ; in'-in 
tsiang-tsiang' ; msen-t^ang'-t'ang 

1ft S'' S°; cla^g g°; wun- 

deng'-deng ^ |i| §* 
Diligent, p6-kyili' Jgg; ; z6ng'- 

kying _t H ; gying-lil/ Hi -fj 
Dilly-dally, to yin-dang' jgg" 
Dilute, to <o'-leh d«n' 5^^7|^ ; 

to thin, V-leh boh' 5fo f|'' /§ 
Dim, indistinct^ feh ts^hig'-t^ong ^ 

Jft 5i 5 ^y^s¥i^ — (naturally), 

ngaen'-kwong deng' 01° 5E |j| ^ 

c??rto /ra/« 0(75 ^-c, ngcen-tsing 

hw6'.deg|°13S7eT°;-^«^«A 

teng-tsa3n en' JS ^ P| ; ngaen^ 
kwong &^n'-de P^" 3E ^ ^ 

Dime, ih koh' — ;^ * 

Dimensions, what are its — ? 
yiD to-siao' do' ^ ^ *P ^° "■ 
yiu dza-kwm/ do ;^;g°^Vc*'- 

Diminish, to kgen ^°; kaen'-Ioh 
W^', ky^iiUi ^; siao >J; ; 
canjiot — , kaen' feh-teh DgJ'' ^ 
^ ; — m si^e, siao'-long kyU' 

*i^ ^M -i") — ^"' numhei-1 
ky'uih'-long.kyq' ^ JJI ^°; 
ky^Uih'-feh-l«, feli-ky'uih' ^ ^ 
^^ft; — <?.r;7e/?s:'5, fi'-yiiorig 
k^n'.tin-diaot|3^°|5^° 

Dimity, liu'-diao-pu )fj^ ^ ;j^ 

Dimple, tsiu-den' -jg •J'^ 

Din of voices, zsng-zeiig'-hyiang 



M° M° ^ ' — ^f hammers, Ac, 
ding-ding'-dang-dang hyiang'. 
Dine, to ky'uoh da-tsV fg" ;^ 
3g; ky^uoh tsiu'-ko-vaen' pg° ^ 
ii IH; ky'uoh cong-vjen' pg" 
4" SR» ky^iioh tem-vsen p^** 

Dingy coZc;r, hweiig' seh -^ g,; 

— /row age, in-t'ang'-t'ang ; 
without polish, deng kw6ng'|j| ^^ 

Dining-room ky'liob-vsen-kaen' 
Pfe'lS F^''; da-ts^se-vong' ^/^ 

^ m 

Dinner, vaen |g ; da-tsV ;^^; 
woow wim/, tsiu'-vaen ^ |H j 
tsiu'-ko-vsen ^ jg |jj[ 

Dip, to — up water, iao' shii' Ice' @ 
7|C°^ ; — zvater with the hands, 
p^ong shii' i^'^yJCj — '^ water , 
or immerse, shii'-li tsing' ih-tsing' 

7jC° ^1 S — Si — ^^^ /^^^ "* 
ink, pih' weng moh' ^ S S» 

— ajid ivet, weng-weng sih' J^ 

& m 

Diploma, certificate, tsiao JB » 
scholar's — , veng'-bing' tJJ jg ; 
priesfs — , dn-diah Jg j^" (ih- 
tsiang) 

Dipper, shu'-z6h yjC ^°', wood- 
en — , ao'-teo J^ ^ ; ^ob-biu' 

Direct, to manage, kwun'-li ^ 
31; liao-li' ^jj-gi; coh'-fu H 
pfj ; to tell ■ or give orders, Vio!^ 
f S ; — (a traveller), ts'-ying 



DIE 



124 



DIS 



DiEECT, dzih ]![ ; — road, dzih 

lu' It % 
Direction, m what — ? 'ah-li' 

/g — [pj *? in that — , keh' ib- 
tyiaiig' 85° ^ |P) ; I do not 
understand his directions, so coh'- 
fii ngo' fell tong' ^jf ^g p{^ Jg 

^ tH 5 ^^^ ^^^''^ ^^^ — ^^ '^'^" 
f?r^s5, ming-moh', w6-hyiang'- 

gyi-dao' >g g fSl^ S5i; 

— of a letter, di-kyiah'-ing ^ 

Directly, ziu j^°; / ?^,7V/ come 

— , ngo' ziu la3' ^ ^^^ ^ 
Director of affairs, cong-'-kwim 

M ^ ; cong'4i 11 JJ (cong or 
tsong) 
Dirge, pe-s6ng'-go ko' ^ fj 
'i^" ^ j lamentation, se-ko' ^ 

Dirty, ao-tsao' M° ^ ; lah-tW 
^ ^ ; ao-lih'-peh-tsao' ^ ^° 
B" IB; sehUeh ^ ^; nyi. 
sing' iS 11 •, lah-lib'-lab-t^ah' 

— sweepings, leb-seb' ],^ J^" 
Dirty, to long ao'-tsao ^ ^ 

If, &c. 
Disabled, vu-neng'-we |g fg 
@ ; — intellectually, tsing-jing' 

fi'-diao-de^Tplp^f^T 
Disadvantage, ky^Uob'" - kw^e 

P£° SS 5 ^«w^/i^ «^ « — , ma' 

ky'uob-kwV H°Pfe°)B;°^a^ 

sbu-de H^^T"; ^'orking at a 



— , ka' tso, feb teb'-fah jn" ^"^ 
Disadvantageous, le^-ze-go ^ 
Disagree, to feb-deo^-kyi ^ J^ 

;^ ; — in opinion, {lit wrongly 
joined), i^-sts'o-p^ing' ^S^** 
^^ ; unsuited, feh-te' ^ ^if ; feb 
teo'-deo ^ ff BI ; feb ^eb- 
sbing' f, ^ # 
Disagreeable, nsen-tong' JJ 
Ȥ ; in'- ky'i jR ^ ; wo pZeos- 
ure, m-c^ii' |^° ^ ; verg — , 
m-c^u'-ts-gyib'"'^° M ;^ ® ; 

— weai/ier, t^in-kd'^ m-c^ti' JfJ 
^°IS°M; — person, tseng 
Dying' fi" A°; teb'-nying-vsen- 
tseng' ^ A° SB 'Fi*; min-mob' 
k'o-tseng' M @ pT If ; — 
ivags, i'-tsi tseng' # |j:° fg-; 

— to do, naen-byi'; nsen we'- 
dzing li @ 'if 

Disappear, to — suddenly, bwel/- 
jun feb-kyin' iS ^ * £ 

Disappointed, to be V-s sblb'- 
lob # ,g ^ -^J sbib-vong' 
^ ^ ; / tms — m mg expecta- 
tions, ngo so vong' sbib'-lob-de 

Disapprove, to feb yiiob'- i ^ 

Disarm, to kyUing-ky'i' siu-jib'- 

ko in §§ IK 1^ i§ 
Disarrange, to kao'-lon JgH j 
dao-lon' f ft gl ; — so, owe can- 



DIS 



125 



DIS 



J 



not do anytldng, ts'ao'-lon dsen- 
<3ziang' M tL M :* 
Disaster, fi-W-ts ^o' ^ ^ ;^ 

ib-kyU' bjuong z'-t^i — jE |)y 
^^ 

Disastrous, hyiiong [)^ ; li- V 

Disband, ^o — (troops),ts^ili'-weJJS[ 
HI; — (scliool), saen-kwui/^^ 

Disbelieves everything, pah'-feh- 
skng'-sing -^ %^^ 

Disburse, to do-c41i^ ^ ^{ 

Discard, to tiu-ky^i' ^ ^°; hts 

been discarded, tsoh'-ko-de ^^ 
Jg T°; koh'-ko-de Ji ig T' 

Discern clearly by the eye, k'en' 
ts^ing-t^OTig' ^ if jj ; — &e- 
;t(;6en ^n/e and false, bin'-pih 
tsing-ko^ ^ SlJ° * fg° 

Discernment, ngsen'-lih gg'^jj;; 
kyi-ling' ^ fi ; liu-liang ^ 
^ ; ^rea^ — , ngjBn'-lih bao' 

Discharge, to — (as firearms), 
fong ^ ; to let out, fong'-c^ih' 
J5[ [il ; — (as a prisoner), fah- 
fong' f^ jj ; — a debt, tsa' t^eb- 

^'i^' 11 IS; ffi ; — ^^'^^'^ ^"^i^' 
dzing peng'-veiig ^ 7^ ^°; p6 
meng-veng' Jg g"^"; — cfw- 
^0, ky'i bo' jg K 

Disciple, leai-ner, meng-du' f^ 
^; Wsang-ts^ i^" ^^ •? 5 
di'-ts 1^ ^ ; meng-seng' f^ ^ 

Discipline io — (as a cburcb 



member), tsiao kyiao'-kwe tsah^- 

vahM^^«P 

Disclaim, to feb-jing' ^1^; feh 
tsib'.fing ^, g |g. 

Disclose, ^0 expose to view, lu- 
c^ib' M^', to leak out, sih'- 
leo {H J)^ ; — a secret, tseo'-leo 
fong-sing' ^ {§ JSl S 5 ^ib'- 
leokyi-kw^n'Jglf ;eiliS;lii- 

fong' M ja 

Discolor, to ngaen-seb' fjen'-diao 
11° fe Sf ^° J *^seo ngaen-seb' 
* ®° fe ; pin seb' ^ fi; 

Discomfort, in feb zin'- yiiong 
^^|g;febsbib'.i^ia°^ 

Discommode, to le ^ ; — a per- 
son, le nying' feb bin ^ A° ^ 
i^; ta'-li nying' feb bin' ^^^° 

Disconcert, to long-lou' ^ 0^; 

ib.z-li',m-cu'-i^BtliM''iS 
Disconcerted, sing-bwong' i- 

I8n' ,& ^ « H 
Disconnected, feb-lin'-p'ing ^ 

mm 

Disconsolate, en'-tab-feb-lae' 

^ pf ^ i: 

Discontented, feb-mun'-i ^J^ 
^ ; pab'.feb-bwun'-byi "g ^ 

mm 

Discontinue, to byib'-lob ^ 

•^;tsih 

DiscorDj variance, feb tsib'-yiab 
^ iS^ ?& ; — "* ^^'"H yiiing' 
feb-^eb' g| * >& 



DIS 



126 



DIS 



Discount on price of goods^ 
k'eo'-deo JO JM; tsih^-deo fff 
fig; two out of every hundred^ 
kyia'-pah k'eo ^ A Jp 5 kyiu'- 
pah tsih At A f!f > ^^^ ^'^^ ^f 
every hundred, kyiu' k'eo A^; 
kyiu tsih % J;ff 

Discourage, to long'-leh gyi- 

sing'lang'|?g°Sii:W^°;<^ 
break his inclination to do, tang- 
don'-gyi-go hying"- cu Jj ^ ^ 
-i^° ^ ^ ; discouraged, ts'- 
hyiang\ih'-tao.de]g|^ ^^MT" 
DiSCOyRTEOUS, m H'-sing ^"jjg 
*^ ; — behavior, ang-vve', m li'- 

sing fr:®^° lift 

Discover, to find, zing.c4h'-l« 

»° ffi ^ ; zing-djoh' 5 ^° 
(djoh or dzoh) ; — a plot, kyi- 
meo' k^en'-p^o ^MM Wi 
Discreet, yiu kyii/-sih f| £|i ; 
pi^dent, kwu-zin' kwu-^eo' ^ 

Discriminate, to feng-biu'ts^ing- 

t^ODg- ^|#}ft5|; feng-tsHng' 
^ dao-bah' ^ fl' Jf |& 
Discuss, to leng f^ ; — a smJ^'^c^, 

leng'ihky^i'z-t^/f^-^^fl 
Disdain, to mmo'-z ^;|g; k'en'- 

feh-z5ng-iig»n' J ^ Jt Ig" 
Disdainful, k^eu'-nying'-feh- 

z6ng-ngaei/^ A°f, ± 0F 
Disease, bing ^' ; bing-tsing' 

^ S (ih-dziang) ; to have a 

disease, sang bing' ^^ ^' ; yiu 

t'ong'-yiang ^f ^1^ ^ 



Disengaged /rom business, m- 
kao' z-ken' ^^ W^ ^ ; "« 
present — , keh^-zong k^ong'-go 

Disentangle, to ka'-k^se g?°^; 
ka'-s£en j^° ^ 

Disfigure, to siang'-mao kss'- 
diao ^ ^^ JJ°; — ilieface, 
kae siang^ g^ ;fg 

Disgorge, to t^i'-c'ih pf [g 

Disgrace, to tao-me' #J |g ; — 
^fm, peh' gyi tao-me' f^° ^ ^J 
;^; tao^gyiW #J ^''«; 
disgraced, tao-leh-me'-de ^ ^° 
;j^ ~j*° ; you not only — yourself 
but the chui-ch, ng feh tsen'-tsih 
zi tao'-me yia peh kong-we'-li 

by berating, siu'^-joh ^ J^ ; dis- 
graced by ditto, ziu-joh' ^ J^ 
(joh or zoh) 

Disgraceful affair, tao-me' z- 
ken' la ^ » # 

Disguise, to tsong-paen' U©-; to 
go in — , zi' Isong-paen'-leli-ky^i^ 

dressed in the — of a subject, 
w6ng-ti' kae'-wun i-z6iig' ts6ng- 
l^^\l! pah'-sing ^ ^ E& ^ ^ 

^^° IS © W ^ 
Disgusting, z6'-in ^° JK ; in'-u 

l5ir;v^n'.in^Gf)R 
Dish, beng-ts' ^ ^ (ib-tsah); 

dishes, iin'-tsajn-diah-ts' §a ^ 



DIS 



127 



DIS 



i 



Dish, to — vp, beng-ts' tsiMae ^ 

Dishonest, feh-Iao'-jih ^ ^ 
^; feb-(.lzina'.jih * M*; 
kaen-tso' ^° |^; veo-r'-peh-jib' 
Srfff T>»; feh-cong-W^ 
>S iS (cong or tsong) ; nails too 
long {i. e. will take a little), ts'- 
k^ah hying' Jg- f ° ^ 

Dishonor, to — a person, ^ae 
nying' rn-t^i'-min ^ KW^ 
III; disgrace a person, tao-nying'- 

Dishonorable business, m-min- 

moi/ z-t4' *S° ® g :»: ^ 

Disinclined, Isen'-teh -jg ;g ; 

— ^0 do, laeii'-teh tso' (g ^ ^ 
Disinherited, ts^en'-nyih m- 

veng', ken'-c^ih-de ^ ^ M,° 

Disinterested, yiah-ky'i' gj 

^ ;— nyi-kyM' djong' ^-^g 
Dislike, to feh hwui/-byi ^ ^ 

§ ; feh cong'-i §, f|J 7^ 
Dislocate, ^0 — a joint, gao'- 

kwu t'eh-yuih' K^ JJS: R ;^ 
Dislodge, to c^/we out, ker/-c^ih 

fi; ffi ; — (as a miscreant), 

ky^u-djoh^ .11 3g 
Disloyal to Me government, feh- 

voh' wong-hwo' ^ UK :£ fl: 
Dismal, m-c'u -go ^° ^ ^^° ; 

ing'-seh-Sfch |^ S^ ^ ; dark, 
en'-c'ih-cUb Pg SJ 1^ 
Dismasted, we-ken' song-diao'-de 



Dismay, Jilled with — , mun'- 
sing gyu-dgei/ Jg >iJ fl| '|f 

Dismiss, to — , (as servants), tang- 
fah-ky ^i' ^7|f i °j — him, hyih' 
gyi ^ ^ ; — (as a congrega- 
tion), peh gyi saen'-k^ae -j^" ^ 
^ 13 ; —(officially), fab'-saen 
^ ^; - .cy^oo/, fong-^oh' ®r 
*^°; saen-kwun' ^ ^f ; — (as 
a teacher), we-foh' [U ^ 

Dismissal, / re^Me.^< a — , ngd 
ts'ing' ng, cing' ngo t^e-dz' ^ 

ttfr?i^lJi »; (an of- 
ficer) requests — , ts^ing k^ae- 
ky^iiih' It II ^ 
Dismount, ^0 — from a Jiorse, loh 
mo'-l: ,^; t^o'-loh mo' gfc 

Disobedient, feh - k'eng - t%g' 
wo ^ "# ^ ^ ; feh ziu kao'- 
byuing ^ :g It" mi ; — .^o^i, 
peb'-byiao ng-ts' /f, ^ ^° ^ ', 
— and perverse son, wu-nyib'-go 
ng-ts' >|4: Jg ^-'^ 51° ^ 

Disobey, #0 we-be' ^#; feh i'- 
ji'^g*0c)i;we-nyih'^5j| 

Disobliging, feh cing' min-dzing' 
* ^t ® M ; ^«^y - ' 'ao' 
feh cing'-dzing J ^ ?j| tS 

Disorderly, Ion- ts^ih'-pah-tsao' 
^ -t; TV JS ; tossed, about east 
and west, tong-gwaen', si-gwaen' 

^ iW H" 11°; — «««^ noistf as 
chikben, djong {^; — wncf 
quaiTelsome, seng-z' ts^ong-'o' ^ 

» fel IS 



DIS 



128 



DIS 



Disown, to feh-jing' ^ |g ; feh 
of consequences, feh tsiao-deo' ^ 

Disparage, to u'-ts6ng J§ ^ ; 

— him, kdiig gyi ti || ^ 'jg 
Dispassionate, ditig-ding'-diah- 

Dispel, to hw6'-diao ^ ^'"5 ka'- 

— doubt, nyi-sing' hwo'-diao ig 

sorrow, ssen-saen meng' ^ ^ 

B.f;ka-kameng'^°f^°ft1 
Dispensary, s'-yiah - gyUoh jj^ 

mm 

Dispense, to feng-peh' ^ t^'' 

Dispensed, can he — with, k^o'- 
yi feh-yuong'-go "^ J[^ ^, ^ 
^°; hao-hyih'-go ^ |^ ^^ 
hao-sang'-go j(J ig° ^° 

Disperse, ^o tseo'- saen ^ ^ ; 
saen'-k^ae ^ g^ 

Displace, to iowg ts'o JJ ^° . 
en dzaea' ^ ^; — repeatedly, 
lon-fong^ IL iJ 

Display, ^o spread out, pa^-k^ae 

m H; t'=e"-kte' «if1; to 

exhibit, hyin'-c'^ih ^ Hj j /^e dis- 
plays ability in speaking, gyi 
hyin'-c^ih kW-dzse hao' ^ ^ 
|ii P ^ if 5 — ifress, sse' voli- 
8eh' ^ ^K g, ; — ^(;ea/^/^, sae 
f u' ^ ^ ; — ^''^^'^ Jeaw^y, sse 
mao' ^1^ ; — the feet, sse kyiah^ 
^ JiJ ; empty — , do-ba'-dziang 



:^°#°«;p'i-p'a' mm: 

Displease, to long-leh fehhwun'- 

peh ngo feb hwun'-hyi f^ * ^ 
#S^# ; long' ngo feb yuoh'-i 

^ ?c * m ;t 

Dispose, to set in order, also to — 
of, en-ba' ^^°; en-teng' ^jg; 
Aom; i^;z7Z ?/om — of that unexpect- 
ed gain f keh'-pih nga-kw'a', dza 
en'-tengJi°^jl|.°>[^°^.°^ 

Disposed, / feel — to give it to 
him, ngo i'-s z iao peh gyi' ^ 

Disposition, sing'-kah j^ ;^; 
sing'-dzitig >[^ 'g ; sing-dziang^ 

)5 ^" ; ^*««^3/ — 5 sing'-kah 
kyih' »|!j |gf g: ; sing'-dzing bao- 
tsW 'ft >|f ^E;cro55 — , 
sing-ts^ao' 'ft ||| ; perverse — , 
sing'-kah kw^'-p^ih 'ft i^ ^ 
^ ; Jac? — (also bad habit per- 
tinaciously adbered to), \^a bi'- 

ky^i W MM.'', "^^^^^ « ^^^^ 
— of it, iao tsing'-kying yiiong' 

DiSPROPORTiONED, feh siang'- 

P^e f, ;|i tt 
Disprove, to 7?ro?;e to be false, 

feng-ming' z ko'-go ^ ^M -& 

Dispute, to bin'-leng if |^ ; — 

angiily, tsang-lcng' ^^ fl^ 
Disquieted, feh en'-tsen ^ $ 



DIS 



129 



m» 



^ ; — (as a country), feh t^a'- 

DiSKEGARD, to peb-yi'-we-i' /p£J[ 
^ ^ ; poy wo attention, feh liu'- 
sing ^ ^ >& ; ko'-r-peh-liu' 

ii Hn T^ S; -- ^«A feh kwu 

sing'-ming ^ M H ^ 
Disreputable, m-o'-lin-go ^"^ 

son, feh ts'ing'-bah-go nying ^ 
it & i^° A°; feh loh-dzih-go 
nying * -S * ^° A'* 

Disrespect, to treat with — , 
mao-vsen^ | 3B ; c^oh'-vsen Jg 
^£ ; ditto pui-posely^ c^ong-dz6ng' 
^ ®;c^ong.v2ei/ fg^B 

Disrespectful, feh-kong'-kying 

Dissatisfied, feb-cii'-tsoh %^ 
J£; feh-tsoh' ^, J^; sing'-li 
feh-ju'-i,jJ|i^^D^;;/am 

— i<;?VA ^^*7?^, gyi feh-^eh' ngd- 

goi'dt^-a-lg^-'^; gyi 

feh-jii' ngo-go i' fi ^ in ft 

Dissect, to — at a Chinese inqtiest, 
siah'-kweh-nyin' '§'!! *S' ^ 

Dissemble, to pretend to be hon- 
est, tsong lao'-jih ^fe ^ Jf ; 
ko lao'.jih in" ^ ^; - well, 
tsong'-leh ziang' jfe ^^ -^ ; 
p^nMeh ziang' fg. ^° -j^ 

Disseminate, to po-yiang'- k^ae 

Dissent, to feh-^eV ^ ^ ; — 
from the crowd, feh-^eh' jing- 



dzing' ^,^ A'lS ; —from on^s 
superiors, feh-' eh' z6ng-i' ^ ^ 

Dissertation, a ih-p^in leng'' 

^" ^ i^ 
Dissever, to feng-kV ^ ^f 

ts'ah'-k'ae jljgg; — loith a knife, 

tS3en-k*se' ff gg 
Dissimilar, feh siang'-ziang, ^ 

ft ff< ; ^•^^i' — » da' feh-siang'- 

dong :/<; ^ ft |p| 
Dissipate sadness, ka-ka meng'^ 



pg ; ssen-saen siiig 



>& 



Dissolute, fdng'-d6ng ^jj ^ 

Dissolve, to melt, yiang );§ ; sah 

fk ; hwo >ft ; yiang-diao' );§ 

~J*°; — m water, shii'-H 'o-k^ae' 

ijjC'lifa gg;shu'-liyiang.k^a& 

iK a ^i F?a ; — (^- ^_^"0' 

friendship, djih kyiao' ^ ^ ; — 
partnership, feng tsiang' ^ |p^ ; 
feng sill' ^ ^ 
Dissuade, to eicAori anc? caution, 
ky^iin'-kyise ^ J^ ; fa-Zior^ him 
to stop, ky^iiii'-sih gyi hyih' ^ 

Distance, yiin Jg ; li-ytin' || 
jB^ ; what is the — apart ? to- 
siao' yiin ^ ^ j^ ^ ^^^^ — ^ 
«5oM^ fve li, da-iah' ng' li yiin' 

Distantly connected (as relatives 

or ideas), su-yun' jgt 3^ 
Distaste, m i'-c*ii ^ ^M 
Distend, to — with wind, feh- 



DIS 



130 



DIV 



p'ong', or fah-p'oh' ^ J$ ; to 
Uoat, fah-tsiang' |f % 
Distill, to tsing ^ ; tsing'-ky^i- 

1^ ^ jg * 

Distinct, separate, feh siang'-lin 

^ tt jfi ; different, koh'- bih 
iglglj ; clear, ts^ing-t^ong' jf JJ 
— articuldtmi, k^eo'-ing ts^ing- 
t^)Tig' P -"i if 51 ; k^eo'-ing 
tsUng.k'oh' P ^ Ji ii'* 

Distinctly, to see — , k'en' 
ts^ing-tong' ^ it 5i 

Distinguish, to bin'-pih f|f gij°; 
feng-pih' ;^ ^lj°; / can't — it, 
therefore it must he hard to dis- 
cern, ngo bin'-feh-c'ih'-lae, s6'- 
yi da-ka3 \^^^n feng-bin' ^ ^| 

Distinguished, yiu mmg-v6ng' 
^^ 2 ig ; ming-v6ng' do' :g 

Sic" 

Distort, to ao'-bwa f^ ^ 

Distorted, hwa ^ ; — mow^/j, 
hwa-cU' ^ Ig 

Distract, <o — tlie mind, feng 
sing' ^ >£> 

Distracted wmJ, sing-mong^- 
feh-ding' ^^ ff; ^ ^; sing-Ion' 
i^ SL; «^^«05^ — (crazed), weng- 
feh'-jih-mo' ^ f, A S 

Distress, kw^u'-tsHi ^^; kwV- 
"sen ^ H ; mffeiing, kw^a'- 

t'ong 'S'ffi; "* — J Ise-tih kyuoh' 
kwV-ls^i^^^pg^^dg; ]^^ 
tih ziu kw^u'-t^ong ^ g-J § 



Distressed (in appearance), zeo- 
mi' tang-pah'-kyih j^,°j| "^J"^ 
^; m mmff, sing-li kw^i' ^ 

iioh-uoh' 5 g ^° ^° 
Distribute, to feng-p^a' ^g^"; 

— impartially, kong-bing' feng' 
S" ¥ ^ ; kyuing feng^ ^^^ ; 

— ioofe, feng shii' -^ ^ ; — 
(ype, waen z' Jf ^ 

District, yiin ^ ; region, di-fdng 
Jil 3J5r; — magistrate, cii-yui/ 
^'D S ' — examinations, yiin- 
kW U^ ^; ^oc? o/ a s?/ia// 

— , tV-di-bu'-sah ± jl^ ^ 

m 

Distrust to nyi-^jb'^^; ts^se- 

Disturb to kying'-dong H JJ 
Disturbance, nao-z' ^ ^ ; to 

get up a-^, ts-z' j^ :^ 
Disturbed m mind, sing'-li-yiao- 

yiao'-peb.ih'>ij:g}f .gj,--; 

— m sleep, kvv^eng'-feh-en'-jun 

Disuse, not to use, feh-yiiong' ^ 

J^ ; fallen into disuse, dziang- 

kyiu' feh-tsoh' -^X^if^ 
Ditch, wu-nyi-den' f^° ^ \^ • 

yiang-keo-dei/ |^ ^ j:f ; to dig 

« — , dao keo' ik M 
Ditty, t^aen-w6ng' fj|^; ky'uob'- 

ts' ffi •? ; siao'-diao ij^ pj (ih- 

tsah) 
Dive, to sab-kong' ^ ^ ; sab- 

kong'-Iob-ky'i' 1^ ^ .^ i° 



DIV 



131 



^^• 



Diver, sah-kong'-go nying ^ ^ 

Diverge, to — gradnalhj, dzii/- 
dzin-ts^o-k^ae-ky'i' gf ^ ^ 
^ i" 

Divers, sci?era/, kyi-go' 

Diverse, <f^/em^^, koh-yiang' ^ ' 
J^ ; several kinds, bao-kyi'-yiang 

«F M «l 

Diversion, >• — , siao-ky^i,/. 

yiiong.go rt 5E ffl >h° 
Diversity, koh § ,- - in opinion, 

koh'-Dying yiu kob-i'-s § ^° 
W # ^ ,g ; koh'-tsih-ih-kyin' 
# ^ — ^ ; ^w^ //«/e — , sao- 
we-zang'-Ioh^'JJjh^.sao'. 
yiu-feL^ong'^'^l^ ^;- 
?n kind, koh-dzonxr-avl-la'' /5? ^a* 



DIV 



^m'l — ^n color and pattern, 
koh'.sehkoh.yiang'§g^^;j^ 
Divert, to — the mind, s^n-s^n- 
sing'^ ^ tt >6; siao-siao-kyW 
?« r^" xS ; siao-siao.^£en' y& 

Divest 0/ clothing, kw^un i' g 
^ ; i-z6i]g' t'eh'-Ioh * ^« 

urn 

tHYiBE,to feng^,.feng.kV^ 
^ ; — ^ cw«w?^, ts^ih'-k^£e ^ 
^ ; c??*«o (as a fish, nrelon <fec ) 
P^o-'kV-e mm-.- in halves, 
te'-feng-kVf|^gg.te'.ts'ih- 

^'^'m^m-^-in three parts, 
feng' tso Seen kwii' ^S* j^ ^ Jg-j 
— equally, tsiao' kwu kyUing- 



^^/^on, lah-k^^'j kah-k^«KgE3 
Divided ;.«, ih sing' ts^ong 

Hang yuoh' _ ^ij 36 M « 
Dividend, k*-feng' ^ ^ 
Divination, ky^i-kV son-ming' 

fe rl » i& 

Divine, to - (with three cash), 

poh-kV \s ^ ; ky^i-kV g 

SI; /o 5e«/e c^bwj^^ \^mh. nyi' ^ 

S ; — (with lettered bamboos), 

te«iu-ts%'^^;_^,-^/,^„^^^^^ 

on paper, ts^eb z' Jf ^ ; e^y^ 

*e/bre aw idol, gyiu ts'in'^ ^*^ . 

mengts^in-s7,f^||;__^,-,; 

a^i/rcf, gyinbaen'ff^jio?^// 

fortunes, son ming^ # ^ • p^i 



m kind, kob-dzong-gyi-Ie^ ^nlr^ °'"'^"^' ^ ^ -^ 

S «; - m co/o. a..?;,a,^,'^ ' ^7.^^^' ^f^'^^ to God, kwe'-u 



Jing-ming'||f^jp,pHj.^,,^_ 
ceedmgfrom God, dz^'-u Jing- 
ming' ka W ^ ^51 )ji,^ 0J flpo 

^ ; to become — , dzing Jing' 

Divine, a clergyman, kyiao'-s ^ 
gij ; lionmn Catholic — , iincy. 
vu )|fip /JC ; a theologian, cu'-ka 
sing'-shu-go sin-sang' |_f ^'^H 

DiviNER) ky'i^k^o sin'-sang jg 

Wk^ ^° ; — of places, fong- 

shu' sin'-sang JS :3jc' 3fc 4'; 

fortune teller, son'-ming sin'-sang 

Divinity, ^^^ essence of God, Jing 



DIV 



132 



DOL 



ming' — -S i*P 93 ; i^-^^e' bu- 
sah' ^- 'S ^ ft ; treatise on 
— , Jing-dao' cong-leng' jjilf Jg 

Division, Math, feng-fab' ^ fj 
DivisOK, feng-su' ^ ^ 
DiVOKCE, to li'-diao lao'-nyiiing 

- , li-sLu' %% # 
Divulge, to lu-fong' % JH ; sih'- 

leo J^ ^ ; — " secret, tseo'-leo 

fong-sing' ^ M E 1^ 
Dizziness, deo-yUing^ F^'^j ^^o' 

yuing-yuiiig'-dong lH ^^^ U 
Do, to tso fIJ ; tsob f^ ; *ang fj"; 

we ^ ; ^^/^ew tyj'// you — it, ng 

kyi'-zwet6ofj;«^fl$tft 

canmt — (it), tso'- feb-lse ^ |^ 

^ ; — not, feb-kV)' or m-nao' 
^ pj- ; bao-vong' ^H° ffl°; f«li 
iao' ^ ^ ; ^0 — e't;27 many times, 



tsob-ob' to-toi/ f^ 



5S :^ 



— (/ood deeds (or give alms), 
*ang jun' f}° ^ ; tso bao'-z {^ 
^ ^ ; whatever we — , s6-tsob' 
s6-we' J^Ji ^^ PJi ^ ', will this 

— or not ? keb' bao'-s-teb feb J|° 
iffffi^S°^^'^«^^'^^-.hao'- 
s-teb go jg^ ^ @ >Iv^ //om; 
do ^OM — ? ng' bao^ feb f;J;° jj 

^g''? ng bao'yi.'efri?4^ 
/ — not know, ng6' feb byiao'- 

teb n ^^m n 

Docile, t^'ab'-vob fj^* ^g 
Dock, opew space for niaking and 
rcpain'^.g vessels, jiin-ts'iaiig' j|Ji 



1^; — occupied hy one vessel, 

jiin-'ong'; in — for re;?a?rs, jiin- 

ts^iang'-li Ise-tib siu' j|5 ^ 

a 3^ I55f ff 

Doctor, i-sang g ^°; *ang-i' 
sin'-sang fr* "B :5fc ^** 

Doctrine, dao'-li JS SI » — ^f 
religion, kyiao'-cong dao'-li ^ 

Document, veng-ky'i' 35^^; — 

for presentation to the emperor, 

tseo'-tsong ^ ^ 
Dodge, to to^-sin |^ ^ (not an 

equivalent). 
Doe, ts^-lob^ mt ^ (ib-tsab) 
Dog, keo JuJ ; wun-kyi' ^° ^° 

(ib-tsab) 
Dog-kennel, keo-k^o' or keo- 

k'un' ^ % 
Dogged holes, min-k^ong' beb'- 

poi'g® ?L M#°J"^'^ vu liyi- 
seb ^ ^ ^^ g. 

Doings, tsob'-we f^ @ 

Doleful, lonely and miserable 
(as persons or places), dzib-mob 
g°g;kwu-ts'r H:1S; - 
sound (of living creatures), ts'i- 
tsW-gosing-ing''li1ti-°S 
^; pe-36'-go sing-ing' g^ 

Doll, ^en ^° (ib-go) 

Dollar, faen-ping' Sff ; yiang- 
dzin' ';^ ^ (ib-kw^e) ; $war^^r 
0/ a — , liang'-kob-pun' ffi;^** 
ip; ditto, ilm coin, s-kW g^ ; 
half a—, pun'-kw'e ip ^; 
r7/«o, «/ie com, te'-k^ne f ^ ^ 



DOL 



133 



DOU 



Dolt, ngse-nying' ^ A*; ngse- 

moh'-deo ^ TfC ra 
Domestic affairs, k6-vu' z ^° ^ 

-^ ; — use, k6 yiiong' ^° ^ ; 

— produce, c^ih'-ts'oen Jf} g| ; 
Me «ip — animals, loh-hyiioli' 
:j^ S ; sang-k^eo' f4° p ; - 
or native cloth, du'-pu i° /f^ 

Domestic, servant, yiiong-nying' 
^ A"? ^^"^^^ ^^^*^^ } ko-nying' 
g5° A° (ih-go) 

Dominion, jurisdiction, kae-kwun' 
^^',the British — , Da-Ing 
kse-kwua' ic ^ ^ 1^ 

Domineering, du-yiang j^ 1^ 

Dominoes, hone bsen j{$°; kweh. 
ba' % J$° (a set, ib fu) ; to 

i^%-,c^6baeii^tlt°W° 
Dose, Jlnis/ied, tso'-wuii-de jjJJ ^ 

7*';tso'-ko-tib-de'g^ig^4y°: 
dzing-kong'-de j^ ^ "f °j ^'^^^ 
cooked, job ^ ; insufficiently — 
ky^in joh^ ^ J^ ; can't be — 
tso'-feh-lae §i ^ ^ l long^-feb 
^' ^^ 3K ; dong^siu-feh-lae' 
»?*^;^o'-sia-feb-l^'T° 

Donkey, li-ts' ^ ^ (ib-p^ib) 
Donor, s^-cU Jg ^ ; — (of cba- 

rity), s6'-cu ^'' ^ 
Doom, to condemn, ding ze' ^|p ; 

— to eternal punishment, ding zia 
uong'^-kw^u ying-vab^ j£ S ^ 

Door, meng f^ (ib-deo, ib-sin) ; 
attlie — , meng-k'eo-den' f^ p 



51° ; /ronf — , zin-meng' -jj" 
p^ ; hack ' — , ^eo'-meng' ^ 
P^ ; s/«M^ Me — , kwaen meng' 
H P? ; ^V'^^ ^^^ — 5 k^se meng' 
gg P^ ; loch the — , so meng' 
m P^ ; next — , kab'-pib meng' 

RSHf! 

Door-keeper, kwun-meng'- go 
nying ^ f^ >h" A** ; an old 

— , kwun-meng lao-den' ^ p^ 

Door-sill, di-vob' j;^ |^J[ 
Dormitory, v6ng-ksen ^ ^°; 
kw'eng'-kcen ^°^°; ngo-vong' 

Dose, a ib-vob' — • ^ ; how nvmy 
doses shall I taJce ? iigo' kae 
ky'uob^kyivob'J^lga^''^ 

Dot, a ib -tin' — gjf 

Dotage, (in bis) — , mong' -tong- 
ue ® fl T; gyi lao'-be-de # 
:^ ^ ~j* °(used in reproacb). 

Dote, to — upon, ziang web-pao' 

tsong'-zong ming-cii' ^ in ^ 

Double, song J| ; — thread, s6ng- 
keug' sin U ;^ J^ ; — mifid- 
ed, ssen-sing' Hang-i H t\jM M > 

— entendre song-kwgen' sbib-w6' 

be'k6.dinSl^fg°^<';liang. 
be kyii' ffi fg S:°; k6.be to' 

Double, to kd' ih-be' Jfl° — fg 



DO? 



134 



DRA 



— ^ money at interest, te'-peng te- 
li' fi'^fiM ; — ^i' (as paper), 
te uih'-cun ft ^ tf 5 ^e tsih'- 
long f J- ^ §i ; — in trade, te 
dzsen dill' fjf ^ ^°; 'eh-tsdin' 

Doubt, <o nyi-sing' ^ ^[J ; ts^se- 
nyi' ^^; nyi-W i| jf ; 
in — , nyi-^oh'-peh-kyuih ^ ^ 

Doubtful, ?< ?s m-su' ||°ii ; — 
(and uncertain), weh-liii' weh- 
deh'; \^^mW', iao'-bong 
feh-ding' M W * ^ ; yii"- 
shii'^ i^ ^ ; yiin-shU'-dang- 
tsiang m%%M 

Doubtless, ih-ding' — ^ ; vn- 

nyi' IK ^ 
Dough, sang min'-feng ^** |g 

^ ; %^« (as -— ), song'-de % 

y° ; fali-t W-de ^ jf 7° 

Dove, psBn-kyia' J^ ;[|| (ih-tsah ) 

Dovetail, to 6 - ts^iah'- mi'- p6 

shing'-deo (magpie-tail) J| J| 

Ji^ G » li 

Dowager, i/^e empress — , wong- 
t^a'-^eo g ic ^ 

Down, ^6 f ° ; loh ^ ; walk — , 
tseo'-loh-lse ;^ ^ ^ ; ^(/^e t^ — , 
'd-WkfiJ°^^''', put (it) 
— , fong'-lob ;;^ ^; en-loh'-ky^i 
3e-^*";s^'^— , zo-t^n'-loh, :^° 
iS° ^ ; fte — , kw^eng'-tao ^° 
^ ; (f2«o, kw^eng'-loh-ky4 g" 
^■^ *; /?e — a ivhile, le ih'-zong; 



placed upside — , fsen'-hyiang 
fong'-tih-de K^M^rT'^ 
please sit — , tsHng zo' ^ ^'^ 
Down, soft feathers, nyiiong mao' 

m € 

Downcast, we-deo-t^ah-nao' ^ 
MWlM-y we-we'-ze-ze' ^ '^ 
5$** 5^**; pih'-pih-sih-sih. 

Downhill, to walk tseo'-loh saen 

Downright, plainly, ming-ming'- 
tong-tong' 0J 0J ^^; -, 
falsehood, ming - ming' z ^o'- 
w6 BJ 0B :Hg° IS 

Dowry of money, lands, houses ^g. 
(which a woman brings at mar- 
riage), ze-ko' ^ Jg° ; ze-lin'- 
din ^ § |^° ; furniture and 
clothing, tsong-Un'^ U ^ ; fur- 
niture, k6'-ts6ng jJ^°|J; bedding, 
p'u-dzing' M K ' — (which the 
husband gives to the wife^s 
father), p^ing'-kying || ^ 

Doxology, dzong-tseen'-ko ^ 

mm 

Doze, to hw6-ky4' 1^ jg ; tang- ; 
k'eh'-c^ong ^J ^^ g"; gyun- j 
kyU' ^ g ; <o Aave a — , hwo' 
ih-hw6 >f[j — ft; >5^ reac?y ^<? 
sleep, kw'eng'-joh kw^a ^° ^ 
^ ; /m^« reac?2/ ^0 wake, tsiang j 
diao-kao' ^ Hi;"' 
Dozen, a jih-nyi' -f- H*' 
Draft, rough ts^ao'- kao ;§[ fg 
(ih-go) ; — of exchange, we- 
p^iao' g ^ See Draught. 



DRA 



135 



DRA 



Drag, to la ; ky^n ff ; te gj ; 
t^o |g; t^a ; — (as a boat), te'- 
ky'in or ts^o-ky'in' gj |$; — a 
net, t^a mong' ^^igg ; — on «A« 
ground (as a dress), t^o di' ^ j^ ; 
— one into difficulty, t^o-nying'- 

loh-shu' ffi A" ^ ;!fC° 
Draggle, to t'o ao'-tsao ^ ^ 
|g ; — in the imid, t'o'-djoh na- 

t^o sih' ^ \^ 
Dragon, long || (ih-keng, ih- 

kwang) ; dnigons blood, hyiiih- 

gyili' Jfil % 
Dragon-fly, ts^ing-ding' Jf i^ 

(ih-tsah) 
Drain, couered — , ing-keo' |^ 

g| ; open — , yiang-keo' |§ ^ 
Drain, to — off water, keo ^ 
Drake, yUong-aeu' H f|° (ih- 
tsah) 
Drama (in verse), hyi'-ky'uoh jgj^ 

ffi ; — /^'' ^^ s^«y«5 byi'-peng 

is* 

Draught, a swcdlow of wate?-, 
ih-k'eoshu' — P :?fC;«— o/ 
Jish, ih-mong ng' — M°^°'i — 
of wind, pih'-fong ^ J|K, ; leo- 

^^^S' is JE i ^'^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^ — ^^^"^ 
(on you), feh-k'o' pih'-fong c^ii 

^ pT mM^"',- of a ship, 
jiin ky^iioh-shii' sing-ts^in' jUf 

te° *' §? il ; ^^«^^ « - of 

soldiers, tsMu ping'^ Jg J£ ; bah 
ping' ^ ^ 
Draughts, ^r/me 0/ we-gyi' g 



jf^; <o jo/ay — , tslah we-gyi' ^ 

Draw, to pull, te gj ; la ; t'o ^ ; 

— vp the curtain, meng-Kn' te'- 
zong-ky'i P5|igi,J:^o._ 
\mter, tang shu' f^i^C',— near, 
tW-long-Iae :^ Jf >}$ ;gying'- 
long-lae iS Ji ^ ; — o^/^, bah- 
c'iIi'Sai;tsoh'-c^ihgfj|l}; — 
out mils, bah ting-cu' ^ f]*|^ 

— ow^ ieef^, tsoh'-loh ngo-ts^' ^ 
^ :?^°®f ; — « picture, sia wo 
^"^j miao-wo Jf J ; tang du 
tT ^ 5 — f^'om nature, i pih 
sia ^ ^^'*; — J?/ /oo^'w^ at a 
pattern, ing'-ko-lsep(J^^; deo- 
koM^ a M ^; t^eh'-ko-l^ ^ 
^^ j — /row a pattern through 
paper, ing'-leh sia' fp ;f|:° ^°; 

— a likeness, sia ziang' ^° -^ ; 
sia' 'ang-loh' %° fT° ^ ; — 
/o^s (by long and short slips), 
tsMu' dziang-ton' jftg @; ditto 
(by bits of paper rolled up), ts^al/ 
ts-meh-den' ^ |g ^ g|° _ 
customers, la ma'-cU fi° ^® ^ ; 
/ wish to — your custom, ng6' iao 
nyiang'-p^aen ng ^ ^ ^ ^ 
\^^', — the hands into the sleeves, 
siusoh'-tsing.ky'i^|gj|^° 

Drawback, custom dzeng p'iao' 

Draw-bridge, (to draw up) tiao'- 
gyiao ^ Ig; movable bridge, 
weh-gyiao' }g ;^ (ih-diao) 

Drawer, ts'iu-teo' ^g =|- (ih- 



DRA 



laf) 



DRI 



tsah); pull out a — , ts'^iu-teo 
yi-c^ih'-lae ^ ^ ^ffl ^- P^'"^^' 
in the — , ts^iu-teo yi-tsing'-ky^i 

ifi 5f ^ 5i *° 

Drawers, kw^a ||| ; inner — , 
t^i'-li kw^i # 11 If (ih-diao, 
ih-iao) 

Drawing, du ; sia-go du' g° 
^"m ^ib-g«); ^o 4 (ih- 
tsiang, if mounted, ih-foh) ; to 
make a — , tang ih-go du' ff 
; miao ih-go du' Jg 



« A-^ 



— ^"Hjsia ih-go du'^"- 

Drawing-pencil, miao-hw6'-pih 

fS ?2 * (ib-ts) 
Drawl, to kong^-leh, ga-ngo'-ga- 

teh. 
Dread, p^6 fg ; gyU-dajr/ -g-jf ; 

full of — , ky^ih'-hyin-ky^ih- 

hoh' pg It Pg a 
Dreadful, p'o p'6-go fg fg ^° 
Dream, mong ^ (also pron. 

m6ng) ; lon-mong' §[, ^ 

Dream, <o tso mong (^^ ; wet-er 

dreamed of it, mong'-li siang'- 

feh.tao^go^5g|>g^JlJ>i-° 

Dreary, m-hying'-cii ^"^^ |i 

Dredge river mud, nyin' ^o-nyi' 

Ji? JrT i0E; — ^vith flour, sen'- 

tin min-feng' R |fi f5 # 

Dregs, ts6 ^; sediment, kyiahJ]J|I; 

— strained from wine, tsao ^ 
Drench, <o soa^, seng^-t'eo f£>° 

i2 ; heng'-t^eo. 
Drenched with rain, li'-nga tu' 



seng'-t^eo |i ^|>° fU f£.° jf ; 
wn-dah-dah'-go-de ^"-g-^T^ 

Dress, clothing, i-z6ng' :^ ^°; 
eyery day — , ts'u-c'iin' i-z6ng' 
ffi^^^°;'^e-dz6ng'i.z6ng' 
^ ^ ^ ^°5 visiting — , 
c^ih-k^ah' i-zong' ffi § ^ ^°; 
si'-c^un i-zong' $0 ^ ^ ^° ; 
re?-?/ particular as to — , c^iin i- 
zong' tingkW-kyiu^^^'' 
H ^ !E ; ^«^^^^«« «w — (dirty), 
c^Un'-leh lah-t^ah' ^ WM^} 
dirty and ragged {\\\ — ), l6-ts6. 

Dress, to put on clotlies, c'Un i- 
zong' ^^ ^°; — « child, 
teng siao-nying' c^Un i-zong'^ 

dressed, c^iirZ-leh, bin k^ah-ky'i- 
goW^'''^°m^m^yoorly^ 
dressed, c'uu'-leh pe-pe'-go ^° 

Dressing-glass, tsiah-i-kying' 

Dribble, ^o /a^Z in drops, tin'- 
tang-tin ti'-lob SJ ^J |J % 
^ ; to slaver, liu zsen^-dzo-shii' 

m m° w *° ■ 

Dried, ken |^ ; — m t7ie sun, 
sa'-ken-de g^"!^ f °; — fi-uiU, 
ken ko'-ts §£ :S -^^ ; — apples, 
bing-ko ken' ?4i ^ ||: ; - 
grapes, bu-dao ken' ^ ^ |£ ; 
fgen-dao' # ^ ; — peaches, 
dao-fu' )^^ U ; — persiminons, 
z'-ping ;W ff ; — /t«^'5 ng-siang' 



DRl 



137 



DKO 



Drift, to he driven with the current, 
ze sliii' t^eng-la6 tWg-ky^i' 

ffl *^ ^ gj *°; *«'« 

drifting for had pwposes, t'eiig- 
kong.jun' ^it° M 

Drill, to — a hole, ciiu dong' ^ 
^|g| (ciin or tson); — a small hole, 
tson ngaeu'-ts |§ 0_g° -f ; — as 
troops, ts'ao-lin' ^ ^; ffoing 
to — , loh ts'ao' ky^i ^^^" 

Drink, to ky'Uoh p£;°; hah pip ; 
he wants to drink a little water, 
gyi iao ky'iioh' ih-tin sbu' li: 

horses), ing ^ 
Dni'^K, fondness for — , t^en tsiu' 

Drip, to ti'-loh-lae J$ ^ ^ 
Dripping-pan, haldng-pan, p^ang- 

Drive, to — cows, ken ngeo' ^ 
^° ; — him out, ken' gyi c^ih' 
^^ ^ ; — OM^ mosquitoes, t?en' 
meng-djong' ff° S° A; — a 
naz7, k^ao' ih-me' ting-cii' ^^ — 
ii fr H ; — «y«"i«<, djong- 

Driving r«m, zia^fong'yii ^-(."jgl, 

M 

Drizzle, to loh-yii'-mao-s' ^H 
^ |j^, ; z# drizzles, Ise-tih loh-yii- 
raao-s' ^ ^4 ^ M ^ ^ 

Droll, hao fah-siao' go Jf ^ 

Dromedary, doh^ong-do' ^ ^ 
St (ih-deo) 



Drone, the male hee, yiiong-fong' 

H i$ (ih-tsah) 
Drool, to — (as an infant), c^h 

ZcW-dzo-shii' ffi U'^'it^iK' 
Droop, to — (as a flower), dang- 

loh' ^ ^ ; — the head forward, 

deo' eo-taen'-tao FI lg° ^'J'' 

gwssn-tao'. 
Drop, a ih tin' — SjJ ; a — of 

water, ih tin shii — f jj ^fC 
Drop, to fall in drops, ti'-loh' 

'i^m-^io fall, liW-hh ^^; 

let it drop, peb gyi tih'-loh j^° 

# i^ ^ ; — (as i-'Pe fruiO» 
t^eng'-loh 38:° -^ ; — hy spoon- 
fuls, ih diao-kang' ih diao-kang^ 

tao'-tih ^11 m -mw 
mm 

Dropsy, shii'-kwu bing' -fj/C J|^ 
^'; kwu'-tsiang bing' g ^g*" 

Dross, vu'-tong-go tso J^° "g* 

Drove, ih-dziao' — 5°; ib-de' 

— • ^ ; « — ^i/" ca<^/e, ih-dziao- 

ngeo' — ^° ^° 
Drought, 'en ^. ; t4n 'en' 3c 

^; Summer — , 'en-o ^ J[°; 

TFinfer — , ^en tong' ^ § 
Drown, to tsing'-sah ^ ^ ; — - 

one's self, deo-sbu' si' ^ i\lC 

^"j — one's-self in t/ie canal, 

deo ^o' si' S Sr %° 
Drowsy, hweng-gyuu' ^ ||; 

gyun-ky'i' ^ jC 



DRU 



138 



DUP 



Drudge, to tso kw^i'-kong ^ 

Druggist, yiah-tiu'-kwmi |^ jg 

Drugs, yiah-dzae' |g # 
Drug-shop, (large) yiah-dz<ne^6ng' 
"^ #fT°; (small) — , yiah- 

Drum, kwu gj ; /r^-^/? — , do kwu' 

^ . — bulging in the middle, 

hwo kvvi/ :j!j£ ^ (ib-go) 
Drummer, kwu-siu ^ ^ (ih- 

ming) 
Drum-stick, kwu-dju ^ ^^ 

(ih-tsah) 
Drunk, tsiu' ky^iioh-tse'jgpg"^ 
Drunkard, tsiu'-kyii fg ^°5 

tse'-hen |pp 3| (ih-go) 
Dry, sao j^ ; ken |^ ; — as pow- 

der, feng'-sao ^ ^ ; — ground, 

sao^ di j^ )fe ; — wood, ken za' 

are — , 'o-kei/ shii-sao' j^ ^£ 

*°^ 

Dry, io — in the sun, sa ^"j — by 
the fire, hong »^ ; tfiVto something 
dightly damp, be jt§ ; — m ^/^e 
open air, long i|Q 

Duck, sen |,|° ; ?<??/(; — ; yia'-asn 
gi" 11° ; shu^sen i^" ||° (ih- 
tsah) ; duck's eggs, ah'-djea °|,^ 
g ; — meai, ah' nyUoh ^| ^° 

Ductile, nying Ig." 

Due, ^i^ mwcA w — you ? iig^ yiii 
to-siao' tsiang Ige nying deo' fi);° 



2« required, veng' so ing-teh'-go 
^'>^lifi'i^°5 ^^^(^t is pro- 
per, \i so tdng-jun' 311 Ji/f ^ 
^ ; arrived in time, tsiao z-eo' 
tao'-liao fig fli H flj T" 
Duel, liang'-^o siang-tang' ^"F° 

Dull, meng-meng'-hweng-hweng' 
F<5 F«g # # 5 — co/o?-, hweng' 
seh -^ fe; — of hearing (prima- 
rily, affected deafness), tsia'-mi- 

Duly, o^ the time, tsiao z-^eo' JB 

fl#j^;cing^z-k'ehif B#^IJ; 
'sen' z-k^eh jjg° flf Jlj ; fe«er — • 
received, sing, cing'- z-k^el> siu- 

tao'-deft*S|^IJlK:|lJT; 

— prepared, yii-be' ding-tong' 

Dumb, 6' k^eo vu-yin PS° p M 
=• ; — a/ic? staring, moh-ding'- 
kW-ngae ^*^X\%', f^peechless, 
yj kong ^° t-° H"; « deaf 
and dwnh person, o'-tvS P5i -J* 

Dun color, I'ih' seb ^ g, ; ?o — 
for money, dong-din' t^ao'-leh lo- 
so, or dong-din' t^ao-leh tsi-tseo' 

Dunce, one of no capacity, c^ing - 
dzse ^ ;f^ ; nyU-c^ii'-peli-dzin'- 
go nying Jl^T>^"°i"'A" 

Dung, o ]^ -, feng ^ ; vumure, 
bi; liao ^i|- 

Dungeon, lao-ksen' ^ ^° 

Dupe, <o keo-ying' ^ 5h ^"^"~ ' 



DUli 



139 



DTS 



gyi'-go zili' ^'^°'^; ziu gyi'- 

go nyu^ S S ^M 
Durable, iiae-kyiu'jJBj^;kying- 

yuong g JS ; — (as clothing), 

kying-c'iin' ^ ^ 
During th7-ee year.s^ saen nyin' li- 

hyiang' ^ ^ '^(pj -^—the time 

I ivas in Shanghai^ ngo' Ise Zong- 

Dusk, wong-hweng' ^ -g: cor- 
ruptly called wuu-hwun-dcr/ ; 
sali-ei/ g° Pf 

Dust, hwe-dzing' J^ <8 5 ^^^^^^ 
— , h we-dziiig' -bang-bong' Ji^^ 

Bust, ^o — % wiping^ k^a Lwe- 

dzing' tt° Jc -S ; — % '^'^^'P- 
ping, taeu hwe-dzing' }^ ^ ^ 

Dust-brush, feather mao-shih'- 
tsia ^ §J i^ (ih-kwun) 

•Dust-cloth, k^a-hwe'-pu Jg°Jc 

-^ (ih-kw^e) 
Dust-pan, peng-teo' § ={- (ih- 

tsab) 
Dutch, ^O-laen'-kob-go f^ "^ g 

^^j — ?;w«, '0-laen nying' ^jj* 

Dutiful, hyiao'-jing ^ jl^ ; — 

son, hyiao'-ts ^ -J* 
Duty, meng-veng' ^^ ^°; oii^s 

own — , peng'-veng Tjs; ^g^"; 

Customs' — , se'-diu ^ ^°; — 

memo, zong-se'-taen Jt Jffi H ; 

wun-se'-taen ^^^ : — p'oo/, 

siu-se'-taeii J^: ^ ^ 
Dwarf, a'-ts -^° ^ 



Dwarf, to — by bending branches, 

bnn-jU' @ i^ 
Dwell, to djii {^ ; deng J^ ; — 

idone, ih-go nying^ zi' deng — • 

\ Dwelling, where is your Jtonor- 
alle — ? ng fn'-zdng ah-li' f j;" 

bi-so' J5[ '^°; — /ioz^^, djii- 
dzeh' {i ^ ; — place, deng- 
sing'-ts-c^d' j£ # ;S iS ; <^ju- 
kyii' -g^ g ; c?/^io 0/ ^A/? family, 
dju-ko^ >^ ^° 
Dwindle, to grow less by degrees, 
dzin'-dzin siao'-long-ky 'i JK ^ 

Dye, to nyin ^"j — by dipping, 
Well ^°; — cotton cloth, nyin pu' 

^° ^ ; — ^^^^ '^yi» '«"g' ^' 

^jj ; — by brushing, shih' nyin 



aij 



w 



Dyer, nyin'-s-vn ^' "gH^J 
Dye-stuff, ngaen-liao' J|° ^ 
Dying, tsiang don-ky'i' 31^^ J 
kw^a ling-coiig'-de ^ ^ ^ 
y 5 _ m;o,.c?,,-, yi-yin' ?g -g- J 
— commands, yi-ming' jjg -^ 
Dynasty, dziao-dte' || -f^ ; i/ie 
present — , peng^-dziao ^_ ^. 
the beginning of ditto, peng'-dziao 

k'ai-koh' Tji ig r?g @ 

Dysentery, Wg-li' ^X ^ > 

hyuih'-li jSi 5Q 
Dyspepsia, ky^uol/-zih feh hw6 



1 



EAC 



140 



EAS 



E 

EACfl, koh § ; me ^ ; — % 
luni'sel/oT itself, koh'-nying kwun 
2i'# A°l^ g'; they love - 
tfthef, gyi-lah' do-ko' siang-ae'-g^" 

Bmhg-^'ip°^°® Jlt^te^; 
^— enc?, liang' deo ^ If^ ; f^/^to 
(of many ends), me' ib-go deo'^ 
w*.>^°|jgj — person has one, koh' 
tiying yiii ih'-go # A° W — 



^N" 



'77zaw, ko'-ko nying 



f@ A^; koh' nying § A°; 
— kind, me' yiang :^ |^ ; koh' 
yiang § ;^ ; iaJce three of — 
irW, koh' yiang do' sgen-go § 
81 ^° H ^°j i^e' yiang do 
Ssen' go ^ # ^° H >h '> ^'^^ 
<d — , ih'-go kah'-ky^i ; a dol- 
lar to — man, koh nying' ih-kw^e 

fen-pin^^*»A°-^# t 
EA(SER, ts%'-sing -|(J >JJi ; — ea;- 

pectation, ts'ih'-sing siang'-vong 
"68 >6 i® M' liyuih'-sing siang'- 
^v6fig jJi i^> ^jr H 
EAil, ng'-t6 5°^ (t6 or to) ; deaf 
— , ng'.tdlong' 5*' ^ 5; 7-m^- 
^n^ m the ears, ng'-to ^ong-^ong'- 
tyiaiig5«^PJg|j#; - 
ache, ng'-to t'ong' 5° ^ ffi ; 
in at the right — ovt at the left 
(t. c. inattentive), jing-tsah' ng'- 
't& tsing' tsia'-tsah ng'-to c'ih';g*' 

Jij°; — hrush, siao-sih'-ts ^ ,g. 



•^ ; — pick, leo' ng-t6 waeu' 

^ 5° 31 # ; — '•^'^^j gwsen- 
ts'a°T-;--w;«.T, ng'-to b':^^ 
^"j ^0 iore the ear, c^iin' ng'- 
to ngW ^ :i:° |g° |g<'; 
an — of corn, ih-ts' loh-koh' — - 
;^ f ^ ^ ; ih-be' loh-koh' ►- 

Eakly, tsao ^; — in tlve, day, 
ts^ing-tsao' }|| ^; — m i^ 
mmning, tsao' t'in-liang J^ ^C 
^ ; — awt? /afe, or morning and 
night, tsao'-a3n J^ ^°; come 
— , tsao'-lse J|L ^ 

Earn, <o dzsen ^ ; — money, 
dzsen' dong-din' ^ ^ f^*' 

Earnest, nyih-sing' ^° >2i ; 
hyiiih'-sing JJL *& ; ih'-sing ih'- 
i — )5 — :S ; cun-sing' cu- 
ts' 4>ij.|!i: i^.;"* — »»7ing'- 
tsing |g.°:R ; rnake an — effort, 
nying' ih'-k'eo kyH' S- — P 
^ J — at one work, ciin-kong'- 

gyi-z' « ^ » *^ 

Earth, ^Ae di-gyiu' ^^ ^ ; <//« 
ground, di-yiang' ^ f^ ; ^«r^A, 
na-nyi' Jjg ; nyi-t'u' '^ i 

Earthen-ware, ngo'-ho % g 

Earth-quake, di-cing' \^ % ; 
t'in-yiao' di-dong' 5C ^ J& SJ 

Earth-worm, ts^oh'-zin, c'ih- 
zin, or c^oh-zin, ^ J^"; di-zen' 

MM 
Ease, a; en-taen' ^ It ; hao g ; 

no care, m-sing' m-z' |^° >iJ 

Jg° ^ ; «o cZb with — , tso 



EAS 



141 



KDO 



leh ky^irig-fen' fH ff g g 

Ease, can you — me a little ? 

ng' hao' pell ngo kw'iin-s'-tin fell 

Easily, yu"iig-ji' ^^°; sang'- 

lih ;g- jj 
East, tong ^ : — side, tong-pin' 

%%'^ — ^^'^■«'^' ^""g fo^g' ^ 
JK, ; — gate, tong meng ;^ P^ 

Uastwakd, hyiang-tong' |^"^ ; 

dzlaotong' |5 "S 
Easy, yUong-yi' ^^°; sangMih 
i^" jj 5 wo^ hard, fell nsei/ ^ I 
H ; %/^^, ky^ing.yi' g ^°; m | 
— circumstances, weng-pao'-go ; 
ffi f§ ^^ ; keo' ky^uoh, keo' 
^ yuong' IJ P£ g ffi ; — m 
I^K treating others, no-jiin' |^ ^ ; 
I^H — m manners, ts^ong-yiiong' 

IKBat, ^ ky^uoh pg^; p^in |l ; - 
I^B rice or a meal, ky^iioh vaen' p^** 
IB' SS ; — enough, ky'iioh' pao pg;° 
1^1 Jg ; — 0/2^^ vegetables (as the 
IH . Buddhists do), ky^uoh tsV p£° 
^" ' ^ ; ^fln'/ — 2'^, ky'uoh'-feh-iae' 
P^°^ ^ ; 6fo?i'< Ze^ to—, ga' 
k'eo ; — (as insects do), cU ^ ; 
have eaten, ky^Uoh'-ko^-de P^° 
iiT°;P^i^'-ko'-de||^ 7° 
Eatable, kVyi ky^uoh^ pj* ^ 

Pfe" 
Eatables, ky^uoh^-zih p£° ^ 
Eating-house, tsiu'- kwun-tin' 
iS IS )S 5 «^*^^^ — ) vsen-tin' 

mm 



Eaves, yln-deo' ^ J| ; — o/ rAe 
^o?<5e, oh'-yin-deo' M M ^ 

Eaves-DROPPEK, 07ie ivho listens 
at the partition, ih-pih tUng' ^^ 
H ^ (ih-go) 

Ebb-tide, t'e'-dziao Jg '^ ; loh- 

Ebony, u-moh' ^|^ ^f; 

Eccentric person, kwae-p^ib'-go 
nying ^ iJI ^° A° ; c'ih'-wu- 
gyi-le'-go Dying {ii^^^>^° 
A° 

Echo, ing^-ky^i-go sing-hyiang'' 

Eclipse of the sun, wu-jih' |J§ Q ; 

jih-zih' g It ; — q/* Me »/joon, 

wu-yiiih'fj^jyUih-zih'^lft 
Eclipse, w6ng-dao' ^ ^ 
Economize, to tso-nying-kd' jjfj 

A°^°;gyin'-iah^i|5 
Economical, saving, gyin'-sang 

tW^kyin^sang^iJ-jkeh; 

keh-son' -^ ^ 
Ecstatic, hwun-hyi' ko-dei/ gjj 

S S Ifl ; ko'-u hwin^hyi' jg 

Eddy, bun-shu' ^ ;]<*' ; jUn-shu' 

Edge, bong-pin' 31 iS 5 pio-yin' 
jS *J& j — 0/^ « ^^i/"«> tao-fong' 
JJ ^ ; tao-k*eo' JJ n 5 ^«« 
^os< its — , fong-deo' tih'-loh-de 

Edge, to — up, yi-long'-ky*! 5gp 

Ji±°iyi-io"g'-te stiffs 

Edgewise, caw'^ get a word in 



EDG 



142 



EFF 



— , ih-kyii' tii ts^sen'-feh-tsing 

feh zong' tJ -g * ± 
Edging, kwe'-ts ^ ^ ; siang- 

diao' fl (^ 
Edict, kao'-z ^ jf; : imperial — , 
z6ng-yu' ± ff ; sing'-ts gg ; 
wong-pong' ^ ^ ; tsiao'-shii 
^ ^; «/2€ Sacred — , Sing'-yii 
Kwoiig'-hyuing g If >R f I| 
Edify, to — ///m, peh gyi tsing-ih' 

Edit, to ting'-tsing fj j£ 

Edition, tliejlrst — (printed), di- 

ih'-ts^ing'- c'ib-go slm' ^* — pj^ 

EH ffi -i""'*; ^^'6 >v.«— (cut 

on blocks), ts^u k'el/-c'ih-go sliii' 

Editor, ting-'-tsing-go cU'-kwu fj 

Educate Am, dzing-dziu'gyi-go 

dz^-W ^ ,y^ S ^° :t *' 

Education, good ^oli-jih^ hao' 
^° ftj M ; d/^^^-^ob' kvvong' 
^ jp° ^ 5 a person of — , yiu 
'oh-veng' go nying' ;f/ ^° ^ 

Eel, mun |§ ;72eZ(Z — , vvong-zin 
" KSF5'"^yi-lsW^St;J^'^'- 

yii Si iS. (ih-keng) 
Efface, to blot out, du-diao' '^ 

;g°; — (from the mind), mo-wu' 

m m 

Effect, with ivJiat — ? yiu soh'- 

gopin'.dong;f;S''Ji°*«l^; 
yiu sol/-go seng-seV/ ^J ^° ^ 



^ g^ ? no — , vu-tsi'-u-// |ffi 
^ ^ H: ; feh-cUh'-seh f, [fj 
-g^ ; to have a good — (as medi- 
cine), yiu yiao-nyioen #^S|:; 
yiu ing'-^ao W B S° 5 yi^i 
ing'-nyijen' ;f Jg .H; the — 
of divught, i^in *en-go ytin-kwu 

— , ing-ko' B :|| ; ^<> «^«= ^<^ — 
' from one^s instructions, so kao 
feh kyin yiao^ ^jf 15:° * £ ^5 
Jac? — o/" misconduct ( regarded 
as supernatural), ing-tsih' |§ ^ 
Effected, Ae /^«s — a great deal, 
gyi so tsoh'-we yiuhyii'-to seng- 

seh' ^Bii^ n ^ t^ ^ 

^ -g ; gyi so tsoh-we yiu hyii'- 
to z-ken' S Sf f-^ @ W W 

Effeminate, womanish, siao- 
nyiang'-deo ying ^"i^ih SS ' 
nyu'-siang-go f^° ;^ 4=9 

Effervesce, to p^u - c^ih'- k-e ; 
p^eng-c^ih'-lae jg ffi ^ 

Efficacious, ling-ing'-go g 

Ig >i^° ; — medicine, ling-taeu^- 
raiao-yiah' S :FJ # ^5 — 
deify, ling-iiig' bu-sah' ^ Jg 

mm 

Efficacy, gying-dao' Jj/jJ^ ; Hh- 
dao' ^ ^ ; has — , yiu ling- 

ing ifif ^ li ; ^'^^'^^^ ^^ ^^'^ — 
oftlie medicine, ky^ii'-leh yiah- 
go gyiug'-dao If %° m ^' 
Hft 1:; — ^/ i^^«i/^^' tao-kao^go 
lih-dao^ Jl ^ 1^° * Ji 



EFF 



143 



ELE 



Efficient (as a person), vu yiu' 
feh tao-ko' M ;}^j ^ pj ^°; 
vii yia'' fell dzing-kong' M ^ 

Effigy, i7na(/e, ngeo'-ziang ^ 
^\ straw man, ts^ao'-kao' 

Effort, to maJce an — , c'ih lih' 
m il ; yiioiig lili' mfi'-,rmke 
a great -~, do' c^ili' lih ^^ ^ 
-)r,'^o-kf]!-\ih^°^-fj ', make 
a strenuous mental — , fah-veng' 
yUong-kong ?f fi|3 gf ; united 
— , dong-siiig' yiah-lih' [^ ^jj 
't^ :*; d6-k6'c'ih.lih';^°^° 

Effrontery, tve 6'-lin J5° |g ; 

wbi' o'-iin J5 ]fe X It; 

«t'>4«^ — ! o'-lin tae'-lyh wo'-feh- 

"«' r E SK w w * 35 ! 

Egg, da3n J^; /i^'?*'*' — , kyi-dset/ 
if H ; duck's — , ab'-d^ri ^„|° 

g (il^ go) 
Egg-plant, gyisen -j^° 
Eight, pah /\ : — times, pah' 

tsao, &.C. A ^^ 
Eighteen, jih-pah' -f- /V 
Eighth, di-^ah' ^ /V 
Eighty, pah'-jih /\ -p 
Either and or are expressed by 
^oh.tsia'^J^g°orwa-z'Ji°^ 
used twice, thus ; — great or 
small, 'oh-tsia' do, ^oh-tsia' siao' 

eK r :^, ^ «M. i - fo 

daij or tomorrow, vva-z kyih-mih 
wa-zming-tsiao J|''^^'>Q° 



M °^ ^ ^ ; ^ U'oitld not choose 
— , ngo ih'-go tu kaen-feh-cong' 

or tsong) ; — one, feh-leng' ah- 
li ih'-go # It pj 11 ~ >h'; 
ze-bin'^ah-li ih'-go l^jH^nJ^j^'* 

Eject, to ken'-c'ih g- {Jj ; (when 
done by an officer) ky^U-djoh' 

mm 

Elaborate, adj. si'-cii ^ ^ 

dzing-si' ^ ^ 
Elapse, to ko jg ; ;?w ymra 

A«ve elapsed, ko'-leh ng'-nyin de 

Elastic, springy, neng-soh' neng- 



sing 



Jb n 5 "^°« 



neng-geo' ; — tape or hand^ 
kying'-kw^un ta' ^^ % '^'^ 
Elated, teh'-i yiang'- yiang l^" 

Elbow, siu-tsang-cii-dei/ :^ ^5g° 

Elder, do-ju' ;/^;° ^p ; — Z»/o^/itT, 

ah-ko' Pq[ ^ ; — sister, ah-tsi' 

Hi* 

Elder, aw tsiang'-lao ^ ^ 
Elderly, kw^a lao'-de '^° ^ 

"J"; bin-hio-kwun'. 
Eldest sow, do ng'-ts ;/^°5i°-?; 
tsiang'-ts ^ ^ ; — daughter, 
do-non' ;;^° g| ; tsiang'- nyii 

Elect, to kgei/-shun J^° g ; 
t^iao'-shun ^^ ^ ; r^offs — , 



ELE 



144 



ELS 



Jing-ming' so kaen'- shiin-go 

Electric, to receive an — shock, 
din-ky^i' jih-sing', fah-kying'- 

de m ^ A # m le 7° 

Electrical machine, fah-din'- 
ky^-go ky^i'-ming ^ ® ^ i^" 

§§ m 

Electricity, din'-ky^i ^ ^ 
Elegant, vv6-li' ^ g ,• me-li' 
^ M 5 — colors, ngain-seh' yin- 

Elegy, wsea-dz U |3 (ili-pHn) 

Element, the first principle, nyiin 

ti'-ts S ii •? ; peng'-tsih :^ 

;^; the five (Chinese) cZe?«e?ife, 

ng -ying 5." ft j «^'^ «^ ^^*^ — 
ive live in, ky^i' z ah-lah weh- 
ming' go nyun-peng' ^ Jg ^° 

Elephant, zlang ^°; t^/^/^e — 
bah-zlang' |& ^°; ^ra^ — , 
hwe-ziang' Ji$ ^° (ih-deo) 

Elephantiasis, do-kyiah-fong' 

Elevate, to exalt, di-z6ng'-ky'i 
IS±±*';kao-kyu']95;kyu'. 
iwng ^ _t ; sii)g-z6ng^ f|« J: ; 
dse-ky^h'-zorig JI ^ Jl ; ^o — 
the hand, siu' di-taen'-ky 'i ^ |g 
fl*" il5 5 '^ — (something in the 
hand), di-kao' J^ "jj ; di-z6ng'- 

J^y'i Jl J: ^^ — ^^'^ ^^«^j flse 
deo' Jf g| 

Eleven, jih-ih' -p— ; — o'clock, 
jih-ih' tin-cong -f- -- IJ ^ 



Eleventh, the di jih-ih' ^ -f- 

— ; the — month, jih-ih' yiiih 

Elicit to ying'-c'ih-las 5Iffi^; 

— his ideas, ying gyi-go i-s' cUh'- 

1^ 51 S 1"^ « >g tii ^ 

EllipTICALLY, to speak ky^ih'- 
long kong ^ fi =1°; sohMong 

Elm, yu-ju' ^;t ^ (ih-cu) 
Elope, to s-peng' fj^ ^ ; s-dao' 
^i» 5^ ; the girl Juts eloped, 
nyiang'-ts keng nying' tseo'-de 

Eloquent, having the power of 
moving the feelings, we dong 
nyhig'-go dzing' # SJ A"^" 
^ } having the power of expres- 
sion, k'eo-neng'-zih-bin' P fg 
"g ^ ; yiu k^eo'-dz«} ^ 

Eloquently, to speak kong'-leh 

k^eng^ts^ih Bi° W ^ -m 
Else, ling-nga' :S^h°; i'-nga :;g 
^|\° ; bih ^ij ; have you some- 
thing — ? ling-nga' yiu' feb ^ 
^h**W S**'- ^^cluding that, is 
there anything — f djii keh'-go 
ts-nga' wa-yiu ma ^ jj° >5^° 
-i^h°S°W Ri°- somebody-^, 
hiW nying glj A° j woSotf?/ — 
knows, m'-teh bih-nying hyiao'- 

tms laughing at something — , 
60 siao', ngo yiu bib' i ^ ^ 



ELS 

Elsewhere, bih-c'ii' gljj®; ^'^' 

t'ah di'-fong 551) mnif 



145 



EMG 



Embers, smoldei-inf/ Jire, iu-iu' go 
ho' ^\k itk >N° >I^ 
Elucidate, to kong-ka typing- ! Embezzle, ^0 s-'o' liao-yiiong'pf/^ 



Elude, to vliong kyi'-ts^ah to'-bi 

Emaciated, kweh'-seo jU-za' *^ 

Emancipate, to sih''-f6ng ^j|5^ 
Embalm, to hyianor-liao' jih-s^- 

foh^cong #^4K>P )k4» 

(veng) 
Embankment on a rivet^ bank, 

kong-clong' Jf |S ; — ^ ^^'^ 

sea, hae'-dong ^ Jg ; eartJi- 

work, to JJI 

Embargo, kying cUli'-k^eo *| 
Embark, to loli jUr/ ^j|5 ; noag 

i^' ± m 

Embarrass, to involve in per- 
plexity, lin-le^ ^ ^ ; ky^In-le' 
^M' ffr^<^ii^!/ perplexed, le-sab^- 

<j« 1 m T" 

Embarrassed through fear, gyii 
liyil/-de 'If 'g 7^°; — in speak- 
ing, kong'-shih gyuoh-gyiioh'- 
ts'0h-ts'0h'fi|''^1JH;|fJf£; 
— in funds, sii/-deo kyih'- 
kyu ^ Bf ^ Jg ; gi-eatly ditto, 
ky^uing.peb' g ^ 

Embassador, ky^ing-ts'a gjc ^; 
the persons attending an — , ze- 

Embellish, «o ts6ng-sib' ^ fjg ; 
tsah'-kweh hao' ^ gij jj 



T* "^IS ffl' — ''f'^^V entrvstedfor 
others, liao-yiiong' kong-'dng' 
nying'-tsjfig^j^l^-:? 5 — 
the emperor's money, liao-yiioug' 
liyiang'-nying ^ |H f j^l ^ 
Emblem, piao'-^ao ^ g,^ ; — of 
justice, piao'-^ao en'-dzong kong- 
bing^-goi'-s^^df jiaqa 

Emboldens me, fong' ngo-gotseu' 

Embrace, ta — in the arms, 0- 
tsen'-long ; o'-leb bao'; — an op- 
portunitfj, ts^ing'-kyi-vvt/ ^ ;^ 
^ ; dzing' kyi-we' ffe ^ # ; 
embraced imtlun, pao'-kwah dza3- 
ne' (ne or nen) Q ^ ;ffi ft ; 
pao-kwah'-tsing 'Q ^ jH 

Embroider, to siu bw6' |^ ^ ; 
tso' hw6' fli^jE ; tso pang-ts' (^ 

Embroidery, a piece of — , siu' 
bw6 pUii'-ts H :^ >|. J- ; — 
s/iojo, kwu'-siu-tii/ ^ l^/J' ®^^'' 
hw6-tin' !§:(![:;§ 

Embroil, fo be-le' |^' ^^ ; Ie'~ 
tsing-dzge-ne' M !S iS ft 

Embryo, dzing-yiiing' ^ ^° 

Emerge, to ts^on-c^'-lae ^ ]j\ 
^ ; — suddenly, tb^oa-ky'i'-la& 

Emergency, kying'-kyih z-ken' 
M 1^ •^ #5 P'^pa'-e /or an 



EME 



U(i 



EiMP 



— , boug-be' wnn'-kyib PJJfSIJ 
^ ; be-ba?!/ iao'-kying iao'- 

^^"^•^ffiifg-M^ Ift 

Emetic, t^i' yiab pf ^ 
Emigrate to a foreign coimtry, 
tb^in-kyii' nga-koh' ^ Jg ^|>.° 

B 

Eminent, kao-tsiab' ]« 'g; kao- 
kwe' 1^ ;^ ; — I'w scholarship, 
kao-dzae' j§ ;J' ; — o/^wa/, kao- 
kwun'-hyin'-tsiab ^ 'f llll 

Emit, ^ofabVib ?|{i}; ^o — //y/i^ 
(as a lamp), fab Hang |g '^ ; 
— %/(/ (as tbe sun or fire), fab- 
kwong' ?f 3K ; — sparlcs, pao'- 
c«ih b(/-sing Ige 'jf ° ffi >^ g 

Emoluments of office, (unlaw- 
ful), siu-l^'-go fi' I|^ ^ >h°f ; 

the regular salary of officials, 
foug'-lob j$ ^; wJiat is given 
outside of salary to prevent snaeez- 
xng, yiang'-liu ^ ^ 
Emotions, tlue seven ts'il/ dzing 
't fS 5 ^'^-j pleasure, byi Jg ; 
aw^er, nu }g ; ^m/; se ^ ; 
/oy, lob 1^ ; /ow, ge ^ ; /iairec/, 

1 M 5 ^^'^■"■<^' y^i'^li ®:; ^0 excite 
the — , (long dzing' JJ j|| 
Emperor, w6iig-ti' g^ ; wong- 

^^'ig' ^ _t ; ihe present — , 



Emphasize in reading, sing-ing' 
dob-leli djong^ ^ B II ^"S 

Emphatically, kong'-leb sal/- 
Po Bi^ n^m S ; kong'-leb 

I Empire, ^/^e Chinese — , Cong- 
j kob '4i g; T^in-^6' 31c T°; I^'^- 
I ts^ng'-kob ^ }g g; Da-doug- 
I kob ;/c * B 
! Employ, to yiiong ^ ; — meam, 
I yUong fong-fal/ ^ j^" fi ; — 
I one's time, yiiong koug' ^ _X ; 

/ — /72y time in study, ngo yiiong 

koiig' dob sbli' fS ffl X M * 
Employment, any thing which 

engages one's time, z-ken' ^ ^ ; 

z-t^i' :^ H ; business, ^ong-tong' 



It '© i occupation, z-nyil/ "^ 
ai; 'ong-nyib' fr^^pVi si!eac(y 
— , tang-dzlaiig' fl*^"*; dziang- 
nyin'-go ^g :^ ^° ; — for a 
shoi't time, ts^eb-toii' Jg ^ ; ton- 
kong' |g X 

Emporium, commercial sea-port, 
mo'-deo ^ gg ; market -town, 
cing'-deo ^ gg 

Empower, ^ kao'-fu gyibi-ping' 



^ 



#«#! 



tous:- 



Empress, the w6ng-W ^ jg ; 
— dowager, w6iig-tW-^eo ^ 

kying' wong-zoDg' ^ -^ Empty, k^ong g ; byu ^ ; — 



^ Jl; the present — (is styled), 
Kwoug-ju' wong-li' %^^ 
^ ; the deceased — , sin-wong' 



place, k^ong di'-foug ^\^ij \ 
— Udk, k^ong'-deo-sbib-w6 ^ 
M Wi fS; hyu-w6' ^ IS now 
means deceitful talk ; — or mewi- 



EMP 



147 



END 



inykss characterSy hyii z'-ngaen 

Empty, to tao'-c^ih \% [fj ; tao'- 
diao \^ -i"; — entirely, tao'- 
k^jDg \% g ; tao^ ken-zing' \^ 

Emulate, to ts^iang' zong-zin' 
It ± Sl^^'i — ^«'^» ken'-gyi- 
zong, ih-yiang' ^ ^ ± — 
;^ ; — another s sicill or strength, 

Enable, to dzu-lih' gji -jj ; pong- 
lih' ^ "fj '-, he enabled me to do 
it, gyi' dzu ngo'-gt^ lib' bao tso' 

Enact, to — laiv, lib' ib-diao fah^ 

jL-- W, ^^.i~- ^'^^» sbib'- 
lih lib-fab' i^° ji: f^ ^i 
Enamored, ts'ib'-sing-go siang-s 
•ai >& i"° * S; ts^ili-sing- 
goky^'-mo -m >6>h''dfe^; 
— till sick, sang siang-s'-bing 

Encamp, ^0 tsah-ying' :gij"^; 

tsab-ying dza' :gf ^ || 
Encampment (of an army), ying- 

bun'g ^; ying-dza' ^ || 
Enchant, to hold by a spell, mi- 

weng' ^ ^ ; bewitch by giving 

something, '6-kvvu' ']^*' ^ 
Enchanted, jib mi-weng'-dzing 

Enchanter, one niho enchants by 
sorcery, yuong'-zia-fab'-go ^ 
9I5°a'i"°; -(a priest), yiu- 
fdng'-seng 1 jj ff 



Encircle, to we-cUn' g^; we- 

kw^eng' g g ; we-dju' g fj 

Encomium, peo-tsiang' sbib-w6' 

Encompass, to don-ky^un' we- 
djii' HES ft; don-kyW 
kw^eng'-dju @ H B ft 

Encounter, the two armies Itad 
an — , liang' pin tang' ib-we' 

ko'-de m'Ais-mihT 

Encounter, to nyu-djob'jg ^-°; 

p^ong'-djob it'' ^^ 
Encourage, to min'-li ^ j^ ; 

— him, tsong' gyi-go lain' ^ 

Encroach, to dzin'-dziu isin' j|)f 
M ffi ; ^"-^^' tsin-tsing' ^$ 
1^ 1^ ' ^^" encroaches on the land, 
\vai iao 'Jeng di' J$ ^- ;§ ^^ 

Encumbered, burdened, t'o-t^o'- 
ts^i4s4 ^ it S S ; *ow«^, 

dzii/-ziao-de H ,^ y** 
End, deo' 5^ (ib); io^// ent/.?, bang' 
deo ^ BM ; ^^^'''^ ^^ o^Af r — , 
diao deo' 4|g BH ; from one — 
to the other, dzong-deo' ts-vi' 
tK ^M S j^ 5 '^*^ conclusion, 
kyib'-sab i^± ,i^ ; from tlie 
beyinmng to the — , dzong ky^i- 
deo tao kyib'-sab ^ j^ IH PJ 
i^o f^ ; ^''^^^ c<i^'^fully-> i-deo'- 
ngeng'-tsib fl^ BI J|g° IB ; «^'^'^t^ 
w;?7/ the — bef dza kyib'-sab ni 

— (deatb), wa min' ngaen JJ** 
S^ag°;Wakyib'.gyuohg°^^ 



END 



148 



ENG 



M ; m kyih'-gyuoh ^" 1^ ^ 
Endanger, to fong'' Ise ngwe-hyin' 

' — one's life^ po' sing'-niing fong' 
Ise ngwe-hyin di-fong Jg jsj ^ 

tii°.:tltffi:*;si"g-mmg 

do'-leh yiang-byi'-hyi '[^ ^ ^° 

Endeavor, io dzing sing-lih' ^ 
i\j 'fy I i endeavored but did not 
succeed, ngo sing-lih'-dzing'-ko- 
de, dsen'-z tso'-feh-tao ^ >jj, -fj 

Endless, m gyiiong'-dzing ^° 
^^;mdzing'-gyi^^^tj; 
— quarreUing, nao-nao'peh-hyiu' 

m° ii 7 f* 

Endow ivith a dower, be ko'-tsoi-g 

ft W It 

Endurance, ieynnd 'en-yiiong'- 

feh-dju'-de-f §*{±"7°' 

Endure, to a -^ ; — a day at a 
time, ib-nyili' a' ih-nyib' ^^ H ** 
^ — °; canH — it (living so), 
a'-feh-ko'-ky'i ^ * M *"; 
ditto (can't get along witb), ab- 
feb-ko'-k/i ffi" ^ 3g ^^j 
yiiong^-feb-ko'-ky^i g ^ i§ 
4"; tong^feb-djii ^ ^ft; 
c?«Ko (i.e. can't be patient), neli'- 
feb.dju^^ft *ffi;n«'-feb-dju' 
tt ^J #. ; — patiently, jing'-nse 
ziii IS» H ^ ; ~ suffering, ziu- 
kwV g ^; ditto patiently, we 
nying t^ong' f- ^^^ ^ ; — 
patiently (as reproacb), jing'- 



ky'i t^eng-sing' S« ^ # ^J 
— yj«27i, ngao-t^ong' ^ ^ ; — 
without complaint, *en yiiong'^^ 
g J — silently, nel/-leb sing- 

Enduring, lasting^ nse-kyiu' Jj- 
;5V ; iu-kyiu' /^ X > Jziang- 

Endwise, o/i en<?, dzib-teng' [g 
^°; ;?/ace — , teng'-ky4-f6ng' 

Enemy, tin-ko' ^ ^°; te'-deo 
ill- BI; dzia-nying' # A°; 
military — , dziu-dib' ^ j^; t/ie 
opposing army, dib-ping' j|^ ^ 

Energy, /(^rce, lib -jj ; <o i^or/c 
t^'iV/i — , dzing^-lih tso' ^;^^ ; 
do iiith whole heart, and strength, 
dziiig'-sing gyib-lib tso' or dzing- 
sing-dzing-lib tso ^ >5 t^ jj 
^; to r^ouse one's energies, teng'- 
ky'i tsing'.jing |g jg ^| jjiltl 

Enervate, to s'-teb nyiin'-ziaV 
ffi^iril; s-teht^eh-lih' 

Enfeebled, tsing'-lib sae'-de ^ 
"fj^^^ j mentally — , tsing'- 
jing sjfi'-de jg # ^ T° 

Enforce, ^o — obedience, pib'-Ieb 
i-dzong' ii :# fi^ IK ; — /«5 
obedience, ngang-k^o gyi i-dzong' 

Engage, to ding-jib' ^ ^ ; wo- 
^ao' f§ Sf ; iab'-hao $4 ij ; 
to promise, ing-dzing' ]M j^i ^ 
have already engaged another 



I 



ENG 



149 



ENM 



man, ih-go nying' ngo yi'-kying 
dlug-jihUe - ^^ A° ?; B 
S S R T°; — ^^"'^^ ^ork- 
men, ding sser/-go kong-nying' 

S H i^ X A^; — « ^oat, 

tW ih-tsah jun' gif — ft :SS; 
the boat is engaged, jiin t'ao'-loli- 

^^ IS fif 'S T°; ^ «"* ^"^^^- 

eJ at present, keh-zong'-li ngo 

Engine, s^mm — , ky'i'-kyi ^ 
^ ; long-deo' f| HI 

Engine-room, long-deo-fcen' || 
fiIFHl;t%-ts'6ng^^t- 

Englishman, Da-Ing' nying ^ 
3^ A°; Ing-kyihMi nying' ^ 
•g fij A**; iS'«^Z?V7i c/oifyj, Da- 
Ing c'ih'-gopu';^ ^ ffi >h° ^ 

Engrave, to — on metals, zen 
^ ; k'eb ^|J ; — ow s^on^, ivood, 
precious stones, metals, zoh (or 
job)l; kVh^|J;tiao H;- 
cJuracters, k^eh z ^|J ?^ j — a/i 
t»w<7e, tiao ngeo'-ziangHj^ ff^°; 
— on the heart, k'eli lae sing'-li 
gljffi%6®;k^eli.kweh'ming. 

«"'g' ^IJ # IS >& 
Engraver o?* //^c^a^s, zen'-h\v6-s- 

v«' ffi ?£ "S ^ ; — on ivooc?, 
tiao-hvvo -s-vii' Ht^^J^ ; tiao- 
kV.h^ziang H ^IJ g°; - 0/ 
characters, k^eh-z'-s-vu' gj|{^-g) 
|§J ; — on s^one, hwo-ts^ao'-zali- 

Engross, ^^5 engrosses my time. 



ng6'-go kong-fu' tsih p*e'-fu keh'- 
go yuong-dziang' f^ ^° X ^ 

attention, ih-sing' ts'ong-ih-yiioh' • 

- k % — "& (t^'^ng or 
c^ong) ; ih-dzing tsi'-lu — g 

Enigma, me-ts' ^ -^ ; — on a 
lantern, teng-me' jtg ^ 

Enjoin, to coh'-fu 5J Pt ; ting- 
coh' (Tf ^ 

Enjoy, to hyiang "^ ; — the Jiap- 
piness of old age, hyiang lao'-foh 
T^ ;^ Jg ; <o take satisfaction in, 
ziu'-yu(mg ^y^'i I — wearing 
this hat, keb' ting mao'-ts ta'- 
leh ngo ziu'-yiiong JH" ]|[ li -p 

meeting to-day very much, kyih- 
mih' li'-pa ngo ting' zlu-yuong' 

Enjoyment, kw'a'-loh '^° ^ ; 

— in absence of care, k\v*a'-weh 

rig 

Enlarge, to tso-leh do'-tiu' ^ 
leb dziang'-si' =1° ©° I¥ *» ; 

tVk^^'k6ng'3t^/aS'';-o^^^'^ 

experience, kvvong-kyin'-veng ^ 

Enlighten, to fah'-ming, ^Bfl; 
<o — t/ie mind, k^se-sing' ^ ^^ ; 
k^ae-ky^iao^ gg ^ j p'o-nyu {J 

Enmity, dziu-byih or dziu-ky^ih 



ENN 



150 



ENT 



Ennoble, to hyinng-z6ng'-kyU 

Enormous, ko'-ii do' M^:fc**5 
enormously mcked, oh'-gyih ^ 
S 5 oil' tao pin' ^ JiJ ^ 

Enough, keo ^ ; tsoh J£; is it 
— ? keo'-de feh ^ 7' §" ^ , 
exactly — , tsing'-keo ^^ ^; j 
cf/«o (hence definite), k'eo-feng'- 1 
k^eo-su' JP ^ fn tfc; — «'^<^i 
507w« (wer, fu'-sbii ^ |fe ; nong- 
shu'; yiu-jii' ^ ffi 

Enquire, /o ask, meng P5°5 ^^ 
m and — , tseo'-tsing meng ill'- 

Enrage, tu kyih'-leh nu' fW- 
ts^ong-kwim' ii^"^,^?l|J 
^ lit., so that the hair will rise 
and lift the hat from the head j 
nu'-ky'i ts^ong-t4n' f^U^^^ 

Enrich, to become rich, fah dzae' 

f^ M ' — ^"^'^ ^^^f ^^ others^ 
expense, seng-jing'-li-kyi' J^ A 
TplJ ^; c?/^/o % yb«/ means, meo- 

t^eng'nying.k6'^,;g:A°^°; 
— ^an(7, iiong din' ^ Q 
Enroll, to — as soldiers and can- 
didates' names, zong ts^ah-ts J^ 

fltt-T 

Ensign, gyi-W j^ J| 
Enslave, to tong nu-boh' yiiong 

^^&1lffl;t8^ong"u'5^|X 

Ensnare, ^o — a person, hong' 
nying' zong tong^ Pit A"± 'I?; 
long-loh nying ff ^ A°; hong 
nying' z6ngkeo' Pit A° ± |^ ; 



yiu' nying loh ky^Uti-t^ao' ^ 

A° -^ 1 ^ 

Ensue, /o keng'-Ieh-l-e Jg ^f * 
^ ; zeMeh-lse ^W^'^^^ 
things certainly will — , ze'-'eo 
tsong yiu wa-z' |^ ^ ^ W 

Ensure, to s'-teh ih-ding' ^ ^ 
— • ^ ; ^0 guaranty, pao-hao''^ 
j(f ; — a CTtre, pao-i' Q ^ ; — 
deliverance from trouble, pao' 
c'ih deo' Q a 5M 

Entangle, ^o . dzin-long' tang- 
kyih' a ti *T ^ 5 /^«f ^^ 

tangled in a thread, kyiah' sin 
dzin'-tih laif. ^ W; kyiah 
sin pang'-tih JB H » 6^ 
Enter, to tseo'-tsing -^ JH ; — 
i/ie cA?<7"cA, jih kyiao' A 14 5 — 
ori /?/e favanibly, tang gyin- 
kw^eng'^7 .fg illl; ting'-t^in- 

lih-di' n ^ ji: M ; y ^^^« 

priesthood, c*ih-k6' J[J ^"^ ; — 
tU army, deo-kyiiing' ^ % ; 
deo-ts^ong' ^ ^ ; — o/z </^e *oo/t, 
zong bii'-ts J: 'S -F 5 ^^"g 
bu'-ts g y^ •? ; — « ^^^^^ (of 
{)erson or ship), kwo ^ao' g[» ^ 

Enterprise, nei^ undertaking, 
sing-hying' z-ken' §?«:$:#; 
;o 5^ar< a7i — , tang'-ih-fsen gyin- 
kvv'eng' iS-m^n 

Enterprising, we sing hying' z- 
ken'go # if ® *^#i"'; 
yiu cu-liong' ^' ^ H? be-bun' 
nying-k'ah fg ff: § A" 



ENT 



151 



ENV 



Entertain guests, be-bun'nying- 
k^ab ^' f^2 g ^° ; to receive, 
we 'g'; tsih'-dse ^ f^ ; — ^M 
{{. e.'ui talking), die kW dsen- 
tV bao f#§MPl5f;- 

hospitahhi, kw^in-die' nying-k^ab' 

^ f# ^ A° 

Entertainment, feast, tsiu'-zib 

ii;Sf 

Enthrone him, t'e gyi' teng- 

^e' 3t S ^ it 
Enthusiastic, kv^i byuih'-sing 

& iSl i6 

Entice, ^o }nng\viu 5| ^ 
Entire, joer/ec^, djun-be' ^ ff ; 
iV IS — ii e. all here), long'- 
tsong W-tih }|| |g ;ffi°; an 
— orange, tsing-ko' kyiiib'-ts J|£ 
|15S"F 5 "'* — chicken, tsing'- 
tBab kyi' ^° ft ill 

Entirely, djun-jui/ ^ ^; ^o- 

m' fa ^ ',— forgotten, djun- 
jun' inong-kyi'-de ^ ^ •g" 

Entitled, ing-kse'-go ^ |^ 
^° ; — to receive, li'-toiig ziu' 
31 ^ '^; ing-tong' teb-go 

m t m i-° 

Entomology, k^io'-kyiu djong- 
dzi' ^ob-veng' ^ ^ ^, ^ ^° 

Entrails, du'-dziang JJt ^ 
Entrance, tseo'-tsing-go lu' ^ 
H i^" K" — <?/' the river, 
kong-k^eo' JfP;— and exit, 
c'ih-jil/-t8 lu' tU A i j?& 



Entrap, he wishes to — you, gyi 
iao ng' zong-tong' ^ ^ jf^* 

Entrapped, z6ng-t0ng'-de J^ 
'|;'7°; lob-ky'un'-tW-de ^ 

Entreat, ^o gyiu-k^eng' ^ ^^ 

gyiii-kyMb' ^ g 
Entrust, to kao-dae' g**f-g ; — 

to, tV)b'-fu |£ fij- ; — to an in. 

ferior, fu'-t*ob # |E ; — an 

important matter, djoiig'-t^oh ^ 

R 

Entry, « narrow hall, long-dong' 
flnjf° ^; central hall, cong-k^ei/ 

Entwine, to dzin'-ziao g j^ 

Enumerate, to count, su'-su-k'en' 

WiWiM'-> kyin'-kyin-k^en' |t 

mm 

Envelop or envelope for a 
letter, m^^-\vo\\ ff %-, sing'- 
fo'ig ft # ; foiig^long' ^ f^ ; 
sing'-t^ao ff ^ 

Envelop, ^o wrap, pao Q ; ^a 
encase, t'ao^tsing ^ j^ 

Enviable, he is — , peh nying' 
ky'i'-gyi-feh-ko' »° A° « ^ 

Envious, sang dzib-tn'-sing ^* 
M is >6; teh-teh-dong'; ky^'- 
feb-k(/ ^ f, i§ 

Envoy, kob-s' g ^ ; ts^a-kwai/ 
^ t' (ih-we) 

Envy n. tu'-^yi-sing if^ a ^jj, 

Envy, to ky^i'-feb-ko ^^%', 



EPI 



152 



ERA 



/ — him, ngo kyH'-gyi-feh-ko' 

Epidemic, z-tsing' l||f jS ; ^- 
yiioh'-bing flf ^ j>^' ; weng- 

Episcopal church, Kyin-toh' 
kong'-we ^ # ^V # 

Epistle, shU-sing' ^ -g" ; sing'- 
tsah ff pfL ; •^^"^'^ — J P'^o'- 
lo shu-sing' i^B'tit 

Epitaph, veng'-li-go pe-kyi' Jt( 

Epoch, siang-kah'-go z-'eo' ?|g 

Equal, or aioM^ — in age, dong- 
nyin' siang-shu' |^ :$ ft :^° ; 

— m oye and rank, biiig'-teng 
a&^;bing'-kyinjg;j;dong- 
P^^ |pI K ; — «i^ ««^^) ih-yiang' 
do^— ^;;^°; c?erto (as potatoes, 
apples &c.), diao-yuing' p] ^ ; 

— yarts, kyuing-yiiing \^ ^ ; 

— value, tso' ko'-din [^° fl'' 
^^ ; — c^icK/s and niglvts, tsiu'- 
yia bing' ^ ^°^ ; — ?re?V///^, 
ih-yiang djong' — % g; / am 
not — to it, i)g6 lib' so feh-gyih' 

^1l ^Ji %J^y you «'■« not— 

to him, ng feh gyib'-ju gyi' jf^^° 
^ ^^'j you are — to him, 
ng sae'-ko-ju gyi f;);° g i§ ^D 
jt.; ??ia^e Mew — (in size), tso'^- 
leh diao-yuing' ft ti" P ^ 
Equally, c?/yjde iAem — , kyiiing- 
feng' i^ ^ ; feng'-leb diao- 
yUing' ^ ©° f^ g 



Equanimity, sing-seh'-feh-dong' 
M &^ t}]\ioithpa:fect—, 
c'u'-ts t'^'.jun J^^^f^ 

Equator, ts^ib-dao' :^ Jg 

Equilibrium, bing-ts^ing Zjiff ; 
t^in-bing' ^ Zp 

EqiNOX, rer/zaZ — , cMng-feng' 
^ ^; autumnal — , ts^iu-feng' 

Equipped, /w% (arms prepared), 
kyiiing-tsong' zi-be'-liao ^ ^ 

Equitable, kong-dao' ^ jg ; 
kong-bing*^ ^ Z|i 

Equivalent, ac?/ te^-diao f^p; 
— expressions, liang'-kyii shih'- 
\vd i'-s siang-doug' M ^WtH 
M& ft [pI; ^0 return ««— (as 
for a present received), waen li' 

Equivocal, ^en'-wu-dao'go -g-fUg 
7^ '^"5 borrow the shadow of 
excuse or reason, tsia'-ing go \^° 

Equivocate, /o ing-yiang'- gae' 
[t H S ; kong'-leb ^en-weng'- 
go|itr'tili"^kongtsia^ 
ing-gosbih-vv6'B|°f|*'H'^° 
IS fS5 kong 'en-wu-dao'-go 

sLib-w6'Bi°^f^mi-°^ 
p^ ; — m answering, {lit. lean 
upon the question), gre ing' S{H 
Era, nyin-W ^ gg (nyin, the 
year of the reign, ^1,0, the year 
of the cycle) ; the Christian — , 
Yise-su kyuong-shu' JIRSJIf -|ft 



ERA 



153 



ESS 



Eradicate, ic lin keng' bah- 

Erase, to — ivitli a pen^ du-diao' 
^ S° ? — ^^'^^' « ^vij/e, ts'aen'- 
diao §1 ^° 

Ere, zin "^"j — he cotms, gyi, vi- 
lae'-t^zin' ^ ^c ^ ;t tf ', 

— long, peh kyiu' :^ ;X 
Erect, to ju ^ ; ju'.ky4 ^jg ; 

— a house, jii oh' ^ g ; — a 
shed of matting or hraiwhes, tah 
^ang' f f li ; — « s%e, tah 

Erect, dzih g; pih'-dzih || 
]![; standing — , pih^-dzih lih'- 

tong^it:5:^°;s«<-,;pih'- 

t'ing zo' ^ g| ^° 
Ermine s^Vn, nying-c^ii^bi ^ 

Err, to wander from the right 
way, tseo ts^o' lu %^ 0; 
tseo' ts^o ;^ff ; — m judgmmt, 
ts^o'-cU^i fgi ^; kyin'-sih 

^^^ I. li fi 

Errand, an ih yiang ts^a-s' — 
'K ^ f^ j -^ «^<^'«^ ^OM to do an I 

— , ngo yiu ih-yiang ts^a-s' 
iao ng tso' |g W - « ^ ® 

Errand-boy, ts^a-dong'-go nying 
^ ®l ^** A''; ts^a-dong'. 
^y'-g<^ ^ K ft i^"; ts^a-s' 
^ ffi ; t^ng-ts'a-go nying m 



Vjvo y^o 



Errata, ngo-z' 



»J^ ; tsV z 



Erratic, ying-tsong'-vu-dijig' f j 

Erroneous, (s^o |g; yi-toi/ ^ 
Jg ; zia JJ|$° ; — doctrine, yi- 
toi/.godaoMig^^''Jt]g 

Error, ts'o'-c^ti |g ;^ ; ko'-shih 
j§ ^; ko'-tou i§ ^; sih'. 
tsiah ^ ^° 

Eruption or* f/^e sUn, le ^ ; a 
volcano in — , ho'-saeii lae-tih 
p^eng'-c^ih.L'e>ACaia°^''Pft 

Escape, to dao-tseo' 3^ ^ ; «^- 
readi/ escaped, dao-t'eh' de 3^ 
M ~r°5 ^^ — punishment, bi-ko 
ying-vah' ji ii ^J f? 

Escort, to (as a mark of at- 
tention), song -jg; be 1^ ; to 
protect on a journei/, vvn-song' 

Esophagus, zih-kwun ^ ^ 
Especial, di-ih' || _. . deo-ih' 

g^ — ; of — imj)ortance di-ih' 
iao'-kying J^ ~ g || ; ^^m 
W7e7Z ;9r«/ — attention, ng iao di- 
il/ liu-sing' {;);'' g |^* .^ 

Espouse, to afiance, ding-ts'ing' 
;^||; to M'fJ, ISO tsMng' j^ 

EsSAY,a literary — , ih-p^in leng' 

— S fl^ ; « moral — , ky^ua' 

Bhu-veng ^^^ 
Essay, to ^ny, s'-s-k'en' g^ §{ ^ ; 

to make a trial of, s'-ih-s ^ — . 

IS 5 



ESS 



154 



EVA 



Essence, constituent qualities of 
any thing, sing^-tsih »|^ ^ ; 

— (as of beef), tsih'-shu ifyi^C'-) 

— of ginger, kyiang-tsih' g f|*; 
fragrant — , hyiang-tsih' ^ 

{^ vulgarly called hyiang-shii' 

Essential, cannot he dispensed 
with, ky^uih'.feh-lae-go ^ % 
^ -i-^hyih'-feh-l^-go %% 
^ ^° ; siao'-feh-teh-go t}^ ^ 

Esl^ABLlSH, ?o kyin-kwu' ^ g|; 
io malce him or 2i{ stable, pel/ gyi 

lib w f^° ^ :it s**; ?;o 

institute, shilZ-lih g^° j)r ; kyin^ 

Estate, condition, di'-we j^ fi ; 
houses and lands, ts^aen'-nyih 
^ ^ ; shops &c., kyi-nyih' ^ 

IS 

Esteem, to kVn-djong g g; 
ky^i'-djor.g ^ g 

Esteemed, Ae is to be — , gyi 
dziah-djong^-go ^ ^ J! ^° • 

Estimate, to kwu-kwu'-k^en ^ 
-^ ^ ; — the price, kwii ko'- 
^^''^ '& WM") — present value, 
z-dzih' kwu-ko' fl^ ft ft a° 

Estrange, to become estranged, 
sang su'-ky^i-lje ^'^ ^ ijE ^ ; 

— entirely, su Jjj ; — (another) 
li-kyin' gl Pa^ 

Eternal, without end, uong^-yiin 
:3< j^; iiong'-kwii tsHn-tsHu' 
:^*C ■& ^ It ; vu gyuong'-dzing 



^ ^ ^ ? ^i^iout beginning or 
end, vu-s'-vu-cong' (cong or 

t8«"g) IS^ lR'f^5 — ^'A 
iioiig-yun'weh-ming' :^<i^tS^; 
c//«o (in the Taoist sense), dziang- 
seng' peh'-lao ^ ^ ^^ ^ 
Ethics, leng-dj6ng'-ts dao' j^*^ 

Etiquette, li |f ; the rules of 
— , li'-fah ^j| ^^ ; to observe 
ditto, siu li'-fah ^ jjif f^ ; book 
on — , li'-kyi shu' jp| |g, ^ 

Etymology, work on — , shil/- 
veng ^ 3SC (ih-ts^ah, ih-bu) 

Eulogy, a ih-p'in ts^ing-tssen'-go 
veng'-lfBli-t^^ 

Eunuch, t^a-ben' ^^ ^°; — 
from birth, dong-ts'-lao ^-{-^ 

Euphony, diao-'o' sing-ing'-go 

Evacuate the city, tV-c^ih 

Evade, to to gj ; bi jg ; to'-ko 
|j|i§;bi'-koigi§;— </#c./- 
i^fe*, to naen JJ H^ ; — ^Ae pay- 
wwi of debt, to tsa jj j^°; — 
5?/ putting upon another, t^e-we 
1^ lie 5 — consequences, sia ken- 

Evangelical doctrine, foh'-ing 
tsing dao' |S # J| ^ 

Evaporate, to pass off in vapor, 
ky^ saen'-k^ae siu-zong ^ ^ ^ 

iK:J:;c4h-k/i' ffi«;-^y 

the sun, sa! sao §§" jt^ ; — ^ 
<^e ^re, hong sao' f^ j^ 



EVA 



155 



EVE 



Evasive answer, V-n-weng' we- 
teb' -g- £g HI ^ 

Even, level, bing Zji ; bing-dzih' 
2|i |j|[ ; — jiumbeis, s6ng-su' H 
^ ; — tempered, sing-bing' ky^i- 
^o >5 q^ ^ ^ ; ^0-bing' sing'- 
kah ^ Z|i .|5j ;^ ; now tve are 

— , iiaen'-kaen hao tang bing- 

lab ts^o bing-kyiao'-de, 7^° ^° 

tt ^ S T° 

Even you were there, ng tao' yia 
weW-kjBn {^^14"^^° 
^°; ^ — would not wash his 
hands, lin siu tu feh - k'eng 
gyiang' jfi # « * "f ft" ! 

— if you whip him he does not 
fear, ziu-z tang' gyi yia feh p*6' 

Evening, yia-deo' ig" |g ; yia- 
tao' "^ gij ; yia-msen-den' ijg'' 
Bj^Ii; toward — , yia-kw^a 1^° 
^', come this — , after you have 
eaten supjier, kyih-mih' yia'-tao 
yia'-vaen ky^Uoh'-ko la3 ^'* [^ ° 

Evenly, bing ^ ; regularly, zi 
^°; zi-jih' ^° ^ ; smoothly (as 
paint), yuing ^ j yiiing-zing' 
^ ^ ; rw& ti on — , k^a'-kh 
diao.yuing' ^ W' M ^ 

Event, z-ken' :p:° ]^ ; z-t^i' ^ 
^ ; ioy/w^ — , hyi'-z g ^ ; « 
joyful — happened to us to day, 
kyih-mih' ah-lah teh'-djoh ih- 
yiang'byi'-z^''Q.°$^°^-|| 



1^° -;t_^^; kyih-mih' ah- 
lah k'c^-sing hwo ^"^ Q *fS"^' 
B3 >6 ?2 5 inournful — , song- 
sing'-go z-ken' f^ ^j^J -^^ i^ 
^ ; future — , vi-lse'z or mi-lie' 
z ^ ^ ^j «^ «^^ events, you 
will come, se-tsih' z-ka' dsen-z 
ng' iao te' Sf K in-jlf, ia 



^fr 



* 



Eventful, that was an — year^ 
keh ih-nyjn' do-siao' z-t'i' vaen'- 
leh.kying'Jl°^^;/^«>J, :^ 

Ever, always, peh'-djong ;^ ^; 
dziang-t^ong'^ JJ 5 ^^"'''^ ^om — 
met him ? dzong-ziu'yiii we-djoh'- 

gyi-ko'ma^-irW^l^**^ 
^ Ri" *? — since that, dzong-ts^' 
yi-J^ tS§ Jt i^ * ; z-ts^' ts- 
'eo' g Ilt^ ^; /or-ancf 
— , tao shii'-shU dae'-dse gij -fg; 

Evergreen trees, feh we kw'u'- 

go JU' ft t tt i^°© 

Everlasting, Uong'-yUu ^<j^f 
m gyiiong'-dzing ^^^ ^ ; — 
/re, iiong'-feh-u'-go ho' -^^ ^ 

Every, me ^ ; koh ^ ; — rfi/^y, 
me' nyih ^ "; nyih-nyih' Q ** 
Q "; — one ?«Ae5 c«re of him- 
self, koh' nying kwun zi' ^ A* 
^. g <». _ ^,06^^, cong' nying ^ 
A**; — bo^fj ^cys, da-tsong' w6' 
;fc° ^ IS; k(/-ko nying f@ fg 
/v ; i/oo(7^'' <^/— ^ind, pah'-yiang 



EVE 



156 



EXA 



hc/.v^ S mW^-^- one 

has his oil II id?a, koh' yiu koh' i 

EVERY-WHER^, koh'-c'ii § J^ ; 

koh-tao'-c'ii' § pj jg ; i^oli- 
tao'-koh-c^u # ^ij % jg ; 'ei/- 
tao-c^u'; kon'-koh-loh-loh^ ^^^ 
fi° ^W (/zV. in every co nei.): 
/ have looked — and ccmnot ftnd 
it, ngo koh'-c^u zing', oil zing'- 

Evidence, conclvsivs proof, t?'ng'- 

jih-biV jih-kyii K 1 X a 5 
teslimovv, te'-tsing ^\ J£ ; ocw/ar 
— , kyin'-tsing £ fJE ; — «w « 
case, k'eo'-kong pgt 
Evident, /wre proyf, jiu'-bing 

yiu-kyU' W ,#. ^ S ? ^'^'^^^^ 
to he seen, hyin'-kyin ^ ^ ; 
miug-tdng'-tong hao k'en'-kyin 

BJ ^ t if « a 

Evil, oh ^; todo — , troh ol/ f^ 
^; forsake — , oh' z-ken' ky^i'- 

diao ^ :$: # ^ T"; /^''^^'^^ 

<Ae — , foVow the good, ka3-oh'- 
dzong-juY Ei: ^ ISg #; /| 
certcirdy I we no — intends againsi 
you, ngo bing'-m-neh' oh'-i dse 

— s;):n7, oh' kjii ^ ^°; ni'3- 
^"'^^ H % 0*H^); M( kwe 
in the Bible stands for The Evil 
0L3 ; retuiTi — for — , yi-oh' 



po-oh £J[ S $fl S ; yiu'-dziu 
pao-dzlii' -^fH fg^ 5 return — 
for good, yi-oh' pa>teh' J^ ^® 
fH f*j eng-tsiang' dziu-pao' 
ig, tH ft fR ; ^^/wm good for 
-,yi.teh'pao.oh'i^fifg^; 

— star, hyiiong sing' [)y g ; 
Cftr?7/ — reports, pun-teo' z'-fi 

m 5S :^ Ih P"'^-^^' MS^ 

Ewe, ts^'-yia«g^ jlf ^ (ih' tsah) 

Ewer, miu-shii-bing' ]p 7JC jg 

Exact, accurate, cing f|| ; ?7i^ 

cZoc^ es wry — , ng^ go cong' 

ting cing' ?^ -t tJ II ^; 

precise, en'-psen-ts ^ i^ -p 

Exactly, kW-k^eo ^ Jp; 

tsing ^ ; — light, ih-ngsen'-feh- 

ts'o' — 1,5° ^ |§ ; ^ao-li'-feh- 

tsV^ ji^fg; W-feh-tV- 

r-^ S ^ ft ^5 ^^ '^^^ —" 

Ojie!, sbii-vi' ts'6'-ih-ngaen' ^ 
a ^° -^ |J%- sao-we' feh-te' 

'eo-feng'-'eo-sii' ^ ^ M M. i 
feng-ngsen'-ftng-shJng ^ 0^**^ 
i;^ ; kylah'-k^eo ; — suits my 
taste (as food), keh-go' mi-dao 
te ngo zih-sing ky^iah-k^eo Jg" 

— loh it I wanted, sih'-vong ngo- 

go i' ii ^ fii i^° S 

Exaggerate, to kong-ko-deo'Sf" 
j^ g| ; hah'-sa3n-w6'-Fhu Ig |il 

Exaggerated to^^: vu-ky*i'- 
deng-deng shih-w6' ^ ^M 



EXA 



157 



fiXC 



IS ^ pS ; —loasting, c'o'- Jaen 

^ 8bib-kw W ilt P E fel ^ 

Exalt him tseng gyi' zong' :^. 

«±; d^g^i' kno ^ ^ p^ ; 

— «//ow ?/jp;tV, tl;e leli pim' t^in 

k^o' » @^ 4^^ 5C » 
Examine, a? dz6-b'ah' g^; tU'- 

se//, YA dzo'-ts^ah 7I' g°gg 
H j — /^'' C5 degree, k'ao'-s 
^ SC 5 — /5?/,^«V.?, k^ao' 'oh- 
sang-ts' ^ i^° ^-^ i^- ; — ?/7to 
///e /z^«/tf?-e of things, keh vel/ ^ 
ik ; poh veb' tS if ; - (as 
ail offender), keiig-dzo' ^^ g . 
bun-dzo' ^ g ; — ^ as^vv^^ 
qu€stio7i.% bun-kyih' ^ |* 

Examination hall (for examin- 
ing siu-dzne), ts^ah-yuu' ^ g^ ; 
tf&V^o (for examining kyu-nying). 
kong'-yun % j^ 

Examiner, custom'' nyin'-bo-siu 

Example, p6ng-yiang if§ ^. 
piao'-yiang ^f^ ; set a good — ' 

lib' ib-go bao' pong'-yiang jf^ 

^° M W #1 ; will follow your 
— , we keng' ng-go porg'-yiang 
tSSfr-t^^^JwekW 
ng-go yiang''t^f;)^°>jvO;f^. 

give mean —, yuong ib-go pi'- 
fong peb ngo tUng' ^ — >j^° 

^ ij M° ^^i examples in 

phrases, kyii-nyii'-deo ^ tg gg 

Exasperate, to — him, kyih' 

gyi-go nil' ^ S -1^° 4^ ; ts^oh' 



gyl-go nu' (ts^ob or c^)b) 
-^^ iS 5 tsW-vsPii gyi-go 6'- 
wong. 
Excavate, to gyUih-c^Ib'-lae || 
m ^ ; dao ih-go den' JQ — . 

Exceed, to ho ^; to — the op. 
pointed time, nyih-ts' kc-deo' ^ ** 
•?iiBI;kogyi' ii^;lto^«3 
greater than, ko'-jii jg ^p ; do- 
jii -j^ ^D ; no lovs exceeds a 
mother's, ae'-sih-sing do'-ju ah- 
iiyiangm'-teh-gc) ^ ^ ,^ J^'' 

ia ra i6 {^" ^-^ -t^; - f'^e 

hour.h of propriHjj, yiiib-c'ib'- 
kwe-kyu' jg ffi ^ .^g 
Excel, to ken' zOng-zin' g J;^ 
05°; tseo' zong-zia' :^ ± -f^"; 
s<r.'i;d ^0 — , ts^iang'-ts'iang zong- 

hini, ngo' feh neng'-keo ken' gj'i 
zong-ziu' ^ * fg ^ g ^ 

Excellency, his or your — , da- 

We' Da-jlng' %^ \ 
Excellent, yin g; y-d-teh' 
R CS ; — ^'' «w, kyiiing .s' :g 
^ ; nylng liang-juu' A**^ # ; 
thorovghly — man, yia-liang' 
fono'-tsiPg g g 3§ j£ ; — 
flavor, mi-dao'gyili-miao' ^°Jg 
^W 'i — P^^'^i °^i*o fall' ^ 
fi ; — '^^^, n^'ao i' JJ? S ; — 
pemmnsJ.'p, miao pih' f^^ ^; 
— wofnan, nyii'-nying sang'-leh 



EXG 



lf,8 



EXG 



nyiiig sang'-leh kyiio' ^ A° 
^ ^° f^ (in the Chinese sense 
of excellence, i. e. dutiful affable 
and intelligent). 
Except, unless, jU-ziah^ ^n ^ 
Except, Excepting, djU-c'ih 
I*, ffi; djii' ^, ^vith ts-nga' ^ 
^j\°; all wei't there — him^ djii 
gyi ts-nga' tu Ise'-kaen W, ^ ^ 

Exceptions, with few — , vsen 
cong-ts ih' ^ 4* j^ — ; ts'in- 
cong' siao-yiu'-go ^ 4* ^ 

Excess, surplus, to-deo' ^ BM 5 
ffood to — , ko'-U hao' j^ -^ if 5 
eat, drink, or do anything to — , 
ko liang' j^ J; ; ko-du' jg Jg ; 
ko veng^ i§ ^ 

Excessive, Excessively, the 
heat is esccessive, or it is excessively 
hot, nyih ko-deo' ^° •§ B| ; — 
stupid, ko'-U beng i^ -^ 3£ ; 
— angnj, dug' tao gyih-deo' 3te° 
^i S BI ; jih-feng' 6-w6ng. 

Exchange, to diao-wun'||g |^; 
te'-diao fj f^ ; — /or ^oo<;^ a^^t? 
all, diao-jil/ fg ^ ; diao-k^ae' 
H3 ^ ; — this for a better pen, 
diao ih-ts' hao-tiu'^-go pih' f^ — 
«^ SF Ifi i^° * ; vvnn' ih-ts' 
hao.tin'-gof^-;^if|i>i-<' 

Excitable, yiiong-yi' fah'-dong 

Excite, to dong jjjkyih JUt; 



kyih'-doMg J|| fj ; tang -dong 
ff 0J ; ts'e-dong' fg gj ; — him 
to anger, or ^o iight, yiiong gyi- 
go kyih'-kong ffl S i"° ii 
T. ; — to discord, t'iao-so' ^ 
1^ ; — to ac<?o«, kyih'-li ^ ^ ; 

— to gratitude, ken'-kyih ^ ^ 
Exclaim, to cry out, hyiang'-ky^i- 

l^#i|B 3j^; eo-kyn'-lse PjJ" 

Exclude, to dju-c%' ^ [fj ; 

Excluding, dju ^ ; ts-nga' ;^ 
^|>° ; — Mt5, dju-ts^' ts-nga' |^ 

Exclusive, not wishing to as- 
sociate with others, gah-de'-feh- 

loiig^^Pf f.Ji;kao-i/i"g'- 

feh-long' ^°Jif, ti 
Excommunicate, to ken'-cMh 

kong-we' ^ ffi ^i- '§' 5 ^^^"- 

c^ih kyiao' )!£ ffi 15: 
Excoriate, to rub off the skin, bi 

tsW-ky'i ii Jgi%- bimo- 

Excrement, bi ]^°; liao ^4; 
feng ^ ; — o/ ^Vds, tiao-o' 

Excruciating 2?am, kv\^u'-t^ong 

^« 

Excusable, rer^ dzing' yiu k'o 

Excuse, to use or borrow as an 

— , tsia ing-deo' fg° BI 
Excuse, to regard with indulg- 



ence, kw'un-shii' 



% 1&-, 



EXE 



159 



EXH 



leg you to — 7ne, ts^ing' ng 
k^v^m-slui' ngo |f fi);^ % ?^. 
'^S ; </i^^o ./'s/- some imdvertena/, 
tel/-ze ^P; sliih-kwu' ^||; 
— (as for a fault, or for absence), 
nyiiii-liang' ^ l^r ; — me, foi' 
710 1 accompanying you (as to the 
gate), kvv^in-slm' ngo feh song' 

"g<:?c^^s * Si i^f'^ditto 

to a greater distance (as to the 
boat), shU ngo' feh yiin'-song 

"g ?JJ ^ 16 it -g ft-^'' - ^ 

Jrofu doing, miii' ng3 tso' ^ ^ 
-(jjj ; cannot — , min'-feh-lae i/^ 
^'^'■> to feel for and — , t*i'- 
^'^"8" iS M ; — another's fault, 
pao yiiong' Q § 

Execrable, k'o'-u-go pj*^^.°>j^° 

Execrate, ^o abhor, *eng-gyih' 

'te 'S ; to curse, tsiu'-nio 5l 

M 

Execute, ^o tso §^ ; — o?Y/m, 
t'ing feng-fii' SI i^ pf^ ; tsiao 
feng-fu' m P^ pfj (tso may be 
either expressed, or understood); 
— for a Clime, sah'-ze ^ JP ; 
/oM?' criminals are to be executed 
<by helieading), s'-go vaen'-nying 
iao sab-deo' pg ^^ ^fi A** S* 

Execution ground, sah'-dziang 

^ ;t| ; fah'-dziang f^ ;t| (ih 

t'ah) 
Executioner, ^)ng-gyi'-siu ^X 

M ^ ; kvve'-ts-sin flj •? ^ 

(ili-go) 



Executor, ziu coh'-t'oh go nying 

Exemplary, hao tso piao'-yiang 
iff (Si * #; tsing'-p^a-go 

Exemplify, to piao'-ming ^Bfl 

Exempt, to min % ; — fjom 

soldier'' s duty, min' tong-ping' 

fg t :S 

Exemption catificate (customs'), 

min' se-tsen |5 ^ H. 

Exercise i/w lody, ^ang-dong' 
sing'-t^i fir^ ft # ti 

Exert, to c^ib |jj ; — strength 
cMh-bh' lij ;^; _ s^i/^, c'ih 
sin'-don ^j ^ |^ ; — one's 
self zi'z6ng'-kyingg°J: ^; 
— orie's self greatly, nu' lib ^ 
'jj ; — one's se//' when weak, 
ts^ang J^ ; ditto (still more), 
ngang ts^'^ng' jij^ ff. ; — io the 
utmost si' ts'ang ^^ }^ 

Exhalation, rapo?-, ky'i ^; 
noxious — , We'-ky4 ^ ^ . 
tsong ky^i' -,§ ^ ; poisonous — , 
dob ky'i' ^ ^ ; offensive — , 
ts^ia' ky«i %° ^; dzoh ky<i' 
\^ ^ ; hurtful — frrni tU earth, 
t^u' ky^i ± iC 

ExHALE/rom tlie ground, di-yiano' 
ky^/ c% Jil -f '^ ^ ffi; <^e 
flowers — tfieir fragrance, h\v6 
tHi'-c'ih hyiang-ky^i' ?g [IJ: ffi 

Exhaust, to use up, yUong-wun' 
f^ %y — the strength, kfxAWi 



EXH 



160 



EXP 



yuong-wuu' ^ ^f J ^^; t'eli 
lih' Jl^ -fj ; exhausted by walking, 
ky'i'-lih tseo'-wun-de ^ fj it 
7C J 

Exhibit, to show, la-c4h' ^ ^J ; 
hyiii'-c'ih j|3 {ij ; exhibits a had 
disposition., li/-cMh wa sing'-kah' 

K ffi P°tt ^; >^^^^hiuu 

great patience, hyiii'-c'ih gyi-go 
jing'-nfe fel/ siao ^ ffi ^ i^' 

i^> IS f^ !l? ; — ^^^^-^^^^ pa'-k'^ 

bo'.veh j^ g3 g ^ ; _ choice 
tJdngs in temples, pa-tsi' f^ ^ 
Exhilarate, ^0 dzu hying' gjfj 
PI ; ^e is exhilarated with wine^ 
gyi hying'-cii z tsiii' dzii' go it 

opium, a-p'^in' di tsing-jiiig' 3;|'' 

P]XHORT, to ky^un HJ ; — eaj'n- 
esthj, sah'-k^eo kyUin' j^° ^° 
is ; ko gyiiig-dao' ky'uu ■jjjja" 

Exile, one exiled for hreaJdng the 
laws, kyiiing-vaen' !g ^g, 

Exile, <o bsen ts^ong-kyliing' |f/| 
^ !5 See Banish. 

Exist always, djong-djoDg'yii/'g 

Existent, self z-jun'-r-jiin yiu'- 

Exonerated, to he — from 
hlame, ze'-ming t'eh'-diaode |p 

Exorbitant, do hyu'-deo;^-°^ 
jg''; — c/myes, tW ko, liali'- 



sc-enwd-slm't^^^lf O^gj^j^o 
Exorbitantly dear, t^ae kyU' 

i:;ft°;kyuko-deo';t°i§BI; 
kah'-Dga kyu ^ ^[.° ;g;°; t^io' 
ko mong-bali-yiang-yiaiigjif (^*' 

Exorcise, to — hythe Taoist divi- 
nity, vong Nyiioli-vvong-da'-ti ts'- 

i dju zia' # 3E a :/c « g' 

Exotic pkmts, nga-koh' lae-go 

Expand, to — (as rice in boiling, 
seeds, &c.) or to dilate upon, hwo'- 
k'ae -ffc 13 > — (as a bird its 
wings), to -k^a3 Jf " gg ; gwah'- 
k'se ; — (as flowers, leaves, &c.) 
fong'-k^ae ]|i ^ ; — the minel, 
k'ifi sing ky^iao' gfj i\j^', k^ae 
ky^ao'-rneng gg ^ p^ ; -- 
(as water in freezing), kao-k'ae' 
BS°gg; tsiangl]g;tsiang^k\'e 

Expanse, a great mang-yiang - 
yiang i^^'i^ ^ ; ^he firmanient^ 
ky^uong-ls'ong' % ^ 

Expect, to siang'-pili ^, i^J ; 

suppose, liao ^i|. ; ^//iw^, siang ; 
^ ; ts^eiig f^ ; I— guests, ngo 
siang'-pih nying-k W Ise fl^ ^ 
ifc5§ A''^;^- him, ngo 
liao-tao' gyi lae' ^ %^f\\ ij ^; 
ngo peng'-i zin-deo' siang Ise' ^ 

7|s;S1kI°BI,'B*; could vm 

he expected, i'-siang-feh-tao' ^ . 
j^, ^^ JiJ ; constantly expecting, 



EXP 



1()1 



EXP 



lae-tih yui/-v6ng jjj" jlt° f^ §g 

Expectorate, to i\\ daeii'iy. ^ 

Expedient, /m*»^, ii li' siang- 

nyi' ^ 11 ft g; projitahle, 

yiu ih' ^j" g ; yiu biu-i' ^ fg 

Expedient, a/i ih-go fah'-ts — 
^° fi T' ; i^-go fong-ftili' — 

Expedite, to do quickly, kcr/- 
kying tso' a M ft ; kw'«k'-s<^li 

Expel, to ken'-c^ih ^ ^ij ; kah'- 
diao jp! -^ ° ; — % had means, 

p^ih-c^ih' i5t ta 

Expend, to use, yiiong ^; — 
much time and strength^ yiiong 
kong-fu' teng sing-Uh' feh siao' 

Expenditure, k^ae-siao' ^ || ; 
yuong-dziang^ j^ ig 

Expense, yiiong'-du J3J^5 ^^"^"^ 
— ,yiiong'-du.do' ffl Jt ;^°; 
ea-fra — , to fi' ^ ^ 

Expenses, V-en-fi' ^^'^ ^ ; ;yro- 
fitkss — (as money given to 
officials), fi'-yiiong ^ ^ ; — 
(of any establishment), kyiao'- 
yuong ii°ffl; k'ae-kyiao' g8 
Wiifamly — , ko-yuong' ^^ 
^; koMi-go kyiao'-yuong ^° 
® i^° ii' ffl — i^^at may be 
cut dowuy dao-yiao' ; what are 
your daily — ? ng' nyih-nyih' iao 
to-siao' k'£e-kyiao' ^^ 0° g° 



lun-fi' H ^ ; bun-jiin' j| g|* 
Experience, to pass thimyh, 
yuih-lih' f^^; kying-lil/gj ; 
has experienced (as b^irdshi^), 
kying-fong' kying-long' ko-de ^ 

m ® M ii T° ; song'-sbib 

ab'-ko de JISM^ilT 
Experience, of large — , veng- 

k\YO-cu to'^ ^ ^ ^ ; kyii/- 

kw6ng-sih-da' £ ft 1^ ;/< ; 

tell one's — , kong tsong-dziang'^ 

IS° H 31 ; kong tsojig-k/uob' 

W%& (ih-fen) 
Experienced man, nying la</- 

lii^' A°^ «; yuib'.lih-ko'- 



go nyiug' ^ J^ jj 



A'; 



nying kyiu-lin'-dzing kong' J^ 
X»^M'',—hand,^ohm^ 

Experiment, to tsob'-mo ^^f 
tsob'-mo-ky^i-k W SlM^M 

Expert, jib-kw;en'^|g; very — , 
jib-kwsen' dzing z-jun' ^ -ff ;^ 
i ^;n6 siu'-byi ^ ^ ^', 
— and thtn inventive, job-neng' 
seng kyMao' ^^^Vj 

Expiate, to — ain, job ze' ^|p 

Expiration of a time, z-^eo' 
wun'-de S# fl 5cT% gyi- 
deo' mun'-de 1 BI ig T"; 
nyib-ts' mun'-de ° •? f^ T" 

Explain, to ka'-sbib f^°^ ; — 
cleaxly, ka'-sbib ming-bab' ^^ 
^ BH ^ ; mw yow — it tome? 
ng liao ka'-sbib i)eb ngd t^ing-' 



EXP 



162 



EXQ 



Explanation, v&rhal kong'-ka 
|g° ;§|°; written — , cii'-ka |f 
^°; 1 cannot understand 7ns — , 
gyi^go kong'-ka ngo t'ing'^-leh 
feh ts^ing-tsV ^ -i^" Bi° M° 

Expletive, hyu'-z-ngBan ^ i^ 
0_^°; — /b?' rounding a sentence, 
cUn'-tsib-go z-ngsen^ fj J)f ^° 

Explicit, ts^ing-t^ong-' ^ JJj 

miiig-bah' H^ |^; nothing hidden, 

^o-bua' t'ob'-c^ib ^ me tB 

Explode, ^o pao'-k'ae ^ §3 

Exploit, fi-dz6ng'-ts z' ^f *^ 

Explore, to dz6-kW ^^; — 
a region, dzo-k^ao' di-fong'-go 
dzing-ymg' g^Jife;*'^*''^^ 

Export, to ho ts6ng-c'ib-ky'i'^ 

Exports, c'ih'-k'eo bo'-veh {JJ 

Expose, to lu-c^ib' g fij ; c^b- 
lu'-bi ttl S S ; — <^e ./«ce, 
min-k^ong' c^ib-lu'-lu "g ?L ffi 
S S; — the person, c%'-sing- 
lu'-t'i ffi # S If ; — one's 
self to public gaze (in reproacbj, 
cW-kwa-bi-tsW HJ^^jpil; 

— his shame, c^ib^ gyi-go ts^iu' 

sbU'puM3en-kienm;'';iK|ia°; 

— (anotber's secrets), tob^-pV) 
WC WL j i^^ countrynmn exposes 
his ignorance of the rules of so- 



ciety, byiang-'o'-nying iao ky^in 

Expostulate, to c'ib'-Hb ky^Un' 
ffi :ft Si ; kw^ii'-kwHi ky^un' 

Expound, to (in s|)eakmg), kong'- 
^^W fl?°5 — ^i" writing), cii'- 
ka ti. W 

Express, to — in woi^ds, kong'- 
c^ib-lae |g° ^J ^ ; can7iot — , 
kong'-feb'-c^ib'-Iie 1^° ^ ffl 
^; cannot — adequately, kong'- 
feb-tao' H^ ^ ii 

Express, to — oil, ts6-yiu' if^ f^ 

Express, footman, ta-kyib'-sing- 
go ^°@: © ^^ ; — ^ho runs 
by stages (formerly horseman), 
ts^in-H'-mo ^ £ ,^ 

Expression, an ib-kyii' sbib-w6' 
^^ ^ IS 5 a phrase, ib-kyii', 
kyu-nyu'-deo — ' ^ ^ Ig Bl ; 
familiar — , dzob-wo' jQ f^ ; 
forced — , min'-ky^iang sbib- 

«s' M ?I E ffi 

Expressive countenance, min- 
k'oug' web-siang' "g JL fS 43 

Expressly, rni purpose, deb-we' 
J[#@;deb.i'{f##;kwu'-i^ 
■^ ; pkiinly, ming-ming' H^ B^ 

Expunge, to (as an idea), saen-kae' 
Ijjlj 25;; — i^je'M aj^n, du-diao' ^ 
^°; ?^i>e out, k^a'-diao }f ' ;g° 

Exquisite, beautiful, me'-li ^ 
g ; delicate, si'-cu Jffl ^ ; — 
workmanship, si'-ky^iao' sang- 

web' mvi^^m 



EXT 



1(33 



EXT 



Extemporize, to ze-k*eo kong'- 
c*ib ^ n Si° ffi ; ^e-i' kong^- 
e'ih ® S Bi* ti] ; kong'-c^h 
Bon'-tsiang gg" ffl S^ H 5 ««^ 
temporizes well, c^ih-k'^eo'" dzing- 
ts6ng^ lii P ^ ^ 

Extend, to — (as reports, rivers), 
t'ong-k^ae' %^^\ — (as disease, 
fire, customs), yin-kV }g ^ ; 
— (as liquids spilt), seng'-k^je 
f>iS §3*' — ^^ every part, tsiu-tao' 
^ JlJ ; — the hand, sing siu' f^ 
^ • — the arm, sin sing-dzih 
$ f^ lit' — (y^^) at full lenffth, 
dzih kw^eng' ^ g° 

Extensive, kwoug'- kw'eh ^ 
1^ ; Me r«in caused by the flood 
is — , tsao'-djoh sbii'-tsse di'-fong 
kw6ng'-kw^eb-leh-kying' jf ^*' 

learning, ^ob-veng poL' i^° f^fj 
Extent, what is the — of Ms 
learning? gyi-go dzse-'oh' yiu kyi 
feng' ;a -t*^ :f ^°1^* ^ ^'? 
what is the — of the flood? do- 
sbii' tsao'-djob to'-siao di'-f6ng 

Extenuate, to — (as a fault), 
ksen ky^ing' ^° g ; will — , 
bao ky'ing-k'o' Jf g Pj" 

Exterior, the ovicide, nga-deo' 
^V HI; nga-pin' ^V %', the 
outer i^wface, nga min' ^j>° "jig 

Exterminate, to djib-diao' "^ 
@°; — utterly, mib-wun' j)^ ^ ; 
t8aen-t8^ao' dju-keng' U ]j^|^;^ 



ExTERNALa^/)earancc,ngarkw6ng^. 
mill ^h° 36 "ffi > "ga meng'-min 

Extinct, volcano is — , ho'-saen 
si'-de ij^ LU^""?"? ^^'^^ species 
of animals are — , yiu kyi le' 
cong-sang' djib-cong'-de ^ ^ 

Extinguish flre, mib bo' ^ 
^ ; — the lamp, teng-tsren' long 

flre, kyin bo' ^ >/(C 5 ^^i'^^ ^''^ 
extinguished, siang'-vong ziang 

ho' p'eh-u'-de m^%'xm 

Extirpate, to djib-wun' ^ ^ 
lin keng' bab-diao' jgf^ j^i** 
Extol, to dzong'-tssen -g |^ 
Extort, to force, pib'-leh jg igjf; 
— a confession from him, pib- 
lehgyi'tsiao.jing'5g^^JS° 
J^. ; — money, leb-sob dong-din' 
fj^l^lM"; — sob-Lsodong- 

^in' m f^ Si ^^' 
Extract, to bab-diao' ^ i"? 
bab-cMb'^ !lI;tab-lob'ftg 
tsob'-diao gl) ^°; — essence (by 
soaking), tsib'-sbii tsing'-c'ih fj* 

Extraordinary, kab-nga' |Jp 
^y-, fi-dzoiig' 1^ ^ ; fi-vaea' 

Extravagant, to 6e — in using, 
long'-yuong ^ ^ ; long'-fi jg 
J ; to i(? wasteful, bvv6'-fi :j5jg |jf 

Extreme, gyih-deo' ;gg jg j i<uc^ 



^XT 



164 



FAC 



t>t the — , wa' tao gyih-deo' ^^ 
M ® ^S > '^ ^^ ^^ — poverty^ 
gyuong-gyih'-de ^ g 7" 
Extremity, a? ^/^e — of the road, 
(aJso used fig.), tao zing'-deo JiJ 
^ BM P'^ — ) vu lu' k^o tseo' 

Extricate, to tW-c'ib |^ ffi; 
t^eng^c^ih ; di-bah' Jg J^ ; - 
from difficulty, kyiu nsen' ^J(||; 
fa extricated me from difficulty, 
(or owing to him I was &c.), 
ky^ii'-leh gyi' keh-go naen-deo' 
ng6 t«ebU<ih.de M^'i^^^W 

Exuberant spz'n7.<?, hyi'. ky*i 
yiang^yiang' ^ ^ fi fi ; ditto 
in tcdling, hyi'-siao yiii-k'ae'^ 

Exultant, hwnn-t'lu'-hyi-ili'gji; 
5c S 14 ; bwun-byi' ju-yu' 

triumph of soldiers, k'ao' teh- 

Bing'kwu|S°=^)ia 
Eye, ngaen'-tsing 5g°^ (ih-tsah); 
ngsen'-moh 05" @ 5 neecfZe's — , 
tsing-nggen' ff gg°; see with one 
— , doh ngaen' k^en ^ g|° ^ 
Eyes, JH^^« ngaea''-t8ing liang' 
B8**Pp| ^ J ^^'^^ — » song-ngsei/ 
ft BR"; fi^e with one*s own — , 
ts^ng Dgaen'kW MWM'^ 
before one's — , Ise ngaen'-zin :^° 
HR* "b}**? — c|;'<?") ngjBn'-tsing 

y^'^'-iihw^m^'.-shut, 

ngan'-tsing pi'-tih Bg°0f gfl g^ 



Eye, to — closely, ngsen'-tsing 
ts^ing^-ting k^ei/ Bg'' pf gg gj 

Eye-ball, ngsen^-ucU' BS°»!^IS; 

ng^i/-cu BS°^ 
Eye-brows, mi-mao' Jg °^ ; iAe 

forehead just above the — , me- 

deo' ^ m 

Eye-lashes, ngseu -seh mao' ^^ 

EYE-LlDS,ngaen'-p^ao-bi' HS^JSife 

Eye-servant, yiu min-zin' pe- 

W-go nying 4( M W "^ ^ 

Eye-sight, ngaen'-kwdng gg''3g ; 
nga;i/-lih gg** jj ; ngsen'-fah Jg* 

Eye-witness, ts*ing ngsen' kW- 
kyin-go nying M W M ^ 
>l**° J^° ; tms an — , ts^ing- 
ngjen'-moh-tu' ko-de ^ Jg* Q 

F 

Fable, yu-yin' Ifj -^ (ih-go) ; 

JEsop's Fables, I-so-bo'-go yii- 

yin' fi^ a? 1 >^' BS? w 
Fabricate, fo devise falsely, 

nyiah-zao'-c'ih-lae }I 5i°ffl ^ ; 

zi' tso yin-nyu' fit W p5 
Fabulous, hwong' - daen - peh - 

kying' ^ g| T> II ; - ^^^5. 
miao'-mong z-shii^ ^j? -^ flf -fg 
Face, min-k'ong' "B JL (Jb-fu) ; 
6'- lin y |g (in a bad sense) ; 
no shame, m-o'-lin |fi' J|^* f^"; 



FAC 



165 



FAI 



— (0 face, te' miu ^ "g J 'o 
open the — by pulling Jmrs (as 
for a Chinese bride), k*ae min' 
^■g; surface^ min-teng' ^•^'* 

Face, to — the south, dziao nen' 
^ pfj ; in ivhat direction does this 
house — f keli tsiiig oh' hyiang'- 
dao dziao soh'-go Jg ° JH M IpJ 
JSIHii'' f^''"^' to turn the — 
away, min-k^ong' iiyin-ciiii' bih- 
byiang' "E Jl tj^ Jl 7,iJ i^ 

Facetious, we hyiah'-yin •gU 

Facilitate, <o s'4eh ytsong-yi' 
ffi ^ S I& ; s'-teh 8ang'-lih 

Facilities, bin-tOng' g g'; 
7??aw?/ — , hyii'-to bin-tdng' |^ 
^ fS & •' yiang-yiaiig' bin- 

t^"g' « m m g^ 

Facility, ^e does it tvith great 

— > gyi-go siu'- shii web-p^eb' 
^-t^^^fg'^ljgyi-gom/- 
8hu jing-dzeb' ifc^h'^^i^Prf 

Facing, hyiang'-djoh |ti] ^ ; — 
outimrd, dziao nga' p^ 5^[>° 

Fact, i< ?.s a — , keh' z jih-z' Jf ** 
;S K V; the fads, jih-dzing' 

»'IS;Jiti-tsih^»i5 

Faction luxving injurious designs, 
nyih tong' jg ^ ; <^« — - , keh' 
ih tong kyih'-long Jf' ^ » 

Factor, ts6ng-k*ah' ^ ^ 
Factory, manufactory, do coh'^- 
dziang :fc° f^ J^J — where 



factors do business, siao' Z'^ac/ 
)J^ ?^ §1; TAe Foreign Factories 
at Canton, yih-sxn ^ong'-p^Jqf 

Faculty, mental ability, dzsB- 
neng' ;J^ |g ; — o/ ^^eecA, neng 
Bhih'' neng w6' fg ^ fg fj 

Fade, to — (by exposure or age), 
ngaea-seh in' |g°^ ^^ ; -^ (by 
washing &c.), ngsen-geh tV-diao 

Fag-end of a web of cloth^ kyi- 
deo' ;g Ig ; — of cotton cloth, 
kyi-deo' pu ti FI ^ 

Fagged om^, kw^eng'-vah-do g 

Fagot, a bundle of brush tvith the 
leaves, yih-za' ^ ^°; nyiiu'-ia 
|fc° ^» (ih-p6) 

Fail, to be insufficient, ky'in ^ $ 
to ^row ^ess by degrees, dzin'-dzin 
ky^uihMong-kyn' ^ M ^i^ 
^ °; strength is failing, lih-ky'i' 
lae-tih sje' :ft ^ W°g; !/ou 
have failed in your duty, ng'-go 
meng-veng'^ ky^in tsiu'4ao fij;" 

■f^'^'^M iJ; to - 

m c?om^ a thing, z-keri skih'- 
ngwu ^ |{i ^ 'K ; <^^ /^'« 
/ias failed, 'ong tao'-de ^J -^ 
~f ; *dng tao'-diao-de ^J :^ 

a' 7° 

Fail, / wnW come without — , 
cing'-ding-feh-ngwu' ngo lae'-gyi j 
Dgo ih-ding ke ^ — ;£ ^K 

Failing, mao-bing' ^ ^; oh'- 
mao-bing g ^ ^ 



FAI 



m\ 



FAL 



Failube, feh' tao'-ko ^ ^ij^"; 
sbih'-ngwu ^ 'K ; — »'* an- 
Bwering (expectations), fell mui/- 

i * ^ S 

Fain, M;a<//J — do it, p6-feb-neng'- 

keo tso' G ^ tg IS ffii 
Faint fr(m weariness, ky^/ feh 

— and fall, yuing'-tao J ^^J ; 
aJow< to — , hweiig-dzihg-flziDg' 

||ft;ao^k/if-°*'' 
Faint sownt/, sing-hyiang' ing- 

ing'-dong^f IMEtJi fj;- 

cofor, ngsen-seh dsen' |j| & i^ j 

ts^ii/ seh }^ -g, 
Faint-hearted, m-tseiZ-ky'i-go 

Fair, cZm?* (as water), ts^ing {g ; 

— weather, t'iri-zing' 3IJ 0^"; 

— compleocion, bi-fu bab-t^ob' 
Jffe ^ ]& ; — ^nd, jingfong' 
)g JK, ; — piice, ko -din bing- 

, dzib'fg°|^°^li;-c^^^a/%, 
dzib-ky^i' |g ^; dzib song' 
"jg ^; beautiful, me'-mao || 
1^ ; — outside, defective within, 
nga yin yii', r ne' peb tsob' ^\\° 
^ 1^ W ft ;f^ J£ (veng.) 

Fair, mar ^6<, z'-nyib ffl H"? t/u; 

— (beld in Ningpo wben tbe 
cbanccllor comes), di-'ob'-da ^° 

Faith, siang-sing'-go sing ;fg ^ 
-^ **>{;»; the rirtue of — , sing^-teb 
*© f^ ; — in Christ, siang-sing' 



Eyi-tob -go si.ig ^a ft ^ 'g 

Faithful, cong-sing'-go ^ fg 
^ °; — to one's word, yin-ying' 
siangW -g- ;}^ ;fa ^; - 

words, displeasing to t/ie ear, but 
beneficial, " cong-yin' nyib i' li' ii 

(veng.) 

Faithless, unbelieving, feh siang'- 
sing-go ^ Tte fS -t^ - to 
promises, k^eo'-z, sing-fi' P ^ 
^5 ^^ ; m sing'-iab ^° ^ ^ 

Fall, to — over, tib'-tao ^^gi); — 
/7'om a higher place, tib'-loh ^ 
^ ; — ^e^iW, lob 'e(/ -^ ^ ; 

— from a horse, tib'-lob mo' %% 
'^ *R j — '^ /)^eces, or conne 
apart, t'ab'-k^a3 ij g^ ; t^ab lob 
J^^ ^; — (as a bouse), t^ieii'- 
lob ig^^; t'sen-tao' i^ gj ; 

— entirely, t'aen-t'ab' ;^ i^ ; 
tao'-t^ab ^ J^; ready to — from 
rot, me'-de ^ "J""; — (as bair, 
teetb, fruit, (fee), t'eng -lob ^'^ 
^; — (as flowers), zia HJ"; 
<^e <2cfe is falling, dziao-sbii' t^e'- 
de j|g ;rf:''3i T°5 dziao-sbu' lae- 
tib t^e'-lob m aC W «° 5i 
•^; — into sin, 'sen'-lob ze'-lipg" 
'^ ^ ®j Ze5< ?/0M — m/o a 
bad habit, k'ong'-p^6 ng wa- 
yiang' 'ob-kwaen' g. fg \^:^' 
/^ ^° t§ ; — ^Vi love idth, 
ngaen'-tsing k^en'-leb tib^lob, 



FAL 



167 



FAM 



Fallacious words, hyii-sih'-ts 
^^' fi f ife i IpI ' ts6ng-sil/- 
c^ili-lae-goshib-wo'^fiji ]^^ 

Fallible, we ts^/ -g" f§ 
Fallow, pale yellow, dsen wong' 
^ ^ ; uncultivated land, hwong 

False, kofS"; liyU ^;vii |g; 
"gwe jg; feh-kwe-jiU' ^ |§ 
W ; to bear — icitness, k6'-tso 
te'-tsing fr iK fii-SE;v6ng'- 
tsing ^ HE 5 — much, true little, 
hyu to' jih siao' ^ ^ ^ ^ 5 
— doctrines, zia dat/-li ^IS* jE 
^ . — reputation, yiu-ming'- 
vu-jih' W ^ *S ^ ; — report, 

Falsehood, hw6ng'-w6 ^ fg ; 
hyii-wo' g fj -, tell a — , kong 
hwong'. wo H^^ fS; k6ng 
byii-wo' ^°^ fS; shih hvv6ng' 

Faltering accents, ng-iig'-nga- 
nga-go shih-wo' pg pE pg° pf » 

^° la IS 5 — ^'^^i'^^ kyiah'. 
1)11 c'ong'-c^ong-dong ; kyiah'-bu 
k'o'-feli-weng' miP^°% 

m 

Fame, ming-vong' ^ ^ ; amhi' 
tious for — , t^en ming' ^ ^ ; 
(person) of great — , yiu do 
ming-voDg' ^ ^^° g ^ 

Famed places, yiu'-ming'-go di'- 

miiig.yiang'-s-ba? ^ Jg ^ 



I Familiar with, job ]g ; — tvith 
the classics, kying-sbii' job-go' 

g # B 1^"; — Z"'^' «5a°g- 

bao' beng-yiu' ;te if ^J ;g ; 

— expression, jing-job'-go abib- 

Family, ko ^° ; a — or the 
Jtead of a — , ib-veng nying-kd' 

— ^ X° ^°; one's immediate 
-,ob'.li ^° ;^; Ob'-li-go 
nyiiig' ^° fi ^"^ A^k^- 
kyiiii' ^° # ; ko-siao' .^^J. ; 
Me Li — , Li-ko' ^^°; whole 
— , 'ebko >g^ ^°; all of tlvt 
same — name, ^eb dzob' ^ ]^ ; 
zi-ko-nying g° ^"A''; — 
na?^?, sing ^jj ; ^are yaw a — ? 
tseng-fi/ yiu jU f ;]f # fg" '^ 
yiii k6-siao' m'-teb ^ ^^ >], 

lab fu'-zong ta bao' feb j!f /j^" 
± 85 if S°^ (familiarly) ne'- 
kyun hao' feb ft # if §° ? 
tft'ff your — come with you f 
ng'-go pao'-kyiiu dong-lse' feb 

ncA — , fii'-ko g ^''; ing-wi/ 
1^ ^ ; poor — , gyuong nying'- 

kyMng^-k6 d6i.g-ts'«n' <g ^° 
^ ^ ; /ie t s a disgrace to his 
— , gyi' tao ib-ko'-go ma' j^r 

fin -- ^° 't*' ti ; «^' ^«^^'^ 

heaven are one — , t^'n-'o' ib- 
ko' 3f^ f — ^"j how many 
families f kyi veng' nyiiig'-ko 



FAM 



168 



FAR 



^^A"^"^ to-siao' in-tsao' 
^ '> ffl B? — ^-ors/dp, ^eh- 

Famine, year of — , hwdng-ayin' 
^ ^', seven years of — , tsUh' 
nyin do-hwong-nyin' ^ ^ J^° 

^^ 

Famish, to ngo-sah' g| ^ 
Famous, c'ih-ming'-go tBg^j^**; 

— even to the capital, ming'-cing 

ti'-tu « my M 

Fan, sin'-tsU^ (ib-po); feath- 
er — , (t. e. of hawk feathers), 
ing-mao' sin |K ^ M 5 ^'^^'^^ 
folding — , bah-paen' sin |^ |g° 
^; Wac/c ditto, yia-ts' sin Jgj |^ 
^ ; roMwc? «7^ — , yiiih-kong' 
sin M'SMi pa^m-leaf — , p6- 
tsiao' sin ^^/^ ; close the — , 
sin'-ts hao siu-long' M 'P M ^ 
ill j ^P^^ ^^^ — > sin'-ts t^aen- 

Fan, to tang sin' ^JS 5 — one's 
self zi sin-sin g ° ^ ^ 

Fancy, io imagine, i'-ngwu ;^ 
'^ ; / have a — for that child, 
keh'^o siao-nying' ngo cong'-i 

Fang, tusk, liao-ngo' gP ^° 
FanniNG-MILL, sin-koh'-mi fong- 

Far, yiin jg ; how — is it from 
here to your place f d6ng-deo tao 
ng-lah keh'-deo to-siao yUo' Jg" 

not very — , feh-da' li-ytin' ^ 



yiin' k^ifi-de ||| jf 83 7^ «^ 
— 05 heaven from earth, tHn-ts^o'- 
di-yun' ^^%^-^\— better, 
hao hyu'-to U %^^ 
Far-sighted, ngsen'-kwong yiin' 

Farce, all a — {i. e. making a 
great show with nothing to back 
it),k^ong'-k^ohk6'.tsi§^^'' 
■^5 ditto (as in work), mun sang'- 
nying-ngaen' ^ ^° A^ W 

Fare, to — well at table, ing'-zih 
hao' ffc^ j^J-', ditto, (as a guest), 
kong-ing' hao gt Jg J3^ ; price 
of passage, bun-jun' ^ ^°', 
bill of— , ts'se'-moh ^ g 

Fare- WELL, siao-be' >J^ |§ (said 
only by the person going) ; to 
bid farewell, bih'-ih-bih glj — 
^Ij ; ditto (formally before going 
on a journey), dz-^ang' ^ fj° ; 
to accompany and bid — , song- 
^ang' j^f7°; to give a — dinner 
to one going, tsin-^ang' ^ f^ 

Farinaceous /oo6?, feng'-zih |^ 
^; wheat food, mah-zih' |^^ 

Farm, din-ts6ng' gji; the Wdng 
family — , Wong-ko' ts6ng 3E 

Farmer, din'-wu % ^ ; cong- 
din-ts6ng'-go nying' Q j£ 
'^^ A° ; ^^^ ot(7ner o/ a farm, 
ts6ng-cU' j£ ^ ; farmer's hired 
assistants, tsong-k'ah' ^ § ; 
kong-nying' X A° 



FAR 



169 



FAT 



Farrier, horse doctor, i-m6'-go 
BirAsapg ^ % >h° 3fc 4« 

Farther, more remote^ yiin-tiD- 
Jg IJ ; ^0 a little — , ko-kyM 
tin i§ •5fe'' SS ; pw/ (?'0 farther 
in, tsje tsing'-tin HJ^ SfJ ; .^till 

— ,keng-k6yun'||j(/p''j§;; ^'^(? 
no — notice of it, vong to' ky'i 

f/ou anything — to say f wa-yiu' 

Bhih-w6'in.teh}l«^KftfSBi°^ 
Farthest, ting-yiin' Jg Jg ; t/ie 

— shop, ting yiin' keh-bsen tii/ 

Fascinated by him, weh-ling' 
zlang Ise gyi siu'-li ka ^S° 

Fascinating, we hyih-weng-go 

Fashion, style, kwW-shih ^ 
^•; new; — , sing shih' f^^"; 
zshih'^^°;o/rf— ,lao'shih 
^^°; gyiu kwW gfc; 

OMif 0/— , ko-/-de M B# T° ; 
extremely out of — , be-z' ^ fl^ 
Fashionable, z-dao' fl^ Jg; 
da-tsoh' ^ f^ ; z-kw*iii/ Jj| 
^°;Z-shihfl$jt'';no<-,feh. 
tsoh'-de' ^ f^ T°; f^b-z'-de 

FAST,>7n, lao-k'ao' ^|| ; tsah'- 
cii ; — asleep, kw'eng sah'-kao 

Fast, 5wi'c% kwV-kw^a ^° 
^°; Boh'-soh 5^ jg ; ^ao-sao' ; 
— fellow, fong'-doiig Jj^ ^ 



Fast, to keep a cJiurch — , siu tsa' 

Fast, <o kying-zih' ^ ^ ; — 

/row m^a^ (as the Buddhists do), 

ky^uoh tsV p^° % 

Fasten, to make firm, long lao- 

k^ao' ^^^ ; — with a nail, 

ting' lao $f!^] — the door,me\]g 

kwgen-leh lao' P^IIH":^ ; — 

h tying, bo lao' J^°:^; pong' laa 

j^ ^ ; — a boat with a stake, 

jiin' tsdng lao ;|5 ;g ^ 

Fat, cong ^f (cong or tsong); 

p^ong Q^ ; — and hearty (as a 

child), mi'-p»dng.deo' ^g g| |g* 

Fat, ;)or^ cii-yiu' ^f f^ ; beef— ^ 

ngeo-yia' ^'^ fgj 
Fatal to life, sing^ming c^ih- 
tW -S ^ ffi JK;— f^»^m9e, 
Bi'-tsing 5E°jg 
Fate, ming ^; su gj^; T^in- 
ming'^ ^; T%-su'^|i; 
Tqn-i'5f ;g; dreadful — , kyih"- 
BU j^ ®[ ; «5 — would have it, 
ming' k« jii-ts" ^mT ^ io ft 
Father, ah-tia' p^ ^ ; ab-pah' 
P5 fg ; tia'-tia ^ ^',hou} is 
your — » vii'-lao hao' feh "Jf 
^U^^'imy— is well, W. 
vu hao'-go ^ ^ JJ '1^''; 
(very respectful) ?/a?/r — , tseng- 
da'-jing ^ -J^ Ay Hng-tseng' 
>^ H: ; — and mother, vu'-meo 
^ •©; deceased — , sin-vu' 3fe 
5f ; fiiu-kyiiing' % g • /Tea- 



FAT 



170 



FEA 



venXy— , T^in-vu' ^ "$,',— 
in the Catholic church, jing-vu' 

Fathers, the we-tsu' 'g-jjg ; an- 
cient bishops, kwu kyiii-toh' "^ 

Father-in-law on the hushancCs 
side, kong-koiig^ ^ ^ ; ab- 
kong'; fpj S- 5 — on the wifes 
side, dziang'-nying ^ A 5 "g"^- 
yx{ -S- ^ ^ 

Fatherless, m-tia-goJ5°^4"*' 

Fatherly man, yiu-ts'-wu vu'- 
lao }t i ^ ^ ^ 

Fathom, to sound, tang sing-ts^in' 
fl* §? il ; ^^'^"g shu'-deo ^7 

Fatigued, dziah-lih' ^° ;)]; — 
and sleepy, bi-gyiiii' ^^ ^ ; ea;- 
tremely — , kw^eng'-gyih-liao ^ 

ST 

Fatiguing work, dziah-lih' sang- 

weh' ^° ■)] ^° m 

Fatten, to — (as animals), yiang 
cong (coug or tsong) ^ Jjf ; 
— a goose in close confinement, 
Mongo' H'JI 

Fatty, yiu-nyi^ fgj ^ ; yii/-go 

Fault, mao-bing ^ ^' (ib-go) ; 
moral — , ts^o^-c^ii ^ j^ ; ko'- 
sbib ^ ^ ; sw^d/' for one's 
own — , z\ tsoh nyib' g °f^^ ; 
«'< is not my — , feb'-z rigo'-go 
mao'.bmgfl^fg^°^^^'; 
feh'zng6'-got8V^^|5>^' 



^ ; good, hut has faults, me' 
cong'-peb4sob' H 4* ^ S 5 
^o/nii — , mao-iin' J^"^ ; zbig 
leo-dong' ^ Jf flsj ; —finding, 
leh-leb'.gab - gab ; kaen - ka' )g 
J^ ; give him a duck's egg with- 
out a crack, he will find a hole 
in it, *' fn-vong ab-'ts iao zing 

dong"' |t° m 1.1°-? M m m 

Faultless, m mao'-bing-go 4i£° 

€ ^' 1^°; m i/i'-bing go is'' 

Favor (to an inferior), eng-we' 
M> S; eng-s' ,f, II; eng-tia' 
i'i' ^ ; ^^ regard with — (as a 
superior an inferior), eng-c*ong' 
dae ,§, f^ ; to ask a — , l^ao 
we' p;] % ; k^eng dzing % '[f ; 
gyiu fong-bin' ^-fi ^^ heg 
you to grant a — , gyiu ng' s 
eng' ^ flj;" Wl il (s eng can 
only be said of a superior); t^ao 
kwong' PJTJ % ; k'eng ng'-go 

cozing' M fri^° 1« 

Favorite, teb-c'ong'-go ^ ^ 
-^ ; c'ong-se'-go f| ^ >h°; so 
se'-go ^ ^>^; teb-i'-go ^ 

Fawn, to (as a dog, or as a work- 
man making a great ado, about 
beaviness of work &c., for tbe 
sake of being coaxed), iao jing- 
mao'-logJi^Ji 

Fear, to p'6 fg ; p'o-gyii fgti; 
we'-gyii S "H 5 — ^^^' P^^'" 
gyu Jing-ming' \^ S TJilf BJ ; 



FEA 



171 



FEE 



— tlie conseqmnces, p^o ken-yi' 
'ffi T 1^ 5 P^^ *-*" ao-tsao' fg 
^H ^ ^ ; do not — , hao-voug 
p^o ^** ^° |g ; nothing to — , 
feh-dzae'-wu % W^° I feb- 
fong'-teh^yjlg.; /or -///«<, 

Fearful, afraid, p'6 fg ; in- 
spiring fear (as a place, &c.), 
p'6'-p'6 fg 'fg ; p<6'-slm-shu 

tfi PiJc PS 
Fearing imaginary things, sing 

Fearless, feh p'6' % tfl; — o/ 

c/^aM, feh i.«d' si f, fg ^° 
Feasible, ts(/-leh-Ise' go ^ ;}|:*' 

Feast, tsiu'-zih }g /^ ; tsiu'-yin 
}® H ; /o TTJafe a — , bsen tsiu' 
^1 }@ ; to go to a — , fu zih' 
ky'i & J$^°; roedding — , 
hao'-nyih tsiu' ^ H" }@ 

Feat, gyi-z' •^^(^h.ky'i);gyi- 
c^ih'-kvvu.Ie' z-t^i' ^ {H -J^ -fl 

Feather, mao ^ (ili-keng) ; 
plumage, mao-yii' ^ ^ ; fabi-ic 
made of feathers, yu-mao ^ ^; 
how beautiful /lis feathers are, gyi' 
go mao-yii sang'-leh dza hao'- 
k'enii>iv°^ 33 4"^°®° 
i? ^? — ^ci, mao-nyuolj'-ts ^ 
|^°T'; — pV/oM,', (?'. e. of goose 
feathers) ngo-map-tsing' ^| ^ 
l^fc ; — Irush, mao sLih'-tsiu ^ 
M S ('h-kvviu,j 



Features, kweh'-kah >g» ;fgf ; 

reguliv — , kweh'-kah loh-dzih' 

^i'lSr '^ ft ; ^^^'''^^ — ' ^^^eh'- 
kah ts^i-lu' # ;[§ ffl ig ; /?ne 
— , ng-^-kwuii sii/-li 5t°§ ^ 
jg ; beautiful — (in a Chinese 
sense), me-ts^ing'-moh-siu' jgff| 

Fee, Fees, (given to doctors and 
others), zia-din' Hf %%" ; te pay 
-, song' zia-din' -g ^f |^»; 
T^^-yi money (given to teachers), 
pih'-ts 1^ ^ ; small bribes (given 
to ofBcers), fi'-din ^ ^° ; ^'n- 
trance — , k^e-meng'-fi f^ f^ 
^; meng-pao' f^ Q ; — (given 
to boatmen, servants ifec, for ex- 
tra services), dzo-din' ^ ^''; 
tsin'-din }g i^° 

Feeble, pih'-t^ah-t^ah ^ ;j;||° 
ifH"; — Constitution, ti'-ts tajn- 

boh' iS ^ ^ 3 

Feed, to U §|J ; have you fed the 
bahy ? na-hvvim u' ko ma jg"^** 
ifii§Rr?-' welg(gener- 
ally used for ajiimals); to supply 
uifh food (as masters to work- 
men), cong Vtcn' -gt** |g ; ditto 
(polite), kong-ing ^ ^ 

Feel, to moh ^; — and see, moh- 
moh'-k^en fg^J ; — - the heat, 
teh'-(^u nyil/ ^j^ ^U ^''j p^O 
nyib' fS ^°; — ^/^e coW, teh'-cU 
I'-^ng' '^In ^>&°; P'6 lang' ffi 
^°5 — happy, kyiioli'-teh hwun- 
hyi'-siang ft f^ f; .^ f^; ka6< 



FEE 



172 



FER 



^y^"o' S R J — tired, teh'-cu 
dziab-lih' ^^HMfji — ^^^ 
passion, fall dz-pe' sing |^ j^ ^ 
^5 ; — anffVT/, fah ong' || ^°; 

— ihe pulse, tab mah' ^°^ ; 
k'en mah' ^ BUc 5 — (^ne's way 
and then try, s'-t^en gj J^ ; — 
/or awe? excuse, t^'-liang f| |^J 

Feeling, dzing jf ; great — , 
dzing »eo' '[f j[f ; dzing djong 
'^ S 5 ^<^ fellow — , m-dzing' 
^-i-i^yi ^' itWrn'-.tormve 
men^s feelings, tang'-dong nying- 
godzing'^7fjA"'1^'''|f;?en. 
der — , nyiin' sing-dziarig' (ji^>(j» 
^ ; to hurt the — , song dzing^ 

fiis 

Feign, to tsong ^ ; tsong ko 
^ fS" 5 — sickness, tsong bing' 

Fell, tili-tao'-ko ^^ f i| jg ; ~ 
(as a person), tib-ko' £^ jg ; /o 

— a seam, nyiao' ih-da vong',^*' 
-— y^ IB ; nyiao' ib-da wong- 

zin'-kwebfr-tt^KSr#; 
/o — /mie7-, tsob jii' fjj j^ 

Fell design, ob kyi'-kao ^ =■-(• 
Fellow companion, de-bo' |5|^ ^ 
dong-de' |g |^; dong-bun 
|p| f^- ; ctes — , dong-ts'6ng 
1^ W ; dong-nyin' ^ ^^ 
i^raye — , bao'-ben iffll 5 ^<^^^^ 

— , da-dziang'-fu ;/<; ^ ^ 
gemrous — , k^ong'-k^ae dziang'- 

f»'li fit ^ ^; '"cW — , 
vu-la' ^ g'' 



Fellow, //as a — feeling, yiu- 
dzing'-yiu-nyi' ^ jf ^/ ^° 

Fellowship, «o /tave — ivith, 
Biang-kyiao' ^^ ; kyiao-t^ong' 

Felon, malefartor, djong'-vaen g 
la ; iao'-vaen ^ ^^ 

Felony, cnw punis/iable with 
death, si'-ze ^E^^IPj c^i'^ne punish- 
able with banishment, ts^ong-ze' 

Felt, tsin |^ ; — hat, tsin mao' 
^ lH » — carpet, tsin t'aen' 

Female, nyii ^ ; — sex, nyU'- 
liu-ts-pe' 2^ '^ i S ; — s^ai'^, 
o-deo' X M 

Feminine, nyii'-nyinggo ^A" 
yjv®. — employment, nyii'-kong- 
sang-vveb' ^ X 4° fS ; ^'^^ 
manish, ziang nyii'^-nying ka'f^** 

Fence, lamboo tsMang-po ^"'g; 

wooden railing, Isen-ken' ^ ^ ; 

very high — , bi-dzing Tfc" \%° 
Fence, to make a bamboo — , tang 

tsMang-po fl* i|° g ; — ifnlh 

the sword, vu-tao' ^ JJ 5 l^yi- 

Fencing-master, kao tao'-fab- 

gokao'.s|i'':jJfii-^|i°6i 
Ferment, to — as dough, fab kao 

^ g«; fali'-ky'i-lse |g g ^ ; 

— (as fruit and vegetables), 

fsen i2 
Ferocious, byUong-raang'JJl %" 



I 



FER 



173 



FIC 



Ferriage, dujun'-din ^j|SM*' 

Ferry, du ^ ; — boat, fhi-juii' 

^ JU ; — "'^^*j dii-jun' lao'-da 

Fertile soil, liaug din' ^ fEJ ; 

n^e'-di H iife 
Fertilize, to tsae-be' ^ jg ; 

uong J 
Ferule, kao'-fono j^° -^ (ih- 

kw'e) 
Fervent m /<car^, nyih-siDg ife'' 

>J^> ; ts^il/-sing iJJ >2» 
Fervently, byuih'-sing ^ >fj ; 

v^n/ — , ky'i hyfiih'-slng jg 

Fervid, M, bo'-nyib ^ dlfe° 

Fester, to geiierate pvs, sang 
nong'^°f}i;tsohnong'f^fjg 

Festival, tsib'-k^eng fg J|° 

Fetch, ^o do-W:^**^; — (wben 
coming), ta'-lae ^° ^ ; — (as 
a cbair), tebUeb-lae }^ ;fg° ^ 

Fetid, tslu ^°]— breath, kW- 
kyU ts'iu' P ^ A- 

Fetter, chdnfor tlwfeet, kyiab'- 
liao U |g (a pair, ib fu). 

Fetter, to (botb bands and feet), 
zong liao-kW Jl ^ Jf ; feU 
tered, (restrained), fiyin-kyiah' 
p*i..siu' Ifi HI E ^ ; kyil/- 

Fetus, t'se-yuing' g§ ^ ; srmll 
— y dzing-3 uing ^ ^ 

Feud, in a state of — , kyib un- 
dziu' liao 3^§ ^ ^ T 

Fever, nyib-bing' ||^° "^ j Aos 



— , lae-tib fab nyib' iH"^*' S 
^^ — is rising^ lae-tib nyib- 

kyV-i*^ 64Srfe^;-;* 

going down^ nyib Ise-tib t*e'- 
ky^i-l^^'>iE°^^Jg^^;- 
t6^ ^ro/aw, nyib ts'-tle ^''ji^'f; 
nyib t^b' ken zing' de |i° -g |g 
^ T°5 intermittent — , dziao- 
nyib' bing gg ||lt° ^^' 
Fever and Ague, nyiab-dzih' 
bJng 3i ^ j!i ; ma-za' bing 

r ^° m 

Feverish, kyi'-sing nyib'-go^^** 
ti° tri^**5 ^^''^ — . kyi'-sii.g 

bo'-nyib-go^°t|«>A:^°^*» 
Few, kyi'-go 



^" 



yiu'-*aen 
^y PI°;mto'-siao ^°^ >>; 
a — , m-kyi' go ^*' ^^ /^°; feb 
to' ^ ^ ; ?z^o, ^/irc«, or/owr, 
liang ^ ; / icill cauie after a 
— days, ko' kyi nyib ngo lae'- 

Fib, kO'-wd \IX° pS ; bw6ng-w6 

Fibers, Fibres, (as in turnips 
&c)., kyiiig g ; _ (in orange 
peel), lob |g ; ^Lender rootlets, su 
^ °; — m wifa^j t^iab'-ny iiob-go 



«i' kying li' 1^^ 



^^ 



ffi^ 



Fickle, fsen-fob'-feb-ding ^ ^ 
^ J£ ; yiao-yiao' peb-jib' ^ 

Fiction, ioofe of siao'sbu >J>^j 
^aen sbii' ^^°g; siao'sbib >J>^ 

Fictitious, ko'-zao-go fg" jg° 
-t" ; bwong-dong' ^ ^ 



FID 



174 



FIL 



Fiddle, two stringed wu - izyinor' 
"^ ^ ; four st7inged — , bi- 
bo' 1^ ^ ; — '^(^itJi three .^fnngs 
or more, yin-ts' j|^ ^ ; to play 
(the — ) with a bow, ga : ditto 
with the fingers, doeu pp ; to tune 
a — , diao yin' p J^ 

Fiddle-bow, yin-kong' rj'^ ^ 
(ih-go) 

Fiddle-string, yin-sir/ ^^ H 
(ib-keng) 

Fidelity, cong-sing' ^ n^ 

Field, din Q (ih-ky^iu);6a«/e — , 
tsin'-dziang ^ J^ (>b-go) 

Fierce, mang ^^°; — ^/^/^ec^ 
yiiig-shii uoiig'-maiig j^ ^ ^ 
|^°; — as a tifff^r, ziang niang' 
hwu ka ff^ ^^° 1^^ ; — ivind, 
mang' fong ^^°lL;^erre/?y fr^^f/n/, 
fab' nil ziang raang'-tsiang ka 

II ?c?> fi ffi° )if 

Fifteen, jib-ng' -p J."; ^//^^'Z*- 
teenth, di jih-ng' ^ -[- Jl" 

Fifth, di ng' ^ Jl°', — month, 
— dmj, ng' yuih ts^i ng' 5.°^ 

Fiftieth, di ng'-jib ^ 5° -f 
Fifty ng'-jib 55.° -f^ ; — ^ears 

old, ng'-jili shiiUe JL°+ ;a°T' 
Fig, vii-bvv6'-ko ^^^ (ih-go); 

c?n"af figs, vu-b\v6'-ko ken' ^. 

Fight, to (as two or more per- 
sons), siang-tang' 4=0 ^T 5 " (^ 
■hundred or more, as clans), tang 
nying dzing' Jj A' W ; — (as | 



soldiers), tang-tsiang' ^J** -JJ ; 
kao-tsiu' ^° p^ ; ^o — f?e?er- 
minedly^ hyiiib'-tsin jjj^ Pc ; they 
are having a — , gyi-lrsb' Ine'-tib 
tang slang.tang'^°^°J|''^° 

Fighter, tang'-siu Jj:^ (ih-go) 

Figurative expression, pi'-fdng 

sbib-w6' Jit :fr ^ IS; tsia' 

yuong tso pi'-f6ng go fp^° |g 

fS ^t * i-^ 

Figure, an image, ngeo'-ziang j^ 

f^ ; ying-ziang' ^ fg (ih-go), 
(of men and animals, as toys), 
'en ^° ; Ae has a fine — , gyi i- 
ko' hao ^ :^ 5!^° ij ; >v/^'^^'^^ 
1,2,3, (f-c, mo'-ts {f,^^;^^ — of 
speech, web yiiotig'' |g ^ ; i^'iVZt- 
o«^< cfz«r), jib yuong' ^ ^ ; — 
on cloth, bwo-deo' '^ 0^ ; woven 

— , tsib'-c^ib-go bwo-deo' ]^ 

Figured (as cloth), yiu bwo-deo' 
W if£ ffl ? — calico 'S, ing'-bwo 
yiang'-pu fp -^ if. ^ 

File, ts'o |f (ib-p6) 

Filial, hyiao'-jing ^J(|; — .<!on, 
hyiao'-ts ^ -^ 

Filings, nw t^ih'-s6 ^ '21? 

Fill, ^o tsi g ; — /w7/, tsi' muu 

seb' mun )9 J§ ; — « hole (as in 
the earth) din mun' ^ ^', to 

— a boat, jiin' tsong-raun' jfg 

Film, a ih-zeng i — S S 5 



FIL 



17; 



FIN 



I 



a — h(is groicn over the eye^ 
ngten'-tsing zong-tsong-cle' ^° 

Filter, li-shii' -bing (j^, 7]^** ^ ; 
s6-leo'-kf>ng ^^ {g- Jjl'' (ih-go) 

Filter, to li j;g ; filtered water, 
li-sLu' if, y}C 

Filth, ao-tsao' ^ g' ; so much 
— , ka' hyii-to ao-tsao' JJ* |^ 
^ M IS ; siveepiiiffs, leh-seh' 
ii J;5°; ^'^ remove — , b6 leh- 
sel/ iMii]i°; wiin leh-seh' 

Countryiiieu come in and remove filth, 
giving a few cash or utioarse broom in 
excliange, hence wim. 

Filthy, ao-tsao' ^ -|f} ; lah-t^uh' 

gv ige, ao-tsao' sltih-wo' ^ ^ 

ftE in 

Fin, ts- ^: a// Me lower Jim, w6 
sbii' ^'''M ' the thick dorsal fins, 
gyi-ts^iaiig' ^ If ; sharlcsfins 1 
iire used lor food, and are called 1 
yu-ts^' g^ ^ j 

Final, kyih'-t^ab ^:*.U ; tah'-leh- 
meb ^"^-^"S^**; — decision, tao ! 
kyib'-sab ding-kwe'-bao JiJ ^^ 

Finally, tao'-ti f\\ J^ ; cong-u' 
•^^ 15^; kvve-keng' g^^ ;^ ; ts^ib'"- 
^i it is ; kyiu'-kying ^ ^ 

Finance, the tribute, zi:i-liang' 
H"^! ; customs' revenue, kwaen- 
^^-' il S ; governor of — (in 
eacb province), pu'-tsing-s' :(^ 
iS ^ ; vsen-dae' ^ g 



Find by seeking, zing-djob' S* 
^° ; zing-c^ib'-la3 ^° ffi ^ ; 
/ hare found out your idea, ng'- 
go i'-s iigo zing-djob'-de fj^**^" 

«o^ — Am, ngo zing-gyi'-feb- 

djob'5j^°S*^°;^^/^^ 

Orte's se//' (in food), paovaeii' ^ 
^^\ to — time, sang' kong-fu' 
^"°JQ ;^; (/^V^o, by stealing from 
other duties, t^eo-kong'-bab-fu' 
^ IC^ 5 ^^ — /aw/i i6"i//^, mao- 
iin' Jl ** ^ See Fault-finding. 
Fine, to pay a — , do'-c^ib vab- 

kw^an' #:° t« 13 li: 

Fine, not coarse, si if.0 ; — (as 
meal), tH'-t^i ; dzib-t^i' ; very — 
Cgood), gyib dao'-di i^'M,\^'-> 
beautiful, miao ^ ; very ditto, 
gyib miao' ^^ ij? ; — (as work- 
mansbip, ornatneiits, a garden, 
&c.) tsing-cii'll |g 

Fine, to vab n ying-ts' |3 1^^ ; 
vail dong-din' |3 ^3 J^° 

Finely, si'-si ^0 1:0; tsi ng cu' 
^ >® ; — ivntten, sia'-leb tsing- 
^^ %''%"'^U\ — ^^<^<^^ted 
picture^ du si'-kyMao ^ $|B J^ 

Finery wanting in taste, ziaiig 
po'-byi ka ; ivecm'ng fantastic 
— , c'iin ziang' tso b\v6-kwu'- 
hyi Uong' ^[f M^miSi, 

Finger, ts'-deo ^g 0^ (Ib-meb) ; 
ts'-meb den' Jg J^ Ig'Me mecT- 
fZ/e — , coTig-ts' 4* ^g* ; little — , 



FIN 



17f5 



FIR 



siao' meli-ts'-deo >]> }i| ^g* Hf 
Finger - bowl, gyiaug'- siu-ui/ 

a° $ ^ (ih-tsah) 
Finger-ring, ka -ts j^" Jg (ib- 

Finish, ^o tso-wim' -j^ ^ ; tso'- 1 
dz'f'g M ^; tso' lob-oae' gj^ ^ I 
^ ; add to any active verb tbe 
particles, bao Jj, wun ^ ; tbus : 
when will you — writing f ng 
kyi^z we sia-wun {ff,° f^ J|^ 
tt;'^^^ kyi-z sia'-bao ^ Illf 
^"Jj *? io — work, dzirig ki)ng' 
M J^ ; liao kong' y ^ ; wun 
kong' ^ :a 

Finished, iV is — , bao'-de Jf 7*°; 
tso-hao'- de ^ J^ "J*°; wun- 
koiig'-de ^ ^ "J'"; welljinish- 
ed, tao-ko' pj ^°; ts'-yi dziiig' 

Finite, yiu ^aen'-cu /fj PU° fjj 
Fir /jve, sjen-jii' ^ i^-, — wood, 

saeii mob' ■;^^ /f^ 
Fire, bo J^ ; hot ov fierce — , bo 
mang' >/!> ^"j bo-w6ng' i)^ K ; 
^0(7 0/* — , bo'-jing bu'-sab ij^ 
%^^f^]to make a — , sang bo' 
^"^ 5 ^^ ^^^ — <o (as a bouse), 
l'6ng ho' ji i)^] on — (as bouse, 
boat, or goods), bo dziab'>^ J;g ; 
there was a — last night, z6-yia' 
yiu bo-tsong' Pf:° :j^° ^i^^M'^ 
tjJce — , ky'i-b(/ jjE >^ ; how did 
it take — ? dza ky^i'-bo ^° jg 
h)^% to put out — icith water, 
p'eb bo u' ffl iX ® "; d^^to (as a 



bouse on — ), kyiu-bo' ^ >^ ; <o 

— a cannon, fong p^ao' ^^§,: to 

— tea, ts'ao dzo-yib' 'JtJ; ^' ^ 
Fire-arms, bo'-kyM >^ §g 
Fire-brand, za-deo'-bo^|°BM ^ 
Fire-crackers, p W-dziang -];§. 

ft" 

Fire-engine, sbii'-long 7jC°||; 
foreign — , yiang sbii' -long '^ 

yK il 

Fire-fly, bo-ing-den' g° )^ 

(ib-go) 
Fire-man, kyiu'-bo-piug ^ ^X, 

^ (ib-go) 
Fire-pan, irass — for warming 

feet, bo-'ts^ong JiJ" jg°; earthen 

— , ngo' bo-ts'ong' ^°>AC ^ft 
Fire-ship, yiiong bo-kong-jUn' 

ffl^C^7«01i-tsab) 
Fire - wood, za-baen' ^|° ;^ ; 
Irushivood, nyiin za' ^ ^°; yih 

Fire-works, bw6-p^ao' ^eb-ts':j!g 

Each kind of — has its distinctive name. 

Firkin, sia<' bw6-kwu dong' i\\ 

fc m m (ii'-go) 

Firm, lao-kW ^ ^; kyib'-jih 
tt W 5 ^^^^^' — *^ texture, pu 
kyib'-jib ^ {J '^ ; — purpose, 
cu'-i ding.jih i ,S!£K; — 
./boK kyiab'-dab jib-di' JjjJ f^ 

Firm, ^6ng-k6' Jf ^° ; «t'Aa^ »'« 
the name of your — ? ng pao' 'ao 
kyiao'-Ieb sob-go' tsiao-ba' fij;** 



1 



FIR 



177 



FIS 



pao *6ng kyiao-leh soli-go z -'ao' 
Firmament,' ky'uong-tb^ong ^ 

Firmly, lao ^ ; place — , fdng'- 
leh lao' ]5i ^° :$ ; stands—, 
lih-leli' lao' ijr ;fB,° ^ 

First, the — , di-ih' |gf —; doo- 
ih' 5^ ^-^ . i/ie — one, deo-ih'- 



g« 



-^° 



ancestor, s'-tsa 



^ ffl; l)ih-tsu' ^ Jfl; _ 
c/a6s, di-ih' psen '|^ — $ff ; — 
m a c/a5s, deo-ih'-ming yg — . 
^ ; -— crop, di-ih' kyu ^ ^ 
^ ; — crop of rice, tsao' dao ^ 
fg ; ditto of tea, deo dzo' g^ 
^ ; koh yii'-zin dzo' ^ n^ -gj" 
^ ; — *^o?7y, di-ih' zeiig ^ — 
^M — » ^/" ow/y ^i(;o stories, leo- 
^6' -f§ "^''; — fruits, sin kyih'- 
lob-go ko'-ts 5fc i^§ ^ ^° « 
^ ; — Aeaf?, di-ih' zeng |jg — 
^ ; — importance, deo-ih' iao'- 

^yi"g BM ~~" ^ M J s'" ^''^^'" 
laying :^ ^ ^ ; — month, 
thiing yliili' jQ5 J^ ; ^'/d — of the 
month, ts^i-ih' ^;j — » ; — ^orw, 
deo sang' 5^ ^^ ; — Jorn son, 
tsiang'-ts ^ ^ ; the 1st, 2nd, 
and Sid sons (corresponding with 
the first, second, and third months 
of each season of the year), mang 
;^**; dzong fjjl ; kyi ^ ; — set 
the table, then scald the tea, sin' pa 
coh'-teng ^eo' p^io dzo' ^ ^ 



portant move in chess, di-ih' tsiah 

Firstly, di-ih' zeng H — /} » 
di-ih' don '^ — ^^ ; di-ih' ton 

di-ili' kw'un' ^ — Ife ; di-ih' 

Fish, ng |S[° (ih-kwang) ; /r^6A 
— , sing-sin' ng f| g^ ;© ° ; 
fresh water — , dsen' shii ng ^ 

iKK'^ '0 li'-go ng' Jpt ig >i-° 

^S^"; 505^^ tvater — , ^sen shii' ng 

MyK ^:i b^-ii'-gong' m 

11 i^° ,^/; — 5//y/i^/y salted 
and dried, d.nen'-siang ^ ^ ; 
(dried but not opened), ng-ken' 
^@ °i|i^ ; ve7-7/ salt, ^aen-siung' ^° 
^; ng-k^ao ,'®^°)!£; — ■'^^air^ or 
roe, ng-ts' ]S " -^ ; ve?'^ young 
ditto, ng-iang '^°^% 

Fish, ^0 k^d ng' Ji°,@^°; — ^^'^VA a 
hook, tiao ng' ^fj ^'© °; — icith a 
net, paen ng' J^ ."^j — m ^/i€ 
sea, k'o yiang'-sang '^° P^° ffi" 
^^\to — for praise, kwu niing' 
tiao yU ?ft g 15 # 

Fisherman, k^6-ng'-go nying^** 
@; i-° A''; yii-ong' ^ ^ ; 
fsh'Womm, yii-bo' ^ ^ 

Fish-glue, ng-kao' @^ g* . 

Fish-hook, tiao'-ng-keo' |5 .§/ 
f^ (ih-me) 

Fish-market, ma ng' z'-k'eo^'* 



FIS 



178 



FLA 



FisiilNG-ROD, tiao'-ng-ken'|5;®^° 

^ (ili-kwang) 
Fishy taste, ng'-go mi'-dao lS° 

-^^ %,° 'M'- — ^^^^^A ng sing- 

ky^^'^*"!]! ^ ; sing-ngfen'ky^i. 
Fissure, hvvai/-lih-vong |g ^ 

Ijl (ih-da) ; a crack in rock, zah- 

kah u' ;5° ^° 

Fist, gyUn-dec/ ^ 55 ; <o /T^'ye a 
blow with the — , k'ao' ih-gyiin 

Fit, a — of agwu ih-paen' ma-za'- 



anger^ ih-dziaug ky4' — ^ j^ ^ 
to have a convulsion, fah-kyiiil/ 
1^^ M ' — (with crying like a 
lamb), yiang-tiri' bing ^^')H ; j 
— (with crying Hke a pig), cU-tin' 
bing 1^^ ^|^\; by Ji(s and starts, 
paeri-zong' p8en-loh'|fjE ±Jj£M 

Fit suitable, 8iang-nyi' ;fg ^ ; 
siang-te' ;f0fi|-; siang-vu' ;fg^ ; 
not — , feh siaiig -nyi ^fj-t'E^^ ; 
^eh'.ft.h-long' ^ ^Hi i 

Fit, to — to, p^e ^^'^Jitted to (as a 
handle to a pen), p^e'-long liao 
BB. til ~r 5 <//is dress Jits well, 
keh gyin i-z6ng sii)g-1%6' siang- 

does not — , fch tah'-te ^^ J|: 
^j-; to — up a house, olr tsong- 
^ sih' hao M m fili i? 
Fitly spoken, shih-wo ^eh-shing'- 
go E IS ^ m i"°5 shih-w6' 
feiig-ngaeu' fcng-shing' it fS ^ 



Five, ng jS**; i^^^ — planets, ng' 
sing ^* ^ ; — elements, ng' 
ying ffL^fT 5 — ^^^^^^ (sweet, 
sour, bitter, pungent, salt), wu' vi 
35. 5^;— ^^''■^'^^s, wudjongj. 
^; — relations, wu' leng J jj^ 
Five- FOLD, ng'-be 5° fg 
Fix, ^0 fasten (in the groniid, on 
the floor, &c.) tsong lao' /f§ ^ ; 
settle upon, ding-jih'^^ ; ding- 
kyiu' ^ ^ ; — a time, ding z- 

'^o' S fl^ M ; — « ^-^^J 'ss'i'- 

ding nyih-ts' p^° ^ B °-? » <« 

— i/^e mind upon, in healing, 
cun-sing' t^'ng ^ ,^ || ; — 
in the mind, lao kyi' dzae sing' 

Fixed determination, lih-ding' cii'-i 
:i £ ± S;— %/«^^, ming 
cu -ding ^ vi** fe ; "^"ig sang- 
dzing' ^ ^°J^ ; ey^5 — w^on, 
nfjaen'-tsing ts^ng'-ting k^-n' JR" 

vveh-il/ ^ fa iJ - ; peh / 
kyuo ^ H (M 5 — purpose, ili- 
ding' i'- s — ^ ;g g ; no^ yet 

— ov determined, vi ding' :^^; 
wa m'-neh ding-kwe'Jg^J^"^'' 

^« 

Fizzle, to — out, fong c'«-c^u/ 
Flabby, (as flesh), c^6'-c^6-doiig 

(c^o or ts^o). 
Flag, to (on the road), tang 
kyiah'-kweh-nyUn' J{|1 JJJ°; — m 
doing anything, (by figure), ziang 
tang kyiah'-kweh-nyiin ka' ^ 



FLA 



179 



FLE 



W^ W iW S°; indisposed to 
wo7'k, ten'-teh tso ^% ^.^ j^ 
Flag, gyi ]^ (ih-sin, ih-min); 
— or board asking quarter, min'- 
tsin ba ^ gg M°', — of swr- 
rewcfcr, 'ong-gyi ^ ]^ ; —5%, 

gyi ken' "^ ^ (ih-ts) ; — stone^ 
zah-paen^ /5**^ (ih-kw^e); to lay 
dittOf phi zah-paen' || ^"^^ 
Flagrant crime, ze'-oh t'ao-t'in' 
IP ^ fS ^ ; ze'-da oh-gyih' 

Flail (used for beating the se- 
same seeds, &c.), lin-wsen' kd 3^ 

3S°ttl''(il'-go) 

Flake, *ma// — of snow, shih- 
hvvd' 5 ;J^ ; /a».^e — o/* snow, 
shib'-p'in 8 >^ 
Flake, to — of, k'oh'-ky^i g"^ 
Flame, yin-deo' j^ |g (ih-bong) 
Flanks 0/ an animal, iao-hyih' 
JS ^ ' — of an army, tso-yiu'- 
kyiiing 2£ ^ S 
Flannel, nyiiong pu' 3^5 /$ 
Flap, to gwah ; — back and forth 

gwah-lse' gwah-ky^i' 
Flare, to — up as fame, ho'- 
kwong dzih-ts^ong' ^ 5^ iJ 
^ ; — into a passion, ho'-ky^i 
dzih-ts^ong' ^ ^ It 4 
Flash, to fah'-c^ih liang-kw6ng' 
W^^X'.io-{RH light- 
ning), tang hob-sin § ^ ^g 
Flat, pin ^; to press — , ky ^ing 
pin ; level, bing 2^ 



Flat-iron, loh-t^ih' j^|g (ib-go) 

Flatten, to tso pin' fjjf Ji ; 
long-pin' ^ ^ ; ah'-pin ||° ^ 

Flatter, ?o vong'-dzing^ p^; 
sbii'-kwu -Jg; ^ ; peo-tsiang' g 
^ (//if. over-praise) ; — those 
higher than one's self, nyi kao- 
deo'-pih i('i9°(li°^- ; tJuinJcs, 
you flatter me, dzlng-peo', dzing 
peo' ^ S 3^ ® 

Flatterer, vong'- dzing - tsing' 
MM^; vong'-dzing-tong' ^ 
3^ 11° (ih-go) 

Flattery, vong'-dzing-go shih- 

Flatulence, ky^i' feh yiiing'- 
^^ong'^^ 5Sf|; ky^iuoh'- 
tih ^ ^- 6^ ; to relieve — , 

Flavor, hyiang § ; ky^i'-mi ^ 
^° ; taste, mi-dao' Pj;° Jg ; has 
the — of ginger, yiu sang- 
kyiang'-go ky^'-mi ^ ^° ^ 
i^° Si ^°; «^ — (as to 
cake &c.), k6-hyiang'-ts^eo j^ 

mm 

Flaw (as in glass), psen-tin' ^ 
Sjf ; — (in cloth), p^o'-dzaen ^ 

m 

Flax, mo Jg ; dzi'-mo *^°ft ; 

— seed, m6-ts' ^ ^ 
Flay, to poh bi' f ij jfj 
Flea, tsao g ; t'iao'-tsao f ^g; 

psen'-tsao |g g (ih-go) 
Flea-bite, tsac-ting' ^ ^J-^ 



FLE 



180 



FLO 



lice and Jka-bites many, hence, 
annoying, uncamfortahle, seh- 
ting' tsao-ngao' JJ, Pj S 1^ 
Fledged, yiah-sao-kwu' ngang' 

sao'-kwu' wa m-neh ngang' ^° 

Flee, to run away, peng'-tseo ^ 
^ ; dao-tseo' jg;^ ; to —from 
trouble, dao naen'j^H °; —from 
calamity, bi ^o'-se ^g fg % 

Fleece, ta'-bi yiang'-mao ^° 

Fleece, to cm« off the — , tsin 
yiang mao' ^ ^ ^ ; to — 
the people, poh'-siah pah' -sing 

«i ftij w m 

Fleet a — of fshing boats , ih- 
p6ng'k<6-ng-juQ'-t}i'';S; 

^ ; a — of war ships, ih-de' 
tsin^jun ^ 1^ ^ 18 
Fleet, as ^/ flying, ziang fi' ka 

kw'a' in" m i.° >^° 

Fleeting, time is — , or light and 
shadow fly like arrows, kwong'- 
ing jutsin' 36 1^ ^0^;-- 
and deceitful pleasures, ngaen'- 
zin.hw6' WW^ 

Flesh, nyUoh ^°; tJi£ body 
nyuoh-sing' |^J° ^; 

Fleshy, vi-p'6ng' ^g ^; cong 

or tsdng }|£ ; how — you are, 

ng sing'-tH dza vi-p'6ng j^" J^ 

^ ®* JE Sr; - P^rsm, 

cSng'-p^ong-ts ^ J$'' ^ (dis- 

^ .respectful). 



Flexible, hao-ao'-go ij|^^°; 

ao'-leh-cun'-go }^ ^°||i^' 

Flight, a — of stairs, ih-bu lu- 

kah'-bu-kjBu' |^° ;^'' f^"" 
Flimsy writing, veo-boh'-go veng- 
li' ??i8-i"°3JC3l; veng-li 

ts%'-boh 3SC S° f^ « ; - 

pret£xt, ming-ming'-go zise-ton' 

Flinch, to p^d-t^ong' p*6-yiang^ 
t&ffi tSS; without flinching, 
riying t^ong' ,^,° ^ 

Fling, to Mroi^;, tin ^ ; — i<;iV/i 
/orce, k^ang ; ang ; gwaen Jg ; — 
away, k'ang-diao; ang-diao; tiu'- 
diao 5 i° 

Flint, ho'-zah >X ^° (ih-kw^e) 

Flippant style of talking, tih'-tih- 
tah-tah lon-kong' lon-w6' ^^ |}^ 

^jf Sim® 

Flirt, n. hong'-nying-tsing^ /Tft 

Float, to vu J^"; floating an the 
water, Ise sbii' min-teng' vu'-tih 

Floating-bridge, or ^n'J^e of 

boats, veo-gyiao' ^ |^ 
Flock, ih-dziao' ■ — J"; ih-de' -— 

PJ^; ih-dzing' — P$ ; — of sheep, 

ih-dziao-yiang' — ^° i^ 
Flock, to — together, dzing- 

gyuing' kyih-de' J^^^W- 
Flog, to — with a ratan, tang 

deng-diao' ^ Jf ^ ; — with 



FLO 



181 



FLU 



a lash, tang pin-ts' ^"J* jf|5 -J 
Flood, do shU' ^° i^"-, the Flood, 

^Ong-shu' gt7j<°; to — , fah do- 

sbii' ^ ;^° 7jlC° ; tso do-shii' ; 

— tide, tsiang'-dziao |5g j^l 
Flooding, (menstrual), hyiiih'- 

PO"g Jfil W 
Floor, di-psen' ^^ |^ (properly 
the lower — ) ; upper — , leo- 

Floor, to bih di-paen' Wi^ Wi'-i 
Flora, hw6-ts^ao' ';^ ]^; ts^ao'- 

moh :i^/fC 
Florid stTjle (of writing), veng-li' 

hwo-p'ao' % M fl#° Kr 
Florist, kW-kyiu hw6'-go nying 

Floss-silk, s£en'-sin ^ ^ (a 
thread, ih-keng) 

Flounce, to — about, pin-dong' 
pin-t^-ao' H li H 1% ; weh- 
djong' weh-tin' fj ^ fg ^ 

Flour, feng 3^ ; ivheat — , min- 
f^^g'fSSjmah-feng'l^^; 
rice — , mi'-f eng ^ ^ ; the best 
or Jirst sifted — , deo-s^ feng 

■mmm 

Flourish, to hying -wong' ^ 
^; — '(as trade), hying-long' M. 
^ ; — luxuiiantly (as foliage), 
meo-zing' ^ ^ ; — a sword, 
vu kyin' ||^|J ; yiiih kyin' ^ 

m 

Flow, <o liu gg ; — down, liu- 
1«^ ^ '^ ; — through, liu-t^ong 
S£ 5E j ^^^ ^^'^^^ flowed dowriy 



ngaen-li'-shu liu'-loh-Ias'-de 0g' 

Flower, hw6 :Jg (ih-to); a duster 
of flowers, ih-gyiu hw6' — ^ 
IjJI^ ; a hunch of — , ih-nyiah hwo' 
— J§J :j^ ; ^o pick — , tsah hwo' 
fg:?g;aohw6^}i^:j!g 
Flower, to k'ae hwo'' gg ^ 
Flower-garden, hw6-yun' :^ 

m 

Flower-pot, hw6-beng^ :jpg ^ 

(ih-go) 
Flower- VASE, hw6-bing' 1^ Jg 

(ih-go) 
Flowery-kingdom {i.e. Oina), 

Cong-w6'-koh tfi ^ g 
Fluctuate, to ^oh-z6ng ^oh-W 

!^ ± ^M'l zong-zongMoh- 

I'^li ± ± -^ -S 
Fluent, jing-liu' H ^ ; — m 

s/>etc/^, we-k6ng'-we-w6' 'g'g^** 

f" IS ; jing-k^eo' t'eng -c^ih jl^ 
P yj< ffl > — *^ replies, ing'-te 

ju-iiu' JgfHn Sic; pai/-i«- 

pah-tah. 
Fluid, whatever will flow, we liu^- 

go tong-si' ^ a ^° m W 
Fluke o/ aw anchor, mao-ts^' |g 

■® (ih-go) 
Flush, to blush, ^ong-kyU'-lse jfX 

^^;fab WMU'^-in 

money, dong-din' tsiang-tsong'^ 

m" w° m' 

Flushed (with wine), min-k^ong' 
z6nglin'jg°S5°-g"JL°;— (with 
anger or Bhame), 'ong'-min' ts'ih- 



FLU 



182 



FOL 



kying' ifa: H* #> IS ; — (with 
heat), 'ong-min' da-tsiaug ^X M 

Flurried, hw6ng-m6ng' '|^ ft ; 
Ise - loh'- feh-gyi' ; hwong-kyih' 
hwdng-mdng' >^ %, '^ ft 

Flute, dih-ts' ^ -J (ih-kwun) ; 
to play or blow tlue — , c^ti dih- 

Fluted Uhe the lobes of an 
orange, kyiiih^-ts-ksen' yiang'- 

Fluting-IRON, t^ong i-z6ng' ho'- 

Flutter, to — without flying, 
gwah'-kyi gwah'-kyi gwah'-feh- 
kao'; heart all in a — , sing bih- 
bihUUao i^ II m ifc°; sing- 
hyu-deh-tsin ^jj ]g l^j°|| 

Fly, to fi fH; to — about, fZ-lae fi- 

kri'f}|^fil*°;-^^^/%, 

fi-p^ao' ^^-g,"; — loose (as dress> 

gen-gen'-dong. 
Fly, the house — , ts'ong-ing' ^ 

$35 (ih-tsah) ; the dragon — , 

ts'ing-dirig' Jf ^ 
Fly-poison, ts^6ng-ing'-go doh- 

yiah' -^mYmm 

Fly-speck, ts'6ng-ing' o ^' g 

w 

Flying-fish, 'ong-nyiang-ng', (a 
species found at Ningpo). 

Foal of a horse, siao' m6 >]> ^ ; 
— of an ass, siao' li-ts' >J> ^ f 

Foam, bah-meh' ^ J^; to — , 
ky«i bah-meh' & ^ii', — at 



the mouth, nyin-z£en kao'-cMh JJ 

gi° jl ffi ; c'a i)ci/ VXW 

Focus, hyiioh-kw6ng'-go di'-fong 

m 5E i-°ffi:*;ju-kw6ng'- 

go-di'-fong ^i -y^^^m-fi 

Fodder, ts'ao'-liao '^'^^; to — 

cattle, u ugeo' |K° ^° 
Foe, dziu-Dying' ^ J\,° ; te'-deo 

fiJ-BI; un-ko' ^^°; a/y/fow^ 

— , dziu-dih' ^ ^ 
Fog, vu-lu' g g; dense — , vu-Iu 

»y«ng S ^ 3 ; vu-lu nyuong' 

mmm 

FoGGY(as an explanation), vu-ky^i'- 
deng'-deng mUBB 

Foible, bing ^ ; even/ m:m has 
a — ,ko'-ko nying yiu ih-go bing' 

fi m A°w - m 'M'. 'id- 

lao' mao'-bing ^^'jfl^i lao' bi- 

Foil Ms plans, p^o gyi' go kyi- 

kwaen' gj ^ ^° <i II 
Foil, leaf, yih-ts^ ^^ ; thin — , 
boh fg ; gold— , kying yih' 
^ ^; kying boh' ^ fS 
Fold, sheep yiang-gyin' ^ ;^ 
(ih-ksen); crease made in fold- 
ing, tsih'-u Jf ^''; u ^°; a 
pZmV, ih ksen — ^^ 
Fold, to tsih ^; — together, tsih- 
tsen'-long Jg ^J° Jf| ; — (as a 
hem, paper &c.), iiih j^ ; /o/c? {^ 
properly, tsih' gyi hao ^g^J ; 
— tJie arms, gao siu' ^°-^ ; — 
^/ic Aam^s, nyiah-siu' J|: ^ ; ^e?i 
_,jihbe' + fif 



FOL 



183 



FOO 



I 



Foliage, yih ^ ; luocuiiant — , 
yih raeo-meo'-zing-zing 3^ j^ 

Follow, to keng ^g ; keng-leh' 

mm^l^eng-djoh'lK^°;- 

me?, keng-ngo' lae ^g |g ^ ; _ 
him (i. e. his exaiople), keng- 

lel/gyiW|f5t4''^^'';k^en 
gyi yiaiig ^ ^ ;^ ; _ mwe- 
diatdy, ze kyiah'-^eo-keiig' ]ae ^ 

19 W. SI a^ ; — «A^^ « ^^■«^^^, 

zc-Vo' lee g| ^ ^; — ^/ie 
pattern, i yiang' wo weh-lu' -j^ 
tf 8 Sj" M ; ^^^^^6 it follows, 
so -yi yiii' ^ i^ f |* ; keh'-lah 
yiu' iS^jf'^) as follows, ziu-z' 

Follower, o/ie it-Z^o follows to 

wait vpon, keng-ze' JJI^; keng- 
paen' ^^ Jj£', — of a doctnne, 
raeng-du' P^ ^ 

Folly, kyii/-sih nyU' £ ||| f, ; 
nyu-kyiu' fr £ 

Fond, to he fond of dzlh-din' ^ 
^° (said of those below us in 
age, or of things); very fond of 
(as food), ting hwun-hyi ky^iioh' 
]IfcSP£';tse'^ky'uoh';t 
^ P£°; wcaldy — and over- 
indulgent, nyih-se' peh-ming' ^ 
S'f* 95 ; — ofsimly, hwun'-hyi 
doh shu' ®: § 11 # ; hao dob' 
M IS ; partially — , pMii ae' fg 
^. _ 0/ i^;jW, t'en tsiu' ^}g ; 
— 0/ lust, Ven seh' ;^ £, ; — 



o/" moving about (i. e. unsettled j, 
se-dong'-go ^ JJ ^' 
Font, baptismal — (small), ^ang 

siMi-gobun'jfr^aSS^Ig; 
ditto (large), 'ang si'-li go koug' 

Font, a — of type, ih-fu' k-sen-z' 

- SI] «& ^ 

Food, ky^tioh'-zih pg" ^ ; ^ram, 
Jean;?, <Jr., liang-zih' Jf^ ^; 
k^eo'-liang P J^ ; all — eaten 
with rice, '6-voen' f "^ ; ts W- 
S" 3E ^ ; — >^' « Journey, ho'- 
zih ijlC :t5 ken-liang' |g ^; 
lu-ts'ae' 1^^ ; wheatcn — , mah 
zib' ^ ;^ ; nounshing — , pu' 
zih ^ :^ ; excellent — , zong- 
p^ng-' ts'ae'-su ± Si % Wi', 
we have only the plainest — , ab'- 
lah, tsib' yiu ts^u dz6, dsen' vaen 

rich — , yiu-ky*i' 'S'-vaen ^J" 



rT' 



to in-tpare — , long 



vieu 



Fool, do-vu'; ben-deo' ^ ^^ ; 
nyu-c^u' mong'-tong-go ^ ^ 

act the — ? ng sob' fab-do hen'- 

Fool him, peb gyi t^aen-ts^ong''(^° 
S^°ftVe"ggyina-Vj^°^ 
M° Ji^° (^Pf^^'t-^) ; — and injure 
him, teng gyi ol/ c^ii'-siao |&° 
S ^ ® ^^ fooled by me, zong' 
ngo-gots^ob'-deo ^''^ ^^"^8° 



FOO 



184 



FOR 



Foolish, hen ^ ; ngse ^ ; — 

a#a^V, hen'z'-t^i^y 11; — 
words, c^ing'-c^ing shih-wo' ^ 
MMM''>^'^^^P<^^y do'-vu Ih/- 
ky'i ; ditto (more severe), ziang 
fah-c^ii' ka ^ ^ rg ; — hopes, 
c^u-siiig vong'-siang ^ ^jj g 

Foot, kyiah JU ; hound — , dzin- 
ko'-liao kyiah' SMTfiH; 
— asleep, kyiah' mo-tsah'-de gl 
Igt "f ° ; the Chinese divide the 
feet of animals into claw-footed, 
kyiah-tsao ^| ;|^, and palm- 
footed, {i. e. those that walk on 
the palms, as bears, and mon- 
keys); kyiah'-ts6ng m^; ducKs 
— , al/ kyiah p^n' gia 1[/X 5 
infantry, bu'-ping j^ £a • a 
Chinese — (of ten inches), ih 
ts^ah' ~-X°; ^y % tJi^^ — , leng 
ts^ah'-deo ma' t^ J^" ^^ ^°; 
go on —, bu-^ang' ^ f=p°; 
Wg'-lehkyVfi^";^!''^^;- 
of a mountain, saen kyiah' [Jj J^ 

Foot-ball hao t^ih'-go gyiu'jj 
SS •^° ^ ; to kick a — , t'ih 

Foot-path siao' lu >J> j^|^ ; — 
between the fields^ din-zing'-lu Q 
Bll° I& ; — across the fields, din'- 
li-goliao.lu'0^.^°{[f ]^g; 
liao-din'-koh gf ;^*' 
Foot-print kyiah'-ing J{p pp 
Foot-rule tsMh f^ (ih-kwun); 
tmloi's — , zae-ts^ih' f^" /^ ; 



carpenter s — , lu'-paen-ts^ih' ig. 

Foot-stool, dah'-kyiah-ten^' ^^ 
lill M ("b-g") ; koh'-kyiah-teng' 
fflMl^(ih-keng);m^^^;6-o/ 
plaited straw, bu-don f|f ^ 

Foot-steps, kyiah'-tsih J} ^J; 
kyiah'-u JJJ f P° ; follow in my 

— , bu-bu' ing ng6'-go kyiah'- 

tsih ^ ^ fp ^^ i-° m m 

Foot-stove, ho'-ts«ong gl" jg° 

Fop, p^iao-yih'-nying ^ i|,A°; 

an officer'' s son ■ highly dressed 

hut not of good character, hwo- 

hw6-kong^-ts |£ ^ S- "? 

Foppish, se-p^iao-yih'-go ^ H 

For, instead of t^i ^ ; dae f^ ; 
d[e-teng' f-g ^ ; ow account of 
we-leh' ^ ; — ivhat reason f we- 
leh soh'-go yun-kwu' ^ :g° 
S° i^ iS ^^ — *^^^«^ -^ we-leh 

soh'-si :g a°ii°^ — c«^^^, 

we'-tih-z' dong-diu' :g 64 :S 
^ j^**; as — wi€, ziah'-z ngo' ni 
S^?cl]^''';k6ng'-taong6'|f' 

m 36; ts-u ngo' MS^liS; 

^Ag-re 2s /to occasion — it, (to a 
person asking), keh-z hao-vong' 
a:g:^°ffl°;keh'z peh-pih' 
Jl° ^ /fi ^; c^/rto (to one do- 
ing), keh' z vu-we' 5=°^^ @ ; 

— what piice was it sold? soh'- 
go ko-din ma-c'ih'-go ^° ^^ 

(his) f/^^, kvv*e-we' {^ ^ ; do- 



FOR 



185 



FOR 



dao' ^"^ Jt; hwj — me, ng' 
teng iigo' ma' fj;*' 11° f^ S^ 

— holding tea, hao tsi dzo' jj 
® ^5 9^^^ — /fiwr, hao t^e 
nyih' go if 3i St'^°; W 
dju dziao-nyili'' '§' }p j|9 ||fe° ; 

— example, pi'-foiig j;t jj" » — 
i^ree ^owrs, saen tin'-cong kong- 

nothing, m'-kao yiiong-dziang' 
^^ M^'. to go— good, ky'i'- 
tsfehW.de^°;^^ ^7°; 
ih-ky«u' feh we' — ^ ^ JU ; 
j^m^/ — grace, gyiu eng-we' ^ 
ii' B ; — ^^^^'5 iiong'-yuQ ^< 
jg ; — as much as, kyi'-kying 
|5E jS ; exchange wJiat is of no 
use to me Ini useful to him — 
vice versa, kyirig-djii'wun nyiioh- 

ta' ^ II ^ 3E ^° 

FoRBEAK, to cease, hyih ^ ; deng 
loh' f^°^ ; to hear with, jing'- 

«» S> It 

Forbid, to kying ^ ; kying'- 
djU ^ {jt; — him to do it, 
kying' gyi feh tso' ^ ^ ^ 
•(JIJ ; to rfb wliat is forbidden, vsen 
kying' m m 

Force, lih;;^ ; owing to the — of 
truth, ky'u-leh dao-li'-go lih' ^° 

wmm^^U', tou^e-, 

yuong gyiang' ffl Jg ; — o/ mo- 
mentum, lae-shii' ^ J^ ; /ios — 
of character, yiu kying-liang';^ 
^^ ffi 5 strength and prowess, 
■ l^ng-gyiang'dll ij£ ; iy —, min'- 



ky'iang j^ gg ; /o?m (troops, 
&c.), ping-mo' ^ ^g j nying- 
^ mo' A'' .g ^ 

Force, «o pih jg ; ngang-k^6' ^^ 
#*"; ngang iao' ® ^ ; — <o ffo 
something had or disgraceful, pih' 
z6ng liang-Ken' JS 1 ^* llj ; 
— Urn to write, pih' gyi si a' jg 
S ^°5 to heg with — or — one 
to give, gyiang' t^ao g£ f,f 

Forced to do, wa-feh-lae tso ^^ 

Ford, to liao |? J ; — a stream, 

liao ky'i-k^ang' {Jf -^ |jj; 
Fore, before, eit/ier in position, or 

in time, zin ^°; — before in 

time, sin ^ 
Forearm, w. ^d' siu-kwang' l^°- 

siao' siu-kwang. 
Fore- ARM, to bdng-be' kyiiing- 

ty'i' l» « ^ ^ 

Forebode, to — evil, bdng V- 
se |5]J IS :S J bdng 'eo'-las wa 

Fore-cast, to yti-sin' liao-leh- 
tao' f3 ^*/F4ll°5lJ ; to contrive 
hefrrehand, sin tang'-son ^ f^ 
^ ; «ife to — thefature, yiu sin- 
kyin' ts-ming' W 3fc S J2: W 

Fore-fathers, tsu'-tsong|8,^; 
tsu'-sin ll ^ ; sin-tsu' 5fe J| 

Fore-foot, zin kyiah' tJ" J{J ; 
f&re-hoof, zin di' "jj" jgf 

Fore-go, to — a pkcumre, ky^i- 
diao ih-ky^i hwun-hyi' z-tH' ^ 



FOR 



186 



FOR 



for another^ nyiang'^ peli bih' 

nying m W % A° 

Fore-going, the (what is written), 

zong-veng' ± % 
Fore-ground, bu'-we gying ^ 

Forehead, nao'-k^oh Jg ^ ; the 
middle of the — , nao'-ineng ^^ 
P^ ; the corners of the — , tigah- 
koh' ^ ^ ; hiffh — , tHri-ding 

Foreign, nga-koh' 5^h*'g ; yiang 
i^ 5 — ffoods, nga-koli' ho' ^\*'* 

m M ; y'ang ho' 'j^ K 

Foreigner, nga'-koh-nying'^j>° 
g A°; si-pin-nying' WSA°; 
^ong-mao- nying' ^X ^ A° 
(vulgar ) ; foreign woman, ngaJ- 
koh nyu'-nying ^y^ ^ A°; 
^ong'-mao lao'-nyuiug ^X ^^ 
A° (vulgar) 

Fore-know, to yii'-sin hyiao'-teh 

fl3feK^;sin-cu'^^n 

Foremost, ting' zin-deo' J| |5° 
IK; dzih-dzih' zin-deo' ;gg ;g 

Forenoon, zong-pun'-nyih Jt 

Fore-ordain, to yii'-sin cu'-ding 
fM5fc 'iS S; yii'-si" ding-kwe' 

Fore-runner, sin-fong' -^ ^ 
Fore-see, io yii'-sin k'en'-kyin 

FOEE-SIGHT, ain-kyin' ts-dza)'5b 



Fore-shadowing, yii'- sin-go 
ing'-ts fl ^ >h^ ^ ^ 

Forest, dzong-Hng' ^ |^ , (ih- 
c'ii) 

Fore-stall, to take beforehand, 
sintsin'-lehk/i'3fef^^^°i^ 
— , and do ones st If, tsin'-leh zi' 

Fore-taste, have a — ofheavenhj 
bliss, T^in-zong'-go foh'-kyU sin 
yiu ih-ngaen' z6ng-djob'-de ^ 

± -T" 11 « 5fc w - ir 

^o ^o -j^o . ^^^ ^ ^^^^ 

of misery (or happiness), ssen pah' 
kying sang-kyiang' wa tsih'-leh 
zong'-djoh lab ngo-deo' H W 

Fore-tell, to yii'-sin kong' ^ 
Tfe IS"; foretold, yii'-sin w6-ko'- 

de fS 5fc fS iS 7° 

Forethought, sin liao-tao' 3fc 
^45ll) ott-m^ to his — , ky*ii-leh 
gyi' sin liao-tao' ^° %° ^ ^ 

Forever, Uong'-yiin ^< jg ; 
Fore-warn, to yu'-sin kying'- 

kyi^ rn^mj^ 

Forfeit something good on ac- 
count of wrong doing, bao' z-t^i 
we-lchts'o', sbih'-diao jffi^SI 

anotlier''s, ih niing', ti' ib ming 
— ^ Jg — ^ ; din ming'JE" 

Forge, to —iron, tang t^ib'fl'^ 



FOR 



LS-i 



FOR 



Forge fiyi' iron, tang- t'ih'- go lu- 

Forge, to — « ruune, mao ming' 
^ 2 ; — cashy s- cii' dong-dii/ 

UMM W', — c «^'"« <^ 
obtain money, mao raing' p'in 

dzae-veh' if « Ig Bt ^ ; 

— a seal, zao ko' ing 5§°fS°fn 
Forgery, tJie crime of — , ngwe- 

zao'-go ze^ming ®5t°i^°P2 
Forget, ^0 m6ug-kyi\g,*»f^ ; — 

favors, mong-kyi' hao-u'U' ,§° 

IB if J^ 

Forgetful, mkyi'-sing ^^fS 
jgj ?;t77 — , ao- v!i' kyi'-sing ^ 
M IB tt ; cUu-u' mong-kyi' ^ 

•^ S° IE; jun-vong #,«£; — 

of favors, vong-eng' veo-nyi' ,^ 
f , M jl" ; kwu-veo' * ft 
Forgive, to nyiao-so ^°i§C] s6'- 
diao* g:° T"; nyiao ^*' min 
;fg; kw^un-shii 'gj^^, ; nyiao-shu 
Wt M'") — (^8 slJg^t offences), 
nyun-liaug ]g |g ; I have for- 
given him, ngo' nyiao'-lth gyi' 

* Nyioo-so, and so-diao, can only be 
used in speaking of God's or an officer's 
forgivenes''. The other words, vaKy be 
used more commonly. 

Fork, ts^o ^ ; silver — , nyijig- 
ts*6' gj^ (ili-p6); — in a road, 
ts'6-lii ^|S& ; the place ivhere it 
forks, s'-ts^6 ln-k^eo'pg^l^p 

Forlorn, kw'u =g^ ; destivie, 
kwu-gyuong ^ ^ ; miserable, 
kwu-ts^i' J^'U ; _ and destitute 



person, kw'ii'-nao-ts' ^ '|'g -^ 
Form, appearance, rao-yiang' ^ 
i^ ; siang'-mao ^ ^ ; what — 
had it ? .Iza' mo yiang';g'';|g^ ^? 
5//rt;7e, yiang-sliib' ^ 5^ 5 — (^^ 
man) sing-dzae' J^ :^ ; jing-dzse 

Form, to — from clay, sn ^ ; — 
in tJm hand (as dough), Jiyiah 
if:M j — ^y P^^^^9 wpow (as snow 
or mud), te i^ ; — an idol, hu. 
bu-sah' ^ ^ B ; — « rc^lnt, 
nyiah' ih-tsah t'u' |§ — ' ft |^ ; 

— a swom; priest, te shih'-^o- 
zong' ii g :^ 1^ ; — tn^A a 
mould, su'-ts ing'-c'ih-lae ^''•^ 
^H" ffi 3^ ; — « /'^^^^ tso'-cMh 
ih-go fah'-ts fit ffi - i-" fi 
•^; — a plot, shih kyi-meo' |^ 

Formal, having the fonn loithmU 
the substance, yiu'-ming vu-jih' 
^T ^ ^ K 5 "ga' yi"-yu', r 
ne' peb-tsoh' ^"^ # |^ M ?3 
^ J£ ; ceremoinom, to-li'-go ^ 
jji >h°; k^ah'-kyn § ^ 

Formality, hyii-veng' ^ ^ ; 
veo-veng' }J ^ 

Former cliapter, z6ng-ts6ng' J;^ 
•^ ; — occasion, zin-deo' ih we' 

da3'-goz-W J: fiii-^fltfl; 

— cf^es, z6ng-kwu' z-shii' J^ "j^ 
fl$ -(g ; — life, (before transmi- 
gration), ziii-seng' "^"^j zin-si* 

WW 



FOR 



188 



FOR 



FoRMEKLY, yi-zin'^ ^°; dzong 



zin' ^ "IS^ zi"-deo 



Formidable, fi-dong' siao-kV 

Formless, m'-neh siang'-mao 
R%r^t^', vu-ying^ vu-ziang' 

Formula, ruk, kwe-tseh' ^ ^ij; 
kwe-diao' ^ j[^ ; medical pre- 
scription, fong-ts' 'jj ^* (ih-go) 

Fornication, kaen-ying'^°}^ ; 
biao ^ 

Fornicator, ksen-fu' ^° ^ ; 
biao-k*ah' jjg § (ib-go) 

Forsake, fo kyV-diao ^ 'T***? 
tiu-diao' ^ •^°; ^o ^my^", li-k^ae' 

mm 

Forswear, to deny upon oath, 
vah-tsiu' m'-teh fg % {^° ;^-'' 

Fort, p^ao'-dae ^ J (ih-zo) ; ?o 
gvarda — , siu p^ao'-dae^^r^ J 

Forth, cMh JE ; ^o ^o — , c'ib'- 

Forthwith, lih-kW j^ ^Ij; 
tsib-k*eb' ^B ^j ; mo'-zong ,1^ 

Fortify, to prepare fm^ danger, 
bongnyii' gjj ^*; — with sol- 
diers, bong tu gj ;^ ; — t^tVA 
embankments, tsob nyi-dzing' ^ 
j^ JJ ; <o luild forts, tsob p^ao'- 

J^ ^ ^' « 
Fortified, s;wa/^ — place, we |^ 
Fortnight, jib-s'" nyib -f- pg 

H**; half month, pun'-ko-yiiib' 



^ f@ >^ ; i^o weeks, Hang' li'- 

pa M ?ii #° 

Fortunate, hao zao'-bw6 jfj^" 
fl:; baoyuing'-ky^i^^g^? 
kyib-ir-go-gflj>iv<'. yuing'- 
dao bao 5g Jf if ; yiu fob'-ky^ 
<i5 Is ^ ; — «'^ cowim^ >«< 
16'^ew wanted, ts^eo'-ky^iao ^ ]C5 

Fortunately, ying byi'-teb ^ 

g||;ky^iiMeb)S°;^'';- 
7 (?if? not hnng him, ying-byi'- 
teb ngo feb ta' gyi Ise' ^ ^ 

Fortune, yUing-ky^i' % ^; 
yuing-dao' jg Jf ; z-yuing' g| 
5g ; good — , yiiing-kyU' hao' 

jS ^ iff 5 ^^'^«^ ^^<^ — > ^^^'- 
veng do' jg ^*' ;;^°; 5aJ— , 

bob ming' "^ ^ ', to enjoy good 
— , avoid (tbe place of) misfor- 
tune, " c^u-kyib,' bi-byiiong' " 
^ "o JS Kl ; ^^ ^^^ one's-^, 
fab-dzje' ^ 31*5 '^ ^^^^ <^^^'^ — > 
gyiu dzse' ^ ^ ; depending on a 
ivife's — , k'ao' lao'-nyiiing-go 
fob'-ky»i» J^^^fS^; to 
spend a — , ba ko' ^^ ^^ 

Fortunes, to tell son-ming' ^ 
^ ; pM ming' ^ ^ ; (Z/«o, by 
draimng slips of paper, gym baen' 
ff )}$° ; «^«'«o mVA a hook, k^en- 
bwo kong' ^ ^£n ; l^*6n' liang- 
deo' gyin § M BM fff 

Fortune - teller, son'- ming 
sin'-sang S^ ^ ^ ^° ; gyin- 



FOR 



189 



FOW 



Forty, s'-jih pg -p ; tJie fortieth, 

di s'-jih II pg + 

Forward, to the front, hyiang 
^^^ Ir) W'') zongzii/ J: U"; 
w6ng zin' f^ |J°; to bend — , 
e()-tsen'-tao jg° ft" 

Forward, advanced (as a child), 
liu'-liang li-long' ; putting one's 
self — , iao ts'ing-neng' ^ f:J 
^ ; violating propiiety, feh jing' 
kwe-kyu' ;T^° If ^ ^E 

Forward, to — (as letters), cUn 
ta' H ^°; cuq' kao^djB || 

Fossil dug out of the earth, di- 
yiang' gyUih-c^ih'-lae-go J^ '^ 

Fossils, kyiang-zah'i^ 5° 
Foster, ^o/eeJ, ii ||5°; tohing 

up, yiang ^ 
Foster-father, kyi'-pa ah-tia' 

^ #° pPf $ ; nyi-vu' ^° ^ 
Foster-mother, kyi'-pa ah- 

nyiang' ^ f^° PlJ Jg 5 yiang'- 

nyiang ^ Jg 
Foul a^V, djoh-kyU' f^ ^ ; — 

*rm<^, kW-ky'i ts'iu' P^^°; 

to tise — means, wang te'. 
Found, to establish, shih'-lih g^*' 

jjjT ; — upon what basis ? k^ao'- 

djoh soh'-go tiUs ^ ^' g** 

Found, /<? — a bell, cU' ih-k^eo 

cong' ^ — P M 
Found, tried and — guilty, p'ur/- 

toii-ko', ze ding-jih'-de ^'ij gj jg 



^ S Jf "r'» ^^'''^^ dollars and 
— , kong-vjei/-ts-r)ga saen kw V 
fen-pins' WW.i.^^^ 

Foundation of a house, di'-kyi 
M ^ 5 — ^f^ '^0,11, ziang kyiah' 
;gJB; to-., ti'-tsj[g:f ; - 
to go upon, keng-kyiah' ;|^ JjJ 

Founder of a sect, kyiao' deo ^ 
5^; — in brass, cU' dong-s-vu' ^ 
^ ^ ^ » to fill i^ith water and 
sink, dzing-meh' gj ^ ; dziiig- 

Foundling-asylum, yiang'- 
yiioh-ddng' ^ "^ ^ ; yiioh- 
ing'-dong' W S ^ 

Fountain, source, nyiin-deo'^ jj!§ 
Ig; spring, weh-shii-den' fg 7^^" 
\% j foreign — , si-yiang shii'- 

Four, s pg ; <Ae — points of the 
compass, s' hyiang |Z3 [pj ; s^ fong 
^-)f \ — seasons, s' kyi ^ ; 

«' z P3 fl# j — ^00/^5 s' Shu pg 

^ ; the fourth, di s' || 
Four-cornered, s'-kol/-go pg 

Four-footed, s' kyiah pg JJj 
Four-fold, s' be pg fg 
Four-sided, s' pin pg ^ 
Four-score, pah'-jih /^ -f- 
Fourteen, jih-s' -f- pg ; the four- 

teenth, dijih-s' H -f- pg 
Fowl, the domestic — , ko kyi' 

^° ^ (ih-tsah) ; flying crech 

tures, fi-gying' ^ ^ 



FOX 



190 



FRE 



Fox, wu-li' fi; g (ih-taah) ; — 
skin, wu-bi' 1^%, ^ 

Fraction, se-su ^ it; « — 
(/oer, ling-deo^ ^BS; «^ hundred 
and a — ovei; ih-pah ling tii/ 

Fracture, to ao'-doa fg ^ ; 
fractured hone, kweh^-deo dou'- 

de ^ m Wi T 

Fragile, feh kying-lii/ ^ g^ ; 

yuong-yi' se'-go ^ ^ ^ -1^° 
Fragments, se'-kSve-deo' ^ ^ 

g|;Ji7s,ling-se' §^ 
Fragrant, liyiang § ; te»y — 

p^eng -hyiang H|? # ; to throw 

off fragrance, t^u hyiaiig-ky^i' 

Frail, hyiah'-hyiah ^^ ||°; — 
constitution, ti'-ts hy iah' ^ ^ || ** 

Frame /or anything to red or 
Aan^ Mpo/i, ko -ts ^°^ ; — to fe 
hunff on the ivall, kwo'-kyiug ^ 

Frame, to zao 5§° ; — ^w's, zao 
lib-fah' 5i°f|:^±; to — a />/c. 
^wre, p^e' ih-go kw'6ng'-ts' fji — 
^° ifll -J (generally square). 

FranKj straight forward, dzih- 
song' iJ ^ ; /ione^^, lao'-jih -j^ 

Frankly, tsiao-dzib' JB %'y 
speak — , lao-jib wo ^ ^ gj ; 
teZ/ /we — , tsiao dzib' w6-byiang'- 
ngo-dao M fi IS IPJ fc m 

Frankincense, ju-byjang ^ 



Frantically throwing arms 
about, dzong ^ ; aijing — , 
web-c1z6ng' web-tin kW fj J^ 

Fraternal hve, liyiiong-se'-di- 

Fraud, bi'-ton ^ ^ ; tso'-kyi 
1^ It ; k^n-kyi' $f ° ft ; to 
use — , tsob bi'-tcin f^ f? Jg ; 
yuong tso -kyi IB J^ ff 

Fraudulently obtained, tsoh- 
bi' lae'-go ff §^3^^^°; obtained 
by gross deception, kwa'-p^in Ise - 

Freakish, sing-siang' mob-feh- 

ding' >6#> ^ * !£ ; 2^^^'^^' 
tao'-wsen ^ ^ JlJ # 
Freckle, w. kyiab'-tsi-psen' ^ 

Free to do as ow. pka^^es, zi bao' 

tsocu'-i g^iJit i S;^^ 

«ei /ree, sib'-fong ^ j^ ; too 

— awt/ irreverent in speaking, 
ky'ing-cu bob-zib' $1 |^ ^ S" J 

— schools, yi''-^ob or nyi'-^ob' ^ 
J^°; withmit charge, bab ]^°; to 
cr06\s the ferry — , bab' ko-du' ^^ 
jg ^ ; to €ai rice — , ky^uoh 
bab V3en'pg° &° IR;— /'^ 
anxiety, kw'un-sing ^ ifj ; — 
from custoins' duty, min se'%^ ; 
— m spending money, kw^un-siu 

% # ; SOpg-siu' ^v $ 

Free, to — /rom all obstacles, 
yiu fong-^se'-go tu dju-diao' fj 



FRE 



191 



FBI 



Freely, without fear, fdng'-tsen 
jiS IS; ifUlingh/, dzing-nyiin' 

Freeze, to kyih ping $* TiR**;— 
^0 (ica//ji, tong'-sali }^ ^°; — 
f/^e canafc, kao kSng' P° f^ 

Freight, lading of ship, jUn'-li 

go ho'.veh ^mi"°K^; 

4ecre< — (for avoiding customs), 
s-ho' ?Z K 5 — P^^^ f^^ trans- 
portation, sbii'-kyiah i^jjC RP 
Frequently, le'-ts' ;J: ^;le'- 

dpng ji ^ 

Fresh, sing-sir/ ff ffl^ ; — >^» 
siug-sin' ng' f| ]^ ,^^°; no< salt, 
dsen }|^ ; co/ors — and bright, 
ngaen-seh' Bin-ming'||*'g, |^0^ 

Freshen it, (as salt fish), tsMu'- 

gyicWg^Sig 
Freshet, dosha ;^°:;fC°; ^o^a^e 

a — , fab do^hu' If ;;^°7K° 
Fret, gaen ; to — one, tsi-tseo' 
Pf " M" ; ^""g gyi sing-vsen'- 

tsi-tsao' # s ,5 iS m° Pf ; 

— 07ie's 5eZ/; zi-t'sen'-zi § ° l|| 
g " ; p^-dziang' p^"-tou' g[; ^ 

Fretful, gsen-gaer/tao-tao, used 

especially of old people. 
Fretted (by something), 6ng- 

beh'-tsi-tsao. 
Friction, feh wal/ ^ Jf- ; 

ts4ao'-t8*iao |^° Jg°; a ^y-m^ 

deal of — , ting-ts^iao' ]f fj|*' 
Friday, li-pa-ng' jjg ^"5." 
Friend, beng-yiu'^ ;g ; siang- 



bao' ft if; siang-kyiao' ft^ ; 
intimate — , cii-kyi' beng-yiu'^ 
2. ^J S 5 moh-uyib' beng-yiu' 
K ?i ^J3 ^ ; tsMhUUah beng- 

wffin'-naen beng-yin',g,||flg;$ ; 
very good friends, ting kong'- 
leh-lc'ebeng-yiu']I|g°||'>^'' 
m :k ; °yi-ky'i' beng-yiu' ||° 

Friendless, in-beng'- yiu 4t*' 

flS ;$ ; kwu sing' 5gis: ^ 

Friendly, Vmoh'-go ^ ^^*'; 
ts^ng-ae'-go ^^ ^ >h^ kdng'- 

leh-ioB'-go i^'m^gei-^j- 

(after a quarrel), 'o-de' 5^ *J'° 

Friendship, kyiao-dzing' gg f^ ; 
a — exists, yiu kyiao-dzing' lae- 
tih ;g' ^ »(f ^'*; to Jr-ea^— , 
djib kyiao' ig ^ 

Frighten, to — one, long nying' 
ky%.boh' # A°[^ I»^~ 
a?«/?/, hah'-t*e ^° j^ '•, to -^ One 
greatly {lit, to death), long nying' 
bab'-sah.de ^ A°li*'|g7'' 

Frightened, ky'ib-bob'-dep^[^° 
-f °; ky^h-kying'-tib-de p£ ^ 
6^7^ziu.kying'-de^||7'' 

Frightful appearance, p^6'*p'6- 
go siang'-mao ffi ffi 't*" ^ 
1^ ; — place, hyin'-boh-go di'- 
fong pJ"''|S'*0^°iifc is ; — rkM5^, 
sing-byiang' ky*ih-boh'-go ^^ 

Fringe, m-diQo ^° ^^-^ -^ around 
a mandaiins Iiat, iug-ts' JJ -f' 



FBI 



192 



FRU 



Frisk, to jump about, t^iao-lse' 
t%o-ky'i' ®t ^ gfe ±° 

Fritter, n. yiu-zah'-doa fj|i Jtg 
IB (ib-go) 

Frivolous, ky4ng-veo' $^ J^ 

Fro, go to and — , lae-lifi' ky^i-ky'i 

Frog, din-kyi' pg ^ (ih tsah) ; 

green — , ts'ing-wo' ^ ^ 
Frolic, do hyi';f;°j|J ; do na'-^o 

I^^JI Wi ; ^'^^li?^^ /^%> inseu to' 
hyi'-deo. 
From, dzong ^ ; hinder him — 
coming, tsu' gyi feh lae'^ |5£ ^ 
^ ^ 5 — Ningpo to Shanglwd, 
dzong Nying-po' tao Z6ng-h<e' 

IS « iS iij ± » 

Front, min-zin' iJ "gj" ; in — 
of the house, lae oh' min-zin' ^' 

MB 15° ; — ^•^''^ (or gate), 
zin meng' •|5° f^ ; do meng' ;/y;° 
Pg ; ziaug meng^ :@° f^ ; deo 
meng' B^ P^ ; — room, zin vong' 

I'M' 

Frontier, pin-kyiang' ^ |g ; 

kao-ka^ ^° 1^°; ^o io the — , tao 

pin-kyiang^ ky^i pJ^Si^; 

witUn the — , kying' rie J^ ^ ; 

beyond tJie — , kying' nga ^^\*° 
Frost, white song U 
Frost-bitten, tong'-loh-de }^ 

^ "f "; ziang ngao'-loh-de ^° 

Frosty weather^ t^in' loli song' 
Fboth, beh \% 



Froward, gyUih-gyiang' iJ| ?§ ; 
gyiang'-deo gyuih-nao'gg %,\% 
gg ; contrary, 'ang-deo'-tsob'- 
kying. 

Frown, to tseo mi-deo' ^ jg *• 
1^ ; — /ro?« uneasiness or c?fs- 
pkasure, zeo mi-deo' ^^ ^ ° BM 

Frozen, kyih-ping'-de j^* 7J^ 
'y°; spoiled by freezing, ping'- 
diao'-de 7X ^ T "> — '^ death, 
toQg'-sah-de /J ^"T"* 

Frugal, tso nying-ko' f^ A° 
^^; tsih'.gyin IB ^ 

Fruit, ko'-ts H ^ : cfnec? — , 
ken ko' |£ ||; kying ko' ;^ 
H ; to bear — , kyih ko'-ts ^^ 
^ -J* 5 j'?''5< — of the season, z- 
siDg' ko ^$ if H ; zong sing'- 
ko ± if H 

Fruitful, kyih'-leh meo-zlng' 
)^S^°3|^;«ang'-lehto'^° 
^° ^ ; — ^ree, to sang-ko'-ts- 
gojiig^":^"-?^-"^-;^/^^^ 
^ea»' es a — one, kying nyin ko'- 
ts do nyin' ^ ^^ ^ ^°^ 

Fruitless, feh kyih'-ko-go ^ 
^a 31 'I^^J ^^^^ proved — , 
kong-fn' loh-k'ong'-de X ^ "^ 
^ "y"; — {i. e. useless) labor, 
ngo-go siang'-v6ng p^o'-ba-diao- 

de ^ ^'^ ffi mW.WC T°; 

— attempt, bah-bah' s' ^ ° ^ "^ 
Frustrate, my hopes are frus- 
trated, ngo so' 8iang'-v6ng-go 

loh-kWg'-de $a ^i fil il i"' 



FRY 



198 



FUN 



Fry, to t^ah ):|| ; — cakes, t'ah 
ping' J;|^ ^; — meat, Vah nyiioh 

— hif boiling in fat, zah J;^ 

(also boiling in water, in certain 

ways) ; — it brown, t^ah gyi 

wong' Ji ^ ^ 
Frying-pan, tW-bnn J;§ ^ ; 

the native — , ngao-buu' ^ ^° 

(ih-go) 
Fuel, fire-ivood, za ^° ; good for 

-, tdngza' siao '^^ ^'^ ;i ; 

(fn'et? grass, or — I'w general, za- 

ts'ao' ^° :f 
Fugitive, one flying from trouble, 

dao-nsen'.go nying' j?^ II i^° 

^"j escaped cnminal, dao-vsen' 

Fulfill, ^e tmV/ — his pro- 
mises, gyi so ing-hyii' we dzing- 
kong'-go^^Jgf^f-^^ 
^*'*, — a contract, jii iah' ^p ^ ; 
tobe — , yiu ing'-nyiaen ;j^' ^ 
SS; yiu yiao-nyisen' ;|:X JJjr || 

Full, mun ^ ; mun'-tsoh }^J£ ; 
^^Zec? — , Isi-mun'-liao j^ j^ 
"J*; Me — time, z-^eo mun'-de 
flt Hfi 7°; 5^-'«o mun'-tsoh- 

de flmiiJST; /«^^- 

of joy, mun'-min hwun-hyi' Jg 
® ffit -S 5 ^^ 9^^^ ^ — account 
of zing'-yin kong'-c^ih-W ^'^ 
"i* BS°m ^; —grown, dziang- 
tsoh'Jg^Jg^; — moon, yiiih-liang' 
i yUu-mun' ^ ^ H }i; mea- 
. sure of iniquity — , oh'-kwun 



miin-ying'^S;^^; —to 
the brim, bing k^eo' ^ P ; — of 
flies, ts^ong-ing' heh'-kyih-kao 
^ffia°5°; -- allowance, 
ngab-ts' mun'-de ^ ^ }^ T"; 

— nwnber, su'-moh tsol/ ^ g 

Fuller's-earth, w6ng na-nji' 

Fully, jih-feng' -p ^ ; jih-tsoh' 
+ J£; djun-be' ^ ffi; - 
prepared, jih-feng' be-hao' de -f* 

^ ft 4f T° 

Fume, wpo?-, ky^i ^ ; fumes of 
opium, a'-pMn ky'i' g'' ^{i ^ ; 

— of tobacco, in ky^' jg ^ 
Fumigate, <o hyiiing-in' j| JH ; 

— wzM perfwne, hyiiing-hyiang' 

Fun, <o have — , hyi'-hyi J J 
J^ ; byi'-hyiah ^ || ; ^0^?%, 
na-V ; only in — (with you), 
tsen-tsih' teng ng hyi'-hyi |g ^ 

Function, kong-yiiong' ^ ^ 

(veng.; 
Fund, ca/?/M peng-din Tl^ ^**; 

public fund, koh-t'ong' g 2j^; 

t^ong^nying ^ ^ 
Fundamental, yiukeng-kyi' 

W ^i^ S ; — principles, ziang- 

kyiah' :i° IB 

Funeral, to^'wy out tJie coffin^ 
c^ih zae' lij TfJ'*; c^h s6ng' JfJ 
^ ; to hive a — , ^ang sdng-li' 
fir'a )iii; c^ihping' ffi ®; 



FUN 



194 



FUS 



c'ih gyii/ jij tE ; — ceremonies, 
Bdng-z' '^'^\togo throuyh ditto, 
baen eSng-z' |}| || ^ ; ifo at- 
tend a -« , song song' -^ J| ; 
Bong zre' 'g ;y*°; — expenses, 
ping'-tsong-tii fi' ^S # ^ ft 
Funnel, leo'-teo |g ^ ; jiin-ts' 

Funny, ImglmUe, hao'-fah siao' 
i? H ^ ; we ying'-nying siao' 

Fur ow //^e Jofi??/, mao ^; ^Ae s/rm 
w;i^A — bi-ts' jj -f ; — ^'o^e, bi 
bao'-fe JfJ H ^', sable — , ts'- 
tiao-bi ^ M°&'^ ^^^^^^ speckled, 
(hairs while-tipped), ts-ni6'-tiao- 

l>i'";Sftfp >Sc; «?wi2^ — , nying- 

C^ii'-bi 1^ M JS 5 ^?"*"''^^^ — » 
hwe-tsih'-bi Jc^ife? ^^^^^ ^^'^-^^ 
the bellies), hwe-o/ii' bi JcSiS 5 
miJti — , zih-c^U'-bi ?M S. ife » 
«m^ skill, hae'-lo-bi ?@ |,^ jfe 5 
Jmycr or otter s/cin, t'ah'-bi |^ 
jf^; Astrakhan (black lamb-skin), 
heh' ts-kao H^^^ ; white larnh- 
skin, kao-.bi' ^ J^ ; nyi-mao 

hvvo-kao' ^ ^ ; unyeaned lamb- 
skin, koh-cong'-yiang-bi' ^ ^ 
^ ^ ; hwe'-koh-cong-bi Ji; 
^ S /fe 5 t^'A«'^e c?eV/o, cii-r-bi 
^ Si ife ; fox-skin, wu-bi' KK 

Furious, dong-da'-nu'-de JJ;^° 
^ Y''; hyuong mang' ^ H" 

Furiously, qumrei — , pe ming' 



zao C ^ P( ; pe ming' tang' 
C^i'iJ' fl* ; ^^^ — 5 heng'-sing- 
gotang' !|>6>h°fi- 

Furl, ^o — ^Ae sails, siu bong' 
^fc ?iS; ^<^ P^^^ down tJw sail, 
loh bong' ^ ^ ; c?i«o partly, 
mo bong ; tso bong jjE" jij 

Furlough, <o mk a — , kao ko' 
•^ iS*' ; io ff^ant a — , cing 
kao-ko' fH ^ fg° 

Furnace, pm-table earthen — , 
fong-lu'Ji.;^;ng6'fong-lo'5^^ 
Ml M"? native kitchen range, 
tsao i^: 

Furnish, to prepare, be-baen' ^ 
III ; — a /<0M5e, be-bcen' ko- 

sa„g' jih-veh' mmwn° 

— his rice, kong gyi-go vsen 

Furrow left by a plow, li g6ng-s'; 

— (in the face), veng lu' $if^ ; 
furrowed, tang ksen' -de JJ 

llBl J 

Further, a little — , yiin-tin'jg 

Further, to — the business, nyiioh- 

dzing' gyi-/ ^JJi^'^y See 

Farther. 
E'URTHERMORE, ping'- ts^ia ^ 

5,°; wa-yiu' ig" # 
Fury, gwong-t^iu' gw6ng-di'-go 

6-w6..g a ^ S iife 1-° ]!?/ 
Fury, mVa^o, p^eh'-vu ||| ^ 
Fuse, to yiang ^ 
Fusible, yiang'-leh kV-go ^ 



ifi" 



^° 



FITS 



195 



GAM 



Fussy, so'-so-se-se'jg Jg ^ ^ 
tsi-tsi'-tseo-tseo P^ P^ P^** 11^° 

Futile, k^ong'-deo go ^JH^" 
m-yuong'-go M° ^ >j^°; vu-ih 

Future, tsiang-lje' t^ '^', the 
uncertain — , mi-lae' :^°^; 'eo^- 
lae ^ ^ ; — event, tsiang-lae'- 
goz-ken'3f ^^°:^$fi;- 
7mseiy, ^eo'-lae'-go kw'u'-naen ^ 

si f °-jtf;°; to provide far tlve — , 
b6ng'- be tsiang-lae'-go yiiong- 
dziang' Kf ffi Sit * -t°ffi 

Fuzzy, yiu nyiiong-deo'^ ^ WM. 

a 

Gabbling noise (as of many talk- 
ing), zeo-ky^i' ka sing-hyiang'; 
zeng-zeng' hyiang ; ditto^ as of 
geese, ziang ngo kyiao ka sing- 
byiang' ^^ Jl P^ ^ Pl^ 

Gadding about, dziah nying ko'^ 
it" A° ^''i ditto, like a cat 
yiu-hyi'-Iong-dong', dziab^- ko - 
mao ka. 

Gag, to — with a stick, ts^ang mih- 
dW-kongff g5P^;_5y 
stuffing the mouth, seb cii'-po ^ 

Gain, profit, li-sih' fij J, ; bw6- 
li' ^^JJ; dz^n'-deo ^ 5| ; 
^oocf — , hao dzaen'- deo jj ^ 
Bfl ; hao li'-sih ^ ^ij J, 

Gain, to get, teh'-djob || ^^'j — 



profit, teb li'^ ^ TplJ ; — advant- 
age, teb'-djob ib'-c^u %m'^ 
;g ; — (in play), ying S ; — « 
victory, teb-sing'^^; — bodily 
strength, diao-yiang sing-t'i' |^ 

M $t ^'i ^^^^^' % ^^^^j tsiang 
yiang' JHf ^ ; gaining upon him, 
pi' gyi we zong' it ^ # Jl ; 
lae-tib ken'-gyi-zong zin' JE^/jJ** 

t! « ± ir 

Gainsay, to p'i-pob'.J[;|jJ; paen- 

Gait, tseo'-siang ^ |g 
Gala-day, k'je-sing', tsoh-lob'-go 

Gale, do fong' ;/^° JU, ; mang' 

fong fi° JU ; gw6ng fong' ^'j 

® ; bao' fong % M. 
Gall, kw^u'-taen ^ Jjf ; bence 

courage, tsen'-ts |§ -f 
Gall-nuts, be-ts' /f$ -^ ; — 

and copperas, be-ts', loh-vaen' 

Gallop, to — or run, p^ao j^**; 

— a horse, p^ao mo' ^i^ ^ 
Gallows, frame f&r Itanging crim^ 

inals, tiao vaen'-nying-go ko'- 

ts ^ JB A° ^^ ^° ^ 

Gambier, ping-16ng'-kao;^|gj5^ 

Gamble, to tu ^', tu'-pob ^^jj ; 

byi-ti/ Jl ^ ; — y^Hh cash by 

ilye c1iara£ter poo, tang-pao' ^f 

Gambler, tu'-k^ab V^ ^ ; tu'- 
p^e^JE; tu'-kweng fft ^g 5 



GAM 



196 



GAT 



tu'-zeh ^ ^*'; to aiTest gam- 
blers, k^o tu ^° fg 
Gambling stall, tu-t^aen' S| H : 

— home, tu'-dziang H ;^^ ; tu'- 
gy^ob ^ ^ ; — ^^'^^^J tu'-gyu 

Gamboge, deng-w6ng' ^ ^ 
Game, pfoy, hyi-shih' ij^°; play 
a — with dice, dzih seh^-ts ^ 
^° -f ; ^0 7?% a — of cards, 
t«^6ts'-wu.baen'"}jt jfftlJgJS"; 
play a — of chess, tsiah' ih- 
bun gyi' ^^ — Jg fJ.; ^o m^cA 
— , taiig-liah^ ^J g[ ; lost the 

— (in gambling), tu' sliii-de ^ 
^ T°; '<^ '^^ — <l/" wie, byi'- 
long nying' |J ^ A' 

Gander, ytiong-ngo' ^^ J| 

Gang, a ih-p6ng' — ^; ih-t6ng' 

— • ^ ; a — of robbers, ib-p6ng 

gyiang-dao' --^^^\ the 

rest of the — , yii-tong' ^ ^ 

Gangrene Aos 5e< in, laen'-leh li- 

Gap, k^eo P ; — in tJie moun- 
tains, ssen ao' ^J j J ; ^o mend or 
stop a '^, pu ky'iiih' ^ g^ ; 
seh dong'^ g }]pj ; dong mun- 
seb' }tg| Jg ^ 
Gape, to tang bo-ben' ^J P^I^ftf 
Garbage, ka'-dong-leb - seb' ^'^ 

»! a m 

(^KlXD^^, vegetable di-yun'j;^g; 
tsV-yun ^ J (ih-ky^iu); 
flower — , hwo-yiin' ^ H ; — 
bed, ling ^ (ib) ; -- ^a^/^, 



siao' lu >Ji j^ ; di-gong' (ib-da) 
Gardener for vegetables, cong- 

tsV-gonyinga^^i-^A**;- 
for flowers, cong-bwo'-go nying 

m. ^ ^° A° 

Gargle, to — tlie mouth, d6ng 
k^eo'^ P ; — the throat, dong 
wu-lo7g''^lt«Pi 

Garlic, da-son;/^ ||^; — bulbs, 
da-son'. deo ;Hc J| B^ 

Garment, i-z6ng' ^ ^*'; i-vob' 
^ ^R (a — , ib-gyin ; a suit, ib- 
t%o) ; to wear only one — , c'iin 
taen gyin' i-zong' ^ H # ^ 
^°; cotton — of a single thick- 
ness, t«n-bob'-tsen |^ ^ 

Garrison, siu'-ping ^ -^i — 
of a city, siu-dzing'-go ping ^ 

Garrulous, to-djun-z'-go ^"g*" 
Garter, mab-la' |i° l^° (ih- 

tsab ; a pair, ib-fu) 
Gas, ky*i ^;coal — , me-t'aen 

Gash, s6ng-kW fg P ; keb'- 
song Sa fi (ib-go) 

Gasp, to — for h^ath, ky^i tW- 
feb-cun' ^ig f, $|;ih'-k/i 
feb-cun' Hi ^ ^ H 

Gate, meng' P^ (ib-deo, ib-sin) ; 
gate in two leaves, song-sin' meng 
H H P5 ; — shutting off a street, 
sab'-lab-meng ft ^g*" P?; to keep 
the city gatss, siu dzing-meng' ^ 

Gather, to — up or together, siu- 



GAT 



197 



GEN 



jiU-long' IK: t'& if ; — iri (as 
crops), siu-tsing' 1|^|^ ; siu hw6- 

i^^o'^?b; ts^aehw6'a5?E; 

— (in sewing), ts^ohMong ^ ff| 

Gathers, to pm/^ up the — , 

tsUu-long' \^ f H ',the — , tsV)h- 

tih-go kaen' ^ ^^ -t''ffl° 

Gaudy, hw6-seh' :j!g g, ; bw6- 



p'ao'. 



Gauge, tseb'-moh |p°giJ°(ih.go) 
Gauze, so g; 

Gay, free from care and anx- 
iety, kw«a'-web ^° fg*; — in 
laughing, and talking, hyi'-siao 
yin-kW 5^0^^; -cote, 
yin'-li ngaen-seh' fg ^ |g° fe 

Gayly dressed, c^UiZ-Ieb-byin' ^ 

Gaze, to ts^ing'-ting kW-^gJ*^ 

Gazette, sing-veng'-pao ^ ^ 

$^ ; Peking — , Kying-pao' ^ 

Gelatine, (native), yiang-ts^ae' 
#^ ; >%^^e, ng-kao',e °g° 

Gem, pao'-zab Jf 5"° 

Gender, feiig nenniyu ^^-fc'i 
— of brutes, feng ts'-yiiong' ^ 
8(6 ^S ? of the male — , yiioiig' 
ih-le' ^ — f^;o/ thefetnale 
-, ts^'ib-le' llt-ii 

Genealogy, pu'-yi ^ f^ ; *oofe 
0/ — , k6-pu' ^^ If (ib-peng) 

General temi or designation, 
tsong'-ming ^ ^ ; t^ong-ts^ing' 
51 IS ; ^'^ — w^> t^ong-yiiong' 



5iffl; t^ong-'ang'^ifr";- 
(opposed to particular), weng'- 
kweng fli fl^ ; — tuat/ of doing, 
da-k^e' l^o'-fah ^MMm 

General of an army, tsiang- 
kyuing J(f '^ 

Generally, da-kae';;^ ^ ; da- 
t"^ :k S5 ; da-vaen' :;fc A 5 ^a- 

?«am, da-liab' ^ f^ 
Generate, to sang ^° 
Generation, dae ftj;/onw^ — , 
z6ng dae' J; f^ ; future — , '6' 
dae f ** f-^ ; preceding genera- 
tions, lib dse' Jg f^ ; the present 
— , yin-dzfe' keb dae' 3g ^ — * 
fi; ; peng'-dae 7^ f^ ; from — 
to — , tao sbii'-sliii-dae-dae JiJ -^ 

Generous, ky'i'-kae ^ ||!E; da- 
kw%' ;^ ^ ; du'-Uang do' ^ 
J; ;;^° ; vejy — , ^ao-yiab' ^ 
^ ; — treatment, *eo'-die jj ^^ 

Genesis, z^e book of-^ , Ts'6ng'- 
sbu-kyi' |IJ -ttf: IB 

Genial m manner, ^o-ky^i %^; 
lovable, k'o-ae-go pf ^ -^°; — 
as </ie Winters sun (used in speak- 
ing of a favorite teacber, &c.), 
ziang tong4'in nyih-deo ka' ko'- 
ko nying ae-'go 11° § ^fj Q ° 

(sitting in) tlie breezes of sping^ 
ziang zo-lae c*ing-fong li'-deo ka 

Genius, t'in-treng kao' 5^:9^1^! 



GEN 



198 



GET 



a — , dzae-ts' ^ "? > ^ ^'^H — j 
jing-dong' %^ ^ 
Genteel, yiio'-cii fg ^ 5 veng- 

veng-zing' ^ ^° 5; ^ 
Gentle, no-jiia' 'g ^ ; lao'-jih 
^ ^ ; — disposition, sing'-kah 
no-jun' tt IgF .g ^ 
Gentleman, veng-nying'3j \ °; 
sin-sang' ^ ^^ or giji ; o/c? — , 
lao' sin'-sang ^ -^^t ^°; ac« 
//^e a — , iao tso veng-yiio'-go 

jih-zong' feh iao' jih-'o' g ^ 

± * ^ W T° 

Gentlemen! cii-we' sin'-sang 
It 'S :^ ^° 1 lih-we' sin^sang 

m it ^ ^°! 

Gently, %/?%, ky^ing-fei/ g 
|2; s/om;/^^, wun'-fsen ^ j^ ; 
speak — , kong ky^iiig-yin' si'- 



ny^ Bi°M.3 



=^ 5 speah 



more — , kong ky'ing-sang'-tin 

Gentry, Chinese sing-kying' jf,^ 
^ ; hyiang-sing' $^|5 |,f ; sing- 
kying'-tong ||^ |^ ^ (used in 
reproach); — who oppress others, 
pV-hyU-tong' ^1 Mt M 

Genuine, tsing ^ ; — goods, 
tsing ho' Jt K 5* '^^^^ — J k6 fg° 

Genus, c/ass, le ^ (ih) 

Geography, di-gyiu'-go 'oh- 
veng' Jfc JJ^ ^^ ^» Fp5; Joo/L- 
m —, di-yu'-ts Jlfe ^ Jg 

Geomancer, fong-shii' sin'-sang 



m yK 3fe 4° ; we-k'en-fong- 

siiu'-go # s H ^r 1^^ 

loh-z' sin-sang' ^ Ig: 3fe ^° 
GeomANCY, the theory of — , di-li' 

\^ ^;fong-8hu' Ji. ylK^'.hook 

on —, di-li' shu J-| g| ^; loh- 

z' Shu pF; :^ # 
GERMo/a/m/, ng6-den'^°5g°; 

— of fiov^'ers, nyii ^j^"; 'en- nyii' 

Germinate, to paongo'^g^ ^"j 
ts'iu ngd' jg ^°; pao ngo-den' 

Gesticulate, <o tsong siu'-shii 
^ :^ ^ ; — (more earnestly), 
tsong kyu'-ts ^ ^ it 

Get, to receive, teh'-djoh Q ^°; 
tsih'-ziu ^ ^; c^zVio (as a pack- 
age, &c.), do tao' sin ^"JlJ ^; 
teh-tao' siu ^JiJ^ ; to take, do 
y*; — e< /or me, teug ngo' kyU 
do'^'^i'^:"; — nothing 
by it, ib' vu so teh' — J^ ^ ^; 
i cant — in, ngo tseo'-feh-tsing' 

^ j^ ^ 3^°' ^^^ '^^'^ ^^^ news 

— abroad? keh sing'-sih dza- 
djun-kV-go ^^^ ,t ;g° « 
13 ^°'? /^ %2ws to— dark, 
i'in en'-long-lae-de ^ Pf f 1 3$ 
^"'. — up, bo-kyV-l^ l^i^ 
^ 5 _ rich, fah-dzae' ^ gj- ; 

— out of or rid of, t'eh'-c'ih ^ 
{i{ ; — ready (beforehand) yii- 
be'-hao JS ffi if j be-baen'-hao 
MMU\90— (yourself) ready, 
ky'i tsong-hao' -i" ^ jj; caw'i 






GHA 



199 



GIV 



— over it (i. e. keep tbiiikiiig of 
it), ko'-sing-feh-ky^i' i§ if f, 
•^ **; — doivn, tseo'-loh-ky'i ^ 
^ ±^ — a'^^'^* fah 6ng' |f 

Ghastly, /z'fe a (/host, kyii'- 
siang ^° ^ ; death-like, si'- 
siang ^° ;tg 

Ghost, s/mV, ling ^ ; //oZy 
*S>m<, Sing-Ling g g ; — 0/ 
tJi£ departed J kyii ^^^'^ feeding the 
hungry ghosts^ fong yin-k^eo' 

Giant, yi-yiang'-dziang-go iiying' 

S ti i i"° A° ; c'ih-kaii'- 

dziang-go nying' {li |§r :g i^° 

A'' 

Giddy, dizzy, deo-yiiing' g^ r^ ; 
to fall from giddiness, ytiiug-tao' 

mm 

Gift, song-go tong'-si jg ^°^ 
"^ ; //ia^ zs a — , keb'-z song'- 
lae-go 3l° :§; 5g ^ i^' ; this is 
a — from my father, keh'-go 
tong^-si z ab-tia' peh ngo'-go J= ° 

^° ^ H S IW » ^° « 

'^*'; «o affewcZ a/i officer, or /iVer- 
a/7/ j;jan who is leaving, ivith gifts, 
tang po'-sbu ff ^ %', gifts 
of cei^emony, li |a ; li'-veb |g 
^ ; ^0 ^{yg ditto, song'-li -g| jpft ; 
/o give gifts of congratulation, 
song 'o'-li 5g S JH 

Gifted, ts-tsib'-bao' ^ K i? 

Gigantic, cannot ?eZ/ //ozt; /ar^e, 

w6'.feb-te'-do' m^^±°; 



feh-tsiao (ka do' T°^°S^Vi;° 
Giggle, to keh'-keh-siao Bg-B^" 

Gild, to du kying' §)! ^ ; <o — 

by plunging, seng'-kying l^y ^; 

— i67^/i gold leaf, t'iab kying' 

Br ^ ; Pao kying' Q ^ 

Gills, >/i ng-s.'e'g/§w 

Gilt-edged, kying-pir/-go ^ 

Gimlet, jun-tson'-ts ;^° ^ ^ 

Ginger, fresh sang-kyiang' ^° 

^ ; dj-ied — , ken-kyiang' ^^ 

^ ; presetted — , ddng-kyiang' 

I® X 5 powdered — , kyiang- 

Ginger-bread, sang-kyiang' kao 

^' « It 
Gingham, gyi-bnn'-bw6-go-pu' ffi 

Ginseng, jing-seng' A # ; /<>?'- 

«?> — , yiang-seng' '^ 
Girdle, kyiao'-sing-ta ^^^''i 
— with clasp, k'eo'-ta Jp ^° ; 
bride's-^ , kob'-ta ;^° ^°; fo 
put on the — , kyi kyiao'-sing-ta 

Girl, nyiang-ts' ij^^jg"; kwii- 
nyiang' ;^ ;5^ ; slave — , 6-deo' 

Girlish, ziang nyiang-ls' ka f^° 
>J^°M! "i ziang nyiang-ts-(]en'ka. 

Girth, Aoi-ses m6'-du-ta ^ JJt 
^° (ih-keng, ih-diao) 

Give, to peb ^\ J^°, f||r°; — (to 
an inferior), s |g ; s'-peb 



GIV 



200 



GLE 



— (to any one), s |g; «o present, 
song'-peh J5§ |^°; — in charge, 
kao-dae ^ f^ ; — leave, hyii 
ff ; cing ^; — him an answer, 
peh gyi we-ing' ,^° S ^ 5 

— him trouble, peh gyi keli''-tah 
1^ S ?? ?§; peh gyi we- 
^^^ W^m%',-adavgh^ 
ter in marriage, ko non' ^^ 0; 

— vent to anger, c'ih ky^i' [fj ^ ; 

— place to anotlier, nyiang ^°; 
nyiang-peh' |J° H" ; —up 
one's /(/e, pe ming' t^° ■^; so'- 
c'ihsing-ming ^°ffi 14^; 
p%g ming' ^Ip tu^; — to the poor, 
s'-peh gyiiong-nying' J|°3^° ^ 
A"; tsiu-tsi' nying-ko' ^ ^ 
A° ^°; — coffins, so-s' kwun- 
"^o^'^ Jllt7tC; --w;> (re- 
sistance), voh ^g ; shii'-voh ^ 
^^ ; 2^7o?i7 — in at all, ting^cing 
fX ^ ; — ^/^ <^ '^^^^^9 fJ^der- 
taJcen, t'e siu' JH ^*'j — w;? 
(or k>se heart), sing si'-de ^fj 

Giver, s'-cu JS ;^ ; c'ih-din s'- 
cii ffi^°iS ±; eng-cu'g, 
^, the last so called by the 
receiver. 

Gizzard, cing ][|$ ; cing- 



Glad, hwnn-hyi' ]^ ^^•, very — , 
fi-vfen' hwun-hyi' |^ /L © § ; 
feh'-tsiao dza hwun-hyi' "X" ^° 

Gladden, to — him, peh' gyi 



hwan-hyi'^''^''||J:§;ying' 
gyi k^ae-sing' ^j # g^ >JJ 
Glance, a ih-k^en' — . ^ ; s<?e at 
a — , ih-moh' liao-jiin' — . Q 

Glance to — off, ts^ia' ts^al/-ko 
^4°^® 5 //i«w glanced over this 
book, keh' bu shii ng6 k^en-k^eu 

Glandular sweZ/m^, heng-weh' ; 
dsen-weh' ^ ;^° 

Glare of light, kwdng li-W 5g 
^!l S j — ^/ lightning, din- 
kwoiig' ^ 5K ? — /rom water, 
shii teo'-kwong y}C IH tE; glar- 
ing eyes, ngsen-tsing-kwong liu'- 

Glass, po-li' gJ3g ; a pane of — , 
ih-kvv'e' — J^ ; ih-p^in »— )^ ; 
<o /;wi in a pane of — , p'e ih- 

kwv poii' u-mmM'y 

lest the — be broken, k^ong'-p^o 
po-li' iao k<ao-se' gj fS gj ^ 
® ^°'^ 5 — ^(^ds, liao'-cii ^^ 
^', po-ii' en ^^S^', — bottle, 
po-li' bing gt ^ j® ; — tvare, 
po-li' k6'-sang ^ ^ i|°#''; 

po-li' ho 3® ^ K ; — ''^^^^'^''' 

siao po-li' s-vu jg gj %'3 iJ 
Glazing (for pottery, ^c), yiu- 

shii' Jgj y^° ; <o /mt on — , zong' 

yiu-shu' J: Jifi 7r 
Gleam, a — of light, ih-sin' liang- 

kw6ng' — j^ ^ 5E ; — q/ 

Ao^e, ili-ng!Reii-ng3en' c'ih-lu' — 

15° ir ffl K 



GLI 



201 



GO 



Glib of tmgne^ cii-jing'-bi-boh' 

Glide, to — along, liu-ko'-ky'i fg 
iSi°;wah.W-ky4ff-ai^; 

— prettily, ts^6-ts'6' tseo dza 
hao^ 

Glimpse, catcTi a — o/, tsiao-min 

k^en-kyin fiB M S 
Glisten, to t*eo-kw6ng' jg % • 

fah-kwdng' ff 3R 
Glittering, sliih'-liang Q ^ ; 

shih'-kwah-liang g g ^ 
Globe, gyiu 3^ ; terrestrial — , 

di-gyiu' j;4^ ; celestial — , t^in- 

gyiu' 5C 3^ ; — (or shade) 0/ 

a lamp, teng-tsao' jg ^ (ih-go) 
Gloomy, kwu-ts^i' '■SL^'i — «^ 

morose, ziang meng-dong' lao- 

Glorify, to praise, ts'ing-tsaer/ ^ 
^ ; — G^ocf, kwe yiiong-wd' peh 
Jlng-ming' ^ H^g ^" jplf H^ 

Glorious, kw6ng-w6'-go ;)g |g 
-^; yiu yuong-wo' W^$; yiu 
yuong-kwdng' ^" H iJg (veng.) 

Glory, yiiong-wd' ^^; kw6ng- 
ts^ae' ^ ^; ^0 appropriate the 

— which belongs to another, tsin 
bih'-nying-go kw6ng' f^ glj A° 

Glory, ^0 — m, ts'ing hyiiing' 

^ g See Boast. 
Gloss, to — over an affair, tsdng- 

sih' ih-yiang z-ken' ^ |^ ^ ;^ 

Glossy, ts-jing' yiu kwdng' ^ 



^ fg ; not — , in kwong'-go 

Glove, siu'-t^ao :^ ^ (a pair, 

ih-fu, ih-s6ng) 
Glowing charcoal^ siao'-'ong'-ga 

tW-ho ;i,fl>h°^>^;- 

^e«r<, sino ziang ho-dou' ka nyih 

^6 W iK H Sfe'; /«<^« — ^if^ 

pleasure, hwiin-hyi - teh 'ong- 
kwong' muii-min Jjj; ^ ^° ,^ 

Glue, kao ^"j w6ug'-kao {J 
^°; Canton — , Kwong'-kao ^ 
If ';>A-^, ng-kao'g^^"; co^- 
6'^m — , ngeo-bi'-kao -^"^BS* 

Gluttonous, t^en-cu -go ^ fg 

^°; t'en-zih'-go ^ :fe ^^ 
t^en-ky^uoh^go J pg'* >jv'» 
Gnash the teeth, ngao ngo' ^' 

Gnaw, to k'eng |^ ; — a hoard, 
k«eng pasn' jg ^ 

Go, ^o ky'i 5^°; co^ne an J — , lae- 
wong' ^ ^ ; lae-lae'.ky<i-ky'i 
^^i'i"; - «?>, tseo'. 
zong-ky^i :^ ± ^^ — oti^, 
tseoVih-kyY ^ffi^''; - 
071 a journey, c*ih-meng' ^ 
F? > — l^ 01 over, tseo'-ko-ky'i 
^ A© "i "5 cannot — , ky'i'-feh- 
^se -^^ ^ 3^ ; — aboard, loh 
ju^' -^ *S ; z6ng jun' ± M ; — 
on shore, zong-ngei/ Jl ^ j — 
astray, mi-lu' j^^ ; <A^ sun goes 
down, nyih-deo' k)h-6aen' Q°|§ 



GOA 



202 



GON 



'^ ill 5 — ^^^ (^^ ^^®)' u-long'- 

avoid the heat, bi shii' ky'i j^ 
^ ^ "; — ?/OMr own way then, 
dsen'-ming ng' fa W f^>° 
Goad, ifo force, pih ig ; /o excite, 
kyih §J ; io urge, ts^e-ts'e bih' 

Goat, saen-yiang' jjj ^ (ih- 
tsah) 

Go-between, 'mediaior,\)-z -nying j 
fn ^ A° ; — (ill marriage), 
me-nying' g^ A° > — (i" buy- 
ing), cong-nying 4» A°; cong 
nyiang'-nying pfi 3^° A° 

God, Jing-ming' jpi^ 0j5; T^in-cu' 
5C i ; Z6ng-ti' J:^; aw zt/o^, 
bu-sah' ^ ^ ; ^oc?]s 0/ wood 
and clay, nyi-su'-moh-tiao '^'^^ 
7^M'^ — ¥i^ Buddhists, Sih'- 
kyiid-meo'-nyi-veh' # ^Jg $ ^ 
^\ — of War, Kwaen-ti'-bu-sab 
M^'^M'-'— ^fthe Taoists, 
Nyiiob-wong'-da'-ti '^^^^', 
founder of the Taoist sect, T'ge'- 
zong-lao-kyuing ic ± ^ ^ ; 

— 0/ Wealth, DztB-jing'-bu-sah' 
at^ji* ^M'~oftJm City, Dzing- 

who judges departed spirits, Nyin- 
lo'-da-woiig' H II ;/c I J ^'^^ 

— of the Earth (over districts), 
T'n'-di bu-sab' i it ^ g ; 
0/ «^e Kitchen, Tsao'-kyiiiiig bu- 
«al^' ff ^^ HM^^ Ursa 
Major (vvorsbipped by scholars), 



Veng-ts'6ng'-ti'-kyulng3j g^j^ 
^; — of thunder and lightning, 
Le-tsii'-bu-sah' ^yj^ ^ ^5 Le- 
kong' 1" 5^ ; Le-bo' ® ^ 
Goddess of Mercy, Kwun-ing' 
1^ ^ ; Kwim-shii'-ing-bu-sah' 

II -ffi ^ "# ^ ; Q^^^^ 0/ 

Heaven (worshipped by sailors), 
Nyiang-nyiang'-bu-sah' Jg Jg 
■^ S' T^in-^eo^-iiyiang'-nyiang 
3'C >& JS SS 5 — ^^'^^ bestows 
children, Song'-ts-nyiang'-iiyiang 

ii ? 56 *l 

Godly (/^Y. devoted) person, gyin- 
dzing'-go nying ^ f^ i^** A° 
Go-down, dzaen'-v6ng g ^ 
Going, the price is — down, ko'- 
din l»-tih loh' fg° M°iE''^3b'' 
-^; ko'-din l^e-tih tih' ^"^ ^ 
iE° S° ^^ 5 ^^?Aere are yow — 7 
ng'-tao ah-li-ky4' ft;°iljfpr''^*' 
^"t _ home, kyu oh'-li ky^i|f ° 

GoiTKE, weh-seng-dse' |JJ° J| g 

Gold, kying-ts' ^^ ; pure — . 

ts^ih'-kying :^ ^ ; %^^ colored 

— , daen-kying ^ ^ ; — (^ws^, 

kying-s6' ^^p', — ph, kyliig- 

»g^ # S*/; — ^^^Z"' kying yiti'- 

ts ^ ^ •?; — >A kying-boh' 

Golden, kying-ts'-tso'-go ^ -J 

Gong, dong-lo' % fi (ih-min); 
to strike the — k'ao lo' ^^ ^; 



GOO 



203 



GOV 



strike the — for an alajTn, k^ao 

Good, hao j(J; veiy — , ting hao' 
JKJ^ ; very — man, kyiiing-ts'- 
"ying ^ ^ A°; ting'-hao 
"ying' H i8^ A"; jiin nyii^ 
# A°; Uang-jUn'-nying % 
^ A°; — medichie, hao'-yiah 
if ^; liang-yiah'g ^; 7io< 
so — as, feh gyih'-ju ^ in ; — 
fw nothing, fi'-veh ^5^ (chiefly 
used of persons) ; — hye, (person 
going says), siao-be' ^PS ; ditto 
(person staying says), maen-maen' 
ky^i jg 'fi ^°; <^f^ ^JOV' in — 
health ? ng hao' feh' f^,° jff g° ? 
cftV^o ( generally to an elderly 
person), ng gyin' feh fiji"^ -g""? 
is the child in — health ? siao 
nying' hwjen' feh >J> ^° i|° 
^*'? — w/^^i (to one going to 
bed), ts^ing en-cu' f^ ^- -g; ; m 
— order, zi-zi'-tsing-tsing ^° 
^°^^; I promise in — faith, 
ngo' so wo' we tso-tao' ^ ^U 
'^ iS ^'J ' — natured, (j-c, sing'- 
kah hao' jjj |^ jff; — penman- 
ship, pih'-fah hao' ^ ?i jg:; da 
pih' ^ ^ ; 77iwc/e — mil corns, 
of it, we sang byii'-to hao'-c^ii 

Goodness, virtw, hao' teh'-ky^i 
if fl ^; thanhyoufor your 
great — , to-dzing' ng-go da teh' 

Goods, ho ;^; ho'-veh 



household — , kd-sang' jih-veh' 

Goose, ngo J| (ih-tsah) ; wild 

— , t<in ngo' % Jl ; ngang 
ngo Wm ; — (I^lli ngo-mao- 
kwun' II % 1^ 

Gore, clotted blood, nying-long^- 
liao-go hyiiih' i§ ti ^° JSL ; 

— in a garment, tob-koh' \^ 
ft^ib-go) 

Gorgeous, w6-w6'-li-li ^ ^ 

Gormandizer, dzaen - lao'- go 

nying ^^ir-t^'A" 
Gosling, siao-ngo'>J>|| (ih-tsah) 
Gospel, Foh'-ing jpg § ; preach 

the — , djun FohMng ^ jpf ^ 
Gossip, jfo pun shih-w6' ^ fj; fj 
Gossip, idle ^een-yin' ^£en-nyu%^* 

Gourd, wu-biao'.|f §j; (ih-go);Me 
bottle — , wu-lu' or weh-lu'^^ 

Govern, to kwun'-li ^ 3^ ; djti 
fp ; cong'-kwun ^^; _ China, 
kwnn'-dju Cong-koh' ^ ^ x^ 
g ; — the family, djii' k6 JjJ 
^''; cong'-kwun ko-vu' z ^g' 

Government 0/ a country, koh- 
tsing' P IgC; — of affairs, koh'- 
ko tsing'-z Wi^°^'^ 

Governor of a province, fa'-dsB 
^ ^ ; — of two or more provin- 
ces, tsong'-toh ^ Jg ; — 0/ two 
or more fu cities, dao'-clcT J^^ j 
of one fu, or department, ti>.fiv' 



GOW 



204 



GRA 



^ jj^ . — of a distiict or county, 
cu-yun' ^n 0," 
G0WN,a Chinaman s long — (worn 
girded), dziang-ssen' -g ^^; do- 
saen' ;^°^^; ^2i!^o, (worn iingird- 
ed), bao-ts' ^ ^ ; China-wo- 
man's — , ao IJl; do-ao' ;^° fj; 

— ivorn over another — , nga- 

Grace, favor, eng-we' J|, ^ ; 
eng-tin ,1, |ft j eng-c^ong' ,1, 

zia-zia' Jing-ming' ||}°^°jp$0B 
Graceful, easy in motion, kjii'- 

ts yu6'-cu Jg Jfc S ii 

Gracious (as a superior), ky^m- 

ziang' MS' will grant favor, 

we s-eng'go 'g'^^Sl^i^**; »»2m- 

>Z,dz-pe'-go^?J^' 

Grade, teng'-kyih ^ ^ ; a — » 

ih-teng' — ^ ; ih-kyih' — ^ 

Gradually, dzin'-dzin J|f gf ; 

5<e;? 5^ sie?), ih-bu' ih-ba' — ^ 

— . ^ ; — improving, dzin'-dzin 

tsing-ih' ilf Sf 5t S ; ^^'^^^^ «"« 
AeaZ^A, or ^rad'e, dzin'-dzin bao'- 

ky'i-te if « if ^ as 

Graduate, <(? marh hj degrees, 
feng du'-su' ^MWi 

QnADVATE, first literary — , (i.e. 
lowest), siu'-dzge ^ ;f'; — o/^^ 
second degi'ee,\y\i'-ny{ng ^ A°; 

— o/'^Ae </«>£? degree, tsing'-z jj 
it 5 — ^f ^^ foui-th degree^ *en- 
ling' "^i^'yto become a — of 
the 1st degree, tsing W 5^ j^**; 
,<iftto o/<Ae 2n(^ Jepree, cong kyii'- 



nying Pff ^ A° j (??V/o of the 
Srd degree, cong tsing'-z l^^* 3^ 
"jt^ ; ditto of the Uh degree', tin' 
'en'-ling SJ^ J^ ; the highest of 
the graduates, zong nyiin' ^ pfj 

Graft, to — a tree, tsih ju ^ 5^ 

Grain, five kinds of — , ng' koh 
S" is ; ^«*^v »^'c<?, dao fg, ^ne 
millet, sob ^°, coarse millet, lu- 
tsi ^° (inchiding several varie- 
ties), z<;/i«?a^, mab ^ (also includ- 
ing barley and buckwbeat), and 
beans, deo ^° 

Grain, texture, liu |§ ; veng ^ 
wj/^/i <^e — , dzih liu' (g |g 
across </^ — , wang liu' ^° |§ 
wang veng' i^° ^^ 

Grain, to — (in painting, (fee), tso 
hw6-veng' ft ?g gS^ 

Grammar, veng-yiiob' or veng- 

^ob' 3Jt * 
Granary, ts^ong j|" ; — /or rice, 

kob' ts^ong ^ ^ ; m'O grana- 
ries, liang ksen ts^ong' gj K°jJ 

Grand, high and large, kao-do' ^ 
^°', — (as an officer's train, or 
a body of soldiers), we-fong' J^ 
J^; — idea, i'-s kwong'-kw^eb -^ 
>g ^ ^ ; — (^ °^any build- 
ings, or a city), vsen-w6' ^ ^ 

Granddaughter, son's daugh- 
ter, seng-nyii' ^^ ; non-su'g|° 
^°; daughter's daughter, nga- 
sang-non' ^|>° ^/ |il° ; f/j«o's 
daughter, yiin' nga-sang-ntin' ^ 



GRA 



205 



GBA 



b 



Grandfather on Jathers side, 
yia'-yia ^° ^^ tsn'-vu jg ^ ; 
deceased — , sin-tsu' :^ j§. ; your 
ditto, tseng-tsu' :§: jj ; r/j«o (in 
answer), ko-tsi/ ^°jp^ ; mother'' s 
father, nga-kong' ^° ^ \ wse 
tsu'-vu ^h li. ;X ; great — on 
father's side, t^a'-kong ^** /^ ; 
tseng-tsu' ^ jjj ; gre.it great 
— , kao tsu' jjg j5;; ^reai — on 
mothers side, i^o! nga-kong ^° 
^h^S-; waetseng'tsu ^h # jffi; 
grandfather's older hrotMr, pah'- 
kong f|^°^ ; grandfathers older 
brothers wife pah' -bo fg° ^ 
grandfather 3 younger brother, 
sob'-kong jj^ ^ ; grand faiher^ s 
younger brother's wife, sob'-bo 

Grandmother on father's side, 
nyiang'-nyiang |[g Jg; tsu'-meo 
jj^-^; deceased ditto, sin tsu'-meo 
^ ift "1^* 5 — » ^''^ mother'' s side, 
nga-bo' ^1^° 1^; wae tsu'-meo ^|> 
Wi.'li^j deceased ditto, sin wee-tsu' 
^ ^b ii. 5 9^'^^ — ^ father's 
side, t^a'-bo ^° |g ; tseng tsu'- 
meo 'J Si. -^ ; ditto on mother's 
side, t^a'-nga-bo 'j^° ^y ^ 

Grandson, son's son, seng-ts' ^ 
•J ; daughter's son, nga-sang' 
^° ^'^'^ grandson's son, tseng- 
seng' ^ ^^ ; grandson's grand- 
son, yiin-seng' ^ ^, 

GRANlTEj^rccwtVi ts^ing zab'jg^*' 

Grant, to cing ^ j to ^^/ow, 



s'-peh SSl^"; ^<> a^^"'? ing-hyu' 
B W'^ ing-dzing' ^ ^; — 
^/iz's once, but never again, ^eo'- 
peh we-h" ^Z>nm 

Grapes, jiurjjle bu-dao' ^ ^ ; 
ts'- bu-dao ^ ^ ^; ^^'^wfe — ? 
se'-tsing bu-dao' ;JC a^ ^ ^ 

Graphically, web-siang' f§ 
;{g ; — described, koug'-leb web- 

Grapple, to — with hooks^ keo- 
<^ju' 1^ ft ; to hdd fast, tsah' 

Grasp, <o — in the hand, nyiab 
Jl ; to clutch, CO ^ ; — frmlyy 
CO lao' ||^° ^ (c6 or tso) 

Grass, ts^ao ;^; green — , ts^ing- 
ts^ao' ^"^'^to cut, — kah ts^ao' 

iiij:f 

Grass-cloth, ^6-pu' J° -jj"; 

(a piece, ih-p*ib) 
Grass«.H0PPER, kob'-mang ^ 

!|jj°; keb'-mangji^^jg^ih-tsah; 
Grate (in a stove, or furnace), 

ho'-lu tsah'-li iX^V 
Grate, to — , bao ^Ij; — nutmeg, 

bao nyuob-ko' ^Ij ^°:^ ; — (». 

e. grind) the teeth, mo ngo-ts' g 

3*°® 5 — '^P^^ ^^^ senses, seng'- 

nying-go ^^ t^° 
Grateful, yiu peng'-sing^Tj; 

I am — to you (for great favor), 
ngd keu' Dg-go eng' |g ^ f>);° 
^° ,S, ; ^^e 25 — , gyi'-yiu peng'- 
sing S- W ^ >5 i ^^ *^ — ^^^ "^^> 



GRA 



20(j 



GRE 



gyi' ken ng6'-go eng' #. g i® 



^' 



Gratified, hwun-hyi' fj; ^ 
Jiighly — , sing'-li to'-siao kw^a'- 

lot ,& a ^ oj 'R° ^ 

Gratify, to — om^s desire, dzong 
sing' s6-yuoh' ^^ >6 ^ ^ ; 

seeJdng to — another's wishes, \}i - 

singt'iah.iVffl>&flrSi"' 
Gratitude, peng'-sing Tp: >f5» ; 

ken-eng^-go-sing gg g, -^^ >t 5 

jing-sing' \2 >ij« 

Gratuitously, ^we — , bah- 
song' j^^j^l; to eat rice — , 
bah ky'iioh'-vien ^°P£°iS 

Grave, tonib, veng j^ ; veng-mo' 
i^^ (ih-yiiih, or ih-ts); to go to 
the — , worship, and add earth, 
^dng-veng' J: jt^ ; to make a 
tnound over a — , liiig-veng' ^ 
tt ; — clothes, ziu-i' ^ ^ ; 
koMao-rig:''^^;lang'.i?>&° 
^ ; — stone, (upright) veng'4i- 
go pe' jft S >h° ^ ; veng'-li- 
gope-ba'a[:g^°^K°;Jeyto, 
(laid lengthwise in the side of the 
mound), lasn-t^u' jSi? — ^«^'^j 
veng-di'j^ )|6 

Grave, lao^-lao ^^; — counte- 
nance, min-k^ong' lao'-paen-psen 
®?L^«ffi;laoMin^K; 
weig/ity, djong'-jib g ^ 

Gravel, zah-s6' ;5*' S? ; —- in 
the bladder, s6-liiig' ^ -^^ 

Gravely, lao-lao'-ky^i-ky^i ^ 
^ ; — assured me, lao'-ky^i-vu- 



dih' teng ngo kong' ^ ^ JR g: 

Gravitation, attraction of — , 
siang-hyih'-ts-shii ft 1^ j^ ^ 

Gravity, tendency to t}ie earth's 
centre, di-gyiu hyih'-lih j;^ 3^ 

mil 

Gravy, tsih'-shu Jf ^fc"; lu J j ; 

tsih'-lu J-|- 5^8 ; — tureen, tsih'- 

shu kwun' Jf ^JlC'' {jf 
Gray, hwe-seh' J< g, ; (slightly) 

— haired, deo'-fah hw6-bah'-de 
m&1h^''T'^b'<^oming-, 
lae'-tih bah-kyW^ if" if" &° 

Graze, to rub against, ts'ah'-djoh 
^ ^*'; <o m^ ^m.^s, ky^iioh 
ts'ao' pg° :t 

Grazier, yiang ugeo'-go cii'-kwu 

Grease, yiuf^; yiu-nyi' f^ |g 
Grease, to dzo yiu' ^ f^; ts^ah 

yiu' j^ ^; — the Jtair, yiu' fu 

deo-fah' ^itm% 
Greasy, yiu yin-nyi' # gfe M 5 

too — {M), tW yiu-nyi'g°jg| 

Jg;t'ehyiu':g°jft 
Great, do;^;re?;y — , do-leh'- 

hyU'-to J^ ^ ; — ^<^^«V6, byu - 
to kong-fu' 1^ ^ X ^ ; «/— 
advantage, do' yiu^ ib'-c^ii ^* 

mang-yiang'-yiang }§ 'j^ j^ 
Greater </iaw, do-jii' ;;li;** ^fl ; 

— than tJuxt, pi gyi' do j:t ^ 



I *' 



GRE 



207 



GEO 



-^«. still — , keng'-k6do'||ftl° 

:^''; yu-ko' do ;t M" ^"'^ ^'^' 

— part, ill do pui/ — • ^ ^ 

Greatest, the ting'do jj( j^" 

Greatly, do-nyiang' ;^° |^°; 

long-do' ^ ^°5 — mistaken, 

do-nyiang' ts'eng' ts^o ;^** ;^*' 

Greedy, t'en to'^^ ; — m ea^/V?^ 
t'en ky^uoh' J p^° ; dzaen-lao' 
^ 1^5 lao-zao'; irarzi^ wore 
than he can chew, " t^en to', 
ziah'-feh-se'» :t ^ Pg * ^ . 

Green, loh^; pil/-loh ^ ^\ 
bluiah — , shii' -loL yjC ^ ; pea 

— , kyiu'-ngd-seh M| ^° g, . 
greenish lemon color, mih-seli' 

Greet, to mong-mong' ||° g°; 
^eo-^eo' ^^', to icish peace , 
ts'ing-ei/ If ^; io congratulate, 
Wi/ g ^ ; 7 _ (you), kor.g- 

hyi' kong-i.yi' m m m S 

Grief, pe-s6ng' 4^f( ; great — , 
t^ong'-soiig ^J f( ; sorroii;, iu- 
meng' g f^^ 

Grievance, ti;row^, we'-ky^Uoh 
^>B°; <c7/ one's — , su-uu' =)f ^ 

Grieve 7we, cii'-s ngd tsen in-meng' 
It ffi??li'Sr^1;longMeh 
ngo sing' iiseu-ko' ^ ff'^jlj ,j;^> 

Grievous, ^eatv/, djong g ; af- 
fiictive, kvv^i ^ ; sevei'e, li-^se' 

Grim, p^O'-siang fg ^^ 



Grimace, <o make crooked mouth, 
tsoDg hwa-cu ^ li' Ig ; li-leh 
ng6'.tssiao^|ttf''a'''-®''^;li- 
ng6'.b6.t8^ siao' Italia -if^ 

Grin, to draw up the lips, showing 
the teeth, c^ih'-jing lu-ts' [fi jgg 
■^ (not necessarily laughing.) 

Grind, to mo ^ ; — to powder, 
mo-feng'- ^ ^ ; — in a mortar, 
nyin ^ ; ditto to powder, nyin- 
meh' fF 5^ 

Grind-stone, mo-tao'-zah |g 

! Gripes, du'-dziang kao'-long Jit 

Gristle, deng-kying' 1^" ^g^" ; 

ts*e'-kweh Jf »g^ (veng.) 
Grit, tite coarse part of meal, feng'- 

deo ^ BI ; s«^, s6-nyi' ^ ^ 
Gritty, containing sand, yiii so'- 

Groan, to u6-Uo -hyiang P^ ° ji^- ° 
^; — loudly, yiio-yiio'-si; groan- 
ing with pain, t^)ng'-teh Uo-iio'- 

Grocery, zab-ho'-tiu ^° ;K iS 
(where wax, alum, thread, ratan, 
dye-stuffs, (fee, are sold); nen- 

poh'z,-.h-ho'-dnfg4t^°KiS 

(where sugar, fruits, nuts, &c., 

are sold). 
Groin, kah'-kyiab-vong'^^ffll^ 
Groove, a ih-da zao' — f^" }f ° 
Grope, to moh-lae' moh-kyl' ^ 

^ ^ i *"; — m ^^ ^'/i;, en'- 

moh Hif *g 



GEO 



208 



GBU 



Gross, coarse and large^ ts^u-do' j 
?^^ ;;/c"; — ^^^ vulgar^ yiu- } 
ky'iang'-weh-diao' fgj gg \%m 5 ! 

— langvage, yiu- wo' Jgf fg" 5 ^''* 
?^e — ,or good and had together, \ 

Hn.deoUa.kyiah'5g|@^^iai;i 

— weight, lin-bi' jg jfj ; mao'- j 
kying-liang' ^ ^ ^ ; iwy m 
the — or large quantity, teng'- 
tong ma' ^^ ^° ; jmce when 
lought in the — , t^ong bui/ 
^ong-dzing' 5i # ^ IS 

Ground, di-yiang' J^ ; basis, keng- 

Ground-floor, di-paen' ^ jg 

Groundless, m-keng -kyiah M° 

a HI ; m-ing'-ts^ong ^''^^ 

Ground-nut, pea-nut, hwo-seng' 

Ground-rent, di tsu'-din y^ 

Group, de p|^; in a — , dzing-de' 
J^ W'^ ^'"' groups, de-tang'-de 

Grove, ling |^; ju-ling' ^ ;^; 

one tree cannot become a — {i. e. 
one alone cannot do the work of 
many), *' doh-mob/ feh-dzing'- 

ling" ^;t;*^# 
Grow, to do-ky'i'-te :^° jg ^ ; 

to muUiply, to-ky'i'-lae ^j|E^ ; 
hying'-ky^-lae ^ ]|E ^Jc; — kss 
(as a pencil by use, &c.), siao mo- 
long'-kyUltgfiiO; to- 
cold, dzin'-dziu lang'-ky'i-lse gf 
ftf fS"" te 3J5 ; — «n^o a Iiabit 



dzin'-dzin tso'-kwaen J|f j|lf ^ 
'H° 5 ^^ .9^^'^ ^^> sang-dzing' z- 
ka'-go ^°^ ^a° it^ t^»i.jun' 
z-ka'-go 3IJ ^ ^a° it° 
Growl, ^o wu-wu'-byiang 



Grown, /w// dziang-tsob'; tsoh ; 
tsiang-tsoh' ^J£ ; do-tsoh^ ^J^" 

& 

Grudge, to (as money), feb-so'- 
^^' ^ ^"^ ; a — , or to % 
wp a — , kyiae'-i ^ j^ ; doiit 
lag up a — against me, hao- 
vong' kyiae'-i u ngo ^°'^° -^ 

Gruel, meal bob-go feng'-wu ^ 
i^^'IS'lSi ; '-'^^ — ' bob-cob' 5f 
5f5 ; ing'-t^ong ^ '^j; make nee 
— , liu bob-cob'. 

Gruff in manner, ob'-cii-ngaBn- 

grvffiy, wu-long byiang-liang 

wae-los' kong'; to reprove gruffiy, 
beng-bo. 
Grum looking, lang'-lin-go }^°ji^ 
^°; lao'-psen-pjfin ^ K ^ ; 
very — , beng'-bwu-bwu ; — in 
face and answer, lang-min' lang- 
teb' ^^•'11^^°^ 

Grumble, to Un ^ ; — to one's 
self, zi gcWzi g^tg" g°; — 
at heaven and earth, un'-t'in 

*eng-di' gg ^ m a ; - ^'"^^ 
a discontented spirit, iin-wdng' 
kyu'-kyiao % \i %' ^ 






GRU 



209 



GUL 



Grunt, to ng-ng'-hyiang p^ p^ 
^; — as a pig, nyu-nyii'- 
hyiang f®" pg" # 

Guarantee, pao-p^iao' ^ ^ ; 
pledge, ti'-deo Jg 0g ; tong'- 
deo'g||;ah'-deoJ^°g| 

Guarantee, to pao j^ ; — suc- 
cess in a lawauit, pao'^ tai]g'- 
kwun-s 'Q JT 'g 3 

Guard, to pao'-wu ^ ^ 

Guard, to be on one's — , kying'- 

bong ii|?]5f;tso-gyi'-g^5°; 

kwu'.djoh||^° 
Guard, military pao'-wu-go ping' 

IS 8 4^°:^ 5 imperial hody — , 

z'-we \^ ^ 
Guardian, kae-kwun'-go nying 

pao'^-nying'gj^ A°; dse-vu'-meo 

Guess, ?o ts^ae ^ ; ts^se-ts^ae'-k^en 
^ ^ ^ ; <(? — the meaning, 
a i'-nyi ^°^ ^ ; ^o esi^^?^afe, 
kwu -^ ; — a riddle, ts^ae me- 
ts' ^ ^'^ -^ ; — wie's thoughts, 
liao sing-s' fi|. ^fj, Ig ; guessed 
rightly, ts^ae-djoh'-de ^ ^^ 
Y°,. ca/i'i — , ts^ie-feh-c^ih' Jf 

Guest, nying-k^ah' g^A"; to 
receive (meet) a — , we nying- 
k'ali' -g-. § A°; to entertain a 
— , be k'ah' Rg § ; ^o «cco;/i- 
/)a7iy a — , song k'ah -g § ; 
belonging to a — , k'ah'-pin-go 



§^ 



>N' 



7'oom or parlor, 



k^ah'-vong ^ ^. 

Guest in the veng-li is k* ah-nying ; 
therefore we transpose the characters 
wherever nying-k'ah occurs. 

Guide, liiig-ln'-go nying ^ jjj 

Guide, to ling ^ ; lead the imy, 
l'ngl"'Ml^;ying'-daoIu'§[ 
^ K ; to — the pen (for an- 
other), p6 pib' J£ 1^ 

Guild, pong ^ ; Fuh-Uen — , 
Kyin'-pong ^ ^ ; Caw^ow — , 
Kw6ng'-p6ng ^ ^ 

Guile, kjen-ts6' ^° f^ ; /wZ/ q/^ 
— ,jing'.zk«n-ts6'||°^ Jf'^ 

Guileless, dzih-kwab' |j|[ |,^; 

m tso'-sing ^° 1^ ^5 
Guilt, ze P ; ze'-ming ^ ^ ; 

^0 expiate — , ti ze' Jg |p ; ti'- 

siao ze' Jg 13 IP 
Guiltless, m ze' J|°P; m ze'- 

°^i"g »' IP « 
Guilty, yiu ze' ^ |g ; yiu' ze'- 

ming ^ P ^ ; — o/ death, 

yiu si'-ze ^ ^° P 
Guise, man in the — of a woman, 

nen-ts6ng'-ny ii'-paen ^ ^i^ ^^ 
Guitar, ybwr stringed — , bi-b6' 

^ If 5 ^^^'^^ stringed — , yin-ts' 

Gulf, ao JJ ; waen j^ 
Gull, sra kong-maen' ^^° gl** 
Gull, ^o rfecciye, ky'i-p^ii/ ^ i|g ; 

kwa'-p% Jg" SS 
Gulp cfou;?*, t'eng-loh'-kyU ;g: ^ 

i^to — vj), tv-cnhpi JiJ 



GUM 



210 



HAG 



Gum, jii-kao' ffi K°; — benjamin, 
en-sih'-hyiang ^ J^^ § 

Gums, ngo-nyUoh ^° ^° 

Gun, ts^iang ^ j nyiao'-ts'iang 
^ i^ (ih-kwun) -^ to fire a—, 
fong nyiao'-ts^iang Ji ft it 

Gun-boat, p^ao'-jun %^ ^ 

Gunner, ts^iang-siu' H ^; 
cannonier, p^ao'-siu '^ :^ 

Gun-powder, ho'-yiah >;^|g; ^o 
mix — , keh ho'-yiah y^ t)^'^ 

Gunshot, witUn kong-bu'-li ^ 
^ ^ ; heyond — , kong-bu'-iiga 
^ i$ ^h**? (these terms are 
principally used in archery). 

Gun-smith, cii-ts^iang-go (^*|| 
^^ ; a repairer of guns, siu- 
ts'iang' s-vi/ f^° It "S i^ 

Gurgling ?^o^■se, goh - loh - loh' 

I^yiang' m^Wmm-, -in 
the throat, hai'-ti-daeii zong' sing- 
hyiang'pg^pr^J:; g^ 

Gush, to — out, iiong'-c^ih g {ij ; 
piao-c'ih' }J ^j ; pao'-c^h ^ 
[fj ; tears — out, ngsen-li pao^- 
c'ih-lae g|« ® 'Ji- ffi ^ 

Gust, a — of wind, ih-zi fong' ; 
ih-dzing fong' -^ p^ J|j[^ 

Gusto, he told it with — , gyi-zi' 
kong-leh yiu rai-dao' ^ g °=|° 

Guts, dziang /J|; du'-dziang ^jg- 
GtjtteR for conveying water, shii'- 

liu:3}C*'r^;^ram, keo ^ 
Guttural som^?, ^eo-ing' pg| ^ 
Gypsum, zah-kao' ;5*' ^ 



H 

Habit, m ^/2e — of smoking, k^?en 
iao ky^uoh'-in g ° ^ P^° JS ; 
— becomes second nature, jih- 
kyiu' dzing t^in-sing' ^ % jj^ 
^ 'tt 5 jih-kvvaen' dzing z-jiin' 

Jrf^-a/j 7/p aw o/c?' — , tso'-kwaen- 
liaor.aenWM-'Tegfc; 
careless habits, wa yiang'-vaen 

Habitable, hao-dju'-go Jj {^ 
4*°5no^-,djii'.feh.l8eft^3$ 

Habitual, ^^ is — with him to do 
so, gyi sii'-djong z-ka' ts(/-fah 

kwiBn' z^ka ^ 'If "^ ^B°]It'' 
Habitation, dwelling house, djU- 

Hack, to cut irregularly (with a 
knife), Ion kah' ^ f i| ; ditto 
(with a knife, or a.xe), Ion tssen' 

Slff 

Hag, m yiang'-vgen-go lao-t^a-bo' 

Haggard, t'eh-ying' Jg; J^ 

Haggle, io — with sdzzors, tsin'- 

leh ky^Uih-tsing'-ky^iiih-c'ih' ^ 

fi^^i^ii^ Itl ; — with a knife, 

tS'ih'-leh maomao'-ts'ao-ts^io-^ 

leng-liang ko'-din f^ g fg** 
^"j — (about anything), leng'- 
kying kwu'-liang fST ^ <& ® 



HAI 



211 



HAL 



Hail, boh-ts' g° ^; to — , lob 
boh-ts' ^ g° -T' 

Hail, to call, eo PJj.*; call Itmdly^ 
eo-leh hyiang' Rlf* ^° ^; when 
hailing a stranger, say teacher^ 
sin-sang' ^ ^°; if elderly say 
o^r brother, ah-ko' fp} ^ ; or 
MTic/e, ah-song' fpj ^° ; if a 
mechanic, s-vu' ^ :^ 

Hair ore animals, mao ^ ; ore <Ae 
huTuan body, 'en-mao' ff ^ ; — 
on <Ae headj deo-fah' gj S 
fih-keng) 

Hair-brush, deo-fah' shib'-tsiu 

cilage), ming'-ts Jg^ (ih-kwun) 
Hair-breadth, not the difference 
of a — , 'ao-vu koh-yiang' ^ 
^ § ;^ ; s-^ao feh-te'o' ^ 
J ^ |g ; within a — {i. e. eye- 
brow hair) of being killed, ts^o- 
ih min-mao iao sah'-diao-de ^ 

- 1° € M ^ T 

Hairy (as a person), ng-'mao 

Hale, k^ong-gyin' ^ ; kyiah'- 
ky'ing-siu'-gyin g$ 6 ^ ^ ; 
sing-tsong' lih-gyin' ^^fj^ 
only used of young people. 

Half, pun ^ ; eocactly — , te'- 
pun f j- ip ; p%-pim'-pin ^^ 
5^; — an hour, pun' tin-cong 
^ IS ffl ; « ^^o/Zar arecf a — , 
ih - k\v V - pun — ^ ^ ; — 
brother, koh'-meo hyiiong-di' :§> 
^ Af^'^ ^^»s — » dong'-pun- 



pin J|° :^ ^; </2a« — , keh'- 

pun-pin]B5° ^ M'y— cooked, 
sang-hwe-boh-loh' ^** ^ }g 
^ ; pun'-sang-li-joh #: ^° ^ 
^ (also used for a lesson half 
learned) ; — do?ie, pun' teo-bao' 
^ fti JJ; — '^o'*, pun'-pin 
yuih.Iiang'i|>^^^,.ore — 
pai/ (soldiers), ky^uoh pun'-feng 
zin-liang' P£° ^^ ^ ^° )f|^ ; 
ditto (officials), ziu pun'-fong g 

Hall, central room, cong-kaen' tb 
^**; are entrance room, tsing'- 
c'ih-kaen jgjJiF^**; the piincipal 
room in a Chinese house, ddng- 
2^"' ^ bJ"; ancestral — , z-dong' 
f'sl ^ > — of assembly, kong-so' 
a ^,- we'-kwun # gf ; — 
of audience (emperor's), din ^ ; 
kying-loii'-din ^ g ^; — 
o/ eocamination (for kyii-nying), 
kong'-yun ;^ ^ ; ditto (for au- 
dzse), ts'ah'-yun ^ ^ ; k*ao'- 
bang ^ If °; — o/ learning, 
^oh-dong' ^° ^ 

Halloo there, 'e P^; to s^oM/, 
wae-wse eo-hyiang j^** ^^ IHj.** 



Hallow, to reverence, tseng- 
kying' dgl ^ ; sc« /"i cr;?ar^ as 
holy, tseng-ky^i gyi tso sing'-jiin- 

Halo over the head, deo-zong' 'ao- 
kwong' li±$ 3K ; — ofivis^ 
dom, we'-kwoiig ^^-j — around 



HAL 



212 



HAN 



the moon, yiiih-yiiing' ^ ^ 
Halt, to stop a ivJiile, dzaen-z' 

deng-loh'^flf f|°'^; halt! 

lih-loh' :5: -^! 
Halt, lame, kwa'-kyiah ^^^ Hi 
Halter for a horse, mo'-long-deo 

n m m 

Halve, to te'-feng-k^-e f jf ^ |3 
Halves, two Hang'- ko - sang' ; 

liang'-pun-pin' H| ^^ 
Ham (salted and dried), ho'-t^e 
iXM'i malted—, yint^e ^ 
jg; — in man, kyiah'-ao J|-|l 

it 

Hamlet, a ih-ts^eng' — %^ 

Hammer, l6ng-deo' |gp g^ ; iron, 
— , t%dju'|i||°; t^h'long- 
deo ^ % l^ (ih-kwun) ; — 
handle, long-deo' ping |gj} 5^ 

m 

Hammer, to — irm, tang t'ili' ^"j* 
^ ; — clothes, djii i-z6ng' JJ|° 
3^ ^°; — a nail, k^ao ting-cu' 

Hammock, Imnging cot, tiao'-z6ng 

'Br 

Hamstring, the tendon above the 
heel, (which the Chinese cut in 
lieu of the hamstring), kyiah'- 
kying 3J$ J5 ; ^eo'-ts^in-kying 
M'W^ 1 to cvt ditto, kyiah'- 
kyingf6ng'.dona|j^Si:i[ 

Hand, siu ^ (ih-tsah); both hands, 
liang-tsah siu || ^ ^ > s^ng 
fiiu' U ^ ; ^tve /im a — (t. e. 
help), vugyi'ih-p6' Sc S -- 



^£ ; to stretch forth the — , sing 
siu' 1^ ^ ; to shaJce the — , la 
siu' 1^°^: draw the — into the 
sleeve, soh siu' |g ^ ; geo siu'; 
to come to — , tsih tao' siu ^ 
^ij ^ ; to carry in both hands, 
p'ong |^°; to join both hands, 
^eh-cong' -^ ^ ; ditto in saluta- 
tion, kong siu' ^ ^ ; tJie right 
— , jing' siu Jl^ ^ ; jing-tsah' 
siu ; the left — , tsia' siu ff^ ; 
an experienced — , joh-siu' ^ 
^ ; a raw — , sang-siu' ^°^ 

Hand, to di jg ; — vp, di-zong' 
j^_t ; — to her chair, t6ng' gyi 
zong gyiao'jft°^J:S;- 
wer, kao-fu' ^° ff ; kao'-dre 
^° f^ ; — cToi^Ti (as tradition), 
djun-loh'-lse i$^^ 

Hand-basin (i. e. face-basin), 
min-dong' "g ;f|g ; min-beng' 

Hand-bell, ling fj- (ih-tsah) ; 

to ? % a — , ioh ling' J^° fg- ; 

yiao ling' ^ |^ 
Hand-breadtii, a ih siu'-mia 

kvv^eh' -- ^ B fel ' 
Hand-cuff, siu'-k'ao ^ j;§ (a 

pair, ih-fu) 
Handful, a ih-p6' — Jg ; ih 

mun'-siu — » J^ ^ 
Handiwork, siu'-don ^ |^ 
Handkerchief, kyUn-p'sen' ^ 

if^"; 6i7^' — (carried by Chinese 

women for ornament), siu'-p'ao 



y 



HAN 



213 



HAP 



Handle, straight ping :^; round- 
ed — or hale, gwaen |g° (ih- 
go) ; there are a few excep- 
tions thus, a tea-pot — (at the 
side) is either, dz6-wu' ping ^ 
g ^ or dzo-wu gwseii ^ ^ 
1^°; and a cup — is, pe-ts ping 

*r. ^ ffi ; ng'-to-bi 1:°^ i£ 

is used, but not properly. 
Handle, to long ^ ; to touch, 
moh ^ ; to take in the hand, do 
Ire siu-li ^° ;ffi° ^ >g. ; ^ rmve. 



dong 



must not 



m-nao 



long ^° Pj"° U ; m-nao^ dong 

Handsome (used of persons, pic- 
tures, ifec), me'-li ^ j^ ; ts^ing 
siu' j^ ^ ; F'^%, hao'-k^en Jj 
y^ ; very — woman, me' nyii 
^^ ; — (as dress, places, &c.), 
^v6-li'||jl;yin-li'fgl;- 
(as work), tsing-cU' ?f| |g ; — 
05 Sis (a beauty of antiquity), 
ziang Si-s ka me'-mao '^° W 

Handwriting, pih'-tsih |g J^J: ; 

z'-tsih ^ J|; 
Handy, ling-long' t^ih-tW ^ 

SI ill jS' 5 convenient, bin-tong' 

Hang, to tiao f^ ; — against (as 
against the wall), kwd ^ ; /icm^ 
(it) up, kw6'-kw6 hao' ^gf^J ; 
to — one's self, zong-tiao' J^^ j 
yiin-liang' ^ ^ ; — a person, 
tiao nying sah' ^ A" %°; — 



to £?>•?/ (properly, in the shade), 

Idng eg 
Hank, ih-kao' — ^°; ih-siao' — 
!§ ; — of silk, ih-kao s-sin' *— 

ih-siao-sin' ^ |f ^ 

Hanker, to — after, ts^ih'-sing- 
go siang' -^ ^jj* ^j^" /g ; sah'- 
k'eo siang'. 

Happen, when will it — ? kyi-z' 
yiu' ^ fli <||' ■? tvhen did it -— t 
]ge kyi-z'^5t°^H| ^ i^*^ ^op/im- 
ed 80,^ p'ong'-lae we'-su J^** ^' 
^"^ ; i(;/<€w walking I happen- 
ed to have water thrown upon my 
head, ng6 tseo'-go z-^eo yiu shii', 
teo'-deo tao'-loh-lae ^ :^ J| 

pened so once (to be bad), ngeo' 
ih-we ts' jg — @ ;5^ ; the7-e /lap- 
^•/lec? (chanced) to be, neo'-ts^eo 
yiu' jg" ^ ;§" ; happened to be 
right (or wrong) for once, ts'in 
tsiao gyi vong ^ |g -gp 3^ 
Happily, fortunately/, ying-hyi'- 
teh-, $ i^: %',^^r^-\eh! 

Happiness, foh'-ky*i f\^^] peace 
is — , bing-en' ziu z fob' 2ji ^ 

«t° ^ is 5 ^'«^ ^^'^ — ^^ ^^^^ 

(him), yiu ying' yii-djoh-de' ^ 

# S^^T") F^ ^"^^ ^''<^"^ "" > 
nghao'foh-kyUfi);°jf Jg ^ 

Happy, k'se-sing' g3 '6 5 y i " f«h'- 
ky'i W II ^ ; hao'-foh-ky^i ftf 
mM\ kwV-weh'l^'^fg;- 



HAP 



214 



HAR 



num, yiu foh'-ky'i-go nying' ^ 
is ^ -1^° A**; foh'-nying )jfg 
J\^° -jl am very — , ngo sing'- 
li kw^a'-loh-go ^ >5 S 'R° 
^ ^° ; ngo ting' k'se-sing' ^ 
llri >5 ; — /^«^^' »()-yin'-yuih- 
seh' f D H m e. 

Harass, to tsoh-nsen' f^ || ,• 
harassed, sing - vsen'-tsi-tsao >fj 
jgpf^Uf ;v3en-meng'jSfa^; 
greatly Imrassed, ng'-mo-loh-deo'- 
ciin 3L° ,i y^ BI « 

Harbor, k^eo p ; hss'-k^eo ^ 
P ; kong-k^eo' ^ P; ew«er the 
— , tsing kW JH P 

Harboring resentment, yiu iiu'- 
kyn dzeng^-tih # gg ^ ^ 
g^5un'-ky'ifeh-sWfB^^ 
^; — feelings of dislike, yiu 
'eng'-sing kyi'-tih ;|f '|t £> IS, 

Harbor-master, h'-jun-t^ing' 

mmm 

Hard, ngang ^j5°; cf?;^CM/^ naen 
in . -_ to (?o, naen-tso' ^ ^ ; 
— tt'crfer, sang-shii' ^° ^fc^ ; 
shu sing'-dao ngang' i^"" 'ft jg 
®°j ^99 foiled — as a stone^ 
dteii ts'-leh zah-ngang'-de ^^° 

weh' keh-tah ^'' fg ^ ^ ; 
£?«■«(? (heavy), djong'-deo sang- 
weh' g BI 4" fg ; s«"% — , 
yiiong kw'u'-kong dob-shii J^ 

'^^M'ti'-'^0 9<^i on ^th, 
(i.e. won't bear crossing), nsen 



ts«ah-ts'o H f^ >(^°; — ^0 say 
or believe, nsen-dao' ^ Jg 
Hard-hearted, ngang-sing'-go 
SI" >& i^"; sing-dziang-ngang' 

Harden, to become hard (as the 
heart, vegetables, &c.), pin- 
ngang' ^ ]5J|°; will — (as jelly, 
&c.), we-ngang' %^^°', to grow 
hard, ngang-ky'i'-lae Jg'' ]|B ^ 

Hardly enough, sao-we ts^d'-tin 
fS ^ ^ifi; I had— seated 
myself wJien he came, ngo wa tsih'- 
leh zo'-lohgyi' ziu l«'-de ^"jf " 

Hardship, siao'-kw^u >J> =g ; 
great — , naen-deo' |^ J^ ; to 
suffer — , ky^iioh siao'-kw^u ^° 
^I» S J suffer great — , ziu-nsen' 

Hardware, ironware, t'ih'- ho 
^ ^ ; iron utensils^ t^ih'-kyU 

Hardy, kying-kweh'-hao |55 ^ 
■^', firmly knit, tsah'-cu ^°^°\ 
can endure it, tsah'-cii kying'- 

leh k/i ^° wmw^ 

Hare-lip, ky«uih-cu' |fe R§ 

Hark! t'ing'-tong H ;g''jt''! 

Harlot, piao'-ts ^ -^^ ; gyi- 
nyii' iS A ; c^6ng-vu' Jg gf 
(c^ong or tb^oiig) 

Harm, to injure, *ae ^; long- 
song' ^ ^"'^ damage, song ^ j 
/ will not — you, ngo feh we' 
long-song' ng f^ ^ ^ ^ ^' 



HAR 



215 



HAT 



'^** ; no — , feh-dzae'-wu /p" 
||-^°;feh.ng^' *$|;feh. 
fong'-teh ^ 4S ^ 
Harmless, feh-^ae-nying'-go ^ 
S A" 1^"; feh-ngse'-go ^ ^ 

Harmonious, agreeing in feeling, 
'o-moh' %\^\ kong'-leh-lje ^° 
%° ^ ; dong-sing-^eh-i' |g ^jj 

Harmonize, Zo — difficulties, diao- 
V fjgfa ; longgy'i Vraoh' ^ 

Harmony oftJie Gospels, Foh'- 
ing ^eh-ts^aei/ fg # ^ ^ 

Harness io a carriage, tsong 
mo-te'd ^ ,g ^"j t^ao' ts^o-ts' 

Harp, seven stringed — , gying ^; 
to;?% the — , dsen gying' pp ^ 

Harrow, loh-din'-bo' ^ §& 
(ib-min) 

Harsh to tlie touch, ts^ao |g ; — 
votce, ngang-sing' iigang-ky*i' 
W" M W M'^ — treatimnt, 
d^nyingkW-liff A°^IJffi° 

Hartshorn, deer's horn, loL koh' 

UK 

Harvest, to siu kah' {j^gj ; ^^e 
A*»ne o/ — , siu-kah'-go z-^eo Jj^ 
®J ^^ Bt iSI 5 harvested not a 
grain, ts' lih vu siu' ^jg ||;|3^ 

Harvest, ?^e crops, nyin-dzing' 

Hash, ^o — nieat, nyiioh tssen-se' 



Hasp, meng-gying' p^ ^g° (ib-go) 
Haste, in — , kw^a ^', kw^a'- 
8ob ^ ^; 'ao-sao; whaVsyour 
— (flurry) ? ng ky'i sob'- go 
mong'-deo' fj);'' g «"Ji°1t 
Jg ? Twa/ce — , kw^a'-tin '^ 
gj ; sob'-tin jg ^f J ; do quickly, 
tso-leh kw^a' fj %"" 'ft^ M;^y 
are ;yow in such — ? dza-we ka' 

Hasten, <o — one^s self, zi ken'- 
kying g°4lg;— /'"«, tsV 
gyikw^a'ig^'K" 

Hasty, kyib g; ; ts^1() gg ; jore- 
cipitate, kyib-ts^ao' ^ iH ; — 
di^osition, sing'-kab kyib' ^|Qf 
^ ; — way of doing things, deo- 
gyib'-gob-lob' ; — tempered and 
severe, bao-ts*ao' ^ ^jj — and 
stubborn, ao-pib ^° ^ 

Hat, mao-ts' l||| -f (ib-ting); 
is^raw — , ts^ao' mao' j^Jj ; bu- 
mao' ^ l|l|; liang raao' ;;§( l||| ; 
fdt — , tsin raao' ^ ijll ; <o put 
on a — , ta mao' ^°lp3 ; to take 
off the — , tsob' mao-ts' (^"lH 
•^ ; mao'-ts tsob'-lob l|i| ^ ^° 

m 

Hatch, to — eggs, daen bo-c^ib' 

^ ^ tB ; ^^^^ (^y ^eaO» daen' 

bong-c^ib' S !)^ ffi 
Hatchet, fu'-deo ^ flg (ib- 

p6.) 
Hate, to u'-su ^; k'eb'-ts^eng; 

to detest, in-tseng' JK fg" 



HAT 



216 



HEA 



Hateful kVu'-go pj" ^ ^"5 
k^eh'-ts'eng-go. 

Hatred, to feel — , kyi ^eng-sing 
tB 1'^ >& ; <^zeng u'-su-go-sing' 
^ M 1^° >5 5 27/-z^7^, iiii'-ky'i 

Haughtiness is Iiard to endure, 

jing-ky^i' naen-tong' fl|^ H^ 

Haughty, to ^mt on — airs, pa 



; pa-p^iiig' 






Haul, to t'o ^ ; — a great net, 

t^a do mong' fg^ ^"^ ^^ 
Haunch of mutton, yiang t^e' 

Haunted heme, ing-oh^ |^ g 
Have, yiu ^-^ — you heard the 
news ? keh'-go sing-sih ng yiu 
t'ing'-meng-ko' ma jg" ^° Ig 

1. frw ^M'i© Ji?- 

yow any svgar 1 dong yiu' ma |^ 
W S° '• (I) — «ome, yiu ;=!'; — 
you been to Peking f Poh'-kying 
ng yiu tao'-ko ma jt >S fO*^** 

Havoc, to commit — among, tsao- 

Hawk, lao-ing' ^jg 

Hay or strait?, keii-ts'ao' ^g ]^ ; 

hay-stajck, ts^ao'-bong ^ ^ 
Hazard, danger, hyin ^; ngwe- 

hyi„' :t°^ 
Hazard, to mao-hyin' g ^ ; — 

one's life, p'un-ming' J^j^ ^ ; 

p^un-s6' singf-ming ^^^"ft ^ 
Hazardous, byin'-go 1^ ^J^"; 



hyin'-dao-dao |^ J^fe 3!^ ; hyii/- 
teng-teng |^^ ^ ; liyin'-ling- 

l"'g It 'II '!« 
Haze, yiiing-in' ^ ^ ; in-vu' 

He, gyi ^ ; — says, gyi wo' ^ 
fS ; it i^ — y z gyi' ^ ^ 

Head, deo BMi ^^ ^"^*^ ^^^^ — ' 
deo t'aiig-loh' |g g° -^ ; <o 
rm'i'e the — , deo-dse-ky^i' BM to 
jlE; feacfer, ling-deo' fi| BI ; 
deo-siu'; deo-nao' PM 81 » ^*^^' 
moh' 53 @ 5 ^^ knock — in 
worship, k^eh-deo' ^Hl ; — of 
a led, zong-deo' ^° B^ 

Head, or division, zeng-ts'' ^° 
7j(» ; ton Jg ; don |5 ; the first 
~,di-ih'-zeng|| — ^' 

Head, to — (as an expedition), 
we-deo' @ BM ; — a hoa^ to the 
north, jUn-deo' hyiang-poh' ^ 

Head-ache, deo'-t'ong BM 1^ 
Head-band, pao-deo' ^ BI 

(also a turban) 
Headlong way of doing, deo- 

gyih'- goh-lob ; acting without 

thought, mong'-c^ong -g ^ ; 

mong'-djong '|§ ^ 
Head-strong disposition, gyiang- 

deo'-gyuih-nao' Jg BI IS Bfa 5 

ang-sing ; cib'-sing ^^ f^ ; 

^eo-zi' sing'-kah^°iM4'ISr 
Head-wind, teo'-fong f J H, 
Head-workman, tsoh'-deo f^ 

Hi ; ziang'-deo |£° BM 



HEA 



217 



HEA 



Heal, <o i § ; i-hao' -g ^ ; 
— disease^ i-bing' ■§ ^ ; ditto, 
hy using sorcery, yiiong fah'-jih 

i-bing' nmm^^t 

Health, in good — , hao jf ; 
gyin ^ ; (as an elderly person) 
k'ong-gyin' J^ ^ ; ^o injure 
the—, song tsing-jiug \% jg 
jjjl^ ; restored to original — , voh- 
nyiin'de^^T^ 

Healthy constitution, ti'-ts tsah^- 
cii M^^^'Wy ti'-ts kyih'- 
jj^i U ■? $iW ; peng'-ling-bao' 
:$;M if 5 '^^^^^ song'-kw'a 
^ ^|l°; -_/oo^, ky'L'-seh-hao 

Heap, a ih-te' — ig; large— of 
earth, bricks, ^c, kao-ssen-te' ]g 

Heap, <o — up, te-tsih' ig ^ ; 
to pile in a — , diah-long' ih-te' 

Hear, to t'ing'-meng ® ^*'; 
t^ing^-kyin ^ ^ ; cannot — , 
t'ing'-feh-c^ih' -^ ^ jg ; - 
attentively, si'-t^ing ^ H ; liu- 
sing'-t'ing •§ ijj ^ ; distressing 
to — , t^ing -ts peh-jiDg' ^ ;J^ 
/j[> JS» • P^^icnd not to — , or pre. 
tend to be deaf and dumb, tsong'- 
long tsoh-6' mUi^ PS'; — 
suddenly, or the first time, p^h- 
deo t^ing-meng ^: ^'^ ^ fM""', 
how did he — "? gyi' dza t^ing'- 

meng.go^fi^.°||fer^°^ 
Hearing, hard of ng'-to moh' 



ll^a^r'-be 5"^"; (politely 
called), ng'-to feb-bin' J^° ^ 
^ in 5 pretending to be ditto, 
tsdng'-leh m'-neb t'ing'-meng 

^fr^^w'^i^Efrjt^^ngko' 

ng-16^ long g fg° 5° ^ a 

Hearken, to tsel/-leb ng-to t^ing^ 

ffijB^'^^Jsi'-r-kong-t^ing' 

Hearsay, fong-sing' JK,^; can't 
rely on mere — , fong-sing'-k^ao- 

feb-jib' m m a f/ K 

Hearse, (native) zse-byin' i^""^ 
Heart, sing ^^ ; to search one's 
— , dzo-tsW zi'-go sing' ^ 
g g ° ^o ^^ ; to gain a per- 
son's — , teb nying sing' ^ 
A° )& ; palpitation of the — , 
sing' blb-bib'-t^ao ^jj, fjC'f^ 1% • 
— is broken in pieces, sing^-li 
se'- sab-do >^. ;g ^ §^ Y'j 
heart-rending cries, kyiao-leb se'- 
se-dong' nW^^m 
Hearth, ho-lu teo' >AC M ^ 
Heartily, dzing-sing' ^ >jj ; 
with all the heart, djiin-fu' sing- 
dziang' ^ g|J >j;j ^ 
Heartless, m-sing'-go ^° >fj 

-^^ ; ii'ithout feeling, iTi-dzing' 

ffi-nyi' ^° IS *l° SI 

Hearty, cordial, nyih-sing-deo' 
|lfe° >^>i hM; — ^^s food), nse- 
kyi'gojt E ^°\fatand-^ 
(as a young person), tsab'-cong 

HSit 

Heat, nyih-ky'i' f|° ^ ; — o/ 



HEA 



218 



HEE 



the body, kyi'-sing'-go nyih-ky^i' 

#° m° -t° m M 

Heat, to — (as metals), tsih' nyih 
;^^°; — by the fire, hong-nyih' 
i^ l^*"; — (as food), nyih'-nyih 
m.f^°', long-nyih' ^ f£°; — 
inflame, ho daen'-daen ^ ^% ^%. 

Heathen, idolater, pa bu-sah' 
nying #° ^ ft A° ; pa ngeo'- 
ziang-go #'''(g1i^°; one out 
of the church, nga-kyiao' nying 
W SC K° \one hound by cus- 
tom, sbii'-dzoh zong' nying "JS^ 
J^ A"; unenlightened people, 
mong'-tong nying' ^ 'H°A° ; 

Heave, to — a sigh, t^aen ky'i' 
I||^; the breast heaves, hyiiong- 
kwun'-deo hyih'-kyi, hyih'-kyi 

i»-tih dong jg ir m Si ss 

Heaven, fAe expanse of — , t^in 
5f ; ky^uong-ts^ong' % ^', the 
place of liappiness, THn-dong' ^ 
^ ; T'in-zong' 5^ -t 5 to go to 
— ,T'in-d6ng'kyH5;^^°; re- 
turned to — (commonly said of 
one dead), kwe-tUn'-de ^ 5C 
^"j Heavens eye is near, " T4q 
ngaen gying"' ^ Sfi° •£ 

Heavenly, T^in'-li-go ^ 5g. 

^°; — J/ess, T'in-dong-go fob'- 

kyq ji^^^mm 

Heavy, djong J| ; — burden, 
djong' tgen ;g Jg ; ^oi^ — is it ? 
yiu to'-siao djong' ;g' ^ tp "^"i 
— haruk and feet (said of one 



who does things noisily, not 
gen tly ), d j ong'-siu-djong'-kyiah 

Heavily, to sleep — , kw^eng 
sah'-kao g° ^^ 

Hedge, p6 ^; li-p6' gj g; 
bamboo — , coh' po f} ^ ; a 
lamb caught in a — {i.e. in in- 
extricable difficulty), ta koh 
yiang' tsing p6-dong' ^° ft" ^ 

mnm 

Hedged, way — up, vu lu' k'o 
tseo' IS ^ RT ^; completely 
— in, djih lu'^zing % |?# g ; 
we-kw'eng'-sah-de g ^ ^ f** 
Hedge-hog, 'ao-cii' ^ ^ 
Heed, <o take care, kying'-jing g 
•ffi; kwu'-djoh m i°; siao'-sing 
>]>)& ; to hear aid believe, t^ing' 
sing ^ ^ do mt — him^ (as a 
child playing, &c.) vong kwun' 

gyi /|> IB" ^ S; ^'''^^<^' (as one 
reviling, &c.) hao-vong' ts^ae gyi' 

Heedless feh tdng-sing-go ^ 
^ >& "^"j bah-mong'-kwong 
& ffi tI^ 5 ~ ^^<^ (as holding 
a child in a dangerous place), 
m^n-to hyi'-deo fi^ ^' J^ 
Jg°; maen-to'-to. 

Heedlessly, yia'-long-saen-ts^in 
^^ ^ H ^; ^0 ^0 — , ts^ao'- 
ts^ao liao z' i^ [j^ T ^ 5 ^^^ 
z-ken' feh la i' li §^ !(: |^ ^ 

Heel o/ i/ie foot, kyiah ^eo-keng' 



HEI 



219 



llEN 



m ^ Jg ; — oftlie s/ioe, *a-'eo- 
tog'e°^]fg 

Heifer, siao ts'^-ngeo' i]>f^ ^* 
(ih-deo) 

Height, wktt is the — of that 
mountain^ keh' zo sseii yiu to- 
siao kao' a'^lIiW^^ iti '? 

Heir, of tJie same family nam,e, 
dzing-kyi'-go nyiiig ^^^° 
A°; tsih-dae'-go nying g f^J 
^** A°; owe ty/io inherits, ziu- 
ts^sen'-nyih-go nying g ^ H 

Heirless, no posteritt/, vu-*eo M 
^ ; <^ succession is broken, don- 
cong'-de §j @ "f °; djih-dae'-de 

m fe T°i djih-dz'-de ^ r^ 

Hell, di-nyUoh' Jj^ ^^', to fall 
into w go to — , lob di-nyiioh^ 
^ ift li ; ^^'^ si/#enw^s 0/ — , 
di-nyiioh'-li-go kw^a'-ts^u J| JU 

Helm, the Ao%t J <io^ng6 Sl^ff "; 
io to^^e </«e — , p6 do' JC fig > 
k^eh do'-ngo }§ f-g |f '; of/«o 
(if a small — ) p6 sao' }g f§ 

Helmsman, do'- kong ^ X » 

lao'-da ^ ;^ 
Help, «o p6ng-dzn' ^ gl ; pong- 
te'eng'«S§; vu-dzu'dftK; 
p6ng-vu' ^ ^ ; ^0 — one an- 
other, d6-k6'siaiig-p6ng';^°^** 
;{g ^ ; come ant? — me, lae pong' 
ngo ih-p6ng g$ ^ ?JS — S ; 
teng ng6' tso te'-siu ^*'|[^ffij f J 



^ ; / will — you into the booty 
ng6 tong' ng loh jun' ^ ^'f^;'* 
nF** JlS J — ^th money, ^c (in 
time of bereavement), tiao hao 
^ ^°; tiao-sSng' ^ j| ; there 
is no — for it, m-shih'-fah ^° 
^fi;m.fah'^7i;peh-teh'- 
yi ^T: ^ B ; wa'-feh-l^ ^° 
^ 3^ ; vu-k^o'-nae-^o |[S Pf ^ 
-(pjf ; cannot — doing it, feli-neng 
feh-teo ^ fg^iS; feh'-teh 
feh-W * # * M 
Helper, p6ng-siu' ^^ ; te'-siu 

Helpless, kyU'-dong-feh-lse ^ 
IS ^ ^ ; dong'-dsen-feh-Iae gj 
5i ^ 3}5 ; vu-lih'-neng-we' 4ffi 

Helter-skelter, lon-ts^ih'-pah- 
tsao' H^t AM ; to <^oiim in — , 
Ion tseo'-tsing-lae fL ^ p 3^ 

Helve, fa'-deo ping ^ M ^ 

Hem, <o nyiao bin' ^%^\ to turn 
down a — , iiih bin' j^° ||| 

Hemisphere, pun'-gyiu ^ j^ ; 
<Ae eastern — , tong pun'-gyiu 

Hemorrhage, hyiiih-tsing ^ 
3^ ; — from the womb, byiiih'- 

Pong JSL W 
Hemp, mo ^; dzi'-mo ^ Jg; 

hempen cloth, mo pu' J^ -^^ J — - 

/M;i"we, mo zing' Jg ff 
Hen, kyi-nyiang' fl:° ||%. — 

coop, kyi-long' ^|| ; — /-a^^/^ 

kyi-tsao' ^ ^ 



HEN 



220 



HIC 



Hence, fnym this time, yi-^eo' £]( 
^;ts'-WiJt^;clz-^eoH^; 
dzong-ts^' yi-W ;f8§ jft £Jl ^ ; 
three years — , s?en nyin' yi-^eo' 
H ^H ^ ; ts^-^eo saen nyin j^t 
^ H ^ ; ^^^^'"e/^?-^, Bo-yi' ^ 
i^ ; keh-lah ]K° 

Henceforth, or Hencefok- 
WARD, dzong-kying'-yi-'eo'^ ^ 

Her, gyi ^ ; ipos.) gyi-go^^° 
Herald, proclaimer, pao'-z-nying 

Herbs, ts'ao ^ ; medicinal — , 

yiah-ts^ao' ^ ]g 
Herd, ih-de' — ^; ih-dziao' — 

^''j Of — of cattle, ih-de ngeo 

Herdsman, k^en-ngeo'-go ^^^ 
>^'; k^en-yiaiig^go ^ ^ -^"j 
Jo?/ — , moh-dong' ^4 i 

Here, dong-deo Jl*'®'; ts*-di jlfc 
j^ ; ^0 Je — , Ise-tong' ;jj°; /^ave 
been — three years, lae ts^-di sssn 

^'w^ eV — , do tao dong-deo W 

ng6 Ise-tong' ^ ;g^°; — it is, 
dong-deo Ise-tong' 4^° ^" g° 

Hereafter, tsiang-lse' Jf ^ ; 
W-l^^^jW-deo^BI 

Hereditary nobility, shii-jih' 
1ft 11 ; ing^-kwun ^ 'g' ; — 
(as a trade or profession), shii'- 
djun-go ft H: ^h**; — (as pro- 
prty, or disease), zong-dee' yi-' 



loh-W-goJ:fi;^-.^^$>^'> 
Heresy, zia dao'-li ti>° 5S S ' 

yi-ton' ^ ^ 
Heretic, zia-kyiao' nying ^°j^ 

A°; yi-kyiao' nying ^ ^ 7^° 
Hermit, zo-mao-bong^-go :^'*^ 

^ ^''; — who sits in a confined 

place and is fed by others, zo- 

kw^n' ^° m 

Hero, ing-yUong' 5^ J|; 'ao-gyih' 

^m ; da-dziang'.fu ;^ ^ * ; 

s^nvd to be a — , tsang ing- 

yiiong'f^^^^ 
Heroine, nyii'-cong 'ao-gyih' ^ 

4* K iS 5 nyu'-cong dziang'-fu 

Hesitate, to — in deciding, yiu 
yu' peV kyuih © g| ;?» ^ ; — 
m speaking, ng-ng'-figa-iiga kong 

holding a walnut in the movih, 
ziang ^en wu-dao kdng' ka ^° 

^ ^ «E r 

Hesitating (in speaking), t^eng- 
t'eng-t^u-t'u :# # P£ Pi ; ih- 
kyii tsing ih-kyii c^ih^ — "pj ?8 

Hew, ^0 — ^rees, tssen jii' (J 
j^ . — stme, k'se zab-deo' g^ 
5°®? — ^''^^^ ^ ^''^^J J^ tsoh'- 
loh ;^ i)f ?l^ J J^ tsoh'-diao 

Hibernate, to iu-ko tong' ^ 

Hiccough, ^0 tang-eh' JJ J/g 5 
tang.ib'fl-Ig 



t>i4 



HID 



221 



HIN 



Hide, dz6ng-nyih' ^ g ; to — 
onis self, iu ^ ; — the head, 
dzong deo' ||{ 0^ ; — the face, 
tso min-k^ong' M"® ?L » "" 
sin, ts6-ii/ ze' jg° ^ p ; tso- 
kae' ze' 3!^°^ |p ; /«e is hidden, 
gyi' iu'-kaen. 

Hide, sHw, bi jJ; oa? — , ngeo-bi' 
^° &. ? ^^^ — candy, ngeo-bi' 

Hideous appeai-ance, siang'-mao 
ts«iu'-leo-peh-k«sen' ;fg l^f:! pj| 
^ :Sj P^oVo siang'-mao pJ"° 
tfi t9 ^ 5 — «oww^> seng'-ngd 
sah-nying'-go sing-hyiang'. 

High, kao "^ ', as — as heaven, 
ziang-t^in'ka-kao' ff ''^ ^''W 
^ J a — price invites the distant 
trader (to sell his goods), k6' 
kao tsiao yiin'-k^ah fg" jj JQ 
jg § ; — rank tsiah'-we kao 
W it'M; — officer, tsih-veng- 
do' ^ ^Vc'5 — *^'^^> mang- 

High-handed, p5'-dao ^ Jg; 

gyiang-wang'-p6-dao' Jg fg;'*^ 

Ji; po'-shU^^, 
High-minded (principles), p^ing'- 

kah kao pOp |gp ]« 
High-priest, tsi'-s-tsiang ^ -g 

g* ; tsi'-s-deo' ^ ^ gg 
High-spirited, ts' - hyiang-kao' 

ife iSj K ; ^ao'-ky^i ^^ (not 

equivalents.) 
High-water or tide, dziao-tsiang' 



tsoh-dejig Si JE T*; ^Ing- 
dziao' ^ j^ 
High-way, kwun-lu' 'g j^; do- 
lu' ^^"^ l^ ; kwua-ddng'-do-lu' 

Hill, a small — , ih-diao-ling' — 

j^ -^ ; a larger — , ih-zo-saen' 

— ^° [Ij ; clrnib tJve hills, bo- 

saen' wah-ling' ^ ^W %, 

Hillock, ling ^ (ib-diao); a 

grave — , veng-ling' jt^ [^ 
Hill-path, saen-lu' jlj ^^ 
Hill-side, ssen-pin' jj] ^ 
Hill-top, saen-ting-den' ^ ]K 
Hilly ground, sien-di' jlj ;^^ ; it 

is all — , tu' z ssen ^ ;§; Jj 
Hilt, pao'-kyin-ping' <g ^|] ;[^ 
Himself, zi g "; he — gave (it) 
to me, gyi-zi' peh'-ng6 dit g ° 

Bmj) feet, 'eo'-kyiah ^ JJJ 
Hinder, to lab-dju' }i°{i; Ifen- 
tsu' }i P£; tsu'-tong la Jg; 
tsu'-djii |5J3^ >f^ ; hindered by him, 
be' gyi lah-dju'-liao S^ g- }i" 
ft ~r w'^^^'^ ^ — ^ *o-f6ng'-ni 

Hindrance, fong-ngae' ^j ^f ; 
tsu'-kab PJ, 1^; tsu'-kah-sing 
Iffl K S » 'without — , vu-tsu' 
vu-ngae' ^« ffl ^"^ ^ ; ^ao'- 
vu tsu'-kab S |K |5£ 1^ 

Hindmost, meb-'eo' ^^ ; ting- 

Hinges, yiao-bi'; yiao-p^aen' g 
^ : to taX^e a door off the — , 
meng-t^eh'-loh f^ J^ ^ 



HIR 



222 



HOB 



Hip, do-t^e' J^°Mi— Jc^^i^ do- 
tVgao.kwu';^°|if^g°J5S:; 
tV-kweh kyiao-tsih' M#Si5 

Hire, to kwu ^ J ; tu rent, tsu ^ ; 
shii "^ ; — a hoat, t^ao-jiin' 

mm 

Hire, M?a^es, kong-din' X"* ^"j 
rmi, tsu'-din 13. ^*'j 5oai — , 
jun-din' IS ^° 

Hired, / have — a man, ngo ih- 
go nying^ kwu-hao'-tong-de ^ 

- ^"^ K II if T; ^^ 

— /or a /6«^i/t of time, dziang- 
kong' ;g X ; tang-dziang -go; 
one — for a sJiort time, ton'-korig 
^ X ; ts'eh-ton'-go. 

His, gyi'-go ^ ^*; that hook is 

— , keh'-peng shu' z gyi'-go 3^° 



*»^ S4 



y^° 



kyi-z'- go cii - kwu 



'^^ J^"; compiler of 
-go cii' -kwu ^ ^ 



Historian 
history, sill 

History, s ^ ; official records, 
k6ng-kcen' |i ||° ; — 0/ CAma 
(in several hundred vols.), Nyisen 
b'-s it ^ ; Natural — of 
China, Da-ts'ing' ih-t*ong'-ts ^ 
JS ~ $JE iS» ^9^^ and— (as 
of a house, &c.), lije-lih' ^ ^^ 

Hit, ^0 — against, bang-djoh' J^° 
^^ ; to — (as a mark), tang'- 

7/2(22/ — y(^u, k^ong'-p'o ciin-deo' 

kw-djoh ng jg. t6 nmw 

^"fO^^J — ^ to/-^ef, tang po'-ts 



^T I2« "? j ^^^0 ^^^^ <^^ arrow, 
zih-djohp6'-ts|t^''|a^ 

Hither, dong'-hyiang jj^lpj ; to 
run — and thitlver, peng'-lae- 
peng-kyH' ^ 5j$ ^ ^° 

Hitherto, hyiang'-las, |pj 5}c . 
ih'-hyiang — (pij ; dzong-lse' |jg 

Hive, J^e-^wS, fong-dong' ^ ^^ 

(ih-go) 
Hive, lees fong-ts' dao'-c^ih dong 

i*-?^ Hi ti;to— iA^to, 

fong-ts' siu-tsing' ^ •? J(S^ ^ 
Hoar-frost, song || 
Hoard, to — up money, k^ong' 

ngse' dong-din' g] ^^ |s| ^°; 

k^ong si' doiig-din' g ^° :^ 

Hoarse, s5 wu'-long «g |ig|°pf| ; 

so — unable to speak, wu-long 

Hoary hair, deo-fah bah'-de 5g 

mixed, hwo-bah' ^ |^°; — /^at?- 
edman, bah-deo-ong' ^"^M. S 
Hoax, to — a person, coh ih-go 
moh-sao' peh nying pe' 3^ — 
•1"°/fC«{§''A°^; heiva, 
hoaxed, gyi pc'inoh-sao'-de jj 

^ * tS T°; gyi pe-ba'-ii'ai 

Hobble, ^ kwa-kyi' kwa-kyi'tseo 

Hobby, /^< is his — , keh z gyi 
p'in-ae'.ts-sing Jf^^g S fl ^ 



f, 



HOD 



223 



HOL 



Hod, a iiiasons bamboo — , t^i'-kyi 
-{• ^ (ih-tsah) ; coal — , me- 
Vxn' dong ^^ ^ If 

Hoe, z-deo' Jg |g (ih-p6) ; to cut 
vjeeds with a — , siah ts^ao' '{|)J 

HoCx, nyi-cu' ^ ^t; loild — , 

yia' cU |f ° ^g (ih-tsah) 
Hoist, «o ts*6-z6ng' Jlt° Jt ; '<^ — 

— a sail, ts^o bong' Jlt°^ ; bah 

Hold, jfo — in the Jiand, do ^°; 
nyiah ^ ; — it tight, do-leh lao 
#°l#°^; — «^ 5ii7/, dii.g-ding' 
go do'-tong #:"S'i?; ^^ong'- 
feh-doiig do'-tong ^" ^'^ ^** 
5f/° J!|°; — m io^/i hands, p'ong 
^ ; — m tJie arm^, bao |g ; — 
(or dutch) him fast, c6 gyi lao' 51^° 
^^; let go out 8 — , fong sin' JJ 
:^ ; — loosely, kw^un siu' nyiah'- 
tih %^i^^^ ; song siu' nyiah'- 
tibfl ^t|64; — ai>m, k'6 
pih Jg°|g; — on the arm, gyiao- 
tih J§ ^^ ; — wwcZer <Ae arm, 
gah'-tih f^° ^^ ; gyih'-tih D^° 
^-^ ; — on to something, p^u' 
J5 ; cant — up (no strength), 
(s^ang'-feh-dju }f #, ft ; — 
?/p the hand, siu di-ky^i' ^ ||; 
j|£ ; — OM^ the hand, sing siu' 
-f^ ^ ; — one in suspense, long'- 
leh gyi tiao'-dang ^° ^ ^° 
^°'^°; — "* ^^^^ nmuth, ^ea' lae 



rfress, i-z6ng ky*ih-taen'-ky4 ^ 
^° ^ j|B ; ^^oi(; ?«^^c7i im<<?r will 
(it) — ? hao tsi to-siao' shii' jf 

Hold, sA?ys — , jiiiZ-h'-go ho'- 
ts^ong^^g^h'KSt 

Hole, dong-ngaen' }gj ||°; dong' 
}|p| (ih-go) ; — • in a wall, ziang 
dong' :^ }|p) ; to dig a — in 
the ground, gyiiih ih-go den' ^ 

Holiday, daij free from labor, 

fong-ko'nyih-ts'JJ-jg'B"-?; 
day free from study, fong-^oh' 

nyih-ts' Ji i^° H" ^ ; ^''^^ 
many holidays have you f ng fdng' 
kyi nyili' k6' f^ JSl" ^ H° 

Holiness, sing'-jun teh'-ky'i g 

Hollow, k^)ng g; k'ong-kW- 
go S ^ ^''j k«ong-sing' g 
>{5»; a — place, den ^; ao 
JJ ; zao 'J§°; t^en-tsing'-go di- 

fong Dn° 3l i-*' jt * ; - ^'« 

a?? z«/fc 6to7ie, nyin-ngo den' ;g§,° 
S° if ; nyin-ngo zao' l^ %° 
\W'i — of the ftand, siu-sing-den' 

? >& \% 

Hollow, to — out, leo c^ih' ^'* 

{fj ; — slightly, seo or siu ^J** 
Holly-hoc K ziang'-vi-hw6 g 

Holy, sing || ; sing'-jUn |g ^ ; 
— Bible, Sing'-shii ^ g: ; — 
/^Jin7, Sing'-Ling J| H j Me 



HOM 



224 



HON 



— Place, Siiig'-s6 g ^^ the 

— of Holies, Ts'- sing-so ^ 
|g fJH ; God is — , Jing-ming' 
z sing'-jun-go %^ ^^ ^ M 

Home, oh'-li ^°g ; oh'.l6;k6- 
byiaiig' ^°^P ; own — , zi oh'- 

familiar with (because native to), 
ne ko' gyiin-deo' ^ ^° ^ |3' 
peng'-tsoh-ho' :^ i^ M 

Homeless, m-oh-go ^° g >i^°; 
m-neh deng-sing'-ts-c^U' J^°^° 
JS # i: jS; the— who find 
shelter anywhere, (as beggars, 
thieves, &c.) deng liang-ding'-go 
ft"^S° #^ i^"; kw^engfi-leo'-go 
K°M'ti^°5t^o miao-kobV- 

Homely, wof pretty, nsen-k^en'- 
go HJ ^°; wa-k'en'-go ^*' 
^ >(^° ; sang-leh wa-k^en' ^° 
W^Mi ^^'2/ — , tsW-leo 

Home-made, k6-tsob^-go ^° f^ 
-^"j home-woven, peng'-kyi ;$; 

Home-sickness, kyi' - teh ko- 
byiang'-bingg/^P^ 

Hone, mo-tao'-zab JJ 5" 
(ih-kw'e) 

Honest, vpright and straight for- 
ward, dzing-jih' |^ Jf ; ih'-z-ih' 

— man, weh-ih'-nying J|J — 
A° ; teng-W-nying |5:J[gA''; 



cong-^eo'-nying ^ JJ A**; ^eo'- 
dao-nying Jf! Jl A°; — and 
often simple, lao'-jih ^^ ', — 
(won't steal), siu'-kyiah-weng'- 
djong ^ BP 111: ; —m ^ra6?e, 
lao'-siao-vu-ky^i' ^ >h % ^ 
Honestly, (peak jih-we'-k6ng ^ 
^ 11° ; kong lao'-jih w6' If 

^ M BP 
Honey, mih-dong' ^ H ; honeyed 
fimit, mih-tsin'-ko ^^^'^ 
— poison {i.e. what seems good, 
bat injures), tnih-tsin'-p4-s6ng' 

Honey-comb, mih-fong'-k'o' ^- 

Honey-suckle, kying - nying'- 
hw6 ^Wt^ 

Hong, '6ng J^ ; foi-eign — , 
yiang-^ong' -J^ J^ (ih-baen) 

Honor, to respect, k^en'-djong ^ 
g;; kying'-djong f^ J; ; tseng- 
djong^ §: S; kwe'-djong ;(; 
•^ ; t'e-tseng' }|i^ ; — parents, 
kying'-djong vu'-meo ^ S ^ 
•g: ; hyiao'-jing tia-nyiang' ^ 

rents, tsang-do'-nying'-go ky^i' 
^°:;C°A°-i^°^;tsang-fong 
ngao-ky^i' -gi ^ J ?/om — yw€, 
ng'-peh ngo t^i'-min fj;" ^ ^ 
fiffi; ng'-peh ngo lin^zong yiu 

kwong-tsvfr fr.^E± 

Honor, esteem it an — , son' z 
yuong-kwdng' M^^%^ 



HON 



225 



HOR 



Honorable, dziah-djong-go gg" 

^ ■^'^ ; woi^thy of honor, kae- 
\ tong' kying'- djong-go ^ ^ 

i^ fi! ^' 5 ^^^ **' ^^'^^ — 
name f tseng-sing' § ^ "? kwe- 

si°g' ift ^ *? ^'^"^^ ^-^ ^^w^ — 
cmntiy ? kwe-koh' ;(; g ? w/iat 
is your — occupation ? ng-soh'- 

gokwe.^6ng'fi);°3°ii°*&? 
Hood (worn by men), fong-teo' 

Jil,^ ; — (worn by old women), 

kwun-ing'-teo ^ §^ (ih-ting) 
Hoof, di-ts' {jf ^ (ih-tsah) 
Hook, keo-ts' |^ ^ (ih-tsah) 
Hook, to keo |^ ; — up, keo- 

ky^i'Jse it| jg ^ 
Hooked nose, ing-cU' bih-deo' jg 

Hoop, ky^iu ^°; ^w5— , dong'- 

Hoop, to tang-ky^iu ff ^° 
Hooping-cough, lu'-z-k'eh ^ 

M m 

Hop on one foot, doh-kyiah'-t'iao' 

mmm 

Hope, to siang'-vong jg H ; — 
he will prosper, ts'-vong gyi 
hying-wong' Jg H ^ K H£; 
— in vain, du-jUn' sia'ng'-vong 

Hope, siang'-deo /g |g ; vong^- 
deo Hip ; ^^^ — J m-siang'-deo 
M" Si El ; i^i^re is — , yiu-s6- 
v6ng'-go ^ PTf M^'^i ^^^e 
great — (of him or it) , da-yiu' 
s6-v6ng' i; W ^ §1 ; «o — 0/ 



the man, nying djih - v6ng'-de 
A'lg ^f"', no -•of news, 
sing'-sih djih-vong -de fg J, ^ 
^ "y** ; heyond ones hopes, hyi'- 

c'ih-vong-w^' ^S Hi g ^h; 

foolish baseless — , c'U-sing' 
vdng'-siang ^ ,g, g ^g 
Hopeful, promising, yiu ts'-vong 

W Jb H ; ^^ «-5 v^ — » gyi 

vong-deo' Ise-leh ts^ih' ^ ^ SH 

Hopeless, m siang'-v6ng go ^° 
jg ii ^°; sing sah'-de >i> ^^ 
~J*°; — disease, and hence awy 
<^2W;(7 — , si'-tsing ^^ j£ 

Hopes, /^s — are excited, gyi 
siang'-vong bo-ky^i'-tih-de ^ 

deo' dong'-de ^ H iS ft 
"y °; ea:aVg one's — , ying'-dong 
nying'-go siang^vong 5| jj 

Horizon, the sensible — , t'in-pin' 

Horizontal, wang ^°; ow a 

level, bing ^ 
Horn, koh ^° (ih-tsah); iz^o 

^orws, liang-tsah koh' fS ft ;ft °; 

— /o7- blowing, so'-na ; s/ioe — , 

'a-liu'l^Ii^'^(ih-go). 
Horned, yiu-koh'-go ^^ ^^ ^"j 

hornless, m-koh'-go ||&° ft**^" 
Horny sJdn on the hands, siu'-bi 

ky^i-kyin'-de:^ jfe fe M** T 
Horrible, iao hah'-sah nying' go 



HOR 



226 



HOT 



Horrid, p*6-p^6 vf'' ffl ; — - to 
look cut (i. €. distresses one), se'- 
8e-dong.go ,&°±°;P''«°; 
se'-ky'i-siang. 

Horrified, sing-hyii'- dah-tsin' 
i& ffi 1^° SI5 mo-tseh'-tseh-go. 

Horse, mo ^ (ih-p4h) ; a sivift 
or express — , ts^in-li'-mo ^ ^ 
J^ to mount a — , z6ng-m6 jj^ 
Jl| ; to dismount from a — , loh 
mo' ^ ,B| ; to ride a — , gyi mo'- 
|g ,ij ; a saw ~ , moh-mo' /fC 
J^; clothes-^, l-W ^ |S^°; 
toireZ — , siu'-kying-ko'^ Ifj^lc*' 

Horse-back, on Ise m6'-z6ng ^° 

Horse-hair (from the tail), m6^- 

"li Ml M° (ili-keng) 
Horse-race, do-pW-mo' J^°l^ 

Horse-shoe, t'ih'-ts'ao-^a ^^ 

3i'';m6^di-t^ao,gK*;- 
0/ sz7yer, nyiiu-pao' ^ ^ (ih- 

tsah) 
Horse-whip, mo' pin-ts J^f^-? 

(ih-go) 
Hose, mah |^ (ih-s6ng) ; M>a<er 

7??joe, shii'-kwim 7jiC° ^ (ih-diao) 
Hospitable, se-k^ah'-go ^ ^ 

-^° ; hwnn-hyi' liu nying-k^ab^ 

Hospitably, to entertain — , dae 
k»ah ing-gying' f # § Jg 1 ; 
ts-nying' dae-k'ah hao' j^ ^°ff 

Hospital, i-gyUol/ ^^ (ih-go) 



Host, or Hostess, tong-dao'-cu 

m m ± ; tsih-k^ah'-go ^ § 

-^°; landlord^ or /2ea^ 0/, if/ie 
Aowse, cii'-nyiiig-ko' ^ A**^"; 
tong-ko' ]^^; ^/^e Heavenly — , 
T'in-pmg'-TMn-tsiang' %:^^ 
7^ ; anmj, ping-mo' -E ,|| ; the 
whole — , djiin-kyuing' ^ ^ ; 
the — in the Caihotic church, 
sing'-t'i g H 
Hostage, /^/ec^^e, tong-deo' '^ 
1^ ; ah'-deo Jf ° BM 5 ^tain him 
as a — , liu' gyi tso tong'-deo @ 

Hostile, kyih-dziuMiao-go J^^ 
*y; the twojMTties are — , liang'- 

^6 tso un-ko' my i&^m" 

Hostility, to provoke — , tsiao 
till' fg ^ ; in a state of — , kyih- 
un-dziu'-go^^^^j-" 
Hostler, mo'-l'u ^ ^ (ih-go) 
Hot, ting nyik'Hd^"; —{Hi. 
warmer than warm), pi nyih' 
wanyih'!^" J:°;&n''ife°; — 
as fire, ho'-nyih ij^ |^° ; sun 
pounng down like fire, nyih-deo' 
ziang ho' ka p^eh'-loh lae Q "Ig 

in" 'X m' m m°i- (^ 

weather, or fever), ho'-siao-ho- 
1^1^' ^ SI >A:^;- (boiling) 
wate?^, kweng' shii /^ y^C; boil- 
ing — , fah' kweng ^j^; dah- 
dah' kweng ^ §■ ^ ; veiy — 
SU71, nyih-deo' dah-dah' kweng. 
— tempered, ho-ky^i' do >/S^ ^ 
^\ sing'-kah ziang ho' ka ^ 






HOT 



227 



HOW 



tt ^ in >^°; mao-ts^io' ho' 

s»°g ^ 3? ^ M 

Hotel, k'ah'-nyu g ^ ; k«ab'- 
dzffin % ^g ; mn, '6-c^u' ^ ^ 

Hour, ih tii/-cong — Sf ^; ^^'^ 
Chinese — , pui/ z-zing' ^ flS 
^° ; half an ^- , pui/ tin-cong 
^ Si ® 5 " <??/«r/e7- o/^fm — , 
ih k^eh' — JlJ ; aw — anc? a 
luilf, ih tin pill/ — JjJ i|2 ; an 

— a^o, ih tin'-cong zin-deo' ^- 
Sl!f S U" Si ; an -- Jience, 
deng' ih tii/-cong ^°— SiS If; 
derig sjei/ djii vaen' z ^° ^ 

Hour-glass, so-W ^ jg (ih- 

go) 
Hour-hand, ts'-z tsing ^ g^p 

§j-; the short hand, ton' tsing 

^ If (ih-me) 
Hourly, me' ih tin-cong ^ — 

House, oh g ; v6ng-ts' ^ ^ ; 
oh'-16 ; (ih-tsing, ih- t'eo) ; our 

— is ha^l, ahMah oh'-16 wa' ^° 
ff3 "M""? °^ °4f °5 houses joined 
together, lin-p^ing' keh'-djii'-go 

Wty — > or mansion f fu'-zong 
^ ± 1 tseng-fu' dg: jjj ? kwe' 
fu ;;^ jjlj ? in reply say, our hum- 
ble — , shae'-kyin ^ f^ ; s6'- 
kyin ; so-^o' -^^ f ; s6'-pin 

ping-ts^ang' gf: |^ (ih-go) 
House-breaker u'/jo forces 



doors, gyiao-mcng'-go zch' Jg" 

through the wall, ts'ah-dong'-go 

zeh' SS 11" •1^'' IK'' 

Household, persons of the — , 

ohMi-gonying'^«Jg>i-''A''; 
(ah-lah oh'-li-nying, without the 
particle go, is my tuifc) ; tfm 
wholes, <o-k6' ft ^°; 'eh-ko' 
^ ^°; evm/ -^ , veng-veng' 
nying.k6'^«^A*'^'';a'.kd 
a'.wu^''^°^«^; ko-ko' 
wu-wu ^"^"Jf^ j5 ; — goodSf 

ko-ho'-jih-veh' ^° :g ft ii 

House-rent, v6ng tsu'-din ^ 

ffla*';oh^tsu-din'Mmi^°; 
vong din' ^ ^° 

Hovel, mve? na-nyi' oh J[Jg g ; 
simif? — , ts'ao' oh ;^ ^ ; oh 
ziang p^o'-yiao ka' g ^ g[ ^ 

Hovering aJowY, don-don'-kyHiu- 
k/unlae-tihfi'BHillilSS 

How, ?/i tvhat manner f dza-go' ^° 
#°? or >g** >^''? —Tnany? 
kyi'-go ^ ^° ^ </jV^o (or — 
mwh) f to-siao' ^ >J? ? — can I 
hiow ? ngo' dza hyiao'-teh ni 

fJig"^ UBS ?-/<«• » 

i7 (from one to the other) ? 
li-yun' to-siao' lu' H ^ ^ 
>J^ ^ *? ditto, from here there f 
dzong d6ng'-deo tao keh'-deo 
dza kwiin yun' |jg Jf** g** f ij 

8B° S" .^>° «° it ^ - ^ony 
have you been here f ng' hts-lcli' 



HOW 



228 



HUM 



to-siao' kong^-fu f^,° ^ T° 5 
^ 1 1^"? — long (by measure)? 
dza kwundziang'^.«;p°a^ 
— are you 1 ng hao' feh fj;° jf 
g°? bao'yia jji^:''? — oM 
are ^OM? ng to-siao' nyin'-kyi 
14*/^ ^^ iE ? (politely) ditto ? 
kwe'-kang ;B! j^ ? ditto (to an 
old person) 1 kao-ziu' ^ ^ '^ 
ng da ziu' to-siao' f4^° :^ ^ ^ 
tj^ ? ditto (to a child), kyi sbU' 
M 1^°- '^^^^^^ (^ ^ yoking wo- 
man) *? ng to-siao' ts^ing-c^ng' 

However, although it he so, se- 

tsih' z-ka' m wr iD^jt*' 

Howl, when dogs — it is a had 
sign, keo' IsB-tih k'oh' z peh- 
kyih'-ts ziao' m^^T^'S 

Hubbub, wlmt is all this — ? soh' 
z-ken', ka nao-nyih' -bang-sang' 

M' w ta' ^° m° m" 

Huddle, to — together', iiong'-tsi- 
long' i% ^ }i ; tsi-taen'-long 
^ tl; *^'^ huddled, a'-tsi zo' ^° 

Huff, in a — of anger, ho'-ky^i 

dzib c^ong' i^M,'^^ (c'ong 

or ts'ong). 
Huffy (from vanity), iao ^ang' 

piao-gying' g fi^** J^ Ij 
Hug, to o-long^ fg" Jf ; o-t?en'- 

long. 
Huge, do-leb c<ih-gyi' j^^l^'ffi 

•^ ; unusually large, fi-dzong' do 



Hull, the outer — of rice, lohg- 
k^ong' ^1^\the inner — , si'- 
k^6ng ^ II ; </^e — 0/ a sUp, 
jun-sing' j^ ^ 

Hull, io to^ o^ the outer — of 
paddy, long kob'^^ ; ditto the 
inner — , sdng mi' ^ tK ; ts'ah- 
mi' g tI^ ; to take offhoth hulls 
(usually by a buflfallo-mill), nyin 

kob' m. ^ 

Humiliate, to — hy taunts, siah- 

Humming (of insects)^ 'ong-^ong'- 
hyianggUIUli 

Human, nying'-go A**^"; — 
hody, sing-t^i'^^ ; — relations, 
jing-leng' A IJS 5 ^^^ *'^ ^^^ 
length of — life? jing-seng' dzas 
shii' neng yiu kyi nyin' A ^ 

;ffi li fig W m ^ ^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

— affections, ts*ih daing' ^ ^^ 

(veng.) 
Humane, sing-dz'-go i5 M ^* 
Humble, ky'in-hyU' g| ^g (baa 

often a sense of false humility) ; 

ky^in-seng' pH^ ; ti-sing'-siao-i 

i& )& >J> M ; ^*^* ^^ — o/'^'w^o". 

tsiao ngo' nyu kyin' Jg ^ ,^ 
^ ; 0/ — onV/iw, c'ih'-sing-ti'tB 
J^ U ; m^ — surname, bi-sing' 

M ^; (I) 2/^'- - (stupid) 

JroZ^er, nyu-di' ^ ^ 
Humble, io — hy placing in a 
lower position, p'ing'-kyih kong'- 



HUM 



229 



HUR 



pe-vi' @ ** ^ ^; <o ^^■^w^ c?ow», 
ah'-cu 11° fj 
Humbly, ti-sing'-siao-i'-go 'JJjJJ 

Humility, ti-sing-siao-i' ^ ^jj 
*J> ^j ky^in-hyu-go-sing H 
S ^° >& ; ky^in-seng'-go-sing 

Humor, w ^oocf — , hwun-hwun'- 
hyi-hyi # ®: S § ; m 5acZ 
— , lae-tili-fah sing'-kah J£° ;j5*' 
^mj; <o pw,^ him in good — , 
peh gyi hwun-hyi' f^"^ fj g 
Hump, camefs do-fong' gg |1^ 
Hump-backed, do-pe'-go gg =^ 

Hundred, ih-pah' — "g °; a —- 
thousand^ ih-pah'-ts'iii —•'g"^; 
jih-vsen' + ^ ; a — stiokes^ a 
— hits (i. e. sure to hit right), 
pah'-fah pah'-cong 'g''^"g° 
l|f (cong or tsong) 

Hunger, having du-kyi' JJ^ U ; 
du-pih' ^ ^ ; cfywt^ m;jVA — , 
kw<a-ngo-sah'-de K^gS^'T"; 
to long/ovy hyiiib'-sing siang' ^ 

Hunt, to — - a/^er a thing, ts'-si- 
'^'ing' ffSaft*'; ditto, Jor a long 
time, zing'-leh k^o-lir/ 5°|§°g* 
^] — it up (as in a book), dzo- 
gyi-djoh' ^^^°;to^u;ild 
amnalsj taug-liab' ff Jg 



Hunter, liah-wu' |g ^ j tang- 

liab'-go iJ Ji ^i-" 
Hurl, to — at, k^ang'-ko-ky^i ^ 

®4°;ang'-ko-k/ill°ig4** 
Hurricane, fong-shu' ^ ijjc"; 
fong-pao' M, ^ ; ^0 blow a — , 
tso-fong-sbu' fj{ Jg -JC" ; tang- 
pao' iJ H 
Hurried, and flurried, hw6ng- 
mong' "^ ff; ; hwong-bwong'- 
tsiang-tsiaiig' '[g »^ 51 Si 5 — 
in work, mong-mong' -lob-lob ^t 

It a ?l^ 
Hurriedly, kyib'-raong ^ ft ; 

l^-lob'.feh-gyi' K° ^ * S° 
Hurry, in a — , Ise-feh-gyi ^ ^ 

2^° ; nc(?c? not he in a — , bao- 

vong' ka Ise-feb-gyi' /fl° ^° 

ixTik:' 1^ %-&:'. do not^, 

feb-iao'-mong' ^ ^ ft 
Hurt, or wound, song fg 
Hurt, to bruise, song fg ; long- 
t^ong' ^ -^ ; long-song' ^fg ; 
<o injure, ^ae' || ; s6ng-W \% 
H • — iy a cw^, k'eb'-song ^^ 
^ ; — ^ a /a//, tib'-song ^ 
^ ; — ^5/ a ^/ot«;, tang'-song ^ 
g ; 167*// not — you, feb-wo ^aj' 
ng' ^#^{4^°; to -—one's self, 
zi-^ae'-zi @° § g**; ^^'^ care 
an(f not — him, kwu'-djoh long 

gyi tW)!*" If »•«!'« 

— my feelings, gyi song' ngo'- 
godzing^fS^^h'-B 

Hurtful, yiu-^ae'-go ^ § ^° ; 
wo-W-go ® S ^^ 



HUS 



230 



ICE 



Husband, nen-nyUing' ^ ^° ; 
tong-ko'-nying •g ^' A° 5 
dziang'-fu ^ ^ ; lao'-kong ^ 
^ (disrespectful) ; in what busi- 
ness is your — ? ng'-go nen' tso 
soh'-gosang-i'fJ*.«>h°^°^''fii 

tdiig-ko'-nying '^« >fpf ^ ^^ 
A°; gyi'-lah-go ah-tia' gj° 
^^i^^pnfS (*"■ «• the children's 
father) ; hubbamTs father, kong- 

kong' a a; y«'-yia Jf ° «°; 

husbands motJier, nyiang'-nyiang 
^ ^ ; husband's elder brother^ 
ah-paiig' fjij fjg "; husba?ids young- 
er brother, ah-song' f^ j^°5 ah- 
pang's wife, al-m! fpj JjJ°; ah- 
song'swife, ah-sing' ppj^ ; hus- 
land's older sister, kwu-m6' ^ 
•Q:°; husband's younger sister, siao' 
kwu >J^ ijSf ; father's sisters — 
a7id husband's sister's — , kwu- 
dziang' jj -^ • elder sister* s — , 
tsi'-fu y^ ^ ; younger sisters 
— , me-fu' ^ ^ • mother's sis- 
ter's — , and wife's sister^s — , 
yi-dziang' ^^ ^ 
Husband, should — your strength, 
yin' lih, feh k'o yiiong dzing' 

lih iao tsiang-yiaiig' {i);° ^° ^ 

Husbandman, cong'-diu-nying 

mm A' 

Hush, to — (as a child's crying, or 
an afiair), en gyi'-go cU'-pd pi' 



S Prr S ^ B ; - 0" the 

imperative), m-nao' hyiang ^^ 
pj °^ ; — up piivately, s-^d kae 

ming-hah'fi;T°^°6«" 
Husk of paddy, long-k'ong' ^ 

fi ; — of corn, loh-koh' bi f i 

Hut, siao' oh )]> g (ih-kcen) ; 
straw — , ts^ao' oh ]§^ ; ts^ao' 

Hymn, tsaen'-me-s ^ H |# (ih- 

siu) 
Hypocrite, k6-hao-nying' fg* 

if A°; veh-k'eo'-dzO-sing' ^ 

n m >& 

Hysterics, d^en-mi', sing-ky^iao' 
^ 2^ *& S' (^^^^ suddenly 
gone on a frolic, (&c.). 



I> ng^ S ; — inyself, ngo-zi' ^ 
@ °j it is^, z ngo ^ fg ; 

— your inferior, vaen-pe' §J J|; 

— ^owr /;M/)^7, (in addressing a 
superior), vsen'-sang }^^\ditto 
(in addressing one's teacher), 
meng-sang' P^ ^°; meng-jiug' 
P^ A j — you^' humble brotJier, 
nyii-di' ^, ^ ; — your humble 
sister, nyU-me' ^. ^ 

Ice, ping 7jC ; a piece of — , ih- 
kw^e-ping' — J| 7X; cold as — , 
ziaug-ping' ka lang'fg7X^°^'&'' 

Ice-cream, ping-p^oh'-ting (the 
English word pudding is trans- 
ferred) 



ICE 



231 



IGN 



Ice-house, ping-ts'iang' 7JC j^ 
Ice-jelly, ping-zil/-hvv6 (native) 

Ichthyology, se'-dzoh-go ^oh- 

veng' 7^ mm°!^ 
Icicle, ding-dong' yiC ^° (ili- 

keng) 
Idea, i'-s ^ ^g, ; according to my 

— , tsiao-ngo -go i'-s JB fg ^j^" 

Identical, the — person, nyiin- 
gyiu z Lch-go-iiying ig ^ :g 
JJ*'>Jv«^*>. tj^Q — 2^lf^<^^i dzing'- 
junzkeh-tei/{)5^;3gjft°Jt° 

Idiom, kyii'-fah ^ f^; lin-p'ing- 
go kyu-fab' ji Ji >h° ^ a 

Idiot, m-ling'-sing-go M* g »l!i 

'1^'';deo-si'-nying|iHft°A°; 
ngse-ts' ^ ^- ; do'-veh-ling'- 
sing (iu reproach). 

Idle, woi vidustrious, feh-gying'- 
^>li 3fe W :* ; ^^y, ia^a'-do 11 
^; /o/i(/ of being — , yiu-siu' 
b^w-'ceu' iS ^ il m° 

Idle, ^0 — aM;«?/ time, kong-fu' 

k^ong'-ko X :fe ^ ii ; ^« - 

w^e/i not watched, t'eo - laea' 

Idler, k^ong-deo-nying' ^ ^I 
A"; k'oiig'-'oeii-nying gg []| 
A°;dang-k'ah'g^ 

Idol, image, ngeo'-ziang ^ ^ ; 
bii-sah' ^ H; eWo^.v 0/ clwj, and 
wood, nyi-su'-moh-tiao' ]^ ^ 

IdoL-PUOCESSION, we^-^ ; tofoim 



or /iaye aw — , nying-we' 

^ang-we' fj° "f 
Idolater, pa - ngeo'- ziang - go 

#' ffi ^ ^"; pa-bu-sah-go 

nying^°^|i>h''A" 
Idolatry, pa-bu-sah'-go z-t^i' 

If, ziah-z' g ^ ; t'eo'- p^o • 
t^ong'-jun \^ ^; t'6:.g'-ziah 
f^g;kyu6'-s<g ^; ju-ko' 
^ ^; — not so, feo'-t;-'cb ^ 
|lj ; — not, ziah-feh-z' g' ^, 
^ ; — ^^ be so, l^ong'-jiiri z-ka' 
fiS ^iD^ilt*'; «s — » hao'-ziang 

Ignite, to set on fire, ying-dziah' 
51 J^ ; tinMeb-dziab' fj ^« 
J^ ; fah-ho' fJ^/iC? ^''*^* ignited^ 
bo'-saiig-dzicib'-de i^ ^M T" 

Ignoble (in birth, or station), zia 
l°;pe-zin'^l°;^6'-zinT«' 
1°; ti-vi' iE ii ; of -^ birth, 
cW-sing zin'-go ^^W^" i 
— actions, 'o'-tsoh 'ang-we' f 

Ignominious, disgiaceful, tao- 

me'-gofUj^^-^h' 
Ignominy, consigned to — 10,000 

ijears, yi ts a' \Sdn nylii' jg ^° 

Ignoramus, bah-du'-bi &** JJfc 
Jg ; ts'ao'-pao ]^ Q ; owe t^Ao 
/ios nevei' tasted ink, ifl'-neh 
ky^uoh-moh-shu' ko ^^ |jg° § 
^^l^" ; a pretender to Icnowledge, 
c^ongdzce'-'OD!jnyiDg' Jg ^ JJ 



IGN 



232 



1MB 



A"; ko'-tsoh ts^ong'-ming fg 

lGNOllANT,no< knowing, feh hyiao'- 
teh-go^^^^°; fehming^ 
bah-go % 0^ g°^"'; --of 
rules of propriety, ^c, feh-sib 
sbu'-vii^ l^%: ^; — {i.e. 
stupid) people, nyii pab'-sing (|^ 
-g^^piyuming' ^ |5 

Ignore, ^o — one's own words, zib- 

III, sick, yiu bing' ^^j§ ; lightly 
~, feb song'-kw^a^ |^ 'K'^; 
feb sbib'-i |6ig°^; na3n.ko' || 
i^; mM5^ ?zoi{ Mw^ — of, (or take 
ill), feb k^o kyin kwa' ^, pj" £ 
i^°; — arranged, pa' feb-bao 
f^°^SJ j — ^o«m, keo-ts^ia' 
teb'-djob-go WSL%m°^''''> 

— natured, tiao-ciin'-deo-go ^ 
^°®-^°;k^n-ka'lli°)ili:°;- 
m;?//, du'-bing JJtjl^*; un gg; Ut/- 
ky4 ^^; treat me — , dse ngo 
wa' f$fic§°; c?««o (if a guest), 
dse ngo bob' f# Jg JJ 

Illegal, vaen-fab'-go ^U ^ >j^°; 

we-li', vsen-fab'-go ^ ^ ^fi f^ 

^° 
Illegible, dob-feb-lob'-ky'i ^ 

Illegitimate trade, vaen'-kying- 
go sang-i' 3E « -t" ^'^ S ; 

— birth, t^eo sang' f^ ^° 
Illiberal, ky^i'-Iiang «ab-tsab' 

5§a5K°^; d"'-liaiig tsal/ 



Illimitable, m ^'Bn'-cu M |Jg° 
fij; m-piii'-m-ngen' M^^ ^° 

Illiterate, feb sib'-z ^, |g ^ 

Illness, bing ^; se?;ere — , djong' 

bing '^ ^^ ; recovered from — , 

bing bao'-de ^ ij T" ; ^i^g' 

djun-yii'-de '^ ^ ;i T° 

IlluM] :>taTE, to tsiao'-leb ming- 

li'-^^s' MS° 0.^^; i^^^'^^s' 

tsiao'-djc.!i 36 Ig^ ^^ 
Illustrate, ^o — % example, 
yiiong pi'-yii, kOng' ming-bab' 

tures, yii >ng du-wo' peb nying 

Illustrious, ming'-sing do' g 

ky^i kao' (* ^ iS 
Image, ziang ^ ; ngeo'-ziang jg 
f^ ; smaZ/ — (generally a toy). 

Imagine, to i'-siang tS M 5 -" 
(as sometbing incorrect, or fan- 
tastic), du'-djun f^ g| ; dn'- 
dzao ;{;'l; jg ; — something false, 
zia-bo'-ky4. 

Imagination, the power of — , 
ts^eb'-doh-ts-dzaB' f||l] ^ jJ: :f 5 
it is all his own — , zi kyin' yiu 

tyu 1:° I, W j&° 

ImbeCxL", ngae ^ ; — /?w« age, 
lao'-mob-Iong'-c^ong ^ iS° g| 
^^ (c^ong or ts-ong), 
Imbecile, n. ngje-raob'-deo ^ 



1MB 



233 



IMM 



Imbedded, buiied in, u'-ts6ng-tih; 

— in mud, na-nyi-li u'-ts6ng-tih 
M°S W^ °; ^nk, ^^n-tsing'- 

Imbitter, to long^-lcb kw*a'-go 
if ^^ ^ ^^ ; ^^ '^^^tters my 
life, ngo bing-seng' ky'iioh gyi'- 

gokwVj^qi^pAjOjt^^^g 

Imitate, <o — (a person), k'en'- 
yiang' ^«h-yiang' J^ ;i ^ "fe^ ; 
k^en-nying' ^oh-yiaiu^' ^ A° 
©° ^; — O'^s V ork), tsiao' 
yiang tso' jg ^ jjj^ ; — o^/^ers, 
nying k^en' nying yiang' A° ^ 

Imitative, wc ^oh yiang'^g" ^° 

Immaterial, vu' ying-t'i' go Jffi 
^ti^°;m'ymg-tsih'go^'° 
J^ 8J» "1^° ; — ^0 wie, u ngo' vu 

Immature, m'-neh do-tsoh' ^° 
W:;^*'J£5 m'-neh tsiang'-dzing 

Immeasurable, liang-feh-Iae^go 
life ^ ^"; m-^^en'-go ^- 

Immediately, ziu }2i°; ih'-z-li 
-S«;tsiii'.k^ebBU'^iJ;iih- 

k'eh' :i glj ; mo'-zong ^ ± 
IMMEMORIAL, from time — , dzong- 

kwu'-yi-lae ^ t Kl '^ 
Immense, very large, ting'-do' ]5 

:^°; doMeh-kying ':k°WM'> 

— quwitity, to'-feh-ko', yi-to' 

^ 115° X° ^ 



Immerse, to — in ivcUer, tsing' lac 

Immersion, baptism by — , tsing'- 

Imminent, near, ling-gylng' gg 
jIJ; ew — danger, ngwe' dzce imn' 
zi^ )a ffi fl. 5^ ; ngwe-hyin' 

ling-gying-de'ja^Ea^T; 

(more intense) ngwe kyih'-de ^ 
Immoderate, t'eh' ko-veng' j^C 

Immodest, feh-p*6-siu' 56 tfi ^ ; 
feh-kwuMin-c^u' ® IS ^ 55 ; 
— picture, c^ing kong' § ^ 
(ih-foh) 

Immolate, to sacrifce animals, 
yiiong sang-k'eo' tso tsi'-li flj 
tl° n iJ ^ 11 ; — « ^wn, in 
vengeance, dziu -nying' s,ah'-ts tsi' 

Immoral, inconsistent with recti- 
tude, feh-ton'-tsing |6 Jg IE J 
feh-tsing'-kying ^ jE jg 

Immortal, ve'- si-go ;fi° '§'° 
^°4^°; iiong'-vveh-go j^ Jg 
>j^**; — (in the Buddhist sense) 
dziang-seng'-peh-lao ^ ^ /f» 

Immortalize, ^o liu-fong'-pah- 

Shu' « 3^1° -fit 
Immovable, -dong'-feh-Ias'-go gj 

^H^-t^yi'-f^^h-dong'-go^ 

Immured in a piison, kwsen' Ia3 
lao-kajnMi ij ffi" ip S' ® ; 



IMM 



234 



IMP 



— in a convent J loh ing'-siu-yiin- 

li ^ 1 1 K m 

Immutable, Uong' feh-keng-kse^- 
go :a<^ Jg Ei: i^"; kae'-pin-feh- 
l*'-go gfc » * ^ ^° 

Impair, to wje-diao' j^ ~f °: — the 
Jiealth {i. e. body), wje-diao' sing- 
t^i' ^ "f Jj' ^; io(Z?7?/ enei-gies 
still unimpaired^ tsing-jing' wa 

feh sse' '^ %^ W % M'-> 
impaired fortune, ts^seiZ-nyih 
ky'uih'-Iong'-ky'i'-de m i|j° 

it 7° 

Impart, to — instruction, kao'- 
hyiiing j^° JJ ; willing to — to 
others, k^eng' j)eli nying-ko' ^^ 
W K M '•> to—tJie secret (of 
making), djun pi'-kyuih j^liJf^ 

Impartial, m-p'in-slng' ^° {§ 

>&; just, kong-dao' ^ j^ ; 
kong-bing' ^ 2p ; — 7«a/i , 
piiig'-kong vu-s'-go nying ^ ^ 

Impartially, bing-yUing'^p^ ; 
ti-eat m/m — , kong-dao' dse 

"yingSmf#A° 
Impassable, tseo'-feh-ko'-ky'i^ 

Impatient, feh-nse'-va^n ^ jjg 
a;feh-jiV-nse f, ,^, jg 

ImPiIACH /i/m, fong' gyi-g» shii' 
jK^ ^ '^^ 7]^"; — are inferior 
in ojjke, ts^aei/-tseo' ^ ^ 

Impeachment, written tseoUsong 

Impede, to gah-tang'j impeded {hy 



many things, as baskets, &c.), 
t^o-t^oUs^i-ts^i ft ^ ^°^° 
Impediment, gab-tang'; ohsti-uc- 
timi, fong-ngse' j(J 5| ; an — in 
his speech, kong shib'^vvo bun'- 

zih-ket,g.go m'mmw^ 

Impending evil, or tfO(?, ^o'-se Ian 
deo-zong' IS S ^° BI ± ; 
^o'-tsiang ling-deo' Ig )|| f^ ^g 

Impenetrable, tsiug'-feh-ljfi ^ 

^ 3^ j — ^ ^^'^ ^!/^ (^^^^ used 
figuratively), k'en-feh-t^eo' J 

* ji 

Impenitent, feb-zing' hwe'-kae- 
go^#1S-B4:i^''; obdurate, t^ih'- 
tang sing-dziang' |f Jj ^jj j^ 

Imperative, pib' ky^iao-leb (or 
ky'iab-leb) *JJ ^g"; vu pib'-ts 

Imperceptible io i/^c e?/e, k^en'- 
feb-c^ih-go g t, ffi i-''; - 
to the touch, mob'-feb-c'ib'-go ^ 

Imperfect, not perfect, feb-djiin' 
^ ^ ; dzaen-ky^uib'-go ^ ^ 
\ faulty, yiu mao-bing' ^"^ 



>^^ 



jg ; deficient, 
\ ; feb wun'- 



a^-t; 



^ ; t'e-psen' $ 
yiu ky^iiib' ^ 
djiin ^ ^ ^ 
Imperial, w6ng-ti'-go 

— (immediate)/amz'/y, wong-ko'^ 
^^°'i — family or tnhe, tsong- 
sbib' ^^ ; — commn^ids, zong- 
yu' ±^; sing'-tsgg'; w6ng. 
ming' a ^ ; — proclamalion, 



IMP 



2,35 



IMP 



w6ng-p6ng' 4 f^ > "" fff^^^^i 
z-we' f^ ^ ; — palace, w6ng- 
kong' ^ ^ ; — censor, kyin'- 
te^ah nyu'-s g ^ ffll ^ 
Imperious, c^ih'-k*eo-do - yiang' 
ffl n :^°ff ; c'ih' yinpeh 

seng' ffi •= ;?; jg 

Impertinent, not knowing what 
is proper, feh sib' siang-t'i' ^ 

li jffi^ti ; ^^ ^^'"^'^^ /'^^ ^^'^'^^ 

s^vu gyi>dae./ ^M ,g 'If; 
thrusting on^s self into conversa- 
tion when not wanted, iao ts^ah- 
^^'-^0^^^%^"',^ fellow 
(i. e. monkey), to-cu' web-seng' 

Imperturbable in mind, sing 
t^ih'-ding ^& ^ ^ ; —face, 
rain-k^ong' t%'-psen ®?Li(S 

Impervious to ivater, sbii seng'- 
feb-tsing ^°f£>^5| ; ve'-heng- 
sbu^°'t7>i:>°*°;feb-ky^uoh'. 
sbu ^ pg*' ;f:°; — to air, feh- 
t^ong-ky^i'-go ^, 5i ^ ^° 

Impetuous, as ?Ae wo^^ rushing 

into flaim, ziang deo-ho'-ts^ong- 

ing'ka^^iA:l^HS;-^or- 

rew«, sbii kyib' ;]<° ^ 
Impious, miao-z Jing-ming'-go ^ 

m iii* BJ i"' 
Implacable, seng-s'-feb-'o' ^l** 

Implant /oye in the heart, jing- 
se'-go keng-deo' cong Ise sing li'- 
hyiang t^i-^a^I®;^' 



Implements, ko-sang^; ky^'-ming 
S M; — of all kinds, siu'- 
yiiong-ko-sang' ^'^ ffi" a°#° 

Implicated, lin-liao'-go Jg ~f 
^°; c^Un'-t^ong-Iiao-go $ JJ 

Implicit, ifo place — confidence in, 
ky^uob'-jib siang^ing' MM ^ 
fg ; to give — oledience, pah'-i- 
pab'.jing-go^-g^m 

Implore, to gyiu-k'eng' ^ ^^ 

Implied, kwaen'-djob-tib || ^° 
^^ **; conimned within, pao-tsing'- 
tib ^ j| 6r; 'eu'-tili ^ 6f ; 
ko'-tsing-tib g j§ 0^°; hidden, 
k^mgUib [g] 6^° 

Impolite, m-l/-ky'i ^° jg ^^ 
m-kwe'-kyu ^'^ ^ ^g 

Import, meaning, ka'-shih ^°^ ; 
i's' ^ S 

Import t^w^tes, tsing'-k^eo se' jg 
P ^; imported goods, tsiug'- 
k^eo bo' 3g p :K 

Import, ^o — goods, bo' tsdng- 
tsing'-lae K 1^ jg ^ 

Important, iao'-kying ^ |? ; 
weighty, djongg; not — , in-iao'- 
teb-kying |^ ^ M ' — ^^'^- 
inne, do-daii'-dao-li ;^*'|^ j(^3^ 

Importunate, t^ao'-ko-yi-t^ao'|jf 
i§ 51° 14" ; »ao'-z6ng-k6-iao' g 

Importunately, sab'-k^eo L*ao 
^°*°W;ts'ih'.singgyi,ajI 
>&°^5 — and persist, n' I ij,, a'- 
uvi-bi'-tbU tW, 



IMP 



236 



IMP 



Impose, to — a custmm* tax, k^se 
ih-'6ngse' |3~;g^;_(as 
a burden), djong'-t^oh gfg ; he 
is imposing on you, lae-tib hong 
iig zong gyi'-go tong' jE^ffi'^Pit 

Impossible to do, tso'-feh-lse ^ 
^^jlong'.feh-lss^ ^^; 
quite — , tsing-tsing' tso'-feh Ise 

=R*fii *i^; -to find CI 
seat, 2o'-we ih-ng«n' tu zing^-feh- 

Impostor, ko'-nying fg^A^J one 
who assumes a false name, mao- 
ming-go cu'-kwu g g ^°A°; 
one i<;/iO Jy deception runs off 
tvith a child, o?' property, kwa'-ts 
^^^ ^ ; aw — , ziang kwa'-ts 

Impotent, weak, nytin'-ziah |^ 
SI ; ni-Uh ^'-^ ; — tao-yiang' 
■ffl^ ; — from excess, tsing'-lih- 
Lao'-zing '^ ^J 1^ m^ 

Impracticable, tso'-feh-]je ^ 

Imprecate, to tsiu'-mo Pg ^ 
Imprecations, mouth full of— , 

bah-k^eo' tsiu'-cu }^° n ^8 PI ; 

oh'-k^eo tsiu'-cu ^ P Pft (Ifl 
Impregnable, tang'-feh-tsing' 

Impregnated, to become — (as 
animals), zia tsing' § J^ ; — 
effffs, ko-shii'-liao-go daen' jg ^ 
~r^*'S; taiig-shii'-Iiao-godaen' 



into, as in water, ky^'-nii-jih-ko' 

^ Ofe° A M ; — «^'«^^ s«^<5 yiu 

^aen'-kyU jih-tsing' ^ g^^ '^ 

Am 

Impress of a hand, sin' -go ying- 
tsib'^^h'^l^jsiuMng^EP 

Impress, to engrave on the heart, 
k^eb'lae8ingMi^J^%5Jg;to 
— a messenger, k^o tsVs' ig** 
^ ; ^0 — carriers, k^d fu-ts' JJ° 

Impressed, io ie — on the mind, 
ts^ih'-ts^ih-dzse-sing' ^^^i(^\ 
he — me favorably tlie first time, 
ts'a we'-djoh gyi, ngd cong'-i 

Impression, tJie first — in print- 
ing, ts*u ing' ^ Pp ; cf bad — , 
ing'-lehmo-wu' PP ©° fl fj ; 
take an — of a vnHting on stone, 
k^ao pe' ^ ^ 

Imprint, to ing f p ; tang-ing' Jj* 

En 

Imprison, loh' lao-kaen'-Ii ^ ^ 
g**jg; kwsenMeh krenMi g| 
ffi^l^'S ; ky^ih'-loh lao-k»n- 

Improbable, vi-pih' ^ ^; nsen 
yiu' m ^ ; cannot be believed, 
feh' tsoh sing' ^ JE ^ ; nsen 
siang'-sing |i ft ^ 

Improper, noi suitable, feh tsoh- 
hying * f^ a ; fi so nyi' |p 
^ ^ ; — (as to make noise in. 
prayers, or walk in with muddy 
feet), va3n gyi' ^|i ,gl 



IMP 



237 



INA 



Impropriety, where is the — ? 
yiu'^ofeh kV ^fi-fnj;?;" pT? 

Improve, to tsing-ib' 5§ ^ ; to 
grow better, hao'-kyM-ke J^ jg 
^ ; — </«e opportumty, ts^ing- 
kyi-we' ^ ti # J ~ <^«s op- 
portuniti/, ts^ing' ts^ kyi'-we ^° 
jft JJL # ; — ^^^^ ?^'«^> ae'-sih 
kwong-ing' ^^^m 

Improved m Zoo^, min-seh' hao'- 
ju zln^eo' 1® e. ij ^n 15° 

Improvident, feh-liu-zin' c^u-W 
*§ m°M^l the --are 
always poor, soii'-kyi feh-tao^ 
ih-si^gyiiong' % tt° ^ ill — 

Imprudent, feh-kwu' zin'eo' ^ 
^ "SJ* ^ ; ■" ^'^"^^^ regard to 
health, feh-pao'-yiang ^ f^ ^ 

Impudent, m-gyi-dsen' ^° ^g* 
t^; -(in reply), ing.cu''|ilg 

Impugn, to — omh motives, k'eh'- 

Impulse, to give Mm an — , ts V 
dong' gyi-go bying'-deo fg gj 
^^°MBM; dzti' gyi-go hying' 
gf/it >^° ^; ^i«o (like giving 
a push), yiu-ts-wu' t^-ih-pd jg 

— 5 gyi'-go tsoh'-we hyUih-ky'i' 
B-jUn' 3t i-° f^ ® Jfil « ffi 

Impunity, luith (without detec- 
tion), feb-p*o-en ^ "^ ^'^ to 
steal with — , tso-zeh' feh-p^o'- 
en iS M**^ it S ; cor* cZo with 



— ', because free from accustomed 
restraints, " T'in kao' w6ng-ti 

yai'"' ^ ig a f& S 

Impure, unclean, feh - ken-zing^ 

}P;feh-ts'ing-kyih' ^j^gg; 

— f7i02^^^<s,nyisen-deo' feh kjrih'- 
zing ;tl BI ^ g^ ^; sing-zia' 
*& 315°; — W'«^fr, shii' dzoh' 

Impute, to ascnbe to, kwe-peh' 
^ )^** j — to us, son'-tao ah'- 
lah raing-^6' % fij ^° ^"^ 

«T° 

In, lae;^^''; dzae'-li ;^ Jg| ; u :fi^ ; 
^e IS — China, gyi' Ise Cong-koh' 
S'0E°4' B» — ^^^ room, vong'- 
li ^ /j^ ; — my hand, lae-ngo' 
siu'-li ;jgE° fie ^ B; come — , 
tseo'-tsing-l3e' ^ Jg ^ ; ^o — , 
t8eoUsing-ky4' ^ ,§ -^ ° ; «o; 

— man, feh dzse'-U nying' ^ 

ffi JK A°; — ^^*^^ manner, z-ka' 

yiang'-shihin'^jlt^tl^;- 
orc/er, arts^'-ju ^P^^ ; i-ts'^jii 

fi^ * ^ ; tsiao-ts«'-ju ^^ ?JC 
^ ; — orc/er to know, s'-teli hao 
hyiao'.teh^^JfK©;vu. 
fi' iao hyiao'-teh J| # g ^ 
^ J small — cotnparison with 
tliat, pi'-gyi-siao' Jfc ^ |J% 
Inaccessible, tseo'- feh -tao'-go 

* * fij i'" 

Inaccurate, has mistakes, yiu- 
ts^o' ^* ^g"; yiu-dzaen ; — cAur- 
acters, ago z' fij; ^ 



IJTA 



238 



INC 



Inactive, ngse ^; ngse-teng'- 
teng :§^^^; ngae-teh'-poh-loh; 
ngae-o'ing'-c^iiig ^ S. & 

Inadequate, feh-tsoh' ^ J£ 

Inadmissible, cannot be received, 
ziu'-feh-lse § ^ ^ ; cannot he 
listened to, t^ing'-feh-lae |g ^ 
^ ; cannot be allowed, iiig-hyii'- 
feh-lae Jg It * * 

Inadvertently, feh-lae'-kwn ^ 

^ Ig ; ih'-feh-W-kwu — ^ 

^s II 
Inanimate, feh-weh-dong' ^}g 

K ; ngse ^ 
Inapplicable, 'eh-feh-W ^^ 
^ ; sometimes applicable, some- 
times — , yiu 'eh'-go di'-fong, 
yiii' feh-^eh'-go di^-foiior /f^ ^^ 

Inapproachable, gying-leh- 

long-go 5£ % ill >h° 
Inappropriate, feh-siang'-nyi 

feh-te' ^ ij- 

Inarticulate sounds, sing-ing' 
feh-ts^g' ^ t * iS 

Inattentive, feh-liu-sing' % 
fU >& ; feh-kw8Bi/-siiig ^ II 
,(5, ; feh-t6ng-sing' ^ ^ £> ; 
feh-yuong'-sing ^ ^ >jj; sing' 
feh W-tih >5, ^fe^° 

Inaudible, t^ing'-feh-c'ih'-go|| 
^ [ii 4"°; tUng'-feh-kyin'-go 
^. ^ ^° ^''; ca^mo^ distin- 
guish, bin'-feh-lse'-go |^ ^° ^ 



Inauguration of an office?-, 
zonor zing' J2 {^, (also used for 
the commencement of anything). 

Inauspicious, feh-kyih'-li ^ 



^^J 



^' 



Inborn, sang-dzing'-go^";^ 

Incapable of filing the position, 

or of doing a certain thing, dzae' 

peh sing zing' ;}«'::][; g ft 

Incapacitated by sickness, be 

bing' ^ge'-leh feh-neng'-keo ^ 

age, be iiyin-kyi' s6 tsu', feh- 
neng'-keo S ^ ^ ^ ffl * 

Incapacity, m-dzfe'-dzing ^° 

:t If ; m-peng'-z ^t^ Tji :(: 

Incarcerate, to siu'-tsing kaeu'- 

Incarnate, dzing'-leh nyiioh- 
sing' JS ^° I^J° # ; dzing-we' 
nyuoh-sing' J^ ^^^ I^° ^ 

Incautious, feh-tso-gyi' ^ -g" 

Incendiary, fOng-ho'-go nying 

Incense, hyiang §; — sticks, 
bong'-hyiang |^ § ; c?/«o for 
determining night-watcJws, ding- 
kang'-hyiang /^JS*'^ ; ^o ^m 
— , tin hyiang' SJj ^ ; siao 
hyiang' j^ § ; — pot, hyiang- 
lo', or hyiang-lu § j^ 

Incense, to — one, kyih' gyi-go 

o'-wong ilt S ^h'' 3^°; ying^ 
gyi'-go 6'-w6ng 5| ^ ^° ]fct° 



INC 



23a 



INC 



Incensed, fah ong'-de ^ ^g^*" 
"f"; 6'-w6ng fah-tsoh'-de ^° 

gyii^'-de m m T 

Incentive, siang'-dco f^^ 3^ 
Incessant, feh hyib' ^ ^ ; feh 
^s' ^i Jt 5 — ^^'^Z'^'wy, kdng'-feh- 
l>y'l'' pf^ ^ i^ ',—Jlowing of 
blood, hyuih'-c'ih feh-ts' JJl {±J 
f.jfc 

Incest, lon-leng' ^ ^ 

Inch, ts'eng tJ* ; not an — iiide, 
feh tao' ih ts^eng kw^eh' ^ JiJ 

Incident, « jilmsing — , ih tsOng 

hyi z - #^ H -^ 
Incipiency, ky^i-ino' z-'eo jg 

fl#i|;kyM-mg'fali-koli'jgg 

Incipien T 6'to^es of disease, bing' 
ts'u-fah-go z-'eo jljij |^ |^ ^° 

Incisors, the two middle — , 
meng-ziii'-i.go f^ flj" g:° 

Incite, ^0 k^ih |i ; ying 5| ; 
tang'-dong ff ^ -, to encour- 
age, mii/-]i ^ j^ ; — good (or 
evW) feelings, ken'-kyih]|| gj|[ 

Inclement, sem-e, nyin ; vei-?/ 
cold weather, ping-lang' t^in-ko' 
^°^^°5C ; t4u' keh-ti'-ti lang' 

% m m° w '<¥' 

Inclination, sing-siang' ,5^;g ; 
ts'-byiaiig j* [^; to follow one's 
oivn — , i zi'-go siiig-siang' tso' 



an — foi' study, gyi'-go ts' 



byiang iao doh-sliU' ^ -^ 



>W' 






Incline, to lean to one dde, tang- 
P"^' fl* ^ ; — outward (as a 
wall), tang-pin' Is'ia-cMh iiga' 

io goodness, s'-teh ngo-go sing' 
hyiang'-djobjuu'>gg^^>h'' 

^6 |p] ^°^ 5 — ^^^ ^^^' ^^ ^^''"''' 
tseb'-leb ng'-to t^ing % %°W 

^ Si 

I Inclose, to (as with a fence), we- 
djii' ® fi;yu-cun'@°||; — 
(as ill a letter), fong'-tsing ^ 
j^ ; — m an envelope, t^ao sing'- 
fong ^ f Q JJ" ; — «« rtw extra 
wrapper, ko fong' y&D** ^ ; — 
in a paper, yiiong ts' pao'-ih-pao 

ffl iffi Q - €1 

Inclosure. The Chinese speak 

of an inclosure, as that which lies 
within the wall, or fence; thus, 
the city is tluit which lies within 
tJie wall, dzing-li' J^J; tJie space 
within a bamboo fence, ts^iang- 
p6' li-hyiang' gj*' <g ^ 1^ 
Included within, dzae-ne' or dzae- 
nen ;^ j^ ; ditto as ideas, pao- 
kweh'-tih 'Q JJ 64 ? pao-^ei/- 
tih Q -g^ 64 ; in this — ? keh'- 
go dz3e-ne' feh Jf' ^^° l(£ p^ 
15 "? not — , feh dzse'- ne ^ 

^ ft 

Incoherent words, (i. e. words 
without strength), shih-wty' feh- 



INC 



240 



INC 



wo t^eb-tsih'-go ^ IS ^ 15 
Incombustible, siao-feh-diao'- 

Income, tsing'-sbii Jg 7j<*': tsing- 
nyih' Jl H ; tsing'-tsiaug jg 
|g ; expenditure exceeds — , so- 
jih' peh-fu' s6.o'ih' BiKZ-Wi 

Incommode, c?o no« — yourself to 
do it, teng ng feh-bin', hao-vong' 

Incomparable, transcendmf, pi'- 

tsong-feh-dong'-go ib^ ^ IH 
^°; cannot be compared with, 
pi'-feb.teh'-goJfc^^i^°;m- 
kao' pi-deo' M° Jt 81 

Incompetent, unequal to a task, 
ten-toiig'-feL-dju H -g ^ ft ; 
— as a frog to steady a table 
leg, " diu-kyi' seh coh'-kyiah si 
ts'ang'"Bil^^)|ill^°^ 

Incomplete, not complete, feh 
dzing'-kong ^ J^ J^ ; feh zi'- 
jih ^ ^° ^ ; wo^ perfect, feh 
djiiu'-be ^ ^ 'j^ ; unfinished, 
feh wun'-djiin ^ ^ ^; feh 
tsiu'-djun ^ jg ^ 

lNCOMPREHENSIBLE,sib'-feh-t'eo' 
IS *'li; moh'-feh-djoh' ^ 
^ ^°; t«^^'-feh-c'ih' Jf ^ 

Inconceivable, siang'-feh-tao'- 
g« fil * a i"'; ts'eng'-feh- 
c^ib'-go .(4 ^ ffi i^" 



Incongruous, foh-siang'-p^e ^ 
<g|e; fi-s6-nyr # ^Jf ^. 

Inconsiderate, feh-U^we' ^ 
3g § ; mong-kyi' li'-we ^^% 

Inconsistent talk, sbih-w6' ziii- 

v^o' feb-vu' m n 15° » * 

jff ; i^-ords — with ones heart, 
k'eo'-z sir.g'-fi P ^ ii:. ^^ 

Inconsolable, feh-ziu' en-we' 
go * S $ « i-°; feh-k^eng' 
t^ng ky^ua' ^ 'f H 18 

Inconstant, fsen'-foh-feb-ding'- 

vu-djowg' bl a ^ It 

Incontinent, fong'- cong - s - 
yuoh'-go t i? fi; Sfe ^° 

Incontrovertible, psen-poh'- 
feh.tao'.go gj t/ ffil i"° 

Inconvenient, feb-bin -tong |g 
St^jfeh-bir/^fH 

Incorporeal, vu-ying'-vu-zlang' 

Incorrect, has mi&tuJces, yiu-t^so' 
W $0^5 yiu-dz3eii'; i//e charac- 
ters are — , z feb-tou'-tsing ^ 

Incorrigible, vu-fah'-kVdju 
^ fi Pf fp 5 tsib'-mi-peh-hwo 
it it ^ fl: ; - (as a child), 
msen-bi' ^ ^ ; — (used in re- 
proach), zah-bi' U° ^ ; bi- 
gyib^-de ^ +1 T'' 

Incorruptible, vV-wse'-diao-go 

Increase, <o hying-w6ng' ^K' 



INC 



241 



IND 



to mid to, ko-ts'co' )5fj]° ^ ; to 
grow, do-ky*i'-lae :;lc° ® ^ 5 
— his coumge, ts6ng'-gyi-go- 

I ^aen'5H:^>h*'jJ|; tsiang'-gyi- 
go-tsen' ft ^ >h° Jjl 

Incredible, siang - sing'- feh-lse' 

ft ft ^ 3J$ ; feb-t8()h-sing' % 

Sft 
Incredulous, pah'- feh - siang'- 

sing W" ^ ft fa 
Inculcate virtue, cong-teh'-ky'i 

S f^ ^ 5 instruct often, le'- 

djong hyuing'-kyiao Ji^|l||5: 
Incumbent, it is — mine to do, 

kwe-rigd'4s()' |f ^ f{ 
Incur, vaen ^jj; v^n'-djoh ^fi 

^°; — /^^s anger, vsen'-gyi-go 6'- 

Incurable, i'-feh-lje'-go -g ^ 
3K't";m-i'-deo^<»^g^ 

Indebted, /a/n — to Jam, ngo - 
ky^in' gyi tsa' ^^ ^ ft'; 
f?z«o, for kindness, ngo dziiig' 
gyi-go dzing' fS ^ fi >h° ^f ; 
rf»«o, /or ^rm< kindness, ngo' 
ky^n' gyi eng-din nyi'-tsa ^X 

Indecent, fdng'-p^eb-la'-sa jj** 
itiilg; //%, ao-tsao' |||| 

Indecision, m-cU'-i ^° i ;g ; 
ia-kyuih'.tou ^°"*^ gjl 
hyuong'-vii-dzing-kyin' || |te 

Indeed, ko'-jUn |g ^;jih-dz«' 
"W ffi ; **■ '< — ^'^> -^ ko'-jun z- 



Indefatigable, dziang-kyiu' 
feh-gyun' ^ X % M'. ^'- 
feh.pib> fli ^ S ^° 

Indefinite, weng-teng^-teng jg 
|g ; feh-feng'.ts'ing % ^ ^ ; 
the time is — , vu-ding' gyi 4n£ 

r SB 

Indelible, Mo^ i^-zV/ no^ fade, tV- 
feh-diao'-go |S° ^ i^'' >h^ 
i//a< cannot be rubbed out, k'a'- 
feh-ky^i' Jg« f, i° 

Indelicate, fn-t^i'-t^ong M" fl 
H; sLih-t^i'-t^ong fc^gE; 
— langiuigcy fi-li'-ts-yin' ^f )ijg 

Indenture, kwsen-shu' || Q^; 
to draw up an — , lih-kwaeii-shii' 

Amm 

Independent, sing-kao' kyM- 

ngao' )& Ig ^ it ; — ««^ 
/Vce, zi-yiu'-zi-dzse' §°^ @° 
;j^ ; following one^s own will, 
Wzl'-go cu'-i fl g"i^°± 

Index, ^(We of contents, moh-loh' 

India-rubber, k^a-ts'-kao Jg** 

Indian-corn, loh-kol/ f^ ^ ; 

pao'-r-rai (^^ 5i tI^ 5 "" "*^«^> 

loh-koh'-feng ?^ i^ # 
Indian-ink, moh ^ 
Indicates, i>omt9, ts'-tin j§ fj; 

s/iows, (or can readily see), k*o 

kyiu'-teh Pj" a ^ 
Indict, to kuo-zong' -^ J|^ 



IND 



242 



IND 



Indictment, z6ng-ts' JjjJ |£ (ih- 

tsiang) 
Indifference, to hear idth — , 

he took it with — , gyi ziii'-ts 

dcXnsing-st^ing';f.Vc°ffl°/ij' 
1^, ; a matter of — (to me) , feh- 

leng' ^ %^ ; treat one with — , 

dae nying' lang'-dsen f^ \° }^° 

Indifferent, not very good, wa 
ha"' Jl° 5? ; wa k^o'-yi Jf ° pj* 
Ja ; via Lao' 4 ° jtj ; p'o-bao' 

Indigestion, not digesting, feli 
siao'-hw6 Ife ?{^' -ft ; feb bwo' ^, 

ft 

Indignant, to be — at, ky'i'-veng 

^ ^ j ^^^"^ — "' ^"^» "g^ ^6"o' 
gyi dong ky^i'-veng fg ^°^ jj 
^^; ifoo — ^0 endure it, ky^i'- 
veng-feb-ko' ^ ^ ^ Ji 

Indignity, to treat with — , tsao- 
t'ab' gf Jl ; ditto (witb greater 
— ), sib'-doh g }f ; c?/«o (witb 
greatest — ), Hng-joh' ^ ^ 

Indigo, rtaftye din'-ts^ing U ^ ; 
t^i'-din J^ 3J;/ora^ri— , yiang- 

Indirect, leb-tsiao-dzib' ^ JIB 
ig ; wsen-ky'iiob' }^ ft : — 
answer, feb-tsiao-dzih' we-teb' ^ 

II It ^ 

Indiscreet, kyii/-sib fcb tao-ko 

a IS % n ^° 



Indiscriminately, feh-leng' ^ 

fj^ ; peb-kyii' ;]; Jgj ; ^oo^ or 
^rtJ — , feb-leng' hao' feb-leng' 
wa' % t^ iy % l^ ^'^ 

Indispensable, siao'-feb-teh' tj/ 
^^|:,-byih'-feb.W|^^^ 

Indisposed, not well, yiu' tin feh 

song'-kw^a^lJ^Ul'K";- 
to talk, lgei/-teli kong' 'l^^BS**; 
— to work, Isen'-teb tso sang- 

Indisputable, pob'-feh-W |5 J[J 
^;mpob'.deo^°|JB|[;m- 
kao w6-deo' Jg" f§ Bg 

Indissoluble, yiang-feb-kV-go 
*&* Wi^^'-.the-^hoiuls of 
wedlock, kyih'-fab fn'-ts^i' ts^ib'- 
feh-saen' ^§ g ^ ¥ Df * ® 

Indistinct, feb tsMng'-t/ong ^ 
if 5i;fehtsMng'-ts'u %^^%', 
feb ts'ing'-k'ob ^ Jfj^ ; — «s 
dtaracters, or iAm^s m ^Ae c?^s- 
towce, ing'-ing-dong ^ |8 U » 
u-ing'-ing ^° 1 S 

lNDISTINGUISHABLE,weng-weng'- 
deng-deng fg'^ ; feng'-feh-c^ih- 

k^en'-feb-c^ib-go ^ % ^ '^'^ 
Indite, to — verses, di s' ^ f J 
Indivisible, feng'-feb-kW-go ^ 

*, gfl-l^^feng'-feh-W-go ^ 

Indolent, t'en-lserZ-go ^'18^°; 
sang Isen'-wong-bing ; likes to 
lie down, t^en-raii/ laen-do' "^ 



IND 



243 



INF 



I 



1 



Indorse, to taen-kyin' ^^; die- 

Induce, <o cu -dn -^ij J^ ; — him 
to staj/, cu'-du gyi deng long -^J 
JSS'')SSW;kw^in-liiigyi 
^ "§ 1&°» — customers to come, 
tsiao ma'-cu Ise fg H° i ^ 

Inducement, <//a< is aw — to mc, 
keh z iigo t'en-du' go JJ° ^ ^ 

S H "l^**? ^^*^''^' ** '''^'^ — ./^^ "*^ ^^ 
^0, iigoky'i'm-kao' soh-go t^en- 

Indulge, to gratify hi& uishes, ju 
gyi'-go sing' iw ^ >}-* ^fj; i' 
gyi-go sing-siang ^ ^ ^° >5 
?g; to — (vvbere there should be 
restraint), yiiong-tsong' ^ j^ > 
— i^e passions, fong'-tsoiig s- 

Indulgent, t?e?7/ yiiong-iang' ^ 

^° ; — and foolish fondness, 

nyih-se'-peh-ming' j^ ^7f> ^)] 

Industrious, gying-lih' ^ ^ 

Inebriate, n. tse'-hen ^ j^ 

Ineffectual, feh-tsi'-uV ^ -^ 

•^ !^ ; — (as medicine), feh- 

kyin yiao' ^ ^ ® ; m vain, 

bah-lih'-lih' S"^°;du-juu' ;^ 

m 

Inefficacious, m-ing'-^ao |Et° 
M ^°; — ('"IS an idol, or medi- 
cine), feh ling'-ing ^ ® j^ 

Inefficient, Jiabitucdly slack, tm' 
z-ken' feh-tao-ko' §i'^^% 
PJ ^°; pun-hi'-feb-kyih^go ^ 



Inequality in surface^ kao-kao'- 
ti-ti Kig ^i ^S; ky'i-ky^- 
ky^iao-ky«iao mUl^W, 

Inestimable, vu-k6'-ts-pao ^ 

Inevitable, peh-min'-go ;:^ % 

'^°; ranwoi 5e escaped, min'-feh- 

ko % * M 
Inexcusable, nyiin-liang'- feh- 

i« is M * 3J5 
Inexhaustible, vu-gyiiong'-go 

^ ^ ^°; yUong'-feh-wun'- 

go ffl * ^ ^° 

Inexorable, m-waen'-we-go ^* 
Jfe HI ^''j — (person), tsib-ih'' 
feh-k^eng' ft - * "t 5 f^^^" 
cing' dzing ; — in cairying out 
law, tsih-fah' feh-liu dziug' ^ 

Inexperienced, m'-neh yiiih- 
]ih'.koi2'';t7jg^ig°;sang- 
su'-go ^° J]|c^° ; — in the ways 
of the world, feh-sih shii' -la ^ 

Inexpert, feh jirg'-joh ^ ^ 

Inexplicable, i'-s ka'-sbih-feh- 

Inexpressible, kong'-feh-c^ib'- 
go|i°* Hi>h°;wd'-feb-I«^ 

g« IS * ^ i^° 

Inextricable to7i^/e, kyih', ka'- 

feh.c'ih'j^'^°^ ^',-diJJir 
cully, ka'-feb-k^ae'-go keb'-tah 

Infallible, ve-isV 3ii° ^' IS; 



INF 



244 



INF 



the — (the emperor), sing'-z6ng 

Infamy, tsMi/ ming'-sing g| ^ 
^ ; eternal — , yi-ts'iu -vgen- 

Infant, na-hwun'||°Jg*' (lb-go); 

ing-r ^ 5i ^^^ veng-li for a 

male infant. 
Infanticide, long-sah' na-hwun' 

5? II B° ^°; ^^^^^"* of killing 

girls, nyih nyu' fong-djoli g| 25c 

Infantry, bu'-ping ^ ^G 
Infatuated, jib-mi-weng'-dzing- 
deAii^Ff^T; hweng'- 
tib^de .|f 64 T° 
Infect, to — the air, yiang'-ky^i 
]ong'4ebdoh'-go^^#^°^ 
-^^ ; to hring disease, long-c^ib' 
binglse |? ffi ^ 3^ ; wholelody 
is infected, weng'-siiig yiu tsHu^- 

ky'i \% # W A° ^ ; ^^ ^^ 

fluences will — , jib-ky'i' iao jib- 

ko' ^ « ® m" 

Infection, / took tlw — , ngo 
bing' be ts'iu'-ky^i jib-tsing'-go 

ngo bing' z heb' ts'iu'-ky4 sang'- 

Infectious, disease is — , bing' 
iao-yin'-go ^^m^° 

Infer, to t Vk^je'-ky'i H gg i°; 
/ — that it was you who took it, 
ng6 tVleng'-k^ae-ky^i z ng' do'- 

z^*; from one truth to — the 



second,, veng ib' cii r' fp^ — ^ 
H (veng.) 
Inference, t^e-]eng'-k^ae-go i'-s 

m mWi^°M >g ; draw a 
ivron,g —, tVleng tsV ^ |^ 
f|°; i'-ziang bong'-pib {g ;@ 

Inferior in quality, t^e-psen' tin 

ffiiSSS; ^^«' tin ^°a!|; 

ts'o' tin ^ SJ ; i/ie Zoif^e^Z grade, 
raabteng' ^^; ^6' teng f" 
^ ; — in age, siao ib'-pe >]■» 

wnrfer another s jurisdiction, (as 
officers, or servants), 'o'-job 1» ° 
JJ ; — in learning, 'oh-veng'- 
ts'in' ^° pg f^ ; — «o /i/m, pi- 

gyi'-ti i:b « ffi 
Infested, </ie sms are — with rob- 
bers, yiang-wu' dao'-hyin to '^ 

Infidel, disbeliever in the Scrip- 
tures, feli-siang'-sing Slng'-sbii- 
go-nying' ^ * ^ ^ « ^° 

Infinite, m-^sen'-cii |8°|®'''$lj ,* 

m'-'^n'-Iiang ^° [Ig^ ^f 
Infirm, enfeebled, ky^i'-hyiiib sae'- 

cle « ]6l S T° 
Inflame, ^o — (as a desire), dong- 

bo' J|j>/iC ; — i^^ passions, ying'- 
dongyuob-bo' §H!| ?^^;to 
^roM; /io^, and painful, ziang-bo' 
dziab-c^ib' ka ® >AC J:i° ffi° 
Inflamed eyes, nyib-ngaen' ^JB° 
gg'; bo'-ngcen % W 



INF 



245 



INII 



I 



Inflate, to blow up, c'ii-p'ong' 

Inflexible, that will not bendy 
ao^feh-cur/.go }^ % % >h°; 
— in purpose, cu -i iil-wten'-we- 

go i :t 4g° js >h° 

Inflict, to — imniskment, tsah'- 
vah ^ 15 > ^^^^^ (by ''^" ofiScer), 
dong ying-vah' JJ ^J 13; — a 
Jim, vah-nying-ts' f? g^ -f 

Influence, yield to his — , tsiao- 
gyi'-go dong'-ziiig tso' JB ^ 
't^'UPM; k'en gyi'siu'- 
tsang-cii-den' ^ ^ :^ fj°; w^e 
^Ae — of an official, i'-kwuii 
t^oh-shU' '^ 1^ f£ ^ ; trusts to 
foreign — , gge nga'-koli sLii' 
W ^h°g # ; to ward off evil 
■^ , bih-zia JB$° JIS' 

Influence, io kei/-dong ]^^ ; 
keii'-hw6 j^ ^ ; — for good, 
ying'-dao 5| H ; — (generally 
for evil), yiiig'-yiu 5|^ ; easily 
influenced, iig-to nyiiii' g** ^ 

ft 

Influential, hyuiiig'-h'yiangH 
Influenza, 6hu'-s6ng-fong' 7]^:" 

Inform, ^0 t^ong-cu' JJ^jl; i^ong- 
pao' 5§ f^ ; kao'^u ^ =f, ; cu- 
we' J-P'^ ; — friends of a death, 
pao fu'-ing fg |[> ^ ; pao si'- 
singf^3^°^ 

Informant, t'ong-pao'-go cii'- 
kwuJi^^°A°;t^ong.f9i,g' 



pao-sing'-go-nying 51 JH ® ^ 

Informer, one ty/^o informs for 
selfish ends, <^., liu'-long-ky^ing'. 

Infrequent times, ffi'-to-siao we- 
su' M**^ >!; ti ; m-kyi'-we 
^°m 5 yiu'.tsao'-su # 

MM 
Infringement 0/ /««;, vsen- 

kying' ^fi ^ ; — of rules, vsen- 

kwe' vaen-kying ^jj ^ ^fi g* 
lNFURlATED,iiii'-fali-ts'ong'-k\vun 

^ S ^ 3^ (ts^ong or c'ong). 
Infuse, to extract qualities by 

steeping, tsing' gyi tsiii'-sliu c^ih' 

g 3* it *° ffi 

Ingenious, yiu zao'-tsoh-ts dzae' 
W5t°f^i::t; yi" tyi-ky^ao^ 
go ^ -j^ ^^'l^"; — contrivance f 
liiig-ky'iao'-go ko-sang' |^ S'j 
>h° §§•' 1° 

Ingenuous, dzih-s6ng' Ig ^ 

Ingot ofsycee, veng-nying' ^^', 
nyun-pao' jj^ ^ 

Ingraft, to — a tree, tslh-jii' ^ 

Ingratitude, See Ungrate- 
ful. 

Ingredient, mix together three 
ingredients, ssen-yiang' liao-tsoh' 
p^e-tajn4ong H ;^ ^ f^ |E 
JH ; — (in a medical prescrip- 
tion), ih-vi' •— 5^ 

Inhabitants, how many — f to- 
siao'-nying deng'-tih ^ >J? A" 
J^ 65*? to-siao' ting-k*eo' ^ 



INH 



246 



INM 



ti? T U^- to-siao' nying'-ting 

Inhabited, ^/«fs Aoz^e ts — , keh' 
tsing oil' yiu nying' deiig'-tih 

Inhale, to — the air, ky^i hwni/. 

tsing ^^ji ; hyih'-tsing [^jg 

Inherit, to — property, tsih'-ziu 

tsw-nyih m^&m-, - 

an office (trade, &c.), jih tsih' ^ 

m 

Inheritance, yi - loh'- Ige - go 
tsW.nyih5tT35l^''S^; 
yi-loh'.]se-go ko-kyi' Jf T° ^ 

^° m' ft 

Inhospitable, afraid of enter- 
taining, p*6 tsih k^al/ fjg ^ 
^; to treat guests hadlij, kyUng- 
boh' dae nying'-k^ah g ^ f^ 

g A° 

Inhuman, ob'-doh ^^ ; — c/is- 

position, doh-sing' ^ ^jj ; sing 

ziang za-long' ka ^^ ftU'M ? 

long'-sing keo'-fi J| £. ^ ^[|j 
Inimitable, ^oh'-feh-siang-ziang'- 

gOfS^'^ft H^h^ W-feh- 

1^-go ^°^ ^ >[-" 
Iniquity, ze p ; ze-oh' p ^ ; 

oh'-nyih ^ g 
Inject, to — water, shu' zib- 

tsing'-ky^i yiC M M ^^ 
Injudicious, acting without 

thought, or intelligence, hw6ng- 

^^ng' %^', mong-bah' Jft ^°. 

a/i — ac'i, ih-dziu'-ts-kyiu' — 



Injure, to ^se ^; s6ng-^ne fg§; 
to ^rea< wrongfully, kw'e-dje' j^ 
:f^ ; ditto (in a greater degree), 
long-song'^ P^°; to treat unjust- 
ly, We^-ky^uob ^^; — secretly, 
b' ing-sou' 'gil^^ ; en' tsiu-cob' 
P|f ^°; — reputation, song-'ae' 
ming-vong' ^ |f g g; wae- 
diao' ming'-sing JM ^^ B? 

— ^^e health, tsao-t^ab' tsing- 

jing' Si SI ^ »* 
Injurious, ver2/ ting we-V-go]g 

Ink, mob-sbii' g ^Jc"; a si«c^ 0/ 

— , ib-ding mob' — JJ g ; 
caimine — , in-tsi' sbii ^g Ig*" 
:jJC°;ts-pin'sbu l^'^iKr-.vei^nil- 
ion _ , nying-cu' ^ ^ 

Inkstand, mcb-kwun'g Jg (ib- 

go) 
Inkstone, nyin-ngo' ig^ ^° (ib- 

kw^e). 
Inlaid, k^sen'-siang-go -J^^/^**; 

— toZ'Ze, k'sen-siang-go yiin-coh 

Inland, i/ie zwTier land, ne-di' p^ 
J^^ (ne or nen) ; gone — , tao 
ne-di' ky^i-deglJ^J^fc i°7^- 

— nvers, li'-kong ig ^ ; li'-^o 
S M » — trade, ne-dl' sang-i' 

Inmates, persons within, H'-deo 
nying g |g A*"; ^^«^«^ w*^'*^/ — 
are living here ? li'-deo to-siao' 
nying deng'-tib SSS 5 ^ A** 



INN 



247 



INS 



Inn, ^6.c'u'Jg°jg;k^ab'-nyu§ 
g ; ncc f/?ic? lodging shop, vasn- 

Inner, li-deo' ^ flg; li-hyiang' 
^ |pj ; — roo/M ybr women, ne- 
vojig p^ ^ (nen or ne) 

Innkeeper, tiu'-cii jj" ^; (mas- 
ter) lang'-z ; tong-ko' -^ %"" 

Innocent, feh ing'-kaj kyin-kwa'- 

go * !i^ a S° -t"; - 

jKople, ts-iiig-bah' liang-raing' 
ira &°H J5 (^^so not ignoble 
as to birth, or employment) ; no 
distinction betioeen — and guiltij, 
dzao'-bah feb-feng' ^ j^"^ ^ 

Innocuous, ve'-^ae-go %°%''^ 
>h°; m-^ae-c^u'-go M°|| ®^° 

Innumerable, su'-feb-pin'-go^ 
^ jii-^ son'-feli-l^'-gogt 

Inoculate, to — nith small pox, 
cong deo-ts' @ ^ -f ; ^o miao' 

Inodorous, m ky^i'-mi-go ^"^ 

S^*'^°r no fragrance, iTi hyiang- 

Inopportune, feh-tsW-ky<iao 

Inordinate to fa^cess, ko-veng' -g 
^ ; ko-deo' i^ lig ; — ajypctite, 
I zih-liang' do ko-deo' :^ ^ g** 

Inquest, to hold an — , nyin s' 

mm 

Inquire, to ask, meng fp^°; — 
into, buu-meiig ^ pg°; taiig'- 



t-'i^g iT ^ ; dzO-meng' g fpf ; 
— (as an officer, into the state of 
the i)eople), ts^ah'-fong ^ gjf 

Inquirer, religious bim-meng' 
daoMi-go nying'SgPpf ^ JJ 
-^^ A°; k^ao'-kyiii dao'-li cu'- 
kwu ^ ^ 51 S ^° A° 

Inquisitive, dz6-dz6'-k'ao-k'ao- 
go g ^ ^ :^ -1^"; prying, to- 
bo'-go §;iK°-i-°>h\bo-bo'- 
tah-tah ; excessively — , leo'-zing 

kweh'-siPp^-A^^il 
Insane, tin )^; luis become — , 
tin-de' ^ "7*° ; raving, fah- 
gwong' If JE 
Insatiable, m-ti'-ts-go J|J**|g 
J[[^ ^**; — avarice, t^en-sing' m- 
ti'-ts a >& Sl° E Jfc ; t^en- 
sing' feh tsoh' % i^% J£ 
Inscription, sia'-tih-go kyi' ^g" 

yin' ^"g J a ioard, or storie voith 
an — , pin ]g ; ba-pin' j[$° g ; 
t^ffto (over one's door or in a 
garden), pin-ngah' H ^ > « 
wide scroll with an — , z-wo' ^ 
^ ; a pair of narrow dltta^ z- 

Inscrutable, cannot be seatxhed 
into, dzo -feh-c^ih' g ^ ffi > 
cannot be thought outy or measured, 
ts^eh'-doh-feb-lse' }H} ^ ^ ^5 

Insects, djong gj ; flying — » fi- 

^jong ^ S 
Insecure, feli-weng'-tOng ^ |§ 



INS 



248 



INS 



Insensible, moh-dzih'-Jzili7}cj|[ 

'[|[ ; — from Cold, toiig'-inoii-de 
f^ 7[C ~X°] ^^^ knowing, oi' feel- 
ing, feh-kyuoh'-teh ^ ft ^ ; 
— (like one dead), jing'-z feh-cii' 

Inseparable, cannot he divided, 
feng'-reh-kV^^gg;-(as 
friends), li-sing-feh-he ^^^ 

Insert, to en-tsing'-ky^i ^ jg 
■^; — a c/caracter, k^aei/ ib-go 
z ts'eo' IK - ^° if ^; pii'- 
teing ih-go z' ffl 3i - -t^ i? 

Inside, li-hyiang' ^ |pj ; li'-deo 
® Bl J ^^^ inne?' surface, li'-min 

Insidious, weli-long'-weli-yii/ fg 
SifSS; ^^^(/"^y? diao-bi'; trec^Jt- 
erous, kaen-weh' ^° }|: 

Insignia earned before a Chinese 
officer, tsih'-z ^ :^ 

Insignificant (as a person, or 
words), vu-yiiong-vu-joh'-go |ffE 

^^^^ 
Insincere, feh-dzlng'-jih ^ f^ 

K 

Insinuate, to — hy remote allu- 
sion, en'-di-li ts'-tin Pg Jiji g ^ 

Insipid, m-mi'-dao M° ^Ji^JE; 
daen ^ (generally wanting salt.) 

Insist, will not stop, feh k^eng'- 
hyih ^ "^ -gji: ; must have, ih- 
ding' iao' — ^ g; — w/jow t/ie 
full price, ko'-din ngao'-ding 



feh-k'ei,g ky'uili' fjj" $1° ^° 

S * -t ®fi 

Insnare, <o — (as an animal), 
gyiang-djoh' ^° ^''j ivisJies to 

— t/ou, iao ng loh' gyi-go ^sew' 

loh'gvi-go ky^iin'-tW g° fij; 

m »° i'" 1° «° 

Insolent, to treat in an — man- 
ner, c^ong-vsei/ ^ ^[J ; c^ong- 
^j^"&' 'IB JS ) — language, s'- 
vu-gyi-Jsen'-go shib-wo' ^4tt^g 

If i^° a IS 

Insoluble, yiang'-feh-k^je'-go jEg 

Inspect, to k'en ^ ; to go about 
to — , jing ^ ; jing-dzo' %^ ; 

— ^/ -00/95, k^en-ts^ao' ^ ^ 
Inspection, cowie on a tour of 

— , jing-dzo' lae-go JS S 3^- 

Inspector-general of Cus- 
toms, tsong'-se-vu-s H^iJ fl 

Inspire, to — o^/^ers, ta'-z6ng 
bib'-nying ^•' ± ^Ij K ', in^ 
spired by him {i. e. warmed), sing 
peh gyi ta'-nyib-de >fj g^° Jf 
^° fft° T;— ^y Heaven, 
T'inmeb-ky^i'.go^,|^|IC>h^5 

— by the Holy Ghost, be Sing'- 
ling ken-dong' |J^ ® M J^E U 

Install, to — a person as pastor, 
lib mo'-nying tso mob-s' j[^ ^ 

Installments, to pay by — , 
bab-wien' ^ jf ; bab-fu' ^# 



INS 



249 



IN8 



Instance, far pi'-f6ng Jfc j? > 
Pi'-j" It *1; kyu6'-ju jg ^n 

Instant, an ih-sah'-z, or ih'-seli- 
z — ^ fl^ ; m a^ — , tsih'- 
k^eh' |p ^jj ; on the tenth — , 
ts'u-jih' keb-nyih' % + U" 

Instantly, ih-sah'-z — ^ flj ; 
tsib'-k^eh' Ip gl] ; lih-k^eh' ^ 

Instead of, t4 # ; dae fij ; — 
wie, tM' ngo ^ ^; owe itV/o works 
— another^ t^i'-kong ^ JQ 

Instep, kyiah'-min JJjl'gjkyiah'- 

Instioate, to — to evil, t'iao-so' 

Instill, to instruct by little and 
little, yiiong-yin-yiang'-go kong'- 
fu kao'-hyiiirig ^ fgj ^^ X 

Instinct, t^in-sing' ^ *|^ ; t'in- 
sang'-dzing-go cU'-kyiioh ^ ^ ° 



]ia^' 



^ 



Institute, <o/own<f, libj^;; sbih'- 
lih 12 j)f ; — an asylum, lib' ib- 
go gyuob' :i — -t" jg 

Institution of leaminy, sbu- 

Instruct, to kao ^° ; kao'- 

byuhig Sc°f|| 
Instruction, 2)^w^a?•^/ {i. e. wbat 

is first learned), ts'ii-ts^u'-'ob ^ 

Instructor, sin-sang' 3fc ^°; 

kao'-sbu sin'-sang ^°^^ ^" 

Instruments, k6-sang' ^''^*; 



ky'i^ming §g JH ; syn/^'m/ — , 
nga-k^o' ko'-sang ^^^m^'M'' 
^ °^ °? musical — , tsob-yiiob'- 
gok/i'.imngf^|8|-i-°§g JUL 
Instrumental, ^e was — in 
Irinying it about, dzong gyi' 
seng-kwo' k'ae-ky^i' ^ ^ ^ 
'ffc H i °5 dzong gyi' seng-fah'- 
c'ib.W;Jj^S^|f ffi^e 

Insubordinate, feb-k^eng'-voh 
^ *^/J^; — (as subjects of tbe 
emperor), feb-vob' w6ng-bw6' 
^^Rift; —(as soldiers), 
feb-vob' kyulng-Hng ^ jjg Ip^ 
/§«• ; — (as pupils), feli-vob' 
kyiao'-hw6 ^ M Wc it 
I Insufferable, cannot be endure 
ed with patience, jing'-na3-feb- 
djii' E- H ^? ft; detestable, 
peb-k'ien ;[; ;^g 

Insufficient, feb-keo' ^ ^ ; 
feb-tsob' ^ J5^ ; ky^in-to'. 

Insufficiently, kyMn ^; — 
Mzc^, ky^in ^eo' ^ /f 

Insult, ?/0M — me, ng siab ngo'- 

treat with abu-iC, tsao-L^di' JfJJi ; 
«iu'-j()b ^ ;5 5 — (^ woman), 
u-zob' j§ Jg 
Insuperable difficulties, najn-c^U' 
kying-lib'-feb-l^e B iM & M 

Insupportable, t6ng'- feb-dju 

^ *'; — pain, t'ong' ngao'-feb- 

<ij» ffi ii * ft 



INS 



250 



INT 



Insurance immey^ pao-hyin'-go 

nyi"g-ts' is It i^° iS •? 
Insurmountable, See Insupek- 

ABLE. 

Insurrection, in a state of — , 
Ion ^ ; tsoh-lon' f^ ^ ; in re- 
hellion^ fsen ^; dzao-faen' ^^ ; 
to plot — , meo-faen' ^ j^ 

Insusceptible of impression 
(heart), sing dong'-feh-lse >JJ JJ 

%^ * 

Intangible, moh-feh-djolZ-go 
igf,»°^°;e^l«t-<ijoU'-go 

Integrity, a imn of — , tsing- 
dzih-go nying IE l& i^" A° 

Intellect, ling-sing' ^ >\Gf. ; fine 
— , jing z' ling-sing-' || ^ ® 
»[4 ; scaTii!?/ — , ling-sing-' ky^iiih' 
ffi'tt^ ; — or capaciti/, ts-tsih' 

Intelligence, great natural — , 
t^in-ts^ong'- t^in-ming' JJ ?S 5c 

m 

Intelligent, (naturally) ts'-tsih- 
ling' jfK M ' knowing, ts^ih'- 
t^ong-pah-dah' H: JJ A ^ 5 
ts^ong-ming' 51 ^ 5 — «^^ 
clever, ts'ong-ming' ling-li' ^|[ 
BJ f& fiJ ; li"g-ky'uio' g 35 

Intelligible, hao' ming-bah'-go 

Intemperate, Ae is — in the 
use of liquoi'S, gyi' ky^iioh tsiu' 
ko-liang'-go UVt'MmM. 



Intend, cU'-sing ^ )jji ; ding- 

kyii^' ^ ^ > ^^^^ ^'^ ^<^ — '^ 
(?o ? ng ding-kyin' tso soh'-si ni 

cu'-sing tso soh'-go z-ken' {^y,° 

Intense in the extreme, tao gyih- 
deo' Jij° g g|; tao-toh'; — 
co/(7, lang tao-toh' ;g*' ^°; — 
admiration, (and sometimes long- 
ing), dza ib'-cong kyU'-mo i^ 



Intention, i' 


-Bi 


^S5 


no siich 


"~~ J 


^ao-vu' 


keh' 


-go i'-£ 


mn 


5ia 


^°« 


S; 


/zee/ 


-,iih- 



ding' cu'-i jfc £ ± ^; kyiiih- 

Intentional, deh-i' {jf^gjkwu'- 

iSi:#;deli-we'/t# ® 
Intent upon) ih-dzing-tsi'-lu 
Intently, i" ^° ^°; tsih'- 

kwii p^ m 
Inter, to en-ts6ng' $ ^ 
Intercalary ww)/iiA, yiiing-yiiih' 

Intercede /o?', dae gyiu' f^ ^ ; 
ciin' gyiu ^ ^; CAmi intercedes 
for our pardon, Kyi-toh' dae teng' 
ah-lah t^a-nyiao' ^ '^ fi! f^" 

Intercept, to — (as persons, or 
letters), pun'-lu yi-shih ij2 ^ 

Intekcessoe, dse-k'eng'-gyiu'-go I [^ 

gyiu-go nyiug' H ^ -^°A° 



i 



INT 



251 



INT 



Interchange (of courtesies, &c.) 
yiu-W-yiu-ky'i' ^ ^i ^ i:°i 

— of goods, yi-ho'-yih-bo'jy^ 

iNTERCOUiiSE, lae-w6ng^ 1^^ 5 
tli£ two countries have a great deal 
of — , keh' liang koh lae-wong' 

Interest, for your — , ng' do 

yiu ih'-c^U fr :;C° W ^E5 
ng' do yiu li'-sih f;);** ^° ^ ^ij 
J^, ; / Iiave an — in it, u ngo' 
yiu kyiao-kwaen' ij^ ^ ^ ^ 
§g ; takes — in (as a servant in 
bis work, &c.), tso z-ken' kwaen- 

— (on money), li'-din fij ^°; 
li'-sib fg ,§. ; to pal/ — , fu-li' 

Interest, to — a person, t'iao- 
dong' nying-go sing' ^ fj A° 



^« 



>l> 



Interested, yiu c^ii'-hyiang ^ 
m IwJ ; yin mi-dao' ^ ^^Jf ; 
yiu i'-c^u W # "M ; — % ^«*^^j 
be' gvi t^iao-dong'-de g^ j^ ^^ 

Interesting cMld, siao nying 
we ying nying' hwun-liyi' >]> 
"# 51 A" iC -^ ; tkit was an 
— discourse, keh p'in kong'-ka 
taoc'lh-seh'-goJI-^lg-'^ojlJ 

ffi a^"" 

Interfere, will it — tcith you 
{i. e. your plans) ^ u ng' yiu 
ng!e' fehJftVfrW 4^°'- 



it ivill not — , pcb-fong' ^ JjJ ; 
(yow) neet? no^ — , hao-vong' 
kwuu'-tsiang *° ^° ^ ^ 

Interior, the inside, li'-deo^J^; 
li-hyiang' Jg |pj ; — o/ a covn- 
iry, kob tong'-cong @ ;^° ff 

Interloper, one who has forced 
himself in, ts^ong'-tsing-go-nying 
fig Jg ^^ A°; o/ie iC'Ao /?as no 
right, m-veng'.go nying ^-^ ^ 

Intermarry, 2:0 liang'-^6 kyih- 

tsMng' my'^m 

Interminably, m-dzing -gyi ^* 

mm 

Intermission, time of cessation. 



byib'-go z-^eo 



-1-° 



Sf«; 



noon — , hyib tsiu' ^ ^ ; — 
(of fever), t'e z-^eo' 5! fl# f| ; 
feb.fab'-goz.W^g>h°B$^* 
Intermittent hyih'-hyih-deng'- 
deng %^%^° ^''; — in do. 
ing, t W-t^eb-ga - ga tso'; — 
fever, dziao-nyib'-bing ^ ^fe** 

Internal, li'-deo^gg; li-byiang' 
/^ jpij ; ne ^ ; — disease, nen 
bing' ^ ^ (nen or ne) 

Interpolate, to pu'-z6ng H 
Jt; djob.ts'eo' |g ^J — a ;>««- 
sage, pu'-z6ng ib-tsib':|f J:^— fj 

Interpose, to — obstacles, tsu'- 
tong 153. ^; — heticeen parties at 
variance, ky'uu'-ka ^ ^^^ 

Interpret, ^0 (usually a native 
dialect) djiiu wo' ^ gj ; — (a 



INT 



252 



INT 



foreign language), tso t^ong-z' 
ffi 'Mr^i^^ i^^^i'^slate, fsen-yih' 
IS IP ; <o explain^ ka'-shih f^° 

Interpreter (usually of a dia- 
lect), djun-w6^go % fg -i^"; 
ditto to an officer, dzih-dong- 
v6ng'-go ^^ ^°',— of a 
foreignlangmge, t^ong-z' jj ^; 
— of dreams, ziang-mong'-go 

Interrogate, to examine ly ques- 
tions, meng fp^"; dz6-meng ^ 

Interrogation, si^m 0/ — in 
the colloquial are, m ? ma pg°? ni 
B^ ? yia pj^° *? feh ^° % have you 
any? yiu m ^' {^° ^ ? yiu 
ma ^ P,i|°"? ^ozt; is it ? dza'-go 
tii;g°«°ee?dza-goyia':K° 

Interrupt, ^0 gab-tang'; to hreah 
0/, tang'-don |)F PS'' ; — ^^w^, 
tang'-don kong-fu' X ^ S^° 

Intbbeuption, wt'i/imrf ffi'-ueh 
hyih'Joh U°:n°%m 

Intersect, to divide in parts, 
feng-taen'-k^ae ^ ^ ; — at light 
angles, jih-z' feng-k^ae -f- ^ ^ 
^ ; — ^y ci cross line, wang sin' 

feng-kv i§:m ^r?a 

Intersection, the point of — , 
ts'6'-k'se-go di^-fong :5^ g^ ^° 

Interstices, H-vong' Si M 



Intertwine, to liang'-^6 gao^- 
iong'MT°*r«i; liang'.^^ 

dzin-long'17''^}i ' 
Interval in space, kah'-k^se |!jg. 
gg ; li-yun' j||5g ; a?i — of three 
feet, kab-k^;je sa;n-ts^ali' fgg^^ 
y^\ an — of a year, teo-deo' ih- 
nyin' j!p|°^ \0Ln — of two years, 
kali' liang-nyin' Kg j5j r^ 
Interview, to have an — (i. e, 
mntual view), we-kyin' '^ ^; to 
confer with, kyin'-min kong'^ 

Intestines, du'-dziang ^ J§ 
Intimate, cU-kyi^ ^p g, j ^^h- 

i^yii^'S5S;tsW-tnah^|fi°; 

tsHng-mih' ^ $g 
Intimidate, io hah (|g; — 7<tm, 

hah' gyi Ig S 5 long gyi p'o'- 

gyu ^ 3t ta 'S 

Into, Ije ;^°; li :g| ; tsing jg ; 
li^deo Jg g| ; li-hyiang' ^ fy *, 
powr — a boivl, sia' lae un'-li ^° 
^°M^ij M-e (it) — ^/^e house, 

do-tsing' oh'-ii #:" 5I M a 

Intolerable, that cannot he home, 

tong'-feh-dju' Jf ^ f± 
Intolerably Jaf?, wa-r'-vu-t6ng, 

Intolerant, feh-k'eng' yUong- 
nying'-go f, -t § A" ^° 

Intoxicate, to tse ^| ; i^'me 7«72 
— people, tsiu' we tse nying' j@ 

^ P A° 

Intoxicated, tsiu-tse'-tih-de }g 

1* 6^ T' 



INT 



253 



INV 



I 



Intractable, gyiiih-gyiang' ^J| 

Intreat, See Entreat. 

Intrenchment, camp^ ying-bnn' 
^^ ; earth-work, nyi-dzing' ]^ 
JjJ; to make an — , tali' ying-bun' 

Intrepid, iiong ^ ; uong'-tsiang 



Intricate, ao'-gao i^j j^**; yiu 
ky^iioh'-tsih^ ^ Jff ; having vmny 
tvindm(jfS,wvcn-ny\a.o'io' ^•'^°^ 

Intrigues, ksen-kyi' ^''ffj-tsd'- 
kyi 1^ ft 

Introduce, to — them, ts'-ying 
gyi ts<ing-hwu' Jg 5| ^ ^ 
Pf ; — m£, ts'-hyiang-ngo-dao' 
^ fy ^'M'^fo ^cgin to speaJc, 
k'ae-k^eo' ^ JH 5 — « svhject, 
di-kv'i' ih-yiang' z-ken' |g jjE 

Introduction, a letter of — , 
t'ob-shii' U ^ ; — to a hook, 
siao'-ying >J> 5| (veng); vsen-li' 
/L ^ij (veng); dz"«o (generally 
not written by the author), jii- 
veng' J^ 3SC 5 — ^^ ^ discourse, 
tsong-mao' H ^ 

Intrude, j!o ts^ah-tsing', g jg; 
gah-tsing; cun-tsing' ^ jg; 
c*6ng'-tsing faj jg (also pron. 
ts\ing'-tsing); — reinarks, ts^ab- 
cu'J|Bl^;ts^ab-y,Vjgt 

Intrusive, we ts^^h-tsing' 'g' 

Mm 

Intrust, fo t^ob |^ ; t^oh'-fii % 



fif ; kao-dae' g*^ f^ ; / — Mt5 

business to you, keb'-yiang z-ken' 
ng6tW-fung'deJ|°^:(:|f 

?$ K # \r T 

Intuitive, seng-r'-cii-ts'^flj^ 

i. (veng.) 
Inundate, to tso do'-sbii'"; fab- 

sbu' If yJC 
Inundation, there is an — , yiu' 

do-sbii' ^;^°7jf ; great — (like 

the Flood) ziang 'Ong-sbii-foen- 

isiang' ka fg gt yjc" fE 'M 
Inured to hardships^ kw^u kwasa'- 

liao ^ ti° T 
Invade, fo — another's horderSy 

va3n-ka' ^E ^"j ?o — a place 

with hostile intentions, ts'ing-tsin' 

di-f6Dg' ^\^\^ij 
Invalid, sick person^ ylu-bing'- 

go-nying ^ ^ -^^ A" 
Invalidate his will, fi-diao gyi- 

goyi-cob'^T°^'1"''5t5i 
(cob or tsoh) 

Invaluable, vu-k6'- ts-pao M 

M° i ® ; ts^in-kying'-naea- 

™^' T' ^ n w 

Inveigle, to keo'-leb ^ "^j ; 
ying'-yiu 5|lf ; ying'-zo ^\^; 

Invent, to sbih'-siang-c%-lae gg 
M ffi ^;tang'-mo.c^ib-l»^ 
$ Hi ^ ; — « w^'*' pattern, zao' 
singyiang'-sbibjg''if^^'> 

Inventor, sbib - siang'- c'ih-Ue' 
cu'-kwu Sg ai lii ^ -i^^A^ 

ky'i-deo' zao'-go cu'-kwu jjll p^ 



INV 



254 



lOT 



Invert, to faen-hyiang' ^ |pj ; 

— e7,foh'-ts^ ± 
Inverted, tao'-toli-go H^iJili^"; 

leave it — , fen'-liyiang ei/-tih 
R IpJ S 64; — (^l^en it 

ouglit not to be), tao'-byiang-go 

m^-r"; fch'-ke„-go a ^•' 

Invest, to — ivith the o&trich- 
plumed hat, song' ta'-ling-mao' 

kw^eng'-dzing-ts' S ® M "T ; 

— safelji ( as money) , fong'-leb 
tV-t«ng-go 1 ©" S ^ ■^' 

Investigate, to — (as belief, &c.), 
k^ao'-lcyiii ^ % ; clzo-k^ao' g 
^ ; — (as business ) , tse-kyiu' 
Jl,^ ; — ivith rigor, nyin-kyiu' 
jK % ; nyin-clzo' ^ g 

Investment, good hao c%'-sib 

•if m s ' 

Inveterate, kwu'-tsih feh-h\v6' 
E ^ ff/ ft; ^Gcp-rooted, keng- 
sing'-ti'-kwu ^ g| iS m ; — 
disease, bingf we dzin-sing' ^] 

Invidious, maldng an — distinc- 
tion, feng'-c% bin'-pih-IoR ^ glj 
ffi ^ ; exciting envy, long'-leh 
yiii tu'-gyi-sing ^ %° ^ i^ 

Invigorate, to — tM lady, diao- 
yiaiig'sing-L^i'|;g^3|'ti; — 
hy rest, tsiang-yiang' ^ ^ 

Invigorating, yiang-jing'-go ^ 
j|i| '^° ; — medicine, pu'-yiah 



it is — there, keh'-dco we 



k'Ong-gyia' Jf 5° t * IS 

Invincible, tang' - feh -ying'-go 

^T ^ E ^^" 5 ying'-feb-lae'-go 

si^ ^ iC $ 
Invisible, k^en'-feb-kyin'-go ^ 

Invitation, I accepted his—, 
ngo ing-byii' gyi so ts'ing' ^ 

il II: S W IS ' ^"^'^^ ^/ "— » 
ts'ing'-t^iab' II ifi (ib-go) 

Invite, Zo ts^ng |f ; siang-ts'ing' 
;fg|||; siang-iao' ^fgjg ; — with 
furmcdit// (as a man to be a 
pastor, &c.), p'ing'-ts^itig f| |f 

Invoice, bo'-tcen g|g(ib-tsiang) 

Invoke, to gyiu-kyiao' or gyiu- 
kao' ^ li 

Involuntary, feb-yiu zi'-go cU'- 
if, 6 g°^^±S;tso.gyi'- 
fehJse ^° S° f, ^ 

Involve, to ta'.li^°fl°; ky%- 
le' ^ f^ ; Hn-le' jg 1 ; — "* 
evil' consequences, ta'-b yiu kwaen- 
ng«'?^M°Wgg5#;-™^ 
in trouble by dying on his hands, 
4-c., du-vii' IH '=^ 

Inward, seated within, li-deo' lae- 
tib ;Q^ i^g^ ; toward the inside, 
byiang-U'|^';g|; dziao-n'Ujg 

Inwards, the dz6ng-fu' J^ ^^ ; 
ng-dzong'-lob-fi/ S°H 7^;»; 
disease has gone, to the — , bing'- 
jib kao-bwong' jj^' A W W 

Iota, an ib-tin' — |5 



IRK 



255 



IRK 



Irksome, in'-vren JIfSj in'-ky^i 

Ikon, tUh ||J ; — tvh-e, tMh'-s |§ 
IJ ; —./ilinf/s, t^ih'-so ff ^* 

Iron heated h/ charcoal within, 
ing'-teo §1° ^ ; — heated on 
coals, lob-t'ih' j^^ (ih kwuri); 
io heat (or light) the Jlrst — , sang 
ing'-teo ^° §1° -!* ; ^^ ^'^«^ ^^2 
second, we loh-t'ih' jt:^ ^ ^ ; 
Jiidimj — (or pincers), t'ong'- 

Iron, to — clothes, t^ong i-z6ng' 

Iron-clad, t'ih'-kali ping-jun' 

Ironical words, gyiao w6' J|^°-fjg 
p^ ; words the ojyposite of what 
one means, diao-deo' wo jj^ |||[ 
fS ; feu wo' U m 

Irrational, u-ithout hnowledge, 
ni-cu'-sih-go M'^^B li-l^"; 
ivithout intelligence, m ling'-sing- 

Irreclaimable, slu'-feh-kyii-Ice 
l|if/lf "3^ ; — (as a person), 
siii-liu'-fd]-]a2' Ift ^ f, 3$ 

Irreconcilable, ^o-feb-long'^ 

Irrecoverable, ^7*^^^ cannot he 
restored, wien-nyliu''-feli-la3' ^ 

Irregular, «o^ uniform, fell zl'- 
jih J^ ^^ ^1 ; ts^ccn-ts^ien'-ts^- 
ts' # ^ jg ^ ; wo/5 si:m?>A<, 
dzii/-mO-liii ;. hwa-tsMa' ^^ ^4°; 



■ — (in doing), feh en'-paen ^ ^ 
^ ; zong-zOng'-loli-loh' J^ J^ 

Irrelevant, feh siang-te' ^ ^ 
f if ; ts^)-gen'-go ; feh ^eh vong' 



t. 'P' 



^ 



i;<?ry 



do'-feh-te' 



:^«^if;da'fehW;/C*^ 
Irremediable, m-yiah' k^o-i' 

^°il RT S ; Hao'.feh-teh'-go 

Irreparable, that cannot be re- 
paired, siii-li'-feli-lae' ^ 3^ ^ 
^ ; tJiat cannot he made up, m- 
siu'-dziang M° flj: j§ 

Irreproachable, m-p^i'>bing- 
go-hao' mc St If ^' J? 

Irresistible, feh-neng' feh-pa'- 

power), lien-tsi/-feh-djU J^ fj. 
■ ^ ft ; tsu-tong'-feh-djii |)[1 f^ 

^ ft; irresistihlij charmed, voh- 

lah'-go ^"^ JJ1J° ^° 
Irresolute, yiao-yia(/-^}ll-'ob 

± ^ f; S ; bing.feh-kyin' ;(J 

Irresponsible, he is — , feh kwe'' 
gyi-go sing-zoug' ||j §f ^ -^° 

Irretrievable, voh-feh-cUn'/Jt 
^||;voh-nyiiu'-feb.L^fgig 

Irreverent, feh kong'-kving i|p, 

Irrevocable /««t', tsih-fah'-jii- 
sffii/ ^£ Ji 4a Ui ; -^ «^'0'<^ 



IRR 



256 



JAD 



(t. e. a ^\'orcl once spoken four 
horses cannot bring it back), ih- 
yin' k3'i-c^ih' s'-mO-nsen-tse' — 

Irrigate, to kyiao sbii' jg >J<°; 

— hj chain pumi-), ts^o sbii' |^ 

Irritable, nsen ts^ab'-ts'o-go Jj^ 
}^IM^° ; very — , ziang yiang- 
W-mao' kafiff ^"1^°;- 
from inflamed liver, ken-ho' t'eb 

Irritate, to provoke Mm, pih' 
gyi sang-ky4' g^^°^; c'oh' 
gyi nil' %% :^'&]— (as a sore 
spot), vaeu nyiin-po' ^B i^ |S ; 

— extremely, s6ng-bi' dong'- 

kwch fi )^ fj fl- 

Irritating ivords, c'oh'-sing-c^oh- 

ii'sbib-w6'fg,5fiMS:fS' 

Is, z jl;; yiii ;^; -^ it goodf 
keb'zbao'feh^-^iJS^^'l 

— there any 7 yiu' iti ^ J^° 

Isinglass (made from fisb-bel- 
lies), yu-tii' g, |Ji°; — (made 
from sea-weed), yiang-ts'as''^^^ 

Island, bje'-tao ^ ,% ; bie'-ssen 
f^- llj (ih-zo) 

Isolated (as a person), kvvu- 



uk 



(as a bouse), 



kwu-ts^ing' Lang-lob' '^ yg ^^^ 
^ ; yun-ling'-ling ^^^ 
Issue, result, kyib'-gyiiob ^.* ^j ; 
ivhat was the — ? dza kyib'- 
^yuob ^:^Wi'' dza kyiU- 



e^' ^° *S * ^ dza liao-z' ^.*' 

Issuj:, to — forth as water, liu 
c'ih' ^ ffl ; ^0 —forth secretly, 
liu-c'ib'-ky^i ; to — a proclam" 
atlon, c'ih kao^-z ffi -^ ij^ ; 
— a warrant, c4b ba' jij |}?^° 

Isthmus, in-^eo'' p|g pg ; t'uMao 

It (generally unexpressed), gyi ^ ; 
5rm^ — here, do' gyi Ise' ^^J^ 
^; — snoit's, lob-shili'-de -^ ig 
"7°; — rams, lob-yu'-de ^ f:j 

Itch, </«c keh'-lao ^° ^° 

Itch, to yiang g 

Item, an — , ih diao' — f^ ; ih 

kw W — ^ ; ih-yiang — ;|| ; 

an — of news, ih'-go sing-veng' 

-- '^^''W Wi '■> — ^y — ' y'^^^^^g- 

tang'-yiang — ° # — ° ;^ 
Itinerate for preaching, ih-cUl' 
ib-c^ii' djUn kyiao' — y® — ® 

Itself, zi jg °; rf?7Z ?7?o?.'^ of — , 
zi' we dong' g ° 'j' JJ ; ^i/ — ' 
dobzi' ® g° * 

Ivory, ziang-ng6' ^^"-^ — tf^are, 
ziang-ngo' tong'-si ^ 3^*K W 



Jabber, ^o kyib'- lib-kwab'- lab 
kong'; kdng in'-w6 ||° 3^ f J* 

Jacket, md'-kwo Jg 4^ (prim- 
arily, a riding jacket) 

Jaded, tso'-vab-liao ffi S 7 • 



JAD 



257 



JEW 



vali-lib'-de ^ jj J"; — Jwrse, 

mo tseo'-vah-liao-go ,g^ST° 

Jade-stone, fi'-ts'e ||^ ; ;wre 

j7Jre7i, or serpentine — , pih'-nyiioh 

Jagged, ky^uili-lsing'-ky^uih-c'ih' 

Sfc 5i Sfc tti ; — i^^^ « 5«i^, 

ziang kei/-ts' ka' ff |g« "gf 
Jail, lao-kjen' ^ ^^ 
Jailer, lao-deo' 5f gg? ^y'^g'^s 

^ "5^ ; an o^ci'aZ — , s-nyiioh'-s 

Jam 0/ ;;eo;9/g, nying te-saen'-tsih- 
t^'-go A** ;ffi III H ?@ ^^ 
ziang diah'-nying-sseu'-ka go -^ 

Jam, preserved /7uii, ko'-ts tsiang' 

Jam, to croivd closely, a-t^r-feh-k^je 
M ^ ^, i3 ; — (as one^s fin- 
ger), gah-s6ng'5Lfg 

Jar, large water — , shii^-kong yy^ 
^ (ih-k^eo) ; small-moutlied — , 
bing jg ; bang || ; it-i/ze — , 
tsiu'-dzing i%° (ih-tsah) 

Jar, to s/iake, tsing^tsing-dong j'J 
tt U ; — a^aJ/k^i!, bih-djoh' gi|. 

Jasmine, (Jasminum Sambac), 

Jaundice, wong-isen'-bing ^ jg 
^5^0 have t/ie — , sang' wong- 
teen'-bing ^° ^ Jg ^ 

.Jaunt, to take a journey, c^ih-meng' 
^y'i ffi P9 ±°; togoforiiUa^re, 
Vniyi'.hyi^«^J| 



Javelin, ts^iang H (Jh-ts) 
Jaw, the upper — , z6ng-baii/-ngo- 
zong ±7^3^°;^°; the lower-^, 
'o -ba3n.ng6-z6iig' f ^^ :gF''j5|^ 
Jaw-bone, 'o'-bo-kweh' fP^'g' 
Jealous, yia ts^i'-i ;ff |}t ^ . 
ky^i'.feh-ko' iL f. ii ; dzih-tu' 
^^ ; ngaen'-k^ong-ls^in' 0^**^ 
^ ; tu'-gyi ^ a . hwah-ts^i'- 
bing JM'*jlHJfS (o»ly used of wo- 
men in ridicule) 
Jean, twilled foreign cloth, zia'- 

veng yiang-pu' ^4° |J ^ ;j^ 
Jeer, to tsao-siao' pjjj ^ 
Jehovah, Yiae-*o'-w6 ]|1$ ^fn ^ 
Jelly, vei-y stiff — , kao ^ 
Jellify, to nying-long ^ §f ; 
kyih'-long $S}f|; tang-tong 

Jerk, to yih ^ ; ^o — aivay, yih- 
ko'-kyU ^ i§ i"; — o;?m, 

wah'-k^^ ffi- /fr ga 

Jest, to kong siao'-w6 If °^|S ; 

kong hyiah'-w6 |f °|| gj 
Jesus, Yiae-su' 3$ ]^,- J(?^«/s 

C7/m<, Yue-sa Kyi-toh' flR gj; 

Jet of water from a pipe, kwun'-ts 
piao-c'ih'-go shU' 1= •? J| {ij 



^' 



iK 



Jet, to spout, piao-c'iL' J^ Jjj ; 

— (as gas) Ison-c^ih' J^ ffj 
Jetty, dao'-deo {|j|il; /e^-?^ — , 

du-'deo ^ BM ; — /o/' washing, 

cj-c, bii-deo' i^ gg 
Jew, Yiu-t'a'-nying }g :i;° A" 



JEW 



258 



JOU 



-Jewels (in general), tsing-oii' pao^ 

pe ;i 3* K Jl 

JTeweler, one ivho sells jeivels, cii- 
pao' kW-nying J^ g § A°; 
one icho cuts precious stones, 
nyuoh-ky'i' s-vu' ^ ^ ^ f^ 

Jingling, ting-ting' tong-tong' 
T T 5t Jt5 sing'-sing-sang'- 
saiig. 

Job, a piece of icorh, ih'-go sang-i' 

— ^° ^° :fo ili-yiang' sang- 

wei/ -m^m 

Jocose, given to jesting^ ting -we 

hyi'-byiab-go # jgj ^ i"° 

■Jog, to — his clho?v, or hand, dzoh 

gyi-go sii/ grsti"'?;- 

one^s meimrii, di-sing' J§; ^ ; 
di-deo' ^ 51 ; ky'ih'-gyi ]in'-ts 

Joggle, ^o dong JJ ; yiao-dong' 

Join, to — in doing, ^eh-long'-tso 
-^ Ji f&; dong-tso' I^f^; 

— together (as pieces), p'ing-long' 
U li ; tsihMong ^ }f| ; sang, 
long' ^** III ; — (as words or 
ideas), lin-long' jg J|| ; can 5e 
joined, siang-lin' /fp j^ ; — 5W- 
cessivehj (as links), tsih'-lin ^ 
j5 ; — (as premises), t^iah'-lin 

Joint, junction, gao-kwu' U° Jg; 
incorrectly called, yUih-d6ng-' ^ 
^ ; ^7^e s/jace between joints, tsih 
"Ij} j 011^ of — 1 gao-kvvn' t^eh 



JoiNT-rAniNER, p'ing-lio'-kyi }^ 

^ tt ' 

Joke (at some one's expehse), 

hyiah'-yin U "gj hyi'-hyiah-go 
sliib-w6' JJ Ul -i-° 1% IS 
Joke, <o kdng-siao'-wd Ig'^iglj^" 
J OKER,k6jig-siao'-w6-go-nyiiig' |g;° 

Jolly, liyi'-siao-yin'-k^a _^ ^ 

Jolting m a carriage, zo ts^o-ts', 
gyih-liliVh-loh^°^^^° 

Jostle, to a ^; — through (i. e. 

in), a-tsing'-ky^i ^ Jg ^'^ 
Joss-sticks, bong'-hyiang ;^§ 

See Incense. 
Jot, a ih-tin' — gj ; ib-web' 

Journal, /)m'a^e jib-kyi'-bu Q 
IB ff ;jih-kyi'-lob 9 ffifl; 
day-booh, ts^ao'-bu ^ f^ ; i/i^ 

— ,ts^ing-bii' Jg ff 
Journey, to go on a — , c^ib- 

meng' ky^i ^iJ f^ ^*; <70 on a 
Zow^ — , c% yiin'-meng |ij ^ 
P^ ; ^0 star^ on a — , dong-sing' 
f J Jfr ; ky^i-sing' ^ ^ ; ditto 
on a long — , ky'i dzing' g g ; 
to — by land, ky^i ^en' ky^i ^ 
^^°; lob b/ ky^i g l^ ^^ 

— % tmfer, sbii'-bi ky'i' y]C^ 
^°. — rapidly on foot, p^ao-lu' 
or bao-lu' Ig ig> 

Journeyman, s:«n-kong' ^ X » 

one /nVecf f^r a job, toi/-p6ng 

w-kyi^mi^ft 



JOY 



259 



JUS 



Joy, to have — , yin do bwnn'-hyi 
W:fc°SJ:»; hwun-hyi'-feh. 
sah' ic 5 * ^ 

Joyous, kw^i'-weh '^''fg; — 
neivs, kyiio ing' {^ § ; hao' 

Joyless, ^ao-vu' hying'-cu ^ ^ 

•Judge of a district, cu-yiiu ^p 
^1k 5 — ^/ ^ province, en'-ts^ah-s 

Judge, to — (a case), sing'-p^un 
g f !| ; toi/-bao gf jtt ; toi/- 
^^"S Pt y£ 5 ^^ i"^^ sentence, 
p'nn'-ton ^l| gjf , — between (as 
compositions, men, &c.), zse-deb' 
g^" * ; ding-leng' S li^ ; - 
from cii'cumstances, gwe'-doh ^ 
Jg ; come see and — (said of an 
officer), loh-k'en' ton'-bao ^° JJ 

Judgment, he has good — , gyi'- 
go kyiiib'-ton kao ming' ^ ^° 

tfc if if ^^ ; gy' i»'"g' kyiiiii'- 

go ;a; H^ J^ i^^ gyi-go kyin'- 
sih feng-ming' .Jt -1-°^ |i ^ 

m 

. Judgment, the — day , sing'-p^un 

nyib'-ts gfi| 0''^ 
•Judicious counsel (i. e. safe), so 

ky'un' t'o'-tong-go ^ Ift g 

Juggle, ^o pin byi'-fj.b ^j^^i 
Juggler, tso-Lyi'-fah- go nying' 

Juice, tsib f[ ; tsib'-sbu jf ;;r[c° 



Juicy, yiu tsib' go ;g* j^ -^^ 
Jumble, to dao-lon' J^^L; ^^°o- 
weng' ^"J* fg; jumUed (good 
and bad togetber), weng'-dzeb 

Jump, to t'iao gf? — «^^«^ t^iao- 
t^iao' ft Ijfe ; — (?0M;n, t^ao'- 
lob-laj' 1% f ° 3^ ; — wp awe? 
downim play, anger, &c.), t'eo- 
ky^-laejSjte^;— ^'i*. t'iao^ 
z6ng-k/i' ifeJ: *°;-o^.r, 
t'iao'-ko-ky^i 1% ^ ^'^ 

Juncture, aitical point, iao'- 
kying kwgen'-deo ^ f? || BM 5 
kyW-kying z-'eo' p£ ^ fll 

Junior menibers, nyin-ky^ing' cii^ 
kwu r^ |li^° A°; 1 your — 
(z. e. inferior), vaen'-pe ^ ^ 

Mr. Wong Junior may be styled 
AVong Sin-sang, and Mr. Wong Senior, 
T*a Sm-sang or Lao Sin-sang ; Siao 
Wong Sin-sang for the Junior, -which 
is often nsed, is disrespectful. 

Jurisdiction, kre-kwun' |^ ^ ; 
official — , job-yiij/ ^^; under 
his — , z gyi' ka3-kvvun' go ^ 

S^l^'r*;l«3gyisii/-^6;ji' 

Just, kong-bing' ^ ^ ; kong- 
dao' ^ Jg ; — price, kong-bing' 

Just as, or — at the time, k'eo'- 
k^eo; kong.k6ng' pjlj^lj; ts^ing^- 
mi-mao'; 'eo-mi'-mao ; — at that 
time, sib'-vong gyi-z' JS jft S 
^ ; lias com£ — at the right time, 
ky^iab^bao lae-de \^ if 3^ T**; 



JVB 



260' 



KEK 



— as I was coming it rained, 
k^eo'-k'eo ngo W, loh-yii' -de '['§>° 

treat me Til treat you, ng dza 
l^e^ ng6 dza ky^i^ f^. fg°^ ^^ 
^y ^°l when so anxious to have 
it rigJit, — the opposite, p^iii-p^in' 

ieii-t«' fifi ^ M; — li^^^ 

tsing^-ziang j£f^; k'eo^-k'eo ih- 

dzae'-s ^ ^ ; dzge-fong^ ^ -j^ ; 
fdng^dzae jj,^; kong-kong' P|lJ 
P|lJ ; — what I want, k^eo-k^eo 
*eh'-djoh Dgo'-go yuong j£° jj*' 

Justly, to treat men — , das nying^ 
kong-dao' # A'' a Ji; ^^ 
receive — , iiig-tong' ziu |^ 

Justify, to treat as just, though 
guilfg, son tsing -dzih ^ ]£ ]![ 
Jut out, to deh-cW f}j |jj 
Juvenile pupils, din-kyi' ^ob- 
sang'>J,°jp°>§^*';cZ/«o(boys), 
mong-dong' ^^',to teach ditto, 
en din-kyi' J)j|*' ^°; — sports, 
siao nying byi'-deo ij^ M'* M 



Kaleidoscope, vaen-bwo-dong' 

m ?E tl (ill-go) 
Kalendak, See Calendar. 
Keel of a ship, jiin'-go long-siiig' 

Keen, sharp, kw^a ft°| fong-li' 



ft^'J 5 —eyes, ngaeiZ-tsing (sin- 
li' 11° [if ^ ^1J ; tfeVto (in a 
bad sense), lao-in^' ngain ^ ^ 
PR° J — ^1(1^^ foiig' ziang tao 
kah' m ft- JJ ff 
Keep, to siu ^^^ ; pao'-siii j^i^ ; 
— i/ie sabbath, siu li'-pa-nyih' 
^ fli ^'^ B °; — ti'-a^c^ «^ 7ivy;A<, 
sill yia' ^ ;^° ; — shop, kwun 
tin ^ jj^; — a secret, siao'- 
bo-sbib-\v6' ve' lu-fong'^ ^i^° gj 
t/'t^SM; cu'-po kying'- 

jing ?| B Ml 'R ; — ^"^'^^ ^'«"^^- 

thing, which one is unwilling to 
tell, 'en-byuoh' -g- ^', - ojff 
the wind, tso fong' pl^ JH, ; — 
in memory, kyi'-nyioen fjj ^ ; 
must — away from, yiiong li-k^a^' 
g°g| P]; leeping hou.se,\^-i\\). 
tdng-k6IE°^''^^^-ac. 
counts, zong-tsiang' J^ S5 ; kwun 
tsiang^; tvill — (or last well), 
kying-k'^ng'; nse'-kyiu-go jg- 
^^j^"; will not — , feh nie'-kyiii 
% MX',— order, ^X^-mm^ 
)\^°\ — the rules, siu kwe' ^|g 

Keeper, gate kwun-meng'-go ^ 
P5 'i^"? P'i^son — , kwun-lao- 
ka^n'-go t ^ S° -t*^ 

Keepsake, / give you this for a 
— , kcb'-go peh ng, tso piao^-kyi 

M° ^" W ft>° 1 ^ IB 

Kennel, keo-k^o' J^^ (lit. dog's 

nest) 
Kernel (of a fruit stone), jing or 

nying t; — of a nut, nyiioh' 



KEE 



261 



Km 



^^ ; peach — , dao-jing-^ <^ 
^ ; apricot — , 'ang'-nying ^ 
^° ; walnut — , wu-dao' nyiioh 
ite^ I^°; « — of^^c^y ih-lih' mi' 

Kerosene, W-yiu iX, Sb '-> °^^" 

Kettle, iron tUh'-kwun ^ {i;§ 

(ib-go) ; tea — , dzd-wu' ^ '^ 

(ih-p6) 
Key, yiah-z' || gg (ih-kwuu) 
Key-hole, yiah-z'-ngaen §^ gB 

Rg*' (ih-go) 
Kick, to t^ih ^^; — ow€ another, 

t'ib-lce'.t^ih-kyVl^^g^^O; 

^ayc m« a — , t'ih'-Dgo ib-kyiah' 

coc^', t^ib ii/-ts l^^^ 
Kid, siao' sasn-yiang' jj, ^ ^ 

(ib-tsah) 
Kidnap, to kw^'-tae j^° ^ ; ^o 

take anything by false means, 

kwa J5° 
Kidnapper, kwa'-ts Jg° ^ 
Kidneys, iao-ts'^ jg ^ 
Kill, to sab ^; — hy striking, ^c, 

tang'-sab ^=J* |5; — oneh self, 

zl-zing'-si i°^°^E°;— 0«6>'5j 

self with a knife, zi-veng' g°^ll | 
Kiln, yiao g; ; Jnc^- — , CUM- j 

yiao' ,^$ ^; —for tiles, ugo'- I 

yi^'^ % % 

KiMBO, arms a — , sia' iao'-li 
t'ob'-tib ^ Jg ® ^ 6^ J sii/ 
^ t^ob-iao' ^^ JE ® 
Kind, a sort, ib-yiang — ||| ; ib- 



^ao' — Sg ; ib-cong' ~ @ ; 
ten different kinds, jib-yiang'- 
sang' -f- in ^° ; many lindsy 

byu'-to yiang'-su tt ^ ilti; 
a class (of tbings), ib-le' — ^ 

Kind, sing bao' >fj f^] sing-dii/- 
hao' >& if ; siiig-jib'-bao >& 
f]l5 J? ; ^'«5 — feelings, yiu- 
dzing'.yia-nyi' ;t ff ^ ^%. 
t-er?/ — , djong-nyi'-go fi ^'^ 
-1^°; dzing-djong' jf g 

Kindle, to — afire, sang-bo' ^^ 
i^.; — 1^;? (from a little), bd'- 
sang-dziah' ^ ^° ^f ;•_ owe's 
an^e?', sing^bo tin'-dziab ^^ i)^ 
i(S it" ; sing'-bo ying'-dziah )jj 

Kindlings, ying-bo-za' §[ >;^ 
^''; ^0 split — , p<ib'-ying-bo- 

-^' M 51 >a: ^° 

Kindness, dzing jf ; nyi-ky Y ^ 
^ ; thank you for your — , 
dzing ng' bao-c^u' "j^i^^^)^ ; 
dzing ng' me'-i ^ {^." Wk%\ 
owing to your — , t^ob'-ng-go- 
foh'Sfr-I^^IS; mong-ng' 
d^-se'^fr fif^; lappre- 
ciaie your — , ng6 kyin ng'-go- 

Kindred, wear ts^ing-dzob|g;^; 
distant — , yiin-dzob Jg j^P'e- 
lations in general, ts^ing-kyiin' 

King, Avong ^ ; kyUing-wong' 
^ 2 ; ^/^e emperor, w6ng-ti' 
S *?& J — or iWMce, wong-yia' 



KIN 



262 



KNO 



2 J^ ; the — of Icings^ vcen- 

wong'-ts-wong-^ 1^ i ;i 3E 
Kingdom, koh g ; — of Great 

Britain, Da-Ing'-koh ;/c 5? S ? 

the animal and vegetable kingdoms 

dong^-dzih-ts veil fj] Wl '^ 9i 

(veiig.) 
Kingly roles, dzlao-voli' gjj Ug ; 

long-bao' jl ^ ; nyu'-i ^^ ^ 
Kiss, to ts^ing-cu' ||U§ ; <o smell 

the lips, hyuong-cii' || 1^5; 

hyiang'-cii j^ P^ 
Kitchen, tsao'-keng ^f°; dju' 

Kite, yiao-ts' || |]5 (ih-ting) ; to 
fy a — , fong-yiao-ts' Jjjr |1| 
Mi 5 — *t'/wsf/e, yiao-mang gj 

fr 

Kitten, siao-maen' >]> |g° (ih- 

tsah) 
Knack, Jms ^ve diao-da '§|j^]J^; 

we diao-deo' toh-kol/; we weh- 

tang '^ ig ^7 
Knave, vu-la' iff. JJ^"; di-kweng^ 

JiS t^ ; i7'-^«^, — , do-viiMa ^° 

M 11° ; di'-deo-ol/-kweng }^ 

Knead, to — dough, nyiiob-feng' 
i^" ^ ; — thoroughly, nyiiob- 
leht^)ng.tWl'';f|°'i5i 

Knee kyiah'-k^o-deo jj f| 5f 
or JJ° (ih-tsah) ifo Z-^wt? one — , 
tang-tsMn-ts' ff ^^ ^ 

Kneel, to gyu'-loh jl°-g:; gyu^ 
tao g|°'Jj( ; — on one hnee, taiig- 
8iao'-gyu ^J >J, g|« 



Knife, tao Jj; pocJcet — , siao'- 
tao-ts' ij^TJ"? 5 paper — , lib- 
i^-i^oSCWJi'. (Chopping -^, 
bob-tao'; dju-tao' Jg J] ; — for 
splitting wood, za-tao' ^° J] ; 
ke-tao^ fij^^JJ (ih-p6) 

Knit, to — stoc/dngs, kyib-mab'|± 
1^ ; to — the brows, zeo-mi-deo' 
Wi° Jm° Hi ; zeo-mi-pab'-kyib 

Knob of a door, meng-cib'; — of 
a — drawer, cib'-siu. 

Knock, to tao Jg; to — at a door, 
tao-meng" J^ f^ ; to strike, or 
pound, k^ao |^ ; — against, 
bang-djohjf ^-"j gah-djol/ 
tL M"; djong-djol/ Jl ^°; 
— down, bang-tao' }||°jjj|; ditto 
from a high place, bang-lob' J^H** 
-^; — (a person) down bang*- 
tib'}r^^;tang'-tao-di'fl*f!( 
iilij — intentionally, kwii-i' bang 

lis # it"; — -^^^^^ ^" ''^^ 

ground, (J-c, k'eb-deo' |* BM 
* Bang, raeaiis to knock uiiialen- 
iionally. 

Knock, give a — , bang-lb'-kyi 
ir-ltl; bang-ib'-bang f^ 
" — ^^°> 9^'^^ another — (at a 
door), tsse tao'-ih-kyi .||J^— fjl 

Knocker, k^ao-meng'-go tong'-si 

Knoll, te i\t (ib-go) 

Knot, kyih g ; hard — , si' kyih 
^°i^-§ : to tie in a — , tang-kyih' 
•fir ^"a ; — '^ ^^'^'^^' jii-tsang ^ 
If; tsang-cii' iff '' ;ft 



KNO 



2G3 



LAB 



cu' to ;t if % 3> 



Knotty, kyih'-deo hyU'-to ^ gg 

(as wood), yiu tsaiig- 

% 

Know, to hyiao'-tch ^IJ:; sih'- 
teh li^ ^ ; nying^-teh |g° :{|. ; 
teh'-cu ^^ ^P ; / ^0 ?iOi — , ngo 
fehbyiao'-tehfgf,l^@;cf. 
yMi — im ? ng' iiying'-teli ngo'- 

jmg iig6 fell fj; -g ^°^ ^ ? 
Ae is gone, did you — it ? gyi 
ky^i'-de, ng teh'-€u feh ^±7° 
'l^-^'i^^ ^-n ^'^ — one's .^e// Ma< 
it is luronf/, zi' cii m U' g ° ^-0 

Knowingly to do wrong, ming- 
cu'-kvvi/-va3n H^ ^p ]§j: ^g ; sih'- 
j fah v.en'-fah Jg f^ ^[J f^ 

Knowledge, cu'-sih ^ |f ; /^z^ 

I — is extensive, gyi-go cii'-sih to 

' »i^°*D li ?; gyn^yin'- 

kw6ng-sih-da' jt £ ^ 1^ i;; 

to extend 0716' s — , kwoiig-kyin'- 

veng, tocu'-sih|{£Eg5^||^ 

Knuckles, siu'-ts-tsih ^ jf |g 

Koran, TUn-kying' JJ j^ 



L 

Label, ts^in-deo' ^ BM ; — on 
goods, Isiao-deo'-ts J^ BK Ss ; 
tsMri-ts'in-deo' ^ ^ 0^ 

Label, to — hij pasting, t'iah 
ts'in-deo' |,5°^ HI; t^iah tsiao- 

;?/rta/?^ a s//p, kyih' ts'in-deo'Jg 



Labor, 7ian? ivoi% kw^i' sang- 
weh' =g ^t° fg; djong'-naen sang- 
weh' £ H ^° Jg ; «ot7, lao-loL' 
^ ^^;lao-kwV ^f ^^;sing- 
kw^/ r^ =g ; 7/,'i77i great — (as 
when unneccessary, or not ac- 
complishing much), dziah'-kying 
to'-lih ; nu'-kying-bab-hteu'; to 
le in — , zong-zo'-dong J^ ^"* 
li ; ling-beng' fg g Cveng.) 

Labor, to yiiong kong' ^X.] tso 
kw^i'-kong fgi ^ X 5 ^^ ^^orlc, 
tso sang-weh' ^ ^^ fg ; - 
so ^/ia< perspiration flows, ^en- 
bo'-yu-ling tso' ff jj^ jf ^||j 
^ ; ^0 begin — , zong kong' 
J: X 5 ^^ /mvf? <?^ — , hyih 
kong' % X; Job kong' ^ 
X ; liyib Isoh' ^ f^ ; /o 7?nts/i 

— , wnn kong' '^ X ; c'z'ng 
kong' J^ X Hao kong' ~f X ; 

— in vain, lao-r'-vii-kong' ^ [fjj 
M :^ ; bah-bah' lao-Ioh' ^°g° 
^-^1^; — (as a student), ^6 kw^u'- 
kong' T°S^ ^; yiiong kwV- 
kong' ffl ^ ^ 

Labored, or forced construclion, 
kong'.fah ky^ih'-lih go |f° fj 

Laborer, kong-nying' X A"; 
Iso-kong'-go fili X ^^^ ; tso- 
sang-weh'-go ^ ^'^ fg >h^ 
per-manent — , dziang-kong' ^ 
X; dziang-yiiong'.go -^ |g>i^°; 
temporarif — , tou'-kong ^ X • 
t8'ah-ton'.go Uf ^ i^' 



LAB 



mi 



LAM 



LxVBORrous, toilsome, kw^ii ^ ; 
sing-kw^/ ^ ^ ; lao-kw'u ,^ 
^ ; lao-loli' ^ ;^t 

La^BYRINTH, place where one inay 
lose his uwj, iao mi-Iu'^-go di'-fong 
W:& ^^ i^'M :* 5 hbijrinthine 
roads, lu-kyiiig' m-deo'-jii-go ^^ 

Lace, cU-lo' 3^;||; — edging, qu- 
lo'-bin 1^ H ||{ ; any bordering 
to he tacked on, kwe'-ts i^ ^ ; 
gold — , kying kwe'-ts ^ ;g 

Lace, to — with a string, zing, 
c^uu.t^i/-ko .fill ^ JX° •§ 

Lacerate, /o — fJie flesh (as 
with a knife), bi-nyiioli' lih-kW 
ife l^° ^ Wi ; bl-nyiiol/ kah'- 

Lack, Lacking, ky'in ; ky'ulli 
gl^ ; siao i}} ; ky'iiili^-siao ^^ 
ij^'j — a little ts^o'-tin ^ SjJ 

Lacker or Lacquer, yiang-ts^il/ 
W 'M '" — uwe, yiang-ts^ih'-go 
tong^-si ^^ \^ ^^° 3^ W ; i'^^aid 
— ifrtre, yiang-ts^ili', k'sen'' lo- 
dii/.go tong-si' pp i^ ^ lll^ IP 

Lad, dong-ts' ;J -^ ; siao'-kwiin- 
nying >]> 'g' A°; « ^^'^^ — , 
cong-nying' i-fi 7^°- siao ^eo- 
sang' >J. ^' /^° 

Ladder, t'se-ts' $g** ^ ; lu-tV 
^« »° (ih-bu) 

Ladle, zoh ^JJ"; so?/;^? — , t*6ng' 
diao-kang' Wi M W (^i-go) 



Lady, ddng-kW ^ §: ; nyU'- 
doiig-k^ah' ic^^ ; I'u-nying'* 
:^ A°; ^^^ w;e/e o/* a teacher, or 
gcntkman, s-meo' 0iji -f^ ; a?i oZcf 

— , lao'-bo-bo ^ ^ ^ ; tf?'^^o 
(in an officer's family), lao-t'a'- 

^'^ ^ i:" i:°r^^'^^^ (m a 

teacher's family), tV-s-meo' -^ 
W^ ^ 5 where a gentleman is 
styled, lao'-yia ^ ^, tlie gen- 
tleman s wife may be styled, na^- 
najgli"; ?/ow7<^ — , do-kwu'- 
nyiang ;/^° ^ Jg 

* This temi answers for any liidy, 
but proper]}^ belongs only to ladies of 
tbe 1st and 2nd rank. 

Lag, to — hehinjd, loh-'eo' -^ ^ ; 

— purposely, t'eng'-loh ^eo' jg" 

Lair o/* a wild least, yia'-siu k^o' 

Lake, wu '^ (ih-go); red paint, 
in-tsi^ajl'^ 

Lamb, siao-yiang' )J^ ^: ; — slin 
with curled wool, kao-bi'^ ^ ^ ; 
native ditto, t'u'-kao J^ ^ 

Lame, slightly tin'-kyiah J?f 89 ; 
iveah in the feet, nyiiu'-kyiaii i|^ 
Jiai;m-y-,kwa'.kyiah.j;g°Sa; 
limping, zeh-kyiah^-go ^ JlP ^"^ 
one foot, or Jc»;/t turned out^ dzin'- 
kyiah .^-t" Ji]J ; — from crooked 
feet, p^ih'-kyiah ^M) flinging 
out the feet in walking, hwang'- 

Lament, to kdng'-leh pe-pe'- 



LAM 



2G5 



liAP 



5^ ; — • idtJi a loiul noise, 'ao- 

i/-da.kWftpr:fc5l 

Lamentable, kV-sih p]* *!§; 
k^o'-Iiii pj" >^ ; k'o'-lin-siang 
■pj* >|^ ;(;g* ; — death, si'-leh k^o- 

Lamp, teng-tssen' >g^(ih-kwiin); 
li^Id the — , tin teng' |J '^ ; 

— liffht, teng-kwong' Jg ^ ; ^'?/ 

— liffht, teng-kwong^ *6 ^g 3^ 
f" ; - i/«c^, teng-me' ^ &< ; 

— chimnei/, teng-t^ao' M^ 5 — 
sAacf.?, ing'-kwong ^^ 3^- ; _ 
twc^, teng-sing' jg >[j» ; ditto of 
pith, teng-ts^ao' {g :^ 

Lancet (for discharging matter), 
lang'-tao or lang-tei/ J^° JJ"-, 
surgeorCs — , nga-k'o' siao'-tao 

Land, di \'^ ; cultivated — , din 
0] ; • iincidtivated — , sang-di' 
dfe^'j-fe 7 « P'^^^^ ^f — J ili-kwV 
di' — ^*; ih-tseh^di— ^IJ 
j:-j| ; an acre of — , ih-meo-diu' 
-M K; ^'-^ -. sao'-di^^, 
J^ ; to travel hij — , ^en'-lu ka- 
tseo^ ^ l^ W It 

Land, to zOng-ngen' Jl ^ ; — 
goods, ky'i-bo' zong-ngen' j^ j^ 

Land-owner, nyib-cu' H ^ 
Land-tax, zia-liang' ^° If; 
to pay the — , deo-zin-liang' ^" 

Landing-place, bu^-deo J| ^% 



Landlord of a lodging house, 
(j'C, tirZ-cii jj J ; 07«e ?/;//o Zt'^^ 
houses, ^-c., vong-tong' ^ ^ ; 

olicU'-nying-ko^M±^A°^°; 
vong' cu'-nying-ko' J^ ± A° 

Landmark, sto?ie ts'-ka-zah JJ; 

Landscape, kying'-cU 7^ |j; ; 
fine — , hao kying^-cii i(f 7^ ^ 

Lane, siao'-lu >]> ^§ ; long fl^j ; 
^ong ^ (ih-da) ; — that has no 
outlet, toh-sah-long' ^° 5§° j^" 
«; si long' ^"^a 

Language, \y6 U ; shih-wo' gj 
U • the English — , Da-Ing'-vvd 
^^U ; stro7ig or emjihatic — , 
djong'-deo sliih-w6' ffl Ig ^ 
jj; 5af?— , Wa-wo' ^"fg; vva- 
sbih-w6' ^ "St IS 

Languid, nyUn'-yiang-yiang Ij* 
}^ '^^j nyun'-bi-bij^^^ 

Lantern, teng-long' || g (ih- 
kwnn) 

Lap, sit on the — (lit., on tbe 
knees), kyiab'-k^o-deo z6ng zo' 

kyialZ-k^o-deo teo^tih M^M 
CQ] ^^ : gathered in the — , teo- 

lib 5E 6^ 

Lap, to — the edge over, deh-zong' 
S° Jt j ^^^^ ^^^^ lapping over 
another, pin-yin dzSng'-zong'-tih 

Lap, to — vp u-ater, sbii t'ab'-t%b- 



LAP 



266 



LAT 



Lapidary, nyuoh-ky^i'-s-vu' ^ 

Laud, cli-yiu' ^f fjfj 

Large, do J^°', how — ? dza- 
kwiir/-do fgli^ic"? —number 
of people^ hyii'-to nying |^ ^ 
A" ; laying' <o A° ^ ; largest, 
ting'-do Jg ;/|;°; tsoe'-m-tsae-do 

— (as if bloated), p^ong J^ ; 
p'oli'- do ; very — , do-leh'- 
l^Tiiig ic° ^^M ; -for one' s^ 
age, sang-leh dziaiig-do' j^" |^° 
;g;/^«';kwWe' {^ ^; - 
Tmartedj sing-di' -k^ae-kvv^eh' ^^ 

^'.^^•^'Lark, pah-ling' -5° f J , V.;^, 
Larynx, ky4'-kwun-k^eo^^^ P 
Lascivious, ren-seli''-go ;J g, 

Lash, a luhip, pin-ts' f 8 7 ; ^0 
heat with the — , tang pin-ts' ^J 

Lassitude, he suffers from — , 
gyi kyuob-teb nyiiu-yiang'-yiang 

cii nylin-ky^i ka. 
Last, kyih'-sab ^ -?^ ; meb '^ ; 
teb-leb-meh; to the venj — 
degree, tao-pin' de p] ^ 'J'°; 

— night, z6-yia' H^" :jg*'; z6- 
nyib' yia'-taoB^° H^I^^JlJ; 

— y<^ar, gyiu nyin^ ^ i^ ; 
zong-nyin' J^ ^ ; y^«^' &e/b?'e 
— , zin nyin' 'JJ"^^ ; — ?«ow«A, 
ain-ko' yUih Jt° fi >^ 5 zong 



yiiib' J^ ^ ; — day of the year, 
nylaen-kyiu'-yia -^^ Jl'^°', the 

— hut one, kyih'-sali yi-z5ng ih'- 

go m ^s ^:i ± -- -r^; ^^'^^^ 

(sometimes in a bad sense), ^o' 
shuzdngdinyi'7°g:°J: '^ 
311 "; the — diy of thi world, 
sbii'-kren-zong meb'-go nyih'-ts 

Last, to — well, kying-yiiong' |^ 
13 ; nae-kyin' jf J % ; ditto in 
wear, ziu-c^iin' ^ ^ ; Itow long 
ivill it — ? to-siao' kong-fu' hao 
yuong' 5 >>X^i?M? 

IjAST, shoe-mahers — , ^a byiin'- 
deo ® IS 53 ; s^/'f^cA o^i a — , 

l^yiin it 
Lasting, durahle, dziang-kyin'-g 

X ; nae-kyiu' jjg X 5 i^-kyiu' 

'fife >9l 
Lastings, yu'-ling ^ 1^ 
Lastly, tsong-kyia' |^ ^; kyib'- 

sab 2^* S^ ; finally, tao'-ti JiJ 

Late dzi Jg ; sen ^'; /^asi ^/^c 
time, z-^eo' ko-deo' flfi^ E°iS ; 
^/ic — emperor, sin-wong' ^^; 

— father, sin-vn' 3fe ;^ 
Lately, gying'-loe J£ ^ ; kel/- 

liang-nyib ifM 0° 
Latent, byUob'-tib ^ 65 ; — 

heat, nyib-ky'i' hyiiob'-tib ^^ 

U W 64 

Lath, pih-ts^' ^ $1] ; — ancf 
plaster (properly ceiling), nyi- 
t'in-mun' j^ Jc ^§ 



LAT 



2G7 



LAY 



Lathe, ts^d Ji 

Lather, soaiJ bi-zao' beh JC°^' 

;^ 

Latin, the — language, Lah-ting' 

^^« tl T p5 ; ^^^'"^' ^^^ H >^ 
IS 

Latitude, lines of — , we'-sin 

^ #^ 

■LLatter, ^eo'-deo-go ^ If^ ^"j 

B W-Ice-go ^ ^ -t' 

^■tATTERLY gying'-laejf^; gving'- 

' Laudable, k^o-yi tsUiig-tsj«n' pj"' 

Laugh, to siao ^; — a/owcf, keh'- 
keb-siao p^*p^°^ ; da-siao' ^ 
^\ to — (when amused), fah- 
siao' ^ ^ ; need not — at me, 
hao-vong' siao' iigo ^^ ^° ^ 
^ ; ^0 m.7X;e a person — , ying' 
nying siao' §1 A**^ ; — dens- 
ively, lang-siao 7^'*^ 

Laughing-stock, kyin'-siao-da- 

Later, a little — , dzi'-tiu jg ij ; 
afterward, W-deo ^ |g ; the 
latest, ting' V'o'-deo-go J^ ^ g^ 
^°; ting' kyih'-sah TI^°7|e''; 
a I/ear — , ko' ih nyin j^ — ^ ; 
the latest fashion, sing' c'ih-lae'- 

goz^lao'if ffi3}^'r°fl#Jt; 
djun-z'-go ^ flf >h° 
Laughable, hao-siao'-go jjf ^ 
^*'; bao-fah-siao'-go jfj- f^ ^ 

^' 

Laughter, kah-kab-slao Pg-''P&-° 
^: ga-ga-siao ; ba-ha-siao'. 



Launch, to — a ship, sing-jUa 

lob-sbuif^.^-:^- 

Lavish, ky^-pWdo' ^J^Vc'; 
kw^un siu' ^^,- yiiong'-leb m- 
tsib'-cu-go^M''|Bf|J;-m 
giving, c'ib-siu'-do ^j :^ ;/<;** 

Law 0/ ?//e countiy, fab f^ ; lib- 
fah'f$fi;]ib-li'f^1^J;w6ng- 
fab' 3E ?i ; kob-fali' fi;^o 
^rcff^ the — , vaen fab' ^|i j^ ; 
international — , v?en-kob' kong- 

tang kwim-s' ^X 'jg^ rI ; ky^Uoh 

k^vun-s' pg" 'gp fl 
Lawful, tsiao lib-fab' IIS f^ f^ 
Lawless, wang-ying'-peb-fab' if^" 

fT T> fi vii-fab'-vu-t'in' 4lP. f^ 

Lawn, (grass) bing-bing'-go is W- 

Lawsuit, kwun-s' 'g' ^ ; dzong 
5^' |& ^ (ib-ky'i) ; to have a — , 
tang kwun-s' JX *& 3 5 ^^'^ — 
15 settled, kyib-en'-de J^"^ ^ "X" 

Lawyer, dzong s' gggj^ ; (in re- 
proacb) tang-tao'-go ^X 7] ^°i 
wiiter of indictments, sla-zong- 

Lax, song J|; kw^un |^ ; — in 
principle, dao'-li k^en-leb ky'ing- 

Laxative medicine, sia'-yiah or 
dza-yiab' jg || 

Lay, to — (/oM7«, f ong'-lob jj ^; 
en-lob' $ '^ ; — or spread a 
cloth, Incks ^c, p'u §§ ; — //i^ 



LAY 



268 



LEA 



kible-doth, p'li cob'-pu f§^?p ; 

— the foundation (native), ding 
»6ng.bun' ^ {i ^ ; — upon 
another (as blame, &c.), t'e-t'oh' \ 

pehbih'-nying:^.f£|&°'5lJA'*;| 

— hy, liu-ky^i' "gj|B; ditto money | 
for a pm-pose, dzeng-ky^i'' dong- | 
din'^ ffi 1^ M ; — ^ip money, 
IsihMoh dong-din' 1^WM W 

Lay, to — eggs, sang-dsei/ ^ ^ 

Layers, m ih-zeng' ih-zeng' -— 

^° -^ ^°; zeng-tang'-zeng ^? 

Lazy, lsei/-do '|]g'[g ; — and fond 
of ease, t^en-lsen'-go ;^ 'Ig >i^° 

Lead, k^jBn ^g>; a s/^e^^ 0/ — , ih 
pMn k^aei/ — >{= ^& 

Lead-pencil, k'aen-pih' ^ ^ 

Lead, red 'ong tsea' ^X:J9" 5 ^'''^"^^ 
— , bah-laen ]^ ^; k^£ea-feng' 

®# 

Lead, <o talce the — , tang zii/ Jj 
•g5"';we-deo'® |i| 

Lead, ^0 ling <J| ; ying 5|; ymg'- 
dao5|Ji;;taMing^°jJI;- 
hj the hand, siuling'-leh-ky^i J^° 
^°W^''-'> —theway,\\ugh^! 

ying^dao ngo ^| '^ 5S ; ta'-ling 

ngo ^'M^;— ^^ ^^'^ ^'«'*^^' 0^ 

Z»/y a string, ky^in-leli tseo^ ^T** 
;^ ; one ivho leads another into 
mischief song-mong-' ^ P^" 
Leader, deo pg ; ^Ye-deo'-go ^ 
M '^°r deo-siu'; deo-nao' BM 
^\ to he a — , tso deo' f^' 



BM? — o/*««' «n«y, tslang-kyiiing' 
'M'^'i nyuii-sae' ;jc djj 
Leaf, a — (of plants), ih-bsen yil/ 

siu meng' — ^ f^ ; — (of a 
b(X)k), ih yih' -— ^ 
Leafless ^-ees, kwong ju' ^ ^ 

League, iah ^ (ih-go) ; to make 
a— ,lihiah':iif.5 

Leak, to leo j^ ; the water leaked 
out, shii' leo-c^ih'-de i^C M HI 
f*' ; to — out (as news), sil/- 
leo -^ Ji. 

Lean, to depend upon, i'-k^ao {^ 
^; k^ao-djoh' ^^°;— o?i /or 
svp)port, goe-djoh' M ^"j — ^'''^ 
rt7-7?2 on the table, si a k^ao'-leli 
coh'-teng $ H ffi° .^ i"; — 
<Ae head on the hand, deo siu 
t*ol/-tib, ^ fE B3 ; siu t^oh sse' 
^ ^ iS^ 5 — f/^afrts^ i//e im//, 
ga3-djoli ziang' gij ^° i| ; - 
forward, eo'-tao j^"; — ^ac/i-- 
w;a?'«r, nyiang'-ky^i jjjj g 

Lean, if/?m, seo :J^; — me«^, tsing 
nyuoh' '^^ 1^° 

Leap, to t^iao f^c; — ^o?wi, t'iao'- 
loh-la3 1% '^ ^ ; — oyera ^ra//; 
t^aoMvo ziang' f ^ j^ ;tg 

Learn, to ^oh i^° ; — by practice, 
'oh-jiL' ^°^ ; has learned, 'oh- 
we'-de i^* '^ T°; — m^i^, 
ih-ka./ ziu we^ ^ |i° i^^** # ; 
commencing to — , kyl-deo' Wi 
jfK II i^°; kVdeo'-meng W; 
— thoroughly, ^.)h'-tao tsing- 



LEA 



269 



LEF 



Learned, poh'-yudh-go ]^ Jp 

■^"j a — person^ pbh'-lao "l^j^" 

Learner, 'oh-jih'-go nying ^"^ 

Learning, ^oh-veng' J^° fp^ ; 
dzae-W ':^ ^° ; profound — 
'oh-veiig' sing' ^° f^ ^ 

Lease, n. tsu-ky'i |0, ^ 

Lease, to — ybr a te7'7n of years, 
dziang-tsu' -g ^ ; dziang-shu 
^ '^°; — and refund the monej/ 
at the expiration of the lease, 
tin J| 

Least, ting' siao Jg >J; ; gyih' 
siao jg >|^ ; (rf the vei-tj — , ts' 
•siao 3g i\^ ; ting ky^uili' J|i^ ; 
net in the — afraid, ih-nga;n'^ tu 
^ehp^6'^gra5*tt;^ao- 

. vu' p^o'-gyu J ^ tfl 11 

Leather, bi Jffe ; joh bi ^ ^ ; j 
— shoes, bi V ^S'; — dresser, \ 
siao-bi'-s-vu f^ ^ "g ^'; ?/?afZe | 
^/_, bi'tso-go ife fJi ^v».j 
tovgh as — , ziang bi' ka nying ' 
fS & ^° |j?; — «r/tVj/es, bi-go 
ko-sang }^ y^° |g.° jl° 

Leathery, ^o?/^/^, nying-bi'-tiao- 
tsi |;j ^^ :g ^'^ (also used for 
a child \vhicb clings to one, and ' 
■cannot be pulled (iflf, &c.) 

Leave, cu^k meng, k^o fob k'o' f^° 
"Pf ^ pj"; meng, cing' feb cing' 
Wmpm-^ t'aokWky'i 
ti U M,i — of absence, meng 

kv byib'feb fur prfc5°; 

ineng lijib kon^' fp^ JcX : ^^ 



,^;m< — , ing-byu' ^ =^ ; ciug 
^ (wben granted by a superior). 
Leave, /o depart from, li-k^ae' JlJ 
^ ; bib-k^3B glj ga ; / — t7 <o 
^<?w, kwe ng' tso cu' %% fj;" ^ 
J ; — it for supper, dzing-ky'i' 
-taoyia' ky^iioli' f^lJjgSiJig^Pg"; 
^ithere, liu-'-tong -g ^° Jt°; 
nothing left, rn-neb dzing' g[' 

W** M' — ^"^' ^-'' ^''"^' t^^^'-^o^ 
Ig '^ ; — me to he killed hy tJa 
robbers, ^eo ngo', peb gyiang- 
dao' tang-sab f^B" ^ #° ^ '^ 
^J ^; m/mo^ — > li-sing'-feb- 

k^«^' Hi # * ^1 ; '^^ t<^k' - 

<>/■, dz ^ing' If fx"; co/?ie ^o /a/ctf 
— of you, lai dzng'-go ^^ing' ^ 

m fr 6r fr' 

Leaven, kao'-sbii ^*'7]C°; '^ 7ai5tf 

^t'^V7^ -- , fah-kao' |f g^° 
Leavings, dzing-lob'-go ling-so' 

dzing-kang'-dzing-vsea' ^Ij ^ 

Lecture, to — from a moral booh, 

kong jiin'-sbu ||' ^ ^ 
Ledger, tsong'-ts^ing-bu |§i||*U 
Lee, V-fong7°J|I. 
Leech, m6'-\vaagj§^(ib-keng) 
Leek, kyiu-ts'ae' ^ ^ 
Leer, ^ ts^ia-leb ngjjen'-tsing- 

k^en' ^r iE" 
Lees, kyiab J^ 
Left Aanf?, tsia'-siu ^° ^j — 

side, tsia'-siu-pin 2£° $ ?Si 

«/e<2j' to <ie — ^ paen. 



LEF 



270 



LES 



Left, a little — , dzing-leh yii/- 

gotten, IsV-loli-de |g° ^ y°; 
shihMoh-de ^ g 7° 
Left-handed, tsia'-siu z6ng-zii/ 

chopsticks, tsia^-shi k^o'^-kw^aeii 

Leg, kyiab'-kwang |^° (ih-tsali); 

— isbroken, kyiali-kvvWg doa'- 

de El f-° » 7° 

Legacy, k6-ts^sei/^°^; — to an 
adopted soji, ko'- kyi ko-ts'ser/ 

Legal, tsiao liL-faL' fl3 fjjt f^ 
Legend, kwi/- tin -j^ Jft. 
Legerdemain, pin liyi'-fali ^ 

mm 

Leggin (worn by Chinese wo- 
men), ngo-dong' ^°^; loorsted 
— , nyuong ngo-dong Jg^^^" 
^ (a pair, ib-s6ng) 

Legible, k^on'-lelj-c^ih-go y^%.° 

Legislate, to zao Iih-fal)'3g°f|: 

fi;dinglih-fa.l/^fij: f^ 

Legitimate, ^eb-li'-go^;^>i^*'; 

— cJiild, ts^ing-sang' ^^ ^** 
Leisure, k^ong ^, nothing to do, 

k'ong'-^aen vii-z' ^^ fe^° 4|£ ^ 
Leisurely, sZot^/y, maen-maen''g 
^ ; wun'-wun ^ f^ ; nisen- 
t^eng'-t^eng; wun-t^angU^mg |^ 

•Lemon, nying-mong :}f \% (Can- 
tonese name); — color, dsen- 



liyiang-seh jjj" § -g ; greenish 
— co/or, raib-seh' ^ -g^; brown- 
ish — color, hyiang'-sch § ^ 
Lend, to tsia'-peb fg- 3^°; will 
you — me your pen f ng'-go pili 
k'o tsia peh ngo feb {jj;"^^**^ 

Lender, money fong dong-din'- 

go «[ ffl M° -t" 

Length, 2^7/^^ is its — ? to-i^iao 
dziang' ^ ^ ;^'? <^a kwun' 
dziang ^g"';^!" ^*'? cZr..ys anJ 
nights of equal — , nyib-yia' ih- 
yiang dziang' °:i£°— fi ^ '■> 
tsiu-yia bing' J ^** ^ 

Lengthen, to — by piecing, tsib- 
dziang' J^ ;^ ; — ^^'« time, z- 
«eo t^o-dziang' H^- ^ ^g ^g ; «<> 
^roi(; longer, dziang-kyU'-lae -^ 

Lenient, kw^un-sbu |^ ^». 

Leniently, ^o /?ra^ — , kw^ui- 
dai' ^ f^ ; hard to treat — , 
dzing-U' na3n-yiiong''[f ^ ^ g 

Leopard, pao |^ (ih-tsab) 

Leprosy, da-mo' -fong ;f<; JSS S» 5 
fab'-la-bing ^ ^i° '^^ 

Leper, sang-da-mo'-fong-go ^* 

:/c « IS _ 

Le^S in size, siao-tin' >J> MjJ ; — tn 
quantity, siao-tin' >j?Jj!|; ky^uib'- 
tin 0^ liS; « /iV//c — , siao ih'- 
ngajn i\^ — SJ''; still — , keng'- 
ko siao H to " ^; — i^^an twenty, 
feb tao nyiaen' ^, fij -fj* ; can you 
take — f rig yiu ky'iiib'-deofeb 



LES 



271 



LIA 



mn you UUce f yiii to-siao' hao 

t/uman hour, fell tao' ih tii/-coiig 

cong '1^" — IJ §f ., toffroiv — , 
siao-long'-ky^i >|? Jfl ^ ° 
Lessen, to kaen |1^°; kien-siao' 

Lesson, or task, kong-k^o' j^ f|J; 
ih-ts6ng-shii' — ^ §' ; show nw 
1/ovr — , ng' sbu-li kong-kV 
faei/ peh ng6 k'ei/ fj;° # ^ Jj 
f»31S^I^°?S^; ^0 7'mfea — 
(by rote), be-sbu ^°^ ; rfii/o 
*y answenng, ing'-tab ^ ^ 

Lest, kV)ng'-i/6 ^g. .fg . z6ng- 
k'ong'-i/6 fi ^, ta ; vi-k^ong'. 

V'o ffi iS tS 

Let, peb {3^*', or f^°; — Mm go, 
pebgyikyVft''^^*'; — /«m 
a/one, ze' gyi Ise-kaen f$° ^ 
^''{S^• — i/o (as a bird), fong"' 
Jt; — m, fong'-tsing jjj ^; 
— down (as a curtain), fong'-lob 
jHf ^ ; — a /iOM.«e, tsii-c^ib' jfg, 
aj; — /o, tsu-peb' fl||^°;— owi 
fer/ifl^ one ivishes to keep secret, dzi- 
kyi' bnn-deo', p'i'-kwn c^'b nga- 

dzong-deo' hi-vi' ^W.Wih 

Letter of the alphabet, z-iueo' f^ 

U ; i?o?;2«/i /i«er5, Lo-mo' z j^ 

Letter, sing ff (ib-fong); to 
direct a — , sia sing'-min %" \^ 



■jg ; to send a — , ta ib-fong sing' 

Lettuce, sang-ts*<e' ^° ^ 

Levee, toga to the emperors — , 

zong-dziao' J^ J^ ; the empei'or 

lias a dciily — , w6ng-li' nyib- 

nyib' zo-dzlao' ^ ^ 0° 0" 

Level, bing-bing' Zp 2p ; bing- 
dzib' ^ ijj ; — road, bing lu' ^ 
85" ; to laif or siiread — , p^u 
bing' f § Zp ; heat — , tang-leb 

ts^ib; ?o iiuiJm — ly putting some- 
thing under, din ^ 

Lever, gyiao'-kweng JJ \^ (lb 
keng) ; to raise by a — , gyiao Jj 

Levity in behavior, ky4ng-veo' 
^ang-we'g?^ fr'^;-«"^^ 
coarseness in b'Juivior, ky'ing- 
pMao'^ang-we$S|il-fi-°®;'-- 
in words, ky'ing-bob' sbib-wO' 

Levy, to — taxes, or contributions, 
lib kyUn-kw^ni' :i J| |)c ; — 
troops, tsiao ping' Jg I^ 

Lewd, t^en-ying'-go ^ gg ^'*; 
— fdlow, ying-fu' J^^ ;^ ; — 
?twia/i, ying-vu' \^ ^ 

Lexicon (.arrangeil according to 
tbe radicals), z-we' i^ ^ ; z-tin' 
i^ Jft.. See Diction auv. 

Liable to punishemnt, li'-long'- 
vob-ying' H^IJE ?flj ; ze'-ming 
pe'-tib ^°|P; zo-ze'.go i^' 



LTA 



272 



LIE 



Liar, sbih-hwdug'-go nying ^ 
^S -1^° A"*; lioug-hwong'-wo-go 

Libel, (anonymous) m-Jeo'-p6ng 
^° FM W ; vn-uiing'-kyih-t'iali' 

Liberal, do du'-liang ;/^°J|g^; 



kw'un-'onrr' clu-lianc 



&)i 



m. 



; *ao-yiali' ^f^ j — reicard, 



djong -son 



^> 



djon^ 



Liberally, to treat — , kw^iin 
<W:tf#;Wdiejgf# 

Liberate, to slh'-fong ^ Jjf ; 
fong'-c^ih ]gir tU 

Libertine, debauchee, seh-kwe ^ 
% ; ying-fn J^ ;^ ; uild, rude 

. ./e//02f, fong'-doiig-go-nying gj° 

Liberty, a.t — to follow one's in- 
clinations, dzong-sing' so-yiioli' 

Q °^ 5 "^ — ^^ ZAm/(;, or cZb as 
one pleases, z-cli'-ts-^yiin j^ ^ 

i, I'll i "^ — ^^ ^"'"'^ ^^^''' co^i- 
vcnience, dzong ng'-go bin' ;Jj§ 

fi);° i"" fl ; ^'« f'g'-go bin' ft" 
■^"^"^"/^ 5 .y^^'' ^'''^ taldwj liber- 
ties u'it'i 'inj] things, iigo-go tong'- 
«ing-zi tso-cu-i' ?Si^°^Wfl*^° 

^vith o'hers' things, jiin'-cun-go 

} J ]§ "i^**; ^«^-'6 — w.7'^/^ o;i(? of 

" another sex, (j-c, peb-nen-peli-nyii 

^ 15 ^ i& j ^"'^^ -- (''^s of 



coming into women s apartments, 
&c,), nen kab vu nyii ^ -^ ]^° 

w 

Librarian, kying-kwun'-sbU-zib'- 

go n^m^i -1"° 

Library (large), sbU-kob' ^ |g| ; 

sbu-leo' fl: ;fi 
License, tsiao JS ; tsib'-tsiao ^ 

jlB ; t^iab if j ; /o ^a/i;<2 o«/i a — , 

bng tsiao' fj flS ; iing-t^iab' 

M 'tt ; "^0 grant a — , kyib 

tsiao' ^ flS 
License, to — a iireacker, fong 

cing-s' -^l^Ui 
Licentious, tsong'- fdng-yiiob- 

Ijo' J^ ii S >^ ; sbing-tsong'- 

s-yuob' ^ ^ % B; yi"g- 

yuob-vu-dn }^ ?^, 5^ jjc 5 — 
6oo-fe, ying sbii' J^fl^ ; — i>%^S 
ying byi' J1|J ; — songs, ying 
dz' g 13 

Lichees, /res/i sin li'-tsijUf |g-^'; 
dried — , ken li'-tsi ^J M ~f 

Lick, to t^in g, or fg 

Licorice-root, ken ts'ao' \[^ 

Lid, ka3 f^ (ib-go); ^^e — , ng:eu- 

p^ao-bi' m m& 

Lie, n. b\v6ng'-w6 f^p'j^ ; ko -\v6 
m aS; byiiW It SS (il^- 
kyu) 

Lie, io kong bw«ng'-\YO ^g" ^^ 
ii§;sbib-bwong' Ijfc $% 

Lie, ^0 kw^^cng jg"; — down, 
kw^eng'-lob {g* -^ ; — on the 
lack, nyiang' t^in kw'eng' jJ)J 
rg°; _ 0,4 the face, fob'-keu- 



LTF 



273 



LIG 



kw^eiig ^ Ig"; — on the side, 
tseb'-leng-kw^eng' fj {g°; — 
curled up, geo-leli kw^eng' ; (it) 
[ lies on the table, la3 coh'-teng 
cn'-tili ; Ire coh'-teng fong'-tih. 

Life, seng-ming' ^ ^ ; weh- 
ming' fg ^ ; ming ^ ; sing'- 
ming 'U^; sai-e — , kyiu raiiig' 
^ ^'i to risk — , p^uii ming' 
^/f in^ ; « ieV/er, or hard — , 
kw^/ ming ^ -^ ; /'«i?py — , 
bao ming' ^J -^ ; — he/ore ice 
ca?)ie into this world, zin-si' ^° 
•jit°: zin-seng' |[5° ^ ; ^/ie p/-^- 
scnt— , kying -si 4--Jg:°; kying- 
seng' ^ /^ ; the future — , ^o'- 
si -p^ift^jlce-seng'^/efe; to 
lose one's — , sing'-ming cMh'- 
t^el/ '[^ ^ {7tv° ^°', one's whole 
— , ih-sang'-ih'-si — ^°— it"; 
bing-seng' Zp ^ ; we-nying''- 
dzae-sbii' ^A"^ -ffi"; ih-si'- 
we-nying' ~ -111;° jg^^j cong- 
"S'^g' #^ # ; <>'*6's — until now, 
seng-bing' ^ 2p ; ib'- byiang 
tso'-nying — jp] j^ A"; eteimal 
— , uong'-seng 7]^ ^ ; dziang- 
seng' ^ ^; uong'-yuQ web- 

^^^g' :3<ji;f5^ ? ^^ *« restored 
to — , si'-ky^i waen-weng' ^E" 
i ° \§ ^ ; has seen much of — , 
shu'-min tu kyin'-ko JM^M^-tft" 
^*'; short — , ton'-ming g^ ; 
iao-ziii' 55 ^; Zow^ — , dziang- 
. ^^^^ -^ ^; dziang-seng' ^ 



I ^ ; (Izlang-ziiv' ^ ^ ; dziang- 

I ming'-pab'-sbii ^ ^ "l^" -^C 

j (complimentary ) ; full of — {i.e. 

j always moving ), feb-teb-byili- 

! go f, ® ^ ^ 

j Lifeless, ve'-web-de Jp,°fg 7"*; 

I m-sing'-ming ^^ >\f]^ ^ ; (as if 

glad of it) teo'-ti si'-le g° ^"^ 

Lifetime, web'-tong-go z-V-o' }g 
^° 6f il# ^; dzae'-sbuwe- 
nying' S iS @ A° 

Lift, ^0 — (witb botb bands), teh 

S;-i/p,teb-tcW-k/iaje; 
— (one or more persons), ts'iah 
J^ ; cannot — it, do'-feb-dong' 
*^f/ii;ts4al/.feb-dong' jf^ 
^60j; — (t-^^'o or more persons), 
kong j^p] ; — with string, or level' ^ 
kong Jt ; d^ }S 5 — ^P^ ts'iah- 
t£en'-ky^i ^ j|E y — (tnd take 
away, ts'iab'-leb-ky'i. 
Ligature for lining Uood ves- 
sels, tsab byiiib'-mab-go pii' ^ 

i Light, kwong y^ ; liang-kwong' 
"^^•^ sun — , nyib-kwong' Q ** 
5g ; di'wi — , liang'-kwong u- 
teng'-teng ^ 3fi Pt° JIrI^ jlT; 
how — it is / dza-Iiang' ^° #^ ! 
insufficiently — , kwong ky'in 
liang' *:m°3^^J£°; «nny « 
-, do-liang'.l£eig^t°^ 
Light (in color) , dajn \^ ; a 
little lighten^ daen-tin' }^ jfj ; not 
Jieavy^ typing ^; ky^ing-kV 



LIG 



274 



LIK 



fipl; — it'ind, ky^ing-fong' ^ 
Ji. ; vi-fong' ^ H; ^cU a — 
meal, ih-djii' siao ky'uoh' tin — 

kv/ z-i^i' II Pi *: tS ; - 

?6w^, ky'ing-k'o' sang-weh' g 
pj" ^^ Jg ; — bread, mun-deo' 

ky%g.soug' 1^ HI m M 

Light, to — a candle, tin lah-coV 

B fcl :® ; — « ^'^"''Py <-"^ ^eng' 

^ ; ?y?7/ ?Jo^ — , tin'-feli-dziah'- 
goSyfiJi-t";— (asacigar), 
tin-h(/ IJ i/lC ; — the fire, sang- 
ho' ^° >/^ ; / «n7/ — 7J0U (in 
going), ngo-tsiao'-lehng kyU'^S 

Lighted, ly^// tsiao'-leli shih'- 
liang m ^° ®° ^; Jn^i^ 
— (lamps or candk's), teng-coh'- 
h we-w6ng' Jf !® ff il ; ^^^ — 
upon, ngsen^-tsing kwsen-djoli'- 

a tree, tiao' jii'-li ding-ko' ]|:^° 

Lighten, ^o ?«a/je it light, peh 

gyikyW #° 4{ fS' ^^ — 
(as lightning), f ah-sin' f^ ^^ 5 
long-kwOng' sin-din' %%Wi% 
Light-fingered jjerson, siao- 
ts^eh-ts'eh' >]> jf ^ ; ts^eh'-Iao 

Light-footed, kyiah'-deo ky^ing- 
f^en' li $ *1 y2 

LIGHT-HEADED,^//ow^/^^/es5,ky^ing 
@; feh-djong'-jih ^ fiK? 



— (as when on a high place), 
yiao-ling'-hng BM°iltitr|~ 
(as in delirium), hweng-tih -de 

Light-hearted, kw'un-sing' ^ 
ii^ ; m-sing'-m-z ^^^ ,jj M" ^ 

Light-house, liang-t'ah' ^i§ ; 
teng-t^ah Jf if (i^i-^^o) 

Lightly, ky'ing gj kyUng- 
kvv'un' or kvHiig-knn. 

Lightning, sin'-din f^ ^ 

Like, ziang f^ ; siang-ziang' ;fg 
ft; siang-dong' i^ ^ ; fong- 
feh' ^ ^ ; somewhat — , tao'- 
ziang jll) f^ ; exacthj — , ih- 
yiang — f^ ; tsing'-ziang ]£ 
\% ; ih-sel/-ib-yiang' — ^ — . 
;^; seems — , or sceim as if, oh'- 
ziang ; hao-ziang it^°i^; — (as 
a picture to a person), weh'-t^eh- 
ko'; just — (his) fatJier, tsing'- 
ziang ah-tia' Jg \% fnf^'jteng 
ah-tia tso su'-ts (inelegant). 

Like, to hwun-hyi' ^§^; cong'- 
i 4^ ^; <^'« yoi'' —7 ze ng' ^' 
i^° 5 choose which you — , ze 
ng'^ hvvun-hyi kien il/-yiang ^** 

— , ngo so sing-mi ao' -go ^ 
fm ^^ S° i^°; M -^hat one 
likes, ju-sing' ziang-i' ^p >(J f^ 
^5/_-/i;,n, ngo cong'-i' gyi 

?S ^P i© K ; gy'^ cong ngo'- 

Likely, liang-pih |Jr ^^ ; b6ng- 
tao' |5J JlJ ; jih-r-kyiu' + flff 



LIK 



275 



LIG 



I 



jl ; jih'-yiu-kyiu' + ^f d^° 
-flj ; vert/ — , kyiu'-feng kyiu'-li 

Likeness, there is a slight — , yiu 
til/ siang-ziang' W llS ^ 'il 5 
portrait, siao'-tsiao >J> ^3 ; ^ang- 
lob'fT'*^B'';byi'-yiiong^ 



^ 



to draw a • 



sia siao -tsiao 



M^jh fl5 > ^^' photograph a — , 
ing siao'-tsiao R^iJ^flB ; — taken 
in old age, zin-yiiong ^ g ; _ 
hung in the ancentral-hall after 
death, ziang -^ 

Likewise, alsOf yia ^J^*; in like 
manner, yia z-ka 4fi>°:g;in°ilfc° 

Lilac (called in Peking), ting- 
hyiang'-hwo "X § ?E ' — ^^^^' 
*o-hw6'seh:fg':j!g'g; shih-ts^ing' 

Lily, golden kying-tsing'-hwo ^ 
§f ?£ (when dried, it is often 
used for food) ; wild pink — , 
tsong-long -bwo if ft ^ 

Limb, the four liiiibs, s^ts JJ ; 
y&M»' limbs and one hundred inem- 
hers, s'-ts-pahU^ipggj-g°^; 
— of a tree, 6-ts' *f ;^ ; cw« ojf 
a — , 6-ts' tsoh'-diao "( i^ ^ 
^°; llmhs spread out, p^ali'- 
kyiah do'-siu'. 

Limber, nytin ^ ; mi-nyUn' J^** 
^ ; bamboo ivhen heated becomes 
— , coll ho'-li daen-dajn we mi- 

Lime, stone zah-hwe' ^g" Jic ; ^-be 
best — c5omes from Fn-yiang 



and is called Fii-yiang' hwe § 
^ ^ ; shell — , koh'-hwe ^ 
^; unslaked — , sang zah'-hwe' 
^ 5° Jcj 5^«/^^cf — , job hwe' 

Wi Mi ^^ ^'-^ — J c^*^^ hw®' 
^^ ^ ; <o pound — , song hwe' 

Lime-kiln, hwe-yiao' ^ ^ (ih- 

Limit, ^-en'-cU p^° fij ; bmmdcmj, 
ka'-^jen J^°|5g''; wo — , m «£en'- 
cii M° p^° -^ ; to settle the — , 
ding ka'-^sen ^ ^° [Jg^; to pass 
the — , ko-^sen' jg |5g° ; /m a 
— , yiu' «sen /^ (Jg" 

Limit, <o — the time, *aen' nyih-ts' 

lar, ngo teng ng 'aen'-ding ih- 
kw'e' fan-ping' Jg H** fi);° gg'' 

Limp, ivanting stiffness, nyiin'-joh 

Limp, to kwa-kyi'-kwa-kyi tseo' 
Jj^-^jih-kwa', ih-dih'«^' 
"^ iiC j — sligMij, zeb-kyiah'- 
go tseo. 

Limpid, kwang'-ts^ing 36° jf| ; 
pih'-ts^ing g iS 

Lightning, sin'-din p^ ^ ; a 
Jfe5/^ of — , sin'-din ih-sin f^ 
"S — P5 ; «^'«^< — » long'-saen 
fl P5° » ^^'^^ ^^^^ ^^^ sti-uck 
by — (lit. thunder), keh' tsing 
oh' le tang'-diao-de Jt^HMff 

thunder-bolt), p'ib'-lih tang'-sah 



LIN 



276 



LIS 



llli*r^5T%-lc'tang'-sah 

Line, sin 4^; straigJvt — , dzih-sin' 
iS 1^ (ih-da) ; to divide hy cross 
— , tang wang kal/ ff W^ 5 
io divide hy straight — , tang dzih 
kah' ^X It ;f^; curved — , 
waen-ying'-go sin ^ ^ ^'' H; 
er&olced ink — , wsen-wsen'- 
ky^iioh-ky'iioh'-go moh-sin' ^ 
Ijg ; the spaces enclos- 



ed hy cross lineSj kah'-ts ^ -^ ; 
draiv a — , weh ih-da sin' ^ — • 
iM IS? carpenter^ s ink — , moh- 
sin' H j^ ; tailoi's powder — , 
feng'-sin # ^ 

Line, to Jit a lining, p^e li'-ts g£ 
^ ^ ; p VkehMi. 

Lined garments^ kah'-i |§- ^ ; 
unlined ditto, tten-i' ^ ^ 

Lineage, race, ts-pV S 3^°; o/ 
<^e — of David, Da-bili' dzoh'-li 

Linen, coh'-pu ff /(j^ • hempen 
cloth, mo-pu' J^ ^ ; gj'ass cloth, 
'6-pu' g ;jp ; /ic?»/), or — thread, 
mo-sin' Jg H 

Linger, to delay, tsen-koh' ^ }g ; 
io loiter, yiu-li/ jg |g. ; deng- 
deng'-tah-tah gc°fT°^°j{:° 

Lingering, /one? o/ — (as a visi- 
tor), deng ih-z6ng z' ih-z6ng '^' 

-* ii>*' ^ ^ S°; — (^ dis- 
ease) in-dzi' J^ '^ 
Linguist, one who speaks several 



languages, we tang loli'- kob- 

hyiang'.d^nf'^^«:^g$gP|J^ 
Lining, keh'-li ; li'-ts >g| ^ 
Link, lin-wsen-ky^Un' ^ 3g° HJ 

(ih-go) 
Link, to lin-long' jg Jf ; can i<r 

/in/«rc/, liao siang-lin' ij ;fg jg 
Linseed, (hemp seed) wu'-mo'-ts 

Lion, s-ts' §^ ^ (ih-tsah) 

Lip, ilie upper — , zong'-bsen-cii'- 

^o'-bcen-cu'.jing f :^ j^ .# ; 
lips, cu'-p6 Ig g, 
Lip-service, yii/ k^eo' vu sing' 

^ n ^ )& 

Liquid, we llu'-go tong'-si '^ JJ 

•t°mw 

Liquor, tsih ^ ; distilled (Chin- 
ese) — , siao'-tsiu' j^JS ; s<?'on^ 
cfzVto, tih'-siao -jff ;^° jg 

Liquorice, See Licorice. 

Lisp, to kong-leh ngao'-zih-keng- 

go m°u°mnm^° 

List, a — (of articles, imces, &c.), 
ih-p'in tsiang' •— ^^if^; ib-pW 
ts^ing-tsiang' ^jij^j^lg ; _ of 
names, ming-mob' ^ @ ; ditto 
(on a sheet), kyi'-ming-tsen' |g 
^ H ; — (of baggage, &c.), 
ky^'-mo-tgen' j|E ,ig ^ J — <?/" 
places on ajowney, lu-dzing'-tsen 
]^g^ ; — ofcMracters, tsah'- 
c%-go' z fg Uj^jvoi^j-o/ 
^00(^5, bo'-taea ^ H (ih-p^in, or 
ih-tsiang) 



L 



LIS 



277 



LIV 



Listen, to V'mg ^; imtst — , 
yiiong t'ing' H°^ ; — atten- 
lively, tong-sing' t^ing' ^ ^^ 
^ ; — secretly, t^eo-bun' tMng' 

Listless, feh lui'-sing f^ ^ ;5 ; 

la^n'-tehtUng' H ^ ^ 
Literally, to translate — , tsiao 

nyiin ti'-ts fsen-yih' ijB J^ ig ^ 

Literary man, yiu-^oh-veng'-go 
nyingWit7^!l"'A';veng- 
mob'-go-nying 3; g -i^" A°; 
— chancellor, ^ob-dae' ^° ^ ; 
the — dialect, veng-wo' '^ =§ ; 
veng-li^ 35t SI > — composition, 
veng-tsong' jJjT ^ ; __ reputa- 
tion, veng-ming' '^^, — title, 
kong-ming' ^ ^ ; the god ivho 
presides over — men, Veng- 
ts^ong'-ti'-kyUing^gi^g; 
inferior ditto, Kw^e-sing' bu-sah' 

MM 

Literati, dob-sbii-nying' ^ ^ 
A°; Confncianists, jU-ko' H 

Lithograph, ?o t^ih sbu J§ 
^ ; lithographic plates, zab-deo' 
k^eb-got^ab'-sbU-p^a ;5°glJJi° 

Litigate, «o tang kwun-s' ^J 1^ 

Litigious, jUn'-u bying-dzong' 
#-l:l?l&;hao^zong'i?gl 

Litter o/ ings, ih-k^o' siao'-cu 
-- S ^V V^ 



Little, siao \\\ ; — child, siao- 
nying' >J^ ^°; — ?na«e7', siao- 
z-ken' )J> ^p $ji; siao'-i-s )J>;|5 
S ; « — 5 ib-ng-TBi/ ; ib-ngajii'- 
iigsen ; ib-tii/ — ^^,5 ; ib-tui-tin' 

--ifiMfi; ib-ti'-?$;ib-tr- 

very — , kybiMiang' £ g; 
a — mofi^e, to'-tin ^ SJ ; to'-ih- 
ngaen ; a very — more, sao'-we 
to'-tin f§' ^ 5 S,5 ; siao-shu' 
to'-tin >i? ^^ ifl; liab-Hab' 
to'-tin BJ ej ^ MJ; sbu-vi' 



to'-tin ^'• 



M^',adda-^y 



ko ib-tiu' ts^eo' ;(|n° — |,J| Jg ; 
&c. &c.; a — longer, dziang'-tin 
:Mil!r; « — ^^«^''> bao-tin' iJlj; 
<?2[^e?'S Jm^ — (or is about rigbt), 
t8^6-feh-to' ^ ^ 5 ; zong'-loh 
vu-kyi' ± -^ *S M ; ^^^^S' 
k/i' yhig-kwun' /fa^fj-^- 
(kwun or kuii) 
Liturgy, p'a'-ding-go kyiao'-kwe 

Live, to dwell, djii ^ ; deng Jjg ; 
whe7-e do you — ? ng'-dju Ire *ah- 

li'fr ft &'fi' rr?"? 

djii-kyii' sob-go di-long fj;° {^ 
SffH^ifi:^^ (polite) ng 
fii'-zong dju-^ab-li' 'f);*';ij Jt ft 
^° ^°? to be alive, ueb fg ; 
to spend one^s days, ko nyih-ts' 
5§ 0"-?; du-nyib' ^ 0°. 
du kw6ng-ing' fig tE |^ ; on/?/ 
enough to — on, tsib'-keo wu-k^eo' 
M ^fM P ; Jziang-ming'.pah- 



LIV 



278 



LOB 



Bhu g ^ 1S°1^° ; — iong, ziu- 
shii dziang' % ^^ -^ ', wants to 
— , iao sing'-ming ^ >[$ ^ ; 
^0 — by 2ien and ink, yi pih-moh' 
dii kwong-ing' &, ^ ^ U 
^ 1^ ; — according to ones 
means (lit. knows where to slop), 
sih'-k^o'-r-ts ii P]* |!n Jfc 
Livelihood, du nyih' Jg Q*; 
du kwong-ing' H 36 |^ 5 ^'^i^; 
c?o ?/ow w«^e a — ? ng yi soh-si 
du kwong-ing f;};° ^^ rg'' Jg° 
jS 51^ H ^? ng soli'.go du-nyih' 
f^f^^a^S' it 0°? "gk^ao 
Boh'-si du nyih' f;J;° ^ :3'' 

Livelong, the — day, ih-nyiV 

tao-yia' -- H ° PJ i^° ; tsing- 

' nyib'fil0';clziang.nyih'-gg° 

Lively m motion, web-dong' ^g 

Ji; weh-loh' fg ^; — in 

talking, kong'-leh weh-lol/ |f ** 

wmm 

Liver, ken j]f ; ^ee/— , ngeo-ken' 
Livery, ^ao'-i fg ^ 

Livid, ts^ing-heli'^||;--Jr«;5^, 

u-ts^ing' ^ ^ 
Living tUngs, weh'-go tong-si^g 

-t^mW; web-veh'fg ^^; 

w;/ii7e — , weh'-tong z-^eo' fg 

ffi° fl# M > (izae-sliu' we-nying' 

Living, /ioo; do you make a — ? 

^ ngdzadunyih ifr." ^."^ H? 

ng tso 8oh-go sang-i i^'f^^j^" 



^"^ ^ ^ ditto (to a gentleman) 
ng-kwun-di' Ise ah-li' {;};'' ^' 

Lizard, in'-deo-dzo' $|!^"'4'£'; 
s'-kyiah-dz6' gl jji-g" 

Load /o;' a W2a7i, ih-taen' — ^; 
— for two men, ih-kong' — 
Jn ; ^oa< — , ib-zse' — ^ ; ili- 
jun' ^- j|g ; liaving a — on the 
mind, Ije'-tih tsen'-sing-z' iE"^** 

Load, to isx ^ ; ts^ong ^; kwun 
^ ; — a boat, jiin' tsong ho' j!j^ 
|g ;^; — a cannon^ tsong p'ao' 

Load-stone, hyih'-t'ili-zah' |^ 
li 5° ; dz-zah' ^t ;5'' 

Loaf, a — of bread, ili-go mun- 
deo' — fi fl IM 

Loafer, yiu-dang'-go-nying j|^ 
g yjvo ^o. yiu-hyi'-long-dong- 

go nying' ^ H W. Ili^° A^ 
Loam, yiu-lih'-go na-nyi' ^ -jj 



i-^K 



to^ 



Loan, to tsia-pel/ fg° 

a Uirge sum, fong nying-bun' "^ 

mm 

Loath or Loth (to give up), feh- 
s6'-tehfj^°©; — ^oyo, feh- 
dzing'-nyun ky^' ^ '[f IH*° 

Loathe, to tseng ff ; tseng-sah' j 
1't ff5 ^ — «/*« ^^'"'^, k'eb'-go 
tong-si ngo tse k Vu'-go jg°'t**' 

m w ^ j1 pt ^ -i^^^ 

Lobster, ^re^/^ cra6, long-Lo f| 
Jg (ih-tsah) 



LOG 



279 



LON 



Local, peculiar to oneplace, ih- 
t^1b di'.fong yiu'.go — ^°i>^ 
:S' W ^"j ih-c'u yiu-go — 
M W '^** ; — i^rodmts, t'u'- 
ts^^en j^ H 5 — custom, hyiang- 
fong ; hyiang-fong' ^ Ji, ; t^u'- 
f«ng ± Ji. ; t'u'-dzoh ± ig ; — 
banditti, t^u-fi' i H 5 — customs 
differ, hyiang-foiig c^u-c^ii bih 

Lock o/a fZoor, so ^ (ih-kwun); 
coTia/ — i6t7/i gates^ ky'i ^; 

— mM inclined plane, p6 J0 ; 

— of hair, ih-h/ deo-fah' « fj" 

mm 

Lock, /o so ^' ; so'-loh ^ ^ . 

— a door, so-meng' ^ f^ . 
meng soMoh f^ ^ ® •^— (as 
with padlock) z6ng-so' J^ ^ 

LOCKED-JAW, ng6' kwaen-kyincr'. 

Locust, wong-djong' i^ |^ (ih- 
tsab) 

Lodge in afield, so ^ 

Lodge, /o deng Jg ; dwell for a 
time, dza3ii'-deng g Jg 5 _ for 
the night, soh-yia' ^ :g°; hyih- 

Lodging-place, deng-sIng^ts-c'U' 
JS # *i ^; lodging-shop, eoh'- 
yia-tin ^ i£° jg 

Loft, a /om;~, koh'-teng ^''^•^ 
house has a —^ oh' yiu koh- 
teng'-go M W Ji'^JI >i-« 

Lofty, kao-kao' ]g ^ ; — «?^^ 
^•ye, kao-do' ^ ^'' 



Log 0/ tyooff, moh-deo' ^ |g (ih- 

don) 
Logical, yiu diao-li'-go ^ f ^ 3g 

i""; Jing-jU'-go {i ^ ^"^ 
Logwood, su-moh' jg^ ;fc 
Loins, the upper part, iao-hyih' ^ 

j^; iao-bo' JgPa^^; at the Mps, 

do tV pin :^° li ^ 
Loiter, to yiu-dang' ^ g; to 

— on the way, yiu-lu' ^ ^ 
Loll, to — about, t^en-min' I?en- 

<^«:K K 'IS 'If;— the tongue, 
zih^deo' t^a-e^ib' S" 51 W ffl 

Lonely, lang'-loh ?>^° -^ ; dzih- 
moh' gg ^ 

Long, dziang ^ '^ four feet — , s' 
ts^ah dziang 0;^"^ ; not long 
enough, ky^in dziang' ^°^°:g; 
a — time, dziang-kyiu' ^ ^ ; 
dziang-yun' ^ jg;; //ojt; — skdl 
I icait ? ngo iao' teng' to-siao' 

kong-fi/^^-^^f 5>J;X*'? 

— period of years, nyin-yiin' jib- 
kyiu' r^ jg H :X ; hoiv — ago 
did the liebeh come ? dzong 
Dziang-mao' l?e', tao jli-kying' 
to-siao'z-W|g-ft^^glJ^Q 

Long, to — constantly, k^eh'-k^eh- 
neng'-neng siang'-vong H^*' Jj^'* 
^IJ M M m^—ardtntly, ts^h'- 
sing siang' -gJ^JJ ?g ; yiin-vong' 
^ gg ; — /o?* something super- 
ior, or aJoye one, ky^'-mo j|^ J^ j 
7 — to see my mother, ngo ky^i'- 
mo kyia ah-nyiang' ^ ^ ^ 



LON 



280 



LOO 



S •ftj (ky'i-mo cannot be used 
ill the sentence, ray mother longs 
to see me); — for (as for food), 
siang >f9 ; s-ts^eng' ziang k^eo- 
k^eh' ka ,g % S° ^n P % 

LONG-SUFFEKING, n?e'-]eh dziang- 
kyiii' B ©° :g :X ; lenient, 
kw^un-shii' ^ ^^^ 

Longer, a little — , dziang'-tin ^ 
m^ ; still — , keng'-ko dziang' 

S >^n** :S ; "'^''''^ ^^ — ) ^^^- 
iao dziang J^** ^ -^'^ ^o wait 
a little — , tsoe' teng-Ieh dziang' 
ih-^6ng||^@°^^ t.° 

Longevity, dziang-ziu' -g ^ ; 
ziu-shu' dziang ^ ^° ^ 

Longitude, lines of — , kying-sin' 

Look or Looks, siang'-mao ^g" 
1^ ; sliu -sell y}C^ ; ts-seli' ^ 
•^; //as an Jwnest — , min-yiiong' 
k'en'-la) dzlng-jili'-go U S S 

Look, ^o k'en g ; siang ;fg' ; 
take a — , k^en'-ih-k^en' ^^ 
— ^ ; k'eu'-k'en-siang ^ ^ 
^.3* ; mong-mong'-k^en H'' ^° 
^ ; — around, don-ky^iia' k'en 
W M^M''>—'"P^ dziaozong' 
k^en ||] J: ^ ; d:e-kyn' k^en 
^w ife S ; — ^^^"'^' k'en-'6' 
^f'; byiang-'O' k^en' [^ f ° 
^ ; s^oo/; and — , eo'-tao k^en' 
M '©I S j — ^"^'^^5 nyin-cUn' 
k'eii' m" II J^ ; we-deo' k^en 
[eJ I^B 9 j — ^^^"'^ upon^ or 



//aye contempt for, k^en'-feh-zong- 
ngaen' ^ ^ Jt 0^**; — askance, 
zia'-k^eu ^f g ; tseh'-k'en #J 
> ; — for, or j^«(/, zing ^ ; 
— for it, zing-zing' k^en ^° 
^° ^ ; dz6-dz6' k^n g g 
^ ; / have looked every wJiere, 
ngo tao'-c^u zing-pin' ko ^ ^J 
J® ^° S IS ; — >'j or expect 
p^ijen'-vong g j} ^ ; — carefully, 
ts'-si k'en' ff |H^'; — - «Ar, or 
take care of, kwun ^ ; ?/ow — 
f/'/fe?' things hei^e, ng' kwun-tong' 

16"^//, keb' gyin i-zong' siang'- 
mao tao bao'-go J|° f^ ^ g 

Looking, she is fine — , gyi'-go 
sbii'-seb sang-leh bao' .tt '^* 



bong-pin' 



kV^n'-go 
bonir- 



LOOKER 

cu'-kwu^a'^^°A' 

kwun'-tsiae ^ || ^- 
LOOKING-GLASS, kying'-ts |g -^ 

(ih-min) 
Lookout, onthe — , W-tih tsiao'- 

^'^^<^' lE'^\W^f:\PWormfor 

ohseiving enemies, liao-rliie' 11,^ J^; 

— on city wall, fi-leo' ^ |^ ; 

turret, vong-leo' || ;j^g ; — for 

cool air, jii'-fong-ding ^ J|!(, ^ 
Loom, kyi j^ ; — for cotton doth 

puMvyi <?]f ^ (ib-tsiang) 
Loop, p^ten jg ; — yor a button, 

nyiu'-p^aen gj ^ 
Loop-hole for cannon, p^ao' 



LOO 



281 



LOT 



dong-ngoen' ^^ }|5) H^" ; find a 
— for escape, zing leo-dong', 

hao'zah-c'ih^^JlBlj^J'rffi 
ILoOSE, not tight, song f|: ; kw*iiii 

^ ; unfastened, soen-de ^^^ 

Loosen, to f6ng song'-tin '^ || 

S 5 — ( bound) /<?g«f, fong kyiali' 

Looseness of bowels, du'-li Isb- 

tih dza' tt" 4.° i^" jg- 
Lop, to — oj'an ear, siah'-loh ng^ 

Isoh-dlao o-ts' jj^ ^*' ^f* ;^ 
Loquacious, shih-w6' to' ^ ^ 
^ ; to-k6ng'-to-w6' ^ B|" ^ 
IS ; to-cu'-tah-zih' ^ rg jf ^■' ; 

— (because thin-lipped), cU'- 
jing-bi-boh' ^ ;g ife ^ 

Loquat, bi-bo ;f^ja 

Lord, cU' j^; — of Heaven, T'in- 
CU' 5J ^ ; Zorc?'s Svjyper, Cii- 
go vsen'-ts'sen ^ ^° BJ g 

Lord, to — ovei-, we-deo', we-nao' 

Lose, to shih'-diao ^ y°; tiu- 
diao' ^ ^ °; _ owe'5 life, shih'- 
diao sing'-raing ^ T tt ^ 5 
song sing'-ming ^g ^ ; sing'- 
ming c^ih'-t^eh .ft ^ f;^° ^°; 

— heart,* lien-t^jBu' sing-deo 

posed to win), shii' - diao ^ 
"]*; — courage, tgen *en' Bg afe ; 



* It should be observed tliat, sliih sing' 
yk IX^ means to lose one's mind, and 
not one's heart ; shih'-Joh ^ ^ 
uieans also to leave behind, oi- forget. 



teen ky^iali' Jf •[!_£**; — interest 
(in), sing' lang' ,jj ^-^'j sing-s' 
daen'-dajn £> ,g }^ ^^*'; sing 
ga';— /aiw, c^ih ky^i' ^ ^; 
— savo)', tseo mi' ;^ 5^^*; ^<; 
Si//e7' /oss, ky'uoh'-kw^e p^°;J5"; 
ky'ih'-kw ^c ; ky ^ih-ky^ii'; — capi- 
tal, or — in trade, zili-peng' Jff 
7|s: ; kw'c-peng |5 Tp; ; kw^e- 
zih' ^ Iff"; how much did you 
~f ng' zili to-siao' peng f^° ■^° 

Lost, shih'-diao-de ^ T°; (as a 
sliip), tso'-diao-de ^;^®"J*°; — 
in trade, so tseo', tsong'-go ^ ° 
^"^i^'jsozihWiao'-golS 
|ij° '1^°; — to shame, s6ng' lin- 

®° i — '"«<^' kong-fn shih'- 

;7<:'ii>, we-k'eo' t'e-psen'-de ^ P 
^^ #° y? — wmory, kyi'- 
singt^e-paen'-de fg ft ^° 7*'; 
missing, feh-kyiu'-de ^ ^ "J"*; 

— the rvay, mi-lu'-de gl i^ T** 
Lot, a — of land, ili-kw^e-di' — 

^ ^\ the whoh — (of Ibings) , 
ih'-kwu-nac-r — ^^ 
Lots, to draw — (bamboo splints), 
ts'iu-ts'in' ^g ^; ditto (bits 
of paper), ts^eh-ts'-meh-den' Jj^** 
^*'; ^0 cos; — icith dice, dzih- 

seh'.tsji^°-? 
Lotus, 'o-hw6' -j^ ;j^ ; lin-hw6' 

— roots, ngeo Jg 



LOU 



282 



LUC 



Loud, hyiang^; speaks — ,k6ng- 
leh-byiang' ^^""^T'^', — voice, 
8ing-ing'-do' ^ ^ ;/,;°; sing- 
iiig'-djoiig' g •§ £ ; wu-long'- 
<3o' Pi" Pi :^°; a little louder, 
hyiang4iu' '^ IS ^ 

Lounger, itffcr, k^ong'-^aen-nying' 
^W K° See Loafer, Loll. 

Louse, seh JJ^ ; i/^ie mc? of a — , 
seh-te'i;.^;kyiUs!||i:f;<o 
X-iV/ lice, k^eli sell' Jl] ;|J^ ; to Jdll 
lice hy hiting, ngao seh' ^ gj^ 

Lousy, seh' sang'-leh-to'' ^ ^ 
^° 5 ; seh sang'-leh kao-kao- 
dong'. 

Love of wine, t^en-tsiu' ;J Jg ; 

— of wealth, t^en-dzse' -^ gf ; 

— of lust, t'en-seh' ^^1 g, ; — 
of eating, t^en-ky^iioh' ;J pg**; 
t^en-zih' ^ ^ 

Love, to se'-sih ^ fg' ; — greatly, 
c'ong'-ae ^^ j ^o — a superior^ 
ae'-kying ^ §J ; — «?* inferior 
(as a child), dzih-din' fil ^°; 

— one another, do-ko'-siang-se' 
:k° ^^ ft ^i —and pity, «- 
lin' ^^', he is much loved, gyi 
teh-c^ong'-go « © H >h^ 

— a«t? <rm« partially, p4n-ae' {g 
^ ; — Uindly, nyih-ae' g| ^ 

Lovely, kVse' pJ" ^; me ^; 

— woman, me'-nyii j| tJ^ 
Low, no< high, ti -/g ; — coas« 

Zarwfs, dii ^; t^sen ^; — 
land, di'-shu ti' Jft # ffi > — 
uwcc, sing-ing' ti ^ ^ -jg ; 



sing-ing ky^ng' S ^ fS ; wu- 
long iu' P^" Pi Ja°; - hirth, 

c%.sing' ti-vi' ffi#igSi;- 

ft-(7<?, dziao t^e'-zing ?|J3 jg ^ ; 
dziao loh-keu' '{^ -^ |^ ; vul- 
gar, ts'u-cMng' jg[ 0; — in 

;7nc., ko'.dinti'j@''^rffi;- 
0'. e. poor) diet, ky^iioh'-zih dsen'- 

l>«h P£° A fl » ; ts^i-ts'se' 
dsen-v^n' ^ -^i|^ |g 
Lower, io — one's self, zi-ky^ing'. 

Lower, a little — , ti'-tin -jg SJ ; 
— sfcfe, 'o'-mia T* ° W 5 — 
classes, msen pah'-sing ^^ ^"j 
siao pah'-sing )], "5° Jjf 

Lowest, ting-^6'-deo-go IB f ° 
BH '1^° j — ^^^^^ or raw/c, meh- 
teng'-go sing-veng' % ^ ^^ 

^^; ting^a'peHT^'X 

Lowly, meaw, ti-vi' -jg ^ , pe- 

vi' ^ ^ ; humble, ky^in-hyii' 

Low-spirited, sing-hwe i'-lsen 

Loyal, cong-sing' ,g, )5 5 "-" 

o^cei', cong-dzing' ,g, £ 
Lubricate tV, long gyi wah' ^ 

Lucid, ming-ts^ih' H^ jg ; ming- 
liang' BJ ^. 

Luck, zao'-hw6 5^° {j^ ; yuing'- 
ky'i^^;yuing'-dao5g Jf; 
z-yuing' g| 5g ; ^ooc? — , hao 
yiiing'-ky'i jtfMM'^ l^^o zao'- 
hw6 jj° ;§'' ^°; w/i^« m W 



LUC 



283 



LUS 



— , *ang yuing' z-^eo J-j jg fl^ 
'^'jlad — , zao-liwo wa' ^° 
^°^°; tao-yiiing' ^ jg ; 
yuing'-daofeb-te'5gJtf,5§-; 
' that was your good — (no right 
to expect), keh z ng'-go ngah'- 

kolikao'ig^^f;);^^^^ 

^ ; iao-ying' f^« f^ 
Lucky, yiu zao'-hw6 ^ ^ ^'^ 
yiu ying' ^ ^ ; — 077ze?i, hao 
tsV-deo jf /Jg^gg ; — rfay, hao 
nyih-ts' Sj g -f ; — s^ar, kyih' 

LucRABAN Seed, da-fong-ts' ^ 

Lucrative, hao fah-dsoe' ^ g 

Ludicrous, hao fah'-siao'-go j$ 

Lug, to dzing-lih do'^'^ ^°; 
to drag with all one^s strength, 
teo-k/i'-lih t*o' ft" Ulim 

Luggage, *ang-lL' fj**^; hoio 
vmny pieces of — f kyi gyin' ^ang- 

Lukewarm, feb-lang'-feh-nyih' 
^^'ft'*'^/il°> nyih-weng-weng' 

iiffifa;^™g'-t'engaft° 

Lull, i/^e wind lulls, fong' iii-loh'- 

fong sih'-de ^ J, y 
Lumber, old things^ hyiu'-gyiu 
tong-si /f5 8^ ® J ^'^o^j iiioh- 

Lump, gyi-ts'-kw'e f^ -^ ^ ; a 
ia//, ih-dou' — ^; a piece, ih- 



kw V — * ^ ; <o ^7/ m i/te — , 
(not in powder), weh-leng' ma 

Lump, to form lumps, dzing-kw^e^ 
J^ ^ i — together, tang t^ong- 
bm/ ff -^^jio — the prices, 
t^ong-ts^6'k6'-dm5§fjl:jg°Jg' 

Lunar month, yUih-veng tsiao 
yuih-liang'ding -go ^ ^** JB 

Lunatic, tin-ts' ^ -f ; fong-tin'- 

go s; ffl i^' ' 

Lunch, tin'-sing, or tia'-sing 

mil- 

LuNG-NGAN, kwe'-yun ^ ||[ ; 

ytin ngsen^ [f gft'* 
Lungs, fi fllj 
Lure, to entice, ying-yiu' 5| %% ; 

to tempt, mi-^oh' jJ^J^ ; — away, 

kwa'-t^J5-^;kwa^p'inJ5°.li 
Lurk, to tong-iu'-si-iu' ;^ j^"® 

5^°; tong-tsiang'-si-wong' % ^1 

Luscious, ken-din' ^° ?f 
Lust, desire for possession, s-yiioh' 
jK S^ 5 concupiscence, yuoh-ho' 

Lusting, yiioh-ho^ Ite-tih dong 
^ >^ gj ; yuoh-ho' fah'-dong 

Lustful, t^en-seh' !K fe ; «»>- 
tremehj — , hao''-seh-ko-du' ^ 
"& iS JK J — person, hao'-seh- 

Luster or Lustre, kwong 3^ 
Lusty fellow, hao'-hcn-ts Jf ^ 



LUX 



284 



MAI 



LUXUKIANT, meo-zing' "^ g 
LuxuKious, shise-w6', or so was 

mm 

Lye, kseu'-shu' jj^ ;Jc° 

m: 

Mace, the coat of nutmegs, nyiioli- 
ko' bi 3^ H Jg ; a tenth of a 
Chinese ounce, ih-din' — J^** 
Macerate, to — in water, shii'- 

li tsing-tW ?}<'' 5 g li 
Machination, ts6'-kyi |^ ff 
Machine, kyi-ky^i' H §§ 
Mackerel, ts^ing-tson' ^ |f ; 
horse — , mo'-kao-ng ,^1^°.^°; 
very coarse ditto, hwo-lin-djii' iljpg 

Mad, vu'-tin |^ ^ ; gwong 3|i ; 
focg-tin' ^ ^ ; — %, fong 
wun-kyi' ^ ^' :^° ; tin keo' 
^ ^pj ; — tvith evil desire, hwo- 
tiiV ^ 'S; ^0 hecome — , fah 
tia'lf i;fah gwong' ^ J^ 

Madam, (to a lady of rank), na'- 
naf5°|i°;t'a'-t'a:i:°i:'';(to 
the wife of teacher), s-meo' Ij^-^ 

Made of wood, ju' tso-go ^ fJJ 
-^^ ; lyeZZ — , sang-weh' tso-leh 

Madeira-nut, or English wal- 
nut, wu-dao' ^ \% 

Madman, vu'-tin-ts g; ^ •? 

Madness, tin-bing' ^ j!|^' ; to 
feign — , tsdng tin' ^ ^ 

MAGAZiNE,/)ow'i?^r ho'-yiah gyiioh' 

Kmm 



Magenta, (a color), ngo-lsen- 



*ong^-%"p''& 



Maggots, to breed — , cMb djong' 
tG H ; sang djong' ^° ^ 

Magic, fah'-jih J'J ;f)| 

Magician, yiu fah'-Jih go jihY 
W?i«i^"A^ymfah'4ih. 
go cu'-kwu ^4 ?i :ft ^^ A' 

Magic-lantern, ing -w6-kying' 
^ m (ib-go) 

Magistrate, kwun 'g; kwun- 
fo' § ;j5 ; styled, lao'-yia ^ 
^°; mtgistrate's ojice, or resi-^ 
t?mce, ngo-meng' ^ f^', magis- 
trate's hall, kong-dong' ^ ^; 
do-dong' ^^° ^ 

Magnanimous, ^ao-yiah' ^ ^ j 
k^6ng'-k^» •» m 

Magnet, byih'-t^ih-zah ©JUS" 

Magnificent, w6-li' ^ M 

Magnifying-GLASS, hyin'-vi- 
kying' M ^ il ; the same word 
is used for microscope. 

Magnolia, pui;ple moh-pih'-hwo 
/fv ^ ?2; y^hite-^, nyUoh- 
dong'-hwo ^ ^ ?g 

Magpie, 6-ts^iah' ||{j| (ih-tsah) ; 
— robin, hyi'-ts^iah § fl| 

Mahometan, See Mohammedan. 

Maid, Maiden, gii-l, nyiang-t&' 
Jg ^ ; miss, do-kwu'-nyiaug 
•/^° ^ iS/ ^^^'^^ — J ^^® do-kwu- 
nyiang ^ J^° f^ i^l ^^^^^> ^ 
deo' X M 5 s'-nyu || ;^ 

Maidenly, moc?es^, iu'-siu ^p% 
p^6 wong-k^ong' fg 'jg jgj 



MAI 



285 



MAL 



Mail-bag, ang'-dsc ^ g ; — 
hoot, sing-paen-jun' ^^ IS 5 — 
carrier, tseonsing'-go-nying ■^ 
^ '^* A*; official ditto, tseo- 
veng-shu'-go-nying' :^ 3Jt S^ 

Maimed, doen-dzih'-go ^^^'^j 
to become — , vsen dzaen-dzih' 

Main, tlw — reason, do yiin-kwu' 

r^** ^ Si: ; — «^«> tsing'-i je 

:^ ; da i' ;^ ^; ^ooJ m «^ — , 
da kwe'-mo hao' ^^^U 

Maintain, to hM, siu ^; to keep, 
pao'-siu ^ nf » ^^^ — *^j i^^^'" 
leh-dju' t^ ^^ >j^ ; to support, 
yiang g ; cong Q; cong-yiang' 
9 ^ (commonly pron. tsoiig- 
yiang) ; — one's family, cong- 
ko' yiang-kyUn' ^"^^g^P" 

Majesty, Us w6ng-z6ng' ^ J^. 
sing-z6ng' |g Jt; cU'-ts j^ :f ; 
^'s, or ^ojtr — , vgen'-se ^ ;^ ; 
Ms — iliA present Emperor, tong' 
kying wong-zong' ^ -^ ^ Jt 

Majok (in the army), ts^aen-tsiang' 

Major-general, tsong'-ping || 
:£; cing'-dae ^ J; di-toh' 

Majority, ih-do'-pun'— ;;^'*iji; 
I eigJ^t parts (out of ten), pali'- 

! feng A ^ 

Majority, to reach one's —, zong 

ti"g' ± T; «^^'^«^^ attained — , 
dzing-ting^j^ "J" 



Make, to tso j^ ; to luild, zao 
jg ; — clothes, tso i-zong' ^ 



5^ ^ ; — a toz^;cr, zao t^al/ 
it :tf ; — a road, k<ae In' ^ 
j^ ; — it better, long' gyi hao'- 
tin ^ ^ j^ I^J . ^0 ca?^s5, long 
^;s'-teh ^@; cii'-s-tehU 
ffi ® ; Peb j^^- — him afraid, 
long' gyi p'6' p ^ 'fa ; s'-teb 

or account, k^ae tsiang' |g ||g j 

— a ^c?; p<u' min-zOng' || ^ 
K"; —it good, t'ing'-djong ^ 
tt ' Pu'-waen ^M', — vp (the 
difference), din ^ ; — « /^^^^^ 
lih-iah' ^ ^', — or cw^^pe/ 
/rtw to do, ah' gyi tso' Jf "^^ ; 
kwun' gyi tso' 1^ ^ f,fj ; ^in- 
sang' iao gyi tso' ii g ^ j^ ; 

— believe, tsong ko' ^ ^°j 

— Se/tVve cr?/, tsong k6' kyiao 

^ ; — up one's mind, cii'-i 
kyiiih'-ton J^^lJl J ?V7wa^-es 
wo differerwe, m-kao'; ditto which^ 
feh-leng' ^ |j| ; — (form) an 
association, hying we' ^ -^ j — 
i-ules^ lib' fah-tseh' j^J; ^J gij j 
lih' kwe-kyu' Jr ^ ^g 

Maker, tso'-go cu'-kwu fdJ >j^' 
X°', flower — , hw6'-s-vu ^g 
fgf J God, Hw6'-kong fg 3;; 

Malaria, doh-ky V ^ ^ j vu- 

doh'-ts-ky'i Mm:tm 

Malays, Mo-lii'-nyiug'5|Jt}^7^° 
Male, nen ^ ; — child, siao'- 



MAL 



286 



MAN- 



Wsen' >J> ^°; u-wsen'; — of ani- 

ritaJs, yUong ^^ 
Malediction, tsiu''-m6 J^ ]g 
Malefactor, vaen'-nyingj^ A**; 

ze'-vien p ^Q 
Malevolent, oli'-doh ^ ^ ; 

likes others to have trouhle^ hwun'- 

hyi bih'-nyiiig ky^iioh'-kwHi JJ[ 

Malicious, injuring without cmise, 
vu-kwu' W-nying' M ]§5^ ^ 
^*'; — accusation, vu-kao' ^ 

Malign, to pong'-hwe |^ g^ 

Malignant, hyiiong-hyUong'-go 

^ i^° A°; ^'er^ — J hyuong 

sah'-sah 32, ^ r — disease, 

hyiiong-bing^ |)$( ^|^- 

Malleable, Lao' tang boh'- go 

Mallet, moh-dju ^fc || ; heavT/ 

— , long-deo-dju^ » Bill ; 

ju'-long-deo' ;^ IIP g| (ih-go) 
Maltreat, io long-song' ^^°; 

tsiu-tsoh' J|^ f^°; — greatly, 

isao-t^ab' Jf gl 
Mammalia, ky*uoh-na' keb' ib- 

Man, nying A°; ^^^^ry — , ko'-ko- 
nying f@ (@ \°', all men, cong'- 
nyi"g ^ A*" ; — 0/ projmett/ 
or influence, do-nying'-do-mo' 

Man of war, ping-jUi/ ^ j^ ; 
p'ao'-jun ^ IS ; tsin'-jiin gj j|S 
(ih-tsah) 



Manacle, ^ ting siu'-k^ao |f 

^it; k^ao siu'-k^ao ;f# ^ ^t 

Manacles, siLi'-k^ao:^;t§(ib-fu) 

Manage, to been |f/f ; kwnn ^ ; 
liao-li' 14 ^ ; diao-da' 13 g; 
— affairs, bsen-z' U| ^ ; man- 
ages tvell, diao-du'-leb bao' |J3 
MW M'^ / can— it, ngo- 
bao liao-li' ^ Jf ^5|, 3|| ; _ « 
family, djii ko' Jj^ ^° ; kwun' 
ko' ^ %<■ 

Management, has good — , yiu 
bao en'-fong ^ i(f ^ H" 

Manager, we-deo' ^ gg ;— (of 
larger affairs), tong'-z ^ ^ ; 
siu'-z # If: 

Manchu, Mun -tsiii nying' Jg^ 
A°; — language, Mun'-tsiu wo' 
Ji ^t SS 5 — characters, Unn'- 
tsiuz'JilH'I? 

Mandarin, kwun ^ ; kwun-fu' 
*& ^ ; l^wiin-yun' "g ^ (ib- 
we) ; — dialect, kwun'-wo' *j^ 
fg-; — fcfe, iin'-iang'ff ^ 

Mandate, imperial — , w6ng'- 
ra'ng' g ^ ; zong-yii' ± ff ; 
sing'-ts m e 

Mane o/a /w?-5e, mo'-tsong-mao' 

Manfully, hravely, tiong'-ken ^ 

iC 5 kong-uong' jSJlJ ^ 
Manger, /worse's mo'-zao ,1^ ff 
Mangy %, fab-Ia'-keo g ^°}&f 
Mangled, keb'-wu-de fi] -JH* 

7"°; ng'-bwo pao'-lib-de 5.° :jfl[; 



MAN 



2»7 



MAP 



I 



Manhood, amved at — , zOng' 
tiiig'-de J: YT°5 dzing-nying'- 
tsiang-da'-de ^ A° ft :^ 
f °; ditto (in reproach), ts'ih'- 
dziang'-pah-do' -tl ^ A :fe° 

Maniac, vu'-tin-ts SJ ^ •? 

Manifest, ship's jUn-cu pao'-taen 

Manifest, to hyin |g ; lu Jp ; 
piao ^; bym'-c%-lae .^ JfJ 

Manifestly, ming - tong'-tong 
^°BJ°;hyi./.jun^^;hyia^ 

Manifesto, imperial wong-pong' 
fi W ; <#^^'«^ — » kao'-z ^jf; 

Manifold vaj-ieties, or changes, 
ts^in-pin^-vaen'-hwo ^^ Hffc; 
wi«7«/ forms, to'-leh-kying^-go 
yiang^-shih5<'||-|?>^°;^^ 

Mankind, nying'ih-le'A'*— ^5 
«^ — , ^en'-t^iu-'6 nying' ^"^ % 

T°A' 

Manly, ziang bao-hen' ka j£° 

MANNEK,/a5^io/i, iV-du Jg^; 

— , ih-yiang'.go ^ ;^ ^J^"; c?o tC 
in this — , ka' siaiig-mao tso' 
^n** jlt° fiK ; ^«s — is pleasing, 
gyi'-go tW-du liao' ^ ^° jg Jg 
jj ; /zis — of spealdng is good, 
gyi'-go daen-t*u' hao' ^ >j^* f^ 
nii? ; — of expressing ones self, 
kong'-fab ^|° }'^ ; has no man- 
ners, m-li'-ky'i ^^ |g 11° 



Manners, or customs, fong-djoh' 

Ji.^;byiang-f6ng' ^ Ji.'' 
Mansion, fu'-z6ng ^ J^ ; fu'-di 

Mantel or Mantle-piece, bo'- 
lu-teng ; bo'-lu z6ng-go kob'-kyi 

Manufactory, tsob'-dzlang f^ 
M 5 fo°g iS ; ^'^^'^ — ' kyi-fong' 
^ tS ; powder — , bo'-yiab- 
gyuob' >AC ^,^ 
Manufacture, to cu'-zao JJJg 
Manure, bi ^E°; feng ^; liao 
^4 j €xcliange money for — , wun 
H' \^W', — cakes, k'dng'-s6 

Manure, to — land, Uong din' 
^ ; to water with — , kyiao 

Manuscript, rough draft, ts'ao'- 
kao ]§ ^* ; i/ie improved — , 
ts^ing'-kao ^ ^ 

Many, byu'-to f^ ^ ; yiu'-ho ; 
to ^ ;, zing'-kyi ; to-siao' ; very 
— , to-to' ^ ^; ting-to ]g 
^;to-to^ib-jun' g ^ ^#; 
/ww; — men ? to-siao' nying' 

to-siao 4t°^ >i?; feli-t(/ ^ 
^; baoV-goiJ^>Jv*';- 
iimes, bju'-to' tsao'-su ff ^ 0° 
iS;;too — ,tWto ::fc''^ ; — 



/^anZ:5, 


to zia' $ li}"; so-. 


keb-tar 


ig'; ka-sing'. 


Map, di-1 


i'-du jt a 11 (ih-go, or 


if for bang-ing, ih-fob); -— of the 


U'07'ldf 


di-gyiu'-du' mmm 



MAP 



288 



MAK 



Maple, fong-ju' j§, ^ (ih-cii) 
Mar, to damage, seng^-song J^ ^ ; 
her beauty is marred by the blem- 
ish, gyi'-go me'-mao be yUo'-tin 
taMoh ^i-^^iaiSSffi 
M^'fi^J gy'^'-S*^ me'-mao be yUo'- 
tin so ^^' # -t' ^ la i^ Wx 

Marble, Da-li'-zah ^ 3g ^°; 
T^a'-wii-zah JSc" 'M 5'j J^ing- 

zah' p ;gf'' 
Marbled ^aper, yuing-zab'-tsin 

Marching, tired loith — , (or 
walking), tseo'-vah-liao ^ ^ 

T 

Mare, ts'-mo' Hi % (ib-p*ib) 
Margin, pin j§; pin-yin' ^ fj ; 

— of a river, kong' pin-yin' J]Q** 
jft |& ; — </ <^ ^^^/' pin-da' 
jj ; wjTper — ditto, zong'-kah 
Jl 5^ ; tMn-deo' ; lower ditto, 
«6'-kah -f |gp ; ti'-kah jg ^ 

Mark, or sign of something, kyi'- 
nyi"g la 1?.°; kyi'-'ao f^ gg ; 
frace, or the — of a sore, 'eng- 
tsih' ^ ^ij; ; trace, u ^°; /«^^er 

folding, tsib'-ii Jf ^"j uib'-u f^ 
^^ iWc — (spot) , mob-tsib' g 
JjJ; ; on^'s private — , hw6-iab' 
:fg ^f ; hw6-z' :^^; recc/ve the 

— of a Buddhist priest, ziu ka' 
^?S**5 ^^''^"^ ofJiaving been mov- 
ed, ying-tsib' bao'-ziang dong'- 

ko-iiao j^mu^mmf 



Mark, to maJce a — as a sign, tso' 
kyi'-nyingfStal2.°; tso' kyi'- 
*ao ^ IB ^ ; ^0 malce or kave 
a mark (or spot), tang tsib' J^** 
Hj; ; — perpendicularly (as an 
incorrect cbaracter), dzib [jj ; 

— ivith a hot iron, t'ong kyi'-^ao 
St ffi SJu ; — ^"^^^* attention, 
and remember, sing'-li tang' ib- 
go kyib', kyiUib i^''^°^°|B 

Market, /-min-zong' Tfj "g J: ; 
z'-k'eo ffi O ; country — , z'- 
<5ing ifl ^> — ^-^^5 z'-nyih 
iff **) i^ ^^^ ^^^^ — (^^ fruit), 
z6ng-z' Jt Tfl ; ^i^ve chernes 
come into — ? ang-dao' zong'- 
leb ma ^^^ ^fe ffi" T RS ^ 
<o goto—, c^ib z' ky^i [fj flf 
^ " ; c?««o m7% in the morning, 
c^b tsao' z ky'i' ffi ^ Tfl *°; 

— price, z'-ko ifl (1°; — «^^'«<'<, 
ka z' fy° Tfr ; ?w — (for it), z' 
zong m siao-dziang' iff J: ^^ 

Marketable, yiu siao-dziang' 
W i§ ii 5 siao'-leb^iaoV ^ 

Market-man, (tbe seller), ^6ng- 
fsen' fj M ; (<^be buyer), ma'- 
b*n ^° if 

Marking-line, carpenter's ink 
— , mob-sin' fl j^ ; t^dlor's 
powdei , feng'-sin %^ ^ 

Marriage, tso-ts^ing' gj ^f 
dzing-ts^ing' J^ ^ ; bao'-nyib 
f^ ^° \ to consult about a — , 



MAR 



MAS 



nyi-tfl^ing' |1 H ; — contract, 
hweng-sbii' jig "ff ; shu-ts' j||' 
^° ;— dower from the fatlier, 
tsong-lin* )^ ^ ; ko -tsong J^** 

hridpgroomy or his father, p*ing'- 

Married, hao'-nyih-ko'-de ^^ 

iB° i§7°; '^^^ 2/^^ — ,feh- 
zing' hao'- nyih-ko ^ ^ ^^ 
f^° ; (said of the man), feh-zing' 
c'u-tsV^t'lg?^; (said 
of the woman), feh-zing' ko'- 
meng' ^ # jg P^ ; vi-dzeng' 

Marrow, kweh'-si ^ fi 
Marry, to — a ivife, c^U-ts'ing' 
^||;tWts%g'-a'||; c^u 
lao'-nyiiing ^ ^° ; dse lao'- 
nyiiing jj^° A°; — « husband, 
€^ih-k6' ffi ^°; c^ih-koh' ffilg ; 
tso 8ino-vu' iJ if ^ ; — a 
second wifCy dzoh c^ii' J^ |g ; 
— a second husband, tsai' tsiao 

mm 

Mart, busy mo'-deo J|| f^ 
Martial, vu |^ ; — appearance, 

\vJ siang ^^', — law, kyuing 

fah' % fi 
Martyr for one's religion, we 

dao'-li cu-ming -go M^MMWL 

Marvelous, gyi-kwa' -^p g"; 

Masculine, yUong ^ ;— ^e«- 
der, yuong' ih4e' ft — ^ 



Mash, to eong-wu'^ |g", nyin'-se 
^ ^ ; <o crwsA, ah'-wii |J jg° 

Mask, yia'-wu-Iin'; to ife«r a — , 
takyuMin^"'^°j^ 

Mason, nyi-shu'-s-vu' -^ '^J^" -gj 
if; nyi-z>ang'^Ig;s;o;?e— , 
zahVvu' ^°%^', zah-ziang' 

Mass, a lump, ib-dai/ — ^ ; to 
say--,\so' mi'.sahf^5S}J|^; 
</<e TMisses, cong' pah'-sing tl^ 

Massacre, to sah'-Ioh ^ gj ; 

— a// in a city, du-dzing' ^ Jj^ ; 

— a village, mih ts^eng ^\^° 
Massive, yi-do' ji-djong' ^"^ ^ 

Mast, we^; we-ken' fg ^ 
(ih-ts) 

Master of a house, cU'-nying- 
ko'^± A'^% t6ng-k6' g 
^°j — workman, tsoh'-deo f^ 
Bli — ^/ « «^«^i3 (hired) , p6'- 
dse sin'-sang ^° ^«> ^^^ ^°; 
ditto who has the capital, lang'-z ; 
tong-ko ^^°; ^eac/^er, sin-sang' 
ife^"; (politely sty ted) lao'-fu- 
^ ^^?; (native)— o/47fo, 
kyu'-nying jg A** 

Masters, he who — great difmd- 
ties, will become a great man, ziu'- 
teh kw^i' cong kw'u', fong-we 
jing-zong'-jing § © ^ l^f g= 

* ^A±A 

Mastery, strive for — , pih-gyhig' 



MAS 



290 



ME 



Masticate, to ziah pg 
Mat, zili )§ ; zlh-ts' ^ ^ (ih- 
diao) ; rattan table — , deng-din' 
J^ ^ ; — made from palmetto 
fibres, tsong-tsin' j^ ^ ; foot 
— ,t'6-kylah'-godin'-ts||J''e° 
Vi^fi^^^^'y—f^^riing, liang- 
bang' f "^ 115 ; — shed, bong-ts' 

Match, ludfer z-lae'-ho g ^ 
iJ^', — box, z-lse'-ho ^eh-ts' g** 

^ i^ :^ ■? ; — p<^p^i^i ^'^'- 

Match, a happy — w made in 
Heaven, T^iii-s' liang-yiiii' ^C 

Match, to p^e gE ; pV-long g£ 
4i ; p^e'-dzing ggj^ ; pV-z6ng 
gli_t;— co/o/'s, pV-long ping'- 
seh IE }|| ^f fe ; — </«« coZor, 
pVkeh'-go ng^n-seh' gajf^h" 
M^fi 5 ^/^e iifo are well matched, 
liang'-go p'e'-dzing' ih-te' ^^° 

Mate, companion, bun -pp ; doug- 
bun' [^ f^; first — on a ship, da- 
fu' ^ gl] ; secowt^ — , nyi-fu' 
n°glj ; school — , dong-ts^ong' 
|g ,^ ; ^os« ^6r — (the pair 
parted), ts^ah te'-de Jg fi ^ 

Materials, liao-tsoh' ^>|. f^ ; 
tsoh'-liao f^ ^i|. 

Maternal love, ab-nyiang'-go 
dz-sing' -grj^^i^^ij.; ah-nyiang- 
go ge'-sing'-grj^ °^)6; — ^ncle, 
nyiang-gyiu' Jg ^ ; gyiu'-gyiu 



Jl Jl ; — [/randfaiher, nga- 
kong' ^[\° ^ ; grandmot}i£.r, 
nga-bo' ^|>° ^ 

Mathematician, i/^e impenal 
— and mtronoimr, ky^ing-t^in'- 
kaen fc ^ ^"^ 

Mathematics, son'-yUoh or son'- 
^ob^^ 

Matter, the essence of — , tsih ^; 
jpropertiee of — , vsen-veh'-go 
sing'-t&ib |Hfi^°'KK5 ^^^^^^'^ 
the — ? sob'.go z-ken' :g° jg°^ 
^? tnfiinff — , siao' z >]>:(:; 
pus, nong gf ; ao-tsao' g || 

Matting, di-zib' J|fc|? ; •— in the 
long piece, do-been'-deo, tsing- 

kwyzih^^^^-^^^IE*;?:" 

}^',a roll of — (large), ib-don' 
zih ; ih-kw^eng' zih — ^ ')^; 
coarse — for ivrapping, bu-pao' 

ma 

Mature in hnoivledge, cii'-sih 

jot' *nlii$;— /'•w?^ ko'-ts 

job' H -f ^ ; that child is very 
— , keh'-go siao nying' yiu do 
nying'tr-liaoJJfg>J.^*'# 

Maturity, atrivedat years of — , 
do-tsob'-de ;^° J^ T*"; dziang- 
tsob'-de :g J£ T° 

Maxim, keh'-yin ;fgf "= 

May do it, kVyi tso' pf i^ ^ ; 
bao' tso j{J ^ ; bao'-s-teb f^ ^ 
1^ J— he so, ^ob-tsia' z-ka'^ g** 

Me, ngo ^5 he told— , gyi' wo- 



i 



MEA 



291 



MED 



hyiang-ngo'-ko'-de S Ip) ^ |g 

K »° ^ aS iS T° 

Meal, a ih-dju — Jfl ; ih-ts^sen' 
— g; Ih-teng' ^ J^; — 0/ 
nee, ih-dju vsen' — llj JK 

Meal, feng }[^ ; corn, luh-koh' 
feng|^ ^ -|^ ; ivheat flour, miii- 
feng' p, t 

Mean a5ow< ^i7i/e things, si'-si se- 
se' ,^0 ^ ^ ^ ; low, ti-vi' ^ 



pe-zin 



^*'; sft'n^^r, sing'-jihpi'-si >5 
^ IB Iffl ; — «c//o«, ^o'-tsoh 
'ang-we' T^f^fr"® ; - spirit- 
ed, kyU'-liang ^ah-tsah' ^^"^^ 
^ ; k■3en-kyiang^ 
Mean, to intend, siang ?g; z/.'^^ 
c?o 7/ow ' — to do? wg' siang tso 

u'/iaif do you — f ng' yiu soh'-go 

Meaning, i'-s "^ ^g ; ka'-sbih 
^^ ^ ; sa?/m^ one i/im^, — an- 
oth&', k^eo' feh te' sing p ^ 
ff >j;>; yiu' k^eom sing' ;f P 

Meanly, /o Yreai a pei'son — , 

boh-dae'nying-kd'^ff A"^** 

Means to an end, fong-fah' jj ^ ; 

fah'-ts a J" ; no — of attaining, 

in'-neli fab'-ts bao teb'-djoh j^" 

l>i"g'-fi^ Ih bing'.feb-z Jg 
^>:g;^^y«^^ — ,vu-pih'-ts^ 



Mean-time, m Me—, ts^ing wSng' 
feh tsih.gao' z-W ^K;^°g'* 

Measles, tsV-ts 'jf^-f ; sick with 
the — , c^ih' ts^u'-ts [fl ^ ^ 

Measure, ^0 — in feet and inch- 
es, liang ts^ib'-ts^eng ^ ^° 
tJ*; , — and see, liang-liang'-k^en 
ft ft S* ; — ^'^ pi^^^^ liang 
sing-teo' ft 5t ^ 

Measure a?i<:? compare length, in 

IB ; — ""^ *^^) i^'-i^ ^'en' Ig 
IIS; — ^^^^^/oe^^^-c-, liang 

S ; — ^^ 'f^*^ ^y^i kwu'-kwu- 
k^en''(^ ffi ^5 — l^^^^^ or iocr^^, 
dziang'-hang ^ ^; — </?< per- 
son* liang sing-k6' 8 ^ ?iS 

* The Chinese do not measure the 
person except in the case of criminals. 

Measure, quart — (nearly), ih- 
sing' ^— ^ ; 10 quarts, ih-teo' 
— ^ ; 10 teo, ih-zah' — "^ ; 
do according to the — of your 
ahiiity, liang-lib' r-ying' ^ "jj 
W ^ Cveng.) 

Measuring, the art, ox' way of 
-, liang.fah'^fi 

Meat, nyiiob* |^°; kan — , 
tsing-nyiioh' J^ ^^ 

* Nyiioh used alone signifies pork. 

Mechanic, s-vu' -^ §J 
Meddle, to — with other people^a 
affairs, kwun ^3en~tsiang' ^^^ 
i^ ; need not — with my af- 
fairs, hao-vong' kwun ngo'-go 
'sen-tsiang' Tf^' /fl" t $4 "t" 



MED 



292 



MEM 



^ tR ? — '^ (conversation^ ts'ah- 
cu' If 1^ ; ts^ab-yia' |f ^ 

Meddlesome in affairs, to-kwun' 
^aen-tsiang'^^^^°lf|; to-z'-go 
^^^°; — in touchinff, ts^ih'- 
8ia pah-kyiah' ^: ^ A Hi ; — 
in answering when not wanted, 
ts'ih-tah' pah-tah' ^: Dg A P§ 

Mediate, to ts^ah-ky'Un' fg Ig 

Mediatok, Cong-pao' 4* IS 5 ^^ 
act as a — in making peace, tso 
W nying i^ ^ ^ A° 

Medicine, yiah |g; ^o tol-e — , 
ky'uoh yiah' pg° |g ; feel the 
effect 0/ — , teh' yiah lih' %^ 
^ ; the study of — (healing), 
i-yuoh' ^ ^ 

Meditate, to think quietly, zing- 
zing'-go ts^eiig' p P i-" t^f ; 
iecretli) — doing, en'-di shih- 

Medium, observe a due — , tsiah'- 
■Nvu-gyi-cong' B§ ^ S^ 4* 

Medley of things, tong-si' se'- 
zeh :^ W ^ ?i ; zeh^keh- 
leng'-teng tong-si' # #° [g W 

Meek, weng-ziu' Jg J^ ; weng- 

Meet, to p^ong'-djoh jg"* ^° ; 
nyu.djoh' Jg ^° ; we-djoh' -f" 
^*'; — accidentathj, ngeo'-jun 

suddenly, or yb;* Me frsi time, 
p^ih-min k^en-kyin ^^^^ ; 
— (again) iomorroiv, ming-tsiao' 
we' ^MM "^l io go to — , 



nying-tsih' ^ ^ ; failed to — , 
vve'-feh-kyin' '^ ^ ^ ; tq as- 
semhle, ju'-Iong || Jf ; kwe- 
long' If JH ; to befall one, 
tsao-djoh'jf ^''jling-djoh'gfr 
^*'; — ivith an accident, tsao'- 
djohhwe'-ky^ijf ^''Bl^ 

Melancholy, iu-uoh' g i^; 
meng-meng'-peb-Ioh' fi^Pig;jfi^ 

Mellow, nen-joh' %^° ^ 

Melody, ing-yiiing' diao-*o' ^ 
SI 1^ ft j — *>/ instruments, 
ing-yuoh' diao-^o' § ^ p ft 

Melon, kw6 J[£; water — seeds, 

kw6-ts' jrci ^ 

Melt, «o sah ; yiang-kV '^ggg ; 

hwo'-k^ae 'ff^ ^ ; — silver, sah 

nyrngUs J;§^ ^ ^ 
Members o/ ^Ae body, ts-t'i' jJJ 

fl ; all the ditto, s'-ts-pah'-t'i' 

Jg-g°S;c/mrcA-, kyiao'- 

Memoir, ^ang-jih';fj^; brief -^, 
djiin j^ ; ^/ie — of Confucius, 
K^ong'-fii-ts-go ^ang-jih' JL ^ 

Memorable, iiong' feh mong- 
l^yi' 7l< * *S° SB ; ts^iE'-kyi- 
dzae-sing' -gj IB ^ >& 

MEMORANDUM-BOOK,dzeng-kyi'- 

bu ^ SB S 
Memorial (to officials), dzing-dz' 
^P; ping'-U«n ^H ; — //om 
%/^er officers, to the emj)eror,\ 
tseo'-tsong ^ j^ ; peDg'-ts6ng -■ 



MEM 



293 



MES 



Memory, kyi'-sing fj ^ ; eaccel- 

lent — (see, then remember), 

W-moh-peh-vSng' M @ /P >© 

Mkncius, Mang'-fii-ts -^^ -^ -^ 

Mend, to ts^eh'-dzaen ^|g ; siu- 

Pii' 1i SI ; i<^ mioh pu SI ; — 
(darn), kang ^°; <o repair, siu 
^ ; siu-li' ^ ^ ; — stockings, 
kang mall' ^"^^ ; cf««o hypcitch- 
ing, pu raah'; — Ziom/'/^, &c. (with 
nails), ting un' ff ^ ; If we do 
not — tJiC little holes, the big holes 
will crrj out Utterly, " siao dong 
feh pn', do dong kyiao kw V ^° 
ij^ ^° -^**5 — hjj stitching to- 
gether, vong-tjen'-long ^ J|| 
Menses, yuih-kying'^ )g;yuih- 
ko' ^ ''^*'; to have —(at first) 
kyi-sing ciin Jj'|§°H ; suppres- 
sion of — , yiiih-kying' ding- 

Mental ahiUtij, dzse-neng' ;j^fg ; 
dz«.^oh' :J^ i^°; — e/b7% lao- 
sing' ^ ^iJ ; ^0 wse cK«o, yiiong 

si"g-i^yi' JB £> *i 

Mention, to di-ky4' ^j|E ; need 
not — names, feh pih' di-kyU' 
ming-deo' * >J5 |i fe « gg 

Mercenary, tsih-ts^eng' dong- 

^'J £> m 

Merchandize, ho'-veh J| jf|j; 
foreign — , yiang ho' ^ ^ 

Merchant, song ]g ; s6ng-k6' 
"^ M°y iraveling — , k^ah'- 
^^'^g§S;kW-nying§A"; 



s^7^' — , s-s6ng'-k6 |$ ^ ; A« 
zs a traveling — , gyi tso k^ah 
we song ^ tfi'fr®"^ 
Merciful, dz-pe'-go ^ gg '^'*; 
nyun'-sing-dziang'-go U^ ^jj 1^ 

Merciless, singoh'^JJ^; sing- 
beng' )^> Jg ; vu dz-sing' go ^ 

Mercury, shti'-nying ^ |g 
Mercy, dz-pe' ^ ^ ; i/je ^o^- 
f?(?ss of — , Kwun-ing' bu-sah' 

Merely, tseu-tsih' H ri . peh-ko' 
;^ j§; taen-z' || ^; tsih'-a 
M:S5kw6ng'.z^^ 

Meridian, (noon), cong-wu'-sin 

kying-sin' g 3^ 

Merit, kong-teh' ^ {* ; kong- 
lao' Jfl^; reputation on account 
of— , kong-ming' ^ >g 

Merit, to ing-kse' teh'-djoh ^ 
1^ ^ ^**; me?V^5 leeward, li kse 
ts^ing-song' H'lg If K 

Merited, ing-teh'-go |g :{^ ^** 

Merry, pW-c'ing X^B^WC 
5**; kwVweh siao-yiao' ft**fg 

Meshes, ng?en'-ts pg" }lgj°; 5?wa// 
— , ngseu'-ts mih-kying' [16°}lql° 
^ M ; ^^"'9^ -^ » iigaei/-t8 byi 

Message, verbal kW-sing p 
^ • want you to take a — , iao 
ng' ta ih-go k'eo'-sing g fij;** 



MES 



294 



MIL 



^°->h° Pff; to/., a- 
for me, teng ngo' djiin ih-kyii 

Messenger, tsVs' ^ 'gl ; — 
mith letters, di-sing'-go-nying J^ 

ffl; ^° A' 

Metals, ng'-kying keli-le 5.° 

Metamorphosis, pin'-hw6 ^ 
'fb ) — ^/ ^'isecfo, liwo'-seng ^ 

Metaphor, tsia'- yUong-go pi'- 

Metempsychosis, loh-dao' ^ 
3g; (one kind of ) — , deo' t'ae 
J^ Bo ; i^i^ six lands of — , loh'- 
dao leng-we' 7^ Jf ft M 

Meteor yi-sing' ^ g ; li-sing' 

Method, fong-fab' -jf ^j^ ; fah'- 

excellent — , miao' fab. ^ JJ 
Methodical, en'-bu-dzia-pseu' 

^ -gT) St J/f ; — ^'^ ^^""^^' ^r 

07'£?gr, en'-psen-ts Jg j|£ ^ 
Metropolis, the capital, tu-dzing' 
^ M ; kying-tu' ^, g); kying- 

Mew, to fiyiao. 

Miasma, weng-kyV g^,- tsong'- 

Mica, foliated ts^in'- zeng-ts' ^ 

Microscope, hyin'-vi-kying' |g 

a 11 (il^-go, ili-k6) 
Midday, tong tsiu'-ko g" * ; 



tsing'-wu-z iE"^ fl^; jii^t at — , 
jih-tong cong vvu' 0^4''^ 
Middle, cong-nyiang' pfi ^ ; 
tong-cong' ^ \^ ; tong-cong- 
nyiang' ^ 4» :fe°; — of any 
thing, cong-sing' pfi ^jj ; ni </ie 

— of them, ne cong' p^ p[7 ; — 
aged, cong-nyin' 4* ^ 5 — ^'^^'*> 
cong-nying' pfi ^°; t/z'^to in 
planning a marriage, me-nying' 

1A° 

Middling, cong-teng' pfi ^ ; 
tsiah'-cong ^^ PJ5 ; pun'-cong- 
tsiah ^ pfr ; cong-bing' 4*^ > 
bing-teng' ^^ 

Midnight, pun'-yia-ko ^^"'i^ 

Midwife, siu-sang'-bo ^ ^''^; 
tsih-sang^-go ^^°i^^ (styled) 
lao'-nyiang ^ ^ ; nga-bo'. 

MlG^WY, power, gyiin-ping' ^^fT 

— of body, ]\\i-kf'{ fl ^ ; 
gying-dao' Ij/j Jf 

Migrate, ^o tao bih' c^ii ky'i gij 
glj ^ 5^°; ifn/^' — to the south, 
tiao li-ko nen' ,% fH i§ it 

Mild, weng-^o' fj|fa ; — disposi- 
tion, siug'-dzing weng-V 'g j^ 
S ?a 5 sliig-kyU' 'o-bing' ft 
^ ^U Zp ; nae-sing'-noe-siang' 

Mildew, to faen fg ; fab U ; 
fab-me' ^ g; ^"«e /or — , 
tso me' z- W fit g H^ IM ; «^ 
sp027 ?n7/i — , me'-diao ^J ij"; 
rot iviih — , me'-ken M {g 



MIL 



291 



IIIN 



I 



Mildewed, fal/.c'ib-de H |ij 
T°; fah-pW-de W M 7° ] 
fah-pain-tiu -de || J^ Sfi "f ^ 

Mile (Chinese, about one third of 
an English — ), ih li' — £ 

Military ojtcers, vu'-kwun gj 
*§• ; — art, rii' nyi gj ^ 

Militia, hyiang-yUong' ^|5 ^ 

Milk, na JB ^^ H • l/^^^o^ ^ow's 
— , wong-ugeo' na ^ ^° j® ; 
huffalos — , shii'-ngeo na y^° 
^° jg; deer's — , ju-loh JL 

m 

Milk, ?o dziu-na' j^lS J te-na' 
Milkman, ma - ngeo - na'- nying 

Milky-way, t^'u-V JJ J^f 

Mill, 5to/«6 mo |g ; wooden — 
for hulling (p^ain, long ^ (ih- 
cljii') ; ^'#^^0 ^?^/o, nyin'-ts ij|g 
•^ (ih-go); /ozf;- — , and — 
room, lo-mo'-fong ^ ^ ^ 

Millet, (generic name) kao- 
liang' ^ '^ fine yellow — , sob 
H; siao'-mi >J> ^ ; red — , 
hi-tsi' f|[f^^ 

Million, a ih-pali' v«n ►- "§"' 
7^; ih-zlao — ^g ; im millions, 
ts^in vaen' ^ ^ 

Mimic, ^o k^en-yiang'-'oh-yiang' 
MWi i$° 'S'; w«'w?6'5 ivell, ^oh- 
leh ziang' jfL°ff °f^ ; tsang-leb 
'''•^ang' ^ #« \% 

Mince, to hash fine, tSc^n se' -13° 
^ ; mimed meat^ tsaen-leh se'-se- 



gonyuoh'.8)''.S''$0':i¥^°I^« 

Mind, i^e m^e^/^c^, sing-kyi' ijj^; 

fine — , sing-kyi' ling-ky^iao' ^jji 

^ ® 3^ ; — or heart, sing >jji ; 



sing-di' ll^ 



made up, cii'-i 



dingUe^^ST; ^'^ ^/" 
one's — , shih-sing'-de ^ £>']**'; 
sing wu'-de ^fj |{J| ~f °; engrav- 
en on the — , sing'-li k^eh'-tih ^jj 
S S'J 6^ ; — confused, sing Ion 

^ ; to put him in — , di-gyi deo' 

he sing zong' Jj^ :iJ°>{j»_t ; dz:« 

sing' ;j5e £^ 

Mind, «o o%, t'ing'-dzong Jg ;gg ; 
t'ingB;ifl^;i-dzong''^K^; 
<fo not — it, k^o-yi feb pih' dzse i' 
m^X^^l-^M'^^o attend to, 
tong-sing' -g i(jf ; Hu-sing' ^ 
*JJ ; yuo"g sing' ^ iC» 5 ^zlah' 

IjB i'-li ^ ;S ; — ^''^'' ^"'^ 

business, sin ng'-go peng'-veng 
'S^ft'^i^*'* iS^; ditto, in a 
good sense, , en-veng'-siii-kyi' ^ 

Mine, ngo-go -jg ^'; (An^ too^i's 
— , keli'-peng sliii z ngC'-ga Jf" 

Mine, ^o/J kying Fsen' ^ jlj ; 
cooZ — , me-k'ang' ^ Jj^ : me- 
yiao' ;^$ g ; me-saeu' >^ ]l\ 

Miner in coal, k'je me-t^aen'-go 

^oW, dao-kying-66'-go f^ ^ ^ 



MIN 



296 



MIS 



Mineralogy, kying-zah'-go ^ob- 

veng'^;5''i-°^7p^;kying- 

zih' ts-yuoh' ^:S;ti ^^^ng.) 
Mingle, to VtaenMong fu Jf| ; 

to Llend, diao-'o' pj ffl 
Minister of state, da-clzing' J^ 

g ; prime — , tsse'-siang ^ ;[;g; 

cong-dong' 4*^ ' — of i'eliffion, 

kyiao'-s 15; 6ig 
Minister, to serve, voh-z' ^ :^ ; 

;fo t^m*^ w/)o;i, tong-dzih' ^ -[[jl ; 

— toone^s wants, tsiao'-ing JB 
HI; tsiao'-kwim m^ ^ ; tsiao'- 
kwu ja ^ 

Minor, w?i(?er age, nyin-ky'ing'-go 
^ ig ^°; nyin-siao'-go ^ ip 
^° ; nyin-iu'-go ^ ijf^ >jv° 

Minstrel, dien-ts^dng'-go nying 

Mint (for cash), cu'-dzin-gyuob^ 

M J§ j peppermint, bo-ho' y||*'flj*' 

Minute (in time), ib feng' — ^ ; 

— /^awc?, dzlang-tsiiig' ^ ^j- ; 
minvtes of a meeting, tsoiig-dzinw' 

Minute, si'-si ^ ^.0; dzib-sl'-si 
;^° j|p3 ; mi-iiii kwiiu' do ziang 

bwe'kajH'^ia^Je 
Minutely, ts'-si 0« |g ; dziaug- 

si' ^ 510 ; ^0 investigate — , ts'- 

Bi dzo-ts'ab' ff J|3 ^ ^ 
Miracle, jing-tsib' )jii^ ^^ ; ling- 

tsib' ^ gf; ?ow;o;7j a — , ^ang 

jing-tbib' fx" ?pit ijj 
Mire, wu na-nyi' IJg J^ ; wu-nyi- 



Mirror, kying'-ts ^^ ; large — , 
tsiab'-i-kying g ^ || (ih-min) 

Mirth, byi'-siao-yin-kW ^ ^ 
Jg g3 » ^% — > bo-lo'-da-siao' 

MlSANTHROPlC,i/-su cong'-nying- 

go M ^ A° ^'^ 

Misapprehend, to li'-we-ts^o' ^ 
'J' fa 5 — (^^ hearing), t^ing 

Misbehave, i<? feb-siu-veng' ^ 
i^^jfeb-en-veng'^^^; 
— OTie's seZ/, feb en-veng' siu-kyi' 

Miscalculate, to son'-ls^o ^ 
f§ ; iab'-ts^o ffy 0g 

Miscall, ^o eo-ts^o' PJf °^ ; eo- 
dzsen Pij^Jg 

Miscarriage, siao'-ts^seiu]*^ ; 
do-lob' g H"' 

Miscellaneous, kob-seb' kob- 
yiaug' # fi # ti ; zeb'-keh 
leng'-teng J^ fz|:°; zeb-leng- 
kwu'-teng ^^ M7t°^^'; -; 
articles, zeb-gyib^ torjg-si Jf|°ff " 
]^"^; snuiU ditto, se'-gyiii tong^- 

si # # at W 
Mischief, ?o Jo — to things, song- 
^e' tong-si' fg ^ ^ H ; <o 
»?/a/je — (or great trouble), tslao- 

'^' iB M ; p '"' S'lH ; ^eng- 

z'-ts^6ng-'o' 1^ ^ IH * ; icit^ 
tling is sure to make — , pun- 
teo sbib'-w6 pib' to z'-fi ^ ^ 

fS «J5 ^ 1: # 

Mischievous, nyih-siu', nyili- 



MIS 



297 



MIS 



harm, iao ts^ong ^o' go ^ f|J |^ 
'^°; — disposition, ts^ong V p^e 
nUISE ; — like a monlcey, zlang 

Misconduct, peh-ion' ^ang-we 
^^gfT°^;'ang-we'fehloh'. 

Miscount, ^o su-ts^o' ^|g ; su- 

clza3n' ^ |£ 
Miser, k^en'-clzae-nu' ^ !}• j^ 
Miserable, kw'u'-leh kV-lin =g 

Miserly, piVi-go fg j^ 4-** 
Misery, kw'u'-njen =^^ ; w^n'- 

Misfortune, feh kyili'-li z-ken' 
f/ ■§*!»: #;fehjingMm /- 
^'1 ^ MM 9 ^', to meet 
with a — , p^ong'-djoh hwe'-ky4 

z-ken' m'm^mM^^ 

Misgivings, ii^^x-uyi'^^^-, have 
-yiuts^ae-nyi'sing^JIg^g, 

Misgovern, to kwuiZ-li feh hao' 
^M^M,— (as an official), 
tljii-li' pah^-sing ky^in' hao f§ 

Misinterpret, to ziang'-diao p 

Misjudge, to liao-ts V ^ Jg ; 
k'en-ts^o' ^ |g ; / misjudged 
Mm, ngd ts^o', hao-gyi-feh-tao' 

Mislay, «o place mvngly, fong'- 
t8^o;gr^; fdng'-dzsen Jt |£; 



to forget or «d>< /jnow; 2t?^fre laid. 



feh'-tsiaa en' Ire ^ah-li 



^° 



Mislead, f« ta'-Ii-ts'o'^'^fg; 
Ite milled me, gyi ta'-Ii ngo ts'o' 

tsV S » f5 $g 

Mismanage, to diao-du' feh hao' 
Wi JS ?R ij 5 boen-li' feh-hao' 

Misplace, to fdng'-ts^o Jjj; ^ ; 

en-ts^o' ^ |§ 
Misrepresent, ^0 lon-shih'-tiao- 

pi' 8L ^ ^ IS"; wu-yin'-lon- 

Miss, kwu-nyiang' ii5f|[g; an 0/- 

ficer's daughter, siao'-tsia >J» j(^ 

Miss, to — in throwing, tin feh- 

tang'.feh-djoh ^7 % ^^', - 5y 
omitting, tsV-loh |§ '^ ; — a?J 
ojiportunitij, ts'o'-ko kyi-vve' ^^ 

Missing, feh-kyin'-de ^ £"]'''; 
m-dziahMoh ^"^ ^'' '^ 

Misspend, to yUong-tsV ^|§; 
<o squander money, long'-fi ^g 
^ ; — Ume, ts V-ko kwong-ing' 

ia M ^ ^ 
Mist, vi-vi'.s-/-yu ^aa W; 
yii'-mao-s' ^ |jjv ; — /s falling, 
Ije-tih loh yii' -mao-s' J£°/j3£°T'^ 

Mistake, ts'o f| ; ts^oVu || 
j^ ; dzsen ||g'; Aas 7wa?«?/ 7?ii's- 
takes, tsV-c^U to-leh-kying' ^ 



MIS 



298 



MOB 



jg % ^°g ; ts^ih'-dzsen pah- 

pab'-ts'o ^ i§ A ^ 
Mistake, to tsV-ts'oh fl^ \ 
siaiig'-ts^o ^, fU (See Wrong) ; 
k'«n-ts'o ^ ,^ ; — in recogniz- 
ing a person^ nying-tsV |g.** 
!§•; — m speaking^ kdng'-ts^o 

Mister, or Mil, (to teachers, and 
generally to all but artizans), 
Sin-sang' ^fe ^°; (to officers), 
lao'-yia ^ J§°; (to mechanics), 

Mistress, or Mrs., (to a teach- 
er's wife), s-meo' gj^ -fj ; (to an 
officer's wife), na'-na ^J j^ ; (to 
an officer's mother), t^a'-t^a -^ 
^°; — of a house, nyti tong'-ko 

:*m^°;tong.k6';t^'';iang- 

z-bo'; Mrs Wung, Wong-s-meo' 

3EW#;^ong'.k6-sao3E^''$I 
Mistrust, to sing'-li nyi-^oh' i\j 

pun-sing pun-nyi' ^ f f ^ ^ 
Misunderstand, to i'-s feh- 

^0"g T^iS^/fl; ^0 heofr wrong, 

t'ing'-ts^o ^ ^ 
Misuse, to dae-wa' ff ^''; k^eh'- 

bohd^glJJif^-;^^^ 
Mitigate, to kaen-ky'ing' {IgJ^g 
Mix, to Vlong' fu }i; Vteen- 

long'jc^un'-longjf }f|; — (as 

medicines), keh'-long -g^° Jf| ; 

— smoothly, 'o-leh diao-yiiing' 

%iWm^}^ diao-V fg fu 



Mixed, jumUed, kal/-dzeb ^° 
^; — as men and women sittjng 
together, weng'-dzeh ^^^ Jf|; — 
confusedly, zeh-ts^ih' zeh-pah' ^ 

Moat, dtji 'ao-V g^ {nj ; dzing- 
V J^ }pj" ; ?m/^ awj — , dzing- 

Mob, ^0 nao-z' ^^; the — , yia'- 
ky'i pah'-sing ^° ^° ; ^/^e ex- 
pedients of a — are nvmherless, 
mjen'-fah ssen'-ts^in ^ ^^ ^ 

Mock, to tsao-siao' J^ ^ ; c^u^ 

siao 1^ ^ 
Mock elephant, tsong-bah-ziang' 

Model, yb?v?i, or -inold, mo-ts' i^ 
^ ; mo-yiang' f J |f ; pattern, 
yiang'-ts ;^ -J 

Model, to form after a — , tsiao 
mo'-ts tso' JB f^ •? fS ; — 
in dag, su ^ 

Moderate, is yiu tsih'-cU ^fj 
flJ;5e-.,yuong.tsih'-cu|g|5 
•^J ; wo^ too much, nor too little, 
feh-to^ feh-siao' ^ ^ ^ >J? 

Moderate, to restrain, ah'-djii 

|g«{i;tsu'-dju|a{i;- the 

Jire, ho' long-leh iu'-tin ij^ ^ 

@° li MS 

Moderation, siu-ru/ J|^ ^ ; 
tsih'-cu 15 -^J ; prudence, kying- 
we' g i^ ; person* o/ — , 
nying yiu tsih-cu A** W 15 
tij ;yb^c? 0/—, re siu-lin-go ^ 



MOD 



299 



MON 



j[5^ S^ ^"j having no — , ffi- 

kying-we'-go 4^° @ ^ i^" 
Modern style, z-sbih' JJ ^*'; z- 
kw^m' fli ^' ; — J!"«es, tong 
kying' z-sbii' ^^flj^;_ 
^nwes «re not equal to tJie ancient, 
kying-njea'- krea peh-jU kwu- 

z-tein' ^:{> iw^ 

Modest, yiu lin-c'U' W ^ JS ; 
iao liii-c^U' ^ Ills ; min-bi 
boli' W & ii ; — (as a girl), 
p^6 ii/-siu flJ ^ 

Modulate, ?o — ^^e voice, sing- 
ing' p'e'-teh diao-yiiing- g ^ 

BCJf 19^ 
Mohammedan, We-ts'Iil-^^ (ib- 

go) not respectful. 
Mohammedanism, We-we'-kyiao 

HI mii 

Moist, dziao j|5; dziao-sih' 'MWv 
just — enough, as fresh food, ^c, 
ts-jing' g^ P; ^0 become — , faen 
dziao' fg^ ^ ; wsen dziao' ^ '-^ 

Moisten, to long-long' sib |p^ 
M; pell gyi ts-jing' i^" ^ ^ 
J3 > ^^ ^^ moistened by rain, ling- 

Moisture, dziaonsih' j|g ^j sih'- 
^f'^ Wi ^ ; w«tc/i — , dziao-sih' 

to' mWiS^ 

Molasses, dong-Ia' || \^ 

Mold, Mould, soft eartft, Lao' 

nyi-nyuoh' j^ Jg ; ^Aic^ s^tVin?/ 

— (from damp), bah-fu' ^° 

J§ ; paeu-mao' 3^ ^ ; spoiled 



from — , me-lajn'-de ^ Ji T* 
Mold, Mould, mo'-ts ^ ^; 
mo'-yiang ;g |^ ; su'-ts ^ -^ 
Mold, Mould, to fah'- c^ih ^ 
^J; — (with bairs), fab-psen-mao' 
^ JJE 5 ; fah hwo' ^:ig; ^0 
— « vme/, dzing ky^i' jjgjg ; — 
(as clay), nyiah Jg ; su'-cUh-lse 
M ffl^ 5 ^<^ ^«5^, cu'-cnh-Iae ^ 
11} 3$; kyiao-cW-1^ ^f ffi^ 

MoLDER, Moulder, ^o — away, 
(as wood, stone, &c.), dzin'- 
dzin siao-mo' S? Sf ft ® ; — 
(as dead bodies, t&c), dziiZ-dzia 
siao-hwo' MMi^VL 

Moldy, Mouldy, fah'-c^ib-d« 
M Hi T'; fah-bah-fu'-de ^ 
&°5p T**» fab-p3en-mao'-de 

M 5^ ? T^ 

Molest, to nsen-we' |g @ 
Molt, Moult, to t^eng mao' |j| 

^ ; wun-mao' ^ ^ 
Moment, a ih-byib' kong-fu' — 

WJL^'^ ih-sin' kong-fu' — . 

,^ X ^ ; ib-tin' kong-fu' ^ 

SjS J2 ^ ; M?a2< a — , teng' Ui- 

Monarch, kyUing-w6ng' ;§• J ; 

w6ng-ti' ^ ^ 
Monarchy, kyUing-cU'-ts fcob' 

Monastery, J5z/cfrf>^fc^« z^j en 
^ ; Taoist — , kwun ^ 

Monday, li-pa-ih' jg ^^ — ; 
(according to the Roman Catb- 
olics), tsin-li-nyi' U jj| '^.*' 



MON 



300 



MOR 



Money, silver, nying-ts^ ^ ^ ; 
nying-dzin' §^ ^ ; cash, dong- 
dm^ ^ ^^ ; dollars, fsen-ping' 
S Wt 5 ifavelling — , bun-jun' 

Money-box, dzin-dong' ^ ^ ; 
dzin-teo' ^ ^ 

MONEY-CHANGEK, dzln-tin'-kwan 
^ ffii^'A"; ^««o's shop, dzin- 
tin' ^ /g; ditto mall, yin-de'- 

MONEY-LENDEK, fong - Dying - 
bun^go %m^W ; f^Dg-dong- 
din^goj5i|@^°i-^f6ng-tsa'- 

Mongolian, Mong-kwu'-nying' 

Monk, Buddhist seng-ko' ff ^°; 
^o-z6ng' ^fg ; Tax)ist — , dao'-z 
Jg j^; dao'-ko Jg ^**; siu-dao^ 
* ^ ?^ "i J Roman Catholic 
monies are styled, siang'-kong 

Monkey, weh-seng' JJ^" J^g ; 'eo 

m 

Monopolize, to — (in trade), 

deng'-tsih g] ^ 
Monopoly, to have a-^of, 

doh-kwaen', doh-sah' ^ |^ ^ 

m 

Monsoon, S. W. si-nen fong ||" 
^ m, ; iV. -F. — tong-poh' fong 

Monster, (departing from the 
usual type), gyi-ying'-kwse-ziang' 



Monstrous, large, c^ih'-kah do 

Month, a ih-ko yiiih' — f@ ^ ; 
the first day of the — , ts^u-ih'^ 
%)} ^"i ^^^^ hegimiing of the — , 
yiiih-ts^u' ^ %J ; the middle of 
the — , yiiih-pun' ^ ^ ; yiiih- 
pun-keng' ^ ij[2 J^ ; yiiih-cong'' 
Jl pfi ; the end of the — , yiiih- 

ti' k B 

Monthly, yiiih-yiiih' ^ ^ ; me - 

yuih ^ ^ 
Monument, pe ^ ; slab, pe-ba' 

$1 )[$ ; — of antiquity, kwi/- 

tsih -6- m 

Mood, temper, sing'-dzing >[5j *(f ; 
m pleasant — (time), hwun-hyi' 
z-^eo' ft « Ij# fl 

Moon, yUih-liang' ^ ^ ; ?iez^7 — , 
ngo-me' yuih I^ jg ^ 'Jail—, 
yuih-liang' don-yua' ^ ^ ^ 
JJ; yiiih-liang' tsing'-don-yiin' 

Moonlight, yiiih-kwong' ^ 3g 
Moor, /o — a boat, boh jiin' J|J* 

Mope, io Isen'-we-jing-z' jig ^ 
A ^ 

Moral, agreeing with the right, 
tsing'-kying ]£ g ; ton-tsing' Jg 
jE; tsing'-p^a IE ji**; ^/«e — 
(of a tale) , ih-go yiiong-dziang' 

^ ffl ffl :% » ^^'^ C'/imese — 
law, ng'-dzong 3[° ^ viz. love,_ 
justice, politeness, knowledge^ 
and truth. 



MOB 



301 



MOR 



Moral assays, ky^Un'-shii-vengf 
|B-|ft7!t;jUn.sl,U't# 

Morality, to exhort to — , ky^un 
nying' we jun' |i A° ® # ; ^o 



practise — , ^ing jUi/ fy° ^ 
More, to ^ ; a little — , to' tin 
^|5;to'ih-nga3n^~i,if; 
liah-liah' to'-tin Bg ^ f; i)5 ' 
sao^we to'-tin W^ ^W. 
siao-sbu' to'-tin Aj? |f °^ U ' 
shu-vi' toUin g°f|J^|,!; ; toe 
(you) any — f wa-yiu' ma ^° 
W^'? — «^«^ ^^^^ jih to +^ ; 
5ft7^_, yiiih-fab' to jg |^ ^; 
yu-ko' to jkM"^ ; keng'-ko to' 
M;5fa°5 ; still — difimlt, yuih- 
feh ngsn' ^ |5 H 5 — ^^'«'* 07?e, 
fehts'ih'-go^Jt~f@°;^Ae 
— </ie Je'«f?', yiiiia to' yiiib hao' 

S ^ JS i? 5 ^^^^ ^^^^^^ — 1 
(also how much less), ^o-hwong' 
"(nj ^J^ ; if 1 can walk it hoiv 
imch — should you (be able to), 
ngd' tseo-leh-kyV, 'o-hw6ng' ng' 

Moreover, hwong'-ts'ia ^J2, SL°', 
ping'-ts^ia ^-f J^"; r-ls^iu' iffl 
, Sfi tsae-wo' :g IJ 

Morning, t^in-liang' or t^in'- 
nyiang ^ ^ ; ear/?/ m the — , 
tsao'-t^iu-liang' ^ ^ ,-^; f^iV^ 
(seven or eight o'clock), ts'ing- 
tsao' J^ ^ ; the forenoon, zoiig- 
pun'-iiyih J::^H*'; ^Ae ?mVM/e 
o/ M^' — , tsao'-pnn-zong' jp <p 



° ; — stor, ng'- kang-hyiao 

Morose, sour tempered^ geng- 
cii'-cii ; — in countenance^ rain- 
k^ong' psen'-peen-go "ffi JL K 

^° 

Morrow, ming-tsiao' 0^ ^ 
Morsel, ih tin-tin' — |,5 |5 ? 
ih ti'-ti — '}^ J$ ; <i mouthful, 
ib-k^eo' -- P 
Mortal, we-si'-go ^ 1^ ^^^^ 
Mortar, nyin-bu-tsu' ;g*' {3"; 
Za7'^e — , tao'-gyiu Jg (ih- 
bu) ; — for itdxing medicines, jii- 
peh' ^§jl^\the pestle, but used 
for either pestle or — , tao-ts- 
den' j^° (ih-go); lime cement, 
<3iao-hao'- liao-go zah-hwe' |^ 

Mortgage, ti'-ah ky'i' ^ jf • 

k>'i ^ ^ 
Mortgage, to — as security fur 
debt, ti'-ah j£}f °; to lease for a 
certain time and mm, and, at the 
€nd of the time, yive up the pro- 
perty and receive the money hajck, 
tin ^; — a wife, tin lao'-nyiiing 

* 25:° A° 

Mortified flesh, si nyiioh' ^' 
|^° ; vvu nyuoh' /g/" ^*' 

Mortify, to — Um, peh gyi t^«n- 
dje f]^ ^ ifj" J ; extremely mot'- 
tified (ashamed), wong-k'ong'- 
vu-di' 'I1?S^E ; ^v6ng-k'ong- 
m-c'u-ky^i' 1i S ^° ^ ±' 



MOR 



302 



MOU 



Mortise, shing'-deo |i I?M ; — 

fLttiny exactly, teo shing' -^"1^ 

Mosquito, meng-djong' K° || ; 

— curtain, tsiang'-ts ifft -^ ; — 
hi^ush, mcng-djong' tien'-tslu }|| 

Moss, i; ts^g-i; ts^ing-dje' ^^ 
Most, verij, ting JK ; tse J^ ; 
gyih j^ ; — excellent, ting' hao 
TI i? ; gyili hao' ;g j(J ; dzili 
miao' ^ Jj? ; kyu tse' g ;g ; 
kyu ting g- J|; //e (has) the —^ 
gyi, ting' to' ^]J5;«Afi — , 
or if/ic greater part, ih do pun' 

— ;/(;° i^ ; — q/ i/je w/y/<<, pun' 
via to' %^ :(£'' ^ 

Mostly good, kyiu' feng hao' 
jl 5}- U '-> jih-yiii-kyiii' hao' 

Moth, amj insect ic/iich cats clothes, 
wood, (Jr., cu-djong' !lij|^ ; can- 
dle — , fi-ngo ; p'i-song'- wu- 

diah' ^° ji° ^r 

Mother, ah-nyiang' [Jn( Jg ; ah'- 
m PpJ ^'^°- ffio or m-mo; (res- 
pectful) meo'-lao ^ -^ • (in 
writing) meo'-tsing -^ ^ ; mg 
deceased — , sin-meo' ^fc # > 
«/?/ — , ko-meo' ^'* -^ ', your 
— , ling-dong' ^ ^ ; lao' t^a- 
t^a ^ -^^ ^° ; mother'' s older 
sister, yi-mo' ^ ^% ; motlier's 
younger sister, siao'-yi >J> ^ ; 
mother's brother, gyiu'-gyiu ^ 
j|. ivife's—, dziang'-m7t^°; 
iigoh-meo' -g-fgr ; husband's — , 



ah-bo' |5j^ ^ ; nyiang'-nyiang 

Mother of pearl, yUing-meo' 
kW ^ #^; — sM/, lo- 
din ifef im 

Motion, m l«'-tih dong' jE*';gb' 
Ipj ; (as a man, boat, (fee), lae'- 
tih ^ang-dong' jE' ^^ ff° 15 

Motionless, ih-ngaen' feh-dong' 
-ir*li;dong-'a'.feh.dong' 
li 4° ^ U 5 sit perfectly — , 
zo'.jii T'a'-sa3n ^ ^B ^' Ol 

Motive, i'-kyin ^ £ ; i'-s ^ 
S ; has a — , yiu sing ;^ >(j» 

Motley, ng'-nga^n-loh-seh' ^' 

Mould, Moulder, Mouldy, 

Moult, See Mold, Holder, 

Moldy, Molt. 
Mound, teng IJ- ; te i^ ; — of 

earth and rubbish, kao-sjen'-te 

K llj if (ih-go) 
Mount, to tseo'-z6ng ^ Ji ; — 

(as a scroll, or map), piao wo' 

Mountain, saeu ^1] ; ssen-ling' [Ij 
-^ (ib-go); the top of a — , sjen- 
ting-den' ill H Si° ; the foot of 
a — , s3en-kyiah-^6' ^J J^Jf °; — 
pass, sien-k^eo' ^] P ; ssen'-cU- 

den'-go lu' Oj njl BM" Y l^ 

Mourn, to bewail, k'oh ^; to 

utter sorrowfulbj, kong'-leb pe- 

t»-iu' w w m «i , 

Mourners, yiu s6ng-z' cii'-kwu 
^ ^ ^ i M ; —following a 



MOU 



303 



MUD 



I 



coffin, song-s6ng^-go nying jg 

Mournful, song-sing'-siang \% 
>&I3*; very — , peh'-jing-siang' 

Mourning, to wear — (properly 
on the bead, but used for all J, 
ta-bao' ^^"j ditto (properly for 
distant relatives), c'un-su' ^^; 
to wear deep — , ta djong' bao 

^ S ^^ T^^ ^'^^^^ — /*^^' P^^' 
ents, siu-eii' ^f $flj w;7«'<e — dress, 
hao'-i ^° ^ ; other — di^ess, 
su'-i ^ ^ ; to put on — , (first 
sackcloth, and then other gar- 
ments), dzing-voh' ^ ^g ; to 
put off— , mun-voh' Jg^g k^ae- 
hweng' ^^ ; fo^' u'^ioni do you 
wear — ? ng' c^iin ju' -go su fij;*' 

my father, ta ah-tia'-go hao' ^ 

Mouse, little rat, siao lao-ts^^ >J> 
^ (ih-tsah) 

Mouth, cU I^ ;cU'-p6 PJl ^; k*eo 
P ; k'eo'-deo p ^f j <m-pof — 
(or spout), dz6-wu' cii' ?j? ^ {^ j 
tea-pot — (or opening at the 
top), dz6-wu' k^eo' ^ ^ p 

Movable, hao-dong'-go jf JJ 
^° ; web-dong'-go fg JJ >jv° 

Movables, dong'-yUoug-jih-veh' 

ii ffl ft if 

Move, ^0 donggj; yi ^; pun 
1^ ; w;/^// c?o 7J0U not — ? ng dza'- 
we ih-dong' ft'h-doiig'f;);**g°j^° 



-»*/»?- ^little, yi' 

iii-po^ ^ "- }G 5 — *^ ^'^^'^y « 

M^, yi-ko'-kyU ^ -gi"; canV 
- (it), dong'-feh-la3 fj ^ ^ ; 
dong'.feh-teh' f, ^, ;[4 ; _ <o 
another place, tsaen-tsaen u' 5^** 
JK'»r>®%- tsaen d^n'; —to 
amthr house, pnn oh' J|J^ ; — 
^0 aciton, ken'-dong ^ JJ; 
kyih'-dong JU JJ ; — to gratis 
tude, ken'-kyih ^ ||j; will — 
the feelings, we dong nying^go 
dzing' # fj A** -1"° It 

Mow, ^0 kah f Ij ; ^ grass, kah 
ts^ao' fil :f 

Much, to §; ; yii/-ho; no; — , 
feh-to' % % ; yiu'-<a3n ;f |5g°; 
kyin'-liang £ J; ; kyin'-siao 
a>J;;^oo — , t'ehto' ;[^5; 
a ^?-m^ cZm/ too — , to-z6ng'- 
ko-to' ^ ± ;fifir° ^ ; sol, 
keh-tang'; ka-siiig'; how — ? to- 
siao ^ i^'\ lis — as you please, 
ze ng' to-siao' fj fj;° ^ >J^; 
«o ?yi<:f/ier /iojy — , feh-leng' to- 
siao' % f^ ^ >|; ; peh'-kyu to- 
siao' ;^ JjjJ ^ >J? ; — obliged 
to you, to-dzing' ng ^ ^g fj;"; 
to-zia' ng ^ ^}° fj;**; to-mong' 

;yow, — , to-lao' ng ^ ^ f;);** 
Mud, na-nyi-tsiang' J[|g |jj ; wu- 

nyi-tsiang' ^^ ^ ^ 
Muddy, ^/^e ^-oac? is — , hi' ziang 

tsiang ka g^^p^Jjg^'Jf ; dress is 

— , i-zong' tsao na-nyi de' ^ 



MUL 



304 



MU3 



na'-nyi || S Jt 
Mulberry tree, s6ng-ju' g i^; 
mulberries, s6iig-ko' ^H ; song- 

Mule, lo-ts' || :f (ih-p^ih) 

Multiplicand and multiplier, 

siang dzing' i^ ^ 

Taken from W. A. P. Martin's Ning- 
po Arithmetic. 

Multiplication, dzing-fah' ^ 

Multiply, to dzing-Iong' ^ Jf| 

Multitude of people, ih do'-dziao 

nying-i:°5''A°; cong'- 

nying ^ A° 

Mumps, td'-sae ^D^^, ; to have tlie 

- , sang t6'-s.^ ^° ^° ^w 
Munitions ofu-ar, kyiiing-tsong- 

kyU'-kyia3 !?: ^ §| ;6S 
Murder, to long-sah ^° ^ ; 
tang'-sah ^J^ ; — i«^/i a knife, 
sab ^ ; c'ob'-sah f§ 7^', to plot 

— ,meo-saL' tj|: ^ 
Murderer, byUong-siu' Jjj^ ^ 

(ib-go) 
Muriatic acid, yiu-gyiang'-sbu 

m ?a *° 

Murmur (of water), ts^6'-ts^6 
byiang' -{% ^^l|. ; _ (of voices), 
22ng-zeng'-byiang ; to C07}iplain, 
mao-iii/ J|°^; grumhling, gaeii- 
gsea'-tao-tao Ise'-tib iiii'. 

Muscle, or tendon, kying % ; 
fiesh, nyuoh |^° 

Muscle or Mussel, (a sbell- 
fisb), bang if (ih-go) 



Muscular, great — strength, 
kying'-llb ts6ng^do:^:^5lt;|;;'* 

Mushroom, dzing '^°',dned — , 
byiang-dzing' § g° 

Music, yUob ^ ; tsob-yUob' f^ 
^ (veng.); cfo you like to hem- 
instrumented — ? ng bwun-byi' 
t^ing s-ing' ko'-sang feb f;J;° fj; 
S IS i|if>$iS°?- (Wowing 
and beating), c^ii-c^ii tang-tang 
Pfc° 5fc° JT fl* 5 seng-siao'-kwu- 
din'^ « am (veng.) 

Musical instruments, yiiok-ky^i' 
I5i §^ j ^''^*^^5 ditto, byiang'-ky'i 
P1bI2S 5 — *^^^«j pab'-ing-gying' 

Musicians, tsob-yiiob'-go nying 
f^ ^ '^*' A **; tnimpeters, c ^ ii-siu ' 
PJC"-?) players andsingers,dxn'- 
ts^ong'-go nying Jf^Pg ^° A* 

Musk, z6-byiang' or dzo-byiang 

Musk-deer, byiang - tsong' @ 
^ (veng.) ; commonly called, 
byiang-li-ma3n' § ^|g IfJ"* 

Musket, nyiao'-ts^iang ,^ §^ ; 
/07-e2>n — , yiang-ts^iang' '^|t; 
breech-loader, 'eo'-deo-meug ^ 
II Pg (ib-kwun) 

Muslin, /om^;i bleached p'iao'- 
bab yiang-pu' j^ g -Jf: ;fp ; t/7i- 
bleached foreign — , peng'-seb 
yiang-pu' % g, -j^;?^ ; wm// — , 
yiang so' -J^ jIJ; 

Must, pib'- iao >2. g ; tsong'- 
iao i^ ^- ; vn-pib'-ts-iao' ^ ^JJ 



MUS 



305 



NAI 



I 



g ; ding-iao' ^ ^ ; — J^dve, 
Biao'-foh-teh' >J; ^, ^ ; — not, 
m-nao' ; feh-k^o ^ pj" ; certainly 
-^not, tsMh'-feh-k^KJ ^, pj" ; 
tor/.feh-k^o g ^, pj" ; ton -jun 
feh-k'o' fir ^ ^ "^ ; ton'-wu 
feh-k'o if ^% p]- 
Mustache. z6ng'- bsen ng6-su' 

Mustard (the plant), ka'-ts^ae 
^"^ ; — ««^<^) ka'-ts^se-ts ^° 
3^ "F 5 ground — , ka'-lah-feng 

Muster strength, and press for- 
ward, nuMih zong-zin' ^^Jl 

Musty, 57rozi;'n ah'-ko-de jg^gy 
— smell, ah'-bob-ky^i ^°M°^ 

Mute, deaf o'-ts g° -^ ; 6'-p6- 
ts Ilg° Pg -^ ; c/oc/fc ts — (i. e. 
stopped), z-ming^-cong 6' -de g 

Mutilate, to — t/ie bodij, long'-leli 

s'-t4fehdjun'^^^0ti*^ 

Mutiny, to revolt, meo-nyih' 

Mutter, to — to one's self, zi-w6- 

deo-biin' g t° g° tr 
Mutton, yiang-nyUoh' ^ ^^ 
Muttony smell (said by the 
Chinese to be peculiar to some 
foreigners), yiaug-sao'-ky*i ^ 

Mutual, pe'-ts^ -g2jj[j ; liang'-<6 
W T°; do-ko' ;^° ^°; siang 
^te ; — pleaure, pe'-ts^ hwun-hyi' 



{ft jft 8(: ^ ; — recognition, 
liang'-^o nyhig-teh' ^ 7** fg" 
^ ; — /ore, do-ko' siang-ae' ^^ 

My, ngo-go' fjl ^''; — o/c/er 
brother, ko-byuong' ^° 51 ; — 
younger IrotJier, s6-di' '^''^; — 
(humble) cottage, so-' 6' -^^ "p°; 
bi-so' ^ ^''j so'-kyin ^« ^^ ; 

— countn/, peng'-koh :^ g ; 

— (humble) country, bi'-koh |^ 
P ; — relatives (of the same 
surname), ah'-lah peng'-kd fg° 
^*^ ^r — oivnson, ts^g- 
sang' ng-ts' ^ ^^^ Jjl " ^ 

Myriad, ih-vW — ^ 

Myrrh, meh-yiah' J^ ig 

Myself, ngO-zi' ^ g°; 7 ^rai^r 

t« — (with my own eyes), ts'ing- 

ngaen' k'en'-kyin-ko' ^ 5|' ^ 

g i§ ; ts^ing-ng^n moh'-tu 5^ 

Mysterious, nren-tsW n^n- 
ziang' |g }gi] H ^ . ao'-miao 
ft # sing-ao' ^ ft 

Mystical, f?ar/l-, en'-dong-dong 

isr 

Nail, ting-cU' |J ^ (ih-rae) ; 
finger^, ts'-k'ah ^ ^°; <oe 
— , kyiah'-ts-k»ah' or kyiah'- 
tsih-k^ah' JH Jg ^°; 7^«& ;oa 
/on^, ts'-k'ah hying' Jg" ^° M 
(also used for pilfering). 

Nail, to ting |f ; yUong ting- 



NAK 



306 



NAT 



cu', tingMh-ting' ^ 0J 11 ff 
"~" §f 5 ^^ di-ive a — , k^ao ting- 
cii' f# IT i* 
Naked, c^ih'-sing-lu-t'i' ^^M 
fl ; kwong-sing' y^ ^ ; c41i'- 
liao-siao :^ -ji^^^ )]^ ; c%-lon-c^ih- 
poh' a15rl±Iri(^"lgar);^.p- 
jjer 7?ar^ — , c^ib-poh' H f| ; 
strip — , i-z6ng^ poh-k\v6iig' ^ 

Name, ming-z' ^ i^ ; raing-deo' 
^ g^ ; what is tlie — of this 
(called) '? keli' kyiao soh'-go 
ming-z' ^°Pi(.a°jg»>S^? 
a man Las three names, viz, ming 
^ , z ^ ; ^ao ^ ; ming is given 
by parents ; z is given by teach- 
ers ; 'ao ^ ; bih-'ao glj ^ are 
chosen by himself, and changed 
at will ; mil/c — (only used by 
parents) na-ming JS^; jU-ming 
^ 2 ; siao-ming )]>^ ; book 
or school — , shii-ming' "^ ^ ; 
k^ao'-ming ^ ^ ; fumihj — ■ , 
sing'-su f^ ^°; ivhit is your 
family — ? ng' sing soh' fj);° ^ 
tK° iS^ ?/OMr honoralle ditto? 
kvve' sing ;(; ^ 1 tseng sing^ d§t 
^jj ? a good — (reputation), hao' 
ming-sing' j(J ^ ^ 

Name, <o cii ming-z' i|x ^ ? 5 
lib ming' jj; ^ ; — /«wi Jo/m, 
c'U' gyi ming lah'-'en ^ ^ 
^^^ ; ^0 ca^/, kyiao ^-^ eo; 
ts^ing-hwi/ |g Pf ; how shall I 
— your teacher ? ng-go sin-sang' 



ngo' dza ts'ing'-bwu gyi {j^° ^** 

Nameless, fe ming'-z ^"^if ; 
undistinguished, M-ming' fici-sing 

Namely, ziu-z' J;^° ^ 
Nankeen, ts'-hwd-pu' ^ ^ ^ 

Nap, io to^e a short — , hweh'-ih- 
hvveh ^^°— °^; hweh-ih-z6ng'; 
ditto sitting, tang-k^eh'-c^ong ^J 

BiK°5 ^^^'^ « ^'^^^ — 5 kw^eng'- 
ih.k'ao^°--^°; — o/cM, 
nyiiong-deo' |^ Jg 
Napkin, toJfe ky^Uoh'-vsen siu'- 

kying Pfe** IS ^ rtl 

Narbate ai length ov particukirly, 

dziang-si' kong' ih-fsen' |f ^ 

Narrow, 'ah |J^°; ^ah-tsah' ^^ 
^ ; — minded (not liberal), ky4'- 
liang ^ah-tsal/ §g 1; JC ^ ; 
sing-di' ^ah-tsah' >iJ ^ ^"^ ^ ; 
— eocpsnence, kyin'-sih ^ah-tsah'^ 

Nasty,^/%, nyi-sing'-pah-la Jg 
M "§" il"; nyi-sing-pah-kyu' 

Nation, kol/-k6 ^^; all na- 
tions, tMn-^6' vsen-ming' ^C T** 

mis 

National expenditure, koh'-k6- 

go yiiong-du^ S ^'^ ffl S 
Native, n. peng^-di-nying' "^ \^ 

A';dziu-di'-nying' -g^Jfe A" 

(ih-go) 
Native cfm/ec^, peng'-di w6' 7|C 

M "0$; — i'^"^^' peng'-hyiaiig 



NAT 



307 



NEC 



prodvctions, t'u'-ts^^n J^ ^ ; 
— cotton clotliy du'-pu J^"-^ 
Nativity ofChisl^ Yiae-si/sing'- 

Natural, t^'n sang'-dzing-go 3^ 
^ JSK "i^" 5 — ^'^position, peng- 
siiig sang^dKing ;$: ft ^° 
^ ; fjreat — alUities^ t^in- 
ts'ong' t'^in-raing' ^M%^M 

Naturally, t^in-sing' s-jiiu' ^ 

Nature, ilie course of — , t^in-di' 

z-jun'4s ir 55 Jife &^:J:il; 

t'in-di' ts kyH'-hwo 5; Jfe ;5: 
^^L ^ VCki ^^ investigate the — of 
I^K tMngs, keli-veh' gyiioiig-li' |gp 
IB ^ Sf S ; human— , nying'-go 



peng'-sing A° ^' * ft 



Nauseate, taV/ — him , we peh 
gytob'-,siDg#(^^''^{^°pr 

Naval <)#cer, se'-s-kwun' 7j<°6ili 
'j^ ; — commcmder, se'-s di-toh' 

Navel, du'-dzi-ngaei/ Ht M 8R° 5 

— cord, d«i-ta' )J^ ^° 
Navigable, sMeL-t^ong'-go |jr 



©' 



r 



Navigate, <o — a ship, s jUi/ 
Navigator, s-jiin'-go-nying' 



m-\-'x 



ft" m V K 



'ang-j un'-go-nying' 



Near, gying ^ ; siang-gying' ^ 
i& ; dziu.gyiiig' g|i£ ; m-^ — , 



^mc/i, t^iah'-gying |,5°J£ ; vu- 
gying' |Jf;f •£ ; _ (like one's 
own friends, hence affectionate), 
ts'ing-gying' fj J£ ; /lear^r, 
gying-tiu' ^¥jS ; iiearest, or /i^.TZ, 
kali-pil/ RJ^",* ^«'«e drawing — , 
z-'eo' ling-gying'ljj^^ J£ ; — 
(and therefore practicable), 'dzse'- 
gying we-gying' fg** \g ^"^^ 
Nearly, ts^6'-feh-to' ^ ^ ^ ; 
kyi-wi/ ^ :^ ; — «///^, siang- 
ty'«' ft -^ ; da-iah' ih-yiang' 
:/C $5 ^ ^i ; zong 4oh vn-kyi' 
±'^^M;liah.dong'iq5(^I; 
— there, ziu hao' tao' ,^° Jj pj ; 
kw^a tao'-de 'K'^iJT"; — %/'^ 
kw^a yia'-de ^^°~f\, — noon^ 
kw^a tsiu'-ko j£°^'';tsao' tsiu'- 

ko' ^°; ^° 

Near-sighted, gying' - z - ngaei/ 

Neat, ts^ing-c-ii' J^ -JiJ;; — (pri- 
marily, clear as water) , pib-^o'- 
s-ts^ing g i!Jt ift ; tsUng- 

Neatly (fowc, tso'-leh ts'ing-c'^u' 

Necessaries, all the ih-ts^ih' s5 
yUong'-go — -a ^ la ^°; 
the seven — , viz., wood, rice, oil, 
salt, sauce, vinegar, and tea, za, 
mi, yiii, yin, tsiang, ts^u, dzd. 

Necessary, pUi'-iao i^ gj 



NEG 



308 



NEO 



hyih'-feh-lae' f^ ^f, ^^ ; siao'- 
feh-teh' ^ ^ ffi^ 5 — ^^ twi;?or- 
to/i^, iao'-kying ^ ^ ; ve?^ — 
to do, feh'-teb-feh iso' ^ %. 

Necessarily, peb-teh'-yi ;p ^ 



Needle, tsing §|S (ih-me) ; ?o 
ifA7-ecfJ a — , c*Un tsing-ngrei/ 
^§lS W ; inagmtic — , ts'-nei/- 

Needle-work, tsing -ts' sang- 



^ ; m-nae'-'o M** ^ -(pj ; wa'- Needless, Imo hylh'-go jf 



Necessity, i6"/«ai is the — ? ^o- 
pih' ka iao'-kying ^ tj^ in* 
Jt'^S ? » ^uong' ka dziah- 

Me7'e is a — in his going, gyi 

pill' ky^iao-leh ky'i' (or ky^iali- 

kh.) 
Neck, deo^kying' g| g 
Necklace, ^ong'-cU-c^Un' ]g 3^ 

^ ; rmndarin's — , dziao-cu' 

Neck-tie, ling'-ta J^ ^° (ib- 

diao) 
Necromancer, kong-du'-sin-go 

Bin-bo' E 111! 1 
Necromancy, kong-du'-sln H" 

Jit nil 

Need, in — o/, ky *uib'-siao ^ >J? . 
ky^uili'-ky^in g^ Jf^ ; ky^uib'- 
eiao dziang-ton' 0t >i? ;g g j 
iw — offtiely ky'iiib'-siao za' ^ 

Need not, hao-vong' /f,° ^°; 

feb-yUong^ ^^ ; peb-pib' ;][; ^JJ 
Needful, iao'-kying g^ ; iao- 

yuong' g ^ 



^°; <p/^e — , ib-ngajn' bao- 

(can be saved, or spared), sang- 
weh' hao sang'-go ^° fg if 

Needy, kyih'-pah g; Jt ; kyib'- 
kyu ^ ^^ ; siu'-deo ton'-ts^ob 

Neglect, to — cfw/^/, feb-p6 meng- 
veng' 3fe ^''«°^;— «^^'-^» 
sang-web' yiu'-iao'-m-kying' tso' 

^/w7e, sang-i' feb kwu'-djob ^^ 
S * M S" — «^>i^^«^''^^^'^- 
ly, sbib kyin'-tin ^ |^ ||5 ; 
kvvi/-tsib feb-tao'.k6 ff ° fi° ^ 
gl]^"; died from — , kwiAsib 
feb.ta(/-ko si'-de f#° ||° * 

kwu' ^ M 

Negligent, tsVts'o'-do-do' S^ 
^ £6 K ; '^^^ diligent, yise-dse^ 
SJ iS » ^'"^^^^^^' bvvebMiab j^ 
05 ; inattentivcy feb-iiii-sing' ^ 

Negotiate, ^0 transact husinesSf 

b£en z-t4' III :(: ffl ; — f«^^ 

nyi '0' Ijj 1j 



NEG 



309 



NEV 



I 



Negotiator, baen-z'-go |Jf "^ 
y^" ; mddle-fnaUj cong-nying' 

+ A' 

Kegro, heV-nying M A" 
Neigh, ^/^e horse ndghs, mo Ise-tlli 

Neighbor, ling-s6'-kd PH-^^^^i 
ling-kyu' g|g ; «.ear— , gying'- 
^^ng IE l|5 ; ^^^-^^ — » kah'-pih 

rovnding neiffltbors, s'-ling pcj ^ 
Neighborhood, s'-gying-s-yiiu' 

di'.foiig ac Jtiik;*'; 

gying'-f6rig.z6ng'5J£^-*li!i°;;^; 
zin-zh/ ^eo-'€() di'-fong -gj^ |J° 

^^M jj 5 — i"*^ «« ^^^ ^<^^'% 
meng - zin' - meiig - wii' f^ "n^ ° 

Neighboring, in- ho'-siang-Hu' 

Neither, nor, leh ^ ; yia feb 
4° % ; yi ft;b ^S^** f, ; TiezVAer 
<:old, nor hot, feb'-lang-feb-riyib' 
^ Jft° ^1 ^"j weiV/i^r 7^^^•« jior 
there, yia feb Ise doiig'-deo, yia 
fell laj keb'-deo 4° ^g ;jj" Jf^ 

fjo, ih-go tn feb ky^i — fl| ^ 
Si "i °> ^^^ither one thing nor the 
other, feb tb^eng' feb gao. 
Nephew, brother s son, dzib-ts'^ 
•f ; sister's son, nga-saiig-' ^j^** 
^^°; a sister calls ber brothers 
son, ne-dzib' ^ g^ 



Nerve, 



nao -kying-sin 



(coined). 



Nest, k"^o ^; edMe swcdlowi — , 
iiZ-o 3^ '^ ; — of tltieves, zeb- 

Nestorians, Kying'-kyiao -^J^ 

"Net, fishing mong |^°;6'/«a// rft«a, 
paen-tseiig' J^ ^; — /t)r </ie 
Iiaii', mong'-kying |[?3° r{l (form- 
erly worn by Chinamen) ; mos- 
quito — , tsiang'-ts lp§ •? ; — 
weight, jib kying Hang' Jf ^ 
p^ ; /wtf? much is the — iveight f 
zing' djong to-siao' }^^%^p1 
djU zing' to-siao djono' |i^)^ ^ 
ij^g? djii bi' to-siao djong-' [^ 
JS^ '>fl; • — P"<2/^^' zing' d25a3n 
5f H ; — ^oocls zing' bo ^;^ 

Neuter, ^o remain neutral, bang' 
feb-siang-dzii' M ^ ^0 |& i 
neithzr male nor fenude, peb'-nen- 
peb-nyu' ^7^ ^ ;?; ."^ 

Never, dzong m'-neb ^"i^°^°^ 
dzong-lae m'-neb f^^ {2°^!°; 
tsong &'- neb ,^ ^° Jg'' ;f^» 
(tsong or cong) ; — (hereafter), 
iiong'-feb :3< ^ ; — can, cong' 
feb-neng'-keo i^^^fifgf^j- 
.sft/a, dzong m'-neh k^ei/-kyin-ko 

of it, ^ao-va t*ing'-iueng-ko ^ 

^ H E3° M ; — ^^^^"'^^ ^f «'^'^* 
a thing, dzong sang ng' to fi'- 
neb tMng'-meng keb'-cu-ka z-tl 

II, Erf a"®"^ !§;''•'■«- 

6'o??ie again, Uong'-feb tgae lae' -^ 

^ H * ; -- .^<^^'^^ «^^y^:/, iiung - 



HEW 



310 



ma 



feh sang k/i' ^l< ^^^S;- 
yct, dzong fell zing' ^ ^ 'g' 
Kew, sing 5|)f ; ;m5< — , ts'oli' sing 
g fl ; ts'oL'-kwali.sir>g f§ ^|J 
fl; tsV)h-tssen'-sing fl ^ if ; 

— fcishiomd, z sing flf f| ; — 
jKittern, sing yiang'-sLili gf f|> 
^ ; — comer, bao'-z lae'-go ^ 

W S^ -t"; ts'u W-go fj ^ 

>^*; — Testeumnt, Sing-iali'-shii 

if if.4 «• 

New-Year's (fo?/, tsing'-yiiih ts^i- 
ili' IE >^ tj — ; — ^^' saen- 
jih nyin yia' H + ^ S^ 
nyiaen-kyin' yia il-:fL^*'?S°5 

— money (given to children, or 
servants), ah-shii-dii/ p|j° ^ 
^° ; — (jifts, nyin-yia' li-veh 
^S°ilt;ko-nyi»/.golii§ 

News, sing'-sih fg.g,; siao-sih' Jg 
ii>; sing-veng' If ^ ; to let out 
the — , t^ong-fong' pao-sing' jj 

m #s ft 

Newspaper, eing'-veng-pao ^f 

H #1; sing-veng-ts' jff &^ |g 

Next, the secoml, di-nyi' ^ H**; 

— day, di-nyi' nyih || ::i° 0°; 

— mow^/j, 'o -ko yiiih f °f@^ ; 

— ?/ea/*, ming nyin' H^ r^; nen 
nyin'^°^°; sit — , t^iah'-gying 
20 |j|5*'j£iK5 ditto, or m </^e same 
row, bing-ba' zo ^ St*'4S 5 — 
(house, &c.), t'ih'-kah-pihm^l^ 
II 5 — neiyhbor, t^ah'-ling flfi** 
^ ; t/o tJiot — (after doing 



this), keh'-go mreu' ih-bu tso' 

5t° ^° It - * M 

Nibble, to k^eng ^ ; k^eng'- 

ky^uoh ^ p^° 
Nice, pleadng, cong'- i tj? '^ ? 

hao iy 
Nicely done, tso'-leh tsing-cu' ||^ 

Niche, liole mack in a partition, 
pih-dong' H p 

Nickname (given in derision), 
ts^ao-'ao' ^°^ ; weng'-'ao ig 
g| ; to — , c^u -ming-ts'iao-^io' 

Niece, brothrs daughter, dzih- 
ayii' ^ ^ ; sisters daughter', 
nga-sang-non' ^l^"^^**^"; ?n/e'3 
— , ne'- dzih-nyu ft g ^ ; 
niece's husband^ dzih-si' ^ J:^ ; 
ne'-dzih-si ft jg ig 

Night, yia-tao' ^°$\\ ; m ^Ag — , 
yia.h^:jg°^; yia-deo' ^''BI ; 
spend the — , soh-yia' ^^^• ko- 
yia' ja^^hyih-yia^^^"; 
djii-yia' {J^°; nmrhj — , kw^a- 
yia' 'R*" :j^°; dark — , heh'-yia 
MS'';fe^-,z6yia'^fe°;^°; 
tomorrow — , njing-tsiao' yia'-tao 

yia' tso 5§ ^l^" ^ 5 «^^ — , ih- 
yia' — i^"; tsing'-yia jg ^''; 
^a^g rt^ — , yia-sing :j£**g^; yia- 
zing'-kang'-sing S° ^ J| g? ,* 
W;/; all — , ngao yia' ; tseii-koU 

yi»' It JSS**; «'^«'^'^' "^ — ^^''^^ 
Mj 616'^, be-yia' |g :j^°j ^o watch 



mo 



311 



NOO 



at — , siu-yia' ^ ^° ; to sit vp 

Night-dress, kw'eng'-i ^° ^ 
Nightly, yia-yia' :(g*' ;j^*'; me- 

Night-mare, fali-ii/ |g fg ; sbii- 
l^ah ab ;7fC jjg ^ ; 7m ^Ae — , lae- 
tihfah.i,/lE°ft«?|[l 

Nimble, ky^ing-kw^V g '|^° 
Nine, kyhi % ; —fold, kyia'-be 
:fL 'fia ; — terUhs, kyiii' feng ^ 33* 
Nineteen, jib-kyiu' -f- j\^ 
Ninety, kyia'-jih j\^ + 
Ninth, the di-kyiu'-go ^ ji ^^ 
Nip, to — tcith tht fingers, tih Jg 
Nippers, gyin ff ; gyin-ts' ff ^ 

(^ib-kwun) 
Nipple, na-deo' or na-dei/ ig° 

BI;ria-ts'iS'':f (ih-go) 
Nit of a louse, seb'-ts .g^ ; kyi'- 

ts iS •? (ib-go) 
Nitre, siao Jf ; yin-siao' || ^j^"* 
No, feh ^; im |[tt*'; (I cannot) 
feh-neng' #4g ; — (not willing) 
feb-k^eng^^f,-^; — one, ffi-iiying' 
§^° A°; — ^natter, ffi-kao'; fi- 
kwjcn'-dzib ^°iaf$;— w^<', ffi- 
yiiong' ^*^ ; — mittei- which, 
fcb-leng' ^ li^; — help for aV 
&-fal/ M7i; ffi-sbil/.fah M° 
IX fi; sbib'-fab-njB'-'o ^'f^ 

Nobility, yiu tsiah'-we cii' -kwu 
"^ W° ^ A") tfi£fiuc ranks of 
— viz, kong, 'eo, pab, ts, nen 

a^ m^ fs. ^, I? 



Noble, o/ — rank, yiu tsiab'-we 
W 11 fi 5 (disinterested, yiab- 
ky^-go ^ ^ ^°; will not stoop 
to anything dishonorable, iiong'- 
feb tao ze'-ky'i'7J<^ MIS:'^; 
generous, k^6ng'-k'.'« \)^ "fU 

Nobody, ffi-nyiug' ^ A** ; — 
is there, M-nying' W-kaen ^* 

A° ffi° ffi° 

Nod, to eo'-eo deo' jg" g** l^ ; 
tin-tin deo' MJ |5 gg 

Noise, byiang ^ ; sing-hyiang' 
^ 10 ; ?io — , m-sing'-byiang 
to'^^^jMbyiang^-dong Ji» 

-ff Si > — ^Z" ^^'^ *^^) bse'-shii 
byiang' -^7^^ 

Noisy, nao-nyib' ^ ^"j r^y — 
ziang lob-ying'-fiien'-ky'i ka -^^ 
/A ^ K ^ 5 nao-nyib'-bang- 
sang' Wi W #° ^"5 - ^'<^c<^^^ 
da-sing' ben'-kyiao ;^°^nJill^; 
— ami trouhksonii to neighbors, 
ts^ao'-ling'-mo'-so p^ ^ ,f. -g- 

Nominal, onhj in none, yiii- 
raing'-vu-jil/ W ^ ^t Jf 

None, /ia<'c &'-neb j^°ff ",* fi'- 
teb ; — or wo one ccndd do, m- 
nying' ncng'-keo tso' J'f;''A*' fg 

Nonsense, taik half in jikig, half 
in earnest, pnu'-byi-puu-tso-sbib- 

ish talk, wu-du' sbili-\v6' |j^ ^ 
It J J ; tn7cZ Udk, Ion w6' K, 

Noon, tsiu'-ko'g'*^; tsing'-wu- 



NOR 



312 



NOT 



z jE ^ I|# ; nyili-deo dzih' 0^ * 
M IS 5 cong-wu' pfi £f ; past 

— , tsii/-ko k(/-(le J^^^'ig 
f* ; irst at — , hyih tsiii' ^ 
^ ; be/ore — , tsao tsiu^-ko ^ 

Nor, See Neithek. 

North, pob ^t ; pob^pin :[[:•§ ; 
to ffo —• liyiang poh' ky^ [p] 
^t i° > w^e ^0 the — , or dead, 
(because corpses were formerly 
BO placed), bih-deo^ dziao poh' 

North-east, tong-poh' ^ ;|[; ; 

— west, si-poh' "g" :[[^ 
North-star, poh'-teo-sing :it 

NOSK, bih-deo-kwni/ ^*' BI ^ ; 

— ///tfccZ, bih-deo c^ih ^otig' ^° 
M° Hi U'^Mow?/02ir-^, (i.e. 
go straight ahead), bang bih'- 
deo' ft ^° ^^ 

Nosegay, ih-nyiah livvo'— J^*';|!g 
Nostril, bib-deo-kwun ngseii ^*' 

?L° 
Not, feb r|[j ; m ^° ; m^-neh ; 

— vnderstand, feb tong^ ^^ i|'|| ; 
Z6- i7 so or — ? z-ka' feb ^p° jl^" 
^.°;_,,,feh'z-ka'^ia°;it°; 
(/' — so, feb-juu' ^^ ^ ; must 
— , EQ-nao' ; ovght — , feb-k^o' 
% Pf; hace — , m-yiu' J2° 
^/ ; — « cash, ib'-go dong-dii/ 
tu^fi'-teb^f@°g^^°|gjg<' 
W° ; •— F^, feb-zing' ^, g- ; 
?iaue 1J0U finished or — f tso'-bao- 



leh feb' f|J Jf 7"^°^ ^so- 
baoMiao &-'teb f^ ^^ f p,|°? 
— finished, m'-teb tso'-hao j^** 

iigasu' m-neb nsen-ko' — ||jS°ix*' 

Notable, c'lb-mlng'-go {]j ^ 
>(^°; veng-miiig'-go gg ^ >i^° 

Notch, cz^^ a — , kab' ib-go ky ^iiih 
Jl] ^ ^jvo ^^ . notched (like 
teeth), keo-ky^iiib-ngo' \^° ^° 
'^°; knife-blade is notched, tao 
tV'ng-ky^Ulb'-de XI S' ^ T'' 

Note, Ullet, bin-z' ^ i^ ; z-dei/ 
*^ j|^° (ib-go) ; bank — , p^iao'- 
ts ^ -IS ; dzin-p^iao' ^* 'g. ; 
iiybig-p^iao' ^ ^ ; — of handj 
\ve-p'iao' H ^ ,* — i'« "^'^^^^c (a 
character), iiig'-ao •§ g| ; (//Wo 
(a sound), yiiolZ-ing i^ ^ ; 
nntive ditto, paen'-ngaen /f^ 0^" 

Note, to — down, kyi %^ ; lob 
tS ; — in a — book, kyi'-lie kao'- 
peng-li %l ^'^ m -^U'^^o 
taJx notes, ts^ao-lob' ^pf%, ; biief 
(or culled) notes, tsah-ts'ao jj§i;j? 

Note-book, scholar's kao'-peng 
fftg^; memorandum book, daeng- 
kyi'-bu # E ft 

Nothing, m-kao' sob-go l^'^'' 
W H"; ili-ngsen' m-kao'; —to 
saij, m-kao' sob-go bao wo' J^° 

teng-ngo' m-k\v3en-dzih' J^**$J- 
^;° ^i f$'; ^-"go' vu-kw»ii' 
i1:^^.M>ffOodfor^,^'' 



NOT 



313 



NOW 



veil J^ §1 ; byiu'-moh pj "/^ ; 
produced from — (as unfoniuled 
tales), vu cong' seng yiu^ Jtt f{t 
4 W ) — ^^ /^^<»'5 feh-fong-'- 
teb ^, fcff ^; feh-dzce'-wu ; — 
#/56', m-kao bil/-yiang J^° ^f.f*' 
Jl] ff^ ; — *</< tUa, dju-ts^'-ts 
nga i6-kao' bih'-yiaiig |^ ^ 

KoTlCE, kao'-bab ^ j^*"; cu- 
tsei/ ^n 5; cU-tsiao' ^ BS 
(ih-tsiang) 

Notice, to li'-we ^ *§ ; ^o i?cr- 
cdve, kyiiob'-teb ^ @ ; ^<> see, 
k^ei/-kyin ^ ^ ; (//(^ ^w — 
the eclipse ? vvu-jiii' ng yiu li'-we 

/ noticed it, ng6 li'-we-ko-de ^ 

SI '^ jS T° 5 ^ ^^^ '^^^' — ^^' 
ng6 feh-lse'-kwu ^ ^ ^ M ; 
•ngo sbih-kwu'-de ^ ^ j|§ 

T* 

Notification, an o/^aaZ — ^ 
kao'-z -^jj: ; — (of literary ad- 
vancement) , pao'-tsen f ^ |^ j — 
(of tbe deaLb of a friend), fu'-ing 



tr 



Notify, to t^ong-pao' _ 

we' ^p -^ ; to inform, t'^ong-cu 
jj ^P 5 — officially, cUh kao'-z. 

Notion, / Jiave some — (of it) , 
ngo' yiu tin i'-s ^ # fj S >g 

Notional, ksen-ka' jg -f^ 

Notorious, cong'-k^eo-nie'-n« ^ 
n PS° PS°; cong'-nying ta 
byiao'-teb ^ A^ K #; 



notoriovsly had, ba-ls' ts^iii' j'Jl[['' 

Notwithstanding, da^n'-ming 
m ?i°; sib^-t^ing % SI"; zing'- 
^•"o fiB ?^, 5 — • ^'''•^' proMbitiony 
I will gamble, sib'-t^ing gyi-d/a' 
kying'-djU ng6 wc tu' ^ |f|*' 

Noun,- jib-z^-nga^n ^ f^ HjJ° 
Nourish, ^o tsiang' tsing-lib' g 

S :^ 5 — ^^'^ ^^^^' y»a"g si'ig- 

t'i^ « ^ ^ 
Nourishing, yiu-lib'-go 7^ -jj 

-^° ; we-sang-lib'-go ^ ^^ -fj 
-^^^ ; we-tsiang'-kying-kweb' ^ 

Novel and strange, sing gyi' ^^ 
•^ ; — mode, sing-tsob' veng- 

Novel, n. ^-en-sbu' ^^^ ^,- siao'- 
sbii >J> ^ (ib-peng) 

Novice, beginner, ts^u-^ob'-go j^J 
if.° i-^ sang-siu' gt*' ^ ; - 
m religion, sing' jib-kyiao'-go 

if A fc ^° 

Now, naen'-kaen J||°f °; keb-zong' 

yUo @ f ; mo; ju-kying' jp 
4»;ngcW-zin WW'^ tsib'- 
mob Ip g 
Now-A-DAYS, kying - naen'- kgen 

t'*4^°;&''ift°or^ B'^t"; 

— it is dijftrenf, kying-z'-kob'- 
bib ^ I|# # %\] 
Nowhere to be found, tao^c^ii 
zing-pin' ziiig'-feb-djob' pj j^ 



NOW 



314 



NUR 



Nowise, bing'-fi 3^ ^^ ; tou'-ton- 

feh Hi tf f, 
Noxious w^^o?-, doli-ky^i' ^ ^ 
Nuisance, ngic-nying'-ts-veh ^^ 

A"^ ^J ; coJHmi'/: wo — , (i e. 

forbidden to pollute), kying'-ts 

Null, im-tso' ; vu yiiong' ^ii£ ^ 

Numb, mo-mol/ jjjj 7}; ; mo tsel/- 

long ; perfectti/ — , moli dzih'- 

<iziii * la It 

Number, su'-inoli ^ g; ^/^e t^^/w/e 
— , tsong' sii i^^; ^/^e science of 
numbers son'-fah ^f^] in great 
numha^Sj su'-moh to' ^ @ ^ 

Number, to su'-su-k^en Jj; Jj; J; 
su-ib'-su .Ji — ti 

Numberless, su'-feb-pin JJ; ^ 
jgs peb-kyi'-gyi-su' ;?; ft Jt 
^; vu-ts^in'-da-vaan ^ ^ ;^ 
31 ; leng^-tsnu-leng-vsei/ |^ ^- 

Numbers, m6'-ts Wi -f ; su'-moli 

1. one, ib. — g [ 

2. two, nyi. H U^ H 

3. Ibree, seen. ^ ^ |l| 

4. four, 8. a X 

5. fiv«, ng. 3i ffi {< 

6. six, lob. :j?^ 1^ 1 

7. €even, ts^ib. -t ^ i 

8. eigbt, pab. 7V igl) ± 

9. nine, Icyiu. % "^ % 



10. ten, jib. +, Ift, ff 

100. ih-pab'. — ■§, ^/(^ 

1000. ib-tis«in'. ~^-,— pf 

10,000. ib-vaen. ^Jg, g tg 

Numerous, to^leb-kying ^ :j|;* 

|?;byu'-to|^5;yiu'-bo 
Nun, Buddhist nyi-kwu' ^ j^ ; 

nyii' 'o-z6ng' ^/^**; lovg haired 

— , 8-kwu' 6i5.^ii ; — icho makes 
no change in dress, ta'-fab-siu- 
'ang' ^° ^ ^ fT°; Taoist — , 
dao'-kvvu ^j^ ; Roman Catholic 

— , siu-dao' kwu-nyiang' ^ 

Nunnery, Buddhist en ^ ; en- j 
dong' ^^; Roman Catholic — , 
nyii' siu-dao-yiin' ;^ fl^ ?E ^ 

Nuptial ceremonies, ko'-c'U-go 
li'-tsib i|° g jg 13 ; ^« per- 
form ditto, 'ang ko'-c'ii-go 11' 

ing'-go li' It" *l sSB Si ; tso- 

tsW^°ia;hao'-nyihJJ0°; 

deing-bweng' J^° J| ; — pre- 

sents, jing-dalng' A If » ^^^^'^ 

(to groom), «o-li' g )ji| ;c?j^ (to 

bride), song-ko' 'jg J§° 
Nurse /or children, ling siao- 

nying'goa.^'^IiJ.A'^'PnJ 
SS 5 — f^^ ^^^^ jjerson, z'-dzih 

bing-nying' go ff ^ig A°^ ; 

tong-dzib'-go cU'-kwu ^'Jlt^** 

J^o 5 M?£-i _- , ab-bu' ppl J$ ; na- 

ab-bujipgjf 
Nurse, to suckle, u na' |f5 JB ; ''^ 



NUT 



315 



OJBL 



I 



— the sick, z'-(]zih bing-nyiiig'f^ 
ii.^ A**; toiig'-dzili bing-nying 

Nut, kernel, nyiioli |^°; tncdnut 
meat, wu-dao nyiioli' jj^ JJ^ |^° 
Nuts are considered as fruits. 

Nut-gall, ng'-be-ts Jl" fn -f ! 
Nutmeg, nyMoh-ko' |^]° Jg 
Nutritious, we-sang-lih' ^ ^° 
:/7; \v,e-pu-byuil/-kyU ^ ^ 

Nqt-shell, k^uL ^ 

o 

Oak, zlang'-ju if^ ;gj (ih-cU) 

Oakum, mo-kying' jg ^J 

Oar, tsiang 'j^ (ib-ts) 

Oath, vab-tsiu' |^ ^E, ; «o w^a/ce a 
^rm< — , vab-zing do-tsiu' f^ 
*B:/s:''5l ^0 wo/rt^e an — , vab- 
tsiu' feb-tsob'-cing f^ 5l ^ f^ 
ip ; \ ab-tsiu' feb-s6n-su' flj Jg. 
%MM. ; ^•^^'^"^^s oaMs ictM eafie, 
vab-tsii/ tongko'-ts ky'uob' fg° 

Oatmeal, yiu'-mab-feng fj{j|^|g' 
(Mandarin) 

Oats, yin'-mab fj|| |^ 

Obdurate, sing-dziang' ngai»g 
it US® ; disposition — as iron 
and stone, tMh'-zab siiig-dziang' 
^ S >C» /il; t-'ili'-tang sing- 
dziang' If ^J ,i^, Wi 

Obedient, k'eng t'ing wo' -^ ^ 
fj: we-i-jing'.got^Jfii-°; 
ao-ao'.ing-goiS°?g''i''^^ 



— ^0 //ie Z^^^er, i'-diao-dzib-vong' 
fd^ {^ iS iil ; — '■« all respects, 
pab'-i-pab.jing'-g°jg-^°)|^., 
vi-ming'-z-dzong' ffi ^ :S; ^ 

Obeisance, ?o 7mz/»:e ts^ing-ts'ing' 
Ir If? — ^"^^^^ folded hands, 
tsob-ib' f^ tf ; — % falling on 
the ground, p^ob-tao pa' f[> ^\ 
^^1°; — hj Inocking the head, 
k'eb deo' Jf HI 

Obey, ^o i-jing ^ Jg ; i-dzong 

Object m coming, Ise-i' ^ ^; 

— Ui going, ky'i'-i ■^''i^; attain- 
ed the — of desire, so siang'- 
vong, tao-siu'-de ^ ^, |g JlJ 

Object, /o p^i-bing' JJ =f ; p^i- 

Objection, haxe you any — (to 
offer) '? ng yiii sob' go p^i-bing' 

ni ft^ -ii W ®° tt tf 51° \ 

ditto to my going out ? ^o-long 

peb ngo tseo'-c% ^ y^jj fj}. ^ 
1& ^ \^'- no-^, peb-fong' 

Oblation, saci'ifice, tsi'-veb ^ 
i^; kong'-vong.go tong-si' ^ 

Obligation, you are under no — 
to do it, ng' k'o, peb-pib' tso f j;** 
Pl^ife^fii; cannot forget my 

— ,ko'-sing-feb-ky'i'i§#*'f, 
^j.°; kea'-kyib-feb-zing' j^ Jli 
^, ^ ; no end to mij — , ken- 
eng-feb-zing' ]i f. % ^ 



OBL 



316 



OBS 



Obligatory, li'-tong-kre' ^ ^ 
^ ; — upon men to keep the Sab- 
lath, nying sin li'-pa, li so long- 

Oblige, to compel, ngang-k^6' jg° 
ff"; min'-ky^iang-iao' ^§S^ 5 



gyiang -lao 



— him to 



write, ngang-k*6' gyi siaj;^''^;*' 

Obliged, ^-nge''-^o M° ^ ^ ; 
shih'-fah-n^'-^o ^ fi ^ j^ ; 
peh-teh^-yi /?> ^ £, ; — to use 
it, sbih'-fah-iise'-^o yiiong' ^ ^^ 
>j^ "fnl ffl? wwc// — to you {i. e. 
see your kindness), kyin ng'-go 
dzing' £ f;);^ >^° 'If; d/«o (see 
your great kindness), tsoh'-kyin- 
zing'-dzing J£ £ ^ If ; ditto^ 

fi-si"g' *)&; fi-ji"g' ft Jiii|i ; to- 

mong' ^^; c?/«o (have put you 
to much trouble), to-lao' ^ ^ ; 
/ t{;/// be much — to you, if you 
mil (/o to the city for me, ngo iao 
fi ng'-go jing' tao dzing-H' ky^i 

Obliging, kwun-miu^ SM; pab- 
miu'-kwoiig A ®3i^ ? iao-t'ao'- 
hao' g tj ^ ; we-tW-hao' f- 
ti if 5 (^^^ ^ast two have a 
selfish motive.) 

Oblique, zia ^4°; ts^ia; dzia; 
hwa |g 

Obliterate, to blot out, du-diao' 

mm' 



Oblong, dziang-fong' ^ -Jf 
Obloquy, zoh-m6' Jg ^ ; to 
endure — , ziu zoh-mo' § J5 ,^ 
Obscene, yiu-ky^iang'-weh-diao' 

?lft8Sytll;-^«^, ymw6'f{{j 

nS 5 — ^^('^^^ yi"g shu' f^> ^ ; 
— pictures, c^ing kong' ^ g 
Obscenity, ying-Ion' z-ken j'^ 

Obscure, heh'-en ^ 0g ; moh- 
ts^eh'-di-en' g £'^ JS Pjl ; - 
ufert5, i'-s k'eu' feh-ming'-bah-go 

« ,S, « * HB 6° ^°i - 

by clouds, be yiiing' tso-djU' ^ 

Obscurity, to retire into — 
(usually leaving one's family, 
&c.), ing'-loh Q^^ ; in — {i.e. 
don't know any thing about 
him), ing'-sffiu loh-dao'-de ^^J 
5S° ift" T°» ditto, as an office?^, 
feh-c<ih.z' ^ ffi ft 

Obsequies, s6ng-li' H H ; song- 

Obsequious, pe-kong^-ky^iiih-tsil/ 
-^ S? >B Iff ; — «"^^ de&igniiuj, 

\i to' pih ts6' m^-^w 

Observant, we liu-sing' k^ei/ 
"^^ id^M ; ^^^^ — ' kwu'-tsih 
feh-tao'-go f^° fi° ^° ^Ij 't 

Observations, <o /a^e — , (of 
the stars, &c.), ts^eh'-liang J^lJJ; 

OBSERVATORY,as«rowo?mcaZ kwiin 
t4n-ziang'-d;e || ^ ^ S 



ii 



Observe, <o 



k'en 



fo talc€ 



notice, li'-we ^ -§ ; noi ^o — 



OBS 



317 



OCC 



(wLen one ouglit to — ), shih- 
kwu' ^^; — the laics, siu koh'- 
fah ^^\^ 

Obsolete, feb-tsol/-de ^ f^T"? 
tsol/-ko-de ;^* J7° y**; — as 
fashions, ^c, ko-z'-de jg J$T° 

Obstacle, fong-ngge'^-^; tsi/- 
"g'''3 IS ^ j serious — , kwa3n- 
ng*' M ^ ; "^ ^^'^6 of all ob- 
stacles, forig-yii', vii-tsu' JU, ]^ 
^ffl. ; meets with many obstacles, 
p^ong'-djoh hyii'-to fong-ngse' 

Obstinate, tsih-il/ ^— ; kwu'- 
tsih gj ^ ; nying-dzih' feh-ciin- 

child, servant, or inferior), sah- 

Obstruct, to hinder, laen-tsi/ ||| 
PI ; tsii'-dju [a ft; to stop up, 
seh'-sah g fk ; uong'-sah g 

Obstructed, feb-t^ong' ^ -g ; 
— h^eath, kyU' feh-t'ong'-de ^ 

ObtaIxX, ^o teli'-djoh ;g^ ; teh'- 
tao-sin ^ pj ^ ; difficult to 



iiajn teh'-sro 



H^°. 



fj 



obtained mij ivish^ ngo so siaiig'- 
v6ng tao-siu'-de J? ^Ji #» ^ 

Obtrusive, gali-gal/- dong'- go 
^^»^°; iaogah-longMee 
^ J^ ii ^ ; (duck wants to 
be goose), jen'-gah-ngo'-de' ||° 



Obtuse, Hunt, dengfij; — mindf 
ts'-tsib deng' ^ K Sfi ' s^i'i^icZ, 
"yii ill ; nyu-beng' jfj ^g 

Obviate, to pa^-pu fg|° f|g; ts^i'- 

bsen ^ |^j[| ; these difficulties can 
be obviated, keb'-si ng naen'-c'ii 
hao pa'-pu ^ g' H a if 

Obvious, byin'-kyin |g ^; ming- 
tong'-tong ^° 0J"' 

Occasion, ojiportuniVj, kyi-we' 
i^ ^ ; to^'e — , ts'ing^ kyi-we' 
M ti'^; ^'^ ^^«'^' — ' keb' ib-ts^' 
JJ° ^- ?^ ; keb ib-vab' ; on a 
previous — , zir/ ib-we' '^° *^ 
m ; 071 a succeeding — , ^eo ih- 
we ^ — m; 'o'-ib-we' f **-- 
m ; zin vab' ts "gj" 0°; ^/i^7-e 
15 WO — for your paying, ng k^o' 
feb-pib' do-c^ib^ fj;° pj" ^, iJ} 

Occasion, ?o ca?«.'e, s'-teb ^ ^ ; 
long ^ ; — pleasure (to bira) ^ 
s'-teb gyi bwun-byi f[i|§: jtDc 
^; — a /o.^s, or injury by delay, 
taen-ngwn' ^ ']'^ ; </«'5 occasioned 
trouble, be keb'-go so W Si^Jg* 

Occasionally, comes yiu'-teb lae 
W @ ^ ; '^^^^ — , P'ong'- 

djW-p^ong' is°.^^°rfiJ''iS°; ^^ 

(it) — , yiu'-teb z-^eo tso' ^ ^^ 

Occupation, z'-nyib :^ ^. ; 
^ong-nyib' Jf || ; '6ng-t6ng' 
ir '^i ^^'^^^^ *^ V^^^ respect' 



ccc 



318 



OFF 



uhle — ? ng sol/-go kwe' nyih 

— is selling doth^ ugo bi'-nyih 
rna-pu'-go ^ fiH: H M° ^ 

Occupied, «Z/w7/5 feh-teb'-k^ong 

%''^m I 

Occupy, ^o — ones time, ko nyih- [ 
ts' 5*]^ B ° "? ; (^" kwong-ing' 
jlt 7^ [^ j //o?y (/o 7/014 — your 
time ? ng' dza ko' nyili-ts' jl^^° 

OCCUKRENCE, a strange ili-ky'i' 



gyi-z' - W ^ 



if/^e7'e ms 
heen no othir — , bing'-vu bib' 
<^z'^"g ^ 3irf. J}IJ 'If 
Occur, ?t7^m did it — ? Ire kyi'-z 

— , ziab p^oiig'-djoh yiu keb'-tab 

Ocean, do-yiang' ;/(;° 'J^ ; bae'- 
yiang f^ 'j!^ ; ivestem — , si- 
yiaiig' If 'j^. 

Oculist, ngseu'-k^o siu'-saug 115° 
^-^5fc ^°; cun-meng' ngsei/-k^) 

Odd, kob' c^ili kob-yiang' § [ij 
^f|;t^iao'-c^ib.bao^''{±|7*'; 
c'ib-gyi' )^^\ Strang e, gyi-kwa' 
"S^ 1S°5 — number, t<en-su' |g 
:^ ; — j'^bs, biig-su' isang-web' 

Odds cmd ends, ling-se' tong'-si 

Odes, s |f ; s-ko' |f f ; ; 5oo^' 
0/ Odes, S-Kying' |f |I 



Odious, k^o-u' pj 5g ; k'o-'eng' 

Odor, (often unpleasant), ky'i'-min 
M%°; pleasant — , byiang @ ; 
fragrant — , p^eng'-byiang Nif 
§; W- , W-ky^i |,a^- 
^a ky^i'-sib ^ ^4; k/i'-sih 

Odoriferous vapor, byiang'-kyU 
^ ^ ; — Z6*ooc/, byiang-raob' 

Ql^SOPllAGUS, we-kwun^ g ^ ; 
zib-kwim' ^ ^ 

Of (sign of tbe possessive), go ^'(*°', 
fiiend — mine, ngo'-go beng-yin' 
-a i"° flS ;£; ihe Lord-, 
Heaven, T'in-cu ^J;^ ; —ivJtat 
is it made ? z-sob'-si tso'-c'ib-lse- 

made -— ivood, jii tso'-go ;f^ f|^ 
-^j^"; mob-deo' tso-go :^ DI fit 
^^*'; — course, z-jiin' g ^ 
Off,/«/' U-yun %% 5s 5 y^^'- 
leb-kying 5t ®° M 5 /wir/«r 

— ? li-yUn' to-siao' ^(lig^^? 
ts'6 to'-siao yiin' ^ ^ ^ j^' 
^«/Lc — c/(>^/j^^% t^eb i-z6ng' ^ 
^ ^°; tW-diao i-zdng'; take 

— (as beads from a string) , 
leb-c^ib' i^ [!}; break — a 
piece (as wood, etc.) , ao ib-t'on 

fgf — f^"; ditto (as bread), 
p^ab' ib-kw^e ^° — ^ ; ^.'ih' 
ih-tin i§ — S;5 

Offence, See Offense. 

Offend, to — 7«'w, peb gyi kwa 



OFF 



319 



OFF 



fi^" ifc »[5°; peh gyi' tsiao-kwa' 
n°iimm P^^h gyi kyin- 
kwa' f^/lt £ ^°', to displease, 
long'-leli gyi feh ^eh-sliil/ ^}§°' 

Jt ^^ jC"; p^i^ gyi f«i^ yii«i''- 

i (r3tf. g^rs:; s'-tehgyi 
kyue'-i IjE© « ^S; - 

against (propriety, or law), teh'- 
ze' % -5P ; vren ^[J ; v^n'-djoh 
^E ^'^ ; — unwittingly, ngwn- 

Offended, is kwa'-de ig" "f °; 
kyin-kwa'-tle £ g ° T"' ^«'«- 
pleased, feh yuoli'-i-tle ^ ;g|^ 
iS T°-* ^i"s'-Ii ts'iao'*sob-soli 
ib fl Im" Jj^ II ; you are — 
«^ »J^, ng kyin ngo^-go kwa' fi][;° 

kwa' f/ fi- 
Offender against km, we-lil/- 
v.ien-fah'-go ^ f$ ^(J f^ >i-°; 
vsen'-nyiiig ^Q A°; vsen-fab'-go 

^>yi"g^li^^i"° A° 

Offense, ic/iat — kis he comviif- 
fed ? gyi Vcien sol/-go en' M. ^^ 
S" ^° ^^ ^'^" soh'-go kvve' 
^a ."S^ ^v° jgj ? to commit an 
— againat propncff/, shih li' ^ 

Offensive language, feh cong 
t^ing-go shih-w6' f, Iff If. >i^° 
^ f-J ; feh-jih' ng'-to shih-w6' 

tV?^, ■^e-ii-go 
Offer, to tang'-tsiangpeh^,°^ 
t'^°r ^ offered him $7. hut he was 






unmlling, ngo tang'-tsiang peh 
gyi ts'ih-kw^e fsen-ping', gyi feh 
k^eng'^^S^g^^'j^Mt^:^ 
# ff ^ ^, -g' ; /ioiy murh do 
you — ? ng he' to-siao fj;** |^° 
^ >j?? ng hen' to-siao' f^j;** ;^*' 
% A^% — ^(> « svpenor, voDg- 
hyin'^ iS;l'yin'-z6iig)RJ:: 

— ^0 an idol, or ancestor^ kong'- 
vong '^^; — tribute, tsing kong' 
5'^ ^ ; — P'esentSf song li'-veh 
'Mt^'i^'^ — ^ ^ower price, ko'- 
diu he'-leh ky'uih fj"^^"!^" 
1^** ^ ; — hiiu a chair, ii'-ts 

Offering, or sacnfice, tsi'-veh ^ 
^ ; — (whole, ill platters before 
an idol), foh'-li |Sli; — (small- 
er, in bowls), kong'-lb^ie fit ^ ; 

— to ancestors, kang-va3n'^^ ; 
Office, tsih'-veng ^ j} ; ngsen- 

deo' fl'/ 0^ ; to decline — , t^e- 
dz' kwun-tsih' 3f m t M'^ 
to ent-er — , zong zing' ^ ff ; 
to degrade from — , kah tsih' 
:¥ W;k6ngkyih' 1^ g^^ 
Officer, kwun 'g* ; kwnn-fu' ^ 
^ ; kwim-yiin' ^ ^ ; princes 
ami great officers, wong-kong' da'- 

dzing i S" :/c E 5 ^'^"^"'^ — > 
veng-kwun ^ ^ ; military — , 
vn'-kwun ;g^ 'j^ ; cmY and mili- 
tary — , veng-vii'-pah-kwiin' ^ 
iS'S °'& 5 ^'"^"^ '^^'^^o, kong-W- 
tsiang'-siang & S 7^ 4^ 5 ^^ 
become an — by fair means, {i. e. 



OFF 



320 



OLD 



by examination), tsing'- dii c'ili- 

^^^S IE 3^ ffi A* ' ^^'^^^ through 
?nerif^ kyiiirig-kong' c^ih-sing' 

3^ Ji IB Jfr 5 '^^^'^ ^.'/ purchase, 
kylin-pgen c^ih-sing' J| |j^° |ij ^ 
Official, to attend to — duties, 
b?en kong-vu |}| & f^i — 
documents, kong veng'^"^; — 
residence, ngo-meng' ij^f^ ; €m- 
hroidered satin square denoting 
— ranh, pu'-ts ^ -J^ ; — jachet 
and robe, raong'-bao pu'-kwo ^ 

Officious, 6'-zong-meng J^ J^ 
pg;dzob-zong^mengJf J: p^ ; 
meddling, ts^ib'-siu - pab - kyiab' 

-t^AJffl; to-z'-go ^:i:>h° 
Often, le'-ts^ M^)^ 5 ^^''^'^ — ^ ^^- 
siao' we'-su ^ >j? IH^ ? ^'^'"j/ — ' ? 
byu -to we'-su ^^MM. 
Oil, yiu J[{j ; bean — , deo-yiu' ^ 
ffy; fragrant—, byiang-yiu' § 
Jj{[ ; talloiv-tree — , ts^ing'-yin ^ 
^; rape-seed — , tsW-yiu ^ 
J^ ; sesamum — , Is-mo'-yiu ^ 
^fjlj ; pm-wM^ — , seng.yiu^ ^ 
^ ; mo-yiu' ft fg| ; ^-ero^me — , 
bo'-yin ^f[{| ; cas^o?' — , pi-mo'- 

ts'ib' ftf, ^ 

Oil, <o dzo yiii ^ ^ ; ^o rub on 
-, kVyiu'Jg^fgjj-t^yiu- 
yiii' gyi ^*'^°f[{i ; — ^/i^:; /^atV, 
fu deo' ff g^ 

Oilman, yiu-k'ah'-nying f^ § 



Oily taste, yin'-go mi-dao ^ ^^^ 
B^° tS; —fl(ivor, yiu yii/-ky'i 
ke-tib ^ fth ^ ; ?oo — , t^eb^ 

yi^ i:" rffn — ^^>' ^^///^m/ 

tongue, yiii-cii' web-zib ^| Ig 

Ointment, kao ^ ; kao-ls' yiah 
'J "^ ^ ; mercurial — , sbii'- 
nying kao' y}C IR ^ 

Old, wo; weiy, gyiu ^ ; — clothes, 
gyiu i'-z6ng ^ ^ ^; «o; 
/re?7j, dzing ^; — Z»rm^, dzing 
rann'-deo |^ |i EM; '>^ot young, 
lao ^ ; a^(?J, lao'-de ^y°; — 
person, lao'-dzing nying ^ J^ 
^°; — 7nan, lao' kong-kong ^ 
5^^;lao.den'^Br5i°0iot 
respectful); lao zin-sing' ;^ ^ 
g (used jokingly) ; — icoman, 
lao' bo-bo ^^^ ; lao-t^a-bun' 
^ iC ^° ("^^ respectful); hoiv 

— are you? ng to-siao' nyin-kyi' 

f^> ^ >>^ IB. '^ «^'«<' (very re- 
spectful), to-siao'^ kwe'-kang ^ 
^ ft j^°'- — ^'^''^ w;or«, kwu'- 
nyui-pab-daen' "^ r^ "S"° f? ; 
antique, kwu'-lao "^ ^ ; zorig- 
kwu'-fong-go f§ -i- H, -t"; — 
fashioned, (out of date), be-z-de 
^"^#7°; — .A^>^*^, lao' beng- 
yi" ^ JM^'^ ^^^' siang-bao 
^ *a i? ; kwu'-kyiao ^ ^ ; 

— and experienced, jao'-lin ^^ 
Older ;/wm /, nyin-kyi' do-jii 

ngo ^ $fi :fc° in ?c ; « y^^'' — 

than /, tsiang' ngo ih nyin' ^ 



i 



OLE 



321 



ONK 



$J — :r]p ; do ngo' ill nyin' ;/(;° 
'^I^ — ip ; pi ngo do' ih nyin' J:^ 
^ -f^" -_ ^; this is — , tlicd is 
newer, keh' z sing'-tiii Icel/ z 

gyiu-tin' m°^^imm'& 
mm 

Oleander, keh'-coh-dao ^"ff 

Olive, ts'ing-ko' ^ :^ ; ken'-la&ii 
IS M (^'eng-)5 — ^^^^^' Is'ing-ko 
nyi"g W ^ t:°5 LW-nying ^ 
t" (veng.) 

Omen, ziao-deo' ^^SH;^<?06? — , 
kyih' ziao "g^^ ; dziang ze' p 
^j^-ac? — , hyuongziao' \^ ^^ ; 
■^a ziao' ^^^ ; strange and bad 
— , iao nyih' ^ ^ 

Omit, i!o ts^o'-loh ^^^ g . shih'-Ioh 
^ -^ ; — tvhat one ought to liave 
seen, or done, sbih-kyin'-tin ^ 

w.m 

Omnipotent, vu-s6'-peli-neng' M 
^^t&; djun-neng' ^|g ; m- 
yiu' ih-yiang fell neng 4^** ;|^* 
"- it ^ tb ; yiang-yiang' tn 
neng-ken';i;^|^fg|^; 

Omnipresent, vu-so' peli-dzie Jtt 
l^X>^'-> ^-yi«' ili-c'u' feh Ige- 
tong' to^^ -^ ^Jffi" 

Omnniscient, vu-so-peh-cu' M 
^ ;;?; ^P ; ifi.yiu' ib-yiai)g' fell 
hyiao'.teb^°;t^;^|^^g,; 
yiang-yiang' tii hyiao'-teh /^Jpff 
a5^S;djun-cu'^^ 

On, Ise ^ ; lie-zong' T^'' ±^',~ 
the table, lae coh' zong ;g£° ^ 



Jl ; — the luater, lae shU niin- 
teng' ^ S^ ll ± ; — ^/'e ^i- 
;3er. Ire t8' zong-teng' ;^*|g _t; 

— account of, we'-leh S "T°) 

— purpose, deh-we' Jj^ ;g ; deh- 
i' if^ ;i^; — no account must, 
taHh'.feh-k'o' ^ % ^ ', — the 
contrary, faen'-ciin ^ fj ; tao'- 
hyiang ^i) |^ ; _ ^Ae rwy, jing- 
da' )l^ Jd^ ; retired from office — 
account of age, kao Iao' de' ^ 
^ T°; -Z^^^, bu-'ang' ;^ 
f^"; did you come — footi ng' 
bu-^ang'-lse, ma' f;);" ^ fj°^ 
64 RS""- '^g tseo'-leh-lce, soh' 

Onanism, nen-seb' ^ g, 
Once, ih-we' — [ol ; ih-tsao' — 
51; ib-ts<' — ?JC; ib-pin'^ 
^5 ; at one time or formerly, yia 
ib'-we ^ •— ; a// at — , ib- 
zi' — ^' ; ib-L^ong' — 5J ; ib- 
dong' — [g ; tsaen'-zi ^°^°; 
tsaen'-p6-s zi' — ° '^'* ^J ^^ 
a// at — , ib-zi' ky^i' — ^°^°; 
sing all at — , t^ien'-zi ts'ong^ 
^^pB ; the whole at — , teng'- 
cii '^ ° ^"j write all at — , teng'- 



cu sia' ^"WA" 



One, ih — ; — by one, ib'-go ^- 
yjv° _ ^°j ib'-tang-ib' ►- J7 
— ; every — , dzob-ib' 5^ — • j 
me'-go ^ ^"j every — is good, 
ib'-tang-ib' tii bao'-go — . ^J — 
S i? 1^° 5 — «"^ "^^' ib'-ping 
-^;t'ong'-goug5i J^; — 



ONE 



322 



OPE 



thrid, sgeu-feng'-ts-ib' j:;^. ^ -i 
— ; spen-kwii'-li'-byiaiig-ih-kwu' 

third, Kseii-kwa'-teh-ib' _^ ^ 
^^ ^^ \ of — language, ill' -go 
k'eo'-iiig — ^° P -p ; dong 
k'eo'-ii)g [^ P -■§ ; — sheep, 
ih-tsah yiaiig' — ^ ^ ; — 
^7i(/d, ili-po tao' ^— JC JJ ; «w^ 
— , feb-leiig' ^ab-li ib-go % %^ 
1uJ° ;®° — -1^°; ze-bin' ^ib-li 

cy^r^ — , ko'-ko |g |g ; 5n'w^ 
every — , ko'-ko do'-lae f|§ fg 
^^ ^ ; — ^y^(^i dob-ngsen'-go 

One's c^fZ/, zi g°: — ow/z, zi'-go 
g" y^v". — ojy^ (./^/^ ts^iiig- 
sang'-go ii ^^ -1^° ; — ozHi 
brother, tib'-ts'ing byiiong-di' 
is iJi 51 ^ ; — o«m mother, 
tib' meo is # 

Oneness of purpose, tso sing'- 
siang 1^" i^ ^J ; ib-sing'-ib'- 
i "^ ^ij» "~* 1^ (used of one or 
more persons); the sanw heart, 
one purpose, dong-sing'-'eb-i' [^ 
i& -^ :# (used of many). 

Onion, ts^ong ^ ; — bulb, ts^ong 
deo' ^ Jg; Shantung — , Ste:^- 
tong' ts^ong lllJ^M, 

Only, ten-tsiii' ^ ^ ; tsib'-z 
R ^ ; peb'-ko ;^ i§,', — one 
tcei/.tsib ib'.go ^ ^ ►- ^jv" . 
tfen-tajn' ib'-go ^ ^ — -i^"; 
.dob-dob' ib'-go M 



_>ivO. 



— /^aye, tsili'-yiu ^ ^ ; — ccm 
or — good for, tsib'-bao p^ Jf j; 

— need one, tsib'-siao ib'-go p^ 
M° — i^" ; ta3n-ts'6 ib-go ^ 
^ — -^^ ; not — , fell taen'- 
tsib ^H |g P;feb-dob'r)fe^; 
feb-ts' ^j{^ ; — 5o?i, dob-yiang' 

ng-ts' m m a° t- 

Onset, kong-tang' y§r ^J; c^ong- 
fong' fj ^ 

Onward, ^o^o byiang zin' kyU 
lRj-t°±°;w6ngziu'k/if±'' 
m' *^ ^ong zin' kyn J: 

B'J -^ 

Ooze, to — oz/i, seng'-c^ib j,f [fj ; 

beng'-c^ib ; — in drops, li'-loh 

Opaque, ing'-feli-ko-go Iftf,jg 
-1^°; feh-t'eo-kw6ng' ^, }§ 

Open, uncovered, k^ae'-tong; kV- 
tib B3 64 ; — (as a letter, 

&c), kVkWgo' gg pi-^- 

?o ^;^e^^, t^uen-k'se'-tong ilgflfl^"; 
free from obstructions, t^)ng ^ ; 
cZm?', //rmZ;, tsing'- da-kvv6ng'- 
ming jE ;/^ 3^ W I straight for- 
tvard, kong- leb byiang ; z?* — 
day, Is^ing-t^in'-bab-nyib' ^^J 
1^ g °; — m texture, byi ^ ; 

long #1 ; g'^- 
Open, ^o k'se ^ ; — ^/^^ door, 
k^ae raeng H^P^; — (as bundles, 
or bedding,) tang'-k'se ^Jgg ; — 
a /ej!/e?-, k'ae-fong' g3 JJ ; sing 
ts^ab'-k'se ff ^ §3 J — « s%^ 



OPE 



823 



OPP 



k'^ae-tin' ^ /j§ ; — « sehool, k^ie- 

— a hooky diii' fasn-k^se'-lse ^* 
M^l^\ foptish—, tWiW 
J^g3; — -//je boicels, li da-bin' f ij 
:Jt U ; t^)ng-da-biii' 5i:;lc® ; 
to free (as a drain), peh gyi 

. t^ong' ^^ ^ ^ ; commence, 
k^?e-siu' ^ ^ ; k^se-deo'-meng 
^ IK ; ?w6»MiA ts sft7Z — {i.e. the 
matter is still unsettled), wa k^se- 
k'eo'-go jg*" ^ n i"% cannot 
-, k'^'.feh-kV ^*B3;^ot^ 
can (I) — it ? dza-hao' k^se ^° 
j^^ "? must not — , or dont know 
how to — , k^ae'-feh-lae' §3^ 3^ 

Opening, kW-go di-fong' ^^^ 
M:fr ; ^h dong-ngaei/ ^ 0^''; 
a crevice, ih-da vong' ^- :^ ,^ ; 
— for work, trade, ^c, meng-lu' 

f9K;<ieo.iu^BIl^ 

Openly, ming-tong'-tong ^°^; 
hyin'-jun ^ f^^ ; c'ib-lu'-lii % 

Opera-glass, song-ngsen^-kying 

Operate, to — jriM a knife, k'ae 

Operated, has the medicine — ? 
yiab yiao'-feb-yiao' ^ ^ ^ | 
^ % it has — , kyin-yiao'-de ^ 

Operation, he has skill in sur- 
real operations, gyi'-go tao-fab' 
hao' S^^'jm i^ 

Ophthalmia, nyih-nggen' |^°05* 



Opiate, en-ze'-yiah :3^ ^ ^ 
Opinion, i'-s jg g ; i'-kyin ^ 

^ ; decision, cu'-kyin ^ ^ ; 

accoi'ding to my — , tsiao ngd' 

ngo k^en' lae ^ fi$ J- ^ ; cw- 
cording to my humble — , tsiao 
ngo' nyu kyin' ^^ 3? 1| £ ; 
every one lias his own — , kob' 
nying yiu zi'-go i-s' # A' W 

Opinionated, he is — , gyi' go 

i'-stsib-ib'-go^>^«7g,gft 
— ^°5 self — person, cib' nying 

0° it'' ^° A° 

Opium, a-p^in' Jl" >{= ; yiang. 
yiab'^lg; yiang-in' j^ ^ ; 
t^u j^"; nx:itive — , T^ae-tsiang' 
•^ j^"* ; ^0 snwke — , ky^uoh a- 
p'iu' pg° f,| ):J2 ; more com- 
monly, ky^iiob in' p^** jj^ (lit. 
to smoke tobacco) ; tsao in' ; to 
swallow — , ky^uobsang a'-p*in 
Pfe'^" ^il" Jr ' ^^ ^^^ smoking 
^, kaa-p'in'^^fr>r5 ka 
^'^' jft° !ffl > (addicted to — , a- 
p'in' nyin'-de fl" ^ ?g" J"? 
^-p^in' zong ying'-de ^%° ^ J^ 

m: T 

Opium-shop, t^u'-tin i jj; t^u'- 
'6ng j£^ ^^ ; — (where it is both 
sold and smoked), a-p^in tin' 5&° 
j^jg; a-pMntW®°>|:5|| 

Opponent, te'-dihfj|jf ; te'-deo 
^ 1^ ; e^""^ opponents, dih-siu' 



OPP 



324 



OR 



OpPOHTtTNE, ky'iah'-hao 'fg> jjj ; 

ix) meet accidental^/ something ver?/ 

— , nyu-ky<iao' jg ^^ 
Opportunely, ky'iao "X^ ; ts*eo'- 

ky'iao ^ D^ ; ?/om liave cmie 

quite — , ng' Ise-leli ky^iao' fj;" 

Opportttnity, kyi-we' ^ ^ ; 
improve the — , ts^ing kyi-we' 
^ '^ '& ' tw^TT^we i^/s — , 
ts^ing'-ts^ kyi-we' ^ jlt ^ f" ; 
<f/fto 2f?^en some one else is send- 
ing, or g(ing^ jmg-bin' |g ^ ; 
dziu-bin' ^fl^; io improve ditto, 
ts^ing-bin'^^ 

Oppose /jim (i. e. cover up his 
light), kse gyi'-go tsiao' ^ ^ 
^* W° "F°j — ^^^ views, or 
propositions, gyiang'-bin 5!^ ^ ; 

— m^^y^^ ^c, ti'-dih Jg fc ; 
ti'-t^ng JJ£ -g 

Opposed, mutually/ siang-faen' ^ 
]g; ffitVio (persons only), teo-deo'- 
feh'4ongffg|3&Ji;-aszce 
cwiff Ao« coals, yiu jii', ping t'sen' 

Opposite, m // o?i^, siang-te' ;^ 
g-; /a«w^, te'-min fj ^; 

— c?007', te' meng ^^ f^ ; ^/ie 
fiw are opposites, Hang' -go siang- 
f8en'fg>h°;faR;liang'feh. 
«iang4e' ffi ^ ft ft ; — >-ms 
of expression, fsen-foh'-go shih- 

Oppress, fo — those in one's poiver 
(as slaves), mo-nsea' ^ ^ ; — 



C5 people, bao-nyiah' pah '-sing ^ 
® W% ; tso'-ziao ming^kyin' 
ff S J£ Fe3 5 ^'^^^^ ^^ exacting 
inone?/, k^eh'-poh (or k^eh-boh) 
paV-'sing MWS'm-,- 
in requiring too mvjch, pih'-p^ah 
^T^] to use strength or authority 
in oppressing, tang-po'-shu ^J^*- 
^ ; yi-shu'-ky'i-nying' ^^t^ 
A"; ditto (as an underling rely- 
ing on the power of an official) ^ 
yi'-kwun-t'oh'-sbu {§ § fE ^ 
Oppressive government, koh' 
tsing' bao-nyiah'-go S jj^ ^ 

Oppressively hot, 61/-tsi-tsi-go 

nyih' m; a' 

Opprobrious (abusive) langiiage, 
zoh-mo'-go shih-wo' JJ ,^ "i^ * 

Optic nerve, ngaen'-tsong-kying' 

wm'Sh 

Optics, kw6ng-yiioh'3£jg(veng.) 

Option, at your bing-ng'-s6-yuoh' 

M ft>° m ^ ; ze-bin' ng ^' 

Or, wa-z'^'':^; W-teia^^°; 
ih'-^oh ijfp '^ (for the second 
connective) ; will you go — stay f 
wa-z ky'i', wa-z Ise-tong' ^° -^ 

either go — not, as you deter~ 
mine, ^oh ky'i', ih'-^oh feh-ky^i' 
ze ng' ding-kyin' ^ •*" ftj ^ 

feh 'g° .' w;;^ yow <fo (it) — 



ORA 



325 



OKI 



not J ng' we tso' feh \f^° ^ 
^ -^° "? will ijmi go — not ? ng^ 
k/iMeh-ky^r fij;''^"'^^*' 
Oracle, to inquire of an — (or in 
China of an idol), meng ts'in- 

Orally, to comunicate — , kW- 

Orange, kyUili'-ts \^ ^; Foh^ 
kien, or Mandarin — , Foh'-kyiiih 
M ^S ; (-^anion, or cooIt/ — , 
Kwong'-kyuih ^ |g ; bitter — , 
(from "WeDg-tsiu), keii-ts' |"H"-^; 
cinnquat — , kying-ken' ^|^°; 
^peel, kyuih'-bi ^:f ife 5 — 
colovy yu-'ong'-seh |^ JjC fe; 
kying-wong'-seh :^ ^ '& ; ? ecf- 
tZu/i ditto, kyiiih'-^ong ijj jfQ^ 

Orator, good speaker, jiin' - U 
_j kong'-go nying §i^ Bl"^" A° 

Obbit of a planet, ^ing-sing'- go 
kwe'-dao fir° M i"" iL 51 

Ordain a law, Bluh'-lih lih-fah' 

^^:af*f4;zaoiih.faii'^° 

f$ }i ; — «^ ^^^^^> I'll' il»-go 
tsiangMao:ii:^>h°g.^ 
1 Order, m ts^'-ju ?^ ^ ; ts^'-di 
5^ f^ ; u'ithovt — , £6-ls"-ju 
^"^ia* ; «*'* »-e^"^ar — , a-ts^'- 

— , a-ts^'-ju feng-pel/ gyi ^ 7^ 
B ^ .^"^J tsiao-ts^'-ju feng' 
M ^^ 5h> ^"^ ^/— J or Jzsar- 
ranged, lou-tsia'- bong ka f|,° 
Jg JJ°; 7m7i7a7'j/ — , ^ao-ling' ^ 
^'i-—for moneij, p^iao'-ts ^Ig ; 



dzin-tjen' ^ ^ j dzln-p^iao' ^ 
^ ; jt>w< tJm room in — , siu'-jih 
vong-kajn' ^^^U^'y ^«'^g'' 
ts tsiu-coh'-hao "^ ^ ^C ^'* 
j{J; v6ng'-ts ts6ng-tsih-hao '^ 

•? ^ |t&° if ; i>«' »«— » 0^ 
?*ejx«r, siu-li' hao ^l^j^\to 
regulate (things in disorder), 
tsing'-teng g ||| 

Order, to — , ox dispose, en-ba'^ 
g^"; to cmimand, feng-fu' gg^jJft 

Orderly, en'-psen-ts-go Jj{$S-y 
^^ J en'-bu-dziu-psen Jg ^ ®iJ 
gE; jing-kwe'-dao'-kyu {f jg 
i© ^§ 5 — ^^^ /)/-f «%, zi-tsing 
^^ ; — «'i^ precise, doh-fdug- 

Ordinal numhers, \st, di-ih' ^ 

— ; 2nd, di-nyi' ^ Z:"; 3rf?, 

di-ssen' || ^ 
Ordinary, bing-dj6ng' Zp *^ ; 

«sen djong ^g° ^ ; cong-cong^ 

^ pf ; da-kae' ;irc Ift 
Ordinarily, bing - su'- kyin, or 

bing-su'-kaen ^ ^ T^ 
Ore, gold kying-kw^ong' ^ ^ ; 

«7ver — , nying-kw'ong' ^ ^ 
Organ, wind fong-gying' J|[,^ ; 

tJie five organs of sense^ ng'-kwun 

31° t 

Organize, to en-ba' ^ J^° 

Orifice, mouth of a tube, k'eo P; 

/jo^e, dong-ngten' }|s| 56"? ^^ s^t'^w 

orifices, tsUh'-ky'iao ^ ^ 

Origin, loe-lih' ^ Jg ; Ise-ken^ 

^;g;lae.yiu'3$^ikeng-yiu' 



om 



326 



oua 



•^ i ; nyun-yiu ^'^ ^ ; ing- 

Original, peng ^ ; nyiiii ^[^ ; 
the — text, peng'-veng '^ "^ ; 
nyiin ti'-ts i^ /® ^ ; peng'tUts 
/li I& •? ; — ca?'^o, nyiiii-ho' 

yiu' ih-diao ts^ong-ming' ML ^ 

Originally, peng'-lse ^^ ; «^ 
Jirst, ky^i^ts^u j|E ^J ; //e i6;as — 
from Peking^ gyi peng'- Ire z 

Poh-'-kying lfe.go' S ;$; ^ :g 

^fc M * 1"° 

Originate, c'ili [fj ; where did it 

— ? soh'-go di-fong c'ih'-go Ij^" 

'ah'-li'tli ES^ipJ^^''^^'^^ 
originated f jii' tsoh'-c'ih^lse' go 

It'' f^ {li ^ ^' ^ ^itto ^^"^ 
plan? keli'-go fah'-ts jii c'ih'-go 

Ornament, io tsong-sih' g fjg ^ 

— the person^ tsab'-kwah ^-JlJ ; 
tang'-paen ^7 fg. 

Ornamented, yiu bw6-deo'-go 

Ornaments, hw6-deo' :j^ 5^; 

— for the head, (others are often 
included), siu'-sih "g* gg 

Orphan, M-tia' m-nyiang'-go 

^ ^ -^* ; one who has lost one 

or loth parents, hao'-ts ^"^ ^ 

Orthodox, ising'-kyiao ]£ |ji;; 

in China Confucianistn is the — 



lelief, Cong-kolZ-'go JU-kyiao' z 
tsing'-kyiao pf S ^'^ M Ifc 

Oscillate, to dang - Ise' - dang- 

, ky'i' g ^ ^ *° 
Ostentatious, pa-p'ing ^' 
fo°; pa-do-kw^un' }i° :^'* ^j 
kw^iin'-sliih do' -go ^ jl^ ;/(^° 



>N° 



deo'-do-go ^<:W^' 



(in ridicule.) 
OsTENSlBLY/or a^^'ooif oJ^eci, hut 
really for a had one, yi-ts'' we- 
ming' yl-pe'-we-li' J^ Jt ^^ ^ 
jy {^ ^ TplJ ; — ^0 ^e«67/, kao- 
shu tso ing-deo' 1^" # M H 
gg ; — to teach, hut really io do 
husiness, ming'- go kao-shii' en'- 

gotsosang'-iBBfrCtfl'S 

Ostrich, do-nyiao' ^% J^ 
Other, bih gl] ; — persons, bib'- 
"yi'^g M A*; bib'- go nying' 

M ^' A*; — ^'^''^'5' bih- 

yiang gl] ;^ ; love each, — , do- 
k6'siang.ie';/c°^°;te^;pe'. 
ts^ se'-sib aifc Sit ; i/^e others, 
gyi-yii' Jt i^ 
Otherwise, feb'-z-ka -^ iB** 
jlt", feb'-jun f, ^ ; ^7 ^■^ ^« 
— ^(yoii) need not come, ziab feb'- 
z-ka' k<o'-yi feb-laa' g % ifl" 

Otter, t'ab S|; sea — , sbu'-t^ab 
^°^^', — skin, VrW -hi M)k 

OuGllT, kse ^ ; ing-kae' ^ ^; 
ing-tdng' ^ ^ ; kjB-tong' g 






I 



OtJN 



327 



OVE 



g;t6ng-ka3'^|g;ky'iah-leh 
(or ky^iao-leh) ijj^"; it — to he 
so, tsiao li' ing-kae'-go JB ^ ^^ 

Ounce, an ili-liang^ — '^; sixteen 
(Chinese) ovnces make a catty ^ 
jih-loh'-liang son ih kying' -f- 

a: 1 ^ — M ; «« — «"^? « 
/ia//", ih-liang-pun' — . ^ i[2 ; 

071 — , or tae I of silver, ih-liang' 

nying-ts' — M IK •? 
Our, Ours, ab-lah'-go ^ ^^ 

^°; — country, peng'-koli Tp; ^ 
OURSELF, <^« emperor, dzeng J^ ; 

kwo -jing ^ \ ; ourselves, ah- 

'UT, c'ih 3j ; lo walk — , tseo'- 
c'ih ■^ ^fj ; ^07«e — , tseo'-c'ih- 

doors, t4n-nga' ^ ^y-^ the fire 

is -, ho u'-de >x m'T°; 

walked till — of breath, tseo-Ieb 
ky'i'-kying bi-hyii' ^ ^° ^ 
%° Jk &'■>— ^f employment, 
zo lang'-pgen'-teng' ^ 7^^° |^ 

Outcast (as a vagabond), kyV- 
diao-go-nying 0| 7° 't*^ A*; 
(as a child, &c.), lob-shii'-nying 
^°S°i^''A; loh-liii'.go nying 

Outcry, <o -mike an fab-b^en' g 
^ ; maM a great — , do-sing 
baen-kyiao' ic" ^ Pj P^ ; wje- 
wae'-si. 

OuT-DO, you ^ me, ng ko'-ju ngo' 



ft*^** IS in ?S ; ng si"g'-JU ngo' 

fl*^ ^ in ?^ 

Outer, uga-deo' ^y J^ ; the — 
surface, nga-min' ^f*" "E* — 
skin, nga-deo'-go bi ^\*° 59 ^** 

Outermost, ting' nga-deo' JK 

^y m 

Outlandish fashion, gyi-c'ib'- 
kwu yiatig' ^ ffi -fi- # 

Outline, to dmw an — , w6 ih'- 
go da^kwe'-mo ^ — ^""^ ^ 
^J ; write a brief — (of a sub- 
ject), sia ib-tin' da-liab' ^^ — 
II4>^§5 (^i^i—^ of history, kong- 
moh' m g ; kong-kgen' ^ 

Outrageous, yi ng - by iiong-po - 

oil' fT?ilf^° B; ying-byuong' 

pa-dao' f^ ^i K Jl_ 
Outside, nga-deo' ^fi° bH ; ^S^- 

pin' 5ti>° ^ ; nga-min' ^y "^ ; 

— show, k^ong-k^)b' ^ ^ ; 

ditto, not real, k'ong'-k'ob ko'-ts 

Outward, dziao-nga' ^ ^y^ 
byiang-nga' fy ^y 

Oval, dziang-yiia' -g J[ ; ^icT^ie^/ 
shaped, iao-ts' sbih |g ^ ^"^ 
egg-shaped, dsen'-go yiang'-sbib 

Oven, p'ang-lu' ;J;° ^ ; native 
or /?w^c/i — (where coals are 
placed above and below), p'ang- 
'ob' ;y.°§l ; lake in the — , lu-li 



OVB 



828 



OVE 



Over, zong J^ ; — your head, Ise 

ng' deo zong' ^1° fr K ± ; 

to cross or pass — , tseo'-ko-ky^i' 

^ M "^ °5 ^^ ^Mr« — and — , 

feii-lae^foh-ky^i|i^a*°; 
171 excess, ko'-ii j^ j^ ; — much, 

ko'-u to' j,^ JK $ ; ^^'^'^ *^ « 

/^V^^e — , yiu tin tsiang-tsong 
WIS ^° S°;yiii tin ling-nga' 
^^ 1,5 ;g ^y; ditto (remaining), 
yiu tin yu';g||,5f^; yiu tin dzing' 
W 15 Si] ; - ien, jib to' + 
^ ;— /ori?/, s'-jihto -f- 
^;s'-jihyiuyu' + ^ ^ ; 
<o boil — , p^u-c'ih' S" ffi ; 
kvveng'-c^ih fg |f} 

Over-anxious, ko'-U zeo' jg 55^ 
5g°; to zeo' ^ ff,° 

Overawe a person, yi-shii' ah 

Overawed, gyU-hyib'-go »[g 'g 

Overburdened W^/i t^orZ;, lao- 
loh' ko-deo' ^ ^^, ^^^ 

Overcast, the shy is — , t^in' ing- 
t'en'-t^en ; tUn' ing-a'-de JJ |^ 
g° y"; ditto with clouds, t'in', 
yuing tso-dju'-liao 5c 8 jS^'fi 
7*°; t'in', zong-yiiing'-de 3'C'M° 
5 ~jf *; — « seam, nyiao-zong'. 

Overcome, ^ conquei^, ying ]^ ; 
Prussia has — France, P^u-Iu'-z 
tsin-go z-'eo pi Veb-laen'-si ko- 

BS W U° ; — dijjkulties, nasn'- 
c'ii kying-lia'-kyU l^SMile 



Overdone (as food), job ko-deo' 

Overestimate the importance 
of, son t'eb' iao'-kying ^ ^^ 

Overflow, to kab'-c% ^°ffi; 

— (as a river), kab'-z6ng ^° 
J: ; iiong'-zong ^ J: ; tsiang'- 
zong [5^J2 ;y^<^^^ ^0 over-flowing y 
mi-mun-kab'-c^ih 5i J^ g^ffl 

Overhanging roc^^-, sing-c'ib'- 
liao-go zab-deo' f^ {ij T ^"^ 
S^^S 5 p^oh'-c^ih-liao-go zab- 

Overhead, Ise deo-z6ng' ;iJ° 5^ 

± 

Overhear, ^0 — (without inten- 
tion), vu-i'-cong t4ng'-meng M 

^ 4* 51 ^^ » ^^'^'^ ^«''^' y^^'' 

neighbors will — , kwu'- djoh 
kab'-pib t^ing'-meng M, W Pi 

Overjoyed, hwun - 1 W- hyi-di 
ft 5C S i4» liwun-hyi'-sah-de 

Overland, ^en'-lu ^ 5§ ; loh- 

Overlay, io t^iab ^fi°; du ff ; 

— with gold, t^iahkying' ||j5°^ 
Overload, ^0 — (as a box, or 

boat), tsong'-leh t^eb djong' ^ 

Overlook, ^0 — from above, zong- 
k^en-loh J: ^° 7^ io — hy 
inadvertence, kwu'-feb-tao' ^^ 
PJjfeb-W-kwu ^ ^ Ig; ^0 



OVE 



329 



0T3 



excuse, feb-kyi'-kyiao ^ |f ^; 
— little faults, feh kyi' siao ko' 

•f* ft >I^ iS 



IVERPLUS, to-deo' ^ 



yu- 



■ Overpower /am, ab'-gyi-voh' 

m sr^m 

« OvERPRESSED, dziah-kyib^ ^g; 
Oversee, <o tsiao'-kwu ^^ ||; 

— (work), toh^baen § |f^ 
Overseer o/* t(;or^, toh-kong' 

Oversight, he has the — , tsiao'- 
liao 2 gy'i'-go meng-veng' ja0,^ 

:^ « i-° «" *" 

Oversleep, to sbih-kao' ^ g" 
Overspread the country/, vu- 

c^u'-feh-tao' ^ i^ ^ JlJ 
Overreach ow^'s se{/; (tbe heart 
too fierce will hold only an empty 
cup.), sing'-li mang' we-iiyiah 
k^ong' cob-kwun' ijj ^ Jf # 
H S f} «, or ,5 sag 

Overstep the bounds of propn- 
ety, yuib.li^ieii-veng'j|gjjg|a/gi 

Overtake, to tse-djoh' i§ ^° 
kei/-tao g JiJ 

Overtask, to — one's strength, 
Jiiong lib t^ae'-ko M 1l "k '& 

Overthrow, to t'e-tao' J| fj ; 
taug'-tao ^J ^ ,• — « kingdom, 
mih-diao' koh'-k6 ^ J| g^** 

Overthrown, government koh' 
peng'-de S ^ 7° 

Overturn, to fseu'-Uo ^ m 



Overwhelming, (like waters 
rising overhead), meh-deo'-meh- 
^o' iS BM S SS > — 507TOW, 
meh-deo'-meh-nao'-go iu' }^ g^ 

Owe, to kyMn 5C ; kse ^ ; — 
a person (without intending to 
pay), la-tsa' IJ"^"; siao nying- 

ko'dong-din' >i? A°^°IIp|ir; 
how much do you — me f ng 
ky'in ngo' to-siao' fij^** ^ 56 
^ ^ "? — atid have nothing to 
pay, k^we k^ong' ^ ^ 

Owl, djoh.weng'j|''g|°KMili- 
tsab) 

Own, zi'-go g" ^*'; — hand, 
ts^mg siu' ?^ ^ ; — /awi7y, 
peng^-ko Tfs; ^° 

Own, ^0 — (as property), ken or ke 
J$°» <^o you, — this ? keh z ng-go 

unwilling to — his son, gyi feh- 
k^ng'jingng-ts' S I& "t ES 
5J° -J ; to confess, tsiao-jing' 
^SlS J — ^^^'^ self in the wrong, 

befeh-z'Ig^^jbeli'Hgja 

Owner, cti ^; ken-cii' or ke-cti' 

}?°±J cu'-nying-kd ^ A' 

j^°; U'/io is the — of this ? keh'- 

go, cuzja'a°^'±^|t°i 

— o/ houses, or /ant/, nyih cii' 

m 4 ; vong-tong' ]g y^ 

Ox, ngeo ^"j — house, ngeo-gyia' 

Oyster, li-^dng' ^fc" M°'i — 
fiAe/fc, li-^dng k'oh 4t°<i°^ 



PAG 



330 



PAt 



Pace, ih-bu' — ^ 

Pacify, to — /»'s anc/e?', long' gyi 
ky V biiig ^ ^ ft q^ ; long' gyi 
kyU' sih' # #: ft ,g, ; — «w^e^ 
^3/ some cere7nony, be-Ii' sih-ky'i' 
Ip ii J. ft ; ^^^ «^i^ theatricals 
and a feast to — anger, hyi'- 
veng tsiu siao-ky^i' JJ 3St JS 

fSft 

Pack, bundle, pao-voh' 'Q |^ 

(ih-go) ; a — of cards, ih-fn ts- 

b«=n' - eij M, m° 
Pack, to — in a box, tsong'-loh 

Biang-tsMi ^ -^ ^ ^ S; 

tsing'-loh siang-ts'-Ii ^ -^ t^ 

■^^ ; to — or wrap in a bundle, 

pao-hao' Q Jf 

Packed, it is already — up (in 

a box), yi'-kying loh-slang'-de 

E S -^ IS7 °; **« y^'' ^^99(^9^ 

all — ? iig'-gf> *ang-li' siu-jih- 
hao'ma fr i^^ ft ^ Ife f& 

Urn"'- 

Package, a ih-pao' — -gj ; « — 

of letters, ih-pao sing' — 'Q ^ 
Paddy, koh ^ -, — in the field, 

clao fg ; —field, dao'- din fgQ 
Padlock, foreign hanging lock, 

nga-koh tiao'-so 5?t> @ ^ |^ 
Page, a ih-mii/ -— "fg ; </?e 

.^ecorn? — , di-nyi' min ^11°^ 
Pageant, a fine yi w6-li' yi tU'- 

min-go z-ken^ ^ S ll5°X'tl 

Pagoda, a ih-zo t'ah' — ;^ ;g; 



jf/ie Ningpo — , T'in-fong'-t^ah 

Pail, it;<:<^er ky^ih-shu-dong' ^ 
7j*'*'ffi 5 ^"^'^^^ — ' °^ ^"c^-e^, tMao- 
shu'-dong f^ 7}C° ti (ih-tsab) 

Pain, t^ong jJJ ; <o /(?eZ — , teb^ 
cu t^ong Q: ^D ^ ; kyuoh'-teh- 
t'ong' ^ t§ '^ 5 — ^'^ the limbs, 
kyiah'. kweh son' JiJ »|» j^ 

Painful, t^ong'-go ^ '^"j veinj 

-,t^ong'-lehli-^^'^^f°flj^; 
extremely — , gyib t*ong' ^^ ^Jjg 
Pains, take gying lao' JJ ^ ; 
yuong eing-kyi' ^ ^^i^-, one's 
trouble for one's — , bah-bali' 
yiao-lao ^"^J ^ong-fi sing- 
M'feft £> «;-dulao' 

Painter, vamisher, ts^ih'-s-vu' 
^ rI ^ j — ofjrictures, taen- 
ts'ing' sin'-sang ;^ ^ :^ ^° 

Paint, ^ree» lob yiu' j^ ^ ; 
yellow — , wdng yiu' ^ fgf ; 
foreign yellow — , yiang-w6ng' 

Paint, to (witb oil paint, or simply 
with oil), yiu ^; yiu-ib'-yia 

ivith foreign green, yin yiang-loh' 
or k^a' yiang-loh' yin jf'^^ ^ 
Jffj ; — /cac^ co/o?-, yiu hwe-seh' 
SF ^ fe' — pictures, ts'ae'-seh 
eia-vvo ?^ fe S" ft; ^o color, 
as mxips, ^c, tsiah'-seh ^ £,; <?- 
— the face {mih carmine), d^d 



PA I 



331 



PAN 



Paintings, ts'jB'-seh-go w6' ^ 

Paints, iigrea-liao' |3°^-^5 ^^-^^^ 
of — , iigaen-liao' diah J^° 5j<J|> 

m 

Pair, a ib-te' ^-fij- ; ili-song' — 
^ ; ili-f'ii' — gl] (also means a 
set); in pairs (as men, or animals 
in procession), pa te'-ts |^° ^J 
Jijp . rt — oy^ flower jars, ih-te 
livvo-bing' -- ftfEJK ; « — 0/ 
5/i0?.«, ih-s6ng ^a! ^-HS'; ct — 
oflracelets, ih-fii siii'-gyiioh — 
glj ^ IS ; « — ^f sdzzovs, ih- 
p6 tsiu'-tao — ie JJ 7J 

Pair, /o r/^^<te//, p^e-te' f [^ ff ; — 
off' in couples, pV-tali Jil J^ 

Palace, w6ng-kong' ^ g 
Palatable, song'-k^eo-go |^ p 

^•^;yiiits-mi'go#^fI^°>iv° 
Palate, (soft) siao zih-deo' )]^ 

Pale, bah-liao'-liao &°TT; 
— (from sickness, or fright), liao'- 
bab-r^°;leh-bab'^f ^'';-. 
as death, ziang si' seb ku bah' 

— , min-seb' pin-bab'-tle "^ ^ 
jg ^"^ 7"; sbih-seb' ^ a 
Pall /br a coffin, kwiin-zjje'-t'ao 

Palliate, to vei)g-ko'-sih-fi' Jig° 
j§ f ijj ^^ ; — his sin, tsoiig-sib' 

gyi-go ?e' ^ fijj it -i^° IP ; 

long gyi-go ze' ky^ing'-k^o ^' 



Palm o/ ^7ie kind, siu'-ti-sing' ^ 

)[j» ; siu'-cong :^ ^ ; i/w coir 

— ov palmetto^ tsong-li' jii j^^ 

j^ ; — leaf fan, (miscalled) p6- 

tsiao sin' S SSH? g^^o-sin' ^ 

® (ili-po) 

Palpitation o///<^ hart, sing- 

libili-bil/-t^iao>5:^|g{|J{flfii 

Palsy, fong-t^ten'-bing g || ^^' 

Paltry, t^ae'-si-siao -j^ $0 >]> 

Pan, c?2>/^, beng ^ ; earthen — , 

ngo-beng' %° ^', shcdlow — 

or platter, bun ^ ; tin — , mo'- 

kWt^ib bun' mj p ^f S 

Pancakes, to fry t'ab ping' j|;§ 

Pane, a — of glass, ib-kw^e po-li' 

Panel, nyin-ngo'-zao gj. ^^ |f ' 

Pang, leng'-z tVmg' jg Jj^ j|^ ; 

o;ie — after another, zi'-tang-zi 

t^ong' ^"^.''^''Wypangsfre. 

quent (before delivery), kying'-zi 

Panic, m a bwong'-de %% 7** 5 
kying-wong'-de » \% T° 

Pant, ^o t'eo-ky'i' jg ^; ky^i 
t^.o'.feb-cun' ^ ii f, W ; - 
(from disease, or anger), ky^' 
kyi>'g ^^^] panting sound, hyi- 
byi' bwii-bwu' pg jig P^i pf 

Pantaloons, kwUi |ji^ (ih-iao) 

Panther, (a kind of leopard), pao 
1^ (ib-tsab) 

Pantomime, ts6ng-kyu'-ts §| ^ 
Jh; tsOngi'-tsi $1 it 3g;°5 — 



PAN 



332 



PAR 



by gesticulation^ tsong siu'-shii ^ 

Pantry, ho-zili-k«n' j^ ^ ^^"^ 
Papa, pah'-pah fg^flS**; ah-pab' 

m fa°; tia-tia^ f ° ^° 
Paper, ts )f^ ; a sAeez of — , ih- 

tsiang ts' — 5fi 'ffi 5 ^^^^^'' — "> 
sing' ts ff 15 ; — used foi^ 
Chinese writing, mao-loh' ^ /^ ; 
mao-pah' ^ /\ ; strong wrapping 

— , s6ng-bi-ts' ^jSlS 5 coarsest 
ditto, ts'ao'-ts ^ |g ; match, or 
^owc/^ — , ho'-ts >/^|2 5 me-deo'- 
^s ;ffi IM IS '.flowered — , hw6- 
tsin' 1^ ^ ; ^oM sprinkled — , 
sa'-kyiiig-tsin' jg° ^ ^ ; i/^m 
Wi/Ze — , lin-s-ts' j^ ^ i|K 5 

— sized with alum, v9en-ts' 
S i& 5 ^^^^^ ^^'^^'^ dressed — , 
djong'-vsen-ts' ;S ^ IS > ^^^^ 
/ar^e sized ditto, cong-wo'-sing 
4 ^& 15° ; w-'aa^eJ — , lab- 
tsiii' S ^ j — utensils, &c., for 
the dead, ts' ky^i |g ^ ; ts'-^hii 
IS m ' — clothing ditto, ming-i' 
g 35c 5 — ingots for burning, 
nyun-pao' ^ ^ ; nying-ding' 
i^ U ; tinseled paper used for 
the latter, sih'-boh |^ fg ; — 
clippings (for mortar, and for 
packing coffins), ts'-kying |;S 
m ; -~>^^^^^^ tsMwo IS ?g 

Paper wa^er, ts'-s-vu |S p\ 

m 

Papers, docmnentarg en'-kyiin ^ 



Parable, pi'-fong J:^ 3§; pi'-y« 

Parade, ba-dziang J^^^iJ^j/owcf 
q/' — , liao' ba-dziang' j^ J^f" 
j^ ; — of militia, byiang-yuong' 

padeokatseo'^P^^lf W' 
-^7°; — of author itij, hyin--^e- 
shu' Igj^ ^ ; .A'^-^e c^^'^^o, tsong 
\^e-shu' iS M # 5 — ^row?icf, 
kao'-dziang ^^ j;^ 
Paradise, Buddhist Si-t^in'-gyih- 

loh-shu'-ka W ^ S il ffi ^r"' 

Christian — , T^in-dong' ^ ^ ; 

T^in-z6ng' % ± ; ^c?e«, Yi^- 

din' yUn ;^ H 
Paragraph, ih-dou' — IS; ih- 

p^in' — ^ ; newspaper — , ib- 

don sing-veng' — |^ ff ^X 
Parallels, bing-sii/ ^[i ,^^ ; — 

0/ latitude, we'-sin j^ ^ 
Parallelogram, dziang-f6ng' 

Paralysis, fong-t'sen-bing ^ 
Si ^^' J — <?/ ^'^^ ^^^^ pun -ts- 
fong if2 SJ^ a 

Paraphrase, kyin' ming kong- 

Parasite, trencher friend, tsii/-zih 
beng-yin' }g I^'jjg."^; sponger,^ 
kwsen' ky^uoli bah-zih'-go f^Pg" 
^°^ '^'*; — who follows, and 
likes just ivhat you like, ts'eo- 
c^u ^ ]^ 
Parasol, liang-ssen' ;;g |^ 
Parboil, to ts-leli pun^-joh ^° 



PAR 



333 



PAB 



Parboiled, half cooked, pun^- 
sang-li-joh' '^J^'^^'^'^va-y 
slightly cooked, sang-hwe'-bob- 

loi' ^° 1° M° in° W 

Parcel, a ih-pao' -^ -Q 
Parcel, to — out, feng-hao' ^j(f 
Parch, to — com, ts^ao loh-koh' 

ii> n m 

Parched, vcrij dry, feng'-ken-s- 
sao' ^|£0 ^ ; —ground, cli- 
yiang'feng-sao'i^T''^^^; 

— (as a tree), kw^u-sao' ;j^ ^ 
Parchment, yiang-bi-ts'^j^|g 
Pardon, to nyiao ^ ; so |^°; 

s6'-diao %^ "f* ; iiyiao-s6' ^^ 
^^ ; so'-min |^° -^ ; a general 
— from the Emperor, w6ng-eng'- 
da-sd' ^ g, ;^ |j:%- %?/owr 

— , ts'ing iig' nyiin-liang' ngo 
IS f^^" iS M ^ ; teh'-ze ng 
© IP fj^"' (^itj ^^^'Q sinned 
against you). 

Pardonable, k'o'-yi s6'-go pj" 

Pare, to siah g)J; in £|J°; — nails, 
siah is'-k^eh gij ^ f *; — Me 
«Hn o/* a pear, in li-deo' bi J^lJ" 

Parentage /o?* ^Arce generations, 

ssen-dae li'-lih H f? B M 
Parental love, ae-ts' ts sing ^ 

Parents, do-nying' ;^° ^*'; tia- 
"yiang^ ^''llS > vu'-meo ^ -g: 

Parliament, iJnVeVi Da -lug' 
nyi-teing'-we :fe 3^ ^ ig: ^ ,- 



— /jowse (or large place of as- 
sembly), nyi.tsing-yun'^ig(|5g 

Parlor, k^ab'-v6ng § i^ ; — 
(on the first floor), k'ah'-t^ing ^ 
1^, or, to distinguish it from a 
guest's sleeping room, we-k^ah- 
vong'f- § -^ 
Parrot, ang-ko' ^''||**(ih-tsah) 
Parry, to turn aside, kali'-ko i^'* 

Parsee, Po'-s-koh nying' Jjg ^ 
g A**; bah-deo-da'-pren {^"gg 

Parsimonious (in using, and in 
treating others), k^aen-k'eh' gl)" 
^|J;gyih.li'li^flJflJ;^o-teo'. 

teo ^t J4 t45 gyi"g-gy'ng'- 
dong fitiffj; — /eZ/oM?, k'sen- 
kyu'. 
Part, kwu'-ts JJ; ^ ; veng'-ts ^ 
^ ; tsih ^ ; give me a — , 
kwu'-ts feng peh' ngo ^ -^ ^ 
J|&''f^;a-,ih-feng'-^; 
ih-kwu' — 15; ; divide in four 
parts, tso s'-kwu kV ^ ffl 8x 
g3; ^»«^ ^"^ a fourth — , peh gyi 
s'.kwu.telMh'*J^-^0JS@ 
.— ; Hue greater — , ih do pun' — 

^^3^s ihdokwu'-:/c'J35:; 

the upper — , zong doii' J^ |x ; 
zong-gyiiih' ; zong-pun'-gyiiih ; 
lower '^^, '6 don' f *'^^ ; take the 

— of one injured, tang bao'-feh- 
^"'gffiS * ^ 5 gy iang' c«ib deo' 
5S ffi 51 ' ^^ Za«c?- — of the hook 
is better than ihe first — , '4'-pun 



TAR 



334 



PAR 



peng', pi zong' pnii peng' h.W 

two parts, liang'-k^ae-cla3 ^ ^° 

gU ; two parts joined, liaiig'-tsib- 

sang pg ^ >^° 5 division (as 

a book of the Bible), peng TJi • 

kyuii ^ 

If iiotliiiig is said as to tlie mimbei" 
of parts, ili-perig and ili-kwii mean one 
of ten j)aits. 

Part, to divide, feng ^ ; feng- 
\i^3d' ^ If] ; — in po7'tio?is, feng 
kyi feng' ^ f^ ^ ; to —from, 
li-kV||gg3;bih-kV7;|Jgg; 
can't — with, feb-so'-tel/ ^, J§° 
:}^ ; — with reluctantly, lin-lin'- 
peh-shiae MB'^W' (^^"g-) 

Partake, to participate in, do-ko' 
yuong :^° ^'^ ^ ; clo-ko zii/ 
:^° ^° 'S ; «77/ ?/0M — o/a little ? 
tsMng ng' do-ko' yiiong tii/ |f 

alnmdance, d on g-b y i ang' f u'-k we 

Partiality, p'in-sing' f§ >(^, ; 
p^in-dzing {g ff ; t:«n pin'-sing; 
tseh'-siiig f^lj ^j^,; to have a 
special fondness for, p^in re' {§ 
^; <o s/io?/; — in hef deriding ones 
own, pao-pi' Q 2tE°; we-kwu' 

mm 

Participate, See Partake. 

Particle, Gram, byii' z-ngacn ^ 
^W'^ —(gTain) o/(?w.^^, ib- 
lih bwe' — W M'-> ^^^'^ ^<^"'^^ — 
(tbread, or bair), s-W j^, J; 
Wli'-s-bweh a jll?> iS 



Particular, ts'-si f-f |ja ; over 

— and fault-finding, so'-se Jt^ 
1^ ; k3en-ku' |g Jj^ 

Particular, give every — , ili- 

dzing' ib-tsih kong' ~- '||? ~ fiJ 
11°; ih-tsili' ili-tsili kdng' — gj 

-Sir 

Particularize, to kong'- leb 
dziang-si' |g° ^° |:f: |0 

Particulars, .staie i/^e ib-ih' 
kong'-c^-l^ H" ffi S^ 

Particularly, notice k^en ts'-si 
^ f-j-^tpl ; notice more — , keng'- 
ko is'-si k^en |^ ^0° ft $H S 5 
veng-nga' ts'-si k'en' ^;f^\^'^ ff 
^Pl Mj — remember this, keli' ih 
ton' ts^ib'-ts^ih yiiong kyi'-teli 

Parting feast (given to one go- 
ing), tsin-^ang' g|| fj°; — ^i/?s 
OT attendance, song-'ang' j^f^**; 

— MJorc/«, song' bib-go sliib-wo' 

Partition, pib g ; iao-tsih' Jg 
M** ; -** ^f ^oa7'(h paeu'-pib ^ 
H; — of brides, ciin-pib' .]if ^ ; 
mud — , nyi-pib' ^i| ; <o ?««/ce 
a — , tsong' ib-dao pib' ^ -- 
jg ^^ ; ^0 separate by a — , kab'- 

k^'-^FiBfl; lab.kW^g3;</^« 

?'Oom separated from this by a — , 
(or tbe next room), kab'-pib vong' 

Partly, pun ^; kyi-feng' ^ 
^ ; gai-nient — neic, partly old. 



r 



PAR 



835 



PAS 



I 



i-zong' pun'-sing-gyii/ "^ ^ ^ 

W W 5 ^^'^''^*' — ^^"^» — /«^^^, 
ehih'-w6 pnn'-tsing-pun-ko' |jj 
?S ^ m^n"',- brass - 
silver, kyi'-feng dong^ kyi-feng 

to see, — to hear, piri-k^ei/, pin- 

t-'i"g M S M ^ 

jPartner (vvLo supplies capital)^ 
p'ing-cu' IJI^ ; p^ng ho'-kyi ^f 
^ f j" ; — (who has no capital), 
kyiug-siu' J^ :^ ; tong-siii' sin- 
sa"g' ^•?' 5fc 4 ; ^lae slii'-sang. 

Partuiiitiox, sang-yiang' ^° 
^ ; difficult — , sang-yiang njBi/ 

Party, paen $ft ; pong f,g ; tong 
^ (always has a bad sense); of 
the same — , dong-p:en' [gj J^ ; 
dong.pong' |g |!> ; o/ ow;- — , 
ab'-lah ih-p6ng' f^^ ^^ -- ^ . 
ah'-Iahdong-p»n' W ^"^ M 

m 

Pass, mounfain ling -^ ; — /br 
admission, tj-c, tsili'-tsiao ^ flS 
See Passpokt. 

Pass, to ko ^ ; tseo'-ko ^ jg ; 
he passed the gate, gyi ts'ing' 
meng-k^eo tseo'-ko ^ tQ'°P5 P 
7^ i^ ; — ?i/icfer o/ie's lumd, ko- 
siu i^ ^ ; — tinder one's eye, 
ko-ng(en' jg g^"; ko-moh' i§ 
@ ; must necessarily — that way, 

pil/-yiu-ts-h/ ;^. ^ ;i K; 

2n7/ ?iof — (as counterfeit money), 
yuong'.feh-ko'-ky^i ^: % J§ 



^"'; — through a hole, dong- 
Dgaen' c^un-ko'-kyU }|5j Hfi** ^ 
jg^"; — through Yenfai, kying'- 
ko IiV-dre 2g j§ .|g ^ ; tseo'- 
ko In'-dae ^i§ffl 4; — (as 
food), di-ko' ^ -^ ; — ^/^e dish 
to me, di beng-ts' peh ngo' j^ 

pun dzo' JU ^ ; passed thrmigh, 
(or experienced), kying-lih'-ko 

Passable, koMeh-kyU'-go ^^5° 
^°^°;kV.yi pri^;peh'-ko 

Passage, « — ?m?/, ih-da tseo'-hi 

— H< :^ St^ ; ^0 taJ^ — m a 
5o:«<, or to hire a hoot, ts'ing jiii/ 
MM'->-^ 77w>«ey (by boat), jun- 
din' j|5M°; /«?•« in general, bun- 

jw ^ jir 

Passenger, k^ih'-nying ^ A"; 

— on a loaf, ts'ing-jiin'-k^ali'- 
nying^lS^ A°; -loat, 
^ong-jun' JK /^ 

Passion, /c-e/m*/, dzing '|f ; sing'- 
dzing \^ '1^ J /i<3 h'ts a pamon 
for hooks, gyi sing'-ts so se' z 

dzhig'-ts so cong' z' sLii |j| j^ 
WMJi tf 5 «'*«—, fahdo- 
6ng' de ?f ;/c° iS° T° ; ^^'« 
S(?f<??i /otcer passions, s-dzing' ^J^ 
•If ; ts^ih'-dzing ^: '[f 
Passionate, /^e ?s m-^ — , gyi 
ho'-ky^i do' -go JtiAC^:/c°'1^° » 

— disposition, sing'-kah kyih'- 



I'AS 



336 



PAT 



ts^ao tt ^ i: fi ; sing'-dzing 

mao-ts^ao' tt t ^^ B 
Passover, yU-yUili'-tsili ^ ^ 

if ; djU-kao'-tsih 1^ g° gj 
Passport, lu-bing' |g. fg ; lu- 

tsiao' H5 ; wii-tsiao' |f JS ; 

— r/iven hy the Rebels, lu-p^iao' 
^ ^ ; — ifo /7^e oM(?r ivorld, 
(Buddhist) lii-ying' ^ 5| 

Past, ko'-de jg f °5 ~~ ^^'^ ^^^'^' 
ko-z'-de i§ flj T°5 — ^^^^^' ^o'- 
ky^i-go shu^djfi M*°i^"-B 
fe ; yi-'^dng'-z-shu' E fi fli 
•jtf;; ^0 repewi of — offences, 
t^ong'-k^^zin-fi'^e^|J°|^. 

— noon, d^i tsiu' -ko jij ^ j^ • 
si^ns of the — tense, ko ^ ; de ; 
liao ~J* 

Paste, to tsiang-wu' ^ 5f{j] ; io 
mrt^e — , diao tsiang-wu' %]^ ^ 
fjjg; liu-wii' i1l° ^f ; <o — ^0- 
gether, s wi/ nyin-long'-ky^i ^^ 

the wall), l^iah fjilj**; — for pies, 
4'c., feng 1^ ; diao-hao'-liao-go 

Pasteboard, ts'-pah j|g g ; pe'- 

pah-ts^glg(ih.tsiang) 
Paste-brush, wu - shih'-tsiu |Jj 

Pastor of a church, moh-s' S{^^ 
Pastry, feng' tso-go tin'-sing IJ- 

m ^° IS .5 

PaSTURE-GROUND/o?' cattle, k^en- 
ngeo'-dzlang ^ '^° jj ; grass 
land, ts^ao'-di 1$, ]j^ 



Pat, to tah'-tah fg % 

Patch, to pu |§ 

Path, siao' lu >J^ |^ ; — between 
fields, din-dzlng lu R S[^ ; 
stoiis — , zah lu' ;g*' ^ ; my — 
is cut off (i. e. there is nothing 
for me to do), ngo lu' djih'-de ^ 
^^ i® T"; vu-lu'-k'o-tseo' 4£ 

Patience, jing -nse-sing ,^,ij>ij. 

Patient, nse'-sing-go g ^[J ^°; 
nse-sing' nge-siang'-go f J >5 f§ 
Tg,^"; can't be — , jiiig'-nse-feh- 
^yuS^if *ffi;neh'-feh.djii' 
Jft ^ ft 5 ^^'-y — . ting' we 
jing^nae'-go ]I # |2. (g i^"; 
Aom; — ^ow are, ng sing' dza nae- 

Patiently, do it — , nse'-sing 
ts« Bf )& fS 5 ^^'^'* — ' ii^^-^«^i'- 

ts^ia neh'-ih-neh ^^|[^ — ^j^ 
Patriarch, earlj ancestor, s-tsii' 

Patrimony, vu'-yi-go ts^tei/- 
nyih ^ it ^^ m a 

Patrol, ^o jing-lo' % % ; jing- 
dz6' 5^^; — at night, jiiig 
kang' -iSJl; jing yia' Jg S" 

Patron, s'-cU J|;i;— i';/w.9i'm j 
money, c^ih'-din s'-cu {i{ ^^ JE j 
^ ; — (the Emperor, &c.), eng- 
cu' ,i, i ; — of a store ^-c, j 
ma'-cu g** ^ I 

Patronize i^ taking interest in , 



PAT 



3.37 



PAY 



kV-n'-kwii ^ IH 5 — b buying 
one's ffoods, s'-kwu ^ ^ ; '6'- 

*ATTER, to tih'-tih-tah-tal/ g|!g 






tih'-lih tah-lah' 



3Ea 



Pattern, yiang-ts' ^ ■^; yiaiig- 
shih' ^"^^'y old — , lao' yiang- 

*AUPER, vii-i' va-k^ao'-go gyiiong- 

loh'-ts'ing vu-k'ao'-go p^ ^ ^ 

Pause, tin SJ; full — , or period, 
tin'-doii IJ if ; a cf^■i^o (in Chi- 
nese), ih-ky^un' •— |g| 

Pause, to byih'-ih-liyih ^ — 
% ; hyil/-ih-z6ng |^ -- J/; 
deng'-ih-hyih ^° -^ fc 

Pave, ^o p^u fj; i?o — ?67Vi siones, 
p^i zah-deo' it ;5° ^I 

Pavement of stone, zah-deo'-di 
5° S Jife ; — of brick, cun- 
deo'-di .Hi yf iiji 

Paw, foot, kyiah Jf|J ; /ooi with 
chws, kyiab'-tsao UP J^ 

Pawn, pledge, tong'-deo 'I,' |i| 

Pawn, to — (at a licensed sbop), 
tong ^', — (at a place unli- 
censed), ah Jf ° ; to give in 
pledge, ti'-ah Jg J^°; to tale out 
of— , c^u-tong' M'Wi^o p-o- 
long the time (for three months, 
for an article pawned), tin ]i^° 
^Ij ; to prolong the time (for a 
year), cun p^iao' || ^ 



Pawn-broker, tong'-sdng 'g' 

"^ ; paiun-hrokcr'' s clerk, dziao- 
vong' l/j ^ 

Pawn-shop, tong'-tin 'g' jg ; do- 
tong' ;fc'' '^' ; small — , siao' 
tong >]^'^ ; — (generally small;, 
ah't6ngjl}l°'|^ 

Pawn-ticket, tong'-p^iao 'g?^; 
ah'-p^iao ^f ^ 

Pay, iccfgesy koiig-din' T. W°: 
sing-kong' ^ JQ; salaiy, sob'- 
siu y^ {(^ ; officers — , fong'- 
lob ^ 11^; soldier'' s — , zin-liang' 
|^° ii ; soldiers half -^ , pun'- 
feng zin-liang^ if^ ^^ ^^° % ; 
ifo s^op a;i officer s — , vah fong' 

Pay, to — (as wages, or for what is 
bought), fu fif; kyih ^^;-- (out 
(of politeness, or for something 
injured, (fee), t^ing; kwe |g; we 
Ei; be-c4h' P,g {i^ ; I ivill--^ 
your chair hire, ng'-go gyiao- 
du/ ngd t'ing' {4;°^-"]^°^ 
|f|°; — o^a/i account, fu tsiang' 
# S5 ; k«'^ tsiang' Jg Jg ; kyih 
, tsiang' ^ jjg ; ^0 — debts, wsen 
tsa' jg j^°; — ^"^^ ^^^^ "worth of, 
t^ing'-dz6ng g|j(^ ; dzong-waeii' 
iK^ ; 1^*3 la 5 — ^^^^ renmimder, 
tsao ^3^ ; tsao'-wren f3c^'5 wajn- 
tsao-den' jg |3c M°5 — *« '«" 
stalnients, ball ^vsen' ^ ^ ; bah- 
f^^' ^ItI" ; — ^'^' ^^^^ teng'gyi 
die w3en' ^ #: fii Jl ; din'-fu 
^ f»J" ; — a visit, mong-mong' 



PEA 



338 



PEl) 



Jg"^"; (or more ceremonious- 
ly), pa'-mong ^°gg ; 'eo-^eo'^ 
-j^; — voius, wren iiyiii/ jg,^; 
waen nyiin'-sinor' ^^^^{|^ ; liao 
nyui/ "f ;g ; dziii nyiin' gH^ ; 
— attention, (or listen), liu-sing-' 

<-^i«'g' "^^ >[i« II ; — « ^'/e /o?' 
a life, ih-ming' ti' ih-ming' — • 

'^ tS ~* '^ 5 -~- ^""* " ^^^^^' 
(with houses, or goods), ti'-siao 

pel.' gyi f£ a- t^' jt 

Pea, z3n-cleo' ^ "^ ; lo-heii'-deo 

Peace, bing-eu' Zp ^ ; en-tcen 
^Kt; «<— (as a place), tV-bing 
^^ ^ ; r/i — , 2/1 7 -est, or ?« 
sa/%, en--v^eng' $|f, ; ^o ?»«/te, 
or exhort to < — , ky^iin ^o' ^ 
y^Q ; — has been brought about, 
'o-sih'-de fu ,||, "7°; to wish one 
— , ts^ingen' |* ^ 

Peaceful, ei)-t.W-go ^Ifti^**; 
m comfort, en-lol/-go ^•^|'i^°; 
■t;^?v/ — (no sorrow), t^ih'-t^v 
vu-iu' ^^y tS** M >g 

Peace-maker, ^o-z'-nying fu:^ 
A° ; koug-^o'-go nying' aS° ^ | 

Peach, dao-ts' \% ^ (il^-go) ; | 
luscious (from Shanghai), shii'- 
mih-dao' ijC ^ ^"^ 

Peycock, k^ong'-ts^iah JL^ ; to 
wear a pair of — feathers, ta 
song-ngaei/ hNvo-ling' ?^"'|| D^° 

Peak, mountain saen-fong' j|j |1^ 



Peaked, tsin-tsin'-go i^^ d^ >|^°; 

pih-tsin' ^% 
i Peal, a — of thunder, ih-go pMl/- 

I lil'-^'HS 
Peanut, hwo-seng'^g^; dziang- 

I seng'-ko ^^'k (ili-l^-yilO 5 
I — candy, h\v6-seng doiig' l^^ 

Pear, li-deo' ^ ^f ° (ih-tsah) 
Pearl, cU-ts' 3^ ^ ; ?•<:«/ — , 
tsing cu ^ ^ ; faUe — , ko' 
cU-ts' -fEi^l^^-yj — irarfs, (false), 
cu-k^oh' JS ^ ; — 5 hrilliant at 
night, yia'-ming-cU' 7^° 0I1 JJC 
Pearl barley, mi'-jing 7ft t; 
fZ?'«o (as a medicine), i-yi'-jing 

Pebble, zah-ts' ^"-J; zah dten'- 
ts ^** 5? -^^ ; — (large as a 
goose it-gg), ngo-lou'-zah 5||° ^p' 

Peck, « Chinese — (of ten sing, or 
about ten pints), ill tec' — ^ 

Peck, to teh ^^^ ; — and eat, tel/- 
leh ky^Uoh' lie" ^° P£° 

Pecul, a ih taen' — |j| 

Peculate, to s-yiiong' koh'-t^6tig 

Peculiar, tliat fashion is — to 
Ningpo, keh'-go yiang'-shih tsih' 
yL,. Nyi.ig-po' tsoh' a° >^° ;! 

sC" M W W JS fi° i^°; - 

person, gyi-bih'-go nying -^ ^Ij 
Pedantic, t^i'-lu dzDe-^oh'rgo [If 



PED 



339 



PEN 



Peddle, to — (as vegetables, fisli, 
&c.), tso ^ong-faiii' ^ J^ J|^; tso 
siao'^ang-i ^ >J> ^° # ; t^ao 
weh-lu't^n ^ fSi&^; — 
«7X:s, needles, ^c, tso ho-16ng' 

Peddler, tso ^dng-fen'- go ^ 

Bm/i-°; I'o-ions' n SB; 

j)€ddlers baskets, bu'-toen ^"f^- ; 
peddler's pack, boMdng iaen' ^ 

Pedestal, zo'-ts ^ -J ; zo-bm/ 
^ ^ ; 5<o«e — /or a pillar, 
song' -bun {^ ^ ; s6ng'-teng Jg 

Pedestrian, bn-'ang'-go nying 
^^1-1^' A''; ^oor7— , tseo- 
kyiah'-go nying #°]K°^ >h° 

A° 

Pedigree, register of kd-pi/ ^° 
H ; rlzob-pu' ;^ II 

Peel, bi ^ ; orange — , kyiiil/- 
ts bi' ;|:|f -J >fe 5 cfm'c? cf/Wo (iu 
the shops), dziiig lii' ^ ^ 

Peel, to in bi' 5^1)° jfe ; slab bi' 

/w^ers, poh bi' f|] ^ 

Peep, io — at, tsiang-tsiang'-k'en 
KBfi ^> — secretlii, t^eo tsiang' 
fitBfi 5 — through the cradle in a 
partition, pih'-voug-b'. tsiang-' ^ 
■ M ®0I; '0 P^«J/ ^'^-perp, tsiang- 
&ao' K 1^ 

Peevish, wang' feh-z' jii' feh-z'- 

iai-tseo'-go pg p^ -^^ 



Peg, wooden moh ting' /}c fj; 
lamhoo — , coh ting' fJfX 

Peking, Poh'-kying ;|t tjC ; — 
Gazette, Kying-pao' ;^ ^:g 

Pelt, to ang ^°; k^ang gp^; — 
A/?« 7t;/i/! snowballs, yiiong shih- 
dcii/ ang' gyi ^^MW^ 

Pen, pih ^ (ih-ts); steel — , kong 
pih' IpJ ^ ; 5i«7/ — , ngo-mao' 
Piba|°^||; tMmhofa—, 
pih'-fong ^ ^ ; pih'-deo ^ BI ; 
— rack, pih'-ko ^^°; — A,m/e, 
siao' tao-ts' ij> JJ -^ 

Pen, gyin ;{;,^ ; cattle — , ngeo- 
gyin' ^°;f5| ; i7i> — , cu-gyin' 

mm 

Penal laics, ying-lib' JflJ f^ 
Penance, to do tso pu'-joh H 
«^°IP'^;zi'kwVzi@°^ 
g®; <;«Wo (as Buddhists), kw^u'- 
hnsiu-^ang' ?^' J^ ^ fr'' 
Penates, family gods, kd-jing' 
^°jpl|l; the six ditto, ko-dao lob- 

ji"8 ^° ^ /^ I* 
Pencil, k^aen-pih' |^ ^ (ih-ts) 
Pendulum, cong-pa' Jfj^" (ih- 

g«) 
Penetrable, t'ong - leh - ko j|J 

@° ig ; c^oh'-leh-ko' Jg ;}!:• 
•^ ; — i^ ionVi^, ciin'-leh-ko' 

SI m^'s 

Penetrate, to tsing'-ky^i jg 
■i°i — ^y boring, ciin-tsing' ^* 
m ; iAg la'nrf penetrates the 
bones, fong' jib kweh'-go J§^ y^ 
>g» -^°; ^/ig eye camwt — , 



PEN 



340 



PER 



ngaeri'-tsing k^en'-feh-t^eo' 0^** 

Penitent, adj. Ise-tih ao' ^ g^ 
m IS"; ^^^^^ — > dziah-jih' Ise- 
tih hwe' ^ K ^ 6^ IS 

Penmanship, pil/-fah ^ fi ; 
pih'-ts ^ "5^ ; ^/w^r — is good, 
ng'-go pih'-fab hao' i^,'' >h° ^ 
fi Jf ; ng-go da-pih' tsing hao' 

• fO-^" ^" :Jt * * i? (^^ithout 
the tsing, da-pi h' ^ ^, is used 
in a flattering way, when the — 
is not good). 

Pension, tsiang'-song H^ ^ ; — 
/or great merit, dzae'-kyiio zih- 

fong' ^mt» 

Pensioner living on others' lounty 
and doing nothing, ky'iioh bah- 
fong' bah-loh' g° g" ^° ^ 

Pentagon, ng'- koh-ying' jg." 

Pentecost, wu^hing'- tsih 35. 

Penurious, eoceessively saving , 
gyin'-sang ko-deo' jg" J5^° ^ 
ij-j gyin'-p^oh ^ ^ 

People, pah'-sing "§" ° ^jj ; — sa?/, 
nying-ko' wo' A° ^° fj ? ^^^ 
many — ivere there ? yiu to-siao' 
nyhig lae-kseu' # ^ >i? A° 

Pepper, wu-tsiao' i^Q-l^, («<7^*«m, 
ih-lih); ground — , wu-tsiao 

Pepper-box, (bottle) wu-tsiao 
ti"8' ft «« ^ 



Peppers. lab gyiien' fj? ^ ; ve;-?/ 
iWzaZ^, or button — , iiyiu'-t&lah- 

gyi^>»'r>K«^]fi 

Peppermint, bo-ho' ^°:i^°; — 
oil, bo-ho' yiu' f|^° fjj'° f(h 

Perceive, to he conscious of, 
kyiioh'-teh ^\^ ; not to — or he 
consdouB of, peh'-cU-peh-kyiioh' 
/j^ ^\i /{\ ^; to understand 
clearly, tW-ts'ih j^ lit 5 — ^ 
tlie eye, k'er/-leh-kyin ^^^°^; 
k^en'-]eh-c^ih ^ %" '& 

Percentage, me pah k^eo-deo 
# "5° JP II See Discount, 
and Perquisite. 

Perceptible (by the eye), k^en'- 

ieh.c%'-go l^riii^";- 

(to the touch) , moh'-leh-c^ih'-go 

Perch, to ding f^ 

Perch, (a fish), hi-ng' If f/; 
(ih-kwang) ; hen — , kyi ding'- 
gotong'ilff ^°^t ^ 

Perdition, mih - \q\\^ JgJ [^ ; 
leng-vong J^ tT (^'eng.) ; going 
to — , lae'-tih tseo'' si' hi JE"^** 

Peremptory, kyUih'-lih ^ ^ ; 
sah'.tsoh |JcJ£; sah'-bo; kyih'- 
jih Sjb ^ ; his commands are 
vei^y — 5 gyi'-go feng-fa' dza 

kyuih'-iih ^ >h°®^ mw 

Perfect, djun-be' ^ fg ,• co?7>- 
j^Zg^e, wun-djuii-go' ^ ;^ ^"j 
absolutely — , jib-siang'-yii-tsoh' 



PER 



341 



PER 



dzing-kong'-go ^:gf^°; dzing- 
dziii'-go ^ m >^^ 
Perfect, to tso' dzing-djui/ ^ 
J^ ^; tso^ dzing-kong' ^ ^ 
J^ ; — what is lacking, pu'-tsoh 

Perfectly done, tso'-leh tsiu- 
djiiu'-gofi#°jg^i-*';- 
^ood, jih-feng' bao "p ^ ^ ; 
djiin-be' hao' '^ ff] if ; /mrn 
- , dohMeh job'.go IS ^5° f5 
't°;iaojoh.tWgf5i§; — 
understand, tsMh'-ti ming-bah' 
}St E 0^ 6°; t'eo'-timing-baV 

Perfidious, we taoUoh'-long-ts 
BJ^Bi'Br.li^tW-sing-feh- 

1^' #6 ft * ^ 
Perforate, /o — b^/ horing^ cun- 

ko' ® S ) — % punching, toh- 

Perform, to tso' dzing-kong ||J 
J^ ]^ ; — owe's <?«?y, dzing 
peng'-veng ^ tJC ^ ; — acfe 
of merit, 'ang hao'-z fx" jj ^ 

Perfume, byiang §; p^eng'- 
hyiaiig H^ @ ; — materials, 
hyiang-liao' § 5^4; perfumed 
essence, byiaiig-sbii' § 7]^;'' 

Perfunctory, rfoTic in a — man- 
ner, tso'-leb liao-ts'ao' sah-tsab' 

ft m° « ¥ g « 

Perhaps, iao'-bong g g^jf ; ^oh- 
tsia' ^ ^-°; k^ong'.p^o 7S 'fa, 
(usually signifies lest); v«n-ib' 



-^ — ; vi-min' :^ jg ; yia vi'- 

kVcU 4" ^ pT ^n 
Peril, ngwe-hyin' f^; |^ ; m — , 

Hng-hyia' ^ ^ 
Perilous, byin'-byin-go |5^ ^ 

>i^°; byin'-dao-dao ^ jj g|; 

i» a — position^ yiao-ling'-ling 

Period, time, z-'eo' Jf -gl ; agey 
z-sbu' fli -g ; cych of sixty years, 
kyial/-ts ^ -^^ ; — of pros- 
perity, bying-wong' z-*eo ^ 3£ 
BIf '^ 5 — ' ^^ sm^CTice, ib-kyii' 
— ^ ; kyu-deo' ^ ^ ; a tio« 
or — , ih-tin' ^- SJ ; — , or 
circle (as used in tbe veng-li), ih- 
ky^un' - H 

Periodical, en'Veo-go f$ Jf 

c^iifto, pao' gyi ||| ^ 
Perish, to Je destrmjed, mib-diao' 
Jf ^°; mih-vong' Ji C ; '^ 
die, si ^°; — iw7A cold, tong'- 

8ab ^ >S' 
Perishable, jao wse-diao' go ^ 

Perjure, to — on^sseff vah-k6'- 

tsiu 13 JS* 5E. 
Permanent, dziangg; dziang- 

kyiu ^ A ; kyiu-dziang' \ 

.^ ; dzong-z ^ Bt 
Permeate, to t'ong-t'eo' JJjS; 

jib-t'eo' A aS 
Permit, n. tsiao JB ; tsib'-tsiao 

^ ffii (ib-go) ; a —to cfo (from 



pm 



342 



MR 



an official), ^e^ba g |[|1°; — 
(to consignee), ky^i'-bo-taen jB 

• K^; — (to shipper), ^6'-ho- 
t^n7° ;K^; di-bo'-tjen Ji 

Permit, <o peb J©.°; to allow, byii 

11^ ; j"g-ji"g' IS :fc*'; ^0 ^''«^^' 

cing 7^; liillyou — we <o enter ? 
bao peb rgo tseo'-tsing Ise feh 

would not — me to go, gyi feb 

hyu'iig6'kynS*atfS*° 

Pernicious, yiu-V-go ff ^ 

>i^; yiu-seng'-vu-ib'-go ^ff |[£ 

Perpendicular, [ clzib ]jj; to 
raise to a — , jii'-ky'i-lse ^ jjE 
^;ju' gyi dzih' ^ ^ H 

'Perpetrate evil, 'ang 6b' -z f^" 

' ^^ 5 tt'/to perpetrated this deed? 

keh 6b'-z ju ^ang-go Jg" ^^ 

l^ERPETUAL, feh-dou' f^ ^ ; 
uong'-yun ^^ jg ; iiong'-feb- 
hyib ;^C ^ Sk ; — inJieritance^ 
iiong'-yun ts^aen'-nyib :^< jg ^ 
^ 5 — motion, fell byih' go Ise- 

tibdong'^mriffi^fj 

Perpetuate, io sbii' -dse liu-djUn^ 

• 1ftfi;a:J»;s'-tebuong'.kwu- 

ts^in-ts^iu, liu-djiin' ^ f§ ;^\^ 
Perplex, to long'-leb m-deo'-m- 
. leb weng-teng'-teng ^ ^jf ° ig 



Perplexed in mind, B\ng\on >JJ 
H; sing I6n'-ju-m6 ,fj H ^Q E 

Perquisites, i*"- nga-ts-dzse ^ 
^K ^ Btjiiga-tsW-bwo^rh'* 
^ ?fc^ ; nga-peb' ^y ^ ; nga- 
kw'a' ^[>° ^°; — on wood, and 
ashes, sbii'-deo-din ^BR^**; — 
of rvnne^'s bringing presents, k^se- 
fab'-godong-din'gai^jv"^^"* 

Persecute, to pib'-nseu j^ ||| ; 
mo-nsen' g ||f 

Persecutors, ?/om;' pib'-nsen ng- 

gocu'.kwua|ffr^°A° 
Perseverance, dziang-yiin'-ts 

sing ^'Mi. ilj 
Persevere, to s'-cong, jii-ib 

mZ, tso tao-ti' -fit ^ij /g ; yiu-s' 
yiu-cong' tso^^^^l^fjIJ; 
byih-sii/.feb-lae If, ^ ^ ^ ; 
having begun must — , sih'-siu 
tsao min-feng' iao tso-tao-ti^ j^ 

in spite of difficulties, sing-kyin'- 

zabc'unS5Mtrffi°^°*; 
t'ib tao'-ts-deo' mo siii'-tsing ^° 

{lit, from an iron pestle, to grind 
an embroidery needle). 
Persimmon, z'-ts j^ ^ ; tiao» 

«ong iXW'^ ^'^9^ — > fo^g-*' 
-fi )^',di ied — , z'-ping |jp ff 
Persist, to — in doing, p'in iao' 
tso ii S ffii 5 p^in-sang' iao tso' 
ii ii°® fS; clzing-gyiu'iao 

tBo' {;) B S ffi 



i 



Per 



343 



PET 



Person, a ih-go nying' — ^° 
}s,°\a certain — , mo' nying ^ 
\°\ other persons, bil/ nying 
M A°; ffo m — , ts^ing-sing 
ky'i^#±°5 0^^^^^— (body), 
laekyi'-singz6ng;igt°#''i|*'±; 
(receives) in his own — , lae z/- 
go,mgz6ng' ^'^^^^"^"^ 
h ; </j?'<?e persons in one, saen we' 

ih-t^i' H fi --- ti '' ^^^ "'^^^^ 
speaJdng to a — , or in the second 
— , long-min' ts^ing'-hwu g* "^ 
^ Pf ; call when speaking of a 
— , or in the third — , pe'-^'eo 
ts'ing'-bwii ^ ^ ^ Pp 
JPersonify, tsia veh ky'i hying' 
fs ^® M' — ^ rare flower^ as 
if it wei^e a beautiful woman, 
tsiang z-hw6' pi tso me-'nyii jjf 

Perspicuous, feng-ming' ^0^ ; 

hyin'-juii ^ ^; ming-tdng'- 

t6ng. 
Perspiration, ^en ff ; ?o ie m 

a — , lae-lih c'ili-W iE°^°{ii 

ff ; — rolling down, *en-c*ili'- 

Perspire, to c^ih-^en' jjfip ; — 
from drink — , or medicine, fah- 
^en' ^ ff ; fah-piao' ^ ^ 

Persuade him to ccnne, ky'Un- 
gyi-sing' hao W m ^ fl; jff 
^ ; he tried Jiard to — me hut 
could not, gyi kw^u'-kw'u ky^iiii' 
ngo, ky'un'.feb-sing' Jt ^ fj 

?& Sa * ^ ; - -^-^v^^. un'. 



cUn ky'Un'-hwo i^ H Ift fll 
Persuaded by him, begyiky^Un'- 

sing m #. Ift ft 

Pertain, dzse-U' ;jj jjf^'; joh-ii' 
JS ifk ; pei'tditis to God, dzae'-ii 
Jing-ming' ^ jj^ jpip ?3 

Pertinacious, obstinate, nying 

dzib' feb cUn--»an' |g° g ^ 
H ^ ; ib-li' kang tao deo' — 
S ft° ^'J 91 > sticking to one's 
own It' ay, 'eo-zi' j^"^®; — Je^- 
^ar, gjuang'-t^ao-vaen' JglJ gg 

Perturbed inmind, sing-bwong', 
i-lon' ,& '[^ ^ gL 

Pervade, io^^/, cWg-mun' jg 

Perverse, ao'-ky'iang }^ gg ; 
ao'-diao-peb-sing' j#p;pHf; 
diao - bi' ^** ^ ; "W-ang-pang^ 
byuing-liu' i^^ ^^o ^° A^ 
naturally — , kvvse-p^b' ^ |^ 

Pervert, to — the right, or the 
true, yi-dzib'-we-ky^uoh' £][ ]g 
>^ft ; he perverts my words, gyi 
p6 ngo'-go sbib-w6' tin-tao' z-fi' 

perverted mind, sing'-jih yia'-de 

Pestilence, -^eng-bing ^g^^ ; 

^eng-yuob' g -^ 
Pestle, jii'-peb ^° |^; nyin'-ts 

:^ ^ ; tao-ts-den' if^" (ib-go) 
Pet, to tseng-ae' ^ ^; o-lo. 
Pet, web-pao' Jg J^ (ib-go) 
Petal, a ib-ban' — ^| ; flower 

— , hwo baen' "j^ i^ 



PET 



344 



PHY 



Petition, written ping'-tsen ^ 
g ; to present a — , di piug'- 

tseu |g ^ S ; — ^gn^^i ki '^".y> 

kong-dzing' ^ g ; ^raw^ my 
— , cing' ngo so gyiu' ?g ^ 

Petition, to ping'-gyiu ^ ^ ; 
ping'-ts^ing '$i%%; to prarj, gyiu 

Petrify, to pin'-we zah-deo' ^ 

Petroleum, ho'-yiu >AC f^ ; me- 

Petticoat, gyiiing |g (ih-diao) 
Petty matters, ky^ii-ky'U'-siao z 

"^ ; — reason, si' kwii JU |^ 
Petulant, 6'-w6ng-tsi-tsao' ^ 
11 i^f Pf ; 6ng-beb'-tsi-tsao' ^'' 

«!s° r ^' 

Pewter, native lah |^; sih ^ 
Pewterer, lab-s-vu §g "g| fjjf 
Phantom, iao-kwa' ^ g" ; iao- 

k/i'^*;iao.nyih' ^^ 
Pharmacy, keh-yiah'-go fong- 

fah' ^'mu^ 

Pheasant, dzi'-kyi ^ ^ ; ssen- 

kyi' Oj it; yia'-kyi if ° ^f ; 

yoldcH — , kying-kyi' ^ ^ (ih- 

tsali) 
Philanthropist, yiu jing-ae^ 

8ing-go nying W t^ijj.^" A" 
Philologist, cu -ka-z-nyi'-go ^ 

Philology, the science of z'-yiiob) 
or z'-^oh *^ M 



Philosopher, pob-v^li'-go cu'- 

kwu m i^^^A"; learned pian, 
t'oug-dah'-go nying 51^^^° 
A° ; i'^?'^/ learned man (in a 
Chinese sense) , poh'- yiioh-'ong- 

}^ n « m <i 

Philosophy, ^/^e /Science of Nat 
tural — , keh-veb'-go 'ob-veng' 



^" 



B3 ; wiora/ 



sing'-Ii .|)i 31 
Phlegm, dan ^ ; ;o 7'ai5e — ^ 

t^i-daen' |l£ ^ 
Photograph, to take a — , ing 

siao'-tsiao ^ >J> JS' P'^'^tograph^ 

siao'-tsiao >Ji ^ 
Phrase, a ih-kyU djiin-be sbib- 

w6 — ^^^UIS ; a sentence, 

ib-kyu sbib'-w6 — ^ ^ pj ; 

common phrases, djong-yiiong' 

sbib-wo' ^|BEfS;~«'''«^ 

one is always using, lao wo'-deo 

^ IS FI 

Phraseology, kong^fab Bf °fi; 

^ooc? — , dsen-t'u' hao ^ P£ 4f 
Physic, yiab |^ ; a dose of — , 

ib-vob yiab' — ^g ^ 
Physician, *ang-i' sin-sang' ^7" 

c/<;yg,. — J liang i' ^ ^ ; — ^/ 
repute, ming i' ^ -g ; / f/m a 
_,ng6'-^ang i-dao' ^j$ ft« ^ 
Jg ; travelling — (quack), ma- 
yiab'-long-cong W M ^^ ^ '•, 
— who heals by charms, ^-c, cob'- 
yiu-k'o' iX i ^if : physician's 
occupation, i-dao^ -g J|[ 



PHY 



345 



PIE 



Physiognomist, andfortnne tel- 
ler, k<en-siarig'-go ^ ^f ^i^** 

Physiology, t/ie science of leng- 
sing-t^i'-go ^oh-veng' ti^ ^ ^ 

Piazza, nao-dong'- teng ^ jg 
^ ; nao46ng' j^° ^^ ; nao- 
long'-teng H^'^f.^ji"; nao-W 
^ fg ; /oMJer — , yiu-jing'-k'eo 

Pick, to — rice (as birds), teh-mi' 
^"^It; — apai'i, (as hair, wool, 
&c.,), pW-k^jB ^13; -(as 
fruit, or flowers), tsah Jg ; ts'ae 
^ ; — ^(?a fcaw5, tsah dzo-yih' 
^ ^ ^ ; — oyer tea (taking 
out sticks, ifcc), kten dz6-yih'Q| 
^^ ;— ^i^, tsVh'-k/i-Ije' f^° 
iS3^ ; tt-i// — out other's faults, 
we t^ih' nying-ko'-go ko' -^ ^ 
A" ^"-i^^ig; wet'ih'-bi t^h'- 
kweb-gotllJifeglJ't't*';- 
ow<, or choose, tMao ^; t^iao'-sbiin 
ftg ; k^en'-dzeb Jg**^ ; keen'- 
sbUn |g°^ ; — ow^ stitches, ts^ah 
sin'-kyiali Jg || Jjp ; — o^i (as 
nut-meats, eyes, &c.), leo-c^ib'^ 
|ii;^ab-c%'^{fj;_a/oj,./, 
t^e kyi' J:jg 1^ ; — oirf yi^rt^Aer5, 
bah mao' Jg ^ 

Pickle, ^o — meat (in brine), yin 
nyiiob' || l^° ; — m vinegar, 
ts^u'-tsing 1^ g 

Pickled fi-tiits, s6ii-ko' ^ ^^ ; 
— garlic, ts^u'-tsing da-son' gg 

^ -I- ■:*«^ 

K7C 5^7? 



Pick-pocket, tsin-bu'-zeb 3| 

Picture, dn g (ih-ko); Chinese 
picture, or scro//, w6 ^ (ih-fob); 

— of nien and things, jing-veb' 
du A 'ifj Mi — of scenery, 
saen-se' du \\j 7jC ^ ; — of 
flowers, hwo-bwe' du :i^ ^If g ; 
— frame, and sometimes a fram- 
ed — , kwo'-kying ^ || 

Picture, to — in one's imagina^ 
Hon, i'-ngwu ^ )g: 

Pie, p-:en (tbe Chinese sound for 
the English). 

Piece, ih-kw^e' ^- ^ ; a slice, 
ib-p'in' ^-^ )x i " — of cloth, 
ih-p-ib-pu' — /E -^ ; a roll 
ofdotJi, ih-don pu' ^- |x 'fl^ 5 

— hy — , kwVtang'-kw^e — ^ 

— J^ ; divide in pieces, (as a 
stick, fish, or something round), 
gyuih-tang-gyiiih (or t'on-tang'- 
t'on) feng-tifin'-k^ffi ~ |^° — 
$yi°^ g3 5 ^^ pieces (witb sciz- 
zors), tsin se'-kw'e-deo |@[ ^ ^ 
BK 5 pieces, ling-se' kw^e-deo ^ 

Piece, to — ovi, tsih-dziang' ^ 
^ . _ together, p^ing-long' Jg 

Piece-meal, ih-kw^e, ih'-kw'e — 

Pier, mo -deo g^ 5| (ili-go) 
Pierce, to c^oh'-tsing ^Jg ; ts*'- 
**i"g $!l HI ) — (with a boring 
instrument), ciin-tsing' |g j^ 



PIE 



346 



PIN 



Piety toward God, kying'--^e 
Jing'-ming f^ ® ipi| ^]^', filial 

— , hyiao'-jing do-nying' ^ 

Pig, siao'-cu jj> |g- (ih-tsab) \fidl 

grown — , c^)ng cu |,^ |^ 
Pigeon, beb-kal/ $|^| (ib-tsah); 

— ivhistle (lied over tbe tail), 
beb-kab-ling' f | g| ^ 

Pigmy, a'-ts ^ ^ ; — (in ridi- 
cule), a-dong-dju' ^ ID 11°; — 
countnj, a'-iiyiiig-kob' ^ A° S 

Pike, dziang-ts^iang^ # It J — 
staffs ts'iang-ken' H" jf^ ; i«w- 
Joo — , kw^/-cob-ts^iang' ff 
1^ ; ditto with iron. point, dziang- 
miao' vg ^ (ib-kwnn) 

Pile, io — up, te-z6ng^kyH i[t 
±^°; te-diab'ift #; — ^>i 
ortZe?', diab-zoiig'-ky^i ^_t-^° 

Piles, tsong ;f§ ; to drive — , 
tang tsong' ^J j^ ; <o drive — , 
and at the same time sing a song, 
song-song', or song-hong'. 

Piles, (a disease), dzi'-ts^6ng ^ 
^ ; outward — , nga dzi' ^|>° 
;^ ; inward — , ne dzi' p^ ^ 

Pilfer, to tso siao'-ts'ib f^ >J, 
^ ; tso siao'-zeh f^ >J, ftj° 

Pilferer, siao'-ts^ib >J^^ ; siao'- 
zeh ij> [^5°; (more polite terra, 
^ilf. a three banded person), saen- 
tsah'-siu ^ ^ :^ 

Pilgrim, traveller, c^ib-meng'-go 
nying ^ f^ ^jv^ A°; - to a 
temple, hyiang-k^ah' § g 



Pilgrimage, <o ^o on a — {i. e. 
to offer incense), tsing-byiang'- 

ky^i jM § "i"' ^^^^^ ^'^ ^'^^^ sacref? 
hill^ dziao ssen' ky^i |jj jjj ^"j 

— ^0 the four mountains, dziao 
s da ming saen $] ;|;^ g Jj 

Pill, wun-yiab' % |^ ; yiah-yun' 

m m (iWib) 
Pillage, to ts^iang'-kyih {| -J|J ; 

tang'-kyib^jilj;lo^;^o/r. 

houses for — , fong'-bo ts^iang'- 

^0 :4i ^ ft ^ ; it'/^o/esa/e — 

(as of a city), lo'-liab ^ JJ 
Pillar, dju'-ts ^ ^ (ib-keng) ; 

— 0/ state, koh'-ko-go tong'- 
liang a ^ S g^ 

Pillow, tsing'-deo j^ 5@ (ih- 
tsab); feather — , ngo-mao'-tsing 
SI ^ $fe ; ^"'' — ) ni6-mi tsing 

PiLLO.W-CASE, tsing'-deo-t^ao' j^ 
SH^; tsing'-t'ao j^^ (ih- 
tsab) 

Pilot, ling'-kong lao'-da ^ f(g 
^ ^ (ib-we) 

Pilot-boat, ling'-kong-jun' gg 
if 15 (ih-tsah) 

Pimple, le U ; ts-mo-le^ '^^ Jj^ 
^ ; nmny fine pimples, ^ong-lin' 
jfa:Sl5;'ong-Psen'ifj:J^(ih.lib); 

— from hat, fi'-ts ^ -^^^ 
Pin, bih-tsing' g| %\ (ib-rae); 

AazV _ , fah'-ts'a % ^% (ib-ts) 
Pin, to yiiong bib-tsing' kyin' ^ 
M^U]to—,ovtack,h\h^^ 
pin it, bih'-ib-bib ^ — ^ 



PIN 



347 



PIV 



Pin-cushion, tsing-ts'ah' §f Jg 

(ih-go) 
Pincers, gyin ff ; iron — , t^ili- 

g}''^' ^ Iff ; ^^'''^'« — ' ^^ gyi"' 

Pinch, to nyiu JJ ; — ivith the 
jingei^ tip, tih |^ ; f>w< m a — o/* 
sa/^, fong liang'-go ts'-deo, ill- 

tsvh yin' rn'M'^'i^ m 

Pine tree, saen-ju' ;f^ j^ (ib-cii) 

Pine, to — awaij, in-uih'-Ieli, bi- 

woDg'-kweh-seo' ^ ^ ^° ]J 

Pine-apple, po-lo^mib JjJt,^ ^' 
(ih-go) 

Pinion, to — t/ie icings, bo yiab- 
sao' 11° g.** S ; — the arms, 
6iu bo' Ise iao-byib'-li ^ |#° jjj" 
M ^ 'M } ^^^ ^^'^ /i«"</s together, 
siu, p6n/-leh gyi K*' |||i ^ ^ 

Pink, (the flower), Loh-yiang'-hw6 
fiS P^ ?B 5 « ^^^i' — («>" cljerry 
color), iiyi-^ong' ^ jfj^ ; peach 
color, dao-^oiig' 1^ jfj^ ; l^gJ^ — - 
djen' dao-^ong' \^ ^ J^ ; feng'- 
'oi^g # i&: ; slm'.'ong i[<: i£ 

Pinnacle, ting-dcM/ ^'^ TK°; 

nao'-lsii/ ]g' i^ 
Pint, a — (dry meas.), ili'-sing 

— ^ ; J^^f « hottle, ih-pqn' 

bing - ^ )S 
Pious, devoted:, gyin-sing' ^ ^[J 
Pipe, kwim'-ts ^ :f (ih-ts) ; 

«;a/er — , sbu -kwiin tJc" ^ ; 

tobacco -^, in-kwun' JB ^; 



— sec/tt, in-kwun' ken'-ts JB ^ 
jji]^ -^ ; vifisical — tcith six holes, 
siao ^1 ; vong-woiig'-siao g. jg 

Pirate, bae'-yiang gyiang-dao' ^ 

ff 5SS (ib-go); « ^oa^ for 
catchmg pirates, tsMh'-fi jiiu' j|g 

Pistol, siu'-ts^iang ^ |f (ib- 
kwun) 

PlT,k^angJ;J;°;di.k^ang';J^J;i:° 

Pitch, lib-ts^ng g ^ ; ^o >V/ 
in with — , din lih-ts^ing' M. 

Pitch, to — (as cash, balls, quoits), 

p'ao JJjJ ; — a tent, tab tsiang'- 

bong ^ ifft ^ 
Pitcher, shu'-bing ijCM O^^-go) 
Pitch-fork, k6ng-ts^6' || /^ ; 

dao'-ts^o' jfgj^ (ib-p6, ib-kwun) 
PiTEOUSLY, ci-ying kyiaoMeb k^o'- 

lin-siang|l%g*'pJ>g|^^;k^oh. 

leh song-si ng'-sif^ng ^ ^* fj 

Pith of grasses, ts^ao-sing "^ >jji ; 

— .0/ trees, ju-sing' i^ £> ; — 
;)a/?er, t'ong-ts^ao'-ts jjj Ij^ jfg 

Pitiable, k'o'-lin-siang ■p]''g|43 > 

—r condition, kwV-kying ^ ;^ 

Plj'TED ulth smcdl p)Ox, mo-bi'-go 

Pity, to k^o'-lin pfM ; se-lin' ^ 



^ ; i^Aa< a — / k^o'-sih pj" ^ \ 
Pivot, scizzor gao-kwu'-ting ^* 
Jg ^ ; — 071 which a boat scull 
rests, lu-cii' f§ |ft° 



PLA 



348 



PLA 



Placard, official kao'-z ^ ff^ ; 
noticey kao'-bah ^ j^**; adver- 
tising — , tsiao-ts' JQ |j5 ; pao'-ts 
# i& (ih-tsiang) 

Place, di-fong J^ jj-; u-sen' ^° 
;^°j u-dong ^ ^, (ih-t^ahor 
ih-c'ii); in what — ? lae soh'-go di- 

^'^"^ ^S^^J^di'.fong^" 
Jl jj- ; native — , peiig' hyiang 
TK^P; peng'hyiangTli^^li; peng 
t'u' ^ ± ; tJ^ili sing' ts di' HJ 
J^ ^ Jj^ ; belonging to the same 
— , dong hyiang' [^ ^^f; ere?-?/ 
— , koh'-tao-koh-c^u'' § gij § 
j^ ; s^of??/ — , tso-ing' di-fong 

3l° H M :$* ; 5^«w^^>^^ — . lib- 
kyiah'-godi'-fong:i5r^>iv'^iifc 
jj" ; in tlie first — , ih'-lse — ^ ; 
ih'-tseh — ^!j ; deo-il/ yiang Bg 
^;^;di.ih'zeng^^^ 

Place, to fong JS: ; eu ^ ; — 
on a shelf^ or s^oo/, kob |^ ; ta 
give — to, uyiang-peb' U" ^°; 
t'e.nyiang'peb3^1g°^^-iV 
on io/?, fong'-lje zong-deo' '^^° 

h FM 5 ^^^''^'* '^^^^ *^ ^'^^ — -^ 

kyi-z yiu' ^ Ijf ^f? — theliand 
upon, siu en' ih-en' ^ ^ — U 

Placid, en-zing' ^ ^ ; en-jlin' 
iS ^' — ^^^^^ ^^ bing-fong-' 
zing-long' ff ^ f% ff 

Plagiarize, to copg and itse 
another'' s composition, ts'ao - \vd' 
dzing-veiig son zi'-go f j? ^ ^ 

5» S^-t-' 



Plague, to nsen-we' P @ ; the 
— , z-tsiiig' flj Jg ; ^eng-bipg' 

Plaice, or sole, nyiab-t'ab S^lfl 
Plain, level, bing 2[i ; — ground, 
ova plain, ib-p'ii/ bing-yiang — • 
)t ^ ilk°J ^f'?^ understood, 
byiu'-jun min(T-bab' S ^ Bfl 
1^"; — words, sbib-wo' ts^iu'- 
gying ^ IS S JS ; ^^^domed, 
or simple, su'-zing ^ ^ ; p'oh'- 
jib #|5t; tsihVob g°it; 
tbe last two also signify, re- 
spectable, and well bebaved ; — 
spoken, sirig-dzib' k'eo'-kw^a >[^ 

Plainly, openly, ming'-tong-tong 

^° BU" ; _ dressed, c^un'-leb 

pW-jib^^°4tg 

Plaintiff, nyiin-kao' ]g ^ 

Plaintive voice, sing-ing' pe- 

ts^ih' S ^ ?J •© ; Bing-ing' 

kw^i'-ts'ih gt ^ g: ^ 

Plait, to lay in plaits, kain IfiJ**; 
tsib-ksei/ }f Ifgf ; tang-kseii' fl* 
Ijg- ^r; Srmflf, tang JJ; gao-long'- 

ky ^i l$* Ml i" ; — ^^^^ ^""'^' ^^'^° 
bin'-ts fl* III ^ 
Plan o/ « Aoit^e, ob'-yiang ^ %^ 
g*; to draw up a ditto, tang ih' 

go-ob'-yiang^^-^h^'Mt; 
7?iO<i^e of doing, fab'-tseb J'J glj ; 
fong-fal/ -^^ H'yto devise a —- , 
rao-nyi ib-go fab'-lseb ^ JJ^ — 
4"7i W\ ; tang'-Mc) ib-go iong- 



PLA 



PIA 



ivnrks well, ali'-leh f6ng-fah ^eh'- 

what are your plans ? ng-so' meo- 

intejition, clzing-i' ^^; cU'-sing 
•^i>^\ purpose, cii'-kyin ^ ^ ; 
that is a good — , keh'-go siang'- 
deo hao' Ji° >h''tf. m ii 
Plan, ^0 lueo-we ^ @ ; tang'-mo 
J7 ^ ; tang'-son Jj ^ ; soi/- 
kvi ^ If; — mischief, mco-'jB 

mm 

Plane, bao |^ (ih-go) 
Plane, to — it smooth, bao gyi 

kwoiig'fg,^ 5E 
Planet, ^ang-«irig' fx° jg ; ^-^e 

Jive planets, ng'-sing ^° g 
Plank, psen :f^ (ih-kw'e) ; thick, 

— , ^eo'-paen jj ^g ; ^ea^ — , 

lih-ju-paen ^ ^ g 
Plant, to cong |J| ; tsse-cong' ^ 

JS; ^6T'; '6-cong' 7° ^°; 

^ scatter seed, tsah ^° ; to stick 

in the ground, ts'ali ^ ; —• « 

f/ref, cong' ih-cu ju S — ;^ © 
Plants, grass, and hrrls, ts^io ]^ ; 

c/tifto, a/it/ trees, ts'ao'-raoli J^/fC 
Plantain, p6 tsiao' "g j^ 
Plaster /or walls, hwe Ji^ ; hwe- 

feng':*#; M-^eng'fi t; 
medicinal — , kao - yiali' ^ |g 
(ili-tsiang); — of Paris, joh 

zah'-kao Si ;g' ^ 

Plaster, to feng |^; zong-hwe' 
-t /^ i — ' outside ivalls, feng 
eiang |^;^ ; —. ^yarcitions, feng 



pih' f J^f ; to p/f on a — , t'iah 
kao-yiah'\^fl'' ^ II 
Pl A T, rt grass i li-kw ^e ts 'i ng-ts' ao' 

Plat, to tang ff ; gao $J' 
Plate, beng-ts' ^ -J^ ; soup — , 
t<6ng-beng' J§ ^ ; fiesse?-^ — , 
cong-beng' pfi^; simll pi-eserve 
— • , tsiang'-beng ^ ^ (ih- 
tsali) 
Plate, to pao Q; t'iah |5 ; du 
iS ; — '^''^^ 5i7ye7-, pao nying'-tB 

Platform, dae J ; — /or thea- 
tricals, hyi'-djB JJ Jf (ih-zo) 
Plausibly, z'-wu-gying-dzing' 

f£l^- JE if; z-wu-'eh-ii' ^;i 

^ ^ 31 ; z'-wu-ziang' fa^jg 
Play, game, hyi-kying' ^g ;^; 
gentle — , veng hyi' ^ gj; 
coarse, or row^/i — , ts^i hyi' |^ 
p ; maen-td hyi'^eo ^ fit" ^ 
gg; — ybr <Ae sto^e, hyi'-veng 
& 3Jt (ih-peng) ; one act of a 
— , ih-c^ih hyi' ^ |i^ j^ ; -- 
acto/*, hyi'-ts Jj^ -f ; paen-ts'- 
"yi"g JfiE •? A**) kyial/-seh 
JB fi; -fellow, hyi-de' j|[ 
|§^; hyi-yiu' Jl^; -^ thing, 
na-'o' tong'-si J| -Si ^ W; '^^* 

Play, to hyi'-byi JJ ^f ; na-»o' 
BfUjhyi^msDn JJiJ;to- 
ow an instrument with the Jingers^ 
d?en 5IP ; to — by blowing^ c'ii 
p^°; — cardSf c'O ts'-wu-baeii' 



PLA 



350 



PLE 



li' iK S? ; — >• '^'oney, tii 
dong-diii' HtlH^^°;— /at>/y, 
ngang-dziang' J\^ j^', to cheat 
in — , iiyun-dziang |^ i^ ; 
nyiin'-gyiioh |^ ^ ; — checkers, 
tsiah we-gyi' ^ ^ ffi; — ^^^^^^^j 
tsiah zlang'-gyi ^ ^ t^ ; — 
^nc^,<? 0/ /i«7i<7, pin hyi'-fah ^ 
Ji^ fi 5 — *^"'^^ tt'«/er, long sbii' 
W^ iK'-) fa^^''-^ — ^'^ it'a^e?', ng 
hyi shu' g^° Jj^ ^J^"; — tnicrnt, 
la-^ol/ 1^'*'^^° ; — for a day, 
hyiMh nyih jjj^ - B' 
Playful, tse' se hyi-maen' ff^ ^ 
jjjjgl; oh' we na-V ;g° 'f 

Plea, to make a — in defence, sn 
lip; _ on paper, su'-ts |^^ ifj^'; 

— in court, k^eo'-kong p -gt ; 
apohyy, feng-ka' ^ S|°; feiig- 
p^eo' ^ *lj 

Plead, to entreat, gyiu-k^eng' ^ 
j^ ; — for another, kong-dzing' 

Bl^'lf ;^8en-dzing'iaif ; — 
a false reason, ox excuse, t^oh-kwu' 

i^ ]j^; — sickness as an eoccuse, 
t'oh bing' JE ^^ 

Pleasant, yiu'-c^ii ^ ® ; ?yA«^ 

— weather it is / 1/in' dza yiii- 

c'u'ni§°A°«°fi^^^RS°! 
Pleasantly inlaying, hao'-ton- 

ton, ic^-tih hyi' u iy ifn° M 

Please, to — Mm, s'-teh gyi 
hwun-hyi ^ ® S «C ^- ; P^h 
gyi cong'-i f^° ^ l=p ;^ ; ;;/ea5e 
(I invite you to) sit, taking zo' 



In ^ I — ^'^^'^ '^«5 ts'ing dzo' 
|g :^ ; — Ze^ 7716 go (can. or 
not) % k^)'-feo peh ngo kyU' pj* 
^W ^i-'^^^'yow— , ze- 
bin' ng^fll {;);'; ze-ng-bin' 
Bl frffi; zing'-bing ng^ft 

dzong ng' i'-s 1^ f;); ;;g ,g ; 
dzongng'-gobin';g^fi);°4*°fg; 

— Zfe^ yourselves (at a meal), ze' 
i' ts^ing' 1^;^ %%\tHes to — , 
we moll nying'-go sing-siang' ^^ 

-&" A° M° 

Pleased, greatly gyih-gyi' hwun- 
^yi' <i S it S ; liwun-hyi'- 
feh-sah :S° g: ^ ; no< — 
?nV//, fell coiig'-i ^[j r^f ;^; feh 
ju-sing' J^ Jfl ;JJ 

Pleasing, cong'-i-go pff ^ ^''; 

— and beloved, (i.e. aceoFdiiig to 
one's mind) teh-i'-go ^ ^l •^**; 

— fo the sight (as a landscape, 
a party of children, &c.), yiii 
kyiiig'-cu # :f; H: 

PLEASURE,^<:<^e -^^ in, yiu hying'- 
cU -i^ ^ ^ ; enjoyment, kw'a'- 
weh #fg;kwV4oh'K*'^; 
to give one's self to — , tsoh-loh' 
^-^ ^ ; to spend time in —^ , 
kvv'a'-weh siao-yiao' ^ fg 3^ 
i§ ; spoil my — {lit. sweep 
away), sao ngo' -go hying'-cU ^ 

'?iV|f a; cutoff VVJ-, 

tang'-don ngo-go i'-cii ^"J* ^ 

^ i^° # ii ; ^ ^"^^ ^^^^^f ^'^^ 
tJiQ — of knowing and admiring, 



PLE 



351 



PLU 



I 



(him), ngo kyin' nyiaiig, siang 

yii' go ^ Xi^ fe J^ -t" 

Pledge, to pawn, long ^ ; ah 
^° ', to — a garment, ti'-ah i- 
zongJS^'P'^3§°; i-z6ng'ts() 
tong'-deo ^ ^^ ^ 'Br M 

Pledge, tong'-deo ^30; ah'-deo 
^f" M (ib-yiang) 

PlenipoItentiary, ky'ing-ts'a' 
da'-dzing fc ^° :^ E 

Plenteous, Plentiful, fong- 
fii' ^ ^ 5 P'epare a — supply, 
be'-leh fong.fV ff ^|f " ^ § 

Plenty, fong-tsoL' ^ J£ ; to-to' 
^ 5 ; ts'iah'-ts'iah yiu-yii' -f^ 
il^ W #, ; — ^f food, liang- 
zih' foTig-tsol/ 5fl :fc IJE; 
year of — , da-jol/ z-iiyiu ^ 
Ir^^^-'^fongnyh/^^; 
successive years of — , lin-nyin' 
da-job' ig ^ ;^ ^ 

Pliable, ecadly lent, ao'-leh-^aen'- 

yielding to others, jing nying'-go 

person, ze-fong'-tao |§f JH,|Jij; ze- I 
z6ng'-ze-loh ^±M •^; z^aiig' 
ziaiig-deo'-ts^ao ka' f^ j§ J:° 

Pliers, nyiah-ts'-gyin J| Jg* ff 

(ib-p6) 
Plod, to — (as a student), kw^i- 

kw'u' yuong-kong ^ g^ jg ^; 

— (as a laborer), tso kw'u'-kong 

Plot, kyi'-kao f\ Vj"'^ kyi-meo' 



ti|Jit;kyi'-ts^ah|t^;(ih.go) 
dark — , en' kyi Pg ff 
Plot, to — injury, s ing-cii' "jl^j^ 
^*'; s en-son' ^X^^; en'-tsin 
songnying' Pg ^ |f A*- 
ndschief raeo-^se' ^ ^ ; — 
murder, meo-sab' ^^ ?S ; "^ '*'^- 
bellion, meo-foen' ^ ^; — /or 
money, raeo-dzge' ^ Jf ; — 
against theking in order to seize 
the throne, meo w6ng' ts^on we' 

Plough, a ih tsiang li' — 51 1^ ; 

— share, li-zsen'^l^*; — liandle, 

li-mi-p6' ^ ,1° E 
Plough, to — the ground, kangdin 

Pluck, to — (as flowers, or fruit), 
tsali }j| : Is'^ S ; — up, bah- 
ky^i'-liB ^ je ^ ; — '"i^ ^2/ i^^^' 
roots, lin keng' bah-ky4' ^ }(f^ 
i^ ® j — hen-featlvrs, bah kyi'- 
mao' S it 5 

Plug, to seh ^ ; din jj^ ; Ising- 
seb' U §^ ; .^/o/?/?/^, seh'-deo jg 
5^ ; rt wooden — , ju seb'-deo 1^ 

mm 

Plum, li'-ts ^ ^ ; f^owr — , me 
|g.,.,,?_-,ia-tsi']iBagg^; 
ym?'^Ze — , gyia-bi' li' -fiX\ J^ ^ 

Plumage, mao-yu' ^ ^; it Jm 
heautifal — , gyi'-go mao-yii' 
sang'-leb hao'-k^Mi :^ ^"^ ^ 

Plumb, perpendicular, pih'-dzib 
^ H ; kwcb'-dzib % m 



PLU 



352 



POI 



Plummet, ?6'«^A<, (lju|f°; car- 
'penter''s — , ciiig'-tseh sin' |p ^Ij 
M ; — (on ship), tang-sbu'-zing 
"JT ii^X'i ^^ ^neaswe depth hy a 
-, tangsing-tsW g" ^ fS 

Plump, cong *|£°; cong'-raun ^° 

m 

Plunder, n. tsong |g; tsong- 

tsing' m IE 
Plunder, to ts'iang'-kyih f| i^jj j 
— on the road, pun-lu tang'-kyih 

Plunge, to — into water, t^iao'-loh 
sbu-li' 1% ^ ilC H ; ditto to 
drown one s selj\ deo-shii' ^7]^" 5 
deo ^o' ^ jpf ; — into water (as 
the hand), tsing'-loh shii'-U ^ 

Plunged into poverty, loh'-pe'-de 
^ M T"; — ^'^ great poverty, 
loh-boh' de ^ {g y°; — into 
difficulty, loh-n^n'-de ^ |i T° 

Ply, to — ones self to study, tsMh'- 
sing yuong-kong' -S) >[j. ffi igf; 
^j/jVs between Ningpo and Shang- 
liai, ^ong-lse Nying-po' Z6ng- 

i'«^' f± ^ « iiJ ± ?$ 

Pneumatics, ky^i'-yiioh or kyU- 

Poach, to — eggs, shU'-t^eng daen' 

Pocket, due g ; — in a garment, 
i-zong'-dai S ^'^ g ; bin-diE' 
^ ^ ; Chinaman^s small hog, 
^o-pa(/ |[J 'Q ; tobacco — , in- 
d^' m m 1 in-^o'-pao M ^S 



Q ; lo7ig — for cash, dzin-dae' 
^^lS;s6ng-bun'frjf:'; - 
(tied on in front with the draw- 
ers), da-pang' ^ rju**; long cloth 

— tied about th3 loins, tah'-poh 

mm 

Pod, k^oh ^; bean — , deo-k^oh' 

Poem, a ih-siu-s' — 'g* ||p 
Poet, yiu-s-dzae'-go }^%^ :f i^***, 

s-ong' H g- 
Poetic taknt, s-dzse' ff ::J" 
Poetry, to ivrite, or wia^-e — , tso- 

Poignant, stinging, ts^ang H"; 

— tfort^, shih-wo' ts^iang' UpJ 
in°lt;sbih'.vv6 tsin-li'|g;U 
yi^lj; — distress, c*oh'-sing n^en- 

W fS" >& 1 ii 
Point, sAarp tsin-den' i^ ^^°; 

— o/" a pm, pih'-fong ^ ^ ; 

— o/« knife, tao-tsin-den' J] 
i^ 0|°; tao-deo' J] W.i « — 
(in writing), ih-tin' — Sj ; to the 
— , ky^iioh'-ts^ih H -EQ ; «o< to 
the—, dz-i' feh-W 13 :gf, 
^; dz-i' veo-fW |pl:f;i?-S 

Point, to — to, tin |,S ; ts'-tin ^ 
il5; ts'-yii'g Jg- 51 ; —upivard, 
tin zong-deo' |j_t: B| ; — toith a 
stick, yuong bong' tin' fflj^^li; 

— off senttnces, tin kyii'-deo IfiJ 
-^ U ; — mortar, ming zah- 

bwe' }a ;g° Jc 

Pointed, tsin-deo'-go l^ BM ^°; 
yiu' fong-deo' ^ ^ H^ J -" 



POI 



353 



POM 



words^ sliib'-\v6 ts'ili-coiig' g^° 
Pointless, &-tsin-deo'-go ^°t^ 



B^ >h;&-cW-go^*'J[^ 



A^ 



^^f: i///n^, toh'-fong-deog*"; Jiis talk 
^H 25 — , gyi'- so koDg' Ei-fong- 

K »w-goitgf gg°^a°-t° 

^H*OISED on the head, deo'Ji ting- 

y. Wens' SI ±°]I©ni 

Poison, doh-yiah' ^ |^ ; poison- 
ed food, doh-zil/ ^ ^ ; <o ^a^e 
— , voh doll' jj^ ^ ; to put — 
into, ^6d()h'-p°^; fong doh' 

Poisonous, dob'-go ^ -^"j yiu 

doh' ^- ^ 
Poke, /o t'ii/-tob |^jg°; to -^ the 
Jive, t^in ho' J^ >^ ; — ^m, toh' 
gyi ih-kyi' ^° ^ - fg° 

'OKER, t^iii'-ho-bong ,]^ iX W- '■> 
bo'-t^n >^ }$ (ib-keng) 

OLE, k6iig:|i:;ken^;kao^; 
sc'cfa/i — , gyiao-kong' ^ ;^ . 
round — for camjinc/, k6ng'- 
kweng ^ \^ ; flat ditto, pii/- 
tsen ^ Jg ; — /or cZry?'/?^ clotJies, 
I6ng-ken' flg^ ; —0/ steelyards, 
ts'ing'-ken ^^ |f ; —for a boat, 
kao-ts' ^f ^ ; ts^ang-kao' ^^ 
^; the North — , Pob'-gyih 
:|t ^^ ; ^//e South — , Nen-gyih' 
ffi S J — '^^^''j poh'-teo-sing 

Pole, to— a boat, ts^ang jUu' Jg° 

^;tob kao-ts' |r«-? I 

Police officer, bu-t'ing' ^' g ; i 



I 



— runners, bii-yiiob' Jjg :f_J ; 
i/«V/ catchers, bu-paji/ JjJ |fiE 

Police-man, jing-bu' jg^ J| (ih- 
go)- 

Polish, to make bright, tsUb liang' 
^ ^ ; ^0 wa/te smooth, mo 
kwong' H 5£ ; tsob'-mo J|c® ; 
ts'ib'-ts^3 10 g 

Polished m manners, ky^i'-du 
ts^ong-yuong' ^ J^^ |;^ §* 

Polite, yiu-U' ;f|f^f ; yinli'-sing 
^ W >6 ; y'» li'-mao ;f jl 
1^; yiu li'-tsihfl jjg fi5; yiu 
li'-ky^i W »|[ ^ ; ^^ — , ia« 
dzing-li' gjjS^ii; feb-kV sbib- 

Politeness, H ^ ; H'-mao jjj| 
IS; ii'-ky^ie«; H'-tsilifS 

iJ;a#c^.cZ-k'abM</i^^; 
irwg — , k^ab'-dzing ^ j^; U7i. 
derstands — , cii ]i' ^p Jf ; sib 

Politics, kob-ko z-tU' H ^* 
^ Si ? ^'''^ peryp^e ow^/ii no^ to 
meddle ivith — , pab-sing loii 
kong dziao ding ^g^ M SL Sl° 

Pollute, to u-W }§ ^ 
Polygon, to-kob'-ying %%*^ 
Pomfret, ts^o ng'lg"®"; ts'ong 
§a (veng.) 

Pomegranate, zib-li u'^ fg (ili- 

ko) 
Pompous, we-pa-p^ing'-go '^^ 

P^ ^« ; do-moh'-do-yiang' ;/c' 



PON 



354 



POR 



— sJiow, ba-dziang' ^\° ift 5 P^" 
ko'-ts ^11° ^° -^ ; — manner, 
biang'-mao z'-wu ih-kying' ;f^ %% 
l£l ^ — :!: 5 i'-tsi-paU'-kyU % 

Pond, dzi Jj^ (ib-k^eo) ; Jis/i — , 
Ponder, to — right and left, tso'- 



s-yiu-siang' ^t 



inani/ times, ts^iii-s' vasn-siang' ^ 

Pongee, kyin'-dziu H || ; ^ray 
— , bwe'-seb kyin'-dziu ^ ^ 

mm 

Poor, gyuong ^ ; venj — , 
gyiiong-kw^i' ^ ^ ; kw'u-Ii'- 
lob-bob' ^ :j| .^ }Q ; _ c/o/A, 
s6-bo pi/ ^ ;g: flj 

Poor-house, (for the poor, and 
crippled), yiang'-tsi-yiin' ^ ^ 

Pop, ^0 — in, zab-tsing' g^Jg ; 

to — out, zab-c'ib'-lae lj°{ij| 3$ 
Pope, kyiao'-bw6-\v6ng' ^ {-^ ^ 
Poppy, ang'-seb'-bw6 ||°|^';j!g; 

<a-p^in' hwo Bj fr ?g 
Populace, pab'-sing Ig^fS^ ; f/^e 

vvlgar — , maen pali'-sing ^ 

Popular, is teb nying'-oo sing 
® A" ^° £> ; he is — , gyi' 
iiying'-sing hyiang'-bw6-go ji 

Population, nying-ting' A^'Tj 
wn-k^eo' ^ p : tv/iat is the — 
of China? Cong-kob' yitt to- 



siao' nying-tiiig' 4^ @ W ^ !i^ 

A°T^ 

Populous, nying ts'Ong-zing'A 

T g ^ 

Porcelain-ware, dz-ky*i' j^^ 
§g;>e-^,si'dz-kyi'j|9(it^ 

Porch (has no equivalent); shed, 
or arbor, meng-k'eo-go bong-ts' 
P5 B0° ?S'° S » ^^'ooden pro- 
jection over doors, or windows, 
p^i-sbii'- paen J^ ^J^" ^ . See 
Vekandaii. 

Porcupine, tsin-cii' ^ |^- (ib- 
tsab) 

Pores of the sUn, 'ei/-mao'-kwun 

Porous, song ^ ; — luood, ju- 

mob song' i^ /fC # 
Pork, cU-nyiiob' ^ f^° 
Port, bae'- k'eo Jg P ; — clear- 
ance, ^ong-ta3n' ^XS 5 juf^-tsiao' 
M US 5 — ./or ^Mn, p'ao'-meng 

Portable, bao-do'-go j^^^°\ 
do-leb-L-e'-go ^ ^|.° ^^ >h° 

Portentous, m-li'-z ^° ^ij iff ; 
]Si-tsV-deo ^°?iEH;— (ilO 

ome;i, peb-kyih'-ts ziao' ^^ ^ 
Porter, door-heeper, kwun-raeng'- 

go t n ^" 

Port-folio, wu-sbu-kab' ^ ^ 

Port-hole (in a sbip of war), 
p^ao'-ngaea ^ BS*'; (window) 
liang-dong' ^ ^ 



FOB 



355 



poa 



yuong: ^ ^ ; tsing yuong' Jt 



Portico, yiu-jing' ^ jSSJ; yiu- 
jing' k^eo fi° 15° 

Portion, apart, ib-feng' — ^ ; 
ih-kwu' ^- ^ ; ^0 divide in equal 
portions, tsiao'-kwu kyiiing-feng 

Portrait, hyi-yiiong §g ; zin- 

g; 'a,.8-l.,h' ff 
tsiao )J^ flS ; /o draw a — , sia 
liyi'-yuong S° ^i ^ 5 — 2'«^'«'- 
6r, sia-tsing-yuong'.go S° J^S 
>^''; tren-ts'ing sin-sang J^ ^ 

Position m Zj/e, sing-veng' ^ 

^ ; m ^ii(/h — , sing-veng kao' 
# ^ ift 5 ^''<'"' y-e.^joec/! /o)- owtf'.N 
-,sing-k6'djong'^ (g'' 1; 

Positive, 6wre, ih-ding' — g ; 
owe — price, ko'-din wch-ili^ ^° 
^^ iJ " ; peb-r'-kyu6 J, ZL 
j^ ; — m asserting, zi tsang' yiu 
li' gi^''W3l;zi vvo'ziz'g^ 
IS &**:§;' — '^ opinion, kwu'- 
tsih kyi'-kyin |§ ft E* S 

Positively, certainly, dziab-jib' 
a^^ ; ts^b'-jib ^%;to deter- 
mine — , kV^o'-jib Jp ^ ; ^0 os-- 
ficr^ — , gyin-k'eo' kyib'-jib fj 

P ^% 

Possess, to yiu i^ 

Possessed icith a devil, jih-mo'- 

Possession, in dzse siu' ;g ^ ; 
lae siu'-li ^° -^ ^ ; obtained 
— , tao'-siu-de JlJ ^ "1*° 5 w% 



ts it in your — » dza-we' Isb n or'- 

go siu'-li rrii°fi°fr^s^ 

Possessions, houses, lands, ^c, 
ts'aen'-nyili ^ H ; k6-kyi' ^R'' 
ft ; kyi-nyib' g H ; ko-ts'ifin' 
^° ^ ; — 0/" money, dzin-dzse' 

Possible, practimhle, neng-iceo'- 
g'> t& IS ^' ; tsoMeb.Iae'-go 

not prohuhle, se neng-keo', r vi 

pill' sii tiu ro * >ij 

Post, ^VZcw, djii'-ts ^ -f ; s?a^, 
tsong j^ (ib-Tjo) ; io dr%ve a — , 
Ung tsong' fl* # ; ^0 — ^s^, 

kying'.kyili-fi-pao',^g:^#J 
io — a placard, t'iah ib-tsiang' 

tsiao-ts' Jfi° ^ 51 }g jK ^ 

Post y^r carrying letters, sing'- 

gyiiob fg jg J sbii-sing'-kwun 

Postage, sing'-din <g J^^"; also 
called toine money, tsiu'-din jg 
^^ and./b(rf»naney, kyiah^din 

Postage-stamp, singViao ^ 
^; deo-ts' H^ 

Posterior, pe'-^eo ^ ^ ; be'- 
min^li 

Posteriors, p^i'- kwu ]^ JU ; 
rump, deng-tsin' ^ ^c ; — of 
an animal, zo-deng' ^** 1^ 

Posterity, 'eo'-dae ^ {^ j ts'- 
seng ^ ^ ; without — , or — 
cut of, djib-^eo' |g ^ ; don'- 
con^ djib-dse' ^^^ itr \}^^ 



POS 



356 



POU 



latter is used in cursing); to 
descend to — , djiin-loh' peh ^eo'- 

Posthumous son, yi-fob'-ts jg 
JK •? ; - titU, z-fah' ig ^^ 
(veng.) 

Postman, tseo-sing-go ^ ^ 



^h*'; la-sing'-go ^:« ff ^^ 



gyi' 



Postpone, <o — the day^ kse 
.a:l;tsaennyib-ts'^0°^; 
to pit off, dzi-wun' j||i[^; kw^in- 

Postscript, nga-k6'-go shih-w6' 

^VW^'Wt IS; ^^ ^^•^■'^^ « — ' 

tsse' tsias J|^; a _, ih-go ling'- 
p*i — i^" J5 Jt' disrespectful 
if addressed to a superior. 

Posture, kw^un'-shih ^ ^°; — 
in sitting, zo'-siang ^ f«g* ; — ^ in 
standing, lih-siang' ;^ i^ 

Pot, iron tMi'-kwun ||J Jf ; wa- 
itVe— ,t^ib-ko' Jf fg;»6li|i 
(ib-k^eo) ; — lid, kwun'-kie {i§ 
^ (ib-go) ; earthen — , tseng 
th t'Qg ?S; bang ^; fea 

— , dzo-wu' ^ ^ ; flower 

— , bwo-beng' ^ ^ (ib-tsab) ; 
zt'a^er — , sbii-bing' 7JIC'' jg ; 
night — , sbu-biDg' ^° Jg ; 
ditto (used by Chinamen), yia- 
wu H'' ^ (ih-go) 

Potato, foreign nga-kob faen-jii' 

^ ^ llj ° ^°; s^'^f' — J fsen-ju' 

lU°¥" (ib-go) 

Potter, ng6'-yiao-s vu ^^ g 3 

"^^iSf ; siao yiao' s-vu j^ § ^Sf 



Potter's-field, nyi-cong'-di ^' 

Pottery, ngo'-bo 5^ ^^ ; jjtoce 
/cr making — , ngo'- yiao ^* 
^; ;)^d /or selling — , yiao- 

fang' a i* 

Pouch, die g ; monkey s — , web- 

sengd^'a^lilS 
Poultice, to p^i Jjr ; ab 1^"; — 
tcith bread, yiioiig mun-deo' pH - 

Poultry, kyi-ngo-sen' kel/-sing 

Pounce, to — upon, bob-djob' {^** 

Pound, a (borrowed from tbe Eng- 
lish), ill-pong'— i^; Chin£se—, 
or catty, ib-kying' — lljj ; we 
buy heefhy the — , ab'4ab ngco- 
nyiiob' leng pong' ma ^° {fj** 

Pound, to — (as lime), song ^ ; 
— (as rice), ts'ab ^ ; — (as 
clotbes), dju H"; k^ao ^° 

Pour, to — from an open vessel 
(as a pail, or pot), tao 'Q ; — 
out, tao'- c^ib ^J [fj ; — upon, 
tao-zong 19 J: ; — from a 
spout, sia |S°; '0 — tea, sia dzo' 
^^ :^ ; io — water into, from a 
spoiU, ts^ong-sbu ^HC', tsWg- 
dzo' ?l{i ^ ; <(' — in, sia'-tsing 
W si; ts^ong-tsing' ?»}» j| ; — 
mio one howl (tbe contents of 
two bowls), ping' ib-tsah' un ^ 



POU 



357 



PRA 



Pouting out the lips, cu'-p6 ky^iao- 

p6 tu-tien'-ky^i ; tu'-cii- bang'- 
sang. 
Poverty, in a state of extreme — , 
kying'-hwong gyiiong-gyih'-de 
^^^tm^yi^oes not fear 

— (wasteful tfec), gviiong feh p^o 

Powder, feng ^ ; medicinal — , 
yiah-feiig' ^ ij^ ; yiali-meh' J| 
-^'^gun — , ho'-yiah >^ ^ ; — 
for' the face, shu'-feng @° g" ; 
p'ob'-feng g° # j to ma/r<j — , 
song feng' ^ ^ ; mo feng' g 

Powder, ^o — (the face), tsong 
f<^"g' $)j: IS' 5 — (elsewhere), dzo 
^e»g' k # ; — ^^ithapyff, p^oli 
f^ng'^t 

Power, authority, gyiin-ping' ;^ 
^ ; gyUn-shii' :^ ^ ; migM^ (as 
that given by frio;.ds, money, 
&c.) , shu'-dao ^ jI^ ; shii'-fong 
^ Ji,; a/»/%, neng-ken' fg|^ ; 
dzae-neng' [iij" ^ ; strength, lih- 
liang' :;f/4;gying-dao'|j^Jf ; 

— (both mental, and physical), 
vu'-nyih-ts' % ^° -f °; m o/ie's 
— , lae siu-li' nyiah'-tong Jgj^^* 

Powerful, /^«i•w^^ ^eai authority, 
yiu do' gyun'-ping W:/^°;g#5 5 
having great strength, yiu do' 
gying-dao' W I/C'* lift JS 

Powerless, shu'-so-feh-neng' jj 



^^''tB;nb'-8d.feh.n€ng^:fy 

Pox, chicken shii' -dec yjC^i ^^^^^ 

— (natural), t'in-deo' 5c 5!a » 
t^in-hwo' 5C ?E » ''^ inoculate 
small — , cong deo-ts' IH^-f ; 
cong-hwo' m ^ ; 'o ^ai'e Z^e 
Sinall — , c4h t'in-deo' ^ Jf 
^ ; cfiVto (by inoculation), c'ih 
deo-ts' ffi ^ ^ 

Practicable, tso'-leh-lae-go ^ 

m'**i-°;hao'.tso-goJJfJi-«» 

Practice, tfsa^e, kwe-kyU' ^^g; 

— o/'a jp/ace, hyiang-fong' ^J 
K, ; fong-djoh' Mti&i^^ dittOy 
jih-ky^i' ^ ^ ; «'i injurious — , 
yiu-^ae'-go jih-ky^i' ;^ § >Jv° 

Practice, to jib ^ ; jih-lln' ^ 

^ ; ^oh-jih' ^°m ; - in order 

to be perfect, kyiu' lin s'-teh hao 

dzing-kong' X §M )& M 

Practiced hand, lao'-siu ^ ^ 

Praise to ts'ing-tssen'fg^; tssen'- 

He mm 

Praise, worthy of ing^-teh ts^ing- 

Prance, to t^iao g^ ; ts^on ^ 
Prawns, and shrimps, ho jg"; 

— dried, h6-ken' ^° |t ; ditto 
dried without shells, ho-jfii' !lg' 

Pray, to gyiu ^ ; tao'-kao j^ 
■^; — /or another, dae gyiu' f^ 
^ ; cun' gyiu f| ^ ; — for 
clear iveather^ gyiu zing' ^ [1^° 



PRA 



358 



?m 



PrAyer, tao'-kao j^ ^ ,* — for 
special mere f/, coh'-veng |^35C? ^^ 
make a — , tso tao'-kao f^jfij'^ 

Prayp:r-BOOK, a ih-perig tao^ 
kao-veng' — ^fC jl^]^; ; Bud- 
dhist — , kying-kyuu @ ^ j 
kying-ts'aen' jg g 

Preach, to — religion, kong dao'- 
li B«°|Iil;cljunkyiao'#fC; 
djUn dao' ^ JE 5 — ^^^^ Sacred 
Books, k6ng kying' U** 3^ 

Preacher, kong dao'-li-go nying 
B«'m5J't''A°;djunkyiao 

cu'-kwu i¥ fc i"' A° 
Precarious, yUn - shii' - dang - 
tsiang ii ^ g ^E 5 yiao-yiao'- 
peh-jih ^ jg;j|; 3f ; —footing, 
dah'-tih feh--?^eng'-t6ng J'^ 0^ 
^ il »t'' 
Precaution, to take yU-sir/ bong- 

be fl ^ ES « 

Precede, you will — (us) , Dg' 
sinkyY f;);'':^^''; ng' dzm 

Precedence, one ivho takes — 
in age, zin-ixi' -gj" ^ ; zin-paen'- 
Pe U° HE g ; tsiang'-pe g^ 

Precedent, pi'-kyin fg ^; 
57/-ofe a5 a — , ying'-la3 tso lao-li' 
51 ^ M^ {aj; to establish a 
— , tso' ih-go pi'-kyin ^ — 

Preceding month, or month — 
//«"5, keb'-yuih ts-zin' J|°^ j^ 
•jj°5 </j€ — verse, zong-deo' ih- 
tsib' ± FK — UJ 



Precept, feng-fu' II^' pfl ; kwe^ 
Precious, pao'-po ^ ^ ; kwe'- 

tb'o»g :fi: S ; hyi-gyj' # ^ ; 

— stones, pao'-zah ^ ^°; «*^ «s 
verij — to me, z ngo ting' pao'- 

pe-go ^ 13^ H ^ K ^'; 2! 



ncro' ting kwe'-djong-go ^ 



« 



II ft fi 1^°; z ^^go ting' hyi- 

gyi'-g<>:g?$ 11*^1"' 
Precipice, sren-ngaen' j[j ^; 

ts'lao'-pih |I|^' ^ (veng.) ; stand- 
ing on the hniik of a — , lil/-lse 
saeu'-ngaen pin-yin' jjr 7^''^ ^ 

Precise, exact, ting'-cing fj ^ ; 

accurate, ts^ib'-jib ^ ^ ; mi- 

nutelji careful, ts'-si ffjH 
Precisely, exactly, feng-ngaen'- 

feng.sbing'^|g°:g^t|;kW- 

k^eo PIf Pir 
Preclude, to — om from doing, 

long'-leb gyi zong-siu'-feh-lae' 

necessity for that is preclwled, keh' 
Uiz-t^', ts'-djii.deJl:^f°:^fi 

Precocious, the — chid is hard 
to rear {i e. may die early), siao- 
nving' t'eb ling', rueii yiang'-go 

Predecessor in office, zin-zing 
^° 1^ . — on the throne, zin- 
deo' wong-zong' 3fe° J^^J ^^^ic^^ 
is better, the present officer or his 
— ? wa z yin-zing' kwnn bao/ 



PBEI 



359 



PRE 



zin-zing kwun' bao' ^^ ^ Jg 

Predestinate, to ding-su' ^ 
tt ; dzin-ding' "gj J£ 

Predicament, in a bad zi W- 
n S°^ J?;gyingeo p^ong- 
djoh ts^ng-ko'-kong M ^ ^" 
^•^^'Sjfeh-seh'-deo^ 

Predict, to yii-sin' kong^^ gg** 
Prediction, yli-sin' shih-w6' fg 

^ ^ ffi ; yii yi^' fl "i" (^eng.) 
Predominant, ziang yin gyiiu' 
ts6ng'-tih ka in° ^' ffl° — " 
J^"; — desire, deo-ih'-go sing- 
nyur/ BI — ^" £> g 
Pre-eminent, cHh-cong' |ijj^; 
c^ih-kah' {ij |^ ; ts*iao-c4h-U- 

co«g' ® III JSf^ ^ 
Pre-eminently beautiful, c^ih - 
cong'-go hao'-k'en ^J ^ ^J^" 

Preface, ju-veng' J^ % ; siao^ 
ying >J, §1 

Prefect of a department, cii-fu' 
^ jj^ ; do-fa'. 

Prefecture, ih-fu' ^ }^ 

Prefer, to — (in choice), neng'- 
k^o or nying'-k'o ^° pf; rather, 
neng'-s ^^ 'gg ; — in rank, k6 
p^ing'-kyih *0° p^ =K; — ?Vi 
#ce, sing-z6ng'-ky^i (^ J: -i"; 
— (or set one above another), 
t^e-tseng jg j|: 

Prefigure, to yu-sin' piW-ming 



Prefix, to W Ise z6ng-deo' Jn* 

Pregnant, song-si ng'mp; yia- 
sing' W jjg'; yin-yuing' ;g^°; 
yiu-tV W J5&; do-du^ ;^° Jit 

Prejudge, to yii'-sin ton' fg ^ 
^ ; io JZa?ne severely beforehand^ 
sin pH-siah' ^ ^ flj 

Prejudice, p^in-kyii/ f^ ^ ; 
jfo Imrbor — , dzeng p^in-kyin' 1^ 
i^ M » '^^i^^i'^Q io lelieve only one 
side, t'ing' taen-mii/-ts-yin ^ 

Prejudicial, injurious, we-V- 

go ^ » -t' 

Premature, ^zme wo< arrived, z- 
'eo' wa feh-tao' J^ ^ jf ^ 
a^lj ; too early, t^eh' tsao ^fc" ^ 

Premeditate, to hyiioh-i' ^ 
^; hyuoh'-i iao ^^e' ^ %^ 
H; cu-sing iao 'se ^'^ >2»g ^ 

Premeditated injziry, y'm'-i meo- 
'«' W S IK S^ ; ■- murder, 
dzeng-sing' meo-sah' jjjj i\j ^ 
^ ; hyuoh'-i sah-nying' ^ ^ 

IS A' 

Premium (generally from an of- 
ficer), song'-kah ^f^: to give a 
reicard, song tong-si' K ^ |5 

Premonition, ^a<? notice, r'-fong 
t'ing-meng-ko-de Ji. r^iiT; 
fong'-sing kwah'- djoh-ko-de ^ 

Preoccupied vnnd, sing'-Ise bih' 
u-sei/ >& ^° M^""'^ sing' feng- 

k v-de ii^, ^mT 



PRE 



360 



PRE 



Prepare, to be-KW ffi D| ; — 
beforehand, yu-be' f^ f^ ; — 
without fail, ih'^-cing be-baei/ — • 
JS ffi if ; — agaimt, bong-be' 
Kf H 5 — /^^ emerffency, yi'-be 
vvW-kyih^ff ® t^;be-r'- 
peh-yuong ff |fg;;f; ^ ; _ /ooc? 
(rice), long viei/ ^ |g 

Prepared, a// — (or ready), be- 
zi'-de ft ®^ T° ; l^e-bao'-de ff 

Prepossessing, we teh nying' 

hwiin.hyrgot°t§A°icS 
Preposterous, ky^i-yiu'-tsMi 

Prerogative, z-cii'-ts-gyiin' g 
i ;5: il ; '^^i/ — » ngo-go veng- 
iie'-ts-z' m ^^ ^^±m 

Presbyterian chwch, tsiang'- 
lao kong'-we S ^ S* '^ 

Presbytery, lao'-we ^ '^ 

Prescribe, ifo — (in medicine), 
k^ae fong-ts' ^ ;5r "f 5 — ^^^^^^^ 
sliih'-lih kwe-tseh' g^^jL S glj 

Prescription, medical yiah-fong' 

^:;5r; fong-ts' :jr:f 

Presence, m ^/^e — of, lae tong- 
min'.zin;g[°f'^-JJ°;l^min- 

^"* -ffi** ffi BiJ**; -^/'^"^ «« /«*s 

--, te'-min-kong' fjf |g Ig"; 
in — of all, ssen-kyin'-loh-ming' 

^ -M, /x ffij ^ — ^/ ^^"W^5 
yiuling-kyi';;fa^; seI/-deo 

t«^i"g a" l§i° 'K"; sins' feh 
hwong' iiJ ^ {^ 



Present, Aerc, ;jJ°j k-e-tong' jjj** 
J«:°;-^i/'^, kying'-si 4*-^''; 
kying-seng' -^^ ; — comforts, 
ngW-ziD hao-c^u' 0^-05°*? ;S ; 

— dynasty, peng'-dziao ^ ^ ; 

— emperor, tong'-kying w6ng-ti' 

^ ; naoh-yiio' or moh-'o' g f ; 
ng3ei/-zin g^" U^ 

Presents, li'-veh || i^ ; jing- 
dzing' A *Iw 5 — of congratula- 
tion, 'o-li' ^ f jf ; — Ton visiting 
a superior), ts'-kyin-li' j^ ^°5 
— given to employees, usually at 
the three festivals, bwo-^ong' ;^ 
^ ; a srmall present to those one 
visits, seb'-b\v6 ^ :Jg 

Present, to — (as a gift), song, 
jg ; vong-song' ^ g ; — (to a 
superior), vong'-hyin ^ ffj ; — 
(to one going on a journey), 
gwe'-song f^ j|C ; — at court, 
ying'-kyin 51 S » — " document 
to the emperor, zongpeng' J^ '^ 

Presently, coming ziu lae' ^° 
^; m6-z6]ig' ziu W ^±W^ 

Presentiment, (and also a sign), 
ts^eng'-z pH ^ ; to believe in a 
— , siang-sing'ts'eng'-z ft fg 

Preserve, to keep from harm., pao'- 
w" fS 11' pao'-djun ff^ ^ 
pao'-yiu %^ ; to -bwo |p°M° 
(tbe last two refer only to God); 

— from decay, s'-teb feb wse' 



PRE 



361 



Z 



PRE 



Preserved, fruits — in sugar, 

dong-W H ^ ; fniits — in 
lioney, mih-tsii/ ^'^; — (jinger^ 
tsiang'-kyiaiig ^ ^ 

Preside, to — over, kyin-ling' ^ 
ES (^eng.) 

President, ^/w Amcf, siu'-z "^ 
!^ ; — 0/ a college, yiin-tsiang' 
^^ ; — of one of the six Boards, 
zdng-shii'-j^ ^ ; — of a republic, 
6*1 u' -ling -g* gj; tsing'-siu-Ung' 
IE 1^ M J ^^^^ — 5 fa'-siu-ling' 

SI] tf M 

Press, machine for squeezing wine, 
tso'-zong ;R|J^''; — , tsiu'-lso }g 
i^ ; clothes^ closet, i-dju' ^ ;j:g ; 
printing — , ing'-shii ko'-ts fp 

Press, <o wr^e, ngang-ky^Ui/ ^^ 
m ; — (another) /(w^yarf?, pih'- 
leh kying' S g° H ; ts'e'-Ieh 
kyib' (Sf|"g:;— i>i^«, ky^ing'- 

' loh-ky'i ^^ '^ ^ °; — cfow;^ w;iV/i 
a weight, ah'-Ioh-ky^i ^°-^^ °,- 

— to the front, a-zong-zin^ ^° 
± "t";-^'Us6yiu';fgJ^; 

— , or push against the door, t'e 
meng |^ f^ ',—one to eat, iaiig 
nying ky^uoli' ;g° ;g° f*'' A° 
P^^j ^^"g nying-k^ah'; — to take 
ivim, iaug tsiu' gt° fg ^'^ f|" 

Pressed m 5/?{n7, dziah-kyih' ^ 
^ ; — for money, siu'-deo kyih- 

tyii' ? H S JS 

Pressing affairs, kyibUs'ih z-t'i' 
S -W ^ Si ; ^^ IS ?>» — rieed. 



gyi-go dzing' ly^ih'-tih-de I^^j"*' 

* i: T°/ 
Presume, /-/- 50, ngo kwu' las z 

ka'?8fe3f:Sin''jir;t8iao 
ng6kWz-kl'fia-^J^g^^Jl<' 
;||°; ngo bong-bong' z-ka'^gg-'' 
l55f7^^D°jB:°;^''^r.,keng(; 
— o?i one's strength to injure, or cfe- 
mand, tang-po'-shu Jj^^;-— 
ow Okie's strength (in being wilful), 
i'- z gyiang-wang' -g^ fj 5£ tf 
Presumptuous, mong-bah'-go 
ffiS'-r^-tcW-tsdo'yia'-kyq 
i5fi-?;^° if" ^; — m ^/mj^w^ 
owe ivilling (when he may not 
be), ih'-siang dzing-nyiin'— ;fg 

If >i^ 

Pretend, to — ^ J<?, tsong ^ ; 
tsong-ko' ^ fg°; psen f^ ; J 
M^zVA crqA tso f^ ; — to be a 
doctor, tsong i-sang' g ^^ |gtl°; 
— to Je sick, tsong bing' ^ ^*; 
— to Je willing, or — wy^ to zt?a?ii, 
tsong-ky^iang ^J§ ; to a%e a 
reason which is false, but which has 
a shadow of tmth, tsia'-ing fg° 
@; to W5e another's name falsely, 
tsia ming-deo' ff '^ :g |ig ; __ 
^^ati anotlier is at fault, t^e-i^e' 
J^ g| ; t'e-t^oh' lae bih'-nying 
sing-z6ng'3tJg^^gIJA''j|. 
J2 ; to pass of the false for the 
trm, mao-c'ong' g j|g 

Preternatural, (as a cat or 
fox changing into a person &c.), 
tsing-kwa' J| <g° 



PRE 



362 



PBI 



Pretext, to rely upon a false — , 
zise-kwu' ^ ]K°; to use a false 
— , ziffi-kW Jl P 

Pretty, Imo-k^en' fj- J ; teb- 
nying'-sih ^j^ A" '!§ 5 ^"^^i/ — j 
ts^iaof^^;ts^iao-li'ff^^K; me'- 
^ao H la ; piaocu' f^ ^ 5 
(these four are only used of per- 
sons); — (as colors), sin ming' ^ 
0^ ; tolerably — , p^o' hao'-k'en 

® if ^5 ^^^^ — yo^ ^^'^ ' 

(ironical), ng dza hao yiang- 

Pretty, tolerably, p^o ^ (not in 
common use) ; — ivell p'o' song'- 
kw^a g |)^ '^°; — well to do, 
k'o' ko nyih-ts' pT i§ °-? ; — 
near, p'o'-gying g J£ 

Prevail, ^o conquer, teh-sing' ^ 
Jl^ ; per/iaps will — , ying-min^ 
]^ "^ ; / could not — on him to 
go, ngo' ky^iin-gyi-feh-cUn', z-feb 
k'eng ky'i' fj 85 ^ ^ H -g 

Prevalent, kwong'-^ang-go ^ 

?T°^''it'ong-'»ng'-go3iff'' 
^°; Ma^ 2S a — belief, keh'-go 

dao'-li kw6ng'-^ang-liao-go ^^ 

disease is — now? yin-dzje' yiu 
sob'-go tsing^-'eo Jl ;jj W S 
J3|° 3£ -il *? Golds are very — , 
song-fong' da-li ting-t^o fj J^ 
i,°M''M$^ song-fong' kwong 

PBEVARiCATE,to k6ng'-leh feng- 



(l£ ; kong'-leb pun'-tsing pun- 
Prevarication, ts'ilZ-gse-pah'- 

g«shib-w6^a^Aa?|9:IS; 

to say IV hat in heart is not ie-Ztev- 
ccf, kW-z-sing-fi' P:g>5^f; 

Prevent, to tsu |J£ ; Isen-tsu' ^ 
Pl;laen-djU'Jifi;zih.dju'ii 
-fj^; tsu'-dju |5§.f^; these are all 
used with feh, thus ; — him from 
coming, tsu'-gyi-feh-lae H. S ^ 
^, (this also means, cannot pre- 
vent him); min'-teh gyi Ise' ^ 
ti' Jt^ > — trouble afterivards, 
mill W-wsen ^ ^ ,J.; — sleep 
(as strong tea), su-sing kW- 
c'ong i§ ^ Bf-g**; —his teVing 
(by giving him something, &c.), 
en gyi cU'-p6 pi JS S !S £ 
Pg;sehgyicu'.p6^S^E 

Previous, sin 3fe ; zin -U*; ^Ae 

— day, sin'-ih-nyih 5fe ""* B "> 
zin'-ib-nyib '§5°— B °; ^^^ — 
wjoni/i, zin-ko'-yiiih "Jil" f®" ^ ' 
071 a — occasion, zin-deo' ih-we 

«f° M - 

Previously, yU-sin' JS 5fe 5 yu- 

Isao' fg ^ ; bong-tsao' gjj J^ 

Price, kV-din ff ° ^°; w«r/^< 

— , ^6ng-dzing' J^ '[f ; z-ko' 
fl# fH**; ^^ ^^^ '^ — ' ^o'-din 
tsiang'-zong ^^ ^ W i. 5 ^^ 
fall in — , ko'-din tih'-loh jg" 
M°S^^^ ; what is the—f to siao' 
ko'-din ^ iJ^fi'M""? %A — » 



PRI 



363 



PRI 



i-i 



ko'-din do' f^ ^'^ ;^''', ko'-din 

fS ^ iS (seldom used); / can- 
not qford that — , ka ko'-din ngo 
c'ih'-feh-lcy'i iD°jJb°«°M° 

PmCELESS treasure, vii-ko'-ts-pao 

Prick, to c^ob fg ; — like a 
needle, ziang tsiiig c^)li' ka f^ 

1^"P fa 5 ^^ — ^^T' ^'^'^ ^^'''-'' ^^o'- 

t6ju'-ky'i-Iaei:°^M^^ 

Prickles, ts^ JJ;/<fiw— (orrongl 

ness), ts^'-c^oli ling-tiiig ^ |§ 

^T;>Z/o/*-,jing-zts^'|| 

^fj; ts^'-kyih kao f) i^ ^° 

Prickly //ra/, fi'-ts ^ -f 

Pride, kyiao'-ngao ^^ ^ ; _ 

(usually proper), sing-kao' kyM- 

ng''^"' i\J iS ^ fj^ ; ^"'''^^^ — ^''^ 
(atiytbing proper), tsang ih k^eo 

Priest, Buddhist ^)-z6ng' fn 'jj^ ; 
veli-meng' di'-ts fi P^ ^ ■? ; 
head ditto, fong-dziang' -jj ^ ; 
fah'-s f^ gij ; Taoist — , dao'-z 
jt^ "it ? -^""^^ — 5 na'-mo-seng' 
W P* ft 5 ^tiucratinij — (bad), 
yia-fong-seng' Jg jj'ff'; Crt^/jo/ic 
— 5 jiDg-vu' jjil^ ^; Je^OT•6/^ — , 
ts"/-s ^ g[ ; Jlfahomc'tan — , lao'- 
s-vu pg 0i :^ ; — (witb long 
bair, and band on tbe bead), 
deo-do' ^f p£ ; chief — , tsi'-s- 
deo ^ 3 ^f ; %/^ — , tsi'- 
s-tsiang' ^ "^ g ; /o ^<>co»2<? 



a Buddhist — , c^ih-ko' ^} §$" 

Priestess, Buddhist nyi-kwu'^ 
f^ ; rao/5< — , s-kwu' f^ JJ 

Priesthood, Buddhist slb'-k6 ^ 
ge°;seng-k6'ft^'';7W.V-, 
dao'-ko Jt m'' 

Friestly gai^meiif, (Buddhist), ko- 
s6' ^ ^ ; 7'«o/i^i (Z/^^o, dao'- 
bao it :f^ 

Prime, >-s/, di-ih' J^ — ; — im- 
portance, di-ih' iao'-kying ^ — • 
S M? excellent, ting'-bao ]J[ 
Jf ; gyih-miao' ;g^j; ; gyih-me' 
^ ^ ; just in their — , (whe- 
ther persons, or fruits), tsing'- 
tong-shu jE ^ }^Y\ — cost, 
nyiin-ko' i^ f^°; — minister, 
siu'-siang "g* ;fg 

Primer, Ningpo Nying-po' Is^i- 
'oh' ^ Jg fj i^°; Tiimetrical 
— , Ssen-z kying' H ^ S ? — 
of Juvenile verse, Jing-dong-s' 
f>»f ^K Ilf5 — 1^ Hundred iwmes, 
Pab'-kyUo-sing IS"* M"" f^. 

Primitive times, tW-kwu z-^eo' 

Primogeniture, possession by — , 
tsiang'-ts-go ts^3ei/-nyib ^ -5" 

Prince, sovereign kyiiing-wong' 
^ i \P^^if^Ges in general, wong- 
yia' ^ ^°; /cm^/'s so;i5, t^a'-ts 
^° :f ; sbu'-ts ^ -^f ; i/^e one 
appointed to be heir apparent, lih'- 
go t^a'-ts ±Y-k"^' ; -of i^'^ 
blood, ts^ing-woiig' ^ J ; o</ier 



PRI 



3fi4 



PRI 



primes, gyiiing'-wong fP ^ 
Princess, king''s daughter, kong- 
^^' ^ii ^ing^s sister, or daugh- 
ter, gyuing'- cu J]^ ^ 
Principal, deo gg ; cU ^ ; — 
importance, deo-ih' iao'-kying gg 

g ; nyun-p'e' 7c IE'* ts'i g ; 
capital in trade, peng'-din 7J^ ^^ 

Principally, da-tu' ;f(;^ ; da- 
■•at' ;^ i^ 

Principle of order, li 5|| ; — 
which arranges rnatter, li'-kyU 3|| 
^ ; i^e <f?^a/ — in nature, ing |^ 
and yiang ^ ; f?i&or/2 — , t'ln- 
sing' 5c 'ftj ^ universal — , c^u- 
c^u )h-yiang'-go li ^ ^ ^ ||| 
f@ ^ ; T'in-'6', tsih' yiu ih-li' 
5^ 1^ 5\ '^^ ^* S r fundament- 
al — , deo-ih'-zeng-go dao'-li 5^ 

Print, to ing fp; — frmnhloclcs, 
yuong moh-p?en' ing' ^ TfC j:^ 
fP ; — with type, yiiong k^sen-z- 
paen ing' ffl |& i? tR f P 

Print, impression, 'eiig-tsib' ^ 
IJ; ; ying-tsih' ^ ftj;;./b.«— , 
kyiah'-tsih fijljf^ ; — 'Z a ^a/icf, 
siu'-tsih ^ ^ ; to ma/^e the — 
of one's hand in token of divorce, 
tang siu'-ing JJ ^ fp ; i//«^ 
hooh is out of — , keli' ih-bn shii' 

calico, ing'-hwo yiang-pu' pp '^ 

Printed, ing'-c'ib-liao PPffiTj 



— pictures, ing'-go du' Ep'-^^^H 

Printer, ing'-sbii-go nying' fp 

m^° K°; i"g'-slms-vu' fIJ 

Printing-ink, ing'-sbU-mob' fp 

mm 

Printing-office, ing'-sbu-vong^ 
PP • S *' ing -sbu-kwun' fp 

Printing-press, ing'-sbii-ko'pp 

Prison, lao-kseu' 5^ g^; k?en- 
lao'^° 5^ (ib-go); to Je in — 
three years, zo ssen nyin' lao-ksen' 
^""E^^^""; put him in-, 
ky'ib'-gyi-lob lao-kjeu'-li ^ ^ 

-,dao.c%-k.W5§ [iig^ 

Prisoner, kaen'-li vsen'-nying fj° 

S ^B A**; — 0/ imr, web- 

gying'-go nying fg^° i^° A° 

Private, opposed to public, s ^^ 

— business, s-z' ^^ ^ ; — /a?2ff, 
s-kyi' din ^Ji Q ; «ecrei!, s-'o' 
^i; f ° ; — place, en'-djong u- 
sen' Pg ^ ji** ^°; lang'- 
kob-lob-deo' l^° ;^*''^ 51;: 

— room, mib-sbib' ^ ^ ; mib- 
feb-dong-fong vong' ^ Ifi JI* 
a 5:° :g ; —families, lob-ko' 
ii° ^°; / Aave a i^orc/ to saj/ to- 
you in — , ng6 yiu ib-kyii sbih- 
vvo' iao teng ng s-'o kong' ^W 

Privilege, benefit, bao-cHi' ;Jf 
j^ ; favor bestowed by a superior, 



PR£ 



365 



PRO 



eng-we ,g, ^, ; song -s ^ ^ ; 
peculiar — , kah'-iiga bao-c'ii' 

ts' peh-teh' HE ;S ^ S » ^^^ 
fer privileges upon him, song'- 
s gyi K ^ ji ; depive of a 
— , ih-ts6ng me'-z siu-tsing' — 

Peivy to, or blowing, siang-t^)ng' 
tt5i;zihyiao'-teh g**^© 

Privy, mao-k^ang' ^ JjJ;°; k'ang- 
ts'jr lF;zali.zao^ 5° ?f "; 
to go to the — , ka-siu ky'i' ^'* 
^i°;c'ih-kong'ky'iajS 

Privy cowwil, ky^ii-mih-yiii/ fl| 

Prize, s6ng'-go tong-si' ^^°^ 
"l^^ ; — ^i'yew by the emperor, or 
5^ an officer, tsiang'-song 3^ ^ 

Prize, to k^en'-leb djong' MW 
1: ; kwe'-djong ;(; g; hyi-gyi' 
^ ^ 5 -^ — («0' "g^ tlziah- 
djoHg'-go S ^ S >h° 

Probable, liang-pih' |5(>^> ; iah'- 
d^''g $& S ; jili'-yiu-kyii/ + 
W :fL ; «^^ — » f-^h kyin'-tch ^ 
1. 1# ; ^5-pil/ ^ >JJ 

Probation, time of s'-t^en z-^eo' 

a g a* ^ 

Probe, to — with a needle, tang- 
tsing' teo-ti' iym9i}^>- 
the heart, ziang tsing' c^oh sing' 

fs m m z- 

PuOBOSOis, elqilmnt's ziang'-bili 



Proceed, to go forward, z6ng-zin' 
ky'i ±-bJ°*°; — from the 
nv&uth, dzong k'co' c^ili-lae' ^ 
Pffi^;«^ih'.UkWli' [fjJ5^ 
P^ ; whence does it — ? dzong 
^ah-K' c^ih-1*' ^U'^m tii^ 

Procession, idoLitrous we '^ ; 
to have a — , nymg we' j^ 
f[ ; ^ang we' fj° ^ ; nying- 
jing sae-we' SB |lj ^ # ; ^o 
contribute toward a — , c^ih-wo/ 
ffi ^ \ funeral — , song-song'- 
go-nying ^g % >[-« A** 

Proclaim, to djun-yiang jg ^ ; 

— abroad, djiin-yiang'-k^je'-ky'i 

— hy writing, or engraving, pu'- 
kao ;flj -g. 

Proclamation, official kao'-z -^ 

jj^ ; to issue a — , c^ih kao'-z Jjj 

"^ 5J>» 5 impeiial — , wong-pong' 

^W » (written) — of war, tsin'- 

* sliu ig ^ 

Procrastinate, to t^ah'-t'ah- 
wu ; — from day to day, ih- 
nyih' ngaih-nyih' ^ WM 

— 0°; — beyond the time, ngwu 
z-^eo' IK B# fl 

Procure, ^o y^Twi, zing-djol/ ^ 
^°; — forive, bsen'-lae peh ngd' 

if ^ ^° 3S ; «o o^to^'>^ tell' 
tao-siii' |§ fij ^ ; — for me, 
b^a'-lae peb ngo' g(| ^ ^^« ^ 
Procured, cannot be zing feb- 
tao'-siu-go^^^PJ$>iv<'; teV 
feb-tao-siu'.go Hf, glj $ i^' 



PRO 



366 



PRO 



Peodigal, n. ba-ts' ^^ ^ ; 
16ng-d6ng'-ts Jg -^ 

Peodigal, to use in a — wai/, long- 
yuoiig' f^ ^ ; p^eh-t^ong' p'eb- 
6huyuong'ftf|-?i5^''ffl;- 
eccpenditure, 16ng'-fi f^ ^ ; — 
living, vSng'-ky^Uohvong-yuong 

PnODIGIOUS in size, gyi-yiang' do 
m° m :/c°; vv6-feli-l^' do fj 
#/ ^ ::^°5 ^ quantiti/, ' c^'iW- 
kah to' {ij ;^ ^ 
Prodigy, kwa'-z 'g° :$: 
Produce, io sang-cUh'-lce ^° {ij 
^ ; clouds — rain, yiiing' sang 

Product in multiplication, gong'- 
dzing dh ^ 

Productions, c'ih'-ts^cen [IJ ^ ; 
wai/ye — , t^ii'-ts^aen j^ ^ 

Productive, we sang' 'g' ^'*; 
sang-leh to' ^° f#° ^ 

Profane, io Uoj^i^henu, siL'-doli 
|§ ^ ; ^0 w,se lightly, ky^ing-yi' 
yiiong |2 J^ ^ ; to treat with 
disrespect, ky^ng-ma^i/ J^ j^ ; 
to pollute, tsao-t'ah' Jf I® ; tu 
violate God's name, vaen'-djoh 
Jing-ming'-go ming-deo' ^^ ^^ 

Profess, to con/ess, jing " |g ; 
tsiao-jing' fg |g ; — openlj/, 
ming-ming' tsiao-jing' B^ 0^ 
tS p^' *5 ~ ~ ^^ thing and mean 
another, k^eo' feh te sing' p ^ 



Profession, «//e literary veng- 
mali'-c()ng';5[§t:|:t^°; s-yeng- 
Pe ^ ^ Ji ° $5 ^^-'^ "ift^ica^ — , 
i-k6' m t^^ 

Professor of Astronomy, kaot^in- 
veng' sin-sang' |i°^35;5fe^° 

Proffer him a fan, sin'-ts song' 
gyi yiiong'-ili-yuong' S •? jI 

Profile, to draw a sia tseli'-min 

Profit, ^am, li-sih' fij,!, ; c'ih'- 
sili {ij ,g, ; c^ili'- liwo ; dza3n'- 
deo ^ 0^ ; <o receive advantage, 
teh''-djoirbin-i';f|:^-''f^a''; 
benefit, ilj'-c^u g ^' ; li-ili' M 
g ; receive benefit, teb ih' ||: ^ 

Profitless, vu-ib' ^j ^ ; ^ 
ib'-c^u 3»ff.°g^; bab-bab' tso 

Profligate, vu-so'-peb-we ^ 
^Jf ^ ^^ ky^ing-kweb'-deo $1 
>f BM;m-kweb'-ky^i^;''>tiC 

Profound, deep, sing ^ ; — and 
mysterious, sing-ao' g^ ^ 

Profuse ni thanks, zia-feb-liyib'- 
go zia i}° 16 1^ >h W; t«^in- 
ko'-va^n zia' ^ gf ^ it°; - 
in promises, mun'-k'eo ing-dzing'^ 

ii Pii ^ 

Progenitor, bb-da;' tsu'-tsong 

Progeny, descendants, ts'-seng -^j 
?i?, > offspring of num, or animal^ 
cong ff ; iang |ft 

Prognostic, ziao-dco' <|K 



PRO 



367 



PRO 



Prognosticate, to — % three 

cash, ky'i-k'o' jg g|^ ; poL-k^o' 

h fpR ; ~" ^'^ Icmiboo slips, gyiii- 

ts4n' ^ jg ; tsMii-ts^ii' :ja IS 

Progress, to — in travel, ken-lu' 

J5 f§; ^'^^^'j or ^'i s^«cf^, zong- 

^i"' ± ■ml'' 

Progressing, iwi m'-neh ken-lu 
' a° ^° ^ 1?^ ; tseo' fell zong- 
ziii' i^^Ji'hJ"; — « little evei-y 
day, ih-nyih' hao' ih-nyili •— 
0°^? -- 0°; — toward the 
end, tsiang iuo' dzing-kong'-de 

Jif S JiS J!r T° 

Prohibit, ^o kying g; kying'- 
ts^jt; kying'-dju^ft; — 
opium mwking, kying ky'iioh' 
a-pW ^P^ir>J^;-^«m- 
hling, kying tiZ-poh *^ f|§ -fg 

Prohibited, lih-li' kying'-liao f J 
W^ 7^ itnctly—, nyin- 
kying'-liao M ^ 7° 

Project, /jc /<«5 ?ww?/ pi-ojects, 
gyi meo-vve' hyii'-lo z-t^i' ^^ 
M t^ ^ ^ m-, gyi weh- 
ts'ah' liyu'-to z-tr jt ^ ^ 
11^ 5 ^ H ; '^ en^(/^e in a 
vinonary — , bu'-fong tsob-ing' 
iimi£f^;k^otong-fong'JJ° 

Project, to jut out, deh-cUh' (^i 

Projectile force, tiu ky'i'-go 
slm'-lib S i "i^" #3^ ; f?e«o 
(from cannon), hong'-c^ih-lae-go 



I Prolix m discourse, wo-deo' l^eli 

i dziang' fs uM i:" :g 

Prolong, ^o kO-to' jj^i"" ^ i ko- 
dziang' ihl" ^^ ; — « s^ff^, to 
i deng'-deng ^ ft" ^^ 1]$° 
Prominence, i-aised place, kao- 

i Prominent men, kao-tsiah'- go 

I nying J:'' ^^ ^^ A^ 

! Promiscuous, zeh-loa J^" g[ ; 

kah'-dzeh ^° $j|; zel/- kah- 

leng'-teng >i° ^° ^ ^ ; zeh- 

tsW-zeh-pal/^^'^^VV;- 
Zoi of things, zeh-gyin' ^° f(: 
Promise, ^o ing-hyii' ]^|^; ing- 

t^zi"s'liS;i"g-y^ing'ii:f[:; 

<o break one's — , shib-sing' ^ 
ff ; sbib-iab' ^ jJ4 ; zib-yin' ;^ 
g" ; — cant be depended upon, 
ing-byii' feb-tsoh'-cing ^ f^ 
^ f^ ip ; ing-dzing' feb-son- 

su' It ^ f. » ii: 

Promising, yiu ts'-vOng ^/ Jg-Jg 
Promontory, bic'- saen-deo ^ 

Ol m 

I Promote, to — t/ie increase, or aJ- 
vancement of, s'-teb hying'-ky*i- 
Ije ffi^iJig ^ ; — trade, dzii 
sang-i' bying-wOng' ^^°MM 
^5 U mipg' bying-li'J^L^® ^Ij; 
— learning, cing'-cob veng-fong' 

ig f^ 3K H 5 — '^ ^^^^^ ^^"s- 
tsili' ^ 5i ; —one in office, ko- 
kyil^'ifP°S^;sing-kwnn'|JiJ'gp 
Prompt, <o di |g; — o/ie reaVm^, 
cj-c, di shu' Jl ^ ; — wie, di- 



PEO 



368 



PEO 



ngo-deo' ; — him to action, cli- 

sing' gyi t>S SI « 
Prompt answer, ze-k'eo' ing Ijg 
P ^5 — ^^ o^t-fZeVw^, ao'-ao ing' 

nr"pr?i 

Prompter in matters of etiquette, 
ho $g» 

Promptly, at the time, cing'-ding 
z-^eo' ip ^ Il# H ; quic%, sob 
ji; kw^a'-soh '|^°5i 

Promulgate, or Promulge, 
djun-kV -(l^gg; djun-yiaiig' 
iili; po-yiang' If Ji; - 
ewry tr/jere through the world. 

djun pin'-t^-'o' i:M5cT° 

Prone, heart — to evil, sing' 

byiang'-djoh oh' ,jj |^ ^° ^, 

Pronounce, io k6iig'-c'ib-lsegg° 

{]j ^ ; distinctlij — , kong 

Pronunciation, kW-ing p 
•g ; kV^o'-ts^ P •gf'*; — had, or 
indistinct, k'eo'-iiig feb-ts'ing' 
P t * fra ; ^^'<^^>'-irig ^^^li-^vu- 
dao' P W ^D" ^ fig i&i 

Proof, bing-kyu j§ ^ ; tsib'- 
tsiao ^ fl9 ', positive — , tsiiig'- 
ky^i SE^ 5 — («f crime), tsong- 
<sing' ®l IE ? no—, m-bing' 
M-kyu' ||i^° ?i ^^ ^ ; ?-eZ/ai/e 
— , ky^ dob '-jib-go bing'-kyii ^ 
a'1^''?iffl; Jil^bmg' jib'- 

kyu W ?i R S ; '"'^^''^ — ^'«^^ 

?/ow? yiu sob'-go bing-kyii' \x 
ng'-go siu'-b ;^ a'* JS° 1 ^ 
^° f/j;° ^ g ? ^0 /;2<^ ^0 the — , 



; ^'-ingfr"? 



s'-lia ^ 1^ ; — against water, 
fire, ^c, ziang t^b-dong-kwu' 

yiaiig-ts' ^^ -^ ; ifo correct — , 
kyiao-te sbii' ^^ ^j" § ; kae sbii' 

Prop, cU'-bong ^ |^°; ts^ang'- 
boiig 5^ 5^^° ; — o/ ^Ae family, 
ko'-li-go tong'-liang g-° ^°-^'' 

mm 

Prop, io cU g ; is^ang J^ ; tsin ' 

Propagate, to djun 

— religion, djiin-kyiao' -j^. ^ 

Proper, tsoh'-bying f^ M ; i^^^- 
^w/7, ^eb-li' >^ ^; siang-nyi' 
Hag; tsiao kwe-kyu' J|a jg 
Jg ; ing-kje'-go |g ^ i^° 

Properties, sing'-tsib j^ ^ 

Property, (bouses, binds, and 
goods), k6-kyi' ^ If ; uncer- 
tain — (as boats, bridges, &c.), 
veo-ts^agn' J^ ^ ; latided — , 
jib-nyib' ^ H 

Prophecy, yii-sin' sbib-w6' J^ 

(veng.) 
Prophet, sin-cU - nying' 5fe ^ 
A"; kong-yu-yin'-go B}|° f| 

Prophetess, nyii' -siu'-cU ;^ %, 

Prophetic dream, mong-ziao' 

Prophesy, to kong vi-loe'-go z 



PRO 



3(59 



PRO 



without divining, vi-poh' siiZ-cli 

Propitiate, to sib-mi' dzing- 
kwe'o-hao'J, ]gf)f5gf fti(f 

PROPITIATOKY sacrijice, joh-ze'- 
go tsi'-veb la P >^° ^ !|^ 

Propitious loindsy jing fong' Jj^ 

m 

Proportion, m siang-mg';fg|g; 

siang-ts^ing' ;fg ^ ; in good 
— , deo-mi' siang-ing' BIjl**ft 
]f ; </iemZe(7/— piMi Jrtfi) 
Propose, ^o — awe's ideas, kong'- 
c^ihpeng'-i =|''|i};$:^;;_-« 
;7Za;i, kong'-c^ib fah'-ts lie B|° 
ffifi?^; do you — to go to. 
day? ng' siang kying-tsiao' ky V 

Proposition, ming ^, pro- 
perly, sometbing appointed, but 
by politeness, can be used bere ; 
ibus, / assent to your — , iigo' 
tseng ng'-go ming' fj ^ fj)*," 
^ ; very polite, ngo vong ng-go 
yii' fc ^ fi)*>° i^° % 1 consider 
my — , ngo' so kong'-go i'-s, 
ng bao tang'-mo ^ ^ If " -^^ 

M^.Vr^''nWM'^i<^^rinot 

consent to your — , ngo feh 
tseng'-kyiao ^ f, jf |^ ; naen 
tseng'-kyiao 1 J^'' jf |i 

Proprietor, cu'-nying-ko ^ 
A°^°; tong-ko' ^^°; lang-z. 

Propriety, li j| ; kwe-kyU' ^l 
^g ; «ci« zVi accordance with — , 
tsiao li' s-^ang' Ijg j| Jg ^=j' ; 



wo< ?n accordance icith — , feh 

^^^b-ii' ^i^m-. feb i-ii' f. 

Prorogue, ^0 t^e-poen' Jg $^; 

t'e-dong' 5g ^ 
Prose, classical kwu'-veng "^ ^; 

recent wntings, z-veng' fl-J ^ 
Prosecute, ^o — continuously, 

lin-lin' tso jg ?§ fii ; tsib'-liu 

tso ^ jg fit 5 ^'^ accuse, kao- 

Proselyte ^o Christianity, kre' 
dzong Yi?6-su' kyiao' t*^ :^ JUJ 

Prospect, view, kying'-cu ;§; 
J5; ; fine — , bao kying'-cu jj 

Prospects, his — are good, gyi- 
go kying'-ziang feb ^a ^ ;^ 

Prosper, to he prosperous, jing- 
liu' J^ \^', — in making money, 
fab-ky^i-Ic-e || jg ^ ; fab'-dzie 
^ ^ ; — in examinations, fah- 
dab |[^ 5^ ; — and iucrea&e^ 
bying-wong' ® ff£; — in trade, 
bying-long' ^ |^ ; bying-fah' 
^ ^^ ; to he fortunate, yiiiiig- 
kyU' t^ong-dab' jg ^ 51 Jt 

Prosperous, jing-Iiu' Jg \^ j 

jing-kying' Jifl Jtf ; — country, 
kob'-ko bing-en' kyib-ky^ing' ^ 

Prostitute, n. piao'-ts Jg ^^ ; 
ts^ong-vu' jig ^f ; bw6-lao' :f^£ 
^- ; t4ao-ts' ; gyi-nyti' ^ ;^ 



PEO 



370 



PEO 



'Prostrate, to — ones self (as 

a suppliant), boli-tao' ^° ^^ ; 

p'oh'-tao ff. ^J ; pa'-tao f^" ^\ 

Prostrate on the face, fob -ken' 

kw^eng'-tih ^ W W f\^ 
Protect, to wu ^ ; pao'-wu ^ 
^ ; wc-wi/ 5@ IJ ; we-kwu' jH 
IK ; ^ve-gyil/ %'^', — the weaJc, 
we-kwii' no-ziah'-go nying ^^ 

IS'li li^° A% ^^ God 

— you, dain'-iiyiin Jiiig-Ming 
pao'-vvii ng' fB t^ f.jj HJ^ {f^ ^ 

Protest, to — against, ming-ming' 
wo' fell ing'-ka3 \i^ fg ^ Jg 
^; ming-uiiiig' p4-bing' 0^ 0^ 

Protract, ^o — the time, z-W 
ko-leb dziang' ij| f| ;to° ^^ 

Protrude, to deh-c^il/ [Hj gj 

sing-c'ib' fijl lij ; t^'l-c^il/ §^° 
ai ; t'li'-c'ib P£ ffi 
Protruding o?y^ o/ ^/^e pocket, 
djB-k'eo'-deo siiig-c'ib'-toiig ^ 
P M'# ffiT"; tl^-kWdeo 
t^a-cnii'-tong g p gg« J^» 

Hi 7° 

Protuberance, a ib-go cib'— 

Proud, kyiao-ngao' i^ ■g^ ; do- 
dao' ;^°|t; zi-tseng' zi-do' f ° 

Prove that I am a thief, ngo tso 
zeb' wren-c^ib te'-tsing tso bing- 



Wl ?S. M 5 ~* ^^^^^^ ^'^^ ^^"'^^' ^^ 
round, di-gyiu' z yiin'-go do-p^ib 

tsing'-kyii L J4 TJ^ ^ H >h° 

#° uj fjE a * 

Proved hy mca<urement, te'-tsing- 

cnb-k^'-de if liE [li ^T°; yi^^ 

te'-tsing-de ^fj fj- fjf "j""; kao- 

cing'-liao gj° if "f 
Provender, zlb-liao' ^ ^ij-; — 

and rations, liang-ts''ao' '^ j^ 
Proverb, oZc? saying, dzong-yb/- 

dao ^ =* ^ ; lao'-wo ^ ^S* ; 

kwn'-w6 -^ U ; faviiliar — , 

dzob-w6' i^ f J (ib-kyu) ; the 

Booh of Proverbs, Tseng-yiu' 

Provide, to yii-be' fg f^ ; be- 
bsei/ ff g|| ; — against, bong- 
be' bao |5§ ^ ij; di-bong'-bao 
Jg |5jJ Jy ; /« jikntii — for want, 
yiii'-z bong mz' ^5 flf g'^ |Sjf 

Provident, yiu son'-kyi ^ ^ 
■|"-j' ; saving some for after use 
liu-zin'-c^u-W "g Ht° SC ^ ' 

Province, a ib-sang' — i§**; ^/'^ 
eighteen provinces, jib-pab' sang 

Provincial capital, sang'-dzing 

fS; byi ang-daeu' ip Ij^ 
Provisions, liang-zib' ;ff ;^ ; 
k'eo'-liang P ^; ky^iob'-zib 

liang-ts'ao^ jg [g ; dry —for a 
journey, ken-Hang' 0^ )jg 



PRO 



371 



PUC 



Provocation (either to good, or 
bad), kyih'-kong JlJt Jjj; to he 
provoked by me, {i. e. receive my 
— ), zong ngo'-go kyih'-kong J: 

Provoke^ to kyih ^ ; ying §1 ; 
zo ^>^ ying'-z6 51 ^:*; yuong 
kyil/-kong IB it :a5 ^'^ ^««^^^ 
Z»e provoked (or incited), gyi' feh 

zlii'kyih^-kongS^^it:gf5 
kyih'-kong yiiong'-feh-tsing' ^j; 

^ ffl ^ ji ; — ^"'"* ^^ «^^^''' 
kyih'-dong gyi 6'-w6ng ^ |Jj 

« IS^^; kyib'-gyi-nu' ii « 

^ ; vsen' gyi o -wong ^^ S 
^°; tsW-vaen gyi nu' g| ^|i 
^^ ' — ^^^"'^ ^^ vomiting, ying'- 
gyitV 51 SH:; long gyi tV- 

c'ih H S Pi |ii ; — /«■?« ^0 

Imiglder, ying'-z6 gyi siao' ^j 

Provoked, ^'as^'/y ziang liu-sing^ 
ho'-p^ao ka fi gg M >A g°; 
— beyond endurance, iin'-sing 
ts^-dao' ^MWL'M, 

Provoking -man, dao-ky'i'-go 

nying Pft « i^° A° 
Prow, jun-deo' ^ ^f 

Prowl, wild beasts — about for 
food, yia^-siu jing-lo' ky^Uoh ^° 

Prudent, yiu kying-we' ^ g 
^ ; kyin'-sih tao-ko'-go ^ |g 
Jl] ^"j — in nmnaging, liang- 
lih' r-ying ^•j}'U^ '-, cautious, 
we.b6ng-^eo' #(55^ 



Prune, to — trees, yUong tao' siu- 

li' ju-mol/ ffl 7J flF ^ ^ 7|^ 

Prunes, c/r/e J /)/w?/w, me-ken' i^ 

Prussian-blue, yiang-din' j^ 
|J;yiang.ts<ing''3^^ 

Pry, to — by looking, t'eo-k^en' 
f^ ^ ; — by asking, dao'-t'ing 
JE IS 5 — ^y (isldng secretly, 
ts^ih'-t'ing ^ ^; t^eu^t^ing 

mm 

Psalms, sing'-s ^ |f ; s-p^in' 

IS M 

Puberty, the time of fah-sing' z- 

'e«^#fl#1i; fah-tsiang^-z 
'e^ S fi fl# M (coarse). 
Public, kong g. ; m— , c%- 
kwun {ij § ; — business, kong- 
z' ^ :^ ; — opinion, kong-leng' 
& 1^; cong'-leng ^ |j^ ; — 
examintaion, (whether right, or 
wrong), kong-p^ing' ^ |f °; — 
use, kong-yiiong' ^ ^; — road, 
kwun-lii' 'g 5^ ; ^/^e — , cong'- 
i^'ying ^ A°; cong' pah'-sing 
^ IS" ° ^jj ; ^noz^/i ^0 the — , 
kong'-ko hyiao'-teh ^ ^'^ ^ 
% ; cong'-nying teh'-cu ^ A*' 

Publish, <o — abroad, yiang-kW 
»ia;djun-kV)|g3;_(by 

telling what one wishes kept 
quiet), t'ong-hyiang kwua' jj 

Pucker, to tsW-long f^Jg ; — 
the lips, cii'-pd ts*oh'-long ^ g 



PUD 



372 



PUN 



IS til 5 puckering to the mouth, 
we seh k^eo' 'j' f ^ P 
Puddle, Bhii-den' ^fc" g ; — in 
a court, or any where, shii-ming- 

Puff, a — of wind, ih-kwu fong' 
— jf^^JU, ; to blow a — ofsinoke, 
p'eng' ih-k»eo in' I^ — P jtg J 
to ■ — Kp, or inflate, c'ii-p^6ng'5^° 
J^ ; to praise, ts^e-hyu' 5)C ^ 

Pugilist, gyun-s' ^M]to exer- 
cise as a—, tang-gyun' ^ ^ 

Pull, to — along, la ^; ky4u ^; 
g J te ; — (as a boat, or anchor), 
ts'o Jit ; — up, (as roots, or 
nails), bah-ky^i'-lee ^ jg ^ 5 
•i — up (as a weight, or curtain), 
la-iong^ ^ ± ; te'-z6ng |1| J:; 
ts'd-zong' 111 J^',—^out, ia-G'ih' 

Jfirffi; te'-c^ih gj ffl;-oi.« 

<€e«A, tsoh ngo-ts^' tS 3F° "© 5 
bah-c^ih' ngd-ts^' ft ffi :3^° "if; 
— OMi{ (as a drawer), ts^iu-c4h' 
U jjj ; -^ down (as a house), 
tsW-diao JJ f °; te'-gyi-tao' 
6il ^ ftl 5 ^Ve a — , ia-ih-ia 

^^^;iaih.p6|i — JC5 
te ih'-po ^S "— JC ; — up out 

of water, shU-li' liao-kyUMaej7jC° 

Pullet, a ih'-tsah siao-kyi^ — 
Pulley, ts^6-bun' ^ ^ ; ts^o- 
Puw qf fruits, ko'-te nyuoh' :S 



•^1^"} to pound toa-^y song- 

Pulpit, kong^-kying-dge ^° Jg 
S ; kong'-shU-dse B|° # $ 

Pulsate, io dong gj ; t^iao g^ 

Pulsations of tJie heart stopped, 
sing si'-de ^jj ^° 7*° 

Pulse, mah J| ; mah-sih' J[| ^g, ; 
ro/e£'/ <Ae — , tah mah' ^ ||[c ; 
k^en mah' ^" ^ 

Pulverize, to •^— 5y grinding, 
mo feng' H ^ ; nyin meh' ^ 
7^ 5 — ^ pounding, song feng' 

PuMELO, p'ao; veng-tsen' '^ Jg 

(ih-go) 
Pumice-stone, veo-zah' or vu- 

zah' \!^ jg'' 
Pump, hyih'-dong ^ ^ ^ hwun'- 

dong ^ '^ (ih-kwun) ^ a chain 

— , ih-bu shU'-ts^o — ^ ^iJC" 

Pump, to — water, hyih shii' ^ 
7j:° ; bwun shU' ^^ :;fC 

Pumpkin, sqimh, vaen-kwo' |g 
Jf£ ; nen^kwo' ^f S 

Pun, song-kwaen' shih-w6' |j ffi 

Ml m 
Punch, to ^zVe a poke, djoh-ih'-p6 

ffl — ffi ; — « ^<>^^j to^ ngien'- 
Punctilious, to-li'-go^H^"; 

— and only cares foi^ one thing, ii- 
vu'-deng-deng-go JJ ^ ^f ^f 

>i-^u.vu'tsdaQaJB;S^5 



PUN 



373 



PUR 



^0 — (as a teacher), son-ky^i' 
^ ^ ; __ man, u-nying' Ji A » 
ditto (in ridicule), dzing-djong^- 

ts M ft •? 

Punctual io t/ie day^ tsiao nyih- 

ts' Jg ° ■? ; — ^<^ ^^*^ ^^^'^j 
tsiao z-W J9 SI fl; ^o*"^^ 
re^ulwly, feh is'o-yi' ^M°^ ; 
«=r to appointment, cing gyi' ij^l ^ 
Punctuate, to tin kyii'-deo SjJ 

Pungent, lab U ; sUghtlij — , 
Jah-ho'-ho |^ Ppj" Ppf ; — to^^, 
lah'-gomi'-dao^^i-^P^^a^;- 
remarks, c^oh'- sing-go sliih-wo' 

l^" >&i"°iS: pS (c^^h or t8^)h) 

Punish, to vah fjj ; tsal/-vab ^ 
.p;-(officially),ying-vali'^jig 

Punishment (official), yiiig-vah' 
Ji|P:ze|P;ze'-miMgP^; 
to recive ditto, ziu ying-vah'^ Jlj 
3; ziuze' ^ IP; to receive — 
^as from parents, or teacher), ziu 
tsah-vah S^fJ 5 to determine 
what — , ding ze'-ming ^p^', 
instruments of — , ying-gyii^ JjiJ 
^ ; — ^5^ ha)ji)ooing, tang paen'- 
ts JJ ^-f ; — ^y raitaning, tang 
deng-diao' ^Hj^ ; — hj com- 
pressing the fed, and extending the 
an^is, t^in-bing'-ko ^f^Zg^'; — 
hy compressing the jiagers, tsaen'-ts 
^^^ "f > — by heating the face, tang 
pd-c6iig' JJ gj ^ ; ^ % ^e«^ 
jitt^ i/<e ankles, k^ao kyiah'-tsang 
iHt^'Hl 3¥''» -^^^ confessing the 



ankles between vpright bars, kah'- 
kweng ^^/j^^ ; — by strangling, 
kao |3^° ; — by belieading, sah- 
<5eo' ^ II ; c^u-kyuih' ^ ^ 
— i^/ standing in a cage with 
the head out, lib dong' j)^|f °; — 
by cutting to pieces, se'-kwo-ling- 
dzi' ^ ^Ij ^ iij; J^ ivearing the 
cangue, ta do-ko' ^V»C°#n°;— 
% banishment (to a distance, or 
in one's own city), du-ze';^|p ; 
ditto (from one to two thousand 
li), liu-ze' gg IP; ditto (beyond 
the frontier), kyuing-ze' ^ ^ 
Punkah, fong-sin' JU,^ (ih-min, 
Puny, thin and small, seo'-siao 

Pupil, ^oh-sang-ts' ^° ^° J- ; 
meng-du' f^ ;^; meng-sang' 
Pg^^-di'-ts^7-;-0///,, 
eye, ngsen'-u-cu 5g° j^ ^ ; the 
image reflected in the — , dong- 

Puppet, wooden moh-deo *en' Tfj 
BS° ^*'; — *^'^^'> moh-deo byi' 
/t^A'iS; tsiang-deo W-hyi 

Puppy, siao'-keo h\\^', siao wun- 
kyi' * S' :fe° (ih-tsah) 

Purchase, to ma ^"j -— office, 
kyiin tsih' Jg ^ ; — rice, dih- 
mi' J^ :^ ; -^ tt'm«, tang tsiu' 
fS'*' ?Bi — ^ <>^^> iao yiu'j ma yia' 
S' fft 5 — merchandize, da. bo' 

its 



PUR 



374 



PUT 



Pure, ts'ing Jg ; ts^ing-tsing' 
M'iE5 c^^«"'' ts^ing-kyih' -^gg; 
kyih'-zing ^ }^ ; the — article, 
tslng bo' -^ ^ ; — 627!;e?', tsoh' 

dong^ IE II ; — w^^7^■, jing na' 
|i| if °; — (as water), pih'-po'- 

s-ts^ing m's^m m 

Purgative medicine, s\a! yiali or 

dza yiali' \g '^ 
Purgatory, lin-nyiiol/ j^ §j[ 
Purge, to — from sin, gyiang'- 
diao ze' g^°|j|°P; — the bowels, 
du -bi sia'-gyi-ib-sia^ ^ }^ \g° 

Purify, <o ?^i«/i:e clean, long ken- 
zing' ^. |£ )f! ; long kyib'-ziug 
5?°i?^|';— ^J/ ivashing, gyiang- 
ken-zing' Sfc° |£ ?|s ; — (as 
metals) by fire, ton'-lin jtg j)^ 

Purple, dull reddish — , in'- 
ts'ing-seb' 5pt ^ ^ ; bluish — , 
ts^ing-lin'-seli' ^ jt^ fe ; grape 
— , bn-dao'-seb ^ ^ g, 

Purport, i'-s ^ ,g 

Purpose, cU'-i ;^ ^ -, fixed— , 
lib-ding' ts'-byiang :i ;£ -g 
1^; lib-ding' cu.i':i^±^; 
o«— , kvvu'-i i|5: ;g; deli-i' iff 
^; ; deb-we' ^f ;g ; /or what 
— ? we'-leb sob'-go i'-s ;g 'X** 
®"Jg°«S"?we'-lebsob'-go 
yuong-dziang g 7° :g° J^° 
ffl ift '^ ^ ^ooc? — cJiunged for 
a bad, sing web'-de >jji :^g 7°; 
fiing web-dong'-de ^jj fg gj "y 



Purposely, brought — for you, 
deb-i' do-lffi' peh ng {[# ;f; ^^ 
^ ^° f-^") ^^ '^^^ it"'o«^ — , and 
knowingly, ming-cii' kwu-vsen' 

HjJ ^ Si: 3E 

Purse, bag which may be used for 
money, (or snuff), ^o-pao-dae' ^ 
Qg;s'-byi-d8eI7gSg;wu- 
bing'-dae ^ jf J ^ ; '^i^ — «s 
e7?ij9(?/, nong'-t^ob k^ong-byu or 
nong'-t^ob kV)ng-k'ong' ^ ^ 

Pursue, ^o tse j[|.; ken J| ; tse'- 
ken' J|^|5 ; — "^"^^ overtake, tse- 
zong' ii ± ; tse-djob' Jl ^° 

Pus, nong IJI 

Push, to t'e J(^ ; — over, t^e-tao' 
j[^^.>_«,,Vfe,t'e-kVJt|3; 
— Mm down, t^e gyi tib' ^ ^ 
g^; t^e-gyi-lob'^ft^-^;- 
in, t^e-tsing' f^ J^ ; /^e ^a^e ?ne 
a — , gyi t V ngo ib-p6 ko'-de 

and forth, t^e'-lse-nong'-ky^i J^ 

Pusillanimous, M t.W-ky^i 
i^'Si^; fet^n'-bang ^° 
Jt J.;^ken-tcW^°fffJ!|; 
taen'-ts siao' J§ -^ >J> 

Pustule, gweng-nong le'f^° Qg 
^ ; a — in small pox, ib-lib 
deo-ls' — ^Jl ^ •? 

Put, to Za^, en ; fong ]^ ; fong'- 

loh J§[ -^ ; — (it) on the table, 
fong-lse coh'-teng zong' "^^^ 



PUT 



375 



QUA 



I 



^ J;^ ; — on dotJies, c^uii i- 
zong ^ ^ ^° ; tsiah i-zOiig' 

S ^ ^'° ; - of <^^o^^^'^ t'«h 

k'6ng'-ko 1^ i^ ; — onilie, hat, 
ta mao-ts' Ig^lH •?; — q/^^e 
7ia<, coh' mao-ts' |^° l|l| ^ (cob 
or tsoli) ; to — in or(kr, pa'-hao 
ffib° 4f » ^^^^0 o^ repair, siu-li' 
^ JJ; tsing-teng'^lg; — 
« 7'oo;« m order, siu-jili' v6ng-ts' 
<i K " S •? 5 -->'/^^ stre7i(/th, 
yuong kyr-lih ^ ^^ :^ ; ko 
gying-dao' fjn" ^ 5t ; — yb^i/^ 
^7-m< strength, sab'-k'eo dziah- 

^5b' y"^/ ffl° :;f;; 'eo-k/i'-lih 

'1^ ^K ^ ; — ^"^'i in mind, di- 
si"g' gyi Ji S ^ ; — into, tsi 
ffi ; tsong ^ ; — tWo a c?Kf/i, tsi' 
beng-ts' jpg ^ -jp ; to ^ out a 
Jlre (as a bouse, &c.), kyiu bo' 
^ >^ ; — out (ordinary )/r«, bo 
long-u'>A:^5tf/;--(biovv)o«,< 
a lamp, c^ii-u' teng-tsaer/ ^jj^® 
^.S° JS ^ ;— ^o^e^/^er, fong'- 
^«"SJ5: ii; en-taen'-long ; — 
something against t/ie door to 
fasten it, meng' a-ib'-a f^ f^° 
— ^°; — to my account, soi/ 
z ngo'-go tsiang^ S^^ :S ^ i^° 
ft ; sou' ngo' ming'-'o ^ flj 
^ f"; mw7 — w;? icith it, 
jing-nc-e'.feb-djU g, jf f , ft ; 
?o — out the hand, siu' sing- 
c'ib'-k-e ^ fl^ ffi^ ; — on ««-s, 

pa ko'-tS }^° ^ ^ ; — /flWi io 



/zy/i, ken'-gyi-tseo' g ^ ^ ; 
ken'-gyi-ky'i' g ^ ■i"; —one 
up to a thing, ts'on-teb' ||[ Jg ; 

— o;ie up to (a bad tbing), t'iao- 
so' ^ ^ ; — w/j a notice, tMab 
tsiao-ts' ||fi° tS JS ; - forth 
I'uds, ts^iu ngo' J|5 ^°; pao 
"go' ^ ^°; — 2>i (^J^rge of 
miothr, kyi' Ise bih-nying'-go 

d'z^/o (a cbild), kyi'-yiaiig ^ ^ 
Putrefy, laV/ we lajii' '^ Ig 
Putrid, rotte7i, laen-wu'-de fj^}^° 

f"; ]aeu'-de Jpl"]*''; hadsnidling, 

ts'iu'-de ^° y 
Putty, dong-yiu'-bwe flU ftft ^ 
Puzzle, yiiong-sing-s'-go byi-deo' 

— o/" sei'e/i blocJcs, tsMb'-ky^iao- 
pien 't 5^ J[g ; c/^(:«/i — kyiu'- 
lin-gwjen ^ jg ^ 

Puzzle, to yiiong sing-s' ^ ^[J 
S ; b)ng-bweng' ^ 'fg; 

Puzzled, lam — with this account, 
ngo' be keb'-go tsiang' long- 

•ttr 

Q 

Quack doctor, ma-yiab'-]6ng'- 
cong a^ |g gB 4^ 

Quadrangular, four-sided, s'- 

fong-go pg ^ '^°; having four 
angles, s'-kob-go ^° ^® 
Quadruped, tseo'-siu ^ gj ; 
the class of quadrupeds, tseo'-siu 
ih-Ie * Si - « 



QUA 



370 



QUE 



Quail, n. en-jing' $||&3 (ib-tsah) 
Quail, to song-tsei/ f^ Jf ; lose 

spirit, shih-sing' ^ >j5« 
Quaint sti/le of talking, lao-kwu - 

ky^iang k6ng^-fah ^-^^^W 

m 

Quake, to tremble, fah-teo'l^fi]-; 
gwah-gwahteo'if°J§^f3t;- 
with fear, fah-kying' hali'-leb 

fah-teo' mmmww w-^ 

the earth quakes, di-yiang' cing'- 

dong m ^ S fJl 
Qualify, to — one's self, ^oh'-leh 
tao-ko' e^" ;i^° gij ^°; ^oh-we' 

Qualified to teach others, ^)li- 
veng' neng-keo' kao bih^-nying 

Quality, best zong-teng' J;^^^ ; 
poorest — , ^6'-teng1» °^; middle 
— , cong-teng' tt» ^ 

Qualities, properties, t^/-tsih || 
% ; peng'-tsih -^ ^ 

Quantity, i^//ai — ? to-siao' ^ 
>|; t a large — , byu'-to |^ ^ ; 
to-to' ^ ^ ; estimate the — , 
iab'-lse yiu to-siao' $§ ^ ^ ^ 
>|; ; p^a'-lse yiu to-siao' Jjft ** ^^ 
W ^ ^ ' son'-lse yiu to-siao' 

Quarrel, io tsang-leng' ^°f^ ; 
eiang-tsang' ;jQ ^°; tsang-teo' 
^^ p^ ; k^eo'-kyuob, or k'eo- 
kob p ^ ; k^eo-zib p "g" ; 
eiang-mo' iJB JR » — noisihj, 
teang-zao' ^"pf; zao-nyih'; 



— arising from nvalry, teo-ky'i 
PI ^; <o 5^e^ 2/j9 a — ,,ziDg 
zao-nyib' ^ /f9° ^^°; to seek a 
cause for a — , zing psen'-deo 
W ^° &"■, ^'ng te'iah'-deo 

Quarrelsome bao k^eo'-kyiioh 
M W'l hwun-byi' tsang-lcDg 
8JC ^ ^° 1^ ; we tsang-teo' 

Quarry, zab-dong' ;g'° Ijf 
QuARRYMAN, k'se zab-deo' nying 

ga ;5° m a° 

Quart, nearl/j a — (dry measure), 
nyi sing' JH* ^ ; n — of milk, 
ib-bing na' -- jffi ffl" 

Quarter, s'-kwu-teb-ib pg gg 
^^ ^;s'-feng-ts-ib' ^ ;> 

— ; — of a dollar, liang'-kob- 
pun' Fg^°^ ; «— (coin), ib- 
go s'-k^« _ lig pg g3 ; — ^/ 
a?i /low?', ib-k'eb' ~-* ^Ij ; — <?/ « 
ca«?/, s'-b"ang pg ^J 

Quarter, ^o s'-kwu-feng-kVpg 

Quarterly payments, (as rents, 
&c.), s'-kyi fu'-ts'iug ^ # 
Jg ; eri'-kyi kyiao-ts^ing' J^ ^ 

Sift 

Quartz, i^^/iz^e bab bo'- zab |^° 
>f^ ;5° ; — crystal, saen-tsing' 

III B% 

Queen, nyii'-wong -^^ j ^'n^'s 
w/e, wong-^eo' ^^; — mother, 
tV-«eo :S:'' .& ; — of England, 
Da-Ing' nyu'-w6ng ::fe 3? ^ ^ 



QUE 



377 



QUI 



Quell, to — a disturbance, bing- 
loQ^ Zp g|j ; — rehellion, bing- 

Quench, to — thirst, ts-k^ah' jf^ 
%',-Jire, p'eh-u W ft jfS*' 
iX\ kyiuW ^^ >^;ho'long- 
Querulous, nraen - g?en'- tao-tao 
Question, to ttsX- a — , meng ih- 

kyushih'-w6p.f ^>B3^fS; 

/ Jiave a — to ask you, ngo' yiu 
ih-kyii sbih'-w6 iao meng' ng ^ 

iao meng' ng ih-sing' g P5°fi)^° 
*- ^ ; — and answer, ih-veng 

ih-tah' — Pp^° -- >^ ; _ /j{;n, 

meng-meng' gyi fp^" pg° ^ ; — 
awe? see, meng-meng' k^en pg° 

Quick, Quickly, kw^a'^*'; kwV- 
kw^a'K'''K°;kwV-soh'K°^; 
Bob'-soh 3^ jj ; ao-sao' ; p'ih'- 
^'el^Saa:5zab-zab;ts'ob|j^; 
ts'ob'- ts^ob-kyiao |f£ Ifg 5c 5 — 
(as fire), bo'-soh >/iC j^ ; « ^«'^^^e 
5«<ic^^er, kw^a'-tin '^° |j; 'ao- 
sao'-tin ; — eye, ngsen' kw'a 
IS° K" 5 — hand, siu kw^a 
•^ ^° > — ^/ ^^c^ring (ears 
bright), ng'-to bang' 5°^,J£; 
^- and severe, bao-tsW ^ ^; 
— of apprehemion, ling-li' ^ 
^ ; get through quickly, tsin'- 
sao '^ ffi; ky^-kw^a-lob'-dzib 



QuiCKfeN me, su-sing' ngo ^ ^ 
^ ; — the dead, s'-teb si'-nying 

'-eh' « m 5E' A rS 

Quicklime, sang-bwe' ^° ^ 
Quicksilver, shu'-nying jJc^lR 
Quiet, not noisy, pib'-zing ^fj; 
m-z"^g' ^ P; ts^ing-zing' J^ 
p ; zing'- vren ; zing'- cu |f 
15; ; — and peaceful, en-zing' 
^ p ; bing-en' 2^ ^ ) not 
moving, t^b'-ding ^ ^ ; — 
your anger, ky4' nae-taen'-lob ^ 
RT°i° ; — P^^^ pib'-zing- 
go di'-fong FiS»>h°M*; 
— imn, nying' iu-zing' A** ^ 
^'lall — , dzib-jiin'-feb-dong' 

Quill, ^oose ngo-mao'-kwun JJ 
^ ^ (ib-ts) 

Quilt, to ^6ng ; ing |g| ; thick — , 
min-bi' |g ^ ; — for the dead, 
dzing-bi' ^ gt; djong'-bi J: 
^; lang'-bi ^^° i^° 

Quince, mob-kw6' /fc JfCl 

Quit, to leave, li-k^ae' ^ g3 5 ^^ 
have done ivith, byib ^ ; — a 
place entirely, ib'-ky'u peb-we' 
^ i ]^ ; — ^0% /arors, 
uong' peb we H' 77C ^ IhI JS ; 
— the Buddhist pnesthood, waen- 
djob' 'o-zong' jf. #h ^ t& 

Quite, tsing ^; jib-feng' -f- 
^ . _- good, tsing' bao Jg jf ; 
jib-feng' bao' + ^ ^',—nght, 
tmg' z H ;g ; feb tsV |B la ; 



QUI 



378 



KAG 



gyih z' ^^ ^ ; — ready, tsing 

zi'-de ^lW 1^ 
Quiver for arrows, kong-ts'o^- 

sah-dse ; tsin'-d^e ^ g 
Quiver, to tsing'-tsing-dong S" 

®° JJj ; — ^^'^^^^ ^^'^^* ^f"^' 
leh gwah-gwah-teo' ^ ^4° }§° 

Quotation /ro7w a hooJc, ying- 

l^-goshu-kyii' 51 ^-1^°*^ 

(ih-kyu). 
Quote, to — from a hook, ying 

8hu 51 :J; — as proof, ying 

tsii'g' 51 fjE 

Babbit, t'u ;^ ; zih-c^u |g Jg, 

(ih-tsah.) 
Babble, msen pah'- sing ^ "g"** 

JjJ ; i//e lowest — , ^o'-teng nying 

Eabid doff, fong wun-kyi' MW 
i^""', tin keo' ^ j^ (ih-tsah) 

Eace, dzoh;^; le ^; the hu- 
man — , nying' ili-le' A° — SI ; 
contest in running, pi peng'-gying 
it # SS ; see peng'-gying ^ 
^ SS » — Worses, p'ao mo' ^ 
^ ; — course, p^ao'-mo-dziang' 

m ,^ « 

Eack, frame, kd-ts ^°-J (ih-go) 

Eacket, zi-zi'-zao-zao' pg" pg" 

Pf ° |IS°; loh-ying.fen'-ky^i ff^° 

Eadiant, fah-kw6ng'-de ^ ^g 
T°; — /<3fce, min-k^ong yiu 



kwong-ts'ae' -g jfL W 3E ?i 

Eadiate, to — heat, fahf-c'ih 

nyih-ky^' ?! ffi #fe° ^; fah'- 

c^ih liang-kwong' If ffi ^ ^ 

Eadical change, t^eh'-bi wun- 

Eadical, bu -^ ; under what 
radical? lae soh'-go bu'-li ^° 

Eadishes, red *ong lo-boh' jfj 
^ ffi ' *^^'^^^ — > ^^^ lo-boli' 

Carrots are also called 'ong lo-boV. 
Eaft, wooden moh-ba' /f; ^p°; 

ju-ba' j^ g^°; to?i5oo — , cob'- 

ba ft f f ° (ih-ba) 
Eafter, djiin-ts' j^^ ^ (ib-ken) 
EaG, pV-pu ^^ ;fp ; se'-pn 7^ 

;i]j ; rags, se-pu-den' ^ ^ g|°; 

oZc?ra^s, gyiu pu-deu' ig ^gM° 

(ih-kw^e) 
Eage, jVz a bo'-ky^i dzib-c^ong'- 

c'ong-tW-de ^x ^ ;^ 3^ -j°; 

t^^/fe it77/i — , kyU'-leh leh- 

J?AGE, io fah-ho' ^ >/i^ ; fah-do- 
6ng' II ^^ f^^ f^b-gyih' ^ 

Eagged, pV-]i-p'o'-sa ^jj ^^ :g|t 
fS°5 — «^^ ^*'''^3^' Isen-li' |g 
Ig (may be also used for soiled 
only) ; — shoes, p^o' ^a-baen' ^S_ 
^° -^ ; — shoes and stoclcings, 
^a-t^ab'- mah-t^ib' g" Jffi° |S 



Ml 



379 



BAN 



Rail, to — ««, zob-m6' Jg ^ ; 
zoh J^ ; — at people^ zoh-nying'- 
ra6'4ao jg° A° 1 ffl 

Railing, hen-keu' ^ 4f 

Raiment, i-voh' ^ ^g (veng) ; 
i-zong' ^ 3g° 

Rain, to loh-yu -^j^; ?V w ?«?'n- 
m^, W-tih h)ii-yii' jE° ;ig£° -^ 
p^ ; it is ffoing to — , lao loh- 
yu ^ f ° if ; looks like — , 
yii'- mong-mong ^ ^ ^ ; a 
shower of — , ih-dziao yii' — 
p^" ^ ; — /or a /o/?;^ time, kyiu' 

yii A M 

Rain ivatei; t'iii-sbii' JJ ]^ 7jtc° 

Rainy season, me-tMii ^ =^ 

Rainbow, heo i^" (ih-da) 

Raise, to dae fj ; dse-ky^' JJ 

jg ; gying-ky^' S fi ; - t^'e 

hand, sin di-ky^i' ^ J§ ^ ; sin 

di'ih-di ^ |g- ig; - ^Ae 

^««f, d?e deo' ^ BM *» — « ^*^^^e 

%/<e)-, d« kao'-tin JJ jg J J ; 

— (as heavy fiinn'ture), dae-kyU- 
li« ft jfe ^ ; — /'«w* ^'P, t6ng - 

gyi-kyn'-lae ^ S ® * 5 -- 
///e pt'cc, Isiang ko'-diii j§i fg** 
^°^ — tx) a better condition, di- 
b»l>'-ky'U=e' m « 46 ^ ; - 
/«'s Zto/)gs, ying'-ky'i gyK-go 
siang'-vong 5| ® # ^° #. 
M 5 ky'i' gyi'-go riyisen-deo' gj; 
S ^° ;ft ^5 — militia, tsiao- 
mo'hyiaug-uong'ffi^JPji^; 

— chickens, yiang siaokyi' ^ 



*J^ if ; — wlieat, cong mail' ^ 
^ ; — (or scatter) dust, yiang 
hwe-dzing' HJ^ ^; — the hat, 
. mao'-ts t'ing-ih'-tUng lf| ^ |i 
— ^^ ; — money, tang'-sou dong- 
din' iJ ^,M W; dziali'-loh 

dong-din' %- ^ m ^r 

Raisins, bn-dao-ken' ^ ^ |£ 
Rake, bo §g,; bamboo — (for 
gi-ass), la'-ts^10-b6, or la-ts'arbo' 

koh'-bo' mm^E (ili-po) 
Rake, to bo |£, ; — eveii, bo bing' 

jfg Zp ; — open (as grass), bo- 

t^n'-k^^e 15 gg 
Rake, a vicious fellow, seh-kyii' 

fi ^°; t^eii-hw6-16iig'.ts ^ :j!g 

?S "F 5 (polite), fong-liu-k^ah' 

Rally, to — for another Jight 
(after defeat), voh-dzing' ^ |>^ ; 
tang'- wgen weng'-dzing ^J jj 

Ram, yiiong-yiang'^iq^ (ih-tsah) 
Ram it in lueil, tsiug gyi lao' ^ 

Ramble, to yiu-wun' ^56 °5 y^"" 

^y^' ill iSS 5 — ^'^ ^''^^ ^"^^*'' y'^^" 

sajii' jg |1] ; byi-sa^r/ J| llj 
Ramify, to feng-ts-pV^;Jag'' 
Ramparts, city walls, dzing-zlang' 

M^5 <>/>PO^''^e — (i" fight), 
te'-le ^ g 
Rancid, yiu-hao'-ky'i-de fjfj pj 
^Y**? yiu-Udng'-ky'i ; yiu-iL' 
ky'i. 



BAN 



380 



RAR 



Random, to do in a — manner^ 
hah'-ts4h-hah-pah' lon-tso' |^ 

^: M A SI M ; - ^^^. keh- 
ts^ih'-keh-pali' shih-w6' ^° ^ 

Rank, grade, teng'-kyih ^ ^ ; 
official — , p^ing-kyih'pfjig^; the 
first and second of the nine ranks 
are divided in two, the second 
being but a trifle lower than 
the first, viz., first — , tsing'-ih- 

P^ing jE — DP ; <^J«Jig ib-p'ing 
iS*~*PP ; seco7i(f — , tsing' nyi- 
P^Jng jE n" no ? djong-nyi'- 
P^ing ^ n' DB- ^^® insignia 
for the several ranks are: — 
let rank, ruby, *ong - pao'-zah 

2nd, coral, saen-wu^ fljj ^ 
3rd, sapphire, laen-pao'-zah ^ 

Jg 5°, or ming-laen ?^ g 
4th, lapis-lazuli, ts^ing-kying-zah 

t^S^«^en'-l^enflf ^ 
5th, crystal, shii' -tsing yj^° ^ 
6th, itJ^7e 5ione, bah-zah' ^ ^", 

or ts^o-gyu f$ jig 
7th, ^oiW^ button, kying-ting' ^ 

8th, and 9th, gilded silver hut- 
ton, du-kying' nying-ting' ||| 

position, sing-veng^ J^ ^; mw- 
hecommg or overstepping one^s — , 
sing-veng' feh-p^e' ^ ^ % 
g£ ; literary — , sing-kying' |l)l 
f^ \Jhefive ranh of nobility, ng' 



teng tsiah 5."^ fi^ 5 ^'^^•' kong- 
tsiah' 5^ fl:, ^eo-tsiah' ^ % 
pah'-tsiah fg° % ts'-tsiah -^f 
H, nen-tsiah' ^ 'gJ; ^o^jZace 
(soldiers) m rank, pa dzing-shii' 

Rank smell belonging to mutton, 

yiang sao'-ky^i ^ ^ ^ 
Ransack, ?o dao J^ ; fsen ||3 ; 

— a drawer, dao ts^iu-teo' Jj| 
tfl /S*5 — ^^ order to find, seo- 
zing' ^ ^.^ 

Ransom, to c^u J^ ; joh ^ • — 
a person, c^U nying' J^ A"; — 
from sin, joh ze' ^ pj — 
money, c^U nying'-go ko'-din jg 

Rap, io tao Jg ; k^ao ^° ; — a< 
<A<2 door, tao meng' ^ f^ ; k^ao 
i^^ng' ^^ f ? y 9^^^ anot/ier 

— , tsse k^ao' ih-kyi !g ^^ 

-IE 

Rapacious, ziang I6ng-hwu' ka 

Rape, to commit gyiang-kaen' jg 

Rape-seed, tsV-ts '^ ^ 
Rapids, kyih'-shu ^ yfC'y ^^<^^ 
fish in the — {i. e. busy time in 
trade), k^6 kyih'-shu ng JJ** ^ 

Rapturous, hao' feh hwun'-hyi 

Rare, hyi-hen' ^ ^ ; naen-teh' 

H % ; siao-yiu' >> # 
Rarely met with, naen-teh p^ong'- 



RAS 



381 



RAY 



dJoli|im^''^°;hyi-vong^ 
|{r ^ ; — happens, ts'in-tsiao 
gyi vong ^ U ^ jl ; ^e «s — 
angry, gyi sang-kyU siao-yiu-go 
^WfM.^P^^'''-,- heard, 
naen'-teh t^ing'-raeng || ^ ^ 
H° (also means unpleasant to 
hear). 

Rascal, p^n'-zeh H ^°; vu-la' 
^1^ ^oUsoh pWs' TV-^ 
1$ -y* 5 a io/c? — , di-deo-oh'- 
kweng ^ HI ^ tl 

Rash, t^eh mac hyin' i:° | ^ ; 
W-hwn k^eo za yiang' ;^ ^ 

Rash broken out over the hody^ 
V weng'-sing fah'-c'ih *oiig-tin' de 

F » # s ta It iis T" 

" Raspberries, miao-ts' U-f (so 
called at T*in-dong) 
Rat, lao'-ts< ^ ^^ ; water — - ^ 
shu lao-ts^' j}C ^ M (ih-tsah) 
Rate, Jixed — , (allowance, or 
number), ih-ding'-go ngah-ts' — 
!fe^°^"f 5 ^ f''^^^ pnce, ih- 
ding'-go lio'-din — ^ ^1^°^° 
^^** ; noif ^m;o rates, peh-r'-kyiio 
/f» m ^ ; estimating at the pre- 
se7U — , z'-dzih kvvu'-k6 flj ^ 

fe(M° 

Rather, neng'-s ^""^ ; nying'- 
k^o ^ pj" ; moderately, p^o ^J ; 
/ woidd — not go, rigo neng'- 

— pretty f p'o' hao'-k^eii ^ j{f 



Ratify, ^o — (as a treaty, Ac), 

ding IK S ^ 
Rational, endowed with reason, 

yiu li'-sing ^ H ft 
Rations to soldiers, ping-liang^ 

:S ffl 5 — ^jym by the Emp&^or 

to Manchus, wong-liang' ^ ^g 
Rattan, deng J^ (a strand, ih- 

keng); — seated chair-, deng- 

min' u'-ts BM W ^ 
Rattle, a candy peddler'' s — , or 

a child's — , yiao-teng-kwu' ^ 

The rattle of each kiud of peddler has 
its distinctive name. 

Rattle, loh-loh'-hyiang Uft^ 

Ravage, ts4ang'-kyih |g jtj j ]o'- 

liah ^ Jg; place ravaged by 

the rebels^ di'-fong be dziang- 

mao' ts^iang'-kyib-ko'-de J^ -fj 

Ravel, to — (as the edge of cloth), 
mao-c*ih-lae ^ |i{ ^ ; sib'-c'ih- 
lae ; — out (as sewing), t^ah'-k^ae 

Ravenous, hwong zao'-kyU Jg 
W S '■> ~~ (^PP^tite, we'-k'eo 
hwSng.kyH' f p :)^'> gg" 

Ravine, a ib-da k'ang' — J^^U"; 

ill-go »o' - li° fi 
Ravished z^iVA cfe//^^^, gyib'-gyi 

kao-bying' ^ » ^ ^ 
Raw, sang ^*' ; ^ootf ^o eoi — , 

sang ky'iiob' hao ^° p£° ^ ; 

partly cooked, feh-joh' ^ ^ 
Ray 0/ light, ih-sin' liang-kwdngf 



EAZ 



382 



BEA 



Eaze, to hwe'-diao g^ :g°; — to | 
the ground, bvv6'-\ve biiig-di' 'f^ 

Razor, t^i'-deo-taogi3g7J(ih-p6) 
Reach, ^o extend to, tao ^ij ; ^ang- 
tao' f^° ^ij ; t^ong-tao' 5§ ^ij ; 
liu-tao' '^ ^ij ; — after, or to, 
liao ^ ; paen |^ ; cannot — it, 
liao-feh-djoh' J^ ^ ^''; i^^VAm 

— , liao-leh-djob' ff ;}|:° ^'^j 
paen-leb-djoh' j^ %' ^°; - 
out the hand, sing'-c^ib siu' |^ 
ai^;sing-k%'siu'ff^gg^: 

— out the head, deo' sing-c^ih' 
SM f$ [ij ; cannot — up to the 
branches, p^en'-feb-djob 6-ts' ^ 

Read, to — silently, k'en sbii' ^ 
:J ; — or study aloud, dob sbii^ 
U ^ ; / /iave reac? ^^^s whole 
hook, keb'-peng sbii ngo dzoiig- 
deo'-ts-vi' k«en'-ko-de J| TJS # 

prayers, (and otber Buddbistic 
words), nyiren-kying' ^ ^; 
dzong kying p| g ; — o^/^er's 
^arte % owe'i' own, yi kyi'-ts sing' 
dob jing'-ts sing iU £ j^ >6 

ffi A i: >& 

Readily, ken-sing' "jf )[J ; i^^Y- 

livgly, dzing-nyUn' '[f f| 
Ready speaker, k'eo'-neng-zib-bin' 

cu'-kwu p ti^mY K\ 

pab'-lse-pab-te'-cii'-kwu "g"" ^ 
1 ° f f i^° A ° ; ?^«<^^^» (because 
Accustomed to), jing-job' U^; 



— with the pen, pib' nyiab-leb 

prepared, yii-be'-bao-liao f^ f^ 
jff T;a//-,zi-be'.de^'''^ 
~j*° ; — money, yin' dong-din Jg 
^ ®° ; — ??^07^e^ o/i /ia^i(?, yin 
t'dng' Jl^JJ ; % with — money, 
yin ma' 1^%"^ \to trade for — 
money, yin'-dzin kao-yib' j^ ^ 
^''^ ; ^^^ ■^, be-bsen' bao ff 
m U ; yii-be -bao Jl ffl ^ 
Ready-made, yin-dzing' or yin- 

dzing ma'-go Jg. ^ g° ^° 
Real, tsing ^ ; — /»mr/5, tsing 
cii' -ts ^ II •? ; —facts, jib- 
dzing' -^ »||| ; ?n/€, jib-dzae' ^ 
;a ; ky^iiob'-jib ii X ; tib'- 
ky'uob 6^j j^ 
Real-estate, jib-din'-jib-di' 5( 

Really, jlb-dzae' ^ ;jj ; tsing-z' 

* :g ; ko'-jun ^ ^ ; nying- 

tsing' W ^ 
Reap, to — rice, kab dao' fj] |g ; 

— wheat, kab mab' ^ij ^ 
Rear, ^^e ^eo ^ ; — (of an army, 

flock of sbeep, &c.), 'eo' de ^@^ 
Rear, to — (as children), iang 

W 5 yiang ^ 
Reason., yUn-kwu' ^ ]55^ ; kong'- 
kyiu If** ^ ; wliat is the — ? dza 
kong'-kyiu WmW^'-''"' 
thai is the — of it {or tljat cannot 
be so), kwa'-dao-z "g** J^ ^ 5 
^/ie original — of, nyiin yiu' .(^ 



EEA 



383 



REC 



^ ; keng yiii jj^ fy ; j-ight prin- 
cipk, li ^ ; dao'-li JS 3i| ; ^o 
accord with — , ^eh li' ^ 3^ ; 
what — (or sense) is there in 
UMky'-^-ym ts^'-li' ^ # jft 
^ ■? vii-ts^ -dzing-li' 4E jIt "ff 
gil hy^oJ\ we-leh'':g J"; 

Reason, ^o leng |^ ; nyi-leng' 
18 Wi ; bin'-leng J|f g^ ; kong'- 
leng p^"!^ ; to — out with one's 
self, 7A fah'-hwe ih-fsen nyi-leng 

Reasoned u-ell, fah'-bwe-leh hao' 

Reasonable, yiu-li' ;§* 3g ; ^eh- 
li'-go ^^M^° ; li' so toiig-jiin'- 

g« @ >J ^ ^ ^° 
Rebel, zeb-fi' ^° || ; f?en-zeh' 

S. M° 5 ^^'^^9 ^w^'^f^ — , dziang- 

mao' ^ ^ 
Rebel, to bun'-nyih ^ j^; dzao- 

fen' ^ ^ 
Rebellion, ^0 /)fo« meo-faen'^j^ 
Rebound, to tao'-bang-cun-la3glJ 

}i II ^ ; tao'-p^ong-cun-lge. 
Rebuild, ^0 tsae-kyV H jjE ; 

tsae'-zao H j^** 
Rebuke, to tsah'-vab^P; tsab'- 

be ^ ft ; beng. 
Recall, to we-s' kyi'-teb HJ g, 

f 5 ^ ; — ^^^, eo gyi ciin'-lae 

P-4° S II 3^ ; cannoif — (it), 

V-feb-cUb' 0° gl** ^^ aa ; 

kyi'.feb-lae ffi JH 3^ ; ^ry to — 

(it), ^vV-kWIDI°8p(''ifJl°g/ 



^ ; (I) — ?•<, ^adeo' tao-de #,' 

Recant, to zih-yin' ;^ "g ; be 
yin' ^ -g- ; k«-k^eo' [& U ; 
cun-yin' f| -g" 

Recede, to tVW ^ ^ ; tao'- 

t'efiilii 
Receipt for payment, siu-p*iao'l|^ 

^ ; siu-diao' i|^ {^ (ib-tsiang); 
a — /or making, ih-yiang fdng- 

feh' - ^ :^ fi 

Receive, to siu J(j^ ; zia § ; 
tsib'-ziu g|g ; teb'-djob %^ ; 
tao'-siii ^ij ^ ; — (from a su- 
perior), ling ^ ; — (something 
sent), tsih'-tao ^^ij ; tsib'-djob 
^ ^° ; — and open, siu-ts^ab' 
Jf^ |)^ ; — ^ ^M^si politely, tsib'- 
d« nying-k^ab' ^ ff § /v'' ; 
— favors, mong eng' ^ ,g, (too 
strong an expression for ordin- 
ary use). 

Recent, sing-gying'-go ^ jj 
^^ gying-lse'-go j£ * -t"; 
gying-z'-go jS fl$ -1^^ gying- 
nyib'-go JJ 0° -^"j — we?^5, 
sing-gying'-go sing'-sib ^ j£ 

I ^°ft: i& 5 ~ y^«''^S gying' nyin 
I 5£r^;dzae-s'kyinyin^a°i§ 

Recently, gying'-lae j£ ^ ; — 
I cowie, sing-l«'-go Jf ^ -1^° j 
bao'-z 1«. 

Recess, noon hyib tsiii' ^ J ; 
j ditto at school, fong tsiu'-^ob JJ 



EEC 



384 



EEC 



Recipe for medicine, yiah fong' 
H ij', i"6ng-ts';^:f ; ffive (tell) 
me the — , keh'-go forig'-ts cljun 
peh'ng6 5t°4-''*^1»il&° 

Recipkocal love, do-ko' siang- 
^'i;"^°*0^;"gw«-siang' 

ts^ing.'^^ s H=a M ^ 

Reciprocally loilUng, liang- 
siaiig dzing-nyun' ^ ^B '[f i^l 5 1 
pe'-ts^ dzing-nyuii' ^ J^ '[f M i 

Recite, ^o — lessons, ij-c, be sbii' 
^*» ^ ; — stones (in public), 
koiig siao'-shih |f ° >J> fj ; — 
cft/^o zt>?7/^ gestures, kong do-sbii' 

Reckless, mong^; bah-mong'- 
kwong |^° i;g %\ feh-kwu'- 
ziu-^eo' %mW '^ 

Reckon, to son ^ ; son-tsiang' 
^ IpS ; p^a-tsiang' M' 16 ; — 
and see, p'a'-p'a-k^en j!g°3|°^; 
<o coi//i^, su J5; ; sii'-su-k'en' ^ 
^ ^ ; li-awi? ^0 — with you, iao 
teng ng' son-tsiang' g J^° f;);° 
^ ifg ; tsiang' teng ng son'-soii- 

kWi|!m°fr»»«;- 

ifo ??«/ account, son ngo'-go ming 



tA' 



»: f5 i^° « T° 



Reckoning, tsiang f^ (ib-go; if 
it is written, ib-p^in) ; your — is 
icronq, ng-go tsiang ts'o-go f;J;° 
i^" tt is ^' 5 "g-go tsiang' 
son tsV-de i^.^'^'^m^ ^T 

Reclaim the imnderer, ling mi- 
lii'- go nying we-deo'-de J|[ ^ 



hack, t'ao-wsen' fif \^ 
Recline on a couch, gse tao' c'ing- 
teng'-IiS^°#J S ^ J;- 
against the wall, gge'-djoh ziang' 

djobkwa'-dziang ^ ^^ tS° 

Recognize, to min-jUn' "gj ^ ; 
nying-teb' |g* ^; c/o yow wo< 

— me? ng' feb miii-jiin' ngo' yia 

chim as one's own, nying-kyii' 

Recollect, to remember^ kyi'-teh 
SE ^; ^0 think of, siang'-ky'i- 
lae 5g ^ 5j$ j ^'V ^0 — , ts^eng'- 
ts'eiig-siang' fj}" 'f^J* ft ; *a-^a'- 
siang' ir ffi° * _ 

Recommend, to tsin j^ ; kyii' - 
tsin ^ ^ ; one ivho recommends 
another, tsin'-deo nying' ^ ^g 
A°; W-deo nying' ^ gg A"; 
to advise, ky'iin |||| 

Recommendation, tsin'-sbii ]^ 
# ; tsin'-sing ^ ff ; write a — 
sia ib-fong tsin'-sbii ^^ — ' ^ 

Recompense, to pao fg ; waen 
^ ; —favor, pao eng f^ ,@, ; 

— evil, pao dziu fg ^ ; — ^^^'^ 
/or ^oof^, eng-tsiang dziu-pao' 

Emm # ; yi-ob'.pao4eb' £Jl 
^ #^ fi ; — good for evil, yi- 
teb'.pao-oh' £Jl fi fS ^ 
Reconcile, to 'o-bao' ^ ^ ; 



BEC 



385 



RED 



siang-^o' ;ft ^ ; tsae 'o-long' !p| 
IS ^ ; — ^y speaking, k6ng-'o' 

ii° % 

Eecord, to sia'-loh ig"^ ; kyi'- 

(as something omitted, &c.), din- 
loh' ^ ^'" 

Records of statistics, (J-c, ts'-shu 

5^:§ ; — ozone's ancestors, for 
three generatims, li'-lili §j|g; — 
of criminal cases^ en'-kyiin ^ § 

Recorder, shU-bsen'^Uf; tong 
lao'-s -g :g:° g°; to be a — , 
tong shii-baei/ ^ fl^ ^ 

Recover, to — (an article), kwe- 
waen' |5 Jg ; tsae teh'-djoh ||. 

Recovered (qmte)from sickness, 
voh-nyua'-de fg ;7[; f °; bing' 
djun-yu'-de ^ ^ ii" T° 

Recreate, to — one's self, yiang- 
yiang jing' ^ ^ ^^ 

Recriminate, to liang - ^6' lo 
kW-koMT°5 nii;liang- 
'o' gyi-gwu M T° 11° tg''; - 
u«7A abusive language, zoh-lae'zob- 

ky'i' Ji 5JJ jg *■" 
Recruit, to — owe's strength, pu 
ky^i-lih ^ ^ :;^ ; pu nyun- 
^y*i' ?l TC ^5 pu hyuii/-veng 
^ J& ^ ; — f^^ armg, pu'-tsoh 
ping-ngah' ^ J£ ^H ^ ; m?^ 
— , sing' ts^ong-go ping' gf % 

Rectangle, dziang-fong' ^ -jf 



Rectiff, to — mistakes (of words, 
or deeds), nying-ciin'-lae gg" ^ 
35j$ ; — (as mistakes in writing), 
kse'-bao ^ ^J ; kae ton-tsing' 
6^ i^ jE J — sjwken mistakes, 
kong'-cuii 11° fl 

Rectitude, tsing'-dzih-vu-s' J£ 
St Is ?i» ; — "^ administration., 
ping'-kong-vu-s ^ S' H fZ 

Rectum, kong Jl ; koh-dao' ^ 
^ ; ^//e outer mouth of the — , 
feng'-meng ^ p^ 

Red, 'ong ^X ; ^^<^^^ — J hyiiib'- 
*o"g iSl^I ; tinged with — , ^ong- 
hyiiih'-hyiiih ; bright — , do- 
'ong' ^"^ fl; <o %« — , nyin- 
*ong ^^ ^X ; — ^ncf^ /?e»-5a/i, 
OT foreigner, (vulgar), 'ong-mao- 

Redden, to fab -'ong ^ jfj; ; 
^ong-ky^i'-l^ JX j|e ^ 

Redeem, to c^d'-job |^ |^ ; — 
fro7n sin, job-ze' ^ |p ; — sin- 
ners, c'u'-joh ze'-nying ® flj |P 
A°j — '^'^ ^'"^» «'-sib kwong- 

c'u-tong' Jg ^ 

Redeemer, job-ze'-go cii'-kwu 
W P ^*' A° ; ^^'6 Redeetner, 
job-ze'-go Cu' SI # i-° ± 

Redress, to — grievances, ka iin' 
^°^ ; sbib tin' 3 % ; ka-iin' 
sih-kyib' S?** ^ # i^ 

Reduce, to — th price, kien ko'- 

o/* eve?^ hundred, tang tsih'-deo 



RED 



386 



REF 



iJ iff Bl ; tang k^eo'-deo ff 
f BM 5 ^^® Discount. — ex- 
pejises, sang fi'-yuong ^°ft ^ ; 
— unnecessary/ expenses, sang 

yec//o/i, ali'-voh jg° j]jj ; — (as 
rebels), bing-voli' Zp JJ]^ 
Reduced m circumstaiwes kwong'- 
kying loh'-de jfc f:g°T; 
a person ditto, loh-boh'-go nying 

Redundancy in wards, sliih-wo' 
t^eh to' U m i:° ^ ; lo-yin'. 
to-nyu' ^ g ^ |§ 

Reed, a ih-ts lu-ken^ —' ^^ 
^ ; ib-ken lu' — ^5^^^; a bam- 
boo — , ih-ken cob' — j^ ff 

Reel, ts^o ^ ; — for mnding 
from the cocoon, dziu s'-ts'o ^J° 

Reel, to stagger, Is^ib'-ts^ong-pab- 

tiii' ^ # A S^^ ; - /^^^'^ 

drunkenness, tseo' ziang sia do- 
zka' ft :l° :^° ^ ir ^° 

Re-establish, to tsae sbihMih 
•PI* t^ lilt 5 — ^ government, tsse 
tsing'-teng kong-ssen' i^ ^ l|^ 

Re-export, to nyiin-ho' cUh-k^eo' 

Refer, to point to, ts'-tin Jg* SJ ; 
^wo^e, ying i^j ; — to his example, 
ying gyi'-go pong'-yiang §[ g 
^°#l^ ; ^^ — another, ts^ing - 
kao If ^°; — to a higher official, 



dziang-zong' 'eo-p^i' |3^ Jl -jll 
^ ; — the decision to yaii^ peh 
ng' tso-cu' \%^ \^: \^^ i 

Refine, to lin >)t^ ; — % fire, 
ton'-lin ^i >^ 

Refined in manners, ts^ing-siu' 
siang Vt ^ +3* ; veng-sib' % 
fife ; veng-yuo' 3^ f 1 5 — ^"^^ 
^mr^, iu-yiio' ^ ^f| ; — &ugar, 
dong' di-ts^ing'-liao-go H^ J§ 

Refire, to — (as tea), faen ts*ao' 

If *l? 
Reflect, to faen'-tsiao ^ ^^ ; 

tao'-tsiao f l| fiB ; ing ft^ ; — 

Z/^/ii, we-kw6ng' faen'-tsiao 3g 

!?^ S ffi ' — ^^I^^ ^^^ ^^^' ^^^' 
on tbe absent), tse-siang' j[|^jg ; 

to <Am^, s-siang' g, ^, ; — 

calmli/, si'-sing-go ts^eng' ^ i\j 

Reform, to we-deo' [U 5| ; kae'- 
ko JSSC'M, 5 — **'* ^^^^'^ "^"^ thought, 
we-sing'-cuQ-i' HI £>• || # ; 
ling-sing-coh'- ciin ^ >j5i [11° 
If ; to <w?'?i from the evil to the 
good, kae-ob'-dzong-jiin' ^ ^ 
U§ ^ ; ky^'-zia-kwe-tsing' ^ 

Reformed, already yi'-kying we- 

deo'-de EUmmT 
Refraction of light, kwong cuu'- 

^ih * W M 
Refractory, ao'-diao-peb-bying' 

fi 13 ;f^ mr 

Refrain, to — //om singing, feh 



BEF 



387 



REQ 



t«^6ng^de f, n§ 7^* ; —from, 
ka J^** ; — for a long time, 
dzlaiig ki{ ^^^ ; — for a short 
tvne, ton' ka ^ ^^ ; —/row 



eatififf, gyi zili' 



; gyi cu 






I 

^■HefRESH, to — ones mind, sing-li' 
^P k'.-e-w^' ,i:. H §3 ia ; k^^'- 
k^se sing g3 ^fj >(];> ; kw'un sing 
^ >(j» ; — ones strength, yiaiig 
nij' ^ 13 ; yiang-jing' ^ jpi^ 
Refuge, a place of — dzong- 
sing^ts-c^U' ^ ^ jJ: jg ; to'-bi 
n'-sen |J, Jg i° ^"; bi n«n' 

di'.fong MWi^if 

Refugees, dao-njen'-go nying' 

^il-t**A^ i>^n-ming' ||^ 

Refund, ^o waen jj ; t^ing'-wsen 

^•^E' — ^^"^ ^"^ article injured), 

I be-wse.i' Jg Jf ; be-djong' |gff 

Refuse, vu-yUong'-ts-veh M ^ 

zah-hwe-deo' ;5°J^f^°^°; _ 
/€«, dz6-yil/-meli :?j> ^ tJ^ 
Refuse, fo fob 3 5 ^^^ W » ^^'^- 
de(/ m m 5 we-foh' [gig; tV 
dz' Ijl §^ ; — for a false reason, 
i*e-tV)h' f^ Jg ; mn/io/ — (to 
do), t^e-feh-tVb' Jl ^, ^ ; c/^«o 
(to admit), tWel/.k% J^ ^ 
g3 ; — consent, feb-hyu f,|^; 
feb ing-dzing" ^ ^ ^ ; — 
with thanks, dz zia' ^1^**; a/ec^ 
<o — , ko' t^e-dz jg" ii 1^ 
Refute, ?o pob-tao ^ glj 
Refuted, cnnnot be poh'-feh-tao'- 



go ,!|5 t/ ffil-^"; ««^-/y— , 

pob'-sah-de gjj 0^ y° 

Regain, /o voh-cui/-lte fj[||^ ; 
yi teb'^job %''%m'' 

Regained (by the government), 
kwVvoh'-de ^ fl 7°; sin- 
voh'-de J(^ fg 7° 

Rega.rI), fo ca?e yb/', kwn'-djoh 
m W'-, ts'« B^; kvviiM f:; 
ts^u-tsV fll^BJc ' ^0 ^^0^ — ^"'^^ 
bao-vong' ts'ae gyi if ;?''ffl°B3c 
^ ; sp^a^■ aw,^ (he) regards not, 
w6-feb-ts%' ^5 ^^ g;g ; zw — ^o 
this matter, kong'-tao keh'-go z- 

— «s improper, yi'-we feh-kV 

Regardless of danger, feh-kwu' 
ngwe-hyii/ ^^j^^-^^of 
cost, feb-leng lo-siao' dong-din' 

t. 1^ ^ >> S 11" 
Regards, present my — to him, 
dae ngo' mong-mong' gyi f^ ^ 
Sg^g|''^;laegyi'di-f6ngdje 
ngO cu'-i a*^ « * * fe ^* 
|j(:;g;t'ing6 ts'inggyien' :^ 

Regency, <a govern hy a — , dae 
dju' kob tsing'fi; ^ 1 K; 
ditto during the minority of the 
heir apparent, bao t^i'-ts zo long- 

dins' i& * ^ « S8 S 
Regimen, follow a prescnbed — , 
iiig'-zih iao tsiao fab' fj^ ^ ^ 

Regiment, a ih-ia ping' — 



REG 



388 



REL 



Region, a ih-tae di-fong' — ^ 

Register of names, or of lands, 
ts^ah'-ts flj -^ ; — of popula- 
tion, a-wu'-ts^ah ^° ^ -JJ 

Register, to cU-ts^ah' |^ -gj ; 
zong-ts^ah' J^-JJ ; — the census, 
zaoa-wuUs4^«P^°)t$°flJ; 

— the males, zong nying-ting'- 

Regret, to ao-naosiang' '[H »fg 
^3 ; sing' lisen-ko' ;& || ^ ; 

— to part with, feh-so'-teh ^ 

Regretted, to he k'o'-sih pj* '[§ ; 
always to he — , ao'-feh-cun'-go 

Regular, tss6i/-zi ^° ^°: zi- 



jih' 



m — order (or suc- 



cession), a-ts'-ju ^° ?JC ^; ; — 
(as persons sitting, or standing, 
&c.), &i-Mi'-shing^°f^°^^/; 
— in eating, and diinking, ing^- 
zih diao-yuing^ IS ft IJ3 ^ ; 
?*{sm m i^e — way, (i. e, by ex- 
aminations), ssen-k^ao' c^ih-sing' 
H ^ ffi # ; tsing'- du c^ib- 

sing' iE 3^ lii Jfr ; ^0^ *^^^^ ^'^ 

/^e — way, {i. e. bougbt), kyiin- 
paen' c^ih-sing' ^M^k 
Regularly, a-ts^'-ju ^'':^ ^ ; 
i-ts^'-jU ^ PJc ^ ; tsiao'-ts^'-ju 

Regulate, to — wliat is in dis- 
order, tsing'-teng ^ ||| ; dju-li' 



Jj^gl; cannot — his family, how 
can he govern a kingdom ? peh 
neng dzi kyiio' in neng djii koh' 

Regulations, cong-dzing' ^ 
^§ (cong or tsong) ; diao-li' {^ 
^J ; kwe-kyu' ^ ^g ; kvve-diao' 
^ j^ (ih-diao) ; to make — , 
sbih'-b'b tsong-dzing' ^° :ff: 

Reign, to tso w6ng-ti'f|J ^ ^; 
zo-we'^'ll^^i"; zo tin-^6' ^"^ 
5c T°5 %^'^ « — ' teng-we' g 
;^°; in the 8th year of T^ung- 
chih, Dong-Dju' pab'-nyin |^J ^ 

Reiterate, to ts^in-ting-vgen'- 
cob.gow6'^prrm5ii-*'f§; 
w6-ko' yi-w6' fS jg X° fS 

Reject, to ky'i'-diao ^-'j'*; tiu- 
diao' ^ f **; — finaUij, ky^i'- 

djili ^ IS 
Rejected hy every one, we nying' 

s6 kyU^ S A° ^ ^ 
Rejoice, ^o he pleased, bwun-byi' 
]^ ^ ; — together, dd-ko' bwun- 

hyi' :^° ^^ » S ' ^^'^«^^^ 

pZmsec^, kw^a'-lob ^ ^| ; «o Je 
delighted, kao-bying' 'jg M ; — 
eicceefZm^Z^, bwun-t4n'-byi-di'^ 

Relate, to tell, kong ^°; djiia 
^ ; 7 will — (it) iJo ?/o?« ; ngd 
kdng' peb ng t^ing' ^ ||° J^° 
fli^** II ; "go kong'-byiang-ng- 



REL 



389 



REL 



particulars, kong'-leb dziang-be' 

Eelated, is he — to ymi ? gyi' z 
ng'-go zing-clzoh' sol/ ^ ^ fj;" 
^^ ft" ^ S° • ^ IS distantly 
— , z ali-lah yiin'-voiig^en-dzoli' 

/jaye ^/ie srt??ie surname, but are 
not — , dong-sing' fell we-dzob' 

Relations, and Eelatives, 
nearest — , ts'ing-nying' |^ ^°; 
distant — , yiiu'-ts^iiig Jg ^ ; 

— of the same surnaim, doiig- 
dzoh' fp) ;^; zl-ko-nying' Q° 
^° K*! — of<^ different sur- 
name, ts^ng-kyiin' ^ ^ ; near 

— (whether by affinity, or con- 
sangnhiity), kweh'- joh-ts-ts'ing' 
•g' i^jSil; hyUih'-ts^ingjSl 
^',thefiLe-,i^g'\e^^g^'i^ 

Eelax, to — (as a cord), long- 
so"g ® f 1 5 — i^^ nuisclt's, 
&c.), kwHin-shii' % ^f 

Eelaxation, take siiig'-li en- 
yih'-kyi,(^»-;fl^^;— (after 
(sorrow or trouble), saen-ssen sing^ 
^ ^ >6; kw^m-kw^un sing' 

% % i& 
Eelease, to f6ng -^ ; f6ng'-c% 

j|5[ |fi ; — from confinement, 

fah-fong' ?§ ]jj ; sil/- fong ^ 

j^ ; pardon and — , nyiao-fdng' 

Eelent, to sang nyiin'-sing- 
dziang ^° ft >5 Jl 



Eeliable, tW-leh-ko Jg^°i@; 
k'c-t^oh'.go pj ^ >i^°; k'ao'- 

leh.dju'-go||^°>fjt>ivo. hao' 
siang-sing'-go Jf ;fg ^ >j^«». 

to receive — information, teh'- 
djohjih-loh';f^^'>^;gO;-_ 
Tiew^s, jih-jil/-loh-loh-go sing'-sih 

Eelics, ancient kwu'-tsih i^ ^ ; 

— of Buddha, shise'-li -^TplJ ; — 
of saints, ^c, sing'-doh H ^° 

Eelief, can give no — , lib feh 
neng-dzu' :^ ^ |g Jft ; 7U lih 
neng we J^ ;;^ ^g >j^ 

Eelieve pain, kaen-ksen fc^ong' 
WM ; ka-ka t^ong' JTj?"^ ; ka- 
ka bo ; ts-ts t^ong J^ ^J^ ; — the 
poor, tsiu-tsi' gj'uong-iiyiiig' gfj^ 
W ^ A**; s6'-s gyuong-nyirig' 
^'iS.^ A"; ditto (on a more 
extensive scale), tsi-bing' ^ ^ 

Eeligion, kyiao |Jc ; kyiao'- 
oieng ^ f^; Confucian — , Ju 
kyiao' fil ^; Buddhist—, Sib' 
kyiao jg fjj; ; Toots; — , Dao' 
kyiao J^ g^; Mahoirunedan — , 
We- we' kyiao [SJ [pI;|5; ; Catholic 
-, T^n-cU' kyiao ^ifjc; 
Protestant — , Yise-si/ kyiao Jg 

mm 

Eeligious, gyin-dzing' ^ |j{; 

— newspaper, ^aiig kyiao' sing- 
pao' J^- IS if fK ; kyuoh'-shu 
sir.g-pao' ft -fg: if f ^ 

Eelinquish, ^0 — i(;?7/i regret, 
p'i'-diao ^ "J*"; p^i-t^seii'-diao 



EEL 



390 



REM 



^ P|| 'X°; — (as an undertak- 
ing), t^e-diau' ^^ "7°; tVkW 
jf gg ; hyih «iu' ^ ^ 

Relish, ^o m^ ivitk a — , ky^Uoh'- 

Reluctant, feb-dzing'-nyiin ^ 
•If II; feh-yUoli'-i f , g^ « 

Rely, «<? — upon, i'-tV)h f§ J'g ; 
t^oh'-laen |£ J{i°; k'ao'-djoh ^ 
^'': am — i^^ow, k^o k^ao'-go 
pf ^ >(^°; 1 am luell, relijing on 
your happiness, (a polite answer;, 
t^oh-ng-foh' % ii: jpa or t^ob- 

fob' % m 

Remain, to i^tay, deng ^ ; deng- 
lob' fl" ~f°; — long, dz'uing 
deng' -^f^''; — /^'' ^ ^^^^'"^ ^""^'? 
dzsen deug' g ^^ ; — owr 
(as food), dzing-lob' |l] -^ 

Remaindek, yii-to^ |^ §; ; gyi- 
yu' rjfc f^ ; to-deo' ^ gg 

Remarkable, fi-dz6ng' ^^ ?§" ; 
c^b-gyi' |f| -^ ; — wisdom, fi- 
dj6ng'-go ts^)ng-ming' |^ ^ 

Remedy, efficacious Hug yiab' ^ 
^ ; liiig-tsen'-miao yiah' f| J^* 
Jj? ^ : sin-tjen' \il j^ ; no — 
>', myiab'kW ^^ M^ 9 

Remember, to kyi'-teh |g, ^^ ; 
kyi'besing'-li |ll^°>i:>J;ky» 
Lne byuong-cong IB, ^° JJ^ 4* 5 
fong' Ise sing'-H 1^ ^ i\j'j^', 
dz.ng'l^sing'-li^^^j:;.^; 
— a?i(/ CiMstantly think oJ\ kyi'- 
nyiaen |B ;^ ; -— <{fter cnca 



seeing, ko'-mob peb-vong' ^ Q 

Remind, ^o di-ky'i' % g ; di- 
deo'; — of something forgotten, 
di-smg' Jl g ; _ Am, di-gyi- 
deo, or di-ky^i gyi deo Jg|i°^ 

Remiss, yias'-die {§1 ;g ; — in 
business, tso' z-ken' ky^ingying- 

Remit, to pardon, s6'-diao ^^ 
"J""; niiiZ-diao ^ ~J*°; — ^Ae 
/(mcT &<.r, hweb'-min zin-liang' 

$S % M° a ; - '^^^y ^^ ^ 

diftance, tu nying-sing' c'ib-kyu 

r «I fa ffi i-" 

Rem it t e n t fever, si li'-ny ib-tsing 

Remnant (of clotb), t^on-dei/ 
S Bi"; bng-deoMing-mi' ^ 

Remonstrate, advise Mm not to 
do, ky'un' gyi feb-kV tso %^ 
%'m^] ditto (witb a superior), 
kyin' gyi feb-k*o' tso ||^ ^ ^ 

Remorse on account of one's sin, 
di-sing' tlac/- laeii, we-leb zi'-go 

we-leb zi-go ze' sing'-li ngao- 
tsin' g7^g°#°>iMSS 

m 

Remote, yUn jg ; liao-yun Jg 
jg ; nyiao-yuu' % jg ; r«?3^— , 
ting'-yui^ J^ig ; yiao-yun ^ jg 

Remove, /o yi-ko' ^ jg ; tsaeu'- 
ko ^ i§ J — '0 anothei' house, 



REM 



391 



REP 



pun-oh' Jgg ; ts'in-kyii' ^ g ; 
ditto tempoiarili/, tsaen-olj' JbM 

Eemunerate, to — (with a pre- 
sent), dziu-zia' 9| !§} ; — for 
trouble, dzhi-lao' gH| ^ 

IHend, to — (as rocks), hwab'-k^ae 
ftf B3;-(as cloth), c^o'-k^ce 

it 63; to split, lih-kWggg 

Render anaccountofviatters, we- 
pao'z-tn' Hlf^ ^: |g; ^opcni 
hack, wsen Jg ; pao'-waen ^^ Jg ; 
— thanks (to (xotl), coh'- zia 

it if 

Rendezvous, to we-zi' -§• ^** 
Renew, to kre-sing' g;^ 5gf ; tso- 

si'ig ^ if ; — ^^'^ '^'^"'■^ i^y'i 

gyiu' wun-sing' ^ ^ |g. ff 
Renounce, to djii-diao' (^ ^°; 
cljih-di-W|g7°;kyV.djih|| 



; don -dj ill 



; — one s 



• allegiance, be-fsen' ]^ ^ 
Renowned, yin do ming-'-sing 

W :/c° ?iW'-> — ^^^^ to the 
capital, ming'-cing ti'-tn ^ ^ 

Rent, w. tsu-diu' 50.11°; vong- 

^•n' M ^°; vong tsii-di./ ;g 

SL M"; tsii-ko' ^1 jg°; to rawe 
/A? — , tsiang tsu-ko' Slflg''; 
money, jjaid down as iecwity for 
— , t^eu' tsii-din ^ fl ^°; ah' 
tsu-din Jfp-'fLlg-^ 
Rent, to tsn % ; sbU ;^' ; to — 
out, tsu-c^ih' ^ [fj ; shu'-c'ih 

Repack, to — (in a box), kte- 



siang' ^ H ; — (in a bundle), 
kse-pao g^ Q 

Repair, to siu-li'^^^ ; siu-gyii/ 
f^ tf 5 — Jj/;)ato/«Vty, siu-pu' j^ 
^ ; — ant/ errtbellish, siu-sih' j^ 
f$ j — bridges, and roads, siu- 
gyiao'p'alu'^^^-g^ 

Repay, to waen jg; ti'-siao j£ 
1^^; — (for an article injured, or 
lost), be-wfen' U jg ; ti'-dzong 

Repeal, to — a law, djii-diao' 
lih-fah' (^ i°^ fi ; k^ae-diao' 

Repeat, to do again and again, 
tsae'-ssen tso' |f H ffit 5 ^^ ^'^ 
<^/<7a?7i and again, kong'- ko-yi- 
kong'Bf'ii R^fr-^ ^^'o-ko'. 
yi-w6' 5J jg3{^°fg ; — t/ie same 
thing in discourse, bun-zong'-biin- 
lob'^ J:|g'^ ; —after another, 
djiin ^ ; — after m, keng'-leh 
ngo djun' g|° ^ P ; — B^id- 
dhist prayers, nyiten kying' ;g;* 
g ; — a lesson, be shii' ^° ^ 

Repeatedly, tsse'-saen-tsae-s' !p| 
HS P3 ' ^^^^^ — (^^y ^vords;, 
ting-coh'pjPjjcob'-t'ohpg^ 

Repent, to &o'-h\\e ^'\^', — a)id 
turnfrmn, h\ve'-k;e '|g ^ ; we- 
sing'-cun-i H >ij. W # ' ^'^^"S'- 

k» zin-fi' -^ efi: W4^ ; '-^^'-bwe 

kae-ko' l^'t^g^ii ; hwe'-ze kae- 
W'lgp El^i§; — (inaBud- 
dhist sense, by paying the priests 
to pray for), ts^aen'-hwe »|g 



EEP 



392 



EEP 



ll^j ^0 cimnge one's mind, sing 
fsen'-bwe >5 M '!$ 
Repetition q/" words, djUn-ko'- 
yi-djui/ m ig 3^° il ; bo-bo'- 
nao-nao'-go shih-\v6' g ,J° ^° 
Wi pS" 5 «^^^ss — , djun-feb- 

hyih'-go m%w^'' 

Repine, to — at, Un ^ ; ^eng 
'I'^ ; — at Heaven and Earth, tin'- 
T^in 'eng-Di' ^^ ^ 'K M ; 

— at poverty, un gyuong' f^g^ 
Replace, to place as before, dzing- 

gyiu en'fj^^^ ^°; —as if it 
had not been moved, nyiin-fong' 

Replenish, to fill again, ko-muu' 
^fl** J^; fill completelj, s'-teli 
mun'-tsoh |g ^ }i J£ 

Reply, «o we-tuh' [gl ^ ; te'-tali 
f^^;tal/-mg>gif;a-, 
vve-ing [nj ^ ; we-wo' [gl f J ; 

— ^0 a letter, we-sing' [H -^ ; 
ditto (unsealed), we-z' [oj ?^ 

Report, rumor, fbng-sing' JH, ^ ; 
idle — , yiao-yiiV f § g" ; to 
create ditto, nyiali-dzao' yiao-yin' 

J^ 5^° IS "a ' ^^^^^ "'^^ ^'^^^'^ 
trouble, dzao-yin'-seng-z jS^g* 
^!^; fab kyii'-lonty; ky'i mong- 
deo'; the — is, nying-ko w6^ \ ° 
^° fj ; — (of expenses, &c.), 
tsMng-toi/ ^ 1^ ; ts^ing-tsiang' 
TS tt 5 — ^/^ <^^''^non, p^ao'-go 
byiaug'-sing ^ ^° 10 ^ 
Report, to t^ong-pao' JJf;^; — 
to him, pao'-byiang-gyi-dao ^^ 



jpj ^ J^ ; — ^0 a superior, 
ping'-cu ^ ^H ; — to the Etn- 
peror, tseo'-ming wong-zong' ^ 
0^ fi _fc; — ^<? if^^ officers, pmg- 
kwua' ^ '^ 
Repose, ^w/^^, en-zing ^ ^ ',to 
seek — , zing en-zing' I^" ^ 
1^ ; / ivish you siveet — , ts'ing' 
en-cu' If ^ 5 
Repose, <o hyih-sib' -H^ ^^ 
Represent, you — him as a bad 
man, gyi'-go dzlng-ying', tsiao 
ng' kong'-lte z W-go ja^^^jf 

— typically, piao'-ming ^ 0^ ; 
— , or act a part, tsong-paen' ^ 
J^ ; io act for another, dse-we' 
jing-z' fii ;^ A V ; one repre- 
sents ten, 'A\' tong jib' - — ' h" "P* 5 

— tJie people (as in Congress), dse 
pab'.singcuz'fC-g*'^^!;^"^'' 

Repress, to ab'-djii ^f |i; ab'- 
cuB°fiJ; ab'-jib^°^J;t8'- 
clju ± f± ; — «'^f7<^^'j ab'-djU 
6'-w6ng ^° {i ]fcc° .^°; jing'. 
ky4-t«eng'-sing S> ^ # ^ ; 
com/c? «o^ — laughter, nying'- 
leb-djii' siao' i2,°^ ft ^; 

— Z>ac^ disposition, k^eb'-djU -^a 
sing'-kab :^ f& p° ft ISr 

Reprieve, <o ying-vab' kw^in- 
wan'-tin mm%^Mh 

Reprimand,^© tsab'-be-J^;— 
(generally in a loud tone), beng. 

Reprint, to ts£e ing H p[J; 
dzong ing' J; p|J 



REP 



393 



REQ 



I 



Reproach, to s-we' j| ^ ; pH- 
bi'ig' ^ If ; ^0 — sem-e/^/, ba; 
wo ; siah gyi lii/ '^1J it |t ; «o 
humiliate him (extremely) by — , 
siu-joh' gyi ^ J5 -R ; da gyi 
6.1in'«°^ T'EJ^^^^-, 
ziu sin'-joh ^ ^ Jg ; ziii tsao- 
t^ah' ^{21^1; w;/^Aow« — , & 
pn'-bing ^ Jtef ; ^^^^<^ (blemish), 
:» yUo'-tin ^° Jg ^ 

Reprove, to tsal/-be ^ ff ; — 
(generally in a loud tone), heng ; 
— and threaten, tsah'-vah ^ fj 

Reprobate, vu-s6'-peb-we'-go^ 
^ ^^1^"; peb-k«sen'-ts-gyib' 

Reproof, ba-deo'; severe — , do' 
ba-deo'; receive a — , for the verb 
say either, t^ng ^, ky^uoh' 
Pg", or ziu ^ ; thus, I to-day 
received a — , ngo' kyih-mih' 
t^ing ba-deo' ko-de -J^-^'* °^ 

8° ffi*" iS T°5 9^^^ ^^^'^ « — J 

ba'gyiih-we'Ji7J°^— [H 

Reptiles, b6'-godjong'Jl^>j^°^ 

Republic, ming-cU'-ts-koh ^ 

± ;t S 
Repudiate, to don'-djih ^|g ; 
ky'i'-diao ^ f"; t'ih'-cMh-lse 
ill ffi^; — (as an affair), t^eng'- 
c^ih-Iae ^ jij ^ ; — acquain- 
tance, don'-djih-lse-^ong' ^ ^ 
^ f± ; — « ^^i/'e, ky^i'-diao 
W-nyuing^ y^°-^°; ditto 
(for misbehavior), li'- diao lao'- 
"yiiing SI T° *° -^^ 



Repugnant ^o a person, long 
nying' we'-wu-go |f A** S }§ 

Repulse, to tang'-t'e JJ jg 

Repulsive countenance, min- 

k^ong' p'6-nying^-sah-la' |g ^ 

W tfi 5 ^^^'^ ^^^ disagreeable, 

lang'-tsnh-ts'ih '^""WW 

Reputable, yiu-ming'-go ^ ^ 

employment, t'i'-min-go 



^^ 



^6ng-nyih'ffB>h*'e* 
Reputation, ming-sing' ^ g; 

ming-ky^i' >g §| ; ming-vong' 
^ g| ; character, ming-tsih' ^ 
Ijj ; to /ose or injure — , tsao- 
tW ming-sing' gf Ifl >5 ^; 
wae-diao' ming-sing' iS T° >5 
^ ; (??7to another's — , wae nying'- 
go ming-tsih ;® A" 2 fS ; 
Ai5 — is good, gyi'-go ming- 

sing^bao'Si^^^^if ;«« 
indifferent — {i.e. not very good), 
ming-sing' bing-djong' ^ § 

Request, to ts^ing |f ; siang- 
ts^ing' ;f||g ; siang-iao' i^"^ ; 
— Am to come, siang-iao' gyi 

If S ^; respectfully — a^icf 
w^rM.% pa'-t^oh ^^ JE ; / wj/Z/ 
co7«joZ^ vnth your—, tseng kyiao', 
tseng kyiao' ^ IJC M Ifc 
Require, to shu iao' ^ ^ ; vu- 
pih'-ts-iao iJ >JJ S 5 pib'-shu 

Requisite, Aoiw TTia/iy are — ? 



KEQ 



394 



RES 



ing-yiionq;' ky^iah'-leh to-siao'|g 
mM^° ^ 'P'- pili'-ky^iali- 
leh to-siao' i£, M'' ^ ^ ^ 
(ky^iah-leh or kyHao-leh). 

Eequite, to pao f]J ; pao'-tah f^ 
^ ; — favors, pao-eiig' f^,||, ; 
pao-peng' fg 7|^ 

Hescue, to save, kyiu ^^ • come 
to the — , lae kyiu' ^ iJc ; — 
from fire, ho-li' kyiu'-c^ih-lge ij^ 
5 ?lliC ffi * ; kah h(/ kyiu^ 

c^ih-iae^°>A:i$:{li ^;-(as 

one who has fallen into some- 
thing), tsiiig-kyiu JiJ^;; kyiu'- 
yiin ^ j^ ; — out of trouble, or 
difficulty, kyiu'-kvv^u kyiu-noen' 

Researches, to make — , {i. e. 
seek diligently), seo-zing' |g 
^*'; cfe^^o by examimng, k'ao'- 
kyiu ^ ^ 

Resembling, ziang fg ; siang- 
ziang' ;fa ff ; jii-dong' i^n IrI ; 
fon^'.feh ^ l^ 

Resembles, yiu-ts'-wu }g^^; 
z -wu ll^ ^ J — ^?^ countenance, 
tso' ffiin-ngsen' [^"Jl^B^''; — 
his father, yiu-ts'-wu ah-tia' Jg" 
;J:$|Jnf ^°;ziangtia'ftf''; 
teng ah-tia' siang-ziang'-go |lL° 

PIf ¥° *B ft i^" ; - ^^<^^ctiy, 

weh-t^eh'-ko fgliig; tMh'. 
seh-vu-i'' 0g fe 1^ Zl 
Resent, to dong k/i |Jf| ^ ; ko 
ky'i ^jfO^S; (polite) kyin ky^i 



Resentment, un ^,; iin'-ky'i ^ 
^ ; izV^er — , iin'-ky^i-beh-beli' 

— and hatred, iin'-^eng-go sing 
^ 'K ^° >& 5 should not cherish 
-,un'feh-k^okyih'^f, pf 
^^ ; iii/ feh-k V dzeng' ?^ ^ 
pj ;jJ ; implacable — , ka'-feh- 

kV-go ur/ ff« * P3 ^° ^ 

Reserve, ^o liu-loh' •g-^;dzing- 

loh' i] '^ ; dzeng-loh' ;[J ^ ; 

— a /z7^/e, liu-tin'-loh ^ g**; 
dzing-tinUoh |f ^° 

Reserved in words, kwo'-yin- 
kw6-nyii'-go ^ •§• ^ |g ^j^o 

Reside, to dju {^ ; deng g°; 
?6'^(?re rfb you — ? ng'-djii Ise 

'ah-iifrft«°^°a^? 

Residence, dju-c'u' {^^;deng- 
c^^' JS M 5 deng-sing'-ts-c^u' ^ 
#;S>®; en-sing-'-ts-c'u' ^^ 
^ J^ 5 where is your honorable 

— ? tseng fu' ^ah-li j|: jf jpj" 
^°f fa'-z6ng^ah.Ii;|JJ: Jl^o 
>g ? fu^zong ^o-c^u' /If ± fpf 
;g ? 7«7/ humble — , so - -6' ^ 
T^jso'-kyin^f^jbi-so'li^ 

Residue, t/ie gyi-yu'-go ^ ^ 

^h''; yii-to'-go f^ ^ >iv' 
Resign, to give up, dz ^; zia 

tf; t^e ^t; twiao jiT; 

— a situation, dz di - fong' ^ 
^°; — one's office, dz kwun' |ff 
g|- ; zia z'l^-^; zia zing' «}- 
j^ ; (/?^<o ora account of old age, 
kao'-Iao ^ ^j — ^o anot/ier, 



KES 



395 



KES 



sia z' ^(J :^ 

Resist, /o ti'-tong Jg ^g ; tdng'- 
djii ^ 1^ ; — an enemy, ^c, 
ti'-dih J£ S^ ; — p(iyif^9 taxes 
(in a body), nao liang' ^ }i|° 

Resolute, kyin-sing' ^ >jj; ts'- 
hyiang lih^lao'-liao ^ |pj jjr 
^y ; Je — , sing' iao kyin' ^jj. 

Resolution, unshaken firmness, 
lih-sing' S( ,iJ 

Resolutions (passed by an as- 
sembly, &c.), c6ng-dzing' ^ ^ 
(c6ng or tsCng). 

Resolve, fioced k'6'-ding cii-i' 

»°S±S;cu'-i]ih-w± 

Resolve, to ding cu -i ^ ^ ^ ; 

lib cu -i jLi.1S. 
Resort, many — thither, lae-ky'i'- 

gonyingto' ^±''^*'A°^; 

a place of — , jii'-jih-nying''- 

j:|^°; the last — , (figurative, from 
cbess), meh-tsiah'-gyi-ts' >j^ ^ 

Resource, fdng-fab'^ fj ; fah'- 

^s fi •? ; 1^0 — (but tbis), M- 
fah' |fflt7i ; sbib'-fab-n^'.'o ^ 
fi ^ <iir ; vu-k'o'-nae-^o At pj" 

Respect, to kying'-djong |£ J; ; 
kong-kying' ^g^ ; tseng-djong' 
d|C 2 ; — one's parerits, kying'- 
djong vu'-meo §1 ft ^ # ; 



ditto, (or reflect bonor upon), 
isang do'-nying-go ky'i' ^°;fe° 
A" i"' « ; — this, (official), 
ling-tseng' >I^ -g ; — untten 
pape7\ kying'-sib z-ts' ^^ ^ 

m 

Respect, with — to, kong'-tao 

superiors, mob'-vu tseng-tsiang' 
@ ^ # 1: ; ^-do' ^-siao' 
ISVC" |S° >i^; seZ/ — (as flow- 
ing from — for one's parents), 

tsang-ts'-ky'if^°-g^;ze-kyV 
^ ^l to endure trouble from 
ditto, tsang-fong' ngao'-ky'i ^^ 
M H ^ ; J'Ost all self. — , ze- 
ky'i' tib'-tao-de i^ U ^ Wi 
7**; tao ze-ky'i' de fj |^ ^ 
7°; «o — for self ov for parents, 
^-tsang'-m-ky^i'f/^°^; 
a good man re?pect^ himself, 
kyuing-ts' z-djong' :§" -^^ g ft 
Respects, to pay one's — , mong- 
mong' g° g°; pa' m6ng |^° 
^**; in some — alike, in some — 
not alike, yiu-sing dong', yiu sing 
feb-dong ;t g° ig ^ H f, 
[p|, (also means some are alike 
and some are not). 

Respectable, t^i'-min || "^ ; 
yiu t^i'-min # S| "jg ; — peo- 
pie, zdug ko'-ts nying' Jt t?** 

A' 

Respectful, kong-kying' ^ 
gj; ; — to his master, dae cii'- 
nying-k6 kong-kying' f$:£A° 



RES 



39t) 



RES 



^ ^^ ; 5e — , tso iiying' iao 
ky^-kong'f^ A°^ m^i 
Eespecting, leng-tao' $^f\\ ; ts'- 

Eespire, to ih-bwu' ih-hyih' — 
Pf — 1^; hwun-tsing' hwuiWih' 
m Ig ffi ; hwu-hyih' [f (E 

Eespite, no ih-hyih'-feh-k^ong 

Besplendent, ming-liang' 0^ 
^ ; kwong-liang 7^ ^; — (as 
snow), shib'-kwah-liang g ^ 

Respond, to ing'-tah iff ^; ing'- 
te li it ; we-tah' ^ !^ 

Responsibility, tseh'-zing ^ 
J^°; kyin-ts' ^ ^ ', the — rests 
on you, z ng^go taeh'-ziiig ^ 
fr^°*jS°;z"gta3n-t6ng' 

Jijril»;te-ung^;ffi^ 
{j}^°; Me — (consequence), rests 
on you, z ng'-go ken-yi^ -^ f;;);'' 
-i^° =f f^,; (the burden) JiV/o, 
z ng -go tgen'-deo ^ f;);° ^° ^ 
BM ; hyiang ng' z veng' [^ij f;);° 
^Fp5;l3eDg'smgz6ng';jJ°f^,° 
jI* J2 ; ^^^ ^^^^ ^''^^ — 5 pe' keu- 
yi' ^ -p f j^ ; ^0 devolve the — 
on some one else, sia' kvin-ts'^jj° 

Responsible, to be —foranoiJm^, 
tso pao' gj ^ ; tso-cong'-tsoh- 
pao' fS + f^ {tS ; « —situation, 
zing-djong'-tseb-da' ft ;g ■^;^ 

Rest, en-taen' ^ ^ ; en-sib' ;^ 
ifi. ; bing-en' Zp ^ ; en-yib' ^ 
S J ^% ^/ — J en-sib' nyib ^ 



ii!> P °5 remainder, gyi-vU' M 

Rest, ?o tsiang-sib')[f ,§, ; — from 
labor, byih-kong' |^ X; ^eng 
kong' ^° J2 ; — ^'' ^vhile, deng' 
ib-byib' ^° — ' ^; ditto from 
effort, byib lili' |5J; ^/j ; byib' ib- 
zong lib' 1^ ^ fj° ;/j ; won't 
(you) — a M7i& ? ts'ia' hyib'-ib- 
liyib fi° -i: — 11:^? — or lean 
upon, gae-djob' §J^ ^°; a-djob' 
ft° ^°; — ^»* M« «*'«'^5 gse- 
djob ziang' gij ^° :tf ; — ?/owr 
/im?7, (or be easy), fong'-sing 
]5J >fji ; cant — my heart, (or 
can't be easy), fong'-sing-feb'- 

loh' is »i:> * T" 
Resting-place, tsiang-sih' -go 

di'-f6ng SI ,t. i-° m * ; - 

(bytbeway), Hang-ding' /J, <^ 

Restless, zo'-lib-feb-en' ^° jfc 

% ^; siiig-mong'-feh-diiig' >[J 

It % & 
Restore, to give back, kwe-wsen' 

Iff 58 5 ' — ^^ original owner, 
kwe-waen' nyiin-cu' B§ JJ i^ 
^ ; to bring back, ^sen'-we |^ 
[pj; — tea (tbat bas been used), 
waen-weng' dzo-yib' ig ^ ^ 
^ ; — />a^er, vvsen-weng' ts' jj 

Restored from sickness, djiin- 
yu'-de ^ 1: T" 5 zong-bao'- 
nyiang-de ; — to origiiml health 
and strength, vob-nyiin'-de i%% 
^°', waen-nyun'-de J| % T" 



RES 



397 



RET 



Restrain, to ial/-soh ^^ J^^ 
kwun'-8oh ^ % ; «en 'g' jg,"; — 
one^s bad behavior, ^aiig-we' siu- 

zi iah'-sob zi' i°ii;5^ g'';- 
anger, neli-leh sing-ho' jjfj** 'j*** 
>& ^ 5 — ^'nger, and keep quiet, 
jing'-ky^ t^eng'-sing g, ^ :§ 
^ ; nut to — C7ie^s lust, fong' 
tsong J^ ^ ; com/c? noi — tears, 
ng^nMi «ei/-feh-dju'-ae 0^° ^ 

^ * {± T° 

Restraint, w/icZer — (uneasy), 
kyu-soh' J6j ;^ 

Restrict, to ^xn gg** ; ^aen'-cii 
PFflJ; W.dir.g|J6°S;- 
^i//i /o one 5o?67, ^asn'-ding peh 

Restrictions, TTzan^/ — , or i-e- 
stricted in many waijs, hyii'-to 
kyu.sohMiao|^5'|^;^T°; 
kyu-kyu'-soh-soh ^^%% 

Results, kyih'-gyUoh i^*^; sin- 
dziang' l[i J| ; bad — , ^a 
kyib'-gyuoh ^^ ; ^ ^ ; ivhat 
— f dza-go kyih'-gyuoh ig°^** 

Results /rom, kwe-keng'-kyih-ti' 

this — from the medicine, keh z 
yiah^go kwe-keng'-kyih-ti' JJ° 
Ji ^ i^° If ^ i^S 'I ; keh' 

c'ih-uyiah'ii^ ^mm 

Resume, to dzing-gyiu' tso (/Jg 
j^\ — ^^ t^Mi/iSi of office, voh- 

2ing' a faB 



Resurrection, <Ae doctrine of the 
— , veo-web'-go dao'-li :Jg Jg 
^1^°?^ JM 5 ^'^^^ — ^^^y^ web-cun'- 
lae-go iiyih-ts' fg $| ^ -t" 

Resuscitate, to — (from ap- 
parent death), long sing^-cUn-lse 

Retail, to sell at — , ling-ts^ah' 
^ JIJ ; ts'ah-ma' Jg J° ; ^o do 
small — trade, tso siao' sang-i' 
fii >J> 4° S ; ^so siao' peng'- 
kying-kyi fij >J. * g iffi 

Retain, to lin -g ; liu-W ^ 

Retaliate, to wa^n-li' jg |f ; 
yiu'-li-wsen-ir W M SH I y^^^'" 
pao-waen-pao' W #fi ?E #R 

Retard, to wmi ^; tso'-leb 
wim-W-tin ^ %° ^ Si; a 
painful foot retarded my walking, 
be kyiah' tVjng wun'-wun tseo' 

Retinue, attendants, ze-dzonor' ^ 
;j^; keng-ze'-go-nying; J| g| 

^^ A°; ^^^^^ ^^*^ ^^^^^ M/>oA?, 

anrf follow, keng-psen' J^ J^ ; 
Emperors — , z-vve' (^ ^j 
Retire, to withdraw, t'e jg ; — , 
or get out of an officers way, we- 

a step, t^e -ib-bii $5 — $ J go 
out, tV-c^ih-k/ijg [ii ±°; — 
/7W« #cg, zia-z' ^° :^ J ditto, 
and live in seclusion away from 
one's home, ing'-lob ^ -^ 



RET 



398 



REV 



Retired spot^ iu-zing' di'-foug 

ii » m # 

Retiring, liking to drop behind, 
hwun-bynohWfc:g-l:^°; 
preferring others lefore one's self, 
tseng nying' zong zin' ^^ A '■> 

Retort, to we-k'eo' [gj p ; we- 
yin' HI g* ; — improperly, ing- 
cu' Jg [^ 5 ing Iang'-w6 jg ?g-° 
|-^ ; to — wittily, ing-ky'lao' w6 

Retract, to — one's words, sbih- 
wo faen-diao' f^^J f^ p ; ciin- 
yiu' ff 3* ; — (as in court), ciin- 
koDg' fl §t ; fcen-kong' g^ §t 

Retreat, to t-e jg 

Retreated, the army ping tV- 

•Je :£ 5i T° 

Retribution, pao'-ing ^^ |^; 

ko'-pao^^S;ken'-ing jflf ; 
just — , pao'-ing ^ao-li' feh-tsV 

fK Ji° « M t' 11° 

Return, to — (thither), kyii-lae' 
ir^jciin'-l^H^; we-lae' 

3$; -(there), kyu-kyVir 
i^jcUn-ky^i'H^",. we-ky^i' 
lU ^*'; — home, kyii oh'-Ii ky'i' 
Bf''^*'^ °; ^'^ ''«6'^e ^0 — , kwe- 
Bing'-jii-tsin' IS i^ ^n 9f ; io 
^Mm tec^, tao'-tseo-cun -jljj ;^ 
U; — a present, {i. e. send it 
back with thanks), pih' zia U 
||}°; — i'o Ja£^ ivays, vaen nyiin' 

ts^ong.po' ^B H * ?S ; - ^^ 

old (bad) ^Jtfo, vaen lao' mao- 



bing m^'%'^\ -to old 
cri?nes, va3n gyiii en' ^Gl ^,^5 

— mefa, we-pa' (of f^°; c?i^<o 
aw(i ^/ian^ ybr attention, zia bu' 
W°i^ ; — things, we-waen' tong- 
si' HI ^ ^ Wj returned to 
Peking, we Poh'-kying ky'i'-de 

ft if, *° T° 

Re-unite, ^o — (persons), tsse'-jU 
:^^; — (things), tsse.W:g 
^ ; tsae'-tsih'-long ^. ^J Jf| 

Reveal, to open, k'je-c^h'-lse g^ 
^ ^; to disclose, liV-c'ih-lse ^ 
[f{ ^ ; ^0 manifest, hyin'-c'ih- 
Ise S [fj 3$ ; — « matter, lu 
fong-sing ^ M ff 

Revelation, meh-z' ffj jj=: ; ^/^e 
Book of— , Meh-z'-loh ffj ff; 

m 

Revenge, pao-dziu' fg ^ ; (in 

a less degree), pao-iin' ^^ ^ 
Revenue, hyiang'-nying |jp] ^ ; 

— from customs, se'-din ^1^°; 
— from lands, zin-liang' ^"jfj 

Revere, to tseng-kying' ^ fjj; ; 

kong-kying ^ fj^ 
Reverence, kying'-djong ^ J; 
Reverential, gyin-kying' Jj 

it 

Reverie, in a ts^engMeh c'ih- 

jing' fin°^m 

Reverse, to turn over, fsen-cUn- 
Ise III H ^ ; to turn end for 
end, diao-deo' f^ Bf ; to turn the 
other side, fsen-hyiang' ^ |pj ; 
fsen-min' M TS 



REV 



399 



RIO 



Kevert, to — to the original, kwe- 
nytii/ W B ; voli-nyui/ f^ ]g ; 
— to the old practice^ tsiao iiyiin' 

Review, to — studies, li sbu' g 
' — °;tlfl^; — (as a critic), bing- 
shii' f^ ^ ; — troops^ k^en ts^ao' 

Revile, ^o zoh-mo' Jg ^^ ; lon- 
zol/.lon-m6'8LJg|LM;zoh. 
nying-mo'-tao § A° S M 

Revise, to — and correct, kyiao'- 

ting IS IT 
Revive, to — strength, tsih lib' 

^ ;/j ; — (as from a swoon), 

sing'-ciin-lse ^ H ^ 
Revived, trade sang - i' bying-'- 

ky<i-W.de 4^« M^ 3$ 

"J*° ; strength — , lih' waen-ciin'- 

l^-de * Jt « 33J T° 
Revoke, to — (a decision, or prom- 
ise), faen-diao' |^ =|g ; fsen-tsiao' 
mg ; — a luiv, kae'-diao lih-fah' 
8fc T° ^ fi 5 kae-diao is more 
often used than fi-diao, as the 
latter implies disrespect to a 
former ruler. 
Revolt, to dzao-faen' jg g[; bun'- 

«yib^ 5g;liao-lon' i^" ^ 
Revolution, ih-cua' — f| ; to 



make a 



tsiu-we'-ib-ciin' 



@ — ^ ; political — , (t. e. 
change of dynasty) wun dziao- 

d^' fg m f-e 

Revolve, to cUn || ; don-don'- 
ciin J g $1 ; the earth revolves 



around the sun, di-gyiu' hyiang 
nyib-deo' ih^un^ j^ J^ |pj 
H " BM ^ H ; — in the mind, 
sing-li' dziu-dju' Z- J |f| {?f 

Reward, to s6ng '^ ; — (for ser- 
vices), k^ao'-song ^j^ ^ ; — the 
good, punish the wicked, songjun' 
vah oh' K # 19 B 

Reward, q/^cmZ s6ng'-kab^;g; 
— of money given to servants, or 
employees, s6ng'-fong |^ Jj" ; 
notice of — promised, song-diao 
^ ^ ; a — (whether good or 
bad), pao'-ing f^ Jg 

Rheumatic pains, fong-ky'l'-t^)ng 
S ^ ^ 5 c??7to wi the shoulders, 
leo-kyin-fong' UM'& 

Rhinoceros, si-ngeo'^ ^' (ih- 
deo) ; — horn, si-ngeo' koh Jp 
^** ft°(ih-g»^ ih-tsah) 
Rhombus, zia'-fong ^}j. j^r* 
Rhubarb, da-w6ng' ;;^ ^ 
Rhyme, yiiing^lJ; yUing-kyiah' 
?1 W 5 ^^ '^^'^^ rhymes, ah 

Rib, leh-ba-kweb' Jjj |Jf ° fl- (ih- 
keng); mutton — , or chop, yiang 
ba'-kweh ^ )§** >|»; a — o/ the 
fan is broken, ih-keng sin'-kwch, 

don'-de -mm'Vi^T 

Ribaldry, wine talk, tsiu'-w6 }g 
U ; tsiu'-tse-wu-du' sbih-w6' jg 

ffi^ fa ^ ^ IS 5 ^^"'•^ '«'^» 

ying-wo' ^ f J 
Ribbon, s-ta ^, ^° (ih-keng) 
Rice, growing dao fg ; — m //jc 



EIC 



400 



RIG 



hull, kob ^ ; uncooked — , mi 
7J^ ; cooked — , vsen ||^ ; a grain 
0/ — ,ih-lih mi' — |i^^; — 
sprouts, dao ian^-ts' |§{^^; — 
grml, cob ^f^ ; hyi-vaei/ ^ |g; 
i?<?n/ smooth ditto, dziii-lii/-go cob 
MW^°^'-> foiled ^, with 
water added, t'ong'-vsen "^ ^ ; 
must not waste (or soil) — , vren' 
eS-iiao' tsao-t^ab' |g f/pf" ?f 
SI ; — M-'^ev?/. mi'-tljoiig Tit ^ 
Rich person, yiu'-lao nying-ko' 
Wit" A° ^ ; yi"'-lao dzae-cu' 

fii'-wu "g ^ ; do-nying-ko' ;;!;;*' 
^ A*" '^°; — ^^'^^ honorable, 
fu'-kvve *^^\ to become — , fab- 

dzse' list? ^/^y^") ^^^^ ^^ *^ — 
(fear not) to walk a dangerous 
way, ziab-iao-fu' tseo-hyii/- lu 

fii'-kwe i-z6ng' g ft ^g ; — 
tos^ec?, (as food), ^eo'-vi jg [1^ ; 
^soil, di-lMi' ^e..-jibi4i;j 
g ; nyi-nyiioh 'eo ^/g i° J[J 

Riches, dzie-veb' ^ % ; dzin- 
dzse' f^ ^ ; (^oj o/ — , dzse- 
jing' bu-sai/ Bt Tjil? S S 

Rid, <o get — of, t'eb'-diao |^T°; 
tW-c4bJ||ffir'eh.si>/|^^| 
tiu-siu' ^ ^ ; ^/ac? f o ^fi — of 
him, po'-feb-iieng'-keo t'eb'-diao' 

gyi E * ^ ^m. T S 

Riddle, me-ts' ^° ^ ; — on a 
lantern, teng-rae' 'Jg ^°; <o guess 
a — , ts'ae me-ts' ^ ^* •? 



Ride, to — a horse, gyi rao' Jg ^@|; 

— m « scY/an, zo gyiao' ^ 'i|^ ; 

— in a carnage, zo ts^6-ts' ^° 

Ridge o/ a /iio2«.se, ob'-tsib § ^ ; 

— pole, tong'-liang |^ |g ; _ 
o/ mountains, lin-keng'-go saen 

^ E" i"' llJ 

Ridicule, to tsao-siao' PDJ ^ j 
c'^ii'-siao ^ ^ ; siao ^ 

Ridiculous, bao-siao'-go j^ ^ 
-t"; kyi..-siao'.go f^^^'' 

Rigging, saiUropes, bong-soh' jlj 

Right, according ivith — , li'-ing 

^'^^mm ^D°jt^ii'-k^B ju- 
ts^' Jl %% i}] ]Jt ; ing-tong'-go 
m^^^"-^ ing-kae'.go Jgjj 
^°; reasonable, yiu'-li ;j|* ^; 
wo; wrong, feb-ts'o' ^ fg"; 
straight, or upright, tsing j£ ; — 
doctrine, tsing^ dao'-li jEJg^ ; 
7ioi — , not up to the — , or 
crooked, feb-tsing'-kying ^ J£ 
J^ ; ;/je — hand, jing-tsah' sia 

M ft ? ; — ^'^^' ji'ig-8i" -pin 
J'H ■? S 5 — «w^/e, dzili-koh' 
m ^ **; is tV — ? z-ka' feh-z-ka' 

15 — , feh-ts^o' ^ Ig"; it is not 
-,feh'.z.ka'^^^Q°]Jt*';^«fe 
— , tsing'-z jE ^ ; — si(i<^^ (as 
of clotb), tsing'-min JE |^ ; — 
side up, jing-hyiang' j|g [pij 
Right, my li'-ing peb ngo 3 
iS |&" fc ; ngo li' s6 ing-teh'. 



KIG 



401 



RIS 



veng' so to g-juu'-go ^ ^ Bi 
^ ^ ^*'5 "g^ iug-veng' so 
teh'-go ^ 1 ^ ^ ^f -t' 

Rights, put to — , tsing-li'-hao 
Sii i(J; tsing'-teng-hao ^ ^ 
f^ ; ditto (by taking away), tsin- 
coh'-ko ; siu-jili'-ko i[^ fg- jg 

Righteous, jUn ^ ; liang-jui/ 
H #5 ising'-dzih JE |t ; jib- 
djiiii' -f- /^ 

Rigid, /zart?, ngang ^J|°; — m crcf- 
Iminq to rules, kwe-kyii' siii'-leh 

kyiao-dju'-kwii-sel)', or tiao-dju'- 
kwu-seh'JS t± ^ li 

Rill, siao' ky'i-k«ang' >], -^ U; 
(ih-da). 

Rim, pin ji^ ; — o/a cwjo, ui/ pin 
ft >S ' ^^ P"*^ ^^ « — ' siang ih- 
go pin' t -- -t" ^ 

Ring, ky^Un [g (ih-go) ; — (at- 
tached to something), gwaen 3^°; 
finger — , ka-ts' ^"^g- ; mr — , 
gw8Bn-ts' 5 S' (a pair, ih-fii) 

Ring, to— a hell, k'ao cong -^ 
@ ; — a ^rmll hell, yiao ling' 

^ij.; loh ling' JS 15 ; - ^^ 
&ra^my, djdiig cong' ^ ^ 

Ringing m </ie mrs, ng'-to *ong- 
^ong'-hyiang 3" ^ gl) g|] ^ 

Ringleader, we-deo'-we-nao' ^ 

BlJ^e; deo-nao'BIBi;- 
(in something bad), V/- ts-siu' 

)iiii-t;ze'-ts-kwV|p^fa 

Ringwoem, ky'uQ-8in' (g g 



Rinse, ^o — Cas cups &c.), ddng 
f§ 5 — (as clothes), dzah ; — it, 
ddng'gyiihdong'fjtt^fl; 
to sliaJce hack and forth in the 
water, da ; — the mouth, d6ng 
k^eo' )^ P ; — in clear ivater, 
ts'it)g slui' dzah' ih-dii' }g 7}C° 

Riot, ts'ao'-nao |^ ^ ; nao-z' |^) 
^; — m ti7ne of famine, hwong- 

lo./ 3E IL 

Rip, to ts^ah-k V Jg gfj ; ts'al/- 
diao ||^ "p**; — .^eaTJZS, tb^ah'-k^je 
vong-ts' i)5 ^v) ^ •? ; — ^i'^^*' 
p V-k^« ^j^ yn 5 — ^^P ^^^ bowels, 

p^o fob' f,:^ ^ 

Ripe, job j^ ; insulficientlij — , 

ky^iujob' XfS 
Ripples, shii po-Iong'TjC JS fS» 

— in circles, shii yiiing' -/j^ '^ 
Rise, «o ^e/ up, bo-ky^i' jf^ jB ; 

ky^-sing' j|E ^ ; ^<> stowt/ w^, 
lib-kyU'.l« ±=^ ^ ; — (to 
higher office), kao-sing' ^ |J^ ; 
sing-z6iig'-ky4 P^ Jl ^°; — , 
(step by step), sing-deng' jljg /jf j 

— m /j/e, fab'-dah |g ji ; — 
or he promoted in literary ex- 
aminations, cong'- k^o-fab-kah' 
1^ jfjf ^ lp°; smoke will—, \\\ 
we ts^ong-zong'-ky^i »J[g '^ r^j' 
J: i° ; — (as dough), fah'- 
ky^-lse ^ JC ^; — from the 
d^ad, si-ts*" weh-cun'-lae ^°^" 
f 5 ft 3^ 5 fnarketpice lias risen 
a little, ^ong-dzing' tsiang'-tin- 



RIS 



402 



ROB 



will the fide — ? kyi'-z dzlao 
tsiang ^J)^'^^ soh'-go z-^eo 
dziao-sliU tsiang' :^° ^° Jj^ §| 
'{^ '^ ' ^^^^ — ' nyih-deo' cMh 

ky'i'zW H°SI it! a 11* H 

Rise, origin, keng-yiu' ;(^ |^ ; 
k/i-iiig fiS ; ky«i-deo' jg BM 

Risk, danger, or n/n jfAe — , mao- 
^y^^' B 1^ ? — ^^7''' p^m-ming' 
fe^f ^ : pe sing'-ining J J'*ft ^ ; 
(/* MOi run some — how can one 
catch the tigers cub, "peh-jih 
liwn'-yiiih in'-teh hvvu-ts'" /j[>A 

r^ ^ ^ 11^ jft ^ 

Rite, H |S ; the mode of adminis- 
tering a — , li'-cii If $lj ; li'-tsih 
JM ' 'wwrm^e and funeral 
rites, hweng-soiig' li'-tsih ^ ^ 

Rival, te'-siu ^ ^ ; antagonist, 
te'-deo nyirig f|[- ^f A° 

Rival, io tsang-zin' ^'^ flj*'; — 
in display, sae-fu' |^ ^ ; ^-^ <wo 
— each other, liang'-go bih kao 

ti' 1 i^° sij n us 

River, (where there are tides), 
koiig ^°; — (where there are no 
tides) koug f^ ; ^o 'JpJ (ih-da); 
the — , '6'-k6iig'7^''JjC°, so call- 
ed as compared with the canals. 

Rivulet, ky^i-k'ang' -^ Jtjj;*' 
(ih-da) 

Rivet, liang'-deo-bing'-go ting' 
ffi BI ^i-° it;- K scis- 
sors, or fan), gao-kwu' ^° jjx 



Road, In ^ • lu-du jj§;^; dao'- 
^^ M ^ (ih-da) ; — Ma< does 
not go through, toh'-sah-lii ^ ''5^^° 
;^^^#;lu'feh-t'ong'|^f,3i; 

— that one knows, joh-lu' ^^^ ; 
strange — , sang-lu' ^° ^ ; 
vrfrequented — , hwong-lii' ^ 
^ ; lang'-ln ?^° f^ ; on ^/.e — , 
lu-zong' J§ J2 5 ^^^"^ — ^ ^^b- 
li' ih-da In' fpj° /t'^ — a,^ !?§ % 

Roam, io ^aen-tseo' f^^° ^"5 yiu- 

Roar, to — (as a tiger), wu-wu'- 
hyiang Pj5g Djg P|p]; — (as wind, or 
fallinor water), nga-nga'-hyiaiig 

Roast, to bake, p'ang ^,°; — beef 
p^ang ngeo-nyuoh' ^"iji^i^" ; 

— chestnuts, ts^io lih-ts' 'j;j; Jg 
•^ J — or fire tea leaves, ts^ao 
dzo-yih' ij} ^? ^ 

Rob, to tsMang'-deh J| ^ ; — 

lyAm travelling, tang'-kyili ^J^^ 

Robber, zeh-heo' Fy(° ; do-zeh' 

Z(?«ce, da-dao' ^ ^ ; ts'iang'- 
vsen Jl ^E ; a Jo^-i — , (often) 
a pirate, gyiang - dao' ^g g ; 
mounted — , hyiang'-mo gyiang- 
dao' PI^ ^ ?S Sfe 
Robe jyo^-w with a girdle, bao-ts' 
^ ^ ; imperial ditto, long-bao' 
H ^ ; #«a^ — , mong'-bao 
j^ ^ j long Summer — , (not 
girded), dziang-sren'^ ^}. ; lined 
— , kah'-aolg'l^ 



ROB 



403 



ROO 



EOBUST, gyin )^; Isoiig'-gyin ^ 

m 

Rock, do zah'-deo ;fc°5°lfl; J^'^^ 
— , bim-zali' ^ Jg"; — work, 
ko'-saen '^° [Jj ; to make ditto, 
te ko-ss&n if ^° \1\ 

Rock, to yiao j^ ; — hack and 
forth, yiao-Ise'-yiao-ky^' ^ 3j« 
j^^°-^ to — a chair, kwa' U-ts 

Rocking-chair, yiao-dong'-go 

ii m W'^ ^''^'^-'^ is w ^ 

(ih-p6) 
Rocket, liu-sing'-ho'-p^ao gg ^g 

'Rocky Mils, zali saen' Jg" ^J ; — 

precipice, zah pih' /jj" M 
Rod, ken'-ls |f|° ^ 5 /iVj^ — , 

tiao'-ng-kei/ |fj g/ ^ (ib- 

keng) 
Roe, fetnale deer, ts^ loh' Dtg |g ; 

fish — , ng-ts' ^° ^ 
Rogue, we - fi'-tsoh-tse'-go-nying 
@#f^^^°A°; one who 

goes about deceiving, tong'-kwa- 

si-p^in-go m is° W .IS ^^ 

Roll, a ih-kyiin^ — ^ 
Roll, to le Jg ; kweng ^ ; kyiiii 
^; the hall ivill — , gyiu we 
le J^ -g* Jg; -— dough, le rain' 
JiM ; ^^'ill—off, iaole'-ko-kyV 
^ S ii -i"* ; — '^^^ ^roMn<f 
cyew, di-yiang' le bing' Jfe J:°Jf 
^ ; — over and over, faen-lae' 
fob-kyVg3^a^o5-^.^ 



the sleeves, ziu-ts' kyun-tjen'-z6ng 
Roller ybr nmps, gyiioh ^^; sio^te 

Rolling 7)m, ken'-dju ^^ ; le- 

dju ft H" (ih-keng) 
Roman Ze«e?-s, Lo-mo' z ^^J^*^ 
Romance, hook of leisure moments, 

^aen-shii' ^°^(ib-peng) 
Roof, oh'- teng M Jl°; ^^'^ — » 

oh'-ngo-teng MS^Jt"; ^^ ^*^"^ 

Me — , kae leo' ^ J^ ; cob W 

Room,. v6ng ^ ; ^/ie n€.r/ — , kah'- 
pih vong' FJI H ]g; sleeping — , 
v6ng-kaen'^ 1^°; kw^eng'-vong 
g\ g^° (ih-ksen) ; make — (by 
putting things closer), IsingMeh 
kwHm-k^ong'-tin ^W %^ 
SJ ; no — to sleep, kw'eng'-u 

fong bao kw^eng' ^° \^ if pj"" 
^"5 710 — to put if, M-c^u- bao 

Roost, perch, tong'- ts If" -^ ; 
roosting place (used figuratively 
for men), ts'I-sing'-ts-so' ^ ^ 

Roost, to ts'i "J^'^—in the branch- 
es, ts^^ 1« ju-6-ts' li ;8 :ffi' ;^ 

Root, keng ;K 5 keng-deo' j^ Bl ; 

to take — , sang keng ti^ ft 

Root, to — up, keng bab-diao' 

i^ ig ffi" ; — ^'it^^ <^'« ^s«» 
ky^iiing. 



ROP 



404 



ROW 



EOPE, zing 11°; soh ^ ;* cable, 

— , tang zing' J7 ff ; iJo walk a 

— , ^angzing' -^^ |^° ^° 

* Zing and soh are used for string, 
or rope, of whatever size. 

Rope-maker, zing-soh'-s-vu |i|° 
Ropy, (as boiled sugar), we ky^i 

s-go t ^ in'' S?^ 

Rosary Buddhist, (108 beads), 
shii'-cu or su-cii ^"1^; Romanist 

— , nyisen-cii' ;§ 3^ 

Rose, dark red — , me-kwe'-hw6 
K: U ?g ; du-me'-liwo",^ jg° 
:^ ; monthly red — , yiiih-yiiih- 

^o"g' >^ J3 It ; ^<^^^^* ^'^''^ "^ ' 
ts^h'-tsi'-me ^ J$ i^ ; ^^^^'^^ 
Banksia — , bah-moh'-hyiang 

Rose-water, me-kwe'-la' g|; 3^ 

Rosewood, (red wood), ^ong-moh' 
ifl /fv ; (more expensive), ts'- 

Rosin, song-hyiang' ^ § 

Rosy, ^ong-feng'-si-bab ^ Jj] ; — 
faced, dao-bw6-min' ^^^'^M'l 
ditto and Jiealtliy -looking, ^ong'- 
c^h-ben'-ben ^ ffi If Blf 

Rot, will we Icen-wu' ^ ')J| j^"; 
iao Isen-wi/ g ^ g-° 

Rotate, io ^0 out and he succeeded 
ly others, leng-cUn' ^g f| ; — 
in order, a-ts^ leng-liu' ^° ?^ 



Rote, to recite hy — , be sbii' ^° 

Rotten, Isen-wu'-de *Jg ,g° 7"; 

— /e(?^/ji, (i. ^. bave worms in 

them), cu'-ngo ^^ ^° 
Rouge, in-tsi' p Jg" 
Rough, ts^ao or ts'iao fg ; ts^ao'- 

siu, or ts^iao'-siii fg-^j — draft, 

ts^ao'-kao "^ ^% 
Round, yUn J| ; kweng'-yun ^ 

J[ ; io ?mZ/j — the table, cob'- 

teng-yin don-ky'un' tseo'-cun ^ 

a corner, cUn--^8en' K ^ 
Round-shouldered, bong-pe^ 

Rouse Mm from sleep, eo gyi' su- 
sing' P4°;Sg^S ; eo gyi diao'- 
kao [l^° ^ ^° W'-' ^^ ^^<^^*^^' 
kyili Jli; tlong JJj ; — «o ow^er, 
kyib nu' % f^.', — io effort, 
niin'-li Mil; — one's self to 
effort, teng'-kyn tsing'-jing |g 
5IB f* f^ ; Ising-jing' teng-tsen'- 

kyH '^ # m m 

Rout, to da-ba' ;^ ^° 

Route, ore ?/oit acquainted with 
that — f keb' da lu-dzing' ng 
job-sib' feb Jl'' tM ^^ m f4*>" 

Rove, io — aiow^ yUing-yiu'-s- 

fong' S a * 
Rover, a?i idle — , yin pin wu 

Row, « ib-da — fM ? ^^"^^ ^"^^ 
ib-bi' — ^''; si^ m a —, bing'- 



ROW 



405 



RUL 



ba zo 3^ ^° ^"j sit in roius, 
ib-ba' ih-ba zo' — §^° — Sf " 
4^°; bi-tang'-bi zo. 
Row, to use oars, paen-tsiang' ^ 

m 

Row-boat, paen-lsiang'-jun|g^ 
J|§ ; eight oared — , pah tsiang- 
jun' ABM 

Royal family, wOng-ko ^ ^°. 

— xvill, sing^ts J| g* 

Rub, to ts'ah ^ ; — /^ Z>r/yi«, ts'ah 

gyi Hang' ^ S Si ? — ^'^ ^^^^ 
//anc^s, ts^o-tsV }^ JH; cannot 

— o/, tsW-feh-diao ^^^^jfe'; 

— against (as an animal against 
a post), za ; — on (as medicine, 
oroil),dz6jf ;du^;k^ajg'»; 

— the hands, ts^o-siu' fH ^ ; — 
it in the hands, siu-li' tsV-ts^o 

gyi ? a fi Jt K ; — "'^'^^ ^^^^ 
^anJ, soh'-soh j^ J^; — i/^e 

c?/gs, nyu ng3en'-tsing|Jj^°[l^°Pg; 

— m^, mo mob' ^ ^ 
Rubbish, p^o'-ba tong -si ^^° 

Ruby, ^ong-pao'-zah ^l ^^ ;5° 
Rudder, do fig (ib-min) 
Rude, yia gi°; yia'-ky^i If" ^ ; 

— a7id daring, tsen'-ts sah'-yia 
St ^}ilf°;ts^i-lu'ffl,^; 
i-W-peb-te'; fong'-s "^ ^ ; ts^i- 
msen' |i, t^ ; — child, yia'-ky^i 
siao-nying' ^^ ^ ;J> ^* 

Rudely, <o i7'ea< one — , yia'-ky'i 
beh-c^ih' dre nying' |f °^ ^ ffl 



Rudeness, treat one with — , 
c^ong-vaen' nying ^ ^[1 A°; 
yia'-tsih yia-pab' dse nying' ff " 

Rudiments of learning^ ^oh-veng'- 
go keng-kyi' ^« f^ ^° ^ M 

Rue, to lament, iu-zeo' g j^"; to 
regret, ao'-nao *[|| fg 

Rueful looks, zeo yUong' j^^S > 
zeo-mi'-tang-pah'-kyih j^" ^* 

Ruffianly, p6'-dao gjg; im7/ 
?io< s^op ai ang cnme, vu-sa'-peb- 

ts ^ ^ ;?^ s 

Rug of skin, bi t^ierZ-ts }^^fi 
carpet — , tsin-diao' f^ ^ ; 
tsin-t^nen' ^ ^ (ib-bsen) 

Ruin, to ba-diao' |i* ;^°; pV- 
diao ^S°j '^'^ destroy, mih-diao' 

Ma" 

Ruins, a house in — , tao'-t^aen- 
liao-go oh' #J W T ^° M ; 
t^n-tW.liaoob'jj};^ TM; 
ditto from fire, bo'-siao dziang 

^^:^»;ho'-siaotW >^g§ 

m 

Rule, diao-kw^uu' f^ ^ ; diao- 
iab ^,^ $5 ; kwe-tseh' ^ |lj ; 
kwe-kyii' ^^ ^g ; regulations, 
cong-dzing' (cong or tsong) ^ 
^g ; (ih-diao, ih-kw^m, or ili- 
^ong); — ivith a penalty attached, 
fab'-du fi Jg ; — 0/ eHqiKtt% 
nyi-cii' %_ '^'^ io transgress 
ditto, vjen'-djoh nyi-cii' JU ^^ 



RUL 



4on 



RUS 



EuLE, to kwuii ^ ; kae-kwun''^ 
^; — in small matters, kyirig- 
kwun' 1^ §; — in large matters, 
kwun'-li f: Jl ; djli-lV fj^ JJ ; 
djii J^ ; — if/ie famihj, clju-ko' 
Jp ^ ; '^^ — paper, wah kali'-ts 

EuLED paper, ts' yiii kal/-ts -f^ 
W tir ■? (^^® Lines.) 

EuLER, cU'-tsse ^^ ; the rulers, 
pah'-kwun'g" "'g" ; kvvun-fu''^ f^ 

EuMBLiNG 5owwcZ/orjg-^ong -hyiang 

mmm^ kh-kh'-hyiang m° 

EUMINATE, to ciin-ziao' || |I|| ; 

— vpon, sing'-li tsin-cuu' )^ 

EUMOR, repo?/, fong-sing' J^^ ; 

— says (or we hear), fong-veng' 
m&l; r'-veng-tehi:Bg@; 
idle — , yiao-yin' |g ^ 

EuMP, deng-tsir/ i^ i^ ; pV-kvvu 

EuMPLE, to — , peh-gyi-tseo' f^° 
# Jl; long'.gyi-tseo' ^ ^ || 

EuN, to perig ^ ; — swiftly, fi 
peng' 5j| ^ ; pko ^g ; —auui/, 
per.g'-leh-kyn^^f°i°;io_ 
(as water), liii f^j to — out, liu- 
c^ih' j^ [jj; — together (as water), 
we-long' H Ji ; -- oyer (the 
brim), kah'.c%.te S° [1{ ^ ; 

— (as vines), yin-k^ae'-ky^i $g 

(troubled), loh-deo^-loh-peng'U.° 

1^°^ "# ; Ion ts W 4 R j"*^ 



the — (or going hither and thith- 
er) to earn money, peng-po' dzsen 
dong-din'^Jg^|i)fr;~ 
against, bang-djoh' J^ ^°', — 
against each others' heads, teo'-deo 
p'ong' ^ 5^ m°, (hence simply 
to meet) ; — a risk, yiii fong'-ho 

'[^ ; — through (as a thread), 
c^un-ko' ^ i§ 
EuNAWAY, dao-tseo'-go-nyingj^ 

EuPTURE of a bloodvessel, hyiiih'- 
kwun pao'-k^se ^L^ 'M^'^ 
hernia, shiin'-ky^i-bing ^ ^ 
^^ ; siao'-dziang-ky^i-bing' i]\ 

m M ^H 

Rush lu-ken' i^ ^ ; bu f f ; — 
7«afe, bu-zih' flf J]^ j — shoes, 
bii-k' ftif jg^°; — used for lamp- 
ivick, teng-sing'-tsko jg ;g; i^; 

— w5tY? for cording, ^aen-ts*ao^ 

EuSH, to c^ong {g ; ts'ong g|; — 
rw, ts^ong'-tsing-lae T^ 3§ ^ ; 

— at once, ih-deo ts^ong'-ko-lse 

^>° ^' H i§ 35 ; - «^«^'«^^'' 

dj6ng-djoh' S ^° 
EuST, ^0 sin |§ ; fah-sin' |f |g; 

rwsi<?cf out, siu'-me-de f^ ^ "J*** 
EuSTiC, hyiang-^o -go ^|JT°^''; 

— people, hyiang-^o-nying ^ 

EuSTLE, to — (as garments), wah* 
wah'-hyiang' ||J flj ^^- ; — (as 
leaves), sah^sah-hyiang^ ISiBif 



RUS 



407 



SAG 



Busty siu'-de |§ "f °; fab-siu'-de 

EuT of a wheel, leng-bun' loh-'sen'- 

fallen into his old way, or — , 
moh gyiu lu' de ^ H 1?§ 7° 

8 
Sabbath, li'-pa-"yih ff^," g *». 

en-sih'-nyih ^ ,|, °; cu -nyih 

i 0°; tsinMi-ib' ii jji^ - 
Sable-skin, ts'-tiao-bi ^ |g jfc ; 

<?i!'«o (bairs white-tipped), ts'-m6- 

tiaobi'-^^^^ 
Sack, dae g (ib-tsah); a garment, 

md'-kwo ^ g[» (ib-gyin) 
Sack-cloth, ts^u-mo'-pu |§ ^ 

^; <o /?w< o?i — , c^un m6-i' ^ 

Sacking (used for wrapping), dse 
P^' S ^', (better quality) pao- 

bi'-pu Q ife ;flj 

Sacraments, Me singMi |g J| 

Sacred, sing ^; — Joo^-^, sing' 

Joying ^11 ; — £'c?26% Sing'-yu 

Kwong'-hyiiing ^ If ^ f H 

Sacrifice, tsi'-veb ^ ^ ; — 

^toceeZ &^/ore aw fc/o/, fob'-li jj(| 

JiH ; ^0 offer up a — , byin tsi' 

iJ^;z6ngtsi'J:^;tsi^; 

— to one's ancestors, tsi tsu'-tsong 

^ f£ ^ ; to take one's turn in 

ditto, to.ig tsi'-z ^ ^ IB ; — 

at the grave, tsi'-sao veng-mo' ^ 

ffi 1ft 8 ; zoDg veng J: Jft ; 

(these expressions are also some- 



times used for simply keeping 
the grave in order); — ones life, 
so-cUh sing'-ming J^°{i3 ft ^ 
Sacrilege, to commit — , sib'-doh 
^\%'-,to commit — against the 
gods, c^ong-vgen' bu-sah' fg IQ 
^g;c^ob'-v3enbu.sah'|^m 

Sad, iu-raeng' ^ ^^ ; iu-zeo' ^ 
5^,°; iu-li' g g;; zeo-meng' 
^° Pi§ ; — looldvg, min tse' iu- 
yuong' "E ^ S g ; looks very 
— , raun'-min iu-zeo' }^ "^ ^ 
5gt"5 — j'ti heart, sing-li' ts'i- 
ts'a3n' >[J 5 *ffi '^ ; ^^'^^^ — 
awe? yo?//w/, pe-byi'-kyiao-jih' ^ 

Sad-iron, lob-t^ib' %^ (ib-go) 
Sadden, <o s'-teh iu-meng-''|^^ 

g fi3 ; — him, peh' gyi iu- 

meng' f||l° ^ g pg 
Saddle, en-ts' ^ -^ C^^-S^) 
Saddle, to ■place the — upon^ zong 

en-ts' Jt S ■? ; — «^^ in'ff/tf 

a //orse, p'e mo' g£ J^ 
Safe, -^eng'-tong %% ^^ ; t'o'- 

twi^'g 3c 'w ; ding-tong' % ^ 
^AFE for provisions, s6-dju' ^j/Jji^ 

(ib-k'eo) j iron — , t^ib'-gyii ^ 

^^ ; 7iative money — , yiang- 

siang' j^ H 
Sag, to den [11] ; ab'-den J|° [U] ; 

den'-lob[ll]*'.^ 
Sagacious, tsing-ming' j^ ^; 
; t'eo'-ts^ib a^ Ht ; — ill offaiis, 
j tsing-ming' shu'-vu^BJ-jft^; 



SAG 



408 



SAL 



— m discerning character, i^m' 
ts^ih jing-clzing' ig t^ A If ; 

— jierson, pal/-k^aen pah-liang'- 

go Dying )M-:(:inW-i^° A° 

Sages, siug-^-nying 1^ A** 
Sago, si-koh'-mi W B ?1^ 
Sail, fong-bon^' Jgf, Jg (ih-tsiang, 
ib-siii) \to—, s-jun' Ij^ |8 ; s- 
bong^li 5i;s-i'ong'i^ JE;^o 
to^e m — , siu-bong' ^ ^^'i to 
let down the — , ^6-bong'f °^. 
loh-bong' ^ 52 j ^'^ '''^^'^^ — 1 
t's6-bong' /{(. :,j ; to reef a — ^ 
mao bong, or rao bong' g ^ 
Sail-cloth, bong-pu' ^ ;j^ 
Sailing-vessel, fong-bong-jUn' 

Sailor, shii'-siu ;j}C°-^ (ih-miug, 
ill-go) ; on native boats, lao'-da' 
go ho'-kyi ^ :/c't' i: ft 

Saints, sing'-du g 1^ 

Sake,/o;- the — of\ we ;g; we-leh' 
ST"? f^^' ^^ — of fame, and 
gain, we-ming'-we-li' ^j^^^ 

Salad, saug-tsW ^ ^ 

Salary, oficer's fong'-lob f$ jg^ ; 
teachers — , sob'-siu ^^; soh'- 
kying ff °:^ ; sing-f bng' ^ f$ 5 
sing-se' ^ 7jC 

Sale «; auction, kyiao'-ma P^"^**; 
ma kyiao'-Lo J P^ M! ; on — 
for another, kyi'-ma ^ ^° ; /or 
— , fah'-ma ^ ^° ; c^ib-raa' 

Saleable, ma'-leh-c^ih'-go g"* 
W m i^%* siao-leh-diao'-go 



IS ©"i"^"; ^^^^ -, ^- 

siao-dzlang' ^° |g j:J 
Salesman, raa-siu' ^°^ 
Saliva, zaen-t^/ gj" jg 
Sallow countenance, min - seb' 

tsiao-wong' M ^%%, 
Salt, yin Ig; — taste, mi-dao 
^«n' e^'^ 5t ii^ too - , t^eh 
'sen' 'jli^°^°', put in a little — , 
fong' ih-tin yin' 1^ - |A H ; 
add — , ko-yin'- ts'eo jjn'' g 
J^; — ivate?', 'aen-shii' ^°y}Cl 
— provision store, 'sen-ho'-tin 

Salt-cellar, yin-diab' ^?J|° ; 

yin-beng' || ^ (ib-tsab) ^ 
Salt-merchant, yin-s6ng'|gfg 
Salt-peddler, ma-yin'-go ^° 

Salt-peter, ) «jf ^f ' f'^f^'^' 
Salt-petue,)^^^!'^ 
Salubrious 6'/»/ia^£', sbii'-t'u bao' 

r ± n- 

Salutation, imrds of — , tsiao- 
bwu'-go sbik-wo' jg pf ^' ^ 
IJ- ; k'ab-l'ao-go sbib-\v6' §^ 

Salute, to — with folded and 
uplifted hands-, kong-kong-siu' 
^ JJfc ^ ; — ivith folded hands 
and a how, tsoh-ib' f^ J^ ; to 
fire a — (for a certain event), 'ao 
P'-'^o' II i3^ ; ditto for an o-fficer, 
fong pW kying kwun •^%%'^ 
*^ ; — and part, kong'-siii bib- 



SAL 



409 



SAT 



Salvation, kyiu'-sing ^ g ; 

the doctnne of — , kyiu-nying'- 
go daoMi ^K-^^m^m 
Salve, dz6-yiah' % ^ 
Same, the ih-yiang' — 1^ ; tso'- 
yiang ; siang-dong' ^ ^^ ex- 
actly the — , ih-seh'-ih-yiang' — 
^ ^ ^- tHh'-seh-vii-r' Ijfi 
fe IS n ; ping'-seh ^ g, ; the 
— as before^ dzing-gyiu' '"d^' 
yiang'OjK- #; of the - 
age, dong nyii/ |pj ^ ; dohg 
kang' ^ "^'i at the — tim, 
bing^-zi ^^'; veng'-zi 't'S"? 



ts?en'-zi ^° 



ran/c, dong 



P'ing' 13 PP ; on the — day, 
torig' nyih '^ Q "; ?»«^e <7ie — 
as the pattern, tsiao' yiang tso' 

BB f^ M » ^^^^**^ ^^'^ — "f^ommg-) 
tso' i'-s ; i^-B siang-dong' ^ g, 

SAMPLE) yiang-ts' i^ ^ (ib-go) 
Sanctified, ^o ffecome dzing-dziu' 

€ing'.jun-go ^ «t H # ^^ 
Sanctify, to — a person, s'-teh 

nying' dzing-sing'-gJl^, A'j^l^ 
Sanction, <o o6to?n Ms — , tsMng 

gyi'-go z' m S i^° JS 5 t'ao' 

gyi-go k^eo'-ing f J ^ >^*' P 

yiiing :fc 
Sand, so ^ ; s6-nyi' ^^ ; 7?w€ 

— , hwe-so' ^ 9?.; — bank, or 
Jar, s6-t^sei/ ^ ^ ; i/i^re /s a 

— stomi, \}i\\ loh woiig-so' ^ 
•^ 1 ^: 



Sandals, t^o-'a' ^^ g"; s/roM; 

— , ts'ao'-^a :i^ g'* (a pair, ih- 
song, or ih-sbong) 
Sandal-wood djen-hyiang-moh' 

Sanguinary disposition, sah'-slng 

f^o^g ^tt fi j — *«^^^^' (ground 
filled witb blood), byiiih' liu 

^ mun di' igitMi'k 

Sanguine temperament, sing bo'- 
nyih-go >fj i/l^ |^° ^°; sing'-li 
ziang bo-don' ka >5 Jg 1^ >^ 

Sanscrit, or Sanskrit cJiar- 
acters,Y2dn-z' ^^ ; — language, 
Vaen-yin' ^ ^ 

Sap (of trees), ju-tsiang' ^ ^ 

Sapan-wood, su-mob' H /f; 

Sapphire, laen-pao'-zab ^j|f5^; 
eii'-l«n Pf ^ 

Sarcasm, tsin-kW-go sbib-w6' 

yc^iJ^°^IS;«^^ii^-^^o^'^a°g 

tao'kaitfgfiJJ 
Sash, iao-ta'|g^° ; aw onumienf^ 

al helty ^en-kying' ff f(l (ib- 

diao) 
Sash, window ts'dng )jg; rawe ^e 

— , ts'ong, zong'-leb gyi if ^Jl* 

~r°W iP^tdown t/ie — , ts^6ng 

a-iob' if °T°T W ^ 

Satellite, vu-^ang-sing'-go siao'- 

sir's ffifi°M/i'°>hM'"" 

moon is the earth's — , yiiih-liang' 
z vu di-gyiu'-go siao'-sing ^ 

Satiate, to eat to the full, ky'Uoh' 



SAT 



410 



SAW 



pao n^° |g ; to eat to loatliing, 

kyUioh in' p^** H^ 
Satin, don-ts' fg^; mpeiior — , 

kong^-don ^ ||^ ; infenor — , 

ling-ts' IS^' 
Satirical, to give a — name, c^ii 

ts^ih'-^ao M W Wu 
Satirize, to kyi ts^' g^ "^ 
Satisfaction, to one's — , jti- 

sing'-ziang-i' Jj] >6ff< S; ^^ "^^^ 

— ^0 one, be-li' fj^ jjjf ; pu'-pao 

gyi W f R S ; be-WcTn' gyi |g 

a ^ ; be-pu' gyi p& ^ a 

Satisfied, sing mun^-tsoh )JJJ^ 
J£ ; i-sing' mun-tsoh^ ^ )jj ^ 
J£ ; contented, cii-tsoli' ^p J^ ; 
lsol/-singJ£,fJ; sing-tsoh' ^jjij^ 

Satisfy, luill — man's Jieart, neng'- 
keo miin'-tsoh nying'-go sing' "|^ 

Satisfying, (as certain kinds of 

food), n«-kyi' ij II 
Saturate, ^o seng'- t'eo f£>° i§ 
Saturated, sih'-t^eo-de -gg j^ 

T 

Saturday, li-pa-Ioh' jg ^°7^ ; 

tsin-li-ts<ih' it If ^ 
Saturn, t^i'-sing J^ g 

Sauce, pungent lab-tsiang' IJ^ ; 

5M;cei — , din lu' JJ Jg ; so^, 

tsiang'-yiu ^ Jgj 
Sauce-pan, kwun Jf ; mr^^im 

— , ngo'-kwun % ^ ; ing'-teo- 

kwnnit°=|. g| 
Saucer, fea dz6-beng'-ts ^ ^ 



•^ ; 5oa« shaped — , dzo-jun' ^ 

m 

Saucy, cMh'-yin-vii-z6ng'-go Jij 

Saunter, to stroll idly about, toug- 
tseo'-si-tseo' '^it'^it'^ <^o"g- 
dang'-si-dang [^ g W g 

Sausage 7?^m^, tssen - wu'- liao- 
nyuoh' f^° Br ^^ 1^' 

Sausages (flat), nyiioh-ping' |^° 
'^•, roii«c? — , nyiioh-yun' ^ Jf 

Savage, cruel, hyiiong-oh' ^ ^ 

Savages, yia'-nying gF" A° 

Save,^o kyiu^; — out of trouble, 
kyiu-nseu' ^Mi — ^^ ^^^^^^ 
kyia weh-ling' ^ ^^ ffi ; — 
yVow/ imminent danger, kyiii-jiin- 
me'-ts-kyil/ i^ '^ jl ;J: f: 5 
— frmi death, dzong-si' li-byiang 
kyiu'-c^ib-l?e 'i& %^ % Ml 
ffi ^ ; — trovhle, sang z' t^'* 
;^ ; — time, sang kong-fa' j^** 
JQ ^ ; — money (but not put it 
by), sang dong-din' i^° % ^° 

Saving, /n/^a/, kyin'-sang f^ | 
i^^', gyiu'-sang ^ ig" j 

Savior, Saviour, Kyiu'-cU^ ' 
i ; Kyiu'-sbU-cu^ ifi: ift i ' 

Savory, yiu ts-mi' ^ ^ ^°; 
yiu mi-dao' # ^° jg 

Saw, ken|g'(ib-p6) | 

Saw, to ka %"; — fireivood, ka | 
za-bsen' |)|° ^ ^ ; (/icf see, | 
k^en'-kyin-ko § g ji : kW- 
kyin-ko'-de § £ i§ T" j 

Saw-dust, ken'-sih |g° ^ 



SAY 



411 



SCA 



Say, to koiig ^*'; \v6 jig; wIuU do 
you — ? ng dza wo' ni f;j;° ^^ 
15 B^'? "g dza kong'-fah ni 

sailing, iigo dzse-s' Ise-tih wo' ^ 

^ ^ SS" ; ^^^ ^^'* — ^<^ •* 2- 

ka'haowo'feh ^g' Jfc" if ^ 

5^ or pT" ^° S°; ^«^* — ^'^ 

hao' w6-go Pl° fg -1^°; kV- 
yi wo' pI ^ fS; — « w,w'^ 
^0 Am, teiig gyi wo' ih-kyii' J^° 
S^ SS — "S ; <^eh gyi kong' 

ib-sing' M^^BS"-^;- 

zV again, tsse' wo !p[^ |5 ; canrwt 
— it, cannot pronounce, or must 
not — it, kong'-feli-c^ih'-go U° 
^ ffi ^^ ; i^eo^e — so, nying- 

ko'z-kawo' A°^°injlfcfS-; 

yow don't — so, or t^Ao says so ? 
ju wo' It** fg ; ?io^Am^ .'o — , 
M-kao' hao w6' J^° ?^'' jtf 
^°; m-kao' hao kong' ^° ^^ 

Saying, com??iOM dz6ng-yin' ^ 

•g- ; dzong-yin'-dao '^ •= Ji ; 

oZc? — ,lao'.w6 jg°fj°5kwu'. 

wo ■& fS (iii-kyu) 
Scab, hi jg ; to foi-ni a — , kyih 

in' ^^', vaccine — , ngeo^deo'- 

in ^° fl m 
Scabbard, t'ao ^ ; kW-ts ^ 

•^ ; for a sword, pao'- kyin- 

k^oh'-ts » «lj ^ ^ 
Scaffolding, ing-ko' j^ ^°j 

ko'-ts ^° -y* ; to put up a — , 

tah ko'-ts jf 3S^° -f 



Scald, t ■6ng'-s6ng y^ fg 

Scald, to t'ong ^ ; * — ^o a 

J/is^er, t^ong ky'i-j/ao' ^ j|£ ^ 

* The colloquial is the same for 

burning by fire, or scalding by hot 

water, but the characters are difiereiit. 

Scale, >/z — , ng-ling' g/g? 
(ih-bsen) 

Scale, Scales, balance, tMn- 
bing' 5^ Zp (ih-ko); the dish of 
a balance, teng'-bun' |g JJ ; a 
balojice with one — , teng'-ls gj 
•J ; ditto (for weighing very 
small things), li-teng' g gj 

Scale, to — city walls, bo zlng'^ 
^°\ z6ng zing', or zong dzing' 

Scale, to — off, p'in' tang p*in' 
k^oh'-kyn ^Yr^l^ 

Scalp, deo-bi' |g jj^ 

Scandal, to talk c'ih nying-k6'- 
go ts^n' [fj A° ^^ >h° 158 

Scandalous a/m>, ts^iu'-z ^ 

^ ; — affairs in the tvomen's 
apartment, kwe' cong ts^iu' z ^ 
*t* @li 5- (^ong or tsong) 

Scant, feh-keo' % ^; ts^o'-tin 
^15 ; ky W-ih-ngaen :5C~li!f'* 

Scar, p6 Jg ; blemish, paen-pd' ^ 
fi (ih-go) 

Scarce, ky^ih'-siao ^ ij^ ; rfi/- 
/cw/< to procure, naen-teh' H^ ; 
i/«*5 year clienies are — , kying- 
nyin' ang-dao' ky'iiih'- siao -^ 

Scarcely en&ugh, kyih'-pah ^ 
J^ ; ditto, bvi will make it do, 



SCA 



412 



SCH 



iin-pang'; — (biiL just) obtained, 
ts^o ib-ngren' feh teh'-djoh ^ — • 

Scarcity, year of — , siao'-nyin 
i]y ^ ; ditto (a small crop, two 
parts instead of ten), nyi-feng^ 
nyinW Zl° ^ ^ W. 

Scare, to — Mm, hah' gyi ih-deo' 

IS W "^ IS" 
Scare, a great — about nothing, 

da-kying^-siao-kwae' ^ ll>J>'S 

Scared, lie — me, gyi^ long ngo' 

ky^ih'-ih-hoh' ^ # ^ P£° — 

^ ; — to death, hah'-sah-de |g 

Scare-crow, straw man, ts^io- 
kao.nying' if I^C" A' 

Scarlet, do-^ong';^**jfJi; — paint, 
cu-'ong' ts'ih ^U^ 

Scatter, to ssen'^- k^as ^ g^ ; 
ssen'-lon^H; tsah'-k^^e ^°gg; 
— segff, tsah iang-ts' ^** ^ -J 

Scattered aJow^ (in every direc- 
tion), tong-si' lon-gwaen' '^ |§" 
^ J^ ; in disorder (at sixes and 
sevens), wang-ts^ih'-jii-pah' j^' 

Scavenger, bo-lah-sah^ go jfg 
ir ir 'i"%- wun-bi'-go (in 
Shanghai, leh-sah'-fu i± iJ^ ^) 

Scenery, /ne hao kying'-cU Jf 

Scent, hyiang §; hyiang-ky'i' 
§ ^ ; the dog follows the — , 
keo' i hi' hyiiong ky'i'-mi ^ 



Sceptre, the golden — , kying 
kwe';^^ (Esther 5: 2.) , 

Scheme, kyi'-ts'ah ff ^ ; kyi- 
meo' ft 11, • kyi'-kao ff ^''; 
the last two usually have a bad 
sense ; to devise a — , tang'-son 
kyi-meo' Jj ^ ff % ; to carry 
out a—, yuongkyi' ^ ff 

Schism in the church, kyiao'-we 
feng-lib'-k^^fct- ^ir^l 

Scholar, i)M/?27, ^oh-sang-ts' j^" 
^° -^ ; very sniall — , mong- 
dong' ^4 ; educated moji, doh- 
shii-nying' ^ ^. A"; z'-ts ± 
^ ; accomplished — , poh'-lao 
t8 i°5 '^^ ^^^^ ^/ scholars, ju- 

Scholarship, ^ooJ haonen-dzse' 

i? ft :t ; bao du'-dz^ ^ Jit 

^ ; poor m — , bah du'-bi |^ 

lft°j ts w-pao :^ Q 

School, shii-v6ng' ^ ^ ; shu- 
kwun' fl: If (ih-kwun) ; — • 
i^oom, shii-voug-kaen' ^ ^ f^° i 
'oh-dong J^* ^ ; to imcA a •— 
(or one person), zo shii-vong' ^ 
^^ ; zo kwun' ^gf ; to go to 
— , or to enter — , zong 'oh' J^ 
JSL°; to open a — , k'ae kwun' ^ 
If ; k^x shu.vong'ggf:;^; boy^s 
— , nen shu-vong' ^ f ^; 
family — , ts'ing'- kwun shii- 

vong'^gl^irffM^^^''^^-; 
nyii' shii-vdng ^8^^ ; publio 
(charity) — , nyi-^oh' ^ j^°; 
— of little loySf niong-kwun' ^ 



I 



SCI 



413 



SCR 



m ; — of hoys who sludij Chinese 
classics, kyiiig-kwun' |^ ^ ; — 
teacher, or imistcr, kao' sbii sii/- 
sang Wt^ ^"5 — wws«'vs5, 
nyu' sill-sang' ^ % ^°; —fel- 
low, dong shii-vong' ^oli-sang'- 

<« la » M *° :!fe ^;; - 

I friend, dong-ts'ong' beng-yiii' [^ 
!S >9J >S 5 ^^ ^^^'^^ "^ ^^'^ — ' 
kyi'-zih u shu-vong' % W 1k 
mm 

Science, ^oh-veng' j^°Fp^; yiioh 
Jp (veng); natural — , keh- 
veh'-go V)li-veng' |gp '\^ i^"; — 
of numbers, son'-yiioh ^ J^ ; 

— of Astronomy, T'iri-veng' JJ 
-%', Sing.yUoh' g^; — 0/ 
medicine, I-yiioh' -^ Jp 

SciSSOKS, tsin'-tao ^JJ (ih-p6); 

— grinder, mo-tsiii'-tao-go 

Scoff, io — at, tsao-siao' p|j ^ ; 

vn-siao' ^ ^ 
Scold, <o w6 f§; raao-iii/jtJ|''gg; 

— ui loud tones ^ herig P^ ; — 
tviih abuse, zoh-mo' J^. |^ ; your 
mother will — , a'- i^ iao wo'- | 

Scolding, dont mind a — , w6, 
teh-ts^ae'-go ^%U^^ ^-^^^^ 
feh-p^o'.go ^ t, te ^° ; - 
woman, dziang-zih'-vu ^§Jff 

Scoop for bailing water, biao UJ ; 
zob ^° (ih-tsali); ao'-teo J^ =j- 
(ih-go); ^0 — wp icater (if miicb), 
dao-shu'-c^ih' }g y}C ffi i iao'- 



shU'-c'ih' ^ itC ^4'^ ditto (if 

little), kwah-shii'-c^ih' Jg:^''[i5 

Scope, general da-i';^^; tsoiig - 

Scorch, to — (as food), tsiao ^^ ; 

— in ironing, t'orig'-tsiao '^,f|j 

— in frying, t'ab'-tsiao ^^° j^j 

— at thefo^e, boiig-tsiao' ^H ; 
kob^- tsiao J^ ^^ ; tsib'- tsiao 

Scorn, io miao'-z ^ |g ; k^ei/- 
feb-ky^i' J^^ ; ky^iig-bwel/ 

® i^ 5 ^^^^ ^':/''^^* ^^^^^ — ' 1^'gJ^'- 

feb-zong-ngaei/ ^ ^ ± 0fi** 
Scorpion, byib'-ts ^ -f (ih-tsah) 
Scoundrel, r6 - keng'- kyiab-go 

^"^KltJ^"*; ^ ^^^'^ unprindyled 
fellow, ob'-kweng^^:^;kw6ng- 

kweng' % \% ; di-kweng' J^fe \% 
Scour, to ts'ab ^ ; mo J^ ; — it 

bright., ts^ab' gyi bang' ^ ;tt ^ 
Scourge, pin-ts' fg-^ (ib-keng) ; 

^0 — , yuong pin-ts' tang' |3|g 

Scout, t^en'-lsg^^; <oac^a5 — , 
tso tW-ts i^^^] t^en'-t^ing 
%^;to sneer at, kyi-siao' '^^ 

Scowl, to zeo mi-deo' g^*"^ "^f . 
— at him, dziao' gyi zeo itei'-deo' 

Scramble, to — up, bo zong'- 
ky'i jfS ± ±-°; ^ab-z6ug'-kyU 
JSii*'; ->-(tbing8), ta'- 
ts^ang-ta-deb' jjl^ Jt gL° f^ 

Scrap, or Scraps, siao'-kw'e >J> 
^ ; se'-kw^e ^ ^ ; se'-deo-se- 



SCR 



414 



SCU 



nao' ^ Bl ^ Bi ; pork — , cU- 
yiii-tso^ It il rt 
Scratch, io kwah j§|J; — h?/ rub- 
ling, ts^ih ^ ; — t7 c/e«w, kwal/ 
gyi ken-zing ^|J ^ fg ?|^ ; — 
^Ae skin of, bi tsW-ky^i ^ ^ 
j|E ; — potatoes, bao faBn-ju bi 

Scratch, a ili-da ^eng' — ;^ ^ 

ih-da ky'i. 
Scratch, to tsao ff ; — (as a 

dog), da 
Scrawl, to sia'-leh hvv6-liu'-dz6' 

Scream, to wae, si-ih-sing' p^ Ii^° 
— • ^ ; ^0 c«Z^ loudly, do-sing'- 
h^n'-kyiao j^^ ^ W< 1^ 

Screen, bing p ; bing-fong' ^ 
Ji. ; ing'-biiig ^ ^ (ih-sin) ; a 
folding — , we-bing' Q ^ (ih- 
dong) ; split hanihoo — (for doors 
or windows), coh'-lin fj* f^ (ih- 
tsiang); head — (for ladies' apart- 
ments), cU-lin' ^ 1^ 

Screen, to — from, lab JU ; tso- 
tiju WM.'', tsa-in' j§°^ ; tso- 
kfe' jii" ^ ; — from the sun, 
tso-djU' nyiii-deo' ^."{iH"®; 
— rt /«?/./)!, tso-kse' tsV-c'u 3^^ 

kw6ng'lab-djli'gyi^:5EM°{i 
."tt ; — /roJ^i the light, liang- 
kvvong' tso-ing' ^ ^^ ^' It 
Screw, jUn-ting' ;^°^; lo-s-ting' 
BiilSIl (ili-me); cork — , tsiu'- 



dnver, jun-joh' j^** g"' (ih-po) 

Screw, to— in, jUn-tsing'-ky^i j^ 

3^ "i"; — together, jiin-long'- 

Scribble, to Ion-do' tL'^°; Ion- 
s'^' il S° 

ScRlPTURES,</^e //o/y Sing'-kying 
M B ; Sing'-sbu g fl: 

Scrofula le-lih' ^_g ;g 

Scrofulous sivelUng, lib-c^Uu' 

Scroll, a written ih-kyiin sbii' — • 
^^; ornamental — (for hang- 
ing). ili-gyuoh wo -. |.|^ -^ ; 
a pair of scrolls, ih-fii te'-lin — 

m m m^ 

Scrub, to ts^ali ^ 
Scrubbing-brush tsWdi-paen'- 

gosbih'.tsin^J4tK1"°«!j» 
Scrupulous, exact and careful, 
tsing-si' ^ J.PI ; Ofer — , Lsing- 
si' ko-de(/ jff J.0 3§ ^°; si'-si 
se'-se |0 ^.0 ^ ^ ; so'-so-se'-se 
Jt J]t ^ ^ ; to-veng'-to-li' ^ 

Scrutinize, to ts'-si k^io'-kyiu 

ff ilH m % 
Scuffle, to siang-tang ;fg ^ 

Scull, (oar in the stern). In % 
(ih-ts) ; — roiie, lu'-ta >f|* ^"j 
— p'w, lu-cii' ;f.|i JjJ °; ^0 — , 
yiao-lu' ^ ^J| : — ^o ^/^e right, 
t^e 3^£ ; t^ob JE ; — ^0 ^/?€ Z^/if, 
pjen J5 ; sao }f 

Sculptor ttVw carves %vood, or 
s^owf, tiao-kW-s-vu M-M%& 



scu 



415 



SEA 



Scum, vii-ky'i'-lae-go ao-tsao' J^** 
Scurf on the head, kw^i-k-ub-in' 



Scuttle, co«/ me-l^sen' dong;)^ 

Sea, hae ;^ ; yiang f^ ; liae'-yiang 
f^ W 5 ^^^^''''^ 'I''' ^^'^ — 5 li^ ti' 

f$ ii 
Sea-fight, slm'-tsin yc** p| 
Sea-horse-teeth hae'-mo-ngo 

Seal, Lie'-keo Jg J^ (ih-lsah) 
Seal, any private — , dii-shU' 
^ (ih-k\)) ; over's — , ing 
PP ; ing'-sing p[J ff ; kvvr.n-ing' 
§ ^P ; Imperial — , nyiioh-si' 
H M ; ^^ 6/,/^a; a — , tang ing' 
fl* PP; ^'''^ — character, djun 
veng' ^ 3JC 
Seal, <o — a letter, fong sing' ^ 
fg ; fong k^eo' JJ P ; ^o &rm(; 
?^.^ — , ts^-ih fong' ^_g ^ ; k'jB 
f^^ng H §} ; — « ^^''o^'j fo"g 
ineng' ^ f^ » — ^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ 
ya-viun fur the Neiv Year^ fong 
ing' ^^ f p ; to open ilie ya-mun 
-,k^aeing'g3 pp 
Sealing-wax, ho'-ts^ih >^ gj 
Seam (in clotl)), vong-ts',^-^ (ih- 
da); — (in wood, &c.), vong-dao 
,|^Jg; the mark of the — , vong- 
"' W^&!'''>^*>'night—, dzih vong' 
IS 11 ; f'-ll^^-^ — 5 wong-zin'- 
kweh f; if ° f^ ; rip the — , 



vong-ts' ts^ab'-k^ae |I ■? iJf §3 
Sea-man, shu'-siu 7JC*' ^ 
Sea-port, hae'-k'eo ;^ P 
Search, to look for, zing ^; to 

investigate, k'ao'-kyiii :^ ^ ; 
tse-kyiu' 3^ ^ ; — through the 
house, oh' li-byiang' seo-kyin' 
M B IpJ ffi t^ > examine, dzo- 
dzo'-k'en ^ ^ ^ ; — one'5 
Amri, dzo-ts^ab' zi'-go sing' ^ 
^ g ° ^° )jj ; — everywhere, 
koh'-tao-c^uzing' § JiJ ^ ^''; 
sec zing' ^ ^ 

Sea-shore, bae-pin-yin' :^i§}^ 

Sea-sick, cii-16ng'^°^g ; yuing- 
juu' 4 JJS ; <?o ?/o?^ <7cf — ? ng 
we cii-long' feb fli);° '^ ^° ?K 
;;j|;o ^°? /c?o become — , ng6 
iao yuing jUn' ?Ic ^ ft ijg 

Season, m — (as fruit, &c.), gyih- 
z' ^ {j J ; ca?»^ ^Msi m — , ^eo- 
feng'-^eo-su lai'-de' ^ ^ M tt 
^ "7"*; '-^^^ ./<^w'' s<;'rt«o«5, s'-kyi 
03 $ ; s'-z IZg II J ; a dry — , t'in 
W ^ ^; fcry (//'^ — , t'in 
da ^.n' %^^ 

Season, to p^e liao-li' ®1 fil- il ; 
— hoards, paen' long gyi' sao' jg 

Seasonable iveather, t'in-ky^i', 
teng z-ling siang-te' JiM ^'* 

# ^ *Q SI- ; — »•«'«» gyih-z' 

yu:^#M;zyu |l|M;ken 

yu 1tW 

Seasoning, liao-li' ^i]- gg (tbe 
Cbineso implies more than tbe 



SEA 



416 



SEC 



English, as seasoning is usual- | 
ly restricted to salt and pepper) ; 
wine as a — , liao-tsia' ^jj- Jg 

Seat, zo'-u ^^^^ (ih-go); zo'-we 

^ <gr ; — of a chair, ii' -ts min 

l^" -J* la ; ^'^^^ — ^*^^^ ^^"^.V ^ 
kyi'-go nying' haozo' ^^°A° 
f^^ ? yiu to'-siao' zo-deo'^^ ^ 
*J? ^ M.^- ^<^nnot — 50 mariT/, 
zo'-feh-ko ^ ^ jg ; there are 
no seats, zo'- u &'-teh 4g ^° 

Seated, please he — , ts^ing zo' 

Sea- WEED, hje'-ts'as J^ ^ ; ts'- 
ts^JB ^ ^ ; d^e-diao' ^ ^, 

Secluded, p^ih'-zingff^; quiet, 
ill zing' ^g^; zing'-ts^iao-ts'iao 

S^ Ife' ffi 
Second, //^e di-nyi' ^ 1:1°; tn 
^/^^ — month, di-nyi' ko yiiih'- li 

^r:^''n ?I;nyi-ymhMi 

n^^ft; — ^'''^j ts«'-ts ?5(:^; 
a — (of time), ih-miao' — |^ 
Second-hand clothing, ts^ah'-i 

J)J ;^ ; — clothing-shop, ts^ah'-i 
tin^^jg; di-ts6ng'tg^; 
<o Jw^ — goods (lit. old), ma 

gyiu-ho' wmn 

Secret, mih ^ ; pi'-mih |JJ^ ; 

kyi-mih' *i ^ ; s ?i; ; s-^6' fi; 

"f "; — deeds, s-z' ^J^ :^ ; a 

— , siaoMio z-t^i' fZT':^:!! ; 

€iao'-ho shih-w6' fZ^'T^f^ IS ; 
— yor inaTdng something, pi'- 
kyiiih ^'§1^ ; to lei out a — , siU^- 



leo kyi-kwaen' f^ |i ^ i| ; lu 
fong' ]^ Mi ; /ie m/i Iceep a, — , 
kyi-kw(en' gyi ve sih'-leo j^ ^ 

KT-^-fiSfM; totellonea 
- , ngao ng'-to %% %"" ^ 
Secretly, s-^6' fi; T^°; s ti-^6 
I/; ST'; en'-di-li Pg Jil >^ ; 
be-di'-li ^"^ )^ :g ; to plot — 
s-^6' yiiong kyi-meo' f^ If ^ 

Pl PyJC 

Secretary, private sliU-kyi' ^ 
ffi; — i^(^ « Mandarin, sbii-kyi'- 

s-yi''^'*lil6i]JSg°;tsih-pih's- 
yiaft«aigjg° 

Secrete, to dz6ng-k'6ng' ^ |g ; 
— ?feZ/, k^ong'-leh mih-lah-kying' 



1 



s^°^ 



or 



Secretions, (of animals, 
plants), tsing.yih' JJ f^ 

Sect, kyiao He ; kyiao'-meng H 
P? ; to found a new — , sing lit/ 
ih-go kyiao' m±-^^M 

Section (of a book), ih-ts6ng' — 
%', ih-p4n' ^^;— (of a treaty), 
diao-kw^m' ^^ ^ (ih-diao) 

Secular, shu'-ksen-zong'-go -j^ 
Pari -1^";— ^f«^'^^' s^^^'-^ -ffi 

•^ ; sbu'-vu -jg 1^ ; —newspapers, 
shu'-dzob sing-pao' -[gf^llfl^ 
Secure, -^eng'-tong |l'^;tV- 

Secure, to maJce fad^ tso'-leh lao- 
k'ao' fg ^f" ^ tt ; ^^^ ^■^^«^<'» 
pao ff^ 

Securely, to <fit'e// — , deng'-leh 
^eng'-t6ng-go^°||°|lt^>h" 



I 



SEC 



417 



SEE 



Security, to become — for aiu 

other, tso-pao' ^ f^ ; one who 
becomes — , pao'-nyiug ^^ J^J* ; 
— (evidence of debt, &c.), bing- 

Sedan, gyiao-ts' ^-f (ih-ting) ; 
mountain — , teo-gyiao' ^ ^ ; 
ditto (veryrnde), bo-saen-hwu'jfg 
ill )Sl 5 biHdeh — , hwo-gyiao' 
:j^l^;tsW-gyiao^^^;/m. 
peiial — , lon-ko' ^ j^°; to 
lide in a—, zo gyiao' ^ ^ ; 
/ carm in a — , ngo' zo gyiao' 
Ise'-go fS :^ ffi ^ ^"j «<> Jift 
a — , gyiao-ts' sing-ky4^-]se ^ 
■? 1^ j|E ^ ; ^0 se< doivn a — , 
gyiao-ts' fongMoh ^ ■? JJ '^5 
~ poles, gyiao-kong' g i^ ; 
(a pair of ditto, ih-fu), — bearei', 
gyiao-fii' j^ ^ 

Sedate, ton-tsong' ^"^ ; z-z'- 
dzae-dzaj g g :ffi S 

Sedentary, zo'-kongto^X^ 

Sediment, kyiah JjJ ; ting'-loh- 

go kyiai/ ^« ^ >i-o aa 



Seditious, we-tsoh-lon'-go -g* ff£ 
Seduce, to ying'-yiu ^\ ^j t^eo 



Sedulous, gying-kying' ^|| ; 
newr idle, feh-teh-k'ong' % ^^ 

See, to k'en ^ ; k'en'- kyiii ^ 
^ ; let him — , peh gyi-k^en ^° 
^ J ; — another making a mis- 
ak£, Qx getting into trouble arid not 



tell him, k'en-ts'ing-beiig'^"^; 
easy to — through, ilj-moh Hao'- 
jurt ^ @ y ^) ; _ through, 
k'en'-t'eo ^ 5^ ; ditto, (as a 
deception), k^en'-p'o ^ ^ ; — 
after, or to, k'en'-sin g- ff ; sees 
quickly what ovght to be done, 
ngren'-deo weh-loh' Ig" 5^ ^ 
j^ ; 7 Aare cowe to — you, ngo' 
]3e k^en' ng Jg ^ ^ fj; ; he 
m6ng-m6ng'ng5j$ftg''g"'f>J;°; 
— (one) of, song-^iiig' Jg ^7°; 
song dong-sing' j£ U # 
Seen, mwwo^ 5e — , k'en'-feh-kyin'- 

g^ S ^ M ^° 5 ^^^ ^^ — 
for a long time, dziang-kyiu' feh- 

kyin' :g :X ^ g ; kyiu'-we 
^ ^ ; nothing to be — , £&-kao' 

kW-deo 'i§; ;f «> ^ BI 
Seed, cong fj; ts -^^ ; iang-ts' fj^ 
-^5 — or planting time, hao 
cong'. go z'-'eo U ^ ^" ^^ 
^ ; Me stony — of fi^it, web 
^ ; i^/^ m7i<?r /i;e77i€/ of ditto, jing 
-j^ ; save for — , liii tso cong' 

"SMS? 9(^^^' « ^»«^« — /o^ 
7?ie, sill' ih-tin ts' peh ng6 ][jr 
-il5-?^?c; tophnt-^, 
<6 cong' f °|f : cong ^ ; cong'- 
tsoh ^ f^; descendants, ts'-seng 

Seedsman, ma-cong'-go ^^ Q 
^°; seller of vegetable seed, ma- 
tsV-ts-go K* |g ^ ^" 

Seeing that, kyi-jiin g£ ^ ; 
kyi'-kying |5£ g 



SEE 



418 



SEM 



Seek, to zing ^°; — and find, 
zing-djob'^''^"; —gain, tang'- 
mo doiig-diri' fl* -^ % ^1°; — 
favor (by gifts, or doing what 
one need not do), t^ao-hao' fif 
^ ; — (or pray for) happiness, 
gyin fob' ^ fg ; — employment, 
zing deo-hi' ^" BM S?§ ; z>ng 
^6ng-nyil/ ^^ f^^ ^. 

Seems, oh'-ziang fjij*' j^ ; hao'- 

zi'-^ng SF ft ; 2'-wii fm ^ ; «/«^- 

-T- ^Ae larger, kel/-go ob'-ziang 

7^ — to ??ze, ngo^ kyiiob-teh ziang' 
^ ffi S fS ; <iziu ngo k^en-lae 
M^M'M''' — ^^nwaiing, ob'- 
ziang feb dzing'-nyiin fP]" f^^ 

t M 
Seize, to k^6 ^°; gying ^g°; ^ob 

Seized, already yi'-kying k^o'- 
djob-de B II #' «° T° 

Seldom, byi-vong' ^ j|^ ; feb- 
da'-H f, S°; M-kyi'-tsao |[^° 
^ jg ; — comes, byi-vong' lae-go 

^i:a^i^°;f^i'-<i*a'-iiise-go^ 

ts^in-tsiao'-gyi-vono' ^D}^i§ 
Select, to kaen j^**; sbiin 3^; 
t^iao ^j^ : t^iao'-sbiin ^j^ g| ; 
ksen' -sbiin }^° 3^ ; kaen- dzeb 
ii 'S 5 — « %» flJfig nyib-ts^ 

S B ° ■? 5 — " ^**^^7y ^^'^y? ^^^'^^ 

nyib-ts' J^° 0°-?; ^0 Jmc/e 
oj^, and — materials, c'U liao-tsob' 



Self, zi g"; ts'ing-sing' *ji ^; 
Ac itre?i< /ifwi — , gyi zi' ky'i'-de 
S S° "i" ~r°; examine one's 
■— , zi' dzo-ts'ab zi' g ° ^ ^ 
g °; — - res;)ecA zi-d jong' g g ; 
Itas ditto, yin Is'-ky^i # ^ ^ ; 
yiu ts'-byiang # jf, |p] ; tsang- 
fong' ngao'-ky'i ft° ^^^', 

— conceit, zi-tseng'-zi-do' g °^ 
g ° ;;,;°; zi-tseng'-zi-d jong' g " 
"W S ° £ 5 ^^ loiver ones — (as 
by doing sometbing wrong), zi- 
ky'ing'-zi-zm' fHi'l"; 
reproach one's — , zi tsab'-vab 
zi' g ° ^ iU g "; — eocistent, 
z-jiin'-r-jun-yin'-go g ^M ^ 
:^>Y°'^—ivilled, zi-lih'-ili-kob'- 

go g''ii--Si"°;zi-ii^'-g« 

cu'-ig^^^«i^ 

Selfish, t^en-s'^fi^; — (/. e. first 
belps bimself and tben divides), 
iao'-leb ih-un bing-feng' @ ^^° 

— ^ Zji ^; ^a^e5 mr<3 0/ //"w- 
sclf not of others, tsib'-kwii zi,' 
feb-kwn' nying-ko ^ M S° 

ff? M A°; ?iof — 5 fyii tV^n-s'- 

go ^ :t ^^ -1^^* ™ s-sing' 

Sell, to ma ^°: ma-diao' ^° 
7"; siao-t^eb' ig Jj^; ; fab'-nia 
f^^°; — at auction, ma kyiao'- 
bo K° liif K ; — *i/ ^^« <^«% 
leng kying' ma 'f^ %)] ^°; 
hy the single one, leng ko'-deo mi 

Semi-cirole, pim'-ky'uu ^ 



SEM 



419 



SEP 



Seminary, (college), do sliii-yiiu' 

:/c''*^; Theological—, Sing'- 

Kying shii-yur/ g ig # ^ 

Send, to ts^ca^; tang'-fah ^Jff ; 

^H — a letkr, ta' ih-foiig sing' ^° 

^B — ^ f q" ; — f^zVio ^?/ a friend, 

K t^oh beng.yii/ ta $£ ^J ^ ^°; 

^H — J«c^% t'e^wren jg Jf ; — to 

Hjy »n^ /wMse, song' tao ngo oh'-li- 

"^ ky'i' -g 5,J ^ ^° S ^^; - 

troops, ky^i ping' jg ^^ ; — 

him word (by some one), ts^a 

iiying' t'ong-cu gyi ^ A° Ji 

^ ^; — /o/- /«'?«, ts^a nying' 

kyWgyi^ A°i*'il^°1&*' 
Senior, my — in age, nyin-kyi' 
pi ngo' do' :^ iS ^fc $^ :^°; 
nyin-kyi'' tsiang^ju ngo r^iffig 

iJ5^°^; — (by 30 or more years), 
tsiang'-pe g g; zin-pe' |5''g ,. 
Mr. — Senior, TU' sin-sang ^° 

Sense, meaning, i'-s ^ Jg ; ^a^/ts 

— , kong'-leh yiii-dzing'-yiu-li' | 

proprietf/, feh-.sih' siang-t^i'^||J i 
JB" ti 5 ^^^^^ (as in using other \ 

people's things, &c.), i'-Lne-peh- | 
teng' ^^ |§ "; w»« your own good ■ 

— , zi-dzae'.jing-we' ^"^J Aj 
@ ; /iam/?^ ^ootf — , Img-bin'- | 
go ^ fH -f-°; ts-tsih' hao' ^ 
R^;kyin'-sihhao'£f|^; 
no — of shame, rfi lin'-c'u fe" 
M IS ; the Jive senses, ng kwun 



Senseless, meaningless, M i'-s 4ff.'' 
;j^Jg ; 'i^' imderftandivg, & Hng- 
shig'^°^tt; «^"M "gic-teng- 
teng:S;[Sai;te-tsihmoh'^ 

Sensible to ^Ae eye, k'en'-leh-kyin'- 
go^'^''^^°',— to the touch, 
moh'-leh-c^ih'-go ^'^°ffi ^"; 
— person, t^ong dzlug' dah-li'-go 

nying 1 « ^ a ^°A°i - 

of favors, we ken eng' "^j^ ,|^, 

Sensualist, hao'-seh-go ^^ g, 

>j^°; seh-kyii' g, ^°; tsiu'-seh 

Sensuality, seh'-yUoh g, ^ 
Sensitive (heart), sing nyiin' jJJ 

^; — ^0 others' woes, sing sang'- 

leh d.' ,& ^'^ ^4|° ^ 
Sensitive-plant, p'6'- yiang- 

ts'ao' tfl « m 
Sentence, a ih-kyu' 8hih-w6'— 

Sentence, to ding-en' g ^; 
ding.ze';£P;p'm/.t6nfl||jf; 

— /iwi to death, ding gyi si'-ze 

Sentiments (of one's heart), 

sing-jih' )fj ^|i5 
Sentinel, bong-si u'-golJJi^^^j^; 

— going the rounds, jing-l(/-go 

nying % m -t" A' 
Separate, to divide, feng-kV ^ 
g3 ; to — from (as friends, «fec), 
li-k^a^' gS gg ; bih-k<*' glj la ; 

— hy placing something between, 



SEP 



420 



SET 



to — hy a line (of ink), yiiong 
moh'-sinkali'-k're/g S ,11 PS 
^ ; io — friends, gyiao'-k'se 

beng.yiu'|8°A°Jl)3;S;-(be- 
cause of some difficulty), ts^ang- 
k^ae' J^ gfl ; the time to — , li- 
k^*'-go z'-eo %% gg >h° fl# m 

Separate, a — one, ling-nga ib'- 
go ^ ^y _ ^° 

Separately, koh'-nying-kwun- 
zi'# A°W S°; koh-kwun- 
koh' # ^ # ; liang-kVdse' 

Serene, bing-en' ^ ^', — shy, 

tUn-ts'ing'' 55 ^ 
Sergeant, po -tsong Jg H 
Series o/ misfortunes, tsib'-lin-go 

V-se S m ^°IS m; lin- 
ky'ii/-go »o'.se 5fi ^ -1^° IS 
©. ; through a — of years, lih- 
nyin' ^ ^ 

Serious, secTafe, lon-ts6ng'j^^; 
grave beyond one's years, siao'- 
nyin lao'-dzing ^p ^ ^ }Sk', 
important, kying'-kyih ^^ ; — 
illness, bingdjong' ^j^' J!; bing' 
li-W ^' ^Ij ^; — consequences, 
djong'-deokwaen-yi'^. BI ^f^. 

Sermon, k6ng'-ka |f "^"(ib-p^in) 

Serpent, dz6 ^"g ; (ih-kwang, ib- 
keiig) 

Serpentine 2;a^/i, bun-dz6 lu' ^ 
kt' Ih yiang-dzianglu'^Jf 1^ 

Servant yiiong-nying' -(^ A"; 
followers, keug-paen' ^^ |S ; nyi 
yia'r.°«; ti'-^a-nying igT'' 



A°; — ^^'''^0 '^/'^^'^^ lyoo,'/, and car- 
ries water, p'ib-za' t-iao-sb^'-go 

f ll'#^*°^^-%, ab- 
siao' pp} ij> ; siao--^3eu' jj, ^g^**; 

— woman, a-m' fpf ^g ; ab-sao' 

Serve, to vob-z' j]^:^; stand and 
wait orders, z'-'eo f^]^ ; — , or 
r^m'^ ?i^<?w (as on a sick, or old 
person), tong-dzib' g" fj| ; z- 
dzib f^ III ; — tea to guests, cli 
dzo' peb nying-k^ab' jg ^ ^° 
§° A"; — ^'i « ^ray, pun i^ ; 

— a warrant, ^ang ba' ;fj° jf^** 
Serviceable, yiu yiiong-dziang' 

Wfflii;teh-yuong'.go^ffi 
goods, raeng-z'-bo f^ 



^ ; - 



ifrK 

Servile, pe-kong'-ky^Uib'-tsili :^ 
I? >0 IB ; mo^Mong kyin h/- 

dju m IS a ^ If' 

Sesame, or Sesamum (plant), ts- 
m6'^^;-o^7,m6-yiu'^ft{f 
Session of a church, dong-we' ^ 
j ^ ', to have a meeting of — , jU 
I dong-we' Pl ^'§' ; — of a trial 
I before an officer, dong ^ ; morn- 
ing — , tsao'-dong J|L ^ 
Set, a — of smcdl boxes, ib-t^ao' 
feh-ts' ^ ^^J. . a — of five 
buttons, ih-fu nyiu'-ts — • g|J U 
•^ ; a — of four or eight chairs, 
ib-dong ii'-ts — ^ 11° •? ; « 
— of men, ib-p^en nying' — jfiE 
A"; a — of books, ib-ts^ab sbii' 

-mm 



SET 



421 



SEV 



Set, to — down, fong ^jj ; en ; to 
Jix, ding g; to establish, sliih'-lib 
U jjr ; — about (doing), k^ae-siii' 
^ ^; dong-sii/ U ^ ; — owi 
on a journey, dong-sing' JJ ^; 
/o m/a?/, k'sen -^ ; k^ten'-siang 
■R Si ; — ^'*6 «0j fong ho' ]Ji 
i|l( ; — table, pa cob'-teng f^^ 
^°; — ow^ (as plants), cong ^ ; 
does no^ — well, feh-'eh sing' ^ 
/g» jj* ; — ^//e /ieari ai rest, fong'- 
eing JJ )fj ; the sun sets, nyib- 
deo'-lob-ssen' ° BI '^ ill ; — 
a y^in^, gao'-kvvii yiao-tsing' |^ 
BS ^^ ^"j — " iwte/i, piao' te- 
te-cing ^ if fHfi ; P^^"' te'- 

te tsing' mmmiE 

Settee, c'ing-teng' ^ j^ (ih- 
dziang) 

Settle, fo deterinine, ding-kwe 
^ SS ' — " p^'ice, ding ko'-din 
SfM°^°' — disturbances, bing- 
lon' Zp IL ; bing-faen Zp ^ ; 
— quarrels, li-c'ii' z-t'i' ^ ^ 
!^ "H; — a quarrel, ka-iin' sib- 
kyili' «?^^ #*§;-/<>'', ko'- 
kab ^ ^i] ; tf^Vto in'^A »*ea<:f5/ 
moTiey, yin ko'-kab JS j^ f l| ; 
<o adjust accounts, kyib-tsiang' 
Ji H ; ditto (by paying), kyib 
ts^ng'^g >^ ;— (a fluid), ting'- 
lob }^ -^ ; — ^«V^ clear, ting'- 
gyi-ts^ing' .}^ ^ it ; - (by 
hollowing down), t^en-lob' [U]** 
^ ; — (as a bird), ding-lob' f^ 



Settled, (by talking), shih'-tV- 
<ie SJ S T°; wun-kyih'-de ^ 
^a T"; wo ding'-tong-de %^ 
S'|?T°; '^ affair is—, z- 
ken' b?en-tV-de :^ # SI 2? 
~J*°; reckoned ami — , son'-ky'ih- 
de ^ S£ T°; — (as a place 
for a person, goods &c.), dziah- 
cU'-bao-de ^^ ^j^ T°; tt-atV 
?t7/ /am — , teng ngo' en-teng'- 

Seven, ts^ib ^ ; — fold, tsMh'- 

Seventeen, jib-ts^ib' -f- ^ 
Seventh, the di-ts^ib'-go fg ^ 
y^°', — of the month, ts'u-ts^ih' 
^^; the — day after a death, 
deo-ts^ib' g|^ ; the 5th — after 
death, (when the spirit of the 
deceased is supposed to visit the 
family), ng'-ts^b J."^; the 1th 
— (when the seven weeks of 
mourning end), don'-ts'ib ^-t 
Seventy, ts^ib'-jib ^ -f" 
Several, bao-kyi' Jf ^ ; deb- 
ma' ^ f^°; — times, bao-kyi' 
tsao ij M M 

Severally, ih-ib' ; ko'- 

kofSfi 
Severe, li W ^iJ ^ ; djong g; ; 
hyiiong ^ ; strict, nyin-kying' 
j^ ^',— illness, bingliW^ 
TflJ ^ ; — punishment, ying-vah' 

<^j^"g' ^j i3 ft 5 ''"^^^ " — ^^^^» 

djong' song-fong' J fg Ji.; -— 
7i/^e5, kwe'-kyii nyin' j^ ^§ J^ 



SEW 



422 



SHA 



Sew, to vong ^ ; vong-lIn'|||§ ; 
can you — ? ng' we vong-lin'-feh 

or seam, vong'-ih-vong' i^ — ^ 
Sewing, (work), tsing-ts' sang- 

weh'Sj^U^" Jg;«/^s<^^eo/ 
— , tsing-ts' §)^ IJ; good^, 

tsing-ts'haol^f^ f$ 
SEWlNG-MACHlNE,t'ih-tsing-z6ng' 

IB i)^ JK > (incorrectly called) 

t'ih-zse-vong' ^W.M 
Sewing- WOMAN, who sews hy the 

wayside for any one, vong- 

gyuong' If ^ (Shanghai and 

Su-chow). 
Sewer, drain, keo ^; covered — , 

ing-keo' [^ ^; opm — , yiang- 

keo' ^ ^ (ih-da) 
Sextant, liang-tUn tsW^Jf^ 
Sexton, clmpel-keepei^ kwun-li- 

pa-dong'-nying f^ ji#°^ A°; 

cemetery-keeper, kwun-veng'- go 

Shabby, old and faded, gyiu-laen'- 
tssen g fg |g'; in-dza'-dza ^ ; 
laen-in' |g ^ ; worn, or raggedy 
yiang'-de ; yiang-yi'-de gt°;g° 

Shabbily, to treat persons — , 
bob^Wnying-ko'lUff/v''^; 
daen'-boh d^e nying' ggSf# A' 

Shackle, to — the feet, so kyiah' 

Shackles for the feet, kyiah^ 
k^ao BPIt ; — for the hands, 
eiu'-k'ao ^ ;f^ 



Shad, z-ng' |J| ;®^ (ih-tsah) 
Shade yb?' a lamp^ ing-kw6ng' ^ 
^] teng-t^ao' {g^ ;pa/)6r f?z«o, 
ts'-t'ao ^ ^ ; <7^as3 cf/Wo, po-li' 
tsao 3^ ^ ^ ; ^^w^ »w the — 
(as a dress), long Ise ing' di'-fong 

as ^3I° li m :^ 

Shade, to ts6^°; ts6-in' jiE"^ ; 

ts6-dju jlE" {i; — from wind, 

tm fong' ^° M 
Shadow, ing ^ 
Shadowy, and fleeting, kying'- 

hwo-se'-yiiih ^ ?E 7jC >9 
Shady ^^ace, ing di'-fong |^ j;^ 

:^ ;ts6.ing' di'-fong ^'^ It M 

-j^'^ — and cool, ing'-liang [^ fg 

Shaggy and curly dog, s'-ts keo 

« •? }«j 

Shake, j;o t'eo|j|; — one's clothes, 
i-zong' t 'eo-ih'-t'eo ^ ^ f ji — 
IjH ; — ^ cAzYc?, siao-nying' t'e- 
tV-n6ng.n6ng'>].J^°JtJtJl 
JSj — ^^'^ ^ house, windows, &c.), 
tsing'-tsing-dong fjE I'lE fj ; 
yiao-dong J§ JJj ; — (as an old 
man), fah-kying' |^ H ; kying- 
kying'-dong H ^ iJ ; — (as 
in ague), fah-gying' ^ fi ; — 
hands, siu la-leh ts'ing-ts^ing' ;^ 

gwah-gwah'-teo' }f }§ }3|. 
Shaky, or uncertain, weh-deh- 

slung ^K'^ 
Shall, pih'-iao jjj g ; piU'-shtt 

Shallow, ts'i:i g ; is'in-gying 



SHA 



423 



SHA 



^ JJ ; — learning^ 'oh-veiig' 

Sham, to ts6ng-k6' ^ jf^*' ; ko' 

Ihyi-deo tso-tang'-c*ih-l?e' fg° ;^ 
M ffl ^; «*^ " «^^ — , keh 
tuzts6'.iJl°^^ff-;t;taz 
HAME, wong-k^ong' 'jg-^Ji j ^'<^^'^*'^ 
o/* — , lin'-c^ii j^ flS ; ^'O smse q/* 
— , feh-p'6' wong-k^ong ^ fg 

feh iao min-moh' ^ ^ lU @ 
Shameful, w6ng - k^ong'-go 'Jg 

Shamefully, to treat — , ling- 

joh^ Ji;tsao-tW|?f 1?1 
Shameless, iS-linVu |^°j||5[:; 

min-bi 'eo' M jfe J5 > ^eo'-bi o - 

lin w ife r E 

iSHANK-BONE, kyiah'- H ding'- 

kweh m a. fg # 

Shape, ying ^ ; round — , yiin- 

ju-yil/ ying'.go ® ^ ^ >h°; 
— or jMttern, yiang-shih' ^^"-^ 
what — t 8oh-go yiiig'-go ^° 



Shape, to c%-yiang [ijff "; tso'- 
cMh siang'-mao ^^ ffi ;f g* 1^ ; 
to mold, su'-c^ih-Iae ^ {1} ^ 

Shapeless, M-siang'-mao ^°^ 
1^; ill- foiled, M- yiang'- vaen 

Share, a ih feng'— ^; ill kwu' 
— 55! 5 ^'^^^ many shares ? tso 



kvi-kwn' fe„g IK S SS:^? 
a — m i/ic business, ih kwu' 
sang-i' — as ^"* It ; ^0 Aave a 
— m, yiu veng-ts' ^^J" ; yin 

kwu'-deo ;|^- J5: 51 

Share, to tsiao'-kwu feng' fla 5^ 
^ ; — aZ?7'5, kyiiing-feiig' j^ 
^; ^0 — (/rief, feng-iu' ^ g 

Shark, s6-ng' |^;@ °; — yms, yii- 
ts^' p ^ ; — S/.TO, s6-ng' bi fj 

Sharp, ku^a '^°; m-?/ — , fong- 
li' ^ ^ij ; how — these scissors 
are, keh'-p6 tsin'-tao dza fong-li' 

m'^i^miiwmm-^-voint- 

ed, tsin % ; tsin-li' t^ flj, (also 
sharp in looking after one's inter- 
ests); — pointed scissors, tsin'-tao- 
deo kw'a' "^ JJM W'^ — '"^''^' 
W-gomi'-dao ^,>h°^°5t 

Sharpen, to — (as knives, &c.), 
mokwV .^l^**; — (as a pencil), 
siah' tsin '||lj i^; — the appetite f. 
k^^we'ggg 

Sharper, kwa'-ts Jg" J", p'in'- 
zeb li 1K° 

Shattered <o pieces, kW-leh 
feng'-se|jt°^°#^; pah'- 
meh-hen'-se "g" ^ JB ^ ; — 
constitution J ti'-ts tang'-loh - de 
J^^iP*^g''ir7Vi'-tskyMh'. 

Shave, to siah ^1j; t^i gi ; — 
of a little, siah^tin-diao |jtj |J 
"X**; — '^e head, t*i deo' g| 
gg • — the beard, Vi ng6-sa' 2^ 



SHA 



424 



SHI 



^°; — on hecoming a priest, lob 

fah' ^ S 
Shavings (of wood), moh-fi' /fc 

j^ ; to make — , bao' raob-fi' -^l] 

7f:|;t; bao-bwo' -g.!] :fg 
Shawl, p^i-i' ^j^ ^ 
She, gyi ^ 
Sheaf, a s??i<:«// — , ih-sbob' — > 

^°; ib-bo' —If; large — , ih- 

kw'eng' — Jl 
Shear, ^o — s/<e<'7?j tsin yiang- 

mao' -^W-^ 
Shears, tsin'-tao JJ jfj ; — for 

cutting metal, kab'-tsin 1^ ^ 
Sheath, kV)b ^ ; t^ao ^; —for 
a knife, tao-k^ob' JJ ^ (ib-go) ; 

— /or a fan, sin'-dae || g 
(ib-tsab) 

Sheathe the sword, kyin, t'ao'- 

tsingkw-ii mm%^% 

Shed, bang |||g; bong ^; ts^iang 
j^ ; — of pine branches, song- 
mao' bang ^ % \% \ a cool 
shelter, liaiig bang' ^^jf ijjg; straw 

— , or lodge, tsW-ts^iang "^ 
j^ ; to nvxice a — , tab bang 

mm 

Shed, <o — tears, c^ib-nga3n'-]i ^ 
W S 5 c'ib ngsen-li'-sbu ffi 
W U 7K'. ng^a'-li beb-c^ib' 
BS° iM * W 5 — (as skin), 
t^eng-diao |j| "J***; ^/^e snake sheds 
its skin, dz6' t 'eng k^ob j^'g j^"; 

— teeth, and get new ones, vvun 
ngo-ts' i^^^-^l— blood, liii 



Sheep, yiang ^ ; wu-yiang' gg 
i^; (ib-tsab) 

Sheep-fold, yiang-gyin' :^ ^ 

Sheet, bi-tsen' fj |g ; (ib-diao, 
ib-keng); — , (or cover for a quilt 
used by Cbinese wben travel- 
ling), bi-L'i' ^X^ ; « — of paper, 
ib-tsiang ts' -- ?I|R ; « — ^/ 
iron, ib-pUn t^b' ~ )^ || 

Shelf, kob'-paen Jf|3^ (ib-kw^e); 
^1^0, ^/iree, or four shelves, saen- 
kob-16ng'£;^ °^°:f °; the third 
— , (counting from tbe top down- 
ward as Cbinese do), di-ssen'- 

UaU » = #r 

Shell, k^ob ^ ; a spiral — , s- 

lo'-k^ob *I is ^ ; ^^^ — , daen 

kW^^ 
Shell, to — (as peas, eggs, &c) 

pob-k^ob' ^J ^ 
Shelter from rain, to yii' di'- 

fong IS IW iiil * ; - f'^om 

icind, bi fong' di'-fong J^ j|![j 

ifi JS' ; fong' di'-fong ): J n. 

M ^ P^^ — ' ™ ts6-lab'-go ^ 

Shelter, to ts6-lab' ^Ig jf 
Shepherd, k'en-yiang'-go nying 

m^^" A°; yiang-niob' ^ 

4JC ; styled, mob'-s' ^^ U 
Shield, rattan deng-ba' Jg )[f °; 

sZ:m — , bi-ba jgj )[^' (ib-min; 
Shheld, to — from wind, tong'- 

dju fong' i^ fi m 
Shift, to — about (^as wind), 

cun byiang' ff [pj 



SHI 



425 



SHO 



I 



Shiftless person, M-ky^i' M- 

yuorig' vu-joh'.go ^ || ^iTt .^ 

>i^°; ^-yuong'-nying ^° j^ A** 

Shine, to — (mdependenlly, us 

the sun, fire, &c.), long kwoiig' 

JS tE ; — (by reflected light, 

as brass, mirrors, Ac), fah-c'ih 

liang-kwong' ?f {i} -^: y^^ ; — 

'(!{/?o;i, tsiao'-djoh AS ^° 

Shining, tW- kwoug jg 5g ; 

kwong-liang' t^^J liang-hang' 

^ ^ j dzang-liang, (sometimes 

used ironically). 

Ship, jUn j|§ (ih-tsah) ; mercJmnt 

— , song-jUn' ^ 15 ; k'ah'-jun 

4— § i|5 ; — c«^^«2Vi, lao'-da ^ 

IH i; ; — »^s'^''j jiin-cu' ;Jjg ;^ ; 

I^K ^0 I'M Id a — , tang jiii/ jg^jjg ; 

Wf ting jun' if j|g ; ^0 foioc/c a hols 

H »^i«— ,jWng6.Wj5S{f ^•; 

11 — bivken apart, jun' t'ah'-k'?e-de 

I ilS E g3 7°; — ^?-o/cen ^0 pieces, 

I jun' saen-pc-en'-de |g ijic f;K T° 

I Shif, to — goods, tsong ho' ^ ;g 

I Shipboard, on lae-jun'-li ^° ^ 

a;tejuu'z5ng'^°^ Jt 

Shipwreck, jun' tso-'diao-de ^ 

M M° T°; — (by running on 

rocks), jiin' ngo-tsiao'-de j|g {f 

SI T°5 — (by being upset in a 

storm), jiin' tao'-meh-de ||gi -gj 

S T;"junfoh'-meh.de:|ga 

Ship-yard, jiin-ts^iang' ^ ^ 
Shirt, pu'-ssen ;j|p ^^ (ih-gyin) ; 



— icith plaited bosom, kseri'-saen 

Shiver, to — ivith cokl, tang *en- 
tsin' J7 g |g 

Shocked, se'-se-dong :j2{f ^ gjj ; 
mo-tseh'-tseh JJJJ Pgl'^ ; ^oo — /o 
move, hah'-leh su-ngai'-ky'i |^ 

Shocking news, hyiiong sing' [)y 
ffi"? — cifair, {i, e. obscures the 
heavens) ; hvveng-t'in' heh-di' z- 
ken#3fcM a -^-^'.ditlo 
(upsetting heaven and earth), 
t4n-pong' di-tao'-go z-ken3lc^*' 

Shoe, ^ag^jCone, ih-tsah; a pair, 
ih-song); straw—, bu-V ^^\ 
ts*ao'-^a:^^'*;^'«e ditto, (cool), 
liang-^i' i%^\ to put on a — , 
c%i-'a'^g° 
Shoe-horn, ^a-liu g° fg 
Shoe-maker, Vs'-vu j^*'^^; 

bi-^/ s-vu ife a'' fl iJ 
Shoe-sole, 'a-ti' g° |g 
Shoe-string, Vta' j^" ^'^ (ih- 
keng) ; your — m untied, ng-go 
^a-ta'sJBu'-de {^^ ^"^ WW 

m7" 

Shoot, to — with how and aiTOWj 
zih-tsin' J J ^ ; — birds, zih 
tiao' lit ,%°; — u-2V/i affun, fong 
ts^iang' ^H ; ditto birds, tang- 
tiao'^J ^^*; — at a target, tang- 
po -te iJ f £ :f 

Shoots, ngo ^°; miao|g ; — /(Jr 



SHO 



420 



SHO 



planting, iang ^ ; bamboo — , | 
sbiiig ^ 
SHOr, tin Jg (Ih-bsen); — keeper, 
tin'-cu ;g ^ ; lang'-z ^° A°; 

— icwitr, liiZ-kwuii jg ^^ 
Shore, ngen ^; io ^0 mi—, 

zong ngen' J^ ^ ; on — , Ise- 
ngen-zong ;}£*' j^ Jl ; sea —• , 
hse-pin-yin' f$ j§ t& 
Short, ton ^ ; — road (or cut 
across), liao-ln'g^JJ^; Hao-gying' 
111 SS ^ I?^ ; - ofbreat/i, iao- 
kyH'-kyiiig ^ |5 ; a — time, 
ilj-zong' — J,°; ih-hyili' — ^ ; 
clzaen-z § Jj^ ; feh dziang^-kyiu 
^/ :^Aj ^^"^ — ^^'^y (of doing a 
thing), kyin'-bin ^ -fH ; dzong- 
bifi' ffi fl ; gying-jbin ^ ^ ; 

— /i/e, ton' luiiig ^ ^ ; ^0 /tave 
<f2«o, ziu-shii' feh dziang' ^ ;^° 

Shorten, to long ton tu/ ^^ 
S)!|' — (T^y sawing), zih' ih-gyiiih 
ioh'|!J^i:r'^;-(Lycut. 
ting), zte ton' -^\(^', — b>/ a few 
days, kren Hang' nyih /^° p^ ° 

f^HORT-COMING, feh-tao'-ts-c^ii^ 
3\ i. JM'^ ton'-c^u @ ;^ 

Short-sighted, ??.ra7' - sighed, 
gying' z-ngaen ^ |^ i^"; — as 
^0 the future, kyin'-sih toi/ ^ 
13 ffi ; siao-nying' kyin-sih' >J> 
^°.ai^;ton'-kying £ 

Shot, 57wa/Z s6-ts' 1^^ ^ ; iw//e^, 
daen-ts' 5|p -J ; s??ia// ditto, s6- 
daen' @ gf (ih-k^o, ih-lih) | 



Should he, (if he), ziah'-z gyi' ^ 
^ it ; — or not? nyi' feh nyi' 

Shoulder, kyin-kah'-deo ^ )Jt{l 
gg (ih-tsah) ; — o/ mutton, 
zin-t'e' yiang-nylioli' fl}*' M ^^ 
1^ ; thrown over the — , kyin- 
deo' gwaen'-tih ; eveji shoulders, 
(i. e. on a level, or of the same 
rank), bing kyin' dp. ^ 

Shout, io wse-wai'-hyiangD^|»n5i|» 
^ ; da-sing'-haen'-kyiao ^\^ ^ 
jig P?f ; wu-long' hyiang'-liang 

Shove to t'e J^ ; — aica?/, t'e- 
k'se' it fM 

Shovel, ts'iao H ; ts^aen §^ ; 
large — , wo-ts^iao' :il5lj ^ ; 
gong-hyin' ^° ^°; coal — , 
ho'-hyin i^ Jjjc ; me-t'sen' ts^iao 
;^ j^ .^ (ih kwun) 

Shovel, to ts^iao Jg 

Show, false pang t^i'-min D| f| 
■jg;/om?o/ — , se' h\v6-hyin' ^ 
^°g°; making a — of not icant- 
ing, (as money), tsong-ky^iang' 
^USj ^^^^^^ ^f '"^^ being in want, 
tsong-p'ong' ^ 3$ 5 ostentatious 
— , ba-dziang J|f.° ;^ ; ma/.ing 
a — of being great, pa-p'ing' 
W w'^ a fne —, pa'-shih 
kong'-kyiu fiSgir ^;- 
of strength, hyii-tsiaiig' sing-shii' 

Show, to disclose, lu-c^ib'-lffi ^ 
HJ 3^ ;bym'-c'ih-lfe fillip; 



I 



SHO 



427 



SHU 



— (it) to me, peh ngo k^ei/ -j^** i 
^^ ; — how to do, di-peh' ^ i 
^•; to point out, ts'-tin ^th'i — \ 

t great kindness to ?iim, ^eo' dzing 
d*' gyi' Jf If f# j£ 
HOWER, a ih-dziao yii' ; a little 
— , ih-bong yu' — ^ ^ ; « 
Iieavy — , ib-dzing yii' — ' p^l 
j^ ; — from a passing cloud, ko'- 
yuing-yu i§ ^ jf 
Showman, travelling tseo-k6ng- 

wu'-go ± a** m -t" 

Showy, Showily, byin |g ; 
dressed — , c^iin'^- leb hyin' ^ 

^"M '-> ^^^^^ (^ ^ ^^^ woman), 
byin'-do-do. 
Shrewd, bwsen-ky^iat/ jg 3?} ; 
k'eii'.fong s-jiin'^JHI^j^; — 
(calcubating, and imderbanded) 
person, we -^eb-tang'-go nying 

Shriek, to wae si ih-sing fl^j* ^j^" 
— " ^ i djob-sing-' si tfen'-ky'^i 

^ ^° ^° -° »° 

Shrill sound, sing-byiang' tsii/ 
S -tf ^ ? — ro/ce, wu-long' 
pib'-tsinP^'Pilg!^ 

Shrimp, bo, or bon f||° (ib-tsab); 

— m?at out 0/ the shell, lio-jing' 

rn^iZ; dried-, ho-mi'^r^'' 
Shrine, (wbetbcr ancestral, or 

otberwise), dong ^ 5 jing-dong' 

n^ ^ ; ^dol — , sing'-dong || 

^ ; — 0/ a large idol, niin'-kob 

Ig ^ ; — of the god of iccalth, 

dzai jing-dong' flt ^$ ^ 



Shrink, to— from, tV-sob jgJS; 
soh'-dzob IS 1g°; 1/6 tS ; r/Ae 
sees watei', lie shnjilcs from it, gyi 
k'en'-kyin sbii' ziu t'e'-sob'-de 

(as fruit), kyiang-long'-kvM 55 
Jii^pib-long'-ky^ia:}ii^ 
ken.long'-ky^i|t Jl *°;— (as 
clotb), geo-long'; sob' -long |g 
Ji; sob'-ton' |g |g 
Shrivelled (as fruit, &c), pih- 
pib'-go-de a; g >i-°; pib-cii'- 

pib-tab'S!5S)»K°;«^V^-, 
bi' tseo'-long-de ^ 1^ fly ° 

Shroff, k^en'-nying-yiang' sin'- 
sang'l|^'i^^^° 

Shroud, im«/ dress, ziu-i' ^•^; 
lang-i' f>^°^ (disrespectful); 
Ningpo people wear seven, or at 
least five garments in the coffin, 
called, ts%'-z-i'^ ^-^',ng'. 

Shrub, siao'-ju >J, j^-, dwarf 

tree, a'-ju ^ j^ (ib-cii) 
Shrug, to — the shoulders, song' 

kyin-kab' ^M W 
Shudder, anise one to — , seng'- 

ngao sab-nyinrr' lj\° fik §^ A°; 

song'-jun 'I^ jfi (veng.) 
Shun, to bi-ko' jg ^ ; to'- bi 

Shut, to kwa?n gg ; — the door, 
kwjBii meng' gj| P5 ; — ^ip shoj), 
kwaeu tin' |g jj ; zong-ba-meng' 
± W f^ ; — ^'^"' '"' kwien- 
gyi-tsing K ji jl ; — him md, 



SHU 



428 



SIP 



kwsen-gyi-c^ih' |g dS ffi; — j 

the eyes, ngaeu'-tsing pi'-long ^^ i 
gf P9 jfl ; — the mouth, cU'-p6 
pi'-ts I® PE m T^- - i^^' 
hook, shu' sill-long^ ^ J|5^ J|| ; 

— the door J and not holt it, (i. e. 
to do things by halves), kwsen 
meng' feh-loh shiin' || f^ ^ 

mm 

Shutter, ivindow ts^ong - meng' 
jji P5; k^aen'-meng ;g° p^ 
(ih-siu) 

Shuttle, so :f^ ; ^o j^ass i/^e — , 
c^iin so' ^JI^; days and months 
pass like a — , jih-yiiih' jii-so' 

Shy (as a girl), iu'-siu ^ ^; wn- 
ivilling to speak hefore others, or 
sh)w what one has done, pa'-feh- 

Sick, slightly nsen-ko' H i§; feh 
song'-kw'a ^ B^ ^°; feh 
shil/-i ^ ig'^; is—, yiu 
Ling' ^ '^ ;to hecome — , sang 
bing' ^° jf^' ; — at t/ie stomach, 
dae-dse'-dong ; oh'-sing ;^° pg° 
iao mao' ^ pj[.°; — people, or 
person, bing nying' ^' y^" ; — 
o/iV, in'-sah-de j|^ fk f*'; ^Ae 

— (fa?/ in ague, psen-gyi' i|J:° 

Sickle Hn-tao' ^ JJ (ih-p6) 
Sickly j)e/'so?i, to'-bing'-go nying 
^ ^' ^° A° ; ziang bing-msen' 

Sickness, bing 'j^ ; bing-tsing' 



^ JE ; yiang ,^ ', prevalent — , 
tsing'.^eo Jg f| ; sem-e -, — , 
djong' bing J] 5^ ; ^/owr hono)-- 
able — , kwe' yiang ^ ^ . m?/ 
wican — , zin yiang' pj ^ 
Side, pin ^; ^Ae — 0/, bong- 
Pi^' ^ ^ 5 Pin-yin' ^ f& ; </ie 
right —, jing-siii'-pin )^ ^ 
^ ; the left — , tsia'-siii-pin ^° 
^ ^ ; '^«« — > dong' pin Jl* 
^;i!/^a<-,keh'pin'|5'' a; 
ow 2;/ie — , tseh'-go-de flj ^° 
f °; tsel/-pin flj ^; tseh'-leng 
fflj ^ ' i'^'^^^^ on j(Ae — , tang' 
tseh-fong' ff M M'y ^"^^ ^^ 
one — , taen' pin |^ JJ ; tsen 
pun'-pin ||:=p^ ; the — (of the 
body), byib ^ ; pain in the right 
— , jing-sia'-pin hyih' t'ong J^ 
^ ^ # '^;<o^«m/m« — 
io — , fen-lse' foh-ky^i' ^ 5jc 

Sideways, Sidewise, wang 
^ ; tsMa ^4"; hwa ^ ; crahs 
move (creep) — , ha' wang bo' ^ 
1^- jfg ; io ?'oZ^ — (as an ani- 
mal), tang kweng' ff ^ 

Siege, to lay — to a city, we- 
kw'eng' dzing-ts' g ® M "? 

Sieve, s6-s' ip g 5 ^'^^'1/ M — > 
kyun'-s jjil ^ (ih-min) ; hamboo 
—far grain, s'-koh-dza'||^^ 

Sift, to B^^', — hy throning up, 
andhloiving of cliaff, yiang f§; 
po %l ; po-yiang' 5| ^ ; po- 
long fS # 



SIG 



429 



SIL 



Sigh, to t^sen-ky^i' I5|^; to heave 
a — , t'cen ih-k^;o ky'i' I§| — 
P ^ ; ^^^^P — J 'sen-sing' t'sen'- 
ky'i it ^ lli[ ; — from, pity, 
t^€n'-sih lH J, 

Sight, m kW-leh-kyin-go J 
W S i^°5 ;?/««5m^ to tlie — , 
bao'-k'en ^%\tlie first — , te'u 
kW-kyin %J ^ £ ; bao'-z 
kW-kyin ^S#S £; deo 
ih-we' k'en'-kyin H" — Isl ^ 
g; ^oorf (eye) — , ngsen'-lih hao' 
W 1l k} 5 ngaen'.ho tsin' gg 
tE"^ ; ng«n^kw6ng liang' 0^° 

Sign, kyi'-nying ^° |g ; kyi'-'ao 
IS ^ ; piao-deo' ^fj^ ; to make 
a — , tso kyi'-nying f^ |£ fg°; 

— agreed vpon, we-^ao' ^ ^ ; 
frecre< — , en'-^ao Pf ^ ; ei/- 
nying 0f |S°;5//o?? — , tsiao-ba' 
tS P"; 7.-'ao' ^fl ; twelve signs 
of the zodiac, jih-r'-kong -f> ^ 
g ; good — , kyih'-ziao ^^g ; 
liao ts'aj'-deo jj ^ BM ; « ^«^ 

— , hyiiong-ziao' |)y^^; <o ma^e 
a — , or omen, coh-ts^eng^f^ Jf| 
good ditto, hao' ts'eng'-z^^!^ 

— of the future tense, we ^ 
iao ^ ; — o/* i^ past tense, de 
ko j^ ; hao'- de jf "J*"; liao 
^', hao' -liao ftf-^', t/ie — of t/ie 
possessive, go ^"'j mans, nying'- 

go A^ i-' 

Sign, to — one's name, loh ming-z' 

t««i?;lohkwW^^; 



c?i7to as evidence, c^ih-ming' gj 
^ ; gyU-ming' ^ ^ ; tang' 
hw6-z' f{^ ^ ; tang hw6-iah' 

Signal, we-Wjg^; to fire a 
gun as a — , fdng-p'ao'we-'ao' ]U 
^ >^ ^ ; ^^^ ^-'^^^^ a/«^ «s a—, 
tang' gyi-'ao' ^J]^^; ts'o gyi- 
^ao' tit ]K ^ ; ^0 raise a — of 
distress, ts^o t^ao-kyiu'-go gyi- 



'"o' ill: W ii: ^" 



Significant, ?< is very — (of 
something else), gyi cong-ling' 
yiu'bih'dzing^l4,^^gIJ^f 

Signification, meaning, i'-s ^ 
S; iWi#^; W-shih^'' 
^ ; — of individual characterSf 

Signify, ?f/i«^ does it — ? yiu sob'- 

go i'-s wa°s''^,g? »•« 

signifies little, (or is of little con- 
sequence), m-kao' kao'-kwain ^° 
W-;?CH ; *ao-vii' ken-dzih' J 

Silence, to keep — , feb kV k'eo 
^ g3 P 5 — ^^'^ ^'^'^ complaints, 
zi' ka zi'-go un' g " ^° g ^'' 

Silent, no sound, M-sing'-hyiang 
WM M 5 feh-sing' feh-byiang' 
i S * # ; ^eng-sing' feh 
byiang' f^° M^^^i ^^^ tvords, 
meh-meh' vu-yin' IK gj ^ W J 
pi'-k'eo vu-yin' Ffl P ^ "b 

Silently, hardships home — , 
meb - ts'eb' -ts'eh-go siao'- kw 'u 



SIL 



430 



SIM 



Pg °^° ^° ® ; «o thmk — (as 
the Romanists do), meh-siang' 

Silk, raw s U,; ditto from Wu-tsiu^ 
Wu'-s 'i^J Jjf, ; native — , t*u'-s 
dt M ? *^"^'^^^ ^^^^^ — ' yia'-zen s' 

poorer ditto, kyiin ^^ ; pongee, 
(from Shantung), fu'-dziujjj ||^; 
kyh/-dziu ^il^l; gray ditto, hwe- 
seh fu'-dziu M^MM'^M' 
ditto, (of the natural color ), 
peng'-seh fu -dziu ^ fe /j^^ |3 5 
sewing — , s-sin' JJ, ||| ; i-sin' 
^ IB ; >5S — , s£en'-sin f5:jf|^ ; 

— wadding, min-teo'j^,°||| ; — 
cocoon, kyiii ^ ; — z^;on/i, zen 
^; (;??V^o m chrysalis, zen-ngo' 
S ^S 5 — worms eggs, zen-ts' 

a-?;^o7'ce/ — ,dziu-s^}Ea°|^ 
Silk-shop, {i. e. silk, and satin), 

dziu-don' tin ig %% jg 
Silk-weaver tsih'-kyi s-vu' ^ 

Silk-weaving estaUishment, tsih'- 

kyi fang jl S t§ 

Sill, c^oor di-voh' j;^ ;({){; window 

— , k^aen-deo ;g° Bi 
Silly, m-long'-go ; hen'-deo lin'- 

^f'MWJkU ; ziang ffi-long' 
ka;m-deo',juM°BI ^ 
Silver, nying-ts' ^-f ; — sTiop, 
nying-leo' ^ ti ; — (jewelry) 
c^%), siu'-sih tin -g* f j^ ;g ; — 
(money) ^/io/?, nying-^ao' ^ jg 

— (thread), nying-sin' ^ H 



Silver-smith, siu'-sih s-vu' "^ 
fife 3 f^; nyings-vu' |^ E° 

Similar, siang-ziang /JQf^-,hao'- 
ziang Jj f^ ; weh'-t^eh-ziang fg 
ii ff< ; oh'-ziang ppf " ft; fong'- 
feh{Jf^;ih-yiang'^;^;te 
IS — to that, keh'-go teng keh'-go 
siang-ziang'-go jj" -^^ Jft° 315° 
^^ ^0 i%. ^°j '^ « — manner, 
ih-yiang' tso'-fah ^ % (^ J^ 

Simmer, to loil slowly, msen-msen' 
ts' tl 11 ^"j — ^^^'' " ^^^''^ 
fire, in-iu' ho' ts ^ gj >;(C ^^ 
veng ho' i^-X^K'^.^ 

Simple, easy to mwierstand, kyin' 
r yi miiig' ^ M $j ^^ '-> — 
and honest, lao'-jih ^^] of one 
kind, doh-yiang' ^ |f ; jing-z' 
f-'E :§; 5 — "'*'^ p^f«w, tsih'-p^oh 
K ;g|; p'oh'-jiU #K;su'- 
zing ^< J^ ; — clothing, tsih'- 
p^oh-go i-z6ng' K #1 '1^° ^ 
n|«. _/oo(/, su'-zing-goky^iioh'. 
zih^fl-Jf ^''p£°:^;/.o^(;-- 
?yoM are ! ng hen-deo' nying f;j;° 

Simpleton, lien-cloo' ^Bl; ngse- 

Simplify, to make more easy, tso j 

kyin'--bin-tin §^ fj f^ |fi; -- j 

(to the understandin<)f), tso kyin'- I 

ming-tin f^ Wi "^^ K ^ j 

Simply, merely, doh-doh' ^81 > i 

tien-tsih' ^ n^ ! 

Simultaneous, tso'z-W^-";^*' i 



SIN 



431 



SIR 



I 



Sin, ze |P ; ze'-ko |P ^ ; ze'- 
k/i»|g /^; ze'-nyih |P ^;| 
oviginal — , peng' ze ^|p;nyun | 
ze' i^ IP ; .^^^«« — , tlo ze' ;^° 1 
P;djong'zel:p;ze'-ohp 
^ ; at?c? — to — , ze'-zoiig ko- 
2e' IP Jl 1i]\° IP ; to commit a 

— worthy of death, vcen si'-ze 

Sin, to vsen ze' ^ll|p ; — against 
God, teh'-ze Jing-ming' ^ |p 
jpip 0^ ; — knowingly, and pur- 
posely, ming-cii' kwu-vaen' H^ ^ 

Since, kyi gg ; kyi'-jua gE ^ ; 

kyi'-kying g|ig; — </ie«, dzong- 

te".yi-W #jfta«i-^ 

JH li'os a c/«7c7, dzong-siao' ^ >]^ ; 

^ft //-siao ^ >J^ ; — ijou are here, 

^K I ivill go, kyi' rig lae-tong' ngo 

ItSlNCERE, dzing.jil/ ^ ^ 

Sincerity, dzing-sing' p)J ^fj 
Sinews, kying ^% (ih-kwang) ; 

deer -~,hhkyh)g' ^ %% 
Sing, to ts^ong pg ; — idthout an 

instrument, tsMng' ts^ong' '^ P^ ; 

— hijmns, ts^ong ts:en'-iDe-s Pg 

« m n 

Singe, to tsih'-tsiao ^ ^^ 
Singer, we-ts^ong'-go nyiiig '^ 

Single, Isen g; doh ^; — 
thickness, teen zeng' ^ ^« ; « 

— garment, tsen gyin' i-z6ng' |g 
#3!c-^^';dohgyin'i.z6ng'^ 



f I- S ^''; « — >'«'• (on a 
stem), doh to' h\v6 ^ ^:{j^ ; — 
flower (not double), tien zeng' 
bwo-bain' m * ?S a^ 
Singly, one Jy o?ie, ih-tsah'ih-tsah' 
— ft — ft ; ili'-go ih'-go — 
^° — • ^°; standing — and 
alone, doh ih'-go lih'-tong ^ 

Sing-song, read in a — tone (as 
the Chinese do), long'-long-doh' 
W S^M' ^^'^^^ indistinctly, nyi'- 
li-ngwu'-hi dob P^^l^r ;^° ^^ 

Singular, uncommon, fi-vten' ^^ 
/L 5 fi-dz6ng' 1^ ^ ; c^ih-cong' 
tti ^ ; — J ''^r 6<rfm^f, c^ih-gyi' 
Hi Rpj — ^^«""' c'ih-gyi'-go 

Sink, to — (in vvater), dzing-loh'- 

'«n-loh'-ky^i I^^T"-^**; — am^ 
le lodj dzing-meh' ^^ ; — in 
the mud, *a^n-]oh' nyi-du'-h Jljg* 

Sinner, ze'-nying |p A**; ^'^'i- 

ze'-go nying ^Q # ^-^ A° 
Sip, to hwun |^; — andtry,\i\s\ji\i- 

hwun'-k'en P^ PJ| ^ 
Sir, respected — , (to a stranger), 
tseng ko § $|*;^(to an oflScer), 
lao'-yia :^ JJ ; (to a young 
person in an officer's family), 
siao'-yia i^ ^ ; siang'-kong 49 
^ ; (to a teacher), sin-sang' 

SlltLOlN, li'-nyUoh ^ |^° 



SIS 



432 



SKA 



Sister, elder ah-tsi'fpj^; young- 
er — , ah-me' pj j^ ; ii\(i- &e 
^;j^; elder sister^s husband, tsi'- 
^" M^' y^^^9^^' sister'' s hmhand, 
me-fii' j^ ^ 

Sister's son, nga-sang' ^° $^°; 
— daughter, nga-sang-non' ^|>° 

Sisters, tsi'-me |(g_ j^ 

Sister-in-law, man^s older Iroth- 
a'^s wife, hyiiong-sao' jfj ^ ; 
tnans younger brother's wife, di'- 
sing-vu H il,** ^f ; a wife calls 
Ler husband's brothers^ ivives, 
dzoh-li' jf[f Jl ; she calls her 
husband's older brother's wife, a- 
m' ppj JJ:, and the younger broth- 
ers ivife, ah-sing' fpf JJ; her 
hushajid's older sister, kwu-mo' 
^ ^H ; husband's younger sister, 
siao'-kwu >]^ ^ 

Sit, <o zo ^ ; — s^i'Z/, ding-ding 
^o' :^ ^ ; — a /a Turqiie, bun- 
kyiah' zo ^ Jjp >^ ; bun-k^ong' 
zo' or bun-kVzo' ^^i^; tang 
zo' ^J ^ ; ;jZm5e — , ts^ing zo' 
If i^;ts^ingzo.t8en'-loh|f :^ 
^°; — 2ip straight, dzih-ky^i' 
z» itile ^; zo'-lehdzih' ^ 
^"iit; — w;9, fl?i(f — still, pih'- 
t'ing zo ^ jg ^ ; —at a feast, 
zo-zih' ^ /^ ; — up all night, 
zo yia' ^ :j^°; — 07i a chair, 
zo U'-ts ^ i^° -^ ; — on a 
iewc/j, zo teng' ^ jf^ ; — on 
€g<jis, bu dien' Jg ^ 



Situated on tlm North Bank, zo'- 
loh Kong-poh-ngen' ^ -^ Jt" 

Situation, yUih-dong' »?v^ ^ ; 
a well chosen — , yiiih-dong' tin- 
lehhao'^^ifi©°Jf;- 
(of a bouse), dzeli-kyi' ^ ^ ; 
position, di-we' J'jji ^ ; — better 
than before, di-we', pi zin-deo' 

circumstances, kwong-kying' 5B 
^ ; it^Aai ^s ^2S — now f yin- 
dzse' gyi-go kwong-kying' dza'- 

Six, loh 7^; ; i^e — 5oar£?s, loh 

bu' y^ a^) 
Sixteen, jih-loh' + >?^ 
Sixth, di-loh' H :^ 
Sixty, loh-jih' y^ -p ; — F«''« 

old, nyin-kyi' zong loh-jih' ^ 

$£ M° /\ + ; — ^/^"''^ ^^"^ " 

cycle, loh-jih' nyin ih'-go kyiah'- 

ts yf; + r^ ^° - ^ •? 

Size, kw^m-do' % ^'^ kw^eh'- 
do ^ j^" ; large — , do-dao' 
z/c" 3fi5 ^^^'"^ "" •* (3za-kwui/-do 
;g° ^ :/<;" ^ ^2:a kwun-kw'eh'- 

Size, to (prepare with glue water), 

zong kao-shii' J: JS" pfC" 
Sizing, glue-water, kao-shii' p" 
I yj^"*', alum-watei^ ming-vsen shii 

m m yK 

Skate, ice shoe, ping-^a' y}i g**; 
I (a fish),hwu-ng'j^g^°(ih-kwang) 



SKE 



433 



SLA 



Skein of silk, ih-ts-sin' — j^ 
Wi 5 — of thready ih-kao 8in' — 
I^C" i^ ; — of linen thread, ih- 
siao sii/ ^ It ^ 

Skeleton, ih-fu kweh'-deo — gi] 
>^5S ; « hrnnan — , ih-fn nying- 
kweh' — . gij A° # ; thin as a 
— , kweh'-seo-jii-za' *9* ^ Sfl 
^°;lu-kymg'-lu.kweh'.go Sffi 
'M *B' ^° 5 '^ prepare a — of a 
discourse, ao kweh'-ts }j^ >§• -^ 

Sketch, kaoUs ^^; ^o cfmiy « 
— , tang ih'-go kao'-ts :ff — 

Sketch, to — with pen, or poicil, 

miao Jf ; w6 ^;sia^° 
Skill, hao siu'-don Jf ^ |^ 
Skilled m, joh-sili' ^ f|| 
Skillful, yiu-hao' siu'-doii ^ 
i^ ?lx ; — ^i«^, joh-siu' ^^ 
Skim, to kali'-c^ih-l« 21° ffi 35 ; 
— cream, na'-yia kah'-cMh-la; 

KIN, bi ^; — (of a person only), 
bi-fn' ^ ^ ; sqimrel — , bwe- 
c'u'-bi M BL ik'^ ^^^^^' ^*^^^> 
nying-c^u'-bi W^^^',rabbit ~ , 
tV.bi^iJ^;.fo.-^,kyi'.bi^ 
^', otter — , tW-bi ^ jg; sbu'- 
t'ah-bi 7jC° jg ^ ; ?mr^m — , 
«ob-bi' 1^ jj. See Fur. 
Skin, to — with the hirul, poh-bi 
«!|ife;poh-diao'bi|!)7^i£; 
— rubbed off, bi ts^ao'-ky^i-de 
jJ^J^^^^-y^jbitsW-t^eb-de 

Si w n T 



Skip, to fah-t'iao' :^ g^ ; — /r^r 
yo//, hwiin-byi'-leb fah-t'iao' gj( 
S^'llBfej-^^^^.t'iao'-ka 
1^ S ; — ^* page), kah'-tong 

t'iao'ih-nnnf^ig°T°4^'*M" 
Skirt, gyUing ^ (ih-diao) 

Skull, homj case of the brain, deo- 
ting'-kweh l^M'W 5 t'''i-d'"g'- 
kweh 5C >^ *^ ; ^/i^ brainless 
/lead, kw^ii-lii'-deo ||5f g giJ 

Sky, t^in ^; cfea?- — , ts'ing-t'ii/ 
^5J;te-, L^n-tV^55; 
dar^ or clouded — , ing-a' t4ii 

Sky-light, tMn-tsing 3!J^; — 
(Chinese, of shell), t'in-tsing'- 

Slab of stone, zah-pc' ^°^ ; zah 
pe-ba' ;5° ^ )S(° 

Slack (iu doing), ts^i-sing' fj[ 
^^ ; ?i{>^ ^//A^, kw^in ^ ; den 
j"^ ; song ^ ; kw'un-det/-deu 
^ ■?Si'@ ; kw^in-iah'-iah ; den- 
den'-dong ^H^g**!)! ; (these are 
also used of persons) ; — ivatei\ 
bing shu' Zp 5}C° 

Slacken, to fong'-leh k\v*un'-tin 

song'-tiii ;g JJ liS ; mu3n-tiu' 
If 1,5 ; mten-fien'-tin ^f£^^^ ; 
kw'un'-tin ^ $^ ; kwHm-wun'- 

tin S li IS 
Slake, to — i/«rc^^, ts k'eh' jfc 
Jg ; to — /t?«e, fong shu', diao 

hwe' •jgc ilC M M 
I Slam, to gwah ; bang - bang'- 



SLA 



434 



SLE 



hyiang Jf ° g° ^°; must not — 

the door, meng' m-iiao gwab'. 
Slander, to kong dzaen-yin'^" 

IS W ; p6ng'-hwe ^ |g 
Slander, i?o believe a — , t'ing 

dzjeii-yii/ If, ^ •§• 
Slanderer, zeh-cii' |fej(° jj^ 
Slang, ts^i-ts'u'-go shili-w6' f^ 

Slanting, ts'ia ^4°? — ^<^ <^^^ ^*'^^ 
(as a boat), tseh'-go f^lj^-**; — , 
ivill upset, iao tseb'-cun ^ HlJ 
H ; iao tseh'-fen g fj f^ 

Slap /«m, tang gyi' ih-kyi^ fl"^ 
^- |£ ; — o'>^ ^/^^ /"c^j kvvah'- 
ih-kwong |i — 3£ ; tang po- 
cong' JJE*^ (cong or tsong); 

— on the mouth, tang teo-cii' Jj 

Slate, nga-koli' feng'- psen ^f«° 
@ 1^ S j 7i«^n'e — /f r na^we 
ink, feng'-pseu ^ JK ; k'sen-p?en' 
^ i^ (ili-min) 

Slate-pencil, zab-pib' ^° |^ 
(ih-ts). 

Slats running lengtJiwise, dzib 
tong' lit if ^ ; — running cross- 
wise, wang tong' :j^ ^f 

Slattern, t'i'-t^i-t^1-t^^-go uyu'- 

Slaughter, met u-ith great — , 
tsao sab'-lob j^ ^ gj ; — of a 
city, dii-dzing' Jg J^; to prohibit 

— of animals, kyiiig di/ *^ jg 
Slaughter-house (for cattle), 

sab'-ngco-dziang ^ ^° ;% 



Slave, nn-boli' j^ ^ ; nu-dzae' 
J{ :^ ; called, ko-nying^ ^* 
A"', — girl, 6-deo'f 5|; s'-iiyu 
W^i—^oy, dong-boh' j£ -j^ 

Sleazy, byi 5^; light and thin, 
biao-bob', or byiao-bob' j^^ ^ 

Sledge-hammer, long-deo-dju' 
m m 11" (^b-go) 

Sleek, kwdng-wab'^gfil-; kying'- 
kwong sbib-wah' ^ ^t 'S f^ 

Sleep, kw^eng'-joh [j^**^; cannot 
-, kw^eng'-feb-jobai°t, f^; 

— soundkj, kw'eng sah^-kao ^^ 
^**; sab'-k^eo kw^eng'-job ; — 
lightly, kw^eng'-leh kyiiig-sing' 
^ tS° S ®5 — ^^ ^^^^'^ clothes, 
ta' i-z6ng kw'eng' 5^° ^ ^^ 
^^'j — and dream much, \'6\\- 
mong tin-tao; fL^ M §!l5 ^''^ 
OMi m — , lon-moi)g' hsen-kyiao 
fL ^ [!S 1^5 sleeping-room, 
>'6ng-ksen' ^ |h^ °; io — the long 

— {i. e. deatb), do-kao' kw'eng'- 

Sleepy, iao kw^eiig'-job ^ g^° 
S^or^Bri5°;k^eb'.c^o„g. 
mi-mong' B^H gt Pf 5 mi-bwC- 

ky^i-de ^^ Hft ± 7°; -^//^^' 
ngcen'-tsing mi-loiig'-kyM [Jg ljj|^ 

Sleet, sbib'-ts @:3^° 

Sleeve, ziu-ts' ^ ^ (ib-tsab) 

Sleight of hand, kyiab'-kw^a 

siu-kw^i' m '1^° ^ 'R°; ^0 Mse 

£?/«o, long-sin'-kyiab .|f ^ Ji(| ; 

yUoDg siu'-kyiab ^ ^ jijl ; pin 



SLE 



435 



SLO 



hyi'.fah g| JJ fj ; to perform 

»a ditto, pin ih-t^ao' hyi'-fah ^ 
iENDER, (as persons), dziang- 
liao'-siao g gj ^^°; bah-dziang 

Slice, « ib'-p^in — )^ 
Slice, «o ts^ih-leh p^in'-tang-p^in 

Slide, to wah \^ ; — ffoi(;n, s6'- 
loli-kyM; to slip, wab-loh'-ky^i 
ff ^ i°; — *ac^ and forth, 
(move), yi-lie' yi-ky^i' ^ ^ ^ 
•^°; — up aiid down, ts'iii-zong' 

ts'iu-ioh' ifl J: ^iti ^ 

Slight 77i€ttier, si'-si-siao'-z g 

Ig >J> ^ ; ky^u-ky^u-siao'-z g 
IS >J> ^ ; — M-0M«6?, s6ng 
ky^ing-kV fg $1 pf ; ??oi! ^//c 
slightest mistake, ih-iiggen' feh-ts^o' 
light, to — (a person), lang'-dsen 
1^^' ill; ts^iao'-feh-ky^i' ^^''^ 
I^V f&'r — unintentionally/, sliih'-kwu 
I ^ ^j to do carelesshj, tso'-Ieh 
hweb'-liabfiSj^||°igrB5;tsoMeh 

Slightly, ih-tin' — fdj ; pV-p^) 
® ® ; — acquainted, p^o'- p'o j 
nying-teh' |g ]g Jg° ^^ 

Sling, to imt the arm in a — , loh 
siu'-kwang ^ ^ J^°; io ^Aroio 
a stone with a — , yiiong ta' 

^ dsen zah'-ts ffl ^° Jlp 5" -f 

Slip, « — of paper, ih-p'in ts' 



— of bamboo, coh'-baen fj ^ ; 
(ih-kw*e) 
Slip, to wall 'J^^; liu f^; — down, 
wah-loh' f*^^; — (as a person), 
wah-tao' '^^^ ; to lose footinf/, 
shih-kyiah' or sib-kyiah' ^ J{|1, 
(also to speak words tbat cannot 
be trusted) ; — and almost fall, 
tang wah-tW ff \r U ;- 
and fall, weh-tih' ff Jj^ ; liu-tib' 

Slipper, bin-^a' ^ ^ (a pair, 

ih-s6ng) 
Slippery, wab-lill'-wah-t^'^b' f^ 

jfc ?i"JK° (^so used of persons) ; 

not easily caught, wall- wah '-dali- 

<^ali '?f JK° I;"'; — m ^««/^% 

promises, and not fulfilling, tang- 

wah'-tW-de^XftJKT- 
Slit, lib-vong' ^ ^ (ib-da); — 

7wac?(3 purposely in a garment, 

ts^6'-ts IX ^ (ib-da) 
Sloping, ts^ia'-min ^-t"^; ts'ia'- 

shing ^4° |lii5 
Sloppy, wet, sib'-sib-go j^ ^ 

>h°; wu-dah-dal/-go jg" gf § 

^''; wu-gyih'-gwab-lah. 
Slough, na-nyi-den' j[pj jjfg Jg 
Slough, io — o/; t'eng-diao' f -g 

^*'; (ft Wo 5H», or shell, t'eiig 

k^ob' |jg ^ 
Slovenly, fdng'-p^ah-la'-sa J^ 

it 1 «"; ^»^i^, t^i'-t'i-t'a-t*a 

?r?ri:*;iah.tW5i5§ 

Slow, moBn Jg ; wun ^ ; maen- 
t^ang'-t^ang If g»g°;wun'. 



SLO 



436 



SME 



deng-deng ^ llg M ; — pe, 

wun'.hog>|^;veng-ho'5>;<C; 
iu-iu' ho gl iX 
Slower, a little msen-tin' jg IJ 
Slowly, rasen-msen' jg *g; wiin'- 
wun f^^ ; kw'im-wui/-diao-da 
*Mi ^ ' ^"^^'^ — {i!>^\^ to a guest 
on leaving), ma3n-maen' tseo 'j^ 

tit* 

Sluggish, Isen-/ vu-tong'-go '[sg 
W ^ l" i^°; sang I^n^wong- 
bing ^°MM^ (in reproach); 
Zoo — /o get up to eat, kae min- 
feng' min-bi' go H f f # gg 

Sluice, ky^i ffl°; — ^afe, ky4'- 
meng ^^^7^ ; wmc? ^ , p6 Jg ; 



stone 



% 



Small, siao )J> ; si'-siao ^ >]> ; 
vi-si' :^ 10 ; siao'-so ; verij — , 
ting'-siao ]g>J> ; ih-ngaen'-ng<W 
do — S|5'' |JS° ;:/s;°5 siao'-siao- 
kwun do ; dzih-si' do ;g ^ ^'^ 
— quantity, ih-ngsen'-ng^en — 

Smalts, da - ts^ing' ^ ^ 
Small-pox, inoculated deo-ts' "^ 
^ ; — taken imturalhj, t^in-deo' 
^ ^ ; has ilm — , c^ih-deo- 
ts'-go [f| ^ -f ^"'; to inoculate 
the, — , cong deo' JH ^a 5 c<^"g 
bw6'a?E; 'omiao^y^l-. 
irmrked with — , mo-bi'-go J^^ 

Smart, clever, hw?en \^ ; hwaen- 
ky'iao' ^g 3^ ; — ?'« reply, tah'- 



leh k/iao' >g ;j|,° 3:5 ; — aw^ 
«cZire, weh-loh' Jg J§ 
Smarting 79«m, isihMah-lah-go 

I'ong' ^ l« 1$ ^° « ; - 

like fire, ho' siao ho'-lah-go t^ong' 

Smash, Zo k^ao-se' ^°^ ; tang'- 
se Jj ^ ; — accidentally, p^ong- 
se, or bang-se' Jj| ^ 

Smattering, veo-min' W-tin 

Smear, to dz6 J^ 

Smell, Zo hyiiong |^ ; hyiiong'- 
hyuong-k^en |^ |^ ^ ; — so7?zc- 
ifAm^ sjf^eeZ, veng hyiang-kyU' ^ 
^ ^ ; meng byiang-kyU' p^" 

Smell, /?'^^ra?iZ hyiang-ky4' § 
^ ; a strong — (generally bad), 
kf\'-m\^%r',ahad-^,\if\'- 

ers give forth a sweet — , h wo 
Ije-tih p^eng'-hyiang ^ Pft § ; 
sweaty — , 'en-son'-ky^i f^ ^ 
^ ; /% — , sing-ky«i' ^g ^ ; 
musty — , eh'-boh-ky^i' ^° ^° 
^ ; slightly musty — (as damp 
clothes), ze-nong-kyU' SH^j 
smir — (as of bread, or meal), 
son tsiang'-ky^i |^^' ^ ; strong 
— (as of mutton), sao-ky^i' J^ 
^; rank — (of certain persons), 

lao'-6ky'i'^-J|« 
Smelt, to 'melt, yiang Jig; sah 
i^;yiang-kVJ;i^;sak'-k'ie 



SMI 



437 



8NE 



Smile, to mi-mi'-siao g^ |5fJ ^ ; 

mi-ko'-ngsen-siao ^ ^° RS" ^ 

Smiling, icea?^s a — face, ta siao'- 

lin W^m 
Smoke, in jg ; the smell of — , 
in-ho' ky'i is >;(C ^ ; in ky4'- 

miffl«r 
Smoke, to — meat, byUing nyiiol/ 

fM. 1^**? — tolacco, ky^iioh in' 
Pfe'' *JH; — opmm, ky^uoh a-pMn' 
Pfe°3il >r; (more polite), ky'uoh 
in' lit^m 

Smoked (as things in cooking), 
in.bo'.ky^i-de^^g7° 

Smoky place, in-hyiiing ho'-daen 
u-sen' jtg !(;t iX & 

Smooth, kwong 3£ ; wah ^^ ; 
kwong-wah' 5£ ^^', very — , 
kying-'-kwong shlh-wah' jSitES 
ff ; tih-wah-Iin' ka f|[ f f |t 
>i^°; vvah-liu-cu' ka' J^f ^ng>h° 

Smooth, to — with the hand, t^o' 
kwong ^*'5£ ; — with a plane, 
bao kwong' ^ij ^ 

Smooth-tongued, (not to be de- 
pended upon), yiu-cu'-t^ab'-zib 

fSr !S SI ^ ; cib'-i^e-bin-kv^i 

Smoothing-iron (to be heated 
from within), ing'- teo fl** ^ 
(ih-kwun) ; — (to be heated on 
the fire), loh-t'ih' ^ ||| 

Smother to death, meng-sah' ^ 
i^ ; _ outfre, meng-u' ^^ j:.| 

Smuggle to t'eo-se^ ^ ^ ; leo- 



Smuggling, to detect one in —, 
k^6leo-se'-go^*»ii|a^'' 

Smutty, yiu in-me' tsao'-tih ^ 
mmM6^',-f<^ce,he\i'-moh 

du-iin' mmmwi 

Snail, co???mon (either with or with- 
out a shell), yin-yiu'-lo' gE Jj^ 
!^ ',fi-esh wafer— , s'-lo ji^ ife^ ; 
sea — , hse' s-lo' '^^ i^$5/^'^'^ — ? 
din-lo' pg $^ (ih-keng) 

Snake, dz6 H" (ih-kwang, ih- 
keng); poisonous — , doh dzo' 
^te°5 Buddlia's mouth, sncdce's 
heart, {i.e. fair words coming from 
a bad heart), veh-k^eo' dzo-siiig 

tail, (said of anything which 
commences with a great flourish, 
and ends in nothing), hwu'-deo 

dz6-vi'jtBMirji 

Snare, ky«un-tW ::^|S; gyiang 
5f ; kwUi-t W-ky'un g ^ H ; 
to seta — , ts6ng ky'un-t'ao' ^ 
m ^ ; tsong gyiang' ^ ^f. 

Snarl, all in a — , lon-tsia'-bong 

Snatch, ^o ta- ts^iang ta - deh ; 
S' ft ^^ * ; tsMang'-ts^ang- 
deh-deh tl ^ ^ * ; — ''^f^' 
violence, deh, f^ ; deh-ky4' fg 
*°;ts^iangf|;ts'iang'-kyn$^ 

Sneer, to — at, lang'-siao ; ^° 
^ ; to turn vp the nose at, bih- 
deo'-kwun feiao nying' j^° JL° 



SNE 



438 



SOC 



Sneeze, to tang p^eng'-t^i Jjfl^pg 

Snore, to yiu min-hen' -^^If ; 

he snores loudhj^ gyi'-g<^ min-hen' 

Snout, dziang cU-bu' ^{^ fl"; 

— of a tea-pot, dzo-wu-cii J^ 
^ ng ; to work the — under (as 
a hog), ky^uing. 

Snow, shih g"; white as — , 
shih'-bali-go 8° 1^ >i^*'; sliih'- 
lin-bah'-go8''^]^>h^;-m 
scattering flakes, sbih'-hwo-fi 3° 
?2 ?tll » snowing fast and thick, 
p^iao'-p^iao-dong sbib' ^ M S 
§°; — m /aryc flakes, Isen-shih'- 

Snow to lob-shib' -^ g 

Snow-ball, to throw a — , tiu 
shih-doii ^gg;— (the flower), 
moh-siu'-gyiu-hwo /fC |S ^ ^ 

Snow-ball, to 6 sbih'-don ; ting 
sbih-don. 

Snuff, bih-ia'^ ^"j^^to t^tJce—, 
sob bib-ia' %%' ^ {g (sob or 
sbob); ky^uoh bib-in' P^^'ftjti 5 

— hottle, bih-ii/-wu j^ iS § 
Snuff, to — a candle, tsin (or 

gyin) lab-cob'-me ^ tl i® tS 
Snuffle, to sob (or sbob) bib- 

Snuffers, cob'-tsin j^ ^ ; lah- 

cob'.gyin S ^ Iff (ili-Po) 
So, ka ^n^J^t"; z-ka; ziang-ka f^ 
M" Jb°; ka'-siang-mao in'^ift" 

'fS I& > — ^^'^^ ^'''^''^ ^^ ^^ '^^^ 

toyte, sang-leb long-ts^o' jg° ^° 



^^ ^ ; — that will not, sang- 
leb i^^i^^'^ — many, ka'-to ^n° 
|t° ^ ; ka' byu'-to ^Q° ^^ 
^ ; keh-tang' ; is it — every diuj ? 
nyib-nyib' z-ka feh Q ^0° 
jJ^fc" -^"^ aJoz^^ — , ka' kvvong'- 

Soak, to seng'-t^eo {;[> J2 ; tsing'- 
t^eo ]^ 3^ ; soaked ivith perspira- 
tion, ^en' seng'-t^eo-de ff f£> jg 
"J*^; — m lyator over night, 
sbu tsing' ko yia' :^°Q'^^; 
sbii'-li sab-ko yia'. 

Soap, bi-zao' |E ^ (a bar, ih- 
diao) ; pro[)erly native soap, or 
tbe fruit of the soap-tree. 

Soap-tree, zao'-kyih-ju ^°^ 
©;bi-zao'-jur*'^°l:01^-cu) 

Soap-stone, vaen-zah' gp ^°', 
Ts^ng-din zab' ^ m ^" 

Soar, to gwab-zong'-ky'i ^° J^ 

Sob, to byib'-byib-bob'-boh kW 

rMPJ^irif°5^;byib'-hyih'. 

byiang k W PJlmV% 
Sober, sedate, ton-tsong' jg ^; 

z-dzje' g ;^ ; djong g 
Sociable, we kao-nyin'-go -g" 
Jf ** Ifi ^°; bwnn-byi' kyih'- 
kyiao-go fc § ^° ^ ^"'^ «- 
beng-yiu'-go ^^J ^ ^°; easy 
/o associate iviih, bao' ts^eo-de 

Socially, to talk — , ts'ong'- 

daen l|iM;ts'6ng'-julSSt 
Society, we ^ (ib-go) 



soc 



439 



SOL 



Socks, ton mah-cU' fe S ^ ; 
(a pair, ih-song), — covers, mah- 
i^ao' g ^ ; mah-tsao' |^ ^ 

Soda, impure native — , zali-kaei/ 

Soda-water, ^O-kei/ shii ^ 1^ 

Sofa, cMng-teng' ^ ^ 
Soft, nyUn 1^ ; mi-iiyuu' |,^°f C; 
nyiin'-joh ^ J^ nyiin'-siang ; — 
(as fruit, or cooked food), nen ; 
^ong ; very — , ^ong'-t^ah-t^ab ; 
neu-bu'-bu ; tliat is a — boiled egg, 
keh'-go daen ts'-leh liu-^ong'-go 

z dong-^ong'.go dseii ^ ^^^ 
^° ^ ; — voice^ sing-ing' 'o- 
I nyuu' ^ ^ % IJC ; ^00 — (as 

I cloth, or paper), uyun-t^ah'-bi 
Soften, to — it, s'-teh gyi nyiiii' 
1£ ^ S 1^ ; soften by sooJcimj, 
tsing'nryineu'g^l^-;— iy 
scalding, pW gyi nen' J^^.^** 
Softly, ts^iao'-ts^iao>|'^'>||^'; talk 
--,ts^iao-tsMao'k6ng>|g»|g=|°; 
ky^ng-ky^ing' kdi.g' g %^ ||° 
I Soil, di-tVi' J^ -{^,- nyi-nyUoh^ 

jtjt ^'; r/^^^— . di-t^a' W-jih 
ii ± i¥ R 5 ^^o nyi-nyuoh' 

Soil, to long ao-tsao' |? ^ || 
Solder, 'en-yiah' ff ^ 
Solder, to ^m ff 
Soldier, ping ^ ; ping-ting' Jc 
~f (ill-go); soldiers, ping-mo' ^ 



,^ ; volunteer — , t^u-ping J^ 

£L ; (a body, ih-ts, ih-de, ili- 

dzing) 
Sole of tU foot, kyiah'-ti % % ; 

— of the shoe, ^a-ti' g j[& 
Sole, (a fish), nyiuh-t^ah'-ngl^" 

fit g; 

Solely, doh-meng' ^ f^ ; taen- 

tsih' ^ n 
Solemn, nyin-soh' j^ Jf ; soh'- 

ts^iao-ts^ao ^° >|g >||»j' 
Solicit, to gyiu ^; — a reuwd, 
gyiu s6ng'-fong ^ K ^ ; — « 
/ai-or, gyin dzing' ^ '[f ; k^eng 

Solicitous to obtain, ts'ih'-eing 
iao "in )& S ; (Anxious or <rowJ- 
Zecf, fong'-sing-feh-loh' jj >(j» ^ 
^; ky^ih'-du kwo'-dziaug ^JJt 
^ ^ ; taen sing-z' ^ ,(:. :$: 

Solid, jih-sing', zih-sing', or dzih- 
sing' ^ i\ji — pi£C^' ff ^t(>^^, 
tsing-kwV zab-deo' JE ^ 5** 
gg ; — y^cdl, jili-diab'-go ziang' 

sing' nying-ts' g it ^ •? ; 
tsoh' nying-ts' J£ ^ ^ 
Solitary, doh-ih' ^ — ; doh- 
ling'-ling a'# § ; —(as a per- 
son), tjen-sing' H^; kwu-sing' 
JlJ^ J^ ; — an(i alone, tien-sing' 
doh gyi' H # ® ® ; y^houi 
relatives, kvvu-ling'-ting J|J^!§"J*; 
no relatives to depend upon, loh- 
ts^ing' vu-k^ao' ;^^ JSH 5 - 



SOL 



440 



SOO 



place, kwn-ts^'mg lang'-loh-go di- ; 

fong' M m ?*° m i^"* * I 

Solstice, Wmter tong-ts'§ ^S 5 I 
• Summer — , ^6-ts'^ 2° ^ 
Soluble, wg yiang'-go '^'J^i^'* | 
Solve, to ka f5|°; — donOts, ka I 
riyi' ^*' ^ ; — a difficult mat- 
ter, ka'-c^ih n^enV ^^'ffiH:^ 
Some, «/c'?r, kyi'-go f|-i^°; yiu'- 
sing ^ ^''; yiu'-teh-go /^ ;{| 
-^°; a Zi«/e, ih-tm — SJ; ih 
nggen'^; buy — sugar, and peaches, 
ma tin doiig', ma kyi'-go dao-ts' 

R° m m R° M ^° » ? ; 

— years ago, kyi' nyiii zin-deo' 
%^WM'-> —people say so, 
yiu'-sing nying z-ka' wo' ^ j^° 
A° ^D° jit°fS ; — other person, 
ih-go bih'-nying - -^v'' glj A° 

Somebody, mo'-nying ^ A°; 
yia-nying' ^ A° ; — certainly 
did it, pih'-ding yiu nying tso'- 

ko-de>i:, ^^A^'fitiaT 

Something, / have — {i. e. one 
thing), ngo' yiu ili-yiang' tong- 

to eat, and — to wear, yiu'-Ieh 
ky^uoli' yiu'-leh c^iin' ^©"P^'' 
^%°^ j I have — to tell you, 
ngo' yiu z-ken' t'ong-cu ng ^ 

w » # a ^D m ^^^^ of 

— else, kong bih-yiang' z-ken' 

W gii 1 * # 

Sometimes, yiu'-z-'eo ^ flf ^ ; 
yiu'.teh.z'-^eo;f ^^''fllp^;- 
there is, and — not, yiu'-z-'eo 



yiu', yiu'-z-^eo &'-teh-go ^ J|J 

m w, ^- liif m nr w*: 

Somewhat, is yiu'-tin ^j"||S; yiu 
kyi-feng' ;j|- ^ ^ ; _ e/«m;}, 
yiu'-tin dziao-sih' ;|(' |J=^|g '^ ; 
liah yiu'-tin dziao-sih' 1^%' |J 

Son, ng-ts'^":? ;ts'-sih J^l,; ^ 

another's — ta/cen to rear, kyi'-pa i 

ng-ts' ^ ^° Si° •? ; adopted 
— , ling'-ts 0-f (See Adopt) ; 
your — , ling-long' ^% ; long- 
kong' IR 2" ; ah-16ng' ^ %l ; 
my — , ah-lah siao'-r f^^'f 5°>J^ 

a°; ng6'-go siao'-r ^I^ "1"° )J. 

UJ"; ah'-lah siao'-ky^iin' {i. e. 

little dogs) ^°ffr^J^::^ ; ^^^^^^ 

— , do ng'-ts;/(;°5J°-J ; tsiang'- 
ts ^-^ ; the second — , ts^'-ts ?Ji^ 
•^ ; only — , doh-yiang' ng-ts' 
ffiSSi'"? » ^ier's,OT daughter's 
-,nga-sang^^|.°§^'' 
Son-in-law, nyu'-si -^ ig 
Song, ky^Uoh'-ts ^ ^; comical 
— , t^sen-wong' ^ ^ ; w/^ar 

— , siao'-diao >J> f^ (ih-tsah) ; 

— book, ts^ong'-shii Pg g: (ih- 
peng) ^ 

Sonorous, hyiang'-liang ^ ^ 

Soon, early, tsao^; quickly, kw^a 

^''; come as — as called, ih-eo 

ziu lae' — |iif°,s(:^ ; as — as lie 

carne I went, gyi' ih-lse' ngo ziu 

Sooner tlum I, pi ngo tsao' JJj 
^ ^ ; a little — , tsao-tin' ^ 



soo 



441 



SOU 



jf|5 ; kw^a'- tsao-lir/ '^° ^ SJ 
Soot, in-me' {g J|: 
Soothe, to — (by consoling), en'- 

Itali ^ ^ 'i — him, kvv'iin-gyi- 
si"g % ^ >& 5 ky^in'-ka-gvi 
ORCEHER ( who divines with 
spirits), k6ng-du-sin'-go|f° Jit f[lj 
^°; — (who chants, and wor- 
ships for another), nyiasn-bun^ 
sin-sang' ;g:^^^^° 

Sorceress (who divines with 

spirits), du-sin-bo' Jit \^ ^•'; 

(who chants, &c., for others), 

dao-z-bo 'M±W 
Sorcery, zia-jih' ^°% ; zia-fah' 

JIS" fi ; io practise — , yuong 

zia-jih' ^ w m 

Sordid, meanly avaricious, ts'-ts- 
we-li' ^ ^ :g f Ij ; niggardly, 
kW;kW-li ^IJJi 

Sore, bruise, song-t^ong' f^ ^ ; 
hoil, or ulcer, tb^ong ^ ; doh ^ 

Sore, slightly ing'- ts'ih-ts'ib-go 

the touch, bang-djoh' t'ong' |j|° 

in the bones), nyiioh'-li t'ong' 
kwehMi feh'-t^ong' I^J°g.^iS*i^ 

Sorrow, iu-meng' g ^^ ; zeo- 
meng' ^§r f^ 

Sorrowful, song-sing' f^ ^jj; 
pe-s6ng' J^ f^ ; — countenance, 
min' ta in seh' "g ^'^ g -g,' 

Sorry, / a;?i — for you, ng6 t^i 



n^ in' n # f*' '1 ; (1* ng' 
najn-ko'-siang i^ii^-^ Id ii +ff J 
u^ry -T- /or you, i\ ng' peh'- 
jing-siang # ft;"* ;:?; jg, ^ff ; 

— fm- it, k'o'-sih pj" '[* ; sili'-wu 

Sort, a ih yiang' — |J- ; ih 'ao' 
^-g| ; ih cong' — U ; the same 
— , tso' yiang • tso' 'ao ; every 

— , yiang-yiang' % f|| ; cong^ 
cong ^ ^ 

Sort, to ih-yiang ih-yiang' kwe- 

Sorted, ^ao-tang'-^1o feng-kV- 

li^'o n *r m ^ li T° 

Soul, weh-ling' |g |g ; weng- 
ling' ^ ^ ; ling-weng' ^ ^ ; 
man has three spintual and six 
animal souls, nying yia seen- 

weng' loh-p^1h' A'WH m. y^ 

^ (Buddhist idea) ; rational 

— , ling-weng ®^ ; ling-sing 
H'^ ; animal — , kyiioh'-weng 
ft ^ ; vegetable — , seng-weng' 

Sound, sing-hyiang ^?^; sing- 
ing' m %^ 

Sound, to hyiang ^ ; Joes not 

-,ve'hyiano f/ #" # 
Sound, to — tJie depth, tang shig- 

Sound m /^ea/^i, gyin ^ ; k^dng- 

person), tsong'-gyin JJt H 
Soundly, to sleep kw'eng sah'-kao 



sou 



442 



SPA 



Soup, t^ong f^ ; to ladle out — , 
iao t'ong' @ '^ 

Soup-ladle, t'6ng-diao-kang'Jg^ 
Ijg ^° (ih-tsah) 

SoUP-TUREEN, t^ong-kwuil'^if 
(ih-tsah) 

Sour, sou |^ ; to hecome — , fall 
soa' If f^ ; — (as food that 
has turner]), seo'-kyM %% ^; 
ditto (as the stomach, &c.), tsoh- 
soa' f^ It 

Source (of affairs), lae-yiu ^ 
^; keng-yiu' j^ ^ ; nyun-yiu' 
j[^ ^ ; — and ending, lae-keng' 
kyVmah' ^ ^^ i^ M 5 - (of 
man, principles, &c.), nyiin-peng' 
]g;?^ ; keng-nyun' ^J^]^; keng- 
peng';^:?^; — (of water), nyun- 
<ieo' U BI; 1^-nyun' ^ %-, 
Ise-mah' ^ Jf 

South, Nen ^ ; toward the — , 
hyiang Nen' |p] ]§ ; dziao Nen' 
^ ^ ; come from the — , dzong 
Nen' LT-go ^Jg ffi 3^ ^h"; - 
East, tong nen %^ ; —Wed, 
si nei/ If j^' 

Sow, cu-nyiang' |f J(g ; o^J— , 
Iao'- cu-nyiang ^ f f Jg (ih- 
tsah) 

Sow, ^0 — see<f, tsah iang-ts' ^° 

Soy, tsiang'-yiii ^ ^ 

Space a Jove us, hyii-k^ong' jj^; 
e77^2?^?/ — , k^ong di'-fong ^ Jj^ 
"jj ', great unoccy2^ied — , di-fong 
6«n'.d^nJi:^|J:'gg;^/.e-. 



between fingers, ts^-deo vong ^g" 

Spacious, kw^un-do' ^ ;;^''; 
kwW-do ^j:Jt°5 kwong'-kw'eh 

HI 

Spade, w6-tsMao' j^lj |g (ih-p6) 
Span, (Chinese, from the end of 

the thumb, to the end of the 

middle finger), ih-t^)h' — j^ 
Span, to meamre hy the hand, t'oh'- 

t^oh-k^en g /S ^ 
Spanish-stripe, pih'-kyi P^ |if 
Spare, to — life, nyiao-ming'^*' 

^ ; — one for me^ liu ih'-go peh 

ngo' ^ — -t '*^° f5 ; <^«w y<^^ 

— (z.e. sell one) /or me ? hao we' 
ih^gopeh ngo' feh jff H— i^° 
^° ^ ^^? can ijou — ita day ? 
keh, hao sang' yiiong ih-nyih' feh 

— it, hyih'-gyi-feh-Ise -i^ ^ ^ 
^ ; siao'-gyi-feh-teh' >i? ^ ^ 
;g; cant — the time, koiig-fa' 
bah'-feh-c^ih X ^ S f/ ffl ; 
does not — his strength, gyi feh- 

sih'.iiii'-gos*1§:/j1-V^"* 

you — me for a while 1 ng' hao 
sang ngo' ih-z6ng' feh \^^ jf 

Sparing, using frugally, feh-s6'- 

tehyuong'^^^'tf fflj-^'^* 
diet, ky'uoh'-leh sang' pg;° ^° 

Spark, a ih-lih ho'-sing — fji 

SpaKKLING, t'eo'- kw6ng-go j§ 



SPA 



443 



8PE 



%^ 



/^°. 



like the stars. 



ziaiig 



sing-kwoiig 



; kyih'. 



ka \% M %^ 

Sparrow, mo-tsiang |j}|']^° (ib- 

^ft tsah) 

^BBpasm, kyirig-fong'H ^ 

H^ kying-fong g; |g g; 

^^BBpatter, to tsieii 'Jll; tssen-sib' 

1^^ ?^ M ; — ^^^^'^' mud, iia-nyi' 
t8^n'.ky^i JiJ° JJg \r ZE 
Spawn, ng-ts' g/ ^- | 

Speak, <o kdng Ig"; wO §§ ; wcerZ 
not — of it, liao-vong kong'-cMli ] 

k6ng-lehbyiang-tin'||°|^'»^^ 
UjJ ; — i/ie ^rwif^, koiig-leh jih- 

cW-goBr^5^°Ka^'';tsiao 

dzili' kong ^^ Ijj U"; i ?6'an< to 

— to you, ngo iao teng ng kong 
^^ |& f;);°s|°; — 07Z ^/^e ^jiur 
of the moment, or without previous 
thought, kong'-c'ili son'-tsiang 
Bi° ffi ^ Pi ; ^-e-k^eo' kong'- 
^^^b |5g P Eg° lU ; we do not — 
to one aiwther, ab-lab feb kao' 
k^oo ^° ^*' % ^° P; cannot 

— of it, \v6-feh-c'ih'-go fj- ^, 

Speaker, able k^eo-neng'-zib-Liu'- 

gonymg'tgt«^^^«A° 
Spear, th^umg H (ib-ts) 
Special, deb-we' i}^ |g; deb-i' 
^^ ^ 5 — proclamation, deb-z' 
^$ JS 5 ^^ — business, ib-yiang 
deb-i' z-ken' « If i(# ^; ^ 
;|{i ; needs — care, iao kab'-nga 
kwu'-djob g ^ ^h° TO ^ 



Specially /or, cUn-meng' we ^ 
Pg J?;t^n.t8ib'weUD:g; 
dob-dob' we ^ ® ^ 

Species, le Jg ; cong Q ; f//e 
5rt;«e — , tso' cong ; dong-le' [p] 
^ ; mc/i according to its — , 
kob'-tsiaogyile'^ifSjt^; 
cong'-cong koh-bib' @ ^ § JlJ 

Specify, to dzob 3^; — each one^ 
dzob-yiang' kong'-c'ib-lae 3^ |,^ 
U° !ij ^ ; dzob-ib' pao'-zong- 

1^^ ^ - « ± * 
Specimen, yiaug-ts';^^-^ (ih-go) 

Specious, deceitful, z-z'-r-fi'fj^^ 
KO ^^ ; superficially fair words, 
bwo-yin' ky^iao'-nyii ^"b 3^15 

Speck, a ib-tiu' ^- Ij ; — 0/ 
<Zw5;, ih-tin hwe' — ' M° ^ 

Speckled, h\v6-tin'-go :f^Si5^** 

Spectacles, ngaen'-kying 0^°^ 
(ib-fu) 

Spectators, k^en'-k^ah J § ; 
k^en'-go nying ^ ^'^ K* 

Speculation, a good — , hao' 
dzten'-deo ^J j|| gg ; « good in- 
vestment, bao' c^ib'-sib j^ )j^ ,g. 

Speech, talk, sbib-wo f^ f J* ; 
^a<^i in — , liu'-c^ib son'-tsiang 
3^'s°^D'a;tV>"g-^ing'sia. 
sbii' fg IS M" *' (sometimes 
used in reproacb) ; clevei' in — , 
juu'-ii sbib'-dz ^ ]K IS W' 
we-kong' we-w6' ^ Ei** # IS 

Speechless, ca?i?io^ speak, feb- 
neng'k6ng^fe'|gaf°;sob'-k^eo 
deng' i^ P M ; meh-meli' vii 



SPE 



444 



SPI 



yin' Mir Ml M"^ ; — (as if dumb, 

used in reproach), o'-k'eo vu- 

yin' ffi° P ^ =• 
Speed, with great — , tlng'-kw^a 

H ^R"; fi.kwV fH 'K°; fong. 

kw^a' a f^; ho'-soh iX ?S ; 

(their) — is not equals kw'a^- 

maen feh-dong 'R° H ^ [^ 
Speedily, go tseo^-leh ziang fi' 

kwV-kvv^aziu-W ^^n^ 
^; Wsao' las 'R° ;^ ^ 
Spell, to p'ing z-meo' f ^ iji -g: 
Spelling, Chinese phonetic fsen- 

Spelter, bah-kW j^ ^ 
Spend, to — money, yiiong dong- 
^in' ffi fis| il' ; — ivastefullij, 
fi ;^ ; fi'-diao ^ T"; — ^o no 
purpose, hw6-fi' :fg ^ ; bah fi'- 
diao 1^ ^ "j*"; — the day with 
a friend, beng-yiu' di'-fong deng' 
ih nyih' ^J ^ M * )S - 
Q"; — the night, soh yia' ^ 
^"j hyih yia' % :jg°; ko yia' 
S ^°; — one's /(/e in, tso'-leh 
ih-si' jl T° — iS'; ditto labor- 
iously, lao-loh' ih-si' ^^^-^"tS"; 
— one's ^me zd/?/, hyii-du' kwong- 
ing' S jg 3E It ; nyih-kyiah' 
kWg'.ko B^ffil^ii 
Spend-thrift, ba-ts' It"-? ; to 
live as a — , voiig'-ky^uoh vong'- 

Spermaceti, zoug-teng' gylng- 
ng" yi« ± « S .1° JBl 



Sphere, 



gyiu 1 



Spherical, ziang gyiu' ka ^ 

Spices, hyiang-liao' § ^ 

Spider, (the one which makes a 
large web), kyih'-cii ^"'%',flat 
— (found in partitions), hyi'-ts 
If-?; pih'-hyi ^Jl ; very large 
house—, pih'-ha ^^° (ih-tsah) 

Spider-web, kyih'-cii-mong' i^° 
WM ; kyih'-cii lon'-mong jgp*' 
mn, W (ib-go) 

Spike*, iron bao'-djU-ting' Jg U 

iX; do tW-ting;^°gitr; 

bamboo — , coh'-ting fj ^ ; — 
o/ it7iea«, ih-cU mah' — ;f^ 

Spill, to yiang'-c^h ^ [fj ; 
kwong'-c^ih J^g [f{ ; — by upset- 
ting, yiang-fseu' ^S^ ; tao'-faen 
-jjjl f ^ ; — (because on a slant), 
tseh'-c'ihjjjl [fj ; to overjloiv, kah'- 

Spin, ifo — co^^on yam, fong hwo' 

|*>E;fong-s6'|J||; 
Spinach, Spin age, po-leng'-ts^ae 

Spinal marrow, tsih'-kweh-si' ^ 

Spindle, ding'-ts |£ ^ (ih-me) 
Spine, pe'-tsih-kweh ^ ^ ^ 
Spinning-wheel, fong'-hwo- 

ts^6' U :?£ # (ih-tsiang) 
Spiral, ziang lo-s' ka ^ ^% ^ 

trJ*°5«'-J« clzin' Ji^iP ^1 t; 

— stair-case, bun-t^ae' ^ ®** 



SPI 



445 



SPO 



I 



Spirit, ling®; the Hohj-^, Sing'- 
Ling g S ; pure — , jing' z 

ling' H :i; M ; —^f ^^^^ J'"g- 
siiV t >6; jing-se'-sing t ^ 
)jj; departed^ , ing-weng' |^ 
ill; kyu a^ kwe'-se jl^; 
€m7 — , ob'-kyU g ^''; — of 
ancestors, k6-sin' ^° ^fc ; in Jim 
spii-its, {i. €. delighted and play- 
ful, said in fun), p^ao'-c'ing '^° 
^"j in low ditto, uoh'- beb-ts- 

Spirited, full of life, jing-ky V 
tsob' iii$ M J£ ; %^ —, sing- 
kao'-ky'i-ngao'-go i}j '^ M W 
>^«. — uil/c, kong -leb c^ih-jing' 

Spiritless, it jing'-ky'i M° jjjip 

■^°; ziang pih-gyiaen' ka f|i Bffi 

Spiritual, ling'-leh-kying-go ® 
• @'Mi^°5 ling-web'.go S 

Spit, to t'u-zaen-t^i' \H M" ^ 
Spite, Un'-sing Jg t^ ; ^eng-sing' 

leb ^eng' tso'-go ^ 7° fl ft 
'^°; in — of you, ze ng' Isen-tsu' 
Hfr }i PI; dcW-mingng' 

tsa'-feb-tsu'fajifriafiia; 
sib'-t'ing ng tsu'-feb-tsu' ^ |g 

0/ ?/ow, daen'-ming ngo' {0, ?||° 

Spittle, zsen-t^i ^^ j|| 



Spittoon, d3en-bing'g|jg;s7nafl 

— , daen-kwun' f^ g| 
Splendid, wo-li' ^ Jg ; &7i^/ir, 

or showy, kwong-liang'^g ^ 
Splendor, kvv6ng-tsV ^ ;g 
Splice, <o tsib'-zdng, dzin-long' 

m±mm 

Splinter, a ib-mets^' — jR**^; 
ib-go sang' ; finger has a — , ts'- 

deote^'.c^ob-deJI'BIIilfgT' 
Splint, mob-p^in'-pong tJ;)^^^ 

(a set, ib t^ao) 
Split, to p^ib ^•; lib g ; p«ih- 
kW^^;lib-kV^^;- 
or hurst open (as a melon, &c.), 
bwab'-k^ae H^g^ > — ^"' ^^^i ^'' 
p^ib-k^^l^^^T;-?^. dif^ 
ference, te'-la-la. 
Spoil, to i'-diao; long-diao' || 

i^"; vvse-diao';^~jf°j — O'^s pre- 
serves, boney, &c.), fsen-diao'^ 
Jjg ; — ly indulgence, i-yiang'- 
diao ; yiiong yiang'-diao ^ ^ 
ig"; — hy altenng, k?e'-diao ^ 
® °; — ^y inadvertence, bib-ts^iab' 
JS? "bJ 5 ^^'^^'^ (more intense), tso 
c^ong'-p^ang ; — by wanting too 
much, (J-c, tsing-bweb' \% |{f ; 
to plunder^ tang'-kyib Jj ^ ; 
lo'-liab g| Jg 

Spoil, Joo/^, tsong gj ; thief s — ^ 
zeb-tBong ^ gg ; piratical — , 
dao'-tsdng g j£ 

Spoken, what was — about, (but 
not settled), s6 yiiing'-go ^ ^ 
^*' (veng.) 



SPO 



440 



SPR 



Sponge, lise'-min-hw6 f|^ |f. :^ 

(ih-go) 
Sponge-cake, dsen-kao' ^ |J| 

(ih-go) 
Spontaneous, zi sang'-c^ih-lae 

S"^** lU ^; zi fah'-c^ih-l« 

&°lf ffi ^ ; cnh'-ii-z-jun' tfi 

Spool, or 5aZ^ of thread, min-s6 

don' f,jf, 1$ a 

Spoon, diao-kang' Ijg ^°; kang- 
z' ^° -^ ; ^cf^'^e or table — , 
do diao-kang' ^° fQ ^*'; ?mic?- 
dle or dessert — , cong diao-kang' 
^tM ^°5 s^^^^^ or tea — , siao' 
diao-kaiig' >]> f^ ^°; wa/i>e 
brass ditto, dz6-z' ^ ;gg (ili-tsah) 

Spoonful of, ih diao-kang' — 
pj ^°; « /6a — of medicine, ih 
siao' diao-kang' yiah' — >]> fj^ 

Sport, hyi'-msen z-ken' J^ g ^ 
${i ; <o make — , (or make others 
laugh), ying-siao' ^j ^ 

Spot, tsiU'-le j^ :Jg°; oi7 — , yin- 
tsih' ftfti^ ; 5M;— , heh'-tin ^ 
SJ; heh'-p^ii M 51; m/c - , 
moh-tsih' gj^ ; moh-n' g;|g''; 
<o 7W«/>:e a — , tang tsih' jg" j^ 

Spotted, yin-tsih^ j^; — (as 
clothes that have laid away), fah 
paen-tin'-de ^ IE ifi T° 

Spotless, ^^-tsihUe-go^ft^i^^" 

>]^°; — white, zing-bah' Jfs g** 
Spout, pipe, kwun'-ts jj^ -^ ; tea- 
pot — , dz6-wu cii' ^ § !^ 



Spout, to p'eng'-c%-lce'p^{i}^ ; 

ts^ong'-c^h-lge' f j ^ ^$ 
Sprain, bih-song' gjg f^ ; Uih'- 

Sprained anide, kyiah'-tsangbih- 

sOng'-,ie|i|igf!EifftT°ii=)-«'i- 

bn-In-(l(m' bih-ih-bih'-de ^ Jf 

Spread, ^o p^i f|' ; — o?//, (as 
matting cfec), p^i-k^je' fl gfj ; 
t^93n.kWg|||D;- (as wings), 
to -k'se "l^" ig ; — //^e /rtJ/e, pa 
coh'-teng f^°^. -y";— /oof/T, pa 
vfen' fH'' |g ; — abroad, 'ang- 
kW J^°gg ; — the Gospel, Foh'- 

ing^angW7J{g-tS''ga;- 
abroad, y 1 a 1 1 g-k ^'x! J^ g^ 5 P "" 
yi«V ISli;— (bywords), 
djUn-kW %. ^; — reputation, 
ming-sing' yiang-kW ^M% 
13 ; — (^s water spilled), seng'- 
k^e' {;|^ Hi); — (as disease), 
yin-k'^' %^ 

Sprightly, weh-p el/ fg jft ; 
weh-sin' weh-kyiah' fg^fgffll 

Spring, /A« season of — , C^ing- 
kyi' § 5; C'ing-t'in z-W^ 
^ J]^ 'gl ; ira.'cA or cloek — , 
fali'-diao ^^ {\^ ; ete/Zc — , t'e- 
neh'-diao ^ Jg j=^; sovrce of 
2cafer, shii'-nyiin y\^° jj^, ; — 
of living water, weh-shii-den' :^g 

Spring, to start up, c^Un-ky V-lse 
MM'^ ; to — forivard, t^iao'- 
ko-kyU g^ ii i°; c^iin-ko'- 



SPR 



447 



8QU 



I 



I 



1^}"^' Si i§ ti' Cfsoii or c'un) ; 
mong-zin'-l^iao ^°-^°j^^-, ditto 
(as an animal j; boh-k(/-ky^i ^** 
jg ^''; — up (as a plant), c"^ih 
HJ; pao'-c^ih ig; jlj; z<;?7/ — 
(i. c. is elastic), nong-shoh'-neng- 

«i"s' fg SS -^ # 
Sprinkle, to — ivater about, 

tsah shii' ^ 7)1^° ; — over (as 

from a watering pot, &c), ling 

shii' \)^ y]^] to — a little salt, 

tsah ih-tin yin' W - iiS S 

Sprouts, ngo-den' ^"^K"*; t^^-'^e- 
toWe — , ts^ae'-iatig ^ ifi^; /)aJ(/v/ 
— , koh'- ngo ^ ^''; Jmn — , 
cleo-ng6' ^ ^"j <^n<:?er bamboo 
-,neng-shing.den'^^ BH° 

Sprout, ^0 ts'iu ngo ig^°; fab 
ngo' ^ ^° 

Spunge, See Sponge. 

Spurious, ko fg°: — dollar, ko 
fsen-piiig''(g''§ff ; J/«c) (brass 
ill the middle), ka'-pren |g° }[5 ; 
r7///o, (no sound), 6-paen pj )}Jx ; 
<fi<fo (having a hollow sound), 
moh-psen' Tf; ){/x 

Spurn, to disdain, k'en' fcli-ky'i 
^ ^ ilEC ; to jrycci, ky^i'-diao 

Spurt, to — out, piao-c^ih-lge' {j^ 

Spy 2(;/«o ivatches others, t^en'-ts ^ 
■^ : — sent to inspect an enemy s 
movements, ^c, kaen-si' ^f* J|B 

Spy, to — into ones movements, ^-c, 
k^en dong'-zing ^ %W 



Squabble, to — over a petty mat- 



ter, siao' z-ken nao-do'nle )J> !^ 

Squall of idnd, ih-<lziao fong' 

I "^^ l*^-°S; violent — , u-'fong- 

I mang-pao' j^ ^ ^i°g| ; — (as a 

i child), sah'-kVo kyiao' ij|° ^j" 

P^; — of wind and rain, zi-fong'- 

zi-yu' f|h:° M ^ ]f ; ditto in the 

hills, ^XQw ts^iah' fong llj i|'{|f° Ji, 

Square, s'-koh-f6ng' ^ '':J5r 5 

tih'-koh-fong' \\^ '^'^ -fj \ <i^ — , 

il/-go cun-fong' — -^^ ^ -fj ; 

ih-fong' — "jj ; tico feet — , 

nyi ts^ah' cun-fong' Zl° K"^ 

-fj ; — table, fong-col/ -fj .^; 

— hoard, fong pcen' ^ (j^; 

carpenters — , koh'-ts'ih ^°J^ 

Squash, nen-kwo ■^ j[II ; vsen- 

kw6' gg Jin (ih-go) 
Squash, to — hj a full, tih'-wu 

Squat, to — , t'ah'-di-zo jyj ijj 

^ ; is'ing'-di-zo -t li ^ 
Squeeze, to — m the hand, nyiah- 
long'-kyM J£, Jii"; - (na^ 
juice, tsih'-shii tso'-c'ih j^[* i\^ 
fig [fl ; - ^/^'^"'i//', a-cMb' ^° 
HJ ; (iJ/ito « hole, zah'-c*ih doiig- 
ngffin'.li|!rffliIpl0Fa;-,"r 
//w/7, gyih-long' |S}il 5 — "«on«y, 
tso dong-din |^ ^ fl ; soh'-tso 
dong-din' ^ 1^^ il*'; tso'-ziao 
dong-din' If g 10 M° ; ^^ ^« 
squeezed (as to money), zong- 
ts6'-z6ng J: SS ^"^ ' 



SQU 



448 



STA 



Squint, to — , zia k^en ^}[ ^ 
— with eyes half shut, mi'-Ieh 

kWi^TS j 

Squinting eyes, zia'-bali-ngsen | 

gr 6 Rl°; ^^^'^f '^^^t ^y^'^ ^i'- 1 

ts'i-ngaen' g^ %\ W 
Squirrel, song-c'u' ^ ^ (ih- 
tsah) ; gray — fur, hwe-c^ii' bi 

Stab, to pierce, c^oh |^ ; cW- 

tslng f* 3| 
Stable /or a hwse, m6'-v6ng ^ 

^ ; — for cattle, ngeo-gyin'-kseri 

^° IS n° 

Stable, Jir7n, kyin-kwu' g @ ; 

lao-k'ao' i^ ^ 
Stack of straw, ts^ao'- bong ]^ 

Staff, s^ic^, kweng'-ts ^^ ^ ; 
old person's — , se'-dziang ^° 
:y;; kwa^dziang Jg" ig 
Stag, yUong-loh' ^ J^ (ib-tsah) 
Stage of a Jovnwy, ih-dzjen' hi — 
i'A 5§ j ^^*<^ /''•^^ "^^^^^o, deo-dzaen' 
M ^i^ i platfcrm for play-acting, 
hyi'-dte ^ J ; to erect a — , tab 

Stagger, to c^ong'-c^ong-dong'flj 
f^JJ ; ts'^ib-cV)ng'-pab-tib^f|j 

A^ 
Stagnant imter, si'-sbii ^°iliC 
Stagnation in trade, sang-i' feh- 

dong' ^'^ ^; ^ ^<» 
Stain, <o spot, tsao tsih' jg j^ ; 

tang tsih'; hands are stained, siu' 

yiu ng?eii-seh' tsaoUih ^ ^ 



ll°fi M65;-(aswoodbe- 
fore varnishing), tang ti'-ts Jj 
j!S ^ ; ts^eng ti'-ts g| M ^ 5 
— (as glass), 'o ngaen-seb' ^Q 

Stairs, lu-tV ^^^ ;|^° (a flight, 

ih-bu); go up — , leo-teng' ky^i 
M±°±^z6ng-W ±11; 
down—, leo-^6' ;ji "f° 
Stake, cong ;f§ (ili-keng) 
Stale, dzing ^; excessively — , 
dzing-nyin'-pah-kwu fj r^ "g"** 
•(^; — fo'mc?, dzing mun -deo ^ 

Stalk, a — of corn, ih-cii' loh- 
koh'— ;f^ fi ^; « — ^/ w;/iea«, 
ili-kwang raah' — >ft' ^^ — 
q/" a flower, hwo-kwang' ^ ^^ 
(ih-ts). 

St ALK, ^0 — ivith long steps, do-bu' 
doh ^"-^W^ ; —proudly, tseo'- 
leh do-rao' do-yiang' ^'^° ^° 

Stall for 7nerchandize, t'aen }|| ; * 
ma-ho'-t^«n ^° ;! i| ; — >• 
ca«/e, ngeo-gyin' '^^ H 

* T'^^n generally refers to goods 
spread out on boards, or by the road- 
side without shelter. 

Stallion, yuong-mo' t% W} (^^- 
p^ih) 

Stammer, to kong-leh t^a-ngo'- 
gying.kWBim^jrS'PtP 

Stammering, hesitating, ngao'- 
zih-keng-go i^ S ;K 4^"; biin'- 
zih-keng'-go,:^^;^^'';- 
speech, k'eo'-ts' deng' P "S flE ; 



i 



STA 



449 



■ (R S « i^° 

^m Stamp, to — the foot, teng kyiah' 
H Sf Kl ; ^0 — a seal (officially), 
^f tang ing' ^"J* PP ; — oiie's name, 
tang clu-shu' fX ^ ^ 
Stanch in heart, sing kyin' ^jj 

m 

Stanch, to —- blood, ts hyuih' j{^ 

jSl 

Stand, ko'-ts ^°^ ; clothes — , 
i-ko' ^ ^°', wash — , min-ko' 
■g5|S^-^.^-,pih-k6'^^'* 

Stand, to lib ^; — ?Ap, lih-ky^i'- 
Ise jjr JE ^ ; — ercc^, pih'-dzih 

lib'-tong * It jfc ;a° jt'; 

— ^?w (don't fall), lih-leh-lao' 

j^S'^^lib-leh.-^eng'ji 
:}§ ° II ; cannot — Jirm, lih-feh- 
Jao' :a: % S°5 lih-feh--5^eng' 
^ S IS 5 ^^^ neiVAe?' 5?'i ?io;' — 
m ^race, (z. e. restless), zo'-lih 
feb-ei/ ^ :i ^ ^ ; can'i — 
it, un'-tsse-vvii-yise' ^ gj fpf °:^° 

Standard, lannei-, gyi ]^ ; — 
p/ comparison, tseh'-ts glj ^ ; 
cing'-tseh ^ ||J 

Star, sing g; siug-siu', or sing- 
sob' g jjg ; /icecf — , *eng-sing' 
1H M ' <^'^'^'«^5' — ,w6ng-b weng^ 
byiao' ^ -^ K 5 corning — , 
ng'-kang-hyiao £*'J|^ ; shoot- 
ing — , liu-sing' gg jg ; yi-sing' 
^ g (ib-lih) 

Star-light, sing-kwong' g 3|^ 

Starch, tsiang'-feng ^ ^ ; ^<? 



STA 



make — , (by pouring water 
upon), ts^ong tsiang'-feng ^ ^ 

it 

Starch, to — clothes, isiang i- 

z«ng' m-^ ^% - (it) 6-<(if, 
tsiang'-leb ngang' U ^' jig ; 
tsiangMeb gyin' H ^" jjg 
Stare, io tsMng'-ting-k^Mi' H^" 

Start, ^o commence, k^se-siu' ^ 
^ ; — or light a fire, sang bo 
4t ° >HC5 — or kindle fire, ying 
bo 514^5 — business, k-ae z' ^ 
iff ; ^o/?i^ ^0 — an enterprise, iao 
tang' ib-fsen' gyin-kw'eng^ g| 

Joa< — ? jun' kyi'-z k^ae' ^ ^ 
B$ ^ ? — on a Journei/, dong- 
sing' Ji) # ; ^o — ("1 alarm), 
ky ^ib'-ih-kying P£ — ^ ; — ^ 
sleep, kw*eng'-job, kying diao'- 

Startle, to kying-dong' |g g| ; 
must not — him, feb-k'o' kying- 

dong' gyi ^ pT 1^ » S 
Startled, to be ziu-kying'^H; 
wei-e you — f ng ziu-kying' feb 

Startling intelligence, kying- 
byijE'-gosing'-sib|g^>h° ft 

St ARVE,tt'iV/ iao ngo-sab'g gj= 5^° 
Starved to death, ngo-sab'-degj 

Starving, ngo'-leh hyih'-hyih- 



STA 



450 



STE 



^TATEjCh'CumsfanceSjkwdug-kym^ 
yt f; : yiiig-kying' 5^ -^^ ; in 
a good — , kwong-kying' hao' 
yt J; M ; condition, di-we' ^ 
^ ; to such a — {i. e. bad), j 
tao ka'-go di-bu' f^ ^n° iV it I 
■i^\a — , or countrij, koh'-ko j 
B ^"j ^//e state of ditto, kyU'- 
ziang ^i^] in a declining — , 
kyU'-ziang sae'-de iC^gT"; 
to live in great — , shse-wo' ko 
kwong-irig' S ^ i§ 5^ 1^ 

Sa?ATE, to kao'-su ^ Ijf ; t^ong- 
^^ ^M-^n; — particulars, dziang- 
si' k6ng'-c%-la3 || ^^ =1' ffi 
^ ; — grievances, sn uii' |^ 
^ ; — (to an inferior), ping'-cii 
% ^D ; ping'-ming % HJ 

Stately (as a person), kwVwe' 
IJI ^ ; — (as an official), -^e- 
nyin'-go J^ ^ i^° 

Statements var?/ accofrding to 
circmnstances, shih-w6 cih'-lae bin- 

Statesman, Jnghofficer^ da-dzing' 
:/cE;do-kwui/;;^°t,- styled, 
<la-jiiig' ;/c A 

Station in life, sing-veng'^^°; 
sing-ko' ^ ^°; official — , we- 
ts' -& -f ; high — , we-ts' kao' 
fiL •? ^' ; milltanj — (place), 
ying-sing' g j^^ ; sing'-di }^ 

Statistical account (of money), 
ts'ing-taei/ 'JH H ; (of persons), 
ts'ing-ts'ali' 'j^ jjj ; statistics of 



CheJdang province, Tsili'- kong 
ttong'-ls W^ 'iT m iS . 
Statue, image, ngeo'-ziangfjj^f;^; 
stone image, zali-deo-'go ngeo'- 

dzing-siang' :^'' fg ^g* 

Statuette, ^en ^°; soap-stone 
— , v^en-zah ^en' g 5° ^°; 
jade — , nyiiob ^en' 3E ^^ 

Stature, sing-dzje' jj' :j;;i} ; of 
great — , sing-dzae' dziang-do' 
Mii :& iC°5 of small — , sing- 
dzse' a'-siao ^ ;{>}• ^* >]^ 

Statute, a ih-diao lih-fab' — 

Stay, <o deng fj°; — /lere, deng'- 

tong #:" ;ffi° jH:°; — « W''/'?'^^, 

deng' ib-z6i)g ^° — ,§,°; — 
« ^w^ time, deng'-leh dziang- 
kyin'-de ^° %' ^XT 
Steadfast, kyin-kwu' ^ ^ 
Steady, djong'-jibg ^; -w^eng- 

tlj'^i^g 11 ft 

Steak, ?weai for frying, (Jc, t'ah- 
gonyuoh' ffl-i^" 1^"; tbebest 
hcef — is called pali'-z-kweh- 
li-go nyuoh' A ¥ # a i^" 
1^°, ssen-koh-loiig', and 6-bang- 
kweb-yii/. 

Steal, <(> t^eo f^; to — time from 
ones proper duties, t^eo-kong 
bah'-fuf^X^5 laV/no^ — , siu'- 
kyiab' ^eng'-djong ^ M ft g 

Stealthily, t^eo-bun' f^ i||''; 
en'-di-li PI \i^ 7^ 

Steam, sbu'-go ky^i 7j<° ^j-" ^ 



STE 



Steam, ^0 tsing^;tsing-heiV^ 
*Q| ; — (over sometbiug else that 
is cooking), ben f^ ; — rice, 
tsing vsen' ^ |g 

Steam-boat, ho-leng-jUn' >^ ^ 
m (ili-tsah) 

Steam-car, ho-leng-t&^d'j/lCUl^ 
(ib-dzing) 

Steel, kong |H ; — (for striking 
fire), ho'-taoi^JJ; bo'-p'in )X}r 

Steelyards, ts^ng jfif ; small — 
(for silver, and medicines), teng'- 
ts ^-y ; veiy small — , li teng' 

mm 

Steep, sbing 1II3J; toh ^g or song- 
dzih ^°(i[°; precipitous, ts'iao- 
pib jgH (veng.) 

Steep, to — in water, tsing' l?e 
sbu'-li Q^° 7}C^] — in hot 
ivater, p^ao' \sd sbii'-li ^^^''tIC 

Tliis sigiiilfication of p'ao is pecu- 
liar to Ningpo. 

Steer, to p6 do' J"C 9^ ; po sac' 

left 

Stem, a ih-kwang' — .g** 
Step, a ib-bu' — « ^ ; to take a — , 
tseo' ib-bu' ^ — ^ ; — quickly 
(as when in an ofBcial's presence), 
tseo ts^iang'-bu it ^^ ip ; Iceep 
— , kyiab'-bii tseo'-Ieb tssen'-zi 

bu-tang'-bu ip ff ip ] long—, 
do bu' ;^« ^ 
Step, to ky^i-bu' j|E >^ ; — over, 
baen-zong' ^ J^ ; bsen-ko' ^ 



451 sn 

jg ; — doivn, boen-loh'-ky^i ^ 
7**^°; tseo'-loh % 7°; J* 
careful in stepping in, and out, 
(as of a boat), baen-zong' bsen- 
loh' tseo-leh hao' g Jl g f " 
^Wiii ^^^'^ — (as an old 
person), bcTn-feb-dong' ^ ^ JJ 

Steps, short si' ha^ip-, a wom- 
an* s steps are short, nyii'-nying- 
go kyiab'-bu siao' -^ J^° ^'^ 
HI ^ >J^ ; stone — (long flight), 
pab'-bu-kaen "g" jp ^"^ ditto 
(four or five), kah'-bu-ksen f^ 
ip P^"; — at the water's edge, 
'o-bu'-deo }pj i| B| 

Step-mother, in ah-nyiang' ^* 
ppj Jg ; politely called, W-meo 
^ -Q:; dzoh-meo' j^ If ; msen'- 
nyiang B^" Jg (coarse). 

Step-father, nyi - vu' ^ ^ ; 
msen'-tia ^° ^° 

Stereoscope, si-yiang-kying' H" 

#:^ 

Sterile land, hw6ng-di' ^ ^ ; 

di-t«u boh' ^ ± ft 
Stern o/as/«>, W-sao ^ ||f 
Stern, nyin-nyin'-go jg ^ ^''; 

^e-nyin' J^ jg ; hyuong-sah'- 

sah ^ iJc §^ 
Stew, to teng^|[; u ^§ ; — meo/, 

teng nyuoh' Jg I^' 
Steward (of money, food, Ac), 

p6-tsong'.go ffi J^ ^' 
Stick, a ih-keng bong'— ;(gt^; 

a 5{ii of board, ih-tin paen-den' — 

Ifi R 5H^ i^^-t^" psen'-pin-bi' 



STI 



452 



STI 



'-||S=KS>8t5 « ^«''^^ round—, 
ih-keng kvveiig'-ts ^-^ j^\% -f" 

Stick, to — in, ts^ah'-tsing j|[J)| ; 
ditto, (as staves in a tub, a pad- 
lock ill its place, &c.), siao-tsing' 
13 3^ ; — ^ candle (in its place), 
ts^ab lab-cob' g fol ^', to — 
ivith paste, (or as a plaster), t^iab 
15°; nyiii f ^ ; — togeth^, nyin- 
\o^^g 1i^\%',-(^\) tight, t'\^\i!- 
leb-lao' |g° ;{|° :^ ; nyin'- leb- 
lao' 1,^ |^° 4^; sa'c^s io /^^s own 
way, kyU-nyi' feb-t'orig' J^^S^ 
sS ; in the wrong, hut sticking to 
it, ky'iang'-bin §g ^ 

Sticklac, ts'-keng |g ^ 

Sticky, nyin ^^ ; nyin-kao'-kao 
fiS ^° llf °; nyin-cu-keb-tab, 
(also applied to persons). 

Stiff, ngang Jg; — (in opinion), 
zab-ngang' ;5° g| ; gyiang Jg ; 
sang-gyiang ^^ 5g 

STIFF-NECKED,gyiang-deo'-gyuib 

Stifling, meng-ky^i' g^ ^ 
Stigmatized, ming-sing' u-wae'- 
diao-de ^ S ?§ :ffi T°; P^i"g- 
Wg tsao-tsib^dep^ n'^M^ T 
Still, no sound, sob'-zing j^* U"; 
pib'-zing ft p°; ffi-sing-byiang' 
4^" g ^ ; zing'-ts'iao-ts^iao 
S?°'i'S'l'S ; not moving, feb-dong' 
^ Wl\^ — -> zo-leb ding' ;^ 
^^ ^ 5 t^^ "^ind and waves are 
— , bing-fong' zing'-16ng ^pJU, 



Still, yet, wa ; yia ^*; yi X**; 
wgen ^* ; — as before, dzing- 

gyiu' z-ka' ijff ^ ^a° it°; - 

morg, ^o-bw6ng^ '/pI'^ 5 — (used 
witb tbe comparative), yii'-kd 
i^ *P°; keng'-ko 15 jjrn''; yuib- 
fab' ^ f^ ; — better, yii-ko' bao 

Stimulate, to urge, ts^e f^ ; ts^e- 
ts'ob'JUlJ^ ; to encourage, min'-li 

Stimulated to effort, (by seeing 
anotber better tban ourselves, or 
by our own dispraise), tsang' ib- 
k^eo' ky^i' ^'^ - p ^ 

Stimulating /o s^rm^^A, dzu-lib'- 



go 



H'i 



>N° 



Sting, to ting pj 

Sting of a bee, \v6ng-fong-ts^' ^ 
^ $lj 5 i^''^ place stung (swollen), 

ting'-gotsing'irr>h°:jg°Mi°; 
ditto (red but not swollen), psen]^ 

Stingy, kyii-seb'-seb %°^^'-, 
lin'-kying:|^;gyib-liMi5|S 

^ ; Wteo'-teo ^t f4 t^JP^"'" 
si 15 SB; Pi'-nying gR § ; pi'- 
seb IIS ^ ; nying'-seb g ^ ; 
k'sen-kyiang' §^ fg 
Stinking, Is^iu ^° ; zeb-ts^iu' 

Stint, to k^«n'-k'ab-lob ^° ^f ; 
^0 — rations, ky^iiib'-ksen kyiiing- 

Hang' mW%%% 
Stipulations, iab' - bao-liao-go 
tsong-dzlng' J^5 ^ 7'' -1-" '^ 
g (tsong or cong) 



STl 



453 



8T0 



Stir, gj'eat nao-nyih' fi-vseu' 

if A 

Stirring, is anything — {i. e. in 
a town, &c.) *? yiu soh'-go kyii- 

Stirrup, mo'-dah-teng.i^ jEg^g 
(ih-tsab ; a pair, ih-fu) 

Stitch, tsing-kyial/ fJ-JJJ ; sin'- 
kyiah ^ m (ih-go) ; talce a — , 
ting' ili-tsing I^J' — 0^; take 
small stitches, tsing-kyiah' iao si' 
^1* SP ^ jW ; grinning stitches, 
sin'-kyiah li-ngo'-bo'-ts^ ^ gj 

Stitch, to sew, vong |^; tohack- 
— (like machine work), keo 
^ ; ts'ih ^g; — finer, vong-leb 
si'-tin li WUlh ; - together, 
keo-long' ^ Jb| ; — (by over- 
banding), nyiao-long'; — a hook 
together, ting sbu' |t"J* ^ 

Stock in trade, peng'-din 7[S ^^ 
?o ^a7c(? accotmt of — , bun ts'ing- 



tsiang' JJj^lg; gun — , ts'iang 

ken^ts H fl^ •? 
Stock-fish, ts'-ng ^ g^** 
Stockings, mah ^ (a pair, ib- 

song) 
STOCKS/or ^Ae/^e^, kyiah'-ko JJ 

Stomach, we ^ ; we-un' HM» 
bi-we' J§ R ; zib-pao' ^ Q ; 
^i< o/ the — , sing-o-den' ^jj 
^«®^byuoDg.o-dcn'J5^^- 
^°; pam m </ie — , we t^ong' 
g ^ ; __ (or belly) ache, du'- 
bi t^ong E & ^^ 

Stone, zah-deo' 5°M (a piece, 
ib-kw^e); a/ai — , zah-pffin'^** 
^X); 5wza// — zab-ts' :B''^Jpre' 
ciom — , pao'-zah 5S5°5 — ^^^ 
fruit), web j^° 

Stone, to — a person, yiiong zah- 
deo' k^ang nying' ^ 5° H S" 

A' 

Stone-cutter, zab-s-vu' 5° ^ 

^ ; zab-ziang' ^g" g 

Stone-shop, zab-tsob'-tin ^"f^ 

Stone-quarry, zab-dong' 5' 

Stool, fo;j^ wooden — , paen'-teng 
j^ j^ ; hamhon — , cob' fong- 
teng'tt ifM'^ foot—,^K\x- 
kyiab'-teng' ]^g fij ^ ; drum 
shaped stone or porcelain — , 
zab-kwu' ^° ^ ; — (for nigbt 
use), yia-dong S°tffi; ™^'- 
dong J^fi ; ditto for travelling ^ 



STQ 



454 



STO 



ssen'-dong ^^^ ; ditto, (a box), 
yia-dong'-siaiig ^"11 ^',iogo 
to — , c'ih-kong' [fj ^ ; ka-siu 
^° ^ ; evacuation, do-bin';^ ° 
m ; do-ka' :/^*' ^° 

Stoop, to eo Jg°; — the head, eo 
deo' Ig** 1^ ; — Jbzfj?j, eo-taen'- 
tao j^° @J ; — in walking, eo 
deo tseo' j|i° yf ^ 

Stop, to /««£?er, lah-dju' }i° 'fi; 
teu'-dju Pi {±; ts^djujfcft; 

— in ivalking, lih-loh' j)r ^'^ 

— a minute, lili'-ih-lih' j^ — » 
"tf. ; — talking, hyih k'eo' >f^° 
P ; — ^y filling up (as a hole), 

seb'-miin ^^; din-mun' ^ 
j^ ; — (as a window), cii'-sab ; 
ts'-sah ; — up the way, Isen lu' }|| 
^^ ; z^/Z/ soo?2 — , ih-z6ng' ziu 

diAiig, byib-siii' ^ ^ ', — ove?' 
night, byib'-ko yia' -|^ ig ^°; 
cant — (it, or bim),. ts'-feb-djii' 

Stopped, byib'-loh-de -|^^T°; 

— talking, kong' byib-de |§° -^^ 
"J***; cZoc/i; /ias — , corig^ ve tseo'- 
de S'^^^^^T^J cong si'-de 
S ^ T°5 tJong iigse'-de | 
;|^ "J*"; cong' ve ciia'-de §j 
^"-t^lt T"; congbyib'-de 
m Wl'y congdeng'-de ^ 

Stopping, whei'c are you — ? ng 
l^n-kob' ab-U' fr at #1 fpj° 
^^J — place, byib' -lob-go di- 



lob'-go di-fong ^°g: i-^Jt ;J 

Stops (in punctuation), tin^-don 

SlSIJff; <^^^"'^to (in Chinese), ky^iin- 

tin' E IS 
Store, ^6ng J^ ; tin jg (or f|) ; 

— /or foreign goods, yiang-bo'- 
^ong 'j^ Mil ? kw6ng'-ho-tin ^ 
;K;g;ioo/.-,sbu-fdng'^ij 
(ib-bsen) 

Store, to — au-aij, k^ong'-lob g] 
-^; <^eng-tsib'[5|^; dzeng-tsib' 
'i? ^ 5 — ^^^P Q-^y constant ad- 
dition), tsib'-lob 1^ '^; tsib'- 
jUtt^;tsib'-hyUoh^S^ 

Storp>house, dzaeii'-vong ^J^; 
tea — , dzo-dzaen' ^ \^ ; —for 
grain, ts'ong jj 

Stork, ngoh H ; s«cr('J — , sin- 
ngoh' j[[j H (ih-tsah) 

Storm, do-fongUlo-yu';/(;''j|I.;^* 
]i^ ; sudden — , (black sky), u- 
fong'-mang-pao' ^ MiW M'-> 

— of wind, gwong-fong' g J^,; 
bao'-fong ^ JU, 

Story, one — house, bing oh' Zp 
g ; bing-vong^ dp jg ; two — 
house, leo-ob' ^ g ; three — 
home, sjEn-zeng'-leo H ^ ^ 

Story, kwu'-z ^ ^ ; tellyov, a 

— , kong ili-yiang kwi/-z j^eb 

ng t'ing' w'-mm^w\'^° 

m ; ^^^^^ — ^f olden times, kong 
kwu'-tin =1** -g- 1^ ; tell (or 
quote) a — in illudration, ying 

ib'-go kwu'-z 51 - -i-" 45: *: 



STO 



455 



STB 



Stout, fat, c6ng'-do ^ ;/y;*'; of 
— arm, siu'-gying do' ^ gS;f\;° 

Stove, hoMu >/t jjt ; t'ihMu |f 
j^ ,♦ coo^% — , t^ih'-tsao ^ ^' 

Stow, to — away, tsong g;dz6ng 
^ ; k'ong g] ; — goods, tsong 
to' ^ ^ ; — «tm_5/ in the mind 
(also not to tell), dzong' lai dii'. 

Straddle, to pa zo-mo'-shU f|| 

Straggler, 'sen-nying' ^°A° 
Straggling m one afta- another, 

ts'iu-ts<ii/ lae ^ II ^ ; — Z;e. 

hind, loh ^eo' *^ ;^ 
Straight, dzih g ,- pih'-dzih ^ 

it ; pih'-Hh-dzih ^ Ji: ]t ; 

kvveh'-dzih >J^ |j| 5 ^o — a/jead; 

ih-dzih'-bah-deo f J" ^"^ ^ — 

Straighten, to — it, long gyi 

^^^ I? # IS 

Straight-forward, sing'dzih'- 
g« >& IS i^";* — (in action), 
li'-dzih-ky'i-cong^ ^ iS ^ Si 
(cong or tsong); — in spealdng, 
dzong dzih' kong' ;Jg g |g°; 

" tsiao' dzih kong' I|g ^ If; — 
to//c, dzih wo' igU ; tsiao' yin- 
dzih d«n' Jja f [S =ii 

* Observe that dzih-sing'-go |S i\^ 
"X" lias not this sense, but the bad 
sense of bhint, or abrupt. 

Strain, to — (as milk, <fec.), li '{§, ; 
to over-exert ones strength, lih' 
yuong ko-deo' :/j ffl ^ Ig ; ^0 



ca«r^ to the utmost, nu'-lih ^ "h • 
^eo-ky^i -lih ^'M.lj 
Strain, the — is too great, (i. e. 
pulled too tightly, as cloth, &c.), 
te'-leht'ehkyih-gj^^-icof:; 
ditto (as in mental effort), kong- 
k^o' bih'- leh t^eh kying ^ ^ 

Straitened, in — circumstances, 
kying'-bwong kvih'-pah ^ ^ 

Strand, a ih-kwu sang ^- J5; 
^ ° ; a single — , doh-kwu'-deo 
® 85 BB 5 ^^^''^^ strands, saen- 
kwu'-sang H 3x 4° 

Strange, byi-gyi' ^ ^ ; gyi- 
kwa'^g°;kvvu'.kvva-^g^ 
bao gyi-kwa' jf ^ -g"; noi 
a< all — , kwa'-feh-teh ig" ^ 
^ ; ?ioi{ according to the common 

^"«y» yi'-yiang ^ 11 

Stranger, unacquainted per.^on, 
sang-deo' nying ^° A*; sang- 
su' -go nying ^*' Jjjg i^° A% 
— whote home is in anuther ])lacej 
yi'-byiang nying' ^ %^ K"', 
gyiao-yui/ nying |3g" jjj. A** 

Strangle, to ts'eh'-sah |f ^ ; 
leh-sab' i^^ ^ ; — (as a punish- 
ment), kuo'-sah j|^° 5fJ[; 

Strap, /<^azA«- bi-ta jj^^"; C7«- 
7ic^e barbers — , kwab'-tao-pu 

n 71 ^ 

Stratagem, tso'-kyi J^^f; kyi- 
mco' tlJJi^; kyi'-kao ff gj^^ 
Straw, ts'ao ;^ ; ncc — , dao'- 



STB 



456 



STR 



ts^ao f§!^ ; wheat — , mah-ken' 
^ $,^ ; new — , sing ts'ao' ^^ 
j^ ; old — , dzing ts^ao' }^^ ; 

— b7'aid, ts^ao'-mao bin ]^ lp| 
^ ; — tied togctJier for a mat- 
tress, ts^ao'-tsin ]^ ^ 

Strawberry, ^ree — , ov arbutus, 

yiang-me' ^§ f^ (ib-go) 
Straw-colored, dsea'-w6ng \'^ 

Stray, to deviate from the right, 
tseo ts^o' lu ^ ^ 5^ ; to lose 
the way and become bewildered, 
mi-lu' J^ ^^ ; — lamb, mi-lu- 
go yiang' 5$ Ii& >h° :^ 

Streaked, yiu bwo-veng' ^^ 

Streaky, hwo-kyingMa "^ ^ 
tl ; hw6-yuing'.cla ?g R J^ 

Stream of water, ib-Hu sbii' — 
\% 7K°; rivulet, ky'i-k'ang' -^ 
JjJ] ; mountain — , saen-loh-sbii' 

Street, ka gj°; lu-ka |§ gj°; 
ka-lu' ;^''^; ka-dao' #fJt; 
(ib-da); great — , do ka';/^°;^jf''; 
narrow — , long ||^ (ib-diao) 

Strength, lib ^; ky^i'-lib ^ 
:^ ; lib-dao' ^^ jf ; gying-dao' 
gj J^ ; — (used principally of 
medicines), sing'-dao '[^ Jg ; 
sing '1^ ; to do according to one's 

— , liang'-lib-r-ying' M. 1l M 
■^7 J with all one's heart, and — , 
dring-sing/ gyih-lib' ^ ,5 5§ 
^Jj w/iiVecf — , dong-sing' yiab'- 



ky^i'-lib M° ^ :^; m gying'- 
dao M° gjK 5^ ; wo — to do, vii- 
lib'-neng-vve' M :/j 16 ^ 5 
(person's) — exhausted, ky 4'- lib 
dziab-wun'-de ^ :^ ffi° ^ 
^°',its — is gone, sing'-dao ko'- 
<^e »tt Ji j§ T°5 no — , (used 
eitber of body or mind), nyiin'- 
bi-bi |j:^^;pib'-byi.byirpB 
^^'^but little — , lib bob' -jj 
^; lihfeb-tsob' :ftf ^ S 
Strengthen, to — him, k6-z6ng' 
gyi-go lib' Jdp" ±^^"1^ 
dzu' gyi'-go lib' ^jj :^^° ij 
pong' gyi-go lib' ^Jt^'':^ 
— it, dzu'-ib-dzu lib' gj — 
gfj j[j; — one's faith, kyin-kwu' 
gyi siang-sing'-go sing' ^ ^ 

a tonic), pu lib' || -jj 
Strengthening (as food, or me- 
dicine), pu-lib-dao'-go ^ 3^ JE 
•^^ ; pu-byuib'-ky^i-go f| jJl 
^ ^°; pu-tsing-jing'-go ffl jg 

Strenuous, io ?na/ce — effoit, 
sab'-k^eo c»ib-lib' §^ P ffi :li ; 
^eo ky^i'-lib f| ^ :^ 

Stress, to lay — upon, djong-k^en' 
"M. ^ i ^"Z/ — ^^ ^^'^^ sentence, 
keb kyii sbib-\v6' iao djong-k'eu' 

m° ^ ^ IS S II « 

Stretch, ?o te'-kV^e-lse gf gg^ ; 
la-k^je'-la3 ; — ow<, sing-dziang' 
1^ ^ ; io — out the hand, sing 



STB 



457 



STB 



1 



sin' {^ ^ ; cant — it, te'-feli- 
k^^gJ* gg;ia-feh.kW; - 
a how, la kong' Ji ^ ; pjcn 
kong' i^" ^ 
Strict, nyin jg ; nyin-kying'jg 
^. <oo — , t^ehnyin' i:" jg; 
kwe'-kyu tso ko-deo' p^|gS° 
j^°; i/ie — teacher turns out 
good schoko^s, nyin-s' cMli kao- 

enough, iah'-soli peh-nyin' $5^ 

Strife o/wor</s,k^eo'-kyiioh siang- 
tsang' P ^ ft ^"j ditto ivith 
abuse, zao-nyih-oh-cu ; at — , Ije'- 
tih siang-tsang' ]£" ;ffi°ft ^° 

Strike, w. (because of a stern 
master, «fec.), saen-dong' ^ ^ 

Strike, to k'ao ^^ ; tang ^j ; 
— a i^M?, k^ao'-ih-kyi' ^^ — 
tB;tang'ih-kyi'^7--|a;_ 
against, bang-djoh'J^^°; djong- 
djoh'g^°;-->r, k^jeho'gg 
iH^ ; tang ho' ^J >^ ; the clock 
strikes, cong' lae-tib k'ao' ^ J£° 
^°gj^°; — <^mr? bg lightning, 
le tang'-sab ^ JJlJ; le kyib' 

'MM 
String, zinnr |5|° (ib-keng) ; cash 
-, dzin-c%i' zing 1^ $ ai*'; 
a — of cash, ih-c^un' dong-din' 
^ ^^ ^°; « — ofjire crack- 
ers, ib-c^iin' pah'-ts-p'ao — $ 

String, to c'iin ^; — porcelain 
heads, c'un ng6'-cu ^ ^'^ ^ 



Strip, a — of paper, ib-da ts' — 
a^ilgjib-diao ts' — ii^, fft; 
cover with a — , kae' ib-zeng 
zong' ^ — ^.°± 

Strip, to — off clothing, t'eb i- 
zo"g' M ti ^*°; io — another, 
pob' nying-ko' i-z6ng' ^J A** S 
^°;-oJWj, pobbi'fljife; 
to — off a garment and pawn it, 
in order to gamble, pob' bi tu' |^J 
jg ^; — nrt^gcf, i-z6ng' pob'- 
kw6ng^^''i!):5i^: pob'-leh 

kying'-kw6ng^J^''^^5E 
Stripe, dzib-veng' jg ,^ (ib-da) 

Striped chth, (of one color), liu'- 

diao pu' tWiS^ 5 ^*^^^ (^" ^^^' 
ors), bwo-dzih'-veng pu' ;^ |j|[ 

Stripes, heat with many — , tang 
byu'-top3en'-su^J|^^;K4JC 
tang hyu'-to kyi'-su ^J |^ ^ 

Strive, to tsang ^^ ; — t«;iVi, 
siang-tsang' ft ^"j te'-tob f J 
g:**; — to get ahead of, pib gying' 
•g ^ ; — ^0 he first, tsang zong- 
zin' ^° J: -bS^; —for a prize, 
ts'iang song' J| %'-, — pr the 
goal, tsHang' piaodeo' J|M?S > 
— /o ew^er in, zing'-lih ts^ang'- 

tsing W fi^M 

Stroke, n. kwab f@ ; give a — , 
kwab' ib-kwab }g — Ji ; i^^w 
— , pib' wab ^ H ; how many 
strokes f kyi pil/ ^ |^ ? 

Stroke, to lo Jg; lo'-kwab Jg 



STR 



458 



STU 



^ij ; — with the kair, or the right 
way, jing'-raao lo' Ji^^ }§ ; — 
the ivrong way, tao' ts'iah lo ^l) 



ttw 



Strong, yiu gying-dao'^^gjjg ; 
yiii lib' ^f ^ ; yiu kyV-lih ^ 
^ -fj ; yin vu'-nyih-ts ^ff ^ 
^° -J ; — flavor, rai-dao' p6'- 

or wine), ts'iang |f; hyiiongjg,; 

— (as tea), nyuong ^; ts^ih ^>; 
kw^a ^ ; — and firm, lao-k^ao' 
^^;kyih'-jili J^^^;ts^ah'-cu; 

— hreeze, marig foiig J^'JK.; — 
hodied, (said of a young person), 
tsong'gyin Jj^jg (tsongorcong). 

Struggle, to make violent effm-ts, 

weh-djong'-weh-tin' fggf fgjjf 

Strut, io tseo'-leh do-mo' do- 

yiang'^mVc°4S:/c^« 

Stubble, kei.g-cu ;|^ j^^ ; J7ce 

— ,dao'keng-cu'fS ^ :^^ 
Stubborn, tsih'-ih ^ — ; ib- 

ts6ng'-kying-k^ah'-sah-liao ^— ^ 
S tt ^^ 7 ; kyiao-dju-kwu'- 
seh, or tiao-djii'-kwu'-seh ^ |^ 
^ ^ ; s<w_/>erf anc^ — , nyii-cih' 

mm 

Student, pupii, ^oh-sang'-ts ^° 
^°^; one devoted to books, doh- 
fibu-nying' |1 ^ A°; felioiv — , 
dong-bun' doli-shu |^ f^ ^ ^ 

Studious, gying doh'-sbu-go Jji 

^Study, hook-room, shii-vong' ^]g 
j(ih-kwnn) 



Study, to dob-sbu |f^; yiiong- 
kong' ^ ^ ; — silently, meb- 
nyisen' ^ ;§:"; — 6^6^79/^. ts^in - 
s-vsen'^ianor ^ B ;^ ;+B • — 
aw/ ^^>/^ to his disposition, coh 
gyi-go sing -kah JJc i£ ^f-" '(^ 
^ ', — it out, du-bi kob'-lob-den 
zing-zing'-k^en' Eifeft "'^ Bl" 

^ ^ m 

Stuff, materials, liao-tsob' j^ij-f^ ; 
dzae-liao' j^ "^^ ; household — , 
ko-bo' ^°-f^ ; ko-sang'-jib-veh' 

Stuff, to tei ^ ; seb^ ; —full, 

seb'-lehpao'g^°|g 
Stumble, to paen-kyiab' |g JJJ 

— and fall, psen-tih' jg ^^ 
Stump o/a <rce, ju keng' i^ i^ ; 

(ih gyuib) 
Stunned by the hlow, k'ao'-leh 

u-yuing'-en-tao' |j^° %" ^°J: ; 

ears — (by noise), ng-to si-long- 

blow), kwab'-long-de |^ ^ "T" 
Stunt, to — trees by twisting, bun 

KM© 

Stunted trees, a'-siao-go jii ^i]\ 

Stupefied, jing-z'-feh-cii' X ^ 
^ ^n ; bweng-ky^i'-de -f i" 

Stupid, beng ^ ; nyu-beng jg» 
^ ; nyu-c^ing' ^^g ; mob-do'- 
jun Tf: SlS M ; mob-moll' 7[C 
;fC ; ngae-ts^i'- ts^ ^ g°; ngae- 
teng'-teng :^ ^ ^ ; --from 



I 



STU 



459 



SUB 



fright, mob-ding' k'eo'-ngae g 
^^ &° P 1^5 — (^^ when one does a 
,^H foolish thing ; lit. seven out of the 
^^m nine souls dead), ts^ih' deo-weng 

H si' -t: ^° B" ^°; ^^'-^ - ' (ai; 

^^B the cavities stopped), ih-ky^iao' 
W feh-t'ong' - ®; foi 

Stutter, ^o shih'-wd keh'-feh- 

Stutterer, keh'-zih-deo-go, or 
keh'-zih-den-go ;f^ § Ff >^° 

Sty (on the eye), t^eo-tsing' ^ ^ 
SR**5 ^^ ^'^'^^ ^ — » sang t^eo-tsing' 

Sty,;?;^ cu-gyin'^ H 
Style of composition, veng-fah' j5^ 
S; veng-li' % 3g; had — , 
veng.li' feh-hao' 3it il * *F 5 
strong— ,^^\h'-\ f I lao ^^^ ; 
/0M;m^ — , veng-ky^i' jing' % 
Mi JS '■> (^^^^use — , veng-li' 
sing-ao' ^ ^ §g ^ ; modern 
— , z-dao' yiang'-shih B$ jf # 
^''; modern — (of writing), z- 
veng' g|p 35^ ; ancient — , kwu'- 
lao yiang'-sbih -Sf ^ ^ 5^°; 
ancient — (of writing), kwu'-veng 
iSr 35t 5 (done) in good — , teh- 
fah' ^ f^ ; teh-ky^iao'-meng ^ 

Style, to ts'ing-hwu' ^ p^ ; eo 
P?!*''; the Tao-ti is Styled Da-jing, 
Dao'-doe ts^ing'-hwu Da-jing' Jg 

Suavity, mnn'-min c^ing-fong' Jjg 

"S # Ji. 



I Subdivide, to feng-ko' yi-feng' 
Subdue, to — (as a country), tsing- 

voh' fiE m ; tsin'-voh p m, ; 

— (as a person, or animal), cii'- 
voh fij ^g ; siu-vol/ IK: jjR ; - 
by force, ah'-voh H** Jj^ 
Subject ^0 him, lae-gyi' siu'-'6 ;gE*' 
^ $f "j voh-gyi' kae-kwun' ^ 
^ ^ ^^; — ^^ illness, hing' ta'- 
leh tseo' ^° ^ ^° #°; - <a 
G^reai Britain, joh'-ii Da-Ing'-koh 

Subject, <Aewi<?, di-moh' ^ g 
Subject, ^o — him to suffering, 
peh' gyi ziu kw^i' fflL" :H: ^ 

Subjection, ca7i7iot bring into — , 
ah'-feh-voh' H' ^ M ; ^^ ffood 
— , sing'-voh'-go >J5 ^g >i^°; 
brought into — , sing tsih'-voh- 

go >& Iff K Y 

Subjugate, to tsing-voh' fj£ ^ 
Sublime, kac-do' ^jfc**; — idea, 

ting'-kao i'-s H S S S 
Submerge, to plunge under water, 

tsing'-lohshU'-li^;ffi7rS; 
to sink, d zing-loll' ^ ^ 
Submissive to God's will, ken- 
sing t^ing Jing-ming'-go ts'-i *y* 

.6 ss-jW^a-t" &«;-('» 



voh- 



authority), voh-cii' >jji "J 

Submit, to voh ^g ; kwe-vol/ |f 
^; deo-voh' |9^^; — willingly, 
dzing-nyun' voh'-go ^ ^ M, 



SUB 



460 



SUB 



-^"j — to injury, k^eng ky'uoli 

Subscribe, to wnte one's name, lob 
ming-z' f ^ ^ ^ ; — nwney, sia 
kyiiii' !^° J3 » ^^^ much did he 
— ? gyi' sia to-siao' kyiin'^ig'' 
^ >J? Jl ■? gyi^ kyun-kw^un' to- 
siao' S }i Sc ^ '> ? 

Subscribers, loh-ming-z-go nying 

IS ^ ^ ^*' A°; « ^'os^e^ cow- 

taining nam£s of — to cluxrity, ^c, 
piao-^ong' ji° a 

Subscription (of money), kyiin- 
^^Qg' Ji S 5 kyiin-kw^un' J| 
^ ; — paper, kyUn-taen' }| || 

Subsequent, W-deo ^ 5| ; -— 
«^e, 'eo' shu ^ -[g: 

Subside, <o tV-loh-ky'ijg ^r* 
*'';^dMoli.ky^i7°i°; bing- 
loh'-ky ^i 2p T" i°J «^««'^ '«^^ ^«s 
«w^e?' ^ — , teng'-tao gyi'-go nu' 
t'e'-loh-ky'i ^fij^ ^"jSg Jl 

Subsist c% by day, djoh nyih' 
tso nying' 51 H " M A°; ^^^^ 
— ort rice, vsen, z gyi-lah' yiang' 
ining'go|g^10l°^°^#.>i-° 

.Subsistence, mm?is o/ yiang'- 
seng-ls veh' ^ ^'^ jJ: ^; du- 
nyih'-ts liang' S H^;^^;^^ 
ma^e a — , wu k'eo' f jg p ; wu 
cu'-p6 m ^ PE ; du-vveb' Jg 

fgjdu-nyih'^H'* 
iSuBSTANCE, tsih ^ ; peng'-tsih 
^K; tiUsj[g:f jyingj^; 
06 the shadow follows the — , jii 



ing', ze ying' ^Q ^ 11 ^ ; « 
mrm o/" — , yiu ko-dzce'-^o /j^' 

Substantial, W-jih J[p ^ ; 
J>rm, lao-k'ao' ^ ^ ; tsali'-cii. 

Substitute /o7- a teac/ier, gyiin' 
6in'.sang:fjft°3fe i^°;->r 
fl servant, or workman, t^i'-kong 
^IL 5 ^^ ^^^'^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ — ' ^^i" 

Substitute, to gylin >g ; diao 
%M 'i ^^^^" i% ' — another pen for 
that, keli'-ts pih gyun'-ih-gyiiu' 

pii^' Hi - *fe * ; «»"' iii-'^' 

Subterfuge, to resort to a — , 
ko -t^oh fS**^ ; to use something 
true, hut not the real cause as a 
-,tsia'-ing jg° 0^ 

Subterranean, di-^6'-go ^f" 

4-°; diti'.'6.go JfeET°i^'' 
Subtile, delicate and fine, tsing- 

Subtle, cunning, diao-bi' ^° ^ ; 

diao-^jen' ^° ^° 
Subtract, to dju-lob' fi^ T°» 

dju-cW^^ffijksen'.lobJgc"'^ 
Subtraction, djii-fab' j^ fj 
Suburb, dzing-meng'-^o JjJ P5 

f"; the Eastern—, Tong-meng- 

Subvert, to faen'-tao fj §J ; he 

subverts my authonty, ngo'-go 
gyiin-ping' tao'-faen gyi siu'-li' 



sue 



4G1 



SITS 



Succeed, to — m doing, tso' tao 
siu' ^ f ij ^ ; tso' dzing-kong' 
Wi^^i io prosper, jii)g'-liu |g 
\^ ; — {^y getting hold of the 
rigbt way), teli-fah' ^/^ f^ ; teh 
ky^iao'-meng ^ g p^ ; does not 

— {i. e. is not according to my 
mind), feh ts^ing' ngo-go sing'^ 

\^ ? — i^ evei^ thing, pah'-z- 
heng-t^ong'-g°^:f:*'5|;deo- 
deo'-jing'-h'u Bf BI Ji fi ; he 
who is in earnest will — , yiu' ts 
kying dzing' ^ jg g J5K 
Succeed, to follow after, tsib ^ ; 
to take the place of, dae tso' fg 
^ ; ly/io t677/ — ine t ju' we teng 
ngodae-tso'li^-t m^JJfiifJ? 

— <o i/ie ^^rone, tsih-we' ^-^ ; 
teng-we' g fi 

Successful, jing-tong J(^ '^ ; 

jing-kying'JIJIJf ; always — , ih- 
lu'-jing.fong' — 1^ jgJH;-_ 
m obtaining one's desire, ts'ing'- 
King-ju-i'^)i5^0 ^;ju-8ing' 
ifl£>; this is a —year (in trade, 
or hterary examinations), keh' 



»Vi — (each taking his turn, as 
the spoke? of a wheel), leng-lin' 
IS Sfe ; ling U**; €;tfer in — , 
yu-kwun'-r-jih' .f^ R ffij A; 
ngao' mi'-p6 tsing-lae' ^ ;g°g 

SuccessiV]? years, lih nyin' g 
^ ;/attr^ 3/ecM'S of famine, lih- 
nyin' s'-go hwdrig nyin' |g^ 

't'" ^ ^ > /^^"' — ^*.y^» <ieh- 
lin' s' nyih ^^ 5g g° 

Succinct, kyin'-kyih H gg 

SUCCOK, io Ae/^, pong-dzu' jj 
U ; pong-ts^eng' ^ ® ; — the 
poor, tsiu-tsi' nying' fi^ filA*'; 
k^en'-kwu gyuong-nying' g J|| 

Succumb, to deorvoh' ^ Jjg 
Such, keh'-oU-ka or keh'-cong-ka 
il'' 11" ^°; keh'^ing-ka Jf" 

/«?, ziang gvi' nying' ka ^ :^ 

Suck, ^ cih ^ ; — (as wind), 
hwun ^; — milk, cih na' ^jjj} 
ky'uoh na' p^" ^ 
nyin da-fah'-go Jl" ^ ^i; ^ i SuCKLE ^m, u' gyi na-na' IlfJ^ 

ii Ji ; peh' gyi ky^iioh fiae'-nse 

Suddenly, hweh'-r-jun jg ^j 



-^"i who is the — candidate, (i.e. 
who enjoys the happiness)? keli'- 
go foh' ju hyiang'-de Jt° -^*' 

Succeeding, the — days, tsih'- 

^ lin-go nyih-ts' g jg 1^° B '•? 

Succession, in — , or in order, 

a-ts^'-ju j^ 5Jc ^ ; tsiao ts^'-jii 



deh-jun' ^ ^ ; p'ih'-min ^ 
^; p^ih'-deo ^51 ; p^ih'-k^ong 

Sue, to kao-z6ng' ^ ^; to pi-os- 
acute (on both sides), tang-kwun- 



SUE 



462 



SUM 



Suet, heef ngeo-yiu'^°JJ; mutton 
— 5 yiang-yiu' ^ f^ 

SuFFEE, to ziu nsen' ^ Jf ; ziu 
kwV ^ ^ ; — great pain^ zlu 
kw^u'-tVjng S^^; — zVw?-^' 
ziu '«' ^Hj ky^uoh kwV pg" 
85 5 — hunger^ t^eng-kyi'-ziu- 
'"'go #18 S® ; — persecution, 
ziu pih'-naen § jg 11 

Suffer, ^o Ze^, peh ^**; — ' /«??i 
/o talk, peh gyi kong' f3B°SpS° 

Sufficient, keo'-de ^ "f; 
tsoh'-de ^y 

Suffocate, to ih^ sah pg S^ ; 
ili'-kyM-feh-cUn'Pf^lfell; / 
tvas nearly suffocated, ngo ts^o'- 
feh-to ih'-sah-de ^ ^ ^ ^ 
nf §^T**; ngo ih'-sah kw^a'-de 

Suffused, eyes — with tears, 
ngsen-li' 'en'-tih 1^'' M # 6^ ; 
ng?ei/-li ^6ng-^6ng' gg° ^ JJ 

Sugar, dong |g ; M?/^^fe — , bah 
dong' |^° f^ ; dark hrown — , 
w6ng dong ^ H ; raw; — , so 
dong' ^ H ; 7'oc^ — , or rock 
candy, ping dong' 7JC H 

Sugar-bowl, d6ng-kwun' H Jf 
(ih-tsah) 

SuGAR-CANEj ken-ts6' "y* |^°; 
dong tso' H 1^/ 

Suggest, to — (to another), di- 
ky^i' fl j|E ; — a s'^J/ec^, c^ih 



di-moh' {i} ^ @ ; ^0 ca?«se an- 
other to remember, di-sing' |^^ ; 
to give a hint (of something for- 
gotten), di-deo' ^ %% 

Suggestions, to make — to, ts'- 
kyiao Ji* 15: ; ts'-ying Jg* 5| 

Suicide, to commit — , zi-veng' Q** 
^1]; zing-ton'- kyin ^^ ^ £ ; 
zi-zing'-si g °^° yj^g"; zi-sah'-zi 
&** ^l Q"? '^vishing to commit 
— , zing-si'-ming-weh' §° ^E* 

Suit, a — of clothes, ih-tW i-z6ng' 
^ S S ^°5 i^-sing' i-z6ng' 

^ * ^ ^' 

Suit, to — , or he suitable, cong'-i 

H^#; ^eh-i'^ %', ^eh-sih' 
/^ jP ; t^o noi — each other, 
(persons), feh deo'-kyi %^^', 
it mils me exactly, tsing'-hao 
cong-ngo -go i' IE S? fp ?ci^° 

Suitable, te'-go |g- ^°; siang- 
te'-go ffi SJ i-*'; 'eh-shih' ^ 
^ (shihorsih); ^eh-i' ^g. ;^ 

Sullen, fong-tiao' JJ^;— co^/7^- 
tenance, min-k'ong' moh-heh' "g 
?L fi M? i"iri-k^ong' heh'-pong 

Sulphur, hu-w6ng' ^ |^ 
Sultry, nyih'-leh meng-kyU'-go 
li°#°rc1«i"";^-^'2/^^^,tsih'- 
lah-lah-go nyih' ^ JR |$ i^" 
3^°; cZose a/ic^ oppressive weather, 
t^in'-k/i seh'-meng ^ ^ g ful 
Sum, the — (of numbers), gong'- 



SUM 



463 



SUP 



kyi ^ tf; tsor.g^su |g|j^; 

t'ong'-gong ^ dfc 
Sum, to — up, kyih tsong'-tsiang 

% It' Bl ; ^<^ — ^'Z' '^'« it7/o/^, 

tsong'-r-yin'-ts H Ifil "g* jj 
Summer, ^6-tMn' X°^; i/<e /esft- 

v«/ at tJie beginning of — , lib- 

'6' tsih Jr X°il 
Summit of a hill, sren-ting-den 

Summon, to djUn j|f ; — the spir- 
its, dziao kyii' Ise Q** ^° ^ 

Summons, a — to appear, djan- 
p^iao'jlf^; c?z7?o (official), gyiin- 
»ing'-ba'^ ^ W 

Sumptuously, /iVe ky^Uoli'-c'Un 
tu shse-wd' P£° ^ a5 g il 

Sun, nylb-deo'g*'||; tV-yiang 
>lC°I^ ; ^^'■^ — ^ shining hrighthj, 
(i.e. strongly), mang'-marig nyih- 

the — , foiig' lae nyih-dcV ^6 Jjf 

Sun, ^0 sa|i'*;sa'-djoh ||°^°; 

— a while, sa'-ih-sa' ^° — ^*; 

— (something damp), tsiao'-ib- 
tsiao' JjB — jg 

Sunbeam, « — entered, ib-da' 
nyib-kvYong' zih-tsiiig'-lse — j[^ 

Sunburnt, dark colored, sa'-beb- 
go ^° M -^°; reddish broicn^ 
sa^^ong-joh'-de f£ ifl fj J'' 

Sunday, H'-pa-nyib f| ^'^ g °; 
en-sib'-nyib ^ ,g, Q °; Cu'-nyih 

±9^ 



Sun-dial, jih-kwe' 0^ 
Sun-flower, gwe-h\v6' ^ :^ ; 

hyiang'.jih-gwe jpj Q ^ 
Sundry, kyi-yiang' ^ ;^^ ; _ 

^ooJ.s zah bo' ^ g 
Sunrise, nyib-deo' c^ih-ky'i' 0' 

Sunset, nyib-deo' lob-sien' 0° 

mm lu 

Sunshine, nyih-kwong' U^^t 
Superannuated, lao'-joh ^ 
11"; (polite), lao'-moh-long'-coiig 
^tS" MM. 5 ^<' ^^ excused from 
oj/lce on account of being — , kao'- 
lao waen-byiang' ^^'MM 
Supercargo, ab'-bo J^' ^ 
Supercilious, ngaen-kao'Q^''^; 
moh-cong'-vu-jing' g t^ ^ A; 
ngjen'- tsiiig sang-he mi-raao- 

Superficial, veo-min' j:^ "g ; 
shallow, ts'iu ^ : ts^in'-gying f^ 
j£; — learning, •ob-veng'' ts'ii/- 
go i^7p^ ^ -t"; - (as work), 
tsib'-dii nga-k\v6iig'-niin JC^ @ 
^h^^^ffij tsili' pang nga-meiig- 
min K in ^K P? ffl ; deo-vu'- 
bi t^iab ngien'-tsing ^J^'^Hfi* 

11° i® 

Superfluous, vu-kwoin'-kying- 
iao' ^ li ^ i? ; «^'/"'< »5 left 
after using, yiiong-ko' yiu-yii' 

ffi iS W f^ ; ^^ *^ <'''^^' «'i<^ 
useless, to'-go fell ^eb-yiiong' ^ 

^' * ^ ffl 

SUPEKINTEND, to tin'-toli f|5§; 



SUP 



464 



8UP 



— (as an officer), toli'-li ^ ^l ; 
to control, kwun ^ ; ka-lnviii/ 
^^ ; tsih'-tsong |i§; tsoug'- 
kwuu ^ ^ 
Superintendent, tin - toh' - go- 



ny"»g iiS # -t-' 



\° ; owe i6'/io 



/i(?Z/;5 another hy superintending a 
particular department, yii-z'-goj^ 



*:^°; 



of work, toh-kong^- 



g« 



xr 



Superior, z6ng J;^ ; zong-deo' 
_t Hi ; z6ng-teng' Jl^ ; ts^iao- 
teng' ^ ^; — to him (or that), 
kyu-gyi'-ts-zong' ^ ^ ;i ± ; 

— ^0 other men, dzse-nying'-ts- 
zong'^ A°i±;bili'-nying 
iao peh gyi gah-loh glj A° ® 

f^° S $L -^ ; ^* — P^'*' zo'ig- 
p^ing'-go-pih' ± p^ ^° 1^ ; « 

— ?rta?i, z6ng-teng'-ts nying' J^ 
^ ^K;— goods, zong-teng'- 
tsho'J:^;^M;tmg'-bo]l 
K; — #^'e''s, z6ng-s' Jl 3 ;— 
talent, kao-dzoe' j^;}^; — schohr^ 
dzae-ts' ;j^ -f ; — in age, tsiang'- 
Pe ft K ; ^'i"-P<^' WM 5 zong- 
pe±« 

Superlative, the signs of the 
—are, thig JJ, tse ^, heng Jg, 
gyih ^i, di-ih' ^ — , jih-feng' 
-f- ^ ; the best, ting'-hao ]3 jj 

Supernatural, (appearing and 
disappearmg suddenly, &c.), 
jing-c'ih'- kwe'- meh - go jji^ ^fj 

Superscription, zdng-min'-go z 



siiig'-min ff "g 

Supersede, ^o diao-wun' Wi^% ; 
— (as affairs, or things^, kah'- 
diao ^ •^*'; the old regulations 
are superseded, gyiu' cong'-dzing 
kah'-diao-de B ^ fS ^ *° 
~J*°; ifAe new supersedes the old, 
gyiu'.ka3-sing M tJcM '^ l^y^i- 
gyiu-wun-sing' ^ ^ J^ gf 

Superstitious, kyin'- kyii - fah 
diahVa^-^lliJi^^siang. 
sing' zia-ky^i' z-ken' ^ ff ^IS'* 

Supper, yia-vsen' :g'' |g; yia- 
dzo' :j£°^; ^Ae io?-^/'^ — , Cu'- 
V3en-ts^gen ^ Bj^ g; Sing'-v^n- 
ts^sen ® §S^ g 

Supple, joints easily bent, gao- 
kvvu'weh-loh'K°j5:}gJg;- 
/emJs, or bones, kweh'-deo nyiin'- 



m^ 



limbed 



fellow (as in theatres), gwsen- 

Supplement AR Y,vii-z6ng'-go pfj 
J:>i^°; djoh-tseng'-go ||^i^° 

SuPPLlCATE,ioenifrea^,gyiu-k^eng' 
^Bi — (tlie Deity), gyi-tao' 

ff 1$ 
Supply, to minister to, kong-ing' 
gLJ[i;kong-kyih' §t|^;- 
with food, kong-zih' -^ ;^ ; — 
my need, s'-peh ngo' ing-yiiong'- 

tlcipateand — (one's) wants, t^i'- 



t^iah 



when needed, 



SUP 



4(>r) 



SUB 



tsib-ing' ^ jS 5 — i^o'T^^ fah 
ping' tsih-ing' ^ :^ ^ IS ; — 
the deficiency, pii ky^iiih' ^J^; 
pii ts^eo' H ^ ; pu tsol/ ^ j£ 
Support, to iang or yiang ^; 
coiig jg ; — one's familij, iang 
ko' ^° ^* ; cong-iang'-ko-siao 
^ ^* >J> ; Ae supports Mmself 
hy teaching, gyi kao-shu' wii- 

kw Sfc°»fJ9 P; i'^'^'P- 

}iold, or ^ee/? /?'o?7i falling, vu 
^; tong; ts^aen }§ 
Support, something to lean upon, 
(but not a firm — ), gce-deo' 
St ?I ; — (whether property, or 
friend), k^ao'-sjen ^ ill ; ^o use 
such — , tong tso k^ao'-ssen ^ 

Supportable, hao-t6ng'-go j^ 
^^-,t6ngMeh-dju'^fi°{± 

Suppose, to i'-we ^ "^ ; dao or 
tRO^°', guess, ts% J^; I supposed, 
ngodao-z SS^g":!; ^--^''' 
ngo' liang-dzing' z-ka' ^ |^ '|f 
^n°^[i**' ^ supposed lie was at 
home, ngo' tao gyi' lae oh'-li ^ 

Supposing, (when there is great 
probability), h"ang-pib' |5 i^. ; 
— (if, or in case that), t^ong'-jiin 
ffe^f3S;tW-p^6f)5<'^/;kyu6'- 
e<Slg;kyuo'-jii'(gi!|D;shih'. 
8, or sih^s ^ 'dg ; — /<?r «a:am- 
p/e,pi'-f6ngJtJ5f; pi'-ju^in 

Suppress, «o ab'- loh ^ ^ ; 
aV-djii B°^; neh-loh' Jft ^ ; 



nying S,"; — f/o/w augcv, 6'- 
wong ah'-gyi-loh-ky^i' ^x**^" 

bing-fieu' ^ ^; could not — 
cr7?^€'r, ky'i' neh'-feh-djii' ^ ^.j^ 
^ >f^; could not — a smile, 
nying'-feb-dju' siao' W^\i,% 

Suppurate, ^0 8angnong'^°g§; 
tsoh nong' f^ ^^ ; gweng nong'. 

Supreme, ting' kao ]^ "jg ; the 
— Ruler, Z6ng-ti' J^ »^ ; ditto 
(Taoist), Nyiioh-vv6ng'-da-ti ^ 

Sure, true, ky'Uoh'-jih j^jR^ ^^^^'' 
ky'Uoh ^^ J^ ; vsen-vu'-ih-shih' 

H ^ ~ :9c ; ^^ *^ — ^/' °^'- 

leh-djU' ^H'tt; jih-no-kyiu'- 

^eng + ^ :fL!i 5 ""«*'- (^9 
a prophecy, promises, &c.), pih'- 

fah-pih-cong >iJ> § >^' '1^'' J — 

footed, kyiah'-bii^eng'ffil^^l; 

en'-kyiah-tseo'-go ^ IS ^i^° 

Surely, ih-ding' — g; pih'-ding 

Surety, (a person), pao'- nying 
-^ /^°; — and go between, cong- 
pao'tfj-f^; to become — , tso pao' 
^ fi^; tsoh pao' f^fj^^ 

Surface, min-teng'^ J:°;/oa^ 
ing on tJte — , veo-min' }$ "g 

Surgeon (for cuts, and bruises), 
song-kV sin'-sang iU^%^'', 
— (for ulcers), nga-k*o' sin'-sang 
*' ?? 3fe ^°; - (for internal 
diseases), nen-k'o' sin'-sang ^ 



SUE 



466 



sus 



Surmount, to — difficulties, kying- 

lin' ncen-c'U 'UUm & 
Surname, sing ^jj ; sing'-su ^jj 

J^**; it7iai{ IS yonr honorable — ? 

tseng sing' :^ ^jj "? kwe' sing ;g; 

JjJ ? kao sing' ^^jj ? tut/ ktmhle 

- , bi sing' Ijjjr ^^ 
Surpass, ko'-ju jg jn; surpasses 

him, ko'-ju gyi jg ^Q S 
Surpassing «//, c^ih-cong' {H^; 

— talent, clzse-neng' c^ih-cong' 

:t tb [ii ^ 5 — e^^'S' ^^««y ^'^ 

<Ae wo7'ld, (but used in a more 
limited sense), kai'-shii ^ -g 
Surpassingly beautiful, me'-mao 

k^'-shii Mi^mm 

Surplus, to-deo' ^ yf ; yu -to 
f^ ^ 5 €7iouffh and a — , fu'- 
shu ^ gf ; nong-shii' >J,« ^^ 

Surprise, io — a person, s'-teh 
iiying kwa'-ky'i igt|: A'g" 
^; long'-teh nying' c%-gyi' |f 
©° A° tti -g^ ; long-teh nying' 
gyi-kwa'^^°A^'g'';peh 

nying'cMh-gyi'-^''A°ai^; 
J am surprised, ngo tao' c^ih^yi'- 

Surprising, kwa'-ky^ 1^° ^; 
wo^ — , feh son' kwa'-ky'i ^ 
^ 'S" ^ ; •^^'■«^^«. gyi-kwa' ^ 
f^"; could not have been expected, 
liao'-feh-tao'-go ^ % §^|J ^jv^ 
siang'-feh-tao'-go fn ^ pjyjv°. 
— (as something suddenly disap- 
pearing), jing-c'ih'-kwe'-meb jp^ 



Surrender, fo deo-'ong' f^^; 
deo-voh' S jjg ; — one'^ se//* 
up, zi deo'-tao g ° ^ ^ij 

Surround, to we-dju' gfj; — 
o« «// sides, s'-pin we-djii' 0^ 
g f^; tsiu-we,' we-dju g g 
1^ ^J ; — , or hem in (as by 
soldiers), we-kw^eng' g jzQ ; ^o 
— by a wall, tsin-we' tang ziang' 

Survey, to kW-cUn ^ ^ ; 

k^en'-pin ^^\to measure land, 

liang din-di' J; i4 
Survived Mm a year, pi gyi' to 

weh' ih nyin' jt ^ ^ M 

— ^ ; pi gyi' to tso' ih-nyin' 

Surviving, still wa' Ite-tong' tso 

Survives till now, tao' jii-kying' 
wa Ise-tong ili^n^?i°ft*'jt'' 

Susceptible, (used of persons), 
ih-ts^oh' ziu dong' — g| gt fj 

Suspect, to nyi ^ ; tsVnyi J^ 
1^; / — him, ugo nyi-sing z 

gyi nm>i-^ ^° 

Suspected, that man is to be — , 
keb'-go nying' k'o nyi jg" ^° 

Suspend, to hang, tiao ^ ; kwo 
^ ; — work, sang-web' deng- 
kong' ^ fg Wl. ; ^^^^^ (for 
an indefinite time), dang-ky'i'g 
^*'; yun-ky'i^ % i|B°; -/ro7» 
office, kah'-tsib waen-byiang' j^ 



sus 



467 



SWI 



Suspense, to he in — , kwo'-sitig 

nyiaeii ^ '^'■, I w?«s in, — for 
a immth, ugo kwo'-sing ih-ko 

Suspicious, iticUned to suspect, 
nyi-sing' djong' H ^fj fi; — 
circumstance, dzing yiii' k^o nyi' 

*lw li pT ^ 5 *^^^^'^ ^ — ^P- 
pearance, ying-tsih' k^o nyi' J^ 

U "pI ^ 5 dzing-tsih' k'o nyi' 

Sustain, to tong Jg ; can — , or 
bear it, tong-leh'-dju' Jgl^'^ji; 
cannot long — life, yiang web' 
feh dzlang'-kyiu ^ fg ^ :g 

Swallow, in'-ts ppt^ (ih-tsah) 
Swallow, to in'- loh jqjSi -^ ; 

ky^iioli'-lohp£°'^-, to gulp down, 
t'eng-loh'^ ^ ; cant ^the pill, 
wun-yiab' L^eng'-feh-loh'-ky^i ;^ 

« # * ^ *° 

Swamp, lien-diu' 'J|g [g ; swampy 
place, ^aen-nyi-den' Pg° itM f^ 

Swarm, ih-tsong'-sang — U ; « 
— of bees, ili-tsong'-sang mih- 
fong' — ft ^' ^ 

Swathe, to dzin g ; tsah ^ 

Sway, to bearmle, tsong'-kwun^ 
^ (tsong or cong) ; to have au- 
thoiity, tsong-gyiii/ ^ j^ 

Swear, to vah-tsiu' fg % 
Sweat, 'en fp 

Sweat, to c^ili-^en' ffi JnP 5 ^^ 
bring out — (as by medicine), 



fab-'en' ^ ff '^to — profmely^ 
Wbd-yu-ling' ff W 1 m ; 
<en'-c*ih-t^o.liu fp [ij ^n" 5^" 

Sweep, <o sao ^; — </<e ground, 
sao di' Jg ;[^ ; — a/irf ^^?/s^ off 
dust, tten'-sao }§ ^ ; sao-sbih 
^ J^lj ; sweeping assertion, ko'- 
deo 8hih-wd' ii ^° 18 IS 

Sweet to <^ tofe, din %^',—to 
the smell, byiang § ; has a — 
perfume, yiu byiang-kyV ^ § 
^; — a/ic? deceitful words, bhih- 
w6' din-dong -mih-ti'-go ^ gj 

m m «• ii'^° 

Sweet-william, jib - yiang'- 

kying i)w6 -f- ff ;^ :j2 
Sweeten, to fong' ib-tin din' tih 

S - i5 ?a 65 

Sweetmeats, dong-ko' |!| || ; 
^oc/i preserves, dao-tsiang' ^ 
3^ ; sugared and honeyed fmits, 
mib-tsin' "^ ^ 

Swell, cong |f ; cong'-ky^i-lre 

Swelling /i<2,9 ^o«e (fo?nt, cong 
pib'-lob-de MHi-^T; cong 
tV-diao-de M 3i *° T' 

Swerve /rom ^/ig r7>7//< way, li- 
kW tsing'-lu il §3 jE K 

Swift, kw'a '^''; — as if flying, 

ziangfi'kakwVfg^tm"; 
fi-kw^a' ^ '|^° ',-^ as the wind, 
fong-kvv'a' Ji. -^^ 
Swill, ken-sbii' \^ijli°', exchange 
lamp-wick for — , teng-sing'- 
«u...ken' kt^^'i^itC 



SWI 



468 



SYR 



Swim, to yiu J^; — in the canal, 
yiu-V y0 JpJ" ; fortunately, he 
knows how to — , (or understands 
the water), ky^ii' -leh gyi sih sbii' 

Swindle, to kwaVin iS° §8 ; 
tso kwa'-ts ^ ^'^ -f ; — ^'v^'>U 
where, tong-kvva' si-p^in ^ ^° 

wig 

Swine, nyi-cu' |g J^ (ih-tsah) ; 
a herd of — , ih-dziao' nyi-cii' 

Swine-herd, yiangnyi-cti^-go^ 

Swing, to dang-dang' g g; _ 
hack and forth, dang-lae' dang- 

ky^' S ^ § i° 5 — ^^'^ «^^ 
(in walking), siu-kwang hwah- 
kyi hwah-kyi ; — over and over, 
(as a mouse in a cage), tang 
ts^iu-c^un' iSWilT 
Switch of false hair, ih-tsko'-fah 

Swoon, to fah-kyUih' ^^ ; ao'- 
k/ift'ijfah-hweng'^'lf 

Sword, pao'-kyin ^ jgj; double- 
edged — J song-min'-pao'-kyin ^ 
■g^^jj; charmed — , ts^ih'-sing- 

kyi«^ H;: B. % (i^-P^) 

Sycee, veng-nying' |ji[ |^ ; horse- 
shoes of — , nyiin-pau^ ^ ^ 
Sycophant, vong'- dzing - tong' 

.^ IS t" ■ 

Symmetrical proportions, do- 



siao' siang-ts^ing ;/;;''>J.^gf|f ; 

deo-mi' siang-ing' B3 >^** 4^ I!! 

Symbol, piao'-yiang ^f^; piao- 

Pong' tl ^ 
Sympathize, to — with anotlur' 

trouble, cU' nying-ko'-go kw^us 

^nA°^°i-'1?;cu.kwVcu- 

lah' ^p ^ ^0 H ; _ z^-/;/i (be- 
cause of like suffering), dong- 
bing' siang-lin' |ff| jg ^ 'g| 
Sympathizing (with a friend), 
dzing'-lse-tih dong' JE" ;^° Jj)" 
'|§°; — /«<?rtr^, ts^eh-ing'-ts sing' 
•KJ S i >& ; — ««f^ /?eZp%, 
ti'-l^iah-gosing^|fi''>i-%fJ; 

— and excusing, t^i-liang 'f||,^ 
Sympathy, m — with one an- 

other, sing'-dzing Vh'-leb-long'- 

g» tt It -^ ^ }i ^) /°^- 

ly and without — , ts^i-liang' 

Symptoms of disease, bing-shu' 
fS# ; bing-kying' ^.f; ; bhig'- 
go siang^-mao ^g -^° ;fg |^ ; 

— violent, or seyere, bing-shii' 11- 

'^ m % m * 

Synonyms, equivalent characters, 
tso' ka'-shih-go z' — '^ 11° g?" 
^ >^-° f^ ; equivalent ivords, i'- 
s siang-dong'-go shih-wo' ^ g 

Syringe, zih-sbu'-kwun |J 7):" 

Syrup, dong-lu H } j ; pmch—, 
dao-tsih' J^IS jt 



TAB 



469 



TAK 



T 

Tabernacle, tsiang'-bong || jj 
(ih-ting) 

Table, coh'-teng^^°(ib-tsiang); 
round — , yiiih-cob' ^ ^ ; yii' - 
saen coV i\^° JJ'* ^ ; s??ia// «m 

cZo<^ coh'-teng pu' ^ ^ (ih- 
kw^e) 

Tablet, upright ancestral — , jing- 
we^ f if -III ; ditto, (and for idols), 
jing-cu' %^ ^ ; jinof-cu'-ba, or 
jiiig-cii-bajn jjilf -^ )[$°; ba-we' 
)K° '& (ill- we); horizontal in- 
scrihed — ^ pin g; jjin-ngab' ^ 
^ (ih-kw^e) 

Tack, kwu'-ting Ufj; — it'?7/i <m--o 
prongs, for matting, mo'-wong- 

gying m !i 11° «° 01^-"^e) 
Tack, to — with nails, ting ^ ; — 
bg sewing loosely, dziang-tsing' 
vong ^%\M'-> — together, (by 
sewing), ting-tjen'-lae tXW^ J 

— on (as trimming), isa-ih-tsa 
|7°— 17°; —a ship, diao ts'iang' 
||x)|ti]'';cunbong'||^ 

Tactics, military ping-fal/ ^^i 
Tadpole, n'-kyii-deo-djong' ^ 

11° BI S ; — character, k^o- 

teo' veng it|>[ Jif 35^ 
Tael, (1|oz. av.), ib-liang' — fg; 

— of silver, ih-liang' nying-ts' 
— . g ^ -^ ; one Ningpo — , 
k6ng-bing' ib liang' 0^°ZJi— jig ; 
the Hong Kong — , kwaeu-bing' 



gg ZJ5 ; Shanghai — , deo-kwe' 
nying'S ^ 1^ ; kwe-yun'^[ai 

Tail, mi'-p6, or mi'-pun j^ f^** 
(ib-keng) 

Tailor, zae-vong'-s-vu Wk ^ ^ 

Tainted meai, nyiiob in' -de ^' 
^ f"; — («". e. kept over its 
time), tab-dzia(/-de. 

Take, to do ^°; — awag, do'- 
leb-ky^i ^° y :^°; ^/o/Z^^r <o- 
gether and • — awag, siu'-leh-kyU 
^ T° ±^ — (properly at tbe 
same time vvitb sometbing else), 
ta'-leb-ky'i ^''T'±'; — m the 
hand, nyiab J^; — mi/* both 
hands, p'ong ^''; — care of 
kwu'-djob ^ ^ ; ditto (or look 
after), tsiao'-kvvu, or tsiao'-kwun 
M i§» ^^^^ (another's cbild, or 
animal), kyi'-yiang ^ ^ ; — 
care of yourself zi yiiong pao'- 

djong g^S^iS 1:;— «/>ow 

one's se^ </t« care of zi dzing 
dzib' g " ^ tt ; — »w c^<»y« 
(properly a person), siu-liu' f\j^ 
g J — a icalk, ky'i tseo-tseo' 

own business), tang ih-go wang' 
^° — ." |oJ°; — a ivrittf.n inven- 
<or^, k'»bo'-t^engaK||; — 
one's have, kao'-bib ^^Ij ; ditto 
(wben going on a journey), dz- 
tang' H^ |^°; — medicine, ky^iiob 
yiab' P£° ^ ; — out (of water), 
liao-ky V-lae ^j^^M'S — off 



TAK 



470 



TAL 



one's clothes, t'eh i-z6ng' J^ ^ 
^**; — off the hat, cob mao-ts' 
B," III •? («oli or tsoh) ; — off 
the cover, hyiao-k^«' J^ §3 5 — 
off a coverlid, kyih'-k'se min-bi' 

m m fg W'. - ^^«««f' (»*• «• 

stop a wbile), t'eo-kyH' jg ^ ; 

— a look, k'en'-ih-k'en ^ — • 
^ ; — a disease (by infection), 
bing' yin-lse' ^ Jg ^5 — coZJ, 
s6ng-fong' iU Mi', — P^^"^^^ 
yiiong-sing' ^ >[j» ; — ^y /ofce, 
tsMang'-deh ^ ^] — to heart, 
tsen-stng-z' ^ >& :^ ; — «^»'^^j 
web gying' fg|S°; —percentage, 
ts^iu yuong-din ^fi^^°; k'eo' 
yuong-din' fnfflM°; ("^ buying 
for another), io — more than was 
paid, keb-fi-deo'; lob dong-din' 

m m M°; tang-w-siu m"'^ 

^ ; (in buying for anotber) to 

— a jyercejitage promised hy the 
seUer, ^c, do bab-deo' \^ fP°B|; 
ditto (secretly) in cloth, goods, or 
money, lob deo' ^ fjl° W.- ^ee 
Discount. — a little out for one's 
self (from wbat one is expected 
to give to another), k^a' bib-deo' 
M^'iR-M 5 ^^^ bib-deo-o ky^iiob 
(slang) ; to — the part of one's 
oivn, pao pi' fS^ Iffi 5 — advan- 
tage of your going, doing, ^c, 
tsHngng'-go bin' ^ft."i^°S 5 

— a little relaxation, weh-dong' 
ih-zong fg U — 1/; — ^jour 
studies (in school), Eong kwun' 



Jl f t ; — « ^^^(^^^^ ^'^ ^^'^ hand, 
teh ii'-ts f|[ II :? 

Taken m, m buying, ma-c'ong~de- 
M S^ ~r° Cc^ong or ts^ong). 

Tale, kwu'-z "^0 ; ancient — , 
kwu^-z -^ ^ ; unfounded — , 
vn-kyi'-ts-daen |^ f f ^ fjH 

Tale-bearer, pun-cii'-go nying 
Wi ^ ^' A°; pnn-cu'-long- 
zih }^ U^ I? S ; — and mis- 
chief 7naker, pun-teo' z'-fi - go 

Talent, dzae-neng' ;J^ fg ; dzse- 
dzing' ;f jf ; du'-dzae ^ :f' ; 
natural — , tHii-diae' ^ ;:J' ; 
nian of — , dzse-ts' '!J^ '^ j he 
has great — , gyi'-go dzae-dzing' 

kao' ^^"Z^^M 
Talisman (of paper), vu ^ ; — 
of the seven stars, ts'ib'-sing-vu 

H: S ?3^ ; — ^/ *'''^^^^«' t«^^'- 

nyii ^l t § ? (ih-dao) ; to drive 
out evil influences with a — , 
bih-zia' J^ 515 
Talk, to koug |g-°; — together, 
kong-kong' ig° U°; dsen-dsen' 
liHI^; to chat, p^sen-dsei/ ^g| ; 
to/ZtS tw//, jiin'. we sbib'-dz :^. ^ 
WtWi'-: ^^ ditto, or can — one into 
believing what is not true, gyi 
shili'-kwab bao' ^l^^pf °*?5- 
idle words, kong ^sen-w6' B^°|^° 
f^; to — foolish or useless words, 
kong bali-w6' ||° |^° fj; kong 
liao-tW If ° ^ ^ fg**; — ^^//t?^ 
wo^ lamiecf, to cU' g I^ ; to cU' 



TAL 



471 



TAB 



tah-zil/^Igg^; ts'ih'-tah- 
pah'-tah 4;pS ;^ p§ ; — too 
much, to-k6"ng'-t<)-w6' ^1%" ^ 
1^; / want to — to you, ngo iao' 

tengngko.g'^^ia^frEI'' 

Talkative psrson, to-kong'-to- 
wo'-go nying^ Bt^^fSI^" 
A** 

Tall, dziang-liao-siao § fj ^ j 
— person, riyirig dziaiig' A" ^ ; 
cft^o,(contemptuous), dziang diao- 
ts' ^ j^ -J ; — ^'^ stature, sing- 
diao' dziang' jj* jj|? ^ ; — a/wZ 
slender, (contemptuous), lang- 
hwang'-dzJiang ; dziang-hwang- 
hwang. 

Tallow, yiu Jgj ; mutton — , 
yiang-yiu' ^ ^ • vegetable — , 
gyiu'.yiu^Jgflbab-yiu' j^'fjff 

Tallgw-tree, gyiu'-ju ^ j^ 
(ili-cii) 

Talons, caught in his — , kyiah'- 
tsao gyin'-leh-ky^i'-go ^A Iff 

Tame, to — him, iang gyi joli' ^ 

TamEj job ^; — hiid, job tiao' 

Tan, to — skin, siao bi' |it^'' )^ 
Tanner, siao-bi' s-vu f^jji %^ 
Tanned leather, job bi' ^ ^ 



MdJM;^/i"-k/in-pai.g'- 
pang $ ^ is ^1 

Tank, water sbu'-gyii y\C i^i — 
(on boats), sbii'-tsing, or sbii- 
ts'dng' :^'' ^ 

Tap, to tab j§; — o?i <;^ shoulder, 
kyin-kab'-deo tab'-ih-tab' ^jlff* 

rm-m 

Tap, to pierce, tson dong-ngaen' ^ 

Tape, ta ^° 

Tapering /«^er5, ts'-deo tsiu' Jg 

Tar, pab'-yiu ;fr jft 
Tardy, sloiv, mxu^: nifen-t^ang'- 
t^ang lttg°g*'; wun'-deng- 
deng^il^li^; wim'-tVt^o^ 
Jg|g;/a^.,dzi ii" 
Tare, dju bi' ^ jfe 
Tares (Ibimd m rice), b6-ts'ao' 

Target, p6'- ts fB ^ (ib-go) ; 
iojire at a — , tang p6'-ts ff 
fE. "f 5 ^*''^» "^'* arrows, zib 

p6'-ts Ji IE •? 
Tariff, se'-tstb ^gij; se'-kw^ui 

Tarnish, to tVkwdng' ^§3^ 
Tarnished, kwong tV-de ^gjg 

Taro, nyu-na' ^" ^J" 
Tangle, ma — , lon-tsia'-bong j TARTAR, or Bantieiman, gyi-'o- 

SL ir m "yi'^g » T*" A°; Tab'-ts fi 

Tangle, to da-lon'^°|L; «^^ ^«^ •? ; Dal'-tb^ H ^ ; Manchu, 



gled together, b)ng'-leb ky^in-s'- 
bong, da-s-bong' ^-W^U 



Miu/-tsiu-nying }^ ^ A" ; — 
language, Mun'-tsiu-w6 jj^^fj" 



TAS 



472 



TEA 



Task, work, meng-veng' sang-weh' 

« ^ 4' fg ; - ("S"«"y ^^ 

study), kong-kV ^ ^ ; (kiilij 
— , {i .e. studies, or chantiiigs), 
djoh-nyih' kong-kV M U° Jj^ 

m 

Tassel, a ih-p^ang' su-deo'— g[.° 

Taste, mi-dao' %° ^', — just 
right, jih-mi' y^ 5^"; in had — 
feh teh'-fah-go % ^§ ^^ >h' 

Taste, /o zong mi-dao' fr°5f^°Jf; 
— and see, zong-zong'-k^eii ^° 

Tasteless, it^VAowi taste, m-mi'- 
dao ^^ 1^**^ ; flat, or without 
salt, daeii }|g; ^-yin-daen'-tsiang 
S^° is }^ ^ ; — (^s meat, or 
fish), &-sin -mi ^It" ]g 5^° 

Tattered, p'o'-li-p^o-sa -^ fg 

Tattle, shih-w6' k^6ng'-feh-lao'|J 

fSH ^ ^- See Tale-bearer. 

Tattoo, to — the skifi, ts^ih bi-fu' 

MJkm 

Taoism, Dao'-kyiao ^ ^ ; Dao'- 

kyiao daoMi MmMM 
Taoist, Dao'-ko-li-go nying' jg 

^o ^o ^o. _ ^^^.^^^^ jy^^,_^ 

Taunt, to siu-joh' ^ jg ; tsao- 
t'ah' p||°p^; to humiliate by taunt- 
ing, siah-liii' fij 1^ 

Tautological expiessions, djong- 

foh' sbiii-wo' s: n ^ fs 



Tavern, eating and lodging house, 
vaen-tin' |g jg ; k'ah'-nyu , § 
g ; inn, ^6-c'ii' ^ g : lodging 
home, hyih'-yia-tiii' ^ :j^'' jj^ 

Tax, kyiin ^; salt — , yin-kyiiii' 
II fl ; land — , zin-liang |j|* 
fl ^oM^e — , vong-kyui/^ J| ; 
— on goods, kwaen-se' |g ^ ; 
se'-din ^ ^''; /?«^ toxes, deo 
liang' neh se' J^ ff fft ^ : ^a 
joa?/ ^m^ — , deo zin-liang' ^ 
|^°g ; ;)«?/ — 071 ^oocfs, deo-se' 
Wt ft ' ^^ collect the land taxes, 
siu' zln-liang' ^ |^° f| ; to paij 
ditto, wun koli'-k^) ^ g |S 

Tax, to ding se'-tseh ;g ^ pj] ; 
^0 — homes, lib' vong-kyiin' j^ 

Tax-office, kyiin-gyuob' J| Jg 
Tea, dz6 ^ ; tea-leaf, dzo-yib' ^ 
^; Jro/an tZe'Wo, se' dz6-yib' ^ 
^^;.<'/rcen-,loh-dz6'i^^; 
i/«fj/c — , ^ong-dzo' ^I^; s^'-o/i^ 
^ , nyuong dzo' J^ ^ ; ts^ib' 
dzo -^ :^ ; weak — , dsei/ dzo 
5^:|^; ts^ing-dzo'-jH^; <o sca/cf 
— , p^ao dzo' }S^ ;poMr — , 
sia dzo ^°^; ts^ong dzo' ?4^^; 
pass — , di dzo' jg^; cfi^o m a 
tray, pun dz6' J|53?5 ^^ <^^''"'^" — ' 
ky'uob dzo p^*"^ ; bab dzo' p| 
^ ; toiiick—, tsab dzo-yib' Jj| 
:^ ^ ; ^0 /»zc/i; oi;er — {i. e. pick 
mit refuse, &c.), kaen dzo-yib' Jg° 
^^ ; to finish up — (by rolling, 
and coloring), tso dzo-yib' §J^ 



TEA 



473 



TED 



^',foJire — , ts^ao dzo-yih' 'Jt^' 
'-^Mi ^ ^''^"^ — drinher, dzo- 
tsu'-s :^ fig 6i5 ; — <?«s^ dzo- 
meh':^^; — stems, dz6-k\vang' 
^ ffi"; — *^^^^% dzo-ts' :|^ ^j 
CoAi^o — , Kong-fii' dzo J^ ^ 
;^; Souchong — , Siao-coiig' dzo 
>J» It ^ ; Oolong — , U-long' 
^z^' Ml ^^ ^' The kinds of tea 
exported from Ningpo are as 
follows. 

Gunpowder, lst^racf^,Pao'-cu^ 
^;Jo.2nd^m^e,Ts-cu'i:Jf3t; 
Hyson, lat grade, Me-hyi'^l^; 
do. '2nd grade, Hyi-c^iiig' JS^; 
Young Hyson, 1st grade, Ngo- 
me' ^ ^ ; do. 2nd ^m(?e, Yu'- 
ziii j^ ■§5°; Imperial, Ini grade, 
Yun-cu' JI ig^ ; do. 2nd ^atfe, 
Fu^yun-cu' glj HI IS 5 ^^I/^on- 
skin, Bi-dz6' ^ :^ : Leaf-tea, 
Mao-dzo'^:^; Twunkeii, Song- 

lo' fe « " 

Tea-cup, dz6-pe' :^ iff, ; covered 

— , kae'-un ^ % ; meng-im' JfJ 

/% (ih-tsah) 
Tea-kettle, dz6-wu':^^; teng'- 

dzo-wu' );| ^ ^ (ih-po) 
TEA-rOT, <lzd-k\vnn' 'J^'gg ; dzo- 

^^'^' ^ S ) ts*ong'-dz6-wu' /IJJ 

:?^i\ih-p6) 

Tea-poy, dz6-kyi' ^ JL l^^" 

tsiang) 
Tea-spoon, diao-kang' |g ^''; 

native brass — , dzo-z' :^ ^ 

(ih-tsalj) 



Tea-tray, dz6-buri':^^(ilj-min) 

Teach, to kao ^g;'' ; to instruct, 
kao'-hyiiing ^** |||| ; — a child 
to read, kao'siao-nying' doh-shii' 

Teachable, hao-kao'-go ijfjc* 
>h°; k'o-kao'-go pj- IJc^i"" 

Teacher, sin-sang' ^ ^"^ (ili- 
we) ; to call, or employ a — , 
ts^'ng sin-sang' H ^ ^*'; 7/??/ 
— , ngo'.go nyih.s $$>h°^ |$ 

Teaching, / live ly — young 
children, hyiiing mong' we nyih' 

Tear, to c'o'-k'se, or ts^d-k^-eJlp 
g3 ; c'o'-p'o if ^ijt ; — ^0 /«<?ces, 
c^o'-sejf ^; cVwa Jf ^; 
— (as on a nail), keo-pV ^ 
^ ; tsab'-p^o f L lot J — ''"^'s 
56// (or something) away, ngang 
feng'-k^ae l$,^Wi\ «ga°g ^^W- 

Tears, ngren'-li Hfi"^'; ngaen'- 
li-shu' 05° ^ pJ:"; to shed — , 
c'ih ngjen'-li ffi 0fi°S 5 ng*"'" 

li beh-c'ii/ 05° ig til ^ ; *"^f 

j^/o — , nga3i/-li pao'-c^ih-lae'- 

de0FM')i°lU35T 
Tease, to ts^ao |1^; — continually, 

tsi-tseo' PfP^; i^wi'< s^op <ea«n^, 

ts^ao'-feh-ko p^ ^, •§ ; tsi-tseo'- 

feb-ko Pg ?^ ^, i§ 
Teat, na-di' i«° M" 
Tedious, in'-vsen-go ^ ^ >^*'.; 



TEE 



474 



TEM 



tediously slow, msen'-leh m-liao'- 
liang *tS|#°lS°M'~^^'^^'"' l^ong'- 
leh dziang.p^in' Bf" @' :S 1 
Teeth, ngd-ts' ^^ ^ (ih-lih) ; 
irregular — , ngo-ts' feh-zi' ^^ 

"fi^^°5 ^^ ^"^ — ' ^''^ ngo ts' 
[±j ^''^'.to lo^e the — , ngo- 
ts' t^eng'-loh :gp°i[ JK'-i^-^'^- 
cisor — , meng-zin'-ngo f^ ■^° 
3^°;moZar — , do-iigo' jc' 3^° 
Telegram, din-pao'^f^(ib-go) 
Telegraph, to ta din-sing' ^^ 

Telegraph tceVe, din-sin' ^ ,:f^ 
Telescope, ts'in-]i'-kying ^ ^ 

^ (ih-min, ih-ko) 
Tell Mm, teng gyi' w6, or ten' gyi 
wo H" ^ 15 ; pao'-hyiang- 
gyi-dao' f ;g [^ S tI; w6- 
hiang'-gyi-dao |S [^ ^ Jf ; 
kao'-su gyi ^ |;p -j^°; cAar^e 
wo^ ;o _, mua-cu' {^ Ig ; t7on'< 
— , M-nac/ vvo soh'^''pJ-°^:g<» 
Jg°; feh-kV kong'-c'ih ^ pj" 
B^** ffi > ^''^'^^ w^^ ^<> — Mm, en 
gyi cu'.po pi' S ii Ig PG F^ ; 

— ^//e wei6"s, t'ong-cii' siiig'-sih 
5i^ ® .t; Pao sing' 5^^ ^; 

— a seer, t, t^)ng fong' pao sing' 

Temerity, tien'-ts j/al/ J| J-^; 
tsen'-ts sah'-yia ^-^JStS^"; ^^ 
s/totf; — ^ niao do'-tsen 3;j'i;°4§ 

Temper, disposition, sing'-kah >[^ 
If ; sing'-ky'i ft^ ; sing-dzing 
tt*IS> ey^n — , sing'-ky'i^o-bing' 



t^^^U^ ; to give ivay to one^s 
— ,fah sing'-kah ffji^;^; sing- 
kyih' f>J ^, implies too great 
haste in doing, but is a polite 
term for quick or hasty — , (which 
is also), sing'-kah ts^ao' >|!^ ^ 
|^;ky^i'-tsihton'^l^;ky4 
^y'f'g ft M 5 ziang mao-tsW 

ho-sing' ka ft ^ :|l >A: S W 

^''; easy — , ky^i'-tsih dziang' 
ft K g;JyM-kw'mi' ^ ;!: 

Bi-ky'i' ^^ is sometimes used for 
temper, but in Ningpo it generally im- 
plies an evil nature, so that all oTie's bad 
beliavionr, such as gambling, drinking, 
&c. are attributed to his wa bi-ky'i; 
hao hi-ky*i is sometimes used, but it 
implies (jnly a temporary goodness. 

Temperament sluggish, or slow, 
sing'-dzing sang'-leh dzi-deng'*}^ 
If ^°©°ii|ili5"^c«na/ — , 
sing'- dzing sang-leh liu-dong 

Temperate, tsih'-cu 15 fij ; — 
in eating, and drinking, ing'-zih 

yiu-tsih' f: :t ^/ 15 

Tempest, fong-pao' ^ H 
Temple, miaojg; miao-yii'/^f^; 
BuddMst — , z ■^ ; z-yiin' ^ 
^; small ditto, en^; Taoist — , 
kvvun II ; the large central hall 
of ditto, da-d'.n' ^^ ; ancestral 
— , z-dong' fip] ^ ; ko-miao' 
^"JS I ^^^^^ ^f ^'"'^ branch of a 
family, ts-dz' j^ |i^ (ih-go) 
Temples (of the head), t*a'-yiang 

Temporal affairs, (of this world). 



TEM 



4?5 



TER 



shu'-hen-zong'-go z-tU' -g; |^° , Tendency, z-jun'- ts shil g ^ 

:j? M ; sbu'-z ii: :»: ; j ;i ^ 

Tender, neng ^ ; ^o 5oi7 it — , 
t8'gyinen'^°«Dc°;-/^.«r/, 
nyun' sing-dziang' ^ ^fj |jg ; 
sing dz'-go )iJ, ]g ^i^"; to rear 
tenderli/, kyiao-iang' ^ ^ 
Tendon, kying J^J (ih'-kwang) 
Tenon, shing'-deo j^ 5^ 
Tent, tsiaDg'-bong ftJJ ; ^0 tj/zc/* 
a — , tall tsiang'-bong j^ ifft ^ 
Tenth, the — , di-jih' ^ -|- ; « 

— of] jih-kwu'-ts-ih' -MS: i 

— ; the — (usually added by 
Chinese storekeepers, and which 
they will deduct), k^eo'-deo ^ 
Bg ; tsih'-deo ^ gK ; have ymc 
deducted the — , k^eo'-deo k*eo'- 
loh-leh ma Jp Iff Jn ^ PS"? 

Tepid, nyih--^eng--^eng' d^° gj 
a; nyih-dong'-dong M^'j^^j^" 

Term, narne, ming-z' ^ if ; — of 
three years, (official), s;eu nyin' 
ih-dalug' H^ — fit"? ^^ collect 
hills at the three terms, siu tsih'- 
tsiang IK: IK ii 



affairs of this life, seng-ziu'z-ken' 

Temporary, dz<-en-z'-gog^^° 
Temporarily, dzaen-ts^ia'gJL"; 

gyuii-ts^ia' fl| ^° 
Temporize, ?o ze shii'-dao tseo' 

^ #5S^; ^^^^ fong-deo' tseo 

Temporizing, ze-fong-tao'-go I^ 

Tempt, to persuade to evil, ts'on- 
teh' t80.»a' }I ^ fiJ^J"; to 
deceive, and persuade, yiu-^oh'|^ 
j^ ; — and blind, mi-'oh' J^^ ; 
to entice, ying'-yiu i^j ^ 

Tempted by the Devil, be Mo-kwe' 

mi-'oh'-deit^^2|lgT°; 
— by him, ziu gyi'-go mi' ^ :jt 

^'5i;ziugyi'-go"yu'^ i 

— and fallen, ta-diao- 






Ten, jih -f- ; — to one it u-ill be 
spoiled, (nine out often), jih'-yiu 
kyiu' iao tso'-diao-go-J"^"*;;/L.S 



mffi"^ 't-^out of every hundreds j TERMINATE, to end, wun ^; pih 
kyiu' k^eo jl^) kyiu' tsih;fL|;f ^; liao'-kyih y^* ; ^0 sVyp^ ts'- 
TeNACIOUS 0/* owe's own opirnon, I djU jt ^ 

nyiah-sali' zi'-go cu -i ||j ,^^ @ " | Term, to ts'ing-hwu' ^ p^ ; co 



Tenant, tsu-wu' fH. j5 ; tsu-cii' 

Tend, to kwun ^; k^en J-; — a 
c/«7c?, kwun siao-nying'^iJ^^°; 
— sheep, k^en yiang' ^ :^ 



Terminated, the war is — , tang- 
tsiaiig tang-kyih'-gyiioh-de ^ 

Termination, meh-kyih'-sah ^ 



TER 



476 



THA 



Terrace, platform, dge J ; flat 
— on the rooJ\ sa'-dce ^° ^ 

Terrible, p'6'-siang-go fg ;fg' 
i^°; p^o'-sbii-sbu fg ^ ^ 

Terrified, kying-hoh'-de J|[g° 
"X^- zia kying-holi' de ^ -^ 
lt^T°; bah'-sah-de I© ^ 
-f °; kw^a'-t^n hah'-se =g^JI|lg 

Terrify, ^o — /«m, long gyi liah'- 
sali If % 18 ^^ ; s'-teh gyi 
kynh-hoh' ft © S Pfe li° 

Territory, psen'-du |S ^ ; di- 

Terse, kyin'-kyih f| ^ 
Tertian «^i<2, s'-nyih-bing' pg 
B ° ^ 5 s'-nyib liang-deo psen 

Test, s'-fab gf fj ; s'-vsen-fong- 

f"!!' IS IS * f* 

Test, to s'-va;n gS; |e ; ^o experi- 
ment, s'-Tiyisen gj |^ ; — ashy 
Jire, s'-lin gj;!^ ; ^o tr?/, s'-s-k'eii 
BS pS S ' — ^^^'^ learning by 
examiimtion, k^ao-s' ^ ^ 

Testament, yi-cob', or yi-tsob' 
jg^H ; ^^ ^'^^^^^ ^ — ? lib' yi-coh' 
Jfcit®; Old-, Gyiu-yi^ 
Isiao'-sbu ^ ig fg #' ; Gyiu- 
iab'-sbU ^ $4 ^ ; -^Veit; — , 
Sing-yi'-tsiao'-sbu U ^ fg ^'j 
Sing-iab'-sbU if 14 ^ 

Testify, <o tso teasing ^UIE 5 

te'-tsing if ^ ; — of what has 
been seen, tso kyin'-tsing f^ ^ 

IE 



Testimony, te'-tsing sbib-\v6' g- 

pit ^ PH 

Text, bab-veng' ^^ '^', — ofa 
discourse, di-mob' ^ g 

Texture, sing-veng Jj' ^ ;>7« 
— , sing-veng' kyib'-jib ^ ^ 

Than, jii ^p; pi j;^; greater — 

/, do-jii' ngo :^** iD ?S ; pi 

ngodo' Jt^^'i better —, 
bao'-jii Jj ^n ; more — once, feb- 
ts' ib-we' ^ Jh — Ie) ; iess — 
^Aree catties, feb tao' ssen-kying' 
^ M H Wj ; feb-mun'ssen-ky ing' 

Thank, /o zia Hf"; — you, zia- 
2ia'ngiJ°||}°f;);'';ze-ko;teb-ze 
:|^|P; — much, or 7?i(:m?/ thanks, 
to-zia' ^ Hf ; to-dziug ^ 3^ ; 
cannot expressmy thanks, ken'-zia- 

wnn' lit" ^ ^ ; — yow '••«''i/ '»»<■■''. 
to-to' cLi'.i ng ^ ^ itSf;J-.°; 

return a present in thanks for 

favor received, dziu-zia ^ ^° 

Thankful heart, sing'-li kei/- 

kyih >ii» ® ii i^; ken'-zia-go 

si"8-' ii if ^° i\i ; ^^■^''^ ^fo^ 

great favor), ken-eng'-go-sing 



ii 



y^° .X 



i^ >i> ; / a/A/ rc'?;?/ 



to 



you, ngo jib-nyi' feng ken'-kyib 

ng ?g + -° ^rt it fr 

Thankless. v6ng-eng'-veo-yi'-go 



I- ft 



^* 



m-liang'-sing 



^i' ^ ^& ; ™ peng'-sing ^° 



il 



THA 



477 



TBI 



That, keh'-go Jf " ^''; — man, 
keh'-go nying Jf" ^*' A**; — 

gentleman, keh'-we sin-sang Jj" 
^ 3fc ^° 5 — i'^"» keh-ts pih' 
Jl ° ^i ^ ; — ivhich, so ^ ; — 
ir/i/c/i /i<3 sc«'(C?, gyi' so wo' ^ ^ 
pS ; — ^^y^^' tong'-yia g"^" 
lin-yia' J5:[£°; keh'-yia Jl °^° 
so — , s'-teh '^^:§ ; this and — 
pe'-ts' {ftjifc 5 1 heard — ^?/om were 
hick, ngo t^ing^-meng ng sang- 

bing'-ko'-de^^Erf^-^"^"^' 

Je/teve — , kwa'-dao-z ^"JJ^ 
Thatched house, ts*ao-kse'-go oh' 

Thaw, to sah fk-, yiang J;^ ; bwo 
-ft ; siao fg 

Theatre, (a building), byi'-kwun 
j^^ll 5 openjylace where plays are 
enacted, hyi'-veng-dziang' §\ i^ 

Theft, the sin of — , t'eo-tong-si'- 
g« ze' fil^W-t^lP ; « case of 
~, ts'lli' en ^:^', lost b>/ — , 
sliih ts'ih'-de ^ || 1°-, guUfy 
of — , vseu ts'ih'-en go ^[J || 
^ ; — vsen'-djoh zeh'-go ze'- 

"'ing ^B « M i^° P « 
Their, gyi-lah'-go, or gyi-go ^^ 

Them, gy i-lah' ^° ^ °; — se;re5, 
gyi-lah zi' -gJ^ ^° @» 

Theme, di-moh' ^ g 

Then, ziii ^'; ze-tsil/ (§| Bl); ^e- 
siu' j§^ :^ ; followiny after, ze- 



Thence, frmn that place, dzong 

keh'^eo ;gg JR' ^"^ 
Thenceforth, dzong-ts*' yi-W 

^ it Ja ^ ; ^zong keh' z-'eo 

yi-1^' IS§ a° B# «l J[a ^ 

There, keb'-deo J|S°iS°; — it is, 
na ; no; Ise-kren' ^° -jft" 

There ?5, yiu ■^; ^/i^j-e is 720/?^, ffi- 
yiu'JS''W,^-neh-goi^°;g-^'' 

Thereabouts (in quantity), ts^o' 
feh-to' ^ ^ 5 ; — (in place), 
ts^o'-feh-to' di-fong' ^ ^ ^ 
SJ:^;ts^6'.feb-lo'lu'^f,$ 
j^; Ningpo — , teng Nying-po' 
siang ky^U' vu-kvi' ^° ^ Jgft 

Therefore, s6'-yi f^ J^ ; keh'- 
lah:g*'£t°;kweh'.lahjai;°^°; 

on account of that, we'-leh ka ^ 

jlt*"; kwu'-ts' ka ilJ: jJt 
Therein, dzie-gyi-nen' ^^^ ; 

dzae gyi-cong' <jj ^ tfi 
Thermal sjmngs, -^eng-djun' jj 

:^ (veng.) 
Thermometer, V'n-sbii'-piao ^ 

»^ 

These, keh'-sing Jl° g**; dong- 
deo keh'-sing. 

They, gyi-lah' -gj" ^** 

Thick, ^eo JJ ; W-jih J[J 5Jf ; 
— fog, vu'-ki nyuoiig' ^^ 
^jviiMudjong'^gg; — 
anc? tangled (as hair, bushes), 
bong.bong-dong'81'gf^'' 

Thicken, <(? ^ccwie thick, 'co'- 
ky^i.l« Jf ^ * 



THI 



478 



THI 



Thief, zeh ^ ;" ssen-tsah'-sin zL 
ft $ ; yia'-msen ^° ^ ; s6- 
lao'-ing ; siao'-ts^ili i]y ^ ; — 
who steals, in day-light, bah-nyih'- 
djong' & ° B " S ; — (who cuts 
and snatches watches, &c.), tsiii- 
liu'-go zeh H i^ i-° W 

Thief-catcher, mo'-kw^se Jg 
'R;bii-kwV Ji'K 

Thievish, addicted to stealing, 
kwsen' t^eo go 'Ufll^*'; natural- 
ly — hearts, zeh-sing' sang-dzing'- 

go W il-^''&^°'.M<^/f 

piclcing, ts'eh' siu ts^eh kyiah' ^ 

^ S B$5 — (hands and feet), 

zeh-siii' zeh-kyiah' SS'^ll'Hl 

Thigh, "do-tV;^°|g ; do-kyiah'- 

p^^ng ^° m )W 

Thigh-bone, do-t^e'-kweh;^°p 

^ (ih-keng) 

Thimble, ti'-tsing Jg %\ (ih-go) 

Thin, boh ^ ; spare, sec •^; wan, 

bah-liao'-liao ^'ff fg; — hlood- 

ed, ts'ing-bi' boh'-hyiiih ^ ^ 

Thinner, « little boh'-tin J^ gj; 
mw-c/i — , boh hyii'-to ^ f^ ^ ; 
ditto, (of a pei'son), seo hyii'-to 

Sit? 
Thing, tong-si' "^ |§" (ih-yiang, 
ih-gyiii) ; all things, pah' yiang 
tong-si' "5°;^ % II; vcen-veh' 

Think, to tsWg »|^]- ; siang g, ; 
s @, ; s-siang' ^g g^ ; s-ts^eng' 
*S> '14 » -— carefully, yiiong sing- 



^' ffl >fi* iS 5 ^^^^^^ ^^'^^ ^^' *'^o'- 
s-yin-siang' ^ g, ;g g,; mw'« 

— e7 0?^^, ngwu'-feh-tao' *^ ^ 
glj ; ts^eng'-feh-c^ih' 'f'^- ^ ffi ; 

— of, or recall suddenly, ngwu- 
tao' ^ ^ij; — constantly of, kyi'- 

"yi^'i IB ,'i:; — <?/*» «^^^ wo^/or- 

get, nyiaen-nyiaen' peh-vong' ;g; 

-^ % tir 
i^ '^^ »ti» 

Third, ^/ze di-soen' HH ? ^ — > 

ssen-kwii'-ts-ih' H 3x ;J^ — ; 

divide in thirds, s<en-kwa k'se 

Thirdly, saen-lae' ^ ^ ; sjen- 

tseh' ^ ||J 
Thirst, to ^wenc^ — , ts-k^eh' _[{^ 

f|;ka-kWfp°fg 
Thirsty, k^eo-k^eh' p }g ; I'^r^ 

— , k'eo-pah' p |£°; — (dry), 
kW-ken zih-sao' P i|i^ "g" ^ 

Thirteen, jih-ssen' -p ^ 

Thirteenth, di-jih-saen'^-f-^ 

Thirty, s?en-jih' ^ -f- 

This, keh'-go ^"i^**; — vionth, 

keh'-ko yuih Jt° f@^; peng'- 

yiiib TJS^ ; — ?/«<r, kying-nyu/ 

'^ ^ ; peng'-nyin TJ^: ^ ; — 

or the same year, toiio'-nyin '^ 

^ ; _- da>/, kyih-mih' -^^ 0° ; 

kying-tsiao' ■^ ^; — morning 

(early), kyih-raih t^in-nyiang' ^° 

H ° ^ iK:° ; — ^^^'^"j keh'-peng 

shu 51° Tf; #' ; — ^^^op, keh' 

bain tin' Jf ° ^ jg ; — ^2»i^, 

keh'-go z-'eo' Ji" t'fl^^.j 

— /(/■<3, kying'-si z-^eo' "^ jH;° 



THI 



479 



THR 



fli fl ; — aud that, d6ng' ih-go, 

-^^ ; — t{7ne and that are dif- 
ferent, ts^' ih-z pe' ib-z jft— fl$ 
1^ — ^^ ; on — account, we'- 
leh keh'-go yiin-kwa g T"?!!* 

Thither, ^0 tao keli-deo' kyH 

Thong, bi-ta' ^ ^ (ih-diao). 

Thorn, ts^ ^ (ib-me) 

Thorough, (t e. through and 
through), t^eo jg; t^ong-t^eo' jj 
if ; t^eo-ti' j§|g ;— (i. e. from 
the bottom to the top), teo-ti ^ 
Jg ; ts'iah-ti ^° J^ 

Thoroughly, understand tW 
ming-bah' jj B^ |^°; ditto or to 
he^di-y, feng'-sao j^^ ; feng'- 
kweh-sao ^ fl^ j^ ; sao-ko-lceb 
iSig^°;feng'.kens-sao'#$g 
pg j^ ; — acquainted with, job- 
t^eo' ^° j^ ; <o c?o — , nying- 
tsing' ISO |g° ^ i^ 

Thorough-fare a street mnning 
through, t^ong-lu' JJ ^ ; a fre- 
quented way, kwun-dong' dolu' 
%^^^%^ t'ong-^ang' do- 

Those, keb'-sing %"^ ; keb'- 

deokeh'.singi5'*a°i5°S' 
Though, se ^ ; se-tsib' g| P^ ; 
se-tseb' St |lj ; se-jun' S| ^ ; 
05 — (be) did not notice, bao'- 
ziarig feb-lse'- kwu f^ \%,% ^ 



Thoughts, ts^eng- deo ^ g| ; 
siang'-deo ^ 0^ ; (deeper — ) , 
nyiaen-deo' ;g: Bfl ; — » or way 
of thinking, ts'eng'-sbib gt° f^** 

Thoughtful, we yiiong sing' -§• 
ffi >& ; we yuong ts^eng'-kong 

Thoughtless, mdng-bab'Uj^^"; 
mongf^; bah-mong'-kwdng^** 
gt7e;bah.du'.du^°Jg;-or 
heedless person, mong'-fu f^" ^ 

Thousand, a ih ts'in' •— ^; ^e^i 
— , ill vaen'— ^ ; jib ts^in'-f-^ 

Thrash. See Thresh. 

Thread, sin |g; hempen — , md- 
sin' iSc ^ 5 cotton — , min-s6' 
|g iU? (ib-keng) 

Thread a needle, c^iintsing-ngsea' 

Thread-bare, i«?om yiang-yi'-de 
#' ^° T°; nyiiong-deo' yi- 

Threaten, ^0 kying'-kyise*^^; 
beng-bo' Pf fl& ; "go-heng {f 
Pf ; fo frighten, bah |ijyf. See 
Warn. 

Three, ssen H ; — *"*^* — "^* 
ni7ie, sjen-ssen' kyin kyiu' ^ 
H ^ A. 5 — ^"'*^*' ^ »»i^A, {i.e. 
add two parts), ko liang'-be tsW 
*n 3^"^^ J§ ; — cornered, saen- 
kob'-go H :^° i^"; —stranded 
cord, ssen-kwu'-deo-zing' ^ JJ; 
j^ 1^°. __ %/f^s< (in this Em- 
pire) in litei-ary rank, 8»ii-tiiig'- 

kab ^m^^ 



THE 



480 



THE 



Thresh, to — paddy, tang dao' ^J 

TheeshinG-FLOOR, dao'-dziang 
l@;%; dao'-di|@tl|;— , and also 
drying-floor, sa'-dziang ^^° f^ 

Threshold, door-siU, di-vo